A. B. STEINBERGER, Publisher.



NOVEMBER 17, 1881.

The roads are presenting the appearance of Old Illinois, mud hub deep. Rock Creek, Pole Cat, and Eight Mile, as well as Walnut, are on a regular tare.

The farmers are mostly through gathering corn. This cereal is damaged to a great extent, much of it being sprouted and growning with as much vigor as it does in May.

Quite an accident occurred a few nights ago at Olire [?] school house, at a spelling school. The lady teacher after calling the school to order requested the young men, very

politely, if they would not abstain from spitting tobacco juice on the floor. But instead of complying with the wishes of the teacher, they spit all over the floor. Now young men, if you call that treating a lady as she ought to be treated, we do not know what good treatment is. Who could blame her for letting her angry passion rise. No gentlemen would do that trick. Next time we will tell their names.

Star Valley day school, under the instructions of R. Hunter, is prospering all right.

Alexander Limerick has the Star school of the township.

Wm. Palmer and lady and John Hanlen started November 10, for Stafford county, on a visit. Rather rough weather to go visiting in a wagon.

Wheat was never better at this time of year in these parts.






Taylor & Taylor's New Notion Store is one door south of Mrs. Stump's old stand.

RAMS FOR SALE. A fine lot of Merino rams now in town, for sale at low figures. Inquire of S. C. Smith or A. D. Crowell.

McGuire Bro's have their branch store at Tisdale chuck full of Dry Goods, Groceries, Queensware, Hats, Caps and Gloves, which they will sell at Winfield prices. They will pay cash or trade for country produce, and the highest market price, in cash or trade for all kinds of game.


Celery, Fresh Oysters, Cranberries, Buckwheat Flour, Pigs Feet, New Figs, Dressed Poultry. AL SPOTSWOOD.


For exchange eighty acres on improved farm one mile from depot. Will trade for house and lot in Winfield GILBERT & FULLER.




A special to the Commonwealth from Socorro, New Mexico, contains the following: "Ex-Governor Tabor, of Colorado, has ordered a large smelter to be put in at Robinson City, near the foot of the Black Range. Two new saw mills have been put up. A new fifty room hotel will soon be completed, and two hundred new familes have been added to our town within the past month. The real boom of the Black Range has commenced which insures a railroad to that country."









Yard and Office near K. C., L. & S. Depot, Winfield, Kans.






SOUTH-WESTERN STAGE AND OMNIBUS LINE. Daily Line of Stages From Winfield -To- Douglass, El Dorado -And- Augusta.

Leave orders at all Hotels, or the Company's office, 9th Avenue. A. C. BANGS, Agent.



JENNINGS & BUCKMAN, ATTORNEYS AT LAW. [F. S. JENNINGS/G. H. BUCKMAN] Office over Read's bank, Winfield.


M. G. TROUP, ATTORNEY AT LAW. Office, Winfield bank building, upstairs.


HENRY E. ASP, ATTORNEY AT LAW. Office in postoffice block.

J. E. ALLEN, ATTORNEY AT LAW. Office, 9th avenue, Winfield.


L. H. WEBB, ATTORNEY AT LAW. Office over Read's bank, Winfield.


A. H. GREEN, LAWYER & LAND BROKER. Office on Main Street.


J. F. McMULLEN, ATTORNEY AT LAW, 9th avenue, Winfield.


McDERMOTT & JOHNSON, ATTORNEYS AT LAW. [JAMES McDERMOTT/A. P. JOHNSON] Office in Moorehouse block, corner Main street and 10th avenue.


D. C. BEACH, LAWYER AND NOTARY PUBLIC. Southeast corner 8th and Main, upstairs.


HACKNEY & McDONALD, ATTORNEYS AT LAW. North side of 9th avenue, between Main and Millington streets, Winfield, Kansas.


TIPTON & O'HARE, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, office in postoffice block, upstairs, Winfield, Kansas.


JAMES KELLY, JUSTICE OF THE PEACE and U. S. Pension Attorney, Office over Reed's bank, Winfield.


GEORGE EMERSON, PRACTISING PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. Office over McCommon & Harter's drug store, Winfield, Kansas.


DR. J. HEADRICK. Office on 9th avenue, second door east of Harter Bros. Drugstore, Winfield, Kansas.


W. R. DAVIS, M. D. Office, 9th avenue, 1 door east of the stone livery barn. Residence, corner 8th avenue and Manning street, just west of Lynn's new building.


WRIGHT & WILSON, PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS. Office in the old stand of Wright & Cooper.


DR. C. C. GREEN. Office on 9th avenue, between Main and Millington streets. Residence on Menor street, between 10th and 11th avenues.


BRYAN & HARRIS, LAND, LOAN, AND COLLECTING AGENTS. Office in Winfield bank building, first floor. Entrance on 9th avenue.


S. C. SMITH, LOAN AND INSURANCE AGENCY. Office on Main street.




C. M. WOOD, LIVE STOCK DEALER AND SHIPPER. Office two doors south of the banks, Winfield, Kansas.


COWLEY COUNTY DUNKARD MILLS, Little Dutch, Kansas. The Dunkard Mill is now in full blast with improved machinery, making custom work a specialty. Grinding wheat for one-eighth and corn for one-sixth. Wishing to live and let live, we solicit the farmer's patronage. Flour and feed on hand at the lowest price. Cash paid for good Wheat. J. J. Marion, Miller.


G. F. GILBERT, DEALER IN CONFECTIONERY, Fruits of all kinds, Fresh Oysters, Cigars and Tobacco, Fresh Cider, Fancy Candies and Nuts. A lunch room in connection, open at any hour day or night. Two doors north of the Illinois Grocery, Winfield, Kansas.


W. O. LIPSCOMB, HOUSE, SIGN & ORNAMENTAL PAINTER. Leave orders at Hovey's drug store, Winffield, Kansas.








BECK'S PICTURE GALLERY. Gallery on 10th avenue, south of Spottswood's grocery, Winfield, Kansas.


F. H. BULL, DENTIST. Office upstairs, first building north of Johnston's drug store.


NINTH AVENUE HOUSE. E. B. WEITZEL, PROPRIETOR. Have just opened the house new, and offer the public better accommodations for the money than any hotel and restaurant in the state. $1.50 per day. Day board, $3.00 per week. House fitted throughout with new furniture. Five doors east of the Postoffice, Winfield, Kansas.


BRETTUN BILLIARD PARLOR. Is a very pleasant place to while a few hours. Tables all new and of the latest pattern, and rooms neat, airy, and comfortable. The finest brands of imported standard cigars, and splendid line of tobacco always in stock. Give Harry a call, and he will treat you well.


MAJOR & VANCE, LIVERY, FEED AND STABLE, Ninth Avenue, just west of the Postoffice, Winfield, Kansas. Keep the finest turnouts in the city in the way of buggies, carriages, and teams, provided especially for commercial men. Special attention given to our business and the care of stock left in our care. Give us a trial.


J. L. HODGES. STAPLE AND FANCY GROCERIES, PROVISIONS, FEED AND GRAIN. Store on 9th avenue, one block east of Main street.




BLUE LINE TRANSFER, WINFIELD, KANSAS, A. G. WILSON, PROPRIETOR. All kinds of freight transferred on short notice and at very low rates. Have facilities for handling heavy as well as light freights. If you have any work in this line don't fail to give the reliable Blue Line a trial. No annoying "waits." All orders attended to promptly. Office two doors south of Read's Bank. Moving pianos a specialty. Trunks and baggages of all kinds transferred.


THE THROUGH ROUTE, KANSAS CITY, LAWRENCE & SOUTHERN KANSAS R. R. is the most pleasant and reliable route to all points east, north, and south, etc. W. C. CARRUTHERS, AGENT, WINFIELD, KANSAS.


MRS. FANN L. SNOW, PROFESSIONAL NURSE, WINFIELD, KANSAS. Over twenty years experience among the sick. Refers to city physicians. Those desiring her services address as above, or call at residence on south Manning street.




J. P. SHORT is the authorized solicitor of the Daily and Weekly COURANT, and receipts for money paid on subscription to him will be honored at this office.

Spotswood has two of the prettiest show windows we have ever seen in any city.

The trains were all a little late yesterday, on account of soft road-beds, probably.

The Wellington Press of last week contains Judge Torrance's charge to the jury, in the Allen Carter case. Carter was one of the cowboys who shot the young lady at Hunnewell this summer. The charge occupies three columns of the Press.

From the Probate Court we get the following items:

John H. Sacket made final settlement as guardian of Stephen Wilver, and paid to him a balance of $463.95.

Report on the sale of real estate of Fred A. Hoblit made and sale confirmed.

Inventory filed estate of J. W. Richards, deceased.

Claim of A. H. Green for $91.25 allowed against the estate of S. L. Brettun.

Claim of C. W. Squires for $390 allowed against the same estate.

Report made of the sale of real estate of Ira Allison, a miner, and sale confirmed.

Claim of Lawrence and Chapin for $39.20 allowed against the estate of Wm. Friar deceased.


In our early day reminiscences we left out A. J. Thompson, who used to ply the saw and hatchet, the only tools required by a carpenter in those days. Our attention was called to the fact by seeing him taking out a load of fruit trees Saturday. He is getting into fruit raising extensively, and will make a specialty of small fruits. When the trees become grown, they will add greatly to the view out toward the mounds east of town.


The following marriage licenses have been issued from the Probate Judge's office since our last report.

David A. Bartgis to Elenora C. Keutz.

George C. Rembaugh to Kate McGauhy.

W. E. Chenoweth to Emma Baker.

Fred W. Farrar to T. K. Hawkins.

Cyrus B. Miller to Margaret Probasco.

August Baker to Alwine Landsmann.

George W. Hineker to Maggie Murray.

Rufus W. Huff to Jessie A. Hornbeak.

C. W. Nichols to Nancy A. Daris.


Messrs. Nommsen and Westphal returned from a two weeks hunt in the Territory, Saturday. They report plenty of game, lots of fun, and a good time generally. Mr. Westpha, who is a brother-in-law of Mr. Nommsen's, returns today to his home in Illinois well pleased with his visit to Southern Kansas.


Mr. T. H. B. Ross took in Winfield last Friday in the interest of our school district. He says there has been many changes there, but few of the old "boys" are left, and Winfield does not appear now as it did in 1870-74. Caldwell Commercial.

Well, that's a fact; there have been a good many changes in and around Winfield since those days. The old log store has been reduced to ashes, and some of the boys who used to gather there evenings to play "California Jack" and speculate on the future price of corner lots in Winfield, now take their wives and children to the theater in the fine Opera House that has arisen on the site of the old store. Max Shoeb's blacksmith shop has given place to Read's bank; the Walnut Valley House, as a hotel, has passed away. Likewise, the firms of Manning & Baker, U. B. Warren & Co., Alexander & Saffold, Bliss & Middaugh, Hitchcock & Boyle, Maris & Hunt, Myton & Brotherton, and Pickering & Benning. S. H. Myton is about the only one that is left. Tisdale's hack, which came in whenever the river would permit, has given way to our two railroads; Tom Wright's ferry, south of town, has been replaced by a handsome iron bridge, and Bartlow's mill and its crew have disappeared.


