Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.



One of the most complete and successful surprises that ever occurred in this vicinity took place at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. W. C. Douglass on the evening of January 25th, it being their tenth wedding anniversary, and their friends gave them a surprise tin wedding. About seven o=clock in the evening, as Mr. Douglass and lady were entertaining a friend, and discussing the events of ten years ago, their home was surprised and taken by a company of twenty-two of their friends, and the bride and groom of ten years made prisoners in their own castle, and after the usual greetings, and the company had become seated, severl packages were deposited on the center-table, and Mrs. Theadore Pixley addressed the bride and groom elect for the evening. Mr. and Mrs. Douglass then stepped forward; and for the first time began to realize the object of the meeting, when Mrs. Pixley delivered her short address and presented the packages. Mr. Douglass thanked their friends for so kindly remembering them on their tenth wedding anniversary. Prof. Hall then gave a toast on tin weddings, and Mrs. Pixley presented Mr. and Mrs. Douglass with a letter from friends in Illinois, which divulged the fact that a portion of the presents were from friends far away, and that they had taken an active part in this surprise through the instrumentality of Mrs. Bovee, and had sent a share of the presents that were then shining so brightly in the lamp light by her. The company after enjoying themselves for a couple of hours at games and different kinds of amusements, were invited by the ladies to take tea and cake, and their baskets were brought forth well filled, and the host and hostess were invited to sip with them. After supper the company dispersed, wishing the bride and groom of ten years many returns of their wedding anniversary. The following are the names of parties giving, and a list of the presents.

Mr. and Mrs. Thorp, of Kirkwood, Illinois, vegetable dipper and salt cup.

Miss Dora Thorp, of Kirkwood, Illinois, tin plate.

The following person sent presents from Bigwill, Illinois:

Miss M. C. Porter, coffee-strainer.

Miss Maggie Reil, cake cutter.

Mr. Earnest Gilmore, tin cup.

Mrs. Mattie Bell, small gem pans.

Miss Tobitha Jemison, match safe.

Mrs. E. Stean, nutmeg grater.

Miss Laura B. McGaw, pepper box.

The following presents were received from New Salem friends.

Mr. and Mrs. Earnest Johnson, fruit pan and cooky cutter.

Mr. and Mrs. J. J. Johnson, pudding pan and egg beater.

Miss Etta Johnson, set of gem pans.

Mr. and Mrs. Pixley, salt cup.

Mr. and Mrs. D. Bovee, bridal wreath.

Miss Sarah Bovee, tin cup and tin comb.

Miss Julia Bovee, wash pan.

Mr. C. Gambs, pocket match safe and stamp case.

Mr. John Cox, wine-cup.

Mr. Ed. Hall, tin pan.

Mr. E. Daughmas, 4 tin fruit cans.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.


EDS. COURIER: Maybe a few items would be acceptable from this neighborhood.

Health is generally good. Dr. Hawkins has been very low with pneumonia for the past three weeks, but we are glad to hear is getting better.

Wheat looks well in this part of the county.

Star Valley School closed last Friday. Mr. Terry Mercer was teacher, and although it was his first school, he has given good satisfaction.

Mr. and Mrs. Henry Branson have returned from a visit to relatives in Greenwood County.

Mr. Fogle and family talk of returning to Colorado in the spring.

Bullington & Elliott have just completed an addition to their mill, which greatly improves the looks of it and gives them much more room. They are having a lively trade, and it keeps them busy supplying their customers.

Mr. Frank Pierce has just returned from Illinois.

J. R. Smith is feeding a nice lot of four year old cattle for market. They are doing splendidly, and are among the best in the county.

I will close by saying that Mrs. Bullington is doing a lively business in the new grocery store at the mill.

For fear this letter is too lengthy I will close. A WELL WISHER.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.


The Central Division Association of teachers met in the high school building in Winfield, on Satureday, January 28. President T. J. Rude was promptly at his post of honor. The Secretary being absent, M. H. Markcum was appointed secretary pro tem. The inclemency of the weather prevented quite a number of the fair portion of the members of the Association from attending. However, a sufficient number of the stalwarts assembled to constitute a quorum, and make an interesting time. The subjects that were particularly and thoroughly discussed were as follows:

Spelling classes, which was championed by Miss Celina Bliss.

Use of globes fround a strong advocate in the personage of Wm. White.

How to study English literature was elucidated by M. H. Markcum.

Miss Etta Johnson handled the subject of moral training, while our worthy president ably defended phonic spelling.

The above topics awakened an enthusiastic discussion, pro and con, by the whole body of teachers present, which made a very pleasant entertainment, and profitable time for those pedagogues who were fortunate enough to participate in the exercises of the day. Not a little of the credit of the success of the Central Association is due to its energetic and enthusiastic president, who ranks among the most able educators of this county.

The next meeting of the Association will occur at the regular time, on the last Saturday of February, and it is hoped that every member of the Central division will make a determined effort to be present, though it be necessary to make a sacrifice of somekind to do so. SECRETARY.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.


EDS. COURIER: After a protracted silence I once more come forward with a few items.

I beg leave to correct a statement in your item of Jan. 19th. My name is not Cain or Able, but I wish to give the true facts in regard to who received that cake spoken of by your worthy correspondent from this section. In relation to the prettiest ladies, he told the truth, for Miss Sarah Wilson and Miss Ida Grove were the contestants for the cake, but Miss Wilson did not get it, as represented in your paper. Miss Ida Grove was the happy recipient of the prize. She lives one mile north of Walnut Valley Church. Cain did not help devour that prize on the 22nd of December, for it was not eaten until the 27th. Now, Cain, keep the truth on your side, find out the facts before heralding the news of such important events, as some of the folks on the east side of the river might criticise you.

Now we will tell you of the infare at Wm. Raders, father of H. C. Raders. The dinner was one fit for a king to sit down to, and just such a one as would gratify the appetite of a hungry editor. Mr. Rader lives in the east part of Maple Township. At 5 p.m., the bride and groom with their guests repaired to their home, the residence that was a few days ago the batchelor home of H. C. Rader, but now adorned with a beautiful bride. At 7 p.m., came the party with the bells, 50 in number, and you ought to have heard the racket, which continued for one hour, when H. C. opened the door and invited them all in. The merry crowd congratulated the bride and groom and then the groom brought out the cigars. TOM.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.


EDS. COURIER: In the quiet and peaceful community of Vernon, there seems to be but few happenings worthy of record. Our citizens are of a sociable, home-loving class, therefore frequently pursue happiness in social gatherings, of which there have been a goodly number of late. During and since the holidays the young people hve held sway at the residences of D. Hopkins, Charles McClung, John Dunn, Wm. Martin, and John Millspaugh. On last Tuesday eve a number of the young people enjoyed cake and oysters at M. L. Martin=s, at which place a certain young man was heard bemoaning the fact that so many of Vernon=s maidens were departing the state of single blessedness. The cussedness of the feature being the uncertainty of securing fair partners for festal occasions. The occasion of the foregoing remarks was the recent demise of the two Miss Wards, which caused us to recall an incident of the grasshopper year, when we went out to see what the turnips were doing and found a hopper on every clod waiting for the turnips to come up. In Vernon there are two or three clod-hoppers waiting for each maiden as she arrives at the stature of womanhood.

On last Saturday Mr. John Olmstead and Mr. ______, who wields the ferule in the vicinity of Green Valley, paid us a very pleasant visit. Come again.

DIED. On last Friday eve, the 20th, little Orvil, infant son of Mr. and Mrs. Wm. E. Martin, departed this life, with membraneous croup. Everything possible was done to relieve the little sufferer, but to no avail. [POETRY FOLLOWED: I SKIPPED.]



Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.


The session of Sabbath school on January 29th was an occasion long to be remembered by those present. After the usual time spent in studying the lesson, this being the anniversary day, the secretary, Miss E. Martin, and the treasurer, Mr. F. W. Schwantes, made complete reports and showed a prosperous condition of the school. The interest appears to have steadily increased from the organization to the present time. The finances, which annoy so many schools, have from the liberality of our people, given us no trouble at any time. Besides paying the current expenses for books, papers, etc., the treasurer has now on hand fifty-two dollars. An organ has been ordered for the school and will be on hand in a few weeks. The following officers were elected for the ensuing year.

Superintendent, J. F. Martin; Asst. Superintendent, Mrs. M. Smith; Secretary, Miss Lizzie Thompson; Assistant Secretary, Mr. Geo. Cormer; Treasurer, F. W. Schwantes; Librarian, Miss Katie Schwantes; Assistant Librarian, Miss Pearl Martin.

(At this point Mrs. M. Smith read a history of the school for the past two years, which is too extended for publication here. It was nicely written, and we regret that its length precludes publication. ED.)

At the conclusion Master H. Lee Snyder advanced and addressed the superintendent as follows.

AI am called upon today to perform a very pleasant duty. As this is the anniversary of the organization of the Sabbath school at this place, it was thought by many that we ought to memorialize the day. When the school was organized you were chosen, Mr. Martin, as its superintendent, and the two years of the school=s existence, have proved the wisdom of the choice. You have been continued as its superintendent. No one has labored more faithfully for its growth and success, and no one has been more regular in his place. Your work has been appreciated, and the school has prospered and proved a blessing in the community. We trust the future may be as bright and prosperous as the past. And now as a further expression of our esteem in which you and your labor is held, it becomes my pleasant duty, in behalf of the Valley View Sunday School, to present you with this watch, and when at last its bright face is changed by time, and our work is done and we pass away, may we all meet on the evergreen shore where eternity=s dial marks high noon, world without end.@

At the conclusion of the presentation the superintendent was quite overcome with emotion.

Mr. T. A. Blanchard had prepared an excellent article, but owing to its length, only a synopsis can be given for your columns.

AThe officers and members of our S. S. To J. F. Martin, their respected superintendent.

AIn behalf of our school there has been performed a duty, the remembrance of which, both by you and them, will ever be a source of pleasure and delight. After two years of service, and on this anniversary, it was fitting that we give a token of our appreciation of your services. In retrospecting the progress of the school, we find that the work performed and results attained, far surpass our most sanguine hopes. From a rough, profane, and Sabbath-breaking community has been erected one noted for morals and true piety. And oh! How gratifying the thought that the principles inculcated are more enduring than life, that even when we are inhabitants of the silent city, posterity will point with pride to the noble and glorious achievements which have been accomplished mainly through your untiring energy. In receiving this beautiful time piece from the school, we are sure you will not receive it for its intrinsic value alone, but as a visible expression of our love and esteem. Therefore, we earnestly hope that you may long be spared to guide and instruct in the ways of truth and virtue, and that our children=s children may rise up and call you blessed is the sincere desire and prayer of your school.@

After the above addresses Mr. Martin made a few appropriate remarks, thanking the school as well as his feelings would permit, for such expressions of respect for him and sympathy for this glorious Sabbath school work. C.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.


EDS. COURIER: On Oct. 10th, 1881, I stepped on board the train at Winfield for the Great Colorado Valley, the wonders and fertility of which I had heard much.

Being by nature of a timid and retiring disposition, my presence was rarely indicated by my voice. My ears carried impressions to my consciousness, if my voice carrtied none to that of others. I was to enter the Indian Service on my arrival at this agency as physician. Of course, I was interested in Indian affairs. The Apaches were creating some interest about that time. The Indian question was discussed. Many commonplace ideas were presented by various gentlemen. One assertion was boldly made which struck me as worthy of investigation. It was to the effect that contractors furnishing the agencies were almost wholly responsible for the Indian outbreaks. Was that assertion the result of knowledge, or a desire to say something indicating knowledge? We will answer that in the future.

In Newton the noise and bustle of business was dull, compared with two years ago. The class of buildings had improved decidedly, however. I boarded the train at Newton about midnight, so could not take an inventory of car contents until morning. Slept well. Arose late. Applied myself dilligently to the business of the day. Permit me to say here that I was on board anCno, I must not make such an admissionCthe thought is dreadfulCwhat! On board anCdar me! How can I? But I despise deceptionCI cannot tell a lie, fatherCI was on board an emigrant train! There, I=ve said it. I breathe easier now. Courage is a good thing; moral courage in particular. Always have courage to tell the truth. Seat No. 1 contained an elderly woman with a pale, wrinkled face, and her son. The son was tall, broad shouldered, and fine looking; very attentive to his mother. He was not asahemed to extend to that plain woman the affection of his manly heart, and every service necessary to make her journey pleasant and comfortable. How unlike the narrow souled fop who is ashamed of the old man and woman if they are plain. AHonor thy father and mother that thy days may be long.@ This worthy lady and son were Kansas people en route for California.

Hard by was a Frenchman of fine conversational powers and a liberal education. He was vain, however, and gloried in his own greatness and exploits. He seemed proud of the fact that he had won three wives and had been divorced from the same number. He had won riches by questionable means according to his own story. His wit and humor, his liberalism and education poorly compensated for the lack of honor and fidelity. If a nation=s greatness and honor depend to a great extent upon the number and purity of its homes, such men must constitute sources of weakness and decay. The young need to be strongly fortified against the insidious attacks of such minds. They poison, corrupt, and lead to dishonor. Resepctfully,



Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.


The protracted meeting at the Enterprise Schoolhouse, under the superintendence of the Rev. Heninger, pastor of the United Brethren Church, closed on Friday night. The meeting was a success. It resulted in some twenty conversions, and eleven accessions to the church. Seven were baptized by immersion on Saturday. The meeting broke up with love and harmony among the different branches of the church who participated in the same. Rev. Heninger has many warm friends in this community.

We learn that Mr. D. W. Frew has rented his farm to Mr. Griffin and will move to Winfield some time in February. Mr. Frew is a good neighbor and will be missed very much in this neighborhood.

The singing school at Beaver Center, under the leadership of Professor Anderson, is progressing finely and will prove a blessing to the neighborhood if it continues. The Professor deserves great credit for his untiring efforts in the management of the school.

The cold weather that has prevailed for the past week has put a stop to plowing, but from appearance now it will soon be resumed again. The weather is now pleasant and the ground is fast thawing out.

Our day schools in the township are all in fine condition, especially at Enterprise. The efficient labors of Miss Goodwin, our teacher, will long be remembered by the patrons of the school.

Our township election is drawing near. There is but very little excitement. There is only one candidate as yet in the field, which is the present incumbent of the office of Township trustee; who is a candidate for re-election.

Mr. George Teeter is now engaged in hauling off his mammoth wheat crop raised last season. He is one of the largest wheat raisers in the township, and also one of our best farmers. He is selling his wheat at $1.25 per bushel.

The Sabbath school at Beaver Center promises to be one of the most interesting in the county. Dr. Marsh is its Superintendent. He never fails to make his schools successful. He is surely the right man in the right place. GRANGER.



Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.


EDS. COURIER: I again take up my pen to write a few items for your valuable paper.

The weather has been very nice for some time, but Monday morning reminded us that AOld King Winter@ still reigns in our land.

Jim Walker has just finished gathering his crop of corn, of 80 acres, which yielded about 1600 bushels.

C. Coon is talking of moving to Chicago.

Geo. Wilson wants his house I guess the boys can have another charivari.

Quite a large crowd attended singing Friday evening, which was opened by singing AWork for the night is coming,@ Mr. Hunter leading on his violin.

Book-keeping was well attended Tuesday evening. Among the visitors were Mahlon Fatout and Adrian Williamson. Frank Lane joined the class. We mean business.

There will be a grand dance at Walker=s hall on the evening of the 14th, St. Valentine=s day. Everybody is invited to attend. Good music and plenty to eat.

John Wilson and C. Conn are taking up their cabbage and making it into sour-krout.

Rev. Hopkins is holding a series of meetings at Star, but he failed to put in an appearance on Monday evening, for some unknown reason.

One month of school gone since the holidays, and two more to go yet. Friday last was examination, but I failed to get the standing of the pupils.

Miss Agnes Hager of Grand Prairie is visiting relatives in this section.



Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.


ANOTHER RE THE FUTURE OF SILVER...GIVES AMOUNTS OF SILVER AND GOLD FROM 1870 THROUGH 1881. INTERESTING! AIt will be observed that the great year for both gold and silver was 1877, which was the first year in which the silver product exceeded the gold, but that on the whole the gold product is falling off, while the silver product is on the whole rapidly increasing, having considerably more than doubled in the twelve years.@ HE GIVES THE AMOUNTS OF SILVER FROM COLORADO, NEVADA, ARIZONA, UTAH, MONTANA, IDAHO, CALIFORNIA, NEW MEXICO, AND OREGON. ACalifornia produces nearly two-thirds of the gold, but only one fiftieth of the silver, while Colorado produces about one-half of the silver and only one fiftieth of the gold. We may expect that the gold product will continue to diminish, while the silver crop will continue to increase, particularly from New Mexico, Arizona, and Utah. The opening up of Mexico by railroads will doubtless bring out a very large quantity of silver from that country. . . .@


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.


The contracts for Indian supplies such as flour, bacon, and other products of Kansas and the west have heretofore been let in New York and as a consequence to eastern contractors who have sublet them to our local producers, dealers, and contractors, making large profits thereon. Congressman Ryan has been making efforts to change all this so that the contracts shall be let in the midst of our producers and give them a chance to deal directly with the government and saving the percent paid to eastern professional contractors. He has got the attention of the contract office and we publish on the first page one of his letters on this subject. [COULD NOT FIND LETTER REFERRED TO ON PAGE ONE...???]


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

Sheridan Items.

This sort of weather makes one think of getting the Agarden patch@ plowed and planting some early water-melons and cucumbers. Nothing like having garden sas for the table.

Mr. Guinns= came near having a serious catastrophe happen to their house on Wednesday evening. The kitchen roof caught fire from the stove pipe and was not discovered until there was a strong blaze. They fortunately succeeded in putting it out before any great mischief was done.

Protracted meeting closed some two weeks ago. The United Brethren will openanother series of meetings next Thursday evening. Quarterly meeting will be held next Saturday and Sunday.

Mr. Hany=s youngest child was dangerously burned a short time ago by upsetting a cup of boiling water over its neck and shoulders. It was thought for awhile that it could not live, but at last report it was some better.

Sheridan talks of building a stone church.

Seaman Terrill has almost recovered from the lung fever.

Kimzie Guinn takes his family into the land of Liberty this week. Mr. Guinn has made Sheridan his home for several years and the old place will seem lost without them. But they intend returning to us in the fall. Miss Annie talks of going on a visit to Missouri ere long.

There are three or four young chaps who come to the Sheridan schoolhouse quite regularly that need taking down a trifle just to show them how insignificant and little they really are. You would attract far more attention, boys, if you would come to church and behave like gentlemen, and the whole neighborhood would have a far better opinion of you. Being a rowdy never made a true man out of anyone.

And now Jim Guinn wanders about during the silent watches of the night like an uneasy spirit, watching his corn crib, which has been receiving nocturnal visits from some unknown visitor.

One of Elmer Watkins horses died a few days ago. Cause not known.

Will Smith took his cattle to Kansas City last week. He sold them so that he realized $72 a head free of all expense.

It is rumored that Mr. Silliman, of Winfield, has purchased the Waitt farm. [THE ARTICLE SHOWED AWAITT@...DO THEY MEAN WAITE?]

Newton Hall showed his smiling countenance at the schoolhouse last Wednesday evening after an absence of several weeks.

It is whispered that Jack Watkins is captivated.

Mr. Funk=s school closes in four or five weeks. Parents who have not visited the school during this terrm should do so before its close.

For fear my letter should become too long, I shall close and leave the remainder of my news until next time. P. A. & P. I.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.


The Texas and Mexican railroad is now completed to a point thirty-five miles west of Laredo.

The Chicago, Burlington and Quincy railroad has assumed control of the Chicago and Iowa railroad.

We are losing our gold coin. The shipment from New York last week amounted to $3,460,000.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.




Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.


Mr. J. E. Conkling came in Saturday. His wife is quite ill.

District ninety-three has a pupil by the name of Jefferson Davis.

Capt. Nipp called on us Monday morning. He says the stock business is all right.

Mrs. W. C. Garvey is down again from Topeka for a few days. She reports social life very lively at the Capital.

The mounds east of town seem to be the favorite resort for stollers. It affords a splendid view of the city and surrounding country.

The Catholics are making great preparations for their fair, which begins Wednesday evening, Feb. 8th. Everyone should patronize them for it is a good cause.

Wm. Cottrell, and one Chas. Ausbrook and his father-in-law were arrested by the U. S. On a charge of perjury last week. It grows out of a fraudulent entry of a claim in Silverdale Township. Cottrell is in jail.

Mr. Eugene Cain, of Fort Scott, spent Sunday and Monday in Winfield. He is employed in Deland=s mill there and is looking about during the dull season and examining mills in this region.

The Wichita Times says that a drug store in Winfield sold $400 worth of liquor during the month of December. Mr. Times, who is this druggist? We=d like to know, just for fun. Give him a free puff.

The Post Office book store has looked strange during the past week without the presence of Mr. Jake Goldsmith, who has been off on a trip to Topeka and St. Louis, returning on last Monday night. Everybody missed Jake.

A young mens= Christian Association has been organized in Arkansas City. The officers are W. V. McConn, President; A. W. Patterson, vice president; C. L. Schwarts [WRONG! SHOULD BE SWARTS], secretary; Chas. Hutchings, asst. Secretary; W. D. Mowry, Corresponding Secretary; and S. R. Reed, treasurer. They have fitted up rooms on Summit street and will open a reading rroom.

Mrs. Fred Hunt entertained a tea-party of her young lady friends on Tuesday afternoon. A delightful little supper was served and the young ladies enjoyed it immensely. Fred and AFred=s wife@ know how to make their home pleasant to their friends. The young ladies present were Miss Roberts, Any Scothorn, Jennie Hane, Allena Klingman, Kate and Jessie Millington.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.


Mr. Blair, the head warbler in the Episcopal choir, has purchased the right for four counties in the patent wagon-bed-hog-pen-hay-rack patent exhibited on our streets during the past week. We never thought Erastus would tackle a patent right, but when a good printer backslides, he is liable to go to any length. However, the invention is a good one and no catch-penny affair, and Blair is just the kind of a fellow to work it successfully.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

The Carriage Factory turned out last week one of the handsomest buggies we have ever seen on our streets. The style was much nicer than most of the eastern buggies brought in, and the painting and finishing almost perfect. It was set on the latest Dorley patent spring and rode like a cradle. The Winfield Carriage Works are doing themselves proud by the beauty and completeness of the work they are turning out. Their fame is spreading and they will have to have more room before long.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

Barnum has begun already to send out marked copies of New York newspapers to the rural press, with elaborate and stunning articles setting forth the marvels of his show for 1882. His colored aggregation will be more colossal than ever before. Hitherto it has been simply the most gigantic amusement enterprise on the globe. This year it will be the most stupendously grand achievement ever conceived by the mind of finite man, overshadowing in its wonderful immensity anything ever dreamed of since the world was evolved out of chaos. And the frescoed Greek, Captain Costentenus, is still with the show.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

We find some familiar names in the Durango (Colorado) Record. Among them we clip the following aboutt our young friends, which show that they are enjoying themselves in their new home. AMother Carey@ was the most difficult of the female parts, but Miss Scoville proved herself equal to the occasion, her conception and rendition of the characters being remarkable, and provig her the possessor of fine dramatic talent. She not only acted but looked the part, her make-up being excellent, and her morre thrilling passages met with enthusiastic applause. After the play, the players and a number of others adjourned to Scott=s Hall, where they tripped the light fantastic until a late hour, when the merry dancers sat down to an elegant repast. The ARustler=s Cake@ was awarded to the best waltzers in the roomCMiss Grace Scoville and Mr. Owen Ataking the cake.@ Mr. Owen made a neat little speech in behalf of himself and his fair partner.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

The acting G. W. C. T., accompanied by fourteen members of the Good Templars= Lodge of Winfield, went to Oxford on last Saturday evening for the purpose of instituting a lodge of Good Templars at that place. On their arrival they were met by one of Oxford=s most prominent citizens, Mr. J. W. Thew, at whose residence the party partook of a bountiful repast. The visitors are under many obligations to Mr. and Mrs. Thew for the agreeable and hospitable manner in which they were entertained. At 7 o=clock they repaired to the City Hall, where they found a number of citizens in waiting to join the order. Quite a large Lodge was organized and its officers installed. The party returned the same evening, having enjoyed a very pleasant visit, making many new acquaintances, and carrying with them many pleasant recollections of the good people of Oxford.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

Prf. E. T. Trimble=s Reading class of 1881-2 (including the A class of the High school and James Lorton, graduate of 1880), surprised him on Tuesday evening of last week. According to previous arrangements, the class assembled and proceeded to the Professor=s. Arriving at the place designated, they walked in, led by the president of the class, and Jas. Lorton in behalf of the class presented him with a very beautiful set of Dickens complete works. After the presentation spech had been ably delivered, Prof. Trimble responded, thanking the class heartily for their kindness shown in his behalf. The evening passed off very pleasantly, the Professor taking an active part in all their amusements. About 9:30 p.m., the company dispersed and went to their several homes, realizing that the evening had been profitably spent and would ever be fresh in their memory.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

We attended the Presbyterian Sunday school last Sunday. It is a wonder to us where all the good little boys and girls come from. There were two hundred and eighty in attendance at the Presbyterian, and fully as many at the M. E. School, besides those engaged at several other schools which meet at the same hour. There must have been about eight hundred Sunday School scholars reading lesson leaves in this city between the hours of three and four last Sunday. The Presbyterian school seems to be prospering finely. They have nearly doubled the membership during the year, and an unusual interest is manifested in the work.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

The Catholic Fair which is to open Wednesday evening bids fair to be a success. Many valuable articles have been donated by the liberal minded citizens of Winfield. They have also contributed very largely in money, groceries, merchandise, etc. The names of the several donors will be attached to the articles. At this writing we were unable to learn all. Among the articles given is an artificial flower pot, donated by our genial friend, Mr. F. Manny. It is a thing of beauty and the winner will regard it as a joy forever.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

The Good Templars of Winfield have changed their time of meeting from Monday tto Friday evening. During the past quarter this Lodge has greatly increased in numbers, and renewed interest is manifested by the members. In addition to the regular routine of business, there are literary exercises, consisting of essays, debates, lectures, etc. They are now editing a semi-monthly paper, which will be read on next Friday evening, Feb. 16.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

Mr. J. L. Hon picked up a beautiful large volume of prose works in the rod south of town Thursday and brought it to this office to see if the owner can be found. If anyone has lost such a book and will call at this office and identify itt and pay for this notice, it will be turned over. If not called for in ten days, the book will become the property of Mr. Hon.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

The boys of Rock Township will give a grand ball at Walker=s Hall, Tuesday evening, Feb. 14. There will be five pieces in the orchestra, and the music will be sublime, the ladies handsome, and the boys happy. They will give St. Valentine=s day such a send off as it has not had for many a year. The invitation is general and it=s only the distance that will keep us away.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

We have an anonymous card through the post office in relation to the affairs of the M. E. Church in this city, but not knowing its source or the situation, we cannot determine whether it would be beneficial or injurious to publish it. If a man wants to help the M. E. Church, we can conceive of no reason why he should conceal his name.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

Sheriff Shenneman returned from Bourbon County, Kentucky, last week, bringing with him a herd of thoroughbred bulls, a stallion, and a Jack, all of the best grades of stock and right from the blue grass region. He will sell the bulls to our stock raisers. They are being kept at the feed stable on Ninth Avenue and attract much attention.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

Doyle, a young gentleman from the country, led the Marshal a lively chase across lots Friday. He stole apples and other edibles from Joe Bourdette=s Lunch Counter, and was trying to outtrun the consequences of his misdemeanor. They caught him, however, and he now languishes in the bastille three dollars worth.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

George Smith, of the Eureka Foundry, met with an accident last Saturday by which one of his fingers was entirely separated from his hand. He was immediately attended by a physician, the injured member replaced and strapped in position, and it is hoped a union of the severed parts may result. Traveler.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

Miss Josie Mansfield left on Tuesday afternoon for Charleston, South Carolina, to attend at the bedside of her brother, Rupert Mansfield, who was so severely hurt in the recent railroad accident. It is thought that he is now out of danger, but Miss Mansfield cannot remain away from this, her only brother.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

Messrs. Brotherton and Silver have removed their seed store several doors south of their old stand, an announcement of which they make in another column.

AD. BROTHERTON & SILVER HAVE REMOVED TWO DOORS NORTH OF J. B. LYNN=S, And invite all of their old customers as well as new ones to call on them when in need of anything in their line of goods.

Clover, Timothy, Orchard and English Blue Grass Seeds, Common and German Millet, and a full line of new and fresh Garden Seeds on hand.


Caldwell Wagon.

New Departure Tongueless Cultivator.

Riding and Walking Cultivators.

Davenport and Skinner old Grand Plows.

Potter, Marsh & Davenport Sulky Plow.




Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

Our Sunday Morning.

