[Starting with Thursday, June 16, 1881.]



Winfield Courier, THURSDAY, JUNE 16, 1881 - FRONT PAGE.

The year just closed has been very unsatisfactory to all concerned. Last year the schools were so crowded that the teachers could do but imperfect work, but with the increase of room afforded by the new buildings, it was thought that there would be sufficient accommodations for all.

With the increase of room has come an increased attendance, and the various departments have been as crowded and the teachers as much overworked as the year before. Then, too, the short term has given but a poor opportunity for advancement or satisfactory work.

Yet comparing the work of this year with that of last, we find the result shows great advancement considering the difficulties under which we have labored. I give a comparable table showing the important statistics of the two years.

1879-80 1880-81 GAIN

Whole No. enrolled ....... 621 726 105

No. that attended 6 mos. . 422 546 124

Average attendance ....... 247 452 205

Percent of attendance .... 84 92 8

I would call attention especially to the gain shown by the above table. While the gain in enrollment is only 105, the gain of average attendance is 205, thus showing that there is a strong tendency on the part of teachers and parents to secure a regular attendance. There is also a gain of 8 percent in attendance.

These results have been reached under very difficult circumstances as you are all aware that the Scarlet Fever scare was a great drawback to regular attendance, some of the departments during that time were reduced one half. While the crowded condition has served as an excuse for many children to remain at home yet it must be confessed that many have remained away who should have been in school and it would be well if some means could be devised by which parents would be obliged to comply with the law in this respect and send their children to school at least 3 months in the year.

There are so many things which seem to me to be absolutely necessary for the future success of the schools and to these I beg leave to direct your attention.

And first I notice a need for more teachers. Next year it will be necessary to open another grammar room and employ a teacher for that grade.

There should be two more primary teachers employed if it is desired that the pupils of that grade should attend all day. However, I consider it more necessary to provide for the higher grades first, and do not think a child between 5 and 7 should attend more than three hours a day.

An assistant teacher in the high school is necessary for the successful operation of the schools.

With the present magnitude of the schools and the increased number of teachers, it is impossible for the principal to provide for the success of the schools without giving the several departments his personal supervision. It is impossible for him to teach all the time and do what is necessary as a superintendent. He may plan and give directions, but his plans and directions may never be carried into effect unless he can personally inspect every department. And he can only do this by having an assistant teacher at least one half of each day.

A want of apparatus is another serious drawback to the progress of the schools. In this age when appliances are so convenient and cheap that every country district can procure what is necessary, it is certainly a mistake for a city to attempt to conduct her schools without these auxiliaries. A small sum invested in this way will be a paying investment in interest and profit to the schools. All experience shows that the best teaching is that which presents to the child something which it can grasp and investigate. One experiment in Philosophy is worth pages of text book illustrations and to the beginner one lesson from a globe is worth weeks of study in geography.

I would also recommend that the teachers of the different departments be not employed until after a competitive examination. The positions in the city schools can command the best talent the county affords and the readiest way to discover that is by a competitive examination. Of course, this would not apply to those already employed in the schools. I would recommend that all who have given satisfaction be retained as it is always better to continue a tried teacher than to try the experience of a new one.

Two years ago the grade was first established and was in advance of the school; now the departments have not only advanced up to but have gone beyond the grade, so that a revision of the grade is necessary. In order to meet the present demands, an extension of the course of study is necessary.

Hoping that the above recommendations may meet with your approval and support, I am very respectfully yours,





Winfield Courier, JUNE 16, 1881.

June 9, 1881.

New potatoes and pears are on the table.

Corn is waist high and growing very fast. It will soon be laid by and harvest will be here. Wheat will average ten bushels to the acre if allowed to fill well, but there is some talk of chintz bugs.

There will be peaches in abundance, some cherries, and a bountiful crop of grapes.

The Prairie Home school house was moved to Udall last Saturday.

Mr. P. W. Smith is building a new residence.

The Sunday school at this place is in a very prosperous condition. Rev. Brunker preaches here every two weeks.

Mr. H. Hilderbran, of the firm of Smith, Green & Hilderbran, went to Atchison, met his lady from Pennsylvania, and they were married in Atchison last Thursday. They have returned to Udall and intend making it their future home. May their hearts and natures coalesce and their lives mingle like the meeting of two mountain streams, and flow sweetly on together, is the wish of the writer.

Mrs. D. Pearce is having very poor health.

Mr. William Hill has built a new barn.

Mr. Downing has visitors from Ohio. They are much pleased with this country.

A visitor arrived at the residence of Mr. William Walker this week. It weights eight pounds and is a girl.

Mr. and Mrs. H. H. Martin are visiting friends at Floral.

There is talk of a cross railroad at Seeley, and we hope it will come to Udall.



Winfield Courier, June 16, 1881.

Weather hot and dry. Farmers busy plowing corn. There is a prospect of having a good crop of corn, and vegetables of all kinds plenty and to spare. Wheat harvest will commence the tenth.

J. A. McGuire returned to his home after an absence of two weeks with his brother in Neosho county, who was sick. He reports crops not so good there as in Cowley county.

I. E. Johnson, J. H. Hall, and Mr. Summerville all have relatives visiting them from Iowa and Illinois.

There is some complaint of cattle dying with blackleg. James Ruffin lost seven out of his herd. His remedy is to bleed them, and it said to never fail to cure or prevent it.

We have a daily mail at Tisdale, eight a.m. and five in the evening.

N. Jackson has the largest corn, and Millie McGuire the finest garden about Tisdale.

Wm. R. Bradley & Son are running the blacksmith shop and a farm also. They make a success of both.

Mrs. Fluke has been on the sick list for several days, but is now slowly improving.

Gentlemen visiting in Cowley county would do well to visit Tisdale, the center of the county. There are some fine farms and respectable people as can be found in Kansas.

Adam Weimer has purchased a fine horse and buggy and says hereafter he will attend church with Mrs. Weimer on Sunday instead of herding cattle.

Wm. Gaines ventured out one day last week and got sunburned. Should be more careful. More anon.




Winfield Courier, June 16, 1881.

We are just at the beginning of wheat harvest with the prospect of an average crop if the chinch bugs keep within bounds. Corn is looking splendid and if nothing happens, we will have a very heavy crop.

We have lately had a little fun in our quiet community and have all laughed until our sides ache. One of our young bloods was recently made the victim of a practical joke which nearly bereft him of his senses. He was returning home from a party in the "wee small" hours, profoundly meditating on his future prospects, when some boys who were full of Old Nick began firing revolvers up over his head, from their places of concealment behind the hedge. At the first shot he bounded from his seat like a rubber ball, landing on his knees in the front part of his hack. The way his team got the whip was not slow.

The boys fired seven shots, when they said they could hear him going up the road at a break-neck pace. About two miles from the scene of his attempted assassination, he overtook a neighbor who asked an explanation of his rapid flight. He gave an incoherent explanation, and adding that they would head him off yet, resumed his pace. The next morning he carefully examined his hack to find the bullet holes. His hair will probably turn gray from the effects of the fright.




Winfield Courier, June 16, 1881.

Dr. J. E. Shaw has been appointed and commissioned as postmaster of Mulvane. He took charge of the office on the 25th ult.

The Burden Enterprise man is talking of starting a newspaper at Salt City.

The pontoon bridge across the Arkansas river at Oxford is now completed and in full operation. One difficulty after another has arisen to thwart the project and it has required nothing short of the pluck and energy of J. M. Buffington to carry it through to a successful termination. "Buff" knows no such word as "fail" and does whatever he takes in hand. Consequently, Oxford has a bridge that is substantial and will stand any flood that may come.



Winfield Courier, June 16, 1881.

Hon. Allen B. Lemmon has bought a two thirds interest in the Newton Republican and has assumed the editorial control and business management of that paper, which is a good property, being the leading paper in a live, growing city which is so favorably located that its future greatness is assured while its importance as a political and commercial center steadily increases. We think it is a good location for our boy and that he has the vim and industry to make the Republican boom. Messrs. Muse & Spivey retain a third interest and their powerful influence and aid will still be exerted for the paper. Harry Slough, late foreman of the Monitor, takes change of the mechanical work of the office.

A destructive cyclone passed through Osage county Sunday afternoon. A report of the cyclone, which we give our readers today, was made by J. E. Conklin, late of the Monitor, who visited the scenes, obtained all the facts, and has written them up as only an able and experienced newspaper man can do it.




Winfield Courier, June 16, 1881.

It has long been the boast of the people of the Walnut Valley that this favored locality was wonderfully exempt from cyclones and destructive storms, but the pitcher has gone once too often to the well," for on Sunday evening the northwestern part of Cowley County was visited by a destructive cyclone with all its attendant phenomena.

Last Sunday evening at about 5 o'clock when all the southern part of the heavens was clear, the citizens of Winfield observed that a fresh strong wind from the south had suddenly started up. This directed their attention to the northwest where were gathering clouds in great agitation. Soon these clouds assumed form and in close proximity to Seeley, seven miles to the northwest, the clouds sagged downward like a great hopper and from the lower extremity hung down first a rope looking form, which writhed sinuously and expanded rapidly, assuming much the appearance of an elephant's trunk.

This writhing trunk was whirling rapidly in the direction opposite to that of the movements of a watch face up, and moved slowly in an E. N. E. direction toward Floral. Our citizens watched it for a full half hour, the trunk sometimes reaching down to the earth and sometimes rising, but always in intense rotation and gyration.

One eyewitness described the appearance of the cloud as like several swarms of bees circling a crooked shaft. One describes the approach of the storm to Floral as like the roaring of forty locomotives run mad and tearing up the ground, raising clouds of earth, rocks, rails, lumber, and vegetation, and circling them around the tumultuous centre.

It was a huge funnel shaped cloud of a greenish black hue, with light and vivid arms which were probably electrical in character. One of the startling characteristics of a cyclone is the extreme electrical disturbance in the equilibrium of their forces, which results in the frightful phenomenon known as the cyclone. This monster started into being when its evolutions could be seen for miles; it was not in a hurry, but gyrated to and fro, and one at its outer edge could apparently dodge it. It would not be satisfied with going over the ground once, but would return and pass over the same place. One visit though, was enough, for when it struck, death and desolation marked its track.

Where once were happy homes, now naught remains except a pile of stones or scattered and broken pieces of lumber; the household goods and the treasured relics possessed by every family were broken and destroyed or scattered to the four winds of heaven. Where but a few hours before the farmer felt he had secured his reward for his faith, patience, and work in the large shocks of wheat that decorated his field, now nothing remains except dirty piles of straw that line the hedge rows. The great fields of corn that covered the earth with a waving coat of dark green were torn to ribbons, and in many instances laid level with the earth.

In reading a pen picture of such a scene, you may imagine you can realize it. Far from it! Columns of the best written descriptions would no more than give you an idea of the horrors of such a catastrophe.

This article was made up on Monday immediately following the storm and while the record is as complete as circumstances would admit, yet there are probable inaccuracies and omissions. Of exaggeration, there is little danger.

The first farm visited was that of W. L. Burton, who lives two miles north of the Limbocker ford. He saw the storm coming and he had his wife and six children go into the cellar, when in less than a minute thereafter his house, which was frame, was swept away, but fortunately none of the family were hurt. His outbuildings and farm implements shared the same fate, and we saw a cultivator that had the iron axle twisted in two. Wm. Knight, who lives on the opposite side of the road, suffered but little damage, and Mr. Burton and his family are stopping there. His loss is $300.

The next house struck was that of M. C. Headrick. The dwelling was a story and a half; it and out buildings were completely demolished. The family here were all more or less injured, Mr. Headrick seriously. Loss: $500.

Jo Wright's was the third house struck: his house, stable, cribs, and crops shared a common fate. All were destroyed. Estimated loss: $450. The family here was all more or less injured. Mr. Wright's mother, an old lady about seventy-two, will die, and a small child was reported to us dangerously injured.

At this point the power of the storm was absolutely indescribable. It had, before reaching Floral, a small tributary of Timber Creek and a belt of timber to pass, and the wind and lightning comprised their forces. Huge trees were blown up by the roots, the branches were withered as by furnace heat, the water was taken from the creek and dashed over the land, the air was filled with the debris of buildings, and sheafs of wheat were hundreds of feet above the earth's surface; and over and above all, was the horrible turmoil of the storm, that sounded as we heard Captain Stevens say, as if a thousand engines had let loose their steam exhaust at the same moment. Here the storm was at its highest and its force was resistless.

It struck the fine house of Daniel Maher, which was frame, and almost new. It and all the farm buildings except a corn crib are no more. The owner and his wife were away from home, but his parents and brother, Peter, were in the house. The old folks were injured: how serious, we do not know. Peter escaped without a scratch. Mr. Maher's loss is fully $1,500. We found him hard at work with a force of men trying to save his property and make a temporary shelter.

A few rods from Maher's was the log house of Jo Ferguson. Here there were eight persons in the house. All the buildings were destroyed and furniture scattered in every direction. Mrs. Ferguson was injured in the back, while the shock was so great that it unsettled Mr. Ferguson's mind and we found him insane. The condition of this family is lamentable; they have nothing left and must have assistance at once.

The Christian church, a fine building that was finished last year, and was worth fully a thousand dollars, shared the common ruin.

The school building, that was in size 36 x 70 feet, was the next building struck, and had a value of $1,200. It was swept out of existence.

This property is part of Floral.

The next house was that of John Casper, dwelling and Blacksmith shop, all of which were leveled with the earth and Mrs. Casper was severely injured in the head. His loss is $500.

Captain Stevens, a well known citizen of Winfield, had just completed a new dwelling, John Smiley having finished his work the night before; and the Captain and his family were spending Sunday in the new home. They saw and heard the storm coming and fled to the cellar of the old house, which they just reached in time. We found pieces of the new building hundreds of feet from the foundation. The Captain's direct loss is fully a thousand dollars; but fortunately, in his case he can stand it.

The greatest sufferer from a financial point of view is Daniel Read. He had a fine stone store building in which there was a country stock worth almost $3,000. The store building is no more, and we found stock scattered over the prairie. We should think that the damage of stock would be fifty percent. The dwelling house was also stone, and it shared the same fate as the store building. On the same lot, he had another building occupied by Dr. Knickerbocker, who, with his young wife, is now houseless. There was also a stable, farm implements, buggy, crops, etc., all of which are gone. Both families escaped injury by going into a cave cellar. At this time it is hard to estimate Mr. Read's loss, but we should say that it would reach $5,000.

Here the storm appeared to hang for it was fully five minutes in crossing a field forty rods wide and gave Lee Dickens and family the destruction of his house. His buildings were all destroyed. Loss: $200.

Geo. Anderson had a stone house well and strongly made; and when the wind struck it, there were nine people in it, all of whom were more or less hurt. His boy had a leg broken. His loss is fully $1,000.

L. B. Stone and family lived in a log house, but preferred to risk the brush and all escaped serious injury. Loss: $800.

Grover Cole and family ran to Anderson Cole's; he was injured in the breast. His loss he estimates at $100.

Wm. Wooley had a frame house, which was destroyed. One child was blown down in the well and escaped by means of a ladder. Loss: $300.

Poke Robbins' house was log and frame: it and the stable were destroyed, but the family escaped serious injury. Loss: $500.

Robt. Thirsk's house was frame and stone, which, with other buildings, was destroyed. He was slightly injured. Loss: $600.

J. M. Bair lost all his buildings. None of his family were seriously injured. One cow was killed.

Grundy and Newton Yarbraugh had a frame house destroyed. No one was hurt. Loss: $600.

Daniel Faler with his family was away from home and when he came back, no home was there. Loss: $300.

Mr. Roe lost his small frame house. No one was hurt. Loss: $200.

Wm. Miller's stone house was destroyed along with other buildings. Loss: $500.

Geo. Jones lost a small frame house. Damage: $150.

Darius Williams lived in a house of stone and frame. No one was injured. Loss: $300.

Geo. Williams had his house partially destroyed. The family escaped by means of the cellar. Damage: $200.

Widow Lewis had a small frame house destroyed. No one was hurt. Loss: $200.

M. W. Irwin lived on an old place of Captain Stevens. The house was log and stone, which was partially destroyed. Loss: $200.

This finishes our melancholy list, which makes a record of twenty-eight dwellings destroyed, with the attendant damage of out-buildings, wagons, implements, and crops. Following the estimate as given above, it makes a damage of nearly $20,000. The calamity coming as it did in the harvest season makes it still worse. Many of these people have lost their all and it is necessary that aid should be rendered at once. There is a fraternity of feeling that makes all the world a kin, and a disaster which is so sweeping and terrible in its character must and should enlist our heartiest sympathy. Let us all be practical in our character and give what we can towards relieving the terrible distress that exists among many of these houseless ones. Of injured we have a record of fifteen, two of whom will probably die. Several of the doctors from Winfield were called early Sunday night, and worked till daylight setting limbs and dressing wounds.

On Monday morning the news of the catastrophe flew over Winfield and before nine o'clock the road was lined with buggies, carriages, and wagons; and hundreds have since visited the scene and each visitor carried home the lesson that "man in his best estate is altogether vanity."


Since our special reporter returned, we have gathered the following additional particulars from various sources.

S. A. Edgar had forty acres of good wheat, which is entirely destroyed.

John R. Thompson had some 200 acres of wheat and corn badly damaged, and many of his farming implements used up. His large orchard is almost a total ruin.

S. W. Phenix had 200 acres of wheat and corn badly damaged and orchard used up.

J. W. Miller has a large field of wheat badly damaged.

Mr. Ferguson lost a valuable horse.

Mr. C. Headrick lost a fine field of wheat.

Mr. Robbins' fine field of wheat is a total loss.

J. Casper, Mr. Hart, J. Wright, W. Limbocker, L. B. Stone, and many others suffered largely in destruction or damage to crops.

Pigs and chickens were killed without number and blown into the hedges.

Rev. Graham, of New Salem, was in the thickest of the cyclone and took refuge in a cave. He gave us a graphic account of the storm.

