Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.


City Marshal Brown shot and killed Newt Boyce, a gambler, at Caldwell, while attempting to arrest him.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.


DIED. Christmas eve, 1883. Gracie, Daughter of Mr. and Mrs. M. A. Graham, aged 2 years and 4 months. [SKIPPED POETRY.]


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

New Salem Pencilings.


AMerry Christmas to all the dear readers of the COURIER, and to all a happy ANew Year,@ and may we bid the old year good bye with many thanks for the many blessings showered on us during the past one, and look forward with hope to the bright days in store for us, perhaps, in the new year.

Mr. Irwin Franklin has moved to his new home.

Mr. Wm. Kims has gone to Missouri to visit his sister.

Dr. Downs= brother is a SalemiteCthink he has come to stay.

BIRTH. A nice little lady has come to stay with Mr. and Mrs. Douglass.

Mr. McMillen has empty corn fields and full cribs; has finished husking.

Messrs. Star and Edgar have given up going to Harper until after Christmas.

Mr. Lucas has returned to his family and schoolCleft his father much better.

Miss Ettie Johnson made her many friends happy by coming home to spend the holidays.

The Misses Dalgarn expect to rusticate or spend a few days pleasantly in Oxford this week.

Mr. W. P. Hoyland has his new house ready for occupancy and will move this week, nothing preventing.

Mr. James Rowe is boarding with Mr. J. W. Hoyland; was dangerously ill for several days but is himself again, and anticipates a fine time during the holidays.

Mr. S. A. Chapell lost his beautiful scarf in Winfield recently, by being absent minded and putting it in another man=s buggy in the livery stable. He knows who the man is and trusts he will be kind enough to bring it back and leave it at the livery stable.

Mr. Roberts has a vacation of two weeks and has gone to visit friends in this state. He treated his pupils to some nice candy before he left, and AOlivia@ was remembered, for a nice little package was sent to her quiet home. Many thanks for the same, Mr. Roberts.

Our Sunday school and preaching service will be moved to the new schoolhouse. So our school has not died as yet, but if it does, it will have the honor of passing away in the little Salem City, but we trust and hope all hands will pull together and make the Sunday School a grand success, and we are confident a larger attendance can be had at the station than in the old place, but we see it go with reluctance, for many pleasant hours have been spent in the old schoolhouse. May success be with all the Sunday schools in our beautiful land, and to all my dear class I bid adieu, for we are entering on a new quarter, a new year, and a new place for working. OLIVIA.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

Sedan News.

We are having some weather.

There are 400 small boys and 18 bushels of fire crackers in our town and yet we live. Imagine our vitality.

Ed Roland has gone to see his ma. We heartily wish he=d stay there, not because Ed isn=t a good fellow and all that sort of thing, butCwell Ed knows.

There is a new literary society in Sedan with the following pass word, ACodfish.@ But they have concluded since tackling the ACyclone Literary@ once or twice that they have struck the wrong sardine.

Balls, parties, and festivities are the order of the day, and yet Jasper has never received a leap year bid, and finds no genuine comfort except in scoring the ACodfish@ literary, and that is rather his enjoyment, on the principle that the old farmer disliked to whale a blind mule, however contrary.

I wonder if AHoratius@ thinks he can impose on Jasper by signing his name AMark?@ We are acquainted with his clack from away back, and would rather live in the bosom of a threshing machine than to hear him sit down and begin an off hand Adissertation on the superlative excellence@ of the K. S. A. C., and its superannuated, bald headed professors, but then Mark knows me.

We have had quite a revival in our city. The Methodist pastor of this place, Rev. Brown, has proven himself a regular old time revivlaist, and although he was working in tough timber, by the slight assistance of Brother Shambaugh and Elder Cullison, he inaugurated quite a change in the church affairs in this place, and although your correspondent is not identified with any church and has no particular faith of any kind, he is happy to announce any and every movement which is calculated to promote the good order and progress of the community.

Jasper desires in this communication to suggest the propriety and advantage of establishing a regular fraternity among the COURIER correspondents, bearing as we all do in the same general direction, idewntified in principle and speaking through the same medium. Would it not be an advantage to form an association intended to further our common interests and add to the credit of the organ to which we contribute? The manner in which an association could be sustained with any benefit among those who find it impossible to be together can easily be explained, while it would be entirely practicable to meet at times on the occasion of public meetings in Winfield. I merely make this as a suggestion, and would be glad to hear from the COURIER correspondents in the matter, or to hear the Editors= opinion upon the advisability of such an enterprise. JASPER.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

For the COURIER:

From Texas.