Every new building erected on Main street now is not, as then, dedicated with a dance, nor do married women attend them with children in arms, nor do they deposit their kids in the laps of blushing bachelors and join in all hands around. Our Justices of the Peace, when about to unite a loving couple, don't tell them to "stan" up thar an' I'll fix you." Our butchers, now, don't go down behind Capt. Lowery's house, shoot a Texas steer, cut him up with an axe and sell out the chunks before they are done quivering. The writer does not, on nights like Thursday last, rise up from his bed of prairie hay and water, in a little wall tent, and light out for the log store to get out of the wet. All of that kind of fun has passed away and we have had a new deal all around. Some of the men that in those days were frying bacon and washing socks in their bachelor shanties, are now bankers, postmasters, district judges, and palatial hotel keepers. The vigilantes are not now riding over the country every night making preparations to go to Douglass and hang its principal citizens. The bad blood stirred up by the memorable Mannning-Norton contest for the Legislature has long since been settled. Winfield and Arkansas City have buried the hatchet; Tisdale, ditto. Our merchants don't sell Missouri flour for $6 per sack, corn for $1.50 per bushel, and bacon for 33-1/2 cents per pound. Bill Hackney (now the Hon. W. P.) does not come up every week to defend Cobb for selling whiskey in Arkansas City without a license. Patrick, the editor of the Censor, (our first newspaper) and Walt Smith, the proprietor of the "Big Horn ranch" on Posey Creek, have both gone west to grow up with the country. Fairbanks' dug-out has been in ruins for years. Dick Walker is still running conventions, but not here. A. T. Stewart is no longer one of the boys. Speed, with his calico pony and big spurs, is seen no more on the Baxter Springs trail. Jackson has laid down the saw and plane and joined the ranks of the railroad monopolists. Colonel Loomis has shed his soldier overcoat. Zimrie Stubbs has climbed the golden stair, Nichols is married, Oak's cat is dead: in fact, Bent, there is nothing anymore like it used to was in Winfield.


Two companies of the 9th Cavalry, Capt. Parker in command, arrived from New Mexico on Saturday. One company goes to Fort Reno and the other to Cantonment. Three more companies of the 9th will be along in a few days, and then the Territory will be garrisoned exclusively by colored troops. Caldwell Commercial.


Mr. John D. Pryor and Mr. Thorpe, of Winfield, spent a few hours in the city yesterday, and, of course, visited the

Traveler. The latter gentleman is thinking of starting a tannery at the "hub," and came down to look at an engine for sale here. This enterprise is needed in this section, and will pay well.




Mrs. Smith, of Wayne county, New York, is visiting her sister, Mrs. Henry Brown.

The abundant fall rains and cool weather has made our wheat fields look very promising for next season's crop. The average is about one third less than last year. The rains, while they have damaged the corn and hay in the fields and stacks, have caused the wheat and grass to grow finely and as a result stock will go through the winter on less grain than was anticipated a month ago.

Coal is selling for eight cents at the banks, and twelve and a half cents in the city. This is higher than it has been for a great many years at this season. Fort Scott Monitor.

[Eight cents per bushel is equivalent to $2.00 per ton. It retails here at $7.00 per ton, and our dealers make but a small margin at that. The bulk of the five dollars goes to the coal company, and the railroads, who must be making big money.]...Comments by COURANT EDITOR.

The COURANT band of printers are under many obligations to Mrs. Sid Majors (our George's mother-in-law) for a goodly share of splendid wedding cake, and to George Rembaugh, her newly-made son-in-law, for a lot of fine cigars.

We regard Dr. Davis, who came from the blue grass region in Kentucky, as a public benefactor. He has been the means of getting hundreds of bushels of blue grass seed sown here, the good effects of which are seen in the parks and all over town. Give us one or two good seasons and it will take the country.

Prairie fires have been doing immense damage down in Reno county this fall, and for that matter in all parts of Southwestern Kansas.

Mrs. Wiley, a sister of Mrs. Herrold, came in on the Santa Fe Monday, and will spend some time among us.

Mr. George C. Rembaugh and wife returned today from their trip through the eastern part of the state. George goes to work as though nothing had happened and thinks there's no use in a man letting family cares break him down just in the prime of life.

Jim Hill and Vinnie Beckett, who used to be on the Courier, are at the new town of Robinson, in the Black Range, and are going to erect buildings at once. They think it the finest town site in the country. A two story hotel 30 x 70 will be erected at once.

The remnant of the band of Modoc Indians, now located in the Indian Territory, are about one hundred in all, and are said to be good farmers.





That Jake Nixon, Ben Cox, Deacon Harris, et al. have gone to the Territory for a few days hunt.

That Winfield is better fixed in the way of millinery shops and pretty proprietresses than any city in Kansas.

That A. H. Doan & Co.'s coal business has assumed such proportions that they are figuring on the erection of a stone store house 25 x 110 [could be 26 x 140...hard to read].

Courant, November 17, 1881.

AAbout fifty names were drawn before a jury was empaneled in the case of the State of Kansas vs. Thomas J. Armstrong, who is arraigned under the charge of murder of one James Rile, at Arkansas City, on the 17th of last month.@

That during the past summer there have been erected in Winfield six two-story stone and brick business houses, costing from four to ten thousand dollars each.

Mr. J. A. Earnest, one of Winfield's substantial and enterprising grocers, has just moved into the new brick building, north of Sam Myton's hardware establishment, and is getting fixed up nicely.

Dr. Fleming has got everything fixed in shape, and wants to have his friends call and see him at his new stand opposite the Opera House.

Dr. Marsh has bought the Dr. Holland place at Tannehill, and will hereafter hold forth in that burg.




The Arkansas City Democrat learns from C. H. Williams, second engineer on the boat, who was in that city last week after the mail for the crew, that Capt. Joe. Evans with a U. S. snag boat, a steamer of eighty horse power, manned with a crew of twenty-eight men, is now lying on the Arkansas ten miles above the mouth of the Cimarron, about one hundred miles from this city. He says they started from Little Rock, Arkansas, on the 26th of September, in a good head of water, and found no difficulty in reaching the point above named, but says they will have to lay up where they are until there is another rise in the river sufficient to carry them over the sand bars. They have three months provisions on board, and are well provided to hold the fort until the raging Arkansas lets down more water, when they will sail for this point, the head of navigation.


Moses Teeter, who lives in Beaver township, had his barn burned last Sunday night, 200 bushels of wheat, nearly as much corn, and a lot of farm implements were destroyed. It was fired by some boys playing with matches.


The state coal mines at the penitentiary furnished the state institutions with thirty-six car-loads of coal last month. After supplying the state institution, the cash receipts for coal were $1,404.53.


E. F. Shinn arrived from Fort Scott last night. He comes to superintendent the delivery of his nursery stock.


Years ago when Menor's addition was laid out a block was set apart on which to build the Court House, and the street on the south side of the block was called Court House street. The Court House was not built on the block, and the name of the street has ever since been a misnomer. The street runs from the east side of Loomis' addition due west across Main, past the depot to River Side park, and we propose the changing of its name to Park street, which is much more appropriate than Court House. Will the Courier help us out in it.


The Santa Fe folks are making some substantial improvements about their depot. A stone gutter has been run under the track and the spaces between the tracks filled up on Court House street (we want to call it Park street in the future). They have also put in a stone crossing to connect with the sidewalk leading to the park.


At the Wellington fire fifteen business houses were destroyed together with a large amount of merchandise, etc. The total loss foots $57,000, insurance $44,650. The Fred Markwort, in whose bakery the Wellington fire first caught, ran the bakery in Winfield, now occupied by Axtell, six or seven years ago.


Maj. Sleeth is up from the head of nation, shaking hands with his many friends in this city.


A stranger looking at a town for the first time said to a citizen: "What are your facilities for extinguishing a fire in this place?" The reply was, "Well, it rains occasionally." We were forcibly reminded of the above reply at the Opera House last night. Several hundred people were packed together in a room with comparatively low ceilings, a large number of gas jets were burning, and the sole means of ventilation was, that an inside hall door was opened occasionally. There was not a window up or down, the ventilator in the ceiling was closed, and the audience compelled to sit and breathe and re-breathe the foul air. The builder of the hall having provided no proper system of ventilation, should provide a manager or janitor to look after he comfort of the audiences, and by raising windows and using what other means were at hand endeavor to keep people from being asphyxiated by foul air.






The old-time friends of Mr. Frank Williams, for many years a resident of this city and proprietor of the Williams house, will be glad to learn that he has become the proprietor of the Metropolitan Hotel in Kansas City, and is running it in first-class style. Frank extends a special invitation, we understand, to the Winfield people to stop with him when in Kansas City, and guarantees good treatment to all. Those of our folks who become dry out here in prohibition Kansas, will find the Metropolitan an excellent place to spend a few days happily, as Mr. Williams has in connection a fine bar room, and handles nothing but the best brands of wines and liquors.


The County Commissioners have declined to call a grand jury for this term of District Court. A petition signed by 782 taxpayers was presented to the board asking them to not make the call, while there were only 519 asking for the grand jury. This act on the Commissioners will save the county several hundred dollars of useless expense, and an inestimable amount of jangling and quarreling.


And now Judge Gans says the Courier owes him about $11,500. This may seem like a considerable sum for a country newspaper to pay, but it will prove a lesson, no doubt, to the careless proprietors for saying a judge's salary is $12,000, when in reality it is only $500. These newspaper men who are always advocating the cutting down of everyone's salary, except their own, are very liable to mix things up a little.





Father Millington puts up a piteous and heart-softening wail in a column editorial in the Courier, because the County Commissioners acted upon the request of the majority sentiment and refused to call a grand jury, instead of obeying the mandates of his carefully worded and "sound" editorials demanding it. The old gentleman is really so much worked up, that he virtually accuses the Commissioners of being improperly influenced by parties who were afraid to have a grand jury empannelled. Fifty or sixty years ago the measures advocated by the Courier might have been in order, but things have changed with the present intelligent generation, if Father Millington does hang on to the fogyism and ancient theories of the dead past.




Joe Barricklaw is putting down a splendid flag stone sidewalk around the McDougal building.

The many friends of Linus Webb in this city will be pleased to learn that he was elected County Attorney of Rowlins county at the late election.

Beaver township ahead. John F. Miller of that township has just finished threshing his wheat crop of seventy acres, which yielded 1,715 bushels, or an average of 24-1/2 bushels per acre.

The attending physician informs us that C. M. Wood's children were poisoned by eating cheese. They were quite sick but are recovering. It is supposed to have been caused by something used in curing the rennet.

And now comes another suit against old Winfield township, this time in the U. S. Court. It is brought by the King Bridge Company, who sue for about $2,000. Mayor Troup and the different township officers have been served with the proper papers.

Wilber Dever, late of Winfield, has been appointed cashier of the freight department of the Topeka office of the A., T. & S. F. railroad. Mr. Berkley is still in the freight office, in charge of claims. Commonwealth.

Musical soiree at Prof. Farringer's music hall Friday evening. Examination of music class at seven. The performance of a well selected program to commence at eight.

S. A. Cook, Winfield's architect, paid our city a visit Tuesday with several draftings for proposed buildings on the burnt block in this city. Wellington Press.

Bob Ingersoll has gone to Mexico. He will be required to act very modestly there, or someone will give him what he says has no existence.

What has become of the Winfield Cornet Band? Nine years ago or thereabouts, it seems to us, we used to hear them tooting around in every part of town, practicing for some special occasion, but its members are lost to us now, and to those of that day to the town, no doubt. If the members who still survive will re-organize, as the Knight Templar Band of Emporia is doing, there is no reason that Winfield should not stand at the front in this as well as everything else. We would make another suggestion: Organize under a new name, and see if the move won't be for the better.

A new lodge called the National Union, has been organized in Winfield, with the following officers: F. Barclay, ex-president, A. Howland, president, C. H. Bahntge vice-president, Mrs. Mina Bliss, speaker, G. N. Searcy, Chaplain, Jacob Nixon, secretary, W. G. Graham, financial secretary, E. S. Bliss, usher, Mrs. E. S. Howland, sergeant-at-arms, A. H. Graham, door-keeper. There were twenty odd charter members. The objects of the society are similar to those of the Knights of Honor, and the members carry a life insurance of from $1,000 to $5,000.



Mrs. V. B. Gilchrist, from Tennessee, Ill., is visiting her mother, Mrs. S. A. Robinson, and brothers, M. L. and W. C., et al.