Among those seriously injured are Mrs. Wright, a four-year-old daughter of J. Wright, John Casper, the elder Mrs. Maher, and two boys of Geo. Anderson.

Among those injured less seriously are little Joe Wright, Mrs. M. C. Headrick, the elder Mr. Maher, Eddie Hart, Harry Turner, Robert Thirsk, J. J. Bair, and about a dozen others.

The Telegram estimates losses as follows.

M. D. Headrick $500.

J. Craig $150.

Dan Maher $2,000.

Mr. Ferguson $500.

Christian Church $1,000.

School House $1,800.

John Casper $800.

Daniel Read $2,500.

Capt. L. Stevens $2,000.

L. B. Stone $800.

Poke Robbins $500.

D. P. Faler $250.

N. Yarbrough $250.

J. M. Bair $800.

Robert Thirsk $500.

Geo. Williams $150.

Mr. Wooley $500.

Mr. Poe $250.

D. H. Williams $400.

Geo. Anderson $700.

J. Wright $1,900.

Mr. Miller $200.

W. Lewis $150.

Mr. Jones $250.

Wm. Irwin $200.

Lee Dickens $150.

Mrs. A. Cottingham $250.

Mr. Howard $150.

Mr. Cottingham $100.

Twenty-seven residences were totally destroyed besides stables, corn cribs, sheds, wagons, horses, agricultural implements, organs, pianos, clothing, bedding, household furniture, etc. The loss of crops can hardly be realized.

Many curious incidents are told in connection with the storm, some of which would be incredible were they not vouched for by parties of the highest respectability.



Winfield Courier, JUNE 16, 1881.

WINFIELD, June 12, 1881.

Some days ago the Telegram published a remarkable article on the new temperance law, and one is forced to the conclusion that the gushing temperance advocate of last fall's campaign is about to go back on his record and join the red nosed, bleary eyed. And some visaged rabble who are just now holding up their hands in holy honor at that law which forbids the sale of intoxicants for sacramental purposes; is it possible that a chance to rent the basement of his new hotel at a big price for a Beer and Billiard saloon is working on his judgment?

And that reminds me that it is one of the stereotyped assertions now almost universally indulged in by men opposed to temperance legislation "that if a vote was again taken on the constitutional amendment, it would be defeated," and some men who voted for it now say they would not. The latter class no more can afford an answer, there can be but one answer and that is they were opposed to the principal at heart and voted for it because they were too low and cowardly to stand up like men and proclaim their convictions in the face of popular clamor.

That man who finds fault with the law and at the same time asserts that he is in favor of temperance, either has not examined the law, or he is an infamous liar. To have honestly voted for the amendment and be in opposition to the law is impossible; the law is the amendment, nothing more and nothing less.

And when men prate about the law being too strong, they proclaim their knavery or else the want of sense. The people legally adopted the amendment; the Legislature in obedience to that will passed the law, and it is the duty of all good men to stand up for its enforcement, and the county officials should zealously search out, arrest, try, and convict every malefactor.

The legislature, in passing this law, has placed the question of its enforcement in the honor of the people, and they have elected officers whose duty it is to hunt up violators and bring them to justice.

And this reminds me that your correspondent has been informed that with the exception of your city marshal, John Burris, no officer has informed our county attorney of any violations. And yet, Burris, I am informed, voted against the amendment, but does his duty as an officer while Shenneman and the other officers all voted for it and file no complaints. How is it that Mr. Shenneman finds criminals in every state in the Union, but can't find any violations of this law with Frank Manny selling beer day in and day out and openly at that, and everybody knows it.

It is time that the people call a halt and give every officer who fails to find violations of their law a rest. This law means something, and the sooner our officials wake up to the fact the better, and those who are awake to it ought to be supported, and those who are not ought to be bounced.

I have been a supporter of our sheriff, but I will not be again unless he can catch whiskey outlaws as well as horse thieves when rewards are paid. It will be in order now for some idiot to yell, "Why don't you inform the officers?" To which I reply in advance, "I have, with the people, elected officers to do such work and they must do it." And that officer who shines that he knows of no violations lies or has shut his eyes on purpose to avoid seeing. This temperance fight is not over; it has not commenced as it were. It will not stop now, but will go on until the object is accomplished, or Kansas goes back to her rum holes.





Winfield Courier, JUNE 16, 1881.

Mrs. John Moffit returned home Tuesday evening.

George Gardenhire was over from Torrance last Mond.

Henry Brown's new building walls are up to the first story.

Mrs. M. G. Troup and children have gone on a visit to Fredonia.

Winfield has the two finest improved parks that Kansas can boast.

D. O. McCray was on the cyclone grounds Monday armed with a pencil.

Wallis & Wallis are putting up the second story walls of their new building.

Geo. W. Martin's town clock does not strike yet. Hope he will report progress soon.

Ansel Gridley's basement is complete and ready for the main walls of his building.

Mrs. J. W. Curns and children returned home on Monday evening.

John R. Smith lately brought from Kansas City six blooded bulls and one very fine ram.

Quite a panic was created last week by the pursuit of a mad dog in the northern part of the city.

Mr. Shinn of the Fort Scott Nurseries is again in town and, as we suppose, canvassing for his firm.

District 131 has been organized by the county Superintendent. It lies three miles north of Arkansas City.

M. H. Markcum has returned from the Manhattan Agricultural College to spend the vacation in this county. [BELIEVE THIS IS "X. Y. CAESAR".]

There was a general exodus of Winfield people last Monday morning to visit Floral and the track of the cyclone.

District 78, Burden, has an enrollment of 70 pupils, and in May had an average attendance of 74. E. A. Millard is the teacher.


Winfield Courier, June 16, 1881.

Dr. Davis, M. L. Robinson, and W. P. Hackney will start next week for New Mexico. They did not start this week as was first intended.

Mrs. Daniel Read was in town Tuesday. She talked cheerfully of the heavy losses she sustained in the cyclone and is not at all discouraged.

We have recently heard of the death of Harry Blount, formerly a teacher in this county. He went to Colorado a year or two ago where he died.

N. W. Fitzgerald, editor of the Washington, D. C. World and Citizen, Soldier, a brother of our citizen, Taylor Fitzgerald, visited our city last week.

The K. C. S. & L. railroad will carry persons attending Fourth of July celebrations for one fare for the round trip or half rates between points on the road.

C. C. Baker of the "Commonwealth" called Tuesday evening. He went down to Arkansas City to invigorate by hunting in the territory, but the heat was too much for him.

Ed. Bedilion is treating himself to a fine two-story residence with tin roof and other extras. Wonder if this is the result of the work of the grand jury last winter.

J. C. Fuller has gone east to buy a steamboat and other furniture for the Island Park, or else to escort his mother to her home in Lockport, New York. He will be absent about three weeks.

LAWN SOCIAL. At the residence of Mrs. Mann (C. A. Bliss place) will be given a lawn social on Thursday evening of this week.

J. E. Conklin and Dr. Mendenhall started Tuesday evening for El Paso, Mexico. They expect to be gone about three weeks and if they meet anything of interest, Joe will report it for the COURIER.

The Weekly Leavenworth Times is an eight page paper and considered as a newspaper it has no superior. Persons paying back dues for subscription to the COURIER and two dollars, will pay one year in advance for both the Times and COURIER.

Mr. N. G. West, from Winnebago City, Minnesota, was introduced to this office two days ago by Dr. Van Doren. Mr. West is an experienced young merchant and thinks of locating in this place or vicinity.

The schools at Arkansas City closed Friday Last. Pleasant exercises were given in the high school room by the pupils. Quite a number of visitors were in attendance. Professor Phelps has done a noble work for the pupils of his schools.

The party consisting of F. S. Jennings, Ed. P. Greer, L. H. Webb, James Kelly, Will Stivers, T. H. Soward, Burkhalter, Will Whitney, and ____ Albro [CANNOT MAKE OUT NEXT WORD] went last week to the Territory for fun, fish, and foolishness. All returned Tuesday evening except Ed., who returned the night before. They report lots of fun, fish, and squirrels. Grizzly's and other large game were neglected. Most of them returned with their hair on.


We are informed that a babe in the eastern part of the county has become blind owing to the curiosity of attendants to learn the color of its eyes. When born, these waiting women held to its eyes a coal oil lamp, and to this act is due the baby's blindness. It should seem that some people of mature minds would have more sense than such acts would indicate. It is simply horrible.


Winfield Courier, June 16, 1881.

During the storm Sunday night the house of J. J. Johnson, of New Salem, was struck by lightning. It struck a bell on top of the house and followed down a wire, burst through a window, and demolished a door near which Miss Etta and Mrs. Earnest Johnson were sitting, but no one in the house received any injury. A young man named Irving Droupman was out in the yard near the house and was knocked down and stunned by the shock. He remained insensible for some time, but has recovered. Mr. Johnson lives about four miles south of the track of the cyclone which was then raging.


OBITUARY. Mary, wife of Hendricks Hall, departed from this life June 7th, 1881, in the fifty-seventh year of her age.

She had been sorely afflicted for a number of years, yet bore her long and painful suffering without a murmur. She was for many years a faithful christian wife and mother, thus leaving a bright evidence behind that she had entered into rest. She leaves a husband and seven children; also a large circle of friends to mourn her loss. She has done what she could.


While in Winfield Wednesday morning, we noticed a man on the depot platform with two pint bottles filled with something that looked pretty much like whiskey. At any rate the individual who was the happy possessor (?) of the evils of all evils, passed the bottles to his friends and they pronounced it as being good whiskey. In justice to Winfield, we will say that the man had just arrived from Wichita, and remarked that he got his bottle filled in that town. "Commercial."


George Rhodes found Monday morning his coal on fire at the bottom of the pile in such situation that only spontaneous combustion could account for it. It was a bin of Osage coal. This is not the first case of spontaneous combustion in a coal pile. The burning of the Normal Institute at Emporia two years ago was started by spontaneous combustion in the coal bins.


The local editor is at home seriously ill with fever. His comrades brought him up from the Territory on Monday and sent him home by rail. He was completed worked down and went away to recuperate, but it seemed to have the opposite effect. We hope that with care, he will be up again after awhile, but he must be kept from work for a considerable time.


Rev. J. E. Platter and his mother, Mrs. Emily Houston, received a telegram last Monday from Cincinnati announcing that her brother, Dr. James Taylor, had died suddenly. Mrs. Houston started at once for Cincinnati on the 3:25 train, but Mr. Platter was absent at the scene of the Floral cyclone and did not return until the train had left.


Winfield Courier, June 16, 1881.

On Saturday evening during the heavy rain, the residence of J. S. Stafford in the southwest part of town was struck by lightning. Little damage was done save the fright it gave to Mrs. Stafford and another lady with two children who were in the house at the time.




Winfield Courier, June 16, 1881.

A considerable number of the citizens of Winfield met on Monday evening on the steps of the Winfield Bank to provide for raising funds for the immediate relief of the sufferers caused by the cyclone Sunday evening. Mr. Crippen called the people together by music from the band.

Rev. J. E. Platter was chosen chairman and made one of his neat and impressive speeches followed by Messrs. Hackney, Troup, Beach, and others.

A committee of ten gentlemen was appointed by the chair to canvass for subscriptions, consisting of Messrs. C. C. Black, J. S. Hunt, J. B. Lynn, M. G. Troup, D. A. Millington, D. L. Kretsinger, J. P. Short, R. E. Wallis, W. H. Smith, and H. D. Gans.

A committee of ladies was appointed to canvass for clothing, bedding, etc., consisting of Mrs. Mansfield, Mrs. J. D. Pryor, Mrs. Earnest, Mrs. Jewell, Mrs. Van Doren, Mrs. Horning, Mrs. Albro, Mrs. Spotswood, Miss Nellie Cole, and Miss Mary Steward.

The committee of gentlemen organized with C. C. Beach, chairman, J. P. Short, secretary, and R. E. Wallis, treasurer.

Early on Tuesday morning a wagon load of provisions was sent to Floral under charge of Messrs. Black and Short.

During the day the canvass of the city resulted in the following cash subscriptions.

COURIER Co. $25.00

Winfield Bank $25.00

Read's Bank $25.00

Lynn & Loose $20.00

W. P. Hackney $15.00

J. E. Platter $15.00

Telegram $15.00

A. T. Shenneman $15.00

J. S. Hunt $15.00

Bliss & Wood $15.00

Spotswood & Co. $12.00

A. P. Johnson $10.00

M. G. Troup $10.00

Jacob Nixon $10.00

D. C. Stevens $10.00

H. D. Gans $10.00

H. J. Sandfort $10.00

Curns & Manser $10.00

S. H. Myton $10.00

Smith Bros. $10.00

Harter & Horning $10.00

W. J. Hodges $10.00

W. C. Root & Co. $10.00

James Hardin $10.00

J. H. Bullen $10.00

N. L. Rigby $10.00

S. C. Smith $10.00

Frank Williams $10.00

Wallis & Wallis $10.00

Baird Bros. $10.00

H. Goldsmith $5.00

J. S. Mann $5.00

Geo. W. Gully $5.00

D. C. Beach $5.00

Bradt & Gibson $5.00

Major & Vance $5.00

Cole Bros. $5.00

W. E. Davis $5.00

T. M. McGuire $5.00

J. P. Short $5.00

T. R. Bryan $5.00

M. Hahn & Co. $5.00

J. A. Earnest $5.00

Horning R. & Co. $5.00

J. D. Pryor $5.00

T. F. Axtel & Co. $5.00

Robt. Hudson $5.00

G. E. Raymond $5.00

Appleby & Ehler $5.00

S. Billings $5.00

J. Fleming $5.00

W. B. Pixley $5.00

Hoosier Grocery $5.00

J. F. Burroughs $5.00

Brown & Son $5.00

H. G. Fuller $5.00

Jennings & Buckman $5.00

J. A. Douglass $5.00

Speed & Schofield $5.00

J. L. M. Hill $5.00

J. E. Conklin $5.00

H. C. Loomis $5.00

Harter Bros. $5.00

N. C. Myers $5.00

Henry E. Asp $5.00

J. M. Alexander $5.00

Silver & True $5.00

W. Newton $5.00

J. W. Johnston $5.00

Quincy A. Glass $5.00

McDonald & Walton $5.00

Lee & McKnight $5.00

Simmons & Ott $5.00

Chicago L Co. $5.00

W. T. Ekel $5.00

Ed. Bedilion $5.00

Eli Youngheim $5.00

I. Levi $3.00

F. Barclay & Son $2.50

S. W. Pugsley $2.50

Ed. Weitzell $2.50

A. J. Frazee $2.50

E. Dever $2.50

S. D. Pryor $2.00

John Lee $2.00

Port Smith $2.00

E. W. Hovey $2.00

W. C. Carruthers $2.00

Mrs. De Falk $2.00

W. O. Johnson $2.00

A. H. Green $2.00

S. I. Gilbert $2.00

M. J. Wilson $2.00

J. O'Hare $2.00

C. C. Harris $2.00

A. W. Davis $2.00

Jas. Lorton $2.00

F. M. Friend $2.00

A. J. Pyburn $2.00

J. M. Keck $2.00

Connor & Beaton $2.00

J. M. Henry $2.00

John Lowry $2.00

D. F. Long $1.50

I. W. Randall $1.50

J. W. McRorey $1.50

C. G. Oliver $1.00

S. G. Gary $1.00

J. B. McGill $1.00

Geo. Mann $1.00

S. A. Cook $1.00

D. Mater $1.00

F. Brown $1.00

D. W. Stevens $1.00

A. Stewart $1.00

J. B. Sipes $1.00

J. P. Stevens $1.00

Chas. Kelly $1.00

C. D. Austin $1.00

B. A. Beard $1.00

D. A. Carr $1.00

M. B. Shields $1.00

J. W. Batchelder $1.00

W. P. Tucker $1.00

H. Jochems $1.00

J. E. Allen $1.00

W. Woding $1.00

E. Soferien $1.00

E. A. Appling $1.00

W. McClellan $1.00

F. P. Silver $1.00

J. S. Beaton $1.00

J. W. Seckles $1.00

W. Woodell $1.00

W. McEwen $1.00

Max Shoeb $1.00

F. V. Rowland $1.00

Roy Millington $1.00

S. Smedley $1.00

G. H. Allen $1.00

E. P. Harlan $1.00

Geo. Klaus $1.00

A. W. Berkey $1.00

G. W. Maxfield $1.00

Geo. Osterhaus $1.00

Nommsen & Steuven $1.00

John Price $1.00

Jas. Connor $1.00

Ed. Mount $1.00

M. West $1.00

T. B. Myers $1.00

P. Sipe $1.00

Jas. Burns $1.00

Dr. Green $1.00

H. Lewis $1.00

W. F. Dorley $1.00

N. Moore $1.00

B. Herbert $1.00

M. Smedley [?Smedler?] $1.00

W. A. Freeman $1.00

W. Dodson $1.00

Dr. Bull $1.00

Mrs. T. K. Johnson $1.00

John Powell $1.00

M. Buckhalter $1.00

John Eaton $1.00

M. Klingman $1.00

E. Cutler $1.00

Wilber Dever $1.00

F. C. Woodruff $1.00

F. M. Woodruff $1.00

John Wilson $1.00

D. F. Best $1.00

Ed. Cochran $1.00

Dr. Wells $1.00

Geo. W. Martin $1.00

R. W. Parks $1.00

F. Barclay, Jr. $1.00

Jos. Likowski $1.00

A. B. Graham $1.00

D. S. Beadell $1.00

H. Pails $1.00

J. Rowland $1.00

_____ Dorley $1.00

Ed. Likowski $1.00

Frank Finch $1.00

A. S. Tucker $1.00

Smaller collections $57.20

Sent from Arkansas City $46.50

The above is not a perfect list, but is as near correct as possible in our hurry in going to press. The committee have raised in cash $801.00.

Besides the cash contributions the committee of ladies secured a large amount of clothing and bedding from families all over the city. A full load of these was sent up to the sufferers on Wednesday morning and more to follow during the day. Some merchants gave groceries and other goods from their stores. The committee are distributing the property and cash as judiciously as possible, so as to do the most good.