Now that I am at home and the smoke of the battlefield has cleared away, and I have had my Christmas dinner, I take a calm and unpredjudiced view of Winfield and the people. I should take Winfield to be as healthful as any of the Western towns or cities, and more so than many of them. I did not discover any local cause for sickness. Judging from the six weeks I was there, and what I heard from some of the citizens, I should say that you have a delightful climate, except the hot winds in the summer and now and then a blizzard in the winter.

Judging from what I saw on the streets on Saturdays especially, I take it the county round about the town is being settled up with good, substantial, frugal citizens. I did not see but two men under the influence of Mr. Winslow=s maddening tonic. One man, not a woman, I thought, had recently kissed Mr. Winslow, or his breath was a little perfumed with the tonic. It certainly is bad enough to kiss a nice, decent man, or to permit yourself to be kissed by one, but to kiss old Winslow is infinitely worse than to kiss a pig pen. I did not hear but three oaths. Two of them were uttered by grown men, and the other by a little girl about four or five years old. If she is not checked pretty soon, it will prove her eternal ruin. One dark night one of your good citizens, but I don=t think he belonged to any church, made a little mistake. Stepping up behind me not far from the Post Office, he said: ASay, I=ve got a bottle of old rye; let us go in and take a little.@ At this moment the light from a lantern flashed upon the scene, and I said, AYou are mistaken in your man, sir,@ which he had now discovered, whereupon he put up a job of running that was really amusing to look upon. How far he ran and when and where took up, I cannot say.

Have never been among a people I learned to like better than the people of Winfield after I had been there about three weeks. I can truthfully say that I never had such a time to get a meeting started. The Baptists seemed ice-clad and the sinners iron-clad. But how changed the scene when we got acquainted. All the while I could not blame the people because there are so many frauds of every kind, preachers and evangelists, as well as others traveling over the country, that people are bound to protect themselves from their often well laid plans. Judging from an insulting note I received while in Winfield, some people had an idea that I was after money, and I take this occasion to say that money was never mentioned by the Pastor, Bro. Cairns, or myself during the correspondence relative to my going to Winfield, and I certainly never mentioned it myself while in the town, while there nearly six weeks. One brother handed me three dollars and a country brother sent me five dollars, and the night I left Bro. Bliss handed me $10 and said that something more, he thought, would be made up, and I learn that something more has been done, but how much I do not know. The members of the church and congregation contributed $25 to aid in building a house of worship in my town, and Miss Lucy Cairns raised $16, and Miss Sola Farringer $5, and Pleasant Cookson, V. R. Bartlett, J. S. Mann, Rev. E. P. Hickok and Mrs. S. R. Hickok contributed $5 each. Miss Edith Stone, Charlie Dever, E. T. Rogers, B. K. Stalcup, Miss Nettie Case, Josiah E. Wilson, and John W. Soward agreed to raise, or pay $5 each by the first of March for the same purpose, making in all for the church $106.

If my life and health is spared, I hope to visit Winfield some more, for I think it a good place, with a number of the best people I ever knew. I know that my Baptist brethren have had a pretty hard struggle in building their very handsome house of worship, but as soon as they get a good breath they must add at least four rooms to their parsonage.

I have told my people here that Winfield has four of the handsomest church buildings I have ever seen outside of a large city. The capital invested in drinking saloons here is worth five times as much as all the church buildings put together. I am trying to have one nice church building here, which will inspire others to do the same.



Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

RECAP.Notice given to John C. Curry and Elizabeth S. Curry, his wife, that they have been sued by Thomas S. Krutz...sum $25 + lien upon northwest quarter of section 12, twonship 30, range 6 east of the 6th P.M., in Cowley County. Attorney for Plaintiff, T. N. Sedgwick.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

RECAP Notice given to William Grenhow and Mary Jane Grenhow and Henry Clem, that they have been sued by Thomas S. Krutz...$50 + lien on se quarter, section 15, township 30, rage 6 east, of the 6th P.M., in Cowley County. Attorney for Plaintiff, T. N. Sedgwick.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

Frank W. Finch, assignee Iva L. McCommon for the beneift of his creditors, asking for a discharge from his trust as said Assignee, in court January 21, 1884.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

THE MARKETS. Wheat today (Wednesday) brings 75 cents per bushel. Corn is worth 33 cents strong. Hogs bring from $4.75 to $5.00. Eggs bring 16 cents per doz. Butter 20 cents per lb. Potatoes 60 cents per bushel. Live chickens bring 5 cents per lb. live turkeys 7 cents.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.


The ARose Lisle@ Troupe is billed here for January 7th.

The Commercial Hotel is about to change hands. Some parties from Illinois will take it.

R. I. Mansfield came in from Carbondale to spend the holidays with his mother and brother here.

Mr. O=Meara, of O=Meara and Randolph, spent the holidays with friends and relatives at McComb, Illinois.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.


A Acold wave@ has been floating over Cowley for the past week; and ice has frozen to the thickness of an inch.

A series of religious meetings will be held at New Salem station during the coming week, beginning this (Wednesday) evening.

Clerk Bedilion has purchased a typewriter and now gets off his legal documents in printed form. It is a great saving of labor.

The time of the Santa Fe morning freight has been changed to 7:50 a.m. This beats getting up at three o=clock in the morning.

Mr. Heffron=s residence south of town was the scene of a social gathering Friday evening mostly of the young folks of Excelsior district.

Rev. E. P. Hickok will preach in the Walnut Valley Church next Sunday morning, and at the Star Valley schoolhouse in the afternoon.

The notion stores looked very sick after the holiday raid. There has been an immense amount of money put into trinkets and nick-nacks this year.

J. P. Baden lost a bunch of six safe keys, a door key, a post office key, and a button hook, Monday. The finder will be rewarded ty returning them to him.

Dr. T. B. Taylor makes professional visits to Arkansas City frequently. He reports that place keeping up with the general prosperity of the county.

We acknowledge receipt of a handsome map and time table from the passenger department of the A. T. & S. F. railroad. It is first class and complete.

It is said that Arkansas City town lots are going off rapidly. They have been coming toward Winfield on the wings of the wind for the past few years.

The local newspaper of Colony calls loudly for the marshal to disarm every man, woman, or child even suspected of having fire arms. His paper is evidently democratic.

Sheriff Elect McIntire has been in the city house-hunting during the past week, but without success up to date. Empty houses in Winfield are as rare as angels= visits.

Arthur Bangs= new bus is a very attractive wagon. The painting is superb. The outsides are illuminated with oil paintings, red and gold. It cost a thousand dollars.

The man who was arrested last week on suspicion of stealing some horses which he had in his possession was discharged on a writ of habeas corpus by Judge Torrance Wednesday.

Dr. Fleming was arrested Wednesday morning charged with violation of the prohibitory law. He is arrested on ten counts. The case comes before the District Court at its present session.

The ARose Lisle@ troupe appears here next Monday evening in AReddy=s Luck.@ Miss Lisle carries flattering testimonials from the English and American press, and is quite a star.

Tueday nights passenger on the Southern Kansas did not get in until Wednesday morning: twelve hours late. It stuck in a snow bank near Colony, in the east part of the state.

Mr. S. Nawman=s fine new residence on his farm two miles south of town was dedicated by the young folks on last Monday evening with a social hop. A number from town were out and report a splendid time and a good crowd. Mr. and Mrs. Nawman are unexcelled as entertainers.

Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

The following MARRIAGE LICENSES have been issued since our last.

William H. Hopkins and Glendora McCollum.

G. S. Bruce to Libbie J. Hudson.

Owen Brown to Cassie McGinnis.

Dietrick Shultz to Margaret A. Doughty.

John E. Everett to Mary E. Shrubshell.