Courant, November 24, 1881.

AWe find among Stenographer Knight's reports of Judge Torrance's charge to the jury in the trial of a gentleman charged with stealing a hog, last week, the following beautiful and expressive question: >Do you not think that far away amid the unknown worlds which drift through space and along whose track the drifting system of planets wheel and circle through countless ages, while man clothed in a little brief authority, cuts such fantastic tricks before high heaven as makes the angels weep, regarding himself as the center of the solar system, planning to frustrate the inimitable laws of nature, violating the prime and co-ordinate common law of universes, going behind the returns, as it were, trying to peer behind the veil, as we might say, prognosticating the prognosticatable, evading the axioms and by-laws which not only regulate worlds and their creation, but link the phantasmagoria of diagonal animalculae and cast broadcast the oleaginous incongruity of prehistoric usufruct?= The defendant was acquitted by the jury.@

Courant, November 24, 1881.

AA smooth faced gentleman whom no one knew, and who seemed to know no one, was in the city most of last week. He stopped at the Brettun, and took particular pains to linger about the courtroom when court was in session. He left immediately after George Hayworth, alias Richard Lennox, alias John Robinson, was convicted of forgery, and it is thought by nearly everyone who noticed the gentleman, and observed his observation of Hayworth, that he was a detective, perhaps from New York, where Hayworth was wanted to answer to a number of other charges of like character of that for which he was convicted here. These detectives are shrewd chaps, but they don't often get their work in on the Cowley County officials.@


Courant, November 24, 1881.

AThe motion for a new trial in both the Armstrong and Haywood cases, which were argued Monday, were overruled, and sentence was pronounced, and was that Thomas Armstrong be kept at hard labor in the penitentiary for fifteen years and to pay the cost of prosecution; George Haywood, convicted for forgery, ditto, seven years. J. McDade, grand larceny, one year. Jas. Jackson, horse stealing, five years. Emil Harmon, stealing hogs, four years. Joseph Rest will have an opportunity to >rest= in the same place for eighteen months. A sort of a compromise verdict was rendered in the Sydal-Finch case. Wheeler & Wilson against Thompson was on trial when reporter left.@


Henry Asp, one of Winfield's brightest young attorneys, has been employed on one or the other side of each criminal action tried at this term of court, notwithstanding the fact that he has been giving a good deal of time to a coal bank enterprise the past few months. Henry is a very successful young lawyer, fights his side of the case every inch of the road, and never allows his opponent to ask a question without entering his objection because it is irrelevent, immaterial, unconstitutional, imitational, and incongruous.





Winfield Courant, November 24, 1881.

AThe trial of Thomas J. Armstrong for the murder of James Riely at Arkansas City on the evening of the 17th of October last, was concluded last Wednesday, in the District Court, the jury returning the verdict of murder in the second degree, Thursday morning, after having been out about ten hours.

AIt appears from the testimony in the case that there had been a horse race in the Indian Territory on the afternoon preceeding the evening of the murder, and that Riely owned one of the horses. During the race some misunderstanding arose regarding the starting of the horses, Riely and his friends claiming that the word at which the horses were to be started had not been given, and Burch, the owner of the other horse, and his friends claiming that it had. Armstrong, who had been betting on Burch's horse, was heard to make threats against the deceased during the controversy.

AAfter the conclusion of the race, the parties had returned to Arkansas City. In the early part of the evening, Armstrong, in company with a man by the name of Adams, went into Riely's store, and shortly after they got in there, Armstrong invited Riely to have a cigar. Riely replied that he would not smoke with anyone who would bet against his horse. Armstrong said he couldn't smoke with a better man, as he thought he was the best man in town.

ARiely remarked that he would bet him twenty or twenty-five dollars, whereupon both parties put up the money. Several parties who were standing by induced them to put away their money.

ARiely or his clerk at this time informed the crowd that they wanted to close the store and proceeded to blow out the lights. The crowd started out of the building and Adams had got nearly to the door, when he was pushed out by Riely, but turned and attempted to re-enter the building, and was again pushed out by Riely and fell upon the sidewalk.

ARiely went up to where he had fallen, kicked, or attempted to kick him. Armstrong, who was standing a few feet from Riely, started towards him and told him to not kick Adams, that he was drunk. Just as he started he was caught by Marshal Fairclo, who told him to hold, that there was no use of there being any difficulty between him and Riely. Armstrong attempted to get away and was pushed by Fairclo into the street. Immediately on arising to his feet Armstrong told Riely not to do that again and Riely kicked at him. Armstrong advanced toward him and Riely threw off his coat and stepped a few feet north of where he had been standing to a post which supported the awning. Armstrong at about the same time stepped in the same direction and when within a few feet of Riely used some opprobrious language and fired, the ball taking effect in Riely's left breast, killing him almost instantly.@




Walnut, Vernon, and the other townships outside of the city in old Winfield township, have employed H. C. Sims, of Wichita, to look after their interests in the suit brought in the U. S. Court by the King Bridge company. The company has about $2,500 in script which was issued to pay for building the approaches to the south bridge. If necessary, City Attorney Seward will act for the city in the case. In our judgment the above suit should be added to the series of blunders committed in blotting out the old township, and the whole matter should be settled and paid with as little cost as possible.


Capt. James Christian, the oldest living member of the Kansas bar, will speak at Manning's opera house Friday night on Ireland and the Irish.


B. B. Van Devender, who owns the farm just north of the city, but who now resides in Illinois, is paying Winfield his semi-occasional visit.




NOVEMBER 24, 1881.

We paid a visit to the District Court Thursday, with a view of taking in the situation so far as possible, and to see if District Court is the same in Cowley County now as it was in 1872, when our city was in embryo, and the brilliant attorneys and learned judges of today occupied about the same positions on the stage of life. On entering the room, many familiar faces, and more strange ones, turned toward us as if to say: "Wonder if he expects justice here!"

George Haywood was being tried for forgery. Judge Torrance sat in his cushioned chair, with a contented look on his beaming face, which would assure anyone that he was the boss, and proposed to run that shop. Sheriff Shenneman was looking extremely wise, and wore a satisfied smile on account of having two years more to rustle for criminals. Knight was taking down the questions and answers, so as to be able to furnish a transcript for the Supreme Court, and get $75 or $100 from the defendant, who would receive in return about ten years in the penitentiary.

Frank Jennings, who would rather succeed in convicting a man then to go home to his family before ten o'clock at night, was asking all manner of questions of an Arkansas City banker, who was so unfortunate as to pay out $500 last May on a forged draft, and Henry Asp set to his side yelling, "We object" to every question, and would then turn and look Joe Huston uneasily in the face until the court would remark, "Objection overruled."

In fact, everything seemed different from the good old days of yore, and we imagined there would have been more merriment in the proceedings had R. B. Saffold and L. J. Webb been there, throwing law books across the room at each other, Judge Campbell leaning back utterly indifferent, gnawing a musty hunk of dried buffalo meat, and Sheriff Parker dodging around under the tables like a cat shot in the eye with a paper wad. In the good old days of these kind of court proceedings, there were no strings around the lawyers nor rocks suspended to the court's coat-tail, and everyone seemed to enjoy himself, no matter how many cases he had in court.

Then Torrance, a smooth faced lad, gave but little thought of anything save the day when he would get sufficient funds to send back east for his first love.

Fairbank's only pride was to prepare a neat little talk for his Sunday school, held at 9 o'clock every Sabbath morning in the little white church on Ninth Avenue, which now supports a boarding house sign.

Wirt Walton cared only to get on his soldier jacket and talk about the swimming times he would have among the country lasses when elected County surveyor.

Allison kept an eye peeled on his Tisdale girl like a youth who had trusted humanity once too often, and been everlastingly and unanimously left.

Billy Anderson would work hard all day in the lumber yard, and then at dusk, tuck the robes around his sweetness in a four dollar a day buggy, and skip out for Thomasville to a dance.

Judge Campbell would tell a lawyer to sit down, in the middle of a carefully studied and written speech, because the verdict of the court had been rendered before the argument began.

A jury would retire to the rear end of Triplett's saloon, order a bucket of beer, and return a verdict of "not guilty" by ten o'clock next morning.

Jim Kelly, then editor of the Courier and Clerk of the court, would work in the courtroom all day and then sit up till midnight pouring over his exchanges, trying to get a few pointers from which to write a handsome notice of the birth of a cross-eyed infant.

Father Millington was holding justice court in the front end of Fuller's little frame bank, and would tax up the cost with as much coolness as he now writes column after column of editorial matter on the grand jury system, five days after it is too late for the article to be of any good.

T. H. Johnson was about the only man in town who was really paying strict attention to business, and the way he would stick to the claim jumper until he got his last nickel as a retainer, would shock the modesty of a more cheeky demagogue than Gov. St. John.

But he is gone as well as many other shining lights of that day, and while only about half of the free and happy boys of then have raised to wealth and prominence, with chubby babies growing up to call them blessed, Winfield has become a live little city indeed, and hundreds of energetic citizens, who can never know the trial and pleasures of the early settlers, have made their homes here, and all join hands in the good work of pushing ahead, until death shall call us to that celestial shore from which no tramp printer returns.





It is kind of queer how a man will make a fool of himself. The other night it was intensely dark, the sky being overcast with dense clouds. About 9 P. M. Capt. Siverd was going by Frank Jennings' and something possessed him to take the barn door off its hinges and set it up against Frank's bedroom window, so as to keep it dark in the morning, and make him sleep late. He did so and left. During the night Frank got a notion that he heard a noise outside and got up, and without lighting the light, went to the window and raised it to look out. As he thrust his hand forward, it came in violent contact with the barn door, which knocked him backward upon the floor. He arose, amazed, excited, and bruised. His conclusion was that somebody outside had laid for him and hit him, so he yelled defiance to him and began to put on his clothes. Having dressed he tore outside and gazed round trying to find somebody, but failed, and in the darkness didn't discover the barn door. Soon he heard another noise outside. Again he sprang up and rushed to look out, and again he was violently hit upon the head. That time he was wild.

He got his shotgun and without waiting to dress, ran out. He thought he saw the figure of a man a little distance away and fired at it. It didn't fall and he fired another barrel. Then he tore into the house and got his ammunition. He tried once more to look out of the window, and a fearful whack convinced him that the villain still pursued him. Out he went. His firing had aroused one or two of his neighbors. As they drew near he blazed away at 'em, but fortunately, he missed, and they fled. He kept firing at anything he could imagine was a man until the ammunition was gone. Then the aroused neighbors pounced on him. They though he was insane. He was nearly so. Finally lanterns were brought and the matter explained, and it was found that the "man" first fired at was the County Attorney's seersucker suit on the clothesline. And he had aimed to hit. Matters being cleared up, Frank was persuaded to retire. But if he finds out who put that door there, gunning will be resumed.





Last Saturday morning about three o'clock, J. W. Curns was aroused by a peculiar roaring which at first he took to be a train coming in on the Santa Fe, but soon his house was lit up and arising he discovered the dwelling opposite, in the block north of M. L. Robinson's house, a mass of flames. O. H. Herrington and others were soon on hand, but it was too late to do anything but to take measures for the protection of the surrounding buildings, which fortunately were some distance off. The building burned was a story and a half dwelling, not yet completed, and belonged to John A. Case, a young unmarried man who was building it to rent. Mr. Case had been lathing the day before and securely fastened the doors on quitting work, and there was no fire nor smoking in the building yesterday. He attributes the fire to the work of an incendiary. There was a carpenter's insurance risk of $800, which will about pay the loss.





That L. Knight has a typewriter.

That taxes in this city are lower than last year.

That Hiram Brotherton has gone to Harper county.

That Winfield is soon to lose one of her prominent M. D.'s.