If there is any such thing as a Aperfect day,@ last Sunday must have been one of them. The sun shone bright and warm and seemed to have awakened Nature from her winter=s sleep so suddenly that we almost fancied we could see the buds swell on the peach trees that line the sidewalk. We attended services at the M. E. Church. It was the regular quarterly meeting and Rev. King, presiding elder of this district, filled the pulpit. He talked for about an hour, and we have never yet heard as much sound, solid argument crowded into so short a space of time. He spoke from the text AThe harvest is plenteous, but the laborers are few.@ In a plain, concise way, without flourish of trumpets, he went straight at the work in hand. Forty years ago China, India, and Japan were closed against Christian missionariesChedged about as it were by a wall. Today the barriers are removed and the harvest is ready for the sickle. He defined Alaborer@ as one with muscles and a willCone who was ready to take hold of anything that came in the way. He did not claim that ministers were too few, but that there was a lack of working lay membersCmembers who would go out among the people and work and go down in their pockets and help support foreign missions. He combatted forcibly the assertion that some make against foreign missions, Athat we have no interests there.@ We have opened wide our doors and invited the poor and oppressed of all nations to come and make a home with us, and they are coming in countless thousands, with their strange opinions and beliefs, and it is of vital importance to Christianity in the United States that they be looked after. The speaker paid a glowing tribute to Kansas and her people, in answering the excuses some Christians make that they Ahaven=t the ability to work for the master.@ The people of Kansas, he said, are the smartest people on the face of the globeCa people whose intellectual development is such that they lead the world in one of the greatest reforms of the age.

The discourse throughout was bristling with points, and was to our mind one of the most powerful we have listened to. We regret that lack of space prevents us giving more than the brief synopsis above.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

Township Elections.

Upt to the time of going to press, we have heard from the following townships: In Pleasant Valley, J. S. Hill, Greenbacker, received 44 votes and was elected trustee over Z. B. Meyers, Republican. With this exception the straight Republican ticket was elected. In Walnut Township the straight Republicans carried the day by a large majority and J. C. Roberts is trustee for another year. Tom Blanchard and Joel Mack got all the votes cast. In Fairview the straight Republican ticket was elected, which makes Wm. White, trustee; J. H. Curfamn, treasurer; and R. B. Corson, clerk. There was a tie between A. J. McCollum and B. Hanlan, for Justice, each receiving 18 votes. W. F. M. Lacey and N. E. Darling were elected constables.

Liberty goes Republican, so also Richland.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

AThe Old Version With New Notes.@

For three weeks Rev. McClung labored earnestly and successfuly in conducting the meetings which closed Friday evening. His earnestness and zeal in the cause, coupled with many excellent qualities of mind and heart, drew about him a multitude of warm friends. These spent some days casting about for a suitable way of showing their appreciation of his work. After the close of the meeting Friday evening, and before the congregation had dispersed, Rev. Platter stepped forward and presented the minister with a handsomely bound Bible acompanied by a card on which was inscribed: AThe Old Version, with New Notes.@ Search the Scriptures.

It was a pleasant surprise for Rev. McClung, and he accepted the gift in a manner that showed his appreciation of it. He left the same evening for his home in Wellington. We advise him to lose no time in following the text inscribed on the card, for when he does, he will find sixty-six crisp new one-dollar notes, one at the commencement of each book, and these are the Anew notes@ with the old version. The presentation was nicely planned and pleasantly executed.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

We would call the attention of the City Council to the fact that in many places the sidewalks are being broken up by loaded wagons running over them. Especially is this the case on East Ninth Avenue. We are of the opinion that there is an ordinance against this, and if so, it should be enforced. Crossings are made to drive over, and if teamsters would rather damage sidewalks than to drive on a little farther to a crossing, they should be made to pay for it. No one with any city pride will do it.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

Mr. John Witherspoon left for parts unknown last Friday, leaving many creditors to mourn his departure. He had sold a half interest in his billiard hall to E. Dunbar, who now discovers that it was mortgaged for all it is worth. Witherspoon took a livery rig here and drove to Augusta, from which place he sent the rig back. This isn=t a very nice looking thing for John to do, but then a good many of our people are not surprised.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

THE MARKETS. The markets today (Wednesday) are easy, and but little produce coming in. Butter brings 20 cents and eggs 12-1/2 cents; chickens from $1.75 to $2.00 per dozen; turkies, live, 7 cents per poundCdressed 9 cents; dressed chickens 7 cents. Hogs are still at $5.50 to $5.75. Wheat is about the same as last week, 75 cents to $1.15. Corn brings from 45 to 50 cents.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

In another column will be found a letter from Mr. S. S. Lynn, endorsing our suggestion of a District wool-growers= association. Mr. Lynn is one of the most practical sheep men in the county, and what he says on the subject is the result of years of experience. We should like to hear from other sheep men on the subject.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

We have been compelled to leave out an interesting communication from Dr. Davis on the lock-jaw case to which we alluded last week. The Doctor gives a full history of the case and some facts that will stir the anti-lock-jaw fellows up. It will appear next week.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

Mr. John Charles, late of Springfield, Missouri, has recently purchased the Wemple farm east of town and brought his family here to remain. He comes highly recommended by the Missouri papers, and will be a valuable addition to our solid farmers.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

Mr. J. F. McMullen left for Topeka Monday evening to attend to some matters before the Supreme Court and represent Winfield Lodge of United Workmen in the Supreme Lodge meeting.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

The highest price paid for green and dry hides at the Kansas Tannery, Winfield, Kansas.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

Mr. J. T. Dale, for some time a merchant at Udall, called last week.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

James Kelly intends going to the city of Old Mexico, and started today.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

Ex-Commissioner R. F. Burden was over Saturday.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

Mr. Wm. McRaw is home from Colorado on a visit.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

A Card.

I am informed that a report is circulated, that I am forced to leave Winfield on account of the withdrawl of patronage. I therefore inform the public that:

1. During the past four years I have had and have today the largest music class in Winfield.

2. I have the best paying and most advanced class.

3. I have the most complete outfit in Southern KansasCthree music rooms and a Concert Hall, the greatest variety of instruments, the largest musical library, and experienced teachers, whose numerous musical compositions are published by the leading music houses in the U. S.

4. Although I wish to remove to a location more suitable for a professional, I shall have to remain and teach until I have disposed of property on corner of Main street and twelfth Avenue, Pianos, Organs, Furniture, etc., and am therefore, more permanently located than teachers who are ready for a move as soon as their trunks are packed.



Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.


The old story of fine weather, fine wheat prospects, all the farmers plowing, general good health of community, etc., is getting somewhat monotonous, still it=s about all there is to writeCthe young folks won=t get married. We don=t have any fights, in fact, this is a remarkable steady neighborhood. We are soon to lose our enterprising merchant and postmaster, Geo. Wilson. He emigrates to the hub. We shall miss Geo=s. genial phiz. He has outgrown us, as he is bound to go. All we can do is to bid him AGod speed,@ and bespeak for him a fair showing at the capital of the county. Our old and tried fellow citizen, William Graves, having sold his possessions to Mr. Wycoff for the sum of $600, has also taken up his abode in the Abest advertised town in southern Kansas.@ We commend William to your tender mercies; you will find him reliable. Bill is always Athar.@

We had our first sermon from Rev. Kendrick, the new Presbyterian minister. He gave us a clear, well digested sermon from John, 3rd chapter, 10 verse. His style is good and all seemed much pleased with him.

Out literary still continues to be the wonder of the community. We never dreamed that so much talent was being hidden from the world.

The Farmers= Alliance continues its meetings, and is increasing in numbers. You will hear from it Aanon.@

As we have no more news, I=ll make my bow.

TISDALE, Feb. 5, 1882.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

New Salem.

Again my dear friends I am ready for a little social chat with you through the medium of our highly prized COURIER. But I scarcely know where to begin, so much has happened of late and I have kept no minutes except in my memory; for with so much to keep head, hands, and tongue busy, I neglected this part of my programme.

But enough excuses. School is out and from all indications an excellent time was had by those that were fortunate enough to be there. The pupils all agreed to bring something good in the way of dinner and all would dine together. A few were invited in and all fared sumptuously off the many dainty nic nacs. There was chicken, pickles, bread, biscuits, butter, jelley, pies, tarts, cookies, and eleven kinds of cake, and tea for the old maids and bachelors. A short address by Miss Meriam, the teacher, the same by Rev. Graham, then all went to their homes, we trust, happier and wiser than when they came.

Oh, by the way, let me here say to the Floral correspondent, he or she must call on someone else than AOlivia@ to soften the hearts of their old baches. That is entirely out of my line and all the oil of kindness is kept for somebody more deserving than Dan and John. (I mean for the little ones and so on), and if their hearts are too hard, just let them soak in Akerosene.@

When my own grows desperate, I take a dose of woman=s soothing syrup (a good cry). But enough taffy.

Mr. and Mrs. Kelsoe, of Geuda, visited Mr. Edgars lately and found some new acquaintances while here.

Mr. Pixley and Frank, accompanied by Miss Julia Bovee, visited friends on Grouse last week. Mr. Franklin and Ed. visited relatives here this week. Mr. Gardner has a number of relatives or friends lately come to Kansas, and we learn they intend to make this their home. One family is living for the present in Mr. Miller=s house, another on Mr. Brooks= farm. Some are stopping with Mr. Gardner.

We are soon to lose James Peters and family; we hear he has purchased a farm and will bid Salem adieu for the present.

Our Prairie Home friends dedicated their new schoolhouse last Friday evening by a regular feast of delicious viands that would tickle the palate of a king or suit the modern epicure, but Olivia was left out in the cold and never got a crumb; that is all right, we don=t get hungry lately. We understand they had a large concourse of people and there are piles of good things left. We are glad to know there are so many happy and good people in this district and we bid them welcome to the Salem festivities, Sunday school, etc.

Miss Mary Dalgarn will board with Mrs. Joe Hoyland and attend the Prairie Home school. Mr. John Shaughnessy and his partner will also board there and feed their sheep.

Joe thought his hand was lost, strayed, or stolen, for he attended a party and like to forgot to come back.

Mr. J. W. Hoyland is seriously indisposed and Mrs. J. W. Is afflicted with rheumatism.

Mr. Hetrick=s boy is very bad off, suffering intensely with inflammatory rheumatism. Mr. Gambs had a sale last week and intends to leave Salem ere long.

Mr. Samuel Allen is certainly doing his share as he is coal master, agent for plows, ticket agent too, we believe, and I forget the rest. Multum in parvo must be his motto.

St. Valentine will soon be making his annual visits.

Mr. J. M. Dalgarn has been suffering with a felon on his hand. Some of Mr. Crain=s children have had the chicken pox, also Mr. Buck=s little ones, and quite a number. We hope the small pox will not visit our vicinity.

Dr. Irwin sent off for virus fresh from a cow and is prepared to vaccinate any who wish, or will furnish them so they can do it themselves.

Little Edith Shields has been very ill, but under the care of Dr. Phelps, has recovered.

The Salem barber had better look out for his laurels, for Olivia sometimes has a victim to the razor and brush; and it=s fun to wield them if the razor is fearful dull.

Mr. Christopher has returned from Iowa.

Mr. and Mrs. Goforth spent Sabbath in Salem, and enjoyed the warm clasp of friendly hands in cordial greeting.


Mr. and Mrs. Shepherd are holding a series of meetings in Pleasant Hill schoolhouse. The meetings are well attended and all that have been present seem to be favorably impressed with the speakers. May their work be crowned with success.

For two weeks Rev. Graham has labored faithfully, and not without success, for our dearly loved ones, and our neighbors are breaking away from self and sin and intend to fight under a different leader, and may they be lead on from victory to victory and never turn their back to the foe, but be strong and valiant soldiers in the army of the Lord and seek in every way to promote the cause, never bringing shame to themselves or their leader, and when their time comes to lay off the armor, to sheathe their sword, may they hear the welcome voice calling them up higher to receive their crown to be clothed in spotless purity, to sing the songs of redeeming love and reign forever with the Lord.

Four have already joined the church and seem determined to live differently. Others have said by actions, some by words, that they are tired of serving the wrong master.

What glorious truths we learn from the book of life, what encouragement we find there, for in the ANew Jerusalem,@ sin, sorrow, pain, and tears are unknown. ALove thy neighbor as thyself,@ is a direct command, and I think we obey that better perhaps than some other commands, for love and good feeling to all mankind seems to prevail.

Some of our Moscow neighbors heard the call, ACome over to Macedonia and help us,@ and their help was thankfully received and we can say with one voice, come again. May God still continue to bless us all, and may the sweet songs reach the heavenly choir and thus the music of our souls be wafted on and up to the throne of glory. God bless you and may we meet to love in heaven.


Feb. 4th, 1882.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

A Card.

I desire to express through the COURIER my heartfelt thanks to the members of the Valley View Sunday school for the valuable watch presented by them on Sabbath afternoon, Jan. 29. The surprise was so complete and the remarks so fraternal, that the deep impression on my mind will not be erased by time. Everytime this momento is looked upon, it will be a reminder of the pleasant days spent at Valley View. Two years ago we were strangers, but as we met from Sabbath to Sabbath to study God=s word, implore his blessing, and sing his praises, we were drawn together by He that knows no breaking. We are truly co-laborers in this good work. May God=s blessing rest upon our united efforts, and result in bringing all of our community to accept by a living faith, Jesus, as the only Saviour. J. F. MARTIN.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

Bonds Wanted.

The undersigned desires to invest $1,200 in school bonds. Will pay the market price. Bonds and interest payable at Winfield, Kansas. Inquire or write to


Executor of the estate of Judge Baily deceased, or JENNINGS & TROUP, Attorneys.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

North Fairview.


BIRTH. And now its Sam Hanlen who smiles, cause he pa.

Last Sunday witnessed the marriage of two of Fairview=s fair daughters.

MARRIED. Miss Delia Hanlen to Mr. John Phelps of Rock.

MARRIED. Miss Smith to Mr. Orson Rodman, both of Fairview.

By the way, upon the latter marriage hangs a tale. One of our honorable J. P.=s, having been invited to the bride=s fathers on Sunday and having got a hint of what was up, expecting that his official position was about to be honored at last, sent his wife out among the neighbors to borrow a marriage ceremony, after which he donned his best suit in honor of the occasion, and proceeded to the marriage feast, but behold his surprise when he arrived, to find himself forestalled by Rev. J. M. Barrick, who did the honors and carried off the ducats. Now that justice wants to resign, but I wouldn=t tell his name for the world.

The boys I presume had fun over the marriage of Miss Hanlen and Mr. Phelps, judging from the racket they made Monday night. The night was made hideous by the sounds of old tin pans and horns. When will this relic of barbarianism cease?

A child of Mr. R. B. Pratt has been quite sick for some time.

Mr. I. S. Page and Mr. J. Q. Pember have both been on the sick list, but are botth improving.

W. O. Baxter desires to have it understood that his neighbor=s hogs are either to be kept at home Sunday evenings or else taught not to quiz him so much about his future prospects.

The great wolf hunt came off. Its results: tired horses, hungry men, and two jack rabbits considerably worried.

N. R. Darling has taken the S. Z. Frederick farm for next season. S. Z. having taken Mr. Eastman=s farm and sheep in Pleasant Valley Township for a term of years, has left Fairview.

A. J. McCollim and sons have rented Mrs. Covert=s farm and in connection with their own farm wil run it to corn this season. They have a large amount of plowing done. A. J. Is a rustler when it comes to raising corn.


Fairview=s teachers go to Udall Saturday, where the association for the district meets.

I forgot to tell you of the beautiful snow, butt pressing engagements forbid.

Yours, RALPH.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

Crab Creek.

ED. COURIER: I will again try to drop you a few lines to let you know how we Crab Creek folks are prospering.

There has bee a bood many sick in this vicinity, but they are slowly recovering.

Our lady minister has returned to Dexter again. She intends going to Sheridan to preach soon.

Mrs. Ridgway has got home at last from her visit to Ohio. She says everybody back there is preparing to have the small-pox.

Quite a good many farmers have commenced plowing for corn.

Fairview schoolhouse is prospering finely this winter under the management of Miss Hattie Taplin. Our young folks like her splendid.

Bent Moore says he is going to raise a few hills of corn this year to feed his ducks on, as he has gone into the duck business.

Miss Annie Walker has gone to Sedan on a visit to her sister. We wish she could make her visit short.

Osie Moore is back again and intends staying two or three weeks.

Mary Dow is home again from Arkansas City.

Bob Moore, if you don=t hurry up, I am afraid some of those Arkansas City fellows will beat you. Something is getting very attractive down that way.

Poor Maggie Elliott has got three fellows on her fingers. Oh, how we do sympathize with her.

John Collison and Ben Wells promised to take a load of girls to the dance at Mrs. Stricklands last Friday night; but they failed to come after us. Boys, it is time you were explaining.

A splendid snow fell last Sunday night and afforded the best sleighing we have ever seen. We were riding around all day Monday.

It is a pity, boys, that cannot hold ladies in the wagon, let them fall out right on level ground.

Mr. Whitesides talks some of returning to his farm in the spring.

Hoping these few items will be acceptable, I will close. NELLIE GRAY.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

Vernon Jottings.

EDITORS COURIER: We were favored with a visit from Beautiful Snow this week, and the smiling features of Dame Nature were made to glow in majestic splendor in consequence thereof.

Last Sunday, January 29th, witnessed the dedication of the United Brethren=s new church, in the Randall district. Bishop Kelphart, of Des Moines, Iowa, conducted the services. In the forenoon, the Bishop preached an interesting discourse from the text: AOn this rock shall I build my church, etc.@ In the evening the attention of the vast audience was held for more than an hour by an eloquent sermon from the text: AThe harvest is past, the summer is ended, and yet we are not saved.@ The Bishop is a very able and learned man and entertains practical, common sense ideas in regard to the subjects of religion and church denominations, and has a very impressive and logical way of elucidating and giving expression to them.

The church, which, by the way, is quite an elegant and commodious structure for the country and a credit to the energy and enterprise of the United Brethren denomination, cost about twelve hundred dollars. It has a seating capacity of about four hundred, and at night is illuminated by four chandeliers, two of which have four lights each.

At the close of the forenoon services, nine hundred and two dollars was raised by subscription for defaying the cost of the building, which speaks very highly of the liberality of the citizens of this vicinity and the interest maintained in all enterprises that have a tendency to elevate the masses of humanity to a higher plane of intelligence and civilization.

Miss Emma Wright, of Chautauqua County, who has been visiting T. J. King=s family for the past five weeks, returned home last Wednesday. During her short stay in this community, Miss Emma formed the acquaintance of a respectable circle of friends by her winsome manners and ladylike deportment, who will always entertain the best of wishes for her future happiness.

Ye pedagogue, of District 50, has been off duty this week. However, this might have ben expected from the recreation he was apparently enjoying with one of Winfield=s fair charmers in viewing the natural scenery of this locality. If our fascinating young widower had not allowed his attention to become too much absorbed in the beauties of nature, that little catastrophe of a runaway might have been avoided.

The writer had the satisfaction of appeasing his voracious appetite by a bountiful repast at Mr. Bradbury=s last Thursday evening. This excellent feast was in honor of the anniversary of Miss Flora, their oldest daughter. If there is anyone who possesses the requisite culinary knowledge necessary to gratify the inner man, it is Mrs. Bradbury.

Prof. Anderson has organized a class of thirty-two in vocal music, at the Easterly schoolhouse, and now sweet melodies tickle the ears of the citizens of this neighborhood Monday and Wednesday evenings.

A literary is now in full blast in District No. 75. President, Jno. Bowers; secretary, Miss Cordie Kimble; marshal, Joe. Poor; treasurer, Philo Kent. The way the Ciceros and Demosthenes of modern times air their eloquence, is, to put it mildly, refreshing in the extreme. Question discussed last evening: AResolved, That the press has exerted a greater influence for good than the pulpit.@ Decided in favor of the affirmative.

Prof. Story gave the patrons of the Tannehill school district a practical talk on school matters last Tuesday evening. The relations existing between patrons of schools and teachers should be more thoroughly understood than is at present among the masses. The Prof. will have accomplished a great deal of good for the cause of education in this county if he succeeds in making matters pertaining to school more closely understood by the people.

A successful protracted effort is being conducted by the United Brethren denomination at their new church.

Mr. C. McClung has disposed of his farm for a consideration of $2,000, also the Holmes quarter has changed hands. Land buyers are as numerous as politicians in a campaign.



Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

Sheep Association.

MR. EDITOR: In the COURIER of week before last, you suggested that the wool growers of Cowley, Sedgwick, Sumner, and Butler counties organize a district wool growers association. The writer, for one, most heartily endorses that suggestion. The sheep interests of Cowley and adjoining counties is rapidly assuming giant proportions. We think we are safe in predicting that in less than three years Cowley County alone will contain 300,000 head of sheep representing a capital of near a million dollars. This being the fact, the most obtuse can see the necessity of some organization, not only for mutual improvement to stimulate us by a friendly competition to improve our herds, but to bring united influence to bear upon our Asolons@ at Topeka when next they meet, and thus secure some needed legislation to protect us from the ravages of worthless dogs. The writer of this has had all the experience he wants in the way of feeding ten cent dogs on a five dollar sheep and no way to secure any remuneration.

In order to give your readers some idea of the loss to wool growers from this cause, I will state that I have before me the reports of the secretary of state for the state of Ohio, with the statistics for the last twenty years, wherein I find that the average annual destruction of sheep by dogs in that state is over 40,000, valued at over $100,000, but the fund raised there by a tax on dogs is ample to compensate owners of sheep for all losses.

What say you, Asheep men,@ shall we organize?

So soon as a sufficient number manifest a desire for such an organization, either through the press or by communicating with the writer, we will make arrangements for a meeting at some convenient point.



Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

Ninnescah Items.

EDS. COURIER: I have at last found time to place a few items before your readers, but alas for good intentions, how quickly some of them are broken. I thought I should be so regular in my correspondence, for a paper that is so worthy should be encouraged by all that are interested, and I claim to belong to that number. I shall do better in the future.

There have been many changes in our township since I wrote you last, and in many ways. Real estate has been changing hands to some extent. W. D. Crawford has sold his farm to a gentleman who is fitting himself for business, and a man of intelligence; just such a farmer as Cowley always welcomes. Mr. Crawford has bought the farm joining on the west of the one he sold and intends improving it. He has commenced fencing 40 acres for pasture and the talk is they intend fixing it up for a permanent home.

Mrr. S. M. Worthington left Thursday for Missouri on a visit to his aged parents and friends of other days. His many friends here wish him a pleasant journey.

P. W. Crawford and family have left us and their many friends regret their departure, but separation is one of the annoyances of life.

Just here I wish to tell the grand success the different religious societies in Ninnescah have had since I last wrote. There were 37 conversions at old Ninnescah and differences existing between neighbors were bridged with christian love. Your correspondent has attended the protracted meeting at Seeley several nights. There was quite a number of conversions there and much good was done in the community. The meeting was ably conducted by Rev. Snyder.

Thanks, Minnie Mentor, for your kind compliment. Although unknown to me, you have my best wishes and I hope to hear from you again.

Wheat in this part looks well, everybody seems to be of good cheer, and are anticipating a good season for crops. It has been favorable so far. Farmers have taken advantage of the open winter to do considerable plowing.

Mrs. Holler has beat us all in the chicken line as she has little chicks over a week old. Mr. Holler=s father is stopping with him. He is just from one of the eastern states and is much pleased with Cowley. Our school is not considered successful and one of the wonders is how the teacher succeeded in getting a certificate. The Seeley folks are feeling very badly on account of school drawing so near the close. The teacher, Mrs. Turner, intends leaving our part of the country. We regret that they are going. May success and happiness go with them. LADY MADGE.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.



ATTORNEYS AT LAW. Practice in all the Courts. Prompt attention given to collections. Office over Post Office, Winfield.


Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.


The following correspondence between Hon. Thomas Ryan, member of congress from the Topeka, Kansas, district and Hon. Hiram Price, commissioner of Indian affairs, in reference to the future purchase of Indian supplies, at some point in the Missouri Valley, instead of at New York, must command wide attention.


WASHINGTON, Jan. 16, 1882.

Hon. Hiram Price, commissioner of Indian affairs.

SIR: Referring to our recent conversation respecting the bids for and awards of contracts for Indian supplies, I have the honor, in compliance with your suggetion to express in writing, briefly, the view which I then urged upon your consideration.

You will remember that the principal point urged was, that in future bids for furnishing Indian supplies of wheat, flour, corn, beef, pork, bacon, etc., should be received and awards made at some suitable place in The Missouri Valley. It will not have escaped your recollection that this matter was brought by me to the attention of the house of representatives in the last congress and that the proposition seemed to meet with very general acceptance, though it was found impracticable under the rules of the house, to embody it in the Indian appropriation bill then pending.

It must strike every reflecting mind as somewhat anomalous that bids should be invited and contracts awarded at the chief commercial center on the Atlantic seaboard for supplies which must be purchased from 1,000 to 1,500 miles west of that city, and so much nearer the various distributing points.

The states of Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa, and Minnesota, constitute the greatest wheat, corn, pork, and beef producing area on the continent or in the world, and from these states is drawn the great bulk of the food supply delivered to the Indians. Minnesota=s flouring mills are the most extensive in the world, and that state could supply the wants of all the Indians fed through the agency of the government without appreciably diminishing her grain surplus. The same may be said of my own state, a large part of which is contiguous to the Indian Territory, and from which a very large part of the supplies are drawn for the Indians located in that territory. And yet, contracts for supplying the Indians within the state of Minnesota and adjacent to it, and those within easy reach of Kansas producers, are awarded in the city of New York.

I cannot conceive that any sound reason can be given for transacting this important business so far from the base of supply. The disadvantages of the system can be shown from the history of the service, and from the experience of every man familiar with facts.

An examination of the reports of your office will show into how comparatively few hands the business of furnishing such Indian supplies has fallen. It will show, also, the substantial identity of the successful bidders from year to year.


For the most extensive contracts of flour, corn, pork, and beef, the great staples of the West, as I have already said, there are sometimes but three or four, and rarely or never exceeding six bidders; and it has been doubted whether among this small number the competition has always been genuine.

The system in vogue, despite the best intentions of the authorities, naturally tends to encourage combinations of professional contractors, and to exclude practical agriculturists and stock ranchhers, who ought to be able to furnish their productions to the government without paying tribute to professional middlemen.

Of course, I am aware that changing the place of letting these contracts from the east to the west will not of itself correct all the evils of the present system, though it would, doubtless, greatly lessen them. Much of that which is objectionable comes from other causes, among which are inadequate advertising, the too brief time to perfect and file the bids, and the dilatory system of adjusting accounts. These causes have operated powerfully in the interest of the contractors, and to the detriment of producers. The former are always promptly and thoroughly informed as to the requirements of the department, and have at their instant command all the requisite machinery, while the latter, if they acquire the information at all, do so at a later period, leaving too little time with which to prepare bids; procure and forward certified checks; and fulfill all the essential requirements. The result is, as I have intimated, and as the records show, to practically limit the dealings with the Indian office to a few persons, with the consequent facilities for collusion.

I have never heard one good reason why this business of awarding such Indian contracts should be transacted in the city of New York, and I do not believe that one can be advanced, while common sense and the application of ordinary Abusiness principles@ would require that these important transactions should have their center in the midst of the producing region.

It is most respectfully suggested, therefore, that you give such directions as will insure the reception of bids and awards of contracts for such supplies in the future at some suitable point in the Missouri valley. And further, that there be such an extension of time and such modifications of the plan of advertising as will tend to make more general the knowledge of the government=s needs, and correspondingly increase the facilities for general and genuine competition.

I regret that you are powerless to correct the pernicious system by which the settlement of claims arising from contracts faithfully performed is so unreasonably and unjustly procrastinated as to make it undesirable for businessmen to deal with the government, and which operates so prejudicially to the public interest by compelling the United States to pay so much more for its purchases than it otherwise need to do.

Very Respectfully,



Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

John McClaskey, the miller at Pawnee Agency, writes on the 24th inst., of a terrible accident which befell a poor ALo@ at that place on Monday, Jan. 23rd. The following extract from his letter tells the tale.

AOn Monday afternoon about 4 o=clock a Pawnee Indian came into the mill, and being of an inquisitive turn of mind, began to closely examine the different parts of the machinery, and finally ventured too near and was caught in a shaft which was running at the rate of one hundred and fifty revolutions per minute. Before the mill could be stopped, he was killed. Nearly every bone in his body was broken, and he was mangled and bruised beyond recognition.@


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.


More Lock Jaw.

WINFIELD, KANSAS, February 4, 1882.

EDS. COURIER: Disclaiming all idea of offending or of obtaining for myself a cheap advertisement and regretting the apparent necessity for so doing, I yet deem it but justice to myself to notice an article in your paper of the 2nd inst., in regard to a case of lock-jaw in the person of one Adam Bass, a young negro man, who came under my surveillance on the 18th day of January and was discharged as relieved on the 27th day of the same month, just nine days after I was called.

