Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.



Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

Amos Walton refused to accept the nomination for commissioner of the 2nd district, and gave out in various ways that he would not be a candidate under any consideration, so it was considered that Harbaugh had no competition and would surely be elected. So no attention was paid by the Republicans to that matter. When, on election day, both the Democrat and Greenback tickets came out with Walton=s name, it was a surprise, and was a still greater surprise to the Republicans when Walton came out sixteen votes ahead. It seems that there had been a still hunt for votes for Walton, and altogether it was about the sharpest political management of the campaign.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.














John P. St. John, Republican: 1,905

G. W. Glick, Democrat: 1,625

Charles Robinson, Greenback: 265

Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.


Listen, ladies, and I=ll tell you

By the powers of my art,

Of the lovely silks and satins,

Just the darlings of your heart.

Just the sweetest, just the cheapest, that

Were ever seen in town;

Just what you have been desiring for that

Beautiful new gown.

Every shade and tint and color

That ALa Mode@ decrees the style,

You will find, and oh! Such prices will

Surprise you all the while.

Cloaks and Dolmans of the neatest fit

Latest style and lowest Prices at J. R. Lynn=s.


The lady who feels so sorely grived because

Her new, beautiful, all-wool carpet turns

Out to be half cotton, says she

Did not get it at Lynn=s.

MORAL. Always buy your carpets

And all other goods of J. B. Lynn

Who does not misrepresent them.


Ohio has gone Democratic, but the

People go to Lynn=s because, in so

Doing, they are sure of getting good

Goods and saving money.

The business men, farmers and laborers

Of this city and county can save

From 12 to 25 per cent, by buying

Their overcoats of J. B. Lynn.

Ladies of Winfield! Are you aware

That Lynn has the most complete

Stock of Dry Goods and Notions

Ever brought to this county.

An elegant line of Carpets, ranging in price

From the Hemp, at 25 cents a yard to the

Best Boaz Brussels; nothing like it ever

Presented to the people of Winfield.


Beautiful Plush and Velvet. You will find it at Lynn=s.

Blankets here so soft and white,

Blankets flaming warm and red,

Blankets for a wintry night;

You should have them for your bed.

Blankets larger than the longest,

Sure to cover toes and head;

For the aged, for the youngest;

Come and get them for your bed.

If our blankets you but purchase

You may laugh at Winter=s dread;

Nestled closely =neath the surface

Of those blankets on your bed.



Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.


Attend the supper at the Opera House Friday night.

MARRIED. T. J. Jones and Miss Lou Fause were married Friday evening.

BIRTH. Mr. S. A. Cook is the happy father of a bran new boy, born Friday.

Attend Col. Copeland=s lecture at the Methodist Church Monday evening.

Looking-glasses from 25 cents to $50 at the Champion Furniture Store.

Remember the supper at the Opera House Friday evening, from 5:30 to 10 o=clock.

BIRTH. D. Rodocker, our photographer, is a happy daad. The little girl was born Saturday.

Ex-Commissioner Gale and wife returned from a visit to their old home week before last.

Capt. Siverd sports a new overcoat. We have been waiting five years to give him this personal.

The remains of Dr. Schofield were taken back to Indiana Monday, accompanied by members of his family.

By. Terrill spent several days of last week in the city. He has sold out his hotel in Joplin and is going west.

Don=t forget the supper by the ladies of the Christian Church at the Opera House Friday evening, from five to ten o=clock.

Stick a pin here. P. H. Albright & Co., will buy mortgages, whether they run for one, two, three, four, or five years.

DIED. Mr. and Mrs. Sol Burkhalter had the misfortune to lose their baby boy. It died Monday evening and was buried Tuesday.

Agent Allen, of the Wells Fargo, entertained a number of his Democratic friends Friday evening in honor of Glick=s election.

Tom Quarles and his wife plead guilty before the court Tuesday to stealing Hurd=s buggy. They have not yet been sentenced.

The board of Vernon Township are tightening up and repairing the iron bridge west of town. They will also complete the grading.

Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.


P. H. Albright & Co., will pay liberally for any product of Cowley County that is unusually large and fine. They desire to make a collection.

George Williams and Gene Wilburr came down from Rock Wednesday to hear the news. It is unnecessary to add that they went home sick.

C. R. Mitchell=s majority, according to the official vote, is thirty-one, J. W. Weimer=s one hundred and twenty, and J. J. Johnson=s, twenty-four.

David C. Beach now occupies the building recently built by A. H. Doane on Ninth Avenue. It makes a neat and conveniently located law office.

The first knowledge Winfield folks had of Amos Walton=s candidacy was when the returns began to come in. Amos kind of sneaked in, as it were.

The long deferred cold spell came on SaturdayCjust in time to spoil the Democratic ratification. It proves that the clerk of the weather is not on their side.

Mr. T. R. Bryan is excavating for the foundation of his new building next to Lynn=s store. It will be seventy-five feet deep and one story high, of stone.

Mr. J. E. Allen returned from Illinois last week and will remain about a montth. He expects to spend most of his time during the next year in Illinois.

The next House will contain two of the brightest young Republicans in Kansas. Wirt W. Walton and J. R. Burton were elected by good majorities.

Judge B. L. Brush is in the city attending district court. He doesn=t look a whit less jolly than before he was elected county attorney of Elk County.

A. J. Uhl of Douglass has recently sold 136 Merino bucks for $4,460. His sales during the last year amount to $12,000. How is this for sheep farming in Kansas?

Uncle John Cochran was the oldest man who voted in Winfield last election. He is eighty-three years old and has voted a straight Democratic ticket all the time.

Abe Steinberger came down Saturday and spent Sunday shaking hands with his many friends in this city. His AGrip@ is still booming, emphatically and unanimously.

Lovell H. Webb has been appointed and confirmed as City Clerk in place of D. C. Beach, resigned. This is a deserving compliment to our young friend and one which he will honor.

The bloodhound in one of the Uncle Tom=s Cabin companies broke loose the other day and ate up the donkey, and a local paper blames him for robbing the public of the best actor in the troupe.

The firm of Harter Bros., has been changed to J. N. Harter, Joe having purchased Charles= interest in the stock. By the way, Winfield is witnessing a good many changes in firms in the last few weeks.

We were surprised to receive a call Friday from Mr. J. W. Browning, a former citizen of Cowley. He had just returned from MissouriCthis time probably to stay. He says Missouri is no place for a man to raise a family; has no schoolhouses and the people take no pride in their schools. He says Cowley is thew best place he can find.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

Heretofore Winfield has been served with excellent telegraphic facilities. The operators at both depots have been gentlemanly and obliging and worked as well for the interests of the public as for that of the Company. This time the result has been different. The main desire with one of the operators seemed to be to get as much money for as little work as possible. The other operator had his wires tampered with and could do nothing, so the town was practically without newsCa thing that has not occurred heretofore. The Superintendent would make friends and money for his company by placing a man at the receiving office in Winfield who looks more to the interests of the company and the public and less to what he can make out of it himself.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

Mr. W. A. Lee, of Winfield, Kansas, has been with us two weeksCis well pleased with our town and thinks that in the near future it will be a large place, being the right distnce from Springfield and the outlet from most of the pineries. He, with the help of his younger brothers, has done a noble work in building his aged mother a nice, comfortable frame house on their farm two miles north of town. This work was started last fall, but through some mishap it fell through. He has made short work of it and the family have moved into it. Mountain Grove Prospect.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

The Democrats on the street Saturday seemed to have imbibed more of the spirit of their party than those in the hall. They shouted and roared and danced around a little bon-fire and finally inaugurated three free-for-all fights and went home with styes in their eyes. One patriotic citizen, livelier than the rest, was yelling hoarsely, A>Rah for =ell!@ As we have not heard of a person of that name, we presume he was merely indicating what he wanted in the next party platform.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

A. H. Green informs us that on his late visit to Las Vegas he stopped with our old friend, John W. Belles, who formerly resided in the southeast part of our county. Glad to hear John is doing well in his new home and that he has accumulated considerable property. He was one of Cowley=s best citizens, and the residents of Las Vegas can depend upon finding him a No. 1 man in every respect.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

This is a good year for young men. Tom Waller, governor elect of Connecticut, is one of Athe boys,@ and Comptroller Pattison, Pennsylvania=s reform governor, is a stripling. Then Governor Cleveland, of New York, is a political tyro, and the young voters generally have led in smashing the bosses. Young blood tells, and we reckon Cleveland is old enough to be the next Democratic candidate for president.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

Mr. G. W. Prater brought usin some splendid specimens of apples from his orchard last week. They were Wine Saps and Missouri Pippins, large and well formed and perfect in color. Mr. Prater is having excellent success with his fruit, as indeed are all persons in Cowley who give their orchards the right kind of attention.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

We have been sad, ineffably sad, for the past week and have suffered the haughty smile of the cantankerous Democrat without a murmur, but today we have been crushed to earth: utterly broken up and ruthlessly torn asunder by a circular from a Kansas City whiskey man who offers to sell it to the unfortunate Aas low as seventy-five ceents a gallon.@


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

DIED. Last Saturday morning our city was startled by the sudden death of Dr. N. M. Schofield, at his residence in this city, of heart disease. He got up in the morning sound and well, but suddenly ill, and died in a few minutes. The Doctor was one of our best citizens, and his loss is deeply felt by hundreds of friends. [IN ANOTHER COLUMN PRECEDING THIS, THEY STATED HIS REMAINS WERE TAKEN BACK TO INDIANA.]


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

The magnificent overture played by the COURIER BAND at the Republican rally on the 31st, and which we have heard highly complimented by numbers of our citizens, was composed and written by George H. Crippen, the leader of the band. It is a production that Mr. Crippen and our citizens may well be proud of.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

Wirt W. Walton was elected representative from his district in Clay County over one of the strongest men in the county by 300 majority. Wirt is worthy of every honor his people heap upon him. He is one of the fellows who make themselves worthy of a position before they ask for it.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

LOST. Rev. D. Thomas lost two weeks ago on the Burden road between this place and Silver Creek, an overcoat and a valise of clothing. There were letters in the valise addressed to M. K. Thomas. The finder will be rewarded by leaving the same at this office.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

A large number of the Knights of Pythias of Wichita came down Tuesday to institute a lodge here. This is one of the finest drilled lodges in the state, and presented a magnificent sight as they marched down Main street. The lodge instituted here numbers about thirty.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

The skating rink is becoming one of our most popular resorts. It is a healthy, invigorating exercise, and most of your people seem to be availing themselves of it. The COURIER BAND was present Friday night and discoursed some excellent music.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

On the second Friday of November of next year the Baptist State convention will be held in Winfield. It was held this year in Atchison, and its session at Winfield will be the first ever held in Southern Kansas. They all want to come to Winfield.



Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

The market today (Wednesday) on wheat shows some improvement over last week, the best being quoted at 66 cents. Corn holds firm at 32 cents. Hogs bring $5.50, hay $5.00. But little produce of any kind is being marketed.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

A new iron fence is being put around the Courthouse, and the grounds are being filled in and graded. The grounds are to be laid out and planted to trees, and will no longer be the unsightly, barren plot it has been heretofore.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

Mr. George Crippen, leader of the COURIER BAND, received a magnificent new clarionet Tuesday. It is a splendid instrument and in George=s skillful hands, will soon be made to produce wonders in the way of music.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

Frank Manny has been raising the German Carp. He stocked his pond some time ago, and reports them doing nicely. It is his intention to raise them quite extensively if he succeeds with the first stock.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

W. M. Allison came over Saturday, looking exceedingly sour. William is one of the most unlucky individuals, politically, in the state. He ought to have held onto his democracy while he had it.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

Messrs. Tomlinson & Webb, a couple of gentlemen from Nebraska, have purchased John Earnest=s grocery store, and took charge last Wednesday. Mr. Earnest intends removing to Kansas City.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

There will be an examination of teachers Saturday, November 18, at 9 o=clock a.m., in the Winfield High School building. R. C. STORY, Co. Supt.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

Notice. Parties indebted to Harter Bros., will please call and settle inside of 30 dys and oblige J. N. Harter, successor to Harter Bros.

Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

Mr. John S. Rash was down from Harvey Township Wednesday and gave us some important matters of news from that locality.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

J. C. Fuller is confined to his room with illness resulting from overwork and nervous debility.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

Mrs. Emily Houston has returned from a two weeks= visit to Wichita and Wellington.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

Democratic Enthusiasm.

Last Saturday was set apart by the Democracy of Winfield for a grand love-feast. For twenty-five years they had been occupying a Acave of gloom,@ cut off, politically speaking, from the good things of this world, and were in excellent shape to rejoice over a streak of sunshine, even if they couln=t tell where it came from. So Saturday morning cannons were fired, bands were hired, and the decks cleared for action. The clerk of the weather did not seem to partake of their enthusiasm and gave them a cold, raw day. No exercises were held during the day, but in the evening secreal hundred gathered at the Opera House, when, after some excellent music by the Dexter and Courier Bands, the speaking began. The chairman, Mr. Chas. C. Black, after a neat little speech congratulating Democrats on their victory, introduced as the first orator, O. M. Seward, an alleged Republican. In respect to Mr. Seward, we pass over his remarks. They were disgusting alike to Republicans and Democrats and decidedly out of place in a ratification meeting. The audience seemed to realize the pitiful position in which he had place himself and sat through his desultory and rambling address in painful silence. Its brevity only was commendable.

The chairman then introduced Hon. J. Wade McDonald. His speech was well-timed, clear, and concise, and delivered with that purity of diction and elegance of rhetoric which he alone can command. He followed the history of his party from its inception to the present time, told in vivid language of the glories it had achieved, and drew a bright and attrtactive picture of what it would do in the future. He made many bright, telling points and was applauded to the echo. After paying a glowing tribute to the chuch and the good it had accomplished for the world, he went for the ministers and church members for their participation in the prohibition agitation, in a lively manner, charging them with Asinking below a common level by going arm in arm with the ward politician and political shsyter who ws betting his money on the results for whose success they were praying.@ His position on this question was illogical. It is the duty of the minister of the gospel and christians generally, to work for any cause that tends to ameliorate the condition of mankind and raise them to a better and happier sphere, whether it be in the pulpit, at the prayer meeting, in the highways, by-ways, or in politics; and the only way to prove that they were out of plce in working for the success of prohibition, is to show that it was morally and socially wrong. In this Judge McDonald was arguing against his own convictions, for he is himself a prohibitionist, and believes it is right. Judge Tipton made quite a lengthy talk after which the meeting adjourned. Altogether it was a cold, unfeeling sort of a ratification, without enthusiasm or spirit, and was a severe disappointment to the more exuberant Democrats.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

A most contemptible trick was played upon the operator at the Santa Fe depot Tuesday night. Arrangements had been made to receive dispatches direct from Topeka over that line. Up to half past eleven o=clock the wires worked all right. After that time the operator found he could not get news in or out of his office. Search was made for the cause of the difficulty, but none could be found, so the wires were abandoned. Daylight brought a solution of the difficulty. A piece of wire had been laid across the wires just outside of the building, which completely cut the circuit into the office. The ends of the wire were turned down so that it could not slip off, and the fact of its being placed so as to only affect the Winfield office and no others on the line, indicates the connivance of an expert. Parties interested have a clue to the perpetrator, and the matter has been placed in the hands of the proper authorities. The person who conceived this bright and shining idea of cutting off electricity, will hear something drop before many moons.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

Fatal Accident.

DIED. Last Saturday a fatal accident occurred in Harvey Township, resulting in the death of Zachariah Harris, a relative of Geo. Harris, of that township, and a native of Mattoon, Illinois. He was husking corn for Geo. Harris, and Saturday morning took an old breech-loaded carbine and went out into the field to shoot at some geese. He loaded it from the muzzle and blazed away, when the breech-pin flew out, striking him between the eyes and knocking him senseless. He afterward came to, walked to the house, and ate his dinner. Soon after dinner he began to act strange, and in an hour ws raving. He died Saturday evening. Examination showed that a piece of the skull had been pressed in upon the brain.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

Review March.

The above is the title to a new piece of music composed by Ed. E. Farringer of this city. We are not a connoisseur in music, but we hear many compliments on the music and its author, who is quite a young man, but he has genius, industry, and ambition, and will be sure to take rank among the musical composers of the times. The author has favored us with a copy, for which he has our thanks.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

For Sale. I will sell cheap for cash one lot on Main street and some good residence lots.





Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

DIED. Mrs. Mattie J. Bair, wife of J. M. Bair of Floral, died Tuesday evening. The bereaved hustand and four children have our heartfelt sympathies.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

CATTLE SALE. We will sell at public auction at Smith=s Sale Stable on Ninth Avenue, Winfield, on Saturday, November 25th, 1882, commencing at 10 o=clock a.m., the following described property: 33 head of cattle, 24 head two-year-old steers. 12 milk cows. 4 heifers and 1 Durham bull. Terms cash. WILSON & HUFF.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

Attention Comrades.

There will be a meeting of Winfield Post No. 85, G. A. R., Saturday, Nov. 18, 1882, at 3 o=clock p.m., sharp. Don=t fail to come; important business.

T. H. SOWARD, Post Com=d.

J. E. SNOW, Act. Adj=t.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.


I have put in a stock of coal at the stand formerly occupied by G. A. Rhodes, on South Main Street. Coal sold in the bin or delivered to any part of the city at lowest cash prices.



Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

It will do your souls good to see the new goods in furniture, mirrrors, pictures, and frames that A. B. Arment is receiving weekly at the Champion Furniture Store, South Main Street, west side.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

Council Proceedings.


Council met in regular session, Mayor M. G. Troup in chair. Roll called. Present, Councilmen Read, McMullen, Gary, and Wilson; City Attorney and Clerk.

Minutes of last meeting read and approved.

Petition of A. B. Graham and 10 others for sidewalk on west side of block 187 and on south side of block 186, was read. On motion of Mr. Gary, that part of the petition relating to sidewalk on west side of block 187 ws granted and the Attorney was instructed to prepare an Ordinance in accordance therewith.

Ordinance No. 165 providing for the construction of sidewalks on the west side of block 187; on the north side of blocks 87 and 107; and on the east side of block No. 145, was read and on motion of Mr. Read was taken up for consideration by sections. Sections 1, 2, 3, and 4 were adopted. On mottion to adopt as a whole on its final passage, the vote stood as follows: Those voting aye, were Councilmen Read, McMullen, Gary, and Wilson; nays none, and the Ordinance was declared adopted.

Communication from S. L. Gilbert declining to remain on the bond of T. H. Soward as Police Judge, and asking to be released therefrom, was read. On motion of Mr. Gary, the communication was placed on fie and the clerk was instructed to notify the Police Judge that he must file a new bond by the next meeting of the Council.

David C. Beach again tendered his resignation as City Clerk, which was accepted. The Mayor appointed Lovell H. Webb to the position of City Clerk for the remainder of the term, he to file his bond for approval at the next regular meeting. On motion, the appointment of the Mayor was confirmed by the council.

The Finance Committee reported favorably on bills:

Winfield COURIER, Printing, etc.: $57.00.

A. T. Shenneman, Board Prisoners: $42.00

Reports adopted and warrants ordered for the amounts of same.

The Finance Committee reported on Clerk=s quarterly statment for Sept. 15th that they had examined the same and found it correct. Reports adopted. On Police Judges report for June the Committee reported that they found it correct. Report adopted.

The following bills were presented, allowed, and ordered paid.

H. L. Thomas, street crossings and culverts: $44.24.

City officers salaries, Oct.: $67.90.

Dr. Geo. Emerson, medical attendance: $5.00.

Bill of A. B. Arment for coffin for City poor, $7.50, was approved and recommended to the County Commissioners for payment.

E. H. Lintrell and W. B. McConnels made a statement concerning the fines assessed against them in Police Court for violation of the Ordinance relating to licenses. The Mayor for the reason that the violations were technical and unintentional, remitted their fines. The action of the Mayor was on motion approved by the Council, and the City Clerk was instructed to inform the Police Judge of the same.

On motion the City Clerk was instructed to notify the Police Judge to make his reports for months of Sept. and Oct.

Council then adjourned.

M. G. TROUP, Mayor.

DAVID C. BEACH, City Clerk.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

AD. W. L. BERNARD, M. D., PHYSICIAN AND ACCOUCHEUR. Will attend especially to diseases of women and children, having had twenty-two years practice. Will be found at his residence third house east of Santa Fe depot, 14th Avenue North.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.


PARK & PARK, PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS, Winfield, Kanss. Office over Hudson Bro.=s Jewelry Store. Diseases of the Eye and Ear a specialty.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.









Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

AD. Get terms of all the other loan agents in Cowley County, and then go to the office of P. H. Albright & Co., and get them discounted. We can and will loan at a less rate of interest than any other firm in this county. P. H. ALBRIGHT & CO.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

AD. Many of my friends have as much as asked me why I sold out my Implement business and stock. First I sold no stock, second only a part of my business, reserving the right to sell Sulky Plows and Corn Planters with my improvements. I also can handle Buggies, Windmills, Pumps, and have a right to start a business anywhere in the county outside corporate limits of Winfield. I expect also to keep as far as possible repairs for all the goods I have sold, and make good any warrantees on sales I have made. I have not as much as thought that I would leave Winfield or Cowley County, and want to say to my many friends that as soon as I get shaped up in new quarters, come around and have a drink of cold water with me and make yourselves at home. I am grateful indeed for past favors.

W. A. LEE.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

Ad. FARM FOR SALE: A very desirable quarter section of land located in Ninnescah Township, adjoining the town of Udall, in Cowley County, Kansas, will be sold cheap for cash, or part cash and time to suit the purchaser. For further particulars inquire at Udall, of R. B. COLLINS.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

AD. No. 1 Warranted Cast Steel Saw only one dollar. Red Front Building.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

AD. NEW GOODS JUST RECEIVED. The best assortment of foreign and domestic goods can be found at A. Herpich=s Merchant Tailoring establishment, which will be made to order in style or sold by the yard. A cordial invitation is extended for an examination of goods and prices. A. HERPICH, Hudson Bros. Block.


Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.


El Dorado will have another railroad by January 1.

The G. A. R. Posts throughout the state are devising entertainments for the winter.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.


EDS. COURIER: We rejoice tchat the grand political caldron will soon cease to boil, and that ere long the affairs of the county and state will soon assume its normal condition.

The first ice of the season showed its phiz Saturday morning.

Mr. Wells has sold his farm to Mr. Metcalf. Consideration $2,500.

The farmers are all busy gathering corn, and of course are happy, only as the prosperous farmer can be.

Mr. Eastman had his barn, hay, and corn crib destroyed by fire on Friday of last week. He estimages his loss at $500. It is the old, old story of children playing with matches.

Ben Timmerman, formerly of this neighborhood, met with a very serious accident, which cost him his right arm. Like many others, he was the victim of carelessness and a shot gun.

MARRIED. Miss Nancy Timmerman promised to obey Will Beach on last Sunday. The nuptials were performed in the presence of a very select party of friends and relatives. We would just rise to remark that we never smokeCwell, hardly ever.

The lyceum at the Holland schoolhouse was reorganized Saturday night. It promises to be a success. Question for debate: Resolved, That allowing the Indians rations is a drawback to their civilization. CAESAR.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

Prairie Grove Items.

EDS. COURRIER: Prairie Grove is bound to shine.

Stock is still on the range doing well.

Farmers are cribbing the golden corn this fine weather.

Mrs. Limerick is teaching us a good school.

Miss Fannie Pontious is teaching on Rock Creek, and her sister Hattie at Richland.

A literary society was organized last week, with J. O. Vanorsdol president. It will meet every Friday evening.

New houses, graniries, and improvements of various kinds are seen on every hand. Immigration is through.

Our Sunday school is progressing finely with A. Limerick, superintendent; J. W. Dougglass, assistant superintendent, and Miss Mattie Vanorsdol secretary.

There were lots of Democrats and Greenbackers at the polls election day stating they were temperance men, but voted for free whiskey. Consistency, though art a jewel. R. J.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.


Geo. H. Weaver died suddenly of heart disease at his store in Leavenworth on Tuesday, Nov. 14th, aged 64.

Mr. Weaver was our leading salesman in the dry goods house of Daniels, Millingon & Co., in Leavenworth in 1862 to 1865, and there we learned to esteem him highly for his many noble qualities of head and heart. He had been the pioneer dry goods merchant of that city, and since that time he has built up in that city one of the best dry goods houses in the state. He was a leading Methodist, a strong Union man, and was always formost in every good work.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.


EDS. COURIER: I heard it suggested the other day that it was about time AX@ was writing something for the COURIER, and I guess it is.

Election being over, we have all settled down and are quiet and harmless. A few old Democrats will still shout, and a few St. Johnites groan. As a rule we are waiting for results.

Corn is about cribbed and the boys are looking over the neighborhood for suitable floors forr dances, and the brethren are beginning to agitate a donation for the preachers.

Our literary is well attended and is quite interesting. We propose to decide the tariff question next Friday nigght.

Our school is quite large already. About 60 scholars are enrolled, making an assistant a necessity. Mrs. Green, our teacher is in many respects a superior woman. She can Akeep school@ and no mistake.

I notice our old friend Geo. Foughty is back again. His first love is strong. Geo., you might as well settle. You can=be happy anywhere else.

It is currently reported that the new stone house south of town is soon to contain a bride, and that the old folks over on the south road soon move to Winfield and leave the farm to Frank and Mrrs. Frank. I would suggest that life is short, and delays are dangerous.

I see by the Telegram that Josh has formed an alliance with Paul Pry. Glad to have either or both of them with us again, but regret that ill health should be the cause. The health of this community is splendid. I don=t know of a case of sickness among us. This is a poor place for doctors, lawyers, or constables. Don=t remember of a disturbance within a year.

Wheat looks well, corn has been a good crop, and our folks are beginning to enjoy life a little better than of old. We are still losing a few of our people, but as a rule a better class are taking their places, so we suffer no loss.

A. T. Gay has been making us all ashamed of our potato crops, as usual, by getting more and better quality than any of us.

Our staid old friend and neighbor, O. P. West, still stands firm on Greenback principles and looks with hope to 1884. Our people are generally pleased with J. J. Johnson=s election and expect to hear a good report from him this winter. He ought to know what farmers need.

=Twill soon be time for prairie fires. Would it not be well tto let the grass rot instead of burning it as we have been so many years?

I understand there is some talk of building a Presbyterian Church in this locality. I think it might be accomplished without much difficulty. Our people apreciate those things and would respond liberally and cheerfully.

For want of news, I will, as our talented Q. M. Says, Aleave the floor.@ X.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

Careless Shotting.