That this time we smoke at Jim Caskey's expense, cause its a girl and weighs seven pounds.

That Ray Sledger, who has been a resident of Winfield for some time, left Friday morning for Kansas City.

That it will pay anyone to walk out and take a look at the plants and flowers by Frank Manny's hot houses.

That Henry Asp and Joe Houston got in some fine work on the Haywood forgery case, and came very near pushing the County Attorney to the wall.

That C. H. Payson has been pardoned out of the penitentiary, and is now a free man, as in the humble opinion of a large number, he should have been all the time.




SOUTH-WEST MACHINE WORKS. SAMUEL CLARKE, PROPRIETOR -AND- MECHANICAL ENGINEER. Having again assumed control of the machine department of the above Works, I will give it my personal supervision, and will run it as a general Macbine Works. Will build and repair ENGINES, BOILERS, ETC., And guarantee satisfaction. Will buy annd sell Second-hand Machinery on commission.

Shops near K. C., L. & S. F. R., Winfield.


FARM HARNESS & SADDLE FACTORY...R. E. SYDAL. Stand opposite the Opera House. Winfield.




WHITING BROS., MARKET. [Address not given.]



Main Street, Winfield.


Opposite Manning's Opera House, Winfield. Where you will find Dr. J. Fleming's Fever & Ague Tonic, an antidote for all malarial trouble. Dr. Fleming is sole proprietor and manufacturer.













Since moving into my new quarters, have increased my stock, etc.






W. C. ROBINSON, ASSISTANT CASHIER.] [Address not given.]





BOOKS, NOTIONS, TOILET ARTICLES & STATIONERY. WALL PAPER in all the latest designs and styles. School Books of every variety used in the county. All popular Patent Medicines in complete assortment. We also keep in stock the most complete assortment of Window Glass to be found anywhere. Paints, Oils and

Varnishes. Splendid Line of Choice Cigars.

Having moved into our elegant new store room, we are now able to show the trade of Winfield and Cowley County the most complete line of goods ever opened in Southern Kansas.




[Address not given.]


HAMBRIC & BROTHER, Just opened and in full blast a second-hand and bankrupt store, where we will buy, sell, or trade goods of every description, size, or color. Place of business, Ninth Avenue, first door east of McGuire Brothers' grocery.






SCOTT McGLASSON, CITY FLOUR AND FEED STORE. North east Main Street, Winfield, Kansas.




J. L. HODGES, STAPLE AND FANCY GROCERIES. Store on 9th Avenue, one block east of Main Street.





The decision of Judge Torrance in the case of the Wheeler & Wilson manufacturing company against Peter Thompson and wife, is of great interest to the public generally, and we therefore give a synopsis of it: The defendant, Thompson, bought a Wheeler & Wilson sewing machine, No. 8, of their local agent, N. Wimber, who was then selling sewing machines for D. F. Best, of this city.

The price was $75; of this amount Thompson paid $30 down and gave two notes signed by himself and wife, one for $25 payable in six months, and the other for $20 payable in one year. Thompson claimed that Wimber warranted the machine to do good work, and at the trial offered to prove the warranty, and also to prove that the machine never did do good work and was worthless to him as a sewing machine.

This Judge Torrance refused to let him do, and decided that the notes made by Thompson and wife were the contract between them and the sewing machine company, and that nothing else could be proven as part of the contract except what was in those notes. That is, that though the agent might have warranted the machine when he sold it, still the company would not be liable for such warranty unless it was included in the written contract made at the time with the two notes in this instance. Purchasers of sewing machines, or anything else for that matter, with warranty, should see that the warranty is contained in the written contract if one is made, or else it may be void.


In the case of the Winfield Bank against F. M. Linscott and others, Judge Torrance made a decision which establishes a new rule, at least in this county. The Winfield Bank had judgment against Linscott and a decree of foreclosure of mortgage. At the sale the bank bid enough for the land to satisfy its claim, but George Heffron bid five cents more and it was sold to him. Now, Mr. Heffron asks the court to order that unpaid taxes, amounting to $40 or more, be paid out of the purchase money, and the court so ordered, which leaves the bank so much out. In both these cases the opposition attorneys threaten to go to the supreme court and reverse the decisions, but until they do, they will doubtless be regarded as the law in such cases.





Dr. H. N. Jones, a very pleasant young gentleman, has opened a dental office, corner Main street and Tenth avenue, and invites those wishing work in his time to call and see him.

J. B. Hoover, the agent for Edwards' historical atlas, has located in Winfield, and will be here several months completing his work of a beautifully illustrated atlas of Cowley county.

The report that Dr. C. B. Gunn intended leaving Winfield is entirely untrue and without foundation. He is under contract to stay here five years with a privilege of longer if he wishes.

M. D. Mowry, one of Arkansas City's finest young men, a druggist by profession, hs been making his Winfield friends a visit, and while here hung up at the popular Brettun.

FROM Traveler: Mr. and Mrs. James E. Miller left on the 3 o'clock train yesterday for Osage, Massachusetts, whither they are called by the sudden death of Mrs. Miller's father.


CHARTERS FILED. The following charter was filed yesterday in the office of the secretary of State: "Winfield Building and Loan Association," capital stock $200,000. Board of Directors for the first year: J. E. Platter, R. E. Wallis, H. G. Fuller, J. F. McMullen, E. P. Greer, A. D. Hendricks, J. W. Connor, A. B. Steinberger, C. A. Bliss, J. A. McGuire, and I. W. Randall. Commonwealth.

Dr. W. T. Wright lost his pocket-book Saturday evening. It contained a considerable sum of money. The property is likely to be recovered as the numbers of the bills are known and it will be almost impossible to use the money without detection. The use of money obtained in this way is the same as theft and punishable by law.

James B. Moore, the Hartford, Connecticut, money man, who has been making the Brettun headquarters during a month's business visit through Southern Kansas, leaves for home Tuesday morning. He will be back again in three or four weeks, to spend the winter here. Winfield has charms to soothe even the Hartford man.

Some hunters from Sedan went down into the Territory a short time ago and shot a lot of turkeys belonging to the Indians, which they afterward had to pay for. Our Winfield sports who go down among the yellow skins to hunt should be careful to shoot only at wild game, unless it might perhaps be a tame squaw.

Whiting Brothers, Winfield's popular butchers, have just made a fine addition to their shop, by erecting in the rear thereof a large cook room and smoke house.

W. H. Colgate and wife, of Oconomowoc, Wisconsin, are here visiting friends, and will probably remain all winter. Mrs. Colgate is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. F. McMullen.

J. F. Gilbert, confectioner, second door north of Whiting Brothers, takes the cake, by sending us a California pear which weighs two pounds and four ounces.

In the case of the State vs. Green, unsworn statements were made upon which the court adjuged a fine of $100 and costs against the defendant.

Business was lively around the K. C., L. & S. depot today. Allen Johnson is putting up a large crib for corn, a half dozen cars are loading with corn, several cars of coal and wood were being unloaded, three cars of hogs were shipped, and the regular freight pulled out with two locomotives and thirty-three cars.

Some weeks ago we mentioned the fact that Mr. E. E. Thorpe, from New York, was figuring on starting a tannery in our city. We are now glad to say that the project is an assured fact. Mr. Thorpe has purchased a lot on South Main street, a well has been dug, and the excavation for the cellar is being made. Messrs. Benton & Connor have the contract for the stone work, and J. W. Randall the carpenter work for the building, which, if the weather proves favorable, will be completed about the first of January. This adds another industry to Winfield, of which we shall have more to say as the work progresses.

"Honest Ben Cox," Deacon Harris, and Jake Nixon, et al., returned from the Territory Friday. They had to charter a train to bring in the game. They made no note of the smaller game, but brought in forty deer and five hundred turkeys. Hunters like fishers are so reckless with figures that it's possible that there may be a cypher or two too many on the above, still we don't think Ben would tell a lie. The whole party report a good time and lots of fun, and from the amount of game brought in should say that the last party of hunters who went down would find it pretty dry picking.

Isn't the senior editor of the Courier a little off on the politics of James D. Snoddy, when he calls him a Democrat? It has always been our understanding that Snoddy was a radical who made the night hideous in the county school houses, and then the idea of convicting W. R. Wagstaff for the violation of the liquor law! It looks to us as though Father Millington is surely getting into deep water since he has taken up the St. John dodge. But then these fanatic people are unfortunate in many ways.





Capt. James Christian, who lectures here Friday night, has a history which many Kansans would be glad to have coupled with his biography. He is the oldest member of the Kansas bar, and was for some time during the early days of Kansas, the law partner of Jim Lane, and was identified with many of the early hardships of our now proud, prosperous state. He was one of the first to take up arms in defense of the Union, and like his distinguished countryman, Gen. James Shields, left no stain upon the flag of his adopted country, save that of his own blood. He served for a long time as assistant commissary of subsistence, and left the service a poor man, which was surely an unusual occurrence. He defended Josiah Miller, editor of a Lawrence Free State paper, arrested and tried on the 15th of May, 1856, for treason, and cleared him. Succeeded F. Chapman as a member of the Council, January 28th, 1857.

Was a member of the Democratic Territorial convention at Leavenworth, November 28th, 1858. Was the Democratic nominee for Judge of the Fourth Judicial District in 1859, and defeated by Solon O. Thatcher, of Lawrence, receiving 1,782 votes to Mr. Thatcher's 2,568. Was a member of the Atchison Democratic Convention, March 27, 1860.

Commenced the publication of the Lawrence State Journal in partnership with Milt Reynolds, in June, 1865. Was vice-

president of the National Union State convention at Topeka, September 20, 1866. Was again defeated for Judge of the Fourth District, November 3, 1868, this time by O. A. Bassett, of Lawrence, who received 4,584 votes to the Captain's 1,960, and met with the usual Democrratic success in Kansas (defeat) until December 6, 1870, when he was elected as a Trustee of the State Horticultural Society at Manhattan.

While in the Union army, the Captain contracted a disease from which he has since suffered, and which three years ago resulted in the loss of his eye sight, one of the greatest calamities that can befall any man. Many of our people know Capt. Christian, and few Kansans but have heard and read of him. All who can should attend his lecture Friday night.




Every week sees the advent of desirable additions to our city, and the best of it is, the men who are now coming have capital. The latest addition is that of Mr. James L. Andrews, lately of Columbus, Ohio. Mr. Andrews intends making Winfield his headquarters and will engage in the cattle business. To show the estimation by which he is held at his old home, we copy the following from the Columbus Dispatch. "Ohio man going west: Mr. James L. Andrews and family today left for Winfield, Cowley County, Kansas. Winfield is in the southern part of the State, near the Indian Territory line. Mr. Andrews has been a resident of Franklin County twenty-five years, and of the city of Columbus twelve years. In the meantime, in addition to mercantile pursuits, he served as a member of the Board of Education of Columbus four years, as Stewart of the Ohio Penitentiary during the administration of Governor Bishop two years, and made a grand canvass for sheriff of Franklin County. There were eight candidates in the field, and out of one hundred votes in the convention, after thirty or forty ballots, he received fifty-one and a half votes, but was ruled out of the nomination by the chairman. The convention then adjourned for one week. At its next meeting another candidate out of the eight was nominated. Mr. Andrews leaves a host of warm friends in Columbus, who wish he may grow up with the country and have the usual good luck of the Ohio man.



A good deal of low test coal oil is still being sold in our city, and while such practice is in violation of the law, certain dealers will continue to sell an inferior quality of oil as long as it can be purchased for a few cents less on the gallon. About the only way for purchasers to do is when they find that the retail dealer has sold them a poor quality of oil, is to seek some other merchant. A number of accidents from this course have already occurred here, and we are liable at any time to have an extensive conflagration from this cause. Last evening there was an explosion of a small hand lamp at the residence of Mrs. Conklin, and it was only the presence of mind and nerve of her mother that saved the destruction of her house. While the oil was blazing, she threw the broken lamp out of the window and put out the fire.