Winfield Courier, JUNE 16, 1881.

Marion Francis Witt, of Chautauqua county, aged 30 years, went into the pool just below the lower dam in the Walnut river last Sunday morning and while in eight feet of water took a cramp and was drowned. An inquest decided that it was a case of accidental drowning.


From remarks we read in the local papers and hear on the streets, we should suppose that near the Tunnel mills in the Walnut river is a Scilla, a Carybdis, a whirlpool that would cast the famous maelstrom off the coast of Norway in the shade: a vortex which "sucks into" its terrible whirl all who approach within half a mile of its horrid fascination and carries them down amid surging waters through the unfathomable caves of earth; and that thousands of persons have already met this horrible fate. Let us unprick this stupendous bubble. There is no maelstrom, no whirlpool, but only a broadening and deepening of the river bed, an innocent pool about eight feet deep at ordinary stages, and much like the rest of the river at high water. No life has ever been lost there except Mr. DeWitt [NOW THEY SAY DeWITT...FIRST TIME WITT] last Sunday morning, and he was not drawn in, but cooly swam in and took the cramp. The young woman who lost her life two or three years ago was drowned in another place and in time of a freshet.





Winfield Courier, JUNE 16, 1881.

A little son of Tully G. Hoyt, 7 years old, living in Dexter township, was bitten last week by a rattlesnake. He was well cared for and is doing well. There was no difficulty in treating without corn juice in this case.



Winfield Courier, JUNE 16, 1881.

RECAP: Celebration under management and control of the County Sunday School Association. Five minutes to be given each district Sunday school vice president to represent his district. Outlined obtaining services of the Winfield Coronet band. Outlined 38 men and 38 men to ride in procession on horseback with appropriate costume to represent the 38 states. Thirty little boys in costume under the management of Miss Melville and Mrs. Caton to march as representatives of "The Cold Water Army."

[COLD WATER ARMY: WHAT DOES THAT MEAN?] Fifty little girls from the different Sunday schools of Winfield, under the management of Mr. Hickok, to be appropriate dressed with mottoes, badges, banners, etc., to ride in a wagon drawn by four horses as representatives of Kansas Past and Kansas Present.

Further, 200 or more of the little ones from the infant classes of Winfield Sunday schools, under the control of their different teachers, to ride in wagons with banners and gadges to represent the "Army of the little innocents of Cowley county."

Best singers, under management of G. H. Buckman, to sing patriotic songs. Also, little Sunday School children, under management of Mr. Bair, assisted by Mr. Jewell and Miss McDonald, to sing for the people.

Declaration of Independence to be read by Samuel Davis [a promising young man of Winfield, just home from college].

Procession to include mayor, city council, county officers, newspaper editors, city/county church ministers, County Sunday School Association officers, etc. Sunday School delegations from the various townships to report on arrival to S. S. Holloway, county superintendent. City schools to be under the management of W. O. Johnson. General Green to act as marshal of the day: forming the procession and the order of marching.

Celebration to be held in the Riverside Park west of the Santa Fe depot, where will be found an abundance of shade, ample room for teams, and an abundance of good water for man and beast. The speakers' stand consists of one solid stone, donated by Wm. Moore, Winfield citizen. There will be plenty of seats provided so all may be comfortable and happy. There was a postscript telling everyone to "bring an abundant supply of good things to eat."




Winfield Courier, JUNE 16, 1881.


Charley McIntire is making his "Democrat" an excellent paper of late. We notice this week a review of all the businessmen in Arkansas City, which shows a much better condition of trade than we had supposed existed.



Winfield Courier, JUNE 16, 1881.

TISDALE, June 12, 1881.

J. A. McGuire has quit merchandising and gone to plowing corn.

Wm. Sommervill's brother and family, from Iowa, are visiting him this week. They seem to be pleased with Kansas.

Ed. Millard, P. Martin, and N. Jackson were running a harvester together but could not agree as to what a day's work should be. After some talk and hard feeling, they agreed to disagree and dissolved partnership.

Wm. Bradley has been running a blacksmith shop and farm, making a success of both.

G. I. Brown has the finest sheep in this settlement.

D. F. Burt has returned from Eureka Springs, where he went last spring for the health of his son, whom he reports as unimproved.





Winfield Courier, June 16, 1881.

A severe storm of wind, hail, and rain accompanied by sharp lightning and heavy thunder gathered west of this point at 3:00 p.m. on last Sunday; the thermometer was standing at 90 degrees in the shade and the wind blowing from the south. The storm, meanwhile, kept gathering in force, and passed slowly to the northeast. The belt of the storm was narrow, all being clear in the south and northwest, but little rain or hail fell here, but there was a continuous roar to the north. At 4:35 the thermometer had fallen to 86 degrees and a funnel shaped cloud formed in the northwest, and dropping, and rising, scattering, and reforming, until a spot of inky blackness was formed against the clear sky of the northwest, connected with the earth, and moved slowly and majestically to the northeast, the lightning flashing around it continually, and the spout gathered in proportion, and remained in sight 30 minutes; the dust, rain, and distance finally hiding it from view. At this time the wind veered to the northeast, driving a portion of the storm over this place, which consisted of heavy wind and rain with a few hail stones, some of which measured nine inches in circumference. No serious damage here.


[This storm passed two or three hours earlier than the one which devastated Floral. Ed.]



Winfield Courier, JUNE 23, 1881.

Hon. T. B. Murdock was seriously injured on a train near Las Cruces, New Mexico, last Sunday.

Seth W. Chase will be a candidate before the republican convention for its nomination for sheriff of this county. Mr. Chase has become pretty well known in this county as an energetic, earnest, and intelligent gentleman. He has all the qualifications for a first rate officer, a strong and elastic physique, strong sense and judgment, unflinching courage, and a warm heart. Should he receive the nomination, he will get the hearty support of the COURIER.

Frank Manny has stopped the COURIER; not the whole edition exactly, but the one copy, and will urge his friends to stop it too. He says he does not care to longer pay for the dissemination of doctrines so damaging to his business interests. The position seems to be sound, and we accept it without a murmur. We shall continue to urge the strict enforcement of the prohibitory laws all the same, though we lose a thousand subscribers thereby. The law must be enforced, even though those who resist should be crushed. The bull that bucked the railroad train was brave enough, but confound his judgment.




Winfield Courier, JUNE 23, 1881.

We published an article last week in which was a kind of criticism on Mr. Shenneman, and this with some other paragraphs that have appeared, have led some to suppose that the COURIER is opposed to him for a second term. But such is not the case, and we wish here to say in justice to Mr. Shenneman that we consider him a sheriff of rare qualifications, one of the very best in the state. He is wide awake, energetic, and faithful, and at the same time does his duty in that manner which will be least unpleasant, expensive, and disagreeable to those with whom he has to deal; in short, he is efficient and kind hearted. There is no man whom we can support with more cordiality, as the nominee of the republican party for sheriff this fall.

So far as the criticism of the correspondent last week is concerned, we do not see as any other officer or any other man has much to brag of about finding evidence to convict of selling liquor in violation of law. There is no use in making arrests without the evidence to convict.




Winfield Courier, June 23, 1881.

In the distribution of the funds raised for the Floral sufferers, there were of course many who ought to have had aid and did not get it, and some who clamored for all they could get, and got more than a fair proportion of the funds because some others were more self-sacrificing.

Dan Maher was one whose loss was $2,000 and whose impaired constitution growing out of his services in the war and starvation and hardships at Andersonville made his losses peculiarly hard for him to bear; yet in his self-sacrificing generosity he requested the committee to distribute the funds to the others and not notice him, and they did as he requested. We do not think this was right. The committee should not have ignored a man because he was generous, thus giving an undue proportion to those who were clamorous and selfish.



Winfield Courier, JUNE 23, 1881.

The Wichita Republican says: "Judge Campbell was fined by Squire Thomas Saturday. The wheel rolls round, and round, and a J. P. gets a chance to whack it to the district judge."

Judge Campbell has our warmest sympathies. We know how it is ourself, and volunteer our services in his defense, because he cannot conscientiously defend himself, holding as he does that a court will not fine a man for contempt unless, compelled by imperative duty; while we think that the court might have wanted to "sit down on" Judge Campbell for opposing his re-election or some such offense, and might have seized the first pretext to attempt it, so we should have no conscientious scruples about resisting the fine, and pouring hot shot into Squire Thomas.




Winfield Courier, JUNE 23, 1881.

Mrs. Million of Dexter left for Missouri last week.

M. G. Troup has gone to Fredonia after his family.

The Brettun House will require 1,200 yards of carpeting.

Mrs. Manser and children returned last week from their visit.

G. E. Raymond is shipping three or four carloads of wool daily.

Not less than 5,000 will be in attendance at Riverside Park on the 4th.

Dr. Headrick has returned and opened an office with Dr. Mendenhall.

A. D. Crowell is shearing his sheep; the clip from his flock will amount to over 30,000 pounds.

St. John's Battery, under the command of Capt. Haight, will perform at Riverside Park on the 4th.


Winfield Courier, June 23, 1881.

The cyclone relief committee distributed $800 in cash last Saturday to aid the sufferers in rebuilding.

Two or three hundred of our colored children and citizens will march as Freemen in the Fourth Celebration procession.

Thos. E. Cochran and Miss Emma Davis were married by Rev. Hikok Sunday. We wish the happy couple much joy.

Thirty-eight dollars is the price of round trip excursion tickets to Denver, good for fifteen days, over the Santa Fe.

Mr. Stanford of Crab Creek is expecting the arrival of his brother with 400 sheep to increase his present flock of 306.

M. A. Walton, of the firm of McDonald & Walton, started for the east on Tuesday last. He will be away until September.

The Ponca Indians, in Indian costume, are expected at Riverside Park on the 4th, to give an exhibition of Indian customs and manners.

On the 15th inst. Superintendent Story changed the boundaries of eleven school districts, and it was not a good day for changes either.

W. A. Nix of Cedar township called on us last Monday.

The large number of bearing cherry trees over town have brought in the English robin, usually so rare here; we have noticed several the past month.

Large delegations of Sunday School children, white and colored, and other citizens from Wellington, Wichita, and Arkansas City, will swell the numbers on the 4th.

J. Ex Saint arrived from New Mexico last Tuesday. He reports his business as very successful, and will now move his family to Las Vegas so that he can be with them often.

The wool clip of this county will amount to over 300,000 pounds, which, even at present low prices of that staple, will distribute over fifty thousand dollars among our sheep men.

On Tuesday two omnibuses rushing through the streets sandwiched a buggy and inverted the occupant, a woman, who then and there told the boss drivers what she thought of them.

Reynold's fine shoes for ladies and children, Stacy Adam's fine shoes for men and boys, Walker boots for men and boys. These are the best goods in America. For sale at Smith Brothers.

Dr. Wells has removed his office to the Page building, where he has fitted up very comfortable rooms. Mr. P. E. Fogg has also removed his office and will occupy rooms adjoining the doctor in the Page block.

The Arkansas City "Traveler" is one of the large, well conducted papers of the State and is especially interesting on account of its fresh news from the Territory every week. It well deserves the liberal support it obtains.

Marshal Burroughs has done a splendid job of grading on seventh avenue and improved the looks of the street wonderfully. John is making the poll-tax show this year in the many improvements he is making on our streets.

50,000 BUSHELS OF PEACHES WANTED. Farmers who will have peaches to sell and wish to make arrangements to dispose of them should call on Jim Hill. As peaches are perishable articles, arrangements for shipping must be made before the crop ripens.

The state camp meeting committee arrived Tuesday evening and are today making final arrangements for the meeting. The institution will be permanent for Winfield and all the camp meetings for this part of the state will hereafter be held at Winfield.

A son of Wm. Cottrell, of this city, aged about ten years, was kicked in the face by a horse Tuesday morning, cutting up his face badly and splitting his upper lip. Dr. Wells took charge of him and sewed up the wounds as well as possible. It is believed that the boy will recover.



Winfield Courier, June 23, 1881.

Mr. Frank Manny was arrested and brought before Justice Kelly Tuesday evening charged with selling beer in violation of the law. It will doubtless take several days to try this case, and we express no opinion as to the truth of the charge, desiring to avoid prejudicing the case in any way. We have no ill will against Mr. Manny, but we hold that the law must be enforced and whoever violates it should suffer the penalty. We do not apprehend that jurymen here will perjure themselves to screen a man who is proved guilty. If any such should appear, we shall give his case due publicity.


A boy by the name of Jefferson McDade was arrested last week for theft. He had hired out to Mr. Hon, of Pleasant Valley township, to harvest; and the first night slept with Alvin Hon. Al. happened to have about $35.00 in his pocket, and young McDade took $20.00 of it and skipped out. He was followed and next day arrested in Arkansas City by Deputy Sheriff McIntire. $17.00 of the $20.00 was recovered, and the youth now languishes in jail.


Smith tried last Monday evening to walk on both sides of the street at the same time and Frank Finch took charge of him. He was going to fight the case to the bitter end, but the next day when the jury was impaneled, he had sense enough to see that they were not Topeka jurymen, so he confessed he had taken too much fly in his beer. In consideration of telling where he got his drink, his fine was made nominal.


Mr. Merydith of Crab Creek last week in riding a pony met with a serious accident. The pony "bucked" as they call it, throwing the rider forward, and his head up at the same time. The two heads came in collision, but the pony's was the hardest; and Mr. Merydith had his skull broken, and a piece two inches and a half in diameter driven in. He is likely to recover.


Winfield Courier, June 23, 1881.

Judge Torrance got through the court docket at Wichita last week after a four weeks seige and can now take a rest. His anxiety to make correct and just decisions in every case and to turn off business as rapidly as possible has kept him on a mental steam for a long time. He will now visit the lakes and



The Arkansas City Democrat says, "The saloons have been opened in Winfield." The "Democrat" is too innocent. It should not swallow these stories it hears. It would be safer for a man to open a house for the dissemination of yellow fever in Winfield than to open a liquor saloon.


The county surveyor has been "knocking things end-ways" in the upper Silver Creek country. His new survey has been a regular cyclone in moving corners, hedges, fences, and buildings. The fault seems to lie in the work of former years, and Mr. Haight is correcting the errors.


Winfield Courier, June 23, 1881.

Mr. Payson, of Illinois, father of Charles Payson, was here last week to take the initial proceedings to procure the pardon of the latter. Mr. Payson, the elder, is a very agreeable and intelligent gentleman, and goes about his work in the most judicious way.




Winfield Courier, JUNE 23, 1881.

ED. COURIER: It is now customary, I believe, when a party makes a trip anywhere, especially to the Indian Territory, for someone of the number to furnish an account of the same to the newspapers. As one of a squad of nine, who recently made a pilgrimage to the land of the Kaw, I will try to inform your readers of some of the matters and things connected therewith.

The party consisted of F. S. Jennings, Judge Tom Soward, W. R. Stivers, J. H. Albro, Will Whitney, L. H. Webb, E. P. Greer, James Kelly, and last but by no means least, Sol Burkhalter. The latter gentleman furnished the rigs and was of course wagon-master.

Grouse Creek was reached by noon of the first day, said day being, curiously enough, Thursday, June 9th, 1881, which should have been mentioned sooner.

Here a halt was called for dinner, and here also the verdancy of the party began to crop out. The temporary camp was made in a dense jungle on the lee side of a hill with a perpendicular front some twenty or thirty feet high. Underbrush, weeds, nettles, vines: pooh [?], but wasn't it hot! Not a breath of air stirred a leaf in that miserable forest. Yes, it was hot, and some of us thought that spot would compare favorably with a modified hades according to the new version. But we had the shade.

While some of us built a fire and got dinner, Mr. Jennings, Judge Soward, and Will Stivers went in quest of game. Soon word was sent to send another gun and more ammunition, which request being speedily complied with, such a roar of musketing opened out as I'll wager, the waters of the Grouse had not heard for many a day. Presently the mighty nimrods returned.

"Where's your game?" chorused we of the bread and butter stay-at-home brigade.

"It crumbled in a hole," mourned the Judge, "but I think it's certainly wounded."

"By the bones of my grandfather," howled Webb (he never swears), "if those three big stout men with two double barreled shotguns and a rifle, haven't been banging away at a poor little squirrel.

After dinner the company was formally organized by electing Jim Kelly to the office of _______. Brother Greer made the point that this being a civil company, the title should be "president." This however was promptly rejected. "What?" said the Judge "Suppose we have trouble with the redskins, which is more than likely, how would it sound to say our President marched us up the hill and then marched us down again. I move it be Captain." But here the beneficiary declared that would be no miserable captain and unless he be at once made Colonel, he would resign and leave the company to its fate. This settled it and the train moved out after dinner in the following order.

1. The elegant three-seated barouche containing the colonel, the major, the judge, Dr. Webb, Sergeant Whitney, and wagon-master Burkhalter, followed by the baggage wagon in which on the seat were Captain Albro and Chaplain Greer, with Will Stivers behind to look after things generally. Brother Greer drove the team, that is he drove it to the foot of the first hill, when the team stopped and would not be driven any further. We all got round the wagon, however, and pushed it up the hill notwithstanding the remonstrance of the team.

This Grouse Creek, I verily believe, is enchanted, or at least this company was, for all at once we couldn't agree as to which side of the stream we were on. Of course, it made no difference, only it depended on a proper solution of this confounding mystery whether we were going up or down, towards or away from the Territory. Finally we came to a standstill and waited for two gentlemen who were plowing in a field to come to the end of their rows, which were headed off by the road, or more properly cow-path, we were then on. But our consternation was only increased when on inquiring, we found those gentlemen seemed to be as much at a loss as we were ourselves. One said we were on this side of the Grouse and would have to cross over to arrive at our destination; the other said as he had been in the country but a short time and was, unfortunately, from Missouri, really knew nothing about it. Just here a bright intelligent looking girl with a hoe in her hand, cut the miserable knot, not with the hoe, however. She explained by saying that dame nature had, right there, succeeded in reversing the old order, and made the bed so crooked that for a full half mile the water actually ran up stream. But I think if we could have told these good people where we wanted to go lucidly and plainly, they could have told us how to get there. But we couldn't.