EDS. COURIER: About three o=clock last Saturday afternoon, three men, one looked to be about forty, the other two about thirty, came as we supposed from town, riding in a spring wagon, driving a gray on the off side, and got a black on the near side. As they got opposite the residence of Henry Hawkins, one of them shot a quail that was flying in front of the house close by the window. The quail was driven by tthe shot through the window, and landed on the floor about half way across the room, where a little babe was sleeping. No harm except a window pane and curtain badly wrecked. We thought they were under the influence of liquor or had but little brains; we did not know which. Those carrying guns should be careful about shooting around dwellings or barnyards.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.


J. C. Fuller has been quite ill for two weeks past, but is now recovering.

A. J. Truesdell has made final settlement in his Bissell guardianship matter.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

M. L. Robinson is making some changes and improvements in his residence.

John Willis has received a magnificent diamond pin as a present from a friend.

The Sheridan school is prospering finely under the management of E. I. Johnson.

Mr. J. E. Conklin returned home last week and will spend a short time with his family.

James L. Huey has submitted final report as guardian of the estte of Albert Chamberlain.

Mr. G. L. Brown, of Sheridan, is enjoying a visit from his brother and nephew, who reside in Illinois.

A handsome diamond ring to be voted to the most popular lawyer in Winfield during the Bazar Nov. 28, 29, nd 30.

Mary I. Byram is appointed foreign guardian for the estate of Francis J. And Rosa Roberts, residents of Iowa.

M. S. Roseberry has made final settlement as guardian of the estate of Arizonia Hostetter before the Probate Court.

Rev. Rose came down from Douglass Monday and made us a pleasant call. He is doing effective work for his charge.

The administrator in the Nance estate has filed a petition for an order to seel the real property belonging to the estate.

Rev. Rose is holding a series of meetings at the Walnut Valley church at present which will continue possibly two weeks.

Petition has been filed for the sale of real estate belonging to Franics and Rosa Roberts, and will be heard December 2nd at 10 o=clock a.m.


Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.


Mr. E. B. Carr, a relative of Messrs. Longshore and Burt, of Sheridan, and a native of Illinois, has been visiting here for the past week.

W. M. Corn, of Sheridan, is entertaining a brother and nephew from Illinois, who came out to inspect the beauties of sunny Kansas.

Sheridan Township is the banner St. John Township in the countty. Her majority was forty-one: three larger than for the balance of the ticket. [NOTE: ST. JOHN DEFEATED.]

The guttering on Main street is progressing very slowly, only four lots so far being completed. The council shouuld hurry this matter up a bit.

If you want a good social time and dinner on Thanksgiving day, go to Manning=s Hall on Nov. 30. Dinner between 12 and 3 o=clock p.m. Tickets 35 cents. The greatest event of the season will be the grand ball at the Opera House, on Thursday evening, November 30th. Everybody invited to attend.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

Henry E. Asp has been remarkably successful in his cases recently. Two of his clients, Basenwater and Van Meter, were cleared at this term of court.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

Mr. Perry is making many valuable improvements to his residence property on east Tenth Avenue. His house is now one of the neatest and most comfortable in the city.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

DIED. We have just learned of the death of Mrs. Pinnix, of Sheridan, which occurred some two weeks ago. She was among the early settlers in that neighborhood and leaves a large family. [PAPER HAD PINNIX...??? PHINNIX? PHINNIS? WHO KNOWS?]

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

A large number of deer are being brought in from the Territory. A lot of Winfield sportsmen will go down this or next week, after which time game will probably be scarce there.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

The gold medal awarded to J. N. Harter for the best score, by the Sportsmen=s Club, is now in the possession of that gentleman. It is an excellent trophy and Mr. Harter may well feel proud of it. One is awarded annually. We expect to have one before the next democratic president is elected.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

Our street commissioner needs to be reconstructed on different principles before he becomes an absolute success. We observe that he has dumped several loads of rubbish right smack in the mouth of the culvert on 10th and Loomis street, completely stopping the drainage at that point. At any rate he is a good hand at stopping sewers. Wake up, Ben, and give us an exhibition.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

The supper by the ladies of the Christian Church last Friday evening was one of the most successful of its kind ever held in Winfield. They furnished their guests with an abundance of splendidly cooked vians and delicacies of every kind. The profits were over $100.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

The following officers were elected at the istitution of Walnut Valley Lodge No. 70, Knights of Pythias.

S. L. Gilbert, P. C. C.

Quincy A. Glass, C. C.

C. C. Green, V. C. C.

P. F. Jones, P.

Wm. Whiting, M. Of F.

L. B. Stone, M. Of E.

P. H. Albright, M. At A.

G. H. Buckman, K. R. & S.

C. C. Harris, O. G.

Geo. Hudson, I. G.

The following resolution was unanimously adopted: AResolved, That a vote of thanks be tendered by this Lodge to P. G. C. Lyon and D. G. C. Harris, of the Grand Lodge, and to Warwick Lodge No. 144, for their attendance and service in the institution of this Lodge.@

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

One of the busiest men in Winfield is Dr. W. T. Wright. From morning till night, day in and day out, his office is besieged by crowds of anxious patients, each one wanting their case attended to first. Aside from this he hardly ever gets a full night=s rest, and is continually out at all hours and in all kinds of weather. Were it not for his continual good nature and careful observance of the laws of health, he would certainly go down under the load. If anyone will be able to rejoice over a well-spent life, it will be Dr. W. T. Wright.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

We learn from the Leadville Chronicle of a stage robbery in which one of Cowley=s boys was somewhat interested. It occurred on October 25th near Leadville, and Bob McCollim, son of A. J. McCollim, of Fairview, was one of the victims. The robbers, two in number, held the coach up, made the passengers get out, and went through them, Bob McCollin and his partner losing their watches and four thousand dollars in notes and checks. They subsequently succeeded in stopping payment on most of the checks, but are being put to a great deal of trouble.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

The jury in the Van Meter case brought in a verdict of not guilty Monday after having been out about forty-eight hours. The verdict was rendered on a technicality, the prosecution neglecting to prove Man-walking-above=s name. The facts of the stealing were clearly proven, but the law steps in and clears the culprit. The result will be that he must be tried on a new case at a heavy additional cost to the county. The workings of law to the unintiated are very queer. [PAPER SOMETIMES SEZ VanMeter...check both ways!]

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

The Cheyenne Indians, Man-walking-above and Lone-Dog, who have been attending court as witnesses in the Van Meter case, are remarkably fine looking, well dressed fellows. Their blankets are of fine texture and their trappings gaudy. The interpreter who accompanied them was Ed Carter, a noted character, and for years one of Custer=s main scouts. He is a half-breed, a fine looking man, and seemingly very intelligent.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

We were pleased to receive a call from Professor M. J. Stimson, late of San Francisco, California, last Friday. The Professor is an old friend of Geo. H. Crippen, and George and others are trying to prevail upon him to locate here. He is one of the most thorough musicians and music teachers in the country, and an intelligent and cultivated gentleman. We hope he will conclude to stop with us.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

Last Friday Messrs. Horning and Whitney had on exhibition in their store a beautiful marble grate for a fireplace. It was certainly a work of art as well as of comfort. The grate was of galvanized iron, mounted in highly polished and carved marbleized iron, together with mantle and side pieces of the same material. It is intended for the residence of Mr. H. E. Silliman.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

At the recent election O. F. Boyle was elected Commissioner of La Plata County, Colorado, by five hundred majority, running ahead of his ticket several hundred votes. Frank Baldwin was also elected representative by a handsome majority and ran way ahead of his ticket. Our Aformerly of Winfield@ men seem to take well in the silver state.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

We received a very pleasant call from Col. Copeland Tuesday. He is as entertaining in conversation as he is before an audience, and talks with a nervous vigor that is most convincing. He will be with us again Friday evening, December 1st, when he will deliver his lecture on AThe Mistakes of Bob.@

His lecture on ASnobs and Snobbery@ Monday evening was highly appreciated by the large audience which greeted him. It was sparkling with wit and pathos and displayed rare bursts of eloquence.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

Teachers are making inquiries about Thanksgiving day and other holidays. While there are no legal holidays in Kansas, school boards frequently give Thanksgiving, Christmas, and New Years day to the teachers in the public schools. This is right as well as generous.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

Miss Dinnie Swing of Chicago, a niece of Mrs. Warnock of this city, and a relative of Prof. Swing of Chicago, is visiting Mrs. Joe Conklin. Miss Swing has just returned from an extended European trip, and we hope her visit to our little city will be a pleasant one.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

Henry Goldsmith has been making some changes in his store preparatory to getting in his Christmas stock.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

Black Scurvy.

There is a family in Cedar Township in this county, which have been living among the Indians in the Territory during the summer, and are dying off one by one with a loathsome disease called Ablack scurvy.@ The family consisted of a man, his wife, and seven children. Two of the children died before the family left the Territory and two have died since. The other three are down with the disease and one of them is very badly offf and is sure to die soon less it has proper care and good medical attention; neither of which have hitherto been given to any of the family. Those who have died, lingered in great suffering, calling for water and other attentions, which there were none to give. The father and mother are both sick and so mentally enfeebled as to be indifferent to their fate or that of their children. They are surrounded by filth and infested with vermin. The disease seems to be contagious and the neighbors fear to go there and relieve them. It is the saddest case ever heard of in this county and something should be done at once for their relief, in the name of humanity, decency, and civilization.

This black scurvy, or whatever it is, is not the only or the worst disease which is being communicated from the Indians in the Territory. Some whites have died and others are suffering from the most loathsome disease known to humanityCa disease too disgusting to name; besides vermin and filth. Of course, we might expect that a people so low, ignorant, and brutish as most of the Indians are, will have such among them; but it is humiliating beyond extression that any member of the superior race should sink so low in vice and filth, as to be exposed to these vile disorders.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

Prof. M. J. Stimson, late of San Franciso, California, where he has been actively engaged in teaching music, and as Director of Music in the Metropolitan Temple for the past eight years, has located permanently in Winfield and will immediately engage in his profession. Mr. Stimson comes to us highly recommended from the people of the Pacific slope and from different portions of our own state, and is well and favorably known by several of our resident ladies and gentlemen. He has been a teacher of large experieence for several years, of the piano, organ, and voice culture; also singing and sight reading. We ask for him the liberal patronage and hearty cooperation of our citizens.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

We would mildly suggest to those who may overlook the matter, that J. P. Baden wants a few turkeys this week: some twenty or thirty thousand dozen will be plenty to supply his present needs. He is a far-seeing man and notes the danger to Republican institutions arising ffrom a turkeyles Thanksgiving, so, like the patriotic citizen that he is, he rushes frantically into the breechCand we opine that the turkeys will be forthcoming.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.


The following persons have been licensed to commit matrimony by the Probate Court since the eleventh of this month.

F. F. Small to Eliza J. Gray.

George F. Clifford to Josephine Lane.

Henry J. Alberding to Minnie Carter.

David W. Kennedy to Laura A. Wilson.

Geo. C. Taylor to Sarah E. Castor.

Alfred H. Cochran to Minnie Castor.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

The Colegate case has been up since Monday morning and will probably occupy the whole week. The evidence is very slow and develops but few new points. What it will result in no one can tell. We have long since stopped speculating on the effects of trial by jury. They are too uncertain.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

Mr. and Mrs. A. C. Johnson of Iriquois County, Illinois, have been spending a few weeks visiting their son, E. I. Johnson, of Sheridan Township. Mr. Johnson visited here some five years ago, and is astonished at the improvement. He commends Winfield especially for its beautiful churches.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

Madam Rumor has it that excursion trains will be run between Newton, Caldwell, and Winfield, for the accommodation of those wishing to attend the Thanksgiving dinner, and ball, at the Opera House, Winfield, on November 30. Dinner between 12 and 3 p.m.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

Mr. Isaac E. Schurtz was appointed administrator of the partnership estate of the late firm of Foster & Schurtz. Mr. Foster is the gentleman who committed suicide in the Territory recently, an account of which appeared in the COURIER of a few weeks ago.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

Dr. Cooper has sold out everything and removed to Florida, where he will raise oranges and administer pills to the residents of that thriving country. While we do not like to see the Doctor leave Winfield, we wish him all the success possible in his new home.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

Mr. Kirk is fitting up the old building removed from his Main street lot for a grist mill. He is puttting in a large engine and several runs of buhrrs for grinding corn, exclusively. The building has been placed on the lot just back of Lynn=s store.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

We received a very pleasant call Wednesday from Judge Stevnes [?Stevens?] for twelve years Judge of the twelfth district. He is at present practicing law at Wyandotte, and appeared before our court on legal business.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

A big flour war is in progress, and you can buy flour now at almost your own price. The drop was caused by merchants shipping in foreign brands, and our home millers concluded to stop itt, so put their flour down to bed rock.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

Strayed, from Ed. Nicholson, near Dexter, a light sorrel mare with a light face branded AM@ on right hip, and three years old. If any of our readers know of a stray, they should drop a card to Ed, at Dexter.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

The markets today (Wednesday) are slow, with but little grain or hogs coming in. Wheat brings from 60 to 68 cents, and corn still holds its own at 32 cents. Hogs bring from $5.50 to $5.75.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

The Musical Union was organized Tuesday evening with eighty members. It meets again on Thursday evening of next week, after which full particulars will appear in the COURIER.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

George Miller came up from his ranche Monday. He has his little pasture of one hundred thousand acres enclosed with a three wire fence, and is ready for winter.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

Miss Grace Scoville returned to her home at Durango, Colorado, last week. She was accomplanied by Miss Kate Millington.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

Jolliff has sold his lunch room on Main Street to Wells and McRorey, and retired from the business.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

Gus Lorry, of Bolton, passed through the city Tuesday on his way to Wellington.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

Supper and Oyster Supper.

The ladies of the Baptist Church will give a supper in their meeting house on Thursday evening, for the benefit of the church. They most cordially invite all the citizens without reference to cast or previous condition, to come from their respective callings, and meet their companions and children at the church. That all may be accommodated, supper will be served from 5 to 10 p.m.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.


Employment for all Winter. Forty carpenters and foremen wanted at Bliss & Wood=s Mill. Highest wages paid. BLISS & WOOD.

There will be no services at the Presbyterian Church next Sabbath. Rev. Mr. Platter will be absent, attending the dedicatory services of the church at Arkansas City.

Jack Foultz has found a baby=s shoe and left it at this office for the owner to call for. Babiers should be careful and not kick.

The memorial quilt will be on exhibition at the Baptist Church this Thursday evening.

Hudson Bros. have engaged a new jeweler from Joliett, Illinois.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

New Salem Pencilings.

DEAR REPUBLICAN FRIENDS: The victor=s wreath is not wholly ourrs this time for our temperance hero has been defeated, but we shall not sit down and weep, nor hang our harps on the willow, for our ticket was not beaten altogether. We trust the new Governor may be a good man and that our temperance banner may be held aloft by a strong, firm hand. Some of our young men felt a little crestfallen to think their first vote was not altogether on the victor=s side. Some of our staunch Republicans scratched their tickets and voted for Hon. J. J. Johnson for Representative. They did not vote for PARTY, but for the TRUE MAN. We all congratulate Mr. Johnson and wish him well, and we feel quite elated that New Salem has a man so well respected by each party as to fill an honorable office. The hats in this vicinity we acknowledge are tipped by different gents than we anticipated. Mr. G. D. Vance won a half interest in a nice blooded hogCand five more pigs are yelling Glick around his pig sty than do around that of his Republican brother. But thee is no squealing done by the good Rep. It is time our Democrat and Greenbck friends can crow a little, for they have so often met with defeat. But enough of my opinion on the political question, for I cannot tell anything new on that subject.

Mrs. John Walker has been and is still very ill, and is attended by Dr. Phelps. We hope soon to hear of her recovery.

Mr. Dalgarn recently lost an excellent horse, with epizootic.

Mr. Shields has bought a horse.

Miss Merriam was so ill one day this week that she could not teach, but she has recovered her usual health.

Some of the land belonging to Mr. Nelson of Indiana has been sold, but we do not know to whom. Mr. Lucas we hear has also sold some land. Real estate has risen in value during the last year.

Mr. Edgar was suffering with a very sore hand at last accounts.

Mr. Wolfe was run over by a colt while trying to head it, and was knocked senseless, but is all right now.

Mr. McMillen had to build another corn cribCso Salem is not behind on the corn question. Mr. Peters has put up a nice, large crib on the Gledhill farm.

BIRTH. Mr. and Mrs. Charles Peters have a new baby girl to stay with them.

BIRTH. Mr. and Mrs. Hopping have a nice little hopper to gladden their married life. It is also a daughter.

Rev. Graham is holding a series of meetings at Walnut Valley Church. Some of our young people have been attending Christian service at Floral.

Dr. Davis was in this neighborhood recently hunting. Some of his family visited at Mrs. Johnson=s and the Dr. was anxious to be on hand for his dinner. I am ready for mine.

Nov. 18th, 1882. OLIVIA.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.


Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

Teachers= Association.

The teachers of Rock Division met at Udall Friday evening, Nov. 17. House called to order by president. Song by Udall Glee Club. An address of welcome by Miss Strong, which was followed by several very interesting recitations. Association adjourned to meet at 10 a.m. Saturday.

Nov. 18th Association met pursuant to adjournment. After discussion of the topics which had been previously assigned, the following program was assigned for the next meeting.

1st. Methods of teaching beginners in readng; [a] alphabetic, [b] word, [c] phonic, [d] sentence, to Mr. Wilson and Mrs. Limerick.

2nd. Causes of the Revolution, to Messrs. Maddux, Brooksher, and Goodrich.

3rd. Frnklin and Hamiltton, to Misses Strong and Perrin.

4th. The needs of our school system; to A. H. Limerick and C. M. Leverett.

5th. Our course of study, to Miss McKinley and Messrs. Coson and Walker.

A committee on competitive examination was appointed, consisting of A. H. Limerick, R. B. Corson, and P. Wilson.

Association adjourned to meet at Akron Dec. 8th, at 7 o=clock p.m.

R. B. CORSON, President.

L. T. MADDUX, Secretary.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

Public Schools of Cowley County, 1881-82.

The annual report of the County Superintendent shows the following statistics for the school year closing July 31.

No. Of districts organized: 135.

No. Of disttricts reporting: 135.

School population: 7,474.

Pupils enrolled: 6,192.

Average attendance: 3,870.

Different teachers employed: 169.

Average No. Of weeks of school: 19.56.

Average salary, male: $36.27.

Average salary, female: $30.55.

School bonds issued: $36,912

Av. No. Mills levied for school purposes: 9.3.

Estimated value of school property: $79,756.

No. Of school buildings: 121.

No. Of persons examined: 191.

No. Of applicants rejected: 55.

Certificates granted, first grade: 16.

Certificates granted, second grade: 44.

Certificates granted, third grade: 82.

No. Of schools visited by County Superintendent: 137.

No. Of visits made by County Superintendent: 203.

No. Of districts having school: 125.

No. Of districts not having school: 10.


Balance in hands of district treasuries August 1, 1881: $5,924.62.

District taxes: $31,108.03.

State and County school fund: $$7,208.84.

Sale of bonds: $6,272.

All other sources: $1,797.29

TOTAL RECEIVED: $52,314.69.


Teachers= Wages: $27,041.25.

Incidentals: $6,767.98.

Library and apparatus: $448.99.

Sites, buildings, furniture, etc.: $7,008.98.

All other purposes: $1,899.54.

TOTAL: $43,157.74.

BALANCE AUGUST 1, 1882: $9,156.95.

Normal opened July 6th, closed Aug. 26th.

Enrollment in July, 41; in August, 114.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

Our San Francisco Letter.

To the Ministers of Winfield:

I have always heard it said that this cosmopolitan city was the wickedest one in America, but never until my eyes saw, and my ears heard, could I comprehend the boundless extent of the assertion. New York and Chicago have their dens of vice, but I canot think they have sunk so low in the scale of immorality as San Francisco. Sunday is observed scarcely less than any other day; and only for some of the business houses being closed, you could but observe the same see-saw the other six days. I am not surprised that those who are compelled to work all the week should seek recreation in various directions; but there is a becoming manner to do it, becoming at least to civilization.

The theaters are open at night and Woodward=s Garden hold forth every Sunday as per the accompanying PROGRAMME.

WOODWARD=S GARDENS. Performance, rain or shine, Sunday Nov. 12th. First appearance of Professor Henry Tyler=s Mastodon Dog circus, Canine wonders, etc., Messrs. Seigrist and Duray. In a brilliant display on the Double Aerial Bars and Acrobatic Feats. The Moore Family, the Arnold Bros., Mlle. Bertha, Miss Rose Julian, Miss Vergie, Kate Moore, and full company of variety Artists.

Imagine the shock it gives the stranger from civilized lands to behold an audience of 2,000 people who enjoy the performance to its fullest extent. Men sitting with their hats on, women in ermine lined cloaks pronouncing the thing fine. Shame! Shame! Every park has its band of music, and inside, whiskey and beer is as popular as water. Under ground dance houses are a Sunday institution. Billiard tables and bars are made as attractive as possible, and a young man must be under good self-control, who can resist the wiles of the electric light, and the company of his mates; for there are few men here, old or young, who do not indulge. An advertisement is daily seen in the papers like this: AWANTED. A good looking young lady to sing and play the piano in the back parlor of a saloon at No_____ Street.@

The extent to which children are smoking opium, is alarming. A druggist told me that it was first given them by Chinamen, the effect being so agreeable that all sorts of deception was used to obtain it.

By the way, I wish to state the hatred which is springing up between the Citizens and the Chinese, although their labor is every time accepted where it is a question of cheapness. Say what they may abroad, there is no effort being made to encourage white help, by a fair remuneration.

I have the promise of going with a party, under the guidance of the chief of police, through Chinatown at night, there we shall see it all.

Last Sunday evening I went to hear I. S. Kalloch (I cannot say Rev., and I cannot say preach) for his utterances were too disgusting and disgraceful to be associated with either.

His prelude, which always occupies just enough time to denounce everything he wishes, is worded in the most abusive, low language you might expect from a being which had well earned a term in the jail. The occasion of which I speak was to vest his anger on Mr. Joseph Cook; on the Boston Clergy for allowing him to speak against San Francisco and its people; and especially against the Y. M. C. A., their president, and the clergy here, for receiving him again last week; and giving him an ovation at their rooms. I was too shocked to remember the epithets which flowed from his coarse mouth, but they were all his vocabulary could produce, and when I looked upon the 3,000 people, intelligent, well dressed people, who cheered him lustily, I said: AIs that the taste of the men and women whom he is vindicating?@ Evidently it was, for that audience listens week after week to just such a harrangue.

My observation and information proves that this is an awfully wicked city, and Aif the bottom falls out some day, it will be all right.@

Very Respectfully, (MRS.) H. P. MANSFIELD.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.


After reading the letter of Mrs. H. P. Mansfield on first page of this paper, showing what a Ahell upon earth@ is the city of San Francisco, we do not wonder that Republicans are scarce in that city.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.


The business of the Wichita Land Office indicates a large immigration to this part of the State. Since the first of January, 1882, over one thousand six hundred entries have been made, covering about two hundred and forty thousand acres. This divided into quarter sections represents fifteen hundred farms. The most of which are in Harper and Kingman counties. Wichita Eagle.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.


From the San Francisco letter on first page it appears that the Chinese are contaminating the Young America of that city by leading them to smoke opium. There is one vice more destructive to the intellect, more filthy, disgusting, and beastly, than alcohol drunkenness, and that is, opium eating and smoking. And even this is only one of the evils which are runing the Pacific slope caused by the immigration of the vicious and ignorant hordes from China. Civilize them at home if you can, but don=t let them come here to drag America down to their beastly level. This illustrates the evils of inviting the vicious and ignorant of foreign countries to settle in our midst.



Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.


A special census bulletin just issued shows the number of illiterate persons over ten years of age in the United States as follows.

Native whites: 2,255,460

Foreign born whites: 763,620

TOTAL WHITES: 3,019,080

Colored persons: 3,230,878.



The colored illiteracy is 70 percent of the whole colored population and the illiteracy, both white and colored, is confined principally to the Southern States.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.


Eight hundred dollars have been subscribed for a new Methodist Church building at Geuda Springs.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.


Prof. Farringer=s concert next week.

Capt. C. M. Scott came up from Arkansas City Monday.

McGuire Bros., have the best handmade boot in Winfield.

Remember the meeting of the Library Association next Tuesday.

Hon. Timothy McIntire came up from the terminus Thursday and spent a day at the hub.

J. W. Browning has bought the David Frew farm at Tannehill and will now become a Beaver farmer again.

Hapgood Plow Co., sent a man here to test Lee=s Anti-friction Roller on their sulky, and prounce it a success.

The Library Association will hold its regular monthly meeting on Tuesday, Dec. 5, at 3 p.m., in the Library Rooms.

The question is, AHad Judge Gans a hand in the mysterious death of Lacy=s mule?@ An official investigation is in order.

Judge Torrance will hold court Thanksgiving day. He is bound to push matters if there is any opportunity to do so.

Rev. Cairns preached to the denizens of Fort Scott Sunday, and Rev. Platter assisted in conducting services at Arkansas City.

Rev. W. M. Friedley, the pastor of the United Brethren Church, is now located in Winfield, living first door east of the Baptist Church.

Mr. John D. McBrian, late Greenback candidate for Attorney General, was an attendant at court last Thursday. He lives at Sedan.

The recorder of deeds reports less mortgages being recorded than for many months. Most of the loaning is now being done on chattels.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.


Commissioner-elect Walton was in the city Tuesday. He feels reasonably well over the election outcome. Amos may prove better than he looks.

Mr. J. D. Moore, postmaster of Sedan, made us a pleasant call last week in company with his brother, W. H. Moore, of this vicinity. Call again.

Mr. Frank Cook and wife, of Cambridge, Illinois, are visiting relatives here. Mr. Cook is a brother of Miss Cook, a former teacher in our public schools.

The United Brethren propose as a temporary arrangement to buy the old Christian Church building and move it across the street on to their own lots.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

A large number of ladies were present at the argument of the Colegate case. Many of them sat through the tedious proceedings during almost the whole case.

Our reporter has attended the Colegate case regularly, and next week (if the case is concluded) will give an extended resume of the testimony and his impressions thereof.

The charge delivered by Judge Torrance to the jury in the Colegate case is the finest legal document ever prepared in this or any other district court. It is a thorough, masterly document, and reflects great credit upon our Judge.

The stoves at the Courthouse smoked terribly Tuesday, so much so as to nearly suffocate the court. The chimneys are built between the combs of the roof in such a manner as to create a downward draft when the wind comes from northwest. Something should be done to make the room tenable when needed.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.


The Baptist folks had a very pleasant social at their church last Thursday evening. There was a large attendance and the net proceeds will be upwards of sixty dollars.