The inference clearly deducible from the item as given you, is that the physician who waited upon said Bass was ignorant of his true condition and that the fellow was playing Apossum@ on him all the while, or as medical men would express it, he was malingering; for your item says: Afinally Drr. Green was called and taking Dr. Emerson, they went out. The Doctor was satisfied in his own mind that the fellow was shamming and on this theory began a rigorous treatment, etc., and got him to admit that he was not so bad off as he thought.@

On the 19th day of January, said Bass was reported as having dislocated his shoulder and damaged his side by a fall in a well. I first saw him in company with Drs. Headrick and Green, and we examined him in the presence of Dr. Wells. As to his hurts, we found the ribs upon the left side evidently very sore and tender to the touch, while the shoulder was much inflamed and swolen around the joint. We all concurred in the opinion that there had been a dislocation and that it had been properly adjusted by Dr. Wells, and I deemed it but just to Dr. Wells to so state, and left the case in his hands. The following morning I was again called and refused to go, but told Dr. Wells that he had best go, and he did so. At noon the boy=s father again came for me and I again refused to go, but being told by him later that Dr. Wells wished to retire from the case, I visited him in the afternoon and found him with locked jaws, or that form of tetanus known as trismus. Dr. Emerson was then with me and I understood him to fully concur with me in the diagnosis, and he gave him a very thorough and searching examination and suggested a section of the offending nerve if we could establish what nerve to cut. I visited the boy after this for several days twice daily and each time found his jaws closed so firmly as to defy all my efforts to unlock them. I gave him chloroform several times and at least once had him completely anesthetized, or under its influence, and yet failed to move them. The boy had besides the closed jaws other prominent symptoms of tetanus. (I use the words tetanus, trismus, and lock-jaw as synonymous.)

The scholarly gentlemen who made the wonderful discovery that he was only malingering know full well that time enough (9 days) had elapsed for his partial recovery, if he was to recover at all, and further that the spasm attending this trouble does go off, just as it did in his case, i.e., relaxing and often returning for many days after the patient is considered relieved.

The day that they visited him together, Feb. 1st, I had positively refused to go, because as I informed the messenger there was no need of it, and that he would get well without further treatment. It may be that towards the close he did play Apossum@ to a certain extent in order to attain the sympathy of his dulcinea, but I submit that no man could maintain as he did for several days and nights in succession an uninterrupted rigidity of the muscles of the jaw, defying all attempts at opening, and further assert that there would naturally be less difficulty in opening his jaws after the violence, of the trouble had been overcome or had passed away. I should not have commented on this matter but for the large amount of talk growing out of it upon the streets and the fact that it is largely known that I was the doctor made to appear so ignorant in diagnosis. Allow me to add that I set up no superior claims of intelligence, in fact, I am painfully aware of my own ignorance and freely admit that the world, and Cowley County more especially, contain very many wiser and greater men than myself. Still I have learned to go slow on diagnosis and avoid hasty conclusions, and when I know that I do not comprehend a case, I am always willing and ready to admit it.

Dr. I. Fleming, a practitioner of age and experience, a gentleman and a scholar, recently here from the state of Indiana to attend his son-in-law, Mr. Ticer, visited Adam Bass with me during the 7 or 8 days when he was at his worst, and when neither of the gentlemen who visited him for the first time did see him, hearing the matter freely canvassed on the streets, kindly mailed me the following certificate, which explains itself.

I have the honor to subscribe myself very respectfully,

W. R. DAVIS, M. D.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.


EDS. COURIER: Who was it that said Dexter was dead. If he had been here last week, he would have seen his mistake, as everybody and his dog was on the wolf chase. On Monday there was a chase and Mr. All Elliott lost a valuable dog and he will be obliged to anyone who will return Roody.

On Wednesday the people of Dexter had a rousing chase in which they caught one wolf and ran another until after night when he took water in Mr. Dart=s feed lot. Saturday they had him up again, and they intend to catch him yet.

Unlike other sheep men who want to tax dogs, Mr. Stanford made an offer to the owners of hunting dogs, that when they caught one of the big wolves, he would give them a supper. One of the large wolves has already been caught, and the time is only to be set when the supper will be given.

Miss Emma Eliot [? Elliott?] came home on last Friday for a visit. Her school will close in about three weeks. I am glad to learn through your Tisdale correspondent that she is giving excellent satisfaction.

Mr. Harve Lewis took about 80 hogs to market the other day and got near one thousand dollars for them.

Farmers are pushing ahead this fine weather, and plows are here and there turning over the soil.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.


EDS. COURIER: A youngg man direct from Germany next attracted my attention. His destination, I soon learned, was Hermasillo, Sonoro, which is said to be a beautiful town. It is situated on the Sonoro R. R., now building between Benton on the Southern Pacific R. R., and Guymas on the Gulf of California. He proved to be a short hand writer, liberal in principle, and I conceived him to be a fair representative of the Republican element in Germany, an element which is furnishing America with a large number of excellent citizens; many of whom are more thoroughly Republican than those born on American soil. The rigor of the institutions which gall and fret them at home make them more thoroughly liberal. We learn many things by comparison. The man who has never experienced the pangs of hunger and thirst can form no just conception of their torture. He who has felt the fetters can appreciate the bliss of freedom. Despotism tends to produce anarchy. The AGolden Mean@ in temper, desire, government, and in all the relations of life is probably the better pathway, and leads to the best results. Our German companion, however, could take no middle ground. He had been hampered and now he is free. His bold, restless, energetic spirit had ventured; the extremities must be investigated, enjoyed, endured. Fortunate indeed will he be if he falls under the care and guidance of older and more experienced minds, who will have it in their power to save him from much of the suffering and chagrin which are the heritage of those whose methods of action and thought are extreme.




Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.


EDS. COURIER: The next question is settled. At the Valley View lyceum on Thursday evening, the great question ADoes Prohibition prohibit?@ was thoroughly analyzed in all its bearings. The principal disputants were Mr. J. W. Millspaugh for the affirmative, who made an eloquent address, interspersed with some close reasoning and almost convincing arguments, but it was not until Mr. Blanchard took the stand that the fun actually commenced. He with his characteristic eloquence and convincing logic fairly made the affirmative gentlemen quake: The negative took the position that all laws were prohibitory but none prohibit; that the Lord even could not make such a law without depriving man of his free agency; that the only way to positively prohibit an act was to deprive a man of his liberty, or as expressed, catch and tie him. The jury unanimously decided for the negative without leaving their box. GREEN BRIAR.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.


EDS. COURIER: Dexter has again got back to her old part in the ranks of the Republican party. The stalwarts renewed their order of march again, on the 7th inst. They marched away with the entire Republican ticket, notwithstanding she had in the field a combination ticket, which was made up of the Democrats, Greenbackers, and the sore-heads, but the old stand-bys stood solid for the straight Republican ticket and they gained a glorious victory over all of about 30 majority. The Democratic ticket was called the people=s ticket, made up of a combination of G. B.=s and Democrats, with only a few old sore-heads, which were never known to vote the Republican ticket when there was any show for a boltt. Some of this latter class are talking about starting a party of their own and calling it the Bolter party, and I think they could accomplish wonders. Look out for Dexter to stand solid hereafter, and I say, Amen.

Dr. Hawkins is improving some, but it will be some time yet before he will be able to get out.

The farmers are all preparing for an early spring. I am afraid McDorman will get no ice to fill his ice-house if this weather continues. SUBSCRIBER.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.


EDS. COURIER: Farmers here do well as in all other parts of the county, and are busy plowing for spring crops.

Joe Baker is buying some nice young spring cattle.

Mr. A. Buttry is building a nice stone house on his farm.

I will lay a wager that Omnia can boast of more candidates for office than any township, as she has thirty-three. So someone will be left.

J. C. Stratton has gone for a short visit in Missouri.

Mr. John Davis of Augusta has been visiting friends here the last few days.

The Henthorn boys still want more teams to tend cane, for which they will pay $2.50 per acre.

W. H. Sillow, our worthy P. M., has been quite poorly, but is mending now.

A. E. Henthorn is the patentee of a syrup and sugar pan.

Several of A. Hattery=s friends have lately arrived from Indiana.

Mr. Shaw has sold his fine farm.

Steve Elkins runs an eight horse grist mill, and we can get meal at home now.

We think there will be a wedding near here soon.

The Haycraft Bros., are the boss stone masons of this part of the county.

The new schoolhouse in the northeast corner of Omnia will soon be done. There are three weeks more of school in district 109.

Mr. John Nicholson intends to sow 40 acres of flax this season, and George Nicholson will plant 20 acres of castor beans.

Mr. Henry has 50 head of nice cattle. People here are going to raise stock instead of trying to raise wheat.

BIRTH. They have a new boy down at Sargent=s. Weight 10 pounds. Father and mother doing well. NASBY.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.


EDS. COURIER: The white carpet which recently covered the wheat is an excellent fore-runner of a large yield in the coming harvest. The prospects for all kinds of fruits were never better than at the present. Farmers are well along with their corn plowing. There will be one hundred percent more millet sown this spring than common, and more sorghum. There is a general belief that this is the year of Jubilee for Cowley, and farmers are going to make an extra effort to regain in this year what they lost in the last two.

The grand wolf hunt was a failure on account of a failure to get the orders published in the COURIER, but there were about one hundred persons swinging around the circle, and no doubt the wolves were mortally scared, as one was seen the next day sitting on a hay stack Aviewing the landscape o=er.@

School has commenced at Floral, A. Limerick, teacher.

Protrcted meetings at Floral by the Christians.

Rev. Gregory of the Baptist persuasion is going to open a store at Floral.

Rev. Brown commences a prottracted meeting at Prairie Grove soon.

By the way, if you want to visit the best school in the county, call at district 108.

Literary every Friday afternoon. ROY.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.


I believe I can get my living without hard work, my father sweat over the furnace in a blacksmith shop since he was twelve years old, and now, at the age of fifty-three, he would be rich if he could sell his thirteen children for as much as the slaveholders in Georgia did. The girls don=t amount to much, it is the men who work from seven to six to support women, though to be sure they get us pretty good grub and patch the knees of our pants to keep them out of sight, but their work is indoors, except to pick up wood sometimes and feed the pigs in the pen, and milk when father is too tired after his days work; he gets awfully used up, and when noon comes he is glad to throw himself upon the lounge for a nap. Mother never complains norr never lies down. I don=t believe she is ever tired; women=s work is very easy anyway, and they need not scold if we do leave our hats and coats on the table, and our boots on the stairs. Father says girls were made to be helpmates, and I believe it, for it seems to come natural for them to keep things tidy after their eight brothers. This is not what I started to write, and if Phebe hadn=t said I had better go out to the shop to work, I never would have let on how mean they were.

They say that Byron and Burrns, and all the rest of those old writers of grand thoughts, came through the quill. I have been reading a good deal about them, and have come to the conclusion that I can write as well as any of them. Father used to teach school up in VermontCat least he took a school, but the boys were so large that he only kept it part of one month, so he showed me how to make quill pens, and I have ten now, or had when I began this, but like Count Fesco, I toss them over my shoulder, as he did his sheets of paper. My dictionary is open before me, and I shall endeavor to spell like Webster, and if anything readable comes through my quill, I can safely imagine I am on the high road to fame. I am thirteen years old, have never been drunk in my life, and confine myself to three cigars a dayCunless I am treated to more. If I could raise the wind, and get some TIN, I know I would make my mark before I am twenty. It don=t pay to be too good; besides I want to be like other men, but the desire to become an author is paramount to all else, so I shall from time to time express my ideas on the subject of temperance, always trying to do so mildly, and on woman=s rights, negatively, for they are getting altogether too smart now-a-days. My sister Phebe is always telling what she will do when women can vote, and how they will reform boys, to make them understand that they can=t rule the world. Little Askeery,@ this woman voting business, they all work on the sly, and if they should once be admitted to the polls to vote, I believe it would knock whiskey, playing poker, and houses with glass fronts higher than Jacob=s ladder.

But I am fast growing to be a man, and shall be large enough at eighteen to vote; so if they will encourage me, I will help all I can to put the women down, you bet,Cthere, excuse me. I haven=t half expressed myself, because I have had to fight with my quill to keep these genteel phrases backCI mean my pen, for my quills are all gone up. THIRTEEN YEARS OLD.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.


The Courant asserts that during the month of December the druggists of this city sold over $700 worth of intoxicating liquors on physicians= prescriptions, and believes that, including beer and liquors shipped by express to individual drinkers, the amount o a thousand dollars was excpended in this city for liquors during that month. From all this it squeezes out the conclusions that AWhiskey has flowed in this town like water,@ that the prohibition law is a Ahollow mockery@ covering a Agrinning skeleton,@ that the law is not enforced, and in general carries the idea that more liquor is drunk and more drunken men are seen than before the enactment of the law.

Now, we are not going to deny that some of the druggists are selling liquor in violation of law, and that two or three physicians are giving prescriptions of liquor in violation of law. It may be difficult to prove that a physician did not believe a prescription of a pint or a quart of whiskey to a regular toper every two or three days was necessary to his health; it may be difficult to prove that the druggist filling these prescriptions did not believe they were legitimate, but the people will all believe that both have violated their oaths, that both are dishonest and not to be trusted. Both will be held as disreputable citizens, and it would be strange if they should not be caught and punished sooner or later. The Courant makes the accusation; we do not. We believe that some of our druggists at least, and most of our physicians, are honorable, law abiding men.

If it is a fact that our druggists sold $700 worth of liquors in a single month since the prohibitory law, it does not prove anything against the law. A similar state of affairs existed under the license system, but no one claimed that the license law was a failure. It will be remembered that in a trial of one druggist in this city for violating that law (the dram-shop act) it was shown that he had standing prescriptions on his books from physicians in this city to about twenty or thirty regular whiskey drinkers, prescribing a certain amount of whiskey per day indefinitely to each of them, all for their health; and it appeared in various ways that some druggists were in the habit of selling liquor in violation of that law. Now we have no means to prove that the druggists= sales under that law were as great as under the present law, but we have every reason to believe that it was as persistently and as flagrantly violated, and that the druggists sold, considering the growth of the country, comparatively as much liquor as they do now. It must be remembered that a part of the liquor sold by the druggists now is legitimate. We think it safe to say that the illegitimte sales of druggists here cannot aggregate more than $400 a month, nor more than $200 a month in excess of the illegimate sales under the old law. To offset this possible increase in druggists= sales, we had five or six saloons under the old law, who together paid an average of $200 a month license. It is not presumable that they paid the gross amount of their sales into the city treasury. If they did not, then more liquor was sold in the city than now, and the prohibition law does prohibit to some extent. Jim Fahey alone used to sell $1,000 to $1,500 in liquors a month, and we think $3,200 a month a low estimate of the amount sold by all the saloons. A law which reduces the sale of liquors $3,000 a month in a town the size of this, is not a failure by any means. We estimate the total monthly sales under the old law at $4,000 a month. Our neighbor estimates the total monthly sales now at $1,000 a month, and we presume no one will say our estimate is wilder than his. The result is that prohibition already reduces the evil three-fourths, and we shall be surprised if that $1,000 don=t get curtailed one-half or three-fourths in a short time. Remember that it takes time to get the hang of a new machine and learn how to work it. The machine is a good one, and will move on until the fellows who get in its way are finally worn out and ground into powder. We would rather be in purgatory than be in the way of that machine selling liquor on a dodge or making improper prescriptions.

This paper asserts that the prohibitory liquor law is enforced in this city just as the laws against larceny are enforced. Some scamps steal wood, and little articles from a store and many other things and escape detection, just as some dram-sellers escape. Neither dares to do it openly and both are on the Aragged edge.@



Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.


AWe give space to the above because we think the sentiments are just; but wish to remark in connection therewith that this kind of church raffling is no new thing here nor confined to any one particular denomination. Even the church to which the writer belongs is not entirely innocent of complicity in similar amusements. We have heard of such kinds of lotteries even in connection with a Sabbath school festival. We know of one young man who was induced by some young ladies to pay a dollar for a chance in an organ that was put up in a similar way at one of these, and we think that the investment had the effect to relax his moral tone and did him much damage in that direction.@


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.


It is reported in Chicago that the C. B. & Q. Railroad has leased orr is about to lease the Denver and Rio Grande. It will be a stunning blow to Gould if the lease is effected.

The Osage Indians have just taken a long stride toward civilization in the ratifying of a new constitution, formulated a great deal similar to those of various states in the Union.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.


The latest political gossip that reaches us is to the effect that J. S. Danford, of Osage City, is a sure enough candidate for U. S. Senate.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.




Among other proceedings had by the Board the following claims were acted upon as follows.

Name. Kind of Service. Amount.


S. D. Jones, Judge of election: $3.00

J. D. Hammond, Judge of election: $2.00

N. Wortman, Judge of election: $2.00

J. Low, clerk: $2.00

C. C. Roseberry, clerk: $2.00


H. J. Chinn, Judge: $5.10

Antonio Buzzi, Judge: $2.00

J. Titus, Judge: $2.00

C. S. Parvin, clerk: $2.00

A. A. Beck, clerk: $2.00


William Trimble, Judge: $5.60

John Annis, Judge: $2.00

John Linton, Judge: $2.00

I. B. Curry, clerk: $2.00

John A. Scott, clerk: $2.00


G. W. Childers, Judge: $5.50

R. Courtright, Judge: $2.00

John Bothrick [?Bethrick] Judge: $2.00

J. M. Stewart, clerk: $2.00

W. T. Stewart, clerk: $2.00


W. W. Dressie, Judge: $6.00

D. M. Patten, Judge: $2.00

Ira Patten, Judge: $2.00

N. Parisho, clerk: $2.00

____ Custer, clerk: $2.00


I. H. Bonsall, Judge: $4.50

T. McIntire, Judge: $2.00

Uriah Spray, Judge: $2.00

Geo. McIntire, clerk: $2.00

L. P. Stanton, clerk: $2.00


W. R. MCGredy, Judge: $4.80

J. V. Hine, Judge: $2.00

R. C. Nicholson, Judge: $2.00

H. C. McDorman, Clerk: $2.00

W. Maurer, Clerk: $2.00


W. B. Weimer, Judge: $$3.80

Robert Hanlen, Judge: $2.00

William Metzger, Judge: $2.00

John Hanlen, Clerk: $5.60

P. S. Covert, Clerk: $2.00


R. S. Strother, Judge: $6.50

James Hickman, Judge: $2.00

John Hodson, Judge: $2.00

W. S. Hall, Clerk: $2.00

George Savage, Clerk: $2.00


H. Catlin, Judge: $3.90

J. W. Frith, Judge: $2.00

S. F. Reck, Judge: $2.00

A. B. Cochran, Clerk: $2.00

S. N. Frederick, Clerk: $2.00


Joseph Craftt, Judge: $5.00

W. B. Nowman, Judge: $2.00

Adam Walk, Judge: $2.00

J. B. Nawman, Clerk: $2.00

J. D. Nawman, Clerk: $2.00


Geo. S. Cole, Judge: $3.90

H. H. Martin, Judge: $2.00

W. A. Wood, Judge: $2.00

D. W. Pierce, Clerk: $2.00

Benjamin F. Turner, Clerk: $2.00


Jeremiah Gregory, Judge: $5.50

William Johnson, Judge: $2.00

Gee Darlington, Judge: $2.00

L. A. Daniels, clerk: $2.00

R. O. Stearns, clerk: $2.00


E. H. Rogers, Judge: $$6.00

A. A. Mills, Judge: $2.00

N. W. Parkin, Judge: $2.00

T. L. Thjompson, Clerk: $2.00

John Stogdale, Clerk: $2.00


W. H. Rathburn, Judge: $6.50

C. R. Miles, Judge: $2.00

J. H. Serviss, Judge: $$2.00

T. H. Aley, Clerk: $2.00

J. H. Burtgis, Clerk: $2.00


A. B. Becker, Judge: $3.60

W. A. Ela, Judge: $2.00

J. J. Beach, Judge: $2.00

Charles Seacat, Clerk: $2.00

Jerry Camp, Clerk: $2.00


J. H. Sandford, Judge: $4.80

C. H. Bing, Judge: $2.00

N. J. Larkin, Judge: $2.00

William Wadsac, Clerk: $2.00

N. B. Kennedy, Clerk: $2.00


Daniel Maher, Judge: $4.10

D. C. Stevens, Judge: $2.00

S. J. Holloway, Judge: $2.00

James Bair, Clerk: $2.00

J. J. Stephens, Clerk: $2.00


Rueben Booth, Judge: $4.50

Geo. Kishburn, Judge: $2.00

J. Williams, Judge: $2.00

John Hubbard, Clerk: $2.00

J. T. Wilber, Clerk: $2.00


D. A. Primmer, Judge: $4.50

E. J. Johnson, Judge: $2.00

William Ovington, Judge: $2.00

W. H. Funk, Clerk: $2.00

Elmer Watkins, Clerk: $2.00


Geo. Rall, Judge: $5.50

J. H. Gilleland, Judge: $2.00

Geo. Eaton, Judge: $2.00

____ Mead, Clerk: $2.00

_____ Black, Clerk: $2.00


Harvey Smith, Judge: $4.50

Ed Collins, Judge: $2.00

J. F. Teter, Judge: $2.00

H. Hulse, Clerk: $2.00

N. Brooks, Clerk: $2.00


J. Sessna, Judge: $44.80

William Butterfield, Judge: $2.00

L. Bartholamew, Judge: $2.00

Jeff Darnell, Clerk: $2.00

S. Catrell, Clerk: $2.00


J. H. Hall, Judge: $3.80

G. T. Wilson, Judge: $2.00

P. Martin, Judge: $2.00


M. Ellinger, Clerk: $2.00


E. [? CANNOT READ SECOND INITIAL] Skinner, Judge: $4.00

P. M. Waite, Judge: $2.00

C. M. Skinner, Jude: $2.00

F. H. Worden, Clerk: $2.00

R. S. Millspaugh, Clerk: $2.00


S. E. Burger, Judge: $3.20

J. L. King, Judge: $2.00

T. A. Blanchard, Judge: $2.00

John Mench, Clerk: $2.00 [BELIEVE MENTCH IS CORRECT!]

G. W. Prater, Clerk: $2.00


A. B. Booth, Judge: $5.40

A. Caldwell, Judge: $2.00

L. C. Pattison, Judge: $2.00

E. J. Horseman, Clerk: $2.00

Thomas Walch, Clerk: $2.00


In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal of office this 14th day of Feb., 1882. J. S. HUNT, County Clerk.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.



Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.


Ira McCommon has a choice farm for sal at Seeley..

Save your nickles by coming to the Dollar Store.

Herve Cole has gone to Iowa to recruit his wasted energies.

An adjourned term of the District Court will be held next Friday.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.


Mr. A. B. Booth, of Windsor, made us a pleasant call last Thursday.

Real Estate is booming. Large cash sales are being made every week.

Col. Hallowell came in Monday to try some U. S. Cases before Commissioner Webb.

Mr. and Mrs. Al Requa came down Monday and will visit friends here for a week or so.

A. J. Burgauer is in New York laying in supplies for the spring trade of the Bee Hive.

Mrs. George Rembaugh has been quite ill with intermittent fever. She is much better now.

Mr. G. W. Childres [? DO THEY MEAN CHILDERS?] of Cedar, came over Thursday. He is still taking out coal from his mines.

Read=s Bank has sued old Winfield township for $375, old township scrip. Are there any more suits to be brought?

Dever=s Star Bakery has been moved to Miss Mansfield=s old stand three doors north of Whiting=s Meat Market.

R. G. Dunn, of the Sedan Times, took in our city last week. Dunn is one of the brightest young newspaper men in the Southwest. He likes Winfield, and Winfield likes him. Come again.

DIED. An infant child of R. B. Pratt was taken away by death on last Sunday, and was buried on Monday morning from the Presbyterian Church.

Mr. Meyers has put new stone pillars under the arch in the post office building, and has raised the sidewalk to prevent water standing in front of it.

Squire Harvey Smith rested his number tens on our table Friday. He reports everything quiet on the Potomac since Henthorn licked his man.

The Catholic Fair closed Saturday evening with a grand ball. The fair throughout was quite successful and wil net the church quite a large amount.

Campbell has been to the mountains and some fear his health is declining. That may be so, but Campbell himself is not declining anything worth having.

Another billiard hall man was arrested Tuesday for allowing minors to play in his hall, and fined according to the ordinances in such cases made and provided.

One of Winfield=s brightest young boys sent us a long letter, which we publish on the first page this week. The boy displays unusual ability as a scribe, and we would like to hear from him again.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.


Al Requa put in Tuesday shaking hands with the boys. He looks hearty and his corporosity is undiminished. Al has many friends among our Winfield folks and all are glad of his success.

The physicians have been on the anxious seat in regard to Dr. Davis= lock-jaw communication, which appears on the first page this week. The Doctor makes a plain statement of the case.

Senator Long of Sedan, Chautauqua County, made us a pleasant call last Tuesday. He is one of the bright young men of Southern Kansas and is making his mark on the history and politics of our state.



Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.


P. H. Albright of the firm of P. H. Albright & Co., Loan Brokers, has deposited $10 in M. L. Read=s bank, which is to be paid the first Cowley County farmer who brings in a stalk of 1882 corn that measures 10 feet.

There was one addition to the Christian Church last Sunday. There is now a meeting in progress at Floral in this county by the Christians. Several have been added, and the meeting continues with fine interest.

Oh! Why should the spirit of mortal be proud,@ when sheep shearing time is so near at hand and he can earn four dollars a day clipping twenty cent wool from Cowley=s one hundred thousand three-dollar a head sheep?

Mr. Wm. Hart, of Boonville, Indiana, has been looking over Cowley for the past week. He likes this country so well that he thinks of selling his Indiana property and locating here permanenntly. We hope he will decide to come.

We don=t want to find fault with the young girls here, we like to see them happy and having a good time, but we would like to ask them if they don=t make just the least tiny bit too much noise in the post office and on the street sometimes?

W. P. Campbell has not told any reporter that he, Campbell, would not accept the nomination for Congress, or the Supreme Bench, or the Senate. Campbell, like another rising young statesman we know of, is always willing to accept the situation.

The entertainment for the library is to be given by the young folks. It will be one of the best we have had this winter. The cast is a good one and it is hoped that a large number will be in attendance for the good of the cause. The library is in a flourishing condition and should be kept up.

Another startling evidence of the effects of advertising is brought to light. A. T. Spotswood brought in an advertisement of a team for sale Monday. Tuesday morning he sold the teamCbefore the Aad@ had been put in print. The moral of this little incident is: Advertise in the COURIER.

Willard R. Gilson, who commenced carrying messages for the Western Union here 2 years ago, is now on the Western Union Co.=s roll as a first-class operator and is stationed at Howard, in charge of the line there. Willard is a boy of unusual ability and energy, and has in a short time made himself one of the most efficient operators on the road.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

Hilary Holtby of Pleasant Valley Township was brought before Judge Gans Monday and examined as to his sanity. The jury found him insane, and that he should be sent to the asylum. He was taken Sunday morning, and his insane fancies, all of a mild type, are queer. He says he is Ainspired@ and claims he has power second only to God; that this is the Garden of Eden and that all property is common. He has appointed Mr. Browning and Mr. Teter as superintendents to assist him in running the garden.

He says God told him that Garfield is the only American in Heaven. Another of his hobbies is the invention of perpetual motion and power over animals. It seems that these communistic ideas were first imparted to him by a couple of cranky preachers who infested Pleasant Valley some time ago and taught a kind of doctrine in which cures were effected by the laying on of hands, men were given power over animals, and doing away with the singular right of property. The idea seems to have so taken hold of his mind to the exclusion of everything else, and finally dethroned his reason.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

Hurrah for Cowley! The regular spring Acrap@ [SURELY THEY MEANT TO PRINT ACROP@...???] of Hoosiers and Suckers and Buckeyes are coming right along and bringing their neighbors with them to find new homes in the ABanner County.@ You can=t AProhibit@ them. They don=t seem to care how little liquor is sold here, but they do admire our rolling prairies and rich black soil. But hold! Perhaps they have heard that liquor can be had although it isn=t sold openly on the streetsCthat they can get it by sneaking around and getting a so-called physician to pejure himself. Last year there was some doubts about getting it at all. We had but little immigration. This year it is slyly intimated that the supply is not entirely cut off, and the very best class of peopleCpeople who bring robust sons and buxom daughters to grow up among usCcome flocking in to purchase homes. There may be something in prohibition vs. Immigration, after all. We are not getting much of an increase in beer-drinking Germans, but there is a small army of law-abiding Americans seeking and locating homes in Cowley every week.



Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

Mr. C. S. Prowell, Miss Scothorn, Dr. and Mrs. Graham, Judge and Mrs. Bard, J. W. Johnston, Miss Ida Johnston, Miss Be. Carruthers, and Mr. Millington and daughters attended the Knights Templars= ball and banquet at Wichita last week.The party put up at the Occidental Hotel and were made comfortable by its courteous managers and their assistants.The entertainment was one of the finest ever given in Kansas.The ladies were beautifully and tastily dressed, many of the costumes being very elegant and expensive, while the gentlemen appeared in full dress.The Opera House was handsomely decorated with flags and emblems of the Knights Templar, and a dress parade by the Wichita degree was well executed and enjoyed by all.The Wichita people made a grand success of the entertainment, as is usual with them, and for the Winfield party we desire to thank them for the very pleasant evening afforded us.

[They had Prowell...? Could this be APowell?@ They also had Be. Carruthers???]


