Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.


The pupils in Miss Crippen=s room, West Ward schoolhouse, were shown a picture of a boy and rabbits and requested to each write a composition on the picture. The following are some of the results. The compositions are given verbatim et literatim et Apunctuatim.@


I see a little boy with his pet rabbits. He is feeding them carrots. He has seven of them. They have long ears and pink eyes. He has curly hair. And red cheeks and blue eyes. I think that his mother has sent him to feed them. He is about three years old. He is in barn yard.

May Harter, Aged, 9, years.


Oh see that little boy, he has seven pet rabbits. Do you think that little boy likes his rabbits? I do, because he would not put his arm around them if he did not like them. He has brought out some carrots for them to eat. His rabbits have quite long ears. He has red rosy cheeks, and bright blue eyes. He has golden hair. The boys name is Fred.

Berenice Bullen, Aged-10 years.


Once upon a time there was a little boy. He had seven pet rabbits. He has a cage for them but when he feeds them he lets them out. They are white ones. His name is Bennie. He hugging them.

Artie Wood. Aged-9 years.


Hear is a little boy with his seven little white pet rabbits he is feeding them some carrots. The rabbits has pink eyes. The rabbits will eat bread cake and clover and hay and drink milk.

Nellie Anderson Age 10 years.


I see a little boy and his rabbits. He has seven little rabbits. He is hugging them. He is feeding them carrots. The little boy has rosy cheeks. And golden hair. He has a red dress on. His sleves are roled up. The rabbits are on a table. I will call him willie. O Hattie come here and see this little boy and his rabbits. His rabbits are white.

Elda Fitch. Age 9 years.


O=h see that pretty picture! It is a little boy and his pet rabbits. Their are seven of them in all. If I had them I would feed them grass twigs bread and other things. He is feeding them carrots. He is hugging them he has red curley hair. The rabbits have pink eyes. He has a little red coat on. He has a sweet smiling face his cheeks are as red as roses. I think one of them is named Benny. The little boys name is Tommy. I think they are having a happy time.

Laura B. Parkhurst Age 11 years.


I see a little boy and seven rabbits in a picture. I think the little boy is willie. I think he is feeding his rabbits turnips or readishes in a pan. The rabbits has brown eyes and has long ears and pointed nose. They are white rabbits. And he has his arms thrown around them. I think they are having a nice time.

Edgar. L. Stone. Age. 9. years


This little boys name is Harry. He has seven pretty white rabbits. He is feeding them some carrots. Harry and his rabbits look very happy. Harry has curly hair. He loves the rabbits. Harry has a red dress on.

Mollie Kennedy Age 9 years


I see the picture of a little boy and his rabbits. They are pet rabbits. He loves them. He calls them Bunney. He is feeding them carrots. He loves his rabbits. If I would have a rabbit I would make a pet of it. Did you ever see a rabbit?

Alexis Snyder Age 11 years


I see a little boy and he has fetched his pet rabbits some gras to eat. How many rabbits has he? He has seven of the nicest white rabbits in the town of winfield. He has golden hair. And he has a red coat on. And his name is Eddie. He is eight years old.

Willie, S, T, Conrad. Age 10 years.


Charlie has six young Rabbits and one old one. This little boy has brought them out to feed them some corn. Charlie has red cheeks. He has blue eyes. The rabbits are precious little things. If I had some rabbits I would feed them good. These rabbits has black years. His father got him these Rabbits.

Charlie E. Trump Age 10 years


These is a little boy with his pet rabbits. There are seven of them. They are white as they can be. I think his mother has sent him one to feed them. He is feeding them carrots. He has very curley hair. And blue eyes And red cheeks. He is not more than two years old. The rabbits have very pink eyes. The little boys name is Frank.

Ella L. Gentry, Age 9 years.


Here is Harry with his rabbits. Harry has seven white rabits. He loves his rabbits and his rabbits love him. Harry would not put his arms around them if he did not like them, I think so dont you? Harry is a pretty little boy. He has golden color hair. His hair is curly. He looks as if he was saying O Alma come here and see how tame my rabits are. I can put my arms around them and they wontt haredely move. Here they all are. The large one and the little ones.

Lillie Trezise Age 9 years



Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.


BIRTH. Will Beach is now Adad@ of a bouncing baby boy.

A new dwelling house is in process of erection by Tom Lowe.

Herds are coming up from the Nation looking sleek and fat.

Corn huskers are in demand in this vicinity. A large number of able-bodied and energetic hands can find employment at three cents per bushel. Corn is king here this year.

Last Wednesday evening Miss Mollie Holcomb was surprised by a party of her young friends and schoolmates, headed by her teacher, who came to celebrate her fourteenth birthday.

The numerous new dwelling houses and barns being erected are positive evidence of prosperity among our farmers. Messrs. Dave Shaw and D. W. Mumaw have each just completed a neat, attractive, and comfortable two-story residence.

The United Brethren church at Constant is progressing remarkably slow. It will doubtless be pushed rapidly toward completion as soon as the amateur dramatic club, composed of the scholars of district No. 10, succeed in raising the building fund.

The Hessian fly appears to be scaring many of our farmers. The yellow aspect of wheat fields is more properly attributable to the rainy and cloudy days of October, which produced rust on the early sown and rank grown fields. A close examination has failed to reveal Mr. Hessian.

The gentle zephyrs that cavort around over the Holtby estate have been harnessed the past week and made serviceable in pumping water for the stock on the farm. The mechanism employed is from the Challenge manufacturing company, Batavia, Illinois. Their agent, Mr. Z. T. Whitson, has several of their wind engines already in operation in this locality. The mills give universal satisfaction. Farmers, as a class, practice peculiar principles of economy. The average farmer can be easily induced to invest three hundred dollars in a machine that he cannot use but about two weeks in a year. The balance of the time it is useless. Whereas a windmill, costing less than one hundred dollars, and constantly doing duty the year around, is considered an unprofitable investment. The winds of Kansas are a source of immense motor power. When properly utilized, it is productive of much benefit to the farmer by assisting him in his daily routine of labor.

MARRIED. The friends in this vicinity of Mr. Jno. H. Walton will be surprised to learn of his marriage recently to a lady of Willow Springs, Douglass County, Kansas. The Lawrence Tribune gives the following account of the imposing affair.

One of the exceedingly pleasant episodes that sometimes come to us mortals here below, occurred at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. Matthew Gale, of Willow Springs, Douglass County, in the marriage of their eldest daughter, Martha G., to Mr. Jno. H. Walton, of Cincinnati, Ohio, on Wednesday, November 7th, 1883. The guests began arriving early in the evening until 8 o=clock, the time for the ceremony. About seventy-five persons were present, among whom we noticed Rev. Geo. Winterbourne and lady, Mr. Holloway and lady, Mr. and Mrs. I. L. Baker, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Black, Mr. J. S. Brown of Paola, and Mr. and Mrs. Hyde of Baldwin City. The ceremony, which was performed by Rev. Geo. Winterbourne, was a very impressive one, and was witnessed by the large number of assembled guests. Miss Lola Gale was bridesmaid and Mr. D. C. Leavitt was groomsman. After the hymenial knot was made secure and the happy pair received the congratulations of their many friends, all repaired to the dining room where a sumptuous and bounteous repast was served. The table was set in shape of a Maltese cross and decorated with flowers which the bride=s Sabbath school class presented. A very pleasant time was enjoyed, and they separated during the Awe sma@ hours.

The following is a list of the valuable presents.

Mr. Jno. H. Walton to his bride, silver cake basket and copy of Mrs. Browning=s poems and Golden Censor.

Parents of the bride, set of silver knives, forks, and spoons.

Charles and Lola Gale, silver castor.

Jas. Gale, set teaspoons, butter knife, and sugar shell.

Miss Grace Hall, silver spoon holders.

Mr. and Mrs. R. W. and W. J. Hall and lady, of Sedgwick, Kansas, butter dish and knife.

Mr. E. H. Van Hoeseen and sister, china bedroom set.

Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Brown, of Paola, silver butterdish and knife.

Mr. D. C. Leavitt, silver spoon holder.

Mr. and Mrs. W. A. Hyde, silver pickle castor.

Mr. and Mrs. Cluff, silver cologne stand.

Mr. and Mrs. T. L. Baker, half dozen salts.

Mr. and Mrs. Payn, set silver teaspoons.

Miss Clara Metzker, glass sauce dish.

Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Black, silver card receiver.

Mr. and Mrs. Price, toilet set.

Mr. L. C. and Miss E. A. Baker, silver spoon holder.

Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Glasson, glass sauce dish.

Miss Josephine and Mary Holloway, tidy.

Mr. and Mrs. Stump, half dozen napkins.

Dr. Holloway and lady, pair Turkish towels.

The writer wishes Johnnie and his estimable bride uninterrupted bliss in their matrimonial voyage. MARK.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.


Chautauqua County is becoming a good field for hardware men and undertakers. Two men were shot last Sunday in this county, and it was not a very fine day for the butcher business either. At this rate a good clear Saturday would clean out a whole township. It seems as though the Lord might have stood on tip toe all summer and withheld the sword of wrath to be used in November.

The nights are just delightfully long, literaries are frequent, dances ordinary, and gum-suck parties so common that we seldom meet a 10 or 15 year old boy who has not hd the rim of his ear chewed off in the vain attempt of some fond and foolish damsel to demonstrate her juvenile devotion. Let the world wag as it chooses, but in the end you will always find the decent, law-abiding people of the country right side up with care.

Jasper=s best girl (or rather the one he would have preferred to call his best girl) has gone with her father to Cherryvale. She writes back about so many nobby boys being there that Jasper is driven to the cruel conclusion that he is forgotten. Nora, who is probably well known to the COURIER folks, was a decided favorite among all those who prize exemplary manners and a genuine heart, and she will ever be heir to the warmest memory of at least one friend in Sedan.

Politics are in the background, while AHizzhonner@ is the most distinguished individual in our midst at present. Court calls many together of different vocations and locations. Uncle John Rush is working very effectually in connection with several cases on the docket. AOld Man@ Utt turns up and humbugs the boys of our place into the belief that he is an exemplry Christian and all that sort of thing till Hackney comes suddenly to the front and gives him dead away. But then Jim knows us. I forgot to state in the proper connection that Uncle John Rush had made a distracting mash on five separate widows in this place and offered me $20 to tell him who they were. Through pity of the widows I declined. JASPER.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.


The machine shops of the K. C. L. & S. K. railroad at Ottawa were destroyed by fire at about two o=clock, on the 20th inst. The machine shop, blacksmith shop, carpenter shop, and paint shop, all under the same roof, were totally destroyed together with two locomotives and a couple of coaches. The loss is between $75,000 and $100,000; insurance $40,000. The shop will be rebuilt at once.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.


As we predicted, corn continues to advance in the market. The same is true of beef cattle under moderate receipts. but the receipts of wheat and hogs continue so very large as to check the general upward tendency. We think that there are to be many fluctuations but that each will culminate in an advance and that prices of all these commodities will be considerably higher in the spring than they now are.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.


The recent total destruction of the Egyptian army of some 30,000 men under Hicks Pasha in Kordofan, Central Africa, by El Mahdi, known to the Egyptians as the false prophet, brings that person prominently before the world and leads to inquiry concerning his origin and history. The inhabitants of Africa re at least as ignorant, vicious, and superstitious as were those of Western Asia two thousand years ago, and though mainly Mahometan now, they have messianic traditions and prophecies similar to those of ancient times, which have enthused and held these rude people. One of these old prophecies reads as follows:

AOn the 1st of the month of Moharrem, in the year 1300 (November 12, 1882), will appear El Mhdi or Messiah. He will be exactly forty years of age, and of noble bearing. One arm will be longer than the other. His father=s name will be Mohammed and his mother=s name Fatima, and he will be hidden for a time prior to his manifestation.@

Other prophecies supplied other points in the surroundings of the coming El Mahdi.

Some fifty years ago Mohammed, a chief of one of the petty tribes of Kordofan, started a sect of semi-religious Moslem Free Masons, which attracted considerable attention and spread over a considerable country. He was intellectually superior to the average African and gathered a great many followers among the ignorant and superstitious tribes. He had a son named _____ ____ who had his father=s qualities in a greater degree and who succeeded him as prince of his tribe and leader of his sect. It happened that ______ ______ was of noble bearing and had the deformity of one arm much longer than the other. Knowing well the old prophecies, this peculiarity could not fail to show him that he might become El Mahdi. He therefore began to set his pins for that role. Five years ago he retired from the haunts of men and lived as a hermit in a cave that it might be fulfilled what was spoken by the prophet, thus involving his very existence in mystery. At the same time his followers dwelt upon the prophecies and spread far and wide the fame of El Mahdi. He came forth from his retirement November 12th, 1882, Athat it might be fulfilled,@ etc., and it was stated and it seems, satisfactorily shown, that he was just forty years old that day, and that his mother=s name wa Fatima. It was well known that his father=s name was Mohammed, that he was of noble bearing, and the had been in retirement some time. All this was proof positive that he was the divine El Mahdi, and this is since then his only name. He stationed himself on the Island of Abba in thhe White Nile and was at once surrounded by numerous followers whom he absolved from all allegiance to all earthly potentates, announcing himself the true Messiah and King. This involved the refusal to pay tribute to the Egyptian government, a tax with which they had long been dissatisfied. The Egyptian government sent armies to enforce the tax, but the growing power of El Mahdi enabled him to defeat them. Finally the great army of Hicks Pasha was sent and has been utterly destroyed, at the capital of Kordofan, by the followers of El Mahdi numbering 300,000. It is now reported that the rush of recruits to his standard from all over Africa is tremendous, that he is before Khartoum, a city of 40,000 inhabitants with half a million of followers, that Khartoum is sure to fall soon, that his followers commit all manner of excesses, kill all opposers, outrage women, and destroy or carry off all property, and are about to overrun all Egypt. Indeed it is expected by his followers that he will overrun and conquer the world.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.


As I have decided to engage in other business, the entire stock of HOSIERY, UNDERWEAR, NOTIONS, Gloves, Picture Frames, Cast Steel Saws, And Carpenter=s Braces. The entire stock must be closed out this month. This is a genuine sale. Come and be convinced.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.


A correct answer to our Rebus for the benefit of those that sent us answers and can=t call at the store to compare them with key:

KEY. Our new Rebus is to inform the public generally that in everything belonging to the Boot and Shoe trade, the undersigned stand A Number One in the estimation of thousands of ladies and gentlemen who purchase their supplies at our store. The mystery of our extensive trade can be easily explained. Our stock is equal in all respects to any in the market; small profits and quick sales content us, and kind treatment, fair dealing, and strict attention to business are our rules. For Josh Billings= advice see lower right-hand corner. If you are handsome, cultivate your boots; if you are homely, hoe your brains.

Miss McGinnis has the correct answer, but we have failed to find a correct answer by a gentleman.



Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.


During the next 30 days, and until closed out, we will sell our entire stock of GROCERIES, QUEENSWARE, GLASSWARE, WOODENWARE, STONEWARE, ETC., REGARDLESS OF COST!

I hve decided to CLOSE OUT this store, and will make such PRICES as will enable me to do it quickly. We have just received two car-loads of Choice Apples, car-load Stoneware, also an enormous stock of Queensware and Glassware for Holiday trade. Our stock is all

FRESH AND THE LARGEST IN THE CITY. -AND- RARE BARGAINS can be had during our sale. We will continue to take Butter, Eggs, and Poultry in exchange for goods at highest market value. No goods sold on credit after this date, Nove. 24, 1883.


Best Light Brown Sugar, 11 pounds for $1.00.

Granulated Sugar, 10 pounds for $1.00.

Standard AA@ Coffee Sugar, 10 2 pounds for $1.00.

California Can Fruit, 25 cents per can.

Dwight & Deland=s Soda, 4 pounds for 25 cents.

Matches, 20 boxes for 25 cents, and everything else in proportion.

Special Inducements to the Trade.

We intend to be out every dollars worth of goods in the house by January 1st. Show cases, counters, and scales for sale as soon as closed out.

Positively no goods sold on time.


All accounts due this house must be SETTLED AT ONCE. A word to the wise is sufficient.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

THE MARKETS. Wheat brings 75 cents per bushel. Corn 25 cents, and hogs $4.00 to $4.25. Produce, especially butter and eggs in good demand at prices a shade better than last week. Butter is worth 20 cents and eggs 25 cents. Chickens and turkeys are also in good demand.

Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.


The jail is without a tenant for the first time in many months.