(To be Continued.)

That Trip to the Territory (continued from last week)...

Winfield Courier, June 30, 1881.

The caravan here parted in the middle, Chaplain Greer believing as he could successively steer the local columns of the COURIER, he certainly ought to be able to steer a two-horse wagon to the mouth of Grouse Creek. So he left us and drove out of sight into the wilderness. We, that is the other rig, took the opposite course. We drove into a pasture fenced with brush; out of that into a cornfield fenced with stone, and traveled down a row of corn about two miles--so we thought--let down a pair of bars and brought up in a cowpen. We were, however, more fortunate here for we found a man who could and would not only tell us where to go, but could actually tell us where we at that moment ought to be, instead of driving over his corn and garden patch, as we had done. Will Whitney, however, very adroitly mentioned "that those were the finest hogs he had seen in a long time," which somewhat mollified the old man, who then told us how to get out. Thus, you see, kind words never die; and a little taffy, which Mr. Whitney after told us, was cheap, applied to the slab sides and ungainly snouts of the old man's hogs, and got us out of an embarrassing dilemma.

In a short time after bidding good bye to the old man of the good hogs, we arrived at the house of Drury Warren, a gentleman well and favorably known to some of our crowd. Mr. Warren, however, was absent in the territory at the big "round up," he having some six hundred head of cattle on the range on Black Bear Creek.

Having heard Mr. Warren speak favorably of some of us, and representing ourselves as "some of our best citizens of Winfield, we soon got into the good graces of kindly Mrs. Warren: to about half a bushel of onions, and permission to drive through the field, thus cutting off some three miles of long, hilly road. Let me here remark that Mr. Warren has one of the most valuable farms in Cowley county, or I might say, in the state. He has 520 acres in a body. Two-thirds of it lies in the rich bottom at the very mouth of Grouse Creek, which is in corn, and such corn! The like of which is duly seen on the Illinois and Sangamon river bottoms, and there but seldom.

Here we passed out at the south gate of the state and entered the Territory when Messrs. Greer, Albro, and Stivers caught up with us and when your correspondent shot a squirrel, found a nice spring of water, and where we camped for the first night.

Nothing of any importance happened to us except the bites of some huge mosquitos, which happened rather often.

The next morning we tried fishing in the raging Arkansas with but poor success. An old blood-thirsty villain of a fisherman, who I have no doubt now was anxious to get us away from there, told us of a good place where he said we would find bass in abundance, well on toward the Kaw agency. Here trouble commenced. Some wanted to pull up stakes and go at once, some wanted to send a scouting party first to spy out the land and report. But the goers-at-once being in the majority, carried the point, so strike the tent, hitch up, and pull out was the order.

Sometime that afternoon we overtook an Indian afoot, leading a dog. Someone of our party asked him some questions, which he wouldn't answer. Then someone asked him what he intended doing with the dog. He then very politely told us to go to hades, saying, however, the old version pronunciation of that word.

We pitched our tents on the banks of the Arkansas River that night. Another meeting was held at noon to determine whether or not we would move again. The colonel, by virtue of his office, of course, presided. The debate was long, learned, and dignified. Greer, Webb, Stivers, Whitney, and Albro, for the move, ably presented their side of the case.

"You see, gentlemen," said Webb, "that we are on the very verge of starvation. No water, nothing to eat."

"That shows," said Jennings, "that you do not know what you are talking about. Here we are on one of the most delightful spots the sun ever shone upon. Look at that mighty river and tell me that there is no water. Look at the countless turkey tracks, and tell me there is no game, nothing to eat. Why, we are here in the very bowels of plenty, and I, for one, won't move a peg."

The motion was, however, put and carried, so move it was. That same evening the company arrived at the mouth of Otter Creek, where it empties into the Grouse, and once more the tent was pitched. The next morning, it being Sunday, it was agreed that no fishing, hunting, or euchre be indulged in but that this Sabbath be spent quietly and reverently as became our best citizens.

After breakfast some of the boys thought they would have some fun at the expense of the others. Word was accordingly passed along that a meeting would be held to consider the propriety of returning to the camp vacated the day before. The president being in the seat of course, proclaimed and made known that a meeting would be held at once. Every member being present the trouble began.

"Now, may the devil take me," said Chaplain Greer, "if this move don't beat all the moves I ever heard of."

"I opposed coming here in the first place, but now that we are here, I propose to stay," said Jennings.

"Me too," said Judge Soward, "let go who will, I shan't."

"Question! Question!" shouted the mob.

The motion being put, the chair declared it carried unanimously. That was a straw too much.

"Give me my blanket," groaned Greer, "I can hire a farmer to take me home."

"Give me my things," howled Jennings, "I can walk."

"Don't take my gun," yellowed Judge Sowrad, "I won't budge an inch."

Seeing that the joke had gone far enough, the boys were informed of the "sell" and soon all was again serene.

Monday morning, Mr. Greer, having been really in bad health when he started, was found to be much worse. It was accordingly decided to send him home. He was taken by Mr. Burkhalter to Arkansas City, put aboard the train, and we saw him no more.

And, now to conclude, for every good writer must conclude, I have endeavored to chronicle events just as they transpired. If perchance there may be a few little things that didn't happen exactly as I have said, I certainly cannot be held responsible.





Winfield Courier, June 23, 1881.

We know not what a day or an hour may bring forth. To our neighbors at Floral, grief, pain, destruction, and loss all came with one fierce gale. Into their quiet Sabbath rest the demon of destruction came, blighting their hopes, ruining their worldly prospects, and throwing them, without a moment's warning, homeless and houseless onto the wind swept prairies bestrewn with debris from their former houses. Our hearts are truly sad at the fate of others.

We knew not, when seeing and hearing the artillery of nature, that it was warring so fiercely with friends only a short distance away from us; yet we well knew our own cheeks had never blanched so during any storm in our life time, for it seemed as though all the warring elements of heaven and earth were battling for victory.

Rev. Graham had stopped at a house to avoid a wetting, and came near being blown away, as the house with all its occupants gave way to the monster of destruction.

Harvesting is almost a thing of the past, as the golden staff of life was so injured by the chinch bugs as to require cutting early than usual. Wheat is not so good as farmers anticipated a few weeks ago. Corn is looking splendid, and if the cinch bugs let it alone, we may gather a bountiful crop.

Messrs. A. W. Davis and Kretsinger, from Winfield, made a flying visit through our country last week.

Mr. C. Chapell is home again from the Salt Springs, have received but little benefit.

Miss Rose Brown left Salem for her father's home in Independence.

Mr. Shields is very busy breaking the green prairie sod.

Mr. J. J. Johnson's house was struck by lightning, but fortunately no one was seriously injured.

BIRTH. Mr. McMillen has engaged the company of a little gentleman to keep Mrs. McMillen in music, etc., for an indefinite time. All are doing well.

Mr. Brooking has come back to live in Salem.

Miss Mattie West, of Tisdale, gladdened the hearts of some of her friends in this vicinity by her cheerful presence one day last week.

Mr. Causey lately purchased 80 acres of land on Timber Creek and the late cyclone undertook to improve it by demolishing the house and its contents. Mr. Causey may congratulate himself that he is still a Salemite.

Miss Annie Buck cut her lip last week, or the pump handle caused her to, without permission.

Dr. Irwin is afflicted with erysipelas.

Miss Sarah Bovee is in town at present.

Mrs. Beach and daughter, Mr. and Mrs. Davis, and Miss Davis visited at Bovees and Hoylands last week.

Some of the farm hands in Salem struck for harvest, or higher wages, and the farmers let them strike for home.

Mr. Mahar is using the header in harvesting his wheat.

Some of the Salem canines have died or were killed to put them out of the way of hydrophobia.



Winfield Courier, JUNE 23, 1881.

The people of Box City and neighborhood are determined to celebrate the Fourth of July at home this year. George Savage was called to the chair and S. Neer appointed secretary. The committee fixed near the Hickman crossing on Grouse; this location is beautiful and commodious. Elder Thomas and Mr. McDermot have agreed to speak on that occasion. Vocal music will intersperse the various exercises of the day. Wheelbarrow and sack races, croquet, etc., will among the exercises to enliven the occasion. Last, but not least, will be the ascension of a mammoth Caloric balloon from the ground during the afternoon.




Winfield Courier, JUNE 23, 1881.

Bring on your signs, banners, etc., if you want them done in time for the 4th of July or any other time, second door west of post office, Manning Block, where Herrington is now giving special attention to sign and ornamental painting, and paper hanging. We are now going to do work according to the times and cheaper than any other man, so we are going to contend for some more glory just before the camp meeting.





Winfield Courier, JUNE 23, 1881.

JUNE 10TH, 1881.

Corn looks nice as heart could wish, and is being well tended. Wheat is being harvested, and for the past few days, it has been warm, and "don't you forget it."

George Hirst has left us for awhile. He has gone to Hutchinson. George is a jolly, good fellow and we hope the nature of his business is such as will detain him but a short time.




Winfield Courier, JUNE 23, 1881.

B. H. Clover, two and a half miles north of this place, had two cows killed in the storm Sunday evening. They were struck by lightning.

We are informed that there is to be a fourth of July celebration on Grouse Creek, 5 miles north of Cambridge, near Mr. Hickman's. A more pleasant grove for holding a celebration could not be found in the county.

The festival that was given by the citizens of Cambridge in the school house, Tuesday night, proved to be a grand success in every particular. There were about one hundred ladies and gentlemen, besides a number of boys and girls. The net receipts were $72.00, which is a sufficient amount to purchase the bell as desired.




Winfield Courier, JUNE 23, 1881.

The school board of district number 127, Walnut township, Cowley County, Kansas, will receive sealed bids until June 25th for the erection of a stone school house, in said district, either for the house complete or for the stone work, carpentry work, plastering, and painting separately. Specifications can be had by calling on the clerk of said district.

T. POULE, [?]






Winfield Courier, JUNE 23, 1881.

Mr. J. C. Topliff, our worthy postmaster, who has been in the cities of Boston and New York for the past month, visiting friends and relatives, returned last Wednesday. He reports a pleasant time and visit.

Miss Susie and Willie Berry, who have been in Lawrence the past year attending school, passed through the city last week enroute for Pawnee Agency, where they will spend the summer vacation with their mother and brothers.

The banks of the river are lined with fishermen and fisher-boys down at Searing & Mead's mill all day and a good part of the night. A forest of rods stick out over the stream, and the poor fish that comes within reach must be a muscular one if he


Seventy wagon loads of flour, five loads of corn, twenty eight new wagons, and ten loads of supplies were taken out of our city last week by the Indian teamsters for the different Agencies in the Territory. How does that strike you for one week's Indian trade?

It is reported that the Northern Cheyenne Indians are getting on their ear. We are informed that they have notifed Agent Miles that they intend leaving the Agency and returning to their home in the north. They say they are willing to depart in peace, but if he or the troops interfere, they will go forceably.

A NARROW ESCAPE. While A. T. McIntire (our brother) was plowing in his field last Saturday afternoon, just north of the city, lightning struck the ground within a few rods of him, knocking his team down and stunning him quite badly. He examined the place where it struck, and says it bore a hole in the ground a foot deep and about four feet across.

BIG SNAKE. Mr. A. J. Arnett, of Bolton township, informs us that a huge snake has been seen recently in the neighborhood of J. C. Topliff's farm, that will measure at least fifteen feet in length, and is as large around as a stove pipe. He says he has not had the pleasure of gazing on the monster serpent, but his neighbors have seen it frequently, and thinks there is no doubt but what it is as large as they represent it to be, as he has seen its track, which will measure fully eight inches across. It is thought to be a rattlesnake, and several monsters have been killed in that neighborhood recently. In telling us this snake story, it was with the direct view of not having it published. Since it was made known that rattlesnakes have been killed in that locality, they have been harrassed so by parties who wish to cultivate rattlesnakes since May 1st, that he considers it imprudent to let it be known that Bolton produces such whoppers. We therefore make the above announcement under the seal of confidence to our readers.




Winfield Courier, June 30, 1881.

ARKANSAS CITY, June 15th, 1881.

On Tuesday I took a run up to Winfield to pass the afternoon, and succeeded in doing so to my entire satisfaction. Winfield is a nice place. It has broad streets, and trees, and sidewalks, and nice houses, and above all, a hospitable community of intelligent enterprising citizens. Just now, it being an off year in politics, the attention of the public is devoted to the improvement question, much the same as Topeka has been. Like Topeka, Winfield has "boomed" all the Spring, and business has been good and the citizens have felt like putting their money into those things which attract and hold the admiration of strangers and conducive to the happiness and health of the residents.

At the depot, I met Will. Garvey, formerly of Topeka, who said in the same breath that had inquired how long I was going to stay, "Do you see that park off there? Well, M. L. Robinson will take you over to see it in his buggy." We went uptown, and, sure enough, in fifteen minutes I was seated in Mr. Robinson's carriage, and ten minutes afterward was being shown all over one of the most beautiful parks in the State.

It lies a quarter of a mile west of the A., T. & S. F. depot, on the north bank of the Walnut River, and consists of forty acres of grand old trees, and aspiring younger ones not yet freed from the clinging vines which make shade and add a grotesque and charming appearance to them. The place is named Riverside Park, and is the property of M. L. Read, the banker, Mr. M. L. Robinson, his nephew, Mr. S. C. Smith, and Mr. Lowry. They have had a force of men in it cleaning out the underbrush, and locating and clearing drives all the spring, and have really succeeded admirably.

There is a long drive and a promenade along the waters' edge, covered by the shadiest of trees, and allowing glimpses of charming scenery upon either bank of one of the most beautiful of Kansas streams. Other drives run at all angles in and about beautiful groves, affording a ride of more than ten miles within the enclosure. The trees are full of birds, which are protected and fostered. A speaker's stand will be placed for the 4th of July, when the park will be used for celebration purposes. This stand will consist of a stone twenty feet square, placed upon pillars of masonry, and will be donated by the proprietors of the celebrated Cowley County stone quarry, Messrs. Holmes & Co. The river affords a fine boating course, and boats will be placed upon it at once. A steamboat is being secured, which will make excursions up and down the river. Riverside Park is certainly a great improvement.

Another park has been cleared at the north end of the city, which is also at the disposal of the public, though owned by private gentlemen. I believe it is owned by the other bank, and that there is considerable rivalry between the banks for the approval of their respective efforts for the public good.

After returning from our drive, I called upon Mr. Millington, at the COURIER office, and found him busy, as all newspaper men are. The COURIER has recently absorbed the Monitor, adding a part of the material to its office, and will sell the remainder. Very properly, Mr. Millington has the post office, and with his paper, which is an excellent property, seems to be in a position to enjoy life.

Mr. Lemmon was not in the city, having gone up to Newton to attend to his new business, the editorship of the Republican, which paper he recently purchased.

I found Senator Hackney seated in his office, and spent a half hour very pleasantly. The Senator had just made a sale of a three thousand acre tract of land at a good figure, and was in good spirits. He is going into the stock business after awhile, and entertains some very hopeful, as well as reasonable opinions, upon the subject.

I had heard the name of W. P. Hackney mentioned in connection with the office of Congressman, and heard that many of his friends were urging him to consent to become a candidate, and I asked him plainly if he was going to oblige them. He said he could not tell what he should do, but at present he is not a candidate, and does not think he will become one. "It is too early to talk about these matters now," he said, "and if the new Congressmen are nominated at large, by a State Convention, it will take a pretty strong man and an active man to make it. I don't propose to sacrifice myself." My impression is that the Senator would like to go to Congress.

Speaking of other possible candidates, he mentioned Hon. S. R. Peters as a strong man and said he thought he would try to get the nomination. Of Senator Sluss, of Sedgwick county, he said, "He is the brainiest man in this part of the State, affable and courteous and with an ability which has been and is acknowledged, and cannot be questioned. We all know that he has the capacity to represent us in Congress, and do it well. We wouldn't be ashamed of him." This I consider a generous compliment to a gentleman who deserves all the praise that could be given him.

Senator Hackney spoke in the highest terms of praise of Mr. J. W. Ady, of Newton, also, and counted him as a probable candidate. Mr. Hackney is a stalwart of the most marked type, and one of the most prominent young men in the State. He is an able lawyer, and I think is making money in his profession. Mrs. Hackney is spending the summer at Manitou, and the Senator dines at the Williams House, where I was his guest for supper.





Winfield Courier, JUNE 30, 1881.

Our readers will remember that several weeks ago, Geo. Haywood, whose real name is Richard Lennix, was arrested in Chicago, on the strength of a photograph sent there by Sheriff Shenneman, who wanted him for passing forged paper on the Cowley County Bank, that Shenneman went to Chicago, and through many difficulties, got his prisoner, and started home with him; and that on the way, the prisoner jumped from the train in full headway and escaped. Shenneman had taken from his pockets a letter written in a female hand from Canton, Illinois, and signed "S." By means of this letter, he found who "S" was and concluded that sooner or later Lennix would visit this "S", who was his sister. So he employed the post master at Canton, the marshal of Canton, and the sheriff of that county to watch for him.

Last week he got a telegram from the sheriff informing him that the prisoner was caught. Shenneman answered at once to hold on to him until he got there, and started for that place. Habeas Corpus proceedings were instituted for procuring the prisoner's discharge, and when Shenneman arrived, the Habeas Corpus was being heard before the County judge, who soon discharged the prisoner.

Shenneman grabbed him at once and there was a row, the judge leading the mob and threatening due vengeance on Shenneman. By rapid motions and strategic generalship, Shenneman got his prisoner slipped into a wagon behind the fastest team that could be procured, and putting the horses to their best speed, rushed through opposing crowds and escaped, followed by many pursuers. He beat them all in the race and got his prisoner to a station twenty miles distant, put him on board, and sped back to Winfield, where he has his bird safe within the walls of the Cowley county jail.