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

Cowley County Real Estate is going up. The scales for the past two weeks have shown a decided advance. A large number of farms have changed hands at from $2,000 to $4,000, that could have been bought last summer for two-thirds of the amount. A tide of immigration is setting toward Cowley the character of which is most desirableCmen who come with money and settle here for the purpose of making homes. Another good feature is that those who sell hardly ever leave, but buy cheaper unimproved land, get themselves out of debt, and lay a foundation for future prosperity. The boom is just beginning, and those who wish to invest in Cowley real estate had better do so quickly. If we have three such years as 1876, 1877, and 1878, every farm will be a bonanza.




Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

Mr. L. Mounts, from Shelby Co., Illinois, has purchased the Lewis Myers place in Fairview Township, for which he paid $3,500 in cash. The purchaser returned to Illinois for his family and will be back in a month. He is an intelligent German of considerable property, and says he comes to Kansas to make a home for himself and growing family, that it is as fine a country as he cares to live in, and that, although he don=t see any particular harm in beer, he is down on whiskey and would rather do away with the whole business than to subject his boys to the temptation of open saloons and convivial companions everytime they come to town. This is the kind of people we want in Cowley.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

A. H. Green has sold fifteen farms since the first of January and these have been mainly for cash at good prices. The number of land buyers is increasing and he has correspondence which indicates that there will be a still larger number of men here within a few weeks desiring to purchase farms in this county. These parties are all of the better class of citizens, men who are not only intelligent but have plenty of money. The outlook is that we are going to have a boom in Cowley County. Those who have farms for sale should put them into the hands of A. H. Green at once. His office is the headquarters for land buyers.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

Mr. Hughs, of Pleasant Valley, is going into the sheep business. About a year ago he was passing a sheep ranch and one of the herders presented him with a sheep. He took it home, turned it out, and in the spring sheared ten pounds of wool from it, worth about $1.50. This spring he will shear about ten pounds more. He says the keeping of the sheep has cost him about twenty-five cents a year, and that it is so profitable in the singular, he=ll try it in the plural, and will add more to the flock. [Hughs?? Hughes, maybe?]


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

Ed Bedilion has quite a curiosity on exhibition at his office. It is a glass bowl in the stem of which is a silver quarter. The quarter is in the center of the glass stem, and seems to have been put in when the glass was moulded. The quarter is dated 1827. The bowl has been in Ed=s family for thirty years and no one noticed the quarter until the other day, when his little girl happened to see it and her wonder was as great as a boy with his first colored glass marble.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

DIED. We are sorry to chronicle the death of Deacon Harris, which occurred last Friday morning. He died of pneumonia contracted while on a hunting expedition in the Territory. Deacon Harris was one of the best known and most respected of Cowley=s citizens, and was one of the most genial, companionable men we ever knew. The funeral was held from the church north of town, and was attended by a large number of friends from Winfield. Rev. Platter conducted the funeral ceremonies.



Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

In Dexter Township the contest was red-hot, but Samuel H. Wells, one of the staunchest Republicans of the township, carried off the honors for trustee. C. W. Barnes was elected clerk, Windsor Drury, treasurer. J. V. Hines and John Radcliff, justices, and Joseph Church and William Duff, constables. It was a big victory for the true-blue Republicans, and old Dexter steps into line as one of the strong Republican townships once more.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

Our merchant prince and ex-Mayor, J. B. Lynn, is out again today in this paper with a new ad., calling attention to his new stock of goods and new prices in his magnificent new building, which is indeed so well known as to be called his old stand. Few merchants have had the fortune to gain the confidence and good will of any community so fully as has J. B. Lynn and few have so well deserved a wide popularity.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

A great many little boys and girls are now stockholders in the Building and Loan Association, and lots of them came up this month with their pass books and deposited their dollar and received credit for it with as much self-satisfaction as Jay Gould would have in depositing a million. Most every member of the Association who has children growing up has taken stock for them.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

The Board of Directors of the Building and Loan Association met Monday evening and transacted much important business. The Association has on hand uninvested funds to the amount of nearly two hundred dollars, which will be let at their meeting Saturday evening. Members who desire to borrow should be present at the Secretary=s office at eight o=clock sharp.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

Jananschek is said to be heading this way. It is our humble opinion that the old girl couldn=t get a baker=s dozen to hear her at a nickle a head. Her glory has departed and she had better retire before she becomes as poor in purse as her performances are in merit.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

Don=t send comic valentines. There is nothing fine about them, if they are funny and hit the receiver ten times to one they are cruel. There is nothing lower than ridicule of the personal defects of another, and that is generally the point of a comic valentine.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.


Reception of the Governor.

Saturday, 18th, 11 o=clock a.m. Citizens with carriages will assemble at the Santa Fe depot to receive the Governor and escort him through town. Salutes by the St. John Battery, Capt. Haight.

7 o=clock evening: Salute from the Battery. 7-1/2 to 9-1/2 evening, reception at the residence of D. A. Millington. Ladies and gentlemen who desire to pay their respects to the Governor are invited to call at that time. This is a general and cordial invitation. There will be no special invitations.


Doors of the Opera House will be open at 1:15 p.m. Persons from the country and from a distance are invited to occupy the seats early, and citizens of this city are requested to come from 1:45 to 2 o=clock, so that in case the room cannot contain the whole crowd, the preference will be given those from a distance and Winfield people can have plenty of chance in the evening. We do not doubt this courtesy will be extended by the Winfield people. A bell will ring half an hour before services commence and will toll ten minutes before.


2 o=clock: Prayer by Rev. J. B. Platter.

Temperance song by the choir.

Senator Hackney introduces the speaker.

Address by Gov. St. John.

Music by the choir.

Benediction by Rev. F. M. Rains.


7-1/2 o=clock: Prayer by Rev. H. A. Tucker.

Music by the choir.

Address by the Governor.

Music by the choir.

Benediction by Rev. C. H. Canfield.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.


Gibson & Co., presented us with a broom last week.

Dr. R. P. Jennings, of Delaware, Ohio, is visiting his brother, Frank.

There will be a social ball at the Opera House next Tuesday evening.

A fire Tuesday night destroyed a stack of hay belonging to S. D. Klingman.

Mrs. Dr. Black sold her residence in this city yesterday to John Keck for $2,000 spot cash.

Geo. McDonald, of the Wichita Leader, attended the Catholic Fair held here last week.

The Presbyterian Sewing Society will meet this Thursday afternoon with Mrs. Dr. Black.

Miss Eugenie Holmes left last Tuesday morning for her home at Fairland, Indiana.

The highest price paid for green and dry hides at the Kansas Tannery, Winfield, Kansas.

Geo. B. Shackleford spent Saturday and Sunday with the family of his uncle, W. T. Roland.

Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Huey of Arkansas City were in attendance at the Knight Templars ball at Wichita.

Senator Long says Winfield is the finest town in the state, in which opinion he is eminently correct.

Judge McDonald is in town again. He will hereafter make this his mining as well as legal headquarters.



Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

Mrs. M. L. Robinson and her son, Frank, have returned. Frank has been attending business college at Burlington.

Mrs. M. L. Robinson, accompanied by her son, Frank, has returned from Burlington, Iowa, where Frank has been attending school. Their many friends welcome them home again.

Mrs. Dr. Black will go to New Mexico as soon as the new hotel is finished at Robinson. She intends taking charge of the hotel and making her home there.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

Wheat is bringing today (Wednesday) from 70 cents to $1.15 for best. Corn 48 cents to 50 cents. Hogs $5.70 to $6.00. Produce unchanged.

Mrs. J. E. Saint and family start for Las Vegas, New Mexico, this Thursday afternoon, after making a two months= visit in Winfield.

Two canary birds were caught in the northwest part of town Sunday. If anybody has lost a bird, they had better look these up.

If you wish to make a loan on your farm, call on P. H. Albright & Co., over the post office, Winfield, Kansas. Money paid on the spot and no delay.

W. C. N. Garvey, of the Santa Fe monopoly at Topeka, came down Friday. He looks healthy, and Topeka Amalaria@ does not seem to affect him.

Episcopal Church services in the Court House on Sunday, at 11 a.m., and 7 in the evening. Sunday School at 9:30 A. M. All are invited to worship with us.

And now comes the Norton Advance and says that ex-Judge W. P. Campbell has agreed to run for Congress. Campbell always had a greed for something or other.

Odessa School is closed for the present. Another case of a little boy who couldn=t tell a lie. He should have a hatchet. Maybe his teacher will give him a hatchet?

A young lady named Miss Kittie Terrell, at Millbrook, Kansas, recently sold her pair of pet antelopes for $50. She had raised them herself and was loth to part with them.

Frank Manny=s Flying Dutchman has been heard from. He is in Las Vegas making fun for the boys, and some of them have almost come to the conclusion that he is luny. Speed knows better than that. [INSIDE JOKE???]

A horse came tearing around the East ward schoolhouse Monday afternoon with a young lady clinging to the side saddle and yelling for help. She was thrown off near Mr. Bliss= residence, but sustained no serious injuries.

The Plow trial that was to come off at Ed. Allen=s was a partial failure as one of the contestants was run into during the night and had little show to rig his plow. Probably will be tried over again one mile east of Winfield next Friday.

Winfield has a man who wants his every movement hearalded to the world through our local columns, but who, when we approach him for an advertisement, is shy as a cat with a sore tail. Dunn quotes him as Ashaky@ and Dunn is correct.

Mr. J. E. Conklin is still with us waiting on his wife, who is rapidly recovering. J. E. still clings to his newspaper inclinations and puts in odd hours around the printing offices. In making a legitimate and thorough newspaper, he has but few equals.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.


George Williams, administrator of the Larson estate, has received a letter from the Swedish and Norwegian Minister at Washington to the effect that he has the power of attorney from a half sister of Peter Larson, and will put in a claim for the estate.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

We have received a letter from Robinson, New Mexico, stating that the town is having a big boom. M. L. Robinson is erecting a two-story hotel and a new paper is soon to be started by V. B. Beckett and Jim Hill of this place. Robinson is in Socorro County, right among the mines.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

The ladies of the Womans Christian Temperance Union will give a supper at the Presbyterian Church Monday evening. Refreshments will be served commencing at 5:30 o=clock, tickets 25 cents. A general invitation is extended to businessmen and others to attend.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

The annual spring meeting of Stockmen on the Cherokee Strip will be held in Caldwell, Kansas, on Wednesday, March 1, 1882, at 10 o=clock a.m., for the purpose of making arrangements for the spring round-up and to transact such of her business as may advance the stock interests of this section.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

Col. J. B. Hallowell called on the COURIER Tuesday and entertained us a couple of hours with his inimitable stories and political incidents. Hal is one of the best talkers in the state, and a call from him is a highly prized treat. He was here on his official duties in relation to a complaint of fraudulent entry of lands. [WHERE DOES THE AHAL@ COME FROM? INITIALS ARE J. B.?]


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

In another column will be found a novel proposition from a couple of members of the ASeventh Day Adventists@ Church in Cedar Township. They offer $500 to anyone who will cite them to a paragraph of the New Testament fixing the first day of the week as a day of religious observance. Here is a chance to profitably search the scriptures.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

A Field Day.

Monday was a field day for local news. A horse ran away with a girl. Hilary Holtby was adjudged insane. Town full of notables. Lots of land buyers. Taylor farm in Vernon sold for $4,000, offered for $3,000 a year ago. Mrs. Dr. Black offered $2,000 for her residence and wouldn=t take it. Churches putting stone widewalk around their buildings. Other matters of interest in regard to Sunday services. Return of Prof. Trimble from Topeka. W. R. McDonald bought Jochem=s residence. Bisbee traded his house for a farm. Hackney & McDonald sold Keffer farm for $2,000. John Easton started a new blacksmith shop. Bobbett, of Maple City, moved here and opened out a feed stable on East Ninth Avenue. The boys had a grand drunk on receipt of the news that a section of the liquor law was unconstitutional. Dr. Harrider of the Dunkard Mills in town looking up a lot on which to erect a large flour and feed store for the Dunkard Mills. Abe Steinberger returned from Howard. Bib Mitchell in town. J. W. Pugsley sold his residence to W. P. Gibson for $1,600. And there were various other matters of interest to readers.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

Teachers= Association.

EDS. COURIER: In accordance with instructions, the following report of the fifth Northwestern Teachers= meeting is submitted for publication.

The teachers met at Udall Friday evening, Feb. 30. Udall=s school mistress, as usual, had fled to parts unknown; but there were a goodly number of teachers and people present. President Wilson failed to put in an appearance, leaving the teachers like sheep without a shepherd, but Vice President Corson made a very good Ahireling.@ A part of the teachers had not seen the program in time to prepare the work assigned them, but impromptu exercises from them and some of Udall=s citizens supplied the deficiency. The welcoming address by P. W. Smith was full of characteristic wit and energy. The response by A. Limerick showed a good comprehension of the educational question. In addition to other exercises the following were given.

Declamation, P. W. Smith; Recitation, Smith, P. W.; Prof. W. P. Smith, five minute speech; debate, ADuties of patrons to schools.@ Affirmative, R. A. Hall. Negative P. W. Smith (ex-teacher).


At the Saturday meeting the attendance was much better than last November. A lively interest was manifested by all present. Some very good thoughts were suggested by an ex-teacher. The following are some of the conclusions reached by the association on the subjects discussed.

First, ATroubles in Ireland,@ causeCreligious oppression, the monopolizing of wealth and power by the few, and ecclesiastical education. Cure: ecclesiastical education must not take the place of secular, and the planting and maintaining of such social and political systems as exist in the United States at present.

Second, ATeachers= aids.@ We learn from the mistakes of others, annd from visiting their schools. It is better to use an author=s key to get a clear explanation than to give a poorer explanation without help. Compare notes with neighboring teachers and render mutual aid. Teachers may read professional books and papers, but there must be careful thought and study to apply the new ideas to their own schools.

Third, Digestion. The principles of digestion of food (and thought) should be taught in schools, especially the laws of health of the organs of digestion.

Fourth, Mistakes in teaching. Teachers should in school be quiet, but firm; dignified but condescending and kind. Do not assume to know everything. Be sure that a statement is correct before it is left. Do not meddle with all the trivial affairs of scholars that come incidentally to notice. No set of rules can be made at the beginning of a school where the teacher is not acquainted that will apply to its special needs. Be careful at first to impress upon the pupils your ideas of right and wrong, and a few general rules; then make others as necessities arise.

Fifth, Rainfall. The subject is already understood (?).

It was resolved to hold the next session at Darien schoolhouse, March 3rd and 4th. Friday evening=s program is as follows. Music; Welcoming address, Miss Fannie McKinlay; Response, Miss Jennie Hicks; Essay, Mrs. A. Limerick; Declamation, George Wright; Recitation, Mrs. Normie Wilson; Music, B. B. Hunter; Exercises by Darien school; Declamation, L. McKinlay; Select reading, R. B. Corson. Question drawer. Topics for Saturday were assigned to the following: Mrs. A. Limerick, Porter Wilson, A. Limerick, R. B. Hunter, Miss J. E. Hicks, L. McKinlay, and George Wright.

Teachers, the next meeting will be the last of the season, and let us make it the best. District Boards are especially invited. The Association returns its thanks to the citizens of Udall and suburbs for the kind entertainment received.

L. McKINLAY, Secretary pro tem.

IN MEMORIUM. It becomes our painful duty to chronicle the departure of our late lamented President, Porter Wilson. About dark Friday evening he was seen wending his way toward Udall, musing on Mistakes in Teaching. Coming to the Dunkard mill-dam, Luna=s rays cast a silvery gleam on the sheet of water. Mistaking the reflection for ice, our honored president ran plump into the water and sank, to rise no more. When last seen he was sweeping over the mill dam. May his good deeds follow him, and his spirit hover around at the next meeting. L. M.



Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

A Surprise.

One of the greatest, most unlooked for, and most pleasant surprises of my life occurred at my residence on the evening of Feb. 13th. It was on this wise. The girls of my Sabbath school class (composed of girls from ten to fourteen years old) to the number of sixteen, accompanied by two boys of about the same ageCcame with lunch in their handsCamd while I was sitting at my table with pencil in hand, ready to write a letter, wholly unconscious of any hostile intent, in marched said girls and took me prisoner before I knew they were in the house. Mrs. Holloway was in the secret, and I tell you it was well planned and better executed. I guess I will get well right away now, for I have not laughed as much in a whole year as I did at their innocent, mirthful, and antic playing. We had a nice lunch together, and a joyful, happy time. God bless all these dear girls of my class who made the surprise, and also those who could not come. The names of those present were Mattie Bard, Cora Stocking, Mary Trezise, Nannie Gilbert, Cora Goodrich, Ona Wright, Gertrude Bedilion, Mediie Hamilton, Maggie Bedilion, Leona Howie, Lula McGuire, Augusta Gibson, Fannie Kensel, Allie McDonald, John Ballard, and Willie Wright. S. S. HOLLOWAY.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

D. P. Hurst has bought a fine Morgan and Hambletonian thoroughbred stallion, fine style, a good stepper, and a real beauty. Cost $800, and cheap at that. Persons wishing to breed fine stock should call and see him.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

Mr. John Isom sold his farm of 240 acres to Fin Graham for $3,800, Tuesday.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

H. C. Hawkins, of Vernon, was offered $3,800 for his farm (160 acres) Monday, but he refused to take it.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

Hackney & McDonald sold the Jake Keffer farm in Pleasant Valley Township to Kyle McClung for $2,500.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

Mr. D. Harrider is looking up a location on which to erect a large flour and feed store for the Dunkard Mills.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

Mrs. Saint leaves for Las Vegas today. She entertained a party of friends Tuesday evening.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

Money to Loan. For lowest rates and fair treatment until paid, see Col. H. Robinson.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

Wm. Taylor sold his farm in Vernon Township to W. P. Gibson for $4,000.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

Mr. Pugsley sold his city residence to W. P. Gibson for $1,000.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

H. Jochems sold his city residence to W. R. McDonald for $2,500.

Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

John Beard has bought the W. S. Holmes plce for $2,300.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

The Horticultural Society.

Met at Winfield, February 4, at 2 o=clock p.m., President Martin in the chair. Secretary being absent, J. O. Taylor was chosen as Secretary pro tem. Mr. Maxwell was called on as an experienced grower to give the members the best varieties of fruits to plant in this section. He reported that Canker worm has appeared in the orchards in the bottom lands, and advised growers to be on the look out and destroy them as soon as found.


Early Harvest: slow in coming in.

Carolina Red: early bearer.

Summer Queen: early bearer, good grower.

Red Astrachan: early bearer, good grower.

Sweet Bough: slow in coming in, shy bearer.

Trenton Early: early bearer.

Maiden Blush: good bearer.

Fall Pippin: good bearer, early in coming in.

Rambo: not recommended, too long in coming in.

Ben Davis: has all the good qualities but flavor.

Rome Beauty: good quality, not tested.

White W. Pearmain: recommended.

Winesap: good in every respect.

Rawles Janet: one or the best for this section.

Willow Twig: succeeds well.

Gilpin: small but good.

Missouri Pippin: early bearer and good every way.

Cooper=s Early White: will be the leading early apple.

In planting an orchard, always plant peach with apple.

President Martin stated that at the State Growers= Association, the Association recommended planting apple by themselves, but to plant closer together.

Mr. Millspaugh: Early June does well. When cultivated, did not bear. Have stopped cultivating and let the ground get hard, when trees fruit well.

Mr. Martin: It is a fact that to stop too great a flow of sap induces fruit bearing. Threaten the life of a tree and it will try to produce seed.

Mr. Hart of Indiana being present was called on to give some accountt of his experience. Stated the experiments of some of the orchard 1sts in his state.

Mr. Williams suggested that the Secretary correspond with some of the best growers as to their experience, and ask for a list of best varieties. Motion made and carried.

The following names suggested: Mrs. Wm. Moore, Arkansas City; Geo. Brown, Winfield; Squire N. J. Larkin, Floral; Henry Hawkins, Winfield; Mr. DeTurk, Winfield; Mr. A. S. Burrell, Arkansas City.


Mr. Maxwell: Amsden has ripened so as to ship the 24th of May.

Early Beatrice: next in order of ripening.

Hale=s Early: later but best of all.

Winds do not blow fruit off trees as in the East.

Early York, Snow, Geo. 4th, Royal George, and Stump of the World are shy bearers.

Wards Late: good.

Crawfords Late: does well.

Salway: for late.

Millspaugh: Experimented with half of his orchard mulched, half not. The mulched portion did far the best, peaches ripened a week later but were of far finerquality; well paid for trouble of mulching.

Maxwell: Had tried experiment of mulching with same result.

The subject of mulching young trees and orchards versus cultivation was discussed.


Mr. Maxwell said pear did well here. Bartlett and Sheldon on pear root had borne in five years. Quince had not succeeded wth him.


Mr. Maxwell: Sure crop if you have vines. Recommended: Concord and Iowa. Drucut Amber does well.


Maxwell: Recommends Lawton and Kittatinny.


Pres. Martin: Bought four varieties of red, got five berries; ought to have borne 20 bu. Black cups did well.

J. F. MARTIN, President.

J. O. TAYLOR, Secretary pro tem.

NOTE: A cordial invitation is extendedd to every fruit grower in the county to report varieties, their success and failure. Will prove valuable to all intending to plant this spring. Let the next monthly meeting of the society be one of great interest to our fruit growers.



Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

Testing the Plows.

An agreement between W. A. Lee and S. H. Myton having been made to test the Hapgood and Casady plows, a number of farmers met on the afternoon of Feb. 10, 1882, at Mr. E. Allen=s farm, Vernon Township. The undersigned committee was chosen by the above contestants, to decide the following points, viz.

1. Lightness of draft.

2. Quality of work.

3. Ease of mnagement.

Seven inches was agreed to be depth in testing. The draft was first tested by the Dynamometer. Ten observations were made on each plow. The following table will show the result in each case: [SKIPPED TABLE SHOWING RESULTS OF CASADY & HAPGOOD PLOWS.]


Casady Plow.

Draft, 4274-1/2; Width, 150-1/2; Depth, 71-5/8.

Hapgood Plow.

Draft, 4912-1/2, Width, 157-1/2, Depth, 69-1/2.

Thus in the ten tests the Casady aggregated 2-1/4 inches more in depth, and 1-3/4 inches more in width, and its draft was six hundred and thirty pounds lighter.

On the second point, Aquality of work,@ we would say that both plows did good work. It was difficult to give a preference to either.

On the third point, Aease of management,@ the committee had not sufficient time for a complete investigtion, but as far as tried were in favor of giving the preference to the Casady plow. The committee would say that the contestants manifested nothing but an honorable spirit in aiding correct conclusions. Signed, LEWIS P. HESS,




Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

To Be Tried Over.

This whole thing is dark and the most of it was done in the dark. Trial did not commence until one hour by sun. By the time the Casady had struck out and plowed a few rounds on a land the sun was near down. I requested that the mould board on a Casadyu plow be set as used to do good work. It has a slot under back end of beam so that mould can be thrown back two inches. It then just pushes the ground to one side. Was at once overruled by the judges. I then requested that the Casady cut a sqaure land side but received little satisfaction. After making ten tests of the draft of the Casady my plow was hitched to; it being night I had no time to strike out a land, annd had to put in on their land. I leveled my plow to seven inches: Judges ruled it was not deep enough. It was then thrown deeper and of course out of shape, and lower than the last furrow plowed. Scales were put on it in this shape after six tests. Myton=s man asked that my plow be thrown more on the lay, which was at once granted by the judges. It was now nearly dark, everybody excited, and the next pull was 200 pounds more than first drafts. Mr. Patterson made the statement after signing the above, to both myself and Myton=s men, that he did not think my plow had a fair showing in the trial. The same plows will contest one mile east of town Friday next, the 17th. All parties present urge for a fair test as to draft and work.

W. A. LEE.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

I wish to express my thanks to those who so kindly favored me with a present of Dickens complete works. The work of a teacher is laborious and sometimes seems but a thankless task. Events like this form the Oasis in the memory of both teacher and pupils. While it is the duty of the teacher always to do the best he can for those under his care, yet it is a great encouragement to him to know that his efforts are appreciated. E. T. TRIMBLE.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

$500 Reward.

We, the undersigned, hereby offer a reward of $500 for either of the following texts.

1st, Any passage in the New Testament proving that the first day is the Sabbath or a holy day.

2nd, Any passage proving that there was ever a religious meeting held in the day time of the first day of the week.

3rd, Any passage proving that it was the custom of the Apostles or the primitive Christians to meet for religious worship on the first day of the week.

4th, Any passage proving that there was ever only one religious meeting held in the evening of the first day of the week.

5th, $500 for any passage showing any command, either of Christ or the apostles, for Sunday keeping. These texts must be found in the New Testament.



Cedar Township, Cowley County, Post Office, Cedarvale.



Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.


The old reliable AStar Bakery@ is again on Main Street, west side, between 9th and 10th avenues, where they keep always on hand a full stock of BREAD, PIES, ETC., and where the hungry can get an excellent lunch.



Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

The Board of Directors of the Winfield Building and Loan Association will hold an adjourned meeting Saturday evening, Feb. 18th, 3 o=clock, at the office of the Secretary, to loan $150 to the stockholder making the highest bid therefor. Any member wishing to borrow the money should attend.

J. F. McMULLEN, Secretary.


Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

Complimentary Social.

The ladies of the M. E. Church of this city, announce a sociable with donations on Thursday evening, Feb. 16, in said church, the object of which is to give some expression of their appreciation of the valued services of their pastor, the Rev. H. A. Tucker, and his wife during the past year. They invite a full attendance of all the members of their church, and of all others who may be inclined to cheer them and their pastor and wife by their presence, or by a donation. Everything that can be used in the way of eatables, also dry goods or money or choice books will be gladly received.



Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.



M. HAHN & CO.,



Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

AD. I MUST HAVE A LARGE LOT OF DRESSED POULTRY, BUTTER, AND EGGS, AND WILL PAY HIGHEST PRICES IN CASH FOR ALL THAT IS BROUGHT IN. SHIP ALL YOU CAN AS SOON AS YOU SEE THIS. This poultry and produce goes to furnish the eating houses along the Santa Fe road and must be furnished daily. If you can=t dress the poultry, I will buy and dress it myself.





Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.



EDS. COURIER: I feel it a pleasure to write of the delightful winter we have had since the November snow storm, which soon cleared up, and though it left two feet of snow, the bright sunshine every day following giving us a temperature on may days, at noon, of 50 and more degrees, soon carried it off, and from the middle of the eleventh month to the present time, with but few and very short lived exceptions, the climate has certainly been most enjoyable. We know by reports that you have had in Southern Kansas a remarkably mild season, and we are inclined to believe that the winter here has been an exceptional one in a marked degree. The great dryness and rarity of this atmosphere renders it very invigorating when the temperature stands from twenty to forty. Asthmatics are here by the score and certainly derive almost wonderful relief. Persons of this class of sufferers who barely find existence possible in the humid air of the east, obliged to remain night and day in an upright posture to keep the lamp burning, soon experience on coming here a signal sense of relief. Breathing more freely, sleep in beds like Christians, and tke vigorous physical exercise with but a tithe of the distress it occasioned in their former homes. We know a gentleman but a short time ago engaged actively as clerk in the Commercial House at Ogden, Utah, who went there three years ago from Omaha in such a state of chronic Asthma, as had not permitted him a natural posture in bed at night for months. In the Salt Lake Valley he rapidly regained freedom of respiration, and in a few months could trip up and down stairs with the elasticity of yough though more than 60 years old. Not the least remarkable feature in his case, is, that he can only have permanent relief by remaining where such relief was gained. Going to Omaha on a visit of but two weeks, his return to the mountains was urged, in fact made imperative, by the most unmistable indications of a speedy return of the old complaint in all its original violence.


C. M. A.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.


EDS. COURIER: It may be that some items from the Valley will be of interest to your readers.

The winter so far has been mild.

Wheat looks well and farmers are all plowing for spring crops.

There is a protracted meeting going on at the Centennial schoolhouse, conducted by Santee L. Hill of the Seventh Day Baptists. The meetings are well attended and many have covenanted to keep the seventh, or Sabbath day, as well as all the commandments of God. They propose organizing a church at the centennial, also a Sabbath school.

Our election passed off quiet, electing a full set of democrats to fill the township offices. This is unusual for Beaver, having a large majority of Republicans. Everybody seemed to itch and so they scratched. Well, guess we will have to stand it.

The Baptists are holding a series of meetings at Valley schoolhouse, conducted by Elder H. S. Henderson, with good results. Our vgalley seems destined to a speedy reformation. So mote it be.

The young folks seem to think a social hop does no harm after church. Weigh the matter well, young folks, as you may be off a little.

The coal mine of G. W. Childers has furnished about 4,000 bushels of coal this winter and gets better as they go in. The miner, Mr. Buright, is on the sick list this week. Hope he may soon recover.

John Young is going west with his cattle this spring on the range somewhere. He has rented his farm to T. W. Stewart for 1882.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.




Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.