Charlie Steuven has just finished a neat residence on east Sixth Avenue.

Mr. C. W. Jordan came in Monday and spent a few days among friends here.

The Wilberforce Concert Troupe are arranging for dates here during the holidays.

Miss Ida McDonald left Tuesday morning for West Virginia, where she will spend the winter.

R. Hudson, Jr., has a nice stock of goods at low prices. Just the place to buy a present for a friend.

Thomas Youle has rented his farm just north of town to Messrs. David for three years at $1,000 a year, cash.

Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Wilson will take up housekeeping today in their pleasant home on east Eleventh Avenue.

DIED. Mrs. J. Kelly died of consumption at the residence of her husband=s parents on East Tenth Avenue Saturday morning.

Sol Burkhalter and Ivan Robinson started overland for Missouri Wednesday. They are going to investigate the mule market.

A colt belonging to Walter Denning fell on Ninth Avenue and broke its neck Saturday evening. It was a beautiful little animal.

A wagon bcked into Mrs. Geo. W. Miller=s bugggy Saturday evening, severely demoralizing it, but doing no injury to the occupants.

R. Hudson, Jr., Winfield Jewelry House, has a full assortment of clocks, watches, and jewelry for the holiday trades. Call and see.

The Methodist ladies presented Mrs. Rogers with a handsome dress and fifty dollars in cash. She left Tuesday for her home in Emporia.

From eight to ten heavily loaded trains pass through here daily on the Southern Kansas now. The road is doing an immense business.

The Courier Cornet Band was out Thanksgiving. The boys have received a large lot of new and excellent music and are doing excellent work.

Mr. McConnel, of Ohio, a friend of O. C. Ewart, is in the city and will probably remain for some months. He thinks of going into the grain business.

On account of the absence of the Mayor, the Council did not hold a meeting Monday evening. The meeting was adjourned to the next regular meeting.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

Col. J. C. McMullen is enjoying a visit from his sister, Mrs. Mary A. Wood, of Floyd, Iowa. She arrived Monday evening and will spend several months here.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

Someone threw a cigar stump into a pile of straw in the alley back of Baden=s headquarters, which came near making a first-class fire, but was discovered in time.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

MARRIAGE LICENSES. Since our last, Judge Gans has furnished licenses for:

Mr. Zachariah Bush and Miss Lue Eva McWilliams.

Mr. John W. Hanlen and Miss Nancy C. Lyons.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

Messrs. J. P. Short, J. W. Curns, and H. Silver have been appointed to appraise the Brettun estate and are now at work. The task is a big one as the estate owns a large amount of land scattered all over the county.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

Arkansas City has had a regular cowboy jubilee. One L. D. Skinner, of Bolton Township, filled his hide with poor whiskey and proceeded to ride up and down the sidewalks, swear at and abuse citizens, and perform diverse and sundry other improper acts. As usual, the marshal was not to be found, and after he had kept up the circuse some time a posse of citizens took him in. This skinner must be a bad citizen.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

The meetings at the Baptist Church, conducted by Major Penn, are increasing very much in interest, and many of our prominent citizens are becoming deeply interested in them. The large meeting house was crowded every night. Our people will do well to give the Major a hearing. He is a strong man, and his propositions are fair, manly, and worth of consideration.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

The Catholic Fair in the Opera House last week was a success both socially and financially. It will net the church something like four hundred dollars. The various voting contests were lively and exciting: especially that for the gold-headed cane. The friends of

D. L. Kretsinger finally carried the day. The gold watch was voted to D. R. Green=s little daughter.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

From the Traveler we learn that a couple of tramps attempted to rob Mr. Taft on the west bridge at Arkanss City, but were foiled by the appearance of two other citizens on the scene. One of the tramps had worked for Mr. Taft and had seen him draw a large amount of money from the bank on that day. They are still at large.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

The following is the list of jurors drawn for the January 1884 term of district court.

Henry Chitwood, Rock; John M. Smiley, D. G. Lewis, and G. L. Kirkpatrick, Creswell; R. Combs, Vernon; A. T. Cooper, Bolton; J. W. Elkins, Silver Creek; Adam Walck, Maple; J. A. Sanborn, Windsor; Andrew Harvey, Liberty; James Utt, Cedar; Henry Glaves, Harvey.



Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

Col. Whiting received by express from the East last week a lot of Aoysters in the shell.@

This is the first lot ever brought to this market. They were very fine. Through the Colonel=s courtesy a lot of them found their way to our table and were mingled with turkey and cranberry sauce on Thanksgiving day.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

J. B. Lynn is making a big clearance sale at actual cost: and when Lynn talks about Acost,@ he means just what the goods cost him laid down in the store. He will give the public some rare bargains during the next few weeks and the sooner they are taken advantage of, the better for the purchaser.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

We had the pleasure of meeting Dr. O=Connor, one of Cowley=s big farmers, last Monday. The Doctor owns a large tract of land in Otter Township, which he is stocking with the very best strains of cattle. He and Col. McMullen purchased a lot of thoroughbred shorthorns Monday.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

Rev. P. F. Jones and W. H. Dawson have purchased the old tannery building on South Main Street. They got it with the machinery and fixings for $1,500. Mr. Dawson will move his marble works there as soon as he can get it fixed up. He will do his polishing and sawing by steam hereafter.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

The two Quaker evangelists, Mrs. Mary Rogers and Mrs. Amy Fulghun, closed their revival work here Monday evening and have gone to fields of labor in the East. They have wond their way into the hearts of the people of Winfield during their stay, and the well-wishes of all go with them.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

A young man was arrested Tuesday charged with committing a rape on the person of a young girrl who had been in the employ of D. F. Best. The girl states that the deed was committed over a week ago at Best=s house. The case comes to trial the latter part of this week.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

A wild and frolicsome Dutchman went hunting for Marshal Herrod last week with a large butcher knife. The first intimation he received that he had found his man was a whack on the head from the Marshal=s club, which laid him up for repairs.




Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

The services attending the installation of Rev. Graham as pastor of the Walnut Valley church will be held on Sunday the 16th, at 11 o=clock, at the W. V. Church. The services will be conducted by Revs. Kirkwood and Fleming.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

Mr. Lee has gone to the expense of putting near his Implement House a Large Geared Wind Mill of the Halladay pattern, at a cost of $300. It drives a corn grinder at the rate of 1500 revolutions a minute.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

Mr. C. G. Furry has purchased an interest in the Geuda Springs Herald. He has been one of the best of the COURIER=s corps of correspondents for some years and will now take up journalism on his own account.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

Messrs. Curns & Manser have during the past week sold upwards of eleven thousand dollars worth of real estate in the county. They are making things hum in the real estate business.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

Messrs. Curns & Manser sold the Amos Becker farm just south of town last week to Mr. Eddy, the purchaser of the Dunn Farm. The price paid was five thousand dollars.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

A liquor drummer for a wholesale whiskey house was in the city Monday searching vainly for a saloon. He passed on to Arkansas City by the evening train.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

Wells Fargo & Co.=s Express are now running on the Southern Kansas road. They made their first trip Saturday.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

D. R. Green has gone into the livery business at Kingman and moved his stable of trotters, etc., to that place.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

Wanted. A plasterer to plaster house in the country. Inquire of J. C. McMullen, at Winfield Bank.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

Frank Williams came down from Wichita Monday to look after his business interests here.

Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

Mr. Jas. F. Martin took the Wednesday morning train for Ottawa, where he will attend the meeting of the State Horticultural Society.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

The Pleasant Hour Club will have another of the social hops Thursday evening. The dancing is from eight to twelve, in the Opera House.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

The Wednesday morning east-bound freight on the Southern Kansas got stuck on the hill east of town. It worked half an hour before it got up.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

Reed Robinson and wife are spending a week with relatives here. Reed=s good nature keeps pace with his general physical development: which is saying a good deal for it.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

Don=t fail to see the AHidden Hand,@ the greatest of all Southern dramas, in its superb revival, by Whiteley=s great AHidden Hand@ Company, at the Opera House on Monday evening, December 10th.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

A Mrs. Bailey was arrested last Friday for taking $1.50 from J. L. Hodges= grocery store. She plead guilty and was fined $10 and costs. Ehe had been pilfering small sums at different times.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

Mrs. Brown, who lives north of town, laid some packages of merchandise and mail matter on a counter in one of our stores Saturday, and when she returned, they were gone; probably taken by mistake.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

S. L. Gilbert has resumed the loan and insurance business, over the post office, and is prepared to furnish money without delay at seven percent, with privilege to the borrower to pay off at any time after one year.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

There are at present seventy-two buildings in process of erection in this city, representing an investment of ninety thousand dollars. The sound of the hammer and trowel are keeping up a continuous chatter all over town.




Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

Messrs. F. H. Teeke and E. H. Wright of Newark, New Jersey, were in the city this week. They are the capitalists who are furnishing the six percent money to McDonald, Jarvis & Co., and were looking into their investments.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

Mr. A. B. Arment, of the Champion Furniture Store, is having an immense boom at present. He sold during the past week six handsome and costly bed room suits, several parlor suits, and an unusual amount of piece furniture.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

The Board of Directors of the Cowley County Fair and Driving Park Association will meet at A. H. Doane & Co.=s office in Winfield, on Friday afternoon, Dec. 21st. The work on hand embraces the annual settlements and setting dates for next year=s fair. Every director should be present.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

Mr. A. W. Holland, accompanied by his sisters, Misses Lucy and Mattie, returned from their year=s sojourn in Dakota last week. They are not favorably impressed with the country there and say that it suffers wonderfully in comparison with Kansas. They raise less wheat and get less for it. The thermometer stood at 15 below zero during the three weeks preceeding their departure.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

The Ladies= Mite Society at Tisdale had a grand success on the evening of the 30th. The House was crowded and the oysters were served in the most approved style. A hearty good feeling pervaded the crowd and all seemed bent on having a good time. The Tisdale folks are fortunate in having some go-ahead women that never fail in any good work. The receipts amounted to near $60. Tisdale is a good place to live if there are a lot of Democrats there.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

The old snipe hunting joke has come to the front again. Last week several of the boys accompanied by one of the young clerks of the city, went up the river four miles in a boat on a sniping expedition. When they arrived at the feeding grounds of the wary snipe, the young clerk was left in a dark, damp, and dismal thicket holding open the mouth of a big sack while the rest of the party scattered out to drive in the snipe, and finally crept silently into the boat, let it drift downstream and came home, leaving the young clerk Aholding the sack.@ His subsequent movements are not recorded except that at early dawn he was seen coming into town by an alley-way with his clothes torn and muddy, his face scratched, and having a woeful and deserted appearance. He has forever given up snipe-hunting.




Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

Badly Injured.

Mr. V. B. Bartlett went out with a party last Thursday to hunt Jack rabbits. They started one, and all took after it, running the horses at good speed, when the one Mr. Bartlett had stumbled and fell, throwing him violently to the ground and falling upon him. Both horse and rider were stunned and those who came to his aid found much difficulty in getting him out from under the horse. He was brought home more dead than alive. One of his arms was dislocated and he was bruised badly. He is much better now, however.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

Narrow Gauge Railroad.

Messrs M. Mercer, President, J. J. Burns, Secretary, and others of the ADenver, Memphis and Atlantic Narrow Gauge Railroad@ were in the city last week to consult with our people on the subject. The road starts for the present at Belle Plaine, in Sumner County, through Winfield, and southeast to Memphis. A large delegation of businessmen met them and talked the matter over. Their project seems to be feasible and the road would be of vast importance to the county if the ideas of its projectors can be carried out.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

The School Fund Booming.

Last week Fairclo & Holloway, druggists at Arkansas City, were arrested on eight counts for violation of the prohibitory law. The defendants came up, plead guilty, and paid eight hundred dollars, fines and costs, which amounted to three hundred more. This makes a total of eleven hundred dollars which went into the school fund of the county last week. If the thing keeps up at this rate for a short time, the expenses of the public schools of the county will be very light. In the old license days the towns in the county got all the revenue from whiskey selling, Awhile the country furnished its proportion of the whiskey drinkers. The present arrangement is much more equitable as the lines are divided up among all the people.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

Wells Fargo Express.

Wells Fargo & Co.=s Express is now running over the K. C., L. & S. R. R., or Southern Kansas railroad, and will carry goods between Winfield and all points on that line at lowest rates. The Company also continues its service on the A., T. & S. F. R. R. and branches.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

Grand Elocutionary and Literary Entertainment.

Mrs. Edith Crenshaw, celebrated elocutionist of our city, but late of Ohio, will give one of her interesting and instructive entertainments, consisting of readings, recitations, song, etc., under the auspices of the Ladies= Christian Aid Society, at the Opera House, Saturday evenig, December 8. Proceeds to go to the completion of church building. Admission 25 cents. Reserved seats, 35 cents.

Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

Temperance Meeting.

A Union Temperance meeting will be held in the Walnut Valley Presbyterian Church, on next Sabbath evening, Dec. 9th, and will be conducted by Mrs. Greer and Mrs. Smith, of Winfield. A very cordial invitation is extended to everybody. Exercises will begin at 7 p.m.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

Special Notice.

Commencing December 1, 1883, The AOld Reliable Adams Express Co.,@ will receive and bill direct goods of any kind to all points in Colorado and New Mexico at very low rates. Goods of any description ordered free of charge. Special attention given to all orders. Call and get our rates before ordering or shipping goods. J. W. McRorey, Agent.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

Crayon Portraits.

W. S. Randall, crayon artist, will be at the Brettun House two or three weeks. Those wishing good work in this line should see him. For information call on Mr. McIntyre, photographer. Sample picture at Post Office. Will have others ready soon.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

AThe Hidden Hand.@

Superb revival! Elegant Scenery! Great special company! Hattie Irving as Archie and Capitola, Billie Robinson as Wool. The best entertainment of the season. Don=t miss it.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

$1.00 Per Bushel for Wheat.

We will for the next 30 days pay you in first class Flour, $1.00 per bushel for good wheat. Jennings & Crippen.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

Regular Meeting Cowley County Horticultural Society, Dec. 1, 1883.

Meeting called to order by President. On motion Society voted to pay one-half of expense of delegate to State Horticultural Society at Ottawa, Dec. 5th to 7th. Members requested to leave samples of fruit at COURIER office for exhibition. Notice given to increase membership fee to one dollar at January meeting. A full attendance requested at this meeting. Mr. Maxwell exhibited 2 new apples. Adjourned.

JACOB NIXON, Secretary. JAS. F. MARTIN, President.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

AD. GRAND CLEARANCE SALE - 20 BOXES MATCHES FOR TWENTY-FIVE CENTS. We have decided to quit the Grocery business and will CLOSE OUT REGARDLESS OF COST! Our entire stock of Staple and Fancy Groceries, Queensware, STONEWARE, AND WOODENWARE.

10 lbs. granulated sugar: $1.00.

10 2 lbs. AA@ sugar: $1.00.

11 lbs. light brown sugar: $1.00.

Tea: 15 to 70 cents per lb.

Choice glass sets: 40 cents to $1.00.

California canned goods: 25 cents.

And other things in proportion. We mean just what we say, and it is only necessary for you to call and get prices to be convinced.


Myton Block, 5 doors north Post Office.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.


Number of peas in jar 13,242. Prize awarded to Mr. John Shields, of New Salem, his guess being 13,247.

Ten next nearest guesses are:

Mrs. Cal Ferguson: 13,275

J. R. Taylor: 13,283

Sam Slate: 13,331

F. M. Freeland: 13,333

J. F. Miller: 13,333

Mrs. Vanway: 13,333

D. L. Kretsinger: 13,333

W. M. Palmer: 13,160

C. W. Saunders: 13,400

J. A. Patterson: 13,407

Total number guesses: 901. Highest guess: 5,000,000. Lowest guess: 700.

We, the undersigned, certify that we have counted the contents of the glass jar in Bryan & Lynn=s window, personally and carefully, and find the number of peas to be 13,242.



Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

From The Traveler.

Miss Anna Hunt, of Winfield, arrived Saturday and entered upon her duties as assistant principal of our schools last Monday.

Geo. W. Miller, of Winfield, recently rounded up and branded 5,400 head of cattle at his ranch on Salt Fork south of Hunnewell. He has changed his old brand of LK to 101 on hip and horn.

Cowley County polled 138 votes more than Montgomery County, in the eastern part of the state, and containing a city with four wards. If you want to be saved, come to Cowley.

Cowley County polled 589 more votes than Sumner County at the late election and 334 more than Sedgwick County, the home of Wichita. Cowley is the queen of the southwest.