Mr. Shenneman is enthusiastic in his praises of Sheriff D. J. Waggoner and other officers of Fulton County, Illinois: Thos. Burleigh, City Marshal, and John Sutton, night watchman of Canton, Illinois. They assisted in securing the prisoner and helping Shenneman to get him away. He noted their unbending integrity, for he knows positively that they were offered five hundred dollars to allow Lennix to escape.

This Lennix proves to be one of the most wily and successful counterfeiters in America. He has victimized large numbers of businessmen in various parts of the United States and Canada, has many smart accomplices who have aided him to escape many times, and who still work to get him out of limbo. He has finally got a sheriff after him who never gives up and will keep his eye on him to prevent him from escaping again. The prisoner has plenty of money and his accomplices have plenty more, so that everything will yet be done that can be done to get him out.




Winfield Courier, JUNE 30, 1881.

Tell W. Walton makes in the last number of his paper, the Caldwell Post, the following statement.

"Last Saturday night, while enroute to Oxford from this city, we were compelled to patronize the K. C. L. & S. road from Winfield to Oxford. We applied at the ticket office for two tickets to Oxford, and tendered our money, a ten dollar bill. After marking the tickets and passing them over the counter, he found he could not make the change; so he said to get on the train and pay the conductor, or get the tickets after we had arrived at Oxford.

"Thinking it would be all right, and having his assurance that it would be, we boarded the train, and after we got out three-fourths of a mile from the station, the conductor came through the car collecting tickets. We tendered our money a second time, but he refused to even look at it or hear an explanation of any kind, but stopped the train and compelled us to get off where we were, causing us, with our wife and child, to walk nearly a mile over the rough roads and cross the prairie back to the depot. We had some baggage with us, which we were obliged to carry too, or leave on the prairie. . . .

"This * * on the same evening beat a poor, lone woman out of the last cent she had, in making change for a ticket. She gave him a silver dollar, the last she had, and in return got a ticket for Oxford, costing forty cents, and ten cents in money. He claimed that she only gave him a half dollar, but the bystanders would swear that she gave him a dollar."

John R. McGuire, of Tisdale, says that the other day he applied to the ticket office at Cherryvale for a ticket to Independence, the price of which was forty cents, and offered a half dollar piece, which was refused as not being the exact change. A feeble woman with two small children just then applied for a ticket to Independence, but failed for the same reason. Just then the train for Independence came along and McGuire and the woman got on board. The conductor came along and demanded tickets. The half dollars were offered and refused on the ground that the conductor would not take money but must have tickets. No amount would do. The only alternative was tickets or get off. The train was stopped and McGuire and the woman and her children were put out on the prairie two miles from Cherryvale, to which place they had to walk back. The woman could scarcely walk and her exertions would have been fatal had not McGuire been there to carry her small children.

The conductor of this train was not the same man with whom Tell Walton had to deal; but both are brutes, if these statements are true, which we cannot doubt, being made by men of undoubted veracity. We do not now give the names of these conductors because we wish to give them an opportunity to tell their versions of these stories. It is no excuse for them that they were ordered at headquarters not to take money but only tickets for fare, no more than it would excuse them for assassinating a man because he had been ordered to do so. If these conductors believe that such acting is required of them by the company, they are venal hirelings or they would not work for such a company.

We do not believe the managers of this road desire such brutality on the part of their employees. We believe they are accommodating and obliging gentlemen who require their employees to be reasonable and obliging in carrying out such rules as are deemed necessary for the protection of the company and would discharge such brutes as these are alleged to be. Here were civil persons able and anxious to pay their fare and making due efforts to comply with all known rules of the company, and were treated worse than these same conductors would have dared to treat a party of Thugs who had attempted to rob the whole crowd. We do not blame the company for not daring to trust such men to solicit money, but we do blame them if they keep such in their employ knowing what they were.

We think that if the outraged parties should apply to Gen. Nettleton, stating the facts, the cases would be righted as far as possible.




Winfield Courier, JUNE 30, 1881.

Commonwealth: W. F. White, the enterprising and indefatigable passenger agent of the A., T. & S. F. Railroad Company, has devised a scheme and perfected arrangements by which through tickets are now sold at most stations on the line of the A., T. & S. F. to nearly all the minor stations of the east. By the old coupon system, tickets were sold only to important places, and the traveler had to pay local fare from such point or buy a through ticket to some large station beyond his destination, and stop off at his intermediate station, thus paying for more than he received. All this trouble, annoyance, and loss is obviated by the new system. Passengers are ticketed clear through to their destination. The form of tickets is extremely simple, and easily understood, and the most careless traveler will be less likely to be diverted from his route than by the attempted study of the complicated forms heretofore in use. The Santa Fe is always foremost in inaugurating improvements which are likely to contribute to the convenience and profit of the traveling public.




Winfield Courier, June 30, 1881.

The "Corners" escaped the cyclone that struck Floral on Sunday the 12th inst., but we had a close call. One funnel shaped cloud going west and north and one southeast. In this section we had fearful wind, hail, and rain, damaging all growing crops, especially the wheat. The corn was badly riddled, but the past week's growth has improved it materially.

Our new neighbor, Quinton Thomson, one mile north of the "Corners," is making some good improvements. He has erected a good barn and has lumber on the ground for a two story house. Mr. Thomson will enclose one quarter section with a stone wall this fall and winter. He is from Marion County, Indiana.

J. B. Holmes and sons have invested in sheep, 840 ewes, from which they have 500 lambs. Mr. Holmes sold his wool clip at Winfield at about 16 cents per pound.

Gene Wilber says a preacher don't want to undertake to cut short wheat with an old harvester, because nothing short of genuine christian fortitude will keep a man from profanity. Of course, he (Wilber) doesn't swear.

There was held at Rock school house on Sunday the 19th inst. a conference of Sunday school workers to make arrangements for holding a Sunday school picnic. It was resolved to hold a picnic on Bailey's Island on the 16th day of July. Said island is situated one mile west of Rock store in the Walnut river.

We had the following delegates from the following schools at our conference on last Sunday. From Centenial, George Norman and Wm. Atkinson; from Star Valley, Mr. Martindale and Simeon Martin; from New Canton, W. P. Heath; from Rock Valley, Archibald Smith.

S. P. S.




Winfield Courier, JUNE 30, 1881.

Two runaways this week.

Ice for sale at JIM HILL'S.

S. A. Smith, of Dexter, was in town Saturday.

T. J. Floyd of New Salem was in the city Saturday.

Van Doren & Gunn Surgeon Dentists, one door west of post office.

The comet, or something else, killed a horse for Speed & Schofield Sunday night.

Mr. Arthur Smith of Otto had a valuable ox killed by lightning during the storm of Saturday 11th.


Winfield Courier, June 30, 1881.

The Manny trial is putting the attorneys on their metal and will show the quality of their temper.

Mr. J. P. Mussleman, one of the live farmers of Silverdale township, made us a pleasant call Saturday.

Capt. Jas. Shaw made us a pleasant call Wednesday morning. He has been a reader of the COURIER for several years.

S. P. Strong of Rock came down to the "Hub" Tuesday. He came in just late enough to escape being caught as a juryman.

When the list of witnesses for the State in the Manny trial was called, one of the attorneys for the defense promptly answered, "Present!"

MARRIED: At the Baptist parsonage, Winfield, June 22nd, 1881, by Rev. J. Cairns, Mr. Arial Fairclo and Miss Ida Creps, both of Arkansas City.

It was dangerous to attend court Monday. The moment a new face appeared in the doorway, Sheriff Shenneman would call out: Take the jury box, please."

Judge Campbell and Attorney Jennings Alocked horns@ several times during the Manny trial. It is needless to remark that the County Attorney came out ahead.

General Nettleton promptly furnished transportation over the K. C. & S. road and General Talmage over the Mo. Pacific for the relief of the sufferers of the Floral cyclone.

J. H. Bullen let the stage pass over his new iron bridge across Timber Creek Monday morning on a temporary crossing, but the bridge was not finished until Tuesday noon.

LOST. If finder will return the roll of money lost by me on the 22nd inst., to M. L. Read's bank, he will be liberally rewarded. G. S. MANSER.

Mrs. S. Watch, of Yonkers, New York, is visiting her son, James Watch. She is delighted with the life and beauty of our western city, and may conclude to make Winfield her future home.

The editor of the Cambridge "Commercial" is making arrangements to publish a large extra edition containing a history and description of the county, on August 13th. The edition will be 10,000.

Mrs. Geo. Buckman is visiting friends in Cherryvale this week. Mrs. Charles Bahntge and baby left for Joplin Monday.

Mr. R. M. Story and Mrs. Busby gave their sabbath school scholars a treat last week in the way of a picnic in Riverside Park. Boating, swinging, spring chicken, etc., were the principal features of the occasion.

The local is "on his pins again," after an illness of three weeks.

Last Monday a lame pedler had a notion shop on the ground in front of our office with his wares displayed on boxes, trunks, benches, etc., when a span of ponies with a milk wagon rushed through his shop scattering things. No one hurt and but little damage done.

A freight train and caboose was over the west part of the K. C. L. & S. road Saturday evening picking up section hands to go over to Moline and repair the track torn out by the floods. The rains that fell in that direction Saturday morning were very heavy.

Charlie Kelly has received an appointment on the Caldwell branch of Uncle Sam's mail route and left Monday morning to take his position. We congratulate Charlie on securing this appointment. He is capable and will work his way up in the service.

Dee Whitson, of Pleasant Valley township, has his porch fronting north and west, sided up with wire screening. It makes one of the coolest, neatest places imaginable. This way of fixing a porch is much cooler than latticework.

The Walnut has been on a grand old high for the past few days. It has been about 20 feet above low water mark. This is the first time the river has been bank full for over two years.

He came, he saw, and he dropped $35 with the police and justice courts. He was a verdant citizen from the sandy suburbs of Arkansas City, and although he found at the "Hub" that prohibition didn't entirely prohibit, still it made fun more costly than of old. He returned a sadder, and we hope a wiser man, but still a little drunk. His name was Albert Horn.


Winfield Courier, June 30, 1881.

The "volunteer counsel" assisting the state in the Manny trial made, or attempted to make, an argument Wednesday morning. His first sentence contained a broad and unmistable inference that the gentleman preceeding him had lied. The air for a few moments was blue, and as the Attorney so attacked came forward and asserted that the "volunteer counsel" was "a contemptible little puppy and his implications not worthy of notice," ye reporter slid under the table. The efforts of the Sheriff and court finally quelled the storm, and peace and quiet was once more restored.


The jail is about full of boarders since Sheriff Shenneman brought in his forger. There are now six of the boys in limbo with four months until court. Willie Fogg is in for horse stealing; Theodore Miller for larceny; James Jackson for horse stealing; Jefferson McDade for stealing money; Richard Oldham for threatening to assault and shoot one Fullerlove, at Arkansas City; and Richard Lennox, Alias Haywood and Alias St. Clair for forgery. The last is perhaps the most noted criminal ever brought in to the state, having served several terms in the Illinois penitentiary, and has operated all over the U. S. and Canada.



The interests in the Manny trial during Tuesday through the proceedings were mostly dry discussions of law, were deep, and evinced the feeling taken by our citizens in this first attempt to enforce the prohibition law in Cowley county. The result of the prosecutions at Topeka and Lawrence, and the difficulty of getting jurors that would convict, has awakened an interest in the probable outcome of a case here, this being the leading temperance county in the State. Many ladies were present during the afternoon and watched the proceedings closely.


Hugh M. Holmes on Tuesday was crossing the railroad about two and a half miles south of the city with a span of mules and mowing machine, when a train suddenly came in view around a bend. Holmes whipped up his mules and they jumped forward suddenly, separating themselves from the machine, leaving it on the track. The train ground the machine very fine. No other damage done.


The waters of the Walnut river and Timber Creek were up booming on Sunday and Monday morning. At the Tunnel mills, the water was about six feet deep in the basement. The Riverside Park was under water to the main wagon road. The Island Park bayou was full and the park was an island indeed. The City mills basement was full and water was around the mill. The Walnut was up about 18 feet.


A. B. Lemmon and wife and children, Bertie, Allie, and Fred Lemmon, Ex Saint and wife, and Misses Irena, Jessie, and Louise Saint, and Miss Kate Millington left on Wednesday's train. Mr. Lemon and family will stop at Newton and Mr. Saint and family and Miss Kate Millington go to Las Vegas, New Mexico. This makes quite a vacancy in the senior editor's family.


Dan Maher had a splendid stove or cooking range mashed up by the cyclone. H. Jochems undertook to get duplicates of the broken plates for him and applied to the manufacturers of the stove, The Excelsior Manufacturing Co., St. Louis. This company promptly forwarded the material for making the range as good as new without charge for castings or freight.


The Santa Fe road has put on reclining chair cars between Caldwell and Kansas City, and a parlor car between Arkansas City and Mulvane. This makes travel over that road pleasant and easy. The chair cars are models of neatness and comfort, and one can rest in them as comfortably as in a sleeper.


The Parks are inundated. The bayou surrounding Island Park is full, and a first class ferryboat is needed to reach the grounds. Riverside Park also proves to be a little too near the creek and is covered with water up to the second bottom. The managers were damming them Monday.


Mr. H. C. Catlin of Liberty came near drowning Saturday evening. He attempted to ford Silver Creek in a wagon with his wife, but the water was higher than he calculated and all went under. He got his wife out; but in trying to save his team, he nearly drowned. He lost one valuable horse.


The infant child of Mr. and Mrs. Cook died Tuesday morning. The funeral was held from the residence of the family on 10th avenue Wednesday morning. This is the third little one the parents have buried. They are bowed down with grief over the last sad bereavement.


Mr. J. P. Mussleman completed the sale of the I. F. Austin place in Silverdale township, and came up Saturday to make out the papers. The purchaser was a Mr. Andrews, of Belle Plaine. He has several thousand sheep and purchased this place for a stock farm.


Capt. G. S. Story of Maple City called yesterday and says that the intimation in the COURIER that William Null was intemperate does him injustice. He is a total abstainer. Otherwise, our account was nearly correct.



Winfield Courier, JUNE 30, 1881.

Winfield has been in a fever of excitement for the past few days over the arrest of Frank Manny for violating the prohibition amendment in selling beer. The trial was first brought before Justice Kelly, but the defense secured a change of venue to Justice Tansey's court. Monday was the day set for the trial and early in the day numbers of spectators gathered to see the opening of the case.

The array of legal talent retained on the part of the defense was simply appalling: Judge Campbell, with eight years' experience on the bench; J. E. Allen, one of the most precise and painstaking lawyers at the bar; O. M. Seward, the leading temperance attorney of the southwest; and Messrs. Soward & Asp, gentlemen of high standing at the bar. Certainly Mr. Manny should feel that his interests will be protected as far as the law is concerned.

County Attorney Jennings appeared for the State.

The hall opened at 9 o'clock, the jury was called, and the examination for jurors commenced. This proved to be a tedious matter as most everyone called had either formed or expressed an opinion, or had conscientious scruples that unfitted him for sitting in the case. Generally when a juror went into the box thinking he was unprejudiced, he found that he was mistaken before the lawyers got through with him. Up to noon thirty-five jurors had been called and twenty-nine of them proved to be incompetent.

After dinner the examination of jurors was continued and soon developed into a lively fight. The question was raised of whether a member of a temperance organization was a competent juror in the case, on which Judge Campbell made an exhaustive argument, insisting that such a person was not and could not be competent to sit in the case. County Attorney Jennings replied in a brief but convincing manner. He stated that if Judge Campbell's theory was correct, a horse thief could be tried only by persons not opposed to horse stealing, and that persons who were in favor of enforcing the laws would not be competent jurors in criminal cases.

The court sustained the County Attorney, and the juror was passed. The jury was finally empanelled at 5 o'clock Monday evening.

The following is a list of the jurors: A. G. Wilson, James Bethel, E. P. Harlen, Elam Harter, I. N. Holmes, E. P. Kinne,

J. H. Mounts, T. H. Jackson, T. S. Smith, Wm. Trezise, W. L. Morehouse, and W. I. Shotwell.


The court met Tuesday morning and upon calling the jury, it was found that Mr. T. W. Jackson, of Vernon township, was absent. An attachment was issued by the court and the sheriff started for Mr. Jackson's home. The court then adjourned until one o'clock. About two o'clock the sheriff arrived with Mr. Jackson, who was quite ill, and asked to be discharged. The court ruled that he must serve unless positively unable.

The case was then opened by a statement from the County Attorney. Judge Campbell then arose on a "question of privilege" and asked the court to rule that the state use but three wit-nesses for the proving of any one fact. After much discussion the court overruled the request. The defense then moved that the case be dismissed, alleging that the information did not state facts sufficient to warrant any action. After another lengthy argument, the court promptly overruled the motion.

County Attorney Jennings then attempted to open the case, when the defense again objected and moved that the case be dismissed because "the complaint was not sworn to by a responsible party." Judge Campbell then made an exhaustive argument on a constitutional point. Mr. Jennings answered Judge Campbell at considerable length, and was followed by Mr. Asp for the defense, who closed the argument. The objection was overruled and duly excepted to, and the state proceeded with the examination of the first witness, Mr. Miller.

Mr. Miller testified that he resided in Winfield, and that he knew where Mr. Manny's brewery was. He was asked if he had been in Mr. Manny's brewery between the first day of May and the 21st day of June, the latter being the date the indictment was made. The defense objected on the ground that the state should confine its proof of offense to the date mentioned in the indictment: the 12th day of June. On this objection Mr. Allen spoke, and cited authorities, though none of our Supreme court. The State replied with Kansas authorities bearing directly upon the point. Mr. Asp closed the argument on this point, and the court overruled the objection.


The witness was allowed to answer the question; but instead of doing so, he laughed. The mouths of the audience cracked assunder, and his Honor got down under the counter to hold his sides. Witness then affirmatively answered the question. He also stated that he had drank something on Manny's premises between those dates. The State asked in what building the drink was obtained. Before this question was answered, Judge Campbell requested his honor to instruct the witness that he was at liberty to refuse to answer any question that would tend to criminate himself. This request raised argument and the court adjourned to meet Wednesday morning, when the question will be discussed.