EDS. COURIER: Our election Tuesday was warmly contested as usual, the two parties both claiming the power, and as it is uncertain which way the scales will turn, both parties are encouraged to make an effort at each election. The party lines were strictly drawn on the nominees for constable and treasurer, which terminated in one majority for the Republicans. The trustees nominated on the democratic ticket were elected by a majority of fifteen. The candidate, however, outran the ticket on which he was nominated.

There is now a protracted meeting in progress at Beaver Center schoolhouse conducted by Elder Torbitt and Rev. Harry Brown, both of the M. E. Church South. The prospects are favorable for good results from their labors.

Our old friend, W. D. Lester, was able to attend the election on Tuesday. He is feeling some better but is yet quite feeble.

Our neighbor and friend, Mr. Isaac Markley, has traded his farm for one in Indiana, and will emigrate thirther in a short time. Mr. Markley is a good citizen and neighbor, and one of our best farmers. His crop for the last year brought him over $1,500. We hope he may do as well next year in the old Hoosier state.

MARRIED. On Tuesday, the 7th inst., Miss Molly Rouzee was married to a gentleman from Columbus, in this state. The happy couple left on the morning train going east. They have our best wishes.

Mr. C. W. Jones has removed from Beaver Township to Creswell on the Smalley farm, now owned by Mr. Joseph Abrams.

Beaver Township is now in a very prosperous condition. Many of the farmers who have long been embarrassed by old mortgages running back to the time of deeding their claims, have paid up and are now free from all indebtedness and are in good spirits and taking hold with renewed vigor. The prospects for the crops of 1882 were never better. The wheat in many fields completely hides the ground, the early sowing looking much the best. The finances of the township are also in a very healthy condition, entirely clear of debt and money yet in the treasury. We would advise all newcomers that are huntting land to take a look at Beaver before investing elsewhere. Many have already come and still there is room.

Messrs. Harmon and Tannehill have their mill and corn sheller in full operation. Mr. Harmon is grinding his corn into feed and hauling it to Winfield, making 72 cents per bushel out of his crop, which is a fair profit.

Mr. S. D. Jones is now enjoying a visit from his oldest son, who is a resident of DeWitt County, Illinois. He is highly pleased with the country and was very much surprised on arriving at Winfield and seeing such a town of only twelve years ago. He thinks it a better town than Clinton, the County seat of DeWitt, which is forty years old. He thinks the Brettun House the finest he has seen since leaving home.



Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.


The following is a report of Fairview School, district 21, for the month ending Feb. 9, 1882.

Following are the names and standing of pupils whose average standing in attendance, scholarship, and deportment is 85 or higher.

Jennie Baird, 87; Effie David, 91; Ida Orr, 88; Hettie Orr, 95; Minnie Larimer, 90; Eary Orr, 85; Erma McKee, 94; Viola McKee, 95; Annie Orr, 91; Mary Curfman, 88; Rosetta Isom, 96; Carrie Orr, 96; Maggie Wilson, 92; Laura David, 91; Oliver Craig, 85; Courtney McKee, 94; Isaac Curfman, 89; Frank Curfman, 99; Fred Limbocker, 86; Albert Curfman, 92; John Wilson, 86; Verdan David, 92; Oscar Curfman, 90; Elmer Curfman, 91; Wesley Johnson, 86; Joseph Johnson, 87.

Enrollment 35, average attendance 27, number of visitors during month, 2.

R. S. WHITE, Teacher.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.


The teacher of the Fairview school is still ill and there has been no school this week.

Mr. Charlie Allison was preparing to go to Colorado, but he has concluded not to go.

I came up Grouse Creek the other day and was pleased to see the wheat looking so well.

Mr. Ridgway is putting in an addition to his building.

There is some talk of a new schoolhouse in district No. 124, but talk is cheap.

The Bulsby boys, who came here last fall and rented C. Burdett=s place, have their plowing all done and are waiting to plant corn.

Mr. S. Allison has the finest bull in this part of the county.

J. M. Stinson has sold the farm he bought of Lippman to Mr. Weddle.

Ben French is puzzling his brain to know what relation he is to Miss Allison since Ira married his sister-in-law.

Chance Robinson has come from the range to see his new home and reports that his cattle are fat enough for beef, and that they have lived on the range all winter. The question arises, what did he do with the 70 tons of hay he put up?

Mrs. Thore is puttting out a nice patch of onions.

G. B. H.



Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.


George Callison intends returning to Dodge City soon.

O. Brubaker has come home looking healthy and fat; western life must agree with him.

Brother Wheat preached at Dexter last Sunday. He delivered a very able address.

There is some talk of a dance in the hall at Dexter the 22nd.

Mrs. A. Hamil is not getting any better. [Hamill??]

Mr. Truesdale had a storm at his house last Sunday evenig.

Willie Stanford has moved his sheep over near Mr. Campbell=s, where he bought some corn last fall.

Mr. Dave Meridith will soon move on Crab Creek. He has rented his place at Dexter to Mr. Welch.

George Harris says he is agent for Mr. McMullen and has $20,000 to loan. Girls, here is a chance if you want to exchange single life for married. George is not old, very handsome, and besides has a good piece of land.

I wonder which Mr. Hardin pets the most, John, Ed., or Charlie, as they call them Mr. Hardin=s pets.

Feb. 14th. NELLIE GRAY.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

The Catholic Fair.

AA little fun now and then is relished by the best of men.@ The Catholic Fair, which closed Friday evening, Feb. 10, was the source of much amusement to the people of Winfield. Everything in the way of pleasure was there, and the citizens did not fail to patronize the good work. The businessmen when called upon for contributions responded liberally, as did the ladies, in donating the various articles for a supper and refreshment tables. The fancy articles which were donated were duly appreciated, and served to decorate the booths nicely. We not pretend to name the several articles; however, we will give a few. The china set of one hundred and fifty seven pieces, which was won by Mr. J. B. Lynn, who afterwards presented it to Father Kelly, occupied a prominent position on one of the tables. A handsome family Bible, a fine gold necklace and bracelets, donated by Mr. P. Lavery; a wax cross, a silver castor, donated by Mr. Schroeter; a silver butter dish and knife, the gift of Hudson Bros.; an artificial flower pot, given by F. Manny; a large wax doll, a silver pickle castor, and two silver goblets, donated by Mr. and Mrs. C. Buckley; a Kalo-meda set, given by Johnson & Hill; a pair of vases, by Harter Bros.; lace curtains, by Mr. Hahn; a box of fancy note-paper, by Mr. P. Buckley; a handsome album, by Mrs. Charlie Allen, of Wichita; a pair of vases, by H. Goldsmith; a pair of gentleman=s slippers, by Smith Bros.; pin cushions, tidies, toilet sets, mats, pillow shams and numerous other articles, which decorated the fancy tables over which Mrs. J. C. Fuller and Mrs. Pierce presided. The refreshment stand was taken charge of by the Misses Healey, McGonigle, and Kelly. The supper table was superintended by Mrs. Dockery and Mrs. Lanbener. Miss Kate Healey was postmaster and distributed many letters and valentines to the young folks. Mrs. Charlie Allen, from Wichita, took care of the oyster table. Our friend, Capt. H. H. Siverd, was the winner of the hanging lamp and pickle castor; he deserved them for his energy in trying to make the fair a success. Dr. C. C. Green won the horse. The ball, though last, was not least. It was conducted with so much propriety that many church members were tempted to Atip the light fantastic toe.@ Capt. C. Steuven was floor manager. There were many visitors here during the fair. Mrs. E. Woolheater, Mr. Buck, from Newton, Miss D. McDoigle, from Leavenworth, and Mrs. Charlie Allen, from Wichita, being noticed. Nearly all the young folks of Winfield were out. The young men were very gallant and generous in taking chances on all articles to be disposed of in that way. Capt. W. Whiting, Dave Harter, Ad Powers, Willie Smith, C. Hodges, J. Hyden, Fred Whiting, Ed and H. Cole, C. C. Harris, J. O=Hare, H. Seward, and A. D. Speed were among the many who assisted in making the fair a success, both socially and financially, and we feel sure the Catholics will feel grateful for the kindness of all those who contributed toward the good work.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

Over in the Big Meadows any day a fine illustration of chilly comfort may be seen in the plan adopted by the Indians to catch fish and keep warm at the same time. Follow the river and occasionally you run across a noble red man muffled up in all the old coats and blankets he possesses, sitting in his canoe, which is loaded with firewood. Three or four feet of the center of the canoe is covered with sand to the depth of two or three inches, and on this he keeps a bright fire blazing, and, with his back to the flame, pursues his business of taking in the speckled beauties. The smoke might prove troublesom to a white man, but the Digger is in no danger of having his complexion injured, and, as he paddles along from one good riffle to another, he looks like a lord, and throws a glance of pit at the white man who takes his chance from the snowy bank, and has to knock under in the fishing race at the rate of about five to one.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.


WINFIELD, KANSAS. Has opened up a new stock of goods at new prices, which cnnot fail to give satisfaction. HIS STOCK OF DRY GOODS, BOOTS, SHOES, HATS, CLOTHING, ETC., IS THE MOST COMPLETE IN THE CITY.

He invites his old friends and the people generally to call and see.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.


It seems to be a settled fact that Lemmon, of the Newton Republican, is red hot to go to Congress, either as one of the extra men Kansas will be entitled under the new apportionment, or as a successor to Ryan, and he don=t care much which. Millington, his daddy-in-law of the Winfield COURIER, is anxious to help Lemmon in his struggle, but he can=t make a very vigorous fight, because there is the post office, you know, and besides Bill Hackney might object. Lemmon may just as well take down his lightning rod, because Ryan will be returned to Congress, and the other feller will be selected from among the heavy talent south of the main line of the A. T. & S. F. Road. These facts may as well be understood now as later in the season. Caldwell Commercial.

Campbell is a bright student in the junior class at college and Hutchison a very bright fresh man in the same college, is his fag. So when anyone hits at the junior, the freshman must strike back; hence the above. Now we do not deny that we think Lemmon is a bright boy and that we feel a lively interest in him. We know he is attending to his business thoroughly and is doing an almost incredible amount of hard work. If he should not overwork and should make no serious mistakes, we deem it quite possible that the time may come some time in future years when he might put up a lightning rod. We do not deem it discreditable in a young man to have aspirations for a seat in Congress. At present A. E. has his hands full of other matters, among which seems to be the keeping of Judge Peters= lightning rod polished at the point. For ourself, we are for Ryan for the regular district nomination and For Congressman at large. Should there promise to be much of a storm, we shall place a lightning rod on the house of W. P. Hackney.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.


Probably no other issue of any paper ever published in this county ever contained so much meanness as the Daily Courant on Monday. The Governor of the ggreat state of Kansas was invited and urged to come to Winfield and address the people of this county on a question now agitating the people of his state. He accepts the invitation, and in the most fearful storm ever known here, a thousand people braved the cutting winds and the driving hail shot, laboriously wading in deep sand-like snow and hail to hear him. Whatever else he might have been, however ignorant, or insipid or week or bad, he was entitled to considerate and courteous treatment from every citizen of this city and county and particularly from the press, and any unkind or discourteous remarks about him in relation to the visit and addresses are insults to the people of this county and state. Then considering the facts that he is the recognized leader and most distinguished orator of a great movement which is fast becoming national in its character, that he is one of the most honored and distinguished Kansans of this or any other time, that the people of this county admire, respect, and venerate him as they do no other living mn, the atrocity of the act of filling a daily paper published in the same city with low squibs of labored wit at his expense, stands out in bold relief. One may be honestly opposed to the policy of prohibition, ardently in favor of the license system, earnestly opposed to the Governor, but all this is no excuse for discourteous treatment or for slapping a whole community in the face.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.


The County Superintendent has just completed his apportionment of the state and county school funds, and the amounts due each district will be found in another column. [WILL SKIP IT.]

The amount of state fund due is 39 cents for each pupil in the county and the amount of county fund is 20 cents for each pupil in the county. This county fund is composed principally of the fines assessed against violators of the prohibition law. Under local option the school fund received no benefit from the liquor business. Under prohibition it will either have to stop or pay heavily toward educating the children of the county. Each pupil in Cowley County can consider that it has received twenty cents worth of schooling out of the refractory liquor dealers, and when the law gets through with the doctors, they may have twenty cents more.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

Why is it that if there is more liquor drunk in Kansas now than formerly, the whiskey drinkers are so vehement in their demands for a repeal of the prohibitory law? Douglass Index.

Don=t you see? Formerly the whiskey drinkers could go into a saloon three times a day and for a dime each time, 30 cents a day, could get his three drinks of whiskey. Now he has to hunt up a physician each time, pay 25 cents for a prescription and 15 cents for his drink, costing $1.25 each day. This difficulty makes him twice as thirsty as he used to be, so he drinks twice as much and it costs him $2.40 a day. No wonder that he demands the repeal of the law.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

It is reported that the present owners of the Torrance mine near Socorro, New Mexico, have been offered a million dollars for the mine and have refused. This mine was first opened by some young men from Torrance in this county, and therefore Judge Torrance might be considered a grandfather to the mine.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

Jacob Wolf has opened a new repair shop at the old John Easton stand.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.




Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.


Senator Hackney has been quite ill for several days.

BIRTHS. Charles Foults is the father of twins. Born Saturday.

The Democrat says that Charlie Foults will start a barber shop at Arkansas City soon.

Miss Carrie Stewart spent Sunday with Mrs. John Swain.

Senator Sluss spent Thursday of last week in the city on legal business.

Hudson Bros., have donated to the Presbyterian Church a beautiful calendar clock.

Charlie Holloway was among those who came up on the special Sunday.

Wm. F. Wise has bought the Wm. Thompson 80 in Pleasant Valley Township for $1,500.

Johnny Walker and Cal Swarts of the terminus took in our city last Wednesday.

Hon. A. H. Green lectured in Cherryvale on Monday evening on the subject of New Mexico.


The Odd Fellows Lodge has filed a deed to a lot in Andrews addition from John Hoenscheidt.

John F. Barnard has sold his farm in Windsor Township for $1,000 to S. B. Warren of Lyon County.

Quincy Glass has rented the Crane property on East Ninth Avenue and will move to the East side about the first.



Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.


President W. H. Sweet, D. D., of Baker University, will preach in the Methodist Church Sunday morning, February 25.

Mrs. M. L. Read received the sad intelligence of the death of her mother at Rushville, Illinois, last Saturday. She was eighty-five years old.

Mr. Hudson, the wagonmaker, has purchased John Crenshaw=s residence property on East Eighth Avenue for six hundred dollars.

A hand organ appeared on the street last week. It sounds metropolitan to hear the dismal squeak of the machine hour after hour.

We were pleased to meet Mr. John Andrews, one of our largest sheep men, Wednesday. He is holding his stock in Silverdale Township.

Col. Loomis returned from his eastern visit Saturday looking fat and hearty. He seems to have enjoyed his ticket-of-leave immensely.

BIRTH. And now comes County Attorney Jennings with a bran new daughter as bright and lively as a cricket. It will be a week old Friday morning.

Captain Scott occupied a position on the stage during Governor St. John=s speech Sunday. C. M. Is quite handsome when relieved by a dark green background.

There will be an amateur dramatic entertainment at Valley View Saturday evening. AOut in the street,@ and ADon=t marry a drunkard to reform him,@ are the plays.

A. H. Dow, Grand Master of the Odd Fellows, writes to D. C. Beach, Esq., that he will be in Winfield on Saturday next, and will meet the Lodge of this city on Saturday evening.

The physicians who were arrested the other day for violating the prohibition law in prescribing, will await the coming of the April term of court with a good deal of anxiety.

BIRTH. County Attorney Jennings went to Butler County last Thursday on legal business. On his return he was somewhat surprised to find his family increased by one during his absence.

Dine Johnson and Charlie Seeley had a run-a-way Monday. They were out in a sleigh, the team ran away, the fell out, and the sleigh was partly disabled. The horses were a little too high spirited for the boys.

We print this week a correspondence from Dexter signed AJustice.@ We publish it because we desire to give all parties a hearing and believe the boys over there can maintain their position against all who desire to war.

Mr. J. B. Cook, one of Cowley=s leading farmers and an old subscriber to the COURIER, called on us last week. He brought in his hogs and sold for $6.10 per hundred. Mr. Cook has a big corn crop garnered and will hold it unttil next summer.

The ladies of the Woman=s Christian Temperance Union do not seem to appreciate the buncombe of the COURIER. The bright youth who conceived the idea will feel sick when he reads the Acard@ from one of the AW. C. T. U.s@ in another place.

A colored girl broke into Al Requa=s house in Topeka while Al and his wife were visiting here and stole a pair of gold bracelets, a gold watch, some laces, and children=s clothes. The police traced the matter up, recovered part of the property, and arrested the thief.



Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.


Asa Thompson of the Howard Courant spent Sunday in the city. He came over to hear the Governor speak and to see the banner town and county. As it was Sunday, the COURIER missed him, which fact the editors deplore. The senior had the pleasure of meeting him.

This has been about the worse season of ice that this country has ever seen. The whole landscape was covered with a glaring sheet of ice on which wagons mde scarcely a track and the boys skated everywhere. It made splendid sleighing and everything that could slide was out.

Phillip Huffman, of South Charleston, Ohio, sends $1.00 for the COURIER and says: AI was in your town and through your county nine years ago, and all through the southwest of the state, and I am coming to see if I cannot find some place that suits me in your county, in a short time.@

Mr. Geo. T. Wilson, who has been doing a general merchandising business at Tisdale, has removed his stock to Winfield and opened out in the building north of the AHoosier Grocery.@ George intends closing out his groceries, dry goods, boots, etc., and confine his trade to notions.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

Vinnie Beckett, one of AOur Boys,@ who is mining and selling goods at Robinson, New Mexico, came in Friday on his way east. He is purchasing a newspaper outfit, which he and Jim Hill will operate. Vinnie and Jim are in partnership in the mercantile and mining business at Robinson.

We have been handed by Mrs. M. T. Brown some copies of the New Northwest, published at Portland, Oregon, by her niece, Mrs. A. S. Duniway. It is a very interesting publication and a strong advocate of woman suffrage. Mrs. Duniway is also a novelist of some fame, writing her own serial stories.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

Farmers on bottom lands in Cowley County might realize a handsome profit from a few acres of tobacco. Sheep men are complaining of the rise in the price of the weed, and many are compelled to adopt other remedies for scab in sheep which is so prevalent throughout the west, and which has caused thousands of pounds of the narcotic to be shipped in. We know of two flock masters that have used more than 2,000 pounds each at a cost of five cents per pound, without the freight. It should be planted in soil where the wind can not whip the leaves, and requires very little more care than corn. A valuable pamphlet on the subject of Atobacco culture@ can be purchased of a St. Louis news firm, should any wish to try it; and the seed can be had of any of your friends in the Southern states at a very small cost. Enough to plant 50 acres can be sent by mail at a cost of not more than one dollar.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

Socially Gov. St. John is easy to entertain and pleasant to have about. He takes a lively interest in all about him, which cannot fail to please. He is a lover of flowers, but cares little for music, especially operatic singing, and said he had rather hear >Squire Buckman sing than Clara Louise Kellogg. He is fond of his home and family, and does not believe in having things that are too good to use. He is building a new home at Olathe, Kansas, which will be the embodiment of home comfort, and where he proposes to make his friends welcome. He has three children, two sons and one daughter. His oldest son, Harry, is married, and living in Wichita; the second, John, is with his uncle at Olney, Illinois, attending school; while the youngest, or ABaby,@ as he calls her, is Miss Lula, who is now at Topeka with her mother.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

Mr. L. R. Cameron of Chicago is visiting this county in the interest of science, and made us a pleasant call on Monday. He is a mute, very highly educated, converses rapidly with his pencil, and is exceedingly interesting. He was the paleontologist of Maj. Powel=s expedition in the Western territories, and was with him in the perilous descent of 180 miles of cataracts and rocky gorges of the wonderful canyon of the Colorado. He has traveled over the mountains and gorges of the Alps and the Andes, but he gives that Colorado Canyon the palm for exciting danger. He will make his Aheadquarters@ here in collecting specimens in geology and natural history. Mrs. Francis E. Willard is a cousin of his and will visit this state with him and may appear on the lecture platform.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

The Cantata of Queen Esther, presented by the Wellington company on last Saturday evening was very finely rendered, and gave unusual satisfaction. There was not a large audience, but it was an appreciative one. The mistake made by the management was in not having the entertainment well advertised. Many of our people would gladly have gone had they known of it in time. Another disadvantage was the inclement weather, while the reception of Gov. St. John detracted from it also. We are sorry that our Wellington friends were not received by a greater audience, but will assure them a large audience should they kindly consent to favor us again with their most excellent entertainment.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

Several of the desi-monde of our city together with four young men found in their company, were arraigned before His Honor, Judge Tansey, last Thursday, and fined $10 each and costs. Two of the demis were out of funds and were remanded to the bastille until they repented $10 worth. This is the third time the residence of Mollie Burke on South Manning street has been invaded. A lady who resides on Ninth Avenue near the jail was also arrested. Marshal True is active in his endeavors to suppress this evil. As Judge Tansey has ruled against entering complaints AJohn Doe,@ when the true name of the parties are known, it will be rough on the parties caught hereafter.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

A. B. Taylor=s school was the scene of a matinee one day last week, which occurred thusly: A smart Alex paid a visit to the school and proceeded to raise Cain in the most approved fashion. He was invited to take a seat on the rostrum, which he refused to do, and found himself on the broad of his back in a Ajiffy,@ with the teacher=s hand on his throat like a vise. He pleaded for mercy and was marched to the rostrum, where he quietly remained until school was dismissed. Visitors should behave when they visit that school.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

Oglesby=s Troubadours and Comic Concert Company gave one of their entertainments in the Opera house Thursday evening before a large and delighted audience. The program is novel and interesting, differing from the ordinary program of Bell Ringers that have visited us heretofore, and everyone of the Company performed his or her part with that degree of excellence and merit such as only thoroughly scholared artists attain. Youngstown (Ohio) Journal.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

The High School will give an entertainment anniversary of the birth of Longfellow, at the Opera House next Monday evening. An admittance fee of 25 cents will be charged. The program is very fine, being selections of verse and song from Longfellow=s works. The entertainment will be the best yet given by the High School, and as the proceeds will go toward purchasing books and apparatus for the school, it will be liberally patronized by our people.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

MARRIED. Mr. David Lamb and Miss Angeline Richardson, of Pleasant Valley Township, were married last Thursday, the 16th. Rev. Snyder performed the ceremony. Miss Richardson and the writer attended school together at Excelsior years ago, and he can congratulate Mr. Lamb on gathering into the fold one of the most sensible girls in the township. They have the COURIER=s best wishes.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

Mr. W. A. Irwin, the New Salem physician and postmaster, was arrested for forging a promissory note with the name of Stephen Grimes. He had a preliminary examination before >Squire Crow, and was held to bail in the sum of $200. Mr. Irwin claims that he was authorized to sign the name. Henry E. Asp has been retained by the defendant.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

We allow one of our Catholic friends to answer through our columns the article on raffling at church fairs, which we published last week, as it was evidently aimed at the Catholic fair. We think that good may result from calling attention to the matter and that the moral is obvious, so there need be no further feeling on the matter. [I DID NOT TYPE UP EITHER ARTICLE REFERRED TO.]


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

Mr. Will Todd, of Georgetown, Colorado, well known to the earlier residents of Winfield, arrived at the home of his mother, Mrs. J. J. Todd, on last Saturday morning, much to the surprise of that lady who had not seen her son for nine years, and did not recognize him until he told her who he was. Will=s old friends will be glad to see him.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

Ed. Bedilion=s coin proves to be a highly prized one. It is dated 1827, and by referring to a treatise on rare coins we find that quarters of the date of 1827 are worth, if in good condition, $30. As this coin has been in the stem of the glass bowl for about 50 years, it is in a good state of preservation and will bring the full price.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

At a special session of the District Court last Friday, information was filed against Dr. Cole, Dr. Wells, Dr. Hendrick, and Dr. Fleming for unlawfully prescribing intoxicating liquors, and they were arrested and held to bail. All secured bail, and the cases will come up for trial at the April term of the District Court.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

Dr. A. S. Capper of Ninnescah Township found time to visit this city and office last Tuesday in consequence of the snows of winter having interrupted his plowing and practice for a season.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

Geo. Rice, the boy who broke into a store at Arkansas City, was sentenced to the state reform school until he is twenty-one years old. The boy is sixteen years old.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

Geo. M. King is visiting this city in the interest of the Leavenworth Times. He is a pleasant gentleman and represents one of the most newsy dailies of the west.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

We learn from the Arkansas City Democrat that Capt. Chenoweth has been very ill with congestion of the stomach. We hope the Captain may speedily recover.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

Mr. W. A. Smith, a brother-in-law of Frank Jennings, from Ohio, arrived Monday. He will spend a few weeks looking over our county.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

We learn that a brakeman was killed by the cars at Wichita Monday evening, but we have failed to get the particulars.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

The Governor=s Visit.

Governor St. John arrived promptly at 11 o=clock Saturday morning on the Santa Fe train and was received with a salute from Capt. Haight=s St. John battery, and a delegation of citizens with about thirty carriages, who escorted him through the principal streets of the City. The sidewalks were lined with dense crowds of enthusiastic people, who manifested their gratification at his arrival by rounds of cheers. The escort left him at the residence of Mr. Millington, who was to entertain him during his stay. In the afternoon the Governor conversed pleasantly with such friends as he happened to meet, and was driven about the city to observe the various improvements which had been made since his last visit. In the evening at 7 o=clock, the St. John battery fired salutes and an informal reception was held at Mr. Millington=s and notwithstanding the sleet and storm which had set in and continued, a large number of ladies and gentlemen called to pay their respects to the governor and the rooms were pleasantly filled with admiring friends to a reasonably late hour. The storm continued throughout the night and increased in violence. All day Sunday and during the evening, the wind was strong from the north and stinging with cold, the sharp hail cut one=s face like shot, the sand-like snow covered the ground to the depth of several inches, and it was almost impossible to walk on the streets and sidewalks. As 2 o=clock approached, the governor thought it impossible that many could get to the ball and desired to have it announced that the exercises would be adjourned until evening. Senator Hackney so announced to a few already assembled at the Hall, but immediately thereafter, Capt. Scott arrived with about sixty energetic ladies and gentlemen of Arkansas City who had come up on a special train chartered for that purpose, and who were determined not to miss the treat. Immediately the citizens came pouring into the hall and the Senator promised them that the governor should come forthwith and speak to them, and then went to the governor and escorted him to the Hall, where they found every seat occupied and many standing, an audience of more than seven hundred.

The exercises opened with Hackney in the chair, by an appropriate song from the quartette composed of Messrs. Buckman, Black, Blair, and Snow. Rev. J. E. Platter offered a prayer, another song by the quartette, and the chairman in a neat little speech introduced the speaker, who then addressed the enthusiastic and appreciative people for an hour with one of his grand, telling, and characteristic speeches. Another song by the quartette, benediction by Rev. F. M. Rains, and the courageous audience reluctantly retired.

It now became evident that more seats would be wanted and the managers procured two hundred and fifty more seats and filled the hall with seats to its full capacity. In the evening nine hundred seats were early filled with people and a great many were obliged to stand in the passages. More than a thousand people were present.

Exercises opened by prayer lead by Rev. H. A. Tucker, and song by the quartette, followed by one of the grandest speeches ever delivered. The governor held this crowded audience in wrapt attention for about an hour and a half, and we believe they would have listened to him all night without exhibiting a sign of weariness. Another song by the quartette and Rev. C. H. Canfield dismissed the audience with a benediction. In this connection it is due to the gentlemen of the quartette to say that their music was of the highest order of merit and added greatly to the pleasure of the performances, for which they have the thanks of the entire audience and the compliments of the governor.

The events of this day prove beyond cavil, the affection, the high esteem, and admiration with which the people hold their governor, and are also a pretty strong indication that prohibition is not unpopular in this city. We are now convinced that had the weather been good, thousands of people from the country would have been present and thousands would have had to return disappointed, unless indeed the speaking had been done in the open air, for the country is where we find the real enthusiasm for St. John and the cause of which he is the most prominent exponent.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.


Vinnie Becket left Tuesday afternoon for the East. [Beckett?]

Mose Teter ventured out Tuesday across the ice-fields to town. He went back on the train.

Miss Lolo Silliman, we are sorry to say, is very ill with penumonia. Little hope is entertained of her recovery.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.


Cal. Ferguson took us out in his cutter Tuesday. It was mighty exhilerating, riding after his three minute steed.

AOlivia,@ our bright New Salem correspondent, has been seriously ill for two weeks. We hope to hear soon of her recovery.

Mr. L. R. Cameron, mentioned in another place, is the editor of the ASuffragist,@ Chicago.

Hiram McMillon was arrested for shooting a dog the other day and it cost him $22.10. Hiram will not shoot another dog: at least not this summer.

Hilary Holtby has been admitted to the asylum at Ossawatomie and was taken up Tuesday. He has shown no violence and has been allowed to go about at will.

Mr. A. R. Robertson, a brother of Geo. W. Robertson, has come on and will improve his place in Pleasant Valley Township. He has been receiving the COURIER at Beverly, Illinois.