E. V. Elliott to Sarah E. Burrell.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

Miss Elma Crippen resigned her position last week as teacher in our city schools and started Monday afternoon for Oswego, New York, to remain. She has made many warm friennds during her several years= residence here, who will very much regret her departure, and who wish her much happiness and prosperity wherever she may be.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

Leap year parties are now all the rage throughout the city and country. One was given on New Years night at the residence of Mr. Albert Hawkins, in Vernon Township, which, notwithstanding the extreme frigidity, was attended by a number from Winfield and a large crowd of Vernon people. The usual mishap, the result of woman=s (?) engineering, was present, and came to the city folks, compelling them to leave a crippled carriage on the prairie about four miles from the city. Luckily, the party were in easy access of the home of that genial farmer, Mr. Charles McClung, who warmed them up, rolled out his spring wagon, and sent the party on their way rejoicing. The kindness of Mr. McClung placed the party under many and lasting obligations to him. If the remaining leap year parties prove as jolly and interesting in every particular as this, a good amount of real, old-fashioned fun is in store for the participants. Mr. and Mrs. Hawkins have a pleasant home, and were assiduous in attentions to guests. The company were treated to an array of good things from the culinary department, the like of which can only be had at a country home.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

The third series of the stock of the Winfield Building & Loan Association is now open for subscriptions. This Association has just finished the second year of its business successfully. We do not know a better, safer, or more profitable place in which to lay up your savings. The money is all invested on real estate security at 12 percent, per annum, interest payable monthly, and it is surprising to find how soon a small investment will double itself up in profits. Our citizens who have belonged to these associations in other states, are the first to take stock here. They have had knowledge of the workings and need no explanations. There is no speculation, and no risk, in this investment, and the money is not permanently tied up, for the stock can be drawn out on 30 days notice at any time with the same interest given by a Savings Bank. For further information and for taking stock, apply to J. F. McMullen, Secretary, on 9th Avenue.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

We have received a copy of the 1884 ASt. Jacobs Oil Family Calendar and Book of Health and Humor for the Millieu.@ It boasts of the best, special efforts of America=s great, funny men and delineators of comic art. Its contents are pure in word and suggestion, and the sketches contain nothing of an advertising nature. In style and form this publication is entirely original, having been specially designed by Mr. H. D. Umbstaetter, who is himself a contributor to its pages, and exercises a personal supervision over its annual production. This mammoth printing department, with machinery unsurpassed anywhere, employing over 100 hands and ten huge power-presses, and as many steam binding and trimming machines, have been for months running day and night on the American edition of this book of eleven million copies.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

Pleasant Valley is all torn up over the contest for the prize cake which took place at the Odessa festival two weeks ago. Several of the boys went down from Excelsior district with a candidate for the honors in the person of Miss Nettie Crawford. The young gallants of Odessa were determined that their favorite, Miss Lucy Henderson, should have the prize. Each faction supported their candidate manfully and finally decided upon a time at which the voting should close. At the time appointed Miss Crawfford was ahead, but shortly after the supporters of Miss Henderson deposited forty votes to her credit. The supporters of Miss Crawford insisted, however, that they had complied with the rules and were entitlted to the prize, which was finally conceded. The boys of Odessa will give it to the Excelsior fellows next time.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

The Baptist Church held its annual business meeting on Monday evening. The reports of the various affairs and societies, including the Sunday school, show that the year has been a prosperous one in most respects. There were 102 persons baptized during the year and quite a number received by letter, the total membership at present being 301. The following officers were elected for the next year: Church clerk, A. P. Johnson; church treasurer, C. A. Bliss; trustees, B. F. Wood, C. A. Bliss, L. B. Stone, H. E. Silliman, and John Tyner. Officers of the Sunday school: superintendent, John M. Prince; assistant superintendent, B. N. Wood; secretary, James McDermott; treasurer, John Tyner.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

John S. Emery is out with a proposition to the wool growers of Kansas and Colorado. He asked their cooperation or encouragement in the erection of a warehouse with a capacity of two million pounds of sacked wool and a scouring mill of 25,000 pounds capacity per day. The idea it seems is to clean, sort, grade, and market the wool, including 4 months storage if necessary, for 2 cents per pound. The executive committee of the Wool Growers= Association at the state fair held in Topeka, after discussing the proposition heartily approved of the plan as being the best possible scheme for the large as well as the small wool growers. It is our judgment that such an investment made in Winfield would pay both growers and cleaners from the start.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