Drs. T. T. Davis and Wells removed a large cancer from the breast of Miss Gibson last Wednesday. The operation was a very difficult one, but was carefully and successfully performed.

Dr. T. T. Davis, who has settled among us, comes strongly recommended as a physician and surgeon and as a specialist in the treatment of chronic diseases, such as tumors, cancers, etc.

The ladies of the Presbyterian Church will give a supper and oyster festival in the basement of the church on Thursday evening, December 7th, from half past five until ten o=clock in the evening.

Hon. James Christian of Arkansas City has got his pension claim allowed, $72.00 per month. He has received the back pay: $1,200.00. We congratulate our friend on the success of his righteous cause.

The post of G. A. R. are preparing and will present on the 14th & 15th and 16th of December the grand military drama, ASpy of Atlanta.@ The proceeds are for the benefit of the G. A. R. and the battery.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.


The drama of AFruits of the Wine Cup,@ to be given in the Opera House next Thursday evening by the Temperance Dramatic Club, is one of the best temperance plays published. The club has been about six weeks preparing it for the stage. The entertainment will conclude with the laughable farce of AA Drop Too Much.@

Mr. N. M. Thorpe has left at this office a large bundle of celery which he raised in Beaver Township near Tannehill in this county. The stalks are over two feet long and very excellent. Some bunches weigh from two to three pounds each. He raised about 3,000 pounds this year and it selling at ten cents a pound. The croak that celery cannot be raised in Cowley is exploded and the time is at hand when this country will quit importing celery and go into the export business. Mr. Thorp is one of our most enterprising farmers.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

MARRIED. We have received a notice of the marriage of Miss Ella Walton to Mr.

R. K. Doolittle, which occurred in Douglass County Wednesday. Miss Ella is a sister of Mrs. G. S. Manser, and for some years was a resident of this city. She is an accomplished printer and together with the writer set type on the old Plow and Anvil, in 1876. Bright, intelligent, energetic, and independent, she made her way in the world, asking nothing but that she might be accorded a way to her own maintenance. Such women, we regret to say, are few, but they shine the brighter when found. We wish the bride and groom unbounded happiness and long life. [HAD TO BE WRITTEN BY ED. P. GREER.]

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

Our enterprising second hand dealer, D. Berkey, on Nith Avenue, is making things boom in his line this fall. His store is crowded full of goods and customers all the time. The variety of his stock and unusually low prices is making it headquarters for everything. Mr. Berkery=s stock is by no means confined to second hand goods, but he also has a large supply of new goods in furniture, glass, and queensware, tinware, etc., secured from bankrupt stores at different places, which he is selling at very low prices. Give him a call and avail yourself of some of the bargains he is offering.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

T. H. Jackson, the ACommon Sense@ Liniment man, has returned to this place after an absence of three years, for the purpose of introducing his new remedy, AJackson=s Common Sense Renovating Powders,@ for Pink-eye, Epizootic, Coughs, and Colds. It is also a positive destroyer of worms, which are the cause of most of the diseases of horses. He will remain at Major & Vance=s stable for a few days, where persons having lame or diseased horses can consult him free of charge.


Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

A young man whose name we were unable to learn shot himself in the right breast with a shotgun loaded with buckshot, while in the act of taking it from a wagon. At last accounts he was bleeding profusely through the wound and at the mouth, and will probably die. He was takenh to Ponca Agency and well cared for. It is thought he is one of party from Illinois who went to the Territory last week on a hunt. [MAYBE TRAVELER HAS THIS!]

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

A man appeared on the streets last week with an entirely new gambling scheme. He had a board in which was stuck a lot of pocket knives. The subscriber to his fund twenty-five cents worth was entitled to pitch eight rubber rings at the knives and if he succeeded in Aringing@ one, he could take it. The thing looked so simple and easy that many invested and the knife man seemed happy and prosperous.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

Dr. T. T. Davis of Marion, Kansas, has been visiting our town for the last year as a specialist in the treatment of chronic diseases, in connection with Dr. Wells of our city, as an assistant, extirpated a large cancerous tumor from the breast of one Mrs. Doty, who resides near Winfield. The operation was well borne, and up to the present time she is doing well.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

The experience of the present term of the District Court speaks in thunder tones of the necessity of a separation of the civil and criminal courts. Their divorcement would be a blessing too our district pecuniarily. Why wait for years to do what should be done now? The coming legislature should give us more terms; or as we think, more courts.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

Judge Torrance entertained Man-walking-above, Crow-dog, and another Cheyenne Indian at his residence Monday. His sister, who is visiting with him, had never seen an Indian, and the Judge, after many inducements, got them down to his house. Man-walking-above insisted that he had holes in his moccasins and was therefore not presentable.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

This term of court has been an exceedingly slow one. But little business has been done. The Bassewater, Van Meter, and Colegate cases have taken up the term so far, with the exception of a few divorce and foreclosure cases. At this rate it will take years to get all the cases now on the docket to trial.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

DIVORCED. Divorces have been granted by the Court to Alice F. Post, on the grounds of extreme cruelty; William D. Crawford, on the grounds of adultery, and plaintiff awarded the custody of child; Eddie Chaffee, on the ground of abandonment.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

Frank Finch returned from a trip south Monday. He saw no grasshoppers, didn=t hear of the man who broke his leg, or the news of the warCin fact, our informant-pump failed to elicit a small local item from his anatomy.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

Rev. Dr. Wallace, late resident in Old Mexico, with his wife is visiting Judge Torrance. He filled the pulpit at the Baptist Church Sunday evening and delivered a magnificent discourse. Dr. Wallace=s wife is a sister of Judge Torrance.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

A number of our most enthusiastic young temperance workers have formed themselves into a ATemperance Dramatic Club,@ and will present the drama AFruits of the Wine Cup,@ to the people of Winfield on Thursday evening, December 7th. The club is composed of excellent amateur talent.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

Mr. A. D. Riddle and wife, of Bedford, Pennsylvania, have been spending a week visiting their uncle, S. H. Sparks, of Pleasant Valley Township. They are better pleased with Cowley and Winfield than any part of the West they have yet visited.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

The county is full of land-seekers, but little real estate is changing hands. They are looking preparatory to a spring move.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.


The Sad Demise of a Venerable Resident.

Last Tuesday morning Winfield was the scene of one of those sad occurrences, which have made our capital City of Topeka so notorious of lateCa suicide. The affair is all the more sad and serious because the victim was an old resident of our city, well up in years, and whose meek and gentle character has been the wonderful admiration of all. After plodding through a long and eventful career, seeming perfectly satisfied with his surroundings, no one could suspect that he was meditating such a deed. The City Council was convened in special session and the following we clip from its proceedings.

AThe clerk is hereby instructed to have the body of H. B. Lacy=s mule removed from the tree in J. B. Lynn=s yard, in which he now hangs, to some suitable place for interment, and fail not hereof, under penalty of the law.@

Yes, Lacy=s mule is gone. Monday night he released himself from his stall, meandered into J. B. Lynn=s yard, stuck his head between the forks of a peach tree, and deliberately Apulled back,@ and choked himself to death. The post mortem examination, held by Drs. Lacy and Lynn, seemed to indicate that he had got his ears entangled in a tree on the next lot, and that death resulted accidentally; but to us it seems clear that the act was voluntary and premeditated. However that may be, let his ashes rest in peace and the bone-yard. He fulfilled his mission in life faithfully and well, ever hearkening to duty and his master=s call. For years he propelled the swill-cart through the alleys of our city as proudly and faithfully as though it had been the car of a conqueror, never kicking when his stay-chain was shortened, or his rations reduced to a watermelon rind and four cucumbers. He was alike patient and serene mid sunshine or storm, and cheerfully assisted his master, whether in the slums of politics or the broader and nobler work of garbage collecting. Only once did he allow the lion in his nature to be aroused. After the arduous campaign of 1880 when he had traveled miles and miles and had double the pledges necessary to elect him Probate Judge, and was ignominiously defeated, he is said to have cried aloud that the people would yet regret the day they cast him aside for his handsomer competitor. From this on he relapsed into a kind of prop-me-up-with-a-pole condition, from which he never recovered, and which certainly produced the state of mind that courted death rather than political dishonor. Mr. Lacy and the swill-cart are sadly bereft, and we tender our sympathy and fifty cents to buy a new mule.

After careful investigation into the charges made by Mr. Lacy, that Judge Gans and Mr. Lynn had conspired together to hang the mule, we have come to the conclusion that although the circumstances are strong against them, there is a reasonable doubt in their favor.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

A Winfield Institution.

If any of our people have not visited the store of J. P. Baden since his busy shipping season commenced, they should do so at once. We dropped in on Monday and found twenty-three persons at work. Back of the store has been built a shed in which the chickens and turkeys are picked. Five persons are constantly at work picking. Around the outside are piled coops of fowls as high as you can reach, and other men are at work packing the picked birds ready for shipment. In a ware room nearby three men are constantly at work Acandleing,@ and packing the eggs for shipment. The butter business is in the hands of three men, who take the fine butter rolls as they come from the hands of the country ladies, wrap them in linen cloths and pack them in boxes and buckets, in which they are transported to the hungry miners in Colorado and New Mexico. The business done by Baden in this line is immense. He has paid this year in express charges alone a snug fortune, and has done a produce business amounting to over one hundred thousand dollars. Think of it! One hundred thousand dollars paid out in one year for poultry, butter, and eggsCand all gone into the pockets of our farmers for something that a few years ago would hardly command any price in the market.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

Music in the Schools.

One of the most commendable departures made of late by teachers in our public schools is the attention given to music. Many of the schoolhouses are supplied with organs, and most of them have blackboards on which is painted the staff, and the scholars are daily taken through a musical exercise. These school exercises give the scholars a knowledge of the elements of music, and create an interest in it such as no other mode of teaching can command. It is astonishing with what rapidity some of the little girls advance in these music lessons. Last Sunday at Excelsior schoolhouse we saw a little girl (whose feet could hardly reach the bellows) playing for the Sunday school, and she did it nicely. All she knew of music had been taught her in the public school. Every district should encourage music in its school.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

Ladies fine French kid shoes that will not turn purple. Try a pair.

Buy your winter boots of us.

A good stock of children=s shoes cheapCtry a few pairs of them.

Our Common Sense shoes will afford ladies much comffort and relieve their achers.

Fine pair French kid side lace shoes at $3.50 to close out the lot.


Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

The markets today (Wednesday) are changed very little from last week, with but little grain or hogs coming in. Wheat brings 60 cents for best, and corn remains steady at 32 cents. Hogs bring from $5.50 to $6.00. Butter 30 cents, and eggs 25. Potatoes 75 cents to $1.00. Cabbage 3 cents per pound, and apples $1.00 per bushel.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

The furnaces at the Baptist Church are working splendidly. They are of the ABrennon@ make and the flues are so regulated that the floor of the church is kept warm. The Baptist folks have exercised good judgment in the furniture of the building, throughout.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

The entertainment for the Library, to be given by the young folks, will be one of the best we have had this season. The caste is a good one and we hope that a large number will be present for the good of the cause. Our library has over 500 volumes and should be kept up.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

DIED. Mr. and Mrs. George Corwin have been called upon to part with their baby boy, who passed away Monday evening. It is a sad loss to the parents, one which only parents can appreciate, and we tender them our sincere sympathy.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

J. P. Baden employs twenty-five persons in conducting his two stores and immense produce business. This is a big force for one man to handle, but Baden knows how to do it.



Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

The regular weekly meeting of the Winfield Musical Union is unavoidably postponed one week in consequence of the non-arrival of books. See next week=s COURIER.

E. F. BLAIR, Director.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

Mr. L. G. Martin of West Virginia has bought the Bushnell farm at Old Ninnescah and will probably occupy it next year. He called to be furnished with the COURIER in the meantime.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

Frank Manny beats the world for celery. He brought in stalks three feet long last Monday.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

The banks in this city close today for Thanksgiving.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.


Father Kelley=s annual fair to be held at the Opera House the 28th, 29th, and 30th of November, is now in progress. Great pains have been taken by Father Kelley and his congregation to make it a grand success. Several articles of value and use have been donated and will be disposed of during the fair. Among some of the articles are a fine organ, two fine heifers, two fat hogs, and other articles of value too numerous to mention. On Thursday nightCthe last night of the fairCwill be given a grand ball, which will furnish amusement for those who appreciate a friendly gathering and social dance. The best music that Winfield can furnish will be had for the occasion. A cordial invitation is given to all. Nothing will be left undone to make it pleasant and enjoyable. [FATHER KELLY?? OR KELLEY??]

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

SOME WOOL. Mr. H. L. Thomas brings us a sample of wool seven inches long, from a lamb six months old, bred by his father, J. W. Thomas, of Maple City, from a full bred Cotswold, crossed with a Colorado ewe. This was the first experiment of breeding in that direction, and if anyone can beat seven inches for a first six months= growth of wool on a lamb, we would like to hear from him. Mr. Thomas has got as healthy and clean a lot of sheep as can be found anywhere and is a success as a sheep breeder.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

THE CREAMERY. Mr. Babb expects to get the creamery to running as soon as his butter-maker arrives, which will be this week, or early in next. The creamery at Wellington has been running about two weeks and is now churning cream from two hundred cows.


Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

The regular meeting of the Ivanhoe Literary will be held at the residence of Mr. M. L. Robinson Tuesday evening, Dec. 5. A full attendance is desired. The following members will resume the reading of AKathrina,@ five pages each, in the order named: Miss Crippen, Miss Klingman, Miss Hane, Mr. Wilson, Mr. Berry, Mr. Webb. Miscellaneous selections, Mr. Smith and Miss Beeny. FLORENCE A. BEENY, Rec. Sec.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

THANKSGIVING DINNER. A grand Thanksgiving Dinner will be given at the Opera House Thursday. All are invited to come and enjoy the sumptuous repast that will be prepared to gratify the appetite of all those who appreciate the luxuries of a well prepared and bountifully arranged dinner. Dinner can be had at any time from 12 o=clock until 3 o=clock p.m. Price 25 cents.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

The regular quarterly communion service of the Presbyterian Church will be held on next Sabbath morning. Preparatory lecture on Saturday afternoon at half past two o=clock, at which time children will be baptized. JAS. E. PLATTER, Pastor.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.


EDS. COURIER: The roosters have ceased crowing and the business of our town is again taking the Anoiseless tenor of its way.@ The new schoolhouse is now ready, and school begins today. Our teacher, Henry A. Atwater, is one of the best in the county, if not the best.

Dr. Woods, D. S., is now attending to the dyspeptics and lank cheeked individuals, by furnishing them with new teeth. The doctor has given them general satisfaction.

Many of our citizens have gone to the Territory for recreation and game.

Our merchants are displaying commendable zeal by importing vast quantities of goods.

The new engine at the mill of Tabler & Maxwell keeps the buhrs running, and is a great accommodation to the surrounding country.

Sickness has abated and the M. D.=s are having a rest.

Tenement houses are scarce. Many families desire houses in town, bor a time, that they may look over the country at leisure. The hourses are not to be had, and we lose good citizens. The man who displays sufficient spirit to build several houses, will receive good returns for the investment, and be a public benefactor. A good barber to shave the boys before going to the dances is much needed.

The place made vacant by the death of the Rev. Hitchcock, Methodist, is filled by the Rev. Budd. GENE.

Cedarvale, November 27, 1882.




Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.


An immense stock of gold pens of all grades and prices just received and on exhibition at Hudson Bros. Jewelry Store.

Hudson Bros. have this week added another to their force of workmen. So bring on your watches and clocks for repairs.

A fine selection of fancy decorated individual cups and saucers for children; also tony mustache cups, at Wallis & Wallis.

Winter is coming. Get your overcoats while it is yet time, and before I am literally overrun with business. ELI YOUNGHEIM.

Wanted. To rent a small farm with seed, team, and tools furnished me with the place. Address E. Mitchell, Maple City.

Ladies, you can send your ostrich plumes and tips to Mrs. W. M. Henderson, Arkansas City, and have them dyed to any shade desired for a mere trifle.

I have put in a stock of coal at the stand formerly occupied by G. A. Rhodes, on South Main street. Coal sold in the bin or delivered to any part of the citty at lowest cash prices.


It will do you souls good to see the new goods in furniture, mirrors, pictures, and frames that A. B. Arment is receiving weekly at the Champion Furniture Store, South Main Street, west side.

WANTED. The undersigned wishes to dispose of the Amusement gallery on Ninth Avenue. The gallery is a paying institution, and anyone purchasing it can make a good thing. The investment is small. Address W. H. Shearer, or call at the Bankrupt Store on Ninth Avenue.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

Buy the Hapgood Sulky Plow with Lee=s Anti-friction Roller. With this there is no more dragging the bottom of the plow in the furrow, no more friction on the land side; no more strain on the sulky, no more side draft or slipping wheels; no more running of the plow on the lay; no more changing levers to finish up a land; no more trouble to make the plow take land enough; no more trouble to open a furrow in wet weather; no more strain on the arm to throw the plow out of ground; best of all, no more unnecessary draft on the team. The plow runs now on three wheels and cannot drag or bind. W. A. LEE, Agent.

Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.






Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.


An Interesting Reminscence of That Historic Organization.

The Troy Chief notices the death of Hon. Samuel W. Greer, of Winfield, and alludes to the fact that Ahe was a member of the company formed in Washigton in April, 1861, known as the >Frontier Guard,= and which occupied the east rooms of the White House as a barrack.@

Hon. D. H. Bailey, late consul-general to China, who was a member of that famous company, happening to be in this city, we called his attention to the death of Mr. Greer and asked him for some reminiscence of that celebrated organization. He has kindly furnished us with the following.

A large number of Kansans were in Washington City at the time of the fall of Fort Sumpter. General James H. Lane, then recently elected United States Senator from Kansas, was, of course, the central figure of this group.

His rooms were at Williard=s hotel, and were constantly filled with excited and determined men who were gravely considering the events then taking place. On the 18th of April, the anniversary of the battle of Lexington, the Sixth Massachusetts regiment was attacked by a rebel mob in Baltimore, the railway tracks were torn up, and all communication between Washington and the northCeither by rail or telegraphCwas cut off. The capital of the nation was completely environed and filled with secessionists everywhereCon the streets, in the hotels, in saloons, in private residences; and in the public offices, secession was rampant. It was a period of infinite danger to the beleagured capital, and the excitement was more intense than can be described.

Litttle knots of Union men gathered here and there, and although hemmed in and scowled upon on all sides, moved quickly about, if with blanched cheeks, yet with steady purpose and firm resolve. On the day following the attack upon the 6th Massachusetts, Major David Hunter (then on Gen. Scott=s staff) called upon Gen. Lane and informed him that by direction of Gen. Scott and Secretary of War Cameron, he was instructed to inform Gen. Lane that owing to the turbulent condition of the populace and the very few troops then in the city, as well as from secret information, there were serious apprehensions of an attempt to seize the president and overturn the government; and therefore General Lane was asked to immediately form a company of Kansans for the especial protection of the president. He also said that as the men of Kansas had been tried Aunder fire,@ and were known to be true and brave, that they, with Gen. Lane at their head, would be a tower of strength in the crisis then existing at the capital. Lane with his wonderful energy and fiery soul unhesitatingly assumed the task. Immediately runners were sent out in every direction requesting all Kansans to report at once at Gen. Lane=s rooms.

Within twelve hours one hundred and eighty names were enrolled and the Frontier Guard was organized with Lane as captain. That night at about 9 o=clock the company marched out of Williard=s hotel and proceeding direct to the White House, filed into the east room. In a few minutes case after case of Enfield rifles with sword bayonet, ammunition, and accoutrements were placed in the blue, red, and green rooms, and the work of arming commenced.

Many amusing incidents occurred. Senator Pomeroy, who was large of girth, was in great perturbation about a belt long enough to reach around his aldermanic proportions, and many a laugh was had at his expense until the writer came to his relief with a bit of leather, which enabled him to look as true a soldier as ever was Sir John Falstaff.

By 12 o=clock at night the company was fully equipped, and after surrounding the White House and its grounds with trusty sentinels, the men stacked arms in the east room, each member lying down with head to the wall, touching elbows, without covering, to dream of Awar and rumors of war.@ Sentinels were placed at each door.

The writer was stationed at the north door of the east room. At about 1 o=clock in the morning, there was a rap on the door. It was opened and President Lincoln and the Secretary of War walked in. Silence reigned; it was a weird scene. The lights turned down were dim, and shadows of gloom seemed to flit over that historic room. The men were asleep and breathing heavily; the glistening of the polished steel under the sombre light; the tramp of sentinels in the halls and on the outer flagstones, gave ominous token of the great drama of blood then coming on. Not a word was spoken for some minutes. The president was wrapt in his own thoughts and there passed across his face a sad, weary look, an expression of deep but troubled thought, as if he were trying to solve the great problem before him. He stood in the midst of a military camp in the Executive Mansion of the nation; but while there was dread portent in these surroundings, he seemed to feel a sense of security in the presence of these loyal Kansans on whom he had placed his reliance and confidence in calling them so near to his person.

The spell was broken by Gen. Lane coming forward. A short conversation was held by these three men, and the president and secretary withdrew. The next morning the company retired from the White House and in the afternoon was again marched to the east room, where the president made a short, felicitous address, and the company was formally recognized as in the military service for a temporary emergency.

That night we were assigned to the Winder building, opposite the war department, where we had our rendezvous until we were discharged.

A day or two after the organization of the Frontier Guard, Cassius M. Clay, of Kentucky, organized a similar company, nearly equal in numbers.

Our company was the first to capture a rebel flag. It came about in this way: A report came that the rebels would make an attempt to capture the bridge across the East Branch of the Potomac. We were ordered out one night in April. Marching down Pennsylvania Avenue, we were joined by Clay=s company and marched thence to the navy yard. After a short halt the Frontier Guard filed out of the east gate across a ravine, and soon came in sight of the bridge. The moon was shining brightly and in the distance could be plainly seen a brass cannon near the draw. The writer, happening to be in the front ranks, went forward with palpitating heart expecting every moment to be cut down with grape and canister, but pride kept us all in line, although our knees smote together. At last, coming full on the cannon, we discovered to our immense relief that it was a gun of Pennsylvania battery, and it was pointing toward the Maryland shore. This inspired us with courage. We urged Lane to have the draw lowered so that we might cross the river and scout for the enemy. Finally he assented and a detail of twelve or fifteen was sent across. Dividing the squad, we pushed out on different roads and scouted the country for three or four hours. No hostile foes were found. One squad (led, I think, by Harry Fields) discovered a rebel flag flying on a pole in front of a house. The owner was aroused and ordered to haul the flag down. This he refused to do, but doggedly gave them permission to take it down if they wanted to do so. The flag was immediately hauled down, brought back with considerable exultation, and the next day it was stretched across the avenue opposite Williard=s hotel, with a great placard inscribed: ACaptured by the Frontier Guards.@ The prowess was not great, but the thing captured was a trophy.

Soon after this Ben Butler arrived at Annapolis with the Eighth Massachusetts, and the work of opening up communication with the north via Annapolis, the Chesapeake Bay, and Perryville (at the mouth of the Susquehanna) went forward under his energetic management with extraordinary rapidity. Union troops came pouring into the Capital in an unbroken line and Washington resounded with the pageantry of war.

The exigency which had called the Frontier Guard into existence had happily passed away, and on the 3rd of May the AGuards@ filed into the east room for the last time. It was received by the president, surrounded by a portion of his cabinet. Gen. Lane in a short speech said, in substance, that the crisis which led to the formation of the company having terminated by reason of the arrival of large bodies of troops in Washington, he requested permission to discharge the men in due form. Mr. Lincoln in very appropriate words, thanked the company for its exceptional services, and expressed, with warmth of feeling, his deep sense of personal obligation for the prompt manner in which it had rallied to his support in an hour of great peril.

The discharges issued a few days afterward, dated AHeadquarters Frontier Guards,@ Executive Mansion, Washington, D. C., signed by and containing the thanks of A. Lincoln, Simon Cameron, and Jas. H. Lane, are no doubt highly prized by those who hold them as mementoes of a period fraught with tremendous issues to the nation.

Among the names now remembered as on the roster were Senator Pomeroy, Judge Thos. Ewing, Marcus J. Parrot, A. C. Wilder, D. R. Anthony, Uncle George Keller, R. McBratney, Judge Burrris, Job. B. Stockton, Col. John C. Vaughan, S. W. Greer, Maj. Dan McCook, father of the Afighting McCooks,@ Harry Field, ____ Gordon, Wm. Tholen, Ed. McCook, and Geo. H. Weaver. These are a few of the names hastily recalled on the moment. Many others who sealed their devotion by giving their lives for the nation have a more enduring fame already written in brighter records. It is to be hoped that a full list of all the members will soon be published. Capt. Job. B. Stockton, who resides somewhere in Colorado, is supposed to have all the necessary data for a full history of the Guards.

It may be safely said that the members of the Frontier Guards were not actuated with selfish motives, for they neither asked nor received at that time or since, pay or rations for their service.

The dates here given may be in error two or three days, one way or the other, but they will not vary from the records of the company more than that.

Some of the members of the company belonged to other states than Kansas, but the prestige of the Frontier Guards, and it was very great at a critical time in Washington, was derived from its Kansas paternity.

It is to be hoped that the surviving members will soon take some action looking to a reunion, and to the preservation of the records of an organization which is destined to hold a place in history. Emporia News.

Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.

A Lesson to be Learned.

The great good to come of these vast fortunes and the abuse of them is the intelligent determination of the people to be more business like in their contracts. Gould is Gould because of charters and patents granted, and these are from the people and ought to be for the people. Guld has found his great wealth in the opportunities of corporate management to make capital out of the public. For instance, the opportunity of stock watering is one which Gould has worked most successfully, and yet it could not exist for a day if the sanction of law were withdrawn from it. A common carrier charg es rates to the public service which will not only pay the costs and pay dividends on the capital, but will also pay in capital itself. The distribution of this capital to stockholders who never pay a dime for it is robbery, and is the way many of these vast fortunes are accumulated. This has been going on for thirty years, and only just now have judges been found in the state of New York who raise their voice against it. Thus if the artificial sanction of law were withdrawn from these illegitimate operations, they would flourish less. Springfield Republican.

Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.


The Wheeling nail factories intend to begin the manufacture of cut nails from steel instead of iron at the beginning of the year. It is claimed that they have a process which is cheaper and better than the process for iron, and that steel nails need not cost more than iron nails do. Steel nails would certainly be much more valuable than iron nails for all purposes and as the Wheeling nail manufactories make half of the nails of the country, this move is a long step in the march of progress.

Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.