Sheep for Sale. 100 Wisconsin Merino grade Ewes, served to lamb in April and May. Address H. C. ODELL, (Leon) Little Walnut, Kansas.

A. E. Baird and wife went east on the morning train for a three weeks trip among the large cities (Chicago, New York, and St. Louis) for the purpose of buying a new stock of goods.

Our young friend, Ed. H. Roland, has gone to Sedan to take charge of a store there for Sen. J. C. Long. Ed. Is a bright young man and is likely to succeed.

The Arkansas Valley Democrat says: AWinfield has over one hundred empty dwellings; and nineteen business houses with shingles tacked on the front, >To Rent!=@ The Arkansas Valley Democrat lies more than ninety percent.

EDS. COURIER: We desire through your excellent paper to express our thanks to all those who volunteered to give us such choice instrumental and vocal music at our social in the M. E. Church on Thursday evening of last week. LADIES OF M. E. CHURCH.

EDS. COURIER: Let me through the columns of your paper thank the citizens of Winfield, who assisted us in making our fair a success. The amount cleared so far at hand is for $165.50. There are yet two or three parties to hear from. REV. FATHER KELLY.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

The festival given by the ladies of the Woman=s Christian Temperance Union brought $67 into the coffers of the association in spite of the inclement weather. They kept the festival going until everything in the edible line was disposed of. The ladies know the value of a well filled treasury in carrying forward any reform, and they are bound that the temperance work shall not lag for want of funds.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

The Winfield COURIER remarks: AWe used to think Geo. W. Martin was the best kind of a temperance man, but now we are really afraid he has joined the >Owl Club.=@

We must confess the signs are against us. A lady recently presented us with a card; an owl adorned the corner of it. The other day Capt. Trett stopped us, and presented us with a nickle paper weight, the design being as handsome an owl as we ever set eyes on, including all those we met on that immortal occasion. The owl dignifies our desk and card basket. An extract from our owl club address occasionally enlivens the columns of a stupid newspaper. The owl is our beau ideal of society. He is a temperance bird. Junction City Union.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

It=s hardly fair to laugh at the tumbles received this slippery weather, but we can=t help it. The other day one of Winfield=s most dignified ladies went out at her back door. No sooner had she stepped out then she sat herself down upon the icy porch and slid down the little incline in a sitting posture to the wood pile. Now, we don=t believe that woman had any idea of bringing in wood when she started out, but she grabbed an armful and started for the house, but it wasn=t as easy going up as coming down, so she slipped, dropped the wood, and slid back for another armful. She couldn=t resist the temptation to slide, it was so much further everytime. She would sit down and slide back. Well, after she had done that trick about two hundred and fifty times, and the back of her polonaise was all worn out, she really began to get discouraged about getting in, so she got down and crawled up, but failed to reach the landing, and slid back on all fours. After the ruffles and things on the front of her dress were all worn out, she bethought herself of the front door and crawled around the house on her hands and knees, and gained an entrance. She says she hasn=t had so much fun since she was a girl.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

A Card.

EDS. COURIER: The editor of the Courant seems concerned about the Woman=s Christian Temperance Union not being represented on the stand at the Governor=s lectures on Sabbath. This Society does not wish to receive honors until it has earned them. At our grand Jubilee when this pernicious source of crime is confined within lawful limits in Cowley County, and the would-be ATemperance editors@ are trying to scratch their Acrystalized foot-prints from the sands of time,@ then we hope our Ahonors will set light upon us,@ for we are sure of our share. W. C. T. U.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

A Splendid Show.

The great display of Sun pictures and other works of art opened Tuesday evening at the M. E. Church. The display was magnificent and all the spectators were enthusiastic with delight. It will be continued every night during the week, and we advise our friends not to miss so much pleasure and profit.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

Baltimore Items.

EDS. COURIER: We again take up our faber to jot down a few items.

The farmers are very busy preparing the ground for the coming planting time.

There is an agent around here taking orders for fruit trees from Fort Scott, and from the number of orders already taken, we would judge that our people are determined to have fruit. Fruit trees look well around here. The peach buds are quite forward.

Some are planting early potatoes already. The ground is wetter than it has been for a number of years at this season of the year.

Mr. G. Gillman is home again from Illinois. He reports a large emigration from that state to this, this spring.

Mr. B. F. Turner from Seeley was over here looking at our part of the county. He was well pleased with it.

Still we have room for a few more families in Omnia. We would say that there is nothing stronger to drink kept in Omnia than Drs. Jaynes and Wakefield=s medicines.

Mr. Johnson, from Eureka, has brought in 119 head of cattle to feed on corn that was bought up last fall at 20 cents. The farmers as a general thing are better off for feed this spring than heretofore.

Mr. W. H. Gilliard is up again.

Mr. R. S. Thompson had a severe attack of neuralgia of the head last Thursday night, but is better now.

We say hurrah for Prohibition and Gov. St. John, and everybody else that is a friend to Temperance. DAD.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.


EDS. COURIER: After a silence of a short time, I will endeavor to give you a few items from ou neighborhood.

Health very good; some few complaining of sore arms.

Vaccinating is the order of the day.

Dr. Hawkins is till very low.

BIRTH. Latest news, a bouncing big boy at the house of Billy Reynolds. Father happy and mother and child doing well.

Mr. R. M. Bullington and wife have been visiting the family of L. Bullington, but have returned to their home in Lawrence, Kansas. They, like all others, were favorably impressed with Cowley County.

R. C. Maurer is busy improving his farm. He is enclosing a large pasture with a stone fence.

Mr. Wm. Martindale, of Greenwood County, made a flying visit to his relatives here last week.

J. D. Smith sold some of his fine cattle some time ago.

Mr. Boyer is building a new residence.

Look out for a wedding shortly in this vicinity.



Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

School Report.

The following is a list of the pupils in Dist. 95, whose general average in examination was above 80 percent for the term closing Feb. 3rd, 1882.

GRADE A. Lula Burden 96, Joe Henderson 955, Lena Leach 96, Charley Burden 88.

GRADE B. Nancy Page 87, William Leach 87, Mary Flottman 88, Albert Leach 87, Lottie Page 82, Carrie Leach 91, James Chandler 87, Frank Leach 90, Grant Page 85, Freddie Harris 88.

GRADE C. Hattie Flottman 92, Albert Page 87, Andrew Jackson 80, Serville Riley 82, Henry Flottman 88, Elmer Leach 90, Bertha Savage 83, Luella Riley 84, Lena Northcutt 83, Lizzie Gildhouse 90. LAURA ELLIOTT, Teacher.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.


The Hapgood Sulky Plow walks away with the Casady to the tune of 33 pounds lighter each pull for five pulls, taking the weight with a Fairbanks scale; running three tenths of an inch less in depth and cutting one fifth of an inch wider. Judges ruled both plows to throw their dirt as near as possible alike. No observations were taken as to base of management. As to work both plows were credited with doing good work. This AVICTORY@ does away with the no land side idea. My competitors have been claiming lightness of draft for their plow on account of having no land side. I claim this no land side business a humbug and have proved it. If I had not pulled one pound lighter, I would have beaten, showing plainly that a land side is of no disadvantage and that the friction on same mounts to nothing. This is the result of the trial that came off on the farm of Mr. Service, one mile east of Winfield, on Friday, February 17th.


WINFIELD, KANSAS, February 17, 1882.

We, the undersigned farmers, chosen to test the draft and judge as to quality of work and ease of management between the Hapgood and Casady Sulky Plows, on the farm of Mr. Service, report as follows.

As to ease of management, did not have time to take observations. As to work, both plows did good work when the mould boards were set alike. After making five drafts with each plow testing weight with a Fairbanks dynamometer, we find that the Hapgood plow drew 25 pounds lighter each draft, cuting one-fifth of an inch wider and three-tenths of an inch less in depth. Below is the average draft of each plow.

CANADY: Draft 500, Depth 8 inches, Width cut, 13-1/4.

HAPGOOD: Dsraft 555, Depth 7-7/10 inches, Width cut, 15-2/5.






[Note: Names very hard to read...could have some wrong!]


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

Udall Notes.

EDS. COURIER: Mr. Boyles has been quite sick but is now convalescing.

Udall still improves. Mr. Hanson, the section foreman, is putting up a new house. Jim Napier has the contract.

Mr. Green has once more engaged in the mercantile business, this time with Napier and Saterlee.

Mr. Martin is now thoroughly installed in the drug store. He will erect a dwelling house soon.

Mr. Saterlee, a brother of George, is stopping in town for the present.

County Superintendent Story was in this vicinity this week, visiting schools. He favored ye pedagogue with a short visit.

The dance at Walker=s Hall on last Tuesday evening was a decided success in every particular, and the COURIER=s predictions that Athe ladies will be handsome and the boys happy,@ was fulfilled to the letter.

More in the Asweet by and by.@ FRITZ.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

Grouse Valley.

EDS. COURIER: The Grouse Valley People are again waking up to their agricultural instinct. I can stand in this Valley and see teams in almost every quarter section and the farmers are generally well advanced with their plowing.

W. B. McGredy and O. P. Darst have just threshed their crops of wheat. Mr. Darst was offered $2.10 per bushel for his wheat at the machine. The yield was not the best but the quality was good.

Mr. H. C. Taplin has cut down the mammoth Oak of the Grouse. He tells me he will sell the amount of $75 or $80 worth of pests and wood cut off this tree. This tree was 6-1/2 feet across the stump, and the branches turned out 10 or 12 cord of wood besides the main trunk, and a large part of the top was used for posts, which will make from 400 to 540 posts. Will give you the exact amount when they are sawed. Mr. Taplin is going to Colorado this spring.

James England has started a second hand store in Dexter.

French and Hull are making plenty of native lumber at the crossing of Grouse Creek near Dexter.

Mr. J. B. Harden has purchased the farm of Wm. Rice. Seems like Johnnie is going to buy all the land on Grouse Valley.

Everything is well with our little village now. S. B.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

Probate Court.

The Probate Judge has issued his leave to the following persons to commit matrimony within the borders of Cowley County.


J. W. Sherrill and Lena L. Heineken, of Richland Township.

Clarence E. Thornburg and Effie Randall, of Vernon.

Francis M. Howey and Cisley A. Stillings.

Wm. Hixon and Almira Walarth.

M. H. Markcum has been appointed guardian of the estate of Hilary Holtby.

Eliza Craine has made her third settlement as executrix of the estate of J. T. Craine, deceased. Settlement was approved and she has been ordered to make final settlement at the April term of the Probate Court.

Order made for the compromise of certain debts in the Miles Hart estate.

Order for the sale of personal property in the estate of John H. Boggs.

Demand of the Cowley County Bank allowed against the estate of Elisha Bowen for $102.70.

L. D. Moore appointed Administrator of the estate of Lewis A. Moore.


Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

School Report.

The following is a report of the school in district 93 for the month ending Feb. 3, 1882.


Ella King, Arithmetic 96, History 95, Geography 90, Language 95, Drawing 98.

Carrie Roseberry, Arithmetic 95, History 90, Geography 100, Language 98, Drawing 99.

Jefferson Davis, Arithmetic 95, History 100, Geography 90, Language 90, Drawing 80.

Sarepta Abrams, Arithmetic 90, Geography 80, Language 80, Drawing 80.

Ada Jones, Arithmetic 80, History 79, Language 85, Drawing 80.

George Rogers, Arithmetic 90, Reading 90, Geography 65, Language 75, Drawing 80.

Albert Fuller, Arithmetic 80, Reading 90, Geography 65, Language 73, Drawing 90.


Arthur Green, Arithmetic 99, Geography 90, Language 75, Drawing 80.

Allie Davis, Arithmetic 85, Geography 80, Language 80, Drawing 80.

Cora Rogers, Arithmetic 60, Geography 60, Language 80, Drawing 70.

Delay Roseberry, Arithmetic 85, Georgraphy 98, Language 95, Drawing 90.

Jessie Muman, Arithmetic 65, Geography 80, Language 70, Drawing 80.


Milus Fuller, Arithmetic 70, Language 80, Reading 80.

Monroe Rambo, Arithmetic 75, Language 85, Reading 80.

Sammie Roseberry, Arithmetic 78, Language 90, Reading 95.

Calvin Passmore, Arithmetic 755, Language 80, Reading 85.

Abe Muman, Arithmetic 90, Language 90, Reading 90.

Delbert Green, Arithmetic 100, Language 75, Reading 80.

Cora Gates, Arithmetic 85, Language 79, Reading 70.



Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.


AThe prize for least tardiness for the month was gained by the First Primary, W. W., Miss Hamill, teacher. The A Grade in the High School have purchased $50 worth of philosophical apparatus, the money being earned by their own efforts. On the evening of the 27th inst., the High School will give an entertainment in Manning=s Hall. The exercises will consist of recitations and songs from the writings of Longfellow. This being the 75th anniversary of the birth of the Poet, the school proposes to publicly celebrate it by rendering some of his best and most familiar poems. We would invite all who desire to spend an evening with Longfellow to be present, and encourage the pupils in their work. R. [?] T. TRIMBLE, Supt.@




Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.





Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.


EDS. COURIER: Having gleaned a few items that may be of interest to your readers, I note them down.

There is at present some sickness in our neighborhood; this is rather uncommon, however, for ill health among us has herefore been very rare.

Some of our neighbors have been planting garden seed during the pleasant weather of the past week, but as the weather now is the seed would be much more comfortable on the shelf in a warm corner.

Mr. Gibson, the gentleman who lately bought Mr. Crawford=s farm, has planted a patch of early potatoes, but he has not been in Kansas long enough to learn that Kansas weather is like some of our friends, fair, but fickle.

Mr. Worthington is expected home this week.

W. D. Crawford has gone East to buy stock for his new farmCcattle if he can get them to suit; if not, perhaps sheep.

Mrs. Knickerbocker is expecting her husband to return in a short time. I am afraid he will not know the baby, she has grown so much since he has been gone.

A portion of Mr. McKinley=s [COULD THIS BE McKINLAY??] family are still from home. How glad their many friends will be when their schools close, as they have been missed so much. We have so few young folks in this neighborhood that we cannot afford to spare any of them.

Quite a disappointment was felt by many of our citizens on account of the 19th being so disagreeable that they could not get to Winfield to hear the Governor=s address.

Our prayer meetings are a grand success; almost every night some soul is inquiring the road to that higher and better Kingdom, and all the young converts are standing firmly for the Lord.

It gave me much pleasure to meet some Seeley friends at Old Ninnescah the other evening. Come again, please, and bring others with you.

Feb. 20th, 1882. LADY MADGE.



Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.


EDS. COURIER: After leaving the Kansas line, the points of interest are Granada, La Junta, where you change cars for New Mexico, Trinidad, where two engines are attached to the train to gain the Raton Tunnel, which is twenty-two hundred feet long and eight thousand feet above the sea. When you enter the east end of the tunnel you are in Colorado, when you make your exit at the west end, you are in New Mexico.

In passing through Colorado the huge mounds of sand and scrub cedar were the chief natural objects. The Raton mountain was passed in the night, much to the disappointment of all our party. On entering New Mexico, Las Vegas was the first point of interest. It is a busy, thriving town. Albuquerque and Socorro are both mining centers and are said to be steadily improving. San Marcial, near Fort Craig, is marked on the railroad maps in large letters, but is a very miserable town. The location is very unhealthy and the society very scarce. Deming, the point of junction for the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe and Southern Pacific Railroads, has a very fine depot, and that is all that can be said in its favor, except its baker, who is a first-class bread-maker. At Deming we took the S. P. R. R. for Yuma. Our emigrant car was attached to the express train. We were told it was on account of the Indian out-break. We passed soldiers at several points. The Indians and their depredations were the chief topics of the day; but we looked out over the broad plains of New Mexico, not for Indians, but a mirage. Whoever crossed those plains without seeing one? I felt injured when the sun sank in splendor, after a day of anxious watching and no mirage appeared. I have since talked with many old timers who have spent from ten to twenty-five years on those plains without having feasted their eyes on a wonder so often described, but seldom seen. My harrowed feelings have accordingly been soothed.

Yuma was reached, on the 17th at 5 o=clock a.m. The town is adobe. The R. R. Hotel is a fine structure, modern in all its equipments, and would make a very agreeable home during the winter for those who desire to be free from the regions of a cold climate. The town is on the Arizona side of the Colorado River. The fort is on the California side.

Respectfully, C. G. SMITH.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.


EDS. COURIER: While many, not only of Seeley but of the entire township of Ninnescah, are wondering who I am, and why I do not contribute to your columns again, I have been riding around, seeing all there is to be seen and hearing in the same way, and now I propose to jot down for you these items.

Some may suppose that Seeley is dead or dying, but no so. The little Abelle of Ninnescah@ is alive and well, growing in beauty and misnomers, and her merchants, Messrs. Hall and James, are happy and contented; Mr. Hall happy in full possession of both post office and store in the absence of James.

Our people are already grieving over the loss they are about to sustain in the moving to the eastern part of the state, of both friend and teacher, Mrs. Turner. May she win many friends and much pleasure in her new home is the wish of all who know her here.

The U. B. Class at this place is in a prosperous condition. Their pastor, Rev. Snyder, is one of the best of men as well as of ministers.

Some few changes are taking place in the southwest part of this township. Mr. Gibson and family have moved on the farm purchased of Mr. W. D. Crawford. Mr. Crawford still lives on the same farm but will soon move on the one he has purchased, lying west of the one he sold. Said gentleman has gone east in search of blooded stock, expects to be gone about two weeks.

Some of our people have been making gardens during the past week, but I guess they will postpone the completion of the task till the snow and frost succumb to the genial rays of March=s sun.

Lady Madge, suppose you and I work in union, you conttributing the news of your Acity@ or Astreet@ as it is called, each alternte week, and I will endeavor to occupy the vacant space.

Blue schoolhouse, or rather, its scholars think themselves the best spellers of the county. Would it not be pleasant for them to invite them here and let them find out, by trial, that they cannot win the palm from Aour city school.@

Mr. Cubberson has moved on the farm south of the Blue schoolhouse.

Items have run out, so I will go and skate awhile. MINNIE MENTOR.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.


EDS. COURIER: The report by your correspondent of our Dexter election reminds one of the Irishman=s experience that sheared the hog: AA tremendous noise for so little wool.@ His sore head epithet comes with bad grace from a Dexter Republican, for in the last three years there has only been one Republcan in the township but what has positively or negatively worked or voted against the ticket in township elections. So much for old stand-bys. The leading Republicans claim sixty in the township. In the last election we polled eight more votes than the county election last fall, and the Republican ticket had a twenty-one majority, not thirty as stated. It was the party test. The voters of Dexter are thinking, intelligent, independent men that ignore the partisan prejudice where there are no principles at issue. It seems unnatural for a citizen who is not an aspirant for office to want these narrow party prejudices cultivated, especially when it endangers his own sore head. As we are all subscribers to your paper, I trust you will treat each side of Dexter with like generosity and give this a place. JUSTICE.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.

The Women=s Christian Temperance Union. [Note change to AWomen=s@.]

By the kindness of the editors of the COURIER, the Society of the Women=s Christian Temperance Union is given the opportunity of advocating in print the principles of temperance. This Society ws organized in 1881, and it now contains about fifty members. The work done thus far has been in the distribution of temperance leaflets and tracts, of which some five thousand have been distributed over this county. This branch of the work is effective and far-reaching. It not only shows the evils of intemperance, but it also tends to educate the growing minds of the land, thus forming a solid basis of knowledge, sentiment, and habit on which true reformation can build. To carry on this work the women of our county and state should organize unions, and should zealously and persistently sow the good seed of temperance, knowledge, hope, and faith.



Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.

Mr. S. Evans is satisfied that the same race built the pre-historic mounds found in Mexico and the United States. He bases his belief on the alleged facts of a close resemblance between the construction of these remains, of the similarity of the implements employed, of the burial of the dead being exactly alike, and of the close likeness of the skulls found in the tomb of the mound-building period, whatever the locality may be. The Aztecs were not the mound-builders, because he holds they had no tendency through religious or other motives in that direction, and the specimens of pottery found in the mounds and pyramids could not have been made by the Aztecs.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.


We are doing some advertising for the Courant, for it is a remarkable paper, and in point of amount of reading matter and mechanical beauty of make-up, it has no superior in the State. The Daily is a wonder for such a town as this. We personally like its editors. They are energetic young men and racy writers of ability, and we desire their success fully as cordially as could be expected of a competitor in the same business. We of course are partial to the COURIER, but have considered our cotemporary an honorable competitor, and mean to treat it honorably and fairly. Both papers are before the public, and their acts and opinions are proper subjects of criticism. So when we take issue with them it is not in a spirit of unkindness, and when they kick back, we shall take it as pleasantly as the circumstances will permit.

We think that when they attack the Governor, they are in about the position of the bull that made an attack on the locomotive with a courage which was much more commendable than his judgment. Their remarks in relation to prohibition may be more judicious, but we think not. They complain that we meanly insinuate that they are opposed to prohibition. We insinuated nothing, but spoke of their opposition to prohibition just as we did of their opposition to the Goveernor, just as we would of the existence of the Brettun House, as an undoubted fact which we supposed no one would deny. Since their answer we must conclude that they are trying to ride a straddle of a barbed wire fence. They say: AThe COURIER has boasted for a long time of its power and influence in Cowley County, etc.@ Now, boys, you know that is a Awhopper.@ We challenge you to find a single sentence or word in the COURIER for four years back which can be construed that way. We sometimes speak of the very large circulation of the COURIER and of its large business patronage, and we have labored to improve it year by year and make it more and more valuable to its patrons; but not more earnestly because of our present competitors than formerly, as they intimate. We are too modest and too smart to brag about the great power and influence of the COURIER. If we thought we had the county in our vest pocket, we would try to conceal it. Our young critics have said more to make it appear that the COURIER has great influence than we have.

The Courant says in substance that the postmaster here is a Ascheming politician,@ ready to support anyone who will help him to retain the post office, and that this accounts for his support of St. John. We did not know that St. John had anything to do with dispensing post offices or that we had any ability as a politician, so we think they gave us too much credit in that direction.

It intimates that the COURIER exists only for the purpose of booming the editor and his son-in-law. Now, we have been under the impression that the COURIER had been quite reticent and unobtrusive in this respect, but we have been very grateful to the young men of the Courant and others for many complimentary notices of us and ours, and other kind friends have treated us better than we deserved, so we have turned our puffing work ito other channels where we thought it would do the most good.

In supporting St. John and in advocating prohibition, we are not leading public opinion; but public opinion is leading us. We claim, however, that we cannot be lead in a direction which we think is the wrong direction.

Our critics accuse us of ignorance. We are deeply sensible of this failing, and have read and studied some fifty years to cure it as far as possible. It is to be hoped that sometime in future years they may have learned enough to comprehend how ridiculously swelled up the little knowledge they had in 1882 made them appear.

The Courant critizes us in other respects, but we do not deem it of sufficient importance to excuse us for further obtruding our personal matters or theirs upon our readers.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.


One of our New Salem friends called on us last week and desired us to advise the frmers to burn off all the prairies immediately in order to kill off the chinch bugs. He said the chinch bugs are thick among the roots of the grass all over the prairies and thinks that if they are not destroyed by prairie fires, it will be impossible to raise a crop of any kind this year.

We are not going to advise the burning off of the prairies. We believe that outside of the dangers of destruction to property, the general burning off of the prairies of this county now would do the county more damage than the chinch bugs could do in forty year, with early planting of crops. We are willing that the farmers should burn off strips of land not more than two rods wide around their fields, first plowing furrows to prevent the fire from escaping outside of the strips, but further than that we protest against prairie fires. We suppose as a rule, most of the chinch bugs will be found on these strips. We have no idea that they are in considerable quantities far from the borders of the fields.

In the next place, we have very little faith in fires as a remedy for chinch bugs. They are a migrating insect, and in hot, dry weather, will go where they can find plenty of feed such as they want. In the winter and in cold or wet weather, they remain in a dormant or semi-dormant condition and do little or no damage. If there was not a chinch bug in this county now, there would be plenty of them when hot and dry weather comes. They will immigrate from somewhere in untold numbers and do all the damage that the present crop can do. The burning off of the prairies will bring the hot and dry weather much earlier, continue it much longer, and make it more severe than it would be if the old grass should remain as a mulch to keep the ground cool and moist. Besides when the earth is denuded by fires, the ground gets hot and heats, the air in contact with it, and the heated air rises and prevents the condensation of the vapors over us into rain, prevents rainfall, as we have shown in our articles on Aclimate and rainfall.@ The less rainfall we have in the spring andsummer, the more damage will be done by chinch bugs. The only protection our crops can have against chinch bugs is in growing, early, while the ground is cool and moist, and in keeping the ground cool and moist as long as possible. When the wheat is ripe and the corn and other crops well grown before the chinch bugs get to work, they can do but little damage, and will soon depart to other sections where the people burn off the prairies and plant late, and where the air is hot and dry and the growing crops are young and tender.

When all the farmers understand the science of this matter and act upon it, doing their work thoroughly and when it should be done in such a country as this is, there will be little complaint about chinch bugs and poor crops.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.


Railroad Transactions.



A letter recived just as we go to press, from an intelligent gentleman who always Ahas his ears and eyes open,@ states that Gould has been secretly at the bottom of the Fort Scott and Wichita road buying its mortgage bonds of $15,000 a mile issued as often as ten miles were completed. Getting evidence of this, the Santa Fe company bought out the stock of the road of the managers, who were on the sell for speculation, and will discontinue the building of the road; making Toronto its permanent terminus.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.


We wish to brace up our city council in relation to these suits. They are in relation to the debts incurred by the last trustee of the old township, in building the bridges in excess of the amount voted by the people. For this excess township scrip was issued, the legality of which was questioned or denied at the time, and has never yet been decided. Three suits against the territory which comprised the old township are commenced to collect this scrip and the question to be determined by the court is: Is this scrip legal and binding? If so, what existing municipal corporation is liable and in what proportion? And in what way shall the money be raised? The suits already commenced involve the sum of about $5,000. It is necessary that these be defended in order that either of these questions should be properly settled and the interests of the corporations interested be protected and secured on equitable principles. John C. Roberts, trustee of Walnut Township, has been at work in the matter for sometime and has made, with the approval of the other townships and a majority of the city council, complete arrangements for the defense of these suits at a minimum cost. The county clerk has furnished the assessment rolls and a schedule of the proportion of the expense to each municipality is agreed upon. The officers of each township interested have signed a contract to pay their proportion of the expenses. It is doubltess the wish of the citizens that the city council also ratify the contract. It will cost $150 to defend these three cases and it is worth much more than this to learn the legal status of the claims. We canot afford to let it go by default. This sum is the fee of H. C. Sluss, who has been selected as the counsel for the defense. In case the two principal suits are defeated, the sum will be double. The proportion of the $150, among the municipalities, will be about as follows.

Winfield City, $92; Walnut Township, $37; Pleasant Valley, $7.50; Vernon Township, $7; and Fairview Township, $4.50. The citty of Winfield can well afford to stand the $92, and the council should promptly ratify. In case the suits are successful, Winfield City alone will have $3,000 to pay besides its proportion of some further claims which will be prosecuted. She can well afford to pay $92 or twice that sum to have her interest thoroughly looked after. Mr. Roberts has done the work; now let the council stand to and go ahead.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.


Mr. Jake Musgrove, of South Haven, in company with Mr. Newcomb, intend shortly to engage in the mercantile business at Geuda Springs.

Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.



Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.

AD. FARM FOR SALE. I offer for sale my farm 7 miles North of Winfield, in the Walnut Valley (320 acres) best stock and grain farm in the county. 200 acres in cultivation, 5 miles of hedge, 100 acres in fine growing wheat, 60 acres choice timber, finest place in the state for wintering stock, never failing water, 1/4 mile from schoolhouse, store and P. O.; 3 miles from stone church. Price $10,000, half cash, balance 3 years. Will sell half. Call on or address

G. N. FOWLER, Winfield, Kansas.

March 1, 1882.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.


The mud is drying up rapidly.

The Dollar Store is loading up again.

New style spring slippers at Smith Bros.

Mr. Levi Quier, of Silver Creek, called in Saturday.

S. S. L:inn thinks the peaches are not hurt by the storm.

If you want a good farm, apply to Ira McCommon at Seeley.

Mr. S. M. Jarvis was down from Kansas City several days last week.

Our Ashton, Illinois, correspondent appreciates the situation. Read his letter.

A small audience attended the Dick Oglesby entertainment last Friday night.

Oscar Wooley brightened our sanctum with his presence for a few moments last week.

Mrs. L. G. Brown of Tisdale called on us last Saturday and renewed her subscription to the COURIER.

Go to the office of D. C. Beach, City Clerk, and register. Do it now and read the rest of this paper afterward.

Mr. John McMahon, of Vernon, made us a pleasant call Tuesday.

Rev. H. A. Tucker has gone to Burlington to attend the conference and his pulpit will be filled next Sunday by Mrs. Tucker.

Mr. S. L. Gilbert was offered $4,000 in cash for his 80 acre farm east of town Tuesday. He couldn=t see any point, and refused the offer.

We hear some complaints about the roads in some quarters. That from the Foos Creek up to Little Dutch needs a considerable work.