MARRIED. Married at the residence of the bride=s father, D. J. Reber, in Pleasant Township, Butler County Kansas, December 25, 1883, by Rev. J. Cairns, Mr. E. Whitehead (formerly of Winfield) of Augusta, and Miss Theresa Reber. It was a pleasant occasion and there were present three generations, all likely to live and enjoy life for many years to come. The parents will reach their silver wedding on the 26th of January, and the Grandparents are within five years of their golden wedding.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

The narrow gauge project seems to be resting. If the road can make the east or west connection proposed and will not insist on exhorbitant aid, it is the road we want. Until it can give reasonable assurance on these points, however, we do not think popular enthusiasm will become very much aroused in favor of the enterprise. A narrow gauge road needs a beginning or an end. Without either its benefits are little better than a buckboard line.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

The west bridge is now thoroughly repaired and was thrown open for travel last week. The repairs are first-class, Trustee Martin having seen that every stone and piece of timber was put in just right. It has cost upwards of five hundred dollars, about half of which was furnished by the businessmen of Winfield and the balance by Vernon Township.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

Oscar Wooley took in the hub Saturday and laid his number tens under our table long enough to tell us that Vernon still leads the van. Oscar is a proud scion of old Vernon and will never admit that any township in the county has finer farms, bigger crops, handsomer ladies, or more babies.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

The entertainment given by the Woman=s Foreign Missionary Society at the M. E. Church Sunday evening was unusually interesting and gave general satisfaction.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

We publish in another column a letter from Rev. Penn, the evangelist who held such successful meetings here. It will be of much interest to his Baptist brethren and many friends of all denominations here.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

New Years day passed off without a single drunk or a breach of the peace of any kind. This is a remarkable record for of all days of the year, the first is in most general favor as the one to get drunk on.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

The AK. O. C. C.,@ which stands for the Kansas Organ Comedy Company, shows here this evening. It is a new kind of show with a very queer cognomen, but our exchanges speak well of it, and we suppose correctly.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

The Ladies= Library Association holds its next regular monthly meeting on Tuesday, January 8th, at 3 p.m. There will be a meeting for the election of officers for the ensuing year on Tuesday, January 29th, at 3 p.m. Secretary.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

Supt. Limerick, Prof. Gridley, and Miss Allie Klingman attended the meeting of the State Teachers Association at Topeka last week. Supt. Limerick was honored with a place on the board of directors of the association.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

L. M. Dalgarn and Willie Files, of Richland Townships, started Monday for Manhattan, where they will attend the State Agricultural College this winter. There are a goodly number of Cowley=s youths under instructions there.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

Ed. Goodrich left Saturday for Kansas City, and will enter at once upon his duties on the road, in the employ of the Corie cracker and confectionary company. Ed. is a good salesman and will no doubt be successful in his new labors.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

Mr. W. C. Muzzy was up from Spring Creek Saturday and informs us that everything is progressing finely in that locality. If there is a locality in Cowley where her people are not prosperous and happy, we would like to hear of it.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

McGuire Bros. have a beautiful doll which will be given away. Anyone purchasing one dollar=s worth of notions, clothing, hats, etc., will be entitled to a ticket on the doll. Drawing will take place at McGuire Bros. sometime in January.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

Frank W. Finch and his bride retuned home Friday and on Friday afternoon Frank was industriously engaged in distributing cigars and receiving the compliments of his many friends. We wish the young couple much joy in their new life.





Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

BIRTH. Mr. and Mrs. Jas. Smith had a New Years caller Tuesday, although they didn=t keep Aopen house@ or in any special way invite intrusion. Sill the caller came and exhibits every intention of staying. He is a lusty little fellow and weighs ten pounds.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

The Telegram heads an article on the waterworks reservoir, AMr. Conner Talks.@ Ten feet of water in the reservoir will talk more in a minute than Mr. Conner can in a month. The actual experiment will interest the taxpayers more than anybody=s Atalk.@


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

Ben Clover was over from Windsor, Monday. Ben=s wrestle with Dr. Wilkins= Christmas dinner has not seriously impaired his activity. It will take years of economy in Mr. Wilkins= family to repair his larger, after Gans, Clover, Fall, and Tull got through with it.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

Spence Miner, of McDonald & Miner, made a contract Saturday with the Vermilye boys to furnish the new mansion on Magnolia farm with carpets and window hangings. The carpets will be made for the rooms and of the best material. The carpet bill amounts to $400.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