A dispatch from Dallas says a prominent railroad man connected with the Texas system, who has just arrived from the city of Mexico, says it is stated there the Mexican authorities are going to make a claim on the United States at the approaching session of congress for Galveston Island, including Galveston City. It appears in the Mexican cession of the republic of Texas, Galveston bay, which is north of the island, was taken as the southern boundary of the ceded terreitory and the Mexican claim is said to be prima facia good. It is thought trouble or some international complications may grow out of this claim.

Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.


The Santa Fe company is ballasting its road between Florence and Kansas City and Atchison at the rate of 500 yards per day.

The Indians of the Territory threaten to scalp hunting parties from Kansas the first time they are caught killing game on their lands.

The secretary of the interior has decided to locate a government industrial school for Indian youths, for which an appropriation was made at the last session of congress, at Lawrence, Kansas.

Reports are in circulation in the Indian Territory that the military have been ordered to arrest Dave Payne, put a ball and chain to his leg, and set him to work on the rock pile, if caught again in the Territory. This will put an end to the Oklahoma boom.

J. F. Goddard, for years general freight agent of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe, has been promoted to the position of general traffic manager of the same road, the appointment taking effect last week. Jim Goddard is one of the most popular railroad men in the West. He has all the polish of a general passenger agent, with the keenest knowledge of freight matters.

The commissioner of the Pacific railroads, in his report of the financial condition of the Union Pacific railroad during the fiscal year ending June 30th last, shows the gross earnings were $24,094,627, against $22,765,752 during the fiscal year ending June 30th, 1881. In round numbers the operating expenses during the year were $12,000,000; interest paid, $5,000,000; dividends paid, $4,000,000. [NOT SURE OF LAST FIGURE...COULD BE $1,000,000...first letter obscured.]

Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.


Our Monday night ALiterary@ is well attended.

We are enjoying special advantages this year in our good schools, presided over by the Misses Vaught and Elliott. We congratulate them upon their success.

On Thursday and Friday nights we have singing school, under the leadership of Mr. Newton Hall. For thorough faithful work in explaining the rudiments of music, and class drill, Mr. Hall will be hard to beat.

DIED. On last Thursday we laid in its last resting place on earth, the body of Mrs. Walker, of this place, who died on Monday, after a lingering illness.

Because the name of our little town is not often seen in the papers, because some grand trunk railway does not see fit to make us its central point of attraction, becauseCwell, no matter whatCthat is no reason that we did not keep Thanksgiving and have a good time, too. AWe are all here,@ and we did ourselves no harm. Joint services were held at the schoolhouse, followed by a good dinner; but that does not tell half. If the table were a good sign, surely we ought to be thankful. Much credit is due to our Dexter people for the pleasant season of enjoyment they gave us. May they live long and happily, and see many more such.


Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.

Walnut Pencilings.

Walnut needs a literary local to write up the news.

Mr. E. P. Hickock & Beaumont have purchased a herd of 2 year old steers and are keeping them on the farm of Mr. Hickok.

Joe Mack has added to the capacitty and convenience of his granary by building an addition and putting in an elevator. Mr. Mack let his threshing at so much per bushel, the machine man furnishing all the hands, and as a result got his straw stacked in fine order and no worry over lack of hands.

Mr. S. Cure now has 30 cows in his dairy and intends to increase to 50 in the near future.

Mr. J. C. Roberts has the best filled cellar and a peep into the boxes of apples will convince the most skeptical that Cowley will grow fruit. There are also fruits in cans, jelly, marmalade, etc., but to realize how a thrifty farmer can live, just take a seat at his table after the products of the farm, orchard, and garden have passed through the deft fingers of Mrs. Roberts.

G. W. Prater made a successful hunting excursion down into the Territory. Indeed,

G. W. Is successful in everything he undertakes and should he reach out for a county office next fall, he would be sure to Atake it in.@ Let aspirants make a note of this and save themselves the ignominy of defeat provided always that he should Areach.@

D. Ferguson did not intend to remove from Walnut, but has concluded to stay since it gave a majority for Glick.

G. W. Yount has built a stone barn with a mansard roof, perhaps the only one in the county with that style of roof.

Robert Weekly has completed a substantial frame residence one and a half stories high with seven rooms, four below and three above, has purchased a fifty dollar kitchen range, and is Aat home@ to his numerous friends, where they will always find a hearty welcome.

The gentleman who purchased the Murphy place has taken possession and is preparing for a crop in 1883.

T. A. Blanchard has been acting as bailiff during this term of court. T. A. Deserves some county office and if it was not for his inate modesty, he might be elected.

The county poor now number nine persons. When the county commissioners purchase a farm, S. E.=s occupation will be gone.

Messrs. Hogue & Mentch have completed their fall delivery of nursery stock and are preparing for the spring trade. SPECTATOR.

Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.







Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.


Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.




Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.

AD. ON DECEMBER 14, 15, & 16 Will be presented at the OPERA HOUSE, Under the auspices of Post 85 G. A. R. & Winfield Battery The Grand Military Allegory of AThe Spy of Atlanta,@ IN SIX ACTS. One of the most thrilling and interesting plays upon the Americn stage.

SIX BEAUTIFUL TABLEAUX, in which will appear twenty of Winfield=s most charming young ladies.

The proceeds to be appropriated for the benefit of the Battery and Post.

Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.


Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.


Spy of Atlanta next Thursday evening.

Cups and saucers at Goldsmitth=s Bookstore.

Tom Lowry has returned from his long sojourn in Mexico and Texas.

Don=t forget the temperance drama at the Opera House Friday evening.

Christopher Columbus Harris is amusing himself in Topeka this week.

Rev. Platter was taken sick Sunday and the evening services in his church were dispensed with.

The next time you want your piano tuned or repaired, inquire for M. J. Stimson, Olds House.

The Court sentenced Mrs. Quarles to the penitentiary for three years; Tom Quarles for three years, and Mrs. Frelinger for life.


Prof. Hager, of Bradford County, Pennsylvania, is visiting with Dr. Rochrock. He is very much pleased with Kansas, and especially with Cowley County.

We received a pleasant call from Mr. F. E. Moore, of Silver Creek Township Saturday. Mr. Moore is one of the COURIER=s oldest subscribers.

Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.


The Meckechee House at Geuda Springs will be the scene of a grand ball on the evening of the 13th of this month, which is next Wednesday.

Concert and dramatic entertainment at the Opera House Friday evening. Admittance 25 cents. Reserved seats at Goldsmith=s without extra charge.

H. G. Fuller has moved to Hackney=s new office on 9th Avenue east of the stone livery stable and has plenty of money to loan on real or personal security.

The Meckechee House at Geuda Springs is acquirring a wide reputation as an excellent hashery. Under the management of De Lesdernier it can be nothing else but a success.

Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.

The victory won by Senator Hackney in the Colgate case, is certainly one of the most remarkable legal garlands ever earned by a Kansas attorney. It was Asnatching victory from the jaws of defeat.@

There are two things that the wisdom of the most learned man cannot determineCwhich way a singed cat will jump and how a petit jury will give its verdict.

The following are the names of the jurymen in the Colgate case: A. B. Tuggle, Jacob Smith, E. A. Hardy, E. M. Freeman, J. W. Hamlin, J. Camp, Wm. Johnson, R. L. Cunningham, Woods Retherford, Daniel Moffitt, J. W. Thomas, John Nash.

The legal battle over the Colgate case was magnificently fought. The counsel for the State brought in every particle of evidence which could be adduced to prove a circumstance, and carefully and skillfully built up their case until it seemed practically impossible to overturn itCand no one on earth could have done it before a Cowley County jury, but W. P. Hackney. His argument to the jury was startling and his theories in direct opposition to those of his colleague, and they won the case in spite of the evidence and tthe charge of the court. It is a victory which he may well be proud of.

Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.


T. R. Bryan and family have been enjoying a visit from S. A. Hoyt and lady, old friends from Forest, Illinois. Mr. Hoyt was very much pleased with our citty and county, and thinks it much the best portion of Kansas.

There is said to be a man in New Jersey so close that when he attends church he occupies the pew farthest from the pulpit to save the interest on his money while the collectors are passing the plate for contributions.

A convention of the Women=s Foreign Missionary Society of this district meets at Winfield in the M. E. Church commencing on Tuesday of next week. A large number of delegates from other towns are expected to be present.

Frank Clarke, of Vernon, made the biggest score last Thursday ever made by any member of the Sportsmen=s Club. It counted thirty-three hundred and sixty, and embraced fifty-three crows, thirty-one quails, six wild geese, a lott of rabbits, and other game. Frank is entitled to the belt.


Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.

A special meeting of the Horticultuural Society will be held at the COURIER office, on Saturday, Dec. 16th, at 2 p.m. An article on the prospective market for the fruits and vegetables of Southern Kansas, by Elder Cairns, and one from Mr. Hogue, on the most profitable apples to grow in our section, will be read and commented upon previous to publication. Come one and all and have an intellectual treat. County papers please copy.

J. F. MARTIN, President.


Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.

Miss Jennie Hane, Mrs. Jewell, and Messrs. Buckman and Snow, Winfield=s best musical quartette, with Miss McCoy as instrumentalist, have kindly volunteered to add to the attractions of the temperance entertainment Friday evening by a thirty minute concert preceding the drama which is to be presented by the Temperance Dramatic Club. The quartette has been practicing a number of pieces especially for the occasion. Let all turn out and enjoy the best entertainment of the season.


Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.

The Murder Case.

Mrs. Frelinger was found guilty of murder in the second degree Saturday evening for the killing of Noella, an account of which appeared in this paper at the time. The facts as brought out in the evidence showed the act to be decidedly cold-blooded and repulsive. Mrs. Frelinger is over fifty years old and brutally ignorant. Her ignorance and vindictiveness make her a dangerous person in any community, and the sooner she is confined within the walls of the penitentiary, the safer will neighbors feel. From the evidence it seems that she and her husband and Noella had been having a family row. That she suspected Noella of stealing her cabbage, and put poison on them; that Noella suspected her of stealing his cabbage, and also put out poison, and that finally Frelinger=s horse got some cabbage and died, and the old lady claimed that it was Noella=s cabbage that the horse ate. After this the Frelinger=s made it so warm for Noella that he got afraid to stay around there, and left. After this, according to the testimony of the old lady herself, she and her husband watched many nights for him to returnCshe watching half the nigght and he the other halfCwith a gun, intending, as she said, to Ashoot him shoost like a rabbit.@ He finally did come back, in the day time, and she carried out her threat and shot him like a rabbit, killing him instantly. There was no row or words previous to the shooting, as in fact Noella was afraid of her and when she appeared he retreated. It was the most cold-blooded affair we have knowledge of. The ignorance and natural fierceness of the old woman=s nature are the only palliating features of the case.

The Court sentenced her to the penitentiary for the balance of her natural life.





Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.

About Horse Medicine.

T. H. Jackson, the famous horse-medicine man and proprietor of AJackson=s Common Sense Liniment,@ has been in the city several daysCnot for his health, as many might suppose, but to push his Liniment and to introduce his new ACommon Sense Renovating Powder,@ for pink-eye, coughs, colds, and worms in horses. The powders are not put up for chickens, goats, dogs, and to cure the ills of the whole animal kingdon, but are exclusively and emphatically for the purposes set forth above. We have interviewed several of our liverymen on the subject. W. L. Hands says: AJackson=s Liniment is indispensible in my barn. It saves me hundreds of dollars a year, and never fails of a quick and permanent cure. If the powders do as well as the liniment, they will be of greatest benefit to horsemen.@ Jas. H. Vance, of Major & Vance livery stable, says: AThere is no use of talking, Jackson=s liniment is the best thing out. It cures sprains and bruises on a horse every time. The renovating powders, if they are equally as effective, will do wonders for horse flesh.@ J. N. Harter says that the sale of Jackson=s Liniment is greater and gives better satisfaction than all the other liniments in the market. Druggist Brown also recommends it highly. It is for sale by them and all druggists.


Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.

The entertainment to have been given this (Thursday) evening by the Temperance Dramatic Club of this city, has been postponed to Friday evening, on account of the Presbyterian social and Musical Union, which both hold tonight. There is nothing to interfere Freiday evening with their having a large attendance. AFruits of the Wine Cup@ is one of the best temperance dramas published, and will be presented by excellent amateur talent. The Winfield Orchestra will furnish the music.


Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.

The Catholic Thanksgiving Fair at the Opera House last week passed off very pleasantly and was a source of profit to the church. On Thanksgiving evening a social ball was given and a general good time indulged in. The occasion will long be remembered, by those who participated therein, as a very pleasant one.


Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.

Mr. John Siverd, a brother of Capt. H. H. Siverd, dropped in on him suddenly Monday. They had not seen each other for twenty-two yearsCsince before the war, and the meeting was certainly a pleasant one. Mr. Siverd will spend some time here.


Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.

Miss Mattie Coldwell came down from McPherson last week and will spend the winter in Winfield. This will be gratifying news to her many friends in this city.




Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.

Don=t forget that Smith Bros., are going out of business, and that they will sell you anything you want at cost, or about one-half or two thirds what others will ask.


Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.

The social by the ladies at the Presbyterian Church and the meeting of the Musical Union will make a fine combination for Thursday night.


Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.

The Good Templars have postponed their meeting this week from Friday to Saturday evening. The members will please take notice. S. B. D.


Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.

The Ivanhoe Club met at Mrs. M. L. Robinson=s Tuesday evening. They read AKatharina,@ and the evening was spent most pleasantly.


Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.

The Musical Union meets in the audience room of the Presbyterian Church Thursday evening. Concert by the Arions.


Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.

M. Hahn & Co., are offering sixteen yards of gingham for one dollar.


Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.

The Colgate Case.

Last Thursday ended the trial of W. H. Colgate, charged with arson, in the burning of the Winfield mill of Bliss & Wood, with a verdict of acquittal.

The verdict was received in this community with expressions of surprise, astonishment, and indignation. Even the counsel and friends of the defendant seemed to be surprised in common with others. The jury and some of the witnesses were severely criticized and much feeling was manifested.

While we do not know on what theory the jury arrived at their verdict, we are disposed to assume that they did their duty as they understood it; and so far as the witnesses are concerned, though there were some glaring discrepancies between statements of different witnesses, we conclude that each intended to tell the exact truth, and that amid the various excitements and circumstances around the case, and on viewing things from different standpoints, some facts got misplaced in the minds of some witnessses, or were forgotten by others, which caused the discrepancies, most of which can readily be explained. We have the highest respect for those witnesses and believe their statements were conscientiously made.

We shall therefore content ourselves with giving a short resume of the evidence and general features of the case, ignoring some unpleasant rumors which may be entirely destitute of foundation in fact.

The evidence showed that about the first of April last, Bliss & Wood employed the defendant to keep their books in the mill. He had charge of the settlements with and payment of the hands and the payment of wheat purchases. He drew checks for these on the bank and kept all the accounts of the office. He was to make a monthly statement of his accounts for the inspection of Bliss & Wood, the proprietors. He had been in this position four months up to last August and had made no such statement. Wood urged him for a statement, and he excused himself on the ground that he had so much to attend to that he could not get time. Wood employed a Mr. Curry to help Colgate write up and examine the books and make the required statement. Colgate excitedly objected to having Curry=s assistance on the books, but Wood kept him at work. Curry found the books in bad condition, not posted up and with some items on debit side which should have been on credit side and vice versa. On Saturday, August 11th, he discovered a check which had been raised fifteen dollars; or rather, the entry on the books was fifteen dollars less than the face of the check. This Colgate explained in a plausible way, and it was agreed that the next day, Sunday, both Colgate nd Curry should work at the books all day and try to straighten them out and make the required statement. That evening three of the hands working at the mill were fishing just below the mill at the race until half past ten when they left for home, and in passing by the office in the north wing of the mill, saw Colgate in there with a light at work at the books.

After midnight or about 2 o=clock of Sunday morning, the 12th, the mill was discovered to be in flames. Those who got to the fire first, saw many things which together went to prove that the fire originated in the office. The office was in the south side of a wing extending east from the main building. Between the office and the main building was the engine room in the wing. The fire appeared to have been kindled on the office floor, burned through two doors into the engine room through an opening into the stairway of the main building, where a great amount of inflammable material and a draft above soon filled the whole interior of the main building with flames.

Soon a considerable crowd of spectators were present and one of them picked up a pocket book belonging to Colgate, about a hundred and fifty yards from the mill in the direction of Colgate=s residence. The book contained mill checks and had been usually kept in a drawer in the office of the mill.

A lawyer or detective by the name of Merrick was employed by Wood two or three days later to help him investigate the case. Bliss returned from an absence two or three days after the mill was destroyed; and Bliss, Wood, and Merrick formed a plan to obtain a confession from Colgate. Bliss was to get Colgate into a room in his house, while Merrick and Spencer Bliss should hear the conversation through a transom into the next room. The plan succeeded. The interview lasted several hours and resulted in a confession, substantially that he, Colgate, was alarmed at the thought that some exposures would result from the examination of the books the next day, returned to the mill on Saturday evening, the 11th, and worked all the evening at the books trying to fix them up; that in his attempts he made some erasures and changes that showed so badly that they would call attention to the falsifications. He left the mill in an agitated state of mind and went home. About midnight he returned and tore out some of the mutilated leaves of the books; he then concluded there was no other way than to destroy the books. He attempted to put them in the stove, but they were too large to go in, so he tore them up more, made a pile of them on the floor, poured kerosene oil on them, set them on fire, and left for home.

There is some discrepancy to whether at this talk or a subsequent one with Bliss, Colgate said he put a sheet iron under the books before firing them and that after the books were burned, he stamped out the fire and threw the sheet iron out of doors, and that he did not intend to burn the mill; but the doubts expressed by Bliss, and the positive testimony of Spencer and Merrick showed conclusively that this was not a part of the first confession, and the outside evidence tends to show that there was no sheet iron about it.

Of course, we cannot give in one newspaper article all the evidence given by fifteen witnesses in eight days, but can only give the general sum of the testimony. We will say here that the prosecution was conducted with consummate skillC that there were no omissionsC but every possible scrap of evidence that could be found bearing on the case in any degree was brought out.

It is clear that without the confession there was not evidence enough to convict. It was mainly valuable as tending to confirm the statements of the confession. A considerable portion of the time of the trial was consumed in evidence and arguments as to the admissibility of the confession in evidence; but it was admitted by the judge, and the jury was properly instructed thereon, and on other points as follows.

AIn order to constitute arson, the act of burning the building must have been actuated by a criminal intent. To use the language of the statute, it must have been done willfully, that is, designedly, and with an evil intent without justifiable cause. It is not necessary however in every case, that the accused should have entertained a specific intent to burn the building for the burning of which he is charged. For instance; if a bookkeeper employed by a firm which is engaged in operating a grist mill, for the purpose of destroying the books of account kept by him for his employers, should willfully set fire to and burn such books of account in the mill, under such circumstances as that the firing and burning of such books would probably result in the burning of the mill, and such a result should follow, he woul be guilty of arson in so burning the mill. . . .

AWhen the verbal admissions of a person charged with crime is offered in evidence, it should be received with great caution. It should be remembered that there is always danger of mistake from the misapprehension of witnesses, the misuse of words, the failure of the party to express his own meaning, and the infirmity of human memory. Deliberate and voluntary confessions of guilt, however, are among the most effectual proofs of the law. Their value, though, depends on the supposition that they are deliberate and voluntary, and on the presumption that a rational being will not make admissions prejudicial to his interest and safety, unless when urged by the promptings of truth and conscience. The jury should, however, in every case scrutinize closely the circumstances under which they were made, in order to ascertain what weight should be given to them.

AWhere the verbal admission of a person charged with a criminal offense has been offered in evidence, the whole of the admission should be taken together; as well that part which makes for the accused as that part which makes against him; and if the part of the statement which is in his favor is not disproved and is not apparently improbable or untrue when considered with all the other evidence in the case, then such part of the statement is entitled to as much consideration by the jury as any other part of the statement. But the jury are not obliged to believe all of such statement; they may disregard such portions of it as are inconsistent with other testimony, or which the jury believe, from the facts and circumstances proved on the trial, are untrue.

AThe credit and weight to be given to admissions of guilt depend very much upon what the admissions are. If the crime itself, as charged, is proved by other testimony, and it is also proved by other testimony that the defendant was so situated as to have an opportunity to commit the crime, or that he had a motive for so doing, and his confessions are consistent with such proof and corroborative of it, and the witnesses who testify to the admissions are apparently truthful, honest, and intelligent, these confessions so made, if they appear to have been made freely and voluntarily, and to have been clearly identified by the witnesses, are entitled to great weight with the jury.

AThe jury are the exclusive judges of what facts have been proven in the case; of the credibility of the witnesses, and of the weight of the evidence.@


Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.

In Memoriam.

DIED. In the death of Mrs. Mattie J. Bair, the truthful saying that ADeath loves a shining mark,@ has been fully realized. The daily span of life also proves to us that death is relentless and untiring, and strikes alike at the high and the low, the rich and the poor. Sorrow follows in his footsteps and he makes a plaything of grief and causes the hearts of the living to bleed in the presence of the quiet rest of the dead.

The subject of this notice was in many respects a remarkable woman. She was gifted in both speech and song and was possessed of more than ordinary intelligence. Although of a modest and unassuming nature, she never hesitated to denounce wrong and injustice. Possessed of a gentle and loving disposition, she drew her family and friends around her by the most affectionate ties. Her friends were many wherever she was known, and those who loved her most were those who knew her best. The secret of all this was that kindness was her scepter. She was a faithful follower of divine inspiration. Her religious belief was not limited to time=s short space or circumscribed by the narrow bounds of earth, and so with a clear brain and unclouded vision she calmly and quietly passed away, undisturbed by the fancies and uncertainties of philosophy, trusting fully in that faith that is attested from Heaven and affirmed by him whose word is eternal truth. And so she died. But no! Longfellow has told us with poetic prophecy

AThere is no death! What seems so is transition;

This life of mortal breath

Is but a suburb of the life elysian

Whose portal we call death.@

Floral, Kansas, Dec. 2nd, 1882. . . .


Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.

The markets today (Wenesday) are about the same as last week. Wheat brings 65 to 70 cents. Corn is down a little and now brings 28 cents. Hogs are quoted at $5.00 to $5.50. In the produce market prices are good, butter brings 25 cents, eggs 25 cents, turkeys, live $7.50 to $8.00, dressed 9 to 10 cents per lb. Chickens $2.00 to $2.75. Potatoes 75 cents to $1.00; turnips 35 cents; onions 50 cents to 75 cents.


Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.

Mr. and Mrs. Albro, Misses Ida McDonald, Cora Berkey, Ettie Robinson, Jennie Hane, and Jessie Millington, and Messrs. Noble, Berkey, Miner, Davis, Albright, Wilson, Zenor, Nixon, and others of Winfield, and Conductor and Mrs. Miller of Arkansas City, attended the Opera at Wichita Monday evening.


Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.

I wish to thank the many friends who assisted in making my annual fair such a grand success. The net receipts will be about four hundred dollars, thanks to my friends and the public generally. REV. G. M. KELLY.



Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.

Our entire stock of choice goods must be sold by February 1st, 1883. Come early; get all you want at cost. You will save 50 cents, $1.00, and $1.50 per pair and don=t you forget it.



Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.

Two Cedarvale doctors, McFarlan and E. M. Donaldson, had a set-to in a livery stable in this city on Tuesday, in which McFarlan got the worst of it. The row occurred over a debt that McFarlan had neglected to settle.


Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.

Miss Maggie Burrows of Oceola, Iowa, spent Thanksgiving week in our city, the guest of Mrs. E. P. Hickok. She leaves with pleasant memories of her visit and a favorable impression of Winfield.


Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.

Col. Alexander left for Florida Monday. His daughter, Mrs. Rhodes and family, accompanied him. They have abandoned Winfield permanently, but leave many friends behind, who wish them much joy in their new home.


Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.

Mr. A. M. Crotsley of the Cana Valley Herald at Grenola was in the city Tuesday and paid us a visit. Mr. Crotsley is making an excellent little paper of the Herald.


Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.

A. B. Lemmon left the cares of journalism behind him, long enough to come down and spend Sunday with friends here.

Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.

Charlie Harter has purchased C. C. Black=s interest in the Brettun House and is now the sole landlord of that excellent institution.


Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.

Be sure to obtain a chance for the ASpanish Dancing Girl,@ as you may be the lucky one that will get it. Each person buying goods to the worth of one dollar is entitled to a ticket for the same gratis.


Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.

A decorated cup and saucer given away with every package of browned coffee at McGuire Bros.


Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.

Be sure to visit Goldsmith=s holiday emporium, for you will find there anything in the line of holiday gifts at popular prices.

A full set of Dickens=, 15 volumes, for $8.50 at Goldsmith=s Book Store.

Look at the fine Autograph Albums at Goldsmith=s.

Dolls in great variety very cheap at Goldsmith=s.

Ladies= Bags at Goldsmith=s.


Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.

Forty-five cents will buy three yards of heavy shirting flannel at the Bee Hive Store.

Twelve yards of fair or ten yards of splendid cotton flannel for one dollar at the Bee Hive.


Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.

We have a package of letters at this office belonging to T. S. Smith, which were picked up in the road.


Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.

Mr. and Mrs. Reed Robinson came in Tuesday evening and will spend a week visiting their friends here.


Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.

Homes= Electric Belt.

Mr. S. S. Holloway has been appointed agent for the celebrated Homes= Electric Belt, for this city and county. For all nervous diseases it is the finest thing yet discovered. Of late years the wonderful efficacy of electricity in curing diseases has been recognized by all physicians of any standing, and the electric battery is in constant use. This belt is a battery of itself. Mr. Holloway was first induced to try it himself, and its effects upon him were so decided and effectual, that he was convinced of its efficacy. No person afflicted with any nervous disorder should be without one.

After using Dr. Homes= Electric Belt for several weeks, Mr. Holloway says he is fully satisfied that it is really a wonderful remedial agent in the cure of very many diseases prevalent amongst usCespecially in cases of low vitality, nervous prostration, general debility, disease of kidneys, indigestion, etc.

The electric Truss for hernia is warranted to cure in certain cases, and always to be easy to wearer without chafing or making sores in any manner.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.


Save Your Hair.

The Indians of the territory threaten to scalp hunting parties from Kansas the first time they are caught killing game on their land.

Reported Indian Bald.

A report was received at the Indian Office from Fort Custer to the effect that a party of twenty Indians, supposed to be Plegans, made a raid upon Crow scouts near Little Big Horn river and ran off four hundred head of ponies; that the Crows pursued and recovered the stolen stock and killed two of the thieves; that the Plegans threatened to steal the Crows poor this winter.

Cars All in Use.