The Democrat notices the death of S. C. Winton, who died recently at Pueblo, Colorado. Mr. Winton was one of the pioneers of lower Silver Creek, in Silverdale township, where he kept a store in early days. His two-story log house was a landmark in that section in those days. Elections were held there, and it was the general stopping place for travelers. The writer has a vivid recollection (and Wirt Walton must have too) of the delicious corn pone that Mrs. Winton used to serve up to the hungry travelers who would make a long drive to get there, always being assured of a square meal. Mr. Winton met with reverses, principally three percent, per month, and moved to Arkansas City, and from there to Colorado, where he died. He is entitled to more than a two-line death notice from the Arkansas City papers.





A correspondent at Dexter furnishes us with the information that the merchants are enjoying a good trade. R. Hite and C. A. Walker are our drygoods men. They are gentlemen and understand their business. That C. M. Brown sells groceries, and lots of them. That A. J. Truesdale is doing a good business in the hardware line. That George Drury has sold an interest in his blacksmith shop to John Moore, a first-class workman. That O. P. Dorst runs the Central Hotel in first-class order. That in connection with the hotel, Bent Moore runs a livery and feed stable in good style. That Dr. Hamilton has a good practice. That the water mill is running on full time. That the Walsmith boys are doing good work in their steam mill.




Friday last was divorce day in District Court and of course the lawyers were all present. Judge Torrance takes particular pains in conducting cases of this nature, and is often distressingly careful to bring out all the facts surrounding, bearing upon, pertaining to, connected with, or being a part of the marriage ceremonies, the happiness of the honeymoon season, and family relations existing between the wishing to be separated parties. Or, in other words, he is simply immense in digging into matters pertaining to the merits and claims, ever trying to peep behind the returning veil. You see he has seen so much divorce business that he does not intend that anyone, no matter how much the desire may be to get unhitched, or get a bill of "split-blanket" through his court unless the cause is a purely laudable one, and the evidence is made plain as fact.

There were four cases tried in the forenoon, each couple having been married in Missouri, where matters of this degree are easily arranged, as no licenses are provided for by the code. They were all of a similar import, abuse and abandonment, until the fourth case was called.

In this the causes for asking a separation were of a much more serious nature, if the faces of the audience (his honor not excepted) were any indication of the feelings of those who were frightened into silence by the stern look of Sheriff Shenneman. This was the case of Malissa J. Kirby vs. Richard Kirby, O. M. Seward, appearing blushingly for the plaintiff. The reason set up for divorce was impotency, and the history of the married relations as shown by the evidence and papers in the case were about thus-wise; Malissa and Mr. Kirby, a gentleman who tipped the scale of time at about fifty years, were preliminarily married on the 8th day of August, 1872 (pretty warm weather), in the regular happy way, and they commenced living together from that time. The plaintiff now complains that nothwithstanding she was in perfect good health, apt, fit, willing, able, and desirous of receiving the embraces of the defendant, returning them with interest and affection, and continued in such a state for days, weeks, months, and years, defendant showed no disposition or willingness to complete the marriage. The plaintiff further alleged that she remains and is still a virgin unknown to the defendant. After the evidence was received, and the court had asked the plaintiff a few modest questions and the answers returned satisfactorily, an anxious smile passed over many faces in the court room, and we could not keep back the thought that had the voluptuous attorney in the case here pending been the defendant from time of marriage, there would never have been any cause of an action of this kind.

The court [Judge Torrance] took up a book, opened it, read or looked through it a few minutes, and then granted the divorce, evidently wishing he could be permitted to give her two.








As I have been looking through your paper and cannot see anything from this part of God's moral heritage, and as we have one of the best districts for literary points, will endeavor to give you a few lines.

The farmers are all in good spirits and have organized themselves into an alliance and literary society. The alliance meets every Tuesday night, and after commencing in the usual manner, then adjourn and organize themselves into the "Kansas Legislature." Business then commences. Every man takes his district and uses fictitious names as follows:

A. F. Sitten, Little Brindle District;

W. C. May, Shadtail;

Sam Toil, Hooppole;

Lige Wells, Flipup;

Wm. Bottinly, Hardup;

E. F. Gray, Shoestring;

G. W. Hogue, Tadpole;

J. R. Tate, Cutstraw;

John Leoppy, Hardscrable;

Ed. Crane, Hole.

If there is anyone in Cowley who has never been in the Legislative Hall, it would pay them to attend one of these meetings. We have smart men at the head of this body. The literary is doing well and everybody enjoys themselves.

J. R. Tate is president of the Literary Society, and Thomas Beasley president of the Farmers' Alliance.






Through the kindness of Mr. Scribner, the K. C., L. & S. operator, we learn something of the doings of a mob at Wellington Tuesday night. Our readers will remember our mention of the failure and closing up of the banks at Caldwell and Hunnewell a short time ago. The proprietor, J. S. Danford, and Smith, the cashier, of the Caldwell institution, were in Wellington last night and sometime during the night, about one hundred mounted men fully armed with shotguns, rifles, and revolvers, appeared and demanded the surrender of Danford and Smith from the Sheriff, who seemed to have them in charge. Securing their prisoners, the mob started for Caldwell, but the bankers, fearing they would be hung on the road, proposed to the leaders to pay for a special train to take them to Caldwell, which was done. On their arrival there they were locked up in the bank. Further information we have been unable to get up to the hour of going to press.




The Caldwell Post says the Indians that have been causing the cattle men so much trouble near the Cimarron lately, have been corralled at last, and taken to Fort Reno. It remarked that a killing bee would have done a power of good about the time they were setting fire to the ranges on the Cherokee strip. The cattle men pay their tax for the privilege of this range, and should be protected from other bands roaming around and burning off the ranges.





John H. Frederick expects to start to Iowa soon.

Joseph Grove, Esq., is remodeling his dwelling house.

Prof. Hittle is teaching a singing class at the W. V. P. Church.

Mr. Dewalt Kinzey, of Tipton, Iowa, is visiting at Robert Hanlen's.

Mr. J. H. Page has commenced the erection of a fine dwelling house.

W. O. and C. F. Baxter have returned from the Indian Territory with their cattle.

Miss Fannie McKinley, of Seely, is instructing the urchins of Darien school, district 25.

The Valley Center school is progressing finely under the management of Prof. R. B. Corson.

W. F. M. Lacy, Esq., has taken the contract to furnish wood for the church. As Frank is a "boss fellow," it will be done as per contract.

About fifteen of the young folks of this locality met at the residence of J. J. Tribby last Wednesday, to participate in a "taffy pullin'," and numerous plays, which was a grand success.

"Chip Basket" in his last letter to the COURANT, said John Hanlen had gone to Stafford county with Wm. Palmer and wife on the 10th inst. We think the old man had his dates mixed, as Wm. Palmer and wife did not start until the 17th inst., and Hanlen didn't go at all, so his wife testified. LASSES TAFFY.






Mr. Fred C. Hunt, of this city, accepts a position this week as associate editor of THE COURANT, and will hereafter lend his assistance in the endeavor to make for Cowley County one of the best newspapers in Kansas. THERE WAS MORE...I SKIPPED.







The county clerk has finished his distribution of the tax roll for 1881, and from him we obtain some figures relative to our taxes. The roll shows a total aggregate levy of $119,031. This is, in round numbers, eight thousand dollars less than was on the roll of last year. MUCH MORE...I SKIPPED.




To begin at the beginning and tell the whole story would occupy this entire page. A synopsis is all we can give.

Rumors of the unstability of the bank had been floating around for some two or three weeks, but the depositors, as a body, did not give them much credence, thinking all would be right, and having faith in the president, J. S. Danford, no runs were started. On Monday several drafts on New York came back protested. The owners of them went to the cashier, W. D. C. Smith, and inquired of him the reason of their return. Smith held out that there was only a temporary shortage on that bank, and that the same draft would be honored if sent to the bank on which it was drawn. Smith continued to hold out that every train running the entire week would bring from $5,000 to $20,000 in currency, and all depositors could then get their money if they would only wait.

It was evident that the M. & D. bank was very short of currency, the cashier prevailing upon many to take only $25 or $100 when they would present checks for sums well up in the hundreds. Many took the stand-off simply out of friendship for the bank, while many, wishing to lend confidence and aid to the bank, would go down into their pockets and deposit their last cent, which would be thankfully received by the slick cashier of the concern, with the assurance of a speedy return of all money. The object was to gain time. Deposits were received up to within twenty minutes of three o'clock Saturday afternoon, while the cashier, packing up the securities of the bank, prepared to jump the train at 3 o'clock. Fred Dewman, a friend of Danford, from Osage City, came down Saturday on the noon train, accompanied Smith in his flight, and took the securities on with him to a place that the creditors know not of. Smith got off at Wellington and met Danford. Danford deeded the bank building to Major Hood, Smith refusing to sign the deed until two thousand dollars was given him. His signature does not appear on the deed, so it is safe to suppose that he did not get the stamps.

Smith and Danford left Wellington in a private conveyance Sunday morning, and drove to Wichita, where a telegram was sent by Sheriff Thrall to have them arrested on a warrant sworn out by I. B. Gilmore, who happened to be in Wellington and learned of the flight.

The sheriff of Sedgwick county started to Winfield Sunday evening with the prisoners to have their preliminary tried before Judge Torrance, but telegraphed Thrall to meet him at Mulvane. The party from here got to Mulvane before the Thrall party arrived, but a telegraphic warrant had been served upon them before the Caldwell officers arrived.

The party came to Wellington where they were met by a delegation of creditors from this point. Talks were had but nothing could be got out of Danford. They were arraigned before Squire King, and $50,000 bonds required of them for their appearance on the Gilmore warrant, which they claimed they would give on Tuesday. On the afternoon train a delegation of nearly one hundred arrived, repudiated the action of the first party, and demanded that the prisoners be taken back to Caldwell or the full amount of the deposits paid at once. The depositors were not satisfied, and Mr. Rhodes and posse proceeded to gather in the sheriff and prisoners. A special train was secured from Wichita, which arrived about 12 o'clock Monday night, on which the prisoners were brought to this city.

A meeting of the creditors was held in the Hall Tuesday morning. Sim Donaldson was chosen Chairman and Charles Hassard Secretary.

A Committee on Resolutions was appointed, report of same submitted, and adopted, and committee discharged.

The following preambles and resolutions were unanimously adopted.

WHEREAS, The Merchants and Drovers' Bank of Caldwell, Kansas, has suspended without any visible assets whatever wherewith to pay the claims of its creditors; and,

WHEREAS, The said creditors, having met to consider the ways and means to secure their claims against said bank and its officers.

Resolved, That it is the sense of this meeting that all the securities and moneys of said bank have been fraudulently appropriated and made way with by its president, J. S. Danford, and by his direction and connivance.

Resolved, That the said creditors demand a full and complete showing of the status of said bank, and full and complete settlement and liquidation of all their several claims; and that if immediate payment cannot be made, that the said creditors be secured by ample securities, and that immediately.

Resolved, That we hold each and all the officers of said bank strictly accountable for their acts and deeds in the management of said bank, and that they be prosecuted to the full extent of the law for any violation of their said duties.

Resolved, That we declare it our firm determination to make use of all lawful means to make said J. S. Danford settle and liquidate his liabilities caused by his fraudulent practices in the management of said Merchants and Drovers' Bank.