Court convened promptly at 6 o'clock and Judge Soward opened the argument. Numerous authorities were cited, among which were the celebrated Burr and Morgan cases. County Attorney Jennings replied in an extended argument, citing a large number of


At noon, Wednesday, we go to press. As yet the case has not been fairly opened, the defense bringing up point after point for the decision of the court. Each point must be argued exhaustively, which takes time and how long no one can tell. The case will be fought step by step. The council for defense will leave no stone unturned, and Attorney Jennings, although bearing up under a terrible pressure, will melt them at every turn. Our reporter will attend the trial throughout and a complete record of the proceedings will appear in our next issue.



JUNE 30, 1881.

Died at the residence of E. P. Greer in Winfield, Saturday afternoon, little Dolly, infant daughter of W. H. Harris, of Arkansas City.

Only a few weeks ago, relatives and friends were called upon to follow the remains of Mrs. Harris to the cemetery, and now the destroying angel has again invaded the family circle and taken from its midst the youngest: baby Dolly. Certainly the ways of Providence are past finding out. Hardly had the husband become resigned to his first great loss before he was called upon to give up another of his family. The funeral services were held at the residence of Mr. Harris, Rev. Fleming officiating, and at five o'clock Sunday afternoon little Dolly was laid to rest beside her mother.



Winfield Courier, JUNE 30, 1881.

WINFIELD, JUNE 28, 1881.

The society met in the basement of the Presbyterian Church and was called to order by the President, E. Gale. The greater part of the afternoon was spent in perfecting the organization, appointing committees to arrange progams, and receiving verbal reports of the condition of the fruit crop in the different counties of the state. The result of the reports show that the central and western part of the state have good crops of most fruits, the farther east the lighter the crop.

The attendance from abroad is the largest in the history of the society. NAMES WERE GIVEN ALONG WITH COUNTIES REPRESENTED.





Winfield Courier, JUNE 30, 1881.

Our County Attorney will yet win his spurs as a knight of the law; though battling against enormous odds, he is holding his own with marked ability. He has met every point raised by the defense with a promptness, clearness, and energy which shows he is thoroughly conversant with his case in all its bearings, and has given a careful consideration and study, and that he is equally conversant with the points of his opponents. The objection of the defense as to the incompetence of the County attorney in signing the information, which was raised and argued by Judge Campbell from a constitutional standpoint, was a new thing and took the State unawares, but was met by Mr. Jennings with a readiness which showed a quick mind and a familiar knowledge of the fundamental principles of law, and that the blood of an Ann Arbor training will tell.




JUNE 30, 1881.

The threatened outbreak of the Kiowas has entirely subsided and once more peace and prosperity reigns supreme.

The trouble with the Kiowas was their refusal to accept beef that was issued them, and when the agent had no other to offer they rode to Driswold's herd and shot down twenty five head. This occurred west of Wichita agency, which is about 75 miles from Fort Reno. Troops were telegraphed for by the agent and four companies were sent from Fort Coucho, Texas. The Indians realized their situation, accepted the beef offered, and the matter was settled.

The Cheyennes and Arrapahoes at Cheyenne agency have been having "medicine dances" for the past two weeks that were at-tended more fully than for years before.

The "sun dance" caught its usual number of young men, who lacerated themselves fearfully, besides dancing with a rope tied in a slit in their backs for three days and nights without eating or drinking.

During the dance members from the neighboring tribes visited them and took part in the demonstrations. The Kiowas, Comanches, and the Nes Perces, under the leadership of Chief Joseph and Yellow Bull remained about two weeks with the Cheyennes, enjoying their visit very much. A dance was given in honor of their visit, and a feast on roast dog indulged in.

The dances for this spring are now about over; this week will conclude them and the Indians are already leaving to take up their summer residences along the streams handy to water.

Matters at Fort Reno are very quiet. Major Randall of the 23rd infantry is still in command and probably will be during the coming summer.

On the cattle trail thousands of cattle are coming up daily with every few days large herds of horses, numbering from 200 to 1,000 head each.

The rivers are at their usual low stage of water and travel is unimpeded. Water is abundant in the small streams and holes on the prairie, but without rain must soon dry up.

C. M. S.





Winfield Courier, MAY 30, 1881.

A fair soiled dove rejoicing in the name of Belle Lockwood, went to Winfield last week, to buy morphine. Returning to this city she became intoxicated, and while in that condition was robbed of fifteen dollars, and Jim Reynolds, a brakeman on the K. C. L. & S. K. R. R., was charged with the aforesaid steal. The trial was set for last Monday morning, to be heard by Jas. Lawrence. In the absence of positive jurisdiction, the latter official dismissed the case.

Sumner county was the scene of two serious accidents to boys during the past ten days: one being the goring by a bull of the son of Mr. David Ingram, who resides north of Milan, a full account of which is given by our Milan correspondent this week. The other was a ten year old son of W. A. Robbins, residing some eight miles northwest of the city. The little fellow was with his brother who was plowing corn with a walking cultivator.

The young boy getting tired concluded to ride and mounted the cultivator close to the horses. He struck one of the horses on the leg with a switch, which caused it to kick, the horse's foot striking the boy on the head, producing concussion of the brain, from which he died in a day or two. Dr. Bealer was called but could render no natural aid.




Winfield Courier, THURSDAY, JULY 7, 1881 - FRONT PAGE.

Judge Parker's opinion in the case of the United States vs. D. L. Payne sets forth at length the legal status of the land, which it has been claimed, was open to pre-emption as the nucleus of the future state of Oklahoma. Payne, it will be remembered, was expelled from the Indian Territory by the United States military forces, and on re-entering the Territory, was expelled again. This second entry being punishable under the laws of the United States, an action was brought against Payne, who in his answer, denied that he was in the Indian Territory, or any part thereof; averred that the land from which he was expelled was the property of the United States, and subjected to pre-emption, like other public lands, and that he had settled on it under the pre-emption and homestead laws. The question presented for decision was, therefore, "Was the land on which Payne claimed to have settled a part of or within the Indian Territory?"

Judge Parker begins by inquiring whether Payne had the right to pre-empt any of the lands conveyed by the Seminole treaty of 1866, which was the treaty under which the Government acquired its title to them. The homestead and pre-emption laws provide that any lands which have been reserved by any treaty, law, or proclamation of the president, are no part of the public lands of the United States subject to those laws, so long as such reservation continues. The power to reserve may be exercised by treaty, law, or executive proclamation. The third article of the Seminole treaty, the judge holds, clearly reserves these lands for the purpose of locating on them other Indians and freedmen. He treats this portion of the question at considerable length, and explains why the government wanted to locate other Indians and freedmen there. The Indian branch of the inquiry involves nothing not generally known, but the privilege of freedmen to enter on the land at will, is not so well understood.

Judge Parker holds the intention of the government to have been to provide a place for the settlement of the liberated slaves of the Indians. The tribes of the Indian Territory held colored people in slavery, and when these were set free, it was not known whether the several Indian tribes who held them to slavery would observe their pledges to secure them the same rights which the Indians themselves enjoyed.

It was fear that the prejudice growing out of their former condition as slaves would be so strong against them that, in order to protect them, it might become necessary to settle them in a colony by themselves. This purpose of the government was manifested by the terms of the treaty with the Choctaws, and in making the treaty with the Seminoles, it sought to provide a home for freedmen as had been held in slavery by the Indians in the Indian Territory, to which they might be removed, should it be necessary in order to secure them in their rights. The government intended to locate there those freedmen who had been slaves in the Indian Territory, and none others; and these could only be settled on this land by the authority and permission of the government. Colored persons who were never held as slaves in the Indian country, but who may have been slaves elsewhere, are like other citizens of the United States, and have no more right in the Indian country than other citizens.

If this land is open to pre-emption settlement, it has been so ever since the treaty of 1866, with the Seminoles. Yet the government has never attached it to any land district, so that settlers could take the necessary preliminary step to perfect their titles. That it has not done so, shows how it has construed the treaty, which is a contract to which it is one of the parties. It is a matter of public notoriety that the Seminoles have similarly construed the treaty; and in this case, the construction upon which both parties to the treaty agree is the proper one to be adopted by the courts.

Treaties, like statutes, must be construed, if possible, to give them effect. The judge disposes of the claim that the right to pre-empt these lands is granted by a clause in a railroad charter. The supreme court has held that "whenever a tract of land has been appropriated to the public use, it has been severed from the mass of public domain, and subsequent laws of sale are not construed to embrace it, though they do not in terms express it." This land, having been reserved prior to the passage of the railroad grant and charter, and the charter being general in its terms, and not making any special reference to this land, cannot be held to embrace it. This railroad grant was what the counsel of Payne mainly relied on to sustain their case, but the law, as expounded by Judge Parker, seems to show that it was of no value whatever.

He next decides that the land is a part of the Indian Territory because, if it is not, the laws of the United States do not extend over it. Payne was therefore clearly an intruder by the law, and is liable for the penalty.

This exhaustive opinion puts a complete quietus upon all schemes for colonizing the Indian Territory until it shall be opened for settlement by the proper authorities. Especially does it deprive the Hon. J. Milton Turner of the advantages arising from a previous condition of servitude, and we trust the freedmen whom he is exhorting to follow him to Oklahoma will be advised in time. This is one of the instances in which the United States seems to have the power to observe its treaty and obligations with the Indian, and the finest of Indian reservations appears to be beyond the reach of raiders.

Globe Democrat.




Winfield Courier, JULY 7, 1881.

County Treasurer Harden has bought $3,000 of our county 7 percent bonds at par with accrued interest. This we learn from a letter addressed by Mr. Harden from Topeka to Capt. Hunt, our County clerk.

This proves that our position was correct, that our seven percents, are not, and have not been worth more than par in the market only as bulled by the rush of sending men east to buy them up. Had we rested quietly, we have not the least doubt that we should long ago have bought the $46,000 we were able to take, at par or less.






Winfield Courier, JULY 7, 1881.

At a temperance meeting in Winfield during the time that the prohibitory amendment was before the people, Judge Campbell made a very effective speech, declaring himself in favor of the amendment and pledging it his support. He was at that time a candidate for District Judge. Since then he has experienced a change of heart. He now esteems this measure so fraught with peril to the liberty of the people that he has become the "evangelist" of the liquor dealers, serving in their cause as attorney "without money and without price."

Has Judge Campbell become a living illustration in support of his most effective argument when a temperance speaker? He then said, in substance, that the great danger to the country under the then system of managing the liquor business was that it gave the saloon such supreme influence over a large class of citizens and voters, that when a man became a slave to his appetite for liquor he became the toady of the liquor seller, he felt obliged to laugh at all his stale jokes, and do his bidding at the polls, and that the worst calamity that could befall such a man in his own estimation was to offend the power which controlled what was the source of all his happiness on earth. Judge Campbell illustrated and amplified this in a most forcible manner.

He said in a courtroom recently that he had drank more liquor since May 1st than ever before in his life. Public opinion credits him with having been a perfectly fearless follower of his theory, that the people who use the most liquor are the most capable and efficient, before the first of May. It is possible that Judge Campbell has reached that point in his career as a drinking man when for the sake of making sure of the supply for this growing appetite he becomes the volunteer toady and advocate of the liquor interest? It looks a little as if in his missionary zeal he is about to become a living illustration of the danger resulting from the unrestrained traffic in liquor which he has himself pointed out to the people.




Winfield Courier, JULY 7, 1881.

On Tuesday last the jurors in the case of the state against Frank Manny, for selling intoxicating drink in violation of law, having been out fifteen hours and failing to agree, were discharged by the court, and a new trial of the case was set for Monday, July 18th.

As the case is still pending, we shall yet be chary with our comments, but may with propriety say that so long as the defense was a denial of such sales, the defendant was entitled to patient hearing of his defense, and all the advantages which the law will give any one accused, but when the defense assumes the position that the law ought to be treated with contempt. because of its alleged atrocity, it amounts to a confession that the law has been violated. It seemed that the defense did not rely much upon the facts of the case, but upon the skill of the attorneys in inventing, and urging, various kinds of motions, objections, and dodges, by which they might obtain a ruling which would keep out evidence.

Such objections, one after another, were sprung upon the prosecuting attorney and the court, with such bewildering persistency and energy, that it was hardly possible, among the multiplicity of correct rulings by the court, that they should not have extorted one bad ruling which would nearly accomplish their purpose.

We think the jurors should not have been discharged so soon, by at least three days, unless they agreed.

Justice Tansey evidently intended to make correct rulings in every instance, was honestly trying to support the law; but with such an overpowering array of legal talent, headed by the man whose opinion has been taken here for law for eight years, it is credited to him that his rulings were nearly all eminently correct. As we cannot speak near so favorably of some of the witnesses, and some of the jurors, we conclude by saying that it is the general verdict that the county attorney did himself proud.


MILLINGTON THEN HAS ANOTHER LONG EDITORIAL ABOUT "TRIAL BY JURY" AND VENTS HIS WRATH ABOUT THE PRESENT SYSTEM..."The jury system as existing under our laws and descended to us from a semi-barbarous age of castes, may now be called an institution by which law breakers may escape conviction and punishment." HE GOES ON AND ON! I SKIPPED.




JULY 7, 1881.

WASHINGTON, D. C., June 28. Instructions were mailed today from the Indian office to the United States Indian Agent Tufts, at Muskogee, Indian Territory, directing him how to proceed in the settlement of the trouble growing out of the threatened enforcement of the Choctaw and Chickasaw local permit-laws. Agent Tufts is directed; conformable with the decision of the attorney-general, to give notice to all parties interested that a reasonable time--say thirty days from July 1st--will be allowed, within which time they can make arrangements to comply with the Choctaw and Chickasaw permit-law or leave the country. Such as refuse or neglect within that period to take out the necessary permits, and who do not come within the excepted classes mentioned in the attorney general's opinion, will be directed to remove from the limits of the Indian country, using for this purpose such police force as he has at his disposal. Should the police force prove insufficient, he is directed to notify the department, in which event assistance will be furnished.

The letter concludes as follows.

"You will also perceive that, under the laws and treaties, the duty and power of removal of intruders resides in the department of the interior, and hence you, as a representative of the department subordinate to this office, will be expected to enforce most vigorously, yet as humanely as possible, in this respect."

Secretary Kirkwood today requested the secretary of war to direct the proper military command to render military aid to Agent Tufts should it be needed to secure the prompt removal of intruders.




Winfield Courier, JULY 7, 1881.

Rev. Fleming was in the city Thursday, and listened to the closing argument in the Manny trial.

Messrs. Tipton & O'Hare have formed a co-partnership in the practice of law. They will make a strong team.

Mr. C. C. Holland returned Tuesday from Silver Cliff, Colorado, where he has been servicing as principal of the schools.

MONEY TO LOAN: On improved farms, in sums of $300 and upwards, at the lowestrate of interest, by A. H. GREEN.

Mr. J. C. Franklin, formerly a resident of this city and who removed to Oakland, California, arrived Monday and will spend the summer with us.

The report was current Monday evening that Mr. J. B. Lynn was fatally injured on the road to Kansas City. He makes as lively a corpse as they have ever had on the road.

The Timber Creek bridge was not accepted by the board last week, owing to some defects in putting it together. Ten days were allowed the contractors for perfecting the work.

The commissioners met in regular session Tuesday morning and will finish their labors today. The business at the term will not be large. A full report will appear in next week's paper.

George Mann met with an accident on the 4th. He was wondering through Island Park rather late in the evening and collided with an old stump. He is still able to finger electricity.

News came to us that a man was killed at Oak Valley, Montgomery County, on the 4th for saying that Garfield's assassination was a good thing. He was shot to pieces by the infuriated people.

The Kansas City, Lawrence & Southern has put on a train which they call the "stock express." It is for the shipment of stock, and makes the run from here to Kansas City in eighteen hours. It leaves at 11:15 a.m.

Mr. W. H. Parmer, living across the Walnut south of town, lost a valuable Durham yearling during the last freshet. If anyone knows of the whereabouts of the animal, they will confer a favor on the owner by notifying him.

We received a pleasant call from Mr. W. H. Parmer, late of Fayette county, Ohio, last Tuesday. He brings considerable means which he will invest in Cowley county property and stock.

On the evening of July 4th a very severe accident happened to Mrs. Julie Conklin. She fell from her porch; and in falling, she struck on a loose stone, breaking her leg and dislocating her ankle. Owing to her age, the process of healing will necessarily be slow.

On Monday the many friends of J. C. Bennett were startled on receiving news of his death, at his home in Kansas City. He died of heart disease.

Mrs. Martha J. Darr, of Sheridan township, was brought before Judge Gans on charge of insanity Tuesday, but was discharged by the jury. Her affliction is caused by over work and is only temporary. She is the mother of five children and the family is respectable and hard-working.

Mrs. J. Paul met with quite a misfortune while visiting her brother-in-law at Joplin las week. Her trunk was broken open and a considerable amount of money together with her watch and other valuables were stolen. A burglar entered the house during the night and committed the theft.

And now Harry Foults comes to the front with a first class Fourth of July celebration of his own. It's a boy and was born on the evening of the fourth. Harry is very much tickled over the matter.

Judge Gans received notice Wednesday morning of the admission of Lizzie Milton to the insane asylum at Topeka. Deputy sheriff McIntire will leave with her Thursday. She has been under the care of Mrs. Margaret Winner for the past few days and has become greatly attached to her. Mrs. Winner has taken excellent care of the poor girl.

We learn, in a roundabout way, of the marriage of our old-time friend and schoolmaster, Scaughen Craig, at Leavenworth, some days ago. The fortunate lady in the case was Miss Emma Swift.

Mr. Geo. Schroeter has invested in another enterprise tht will be of much benefit to our citizens. Aside from furnishing time by bell, he has put up on the sidewalk in front of his jewelry store a stone column and pedestal in which is set two clocks, one registering Santa Fe time and the other K. C. L. & S. George's public spirit is commendable and he understands the principal that looking out for the wants of the public always brings its own reward.