The unprecedented demand for cars, which is made upon all Kansas roads at the present time, is due to several causes, principal among which is the tremendous corn crop, and the desire to get this corn to market before the price falls. A very great quantity has been forwarded to New York to catch the high price which recently prevailed there, and it will take fully two weeks before the cars can get bck, as the roads to which they are delivered are also short of cars and will use them until their own get back.

Tobacco Tax.

The report of the Committee on Ways and Means accompanying the bill abolishing internal revenue taxes on tobacco, etc., says that the revenue derived from tobacco in 1882 aggregated nearly $18,000,000, and adds that the committee is persuaded that the time has come when these taxes should be repealed, as tobacco is one of the staples that enter into our international trade. The Government should at the earliest possible day remove every restriction therefrom as a measure of sound commercial policy. Mr. Kasson, of Iowa, will probably draw up a statement containing the views of the minority.

Trouble Below.

It seems that the Indian authorities are causing the cattle men along the Cherokee strip some trouble, and last Friday night a party of stock dealers from south of Sumner County passed through Oswego on their way to Tahlequah to try to adjust matters. The party owns in round numbers 300,000 head of cattle.



Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

Enterprise Items. [FRONT PAGE.]

An Iowa girl who ran away with her sister=s lover took along the sister=s wedding outfit also. This was out of pure tenderness, that the girl who was left might not have her feelings harrowed up by looking at the clothes.

J. L. G=ltfelter, late of New Sharon, Iowa, has located in our growing little city. He will engage in the implement business. He brings the very best of recommendations and will no doubt succeed in anything he undertakes. [Geltfelter??]

There has been more corn shipped from Burden in the last two months than from any other point on the road west of Independence. We now have three shellers in operation with a shelling capacity of 3,500 bushels per day.

J. R. Russell noticed the local in last week=s Enterprise, stating the Greenback party was lost. He says whoever found it had better give it up as there is a penalty for holding anything found awaiting for a reward to be offered, when the value of the article does not exceed $1.50.

The COURIER complains of the telegraph operators at Winfield, and we have noticed that the COURIER never complains without just cause against any employee or officer, and would advise the company to heed their demands if they expect to get along well with thhe good people of that place.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

Mr. Jessie Mulvane won the heifer at the Catholic fair on No. 10.


Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.

New Salem Pencilings.

Mr. Archer drives a fine team of Hamiltonians.

Mr. Roberts has returned to his home in Ohio.

Mr. John Walker is decidedly better than when I last wrote.

Mr. Miles and Mr. Baker have beenn off quite lately for apples.

Rev. Graham has closed his meeting at Walnut and is home again.

Mr. Allen is home from his visit and is a Salem businessman again.

Hoyland and sons sold quite a number of their cattle some time ago.

Mrs. Hopping received a box of fine fruit, jellies, etc., from her home in Indiana.

Prayer meeting will be on Friday evenings at the schoolhouse in Aeast@ Salem.

Mr. Bovee=s have the Aboss@ heating stove in this vicinityCa base burner, and a beauty.

Mrs. C. Miles has returned from her recent visit to Indiana, and we gladly welcome her back.

Mr. McMillen is shipping corn from Salem, or has contracted to furnish six hundred bushels.

Mrs. J. W. Hoyland was quite sick, but under the care of Dr. Davis soon recovered her former health.

Mr. Miller is buildingg a new house, or rather adding to one he has moved on to his land near the railroad.

Miss Mary Randall of Winfield has been the guest of Tirzah Hoyland for several days. Also visited Mrs. Vance and Mrs. J. E. Hoyland.


Mrs. Rief had the misfortune to lose her parrot. It suffered with a cold for some time and then its busy tongue grew silent forever. Poor Polly!

Messrs. Avis and Edward Christopher have a corn sheller, and intend putting it up at the Salem station, and will shell for all who desire their services.

Some times when we feel tired, sad, and weary in body and mind, it does us good to sit down and have a quiet chat with those we love, and dare to imagine they think kindly at least of us.

Once in awhile I enjoy the privilege of attending Sunday school at Prairie Home schoolhouse. They have a very interesting school, and all seem to work together well. The school is superintended at present by Avis.

Mr. Sutton has been away for some time, but returned lately, bringing his little motherless girl along, and she is now visiting with her grandma Chapell. Mr. Chapell has been afflicted with rheumatism all winter, but is able to be around.

Mr. Doolittle has been visiting his sister, Mrs. Martin, and seemed quite delighted with our beautiful prairies. He has returned to his Illinois home, but we expect to some time see him in Salem as a resident. We do not think he will regret his choice should he ever choose this as his home.

Mrs. Edgar spent several days with friends in Grenola and had a delightful time, but Mr. Edgar does not enjoy Asingle blessedness,@ for he was as glad to see his wife as though he had fasted during his stay. So thus we see the truth of the old saying about man and womanC@Useless one without the other.@

There was a very pleasant little social party of invited guests in the home of Mr. and Mrs. G. D. Vance on Thursday evening, the 28th of November, and although the evening was quite cold, there was much good cheer inside, and the delicious bivalves with the other good things which Mrs. Vance had prepared, were enjoyed to the utmost by the smiling guests.


What glorious weather for old December to whom we always compare everything that is gloomy, cold, and forbidding. The sun is shining brightly and the pure air is inviting us to come out and drink in its sweetness, but I for one have to sit here alone and scribble for your perusal, and from many of you I never even hear one word. It seems so very long since I last addressed you, and yet I have not missed writing at the usual time.

A piece of land two acres in size has been bought of Mr. Perry as a place for burying our dead. It is beautifully located and can be made to look nicely by spending some time and money on it. It seems as though the home of resting place of our dearly loved ones should be beautiful with trees and flowers. May the time be very far in the future >ere any of the good neighbors or friends in Salem are consigned to the silent grave.

Miss Merriam spent Thanksgiving in the city. Quite a number of our young people attended the ball at Burden that evening. Others had an excellent supper at the schoolhouse, and the ladies had allCor very nearly allCmade neckties of the same material as their dress worn on that Aoccasion.@ They were done up in envelopes, placed in a box, and the men drew them, and then had to hunt up their partners and escort them to supper. It created ever so much fun, and it was a mixed mess of married men and maidens, single men and married ladies, and so on. Your Olivia chanced to get a single man, and one to whom I had never spoken until that eve, and as he was a very bashful youth, I fear he did not enjoy his supper, and I did not take time to talk to him, but put most of my attention to the goodies on the table. OLIVIA.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

Cedarvale Jottings.

Mr. H. Fisher, formerly of Cowley County, has bought property and settled in our midst.

Doctor McFarland has left. Many are mourning for himCor rather for the amounts he left unpaid. [NOTE: PREVIOUS ARTICLE CALLED HIM McFarlan.]

J. T. Steves is here canvassing for Redpath=s history of the United States. The work sells well. Our people appreciate a good book.

Mr. J. Stark, of Ypsilanti, Michigan, is visiting his sons, O. F. And O. B. Stark. His daughter, Miss A. Stark, accompanied him.

Thanksgiving day was devoted by the Methodists to the raising of funds for the purpose of finishing their church. A festival and oyster supper were the means by which they procured $51.50. Many of the young folks went from the church to the dance. GENE.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

School Report, District 8.

The following is the monthly report of District 8 for the month ending Nov. 24, 1882.

Names of scholars present every day during the month: Seland Bernard, Rosa Davis, Katie Hopkins, Andrew Jackson, Thomas Jackson, Minnie Mock, Hettie Mock, Myrtle Mock, Delorak [?Deloras?] Mock.

The following are the averages received by the higher grades during the month:

Ida Hurst 96, Carrie Jackson 96-1/2, Andrw Jackson 91, Rosa Davis 89, Thomas Mock 94-1/2, Esther Hopkins 95-1/2, Minnie Mock 95-1/2, Myrtle Hopkins 97, Allie Hubbard 93, Emma Seibert 89, Parker 90, Arthur Buman 90. WILL TREMOR, Teacher.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

Constant News.

Mr. A. C. Holland has purchased a farm in the classic Grouse Valley.

Elihu Anderson returned from Newton Thanksgiving day. We are glad to see him at home again.

Mr. F. D. Givler and lady were visiting friends and relatives, and making turkey scarce in this neighborhood this week.

Corn husking is the absorbing topic of conversation among the farmers, and comparing sore hands is next in importance.

Once more Thanksgiving is over and gone, and in consequence thereof many an old turkey gobbler has gone to join the angels; yet the great, grasping, ggrinding world goes on just the same as before. Each day brings its toils and its pleasures.

As pleasant a company of young people as one would care to see, assembled at the residence of Mr. Cronk on last Friday evening and tripped the light fantastic toe, till the Awee sma@ hours. It was one of those pleasant, good natured parties which one remembers with pleasure.

Mrs. Ed. Chapin gave an excellent dinner, on Thanksgiving day, to as jolly a party of friends and relatives as it has ever been our lot to witness. Mrs. Chapin=s excellence in the culinary art was fully attested by the profusion of good things temptingly arranged before her hungry guests. To say that they all did justice to the many Agoodies@ would be using a mild term. If you want a good dinner, go to Mrs. Chapin=s. CAESAR.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

Teachers= Association.

The next meeting of the Winfield Division of Teachers= Association will be held at the Excelsior schoolhouse, three miles south of Winfield, Friday evening, Dec. 15, at 7 o=clock p.m. Program for the evening as follows:

1. Music by the school.

2. Address of welcome by Miss Sadie Pickering.

3. Response by W. R. Beaumont.

4. Exercises by school.

5. Needs of our school system, by Herriott and F. H. Burton, followed by general discussions of same by all present.

6. Music and adjournment to meet Saturday, December 16, at 9 o=clock.

Saturday=s program, assigned as follows:

1. Methods of teaching beginners in reading: [a] Alphabetic, [b] Word, [c] Phonic, [d] Sentence, to Miss C. Bliss and J. H. Crotsley.

2. Cause of the Revolution, to Miss A. L. Hunt and Mr. R. S. White.

3. Franklin and Hamilton, to Miss Rosa Frederick and Mr. C. F. Ware.

4. Our Course of Study, tto Miss Sadie Pickering and Mr. L. McKinley.

[McKinley...thought it was McKinlay???]

5. When should the Study of Decimals Begin, to Miss Emma Gridley and Mr. W. R. Beaumont.

6. Miscellaneous.

The school Boards and patrons of Excelsior and adjoining districts, and all who are interested in school work are cordially invited to be present and take part in the discussions.

S. L. HERRIOTT, Secretary.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

Fencing the Territory.

The matter of fencing the Territory below Arkansas City and Caldwell is a subject of general conversation among stock men, and it is the prevailing opinion that the small stock owners are being shamefully outraged by it. Below Arkansas City the entire country for twenty miles south, and twenty-five east and west is being fenced by parties from Pennsylvania to the exclusion of men who have been there for years and paid the tax regularly to the Cherokee Nation, under the assurance that they would be permitted to remain there as long as the Cherokees had control of the lands. It will prove not only a great detriment to the farmers along the State line, but to every mode of travel, as gates will have to be opened and closed, and in time of high waters when different routes have to be taken where there are no gates. The matter should be brought before the proper authorities and some action taken. S. M. C.



Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

Lone Star School.

The following is the report of the Lone Star school for the month ending Nov. 24.

No. of pupils enrolled, 30; Average attendance, 23; No. of pupils neither absent nor tardy, 6. Names of pupils who have been 100 in deportment: Tracy Stansbury, Altie Stansbury, Sherman Stansbury, Laura Warrenburg, Emma Keller, Ida Keller, Nora Corby, Annie Geiser, Allie Coulson, Jos. Bright, Ella Cadle, Sophie Geiser, Charlie Cadle, Mary Cadle, Allie Davis, Minnie Haven. FLORENCE M. GOODWIN.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

The University at Ottawa, Kansas, has organized a Young Men=s Christian Association. There is also one in connection with Lawrence College with 50 members. Would it not be well to have one in Winfield? What say our young men? C. J.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.


To close up the matter Arabi Pasha plead guilty to rebellion and was sentenced to death. England interfered and got the sentence commuted to banishment. Arabi is grateful and will banish himself to London, where he will show his English benefactors that he is the right kind of a man.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.


The report of the comptroller of the currency brings out the fact that the national banking system from the time of its inception to date has cost the government $5,400,000. During the same time the government has collected taxes from the banks amounting to $118,005,706.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.


The six leading agricultural productions of the United States, according to the census report for 1880, were in the following order: Corn, wheat, hay, cotton, oats, and potatoes. The value of the first was $600,000,000, of wheat $500,000,000, hay $330,000,000, cotton $242,000,000, oats $130,000,000, and potatoes $73,000,000.




Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.


The Kansas City Journal has a report that a Russian officer is in this country for the purpose of organizing a body guard for the Czar to be composed of the most nervy, quick, and active men in the country, men of undaunted courage, quick and sure with the pistol and rifle who have had great experiences in killing, such as Bat Masterson, Frank James, Dick Liddell, Rowdy Joe, and the Earp brothers. They would be paid high salaries and could be trusted with the life and protection of the Czar for their fortunes would depend upon his safety, while Russia is honey-combed with nihilism and has nobody which the Czar dares to trust.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.


The postal service of the country is self sustaining for the first time in thirty years. This has been brought about by wise legislation and wise economy. Postage on letters and newspapers should now be reduced, or rather, on the latter it should be abolished altogether. Republican members of congress can score a big point by attending to this. K. C. Journal.

Yes, the abolition of postage on newspapers altogether would be a fine ticket for a Republican congress to go before the people with. As it is, the letter writers pay many millions of dollars annually in postage on their letters to support the department in carrying newspapers at one-tenth of the actual cost of carrying them to the department. Letters pay an average postage of more than one dollar per pound. Newspapers are carried, say, one half of them at two cents per pound and the other half free, making an average of about one cent per pound. The actual cost to the department for carrying newspapers is much greater than for carrying letters, yet the revenue from letters is perhaps one hundred times as much as for carrying newspapers. The only claim which is put forth for free newspaper carriage is that newspapers are educators and government should carry them free, to promote education and intelligence among the people. If true, is that any reason that the letter wirters should be compelled to educate the people at their sole expense? Is not letter writing a means of education too? On the same plea, why should not the government carry all letters free? Why should this means of education be taxed five or ten times its cost to the government to pay for carrying the other means of education free?

But this is not the real reason why there is a clamor for free transportation of newspapers. The clamor orginates with great monopolies in the east and is intended to secure a still greater monopoly. The great metropolitan journals have all the advantage as it is, over the journals of the smaller cities and towns throughout the country, in the fact that the government carries their paper in the mails at the rate of two cents a pound for any distance because it is printed before shipment from the headquarters of supplies to the publishers in the other towns throughout the Union for less than sixteen cents a pound and then it is limited to four pound packages while the monopolists can ship their wares by the ton. Thus these great monopolies can compete with the lesser journals of the country with an advantage off fourteen cents a pound, given them by the government, and the government collects this vast bonus to the monopolists from the letter writers.

But the monopolies would say: The country journals need not ship by mail, for they can buy their paper nearer home and ship by railroad when their freight need not cost them more than two cents per pound. We answer that wherever we buy, the cost will not be less laid down at our door than if we should buy in New York, and to most of the country the lowest freights from New York on printing paper is much over two ceants a pound; but, if it were not, it affords no excuse for asking the government to carry for monopolists free. Again they tell us that the newspapers published in small towns now circulate through the mails free in their own counties. True, and so do the great metropolitan journals, and these latter get many times more benefit from their free county circulation than the former.

Some of these great monopolies are supposed to make half a million or more of dollars a year out of their newspapers. The New York Herald, for instance, probably makes considerable more than that. It pays perhaps a hundred thousand dollars a year postage on its circulation or rather as freight through the mails at the extremely low rate of two cents a pound. Why should the government give that paper a bonus of a hundred thousand dollars a year in addition to the bonus it already gives it by carrying its circulation for half a million less than it costs the government?

How would it do for government to carry dry goods free for A. T. Stewart & Co., or other New Yorrk monopolists to customers in Winfield in order to give them an advantage over Baird, Lynn, Baden, McDonald, and Hahn in this market?

The newspapers all over the counttry ought to raise their voices, write their members of congress, and frown this thing down.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.


Extensive arrests have recently been made by the Indian police of parties hunting buffalo and other game on the reservations in the Indian Territory. There is a federal law against hunting on these lands, with the penalty of a heavy fine and confiscation of effects. The Indian authorities say they are determined to stop this government invasion, and have issued instructions to arrest all outside hunting parties found on the reservation and confiscate their property. Hunters from Kansas, Missouri, Illinois, Texas, and other states are already arrested, and will be arraigned before the nearest United States court.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.


The amount of money in this country on November 1, 1882, was about as follows.

Gold coin: $567,105,456. Silver coin: $$212,324,325. Greenbacks: $446,681,916.

National Bank notes: $362,727,747. TOTAL: $1,488,838,554.

If the total sum was in gold coin, it would take 275 railroad cars to carry it, if you limited the carloads to twenty thousand pounds avoirdupois each. In silver coin it would take 4,387 cars. If one should count $100 a minutes, counting 10 hours a day and 300 days a year, it would take him 82 years, 213 days, 9 hours, 45 minutes, and 36 seconds to count it.



Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

Teachers= Association.

The teachers of the Burden Division will meet in association at the Burden school building Saturday, December 16, at 10 o=clock a.m. The following program indicates the teachers of the Burden Division and the work assigned them for the next meeting.

1. Methods in teaching beginners in reading: T. J. Rude, E. A. Millard, Misses Jennie Hicks, Maude Leedy and Lizzie Burden.

2. Causes of the Revolution: Chas. Walch, R. O. Stearns, Chas. Messenger, Ansel Gridley, Misses Hattie Ponttius, and Jennie Davy.

3. Franklin and Hamilton: P. L. Anderson, E. J. Johnson, Grant Wilkins, J. W. Rhamey [?NOT SURE RHAMEY IS CORRECT?], Misses May Christopher, and Alice Dunham.

4. The needs of our school system: J. H. Hutchison, R. B. Corson, RR. S. White, J. W. Hilsabeck, P. E. Whitney, and Miss Kate Martin.

5. Our course of study: H. T. Albert, A. L. Crow, James Tull, D. W. Ramage, Morton Akers, and W. H. Lucas.

6. Miscellaneous: Let each teacher come prepared with some miscellaneous matter.

The division embraces the townships of south Richland, Omnia, Harvey, Windsor, and Silver Creek. It is hoped that the meeting will be largely attended by the teachers and others interested in the case of education.


E. A. MILLARD, President.




Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

Council Proceedings.


Council met in regular session, Mayor M. G. Troup presiding.

Roll called: Present, Councilmen Read, McMullen and Gary; City Attorney and Clerk.

Minutes of last regular session read and approved.

The Police Judge=s reports for the months of September and October were read and referred to Committe on Finance.

The following bills were presented, allowed, and ordered paid:

L. C. Fleming, Repairs City tools: $1.50.

S. C. Smith, services City Eng.: $12.50.

G. B. Rowland, street and alley crossings: $19.20.

City Officers, salaries Nov.: $67.90.

David C. Beach, services Reg. Books: $15.00.

The following bills were approved and recommended to the County Commissioners for payment:

Wallis & Wallis, goods for City poor: $30.00.

J. A. Earnest: $5.00.

Bill of Horning & Whitney for scythe, nails, and scythe stone, $1.15, was referred to the Finance Committtee.

The council were addressed by a committtee of ladies in the question of an appropriation to the City Library.

It was moved by Col. McMullen that the City Council appropriate the sume of $25.00 per month for a City Library in accordance with the petition filed in this case. Motion lost.

Bond of L. H. Webb as City Clerk, with W. C. Robinson, J. Wade McDonald, W. S. Mendenahll, and J. S. Mann, as sureties, was read and approved by the Council.

The following resolution was adopted: Resolved, That the Mayor and Council hereby tender their thanks to David C. Beach for the faithful and efficient manner in which he has performed the duties of the office of City Clerk.

On motion Council adjourned.

M. G. TROUP, Mayor.

Attest: DAVID C. BEACH, City Clerk.




Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

Items from Rock.

Rock is booming. Our school numbers 64 and is progressing finely.

MARRIED. Joseph Stuart was married last week to a sister of his first wife.

Miss Lou Strong is teaching her first school near here, and doing well.

A Mr. Meech has about 1,000 head of sheep in the neighborhood feeding them.

Geo. M. Turner sold his hogs a few days since at $5.60, delivering them at Winfield.

The Teachers= Association of Rock Division was held at Little Dutch last Saturday with a good attendance.

Uncle Johnnie Holmes shipped to Kansas City last week 154 hogs averaging 328 in Kansas City, selling for $6.25.

Give-a-dam Jones was hunting last Saturday and brought home with him 10 quails. AWhere did he git =em?@

C. M. Leavitt began his night school last week with good attendance. He teaches bookkeeping, arithmetic, and penmanship.

Wm. Thompson has gone to Indiana to spend a few weeks with his children. He has not been back since he left over six years ago.

Miss Lida Strong has been quite sick for the past week, causing her to dismiss her school at Udall. She will be able to continue this week.

Christmas is coming. Rock will have a Christmas tree, also music, recitations, etc., mixed in. A good time is hoped for, especially by yours truly.

Geo. Williams (Bro. Gardner) is doing a big business; selling more goods than anybody. By the way, George is one of the cleverest fellow going. Don=t you forget it. JIM


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

Notes from Fairview.

As ANebecadnazer@ is no more, Fairview Township is seldom heard from.

B. F. McKee sold his farm a few days ago. Mr. Christolear is the purchaser.

J. F. Curfman has ornamented his premises by erecting a handsome stone corn crib.

Wm. J. Orr has purchased the Hahn farm recently. Mr. Orr is one of Fairview=s well-to-do farmers.

Mr. Jo Wright has sold his farm to Mr. Monday. Jo is a good fellow. Hope the same may be said of his successor.

Mr. Handyside, the man that had a mule=s foot taken from his head the other day, is able to be up and around again.

W. W. Limbocker has filled his old cribs to overflowing and is now erecting new ones. W. W. is one of our best corn growers.

Mr. J. H. Crotsly, one of Cowley=s best teachers, holds the fort in district #1 for a term of six months and is giving good satisfaction.

Mr. Hollingworth has purchased the Howard farm in addition to the splendid farm he now occupies. He intends going into the stock busienss.

Mr. N. Baird is making some substantial improvements in the way of building stone fence. He expects to enclose a large pasture. Mr. Baird is one of our go-ahead farmers.

Mr. John Isom, one of our wide awake farmers and stock men, has returned from his farm near Arkansas City. He expects to dispose of a hundred head of his fat hogs while here.

Mr. Smith is fitting up his farm by enclosing some four or five hundred acres with rock fence for grazing purposes, beside other valuable improvements. Mr. Smith=s head is level.

Thanksgiving is past and Christmas is coming. The people of Fairview (Dist. 21) contemplate having a Christmas tree at Fairview schoolhouse on Christmas night. They expect a good time. Old Santa will be with them. [PASBY??? NOT SURE?]


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

Akron Twinklings.

Miss Green is teaching a successful school at Valley Center.

Mrs. Ahlrichs has been very low with fever for some time, but is now a little better.

I notice that Mr. F. S. Green now rides to church in a fine two hundred dollar turn-out. Prosperity, my boy.

The teachers of this division meet tonight at the Little Dutch schoolhouse in their monthly association.

J. O. Vanorsdal returned from the Territory this week loaded down with Venison and wild turkey. As a hunter J. O. is a success.

R. V. Cass, while at work blasting a well last week, had the misfortune to explode a giant powder cap in his hand, damaging one thumb so badly that amputation was necessary.

=Squire McCollim has returned home from his extended visit to Ohio and Pennsylvania. He was accompanied home by his daughter, who lives in Miami county, this State. She comes for a visit and expects to stay till after the holidays.


Uncle Robert Hanlen has added another farm to his broad acres, he having purchased the Ehrert farm, which is now occupied by Mr. Heffner. It is darkly, deeply hinted that J. D. is to occupy the farm at the expiration of Mr. Heffner=s lease, provided his girl is willing.

Two of Fairview=s schools are presided over by laidies this winter, and judging from what I hear, they are a success. Prairie Grove school is being taught by Mrs. A. H. Limerick, wife of our County Superintendent elect. If he should make as good a Superintendent as she does teacher, Cowley will have made no mistake.

J. S. Savage has the best lot of fat hogs in Fairview Township. J. S. And his boys have worked hard this summer, and their reward is a bountiful supply of both wheat and corn. By the way, we=ve all got some corn up this way this season, a great deal of which is still in the field. Hands are scarce and the farmers are compelled to husk their own corn.

What has become of all the correspondents from Fairview Township? ARoy@ and his better half, AChip Basket,@ and a host of others, myself among the number, once sought fame through the columns of the COURIER. I felt pretty badly Asot down on,@ when my last communication found its way to the waste basket, especially after taking so much pains to give you all the news. That accounts for my long absence. But for fear the other correspondents from this township are in the same boatt, and at the risk of again being cast aside, I venture (though very timidly) to jot a few of the happenings of these parts for the COURIER. MAC.

Never fear, AMac.@ Your Asetting-down on@ was purely accidental. The columns of the COURIER are always open for your remarks, which are highly appreciated both by its readers and editors.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

Northwest Creswell.

Frank Leeper has left for his old home in Illinois.

Miss Goodwin is teaching a very successful school at Lone Star this winter.

David Carder and family have returned from their extended visit to Illinois.

Mrs. Aumann, accomplanied by her father and mother, got home from Michigan a few days since.

Several of our neighbors were gone for apples and managed to get home before the last cold snap.

Corn gathering is progressing very rapidly, and the common saying is, AI want to get my corn out by Christmas.@

Miss Eliza A. Taylor of Illinois is visiting her sister, Mrs. Furry. Miss Taylor intends making her home in Kansas. She thinks of teaching next summer.

Wheat does not look as well as usual this fall on account of being sown so late. Farmers have been raising good wheat, no matter what time it was sown; but the prospects are now that the early wheat will be the best.

We had a pleasant time at Jesse Stansbury=s. A lodge was organized, known as the Royal Templars of Temperance. This is a new institution in Kansas as the Lone Star Council is the second in the State and is therefore placed on the books as No. 2. NOVUS HOMO.

Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.




Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.


Maj. Sleeth was in the city Saturday.

Purest sweet cider at McGuire Bros.

Hill=s Manual, only $5.50, at Goldsmith=s.

Poems in all styles and bindings at Goldsmith=s.

Buy your boys a drum or tool chest at Goldsmith=s.

Only a few Chatterboxes at 75 cents are left at Goldsmith=s.

Picture frames at Goldsmith=s cheaper than any in the city.