Resolved, That, if deemed necessary, the following attorneys be retained by the creditors of said bank for the prosecution of all claims and demands of these creditors against the Merchants and Drovers' Bank and its several officers, namely: Mr. Thomas George and Mr. Quigley, of Wellington, and Mr. L. M. Lange, of Caldwell, and that a committee be appointed to raise funds for the carrying into execution the resolution, and that a pro rata assessment be made on all creditors for that purpose. And, finally,

Resolved, That we demand that the prisoners, J. S. Danford and W. D. C. Smith, President and Secretary of said Merchants and Drovers' Bank, be immediately turned over and delivered to Constable Rhodes, who first legally arrested the said J. S. Danford and W. D. C. Smith, by virtue of a warrant issed by J. D. Kelly, Esq., of Caldwell, Kansas, and that said Rhodes keep the said prisoners in his custody until they are disposed of in due form.


Chairman of Committee.

A committee was appointed to wait upon Mr. Danford and have him make a statement to the creditors.

Danford came into the meeting and said, in substance, that he did not know what the assets of the bank were, but could produce the securities carried off by Smith and Denman; also, that the securities were carried off for the purpose of giving the depositors an equal show at the general divide, and avoid attaching creditors.

A committee was then appointed by the chair to wait upon Danford in the interests of the creditors, and report at 7 o'clock to the meeting.

The meeting was adjourned till 2 o'clock p.m.

Judge Storry came in on the noon train Tuesday in the interest of Major Hood. The committee appointed to settle with Danford submitted a report to the meeting at 7 o'clock, which, after a considerable debate, was at once adopted.

The committee's report was Danford's proposition, the substance of which is as follows: Danford gave his individual note for $56,000, secured by $32,500 [? HARD TO READ ?] in notes, etc., of the M. D. Bank; the bank building at $10,000; half a section adjoining the city, valued at $2,000; all his individual and the M. & D. Bank's real estate, etc., in Sumner county the value of which is known at the present; when the collateral is exhausted, the balance to be paid by him. This proposition was accepted by the creditors.

A committee was appointed to take charge of the affair. John G. Woods was elected trustee by the depositors.

The committee went to Wichita yesterday morning to examine the notes and bank securities, and had not returned yesterday evening.

Dr. Tanner was arrested in Wellington Tuesday night and brought to this city. He made affidavit to the fact that the drug store in the corner room of the bank building had been sold to him without a consideration and was to be returned to Danford when the trouble was over. A bill of sale of the property was given to him.

Dr. Sinex states that he is simply employed by Mr. Danford to run the store on a salary of $75 per month; that he has no money invested in it.

Fred Denman stated that he was acting as a friend of Danford, and carried off the money and securities of the bank to a place of safety.

Samuel Berry was placed under arrest yesterday.

Caldwell Post.





The other day we went down to the City Mill to find out the meaning of that large new buiding which has been erected just south of the mill. We found Messrs. Bliss & Wood up to their eyes in business superintending the dozen or more men who were at work in the mill, and on the new elevator now nearing completion. So quietly has the work gone on at the mill that this will be the first intimation to many of our citizens that Winfield has a new elevator with a capacity of handling and storing 25,000 bushels of grain. The elevator stands on the track of the Santa Fe, which runs out to the mill, and a few rods south of the mill, with which it will be connected by a tumbling rod, and can be run by either water or steam. A drive extends along the south side from which the wagons are unloaded, and the grain, after being weighed or cleaned can be spouted directly into the cars or the mill. A corn sheller and cleaner will be put in, which will be of great convenience to the shippers. The elevator with the engine, boilers, and other improvements recently added to the mill, represent an expenditure of twelve or fifteen thousand dollars, and the outfit will give employment to ten or twelve men including the proprietors.

These men and their families increase our population by at least fifty persons, and it is needless to say how much such industries aid in building up a town. Winfield needs a woolen and other factories, and if the money that has gone (In many cases, hopelessly gone) into holes in the ground in mining and other wildest speculations, it would in most cases have paid the investors better in the long run, besides building up the town in which most of it was made.

Growlers have accused C. A. Bliss of making a good deal of money here, but we have observed that he always turns around and puts it back into some substantial improvement that not only helps to build up the town, but increases its taxable property, all of which is worthy of imitation.





There is wide-spread complaint among the people concerning the coal oil which is sold in this market. Much of it is said to be so poor tht it cannot be used at all. Lamps in which it is used will burn nicely for a little time, then the flame grows dim and finally dies out altogether. The best way to rid the market of this worthless and dangerous stuff is for those who purchase at retail to refuse to buy any except that of sufficient test to make it non-explosive. Everyone who has coal oil should make a note of this.







Dr. Green has moved his office upstairs in the new McDougal building.

J. L. Horning has been quite sick, but we are glad to see he is now able to be out.

Joseph Tyree, of Vernon township, was thrown from his horse Saturday; the horse stepped upon him and broke his collar bone.

Messrs. Beaton and Connor commenced work on the stone wall, to be build across the west side of the courthouse block, this morning.

G. W. Foster has purchased the Bates stock and will open out with a stock of flour, feed, and groceries, two doors below McGuire Brothers.

T. W. Tuttle, a young man from Wisconsin, and a cousin of Mrs. C. A. Bliss, is stopping in the city and has secured a position in the County Clerk's office.

L. Knight, who has been stenographer for this judicial district, says there is so little crime in this section that a respectable stenographer can't make a decent living reporting the criminal cases, and he is going to Kansas City, where he expects to make his fortune.

There has been a slight change in the Ninth Avenue House, Ed. having taken in a partner, Mr. Wm. Maginnis, late of Chase county. The new firm is making improvements and additions, and offer good accommodations at reasonable rates.

Mr. W. A. Freeman, an old time resident of Winfield, who has been trying his luck in New Mexico the past few months, has returned to his first love and says he will remain here, having had a sufficiency of the murkey skinned country.

Married on Tuesday evening by Rev. J. E. Platter, at his residence, Mr. George A. Osterhout to Miss Laura E. Byers. George and his bride took the Santa Fe accommodation this morning for Kanss City, where they will spend a few days.

O. F. Boyle came in from Durango, Colorado, Thursday, and will remain with us for a few days. He is looking hearty, and reports the Winfield folks all well and doing well, except Judge Boyer, who is not acting well, and is thinking of coming east to spend the winter. H. C. Owens, who used to be with Jarvis, Conklin, & Co., has arrived there and is keeping books for a grocery house. There is plenty of snow in the mountains, but none in Durango.

Five cases have been commenced in the District court since the last term of court, namely, I. D. Skinner vs. O. C. Skinner, attachment; L. Scott vs. Margaret Weir, foreclosure of mortgage; G. W. Chaplin vs. John & Sinnie Garrabee, forecloure of motgage; A. Furst & Co. vs. F. I. Sanford, attachment; A. J. Pyburn vs. N. W. Fitzgerald, attachment of home and lot.

Matt Smith, a United States prisoner, is now in confinement in the county jail. He was arrested yesterday at Arkansas City by George McIntire, for stealing a span of mules from William Butler, who lives west of Caldwell; and his trial will take place the 15th of this month.






About two o'clock Saturday afternoon a number of Cow boys attacked Caldwell with the declaration that they intended to take the town, and a bloody fight ensued, the use of fire-arms being brought into wicked use. All seemed to take an active part, and the fight was a bloody one, resulting in the death of one citizen and two cow boys. Excitement was at such a heat as to make it impossible for the operator at Caldwell to get anything like a full report of the bloody affair up to the time the representative of the COURANT was compelled to leave the telegraph office. Finally it got too hot for the cow boys, and they jumped upon their horses and started out of town. The citizens fired on them from all sides, killing one cowboy and one pony, the rider jumping on behind another companion and rode out of town, both firing as they went.

A posse of citizens followed the cow boys out south of town about bour miles and caught some ot them, and at last reports were returning to the city with the prisoners, where the Santa Fe train is waiting to take them to Wellington.

A later dispatch says that the cow boys returning under guard have bucked, not wishing to see it that way, but that the citizens have rounded the cow boys up, and sent to town for more help. The citizen killed was Mike Megher, an ex-mayor of Wellington, who has ever been considered a brave and daring fellow, and a dangerous man. One of the cow boys who shot when the row first commenced, the second as they were retreating out of town, and the third out about four miles.

As we go to press, we learn the cowboys excaped from citizens on foot and meeting freighters on Pond creek, took their horses and rode away, twenty citizens in pursuit, Meager and Geo. Speer killed, and W. C. Campbell wounded.







Council met in regular session. The president of the council, Mr. Read, presiding, in the absence of the mayor. Present: Councilmen Read, Hodges, Platter, and Gary, city attorney and clerk.

Ordinance No. 153, changing the name of Court House street to Riverside avenue, was read and on motion of Mr. Hodges was taken up for consideration by sections. Secttions 1 and 2 were adopted. On a motion to adopt as a whole on the final passage the vote stood as follows: Those voting aye were Messrs. Hodges, Gary, and Mater; nay, none, and the ordinance was declared adopted.

Petition of Frank Barclay and 55 others, asking that the stacking of hay be prohibited by ordinance within the city limits, was presented.

Remonstrance of W. T. Roland and 62 others, against the passage of such an ordinance, was also presented.

On motion of Mr. Hodges, the petition and remonstrance were referred to the committee on fire department.

On motion of Mr. Gary, the matter referred to fireman committee, at last meeting, were continued in their hands until the next meeting.

It was moved by Mr. Gary that when council adjourn, itt adjourn to meet on Friday afternoon at 2 o'clock. Carried.

The following bills were allowed and ordered paid.

Jamas Lobdell, street work, $17.50.

Wm. Moore, stone and crossings, $30.00.

Wm. Moore, stone and crossings, $10.20.

W. M. Bousman, examining flues, $7.60.

G. W. Crane & Co., Dassler's Stat., $7.50.

Mater & Kibbe, repairs on plow, $1.00.

H. L. Thomas, street crossing, etc. $70.45.

Bill of L. C. Fleming & Co., repairs, etc., $2.65, was referred to the finance committee.

It was moved that Brotherton & Silver be appointed city weighmasters for the six months next ensuing, on compliance with the ordinances and laws of the city. Carried.

A. G. Wilson applied to the council for the privilege of putting in sclaes on Main street.

On motion the privilege was granted. Scales to be put in under the direction of the committee on streets and alleys.

It was moved that the fine of Jack Brady be remitted. Carried.

Council then adjourned.


Prest. Council, Acting Mayor.






Ed. Lemon, formerly a Winfield boy, is lying seriously ill at Independence.

Mrs. A. H. Green has gone to Austin, Texas, on a summons to see her sick mother.

C. A. Roberts has just received a carload of lumber for his new barn, direct from Chicago.

Lou Zenor has been runnning the District Clerk end of the Courthouse during Mr. Bedillion's absence.

Mr. J. L. Andrews' household goods have arrived, and he is now fixing up to live at home in the Sam Jarvis' residence.

A. W. Davis is acting as telegraph operator at Cherryvale, Kansas. We suppose A. W. couldn't resist the temptation.

Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Saint and Miss Kate Millington will be home from New Mexico to spend Christmas with the "old folks."

P. H. Albright, one of Sedan's brightest and most enterprising young men (if he is a Democrat), came over on Saturday evening's train.

The new townsite of Salem has just been surveyed eight miles east of ths city on the K. C., L. & S. road, and work has commenced on a depot there.

We notice the arrival of Harold Mansfield, from Texas. Harold says Texas isn't just exactly a cheerful state to live in, and that a young man who cares anything about the preservation of his anatomy shouldn't float around in that state to any great extent.

Fred Whiting, of Winfield, seems to like Arkansas City pretty well. Before returning he purchased a number of fat cattle. Traveler.

It isn't anything new for Fred to purchase a lot of fat cattle, as it requires quite a lot every week to keep their fine market stocked up.

Thomas Hart, a resident of Richland township, died of pneumonia, in his home last Saturday night. He was one of the first settlers, a good citizen, and a member of the Masonic fraternity, and was buried by the organization from this city.