Thursday morning Sheriff Shenneman brought in from her parent's home, near Cambridge, Miss Lizzie Milton, on a charge of insanity. Her trial was held before Judge Gans Thurday, and it was decided that she should be taken to the asylum. She had been ill with a fever and about two weeks ago showed symptoms of insanity. Our reporter visited her at the jail and found her very noisy, singing and talking incoherently. She is a bright, neat-appearing young lady, and it is to be hoped that medical treatment and the best of care will restore her to her right mind.




Winfield Courier, JULY 7, 1881.



When procession, over a mile long, arrived at Riverside Park, it found hundreds of wagons and teams, with their loads of people, already camped on the grounds.





Attendance: About 5,000.


The celebration at this park was very fine and interesting. Considerable crowds were present all day, but in the afternoon about 3 o'clock, the crowd was immense. The attractions were target practice, archery, baseball, swings, croquet, dancing floors, and many other sports and amusements. Captain Haight was present, with his artillery company in drill, and his two booming field pieces which awaked the echoes, at suitable times during the day.

In the evening some of our citizens witnessed some disgusting, barbarian performances, by the Kaw Indians, at the opera house.

Taken together, the day passed off well, with suitable exercises in the main, the demonstrations being subdued, and toned down by the news from Washington.




JULY 7, 1881.

Charles Colson, foreman of the section hands stationed near the summit of the Flint Hills divide near the eastern line of this county on the K. C. L. & S. railroad, was terrible, probably fatally injured by a hand car last Friday morning, caused by an obstruction placed upon the track by some scoundrelly assassin, for the purpose of wrecking the morning train going east.

Colson with his hands started early in the morning, to repair a culvert a mile or two east, before the train should arrive; and in passing around a curve in a cut rapidly on a hand car, they suddenly encountered a pile of rock placed carefully on the track so as to surely throw the train in the ravine.

The collision threw the hands forward upon the track and the car struck and passed over them, wounding the foreman in the most terrible manner, cutting through the flesh on the upper part of the thigh and stripping it to the bone downward a distance of more than twelve inches.

He was taken to Grenola and Dr. Mendenhall of that place has been attending him. He has borne his dreadful calamity and distress in the most heroic manner. It is possible that he may recover, but his chances are still against it. The hands received less serious injuries.

Efforts have been made to discover the scoundrel or scoundrels who perpetrated the deed, but so far without success. Had they succeeded as they intended, probably several lives would have been lost and many would have been seriously injured.




Winfield Courier, July 7, 1881.

The following contributions have been made for the benefit of the cyclone sufferers of Floral.

New Salem $60.45; Burdenville $59.05; Little Dutch and Rock $43.70; Star School House $7.10. Total: $170.30.

This amount has been deposited in M. L. Read's bank by Rev. C. P. Graham and a check given by the same to the treasurer appointed at the Winfield meeting in the interest of the Floral sufferers. On behalf of Mr. Graham, who received the contributions, we hereby extend our many thanks to the good people of the several localities for their marked liberality toward the needy and suffering.






Winfield Courier, JULY 7, 1881.


Mr. Miller was then asked what he had drank at Manny's. He stated that he had called for "ginger" and that he probably got what he called for. That it was about the color of barn-yard drainage, that he had bought a quart, and had paid twenty cents for it, that he had never become intoxicated on it, and had never drank more than two glasses at a time. He was then asked when he had heard that "ginger" was being sold there.

The defense objected, but the objection was overruled. The witness then said that it was about the middle of May. He stated that he had never seen anyone become intoxicated on this drink. That he lived several hundred feet from the brewery; that it had about the same effect as lemonade.

Mr. Jochems was then called. He had been at Manny's brewery twice since the first of May. The defense then objected on the ground that the prosecution should confine itself to the sale already proven and the point was ably argued by Mr. Asp. Mr. Troup assisting the state, spoke for ten minutes, and Mr. Asp closed the argument. The objection was sustained and the court held the prosecution to the sale proven to Miller and allowed to introduce testimony to prove the drink known as "ginger" was intoxicating, providing no date or other sale than the one made to Miller was fixed by date. Mr. Jochems then testified that he had drank "ginger" and that it produced no effect on him.


was then called. He testified that he had been to Manny's with a friend; that the friend had bought "ginger" and they both drank it. That he thought it was intoxicating; that it had effected him and had considerably intoxicated his friend; that it looked like beer.


Mr. Dewey stated that he had drank "ginger" at Manny's; that it had no effect on him; that he noticed symptoms of intoxication upon the friend who went with him; that the friend had a half pint bottle of liquid; that he procured a bottle at the brewery.


swore that he had been at Manny's brewery and had drank "ginger" there. Only one glass because he was afraid it would make him tight. Looked like beer; didn't taste like beer; saw another party intoxicated.


Testified that he had drank "ginger" at Manny's which looked like beer, but had not much foam, and made him tight. Was there several times, first at about nine o'clock, was not intoxicated when first went, was not intoxicated much at any time.

Cross examination: Drank ginger. Had drank nothing else that day but a dose of medicine put up by Dr. Cole for flat bottle. I took two swallows during the day; kept it in my side pocket. Did not give it to anyone during the day; offered to trade my watch for a pony, and do not think I offered any man a drink from bottle. Had bottle of "ginger" which I got from Manny and man drank from. Was not positive was at brewery three times. Think two of us drank quart or half gallon, went to brewery second time. Did not know whether he got dinner or not. Stayed at brewery longer third time than first times. Think drank more than at other times. Was intoxicated that day. Got in that condition about nine o'clock, and do not think can recall all that happened. Others afterward recalled things that I had said and done that I knew nothing of. Felt next day all used up and knew I had been drunk. Was arrested that day for being drunk. Had trial before Justice Kelly. Has no interest in case. Has been offered no consideration to testify in case. Got medicine from Dr. Fleming instead of Dr. Cole. Is in the habit of drinking intoxicating liquor to some extent. Had no other bottle except medicine and bottle of "ginger" and drank nothing but "ginger that day."


was then called. The defense then introduced the objection that the prosecution had introduced all the witnesses necessary to prove the character of the liquor known as "ginger." This objection was made on Tuesday and overruled by the court. The court again overruled the objection. The witness stated that he was familiar with the location of Manny's brewery, that it was located on the east side of section 21, township 42, range 4.

Cross examination: Was not surveyed; had never found corners. Did not know whether brewery was in frame or stone building. Was familiar with records of county; had seen in register's office. Had examined records in relation to this particular tract.


had obtained from Mr. Manny a drink known as "ginger." Color dark red, darker than beer. Did not know whether it was intoxicating or not. Had no effect upon him. Had drank three or four glasses at once. Had drank beer but had no effect on him. Did not know whether "ginger" was fermented liquor or not. Did not know what fermented liquor was. Had foam like beer. Went out to brewery because wanted something to drink. "Ginger" was not a common drink.

Cross examination: Had foam something like cider or soda water.


had been to Manny's. Thinks it was near the Walnut. Had drank "ginger." Was a kind of "maroon" color. Darker than beer. Did not know whether it was fermented or not. Had no effect on his system. As compared with water for quenching, its effect was about the same. May have stimulated to a slight extent. Had taken two or three glasses at once. There was quite a number there with him. Has never seen anyone in or about Manny's brewery intoxicated since the 1st of May.


has obtained "ginger" at Manny's. Was a pleasant drink. Dark color. Had color of beer. Don't know whether it was fermented or not. Never drank enough to know whether it was intoxicating or not. Had drank two glasses at once. Did not think he could drink enough to intoxicate him.


was called and stated that he had been at Manny's, had obtained "ginger" from him. Pretty fair drink. Looks some like lager or Peruvian beer. Does not taste like beer. Does not know whether it was intoxicating or not. Had drank two or three glasses. Had never seen anyone intoxicated in or about Manny's.


had been to Manny's. Had drank "ginger" there. Look some like Peruvian beer. Had foam on it. Did not know whether it was intoxicating or not. Had seen persons under the influence of something in and about Manny's.

Cross examination: Though Peruvian beer was slightly fermented to make it sparkle and foam. Re-examined by the state. Had about same effect as a glass of ice-water.

The state here rested its case. The defense also rested without introducing a witness.

The court then instructed the jury as follows:

The court instructs the jury that the question in this case is whether the sale made to Dan Miller about the 20th day of May, 1881, was a sale of liquor that would produce intoxication, and the burden is upon the prosecution to establish that the liquor was intoxicating liquor and this must be done by the evidence to the satisfaction of the jury beyond a reasonable doubt. The burden is upon the state to show that the liquor sold to Miller was an intoxicating liquor and that it was not sold for mechanical, medicinal, or scientific purposes, that the sale was made at the place described in the complaint.

The defendant is presumed innocent until he is proven guilty, and the state is required to make out each particular and material point in the case to the satisfaction of the jury beyond a reasonable doubt; and if, upon the whole of the evidence, both direct and circumstantial, there is a reasonable doubt of guilt, the jury should acquit.

The argument of the state was opened by Mr. Beach in a general review of the evidence. He was followed by Judge Soward who made an able argument extending over an hour and a half, containing many excellent points. M. G. Troup followed with an hour, Judge Campbell with an hour and a half, and Attorney Jennings closed.

The jury remained out all night and till late the next day when, having failed to agree, they were discharged by the court. The ballot stood seven for conviction and five for acquittal.




Winfield Courier, JULY 7, 1881.

Look out for mad dogs! Some of our dogs have been bitten by a stray dog, which was supposed to be mad.

Samuel Murry has been on the sick list all spring.

Silver Creek has been on a boom the first time for two years.

A new boarder has come to Wm. Summerville's to stay twenty-one years.

Ben Mead, of Indiana, visited at this place and says he likes the country around here as well as any part of the county.

George T. Wilson is preparing to move his stock of goods twenty rods west of McGuire's building at Tisdale.

A. Weimer had a runaway scrape and broke up his buggy considerably.

The merchant at Tisdale has adopted the cash system. He says no money, no goods.

Levi Luke says that he has invented perpetual motion, but says he cannot time the machine.

R. H. Moor has been on the sick list this summer. Trouble, heart disease.




Winfield Courier, JULY 7, 1881.

Married July 3rd, A. D. 1881, by Rev. P. B. Lee, at his residence in Vernon Township, Cowley County, Kansas, Mr. Ed. E. White and Miss Mary E. Freeman.




Winfield Courier, JULY 14, 1881 - FRONT PAGE.

Though but a few months have passed since the Santa Fe railroad has opened up a vast region that was practically three years ago a terra incognita in settlement and the civilization of the nineteenth century, yet, already hundreds of letters have been sent back by the new settler and traveler, and New Mexico letters have become almost as common as country correspondents.

While New Mexico is not by any means "written up," yet correspondents have gone so often over the same ground that the victimized reader looks with a great deal of suspicion upon one of these letters.

My late trip was made mostly for pleasure. I went to see, and as I traveled only during daylight, I had unusual opportunities of gratifying that sense. I visited some localities out of the beaten track, and I may be able to make a letter of the same kind.

At LA JUNTA (pronounced La Hoonta) I corrected my first wrong impression. I thought the road branched at Pueblo 63 miles farther west. La Junta is where the main line diverges and goes southwest over the Raton mountains. From Trinidad, Colorado, we crawled up the mountains at an inclined plain of 180 feet to the mile, and near the top plunged through a tunnel 2,000 feet in length, and came to light of day in New Mexico. Through this rocky gate we enter into the old civilization that Cortez--nay, older; that of those mysterious people whom the Aztecs found in possession and conquered.

At a little past noon, we glided into the city of LAS VEGAS.

Here are two towns, the new representing American thrift and enterprise and the old representing the life and habits of people who lived as they did hundreds of years ago. I am interested in the old and as I step across the stream that separates the two towns, I find to me, a new, strange, and interesting civilization. The first place I visit is the church of Madse de Dolores. There is one nice custom about all these old Catholic churches, and that is, the door stands open and the worshiper and sight-seer are always welcome. An old sexton, bowed down with the weight of many years, greets me and gives such information as he can.

I am much interested in a cross that I see back of the town and after much questioning, I gained its history. It was erected by a queer sect, an offshoot from the Roman Catholic church called the PENITENTS. They inhabit a cluster of adobe shanties on the road to Las Vegas called The Placita, meaning little village, and belonged to an order of Flagellants. Ordinarily they conduct themselves like other people of their race; but whenever one of them has committed a sin, he scourges himself and others scourge him in proportion to this transgression.

During Passion week the whole community crawl on their bare knees over sharp stones some six miles from their village to this cross, and there lash themselves with the terrible thoray cactus until the blood runs in streams down their lacerated backs.

This cross is not very old and dates its origin from the time when a member of this order of Flagellants, who was an actor, came to Las Vegas to die. He refused to accept the sacrament from the present presiding priest and when his friends came to bury him, the priest refused his services and would not let him be placed in consecrated ground, whereupon he was buried outside the pale of the church; and the Pentitents thereupon erected this cross with this legend thereon: "Jesus by the shedding of his blood on Calvary, was consecrated for the whole world." This cross and inscription justifies this very peculiar sect in their estimation for their scourging, and is also a protest against the exclusiveness of the Roman church.

On my return from the church, I saw a number of Mexicans manufacturing adobe. They are made of common earth, straw, and water; and are cast in moulds 18 inches long, 9 inches broad, and 4 inches thick, and then dried in the sun. It is a perfect non-conductor and the best form of building material conceivable for the Territory. With cement, plaster, and paint, it can be rendered as handsome as brick or stone.

After leaving Las Vegas, I was much interested in watching STARVATION ROCK, and hearing an account of the tragedy that gave it such an ominous title. The "rock" itself is 1,125 feet above the railroad track; its sides are practically covered with pine, and a vast escarpment--240 feet of perpendicular stone--renders it inaccessible excepting at a narrow pass on the east side. From the railroad cars it is in sight for more than an hour, and at the closest point good eyes can discern a number of corners. The top is an elevated plain or mesa that embraces thirty acres. In 1848 a company of Mexicans was attacked by a largely superior force of Indians and fled to the summit of this rock, where they kept the Indians from coming up; but the latter knew a better game, and they kept the Mexicans from coming down, and the entire company of Mexicans perished from thirst and starvation. The rock, decorated with its little crosses, is both grave and


My next resting place was ALBUQUERQUE, which is the initial point of the Atlantic and Pacific railroad; and the railroad is already 200 miles on its way to San Francisco. This road forms part of the Santa Fe system. Shops, warehouses, and offices are now being built at this thriving place.

Like Las Vegas, Albuquerque is composed of an old and new town, which are united by a line of street railway; but unlike its rival, the new town here is immensely in advance of the old. Building, business, and speculation of every kind is at fever heat. Lots purchased today are sold at a big advance in less than a month. A would be purchaser is staggered when told that the price of such a business lot is $2,000; but at the end of a month, he is mad because he did not buy, for it has been sold for $2,500.

In less than an hour, I fully realized that Albuquerque was a "red-hot-town." The town was all stirred up over the arrest of the celebrated Allison gang, a band of thieves and murderers. I felt more than unusually interested, for Lewis Perkins, one of the gang, was a Cowley county boy. For Allison the reward was $2,500, and all gang members had just been captured and were under guard at a livery stable.

While standing here making inquiries, I heard the report of a revolver, quickly followed by a dozen other shots, and then the rapid running of a man telling the guards to get ready as a party of desperadoes were about to attempt a rescue of the prisoners. As I was not traveling on my fighting qualities, I made myself safe in another direction. The cause of the difficulty was a stray pistol shot. The marshal heard it and ordered the man whom he thought fired "to hold up his hands," and before the man could turn, the marshal commenced firing and killed him in his tracks. The man was a Kansas carpenter by the name of Campbell, and was unarmed.

On Monday morning upwards of 200 mechanics attended the funeral, and I was in hopes of seeing that marshal hanged, but the job was delayed. This was the second man he had killed in three months, but the people excused him for the first murder because the victim was "a bad man."

Here as everywhere else in New Mexico, I found lots of Winfield men. Some are traveling, others are in business, and many others working at their trades; but wherever I saw them, they were all doing well. The universal report was that when they made their "stake," they were coming back to Winfield to live.

Our town is widely known through the enterprise of its merchants. As a supply point for butter, eggs, poultry, and vegetables, Winfield today is sending more of these products into New Mexico than any other city. In groceries and commission houses, it appeared to me that at least two-thirds of all the boxes and pails carrying such goods bore the familiar imprint of J. P. Baden or Spotswood & Snyder. I will have more to say about this trade in my closing letter.

I commenced with the intention of making but one letter; but my visit to the Black Range and Old Mexico will require another. Up to this point my companion had been Dr. Mendenhall, but to my sorrow he was obliged to return home from Albuquerque and I completed the trip alone.





Winfield Courier, JULY 14, 1881.

A Bad Looking Affair.

Possibly $3,000 Drawn From the County Treasury Wrongfully.


A short time since it was suggested to us that the records of the County clerk's office, whowing the census of 1878, had been manipulated. We scouted the idea as absurd, but finally went to the records and examined them for ourselves. We carefully examined the census returns of the several township assessors for the year 1878, carefully footed the columns, and examined the summary of footings of the various townships made by the clerk on the regular record for such purpose. We found large discrepancies. The summary shows the total population of the county to have been 15,390, while a careful footing of the assessors' returns shows the population to have been 14,555: a difference of 835.

It appeared to us that most of the township assessors had reported without footing their returns; but all had been ffooted correctly by someone in the clerk's office, with the possible exception of Bolton. But over the correct footings for Cedar, 343; Rock Creek, 833; Tisdale, 621; had been written other figures making them read "Cedar, 443; Rock Creek, 933; and Tisdale, 721." The footing of Silverdale had been changed from 494 to 547; and there appeared two footings for Bolton: 756 and 868. We think the correct footing for Bolton is 766.

In the general summary the largest of the above numbers were transcribed; and Beaver 584 was transcribed 684, Omnia 229 was transcribed 279, Otter 575 was transcribed 675, Vernon 655 was transcribed 755, and Windsor 648 was transcribed 678, making changes altogether to the amount of 835.