The biggest stock of cutlery in Kansas at Horning & Whitney=s.

Only a few sets of Dickens= works, 15 volumes for $8.50, at Goldsmith=s.

1000 bushels of fine apples at McGuire Bros. Will sell cheap to the trade.

Mr. William Trezise has returned from New Mexico for the winter.

A. E. Baird has put up a handsome gilt sign in front of his dry goods house.

Tomlin & Webb have put up a large and handsome sign in front of their store.

BIRTH. Station agent Smith, of the K., C. L. & S., is the father of a bran new twelve pound boy.

Mrs. Ledro Guthrie, of Wellington, is spending the week with her sister, Mrs. Dr. Mendenhall.

A few copies of latest edition of Bryant=s Library of Poetry and Song, at $4.50 at Goldsmith=s.

The next time you want your piano tuned or repaired, inquire for M. J. Stimson, Olds House.

Cowley County shipped a million and a half pounds of wool this year. How is this for a ten-year-old?

Have you seen the ASpanish Dancing Girl@ at Goldsmith=s? It may be given to you as a Christmas gift.

Hon. James McDermott and family left Tuesday for Kentucky, where they will spend the winter among friends.

Have you seen Goldsmith=s bargain counter? You can find books on most any subject you choose, at only $1.00.

Charlie Bahntge has been treating his elegant little residence to a new coat of paint turned off in a very tasty manner.

J. P. Baden is howling for more turkeys again this week. Turkeys are worth more in Winfield than any place in Kansas.

Baden received a telegraph order for two thousand pounds of dressed turkeys this morning. This is a big lot for one order.

Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.


It is rumored that Messrs. Hands & Collins will build a new livery stable on Ninth Avenue next to the old Shoeb blacksmith shop.

Whiting Bros. had forty wild turkeys and four deer hung in front of their meat market Tuesday. The game was killed in the Territory.

Mr. M. C. McIntire has purchased the McInturff photograph gallery over Wallis & Wallis= grocery store. He is reputed to be a very fine artist.

Mr. J. E. Allen bade his many friends adieu Monday and returned to Illinois, where he will stay to cheer an aged mother in her declining years.

The Ivanhoe=s will meet on next Tuesday evening with Miss Florence Beeney, at which time the club will conclude the reading of AKathrina.@

Mr. John Camp, of Bushnell, Illinois, is in the city visiting friends. He left Illinois Friday. Ice was thick enouggh to put up and snow covered everything.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

Vermilye Bros., have put out twenty-five thousand magnolia trees on their South Bend farm. Their place is justly entitled to the name AMagnolia Farm.@


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

The costs in the Colegate [NOW THEY SAY COLEGATE??? WHICH IS CORRECT? COLGATE OR COLEGATE???] case, which come out of the county, amount to $636.00. Witness fees, $296; jury fees, $240; stenographer, $60, and Sheriff and Clerk, $40.

Senator Hackney has been quite ill for the past week with a fever, brought on by the severe mental and physical strain undergone during the last term of court.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

Levi Queer returned from the Territory Tuesday, where he has been on a grand hunt. The party brought back a lot of deer and nearly a wagon load of turkey.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

Several excellent and spicy communications will be found on our first page this week. They should have gone in last week, but were unavoidably laid over.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

Rev. Tucker, assisted by Mrs. Rogers, is holding a series of revival meetings at Ottawa that seem to be stirring the foundations of that city. It is a pity that brother Sharpe is absent.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

The first work on the new Christian Church was begun Monday. It will be pushed forward rapidly. The church is located on the southeast corner of Eighth Avenue and Millington Street.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

The Temperance Dramatic Club desire us to extend their sincere thanks to the members of the Presbyterian Choir for the able assistance rendered them at their entertainment Friday evening.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

Mr. J. D. Hon, of Pleasant Valley Township, brought in a herd of hogs Monday that were the biggest attraction of the week. It was the most perfect lot ever marketed in Winfield, comprising over twenty hogs which averaged over three hundred pounds.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

The air is thick with rumors of a gambling den somewhere in this city in which a game is constantly run for high stakes; that the town is infested with gamblers; and that a man enjoying a position of trust in this city has lost six hundred dollars of his employer=s money and is on the verge of ruin and disgrace. If such is the case, the officers should do their duty and clean it out. When Mayor Troup was elected, he pledged the people of this city that he would do all in his power to suppress these dens. Now is the time for him to fulfill his pledges and instruct his Marshal to at once blot out these places.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

On last Saturday evening Mrs. J. E. Conklin entertained a company of her young friends at her pleasant home. The evening was most pleasantly spent and all were sorry when the warning hand of time pointed to Sunday morning, thus compelling the party to disperse. Mr. and Mrs. Conklin assisted by their charming guest, Miss Dinnie Swing, have the thanks of the persons below named for so pleasant a time, viz: Misses Hane, Scothorn, Beeny, McDonald, Berkey, and Millington, and Messrs. Fuller, Cairns, Robinson, Wilson, Davis, Miner, and Webb. [NOTE: BEENY SOMETIMES APPEARS AS BEENEY???]


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

Rev. F. M. Rains left Monday for Texas, where he will spend the holidays, after which he will go to Leavenworth, where he has been called to fill the pulpit of the Christian Church. We are truly sorry to have Rev. Rains leave us. Aside from being a gentleman of high intelligence and culture, he is one of the most genial, pleasant acquaintances we know of. The good people of Leavenworth are fortunate in securing such an excellent pastor for their flock.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

On behalf of the Apatent medicine department@ of this journal, we desire to exend our thanks to a friend for a package received by mail containing a photograph, intended, we suppose, to illustrate some point in the theory of evolution. It is labeled Aa relect of the political cyclone of Nov. 7th, 1882.@ It is evidently a relict of most ancient and venerable years. It is an addition to our collection of family curiosities which we are certainly proud of.

Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

MARRIED. Tuesday afternoon Wes. McEwen appeared before His Honor, Judge Gans, and procured the necessary papers empowering the preacher to join in the holy bonds of matrimony himself and Miss Sarah Bovee. Wes. has kept the matter very sly. We take this early opportunity of expressing our congratulations to the happy couple.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

The County Treasurer has received so far since tax paying time began, upwards of $19,000. This is nearly $6,000 less than was received up to this time last year, which indicates that our farmers are holding out for better prices for grain and hogs.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

Last Tuesday night a cattle man was attacked on Silver Creek by two highwaymen, who took from him sixteen hundred and five dollars. The robbers were ambushed alongside of the road and sprang out on him as he rode by. The cattle man was from Wichita on his way to Sedan. We were unable to get his name.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

F. M. Friend is agent for Decker Bros., Mathaushek, Haines, Chickering, Simpson & Co., and Story & Camp Pianos at factory prices, freight added. Also Estey, Whitney & Holmes, Chicago Cottage, Wilcox & White, and Story & Camp organs; and dealer in Howe, Household, Victor, Crown, and other sewing machines.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

William Duncan, living southeast of Winfield, was severely injured last week by his team running away, throwing him out of the wagon and bruising his head badly. He is in the care of Dr. Emerson and is doing well. At first the injuries were supposed to be fatal.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

A neat fence around the schoolhouse grounds would be a wonderful improvement to the property. We feel warranted in saying that no taxpayer would object to the expenditure necessary to fence them. It should be done this winter and trees set out in the squares in front of each building in the spring.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

We claim the right of discovery in a little paradise just over east. It is Grenola, and the reason we assign for its being so good is that there isn=t a solitary lawyer within its limits. Judge Brush was for a long time the only one, and he has been elected to a fat office and taken to the county seat.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

The Probate Court has so far during the month of December authorized the following parties to commit matrimony.


Thomas Ramsey to Elizabeth A. McCracken.

William Fowler to Josie Marshall.

R. L. Emerson to Mary Smith.

Wesley McEwen to Sarah Bovee.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

Mr. John Bates= little baby swallowed a pin Sunday afternoon, and the parents are in a deep state of anxiety over the result. We have heard of numerous cases of babies swallowing pins, but have never yet heard of a case resulting fatally.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

Sol. Burkhalter traded his livery outfit, comprising eleven head of horses, buggies, and harness, to w. A. Freeman for an eighty acre farm in Beaver Township. He still owns the barn, which he has leased to Mr. Freeman for one year.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

The ASpy of Atlanta,@ under the auspices of the Battery and G. A. R., opens at the Opera House this (Thursday) evening and will continue three nights. It is a magnificent play and those who fail to attend will miss a rare treat.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

From the action of the council, it looks as if the public library would have to wrestle for itself another season. It has been very near starvation=s door for a long time. It is too good an institution to die so young.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

Mr. P. W. Smith, of Udall, dropped in last week and made us a pleasant visit. He reports the little city flourishing in an exceptionally active way since their switch and depot became assured facts.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

J. C. Fuller has reappeared on our streets, but is looking almost the ghost of his former self. He has had a severe wrestle with disease, but seems to be coming out ahead.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

During Thanksgiving week J. P. Baden shipped an average of six hundred dollars per day in dressed poultry, making thirty-five hundred dollars worth for the week. How s this for poultry?


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

The program for the next meeting of the district Teachers= Association, which meets at Excelsior schoolhouse Friday evening, will be found on the first page.

Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

Friend=s Millinery House will offer hats and millinery at very low prices for the next thirty days to close out winter goods.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

Charlie Holloway, Cal. Swarts, and H. P. Standley were up from the city Tuesday and got their No. 10's under our mahogany.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

A good top buggy will be sold at auction Saturday, Dec. 16tth, at 1 o=clock p.m., by Walter Denning, Auctioneer.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

Sam W. Pennington has received $950.00 back pension.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

A lot of Kaw Indians were in town Monday buying provisions and trinckets.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

Woolen Mill. Mr. John Siverd, an old and experienced woolen mill man, is in the city visiting friends. In conversing with him on the feasibility of establishing a woolen mill in Winfield, he expressed the opinion that no more paying investment could be made. This county turned off this year over a million and a half pounds of wool, which was shipped east, made up into goods, and sent back. The goods could be manufactured here as well and almost as cheap as in the East, thereby saving cost of transportation both ways. Aside from this, if there were mills here, every farmer would keep a little bunch of sheep, using the wool for himself. Mr. Siverd estimates the cost of machinery for a mill which will work a hundred thousand pounds of wool at eight thousand dollars, with about five thousand more for working capital. He has been looking over the buildings in the city and finds two that will answer the purpose very well and can be had at a nominal rental. He favors the establishment of a small mill that will pay well from the start, and which can easily be enlarged as the demand for the work increases. Mr. Siver has had thirty years of constant working experience in woolen mills and his opinions are entitled to great weight.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

Cedar Township.

The family in Cedar Township mentioned by us two weeks ago are now recovered in health so as to be able to be about. They have had good attention from their neighbors and are now in comfortable circumstances. Our present informant says that our former report was overwrought and much too highly colored. The number of children were eight: three of them have died of a kind of flux, having some symptoms of scurvy, but not called by that name by the doctors attending. The three other children who were sick had only malarial fever. No blame or neglect attaches to the family or neighbors.

Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

The entertainment by the Temperance Dramatic Club Friday evening was a splendid amateur entertainment, and was tolerably well attended. The minstrel show and Presbyterian social the evening before somewhat effected the attendance. The concert by the Presbyterian Chor preceding the drama was very entertaining, and combined with Prof. Crippen=s Orchestra, made the musical part of the program most excellent. AFruits of the Wine Cup@ is a good temperance drama, and every character was represented in a way that was very commendable and earned the hearty applause of the audience. . . . We understand that they will present another play about the first of February. . . . The club is composed of young ladies and gentlemen of the Good Templar Lodge of this city.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

The Hi Henry minstrel troupe held forth at the Opera House Thursday evening to an excellent audience, for such a bad night. It is the best minstrel troupe that has ever visited Winfield and afforded much enjoyment for those who attended. The fact that the Opera House was as cold as an iceberg interfered with the comfort of the guests, and the further fact that the stove pipe fell down just in the middle of an act, filling the room with smoke and the ladies with terror, were rather discouraging to those who really appreciate a good thing. The managers of the Opera House should at once put up apparatus enough to heat the hall, or people will absolutely refuse to attend shows during cold weather. They owe it to themselves and the public to keep the hall in a comfortable condition.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

The Musical Union held a very pleasant meeting in tthe audience room of the Presbyterian Church Thursday evening. There are now about 150 members, and under the leadership of Mr. Blair, the Union cannot fail to be a source of improvement to their musical talent. The officers for this month are Mr. Geo. Cairns, president; Mrs. H. E. Asp, vice president; and Frank Greer, secretary. There is a half hour=s social, and a concert of the same length, each evening. The remainder of the time is devoted to general practice. The Union will meet regularly on Thursday evening of each week in the basement of the church.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

The Presbyterian ladies gave a supper in the basement of their church Thursday evening. A very large number were present, and the surroundings were such that all who attended must have enjoyed a pleasant evening. The basement of the church under its present arrangement is as cosy and complete as could be desired. The furniture is all owned by the Ladies Aid Society, including all the dishes and cooking utensils and a large range. The kitchen is a model of neatness and convenience, with tables, cupboards, shelves, and drawers for every purpose. It is the most cosy, homelike congregational affair we have ever seen.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

The State Teachers= Association meets at Topeka, Dec. 26, and continues in session three days. George R. Peck delivers the address of welcome. At the evening session of the second day Prof. Trimble will deliver a lecture on AThe Relations of the Teacher to the Moral Training of the Pupil.@ A large number of teachers from this county will attend. The railroad fare will be about one and one-fourth fare for round trip, which will amount to about $10.00. Hotel rates are reduced to $1.50 per day.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

F. M. Freeland is making the Ninth Avenue House one of the best dollar a day hotels in the west. Everything is neat, clean, and the table is furnished with an abundance of wholesome, well-cooked food.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

Mr. and Mrs. Will Garvey=s little baby boy has been quite ill for the past week, but on Monday the friends here received a telegram that it was much better and now out of danger.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.


A Dark and Mysterious Deed Committed in the Territory.

The Case a Sad One.

From parties lately up from the Territory we learn the particulars of another of those terrible murders of which that country is so often the scene. This one is peculiarly horrible. From the Arkansas City Democrat, we clip the following account.

AMr. S. L. Typton, who has a cattle ranch on the Cimarron River, about eighty-five miles south of this city in the Indian Territory, was in the city last Tuesday and gave us the following particulars of another dark deed in the Indian Territory. He said, >Last Sunday morning, in company with one of my cowboys, I started out to hunt up some stray stock, and after traveling some twenty miles up the river, it being about noon, we came to the conclusion to stop and eat our dinner, and were riding into the timber for that purpose when we discovered an old wagon in the bushes a short distance from the river bank, and thinking someone was camped there, we hitched our horses and went to the wagon, but were somewhat taken back when we discovered the bed was covered with blood. It was evident that a foul murder had been committed, and we commenced to look around for further developments and soon found where a body had been dragged through the sand, and following the trail about three hundred yards, we discovered the body of a man with an old butcher knife buried to the hilt in his heart. The man had evidently been dead for eight or ten days, as his body was in a putrid condition. I remained with the dead man and sent my cowboy to a ranch, about eight miles distant, and in about three hours he returned with Mr. Haygood. After Mr. Haygood arrived, we made a thorough investigation, and found three wounds on the man=s head, which apparently had been made with a club or some blunt instrument, and the knife wound, which must have been inflicted after the man was stunned by the blows upon the head, as the garments were torn away and the knife placed directly between his ribs and driven through his heart. On the body we found a small two bladed knife, ten cents in silver, and a letter which was evidently from his wife. It read as follows:



>DEAR SAM: As you said you would pass through Arkansas City, Kansas, I thought I would write to you there, as I would not have another chance until you reached Texas. The children are all well, I am feeling much better, and will start for home next week, and remain until you send for me, which I hope will not be long. I have sold all our household goods and Fred=s pony and put the money in the bank with what you left me. I wish you had left all your money here, as I am afraid that man you took with you will do you mischief. He knows you have money on your person. I shall feel uneasy until I hear from you. Don=t fail to write as soon as you get to Texas. As soon as you find a location that suits you, I will come. Fred says you must buy him another pony so he can learn to ride like the cowboys when he goes to Texas. I don=t think of anything more this time. If you don=t write on the road direct in care of father, as I will be at home before another letter could reach me. Good bye. FLORA.

>P. S.: Mary is 13 months old today and said >papa.= F.=@

No other clue than the above could be found to show the dead man=s identity. The body was buried near the spot where it was found. These Territory murders are becoming so frequent of late that it seems as if something should be done to rid out the nest of thieves and cut throats which infest it. If a man commits a crime in the state, he immediately flees to the Territory, where he follows a career of carnage and rapine unhindered by the arm of the law. If ever there was a case for a shrewd, determined officer to do his duty in, it is to ferret out the perpetrator of this deed and bring him to justice.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

WANTED. A girl to do house work. W. P. HACKNEY.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

Smith Bros, sold twelve hundred dollars worth of boots and shoes at cost the first five days of their clearing sale.

Smith Bros., have thrown their large stock of boots and shoes on the market at cost, to close business Feb. 1st, 1883.

Men=s boots of all kinds at cost: you can save from 50 cents to $1.00 per pair.



Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

Mr. Jim Burns sold his magnificent 240 acre farm north of town on the Walnut, last Monday, for six thousand dollars in cash. This is one of the best sales made for some time.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

There will be a grand masquerade at the skating rink on the evening of the 26th. It promises to be a very fine thing. None but masquers will be allowed the use off skates.




Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

Last Tuesday evening Joseph Foster, a young son of J. L. Foster of Fairview Township, had his arm broken while running after another boy. Dr. Emerson splintered the arm up and it is now doing nicely.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.

There will be a festival and oyster supper at Science Valley schoolhouse 3 miles northeast of Winfield, Thursday night, Dec. 21. Funds to be used to purchase an organ for the school and Sabbath school.


Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.


Billiard Hall for sale, doing good business; also city residence property on monthly installments. E. B. WEITZEL.

The latest novelty in gents wear is a Alace cravat@ in seal brown or steel blue, at Eli Youngheim=s.

Bortree=s Adjustable Duplex corsets. Money refunded if corset is not satisfactory.


Take your wheat, flax, oats, and castor beans to G. B. Shaw & Co., lumber yard before selling.

Cheese vat and press, in good condition, for sale. Inquire of S. A. Hanchett, or at Foults barber shop.

Fine gold rings, fine gold band rings, anything you want in the Jewelry line can be found at H. W. Faraghers.

Before purchasing you will do well to call and examine H. W. Faragher=s stock of Watches, Clocks, and Jewelry.

If you want a bureau, you will never get another chance for bargains as at present at Johnston & Hill=s.

Geese, turkey, duck, and chicken feathers, fresh from the fowls, for sale by J. P. Baden. These feathers are not scalded.

We are selling out a part of our large stock at greatly reduced prices. Come and see us and be convinced. Johnston & Hill.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.


On August 31, 1865, the national debt was $78.25 per capita of our population.

It is now $31.72 per capita. The annual interest charge on the national debt in 1865 was $4.29 per capita. It is now $1.00 per capit. By the way, what has become of the statesmen who, a few years ago, delcared that AOur public debt would be repudiated?@


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.


A few weeks ago Jay Gould, who owns the Western Union Telegraph Company, seeing a formidable rival in the Mutual Union Company, had the latter arraigned and its charter vacated upon the ground that it had violated the law by overissuing stock. Now comes a stockholder of the Western Union and asks that the charter of his own company be vacated for the same reason.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

INTERNAL REVENUE. We believe the country demands that all internal revenue shall be abolished except that raised from tobacco and liquors. Should these be abolished or even reduced, there will be a big row and the members and senators who vote for it are likely to get left the next time. The party which causes it will not get there in 1884. Whatever other reduction in revenues which the treasury and country can stand should be taken from the duties on imports.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

LAND FRAUDS. The Register and Receiver of the United States Land Office at Wichita are in receipt of an order issued by the Commissioner of the General Land Office, suspending all cash entries made by single men on the Osage Indian lands in Kansas, since June 23, 1881, where the lands lie in the counties of Sumner, Harper, Kingman, and Comanche. This order is the result of land frauds and fraudulent entries of startling magnitude in connection with these lands, perpetrated by cowboys preempting lands in the interest of stockmen, for range purposes.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

UNION PACIFIC FRAUD. It has been well said that the crying evil of our land system is the locking up of vast bodies of land by the great railroad corporations. The Union Pacific company receives patents for about 12,000,000 acres; the Central Pacific for about 8,000,000. These lands are sold in driblets, trusting to future scarcity to enliven prices. Thus about 17,000,000 acres, nominally assigned to these companies, have been virtually withdrawn from market because the companies will not go to the expense of surveying them. For these lands no patents are issued, and on them no taxes are paid. In the meantime, the supreme court, by its decision that the failure to complete a land grant railroad within the time fixed in the grant does not forfeit the lands promised, helps also to withhold these lands from market, to the injury of the actual settlers, and to the detriment of the public generally. Congress has power to remedy this crying evil. It should compel these great corporations to pay taxes on the lands withheld from market.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

SMALL-POX. The small-pox is raging in the Indian Territory, about sixty miles south of Coffeyville. Many deaths have resulted. Five persons, the entire family, were found dead in one house. The Cherokee council have appropriated several thousand dollars and employed physicians and attendants, who visit the patients, and when any die or recover, the house and contents are burned and a new house built. Hospitals have been established where patients are taken when discovered to be sick and every precaution taken to prevent its further spreading. The authorities are hopeful of confining the dread disease to its present limits.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

INTER-STATE COMMERCE. The bill introduced in the house by Representative McCord to provide for the regulation of inter-state commerce provides each railway shall on the first of March each year publish a schedule of rates. Fifty percent of the schedule of rates shall be the minimum of rates, and 50 percent above the maximum allowed to be charged in any case. These rates are to be charged for loading, a mileage rate for hauling, and are to be fixed upon the principle of impartial service for a fair corporate profit from honest public service. Consolidating discriminating pooling, etc., are prohibited and punished. A committee of nine members, one from each judicial circuit in the United States, shall be appointed by each congress to supervise, investigate, and report to congress as to the management and control of railroads under the law, and recommend amendments thereto.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

FRAUDULENT ENTRIES. It appears from the reports of tthe land office at Wichita that there has been considerable crooked work in the proving up of claims on the Osage Reservation, and the Land Commissioner has directed that certain parties who have made fraudulent filings in Sumner and Harper counties be arrested and their filings set aside.

One thing is certain and that is the government will not wink at any violation of the land laws and people who attempt to prove up on land in this country by perjury will find themselves involved in a sea of trouble.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.


An ordinance is before the City Council to charter a city water works company and is being pressed for immediate action. The subject is one of great importance, too great to be hurried through. We have not seen the proposed ordinance, but are informed that it contains two very objectionable features. One is that it binds the city to pay the company $3,000 a year perpetually. The other is, that it grants exclusive privileges to lay pipes in all parts of the city. If such features exist, they must be modified or the city will be placed under the heel of a monopoly. We give Frank Barclay and the promoters of the scheme the largest credit for working up a water-work plan intending to yield very important benefits to the city, but we know from the experience of other cities that the cure will be much worse than the disease, that we shall find ourselves in a fatal trap if this thing is hurried through without being first laid before the people to be considered, discussed, and scrutinized, with plenty of time to determine whether the measure can be improved so that its probable benefits will equal the cost to the people and at the same time leave the citty free to do better when it can.

It is thought that the works proposed would certainly not cost more than $25,000, but if it should really cost $50,000 and the city should issue $50,000 in 6 percent bonds and then own the works, the yearly interest would be only $3,000 and this is not necessarily perpetual. Besides if the citizens pay $2,000 per year for water rents with the probable increase up to $6,000, they would pay the cost of running a part of the interest and, in a reasonable time, extinguish the bonds. Thus in a few years the city would own the works clear of debt, with no perpetual $3,000 a year rents to pay. Look into this thing before you jump in the dar. There are precipices around here.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

PURCHASED ANOTHER ROUTE. Noting Jay Gould=s recent purchase of a cemetery lot at a big figure, the Chicago Times remarks that Athis may be regarded as the beginning of an attempt on his part to get control of the route to the shining shore.@


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.


E. Dorado expects the completion of the St. Louis and Fort Scott road to that city by January 1st.

Broom corrn this past season proved one of the most profitable crrops for the farmers in southern Kansas.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.


Miss Hardy is visiting her uncle, Thomas Harp.

Alfred Harcourt is down in the Territory on a hunt.

AGene@ Wilbur has a new overcoat of the latest cut.

A good attendance at S. S. Now Thomas Harp is Superintendent.

Maple molasses and buckwheat cakes at Geo. William=s. Ugh! Ugh! Ugh!

Tom Harp lost about $12 Friday. His pocked had a hole in it. No Christmas for him!

Mrr. Hoober living above here has sold his farm of 80 acres to Quincy Thompson for the sum of $1,150.

Mrs. Cato Williams, who is visiting her folks near Lawrence, is expected home soon, and then Cato will once more look happy.

Rev. Hopkins (Baptist) preached at Rock Valley schoolhouse on Sunday morning. He will preach here next Sunday morning.

James Walker had a valuable horse choked to death by the halter rope by which he was tied in the stable getting wound around his neck.

Wm. Brown has sold his farm (160) to a Mr. Shoots of Indiana, for $2,900 cash. We hope Mr. Shoots will prove as good a citizen. [?SHOOTS? SHEETS? SHOETS?] JIM.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

Council Proceedings.


Council met in regular session, Mayor Troup presiding. Roll called. Present: Councilmen Read, McMullen, Gary, and Wilson, City Attorney and Clerk. Minutes of last meeting read and approved. Finance committee given until the next regular meeting to report on all matters referred to them.

The following bills were presented, allowed, and ordered paid.

Jas. H. Bullen & Co., lumber: $3.43.

Hendricks & Wilson, tools: $4.10.

Petition of certain draymen to change the ordinance relating to dray licenses was presented. A motion was carried that the prayer of the petition be granted and the City Attorney was instructed to draw an ordinance in accordance therewith.

Petition of citizens in reference to water works was presented. On motion consideration of the matter was postponed until the next meeting.

The report of the Police Judge for the month of November, 1882, was presented and on motion referrewd to the Finance committee.

The reports of the Treasurer for the months ending Oct. 15, Nov. 15, Dec. 15, 1882, were presented, and on motion referred to the Finance committee.

The bond filed by the Police Judge was read and on motion was approved and accepted by the council.

The report of the City Clerk for the quarter ending Dec. 15, 1882, was presented and referred to the Finance committee and ordered published.

The Street Commission was ordered to report at the next regular meeting the number of those liable who have paid their road taxes and the number in default.