Thirty or forty of the friends of Mr. and Mrs. D. P. Francisco, of Creswell Township, assembled at their home on Christmas day and enjoyed an old fashioned Christmas dinner. It was a most happy gathering and all present unite in best wishes for the future of the hospitable couple.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

A number of the Methodist ladies surprised Rev. Jones at the parsonage New Years eve and presented him with a beautiful chair and other substantial tokens of their esteem and respect. It was a very happy event and was highly appreciated by the pastor.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

The Mt. Zion racket on Christmas night was culminated Friday by the arrest of Geo. Pierce, Ranson Clark, and John Coulter. They were brought in and assessed $27 each. The boys= little fun in Vernon has cost them about a hundred dollars. The Vernon folks won=t stand any foolishness.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

An anti-hash club has been formed by certain young men in this city. One of their preambles recites that hash is a concoction of the devil, a foe to humanity, and a fit subject for prohibitive legislation. The next thing in order will be the organization of a AWoman=s Anti-hash Association.@ That ought to paralyze the hash power.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

Mr. S. W. Talmadge=s statistics of the corn crop of the United States for the year 1883 places Kansas third in the list with 182,000,000 bushels. Missouri is first with 190,000,000 bushels, and Illinois second with 187,000,000. But much of the Illinois and Missouri corn is soft and almost worthless, which leaves Kansas the leading corn state in the Union.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

DIED. Mr. D. S. Burgauer, of McPherson, a cousin of Mr. Burgauer of M. Hahn & Co., died at the residence of Mr. Burgauer in this city last Wednesday. He was a very estimable young businessman and his early death is sadly mourned by many relatives and friends. The remains were escorted to the train by a large delegation of the Masonic fraternity, of which order he was a member, and were taken for burial to his eastern home.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

DIED. Mrs. Ferguson, one of the oldest settlers in the county, and the mother of a very large family, died Monday. She has been a resident of Walnut Township since the organization of the county.

[Kay...early settler???]


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

Sheriff-elect McIntire captured the fellow who robbed a jewelry store at Arkansas City last week. He got him at Grenola.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

MARRIED. Married at the Residence of Mr. Anderson January 1st, by Rev. P. F. Jones, Mr. Detrick Shultz and Miss Margaret Doughty.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

John Hyden came in from Ft. Scott last week and is spending a few weeks among his Winfield friends.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

Senator Hackney went up to Topeka Wednesday to argue the Colgate case before the Supreme Court.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

Lumber Prices.

Burlington, Coffey County, and Hartford, Lyon County, are each moving in the matter of getting lumber at cheaper rates than are charged by the yards doing business at the points named. At Burlington a stock company is being organized; at Hartford, a large meeting of farmers and businessmen was held, at which resolutions were adopted condemning the exhorbitant prices charged for lumber by the only yard there, and pledging a united support to a yard that will locate there and sell at reasonable profits. This looks like a rebellion against the established order of things, and a rebellion that we hope will be catching. One of the worst things our city has to contend with is the lumber pools. Lumber is a staple article, and while dealers should receive a fair profit on their business, there can be no excuse offered for the present high prices. A person who purchases in car-load lots can get the lumber in Chicago and lay it down in Winfield from ten to twenty percent less than he can purchase here, while in qualtiy he saves much more. It seems to us that our dealers would make up in increased sales, at less profits, what they lose by maintaining the present exhorbitant rates. As a result of the pool, much of the lumber used here is being shipped from Chicago direct to the consumer. The yards ought to have all the business, but they must make rates at which people can afford to purchase of them before they can hope to get it. The lumber pool is injuring Winfield and the county. It ought to be broken up.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

Newspaper Enterprise.

The wonderful New Years edition of the Emporia Republican almost took ourr breath away. As we unfolded page after page of elegantly printed paper, filled with choice matter, every line of which was worth reading, we were forcibly reminded that the days of newspaper wonders had not ceased. It contains absolutely everything that ever occurred in Lyon County, and racy description of her growth, improvement, and institutions. It covered sixteen large pages, eight columns to the page, and two feet to the column, making two hundred and fifty-six feet of matter. It is the largest single paper ever published in Kansas, and by far the handsomest and brightest. Gov. Eskridge has done himself, his city, and his paper proud by such an issue.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

Eighteen Eighty Four.