There are at present no papers published in Sedgwick County outside of Wichita. Five towns in Cowley County have newspapers. In fact, it isn=t much of a counttry north of Cowley anyhow.

McIntire and Soward take up their official duties on the 10th of January next. Capt. Nipp, however, has nearly a year to wait, the second Tuesday in October being the eventful day with him.

A Pawnee Indian (John Pawnee) stole a hat from W. B. Kirkpatrick=s store one day this week, and was detected, arrested, and taken before Justice Bonsall, who fined him ten dollars. Mr. ALo@ sold his pony, paid the fine, and was discharged, and we presume will foot it to his Territory home a sadder and a wiser man.


Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

South Fairview Items.

Health good. Weather fine.

Wallis brothes lost a good horse not long since.

V. Baird has his stone barn almost completed.

As crops increase barns and granaries will follow.

J. C. Monforte and many others have been building anew.

Henry Bowman has built a large corn crib and wagon shed combined.

There was preaching at Fairview schoolhouse on last Sabbath by the Rev. Irvin of New Salem.

The fence builders that were known as the Southwestern Fence Company have become well scattered.

Rev. Johnson has left this part of the moral vineyard. We wish him God speed. May his efforts be crowned with success.

The protracted meeting at Maple Grove is yet in progress. May it continue until there is a general shaking up of our dry bones.

Samuel David is done gathering corn. J. W. Curfman has gathered 25 acres that made 1373 bushels. Pretty good for second bottom land.

Mr. Tompkinson is having a boss lot of stone fence put up this winter. Judging from present appearances he means to stay with us.

Our literary went off booming at last meeting. There was a good turnout. Miscellaneous exercise very good; also a very interesting debate. There were several persons out from Winfield. We have for our question next night: AResolved, That proghibition in Kansas is a failure.@ Let everybody come out on Friday evening, Nov. 30th. AMANDA.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.


Weather fine.

Corn huskers in demand.

Wheat looking first-class.

Mr. Lewis Belveal has sold his farm to a Mr. Phelps.

J. P. Hosmer is teaching us a good school in No. 63.

Judge Gammon is feeding 100 fine steers on Otter Creek.

Mr. Lavender wants to return to the ADark Holler@ in Indiana.

The prairie burner is abroad in the land, so prepare for him.

Am pleased to see that the violators of the prohibitory law at Arkansas City are being roughly handled.

We understand that Hon. E. M. Hewins has leased some ten miles square in the Territory just south of us and will fence it and fill it with stock.

Cedarvale is to have a railroad from Kansas City via Pleasanton, Humboldt, and Longton. This is the Scott Company, and they mean business.

The District Court at Sedan failed to empty the jail. Harp was sent to Leavenworth for ten years. Witt was found guilty of murder in the first degree. Bacon was not tried because of some technicalities in the information.

With two more murders in Chautauqua County Sunday before last, she still carries the belt. If the stern hand of the law does not do something soon to check such violence, thee certainly will be something done by the Agood citizens.@ OTTERITE.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.


The Waterworks Company have notified the mayor and councilmen that they have completed the works and require a test to be made on or before the 15th.

This has raised the questions, whether the works are completed as the ordinance requires; what is the intent and meaning of the ordinance; and what test is required. The discussion of these questions has raised the points whether the city is bound to pay the hydrant rents whether water is furnished the city or not; whether the holders of the company=s bonds can compel the city to pay the interest on the bonds though no water is furnished the hydrants after the test is made, whether the test is satisfactory to the council or not.

We paid some attention to the ordinance when it was first before the council and were satisfied that it then protected the city=s interests in these respects. A week before the passage of the ordinance, we left for the east part of the state on railroad business and when we returned, the ordinance had been materially changed in many important particulars and had passed.

We have not scrutinized it since, until now, but have had no doubt that the intent and meaning of the councilmen in passing that ordinance was: that unless the company should furnish the required quantity of pure wholesome water, taken from a point where the drainage from the city and cemetery could not contaminate it, well filtered through an abundance of gravel; unless the works stood the test by reservoir pressure only and without pressure from the pumps, the council should not accept the works and that no hydrant rents should accrue until all these conditions should be accomplished; that in case there should afterwards be a time when any of these conditions were not maintained, the rents for hydrants should cease to accrue during such time as such deficiency existed, and that the bond holders could not get from the city any interest in excess of what had thus accrued as due from the city.

But it is now claimed that it cuts no figure whether the water is pure or not; whether a sufficient reservoir is constructed or not. The company can compel the test when they choose and if the force of the pumps proves sufficient to throw six streams from six hose of fifty feet each through inch nozzles to the height of sixty feet for one second only, the council is compelled to accept the work and the hydrant rents will commence to accrue from that date; and that no failure to supply pure water, or to supply any water at all; no failure to keep the works in repair; no failure of the reservoir; no failure in any direction, will release the city from the payment of the interest or any part of it on the company=s bonds, or in any way interrupt the accruing of the rents of hydrants against the city. That from the moment the test is made, the city is bound to pay the full sum of three thousand a year and sixty-five per year for each other hydrant in addition to the original forty, and pay to that extent the interest on the company=s bonds; and there is no escape, whatever the delinquencies of the water company. We are told that the company Adon=t care a continental@ whether the city council accepts the waterworks or not, for Athe company have got the city foul@ and it cannot help itself.

This kind of talk has called our special attention to the ordinance and after scrutinizing it carefully, we find a great many specious insertions and omissions which seem to bear the construction which the water company puts upon it. It has been fixed up by sharp men and shrewd lawyers in such a way as to conceal the claws of the animal, the tricks to catch the city, and at the same time, the words to protect the city are as speciously omitted in such a way as to leave the impression that they still remain. So while the ordinance has words that seem to bear the construction which the company now place upon it, there is nothig which openly denies the meaning which the council believed they were voting for, and there seems to be only two ways for the council to act; to surrender to the waterworks company all they claim or to test the matter in the courts. Of course, we are decidedly in favor of the latter course.

We find from the ordinance that the company agrees to build an engine house according to certain specifications; provide a pump capable of throwing a million gallons of water into a reservoir one hundred feet higher than main street in twenty-four hours; a reservoir capable of storing two million gallons; a boiler; five and a half miles of pipe with certain specification; and forty hydrants. The works, when completed, to be capable of throwing six streams sixty feet high through 50 ft. of hose and inch nozzles; to extend mains and build additional hydrants when required by the city council; to make a satisfactory test as to the capacity of the pumps and the throwing of fire streams; and to keep said works at all times up to the standard of such tests; to lay the pipe in certain streets; to leave the streets in as good condition as before if practicable; to charge consumers not exceeding a certain schedule of rates for water; to keep the said works always in operation and supply the city and its inhabitants with an ample quantity of well settled and wholesome water; and to do their business in Winfield.

The above in substance is absolutely all that the company agreed in words to do. It is provided that in case any hydrant shall remain out of repair more than one day after notice, ten days rental of that hydrant shall be deducted for each day it remains out of working order through the fault or neglect of the company. This is the only penalty for not fulfilling, prescribed in words. It is provided that the hydrants rented by the city shall be used exclusively for extinguishing fires, drill practice, and flushing gutters.

The city grants the company the right of way in the city for ninety-nine years and agrees to condemn for the company such property in and out of the city which they require. The named consideration for this is, Afor supplying the city and its citizens with water for domestic, sanitary, and other purposes as well as the protection of the city against disaster from fires.@

The city agrees to pay three thousand dollars a year for the use of forty hydrants, sixty-five dollars a year for each hydrant in excess of 40 up to a hundred, $60 for each in excess of a hundred up to 150, $50 in excess of 150 up to 200, and $25 in excess of 200; and out of which to pay the interest on the company=s bonds to the extent of the amount due the company for hydrant rents but not in excess of such amount. The named consideration for this is Athe benefit that will accrue to the city of Winfield by the construction of such a system of water works as contemplated herein.@

It is provided that the city may locate the mains and hydrants; and may buy the works at the end of ten years and every five years thereafter at the appraised value of Athe works, choses in action, property, and franchises belonging or appertaining to said water works.@

The above is substantially all there is in the ordinance, certainly all that bears upon the questions in dispute. All else is left to implication and any question not settled by the words of the contract, in our opinion, must be settled by the meaning and intent on which the councilmen intended when they passed that ordinance; if indeed, the ordinance is not void altogether. So while the ordinance is very weak on the part of the city, we do not think it quite certain that the water company have yet gobbled up the whole city and all it contains. We do not quite see that the company has got the city so foul that she cannot help herself. We are not quite convinced that the city must pay three to six thousand dollars a year anyhowCwhether any water is supplied or not.

We hold that the city council cannot see a satisfactory test of the water works until everything that the company have agreed to do is complied with. We do not doubt that the pump is sufficient to throw water sixty feet high from six hydrants and that alone may be satisfactory to the company, but not a satisfactory test to the city council. It must do it by reservoir pressure alone first. They should not take part in the test or accept the work at present.

The ordinance does not require the city to make the test or take part in it. Neither does it require the council to accept the work in any contingency. It should never take part in any test and should never accept the works until the whole works are completed according to contract; until reservoir pressure is sufficient; and until they supply an ample quantity of well settled and wholesome water. And further, they should take no part until it is determined authoritatively that the city will not be holden to pay hydrant rents in interests on the company=s bonds, or in any other way for such time as the works are not maintained up to contract thereafter.

No councilman ought to be satisfied with any test until all these things are tested and satisfactory.

It is a notorious fact that the reservoir does not hold water well and there are strong doubts if its strength is sufficient to hold two millions of gallons. It is a notorious fact that the water supplied by the pumps is foul, that it is not well settled and filtered, not wholesome; that it is taken from a place in the river where it takes the drainage from the north part of the city and from the cemetery. These must certainly be remedied before there can be a satisfactory test. Then the council should get the best legal advice and have the question of the city=s liability to pay the rents for such time as the works are not maintained up to test settled judiciously before the test can be satisfactory. If as it is claimed, it makes no difference as to the city=s liabilities whether the test is made by the council and the works accepted or not, the council will do no harm by keeping their fingers out of it, and if it would make a difference, in the interest of the city, the council should now take no part in it.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.


Quite a sensation was caused at Lawrence, Kansas, December 10, by the attempted firing by an incendiary of the State asylum for feeble minded, coupled with the firing of shots into the office with the evident intention of assassinating the superintendent, Colonel H. M. Greene. The superintendent with the officers of the institution were first awakened by the breaking of glass in the offices, awakening all, and upon rising found the corner of the build-ing in flames. The water hose of the building was brought into play promptly by experienced hands, and the flames were soon under control, but not until considerable damage was done, however. Colonel Greene upon rising rushed into the office with a lighted lamp, whereupon he was at once saluted by three shots in rapid succession, the last grazing his cheek, and upon the reception of which he quickly extinguished the light in his hands and rushed out with an assistant. Chase was given to the parties to be seen on the run; but being near a park, they were soon lost. The affair is wrapped in mystery as to the perpetrators. No ill feeling exists that is known against the institution, it being under good management and well con-ducted. The matter is in good hands, and it is thought will thoroughly run aground within a few days. Colonel Greene was in Topeka looking after the offering of a reward by the state. The most plausible explanation which can be given from the present facts known is that of a personal grudge against the superintendent, who is quite an active politician, and thereby has made necessarily some enemies.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.


The following order has been made: AIt appearing that certain persons have been practicing systematic fraud on ex-union soldiers and their widows and orphans, or their heirs, by making false representations concerning pension claims, and extorting illegal fees for service pretended to have been or promised to be rendered, and this department, having reasons to believe some postmasters have been aiding these fraudulent claim agents by furnishing them lists of names of ex-union soldiers and others supposed to be entitled to pensions, and also by distributing their unaddressed circulars among that class; therefore, postmasters are forbidden hereafter to furnish such lists or to distribute any circulars of the kind indicated unless they are addressed to some individual and are prepared as required by law.@ W. B. GRESHAM. Postmaster General.

Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

Stock sale: I will sell at public auction on 9th Ave., Winfield, Kansas, on Saturday, Dec. 15th, 1883, the following property to-wit: Two milch cows coming fresh soon, two yearling heifers, one three year old colt, one yearling colt, and one two horse wagon. LUKE FOX.

M. M. Scott, Auctioneer.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

Items from Southeast Cowley.

D. Kantz and wife will spend the holidays in Old Hoosier.

Literary at the Cedar Creek schoolhouse every Saturday night.

School will be closed for one week during the holidays in Dist. 63.

When boys go 12 miles to spelling school, there must be some attraction.

C. W. Zimmerman, D. Nelson, and an uncle of the latter have gone to the Territory on a hunt.

Henry Lavender is going back to the land of his childhood, having sold his property to D. Ramsy.

Miss Jennie Hefner has taken up her residence in Cedarvale, and is much missed by her friends on Cedar.

Husking corn? Yes. The first question asked when two farmers meet is, ADo you know where I can get a hand to gather corn?@

Master Charley Graves had his legs broken last Saturday night by a careless boy tripping him. This should be a lesson to children on that score.

The citizens of this place propose to have a rousing Christmas tree. Come over, Jasper, and maybe those terrible girls will take pity on that perfumed mustache, if it can be seen without the aid of a magnifying glass. From the tenor of his last wail, poor Jasper does not appear to have had good success with his best girlCpoor boy! He should try a new perfume for that invisible mustache.

With friendship and pity for pulverized Jasper, I am PHINEAS.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

New Salem Pencilings.

Literary at Salem on Saturday evening.

Christmas will perhaps bring some new items.

Mr. Chapell, Sr., is badly afflicted with rheumatism.

Messrs. McHenry and Perry sold some fine hogs recently.

Mr. J. W. Hoyland has his new barn ready for its occupants.

Mr. Stewart, a cousin of Mrs. Crow and Mr. Douglass, is a Salem guest.

Mrs. Axford, of Glen Grouse, was lately a guest of her mother, Mrs. Archer.

Mrs. Pixley, the Salem AWorth,@ or stylish dressmaker, is very busy at present.

A gentleman from Iowa intends having a hardware store at Alem. Welcome all to our little burg.

Mr. W. P. Hoyland has taken a claim near Timber Creek, but he seems to consider himself a Salemite.

MARRIED. Mr. Shultz has got ahead of his cronies and gone west to Sumner and married a Aschool marm,@ but I did not learn her name.

Mr. Silverthorn has bought two lots in Salem and has put up a stable. Mr. Castleberry has also bought property and intends erecting a barn.

Mr. Stephens is shipping corn from Salem in quite a lively manner, and would have all the business in that line he would care for if cars could be had.

Miss Wilkinson, a niece of Mr. Shields, from Missouri, surprised them a short time since by stepping into their quiet home. She intends to spend the winter.

There was a little surprise party at the home of Mr. and Mrs. S. A. Chappel. It was a second house-warming in place of house-moving. A good time is reported.

The Thanksgiving social was a financial success, as sixty-five dollars was cleared; and in the culinary department it was also a successCturkeys and all sorts of good things, with oysters also.

Mr. Friend, of Winfield Atook the cake@ at the Thanksgiving social, but he paid for it, as it was auctioneered off to the highest bidder. He gave $7.50. Mrs. Pixley had the honor of making it, and we think Mr. Friend and family found it as good as it looked.

Mr. W. B.Hoyland did not go to the Springs as reported. He did go as far as the station, but some of his friends coaxed him to return; and as he is afflicted somewhat like Job of old, Dr. Downs is trying to drive all the bad out of him. May success crown his efforts.

Mr. Lucas received a telegram stating that his father, living in Missouri, was dangerously ill. He left on the first train, it being the freight. Such news is sad to those that prize their dear ones. We all hope Mr. Lucas may find his father better. Of course, his school is dismissed for the present. Miss Davenport still continues in the primary department.

Miss Etna Dalgarn and her brother, Mr. Douglass Dalgarn, met with quite an accident one day last week, but escaped fortunately. While going down a hill on their way to Winfield, the iron on the neck yoke came off, letting the buggy tongue down. The horses became frightened and the driver feared they would rush into a wire fewnce nearby. He held on to the lines and was dsragged out over the dash board. In some way Miss Etna went out at the same time. Her shoulder was terribly bruised, but they were certainly fortunate in escaping with that little injury. Her dress was badly torn, but there are plenty of dresses in town, so that injury was scarcely taken into consideration. OLIVIA.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

Odessa Notes.