[Foos Creek? Never heard of it before!!]

Mr. T. J. Floyd, of the Burden Enterprise, and lady, left on the Santa Fe Tuesday for a visit to old friends in Iowa. Tthey will be absent two or three weeks.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.


Mrs. Will Allison, of Wellington, with her mother, Mrs. Thomas Braidwood of Leavenworth, spent two days of last week with Mrs. Chas. C. Black at the Brettun.

We understand that Frank Williams has sold out his hotel at Kansas City and will return to Winfield. Mrs. Williams is already here, a guest of Mrs. Dr. Black.

The story on fourth page of AMr. Phipps and the hen,@ was clipped and handed us by a friend, who assured us it was Aas funny as thunder.@ We took his word for it.

Sheriff Shenneman has purchased three acres of ground just above Bliss & Wood=s mill on this side of the river. He will build a barn and feed his cattle and fine stock there.

Mr. Vesparian Warner of the legal firm of Moore & Warner of Clinton, Illinois, a friend of Judge McDonald and fellow officer in the army, has been visiting the Judge for a few days.

Samuel Lowe of Morris, Illinois, has been visiting friends in this county. He was here three years ago and has some property here. He says the country has improved wonderfully since then.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.

DIED. Mr. Thos. Benning died Sunday evening after a lingering illness of many weeks. Mr. Benning was one of the early residents of this city, being engaged in the grocery and dry goods business here in 1873.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.

The old W. P. Hostetter farm in Beaver Township was sold last week to Samuel Clift for $1,800. This is the cheapest place that has been sold. Mr. Clift is from Marshall County, Illinois, and an old neighbor of the Rupp family.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.

The Peter Paugh farm, two miles north of Winfield, was sold last week by Mr. Myers for $3,500 cash to a gentleman from Weakley=s old neighborhood, but we did not get his name. Mrs. Myers has turned around and bought the Phil Stump farm for $1,200.

[??? first time Mr. Myers; second time Mrs. Myers???]


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.

There has been some complaint about the gas being turned off too soon, after entertainments at the Opera House, the audience being left to scramble out sometimes in total darkness. We refer the matter to Capt. Myers, knowing he will set the matter right.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.

J. W. Browning of Beaver Township sold his farm last week to Mr. Crawford, late from Ohio, for $4,000. Mr. Browning proposes going into the stock business. We have not met Mr. Crawford, but we are told that he locates here in consequence of the prohibitory law.




Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.

Mr. M. L. Read has a joke which he has been perpetrating upon the innocent minds about here. He tells them that he will be seventy-five years old on February 30th. Of course, they decline to believe it, but he insists that when the 30th of February comes around, he will be seventy-five years old. It generally takes them about a week to discover that February is not entitled to 30 days. We got fooled ourself and know how it be.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.

Deputy Treasurer Wilson has called our attention to an error in last week=s paper relative to the source from which the county school fund came. We stated that it was derived Aprincipally from fines for ciolations of the prohibitory law.@ Only about one-third was derived from violations of this law. Most of the remainder came from the grand jury indictments for gambling and liquor selling. We published the item of the amount apportioned as an important news matter, which it was. We also secured, after considerable delay, its publication in the Daily. As it takes time to get news into the other paper, we hope its readers will not find fault with us for publishing these interesting matters first in the COURIER. We will still continue to furnish the most important matters for the DailyCafter the COURIER has published them.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.

A gentleman who has been looking over the county for three weeks with a view of locating, and who has been making his headquarters in Winfield, said to us Monday: ASince I have been here, I have not seen a single drunken man on the streets of Winfield, nor a single fight nor broil of any kind.@ This is a compliment that should be appreciated by every citizen, but we record it with fear and trembling lest the valiant exponent on the other side should rush in and prove that our informant was a liar, and Afor the sake of common truth and honesty,@ prove that men were drunk on the streets every night after our informant was in bed.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.

Mr. E. E. Thorpe is agitating the establishment of a boot and shoe manufactory here and has enlisted the support of many leading citizens who agree to take stock in the enterprise. This would be an excellent thing for our city and seems to us to be a practical scheme. Winfield needs to encourage everything in the manufacturing line, and any proposition that looks toward the building up of such enterprises here should receive the careful consideration of every citizen.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.

We took occasion to visit Miss Melvill=s room in the public school last Monday afternoon. The pupils had arranged some exercises in commemoration of the birth of Longfellow. The entertainment consisted of essays, recitations, and songs which were composed by that poet. We have not space to mention all, but some of the best recitations were given by Misses Ella Trezise, Nora Greer, Abbie Rowland, Cora Denning, and Master Charlie Edwards.

Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.

Rev. J. A. Rupp of Beaver Township has a bull calf which is much like a mule in form and disposition. Only one of his feet is cloven, the other three being like those of a mule. The three legs from the knees down are like those of a mule. Otherwise it is a lively, well formed calf. It kicks and acts like a mule. The dam is a red shorthorn cow about three-fourths Durham, of fine form and a good milker. Here is a problem for biologists.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.

Five wood choppers were arrested at Otoe Agency last week by the Indian police and brought before the Agent for examination. They proved they were not on the Otoe reserve and were released. Agent Woodin declares he will confiscate the property of anyone found hauling wood from the Otoe reservation and send them to Fort Smith. He says the best of the timber has already been culled out, and game has been hunted until there is but little left.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.

The letter of Dr. C. G. Smith of the U. S. Signal Service in Arizona is quite racy and interesting this week and we expect more of them. We have received from him by mail one of the most curious of the cacti family, which he lassoed down from a high cleft in the perpendicular side of a rocky gorge where the sun rarely shines. For this unique present, the Dr. has our cordial thanks.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.

H. L. Taplin of Dexter Township called Monday and told us a little more about that big tree on the Grouse. He paid $8 for the tree and $48 for working it up into cord wood and fence posts. Total debit $56. He sold 740 posts and 11 cords of wood for $130. The tree was 300 years old as judicated by the annual rings.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.

The festival given last week by the ladies of the W. C. T. U. (notwithstanding the inclemency of the weather) brought into the treasury of the society over $70, and the ladies herewith tender their sincere thanks to the trustees of the Presbyterian Church, and to all who in any way contributed to make this, their first effort, a success.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.

Henry E. Asp has a case in which there is a nice legal point. A widower with four children took out a life insurance policy, making the benefit payable to his legal heirs. Three months afterward he was married, and in a short time died. The question is: Is the wife entitled to half the benefit, not being one of the heirs at the time the policy was taken out?


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.

Mr. Service informs us that the amount now on hand belonging to the W. C. T. U., is $85.07. Of this amount all but ten dollars was the result of their suppers given last week. The ladies deserve great credit for their energy in working for the temperance cause. Much of the good accomplished for the aid of temperance is attributable to their efforts.



Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.

Among the charters of corporations filed with the Secretary of State last week was that of the first church of the United Brethren in Christ, of Winfield, Kansas, capital stock $10,000. Trustees, P. B. Lee, J. H. Snyder, Daniel Mater, Joseph Barrickson, and Samuel Garver.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.

Mr. J. P. Short has been reappointed by the council as city assessor. Mr. Short is a most efficient officer, and as the real estate is to be again listed this year, his services will be doubly valuable.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.

It is refreshing to see J. C. Fuller come out at his new gate and shut it with as much style as if he had always had a splendid fence about his house. The fence is a beauty and we don=t wonder he is proud of it.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.

Mr. and Mrs. Spotswood returned from St. Louis on Monday, where they have been making a two week=s visit with friends and relatives. They report a pleasant time.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.

An improved Farm three miles from Winfield. Price $1,600Cone third cash. H. G. Fuller. Over P. O.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.



Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.

Longfellow=s Birthday.

The pupils of the high school have for a long time been preparing an exhibition to celebrate the anniversary of the birthday of the renowned poet, Henry W. Longfellow, and on Monday evening the 27th a large audience assembled at the Opera House to witness the result of their efforts. A fine entertainment was afforded. Those who were in attendance heard songs and recitations composed by Longfellow and several essays upon his life.

Entertainment began with the song, AThe Hemlock Tree,@ by Miss Anna Hyde, which was well rendered. The greater part of the evening was given to the rendition of the Courtship of Miles Standish, recited by Miss Hattie Andrews, Mate Lynn, Bertie Stebbins, Anna Hyde, Josie Pixley, Ella Roberts, Minnie Stewart, Lizzie McDonald, and Rosa Rounds. AThe Death of Minnehaha,@ a duet, was sung by Misses Josie Bard and Lutie Newman and was highly appreciated. The recitation of AHiawatha=s wooings,@ was given by Carrie Cronk and was well rendered. James Cairns, Will Hodges, and Alvah Graham also gave recitations, which were excellent.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.

In another column will be found the advertisement of A. T. Spotswood & Co., announcing to the people a new departure. They have quit the credit system of doing business and will hereafter sell goods for nothing but cash in hand. [SKIPPED THE REST.]


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.

Arkansas City.

EDS. COURIER: The last snow, while it was severe on stock that was unprotected, had the beneficial effect of moistening the ground, so that it is now in better condition than it has been for years, and the outlook for large and abundant crops is very promising, which will bring to this county the largest immigration we have had for years. In view of this fact, the Ahead of navigation@ is looming up, and new buildings are going up all around. For two years the town has been without a real estate agent, and we believe it is the only town of 1,000 inhabitants along the border of Kansas that was without one. We have one now, also a tailor.

Every few days an excursion is made to Geuda Springs for pleasure, health, and to see the town grow.

The gravel and stone contract with the Santa Fe railroad will give employment for nearly 200 laboring men at this place, and add another item to the resources of Cowley County. A side track will be built to the Walnut River about one mile below the bridge, and work begins within a few weeks. There seems to be an almost inexhaustible bed of gravel more than one mile in length and several feet deep. O.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.

THE MARKETS. Wheat today is down. The best is worth $1.05; No. 2, 95 cents; No. 3, 70 cents. Corn is worth 78 cents to 50 cents. Produce is changed from last week. Butter brings 25 cents, eggs 12-1/2 cents, chickens $2 to $2.25 per dozen; turkeys, dressed, 9 cents per pound. Hogs still keep up. Good fat hogs bring from $5.65 to $5.80.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.

McD. Stapleton, ye good looking democrat of Cambridge, was in the city Tuesday.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.

Tannehill Items.

During the week several items of importance have transpired, one of the most noticeable is the changing of real estate. Four farms have changed hands during the last ten days, to wit: J. W. Browning, to a gentleman from Ohio; Dr. Mendenhall, to a man from Illinois; and the Hostetter farm to the same man; and Mr. McMillen to an Illinois man also. All of the above farms have been disposed of at reasonable figures, and it seems that the Sucker State will be well represented in Beaver Township.

Rev. Brown has closed the protracted meetings which have been going on for the past two weeks at Beaver Center, with good results. Some 13 additions were made to the M. E. Church. Rev. Brown is a young man of good talents and a good worker. The closing sermon was preached by the Rev. Lee, presiding Elder of the United Brethern Church, which was a very able discourse.

The Sabbath school, superintended by Dr. Marsh, is still growing in interest, the prayer meetings and Bible readings every Sunday evening are also well attended, and great interest seems to be manifested. Dr. Marsh is one of the most energetic workers in Southern Kansas.

We learn that Mr. Markley will leave for the Hoosier State in a few days. We are sorry to lose as good a citizen and neighbor from our community; we hope, however, that his place will be filled with his equal in one who will soon occupy the vacancy.

Mr. J. B. Lester, having purchased a farm with a vacant house on it, now advertises for a cook to take charge of the same. As he is a very worthy young man and a scienced farmer, we hope his advertisement will soon be answered.

Prof. Anderson is still engaged in teaching vocal music; he now has three singing classes, to wit: Beaver Center, Centennial, and Easterly schoolhouses. The Professor=s equal is hard to find in teaching vocal music.

Mr. J. W. Browning has disposed of his fine farm consisting of 160 acres highly improved, for the handsome sum off $4,000. We are sorry to lose so good a citizen, friend, and neighbor, as he is from our neighborhood; his place will be hard to fill and he will be very much missed in this community.

The way farms are changing hands recently in this township, it looks as though Beaver will soon be settled by newcomers. All a man has to do is to offer his farm for sale and he will very soon have a purchaser. I wonder who will go next.

The inquisitive assessor will soon be on the war path in order to ascertain how much we are worth.

Our old friend, D. W. Frew, will move to Winfield the first of the coming week. His farm will be occupied by Mr. Griffith [?NOT SURE...BASICALLY OBSCURED WORD?] the present season. Mr. Frew is a worthy citizen and one of the oldest settlers of Beaver Township. He will be very much missed in our neighborhood.

We learn that Mr. J. W. Browning has rented a house in Winfield for a stopping place for his family until he can select a permanent location.

Mr. M. F. Jones started for his home in Illinois on Tuesday morning, having paid a visit to his friends and relatives in Cowley and Sumner counties. He expresses himself as being much pleased with this country, and was surprised to see such a town as Winfield in so new a county. He thinks Cowley County is the best part of Kansas he has seen, and if he can dispose of his property in Illinois, he will become a citizen of our popular county.

February 25, 1882. GRANGER.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.

New Salem.

Once more I greet you, but it can only be at a distance. Yet, how fast and how far our thoughts can travel, and thus we can be with our dear ones spiritually if not bodily.

Old Time is still running through Salem; yet he makes many changes and carries a supply of smiles, tears, pain, etc., to be distributed among us as our case seems to require. But behind the darkest cloud, the sun may shine so the rainbow of hope may shine through tears, and grief may turn to laughter. Everyone seems happy, and all things work well when people are in that mood.

Mr. McMillen is preparing for rain by getting a cistern well underway. But woe to him if the rain comes to muddy that nice new buggy he has lately purchased. He, alas! Was not so lucky as ADan@ of Floral, for he passed through Salem not long since in a regular family carriage, a present from a friend; and a lady bore him company, so he is not clear Agone by the board.@ Was it the Floral correspondent? It was not Olivia.

Why do so many have this fair land? To seek their fortunes, we presume, or in quest of health and pleasure. Mr. Walton lately bade dear associates good bye and left for Colorado.

Rev. Graham is hosting a series of meetings at Star Valley. If success crowns his labors as it did in our place, he can have an excellent report to send off. Thirteen joined the church and others are rejoicing in a new found hope. Success to the cause.

The Christians are holding services in Pleasant Hill schoolhouse, and we learn that they are having a very good time. May many be added to their roll of membership, is our wish.

Wheat is looking well.

Mr. Hodges shipped two carloads of corn from Salem last week.

I made a mistake, or was wrongly informed in last items about Mr. James Peters leaving us. It was another man. I don=t tell lies intentionally.

Mr. Griever, from Wyandotte County, is visiting his bother and other friends in this vicinity.

There was a bachelor=s tent here for awhile, but like the Arabs Athey folded their tent and silently stole away.@

Mr. C. Miller is traveling and teaching the ladies how to wash on a machine. His wife is still a Salemite, and a stranger and wife now occupy the house in which Mr. Miller formerly lived.

One of Miller=s houses took a sleigh ride last week. They moved it up to the other house and it just went off lively.

Why does S. A. C______ invariably get caught away from home during our worst storms? Perhaps he is like Vennor, knows when it=s coming and goes on purpose.

Mr. Funk of Sheridan visited friends here last week, but he was so badly afflicted with rheumatism that he did not enjoy Salem hospitality very much.

Mr. Sam Chappell visited friends in Cherryvale lately, and reports a Aboss@ time.

Miss Nellie Buck has learned the dressmaking art from Mrs. Pixley.

Mr. Wm. Griever is visiting his parents near Kansas City.

Messrs. Hoyland and Vance have finished bailing their hay.

A new blacksmith shop is under headway in our little village, or is now occupied by a new smith.

Rabbits are plenty, hens are ambitious, stock looks splendidly. Babies look bad, for the poor little dears are afflicted with chicken pox.

Miss Hoyland has been very ill, but is now convalescent. Diphtheria and neuralgia are not very good company, she informs us, but fortunately dear friends came often to help the long tiresome days and evenings pass away.

Items are very scarce, or at least I know of nothing interesting at present.

Mr. Doolittle was obliged to visit Drs. VanDoren & Gunn this week. An offending molar was the trouble.

Mrs. Watt bought several cows of widow Crane. Mrs. Crane will leave Salem ere long. She will go to Kentucky to her father=s.

Two of our lady friends will soon leave us to spend a year or two with relatives in Colorado. Will tell who they are at some future time. Oh! How we shall miss them at Sunday school and everywhere.

Well, I=ll cease for the present. Yours as ever, OLIVIA.

Feb. 25tth, 1882.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.

M. W. Underwood and W. L. Reynolds, two solid men from Dexter, made us a pleasant call on Monday.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.

Valley View.

On last Saturday evening the young people of this community gave an entertainment, which was in every particular a most creditable affair. The following program was performed.

1. Instrumental, Organ, and Violin: Miss Laton, Mr. Isnogle.

2. Tableaux: the performers, with colored lights.

3. Solo, The Snisstoy Girl: Nellie Martin.

4. Drama in five acts entitled ADon=t marry a drunkard to reform him.@

5. Duett, Matrimonial Jars: Miss Lizzie Thompson, Mr. Chas. F. Martin.

6. A Darkey=s Lecture on Locomotion: Mr. Thos. Isnogle.

7. Solo, The Nightingale=s Trill: Miss Emma Martin.

8. Drama. Three acts, eight scenes: Out in the street.

9. Duett, Out in the starlight: Miss Lula Millspaugh, Miss Lulu Laton.

10. Solo. What will people say: Miss Lulu Laton.

11. Song, AThe Obadiah Family@: Miss E. Martin, Miss L. Thompson, Mr. T. Isnogle, Mr. Geo. Conner.

When it is considered that most of the performers have had little or no previous training on the stage, the execution of the program was something remarkable. The personification of the characters was almost faultless, and was greeted by frequent applause.

The song by Nellie Martin, for so small a girl, was finely rendered.

The first ADrama@ was performed by the following Persons: Misses Katie Schwantes, Emma Martin, Pearl Martin; Messrs. Schwantes, Isnogle, Martin (C. F.), Conner, Thompson, Smith, Martin (W.), Schwantes (D.).

The second drama was given by Misses E. Martin, K. Schwantes, L. Thompson, M. Miller; Messrs. Conner, Martin, Schwantes, Isnogle, Thompson, Smith.

Criticism is uncalled for, and a commendation on each performer, however proper, would make this article too long. I would simply say to each, you did well, and showed the ability for higher attainments in the noble purposes of life. One notice is especially called for: Miss Maud Miller in personifying poor little Minnie Bradford Aout in the street@ showed such an adaptation and ability that it seemed a reality, and called forth much praise.

The exercises were interspersed and enlivened with instrumental music by Miss Latoni and Mr. Isnogle. When the closing song, the AObadiah family,@ was given, the house came down. Although the exercises lasted two and a half hours, the appreciative audience was slow in separating. H.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.

C. M. Scott came up from the city Wednesday morning.

Mr. Frank Lorry, of Bolton, was in the city Tuesday.

Rev. Cairns returned from the east last evening.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.


Trial was held at Mr. Ed. Allen=s farm in Vernon Township, in presence of a large number of farmers; the verdict being for the Casady, it doing better work, running lighher, and handling easier than any other. The Hapgood was taken home to its Agent, and Mr. Allen paying cash for the Casady, and the usual victory was scored for the Casady. Also at trial east of town, the Casady got left with the farmer, and the Hapgood was hauled into town to the Agent, Mr. Lee. I also wish to state that Mr. Lee had the Vice President of the Hapgood Company at this trial, and they adjusted both plows to suit themselves, and claimed victory; but they could not convince the farmer, Mr. Walles, who keeps the Canady Plow. S. H. MYTON, Agent for the Canady Plow.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.



Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.



Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.



EDS. COURIER: The thundering snow storm of today is another omen of a bountiful crop the coming Summer. It came in the nick of time to save the fruit, and the benefit to the Wheat will be no small item. SKIPPED THE REST! PREACHES, TEACHES HANDLING AND GROWING OF FRUIT, COTTONWOOD TREES, BOXELDER, ASH, WALNUT, PLANT SEED, ETC.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.


EDS. COURIER: It has been a long time since I wrote for your columns. I have been paying a visit to Missouri for the first time in sixteen years. One would suppose things would have changed for the better, but not so with many parts of Missouri. We stopped at Stockton, the county seat of Cedar County, and it was the same town sixteen years ago, when Livingston, the bush-whacker, fell dead at the courthouse door, in an attempt to take the town. I then went to Hummansville; my old home, which has improved for a country town. After visiting friends in Polk, Hickory, and St. Clair Counties, I started for Rich Hill in Bates County, a town of three thousand inhabitants. The town of Rich Hill is on the decay, the mining has nearly stopped on account of the small demand for Coal which is delivered on the cars at five and six cents per bushel. Rich Hill is underlaid with a six or seven foot vein of Coal. Raw land in Bates County is sellig at from $10 to $15 per acre, and is not one bit better than the prairies of Cowley. Throught that country the water is not fit to drink; consequently, sickness prevails. The morals are anything but good. There are only 14 saloons in Rich Hill, several race tracks, and the conversation is all about horse racing.

I left for Ft. Scott disgusted and nearly sick from drinking bad water. As we neared the Kansas line, we began to see nice schoolhouses. I suppose that some of our enterprising Kansans had moved across and infused some of our enterprise into Missouri, next to Ft. Scott, which is an enterprising town, and the only draw-back is bad water and bad health, in Humbolt, Allen County. Humbolt is a nice town but things appeared dull.

Mr. Editor, you don=t know how good the water tasted after drinking the water from Coal and Sulphur.

I am back after three weeks travel and I like Kansas better than ever or rather I can appreciate good water and health. Would advise all that are not satisfied with Kansas to travel and see how other people are getting along.

There will be some emigrations from Missouri to this country, mostly stock men. The range has given out in that state and the stock men are coming to Kansas. The stockmen of Missouri do not like the herd law of this county, otherwise, Cowley has a good name. I think the people would do well to abolish the herd law at the end of the two years. GLEANER.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.


We have had quite a change in the weather down this way.

Mr. Harrison has moved to Mr. Gilleland=s farm, near Maple City.

Miss Hattie Taplin=s school has closed.

Mr. Walker has returned home from Sedgwick County, where he has been visiting his daughter.

Miss Emma Elliott has bought an Organ. Her school closed last week.

The last cold snap stopped all farming down this way.

John Harden has ninety head of the best beeves in the county, they will average fourteen hundred pounds.

A great many have planted potatoes, they will not need to tend to them at present, as they are mulched by a sheet of ice.

Miss Mary Turney has stopped her school at Dexter. She talks some of going to her old home, in Missouri.

Ogg and Miss Arvilla Elliott were visiting friends at Crab Creek last week.

Mr. A. A. Hamil & Son are talking of goig to Dodge City, to freight from there to Texas.

Down on Grouse Creek, at the dance last week, some of the boys got in a quarrel and were badly injured.

Bent Moore went to Elk City to get married. We do not know whether he has come back.

The boys are going to organize a brass band. Go in boys, Crab Creek needs one. They will probably be in tune by the Fourth of July. SISTER KATE.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.


EDS. COURIER: Everyone is busy with his spring work. Cattle and hogs look well.

There could be no better prospect for wheat than we have in this part of Cowley. The ground could not be in better condition for spring crops than it is at present.

Those who are moving this spring are Messrs. Cadle, Riggers, Passmore, Corley, Stewart, Haron, and Evans.

There is to be considerable wire fence erected around here this spring for the purpose of enclosing pastures.

Mr. Callison closes his term of school in three weeks. He seems to have given good satisfaction.

The old time map pedlers are making their courteous calls on the neighbors of this vicinity.

David Bright is rolling over the sod for Mr. Smalley.

Art and Frank Leeper are buying up some fine young hogs. Art says they are hard to find.

Jo. Disser says there must be a new header in the Bend for the next harvest.

Good farm hands are scarce at $13 to $16 per month.

Mr. Ramage is plastering his new house.

Jack Carder has bought himself a fine span of three-year-old colts.

The prospect is fine for an excellent crop of fruit this year. Peaches will soon be in bloom if the weather continues as it is at present.

We failed to get a road Aboss@ in our district at the late election, as no one in the district went to the election. Can=t some of you who have so many rivals for office send one.

Some one, not far from here, stopped his COURIER and subscribed for the Courant. On being asked how he liked the Courant, he replied: AOh, it fills up, but I would rather have the COURIER, and something that will stick to the ribs.@ NOVUS HOMO.

Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.


EDS. COURIER: Our town has been doing well since W. H. James has opened up his stock of goods. I think Mr. James will make an excellent merchant.

Rev. Mr. Snyder has been holding a protracted meeting and has organized a church of some 40 or 50 members. Mr. Snyder is a very able minister, and has done a great deal of good here with his meetings.

One of the most pleasant events of the season occurred last night at the residence of N. J. Johnson. Mrs. L. C. Turner, who had just closed a term of four months= school at this place, was invited to join her pupils at Mr. Johnson=s in a social untion, and by 8 o=clock a more jolly crowd never was asembled under any roof, and it did one good to see the bright eyes and hear the joyous laugh of the little ones. At 9 o=clock order was maintained, and Mr. Jackson stepped forward and addressed Mrs. Turner as follows.

AYou cannot but have been mindful of the friendship we as pupils have felt toward you as teacher in your earnest efforts in our behalf. I have the pleasure of representing the school in presenting this cup as a slight token of our friendship, and may it represent your cup of happiness in after life, and may it even be full to overflowing, is the wish of all your pupils.@

Mr. J. Lewis then presented Mrs. Turner with a very nice gold-lined silver cup with her name beautifully engraved thereon. Mrs. Turner was very much overcome, as it was wholly a surprise. She thanked the pupils for their kindness, and in a very appreciative manner. The affair was a grand success. MORE ANON.

March 4th, 1882.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.



EDS. COURIER: I had not intended to make any public note of my ramblings in Florida, for the public is often nauseated with such efforts, and as often unappreciative and unthankful towards the writer for even meritous productions. But, to fulfill a promise made to the editor, I will take the liberty to furnish a few crude Apencilings by the way@ of what I have seen and shall see in this wonderful state.

I left Winfield on that fearfully demoralized morning of Jan. 16th, with mercury I know not how many degrees below zero, the wind racing I know not how many miles an hour, and the sleet cutting like grains of sand into the wayfarer whose unprotected face met the blast. I arrived at Cincinnati on the evening of the 17th (having made the distance from St. LouisC340 milesCto Cincinnati in just ten hours), where I took a through Palace Pullman sleeper to this city, and arrived here on the morning of the 19thCout just three daysCa feat in traveling that I would not have believed had I not proved it. On the morning of my departure, I was coughing a race with the storm; a cought that had exercised me incessantly for two months. But, presto, change! The benign atmosphere of the pine woods of Southern Georgia and Northern Florida, had more than half cured my affliction when I reached here, as my martyred companions of the sleeper could testify; and now, I am as well as the summers of Kansas usually find me.

As the Northerner ever associates the orange with the name of Florida, so my pioneer thoughts engrossed that delicious fruit. Sauntering down the shady side of Bay street, the great commercial thoroughfare of Jacksonville (the mercury standing at 75) this welcome sign met my vision: ADummit=s Grove, Indian River Oranges.@ I found a great number of racks, containing as many different kinds of the golden fruit, graded as to size and quality. I could buy from 10 cents a dozen to five cents a single oneCthe latter being 4 to 4-1/2 inches in diameterCI invested a nice nickle in one, and commenced the work of consumption. At the slightest pressure the juice, a nectar fit for gods, seemed fated to run over and waste wherever punctured. After soaking my shirt bosom and vest, I said to a colored gentleman who had just stepped from his cart, AMy dear brother of ebony descent, will you do me the favor to eat an orange at my expense, and do it scientifically, that I may hereafter profit by the lesson?@ Said he: ABoss, I=s at yer sarvice, sah.@ He took the fruit, opened a pair of lips like the parting of two pillows, opened the blossom end with his teeth, and squeezing the orange with both hands, sucked out the juice in a moment, then pulling the fruit apart, made way with the pulp. He thought if he had another one, he could finish his education; but I told him I would forgive him and thought I could remember. I said to the vendor: AThat is the first orange I ever ate.@ He wanted me to explain. AWell,@ I said, Athe fruit sold to us in the North for oranges are about the size of your smallest, contain very little juice, have a tough, woody pulp, and contain no such flavor as the one I have just eaten.@ He assured me that there is as much differences in oranges as there is in apples and about as many different kinds. My few days in Jacksonville has prepossessed me greatly in its favor, and in my next I shall do this city and surroundings, Palatka, and the St. John=s river and her borders between the two cities.



Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.


EDS. COURIER: I found that boats for points up the Colorado would not leave Yuma for three weeks. The stage was going out at nine o=clock, so I determined to take that. After a hasty breakfast I barely found time to see to my baggage when I was called upon to walk a mile to the Gila River, which enters the Colorado on the West just above Yuma. By the river side were waiting some Mexicans and Indians. After being ferried over, we were compelled to wait for our team to be harnessed and baggage to be disposed of in the immense coach. With a four horse team we moved out. The movement was slow. The hoofs of the horses, and the felloes of the wagon were buried by the sand until we reached the table land. The road on the mesa was rough, and that on the bottom was sandy.