We noticed that A. H. Doane & Co. are filling the vacant block on Ninth Avenue with cord and stove wood, and have 25 carloads of coal in stock and under cover, preparatory for a cold snap or a snow blockade.

We received a pleasant call from Mr. A. Millspaugh, of Vernon township. Mr. Millspaugh is one of the solid young men of the county, and in days gone by used to bat fly balls in a way that made fielders feel bad.

Mrs. Joel Mason, of Pleasant Valley township, received a paralytic stroke last week, paralyzing one entire side of the body. Dr. Marsh is attending her, but her recovery is hardly looked for.

Quincy Glass, captain of the archery club, has purchased a new snake-wood bow, which is a beauty. The archery season is over, and our Robin Hoods can let their fingers get well.

An important sheep deal has just been completed. James Service having sold his flock of one thousand to J. H. Saunders, the price paid being about three dollars per head. Henry had already nearly as many more, and with these can come out as one of Cowley's heavy sheep men.


Marriage licenses have been issued lately as follows.

J. H. Small and Catharine Williams.

I. G. Doty and Ida M. Haning.

T. W. Myers and M. Manthall.

J. F. Boyd and Mable Ayers.

Jasper N. Houston and Zadia I. Parker.

Oliver McGuirk and Mary G. Lane.

F. R. Cole and Hettie B. Graves.


J. E. Saint, traveling for Ridenour, Baker & Co., has resigned his position and will move his family to Winfield, Kansas. Joe has been working hard and desires to live an easy life until spring. Las Vegas Optic.

All right, Ex; come ahead, we'll make it easy for you.


Capt. Gary, Ben. Long, Frank Barclay, Mr. and Mrs. Wells, rreturned from a week's hunt in the territory Sunday evening. They brought in two deer and about twenty turkeys, and report a good time generally.


Messrs. Hackney, Troup, Pryor, and Boyle returned from Independence Saturday night. The Hitchcock-Tarrant case was given to the jury Friday, who wrestled with it until Saturday evening, bringing in a verdict in favor of Tarrant. We understand that the stood at first, ten for Tarrant and two for Hitchcock. The case will probably be appealed to the Supreme Court. The other Winfield cases were put over until next week.


We sincerely hope our citizens will take hold of the telephone proposition, which we place before them today. If any particulars are required further than we give, Mr. Whitney or Mr. Kretsinger will give them. Fourteen have already subscribed and only eleven more are needed to secure the placing of the instruments. Wichita has placed sixty-three telephones and the company are still at work. The central office here would be at the Brettun House.


Winfield Commandery No. 15, Knights Templar, held their annual installation of officers on Friday evening. The following are the officers: W. G. Graham, E. C.; J. C. McMullen, G.; James McDermott, C. G.; Chas. C. Clack, S. W.; J. W. Johnston, J. W.; S. H. Myton, Treas.; J. D. Pryor, Rec.; S. A. Cook, W.; Mr. Stafford, Std. B.; S. H. Myton, Swd. B.


S. H. Myton, W. J. Hodges, and H. Silver visited their coal mine in Chautauqua county last Wednesday. They found Superintendent Johnson reposing on an oriental divan and smoking Havana cigars, and the coal tumbling out of the mine and loading itself into the wagons; Superintendent Johnson knows how to run a coal mine. W. J. Hodges, the president of the company, came back highly indignant. They made him crawl on his hands and knees about five-hundred feet into the mine, and told him it was quite likely the whole thing would tumble in any minute. Those who saw the knees of his pants when he came out thought he had been through a long and earnest seson of prayer. CONTINUES IN A LIKE HUMOROUS VEIN ABOUT SILVER ALSO.


Rev. J. H. McKee, a minister of the Presbyterian church, who has labored for the last two years at various points in the southern portion of this county, died suddenly, on Saturday, at his residence about thirteen miles east of Winfield. His funeral was held on Sabbath, from the Prairie Ridge school house. Services were conducted by Rev. Mr. Platter, of this city, assisted by Rev. Mr. McKibben, of the M. E. church. The remains were buried at Dexter. A large concourse of people from that section were in attendance. Mr. McKee removed from Minnesota to this county. He was a quiet, unobtrusive gentlemen, but an earnest worker in his Master's cause.





Mr. S. L. Gilbert, a loan agent in this city who has resided here for several years, the senior member of the firm of Gilbert, Jarvis and Co., has been arrested and held to bail in the sum of $100, to appear before U. S. Commissioner Webb of this city, and answer to the charge of having opened a letter belonging to the latter named firm after its dissolution. The action was brought upon the complaint of J. H. Finch at the instigation of Mr. S. M. Jarvis, of Kansas City, and will come up for hearing on the 22nd of this month. Gilbert claims the letter in requisition was written to him as a personal and was so answered, which he hopes to establish to the satisfaction of the court and everybody else.


Mr. G. W. Miller, the gentleman who recently purchased the Lindsey place, on Manning street opposite Judge McDonald's, has built a neat addition to the house, and will at once erect a barn, put down walks, and add other improvements that, when completed, will make it a very desirable property. Mr. Miller has large cattle interests in the Territory, and is handling hogs on the market in this city, is a gentleman of means, and, to-gether with his family, makes one of the many valuable acquisitions recently made to Winfield's business and society circles.


In the probate court petition has been filed by foreign guardian for the sale of lands belonging to Siemma M. Allison, a minor, which is set for hearing January 2, 1982.

Maud Corkins filed the sixth annual account as guardian of William A. Wright, a minor.

Elizabeth Fitzpatrick made final settlement as administratrix on the estate of George L. Monroe, deceased.

W. M. Sleeth was appointed administrator of the estate of

C. W. Drennan, deceased.

Sarah Bixley filed the third annual account as guardian of Eleavnor Fowler.

S. M. Fall filed second account as executor of the estate of E. M. Lawson, deceased.

David C. Beach filed second account as administrator of the estate of John W. Taylor, deceased.

Elizabeth Smith makes second annual settlement as administratrix of the estate of Charles S. Smith, deceased.


We note the arrival of Mr. J. O. Taylor and family, who have rented the Read property on Elm Row, with the view of locating permanently. Mr. Taylor is a cousin of Rev. J. E. Platter.


Orlando Wood, of Mt. Gilliad, Ohio, nephew of our C. M. Wood, is here visiting for a few weeks. He thinks Winfield much the nicest town he has seen in the west, and says the class of citizens here grade fairly with the Ohio folks.


James Kelly has resigned his position as Justice of the Peace in this city. Several petitions have been circulated praying for the appointment of persons to the vacancy. Among those petitioning are G. W. Buckman and T. H. Soward. We would be perfectly satisfied with either.


Mrs. H. W. Holloway, of Chillicothe, Illinois, widow of the late Will Holloway, who died here some seven weeks ago, came to Winfield Saturday, and brought suit for the possession of her oldest child, a little girl four years of age, who has been in the hands of Ed Holloway, a brother of the deceased. The action was compromised and the child to be delivered to the mother upon her paying the costs accumulated and going to Sedan after the little girl.


When Judge Torrance came upon the bench the several cases on the docket in which he was attorney were transferred to the 12th Judicial District Court, which is now in session at Independence. The most important cases were Hitchcock vs. Tarrant, Boyle vs. Rogers, and Pryor vs. M. L. Read, and all the rest of E. B. Kager County Treasurer's bondsmen. The most of these cases come up this week and a great many of our citizens and their attorneys are in attendance.


M. L. Read has been adding to his dwelling house some modern conveniences such as are not often found outside of large cities. The home is thoroughly supplied with water from a tank above, and the rooms are furnished with stationery wash bowls.

The improvements of most consequence are an automatic steam heating apparatus and an automatic water supply for the boiler. The heating apparatus is of the newest style and most convenient form. It consists of a boiler which runs a steam radiator in each room of the house, including the bath room. The radiators are small and take up scarcely any room, being of small size and standing close against the wall. The boiler will carry 120 pounds of steam, but only five pounds are necessary to thoroughly heat the house. The boiler can be set to carry any amount below 120 pounds. and the temperature is always kept between certain degrees by the automatic arrangement.

When set at five pounds, the pressure can never get above that weight nor below three pounds. When the pressure reaches above five pounds, it closes a draft below the fire and opens a valve above; and when it reaches below three pounds, the operation is reversed, the valve closing and the draft opening. The boiler is furnished with an automatic supply of water from the tank above, a certain quantity shutting off the supply and a certain lesser quantity opening the supply.

The fire magazine is filled only twice in twenty-four hours; there is no danger anywhere; there can be no freezing in the water pipes and the temperature is always between certain comfortable degrees. Mr. Read has about as near an automatic regulation of his household affairs as one could wish. All he wants is an automatic booster, run by clock work, to bounce him out of bed in the morning, and he has the acme of bliss. Of course, he might have a steam transfer arrangement for carrying hot buck-wheat cakes to his mouth while he reposes in bed; but this would be too soft a thing for Mr. Read, who is known not to be lacking in energy when occasion requires.




VanDoren & Gunn, surgeon dentists, Office on Ninth avenue, west of postoffice. Laughing gas constantly on hand for the painless extraction of teeth.


W. O. LIPSCOMB. HOUSE, SIGN & ORNAMENTAL PAINTER. Leave orders at Hovey's drug store, Winfield, Kansas.


G. F. GILBERT, DEALER IN CONFECTIONERY, ETC. Two doors north of the Illinois Grocery, Winfield, Kansas.




















E. W. HOVEY & CO., CITY PHARMACY. [No address given.]







As many of our readers are interested in the cow-boy trouble and would like particulars, we clip the following from the Caldwell Post, which is as authentic as any statement of the affair will be.

To begin at the beginning of this affair, one would have to get into the secrets of men's hearts, so we will only begin at the apparent beginning.

One Jim Talbot, who has been around the city about a month gambling, drinking, bullying, and attempting to bulldoze everyone, was the leader of the party. With Talbot, on the drinking spree during the night, were Jim Martin, Bob Bigtree, Tom Love, Bob Munsen, Dick Eddleman, and George Speers.

Speers did none of the shooting, but was in the act of saddling one of Talbot's horses when he was shot. Talbot, Martin, Bigtree, Munsen, and Doug Hill were standing, holding their horses near Speers, waiting for him to saddle up.

After the fighting in the city, and Mike Meagher and George Speers were killed, the five outlaws--Jim Talbot, Bob Bigtree, Bob Munsen, Jim Martin, and Doug Hill--rode off to the east of town, across the railroad track. Some one of the citizens fired at and killed a horse from under one of them. He got up behind one of the other men. A party of citizens organized, mounted horses, and started in pursuit.

The outlaws met a man bringing hay to town, with a lead horse in the rear of the wagon. They cut the horse loose and rode it off. At W. F. Campbell's they got two more horses, those they were riding having been wounded. The party of citizens got sight of them just before they crossed Bluff Creek into the Indian Territory. There were five of the outlaws then, but after they appeared on the prairie beyond, there were only four. They followed at a break-neck pace, both parties keeping up a constant fire for about twelve miles.

The outlaws headed for Deutcher Bros. horse ranch on Deer Creek, intending to get fresh horses there, but were so closely pressed by the pursuing party that they could not make change and get away. When they reached the ranch, the citizens were only a few hundred feet away.

The outlaws passed on to the bluff and creek about six hundred feet south of the ranch, dismounted and took to the brush and rocks, firing all the time at the citizens. The citizens finally drove them over the bluff and into a canyon, where there had been a stone dugout. Into this three of the outlaws went, threw up breast-works of stone, got behind them, and would bang away at anyone who showed an inch of his person to their view.