Mr. Bart McCollum sold a herd of cattle a few days ago that brought him over $2,000 cash.

Rev. Mr. Heenderson has been quite ill for the past few weeks, but is able to be about again.

Mr. Gramm completed his barn and gave the young folks a chance to trip the Alight fantastic,@ in it. All had a splendid time.

Corn gathering is now in full blast, and is yielding much better than expected. It is thought the average will be at least fifty bushels per acre in this vicinity.

Thanksgiving Day the school children assisted by their teacher gave a big dinner at the schoolhouse. All enjoyed themselves splendidly and had lots of cituals left.

There will be a festival at Odessa schoolhouse on Saturday evening, December 23rd. Proceeds to go for an organ for the school. Come one, come all, and Odessa folks will make it as pleasant for you as they can.

Mr. S. G. Martin and S. B. Hunt and his son George made a trip for apples in the eastern part of the state. Apples are very scarce. They paid 50 cents a bushel, but came home loaded with 35 bushels to the load. They were accompanied by their daughters, Miss Emma Hunt and Miss Louie Martin. The girls report a jolly time.

About fifty of the young folks gathered at the residence of Mr. DeTurk on Thanksgiving evening. The names of those there are too numerous to mention, but will say Athe youth and beauty of the valley were out in force,@ and were hospitably entertained by Mr. and Mrs. DeTurk. At half-past eleven a bountiful supply of refreshments were served. All enjoyed themselves, as they always do at Mr. DeTurks.

Anyone riding through our beautiful valley can see that the farmers are improving rapidly. There have been sevesral new buildings put up this fall. Mr. Gramon has built an addition to his barn. Mr. Hunt has also built a large barn. Mr. Ki Hertsel has built a new house on his farm. Mr. Sparks has built a new buggy shed; also Owen McCollum and Jim Devore. By this I mean they sport in fine top buggies.

On last Friday night both young and old of this neighborhood gathered at the school-house in order of spelling school given by the teacher, W. P. Beaumont. After spelling was organized a lyceum. It will meet every Friday night. The officers were elected: Mr. A. DeTurk, president; W. P. Hostetter, vice president; Miss Emma Hunt, secretary; Louie Martin, assistant secretary; Mr. Jim Devore, treasurer. All are invited to come.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

Prairie Home Gossip.

Literary Society at Prairie Home every Tuesday night.

Miss May Christopher is giving general satisfaction as a teacher.

L. G. Brown, our Prairie Home carpenter, is being kept very busy building and repairing.

Miss Lettie Wilkinson of Wisconsin is visiting Mrs. John Shields. She will spend the winter here.

A younger brother of Mrs. Martin=s is visiting here, and is so well pleased with the country that he thinks he will locate here.

Found. By A. Bechtle, between our house and L. G. Brown=s, a package containing letters and a picture. If Jack will call within ten days, he can have the package free-gratis.

George Bechtle returned from the Territory last Thursday, where he has been bailing hay. He found a certain young lady glad to welcome him. It is nice to be remembered, isn=t it, George?

Mrs. Katie Barnes of Indiana is visiting Mrs. Miles. They were old school mates. Mrs. Barnes is much pleased with Cowley County and we would not be much surprised if she were to make her home among us.

We will be very glad to accept Olivia=s invitation to dine in the near future. We are very fond of jelly cakeCand by the way, we think that many readers of the COURIER would be glad to have Olivia=s receipt for making jelly cake.

Last Wednesday evening some of the neighbors concluded they would spend the evening with Mr. and Mrs. Gardner in their new house. According to a well arranged plan, the company all reached Mr. Gardner=s at the same time, and you can imagine Mrs. Gardner=s surprise, when upon answering the knock at the door she was met by the smiling faces of fifty or more of her neighbors who immediately took possessionCand such a merty time is not often witnessed. During the evening the table was arranged and loaded with the contents of well filled baskets and buckets (prepared for the occasion) and Mr. Gardner and lady were invited to take seats at the head of the table. After supper we enjoyed some fine singing, and as the hour of midnight approached, the guests dispersed for their several homes, each acknowledging they had not spent a more enjoyable evening for some time. CHARITY.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

AD. 20,000 Turkeys wanted by J. P. Baden; must be delivered on or before the 18th.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.



We are not going to skip the country, nor will we make any change in our business, but during the next THIRTY DAYS we will sell goods at such prices as to make the people of Cowley County happy but our competitors to tremble in their boots.

We have never issued glaring advertisements such as ASelling at and Regardless of Cost to Quit Business@ and then kept right on, neither is this intended as such; but we will assure the public that the following price list will be strictly carried out for thirty days, and every article mentioned will be sold at the advertised price and no more. We will consider it a favor if our friends will bring this price list with them and convince themselves that





Cheap Prints, 4 cents a yard.

Best and Choice Prints, 5 cents a yard.

A Good Gingham for 7 cents a yard.

Best Dress Style Gingham, 8 2 cents a yard.

Lawrence L. L. Brown Sheeting, 5 2 cents.

Stark Mills, better than Indian Head, 7 2 cents.

Fine Bleached Lonsdale make, 7 2 cents.

Colored Cotton Flannel, 10 cents.

Unbleached Cotton Flannel, fair quality, 7 cents.

Unbleached Cotton Flannel, much better, 8 1/3 cents.

A splendid article, 10 cents.

A splendid Cheviot, free of starch, at 10 cents a yard.

Very heavy and good quality, 12 2 cents.

Black and White Shirting Flannel, 15 cents.

Black and White, very heavy, 22 2 cents.

Black and White all wool, 33 1/3 cents.

Brown and Gray Plaids, excellent goods, 31 2 cents.

A heavy red twilled Flannel, not strictly all wool, 30 cents.

Twilled Red Flannel, all wool, 33 1/3 cents.

Heavy Jeans at 15, 20, and 25 cents.

Heavy Jeans, wool filling, 31 2 cents.

Turkey Red Table Linen, 35 cents.

Turkey Red Table Linen, warranted fast colors, 50 cents.

Heavy half-bleached Damask, 31 2 cents.

Fine bleached Damask, 50 cents.

Ladies= Cloths and Pressed Flannels, strictly all wool, 54 inches wide and in all the shades, $1.12 1/2.

In Ladies= Dress Goods we offer a full line of colors, strictly all wool Cashmeres, 38 inches wide, at 60 cents.

Black Cashmeres, all wool, 45 cents.

Black Cashmeres, much better, 55 cents.

A splendid piece, 40 inches wide, 57 2 cents.

Other grades in proportion.

In Waterproofs we offer Black and White mixed, 50 cents.

Navy Blue, Brown and Gray, 75 cents.

A very fine article, in all the new colors, 90 cents.

A single-fold Dress Flannel, all wool, 36 cents.

Do not fail to call and see the immense bargains in each and every department.

In our Ladies= Cloak and Dolman Department we will make the most liberal offer ever made. Each garment is marked with the regular selling price in pllain figures, and from now on we will give you a DISCOUNT OF 25 PER CENT, on any garment you select, which brings our finest dolmans within the reach of all.

For example, we give you a few quotations.

A handsome Black Dolman, trimmed with fur, $9.50; present price $7.13.

Fine Diagonal Dolman, nicely trimmed, $15.00; present price $11.25.

Fine Satin Dolman, with fur collar, sleeves and back trimmed with fur, $25.00; present price $18.75.

Fine Satin Dolman, trimmed with pointed fur, $20.00; present price $15.00.

In the above offer we include our entire line of Ladies= Ulsterettes, Cape Coats, Light Colored Walking Coats, Russia Circulars, Ladies= Shawls, and Children=s Coats; also a large line of Ladies= Skirts. We offer big bargains in Carpets, Overcoats, Men and Boys= Clothing, in fact everything in our double store.

We will be pleased to convince you of these facts if you will honor us with a call.



Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.


Corn still holds up strong at 30 2 - 31 2 per bushel. This is a very close figure. The price in Kansas City today (Wednesday) is 42 cents. Freight is 8 8/10 cents and commission 1 cent. This leaves from 2 to 1 cent per bushel for local dealers. This is perhaps the closest market we have had for some time on this cereal. Wheat still holds at 75 cents strong. Butter brings 20 cents and eggs 20 cents. Good potatoes bring 55 to 60 cents. Hogs bring from $4.50 to $4.75, with occasional sales as high as $4.80.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.


The AChatterbox@ only 50 cents at Goldsmith=s.

Ramsay is now offering bargains, for 30 days only.

See the five and ten cent counters at Rowland=s New Variety store.

Bob Strother was over from Harvey Monday looking over the grain market.

H. H. Martin and W. B. Norman were down from the city of Udall Tuesday.

A complete set of Dickens= works, 15 volumes, only $7.50, can be had at Henry Goldsmith=s.

Cups and Saucer, Vases and other varieties of glassware almost given away at Goldmith=s.

Dr. H. L. Wells will occupy the front rooms upstairs of J. C. Fuller=s new building when completed.

Frank Baldwin came in Saturday and departed again Monday. His visit was purely one of business.

A beautiful family Bible which you pay $6.00 for to agents, you can buy at Goldsmith=s for half the amount, $3.00.

The AHidden Hand@ Company played here Monday evening to a good houseCfully as large as that which greeted AKarl.@

Rev. Morey, of Fulton County, Illinois, spent last week in the city, a guest of his son. He was wonderfully pleased with Cowley and Winfield.

The M. E. Church of Arkansas City was dedicated Sunday and over twelve hundred dollars was raised, which places the church entirely out of debt.

I have a beautiful stock of Holiday Goods. Will sell below cost, as I want the money to buy other goods, as I do not expect to close out. J. N. HARTER, Druggist.

Judge Torrance adjourned the Wellington court for three days last week to allow the lawyers to get their cases ready for trial. The Sumner docket carries nearly 300 cases.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

Council met Monday evening, and fixed the day for the water-works test at next Monday at 1:30 p.m. The clerk was ordered to invite the mayors and councilmen of neighboring towns to be present and observe the same. The council also instructed the mayor to appoint a committee of three disinterested citizens to examine and report upon the works. The mayor was also given power to arrange for the entertainment of the visitors.

Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

Water was turned into the reservoir Friday and about four feet pumped in when it sprung a leak. The water was then drawn off and the breaks are now being repaired. During our limited career as a Ahydraulic engineer,@ we formed a theory that a successful reservoir must be constructed something on the order of a wash basin. At least this is the plan upon which nature constructs her reservoirs, and nature is an excellent authority.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

Mr. Land, living in the south part of the city, met with quite a serious accident on Tuesday last. While capping a shell after the powder had been placed in it, the shell exploded and came very near tearing off the third finger besides injuring other fingers and burning the hand. The wound was exceedingly painful for several hours. Dr. Taylor was called to the case and dressed the wound. The patient is reported as doing well.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

Gen. A. H. Green is again running the Real Estate business at the old stand. He has been a leading real estate man in this city for years and has sold large numbers of farms and city lots in this city and county. His success has been remarkable and in all his real estate transactions with all sorts of men, including the suspicious, jealous, and complaining kinds, we have never heard a complaint against his manner of dealing with them.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

A kind of Acost@ mania seems to have struck our merchants. Everyone is afraid that an open winter and an early spring will leave them with large stocks of heavy goods to carry over which they don=t care to do; consequently, people are buying almost ewverything at prices that will pay them to lay in the next year=s supply.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

A gentleman who in 1874 had a claim in Vernon, got scared, sold out for seventy-five dollars, and went to Missouri, came back last week. He said to us: AI was just out looking at my old claim. I couldn=t buy it now for $7,000Cwhat an infernal fool I was when I left this county!@ There are some others just like him.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

Mrs. T. Edith Crenshaw, teacher of Elocution and Voice Culture. Room No. 2, Tower Building. Classes meet Tuesday and Thursday at 7 o=clock p.m. Terms for full course of Elocution and Voice Culture, 12 lessons for $6.00. Physical and Vocal Culture, 20 lessons for $2.00. Pupils can enter classes at any time.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

Gus Lorry was up from Bolton Monday looking after the interest of that community in the bridge question. He wants to see the county assume the care and maintenance of all the bridges in the county and will take steps to bring his views before the Board at the next meeting. It will relieve Bolton of a heavy load.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

This has been, so far, the most open winter we have enjoyed for many a year. But once or twice has ice frozen to the thickness of a knife blade, and we have yet to see the first snow flake. The ice men are becoming a little anxious and the ice-cream and soda-water men are likewise nervous.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

The Board of Directors of the Cowley County Fair and Driving Park Association will meet at A. H. Doane & Co.=s office in Winfield, on Friday afternoon, Decemger 21st. The work on hand embraces the annual settlements and setting dates for next year=s fair. Every director should be present.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

Mrs. Hart, the widow of Timothy Hart, who committed suicide in Vernon Township about a year ago, came in Tuesday and returned to the county treasury the amount paid by the county for his burial expenses and the coroners inquest. It amounted to $47.85.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

The Probate Court has issued MARRIAGE LICENSES during the past week.

Wm. Summerville to Katie Barnes.

Isaac Renfro to Mary Fitzsimmon.

John W. Wilson to Mary J. Johnson.

Wm. R. Lorton to Alice M. Carson.

James S. Herron to Clara Hammond.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

The Odessa people will have a festival at their schoolhouse in Pleasant Valley Township Friday evening, Dec. 21st. The proceeds are to be used in the purchase of an organ.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

Mrs. E. D. Garlick returned last week from Chicago, where she was called suddenly some four weeks ago by the dangerous, though not fatal, illness of her father-in-law.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

Mr. John Miles and brother, of Bloomington, Illinois, came in Saturday. They are all acquaintances of Mr. D. Berkey and are highly pleased with the country.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

Hon. J. J. Buck, of Emporia, was in the city Tuesday, on a business trip. While here he was the guest of Col. J. C. McMullen.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

Friend is off for Kansas City. When he returns, it will be to close out at auction or to put in a full stock again.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

The Register of Deeds is making an abstract of the Arkansas City canal. It is a big job.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

Prathers is the place to find a nice Line of Men=s Slippers just Received.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

The Black Tiger Raided.

Arkansas City was the scene of a very unusual distrubance Saturday evening. Early in the week some persons came in and started what they called a ABlack Tiger,@ being a wheel placed in a wall. On one side, concealed by the partition, stood the operator. The thirsty applicants came up on the opposite side, deposited their money, told the wall what they wanted, and the revolving wheel soon brought it around. Saturday evening a body of about sixty of the leading businessmen of the town made a raid on the institution, turned the building over, arrested the occupants, broke the whiskey kegs open, and smashed the beer bottles. The building was completely Agutted.@ The proprietor will be unable to resume business for some days as the house is standing on its roof, and the wrath of outraged citizens still hangs over the concern. The businessmen of our sister city seem to have taken a common sense view of the question and are bound to have the thing stop. It will be a warning that future vendors of the unlawful will do well to heed.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

Continental Currency.

Mr. H. H. Tyrrill has in his possession quite a curiosity in the way of Continental money. It is three inches in length and two and a half wide; on one side is printed: ATwo-thirds of a dollar, according to a resolution passed by Congress at Philadelphia, February 17, 1776,@ and signed by B. Branson in red ink. It bears a motto, AMind Your Own Business.@ On the other side are thirteen rings linked together, and forming a circle, each ring representing one of the original states. It was printed by Hall & Sellers at Philadelphia, and is believed to be the only one of its kind in existence. Kansas City Times.

Dr. Headrick, of this city, also has a piece of this Continental Currency, of twenty shillings value. On its face it reads: ANo. 24706: Twenty Shillings according to an Act of General Affembly of Pennflyvania, paffed in the 23rd year of the reign of His Majesty, GEORGE the III. Dated the fifth day of October, 1775.@ It is signed, AThos. Loch, Jas. Stephens,@ with one signature obliterated. On the reverse side a rough sketch of a cabin and farm, and the words, ATo Counterfeit is Death.@ It is a very valuable relic.




Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

Little Waifs.

Two little boys, nine and six years old, came in on the train Thursday evening, hunting for a brother and sister whom they say lived here the last they heard of them. They got on at Elk City. The little boys say their parents died some years ago, since which time they have lived with a stranger. Last week he told hem he did not want them longer and the little fellows trudged off to find their brother. They walked three days before reaching the railroad and the kind hearted railroad boys brought them on here. They are now with Marshal Herrod, who will provide for them until their friends can be found or a place secured for them. The names are Smith and their brother is a tinner. They are bright little fellows and do not seem to feel their position severely.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

Corn is King.