At Castle Dome landing we ate dinner, prepared by a greasy looking Chinaman, for which we paid one dollar. We reached Silent at seven p.m. At nine without any supper I mounted a mule and rode until two a.m., Tuesday. The Mexican mail rider shared his torteo with me, and we laid down on the sand with the mail pouch for a pillow and slept one hour. I did not dream of the expressions of love and hatred, joy and sorrow, honesty and dishonesty contained in that pouch. My eyes turned not to the starry splendor above. No thought of the treacherous character of the Mexican, the chilly night air I heded not, but slept until my companion aroused me. I could not understand one word he uttered, but he pointed to a saddle mule, which I mounted, and we rode until three p.m., when Ehrenburg was reached. Here we met Mr. Malloy, a former agent of this place, and S. Frank, a Jew doing business at Ehrenburgh. Mr. Frank was genial, talkative, and entertained me in a generous whole souled way, known only to those who have traveled in the Western Wilds. Just as the sun was shedding its last ray over the ragged peaks of San Bernardine, I mounted a fresh horse and at 2 a.m., Wednesday, I had made fifty miles without dismounting. To say I was weary would be very tame language. I had traveled in thirty-nine hours fifty miles by wagon and one hundred and thirty on horse back, had during that time slept one hour and eaten 3 square meals.

Respectfully, C. G. SMITH.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

Figures That Talk.

Few people, either in the private or public walks of life, have any very adequate conception of the amount of money disbursed in any given community for any given time, by such a railway company as the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe, the general offices of which are in this city. All known in a general way that railroads are big things, but all are more inclined to remember the times they have paid passenger fares orr freight charges than to remember the amount of money which must be taken in in order that employees may be paid and supplies purchased, to say nothing of furnishing stockholders a fair interest on their investment. We are led to make these remarks by a glance at some of the annual footings of the operating or construction department of the road above mentioned. For instance, we find that in Kansas alone, in 1881, there were expended for the single item of new buildings the following named sums.

On the main line, at Topeka, for roundhouse number two: $51,956.68.

At Emporia, for roundhouse and other buildings: $28,280.27.

At Florence, for depot, coal chute, and other buildings: $10,049.99.

At Newton, for roundhouse, engine house number two, and other buildings: $24,119.72.

At Nickerson, for engine house, coal chute, and other buildings: $36,201.00.

At Dodge City, for roundhouse and other building: $12,712.50.

At Coolidge, for engine house, tenement houses, coal chute and other buildings: $83,099.21.

At sundry other points on the main line for miscellaneous buildings, $58,584.94, making a total on the main line for miscellaneous buildings, $305,000.30.

On leased lines in Kansas:

At Kansas City, coal chute and other buildings: $8,006.32.

At Argentine, for roundhouse, coal chute, and other buildings: $29,385.62.

At sundry other points on Kansas City branch for miscellaneous buildings: $5,788.35.

At sundry points on the K. C., E. & S., K. C. & O., P. H. & D., S., W. & S. W., F. & W. V., nd the M. & McP., $68,657.23, making a grand total for new buildings in Kansas in 1881 of $426,840.73.

In addition to the foregoing may be mentioned the expenditures in Kansas in 1881 for bridges, rails, and stone ballast. The item reads as follows:

For new steel rails, main line: $1,407,055.60.

Kansas City branch: $34,987,29.

Marion and McPherson line: $82,562.26.

Kansas City and Olathe: $12,407.40.

Harvey County: $53,534.18.

Grand Total: $1,640,546.73.

For stone ballast on Kansas lines: $42,058.76.

A resume of the above shows that in 1881 the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad Company disbursed in Kansas alone, for the four items (buildings, iron bridges, steel rails, and rock ballast) the royal sum of $1,788,327.13.

These figures require little comment. They show what a giant factor in the business fabric of the State, this road is, and how little either the road or the people can afford to have any serious unpleasantness existing between them.

In this connection it will be proper to state that similar expenses for the current year will be much greater than for last year. The improvements to be made in Topeka alone will amount to over $300,000, and other points on the line are to be proportionately well treated.

Topeka Commonwealth.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

There will be a school exhibition at the schoolhouse in District No. 50 in Vernon Township near D. D. Kellogg=s, on Saturday evening, Mach 11th, under the direction of T. J. Rude, teacher. The small fee of ten cents admission will be charged, the proceeds to go for the benefit of the school. A genral invitation is extended.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.


Congressman Ryan has finally succeeded in having an order issued for receiving bids for Indian supplies in the West as well as in New York. Kansas City has been designated as the place, and hereafter all bids for grain, flour, etc., will be opened and contracts awarded at that point.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.


Hunnewell will vote on the proposition to raise $51,000 in bonds to refund the city indebtedness.

Considerable excitement exists near Cherryvale at the discovery of petroleum. Prospecting has been commenced and the whole truth will soon be known.

The Governor of New Mexico has made arrangements with the Warden of the Kansas penitentiary for the keeping of the prisoners of that Territory at twenty cents per capita per diem.

Gov. St. John, who has just returned from Winfield, brings the cheering report that immigration into the southwest part of the State during the last three months has been gratifyingly large, much beyond that of previous winters, and that a noticeaable buoyancy characterized all classes respecting the future debelopment of that portion of the state.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.


Several straw hats have appeared on the street.

W. P. Hackney went to Topeka Monday evening.

Mrs. C. A. Hull, of Independence, is visiting friends here.

>Squire W. B. Norman made us a pleasant call Saturday.

Mr. Keck paid Speed $3,000 for the two lots and livery barn.

There is some talk of a Calico Ball to wind up the season with.

James H. Hildebrand has been appointed postmaster at Udall by the department.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.


Mr. A. J. Thompson sold five acres near the mounds to W. J. Lunday last week for $650.

T. J. Ride has many friends who desire his election as Superintendent of Public Instruction.

Henry B. Pruden has sold his farm of 160 acres in Creswell Township to James Fair for $4,000.

Joe Roberts got $2,700 for his farm in Walnut Township. David Tomkinson is the purchaser.

Capt. McDermott should hve been a journalist, as the bright columns of The Visitor fully attest.

Chas. J. Phenis sold his farm of 120 acres, in Sheridan Township, to Lincoln Branson, for $1,200 last week.

Just received at McGuire Bros., 50 butts of Bell Tobacco, only 30 cents per pound. Don=t fail to get some. [COULD BE WRONG...MIGHT HAVE SAID 50 CENTS PER POUND?]



Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.


Mr. R. C. Maurer, of Torrance, was taking in our city Saturday. R. C. is solid on a switch for Torrance.

Lou Zener=s mustache is changing from a pale gray to an azure brown color. Thus Aage creeps on us unawares.@

A deed was filed Monday from Peter Pearson to Geo. and Wm. Beach conveying 160 acres in Beaver Township for $1,450.

The ANational Union@ Lodge had a little banquet at their Lodge room Tuesday evening. Quite a party was present.

The Archery Club dares not organize this summer, for they can=t shoot in any any direction without hitting a candidate or two.

Letters from Miss Josie Mansfield state that she will be in Chicago and St. Louis this week purchasing goods for the spring trade.

Nathan Bolan sold 80 acres in Windsor Township last week to Geo. E. Skinner for $1,150. And still the real estate boom keeps rolling along.

The new Cherryvale paper, The Torch, by Buffington & Copeland, comes to hand this week. It is a little beauty and is brim full of good things.

J. B. Jolliff is on now as night watchman, Mr. McFadden having resigned. Jolliff is a first-class responsible man, and will make an efficient officer.

Mr. Drummond lost the endgate to his wagon last Saturday somewhere between the City Mills and town. The finder will confer a favor by leaving it at this office.

Messrs. Shrieves & Powers have decided to close out their grocery stock, and are offering it at cost for the next thirty days.

G. B. Darlington, of Baltimore, called last week and expressed his gratification that the prospects for crops in this county are better than ever before at this time of the year.

The Ivanhoe Club propose giving a fine social reception at the Opera House and invite all their friends, before long. If they conclude to so it will be one of the finest social affairs ever given here.

THE MARKETS. The produce market holds the same as last week. Butter 25 cents. Eggs 12-1/2 cents. Dressed chickens 7 cents per pound; live $2.25 to $2.50 per dozen. Wheat, corn, and hogs are unchanged from last week=s quotations.

Mr. Jacob Seeley has sold his farm of 120 acres, south of town three miles, to Mr. Crawford, for $3,200. Mr. Crawford is the gentleman who purchased the Browning farm and sold it the next week at an advance of $500.

A. T. Cooper of Piqua, Ohio, called Tuesday. He is a friend of S. S. Linn, whom he has been visiting. He likes this country and prohibition so well that he will move here with his family as soon as he can make the arrangements.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

A. D. Speed, of the firm of Speed & Schofield, has sold his interest in the livery stable to Mr. Keck, the gentleman who purchased Dr. Black=s residence. Mr. Speed will remain here and invest his money where it will pay him. We are glad to hear this for Mr. Speed is too lively a man to lose.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

The Baptist Sunday school has begun the publication of a monthly paper called The Visitor. It is distributed gratuitously, and is devoted to the interest of the Cowley County Sunday Schools. It is an interesting little paper, for which the Baptists deserve credit.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

Episcopal Church Lenten services on Wednesday and Friday evenings in the Courthouse at 7-1/2 o=clock. Services also on Sunday at 11 a.m., and 7-1/2 evening. Sunday School at 9:30 a.m. Subject in the morning, AThe Order of the Church Ministry in the Apostolic Age.@


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

The entertainment of AEsmaralda,@ will be an excellent one. Over eight weeks will have been spent in preparing it for the stage, and some of our best amateur talent is engaged in it. Their success is assured, on account of the untiring effort to make it a worthy entertainment.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

Drr. G. E. Knickerbocker has returned from Chicago, where he has been attending medical lectures for the last four months and will again resume practice in this county. He is one of the young men who keep posted in all the discoveries in his profession and will stand in the front rank.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

The cycle of cold and hot weather is sixteen days. On the 19th of February we had a heavy snow storm following a period of delightful spring weather. This was succeeded by another period of warm weather, and again we have a snow on March 7th in the midst of cold weather. On Saturday, March 4th, we saw many ffull blown peach blossoms.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

George Black is the victim of a painful accident. A revolver which he was carrying in his hip pocket was accidentally discharged, the ball grzing his right leg and passing through his foot at the ankle bone. Geo. Was preparing to go to New Mexico and of course purchased a revolver the first thing. We hope the remainder of his purchases will not terminate as disastrously.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

The Rev. Mr. Cairns returned from his eastern trip on last Wednesday night, and on Thursday evening a large number of his admiring friends assembled at the Baptist Church to welcome him home. He has been absent about three months and has had a very successful trip, having raised the sum of $2,500, which will be applied in payment for the new church which is rapidly approaching completion.

Rev. Cairns is enthusiastic in describing the kind and cordial manner in which he was received in the East. He has paid over to the treasurer of the Baptist Church building committee twenty-one hundred dollars, and expects his visit will result in a total of $2,500 net. The church is now nearly completed. It will cost fully ten thousand dollars and will be one of the most beautiful and convenient in the State.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

DIED. Mrs. Bushey, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John Croco, died Saturday of typhoid fever, after a short illness. The funeral services were held Sunday afternoon at the Presbyterian Church, Rev. Platter officiating. The church was crowded with friends and the remarks of Rev. Platter were most beautiful and touching. This has been a sad blow to the aged parents, as she was the only child of a large family left at home to brighten their declining years.

Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

The matrimonial market remains passive since last week. Seven couples have received permission from Judge Gans to travel life=s troublesome paths together.

John M. Elliott and Mary A. Baldwin.

James F. Munson and Ellenor F. Baldwin.

David N. Wyant and Dora C. Martin.

Benton Moore and Louisa McConnell.

W. F. Hunt and Louisa A. Keef.

Alexander Abshear and Nancy E. Paster.

D. C. Brooks and Iantha Hickman.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

The ladies are beginning to swap plants this spring-like weather, and may be seen laden with all sorts of floral beauties. One of the finest collections of house plants we have seen is that of Mrs.

J. L. Horning. It consists of some very choice varieties of plants, most of which are in full bloom. Other beautiful collections are those of Mrs. Beeny, Mrs. Platter, and Mrs Hickok. Many others have excellent success in that line.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

The Dispatch Hotel at Clay Center is completed and was thrown open to the public February 1, 1882. It is a fine building three stories high, and costing $20,000. Its young proprietors, Messrs. Wirt W. Walton and Del A. Valentine, deserve much credit for the energy they have displayed in erecting this magnificent building. We hope it may prove a successful venture, and fill the Along felt want.@


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

Ira McCommon has purchased the stock of drugs formerly owned by E. W. Hovey & Co., and will be found from this time on at the stand occupied by them. Mr. McCommon was in the drug business with J. N. Harter some years and is an experienced hand at the business and deserves a liberal patronage.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

Wanted: We want to invest $100,000 this month on real estate securities, and in order to obtain the mortgages we have determined to drop one percent on the rate of interest and will for the next 30 days make loans at 7 and 8 and 9 percent, without commission.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

Mr. T. R. Timme, of Winfield, one of the most clever young men of that city, and a splendid tailor, was in this city last Saturday, called here to take an order for a wuit of clothes. Of course, he dropped into the Republican office a few minutes. Newton Republican.

Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

Mr. A. B. Sykes, foreman of the Winfield COURIER office, one of the most skillful and rapid printers in or out of the state, and a young man of vim and character, spent Sunday with the Republican family. Newton Republican.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

Our new night policeman is bound to Alet no guilty man escape.@ The City Attorney says that the first night he was only deterred from taking in the full moon by the fact that it was out of the corporate limits of the city.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

The Telephone company is putting up the poles and stringing the wires for the twenty-five already subscribed. Only four connections are made now as the instruments have not arrived.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

Mrs. Ed. Millspaugh, whose husband died here some time ago, is visiting relatives in this county. Her home is at Burlington, Iowa.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

Library Association.

At a late meeting of the Library Association, the following officers were elected for the year ending January 31, 1883.

President: Mrs. M. J. Wood.

Vice President: Mrs. T. B. Myers.

Secretary: Mrs. E. T. Trimble.

Treasurer: Mrs. A. H. Doane.

Librarian: Mrs. W. L. Mullen.

Directors: Mrs. H. B. Mansfield, Mrs. J. B. Schofield, Mrs. J. A. Earnest, Mrs. J. G. Shrieves, Mrs. W. H. Shearer, Mrs. G. W. Miller, Mrs. Elbert Bliss, Mrs. James A. Bullen, and Mrs. J. Swain.

It is hoped that the citizens of Winfield will feel that, as this association cannot flourish without money, it is the duty of each and everyone to purchase a yearly ticket. It will only cost three dollars for each gentleman in Winfield to have the opportunity of supplying himself with interesting as well as instructive reading matter for one year; and if he does not desire to do it for himself, he will have the satisfaction of knowing he is doing it for the benefit of his fellow men.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

An entertainment for the benefit of the Ladies Library Association will be given on Thursday, March 165h, at Manning=s Opera House. It will consist of the Drama of AEsmaralda,@ by home talent, and some fine orchestra music. The cast is as follows.

AOld Man@ Rogers .................... C. F. Bahntge.

Lydia Ann Rogers ..................... Miss Jessie Millington.

Esmaralda ................................. Miss Florence Beeny.

Dave Hardy ............................... D. L. Kretzinger.

Eslabrrook ................................ C. H. Connel.

Jack Desmond .......................... W. C. Robinson.

Nora Desmond ......................... Miss Kate Millington.

Kate Desmond ......................... Miss May Roland.

Marquis De Montessino .......... Henry E. Lewis.

George Drew ........................... R. P. Boles.

This play is founded upon the story by that name written by Mrs. Francis H. Burnett, and is something new in its style, presenting a charming picture of American life.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

The pupils of the High School adopted the following resolutions in honor of all those who aided them in the entertainment held at the Opera House on Monday evening the 27th ult.

Resolved, That we tender our sincere thanks to the editors of the COURIER and Courant for their assistance and encouragement.

2nd. To all who by their presence at the entertainment, stimulated and encouraged us to renewed efforts of improvement.

(Signed by Committee) SADA E. DAVIS,




Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

The many friends of J. C. Franklin in this city will be glad to hear from him and we publish the following extract of a letter from him to his sister in this city.


DEAR SISTER: We have bought seven acres of land, as near town as Mr. Hickok=s live. We have 2 acres of raisin grapes, 100 bearing orange trees, 12 lemon trees, peach, apple, plum, apricot, fig, English walnut trees; besides we have plenty of oranges on the trees to last us the year round. The grass is quite green. Peach trees are beginning to bloom; then there is also green fruit of all sizes and all colors of blossoms. We have a very nice climate. The thermometer has not been below freezing this winter. Geraniums grow here as tall as the fence and as large a bunch as a hogshead. We went out to Newport on New Years day, and took our dinners with us (a landing on the ocean about nine miles from here). We are about 40 miles from Los Angeles. The baby is lying on a pallet on the floor, is quite a boy. When we sing and play the organ, he tries to sing too. We are building and will be settled soon in our own house. We are well.

(All ye brother bachelors go and do likewise.)




Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

It seems that Chas. Payson has got into trouble again and papers are out for his arrest. Soon after he was discharged from the penitentiary he visited Topeka and while there it seems that several lawyers who wished to help him along gave him a collection of $200 to make, for which he was to receive $25. He made the collection, but never paid the money over, and the lawyers who wished to help him had it to pay. It seems that Payson=s experience has done him no good.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

J. C. Stratton has returned from a visit in Missouri, better satisfied with Kansas than ever.

H. J. Sanfort has sold his farm in Highland Township and is going into the mercantile business at Floral.

Early Amber cane will be planted very extensively in Cowley County this year, as besides being profitable to manufacture into sugar and syrup, the stalks and seed make excellent feed for stock. Burden Enterprise.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

AWinfield has a hundred dwelling houses vacant and labeled for rent.@

The above lie was started by the Arkansas City Democrat and is going the rounds of the papers. If there is a vacant dwelling house in this city we don=t know where it is, and we don=t like to have people pouring into this place expecting to find houses ready to move into, only to be obliged to go away disappointed.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

Last Sunday twenty-three persons were received into the Presbyterian Church of this city, and ordinance of baptism by sprinkling was administered by the pasttor, Rev. J. E. Platter. Nineteen of these new members were ladies and four were men. In place of a regular sermon, the pastor gave a very sensible talk on the relations and work of members to that of the pastor.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

Reward. A reward of $1,000.00 will be paid for the name of any man or set of men in Cowley County, who can lend money on real estate at as low rates as Ph. H. Albright & Co.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

Mr. S. Nawman, of Pleasant Valley, has about five hundred cherry sprouts which he will give to any who desire to dig them up and take them away. His cherry trees are bearing heavily.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

Itemized reports of the personal property sales on the Hart and Brooks Estates have been filed. The Hart sale brought $292.00. The Brooks sale brought $852.09.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

A petition has been filed for the appointment of James Hill as administrator of the Estate of Captt. Chennoweth and as guardian of the children.

Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

Ed. Cole spilled a barrel of castor oil in front of his store Wednesday. He picked it up with a scoop-shovel.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

J. A. Goforth has been appointed administrator of the Estate of Ella Sellers, deceased.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

Assessor=s Meeting.

On Monday, March 6th, 1882, the assessors of Cowley County, Kansas, met at Winfield.


Beaver: S. D. Jones.

Bolton: Wm. Trimble.

Cedar: T. W. Wood.

Creswell: Uriah Spray.

Dexter: S. H. Wells.

Fairview: Wm. White.

Harvey: J. S. Rash.

Maple: Joseph Gorham.

Ninnescah: Geo. S. Cole.

Omnia: Andrew Hattery.

Otter: C. R. Myles.

Pleasant Valley: J. S. Hill.

Richland: H. J. Sandfort.

Sheridan: E. I. Johnson.

Silver Creek: J. M. Hooker.

Silverdale: Archie Herrington.

Tisdale: Jno. Hall.

Vernon: E. D. Skinner.

Walnut: J. C. Roberts.

Windsor: J. A. Irwin.

Winfield: J. P. Short.

Wm. White was chosen chairman and E. I. Johnson secrettary.

J. C. Roberts, Uriah Spray, and C. R. Myles were chosen a committee on schedule of real estate assessments.

E. I. Johnson, J. S. Hill, and J. A. Irwin were chosen a committee on schedule of personal property assessments.

Real Estate committee reported the same basis as adopted two years ago. The basis is from $1.25 to $10.00 per acre, except lands adajacent to the different towns in the county and small tracts well improved, which are left to the discretion of the assessor. The report was adopted.

The personal property committee reported same basis as last year, which was adopted and is as follows.

Stallions and fast horses: $100 to $800.

First class work horses per span: $75 to $150.

Second class work horses per span: $60 to $100.

Third class work horses per span: $30 to $60.

Ponies and colts: $5 to $20.

Cattle 4 years old and upwards, including bulls: $25 to $40.

Same age, second grade: $15 to $25.

First grade, work cattle: $60 to $80.

Second grade, work cattle: $40 to $60.

Domestic cows, 1st grade: $20 to $30.

Domestic cows, 2nd grade: $10 to $20.

Three year old steers: $15 to $25.

Two year old steers and heifers: $8 tto $15.

Yearlings: $8 to $10.

Texas cattle 20 percent off.

Mules per span, 1st class: $200 to $250.

Mules per span, 2nd class: $75 to $200.

Mules per span, 3rd class: $30 to $75.

Asses: $10 to $200.

Sheep, 1st class: $2 to $10.

Sheep, 2nd class: Seventy-five cents to $2.00.

Hogs: $1 to $15.

Goats: $1.00 to $3.00.

Corn per bushel: Eight cents to twenty-five cents.

Wheat per bushel: Two and one-half cents to 50 cents.

Pork per hundred: Four cents.


First-class threshers: 50 percent off.

First-class harvesters: 50 percent off.

First-class headers: 50 percent off.

First-class reapers & mowers combined, 40 percent off.

First-class wagons, carriages, 30 percent off.

All other machinery left to the discretion of the assessors.

Gold and silver watches, plate and jewelry, pianos and other musical instruments at their cash value.

By Afirst class@ in either of the above named kinds of stock is meant such as would be considered generally throughout the state as first-class.

WM. WHITE, Chairman.

E. I. Johnson, Secretary.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

M. E. General Conference.

Rev. H. A. Tucker returned Tuesday evening from attendance on the M. E. General Conference held at Burlington. The next annual meeting of the M. E. General Conference will be held at Winfield.

Rev. P. F. Johns is appointed to the Winfield church for this year.

Rev. J. A. Hyden goes to Burligton.

Rev. H. A. Tucker goes to Ottawa.

The following are the appointments for the Southwest Kansas Conference, Wichita District.

C. A. King, P. E.: Wichita.

Augusta: E. C. Brooks.

Augusta Circuit: J. H. Stamper.

Andover: E. C. Harper.

Arkansas City: I. N. Morehead.

Arkansas City circuit, supplied by Josephus Kitch.

Belle Plaine: H. Waitt.

Burden: Supplied by J. Q. Knight.

Caldwell: D. F. Owens.

Dexter: S. McKibbon.

Douglass: W. H. Rrose.

East Wichita: W. J. Elliott.

Hayesville: I. N. Wilson.

Leon: J. L. Van Landingham.

Mayfield: F. P. Moose.

Mount Hope and Eldridge, supplied by ________.

Mulvane, supplied by W. A. Lindsay.

Oxford: E. A. Abbott.

Rolling Green: C. N. Buttorf.

South Haven, supplied by Wm. Long.

Valley Centre: J. M. Romine.

Wellington: S. Price.

Wellington circuit: F. Romine.

West Wichita: J. F. Nessley.

Wichita: B. Kelly.

Winfield: P. F. Jones.

Winfield circuit: P. D. Lahr.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

Enemies of God and Man.

Among others the following are the enemies of man:

Horse thieves,

Cattle thieves,

Hog thieves,

Chicken thieves,

and loan agents who knowingly will loan more money on a piece of land than it is worth; taking large commissions from the borrower and defrauding the lender.

On the contrary, among the noblest creatures of God=s handiwork, is the honorable loan agent, who takes ample security and a legitimate commission for his pay, all of which is a preface to the remark, which deserves to be widely known, that P. H. Albright & Co., of Winfield, Kansas, have procured a large sum of money which they must loan during the present month, and that from necessity they have put down the rate of interest one percent for the present. For the next thirty days at least they will make loans at 7 and 8 percent, with small commission, and at 9 percent straight, without commission. These are lower rates than have ever been offered to the people of Cowley County before.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.


EDS. COURIER: Having gleaned a few items that may be of interest to your readers, I note them down.

Some of our neighbors have been planting garden seeds during the pleasant weather of the past week. Mr. Young, one of our old citizens, has planted a patch of early potatoes, but had the misfortune to lose them by a sudden change in the weather. We will advise E. P. To study the almanac next time before he plants.

Mr. Allen has rented the Summerville farm.

We are happy to see our practical gentleman, Frank McKibben, among us once more.

Our school closed Saturday.

Anyone wishing to purchase goods will do well to call on McGuire Bros., of this place. The smiling face of Dougie will be seen behind the counter ready to wait on his customers.

Joseph Shorter intends going to Colorado next week, and on Monday evening a very pleasant surprise party was given him.

Several couples of our young folks visited the literary at Burden Saturday night, and report having a good time.

Mr. Jasper Chandler has returned from Colorado. E. M. B. Is happy once more.

Mr. Newton Hall and wife were present at our literary Friday night. A grand Indian dance was given. Mr. Levi Fluke, Aas it is reported,@ was so scared that he jumped out of the window and had the horses hitched up ready to flee before he realized the joke.

E. I. F. Thinks it is popular to be Huffie now-a-days.

John Bradly thinks if he can=t ride bucky horses he can out jump anyone that comes alon.

As items are scarce, I will close. PEDRO.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.


Spring is again here. Indeed we had almost concluded that the weather clerk had made a mistake and sent us spring instead of winter. It seems to me that never before in the history of the township has so much land been ready for seed at this time of the year. I=m only afraid that many of our fellows have laid out more work than they can well attend to.

Forty acres of corn well tended will make more money than seventy-five badly tended, is a fact that ought to be remembered.

S. C. Smith closed his winter term of school on the 4th. Had pleasant exercises in the afternoon. His scholars presented him a beautiful album as a token of respect and esteem. Sol broke completely down under the eloquent presentation speecy by Feriss Fluke, but rallied sufficiently to acknowledge it in his usual happy style.

Our Farmers= Alliance is becoming an institution. Subject for discussion at last meeting was ATree Culture.@ At next will canvass corn raising. We all expect to gain a great deal from the experience of the old settlers on those matters, and think an evening once in two weeks cannot be more profitably spent.

A delegation of five Indians from the Hairlips treated our literary with a war dance last Friday night. They were resplendent with paint and feathers. As I cannot remember the pronunciation of their Indian names, I will give the interpretation: Heart-smasher, Not-afraid-of-a-nail-keg, Boxer, Duck-killer, Okomulgee ABig medicine from Snake Creek.@

MARRIED. On the evening of the 1st, at the residence of the bride=s mother, Mrs. McGee, Mr. Newton Hall and Miss Ida Black declared their intention to love, cherish, obey, etc. Thus it is the boys and girls leave us and settle down to the earnest business of life.

The health of our community continues remarkably good. This is a poor place for doctors. We have starved out three in the last eight years.

I notice that the COURIER is becoming more and more popular with our people. The other fellow clips too much from old exchanges. X.


Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.

Queen Village.

EDS. COURIER: Thinking that a few items from our little burg might be of interest to your many readers, I take the liberty to contribute.

The weather since the sleet storm has been beautiful, and if it so continues, will soon cause nature to don her coat of green. The peach trees in this locality are almost ready to step out on nature=s stage in their gaudy pink, and if Jack Frost is a gentleman, we shall have peaches in abundance.

The wheat looks very promising, and the farmers are expecting a good crop. In fact, everything looks promising, much more so than one year ago.

Our esteemed friend and neighbor, M. H. J. Sandford has sold his farm to Mr. George, a late resident of Smith County, Kansas, and intends embarking in the mercantile business at Floral. The people of this neighborhood hate to lose Mr. Sandford, but if he can do better, he has our best wishes.

The members of the Christian Church are holding a protracted meeting at our schoolhouse, conducted by the Rev. Mr. Shively, of Butler County, Kansas, and we think are doing good work.

On the 27th of last month, the people of Queen Village were treated to aa literary entertainment given by our kind teacher, Miss Therza E. Dobyns, and her school, in commemoration of Longfellow=s birth. The entertainment was by all pronounced a decided success in all its appointments. Without an exception the exercises were wel committed and rendered with expression. Those present were well pleased, judging from appearances, and we think were well paid for coming. District 19 has certainly been very fortunate in securing the services of so efficient a teacher. I think Miss Dobyns as a teacher, is second to none in the county.

W. L. R.