The citizens surrounded the gulch and kept up a constant firing at the fort, but without effect. One of the outlaws took refuge up in a small gulch leqding to the west, and was not seen until he fired at W. E. Campbell, who was sliding down the hill on his face to get a commanding point above the fort. The outlaw's ball took effect in Campbell's wrist, passing between the two bones. Another ball passed through his clothes six or seven times, and made a small flesh wound on his thigh. This disconcerted the citizens to a certain extent, and it being dark, they could do but little good in fighting. Being up above the outlaws, they were splendid marks for their fire, while the outlaws were in tthe shadows, so that their position could not be distinguished. Had the fourth man been anywhere else in the gulch the citizens could have taken them in; but his position covered every point that the others were exposed from. In fact, they held the key to the situation. Thirty minutes more daylight would have told the tale for the outlaws; or had Campbell escaped the fire of the villain that shot him, he could have killed the other three in as many minutes as his position commanded the fort in every corner. The two parties were not seventy-five feet apart at any time during the battle, while Campbell's men were not over twenty-five feet from him when he was shot. Jonny Hall got a bullet through the top of his hat, missing his head about an inch.

Reinforcements arrived at the ranch from town about ten o'clock. Pickets were formed around the gulch, but the outlaws had flown before that time. There were only about fifteen men at the place during the evening fight, and most of them returned to town as soon as Campbell was shot, leaving only six men to guard the gulch and over thirty head of horses. The horses required the attention of at least four men, for they were what the outlaws needed.

The morning round-up revealed the fact that the outlaws had escaped. The entire party, except Sheriff Thralls, Frank Evans, Bob Harrington, Jim Dobson, Sam Swayer, Mr. Freeman, A. Rhodes, another man, and the writer hereof, came to town. About thirty-five came in, leaving the small party to look up the outlaws, inform the camps below to look out for stolen stock, etc. Our party visited two or three camps on Deer creek and started for home. We met several parties coming out from town, most of them for fun, others for business. They all returned before night.

A party of fifteen was organized by the mayor and started out Sunday evening to guard certain cow camps to see that no horses were stolen from them. The outlaws traveled six or seven miles, possibly ten, Saturday night.

Two freighters were camped on Bullwhacker creek, about eighteen miles south of this city, Sunday night, when Talbot's party, five in number this time, rounded them up and took five horses from them. Two of the party were bare-headed, and one had a slight wound in his foot. The outlaws started south.

The freighters came in about two o'clock, when Sheriff Thralls, with a posse, started his pursuit. Another party of freighters passed the outlaws near Pond creek during the night. The outlaws were going south.

A party was organized Tuesday evening and started to Cantonment to intercept them there. Mr. George Brown was in charge of the party.





Will Stivers, formerly of this city, is now a resident of Newton, in the money loaning business.

Geo. H. Buckman receives the appointment of Justice of the Peace for this city in place of James Kelly, resigned.

Curns & Manser sold the Lumpkins farm in Rock township to

T. S. Green, who aready owns considerable land adjoining.

A. G. Wilson is putting in a pair of hay scales in front of the transfer office, preparatory to going into the coal business.

Campbell, the citizen who was wounded in the cowboy war, had twenty-seven holes in his clothing made by cowboy bullets.

Brotherton & Silver have been appointed City weigh-masters, their scales have been tested, and everything is now in good working trim.

Those peculiar vases of artificial flowers, that attract so much attention in Goldsmith's window, were imported direct from Paris by Frank Manny.

Rev. F. L. Borchers, of Winfield, Kansas, an old Libby prison associate of Captain F. B. Colver, of this city, is visiting his soldier friend. Rev. Borchers has been solicitted to deliver his lecture on his escape from Libby prison. The Captain has had a rich and varied experience, some forty-one days being occupied in his perilous march. Topeka Capital.

Dr. W. R. Davis, of Winfield, will, if Dr. Standiford does not put in an appearance soon, complete and take charge of the sanitarium at Salt City. Arkansas City Democrat.

Last week, through Curns & Manser's real estate agency, Mr. L. F. Chandler bought the lot and building now occupied by

W. C. Root & Co., on Main Street; consideration, $2,250.

At a regular meeting the evening of the 20th, the Winfield Council No. 2, National Union, the following officers were elected: A. Howland, president; Frank Barclay, ex president; H. E. Noble, vice-president; Mrs. ____ [?] Bliss, spekaer; Jacob Nixon, secretary; J. E. _owey [?], treasurer; W. G. Graham, financial secretary; Mrs. Fanny Barclay, chaplain; E. S. Bliss, usher; E. I. Howland, sergeant-at-arms; G. W. Searcy, doorkeeper.

W. L. Morehouse, from Winfield, Kansas, was here last week for the purpose of buying a stock ranch. Medicine Lodge Index.]

At a regular meeting of the Masons at their lodge last Tuesday evening, the following officers were elected for the ensuing year. J. C. Hunt, W. M.; A. P. Johnson, S. W.; Lou Zenor, J. W.; J. C. McMullen, Treas.; E. T. Trimble, Secretary; C. C. Black, S. D.; F. C. Hunt, J. D.; Jas. Harden, S. S.; E. P. Hickok, J. S.; Rev. James Cairns, Chaplain; S. E. Burger, Tyler.


In the Probate Court Benjamin Clover has made the third annual report as administrator of the estate of Jacob Miller, deceased, and ordered to pay the heirs of the deceased $189.65. The claim of Jno. Miller, for $110, against the estate of Wm. Frier, deceased, was partially heard Monday and continued until January 3, 1882.


At the annual meeting of the Knights of Honor, held on Monday evening, the following were elected officers for the coming year. W. C. Root, D.; J. S. Hunt, V. D.; R. E. Wallis,

A. D.; Jacob Nixon, C.; J. W. Batchelder, G.; C. F. Bahntge, R.; J. W. Curns, T. R.; T. R. Bryan, T.; H. Brotherton, Guardian; D. Berkey, S.


Judge Gans has lately issued marriage licenses to Sanuel Daniels and Miss Bell Whitelock, and John S. Burns and Martha Pecket.


And now comes Seth W. Chase, with seven February hogs that tipped the beam at 1,660 pounds. This lays J. W. Cottingham's January porkers completely in the shade.


Lafe Pence and bride arrived in this city Monday on the noon train. Rooms at the Brettun were prepared for them, where friends can visit the happy couple. Mrs. Pence is a niece of Prof. Story, at whose residence they spent most of the afternoon.


It seems that Tell Walton, of the Caldwell Post, was

slightly mixed up in the Caldwell trouble. Friday night before the affray, during the rendering of the play of Uncle Tom's Cabin, Jim Talbot, the man who shot Meagher, indulged in obscene remarks, and was requested by Walton to desist. Talbot cursed and threatened to "fix" him next day.

Joe Houston, formerly of Arkansas City, has moved to Wichita and formed a law partnership with W. P. Campbell. Mr. Houston is a young man of excellent character and more than ordinary legal ability, and will no doubt, in the connection he has made, rapidly rise in his profession.


Geo. L. Rinker, of the Hoosier Grocery, got a pair of shoes on the Christmas tree that made his friends blush as they contemplated the size of his pedal extremities. The shoes were of wood, about two feet long, about ten inches broad, and quite low in the instep.


Mr. J. E. Snow, the bass singer in the Episcopal Church choir, was presented Saturday evening by the members of the church with a beautiful Elgin watch and a fine chain.


We learn of the marriage of Miss Mattie Minihan to Mr. Harris, freight conductor on the east and west road, last Saturday evening.


Col. Maus and sons, of Winfield, have completed the rick work of the Industrial school building at Ponca Agency, Indian Territory, and are driving the carpenter work to completion as fast as possible.


W. P. Beaumont, who is attending the State Normal Institute at Emporia, is home on a visit during vacation. While away he has sustained the reputation of Winfield by taking the first prize in a contest in Essay and Declamation, on last Wednesday evening, the prize being a beautiful history of England in four volumes. The subject of the essay was "Intellectual Advancement." Mr. Beaumont is a young man of pleasing address, and well liked by those who know him.





The Topeka Capital furnishes us the following synopsis of the statement just made by Danford, the Caldwell-Hunnewell-Osage City banker, and recently printed in the Osage City paper.

After various vicissitudes Danford came to Kansas twelve years ago with $1,000, and engaged in the real estate business at Eldorado. He went into various ventures, all of which, he says, were profitable. His bank experiences at various points are also noted; and nine years ago he put himself down worth $25,00 in cash, besides real estate. He tells how he went into the Osage bank, and says during his first three years' residence at Osage City he made no money; went into the Harvey County Savings Bank, sold out at a profit of $10,000, and then organized the Caldwell bank.

He had some experience in lending money to Texas cattle men at Eldorado, and that was why he established the Merchants' and Drovers' bank, with a capital of $10,000; then he opened a small bank at Hunnewell, and also aided in the organization of the bank at Carbondale, at the request of the people there. During the past six months, realizing that he had undertaken more than he could comfortably manage, he thought best to sell out his banks in Sumner county and concentrate his energies at Osage City. His Sumner county banks kept an average balance of over $50,000 with the Chase National Bank of New York, but when he applied for accommodations to meet the withdrawal of funds from his banks, incident to the closing of the cattle season, the bank directors told him they had decided to make no more loans in the West.

In the meanwhile, in addition to the natural falling off of deposits, a run was begun upon the Merchants and Drovers' bank, instigated, he claims, by his former cashier, who had an ill-feeling toward his successor. The former was about to organize a bank himself at Caldwell. About $100,000 had been withdrawn when the final trouble came,. His friends deserted him, and he could raise money in no way, neither in the East, nor at Kansas City, Leavenworth, Topeka, or Emporia. He took a special train from Topeka, as has heretofore been related, met Major Hood in Emporia, paid him what he owed him, and received the surplus collateral which he (Hood) had in his possession belonging to the Osage City Savings Bank. He wanted to transfer all his Sumner county property to Major Hood for the benefit of his Caldwell creditors so that litigation would not cut it all up. He investigated the affairs of the bank at Hunnewell, and instructed the cashier to return and settle with the creditors. Maj. Hood, however, had declined to receive the securities assigned to him, and that embarrassed him greatly. He wanted to settle with the people at Caldwell, and pay them everything. He says he could have escaped before he was arrested, but he had never any intention of becoming a fugitive. It was his intention to go to Osage City, prevent the suspension of his bank there, and return to Caldwell Sunday night, so as to be ready to meet the people Monday morning. He was not tenderly handled at Caldwell when the people took him back there from Wellington, was allowed no liberty, and says his treatment was about as rouggh as imagination can paint it.

He says he is not disheartened; will go to work again, and men who fondly imagine he is wrecked and stranded for good will learn differently. Had he not been prostrated on a bed of sickness, the creditors of the Osage City Savings bank would have been indemnified for their losses. He further asks the public to suspend its judgment for a few days.




From the Wichita Beacon we copy the following concerning one of the victims of the Caldwell tragedy.

"The remains of Mike Meagher were laid out in the parlor of Capt. Steel until 10 a.m., Tuesday, when they were removed to the Catholic Church for the funeral services. The face looked as natural as life, and was more like a quiet sleep than like death. Mike had his faults, but they were more on the generous side than on the mean side of human nature. For the past twelve years, since he has been in this section, his official life has thrown him in contact with the roughest, most desperate and dangerous class, and he has stood many a time between this city and bloodshed by his good judgment, cool bravery, and by the generosity of his nature, which the most desperate recognized. Mike had his faults; there was even blood on his hands, shed while he was an officer. How much of that was on his soul, no one but his Maker can know. We only know that Mike had qualities, that drew about him many warm friends, and in this city nearly everybody liked Mike Meagher. His wife is quite heart-broken over her sudden and cruel loss, and for her and the others of Mike's family we have great sympathy."






Dr. Butler is still on the sick list.

W. C. Major has sold his farm to Uncle Nick Peters, who is getting the lumber to erect a fine building on the place. We hope a few more Uncle Nicks will come in and tear down the old buildings and erect new ones in their place.

Frank Conrad has eighty acres of good land for sale.