Saturday morning corn jumped up to thirtycents with a lot of new buyers on the market. Mr. A. A. Knox, of Beaver, has erected cxrips in town and is cribbing as rapidly as he can buy it. The Farmers Bank is also in the field. There was an immense rush on Saturday and Monday and thousands of bushels were marketed. It will be remembered that the COURIER strongly urged farmers to hold their corn, and prophesied thirty to forty cents per bushel for it. Our thirty cent prophecy is realized and every indication of shortage in crops leads us to the belief that it will be forty before spring.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

Hogs vs. Corn.

Hogs have gone up in sympathy with the bound in corn and are now worth $4.80 per hundred, with every indication of an increase. Surely the Cowley County farmer is this year thrice doubly blessed. Immense crops, prices, way up and still climbing, there is scarcely one who does not see visions of new houses with green blinds on them, big barns, and a fat bank account.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

Special Notice.

Between now and the first day of January, we want every subscriber on our books who is in arrears to settle the same. There is not a subscriber in Cowley County this year who cannot pay for twenty papers if he feels like it; therefore, he ought to settle up his arrearage on one with good grace.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

The Prodigal Returned.

Ben Cox came in last week wearing the same old white hat and pleasant smile with which he went away. Southern Missouri has no further charms for him. He brought back a barrel of pure apple cider, which has been at the disposal of his friends.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

Seven thousand dollars worth of dry goods and gents= furnishing goods, direct from wholesale house in Kansas City. Also $3,000 stock of dry goods and notions; doing a good retail business in Burden. Will exchange for improved land in this county. For full particulars call on Henthorne & Bro., Burden, Kansas.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

The Dollar Store folks are preparing for the holidays in grand style. They have the largest and handsomest line of goods yet displayed and those who look over their stock soon solve the perplexing question of AWhat to buy.@ You can=t fail to be pleased.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

The splendid new set of instruments ordered by the Courier Cornet Band arrived Tuesday. They are AKoun=s@ finest make, silver plated, and as perfect as can be. The boys are heartily pleased with their purchase.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

Hon. G. W. Anderson, of California, delivered two lectures at the Methodist Church Sunday and Monday evenings. His lectures are full of pith, point, and eloquence, and are highly spoken of.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

Ed. Freeman was arrested Tuesday on complaint of J. B. Lynn for taking an overcoat from a rack in front of his store. He was sentenced by Justice Buckman to 30 days in the county jail and to pay costs of the prosecution.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

The services incident to the installation of Rev. Kirkwood as Pastor of the Presybterian Church will take place Wednesday evening, December 10th. Revs. McClung, Fleming, and McKown will assist.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

The leak in the reservoir was repaired Tuesday and about a million gallons were pumped in Tuesday night. The water is now about five feet deep, and the basin holds well.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

Mrs. B. W. Sitter has gone to Illinois on a visit to be absent about a few weeks. B. W. will go after her when he cannot stand his widowhood any longer.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

The Bliss & Wood Mill ran out of wheat Tuesday and shut down to make some repairs on their machinery.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

Gold Pens at Goldsmith=s.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

There is a great demand all over this country for hands to husk corn. Some men are husking at three cents a bushel and making all the way up to sixty dollars a month. Probably a thousand men would find abundance of work here for all winter if they would come. The corn husking industry is a tremendous affair in this county this year. Seven million bushels of corn is no small amount. At fifty bushels a day it takes 140,000 days work to husk this corn.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

Mrs. Hawkins of Wichita was burned to death last week, her clothes taking fire from some litter burning in the yard. Such occurrences are frequent and yet women will continue to wear flowing dresses made of inflammable material, which keeps them in constant danger, for fashion says it must be so.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

The ice crop threatens to be an utter failure this year, though we do not hear of it being troubled with Hessian fly. Probably the seed was bad for it does not Acome up@ yet.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

Some comments by E. W. [Whoever that is???]

Someone told me the other day that Will Robinson had Amet his fate@ on his western trip last summer and that as a result, we would have the pleasure of welcoming his bride before Athe violets bloom again.@ If this is the case, Will has been keeping it awful stillCbut then he has long ago reached the age of discretion.

Those new style bonnets that project over the face like a front porch are all the rage now. Buy one for your mother-in-law. She will be apt to keep her nose out of other people=s business as long as she has it on.

Will Wilson has gone to housekeeping and an appalling stillness has fallen over the places which he so long inhabited. Will=s bachelor hospitality will long be a matter of pleasant remembrrance to his less fortunate friends.

Winfield is now paying five to six cents a bushel more for corn than any of their neighboring towns, Arkansas City included. Beside that the merchants are haviing their annual AGrand Clearance@ squabble a month early this year and persons can now buy goods almost at their own figures.

The East part of town is building up very rapidly. Dr. Bull is just completing a new house on the COURIER place, Mr. Wells has a foundation laid, and Mr. Laycock is building on the same addition. A score or more of new houses are springing up all around them and this addition, which was not long ago on the outskirts of the city, is now almost in the center of the residence portion.

A friend told me the other day that he knew of a billiard saloon in this place the ground behind which was literally macadamized with smooth, round corks, each one stamped AAnnheiser.@ We don=t know what that means.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

Quaker Reunion.

Mrs. Amy Tulghum, who is an approved minister of the society of Friends, or Quakers, yearly meeting, and who has a certificate from her monthly and quarterly meetings to hold meetings and visit the scattered Friends in remote places in the State of Kansas, also those who were once Friends or Quakers, extends a cordial invitation to all the above named classes of Friends who are within reach of Winfield, Cowley County, Kansas, to meet her and other friends in the Courthouse, in Winfield, on Wednesday, December 19th, at 10 o=clock a.m., for the purpose of having a genuine old-fashioned greeting and reunion, and for cheering and encouraging each other in the work and service of God. Bring lunch, as it will last all day. By request of Mrs. Fulghum. S. S. HOLLOWAY.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

Englishmen, Attention!

I have been requested to call a meeting of Englishmen at my office opposite the post office in this city on Saturday, December 15th, with a view to seasonable festivities on Christmas. F. J. SYDAL.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

United Brethren Church.

The Church of the United Brethren in Christ have an organization in this city of nearly fifty members, and are having at this time the pastoral labors of Rev. J. H. Snyder, who organized the society nearly two years ago. This organization held its services for a time in the Courthouse; afterwards it purchased the ground on Millington street originally possessed by the Baptist society. The building owned by the Christian society was purchased and located on the lots, and fitted up for temporary use. Services are held every Sabbath morning. The Sabbath school meets at 9 2 a.m. The society is prospering, and extends a cordial invitation to our citizens to attend its services.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

The M. E. Meetings.

The revival meetings held in this city by the Quaker ladies, Mrs. Rogers and Mrs. Fulghum, closed on Monday evening, December 3rd. The attendance was good from the beginning of their labors, which lasted nearly five weeks to the close. On Sunday evenings the church and lecture room were crowded with attentive listeners. They held two meetings each day, at 3 p.m. and evening, during the entire five weeks. Their labors resulted in the reclamataion of many back-sliders, the sanctification of many believers, and the conversion of many of the unsaved, especially among the children and youth of our Sabbath schools. Their closing service on Monday evening will never be forgotten by those present as an occasion when all hearts seemed united and bound together in the bond of Christian fellowship and love, realizing that we would never all meet again in this world. These dear women were wonderfully helped and blessed of the Lord in their labors of love. Very many of all ages who attended their meetings will rise up to call them blessed of the Lord. The number converted was over seventy, and about a dozen were reclaimed; the number sanctified is unknown. S. S. Holloway.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

Installation Services.

Rev. C. P. Graham, who has served for the past five years as stated supply of the Walnut Valley, New Salem, and Star Valley Presbyterian churches, will be installed pastor on next Sabbath, December 16th, at 10:30 a.m. The service will be held in the Walnut Valley Church and will be conducted by Rev. W. R. Kirkwood, of Winfield, and Rev. S. B. Fleming, of Arkansas City. Dr. Kirkwood will preach the sermon and deliver the charge to the people and Rev. Fleming of Arkanss City will preside, propound the constitutional questions, and deliver the charge to the pastor. There will be preaching in the evening at 7 o=clock by Rev. Fleming.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

Mrs. Goldie McGinnis wishes to tender through the COURIER her thanks to O=Meara & Randolph for the prize shoes awarded for the correct reading of the rebus.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

Governor Glick has appointed J. E. Snow as Justice of the Peace in place of T. H. Soward, resigned. His commission was received Tuesday.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

A. W. Carr of Maple Township was in town yesterday, looking hale and happy. He is one of the representative farmers of this county.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

$1.00 Per Bushel for Wheat.

We will for the next 30 days pay you in first class Flour, $1.00 per bushel for good wheat. Jennings & Crrippen.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.


Notice. To persons wishing to improve their stock. I have now on hand for sale 1 large English Berkshire Boar three years old, and one do. 1 year old, both recorded, and several smaller ones, both male and female. Having lately added to my herd 2 large imported males, I have the above to dispose of, and persons wanting fine pedigreed stock can be supplied at reasonable prices by calling at my farm 2 mile south of Red Bud Post Office, or addressing the undersigned proprietor of the Springdale Herd at the above office. E. R. Morse.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.


The Friday evening meeting on November 30th, of the Northern District of the Cowley County Teachers= Association, at Akron schoolhouse, was well attended by the people of the vicinity. Pleasant exercises filled the evening. County Superintendent Limerick addressed the meeting on the subject, ANeeds of our School System,@ in a comprehensive way. On Saturday several teachers were present, among whom were Messrs. J. C. Bradshaw, Parker Ellis, our honored President R. B. Corson, and the Misses Fannie and Gertrude McKinlay. The topics of the day were discussed with no little enthusiasm, interest, and profit, considering that everyone was wholly unprepared. But no one pleaded lack of preparation when surrounding a bountiful repast supplied by Mis Kate Wymer and others, and all manifested their sincere thanks for favors conferred. The next meeting will be held at Centennial schoolhouse, two and one-half miles north of Udall, on the first Friday evening and Saturday in January, 1884.

Program for Friday as follows: Address of welcome, C. McKinlay; Response, J. W. Campf; Declamation, C. A. Lewis; Recitation, J. C. Bradshaw; Recitation, Parker Ellis; Essay, J. W. Campf; Select reading, Miss Fannie McKinlay; Exercises by Centennial school.

Topics for Saturday were assigned as follows: AMethods of Teaching Primary Reading,@ Misses Jennie Knickerbocker, Leota Gary, and Lou Strong; AGeneral Exercises,@ Parker Ellis, J. C. Bradshaw, and Miss Fannie McKinlay; ACauses and Results of the War of 1812,@ J. W. Warren, and Misses Hattie Andrews, C. Cronk, and Gertrude McKinlay; AMorals and Manners,@ C. A. Lewis, J. Martindale, and Miss Lida Strong; AGraduating System of Country Schools,@ Misses Hattie Daniels, Annie Barnes, C. Egan, and L. McKinlay; AMethods of Teaching Penmanship,@ J. R. Campf, Miss Lou Strong, and Mrs. Fannie Gammon. Teacher=s don=t forget the time of the next meeting. L. McKINLAY, Secretary.


Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

At Valley Falls last Friday a brick livery stable was destroyed by fire including one horse, buggies, and other property.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

[SKIPPED A LONG ITEM ON FRONT PAGE: THANKSGIVING SERMON Delivered by Rev. T. H. Snyder, at the Union Services Held in the M. E. Church at Winfield, Kansas, on November 29, 1883.]


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.


What we Think of It.

We have seen a petition which it is proposed to circulate for signatures asking the calling of an election to vote $100,000 of the bonds of cowley County to the Denver, Memphis and Atlantic Narrow Gauge Railway Company. The petition is short and yet it contains a considerable useless verbiage, but omits some very important things which it ought to contain for the security of the county and its people. Therefore, we have not subscribed the petition and do not intend to unless it is first materially amended.

We think the project itself is a good one were it now feasible, that of building a narrow-gauge railroad to connect the Colorado narrow-gauge system at Colorado Springs with the Missouri & Texas narrow gauge road and with a possible narrow gauge road to be built from St. Joseph, south by way of Joplin to Texas. It may be possible that if Cowley county should vote $100,000 and two townships in Sumner should together vote $40,000 under such propositions as we have seen, the road might be built from Belle Plaine to Winfield within a year but scarcely probable, under the present state of the money market, and if the county of Chautauqua and townships through Montgomery, Labette, and Cherokee should also vote bonds to the extent of $4,000 a mile or to such extent that the aggregate voted from Belle Plaine to Baxter Springs, about 150 miles, shall amount to $4,000 a mile, it may be likewise possible that the road might be extended from Belle Plaine via Winfield and Dexter to Cedarvale by October 1885 and on to Baxter within another year, in case of an improved condition of the money markets. The further extensions east of Baxter and west of Belle Plaine would depend upon circumstances, the state of the money market, etc., but the impetus of 150 miles of road already built would be much in its favor.



Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.



When leaving Winfield I promised the many friends that I would write to them in regard to the Northwest and as the COURIER is a visitor in most of the homes, if you will give me space in your columns I will from time to time give my impressions of this part of the world.

The country is prairie, but very different from Kansas. It is something like the Alleghany mountains would be were they stripped of trees and covered with grass. In fact, it is what you would call mountainous, and when you climb to the top of one of the elevations and look out over the country, it looks like a petrified sea. Though the face of the country is very rough, yet the soil is rich, and good crops are raised on the highest hills. Indeed the upland is the best and most desired by farmers. The climate is peculiar and much like California, only subject to greater extremes.

When we arrived here it was just the end of the dry season and everything was covered with dust, and vegetation looked dry and dead. On the roads the dust was about six inches deep, and such dust as is not seen in Kansas. It resembles ashes in color, and is about as light as fine flour. It fills the chuckholes in the roads and is very deceptive. As you drive along, the road may seem perfectly level and smooth, and ere you are aware, one wheel will go down into one of these holes and almost upset the vehicle. The stages and many of the private conveyances are buckboards, which, being low, are not so easily turned over.

Last summer was the driest for years, no rain falling after the first of May, except a few drops one day in July, and yet wheat yielded 25 and 27 bushels to the acre, and vegetables yielded excellently.

I am almost afraid to tell what I have seen in the vegetable line, but will venture to do so, hoping that my reputation for veracity is sufficiently well established in Cowley to enable my friends to accept what I say. Cabbages are commonly from 12 to 20 pounds dressed heads, and some weigh as much as forty pounds; beets, turnips, rutabagas, onions, etc., on the same scale. In regard to the quality of vegetables, they could not be finer. I know it is a general rule that large vegetables are not the best, but the cabbage, beets, and onions here are the best I have ever eaten. I am told by reliable persons that this year they grew good vegetables that had never received but one or two showers of rain, and that it is the same with the wheat. I asked one farmer how he accounted for this, as it is impossible for plants to grow without moisture. He said that he believed the moisture came from the air; that the dew is heavy at night and in the morning the dew hangs in drops; that the grain this year had but little root and the ground was hard and dry. Upon consideration I am inclined to think he is right. The winds from the ocean bring the moisture and distribute it during the night, and the plants secure from the atmosphere that which they cannot from the earth, and grow to a healthy maturity.

The weather has been very pleasant this fall. We have had but one snow of four inches, and that went off the next day with a chinookCthat is a warm rain; since then the weather has been very pleasant and very invigorating. When I go out to walk, I do not loiter along as in Kansas, but go so fast that I am soon out of breath.