All this work was evidently done before May 30, 1878, for on that date the COURIER published a copy of the above summary just as it now appears with the exception that in the COURIER one "9" is turned wrong end up and makes it a "6".

Considering that we understood the law to be that if the census of the county for 1878 amounted to over 15,000, it would raise the clerk's salary $500 for one year, the treasurer's salary $1,000 a year for two years, the County attorney's salary $250 for one year, and the School Superintendent's salary $250 for one year, we were amazed, excited, and grieved at the appearance of things.

We went to the ex-treasurer with it and he was evidently really shocked. He had been told that Cedar township was summarized 100 too much and had ascertained it to be true; but it did not affect anything, and appeared to be an accidental error. He says: "If he has any money from the county which does not rightfully and legally belong to him, he don't want it and will not keep it."

After having carefully examined the matter, we concluded it was our duty to demand an investigation, however much it might damage even our best friends. It will give all a chance to explain what they know about it, get at the facts, and the interests of the county therein.

We called the attention of the Chairman of the Board of County Commissioners to this matter last Saturday. He was astonished and excited, and determined to investigate at once. He examined the matter at the clerk's office and sent the County Attorney to do so too. He has called a meeting of the commissioners to investigate and determine what to do in the premises.

We are aware that the township trustees, or at least some of them, have been quite lax in taking these statistics each year. We do not doubt that there were more than 15,000 inhabitants in the county in 1878; but that fact does not seem to have been ascertained in a legal way. We know of no authority to doctor the census returns of the trustees.

We have not the slightest doubt that the neglect of the Census takers this year has cut down the salary of the County clerk $500; but he stands it, for he has already made up and published a summary made in exact accord with the trustees' returns.

We are aware that the above will create excitement and indignation; but we would caution our readers to patiently await developments, to prejudge no one, and not to assume that there was a conspiracy. We feel very confident that there was none.




Winfield Courier, JULY 14, 1881.

Commissioner Gale assures us that the books, papers, and records in the County Clerk's office are in much better condition than they ever were before. He says that Captain Hunt understands his work perfectly; is careful, painstaking, accurate, and obliging, and, above all, honest beyond the shadow of a doubt. This was not news to us, but we were pleased that the chairman of the board is observing things carefully in this direction.




Winfield Courier, JULY 14, 1881.

Conductor McBeth passed last Sunday in this city, and said to a Wellingtonian reporter, "It was shameful and cowardly in the Caldwell Post and Winfield COURIER, to attack a man without warning, as they have attacked me. They did not want to hear my side of the story, which would have put an entirely different face on the matter. I am acting under instructions of the General Superintendent, and any violation of the same will cause my discharge; and I cannot afford to take the bread from my wife and children to oblige the public. Wellingtonian.

Mr. McBeth is reminded that we did not give his name, but suggested that the case might look different when the conductors told their story, and our columns were open for their side. The COURIER is reputed to be extremely careful to avoid injustice to anyone, giving all a chance to be set right. He has no grounds of complaint against us, unless he denies us the right to comment upon alleged wrongs in the community, a right which we shall insist on for it is just what we are here for.




Winfield Courier, JULY 14, 1881.

The local Land Office has just received instructions requiring a return to the old practice, under the pre-emption laws, in the disposal of the Osage Trust and Diminished Reserve lands. The change is probably occasioned by the numerous fraudulent entries recently made and attempted. Hereafter, parties who have not already done so must file declaratory statements within three months from date of settlement, and proof and payment must be made within six months from date of filing. A residence of not less than six months will be required. Parties must advertise notice of intention to make proofs as in other pre-emption cases. The privilege of paying in installments has not been changed.

It is suggested that the newspapers published on the Osage Lands will confer a marked favor upon their readers by publishing the foregoing facts.



Winfield Courier, [AD: JULY 14, 1881.]



Tisdale Cash Store.

Coal Oil, per gallon ........................ .25

Standard Syrup, per gallon .................. .70

XXXX Flour, per 100 lbs. .................... 2.90

XXX Flour, per 100 lbs. ..................... 2.60

8 lbs. Granulated Sugar ..................... 1.00

9 lbs. Coffee Sugar ......................... 1.00

1 lb. Tobacco ............................... .60

Heavy Plow Shoes ............................ 1.50

Heavy Plow Shoes - Still Heavier ............ 1.65

Ladies' Side-Lace Shoes ..................... 1.40

Ladies' Front-Lace Shoes .................... 1.35

6 lbs. Good Coffee .......................... 1.00

14 yards Good Calico ........................ 1.00

Butter and eggs taken in exchange for goods.




Winfield Courier, JULY 14, 1881.

F. M. Freeland is home again.

Two farms to rent by R. B. Waite.

Watermelons have appeared on our streets.

Mr. Rhodes' new building begins to show up finely.

Mr. Gridley's new building is progressing finely.

100 cords of wood wanted by W. W. Green, Winfield, for burning brick.

C. A. Bliss is off to Eureka Springs. Mrs. Bliss will return with him.

Capt. Steuvens had his face badly burned by his fireworks on the fourth.

Mrs. Boyer and Mrs. Root are visiting their father's family at McPherson.

Messrs. Tipton and O'Hare have formed a partnership in the law business.

Henry Brown's new drug store will soon be completed, and is an ornament to the city.

Miss Sadie French, who has been at Olathe, Kansas, visiting her parents, returned last week.

A little child of Jack Hart died on Sunday afternoon and was taken to Dexter for burial.

Quincy Glass and Dr. Vawter have organized an archery club. Mr. Glass is a crack marksman.

Mr. Lew Harter appears again on our streets, having been some weeks in Texas and New Mexico.

Mrs. Humphries, of Texas, who is visiting her parents at Oxford, was in town on Friday of last week.

Al Requa has fitted up the room next door of Graham's meat market, as an offfice for his transfer business.

Commissioner Bullington left for a visit to Edmonton, Kentucky, Monday morning. He will be absent about eight weeks.

Will Smith is happy in the possession of a mother, sister, and aunt, who have recently come to this city, we believe to stay.

Capt. S. C. Smith has left for the wilds and coasts of Maine to rusticate in the sea breezes and mountain zephyrs during the heated term.

The Brettun House, in this city, the grandest hotel in Kansas, will be completed, furnished, and ready for business in about twenty days.

Joseph McMillen, of New Salem, made us a pleasant call on Monday and entertained us with an interesting account of things in his vicinity.

The new building of Wallis & Wallis is nearly completed, and will soon be occupied with their stock of groceries. It is a substantial structure.

Messrs. A. Shinn & Son are selling a large amount of grocery stock this season to our farmers. They are putting in an excellent grade of stock.

Mr. A. T. Spotswood has purchased the Will Baird residence, on Twelfth avenue. Judge Baird has also purchased lots in this locality, and will erect a residence during the summer.

U. S. Commissioner Lovell H. Webb had a case before him last week for selling liquor without complying with the revenue laws. The defendant was Riley, an Arkansas City druggist.

It is real nice now to go north and east by the Santa Fe road. We have a fine parlor car on this branch from Arkansas City to Mulvane, and then a Horton reclining chair car from there to Kansas City.

Mr. Theodore Wright, of Pleasant Valley township, brought in a load of his new wheat Saturday. It is plump, good color, and yields 22 bushels per acre. It was grown on the Mackeral place on Posey creek.

The commissioners made a slight change in the commissioners' districts. Beaver township was taken from the First District and attched to the Second; and Otter was taken from the Second and attached to the Third District.

Dr. and Mrs. Emerson and daughter, Caro, have returned from New York, where they have been for several weeks. They went by way of the Lakes, making a very pleasant trip. The Doctor is looking quite hearty after his summer's vacation.

Winfield Courier, July 14, 1881.

Daniel Read is working seven hands on the stone work of his store at Floral, and the walls will be rebuilt next week. He is working hard to recover from the ruin of the cyclone, and will be in full operation, with a full stock of goods, in a few weeks.

Mr. and Mrs. Pearl Conklin, of Kingman, and Mr. and Mrs. Stanley Conklin, of Atchison, came in last Friday to visit their mother, who was so badly hurt last week. We are glad to note that Mrs. Conklin is getting along nicely, although it will be weeks before she will be about again.

Commissioner Harbaugh threshed his wheat Monday. It shows the most remarkable results yet heard of, turning out a little over thirty-one bushels per acre. Mr. Harbaugh is one of the best farmers in the county and his crops almost always show up well. As the threshing goes on, the yield shows up better and better.

An old gentleman by the name of Wheeler was prostrated by the sun Monday. He is here alone and friendless, and is in a very deplorable condition. The city officers were notified and had him removed to the poor-house. He says he has been a resident of Leavenworth, Kansas, for thirty years and was formerly in the bakery business there.

Under instructions of the Hon. Commissioner of the General Land Office, soldiers on the Osage Indian Trust and Diminished Reserve Lands will be required to comply with the pre-emption law in regard to residence, filing and giving notice of intention to make proof. Hereafter, no entries will be allowed until notice by publication has been given.


A rumor comes from Colorado that our Winfield friends have had an Indian scare. It seems that word came from Durango that the Indians were on the war path, and danger was ahead, so at Rico, the women and children were gathered together and all the older men stood guard about them, while the young ones, including the Peace boys, marched gallantly forth to subdue the enemy, which proved to be one small Indian, one Mexican, and a tiny burro. No lives were lost!


We wonder why the bell ringers at the Presbyterian church and courthouse don't do their duty. They don't ring their bells half of the time. We have even known one of them to stop ringing in an hour and a half after commencing. But, to be serious about it, we don't wonder the bell ringers look thin and worn with continued out work. It seems to be their rule to ring as long as they have strength enough left to pull the cord. We rather like a moderate amount of bell ringing. The fire bell never rings more than twelve strokes at a time and is real nice. We could stand twelve strokes at a time and even up to twenty-five from the other bells without grumbling; but when they both get to going at a time on a Sunday evening, and vie with each other to see which will hold out the longest, we feel so wicked that there is no use for us to go to church. But we have a plan by which we can fix one of them.


Mr. E. W. Wolsey, of Harvey township, called on us Monday. He has on hand 800 Missouri sheep, which are doing well. They sheared five pounds of wool to the head, which sold for 20 cents. He also had an increase of 350 lambs. From these two sources he is deriving a splendid profit. He is grading his flock with fine Merino rams, and will have one of the choicest flocks. Corn is doing splendidly in his township, but wheat was rather thin.


Mr. Sam Berger threshed ten acres of his wheat last week. It yielded 267 bushels, or 26-7/10 bushels per acre, and Sam says it is the finest wheat he has ever raised. Jake Weakly has also threshed, with a yield of 28 bushels per acre.


Our home markets are active this week with stock and produce in good demand. Sales of new wheat are being made at 80 cents per bushel. Hogs from from $44.50 to $5.00 per hundred. Wool is selling at 18 to 20 cents per pound. Produce, butter, and eggs are in active demand.


Gen. A. H. Green is now issuing the seventh edition of his "Real Estate News." It will be one of his largest editions and will contain much new matter of interest to the land buyer and home seeker. We have seen most of the matter and can commend it as reliable.


The many friends of Justin and Joe D. Porter will be glad to learn that they are doing well in their new home. Justin has a position in a wholesale hat and cap house, while Joe is at working editing type in the office of the Omaha Bee.


Farmers who have threshed inform us that their yield is showing up much better than expected. We have reports of 20, 22, and as high as 28 bushels per acre, and few of the good fields have been threshed as yet.


The old maid who said she would marry any man if he was rich even if he were so homely she had to scream every time she looked at him, must have seen C. C. Harris since he has had his head "mowed."


Mrs. James A. Lang left on last Tuesday for Eureka Springs, Arkansas, where she will remain while Mr. Lang goes to New York. On his return they will go to Colorado for the summer.




Winfield Courier, JULY 14, 1881.

J. C. Roberts, Trustee of Walnut Township, called on us last Thursday, and invited us to go along and see the new bridge, while they examined the structure for final acceptance. We soon found ourself at the bridge, where were the treasurer and clerk of the township, Messrs. Blanchard and Joel Mack; Col. Bullen, of Leavenworth, the contractor, and his brother, J. G. Bullen; S. E. Burger, and a few others. We did not go as an expert, so our opinion was not given and did not count, but we were much pleased with the bridge. It appeared to us to be thoroughly well constructed, and a complete bridge in every particular. It is a beautiful bridge, of a hundred feet span, on abutments far above high-water mark.

We came back, and all took some lemonade, at Col. Bullen's expense. Then the parties sat down in the COURIER office and settled up, and the board paid for the bridge. A great deal of work has been done by Robert Weakley, S. E. Burger, George Brown, and others, to get up an interest, get the necessary legislation, and the necessary subscriptions. The Township Board have spent their time, and used the greatest care to make the bridge perfect in every respect, and have attended to their work faithfully. The people most interested give them full credit and grateful thanks.

This bridge is of much importance to Winfield in many respects, and the efforts of those whose exertions have secured the bridge will be appreciated.




Winfield Courier, JULY 14, 1881.

The Board of County Commissioners, at their last session, transacted business as follows.

Approved the road reports in the R. S. Wells, J. M. Bair, and Daniel Mahar road cases, and granted the petition of Dr.l Cunningham for a section line road.

They appointed viewers on the S. H. Sparks, Hallet Mathews, J. H. Rhems, and M. D. Goodnight road petitions.

The Julia A. Gilleland road was dismissed and the principal petitioner ordered to pay the costs.

Approved the official bonds of B. Fawcett, M. T. Hall, W. L. Dougherty, and J. H. Bilsing.

M. L. Read and J. C. McMullen were appointed a committee to assist the Probate Judge in counting the funds in the hands of the County Treasurer.

They remitted taxes for M. J. Gilkey and J. D. Pryor, and correctes several erroneous tax sales of school lands.

The commissioner districts were changed by taking Beaver township from District No. 1, and adding to District No. 2, and taking Otter township from District No. 2, and adding to District No. 3.

The Board also succeeded in getting possession of the balance of the lots in the Court House block, purchasing five lots from Mrs. Millington for $450; four lots from Mr. Fuller for $300, and one lot from Mr. Manning for $135, the City of Winfield on certain conditions, donating its lots. The city is to deed the two lots and jail to the county, which completes the block.

The above lots, bought at $90 each, would sell readily at $150 each, to other parties.




Winfield Courier, JULY 14, 1881.

Frank Manny was again arrested last Friday: this time for maintaining a nuisance, under the prohibitory law, which makes the keeping a place where intoxicating liquors are sold, a public nuisance, to be suppressed by due process, and the keeper thereof fined not less than one hundred dollars.

Saturday a jury was impaneled, consisting of W. C. Garvey, W. C. Robinson, D. F. Long, Frank Weakley, W. W. Limbocker, Jacob Seiley, J. J. Plank, ____ Smith, A. H. Doane, Ed. Burnett, John Moffit, and T. J. Harris. This jury is a strong one, which could be depended upon for an intelligent and just verdict.

The case was set for hearing on Monday morning. On that morning Mr. Manny was arrested five times, successively, on different complaints for selling intoxicating drinks in violation of law.

This began to look more like a tornado than like a little squall, and the defendant was inclined to compromise. It was finally agreed that he should confess judgment on the nuisance complaint, and judgment be entered up against him, with a fine of $100, which he should pay, and also pay all the costs of the seven cases against him, close his place of sale, and abide the law, when the six other cases would be dismissed.

We have no unkind feelings against Mr. Manny, but the law must be enforced, whoever it may hurt. He stood in a position that, if others violated the law, it would be charged to him. Now others will have to stand on their own merits, and cannot shuffle off on him.




Winfield Courier, JULY 14, 1881.

The officers and directors of the M. E. Kansas State Association have selected Winfield as the place for holding their next State Camp Meeting. It is to begin August 10th, and continue until August 21st. It will bring a large number of people from a distance, who will spend from one to twelve days in our city, and it stands us in hand to do our part, toward providing for the comfort of those attending the meeting. The grounds provided cannot be surpassed in the State. Our city contains improvements that we are proud to have citizens from a distance to inspect; and we wish everyone who comes among us to carry away with him a kindly feeling toward our city, our county, and our people. This is a matter in which every citizen is interested, and to succeed, a feeling of harmony and united action is necessary. Let everyone make himself, or herself, a committee of one to help push the matter forward; and when the meeting is over, let all who attended be able to truthfully say that this meeting has been a grander success than any heretofore held. Let us all pull together in this matter.




Winfield Courier, JULY 14, 1881.

This professional gentleman skipped out on Saturday night last in an extremely discreditable manner. Besides being largely indebted to everybody whom he could induce to trust, he has taken with him important papers belonging to applicants for pensions, whose business with the Department he was pretending to transact. Newspaper men, far and near, are among his victims, and we hope they will pass him around freely, and possibly prevent his swindling another community in the same manner. Telegram.




Winfield Courier, JULY 14, 1881.

JULY 11, 1881.

EDITOR COURIER: I notice in your paper of the 7th inst., a report that a man was killed at Oak Valley, Montgomery county, on the 4th of July, for saying Garfield's assassination was a good thing. Now there are two mistakes I wish you to correct. First, there was no man killed at Oak Valley. There was a man shot and slightly wounded by his boys accidentally. Second, Oak Valley is not in Montgomery county nor any other herd law county, but in a county where stock, Christians, and Infidels are allowed their freedom; and the name of that county is Elk.

Yours respectfully,





Winfield Courier, JULY 14, 1881.

Board of county commissioners met in regular session. Present: G. L. Gale, H. Harbaugh, and L. BB. Bullington, commissioners, and F. S. Jennings, County attorney, and J. S. Hunt, County clerk.



E. C. MANNING, LOT 12, BLOCK 100 ... $125.00


Article about courthouse getting lands must pertain to these two items...there were no other items showing legal description like above...MOST INTERESTING! ARTICLE SAID MRS. MILLINGTON OWNED THE LOTS SOLD FOR $450.00...THIS SHOWS THAT MR. MILLINGTON OWNED THE LOTS.