On motion the Council adjourned to meet on Friday evening, Dec. 22, 1882.

M. G. TROUP, Mayor.

Attest: L. H. WEBB, City Clerk.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

New Salem Pencilings.

Mr. Dalgarn theshed this week.

Mrr. Chapell has put up a good cow shed.

Mr. C. Miller has moved into his new house.

Mr. McClellan is boarding with Mr. Douglass.

Mr. Watsonberger lost a horse recently by death.

Mr. More has pitched his tent near Mr. Brown=s.

Paryer meeting was well attended on Friday evening.

Mr. Rhodes is visiting his friends, the Dalgarn family.

Hoyland and sons bought a few young cattle recently.

Mr. Brooking, we hear, is going to start for Kentucky on a visit.

Mrs. Hopping and little baby have not been feeling well lately.

Mr. Palmer, a cousin of the Misses Bovee, has been visiting them.

Mr. Middleton of Nebraska visited Mr. J. E. Hoyland this week and they enjoyed the review of their Wisconsin life.

Mr. Buck intends to leave us; will be a Winfield man for a time, at least. Miss Nellie Buck is at present in the city.

Olivia sits alone, as all have retired, but as the hour is late, I will soon bid you good night, and remember you in my dreams, perhaps.

Mr. Martin is around having the people test his liniment, and he refers us to Mr. Greer of the COURIER for testimonials of its excellent qualities.

I forgot to tell in my last that Mrs. Wolfe gave an excellent dinner on Thanksgiving to a few invited guests. She knows how to entertain guests right royally.

Some sneak that can=t think of anything else mean to do, fills the organ box lock with wood. He is suspected strongly and will not think it fun when fully detected.

We miss the genial countenance of Mr. McMillen and his amiable wife, as they are off to Illinois to visit his father, friends, and acquaintances.

New Salem is turning over a new leaf in the matrimonial way.

MARRIED. Mr. Wesley McEwen and Miss Sarah Bovee were united in the holy bonds by Rev. C. P. Graham, in the quest happy home of the bride=s parents, on Wednesday the 13th. They took the train the same day for Iowa, where they intend to spend the winter. The very best wishes of all their Salem friends follow them.

There will be a Christmas tree at the old Salem schoolhouse on Monday evening and we anticipate a fine time, and I hope no one will be slighted. We learn that our good neighbors at Prairie House schoolhouse or district will also have a tree, and as we understand it will be on Saturday evening, we invite them and all others who may feel interested to call and participate in our literary exercises, etc., and I for one am anxious to visit their tree. OLIVIA.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.




Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

A Card to the Public. Having bought the Photograph Rooms formerly owned by A. McInturff over Wallis & Wallis= Grocery Store, and having remodeled it and refitted with side-light, making it second to none in the state, we feel confident that with our present facilities we can please the most fastidious in taste and style of pictures. We make a specialty of copying and enlarging old pictures and working them up in Oil, Crayon, India Ink, or Water Colors. We also keep on hand a full line of frames, albums, etc., cheaper than the cheapest, for framing our own work. Please give us a call and examine our stock and work before going elsewhere. We are practical workmen, having operated in some of the largest cities in the East. We hope by strict attention to business and promptness in doing our work to merit a share of your patronage. J. S. McINTIRE, Artist.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.


Senator Hackney is out again after a most severe wrestle with sickness.

The Sheriff=s house has been removed across the walk east of its old position.

Sheriff Shenneman completed the sale of twenty-two pieces of land last Monday.

Miller, Dix & Co., are having some nice improvements put on their South Meat Market.

The street commissioner is doing some work on Millington Street, between 8th and 9th.

From a card received from Henry Sutliff, Maple City, we judge he is going to Florida.

Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.


Gene Wilbur brought down a lot of fine wethers Tuesday, which will be used by the butchers for Christmas decorations.

Wilbur Dever has been tendered, and we understand has accepted, the position of Treasurer of the Kansas Loan and Trust Co.

The program for the AShittier Day@ celebration at the Opera House Friday evening is an exceedingly interesting one.

Mr. Wm. Fleagel, of Trenton, Iowa, had been spending the week visiting his friend,

E. A. Henthorn. He left Tuesday for Pawnee County.

The A. O. U. W., of Burden, will give a grand ball at their hall Christmas evening.

A committee of bright young misses from Sheridan Sunday school were in the city Tuesday selecting presents, candies, etc., for their Christmas tre. The little ladies comprising the committee were Misses Hattie Brown, Cora Julian, Nettie Funk, Edith Burt, with G. I. Brown and E. I. Johnson assisting.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

We spent half an hour at the Creamery Tuesday evening. The work is in charge of Mr. R. C. Russell, an expert butter maker and formerly with the Glen Rose Creameries, of Clinton County, Iowa. The place is as clean and neat as soap and water can make it, and the machinery and applicance in perfect order. Several churnings have already been made, and some of the butter shipped to Topeka. We were favored with a roll of it, which was as pure and sweet as any we have ever tasted. The Creamery is just getting in running order, and it will be some time before it is running in full blast. We shall soon give a description in full of the building and appliances.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

Mr. Tom Wright says that the man murdered in the Territory, an account of which appeared in last week=s paper, must certainly have been Samuel Covington, a gentleman who was for some time in partnership with him in the pony business. His wife=s name was Flora, and he had a little boy, Fred, and a baby. He left here with eighteen hundred dollars, intending to go to Texas while his wife went to Eureka, Arkansas. This is probably a solution of one step in the dark deed.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

The Opera House programs for some time past have been advertising Mr. Crippen as leader of the Winfield Orchestra. This is a mistake. Mr. Crippen is the leader of the Courier Cornet Band and a member of the Orchestra. Albert Roberts is the leader of the Orchestra, and his skill and fine musical ability has made the institution one of the most popular in the county. As skilled musicians the Roberts Brothers are not excelled in this section of the country.



Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

Saturday=s Horticultural Meeting was one of the most interesting yet held. Excellent papers were presented and read by Rev. Cairns and R. I. Hogue, and discussion was general and animated. During the discussion Mr. J. P. Baden was highly praised for his successful efforts in building up a trade and demand for produce which furnished a ready cash market for every particle raised in the county.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

Mr. Fred Hayden, a prominent fruit grower of Alton, Illinois, spent several days of last week looking over our county with a view of locating a colony of Illinois fruit men who wish to find a suitable place in the west. He was present at the meeting of the Horticultural Society and was highly pleased with its deliberations. He likes Cowley and may be instrumental in bringing several valuable additions to our community.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

Wichita will soon celebrate the completion of her water works, which are built by a private corporation something after the fashion of the works proposed for this city. These works will be of priceless benefit to Wichita, and we are certainly glad that men of capital have seen fit to invest their means for public improvements in the queen city of the Arkansaw.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

Next week will be a gala time for masquerades. The masquerade skate at the rink next Tuesday evening is attracting considerable attention, while the masquerade ball by the Young Men=s Social Club on the evening of the 28th will be the crowning social feature of the season. Carriages will be furnished for the ladies who attend the masquerade at the rink on the evening of the 26th, by leaving orders at the rink. Each masker must give his or her name and the character they represent before entering the hall. A small admission fee will be charged spectators.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

Geo. L. McDonough, traveling agent of the K. C., L. & S., has been chaperoning a party of tourists through Cowley in quest of homes. He took a sheaf of our big wheat to show Eastern people what Cowley can do in the way of grain.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

The Wellingtonian has been enlarged and is now a nine column paper. Allison seems to be as enterprising as ever. A new roller would add tone and interest to the paperCat least the devil needs a lecture on the subject of ink distribution.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

The Spy of Atlanta given last week by the Battery and G. A. R., was well patronized and realized a handsome sum for the companies.

Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

The Probate Court has issued marriage licenses during the past week to the following.


Chas. H. Holloway and Annie E. Crow.

Jas. C. Hill and Ella Johnson.

Augustine W. Hume and Charity D. Hager.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

The mumps have taken a deep hold on the West side, and when a leading citizen appears on the street with his jaws wrapped in swaddling clothes, it is not best to interrogate him on the subject.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

Mr. F. H. Ayers is at present located here for the purpose of writing up this county for the Western Historical Company. He is a printer, an old newspaper man, and quite an adept at historical writing.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

DIED. Mr. Jacob Seeley, an old resident of this county, and who has for years resided a few miles south of town, died Tuesday of pneumonia. He was taken sick Friday night.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

We received a pleasant call from Messrs. T. W. Harpole and Jas. Duncan, of Cedar Township, Monday. They were up on a tax-paying expedition.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

Water Works.

Mr. Frank Barclay is circulating a petition to the Council to grant him the right of way to lay water mains through the streets and alleys of the city. He proposes, if this right of way is granted, to go immediately to work and put in a complete system of Water Works for the city at a cost of not less than fifty thousand dollars. He asks this right of way, and a company stands ready to put the works in at once. Mr. Barclay has purchased the mound east of town, between Seventh and Eighth Avenues, where he will locate the reservoir. The water will be pumped from the river into this basin and conducted by mains throughout the whole city. The height of the mound will give the hydrants on Main Street a throwing capacity of sixty-nine feet, which will make a magnificent power for fire protection. The water will be furnished private residences at a cost of not exceeding six dollars per year. We regard this as one of the most important enterprises for the welfare and prosperity of our city ever inaugurated. The fire protection alone will be worth thousands of dollars. As it is now, we are liable at any moment to be swept out of existence, without being able to raise a hand to stay the devouring element. With the pressure Mr. Barclay claims, an ordinary fire could be drowned out in fifteen minutes. Aside from this the works will be of priceless benefit to us for household purposes, for irrigating gardens, grounds, and public enclosures, and make Winfield as attractive as any city in the country.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

Well Advertised.

We received a telephone message from J. P. Baden Tuesday to report at his store immediately. Upon arriving there we found the proprietor in a high state of excitement. He said, AI tell you the COURIER is the best advertising medium in the state of Kansas, and if you don=t believe it, go out to my warehouses and see what those poultry advertisements have brought in!@ We went out and found the warehouse alleys and adjacent lots covered with poultry, while a large force of men were unloading wagons, packing dressed turkeys, labelling baskets and boxes of nude fowls, while a lot of fellows were stringing live turkeys up by the legs and snatching the feathers off in great handfulls. A turkey was picked by one of the expert feather grabbers in less than a minute. After looking over the very animated scene for a few minutes, we reluctantly concluded with the proprietor that his advertising in the COURIER did count for something and that the people certainly read them and profited thereby.

Mr. Baden has frequently used the columns of this paper in building up his immense business, and he seems to be most highly pleased with the result. We certainly are satisfied.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

A Large Ranch.

Doctor Mendenhall of this city has probably the largest ranch in the east half of Kansas. It commences about thirty miles southwest of Winfield and embraces upwards of forty-five hundred acres, being two and three-quarters miles wide and four and a-half miles long, the south line being the Indian Territory. It is all splendidly watered, and in the middle of the tract there is a large area of Timber. We understand it is the intention of the Doctor to place it all under fence before spring.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

Musical Union.

About fifty members were present at the regular weekly meeting of the Union last week, and a very enjoyable evening was spent. Mesdames Buckman, Shenneman, and Albro, and Misses McCoy, Beeny, Bard, Hane, Fahey, and Wallis will furnish the concert program this (Thursday) evening. The Union meets at 7:30 o=clock in the basement of the Presbyterian Church. F. H. GREER, Secretary.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

Teachers= Association.

The Winfield division of the County Teachers= Association met at Excelsior schoolhouse pursuant to appointment, Dec. 16. The teachers were greatly encouraged by the large number of patrons present, thereby showing their interest in educational work; and all were pleasantly entertained with the excercises by the school. The address of welcome was delivered by Miss Pickering and responded to by Mr. Beaumont in behalf of the Association. The exercises following consisted of essays, recitations, and readings, interspersed with songs and music by the orchestra. Tthe subject for discussion, AThe Needs of Our School System,@ on account of the absence of a number of the teachers, was postponed until the morning session. . . . SADIE PICKERING, Secretary pro tem.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

The Floral Library is getting under headway. Any person who has books of any description which they can spare would do well to donate them to this Association. They will be thankfully received.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

The Creamery furnishes cans and a tank for setting cream to those who desire, on trial for thirty days, after which if the patron is satisfied with the workings, he can purchase the outfit.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

John R. Tooman, arrested at Maple City recently on a requisition from the governor of Iowa, for forgery, has plead guilty to the charge in his preliminary examination.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

The annual meeting of the Presbyterian Church and congregation will be held in the audience room of the church on Thursday evening at the usual hour.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

An Old Firm.

The jewelry firm of Hudson Bros., have been doing business here going on nine years. During this time thirteen jewelers have sprung up, flourished for a time, and then faded out; while Hudson Bros. have gone steadily on, giving good goods at fair prices, treating the public fairly, and have prospered accordingly. They are a permanent fixture here, have spent their money in building up the city, as the magnificent brick store on Main street attests. It is a credit alike to their enterprise and to the city. They enjoy a good trade because they always sell goods just as they are represented, and are always here to make their guarantees good. Trade with them and you will always get your money=s worth.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

Strahan=s New York Bargain House.

We must close out this week our entire stock of photograph and autograph albums. We shall not hold over these goods. Note prices of our new goods.

3 dozen splendid albums: from 50 cents to $3.75.

Life of James A. Garfield: 85 cents.

Chatter box books: 50 cents.

14 Volumes of Dickens= works: $7.50.

Velvet frames: 50 cents.

Walnut frames: 75 cents.

Checker boards: $1.00.

Silk handkerchiefs: 50 cents.

Suspenders: 25 cents.

Fur trimmed gloves: 60 cents.

Buckskin gloves: $1.00.

Writing deskCa splendid Christmas present: $2.50.

Large dollsCsleeping beauties: 75 cents.

Small dolls: 25 cents.

We have a No. 1 buyer in mariket and receive goods every week. Our motto is Aquick sales and small profits.@ Bargains! Bargains! No end to bargains at the Red Front Building.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

A number of young folks enjoyed a very pleasant time at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. Capt. Lowry Tuesday evening. An evening spent with a family who are all such royal entertainers could be nothing else but one of the most enjoyable.

[Lowry? Lowrey?]


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

The Markets today (Wednesday) are active with corrn steady and higher at 27 cents. Wheat brings 67 cents for best. Hogs are selling lively at $5.40 per hundred. Hay brings $6 per ton. Eggs bring 20 cents, butter 20 cents.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

MARRIED. Charlie Holloway and Miss Anna Crow were married at Arkansas City last Wednesday. We thought Charlie looked rather nervous on the occasion of his recent visit to the county seat.


Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

Take your Babies to McIntire=s Photo rooms over Wallis & Wallis= Store. He is always pleasant and courteous to all and especially to the babies.


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.



Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

The Spy of Atlanta.

The Committee on behalf of Winfield Post No. 85, G. A. R., and St. John=s Battery of this city, wish through your paper to express our high appreciation of the presentation of the Spy of Atlanta given here on the evenings of December 14, 15, and 16 by Col. L. D. Dobbs.

Col. Dobbs gave us a first-class entertainment, surpassing the expectation of everyone who witnessed it; and causing our best judges of theatricals to pronounce the Spay of Atlanta the most interesting entertainment ever given in our city.

To say that the performance under the skillful management of Col. Dobbs was a complete success, and to commend the Spy of Atlanta under the management of the Col. to the Grand Army of the Republic of Kansas is only an act of justice.

S. V. Devendorf as AJake Schneider,@ was immense, a complete show in himselfChis every appearance convulsed the audience in roars of laughter. Devendorf as a commedian is an artist and will always be welcomed in Winfield with a crowded house.

Mrs. R. Jillson was as fine a conception and presentation of the charcter of Maud Dalton as could be wished; natural, graceful, and original. She won the hearts of the audience and gave to the character of AMaud@ a sublime pathos that melted and moved our hearts and tears at her bidding.

The Post and Battery most cordially thank her for contributing so much talent for our benefit.

Mrs. Haight as Mrs. ADalton,@ showed all the true motherly feeling of the character she represented. She was a true mother and we know no higher praise.

Miss Josie Bard, as ACarrie Dalton,@ was just what you would expect her to be. Her presentation of the flag was perfect, her singing of the AStar Spangled Banner@ grand, and when her wonderfully sweet and cultured voice accompanied by her guitar rendered the AVacant Chair,@ we were glad the chair was vacant, that we might hear the song.

R. M. Bowles as AEdwin Dalton the Spy,@ was equal to the leading character of the play. Mr. Bowles is a cultured actor, and his rendition of AEdwin Dalton@ was grand. As husband, brother, soldier, prisoner, and spy ARichard was himself@ a natural artist.

George H. Buckman represented AFarmer Dalton@ so naturally that we thought we were in the country, and felt like we wanted to stay t here the balance of our life with the grand old gentleman.

Col. Whiting as AGeneral Sherman,@ was a fine conception of the character of the general of our army. He looked and acted the soldier and though surrrounded by a brilliant staff was the hero.

The children, Harry and Lottie Caton, as ALittle Willie and Nannie,@ captivated the audience. Brave AWillie!@ Gentle ANannie!@ God will surely bless such noble children.

The tableaux were the finest we ever saw and the young ladies who composed them are as beautiful off the stage as they were in the tableaux.

We would like to describe the beautiful angel, but if we speak of one justice would demand the same of all and our communication would be suppressed on account of its length.

We must thank the ASisters of Charity,@ Misses Ida Bard and Mary Berkey, and felt like we would be willing to be wounded ourselves, if we could look up into their sweet faces.

Samuel Davis as APete,@ was a life-like personation of a true southern darkey. He was one of the best actors in the cast.

To the soldiers commanded by Capt. Finch and others, we tender our thanks for their assistance and military bearing.

In this notice is it impossible to do justice to all, but rest assured that we feel grateful for the kindness shown us by the entire cast.

Committee: SAM. BARD, Chairman; H. L. WELLS, N. A. HAIGHT, J. E. SNOW,



Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

Omnia Jottings.

N. J. Henry is buying calves.

J. C. Stratton has a new organ.

Wm. Herren has lately purchased several cows.

Frank Blue has sold out and gone back to his Awife=s people.@

Mr. Steve Elkins is doing a thriving business with his corn grinder.

Mrs. E. A. Henthorn spent last week visiting with her brother, Mr. Baker.

Mr. Lisk Harned a few days ago sold $500 worth of hogs and cattle to a Mr. Casberry.

Mrs. Amos Henthorn has a new cooking range that is a complication of beauty and convennience.

Mr. Joseph Baker has gone on a trip to look at other portions of the state with the intention of moving in the spring.

Before this reaches the readers, St. Nichols will have made his annual tour. May he make happy the heart of every reader of the COURIER.

Omnia schoolhouse has been repaired and re-seated, and the school presided over by

A. L. Crow, is prospering finely. Mr. Crow is bending every effort possible to make it a success, and his efforts are being appreciated by the patrons, as all seem to be well pleased.

We received yesterday a visit from Mr. Wm. Fleagle, of Henry county, Iowa, who is visiting friends here. He left last evening for Winfield, after seeing all that could be seen here. He will go to Pawnee County, Kansas, to visit relatives, and then probably return and settle in Cowley. He is much pleased with our county, and tells us that when he left Iowa the thermometer was eighteen degrees below zero and lots of snow was on the ground.

We are writing these items in a room without any fire and the door open, and the sun is beaming in like a May dayCand all of this on the 19th of December. ELIZER.


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.



Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.


Address of the Senior Editor of This Paper to the City Council Tuesday Evening, December 26th, 1882.

On Monday of last week, Frank Barclay asked me to sign a petition, asking the city council to pass an ordinance granting him the right of way to lay water mains in the streets and alleys, with a view of establishing a system of water-works. I certainly wanted to give anyone a chance to put in water-works if he would, and signed his petition.


The next day I was informed that Monday evening an ordinance had been presented to the council granting him and associates an exclusive right of way and giving him $3,000 a year bonus for twenty-one years; that it had been pressed vigorously for passage that very evening, and that some of the councilmen had insisted on more time for examination and had caused the council to adjourn to the next Friday evening to consider it further.

The features of $3,000 a year and exclusive right, as reported to me, struck me as fatal objections; and the haste to pass it as a suspicious circumstance.

As the COURIER was to go to press before I could examine the ordinance, I sounded a note of caution, or rather of alarm, in the COURIER, and called for delay and time to investigate and consider. I then obtained the ordinance and read it carefully. I did not find therein that the ninety-nine year franchise given by it was exclusive in terms or necessarily so in any sense, except as a construction of law; but I did find the provision that the city should rent forty hydrants at $3,000 a year and an additional and practically unlimited number of hydrants at $75 a year, each for a term of twenty-one years, with practically no provision by which it could be possible for the city to buy the works and terminate the said rentals until the end of twenty-five years, if ever, as it seemed to me. Yet I felt that I had not had time to fully understand it.

On Friday evening the council met, but the ordinance was not to be found. It was traced into the hands of Judge McDonald, where it was placed by my associate, and what the judge did with it was not known. The council adjourned to the next Tuesday evening. On Saturday morning it was given out that the ordinance had been found and the mayor called a special session of the council for that evening to consider and pass it.

This haste and the fact that it had been falsely charged that the ordinance was found in the COURIER office, the source from whence opposition was expected, tended more strongly to confirm the idea that the ordinance would not bear investigation.

I was present at the Saturday evening meeting to continue to study the ordinance, and if possible, to get to the bottom of it. I think I succeeded to some extent. As the council adjourned before coming to a vote on its final passage I did not obtrude my views on your attention. Since then I have investigated all I could in the limited time, but should need a month to correspond with persons in such business as contractors, and with others, to get a complete understanding of the matter. I have gone far enough however to be positive that this is not the best proposition for water-works we can get, and that if it is, we can far better afford to do without them. So now that this matter is still crowded upon you, demanding immediate action, before you can possibly have found out what others would do the work for, or how enormous a burden this will put upon us, I must now say what I have to say, though none of us can yet fully understand the matter, or it may be forever too late.

I do not underrate the great advantages to this city and its citizens, of a well organized system of water-works; but we must remember that it is possible to make it cost in taxes and water rents so much that it would be a grinding curse rather than a blessing. We must remember that we know too little about this business, to jump into the only proposition before us at this time, without taking ample time to find out whether it is the best we can do, and if it is, whether we can afford to accept it.


The total city assessment this year is $520,000 in round figures. It is a rule of taxation that you must count off one-fifth for losses and delinquencies in the collection of taxes. One-fifth off from $520,000 leaves $415,000. A seven mill tax on this sum produces only $2,905. So it will take more than a seven mill tax to raise $3,000, the very lowest sum which the ordinance proposes to raise by taxation.

This sum, $3,000, is the interest on $50,000 at 6 percent; therefore, the binding of the city to pay $3,000 a year for a long series of years is nearly equivalent to issuing $50,000 of six percent city bonds running the same time. Under the ordinance, everytime 600 feet of main is laid, after the first five miles and 40 hydrants, another hydrant will be added and $75.00 per year added to the city tax, which is nearly equivalent to bonding the city $1,250 every additional 600 feet of main.

Now if you will look over the city carefully, and look over the plat which accompanies this ordinance and shows where the first five miles of main are to be laid, you will find that there are more than 24,000 feet of streets, not touched by the first five miles of main, where the owners of buildings, six within 600 feet, can demand and require under the ordinance and in equity that mains be laid at once, within the first year; and this would require the city to pay a yearly rent on 40 additional hydrants at $75.00 each, as well as requiring the company to lay 4-1/2 miles of additional main. It would be outrageously unjust to tax these men heavily to pay the city water rents and then compel them to lay pipes at their own expense to a mainCone or several blocks awayCor be excluded from the use of the water. This would probably double the city tax the first year, raising it to $6,000 a year, or 14 mills, and would be together nearly equivalent to issuing $100,000 of six percent city bonds. If anyone will take the time and trouble to examine the matter, he will find that this statement as to the streets, is substantially correct.

Thus we see that this rather big looking ordinance is a much bigger thing than it looks at first view. Though we might pass by this item of a 14 mill tax to pay $6,000 a year for 21 years, as no killing affair, the taxpayers would soon find out that it was a cursing affair if not a killing affair.

We have not yet gathered sufficient information to determine more than approximately what such works as the ordinance proposes would cost should the city wish to let the contract to the lowest responsible bidder.

Two or three years ago, Russell & Alexander estimated the cost and proposed to put in a system of works for $16,500, but after they had been manipulated some time in the city they raised their estimates to over $20,000. I think the works they proposed were not more than three-fourths as expensive as the works proposed in this ordinance. They proposed to take city bonds in payment. After a considerable talk and figuring, their offer was rejected; and they requested as a particular favor that whenever the city should be ready to go ahead with a water-works system, they should be notified, and would bid against anybody who might propose. I suppose their proposition on this plan could be had in a reasonably short time and that they would put in this works for about $25,000 or $26,000 in city 6 percent bonds.

One Perkins has been figuring on this matter and may have made a proposition. He evidently wants a chance to make one if he has not done so, but I have not had time to look this matter up. I do not doubt that there are many other persons and firms who would like to bid if they had a chance.

From estimates which I have got from Frank Barclay and others, and from my own knowledge of figures, I conclude that the entire cost of work proposed by the ordinance, including engine, pumps, engine house, reservoir, 40 hydrants, and over five miles of main, all complete and in working order, would be perhaps over $25,000, but certainly less than $30,000; and that with an additional five miles of main and forty additional hydrants, the whole cost would certainly be less than $40,000.

If the city can afford to pay $3,000 to $6,000 a year for 21 years as water rents, she can certainly afford to issue $30,000 to $40,000 of six percent bonds to own such water-works and save those rentals.

Let us figure on ten miles of main and 80 hydrants. Under the ordinance this would compel the city to pay $6,000 a year for 21 years, or $126,000; and then it must pay some $40,000 for the works and what the fanchise should be worth, or not own the works. The issue of $40,000 in 6 percent city bonds would require the city to pay the yearly interest, $2,400, which would in 21 years amount to $50,400, and also the $40,000 prrincipal to extinguish the bonds. The difference in the two plans is that the ordinance plan costs the city $75,000 more than the bond plan in addition to whatever the city should have to pay for the franchise on the ordinance plan. By the ordinance plan, the city gets no income and pays no expenses except the $6,000 a year. By the bond plan, the city gets the water rents collected of individuals and citizens and pays the expenses and repairs.

Frank Barclay estimates, that with five miles of main, the water rents would start in at $2,000 a year and increase annually. He made that estimate to show us that the water rents to citizens would pay so little that it would be necessary to make the city pay $3,000 a year. I estimate that with ten miles of main, double that on which he estimated, the water rents would be $4,000 a year and increase to $5,000. It is probable, or at least possible, that the running expenses and repairs would not exceed $1,600 a year; at least it is reasonably certain that they would not exceed the excess of the water rents above $2,400. In that case these rents would pay the expenses, repairs, and interest on the bonds, and the city would have abolutely nothing to raise by taxation for the first 21 years, or even after, until she paid the principle of the bonds, after which she would have a net income of $2,400 for general revenue from the rents.