The farmers are now busy plowing for wheat, which is mostly planted in the spring. We have had several rains since the wet season commenced. They are very different from the rains of Kansas. They make less fuss, but accomplish much more. A Kansas rain is like a fussy, gossipy woman calling. She comes in with a bounce, flourish, and bang; goes to work at once, and talks until she exhausts both herself and hostess; and when she leaves, you draw a sigh of relief that you have survived, and live in terror lest she should repeat the visit. A rain here is like a tried and welcome friend who comes early and stays to dinner, supper, and finally concludes to remain all night and take breakfast. You talk yourself to sleep and waken and commence again in the morning; and when he has gone, you hope he may soon come your way again. When it rains here it does not commence business before it is ready. No wanton wind hurries matters; no cyclone has any business with itCit proposes to do work on its own capital and to invest at its pleasure. Everything is properly prepared, the proper amount of moisture collected for a beginning, the clouds are spread out in every direction, and when everything is fully prepared, it goes to work; it is a quiet, unpretending rain, it comes down in mist and then changes to a drizzle, which is interrupted at proper intervals by a chorus of properly sized drops. It rains all day, and continues through the night. It rains all the next day and ceases not at night; in the morning it is still with you; you again go to dinner and supper wearing your water-proof and when you extinguish your lamp at night, your friend is still outside busily at work, and though it promises to be a gloomy night, yet you prefer to let him remain there rather than to have him as a bedfellow. So you retire and fall asleep. In the morning it is still drizzling, but there are tokens of a change. The heavy pall is lifted in some places; the moisture continues to descend at irregular intervals, but finally the mist lifts, and the sun shines forth, and we have a few days of bright, beautiful weather. Nowhere have I seen such unpretending rains accomplish so much, but it is all owing to their devotion to business. The principal crop raised is wheat, though barley, buckwheat, corn, and oats are also raised. Corn does not do so well owing to the cool nights. Potatoes, cabbages, onions, beets, cucumbers, and other vegetables produce well. One peculiarity of the country is the difference in climate in places, but a few miles apart. Along the Snake River, snow rarely falls, while but five miles back from the river, snow falls three feet deep. This difference is owing to elevation. MRS. E. T. TRIMBLE.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.


Hon. Dudley C. Haskell, member of Congress from the second district of this state, died in Washington last Sunday morning, December 16th. He had been dangerously ill for some weeks and on Saturday his brother in Kansas was telegraphed for. His body is on the way to Lawrence, accompanied by Mrs. Haskell and two children, and Mrs. Young. Senators Plumb and Cockrell, Congressmen Hanback, Kasson, Russell, and Brown; Lefever and Burse, all under charge of Sergeant-at-arms Leedom. The funeral takes place today (Thursday) at 10 o=clock a.m., at Lawrence, Kansas.

On Monday the announcement of his death was made in both houses of congress, short addresses made, committees appointed to attend the obsequies, and they adjourned in respect to his memory.

The death of Hon. D. C. Haskell is a loss not only to the state but to the nation, which will be deeply felt. His ability has won for him an influence and leadership in the House possessed by few and his services will be remembered with gratitude and veneration.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

RECAP: James H. Tallman, Plaintiff [Henry E. Asp, Attorney for Plaintiff] vs. Charles W. Harris, George B. Harris, Anson B. Moore, Robt. B. Carskaden, Elizabeth Carskaden, and J. H. Nesbett, Defendants....petition filed Nov. 16, 1883, $648.00 + interest...foreclourie of mortgaged property executed by Charles W. Harris and George B. Harris...asking for judgment against defendants Anson B. Moore, Robert B. Carskaden, Elizabeth Carskaden, and J. H. Nesbett.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.


I reserve the use for ten mares in the spring. Some of his colts are with him at my place in Pleasant Valley township. B. W. SETTER.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.


Hogs have gone up with corn and now touch $5.00 per hundred, for best heavy weights. Corn has fallen back two to three cents from last week and now brings 28 cents, with a strong tendency to advance. Wheat still holds at the old price, 75 cents. The produce market is active. An immense amount of corn has been marketed during the week.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.


Handsome albums at Brown & Son=s.

I handle no Cheap John books. Red Front.

Go and see the beautiful doll at McGuire Bros.

Ladies= underwear cheap at Hoosier Notion Store.

Ladies= Card Cases in pearl and leather at Goldsmith=s.

Go to Prathers for Ladies Fine French Kid shoes.

Mrs. I. N. Ripley, of Burlington, Iowa, is here visiting relatives.

Its with pride we show our men=s slippers for $1.25. O=Meara & Randolph.

Winfield post office will be open on Christmas from 8 to 9 a.m. and 1:30 to 2:30 p.m.

You can get a silver knife, fork, or spoon with every pound of the Spoon Baking Powder, at McGuire Bros.

A Meerschaum cigar holder or pipe is a suitable present to gentlemen. Genuine goods may be found at Goldsmith=s.

Look at Goldsmith=s dolls before buying elsewhere, because they are nicer and cheaper than any line in the city.

Strayed; Sunday evening last a black pony built mare. Went south from Winfield. Information wanted. J. S. Hunt.

One ticket on the doll will be given with every dollar=s worth of goods purchased on the notion counter at McGuire Bros.

DIED. A dispatch from Abilene Monday states that Charley Painter died at that place Sunday. The cause of his death is not ascertained.

Mr. Rudolph Hite was over from Dexter Monday. He reports some Hessing fly damaging the wheat in that locality, but not seriously.

A lot of the young folks gathered at the residence of J. C. Fuller Saturday evening by special invitation and enjoyed themselves immensely.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

The editor of the Arkansas City Traveler has become a mighty nimrod. Some weeks ago he purchased a $50 gun, borrowed a dog, and organized a raid on the game center in the Indian Territory. The party returned last week, after a campaign of twenty days. Standley brought back a quail as the proud record of his achievements, but did not realize his consuming ambition to bag a turkey. On one occasion the dog set a fine gobbler and the boys told him to get ready and they would let him have the first shot. While he was watching the dog, the turkey got off to the left, and one of the party fired, catching a big bunch of feathers but no turkey. Just then Standley realized that there were turkeys flying around, and seeing the bunch of feathers floating in the air, blazed away with both barrels. Every feather was killed.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

Charles L. Hooker, lost boy, left home December 11, 1883. Description: Light complexion; eyes between blue and hazel; coat and vest of same material, light cottonade, narrow stripe; red woolen shirt braided in front; ducking overalls; wore boots; pair sheepskin mittens, calf fronts, lined with lambs wool; a bright, intelligent boy, 13 years oldCwill be 14 April 13th, 1884. If this notice comes to the vision of anyone that knows his whereabouts, or of his employer, he will confer a favor by dropping a card to H. H. Hooker, Polo, Cowley County, Kansas. State papers please copy.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

MARRIED. Married at the residence of H. E. Silliman, in Winfield, December 12th, 1883, by Rev. J. Cairns, Mr. Wm. R. Lorton and Miss Alice M. Carson, both of this city. Will surprised his friends by this matrimonial move, but the surprise was not sufficient to interfere with well wishes. We hope Will and his excellent bride may enjoy uninterruptedly the long and happy life indicated by their dispositions and surroundings. They have taken up their residence on Will=s farm, near Wilmot, this county.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

The county attorney of Cowley County seems to make it decidedly sultry for violators of the prohibitory law. Week before last he got out papers for two saloon keepers in Arkansas City, and succeeded in salting one of them to the extent of $410, and the other to the tune of over $1,000. Medicine Lodge Cresset.

Yes, and he is keeping up his gait. Since then there has been four hundred more contributed with some more unfortunates on the rack.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

Several persons just in from the east report that hundreds of families in Indiana and Illinois are preparing to remove to Kansas in the spring. All are now impressed more than ever with the fact that Kansas is destined to be in the near future the greatest state in the Union. Those who come to Kansas now will embrace a golden opportunity. In no state is land going up so rapidly as in Kansas.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

Joseph McMillan was down from New Salem Friday. He reports considerable grain being shipped from that place, but that some effort has been made by other grain men to crowd out their local buyers. This is bad business. The grain man who can=t complete successfully without resorting to the squeezing out process ought to quit the business.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

MARRIED. Married at the residence of B. W. Stout, Esq., father of the bride, on December 16th, 1883, by Rev. J. Cairns, Mr. Samuel P. Cox, Jr., of Gallatin, Missouri, and Miss De Etta Stout of Winfield, Kansas. The happy couple took the Monday morning train for Trenton, Missouri, where they will reside.




Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

Mr. Wm. Dobbs, of Vernon Township, was in the city Saturday. He has a splendid farm just across the Arkansas Riverr, is getting lots of stock around him, and is making things hum in the way of successful agriculture. He has just added another quarter to his farm, making 320 acres in all.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

The Winfield Post G. A. R. elected officers Wednesday evening.

Commander: Chas. R. Stuvens. [Stuvens? Steuvens?]

Senior Vice Commander: S. S. Cure.

Junior Vice Commander: R. B. Stout.

Quartermaster: A. H. Limerick.

The post now numbers over a hundred and forty.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

McGuire Bros. have a beautiful doll which will be given away. Anyone purchasing one dollar=s worth of notions, clothing, hats, etc., will be entitled to a ticket on the doll. Drawing will take place at McGuire Bros. sometime in January.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

MARRIED. Married at the residence of the bride=s father, Mr. Cronk, in Pleasant Valley Township, December 14th, 1883, by Rev. J. Cairns, Mr. Leander C. Brown and Miss Estelle M. Cronk, both teachers in the county.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

Mayor Kincade and Capt. Willis, of Cherryvale, J. L. Huey, Jas. Hill, and Ira Burnett, of Arkansas City, and S. L. Hamilton, of Wellington, were over Monday to witness the Water Works test.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

S. L. Hamilton editor of the Wellingtonian, came over Monday to witness the water test. Wellington is having works put in, and her citizens are posting themselves on the question.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

Jake MusgroveCfat and smiling as ever, was circulating around among his friends here Monday. Jake is doing a big business in Geuda, and is prospering.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

Messrs. H. C. McDorman and Dr. Wagner were over from Dexter Monday on railroad businessClooking generally after the interests of their locality.




Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

Jas. A. Blair, of Tiffin, Ohio, was in the city last week. He is interested in the Farmers Bank. He is also connected with the Commercial Bank at Tiffin.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

ATaken in@ by Two Ladies.

A story comes to us from Geuda Springs, which is rather amusing and also somewhat serious. One evening last week Mrs. Dr. Holland and a lady friends were at the former=s home alone, when they noticed a man come up to the front door, look around in a suspicious manner, then go to the back door, and finally out to the stable. They were considerably frightened by his actions and got a revolver that was in the house. Soon they saw him come out of the stable and back toward the house. When he got near the door, the ladies threw it open, leveled their revolver, and ordered him to throw up his hands, which he prompltly did. They then marched him over to the Justice of the Peace. He was profuse in his declaration that he meant no harm, but had come for the Doctor, had gone to the front door, then to the back door, and not seeing anyone around, went out to the stable to see if the Doctor=s horse was theres. He then concluded to go up to the house and see if he could raise anyone and when near the door was startled by getting confronted with a revolver and an order to surrender. Careful questioning convinced the justice of the truth of his story and he was discharged. It won=d do for the average tramp to fool around those ladies.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

Water Works Test.

The Water Works were tested Monday in the presence of a large crowd of people. Six streams were first put on with reservoir pressure and the streams were thrown to the height of the Post Office. Afterwards the reservoir valve was closed and the pressure from the pumps forced the streams to a height of seventy or eighty feet. The committee appointed by the council examined the pumps and reservoir on Saturday and made measurements of the streams on Monday. The reservoir test of the throwing capacity did not come up to the expectations of many who witnessed it. One or two of the six streams with reservoir pressure alone would not do execution on a two story building. The fact that the reservoir was less than half full of water when the test commenced perhaps had a depressing effect on the force of the streams thrown.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.


I wish to say to the members and friends of the Cowley Co. Hort. Society, that by appointment I attended the State Society that convened in the city of Ottawa on Dec. 5, 6, and 7. The sessions were characterized by a great deal of practical work. I will give a report, as far as possible, to the county society at its annual meeting for the election of officers. This meeting will be held at the COURIER office on the first Saturday in January (5th) at 2 p.m. This session will be of great importance to our society, and a large attendance is desired.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller entertained a large number of friends at their elegant home Friday evening. It was a pleasant company and the hospitality was highly enjoyed. Among those present were Mayor & Mrs. Emerson, Mr. & Mrs. Bahntge, Mr. & Mrs. M. L. Robinson, Mr. & Mrs. Spotswood, Mr. & Mrs. Hickok, Mr. & Mrs. C. A. Bliss, Mr. & Mrs. E. S. Bliss, Mr. & Mrs. Mann, Mr. & Mrs. W. S. Wilson, Mr. & Mrs. Millington, Mr. & Mrs. Silliman, Mr. & Mrs. Ordway, Mr. & Mrs. Tomlin, Mr. & Mrs. Col. Whiting, Mr. & Mrs. Geo. W. Miller, Mr. & Mrs. Greer, Mr. & Mrs. Allen, Mr. & Mrs. J. C. McMullen, Mr. & Mrs. Dr. Green, Mr. & Mrs. Brown, Mr. & Mrs. H. G. Fuller, Mr. & Mrs. S. D. Pryor, Mr. & Mrs. Branham. Also, Mr. Elbert Bliss, Mrs. Albro, Mrs. Doane, Mrs. Foose, Mrs. Perkins, Mrs. Ripley, of Burlington, Iowa, Mrs. Judge Buck of Emporia. These evening gatherings are becoming quite a feature in our social life, and nowhere are they more heartily enjoyed than at Mr. Fuller=s.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

The Henry Republican for December 6th, published at Henry, Marshall County, Illinois, has the following: We notice that on yesterday the AEra manufacturing company was loading a car for Southern Kansas with their justly celebrated Improved AEra wind mills, pumps, tanks, etc. These mills are not only becoming famous at home, but are winning laurels in the western trade, having been tried and found to maintain the reputation of the AKing of the storm.@

J. A. Rupp, of Beaver, to whom the above car-load of goods was sent, is now ready to fill orders and put up mills. One of the company will be here to assist him.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

A social party were entertained at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. Geo. H. Buckman on Tuesday evening. The guests present were:

Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Rembaugh, Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller, Mr. and Mrs. S. D. Pryor, Mr. and Mrs. C. C. Black, Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Doane, Mr. and Mrs. A. T. Spotswood, Mr. and Mrs. C. F. Bahntge, Mr. and Mrs. C. C. Green, Mr. and Mrs. Henry Brown, Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Millington, Mr. and Mrs. T. H. Soward, Mr. and Mrs. Henry E. Asp, Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Horning, Mr. and Mrs. M. G. Troup; Mrs. Schofield, Mrs. G. H. Allen; Misses Josie Bard, Jennie B. Hane, Nettie R. McCoy, Margie Wallis, Sadie French, Jessie Millington; Messrs. M. O=Meara, R. B. Rodelph, Louis B. Zenor, E. H. Nixon, W. H. Smith, H. Bahntge, L. H. Webb. The affair was delightful in every way, and the guests were profuse in their thanks to Mr. and Mrs. Buckman for their many and pleasant attentions which secured them so much enjoyment.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

On last Saturday evening the parlors of the Misses Trezise were thrown open to a number of young folks, the occasion being to entertain a few of their young friends with Mr. and Mrs. Sam Cox before their departure for their new home in Trenton, Missouri. The guests spent a very pleasant evening and partook of a most bountiful supper such as Mrs. Trezise always gives on such occasions. Mr. and Mrs. Cox left on the Monday morning train for their new home accompanied as far as Ottawa by Misses Ida and Ella Trezise.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

The Probate Judge has issued MARRIAGE LICENSES during the past week to:

Jas. S. Herron and Clara Hammond.

John Byers and Crissie Jenkins.

John McNight and Ida May.

Frank B. Waldson and Anna B. Copeland.

Leander C. Brown and Estella M. Cronk.

Sam=l P. Cox, Jr., and De Etta Stout.

Eugene P. Fouts and Lydia B. Beck.