The new year came in with a grand flourish. The winds came down from the north and the thermometer went down below zero for the first time this winter. The biting cold however only stimulated the spirits of the fellows who always like to send the old year off with a whiz. They were abroad everywhere and the ladies who kept AOpen House,@ were kept busy entertaining callers and keeping the front door shut. Everyone seemed to be in the best of spirits and altogether it was the jolliest new year Winfield has ever enjoyed. In the evening a large company assembled at the Brettun parlor and the greater part of the night was passed in dancing and social intercourse.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

District Court.

Court convened Monday. On Tuesday the judge set the cases on the docket and discharged the jury until next Monday. The docket will probably be entirely cleared this term, for the first time in many years.




Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

Manning=s Opera House.

On next Tuesday night, January 8th, The Peerless and bewitching little Soubrette, Lizzie Evans, appears at the Opera House in Callahan=s romantic picturesque comedy-drama, AFoggs Ferry,@ the fashionable and acknowledged success and sensation of the season.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

Proceedings of the Meeting of the Central Division of the Cowley Teachers= Association.

WINFIELD, Dec. 29th, 1883.

Meeting called to order by vice president J. B. Norton, president Gridley having gone to Topeka to attend the State Teachers= Association. The topics spoken on were as follows: AMethods of Teaching Penmanship,@ by Wm. Gridley, of New Salem. The gentleman handled his subject ably, in the course of his remarks offering many valuable suggestions. The discussion of this topic was somewhat protracted, though spirited, most of the teachers taking part.

ACauses and Results of the War of 1882,@ by Mr. Ford. He briefly gave his ideas in regard to the topic. The discussion of this subject happily took the course of methods of teaching history. It was lively in the extreme, all of the teachers taking an active part.

By motion of Mr. Lucas, the meeting adjourned to meet on the evening of January 25. All teachers are respectfully invited to attend.

The city teachers have kindly offered entertainment to all teachers who will come. Mr. J. B. Norton of Winfield is chairman of the committee on entertainment. By letting him know, parties wishing to attend the association will be provided for. Teachers, come one and all and bring your friends. F. P. VAUGHAN, Secretary.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

Good Enough!


EDS. COURIER: The pean sung by the angelic choir, which ushered into our world the Saviour of the race, is the sentiment of all lovers of good law and morality I this city. The election of Mr. Miller as mayor of the city was taken as a hint by the saloon keepers that their business would not hereafter prove lucrative, hence the sun rose Christmas morn upon this beautiful city to find but three saloons of the thirty-five which had been defiantly dealing out the infernal liquid. Those which are now open Aat the rear door@ will be compelled to close in a few days. On a door whhere has been a saloon is a placard with these words, AProhibition does prohibit. Closed.@ X. X.


Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

For Sale. Or would exchange the building and lot known as the Red Front, on Main street, one of the best locations in Winfield for business, together with the stock and fixtures, for a suitable cattle ranch, and pay the difference, if any, in cash. This is a good opportunity, as the business is well established. Apply to James Strahan, Jr., Winfield, Kansas.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.


He covered items from apples, codlin moth, canker worm, tree agents, English sparrow, and forest trees.]


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

Millington had a long article on editorial page re railroads.

AMessrs. Humphrey and Turner, state railroad commissioners, have issued a very elaborate and most important decision in adjudicating the complaints of the cities of Osage City, Newton, and Great Bend against the A. T. & S. F. railroad for exorbitant charges on freights. The commissioners ffixed maximum rates of freight between the Missouri River termini of the Santa Fe road and each of the trhee cities above mentioned, called local rates, made a very extensive and elaborate table of maximum distance rates between all intermediate stations for all distances of from five miles up, and as we understand, it applied the general principles of the whole scheme to the whole Santa Fe system within the state.@

Article continues in this vein. Millington tries to show by statistical figures how Winfield would be with reduced freight rates.


Editorial...involves M. L. Robinson and Millington.

Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.


Maj. Hanson and Col. Doniphan were in town Saturday on the narrow gauge business and flattered us by calling on us to argue us into abandoning our position on the conditions which should be included in the proposition to make it worthy of support. They are able men, but even abler men have called us the past week on the same errand and in every instance we thought we came nearer to convincing the missionary than he us.