If the city should get the boom which it is predicted the water-works would give it, the water rents would probably increase enough to sink the bonds in the 21 years and give the city the Afranchise, works, and choses in action,@ and all without it having ever cost her a cent, or a mill of taxation; while in the same time the ordinance plan would have cost the city $126,000, all of which would have gone down into the pockets of Frank Barclay, his associates and assigns, and the city would not own a franchise, a work, or a chose in action. There is a wonderful difference in the two ways of getting water-works. There is no wonder that every man wants to be one of the associates or assigns if this ordinance is to pass.

One thing is in its favor. Frank Barclay and all his associates, we believe, are Winfield men and taxpayers.

If this city has such a tremendous franchise to give away, it should be given to the taxpayers of this city that they might put into one pocket what they take out of the other. It is especially important that the owners of buildings, of real estate, should all be in on the ground floor and have a chance to recover from the crushing drain upon them. It would be particularly rough on those who pay taxes on personal property only, but they have a chance to escape. They can get out of here with their property, but the real estate has got to stay and pay taxes. Every real estate owner in the city should be an Aassociate@ of Frank Barclay with an interest in proportion to the amount of taxes he has to pay on his real estate.

All we know of John Worthington is that he is not a real estate owner in Winfield, and that is against him. I do not believe he will ever be an associate or assign of Frank Barclay in this matter. He probably would like to take the contract to put in the works for somewhere from $25,000 to $40,000 and would probably be willing to take his pay in the bonds of Frank Barclay and associates if secured by such gilt edged security as a mortgage on such a franchise and works would be. It would be about as good security as city bonds. There are probably other men and firms in the water-works business who would be glad to do the work and take such bonds in payment.

Much stress is laid on the alleged reduction in insurance rates on goods and other property which would be caused by the erection of water-works.

As the effect would be the same whether the works were built and owned by the City or by Frank Barclay & Co., the insurance question cuts a small figure in this case; but we are informed by insurance agents that there would be very little reduction of rates in any case, and absolutely none unless the city should organize a paid and efficient fire department. The water-works is the engine, but the engine is useless in extinguishing fires without the accessories of a trained organization ready to use it at all times night and day; and it needs all the aids of hose, hose reels, hook and ladder company, etc., that any other fire department does. It must be remembered that all this costs money and taxation, so that what the owners of goods may reduce from their insurance fees they must pay in additional taxes.

We are told that $3,000 or even $6,000 a year is a consideration not to be compared with the dangers of losses from fires. Here we take issue. It is doubtful if all the losses from fires in excess of the insurance, in all the past history of Winfield, would amount to $3,000, much less to $3,000 a year. In calculating the chances of such losses, to put them as high as $1,000 per year in our present condition, would be extravagant. Of course, it is possible that a loss of many thousands should occur in any one year; so it is possible that a cyclone may destroy nearly every house in the city, but these chances are so remote that they do not affect our calculations or probabilities to any great extent and should not.

However, we are not arguing against water-works, but against this peculiar mode of getting them.

I have saved to the last, the worst feature of this ordinance, which I would now present to your attention.

If you pass this ordinance, you give away to Frank Barclay and associates a certain something called the franchise. Whether this something is worth little or much, the city gets nothing for it, and if it is to be worth any certain sum of money in ten years, it is really worth that sum now. If at the end of ten years, you conclude that the city can no longer stand the tremendous burden of taxation which this ordinance imposes, and want to buy the works and end the taxation; you have not only to buy at an appraised valuation the works which have cost money, and the choses in action which have been earned, but you must buy back this franchise at an appraised valuation, which you now donate to the company.

Should Frank Barclay and associates now, on receiving the franchise, mortgage it and the future works and choses in action for $25,000, $30,000, or $40,000, and issue 6 percent bonds thus secured for such amount; by the sale or hypothecation of these bonds, they could raise on them the money to build the works as fast as it was needed, or could contract for the works payable in these bonds, and Frank Barclay and associates, without advancing a cent of money from their pockets, would own the Afranchise works and choses in action.@ Now if their receipts from water rents and from the city should be only sufficient to pay the interest on these bonds and the running expenses and repairs, the franchise would prove of little value and might be appraised at one dollar. If such a condition was probable, neither Frank Barclay nor his associates or assigns would do a thing towards the construction of the works, and you have no means to compel them, no means to collect damages of them for breach of contract, nothing but to wait and see if they will perform. But if the yearly three to six thousand dollars from the city, and two to five thousand from the citizens from water rents are sufficient to pay this interest, expenses, and repairs, and leave an annual surplus of $3,000, the franchise is worth $50,000, for that sum at six percent will produce only $3,000 per year. If this annual surplus should amount to $6,000 ten years from now, it would prove the franchise to be worth $100,000, for the $6,000 net profit would simply represent the interest on the franchise.

Now, as I have already shown, it is highly probable that this surplus will reach $6,000 long before the first ten years expire. With interest $2,400, expenses and repairs $1,600, and surplus $6,000, it makes only $9,000 a year to be raised from both the city and the citizens together, and we have shown that it is highly probable that the city will pay $6,000 and the citizens $5,000, making $11,000 a year, or $2,000 a year more than is necessary to make the franchise worth $100,000.

Then at the end of ten years when the city can purchase, the appraisement will read about like this: Franchise $100,000, Works $40,000, Choses in action $5,000: total $145,000Call of which the city must pay in twenty years in yearly installments with legal interest. Probably $5,000 of this would be the floating debt of the company, $40,000 the company=s bonds, and $100,000 in our city bonds. The legal interest is 7 percent, and the average of the time to run is ten years. The interest on $145,000 at 7 percent, for ten years, is $101,500, which added to the principal will raise the amount which the city must pay in twenty years to $246,500, which is $12,325 each year for twenty years; and the city, after taxing its citizens from $3,000 to $6,000 a year for ten years must raise the yearly tax up to $12,325 per year for twenty years longer or she cannot buy the works; and most of this is to buy back the franchise which it has donated.

I tell you this is a big thing when you look down to the bottom of it. It binds the city hand and foot and loads it down into the mire; and every struggle it makes for relief will crush it in deeper and deeper.


Even if it could be made to appear that this surplus would not be over $3,000 a year and the franchise not worth over $50,000; with the works $40,000 and choses $5,000; the appraisal would amount to $95,000 in all, which with 7 percent interest thereon for an average of ten yearsC$66,500Camounts to $161,500, and must be paid in twenty years or at the rate of $8,075 per year, and you are really no better off. The sum is so large as to make it impossible for the city to buy the works.

There is much that might be said against the ordinance on minor details, but the great points I have elaborated sink all minor matters and make its passage too dangerous to contemplate.

You are making a record in this matter. That record will be a sad one if you make a mistake of such fearful import.

I would recommend that you appoint a committee consisting of yourselves and citizen taxpayers other than Frank Barclay and his associates, to investigate this matter for the next thirty days, correspond with men in the water-works business and others, get estimates, plans, offers, terms, and information, and report by ordinance or otherwise at a meeting of the council not less than thirty days hence, and then postpone this matter to that time.

If you are determined on final action on this ordinance now:

First, amend it so that it shall plainly state in words that neither this ordinance nor the contract therein shall exclude the city from granting like privileges to other parties or from making like contracts with others.

Second, amend it so that the city shall not pay more than $1,600 per year for the rentals of the first 40 hydrants, nor more than $20 each per year for the next 20 hydrants, nor more than $10 per year for each subsequent additional hydrant. This will probably keep the city taxes, for this purpose, down to $2,400 per year.

Third, amend it so that when the city may buy the works it shall not pay a cent for the franchise. Make it clear and certain that the franchise shall then return to the city as freely as it was given.

Fourth, limit the interest that the city may have to pay to six percent.

Fifth, require Frank Barclay and associates, or whoever takes this contract, to give sufficient bond and surety that they will build the works and carry out the terms of this contract.

Give Frank Barclay and associates the first chance at it; but if they refuse or neglect to accept the terms and file the bond in a reasonable time, offer it to others on the same terms and if after thirty days with notice as far as practicable, it finds no takers, it will be early enough to offer better terms, should you then conclude that the city could afford them.

[NOTE. In reading to the council, the introduction and minor points were omitted because of the lateness of the hour. The council then adjourned without taking the vote on the final passage of the ordinance.]


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.



Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.


S. H. Myton is building a large implement house at Burden.

Billy Hands has sold his livery outfit to a gentleman by the name of Gray, from Illinois.

Mr. Bishop, of Wellington, the old Press man, dropped in on us Tuesday on his way to Arkansas City.

For Sale, a house and lot, corner of Sixth and Millington Streets, cheap for cash.

W. M. McRAW.

Miss Gertrude McMullen is spending the holidays in Kansas City with Miss Madilene Carruthers and other friends.

Mr. J. W. Ganes and family from Lowell, Wisconsin, have been visiting for some time with his mother, Mrs. Winters, in Tisdale Township.

A gambler known as ASlim Jim,@ was arrested and brought before =Squire Soward and fined fifty dollars, last week, which he put up without a murmur.

MARRIED. Mr. A. W. Railsbeck and Miss Mary Holmes were married last Sunday at the residence of the bride=s fther, John Holmes, in Rock Township. They left Monday morning for a trip east.

Farmers, bring in your plows to Jack Heller and have them thoroughly overhauled and put in shape for the spring work. He has just received a large stock of plow steel, of the finest quality.

Fred Banks, a colored boy, was brought before the Police Court Thursday for swearing at a colored girl in violation of the ordinance. The charge was not proved against him, annd he was discharged.

The public schools of Burden held a supper Friday night for the purpose of raising money to purchase books for the school. The entertainment netted fifty dollars. T. J. Rude is a worker in building up schools.

The Ladies= Aid Society of the Presbyterain Church will give a social and oyster supper in the basement of the church on Friday evening next. All are invited to come and enjoy a pleasant evening. Oysters in all styles.

W. A. Lee has purchased the lots and buildings on Ninth Avenue formerly owned by Max Shoeb, and will extend the buildings back and make them two stories high. He intends to have room enough hereafter to accommodate his rapidly increasing business.

Every lady should go to the New York Store and look at those new patent lace kid gloves in all colors. Something new. Does away with all hooks and buttons. Please call and examine them. They are just what you want. A. E. Baird is sole agent.


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

Frank Williams has sold his farm north of town to a brother of Jacob Rinker, for four thousand dollars. The Jim Hill place just north of it was also sold the other day for sixteen hundred dollars. This quarter was bare of everything but stone and grass.



Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

We were favored last Tuesday with a call from Mr. H. H. Arthur, Agents Clerk at the Ponca Agency. Mr. Arthur is a son of T. S. Arthur, the famous editor and author of ATen Nights in a Bar Room.@ He is one of the most pleasant, intelligent gentlemen we have met.


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

Mr. B. B. Vandeventer of Versailles, Illinois, is visiting this city for two or three weeks. He is the owner of the C. M. Wood farm adjoining the city on the north, including the Island Park, all of which is very valuable property. He is hale and hearty and seems to enjoy life in a rational way.


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

At the reading club Tuesday evening there were thirty ladies and two gentlemen, and at the dancing club on last week Wednesday evening there were eighteen ladies and twenty-four gentlemen. The ladies evidently carry their brains in their heads, the gents in their heels. Query: Which sex is most likely to be fitted for suffrage?


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

A couple of our hog buyers, Dave Frew and W. J. Hodges, had a set-to on the street Thursday, which resulted in no blood-shed and ten dollars to the city treasury. The boys must pay for their circus. The only bad feature about it is that the fellow who gets licked has to contribute just as much as the fellow who licked him.


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

George Foster, a cattle feeder in Dexter Township, sold Miller & Dix two prize Christmas steers. They were the best that could be found in Cowley or Chautauqua Counties and were raised by O. P. Darst, landlord of the Dexter Hotel, and fed by Foster. The price paid was almost two hundred dollars. Good for Dexter!


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

A Washington special says that Capt. Scott, of Arkansas City, Kansas, is there to consult with the interior department respecting the conflicting leases of land in the Indian Territory made by the Cherokee Nation to various cattle men of Kansas and Missouri for grazing purposes. This is the inauguration of a big fight between the original lessees, who are small cattle owners, and the large companies, who are striving to acquire control of these lands to their prejudice.


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

Frank Smith, living in the east part of town, had an experience with coal gas a few nights ago which came near proving fatal. Just before retiring he filled the stove full of coal, leaving the stove door open, but neglected to open the damper in the pipe. About three o=clock in the morning his little girl woke up crying, and soon after the baby began to gasp and seemed to be going into spasms. Frank got up and started to strike a light, but before he got half way across the room, he was overcome by the gas and sank down, unable to move. His wife started up to help him and just as she reached the door, she too fell, but was able to reach up, grasp the knob, and throw it open. As soon as the fresh air came in, Frank revivied, picked his wife up and placed her on the bed, where she soon regained consciousness. The babies were almost gone, but revived on being carried out into the fresh air. Both Frank and his wife suffered during the two succeeding days with sick headache,; otherwise, they appear to have sustained no serious injuries. Frank says had his wife fallen a foot farther from the door, they would all certainly have died, as he was powerless to move a hand. This is the first instance of the kind we have known.


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

Winfield butchers have long been noted for the magnificence of their Christmas displays. This year they have far outdone any former efforts in that direction. The meat market of Whiting Bros., was ecked out in excellent taste. Evergreens graced the walls and ceilings, while the hooks were lined with mammoth quarters of beef, fat porkers, and dressed specimens of every kind of feathered bird. The counters were loaded down with meats arranged in every conceivable shape to please the eye. The markets of Miller, Dix & Co., were also especially fine. Their exhibit of beef stock on the street Monday was as fine as any we have seen. Their markets were decked out in evergreens and blooms, and over all a rooster crowing lustily. Both George Miller and J. G. Kraft are adepts in the art of meat market decoration, and their taste was exercised to its fullest extent. It would pay anyone to make a tour of the markets and observe the decorations, which will remain all week.


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

Prof. Farringer=s concert last Wednesday evening was one of the best he has yet given. The music was excellent and the scholars each and all showed evidence of careful training. Especially was this the case with Miss Minnie Fahey, whose splendid playing was highly appreciated by the audience. Her musical education has been exclusively under the charge of Prof. Farringer from the start. During the concert the Professor made some very timely remarks on the subject of Winfield=s musical future. He also stated that he intended remaining in Winfield permanently, and would soon open a regular musical academy where students who desired would be furnished with boarding accommodations: in other words, a musical Aboardin= school.@ This will probably result in gathering together in Winfield students from all the surrounding country, which innovation Winfield can heartily afford to welcome.


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

MARRIED. A quiet, but very pleasant wedding took place last Thursday evening at the residence of Mrs. J. E. Platter, at which time Miss Ella Johnson was united in the holy bonds of matrimony to Mr. C. W. Hill, of Wellington, Rev. J. E. Platter officiating. The ceremony was performed at 7-1/2 p.m., and after partaking of an elegant supper, the happy couple left on the 10 o=clock train for Wellington, their future home, where the groom has resided for some months. Mr. Hill formerly lived in Winfield, and was a member of the hardware firm of George & Hill, and has many friends here. Miss Johnson has grown to womanhood in this place, and by her sweet disposition and pleasant manners, has won a place in the hearts of her friends, who join with us in wishing her every happiness in her new life.


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

Last Wednesday Mr. Smith, the agent of the K. C., L. & S. Railroad at this place, was arrested by the Company, charged with embezzling eight hundred and thirty-five dollars of the Company=s funds. He is now in jail in default of fifteen hundred dollars bail. Mr. Smith has heretofore borne an excellent reputation and has been a trusted employee of the Company for ten years. After coming here he got into the habit of gambling and had associated with him one Chambers, the telegraph operator, who evidently conspired to rob him in this way. Chambers has since jumped the town.


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

The children of the Episcopal Sunday school had a lively time on Monday evening, at their Christmas festivities. The tree was very beautifully decorated and the gifts ver generous. ATony,@ with his goat team, was a complete surprise to the children and was loudly applauded. The school is in first-rate working order, growing gradually, and will make a fine showing when another year rolls around.


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

There were five cases before the Police Court in November. Three were for peddling without license and two for intoxication. During the month of December to date there have been eleven arrests in Police CourtCfour for fighting and quarreling, two for draying without license, one for shooting within the city limits, one for swearing at a girl, and three for drunkenness.


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

Frank Jennings returned from a visit to his old home, last week. He was glad to get back. The clammy atmosphere of Ohio in no way compared with the free, invigorating air of Kansas, and it made him heartsick to breathe it, so he returned after six days, during which time he accomplished much missionary work in the way of turning people in the direction of this part of the vineyard.


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

If you wish Johnson=s Cyclopaedia, latest edition, I can obtain it for you in the 4 volume edition at $45, which is $6 less than agents= prices; or the 8 volume edition of the same at $58, which is $7 less than agents= price. I will guarantee this edition the same as sold by agents. The quantity of sets is only limited. HENRY GOLDSMITH.


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

The regular meeting of the Musical Union will be held on Thursday evening in the basement of the Presbyterian Church. A full attendance is requested as the officers for January are to be elected at this meeting. The program of the concert is an interesting one, comprising piano solos, duets, quartettes, etc.


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

W. A. Lee has bought the Max Shoeb property, known as the Max Shoeb blacksmith shop, and hopes to be able in another year to build an Implement House. He starts this morning to lay in a large stock of implements. He takes pride in getting the best, and seeing his goods give satisfaction.


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

The Markets today (Wednesday) show but little change from last week. Wheat is quoted at sixty-seven cents per bushel, corn twenty-seven cents, oats twenty-five cents. Hogs bring five dollars and fifty cents per hundred.


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

Uncle Robert Hudson received a valuable Christmas present from his sons, in the shape of a large gold-headed ebony cane. The present is a nice one and highly appreciated by Mr. Hudson.


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

The masquerade skate at the rink Tuesday evening was a very fine affair. About forty maskers were on the floor, and many of the costumes were quite unique and tasty.


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

The AWinfield Minstrels@ is a new organization which will soon present an entertain-ment for the amusement of the citizens. It embraces excellent local talent.


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.


Last Friday Harry Bahntge, who has been for a long time running a gambling den in a room back of his billiard hall in the Brettun House, was arrested and brought before Justice Buckman. He plead guilty to running a gambling table, was fined one hundred dollars and costs, which he paid, and went on his way rejoicing. In about ann hour he was again arrested on another charge, which he likewise settled up. But the majesty of the law was not satisfied, and he was immediately arrested a third time, on another charge, and after it was settled, he was again pounced upon for the fourth time by the sheriff. This was more than even Mr. Bahntge=s proud spirit could brook, and he prayed the Court for mercy. When it was intimated that the end was not yet, and that the next case was five hundred or the pen, he wilted like a cabbage plant at high noon, and swore by all that was good and great that if they would but spare him the last dose, he would pay all the rest up, throw his room open, turn the gambling devices over to the officers, take the bars from the doors and the blinds from the windows, and let the bright sun of heaven pour into its iniquitous recesses forever more, amen; and further, that he would never do so any more. Upon these conditions he was let off, after paying two hundred and fifty dollars in fines and costs, and turning over to the constable his gambling table and checks, which were, by order of the Court, destroyed in the public street. The execution of the table was witnessed by a large concourse of people.

Mayor Troup and his associate and assistant in breaking up this business, Frank W. Finch, are entitled to the thanks of the community in addition to the knowledge of having done their whole duty in the premises.


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

Funeral Sermon for Mr. Wellman at South Bend schoolhouse, Sunday, December 31st, at 11 a.m. Mr. Wellman was killed some time ago at the south bridge. He was a soldier of the late war who wrote the history of his regiment. The sermon will be preached by Rev. J. Cairns of this city.


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

Constable Frank Finch and Marshal Herrod had a severe tussel with Tom Wright and Mr. Smith last Saturday in which Tom came very near getting away with all of them. Finch and Herrod had a warrant for Tom=s arrest, but when they went to serve it he objected strongly, and Frank got out his bill, when Smith interfered. Frank then turned around and belted Smith, when he slipped and fell. At this Tom Wright came to the front and lit on Frank=s prostrate form, and things assumed a war-like aspect until Marshal Herrod got hold of him, after which he surrendered. Tom is a good one when he gets on his muscle.


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

DIED. Miss Hanchet, a deaf and dumb girl living east of town, died very suddenly in spasms Monday evening. Drs. Davis and Emerson made a post mortem examination Tuesday and found that she had died from the effects of strychnine poison, probably administered by her own hand. She had been despondent ever since her brother, Frank Hanchet, died, and had threated suicide. She was twenty-eight years old and could read and write fluently. The funeral was held Wednesday.


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

Mr. Wm. McRaw returned from Florida last week and laid upon the editor=s desk a magnificent lot of oranges and lemons of prodigious size and fine flavor, which he had picked from the trees just before starting. He will remove to Florida with his family.


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

Mrs. Snider, the widow of Wesley Snider, who was killed on the street last year, fell in an epileptic fit in Pryor & Kinne=s office Wednesday, and many thought she was dead, but she finally came to.


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

Hon. John Speer, the veteran editor of Kansas and member-elect of the legislature from Douglas County, was in the city last week and made the COURIER a pleasant call.

Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

The COURIER Job Office will get out a five thousand edition of Green=s Real Estate News in a few days, for distribution by tthe K. C., L. & S. Railroad company in the East.


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

Rev. Cairns will preach on next Sunday evening from the text, AThe harvest is passed, the summer is ended, and we are not saved.@


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

Mrs. H. A. Booth, fashionable dress maker, residence 2-1/2 blocks west of the post office, Winfield, Kansas.


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

The Water Works question is engaging the attention of our citizens at the present moment.


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

Justin Porter is visiting friends in the city.


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

Teachers= Association.

The Winfield Division of the Teachers= Association will hold their next meeting at Mr. McKinley=s schoolhouse, five miles west of Winfield, Friday evening, Jan. 12th, at 7 o=clock p.m. Program for the evening as follows.

1. Music (vocal).

2. Address of Welcome by Mrs. McKinley.

3. Response by Miss C. Bliss.

4. Exercises by school.

5. Needs of our school system, by Stuber and Herriott, followed by general discussion by all present.

6. Music; adjournment to meet Saturday, Jan. 13, at 9 o=clock a.m.

1. Music by all present.

2. Best Methods of teaching History, Miss Pickering and J. H. Crotsley.

3. Morals and mannersCMiss C. Bliss and Mr. Tremer.

4. What should boys and girls know when leaving school at the age of fifteen?

A. Staggers and L. McKinley.

5. How can we best teach penmanship? W. R. Beaumont and Charles Ware.

6. Technical grammar and practical language compared. Miss Anna Hunt and A. D. Stuber.

7. Miscellaneous business.

S. L. HERRIOTT, Secretary.



Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

Rock Items.

Our Christmas tree Monday night was a success.

MARRIED. Married at the residence of Ike Tourley, December 21, A. W. Humes and Charity Hagar.

John Worthington has sold or swapped his farm for cattle, and he will shortly move near Arkansas City.

DIED. A young man across the river by the name of Rob Martin, died very suddenly last week from a paralytic stroke.

Geo. Williams had a Christmas present of a fine euchre deck enclosed in a box, which has an apparatus on it for both counting games and points. It is the nicest thing of the kind we have seen.

MARRIED. Married on Dec. 26, at the residence of the bride by Elder Rose, Mary J. Holmes and A. W. Railsback. Quite a crowd was in attendance, mainly relations. After the ceremony the happy couple departed for Ottawa, Kansas, where they will visit the brother of the groom. May happiness ever strew their pathwasy, and may they pass quietly down to a ripe old age.

The following note was picked up on the road near here, it being written by one of our leading Democrats. It will explain itself. Alfred Harcourt, who has been down in the Territory hunting with several others, met with bad luck. The prairie fire caught their tent, burning up everything except a can of powder, which, strange to say, escaped. They lost their overcoats. Being out of everything, they were obliged to come home. They had good luck hunting while they were at it. We are sorry for the boys. JIM.


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

Baltimore Items.

The Baptists have called Eld. Thompson to preach for them for the present.

Health good, Greenbackers dead. Democrats rejoicing, Republicans growing strong.

There are a great many plowing in this part of the country, for early planting in the spring.

Mrs. P. F. Thompson arrived from Manhattan last Saturday to spend a few weeks with her parents and friends.

We understand that Dr. S. Daniels and his son, L. A. Daniels, with their families, will start for the Pacific coast about the 1st of March next.

Our school had a nice time on last Friday afternoon in the way of a Christmas joy. Our teacher knows how to please the little folks. All received a present.

MARRIED. On the 17tth inst., Mr. R. L. Emerson and Miss Mary Smith called on Elder Thompson as two. After a short stay they went away as one. May that oneness always exist.

We have a young lady in this township who can take the ribbon for shooting. The dog on the farm where she lives ran a rabbit under a sorghum furnace. She took the shotgun and went to the place, and lo! And behold! There was one of those things you call a Apole cat.@ She took aim and shot, killing both cat and rabbit at one shot. DAD.


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.



Council met pursuant to adjournment, Mayor Troup in the chair. Present: Councilmen Read, McMullen, Gary, and Wilson, and the City Attorney.

In the absence of the City Clerk, D. C. Beach, Esq., was elected Clerk pro tem.

Petition of W. F. Bowen and others in reference to dray licenses was presented and read.

The City Attorney presented proposed Ordinance No. 166 entitled AAn Ordinance amending Sec. No. 1 of Ordinance No. 135, providing for the levy and collection of certain license taxes,@ as instructed at the last meeting, which proposed Ordinance was read and considered by sections, with the following result: The proposed Ordinance as a whole was then submitted to a vote on its final passage, with the following result. Those voting aye were Councilmen Read, McMullen, Wilson, and Gary; noes, none; and the Ordinance was declared passed, and was approved by thhe Mayor.

On motion the Council adjourned.

M. G. TROUP, Mayor.

Attest: L. H. WEBB, City Clerk.


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

Wanted! An experienced male teacher for ten white children at Ponca Agency, Indian Territory. References must be first-class. For further particulars address L. E. Woodin,

U. S. Indian Agent, Ponca Agency, Indian Territory. Compensation not less than $40 per month.


Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

Agents wanted to sell good, standard books. Call upon or address H. A. Booth, P. O. Box 929. Residence 6th ave., 2-1/2 blocks west of Main Street. Winfield, Kansas.