Herbert A. Thompson and Alice Townsley.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

Judge Tipton is removing his Printing office to Hopkins, Missouri. While the Judge has not succeeded very well here, he can undoubtedly fill creditably a field not already occupied. He is a stirring, forcible writer, and will, if reasonably encouraged, give the people of Hopkins a good paper.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

The rush and jam at the treasurer=s office during the past week has been greater than ever before. Everyone seems to be willing and anxious to pay taxes. A number of persons haunt the office from daylight to dark vainly trying to get at the paying toiler.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

Messrs. A. Bassett, J. T. Oldham, Geo. Hecox, and G. W. Stimpson, of El Dorado, were in the city Monday. They hope to see the Douglass branch of the A. T. & S. F. extended on down the valleyCa move that will undoubtedly be made in the near future.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

TO BE MARRIED. Charley Jordan is to be married on the 26th to a young lady of Monroeville, Ohio. Several of his friends here have received Abids@ to the wedding. We had always hoped that some of our Winfield belles would capture Charley, but it seems they haven=t.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

During the water works test on Monday, Jo. Harter and Henry Goldsmith had some of their goods injured by the streams from the hose being turned on their respective places of business. The loss was satisfactorily adjusted by the water company.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

A committee from Dexter composed of C. A. Walker, W. E. Merideth, R. Hite, H. C. McDorman, and G. P. Wagner were over Monday looking up their interests in the narrow gauge project. They insist upon having Dexter as a point on the road.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

The Pleasant Hour club will give a grand masquerade ball at the Opera House on the evening of the 30th of January. A costumer of Kansas City will be here to fit the dancers out. It is expected to make this the crowning event of the season.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

The first snow of the season came Tuesday evening. Although coming in fitful, gusty puffs, more like an angry squall than a mild winter snow storm, it was welcomed. Everyone enjoys snow at Christmas time.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

MARRIED. Married on Thursday, December 6th, at the residence of Mr. J. Q. Hember, by Rev. C. P. Graham, Mr. J. W. Hanlen and Miss Celia N. Lyon, both of Rock, Cowley County, Kansas.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

H. S. Wiggin, of Seeley, has gone to visit his friends near Cedar Rapids, Iowa. He is one of our enterprising farmers and desires a few weeks of vacation from his labors.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

The new officers with the exception of Co. Treasurer take their positions on the 14th of January. Treasurer Nipp does not get his office until next October.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

The installation of Rev. Kirkwood takes place this (Wednesday) evening at the Presbyterian Church, Revs. McClung and Fleming officiating.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

J. N. Fletcher was down from Udall Tuesday. He is piling up the corn from his farm in that vicinity, but thinks he will hold for forty cents or more.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

The annual business meeting of the members of the Presbyterian Church was adjourned from Tuesday evening to Thursday evening.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

Arkanss City is furnishing an immense amount of transfers lately. Property is changing hands in that city rapidly.



Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

Eli Youngheim is doing a rushing clothing business this year. He is building up a trade that is a credit to any merchant.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

L. B. Jolliff returned from Ohio last week and spent several days in the city. He will probably locate at Kingman.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

Miss Florence Beeny has been visiting with Mrs. Frank Williams at Wichita during the past week.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

DIED. James Garfield, son of Mr. and Mrs. Waugh, aged 2 years and four months, died last Sunday.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

A Clubbing Arrangement.

We have made an arrangement whereby we can furnish the COURIER and the Kansas City Journal and Agriculturist for $2.50 per year. The price of the two papers singly is $1.50 per year each.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

Teachers Examination.

An examination of applicants for teachers certificates will be held in the high school building at Winfield on Saturday, December 29, 1883.

A. H. Limerick, County Superintendent.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

Marble Works Removed.

W. H. Dawson has removed his Winfield Marble Works to his new building on South Main street. The building is the one formerly owned by the Kansas Tannery. Mr. Dawson has enlarged the works, put in new machinery, and is able to turn out a better grade of work than ever before.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

Parties who left utensils at the entertainment of the W. C. T. U. some time ago, will find them at the Kindergarten rooms.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

George Wright was up from Arkansas City Monday and witnessed the water throwing.



Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

A fur glove was lost Saturday. The finder will receive a half dollar by its return to this office.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

Before you buy your Christmas presents, call at Brown & Son=s drug store and see their beautiful line of holiday goods.

The finest stock of albums in the city at Brown & Son=s Drug Stre.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

J. H. Curfman and wife returned from a visit to Pennsylvania, their old home, last week. He reports a heavy shortage in corn in that state. He also met several parties on the train coming out from Ohio to Kansas to buy corn. Corn is King in Kansas this year, and no mistake. As the winter progresses, the shortage becomes more apparent.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

John R. Thompson marketeds four Poland China hogs Wednesday which weighed 1,010 poundsCan average of 510 each. Mr. Gilleland purchased them at 5 cents per pound: one hundred and two dollars.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

Some housebreakers, burglars, or other Ahard cases,@ effected an entrance into a house on eighth avenue last week but the family returned and drove them out before anything was taken.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

MARRIED. Mr. W. L. Webb and Miss Zella Hutcheson were married Wednesday. The announcement is rather a surprise to their many friends here as it was entirely unexpected.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

MARRIED. Married at the residence of the bride=s pareants, near Tannehill, on December 12th, by Rev. W. R. Kirkwood, Mr. James Herron and Miss Clara Hammond, both of Cowley County.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

Mr. Headley, claim agent of the Southern Kansas, was in the city Wednesday, fixing up the taxes of his road in this county. They amount to about $10,000.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

J. L. Hodges was arrested on four counts for violation of the prohibitory law last week. The case was tried Monday and Tuesday but the jury failed to agree.



Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

The body of Chas. Painter was brought in on the Santa Fe Wednesday and was buried Thursday.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

Mr. and Mrs. Geo. W. Miller entertained a number of young friends Wednesday evening.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

Robt. Phelps and lady, of Burden, were in the city Monday on a businesss visit.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

Speaking through his mouth piece, Adjutant General Moonlight, Governor Glick says in relation to the violation of the law in Kansas in the matter of selling liquors:

AOf course we cannot stop or prevent prosecutions, but we must not assist them in any way. We stand recorded against prohibition, because we believe it to be wrong in principle and subversive of personal rights, and no defeat can change us.@

Here is the chief executive officer of the state, who took upon himself an oath to support the constitution and laws, openly and publicly declaring that he will in no way assist in prosecuting men who are notorious and professed law-breakers. Such a declaration ought to forever retire any man from holding positions of honor and trust in any law-abiding community. Possibly Governor Glick may avoid the verdict of the people in his case by declining to be considered a candidate for re-election. Kansas City Journal.


Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

Lincoln=s First Inaugural.

When Mr. Lincoln arrived (in Washington) in advance of the announced time, to escape threatened assassination, he brought his inaugural address with him in print, rather to the annoyance of Mr. Seward, who, as secretary of state of the new administration, had hoped to draft the production which was so eagerly awaited by the country.

Mr. Lincoln had written his inaugural at Springfield, and had had it confidentially put in type by his friend, the local printer. Four copies were printed on foolscap paper, and wherever the writer thought that a paragraph would be effective, he preceded it with a typographical fist. A carpet-bag, containing these printed copies of the forthcoming inaugural, was entrusted by Mr. Lincoln to his oldest son, ABob,@ now secretary of war, who was so taken aback by the enthusiastic reception which they received at Harrisburg that he permitted a waiter to take it and forgot all about it. When asked for it by his father, he was forced to confess that he knew not where it was. Mr. Lincoln immediately started for the baggage-room, and striding over the barrier at the door, he began overhauling without ceremony a large pile of carpet-bags, until he was fortunate enough to find the one containing the precous document.

After arriving at Washington Mr. Lincoln gave one copy of his inaugural to Mr. Seward and another to the venerable Francis P. Blair, asking them to read and criticize. Some changes were made of no great importance, which were given to Mr. Nicolay, the president=s private secretary, to write in a fair hand on one of the printed copies, from which Mr. Lincoln was to read. Mr. Nicolay corrected another copy which was furnished to the press and which I now own.

When Mr. Lincoln came out on the platform in front of the capitol, his tall figure rising above those around him, the usual genial smile was on his angular countenance, but he seemed much perplexed to know what to do with a new silk hat and a large gold-headed cane. The cane he put under the table, but the hat appeared too good to place on the rough boards. Senator Douglas saw the embarrassment of his old friend, and rising, topok the shining hat from its bothered owner and held it during the delivery of the inaugural address.

Mr. Lincoln was listened to with great earnestness, and evidentlydesired to convince the multitude before him rather than to bewilder or dazzle them. It was evident to all that he honestly believed every word he spoke, especially the concluding paragraph, which I copy from the original print.

AI am loth to close. We are not enemies, but friends. We must not be enemies. Though passion may be strained, it must not break our bonds of affection. The mystic chords, of memory, which stretch from every battlefield and patriot grave to every loved heart and hearthstone all over our broad land will yet swell the chorus of the Union when again touched, as they surely will be, by the better angels of our nature.@

Ben: Perly Poore in the Youth=s Companion.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.


D. A. Valentine has sold his interest in the Disptach newspaper, Disptach hotel, and other property to J. P. Campbell and e. L. Runyan, late of the Independent paper, the Times, of Clay Center, for $12,000. Valentine bought the Times and will run it. Wirt Walton still retains his interest in the Dispatch properties and will continue as editor of the Dispatch. Of course, it will be a straight Republican. The new firm will make valuable improvement in both the hotel and printing office. The addition of two excellent printers and successful businessmen to the Dispatch firm assures increased success to the enterprises unders its management.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.




1. State of Kansas vs. Frank Manny.

2. State vs. Grant Dover.

3. State vs. John Kearns.






Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.

I have a large stock of fine cloth for suitings or overcoats which I will sell during the next 30 days at first cost, to make room for spring stock. An excellent opportunity to get a good piece of goods very cheap. A. Herpich, Merchant Tailor.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.


[Located on Editorial page of this issue.]


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.


Corn is up again and going at 30 to 34 cents, hogs $5.00 to $5.10, wheat 75 cents. Produce ranges at about the same as last week.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.


Miss Nellie Cole returned Thursday last from a visit to friends in Missouri.

Dick Gates has sold his house on east eighth avenue to John Cochran for $1,250.

Go East from Kansas City via the old reliable H. & St. Jo and C. B. & Q short line.

Lovell Webb went to Topeka Saturday to spend Christmas with his father, Judge W. C. Webb.

Full line of Brooks & Reynolds shoes in Ladies & Misses at Hoosier Shoe Store South Main Street.

Winfield Post Office will be open on New Years Day Jan. 1, 1884, from 8 to 9 a.m., and 1:30 to 3:30 p.m.

A. B. Lemmon and family cane down from Newton Saturday and spent Christmas with friends here.

C. C. Holland returned from Dakota, on a visit to relatives here, last week. He is well pleased with his location.

J. L. M. Hill purchased the old Jewell farm, up the Walnut, last week. It is one of the finest farms in the county.

The Holiday jubilee for the Sunday school at Bethel takes place New Years Eve. They will have a tree and a general good time.

I will have a few good farm and driving teams in Winfield for sale on Saturday, January 5th. B. C. Wilson, Fredonia, Kansas.

Tony Agler was out with his goat brigade Monday. Tony always creates a furor among all the youthful denizens of our city with his caravan.

Mr. O. H. Tullford and sister, of Leadville, Colorado, came in last week and will probably spend the winter here. They are cousins of Judge Gans.

John Tyner has bought the Grocery Stock of C. W. Broom on South Main St., and will make it a first class grocery and solicits a share of patronage.

Ten or fifteen couples surprised Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Wilson Christmas evening. They carried Musicians and an oyster supper with them and had a grand time.

Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.

DIED. P.En. Decker, who owned a fine farm in Spring Creek Township, died at Richford, New York, several weeks ago. He fell from a wagon and ruptured a blood vessel.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.

The Cowley County Wool Growers= Association will meet at the office of S. C. Smith on Saturday, the 29th, at 2 o=clock p.m. A full attendance is desired, as business of importance will be considered.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.

The following MARRIAGE LICENSES have been issued during the week.

B. F. Wade and Jesse F. Yoakam.

C. F. Knedler and Sarah E. Randall.

John F. Herndon and Mary J. Johnson.

S. N. Hegarty and Harriet E. Freemon.

John F. Beck and Luna Cretier.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.

Young Knox of Beaver Township went up to Mount Zion schoolhouse Christmas eve night, and created a disturbance in the house. He was promptly knocked down by a by-stander after which he got up and attacked someone with a loaded whip. After getting in two or three licks, he was taken in by a constable, brought to town, and cooled off. This young man is getting to be a noted offender, probably due to liquor as much as anything else.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.

TO BE MARRIED. Frank W. Finch left Monday afternoon for Roca, Nebraska, where he will lead to the altar Miss Alice Dunham. The lady visited here about a year ago, and is known to many Winfield people. Frank is one of our most substantial young men, ambitious, energetic, and combining many qualities which are requisite to success. They have the hearty well-wishes of many friends.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.

The regular by-weekly social of the Good Templars was held on Tuesday evening at the home of Mr. E. D. Garlick. A large number were in attendance, and under the royal entertainment of Mrs. Garlick and her daughters, Misses Mamie and Ella, all spent the evening most enjoyably. The next social will be at the residence of Rev. and Mrs. J. Cairns.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.

A drove of about twenty goats were driven through the city Friday. They were large fine animals of the AAngora@ breed. Goat farming is a new industry in this county. The proprietor of the goat farm lives near Dexter. He has a flock of over a hundred and sells the fleeces at 70 cents per pound. He says they pay much better than sheep.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.

The eighty acre tract of school land in Creswell Township known as the AHughes tract,@ was sold at public sale Saturday. It brought twenty-two dollars per acre. Mr. Hughes, the gentleman who resides on it, being the purchaser. His purchase cost him $1,760, less $224, the appraised value of the improvements he has made on the land.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.

The Old Settlers of Windsor Township had a big dinner and a Apow-wow@ at Dr. Wilkins, On Christmas. Grand Sachems Shaw, Clover, Dwyer, Sweet, Tull, Fall, Walch, and others were present, including Judge Gans. The Judge says he never had such a time in his life.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.

The Apatent@ business has at last been fastened on kindling wood. Last week A. H. Doane & Co., received a car-load of kindlers, put up in neat boxes. They are made of a mixture of blocks, saw-dust, and pitch, and just the thing for kindling coal fires.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.

The Ladies Library Association holds its regular monthly meeting on Tuesday, Janaury 8th, 1884, at 3 p.m. Officers for the ensuing year are to be elected; and it is hoped that there will be a good attendance. Secretary.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.

Misses Willie Wallis, Pearl Van Doren, Maggie Bedilion, Allie McDonald, and Annie Doane will receive their friends with Miss Margaret Spotswood New Year=s day, at the residence of A. T. Spotswood.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.

DIED. Died December 26, Gracie A. Graham, aged 2 years, 4 months, 4 days. Funeral at residence, Corner 8th Avenue and Fuller Streets, at 11 o=clock this Thursday morning. Friends of the family invited to attend.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.

Mr. J. W. Millspaugh had a family Christmas dinner and Christmas tree at his home last week. There were twenty of his children and grandchildren present. They had a big time.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.

A merry party of young people, all members of Mr. S. J. McIntire=s Sunday school class, met at his residence Tuesday evening to wind up the Christmas festivities in social intercourse.




Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.

I have a beautiful stock of Holiday Goods. Will sell below cost, as I want the money to buy other goods, as I do not expect to close out. J. N. HARTER, Druggist.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.

MARRIED. Married at Winfield on December 5th by Rev. H. D. Gans, Mr. Wm. Summerville, of New Salem, Kansas, to Mrs. Katie Barnes, of Peru, Indiana.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.

Mrs. J. L. Horning, assisted by Mrs. and Miss Whitney, and Mrs. Doane, will Areceive@ at Mrs. Horning=s residence New Years day.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.

Mrs. Dr. B. R. O=Conner and her daughter, Genie, of Otter Township, spent Christmas in the city, the guests of Col. Tom Soward.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.

Mr. E. P. Kinnie came in from Kansas City Wednesday and will spend several days among his many friends here.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.

If the finder of a fur glove will leave the same at this office, he will be rewarded with one dollar.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.

DIED. Died near Dexter, Sarah, wife of Solomon Rembaugh, December 23, 1883. Age 30 years.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.


Christmas came in this year with more than its usual life and jollity. All of the churches had christmas trees, christmas houses, and other of the arrangements which are supposed to make young hearts happy. The traditional ASanta Claus@ was abroad in all his glory and showered candies and beautiful presents around promiscuously.

As usual the meat markets were decorated in the most attractive way. The market of Whiting Bros. was especially fancy. They had houses and pyramids constructed of snow white lard, and huge beeves decorated with evergreens and flowers. In addition to this the market was supplied with rare novelties gathered from the Atlantic to the Pacific. The markets of Geo. M. Miller and Kraft & Dix were also beautifully decorated. At the latter was exhibited one of the fattest pigs that anyone has ever seen.

At the Presbyterian Church a AChristmas House@ was the center of attraction. It was nicely proportioned and roofed over with cotton placed around the eaves in almost perfect imitation of pendant icicles.

The exercises by the Kindergarten class were entertaining. ASt. Nick,@ in the person of J. O. Taylor, captivated the little folks.

At the Methodist Church the Asnow house@ was built on the telescope order and reached up nearly to the ceiling. It was filled with beautiful presents, which were distributed by a regulation ASanta Claus.@

The Baptist Church displayed a tree, loaded down with beautiful toys and presents. The crowd here was particularly jolly and happy, and their ASt. Nick,@ an excellent one.

The Episcopal Sunday school tree at the Courthouse was nicely trimmed and the exercises afforded much amusement. One of the features was the presentation of a Adiamond@ pin to the worthy Superintendent, W. H. Smith. The diamond was a glass stopper from a big bottle in a beautiful setting of old stove pipe tin, the whole making a decoration of which Mr. Smith should certainly feel proud.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.

Bridge Done.

The repairs on the West bridge are finished and teams began to cross Wednesday evening.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.

What=s the Matter Anyway.

We have received a couple of communications, the import of which we don=t exactly understand. The first is written in a racy, off hand sort of way and so clearly elucideates the points aimed at that we give it verbatim etleteratim.

AHurrah for the beaver center opera house if it should not fall or go back whith Baskets christmas tree either the mules or driver was blind for they mist the hitching post and tied to the shuuter hurrah for beaver center, who dont cares for expences whoope it up boys, no he was blind when he fell into the coal house. O no he wasent drunk when he fell off the stone steeps and pulled lightened rood down hurrah Boys, for cigars and who can use the most profain language. CITIZEN.@

The second explains the first by giving us more light on the vexed questionCstating in plainer terms what the writer of the first referred to only in a series of Aglittering generalities.@

TANNEHILL, December 20th, 1883.

The taxpayers of Beaver Center district were taxed $60.07 last summer for repairing the schoolhouse. After fitting it up in nice style, it was taken possession of by certain parties of that and surrounding districts, who used it for an Opera House, holding religious meetings, political meetings, singing, writing, etc., and at the same time tying their horses to the window shutters, lightning rod, door knob, and hardly giving the teacher a chance to hold school. The taxpayers of the district got tired of paying taxes to repair the house for such doings, and will probably surrender the house to the mob, thinking it cheaper to build a new schoolhouse, to be used for school purposes only. Hurrrah for Beaver Center, Awho treats to the cigars.@ X.

Both correspondents seem to be dissatisfied because the district allows the schoolhouse to be used for Aan Opera House, holding religious meetings, poltical meetings, singing, writing, etc.@ In all the category we fail to see a thing that the schoolhouse should not properly be used for. It is built by all the taxpayersCthose who attend AOperas, religious meetings, political meetings, singings, writings, etc.,@ and while ostensibly for school purposes is properly the place for all neighborhood meetings of a public character which do not interfere with the school. Of course, persons who deface or injure the building such as the Alightened rod@ annihilator so feelingly referred to by ACitizen,@ should be properly and severely dealt with, but should not debar public meetings from the building. Both ACitizen@ and AX@ should look at this matter in a clearer light and rather lend their energies toward suppressing the Adrunk and disorderly@ element in their community than closing the house to all community gatherings.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.

More Water Works.

At the council meeting last Friday evening, the special committee on water works made the following report.

To the honorable mayor and councilmen of Winfield.

The undersigned having been appointed by his honor, the mayor of said city, as a com-mittee to inspect and report on the condition of the Winfield water works, respectfully submit the following.

We find the engine house and coal shed required by section 3 of Ordinance No. 167 to be of the required capacity, of good material, and well constructed.

The works were submited to the tests required by sections 3, 4, and 12 of said ordinance on the 17th and 18th days of December, 1883, with the following result, viz: The pumping capacity of the works were tested by measuring the depth of the water in the reservoir and after two hours pumping, measured again, when there was found to be an increase of depth of five and one eighth inches, which indicates a pumping capacity of one million and twenty-five thousand gallons in 24 hours. Said reservoir being 103 feet higher than Main street and capable of storing two millions one hundred thousand gallons of water. The boiler is of sufficient size to make with easy firing ample steam to supply the pumping machinery.

By actual test and measurement by triangulation we found the works capable of throwing six streams through fifty feet of 2 2 inch rubber hose and one inch ring nozzle sixty-five feet high from six of the highest hydrants on Main street.

We believe that the pipe system is of the required length and capacity, the pipes are of good quality and properly laid, and that the hydrants are such as are required by ordinance.

The meaning of section fifteen is somewhat ambiguous. If practicable, simply means passable, then no doubt the section has been complied with, but it would seem that the present condition of the streets and alleys might be considerably improved.

We believe that the works throughout are thoroughly constructed and if maintained in their present condition will furnish the city and citizens with an ample supply of water for all necessary purposes.

All of which is respectfully submitted.


The committee, having failed to report on whether the water was Apure and wholesome,@ Aand the reservoir capable of storing@ two million gallons of water, the report was referred back to them for a report on these points and the mayor instructed to appoint two additional members to the committee, one of whom should be a physician. The members of the original committee say they have reported all they can in the matter.

It seems to be the strong sentiment of the council not to accept the works until it is ascertained whether or not the reservoir will store two million gallons, and the city fully protected on all sides.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.

Runaway Boys.

The two boys spoken of several weeks ago were returned to their father, Geo. W. Smith, of Montgomery County, last Monday. Chairman Smith wrote the Commissioners of Chautauqua County, who hunted the father up. The father says in his letter to Capt. Smith, that the boys left home on the 5th inst., and that he had been searching everywhere and had dragged all the creeks in the vicinity. The first notification he had of their whereabouts was through the publication of Capt. Smith=s letter in the Sedan papers. He sent money to pay for their return. The little fellows= statement about their parents being dead was a very cleverly conceived falsehood. They were apparently satisfied with their present situation and not over anxious to return. There have been some twenty applications to adopt one or both of them since the former publication regarding them.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.

A AChristmas@ Meat Market.

Messrs. Kraft & Dix had their meat market decorated in fine style for Christmas Day. They displayed four splendid young beeves which weighed over five thousand pounds, four sheep averaging over two hundred each, a veal calf, two spring lambs, roast pigs, turkeys, chickens, and, in fct, the choices specimens in the meat line that could be found. If this Christmas display is a fair sample of the kind of meats Messrs. Kraft & Dix propose to handle, they will make our housewives happy.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.

A New Deal.

The Grocery House of A. T. Spotswood & Co. have adopted another reform in their business which cannot help but prove beneficial, both to themselves and their customers. What this Anew deal@ is can be fully ascertained by consulting their advertisement in another column. This firm conducts one of the best grocery houses in the city and always fulfill what they advertise. That they are adopting a correct business principle and one that will be of immense benefit to the trading public, none will deny.



On the first day of January, 1884, we shall inaugurate a NEW SYSTEM UPON A PURELY AND STRICTLY CASH BASIS.

From and after that date we will absolutely sell no goods on time. We shall keep no accounts whatever with customers, and every sale must be a cash transaction. From this rule we shall not depart under any circumstances. In order to make this change a success, we will on January first make a general reduction in the price of our goods, and will demonstrate to our customers that


We will not sell out at cost, nor are we going to quit business, but have resolved ourselves into a live cash house, and want to be known the county over as


We will sell goods at cash prices that credit prices cannot reach. We mean what we say, we say what we mean, and shall demonstrate the truth to cash customers. The change is permanent and radical and we will


We have the largest and best selected stock of


in Southwestern Kansas, which we will sell at prices that will speak for themselves, and which we expect will retain all our old customers and make us many new ones. Try the new plan and convince yourselves that it is a business principle of the most goods for the least money. We extend to our customers our cordial thanks for their patronage in the past, and can assure them that a continuance of our business relations, under our new arrangment, will be appreciated, and will prove to them that we will merit their patronage in the future. Country Produce will be taken in exchange for goods as heretofore. Our store will be closed on New Year=s day for the purpose of marking down the prices of goods.



Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.

Stockholders= Meeting.

The annual meeting of the stockholders of the Winfield Bank will be held in the bank building on Thursday, January 16, 1884, at 7 o=clock p.m., for the election of directors and the transaction of other business. W. J. WILSON, Secretary.

Winfield, Kansas, December 26, 1883.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.

To Whom It May Concern.

I understand that parties claiming to represent the claim of nurseries and selling nursery stock, in Cowley and Sumner counties, are using my name as reference, stating that I have a large pear orchard in successful bearing, which is false, as I have only lived in Cowley County four years and have planted all the orchard that I have since that time.

I also understand that these parties are using my name as reference as to their standing, etc., which is without my authority. And I hereby request that no person receive as true a recommendation purporting to have come from me except they are shown written authority to do so from me. J. F. MARTIN. President of the Fair & Driving Park Association, also President of the Cowley County Horticultural Society.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.

From Odessa.

The festival held at Odessa last Friday night resulted in an immense success, as indeed does everything undertaken by the enterprising people of this neighborhood. But little effort was required to obtain the necessary provisions for the supper as everyone gave liberally. The DeTurks, Martin=s, Gramms, et al., were untiring in their efforts to make it a pleasant and profitable affair. That the large number of persons present was amply provided for in the way of eatables was shown by the amount of good things auctioned off after supper, consisting of cakes, pies, turkeys, and chicken without number. Oysters, candies, and a fish-pond were profitable additions to the general supper. The highest number of votes for the cake to be given to the prettiest girl was received by Miss Lucy Henderson, but through some mistake it was awarded to her constestant, Miss Nettie Crawford, of Excelsior. Both the cakes for being the ugliest and laziest man was awarded to Larby Henderson; there being a large number of contestants for each, he felt himself more than doubly honored by the distinction. All seemed to enjoy the occasion to the utmost, and most generously helped along the enterprise. the net receipts were $118.50 and with these proceeds a good organ is forthcoming. We understand another enterprise is on foot to provide for the purchase of a bell to place in the belfry of the schoolhouse. Success to them. W. P.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.


A light sprinkle of Abeautiful snow@ made its first appearance last evening.

Work is resumed on the Constant church.

Corn shucking and sore fingers are inseparable companions. However, this cereal is now nearly all cribbed in this section.

Two enthusiastic revivals are progress in this vicinity. Rev. Brown is sterring the gospel ship at Victor Schoolhouse and Rev. Snyder is directing the battery on Satan=s stronghold at Holland Schoolhouse. Both are successful.

Last Friday evening Will Holcomb returned home from his European tour. He played sailor while on the ocean and is now chuck full of Ajibbon, aft, aloft, main sail, yards, deck forecastle,@ and navigation literature generally. He has no anxiety to be Arocked in the cradle of the deep@ again.

Zack Meyers has just completed a large and substantial residence. It is solidly buyilt, spacious, and comfortable, and cost him twelve hundred dollars.

Miss Minnie Sumpter is one of Cowley=s pluckiest and brightest school ma=ams. She boards at home and rides a horse seven miles to her school. The winters of Southern Kansas are favorable to school ma=ams.

Mrs. D. W. Mumaw is laying down Brussel carpets preparatory to moving Aout of the old house into the new.@

Another new dwelling is nearing completion on the estate of A. A. Knox.

West Holland is improving the appearance of his place by the erection of a barn. His two daughters, Misses Mattie and Lou, and son, Doctor Alec, returned home from DakotaCOld Boreus= headquartersCto spend the winter in a more congenial clime. During the past year they, in company with their brother Chris, secured five quarter sections of land in Brown county of this territory, besides establishing a couple of timber claims.

Tuesday morning Bob Davidson started on a visit to Cherokee County, Kansas.

Joe and Jno. Dages recently arrived from Indiana to spend the winter in luxuriant Cowley. They report Hoosierdom bordering on the verge of a famine. Jack Frost nipped their corn crop early in the bud.

Albert Heffron & Co. wound their threshing season to a close a few days ago. Their machine threshed upwards of sixty-one thousand bushels. They carry off the ribbon in the threshing line.

Chas. Rambow=s twins, representing both genders, are flourishing nicely. The boy, as usual deports himself the best and squawls the least.

Will Timmerman and wife are calculating the cost of housekeeping. Will is getting a little nervous about foraging on his father-in-law so much.

The prospects for another bountiful crop of wheat was never more promising in this section. One more good crop will relieve the most of our farmers from the few remaining kinds and establish a fine residence and barn on every homestead.

Mrs. Dave Lamb is ailing and under the nursing care of her mother. Dave does not enjoy marital life in the face of keeping bachelor=s hall.

S. D. Klingman has a pair of very modest chickens of opposite genders. In their frolicsome spells they retreat to the bottom of his well. Monday they stayed down ttoo long, requiring his assistance with fish hook and line to reach the sunlight.

This neighborhood boasts of a corn husker who cribs his seventy-five bushels per day.

MARRIED. Wedding bells came wafting to our ears from the west on the gentle zephrs of last Monday evening. Four hearts were made to record their future pulsations as two, viz:

Mr. Shannon Herron and Miss Clara Hammond; Mr. John Byers and Miss Chrissie Jenkins. Their many friends wish them a happy and prosperous future. It took Shannon four years to screw his courage to the sticking point; bet he got there, Eli!

Today Mr. Frank Wildman arrived from the cold, bleak region of Canada.

Thursday evening last, Johnnie Walton returned from a visit to Crawford County, Kansas. It is rumored that Honnie is arranging the preliminaries for securing a housekeeper.

The mischievous urchins of School District No. 4 have been congratulating themselves over the fact that they had a kind and merciful teacher who was opposed to corporal punishment. Their opinion slightly changed one day recently when said teacher marched five of them out in a row and administered unto them a strong dose of birch ointment.

AMark,@ too, would extend his sympathies to AJasper@ in his great bereavement. It is to be deplored that his (Jasper=s) best girl=s opinion of himC(Jasper) is not as favorable as he (Jasper) could wish. Let her go, dear Jasper, and console yourself with the thought that there are as good fish in the sea as have ever been caughtCeven though they may not be catchable by you. Firmly shut your mouth, grit your teeth, and resolve to pursue your legal studies with that placidity of mind and unruffled brow as though her existence were unknown.

Your correspondent would like to call the attention of the Horticultural Society of this county and, also, of the energetic, enterprising, and practical farmers generally, to the fact that the faculty of the Kansas State Agricultural College, located at Manhattan, have expressed a desire, in a letter to the writer in cooperating with them by holding a farmers= institute at some convenient point in this county. They volunteer to furnish half the program and bear their own expenses, the farmers supplying the balance of the program and securing a hall. About three members of the college faculty would be present at the exercises and deliver lectures on some of the important subjects pertaining to agriculture and its kindred departments. The college has inaugurated a series of farmers= institutes in several counties in the central and northern portions of the State. These institutes are highly spoken of as being beneficial to the farmers participating in them. Here is an opportunity for our farmers to gain much valuable information from men of recognized abilityCprofessors in their special spheresCwho are practical as well as theoretical, and good authority on subjects in their respective fields. The date of such a meeting could be arranged to suit the convenience of our farmers. I would suggest that the Horticultural Society work up this matter and the President of the same place himself in communication with the President of the college, Geo. T. Fairchild, or Prof. E. M. Shelton, Manhattan, Kansas. MARK.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.

Stockholders= Meeting.

The annual meeting of the stockholders of the Cowley County Fair & Driving Park Association will be held in the Opera House at Winfield on


at 2 o=clock p.m. for the purpose of electing seventeen (17) Directors to serve during the ensuing year.

ED. P. GREER, Secretary.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.


The following is the full text of a bill introduced by Senator Plumb in the United States Senate last week.

ATo declare certain lands heretofore granted to Railroad Companies forfeited to the United States, and to open the same to settlement.

ABe it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That where a grant of public lands has been made to aid in the construction of any railroad, and such road has not been completed within the time prescribed by law, the lands so granted, or such quantity thereof as has not been patented or certified to such company, or to any state or territory, for its benefit, prior to the expiration of the time fixed for the completion of the road, shall revert to the United States, and shall be open to settlement as are other public lands. And it shall be the duty of the Secretary of the Interior, immediately on the passage of this act, to cause public notice to be given by advertisement that the lands hereinbefore described are open for settlement, and that entries will be received at the land offices of the several districts in which such lands are located.@



Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.


Stoves, Tinware, Pumps, Rubber & Leather Belting.


Lowest prices on Tin and Sheet Iron work.

West side Main street, between 9th and 10th Avenues, Winfield, Kansas.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.

AD. S. H. MYTON, DEALER IN HARDWARE AND FARM MACHINERY OF ALL KINDS. HEADQUARTERS FOR CASSADY SULKY PLOW, Crown Corn Planter, Bain and Mitchell Wagons, Racine and Studebaker Spring Wagons, Buggies and Carriages, Cassady Sulky Plows, Weir Sulky Plows, Deere, Weir, and Garden City and Moline Plows and Cultivators, Brown Barlow Corn Planters, Buckeye and McCormick Reapers and Mowers, Deering=s Twine Binders, Cooking and Heating Stoves, Glidden Barb Wire, Blacksmith=s Supplies, Spouting, Roofing, and all kinds of