Probably the best way to convince us is the course that Mart Robinson has taken for the last three weeks, that is to rent a few columns in the Telegram and fill them with not very flattering eulogisms on the editor of the COURIER, attributing to him many awful things. Feeling as Clark did that it was better to be abused than not to be noticed at all, we have found nothing which we cared to reply to, and we are much obliged to him for spending so much of his valuable time both in writing and talking to everybody he meets in advertising us and soliciting his supposed friends to sit down on us. When he really gets down to business and says something worth noticing, we may unbend and give him another racket, but not now, for we have more important matters in hand. We will merely remark in reply to his statement to the effect that we were waiting to be subsidized, to be bought up, before supporrting the narrow gauge proposition that he is one of the men who knew from certain experience in that direction that it is, sometimes, at least impossible to buy us up. We do not apprehend that the great numbers of our friends who think about as we do of the present proposition will fear that we are going to sell out and abandon them. They will not be disappointed who expect us to adhere substantially to the position we have taken and stay with them.


Well, a narrow gauge railroad meeting was held at the Brettun House, Saturday morning, and quite a crowd of Winfield men attended. To spike our gun, we suppose, we were chosen chairman, and C. C. Black was made secretary. Maj. Hanson and Col. Doniphan made excellent speeches showing advantages of narrow gauges and this projected one in particular. M. G. Troup made a bright short speech, the only point of which was that we were captions, but M. L. Robinson was the orator of the day and occupied most of the time. The chairman=s views being asked for, he asked the reading of the petition to be circulated or in circulation and then pointed out a great many amendments that should be made to render it worthy of the support of the voters of this county. The parties objected to making any of the changes asked for, stated that they intended and expected to do many of the things asked for, but objected to putting their part of the contract in writing by the side of the part of the county.

The meeting passed the following resolution offered by M. L. Robinson and then adjourned.

Resolved, That, whereas the great needs of Cowley County and Southern Kansas are coal, lumber, wood, posts, lower rates for transportation, and new markets, and believing that the early building of a railroad connecting the systems of a narrow gauge railroad of the south and east with those of Colorado, Utah, and the west, would be of incalcuable benefit to this whole country and to Cowley County in particular putting us at an early day on a through line across the continent. It is therefore the sense of this meeting that it would be for the best interest of Cowley County to aid such an enterprise by voting aid thereto in the sum of one hundred thousand dollars under the laws of the state: one half of said aid to be delivered to said enterprise when the railroad is completed and cars running thereon to Winfield, and balance of such aid to be delivered when the line is completed and the cars running across the county. And we hereby pledge ourselves to support such propositions with our best efforts and that this resolution be published in our city papers and such papers be invited to use their best influence to carry such proposition.

When we entered the meeting we did not know that there was a single man present who sympathized with our views on this question, but Hon. J. McDermott supported us by a short pointed speech and there were about seven or eight noes in the vote on the resolution. After the adjournment some of the most intelligent men in the meeting, men who had been supporting the proposition heartily as it is, came to us and told us our position was right, said they would be with us, and would oppose the bonds unless substantially the amendments we demanded were made. We are satisfied from what we have heard through the county that in its present cut-throat form, the proposition would be snowed under by an overwhelming majority; but that if placed in the form we recommended, it would be carried.

Mind we do not consider the COURIER the leader in this matter. It is the mouthpiece of the sentiments of the people generally as we believe and as expressed to us by many. We give them such facts as we have learned by rubbing against railroad builders. They draw the conclusions and any sensible man should know what they will be.



Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.


The Kansas City Journal takes issue with the Kansas State Railroad Commissioners in their expressed opinions that the railroads should not be allowed to charge so high rates of freight as to be able to raise a surplus over all expenses, repairs, rents of leased lines, interest on indebtedness, and six percent dividends on capital stock, to expend in building new roads and extensions and asks if the people of Kansas have all the railroads they want and why such surplus should not be applied in that way?

We answer that no railroad company is going to build a new railroad or extension unless it is believed that it will be a good investment whether using new capital or the surplus earnings of some older road and in case it promises to be a good investment, the means can be raised in the usual way just as well. The using surplus earnings to build extensions is adding to the property held by the stockholders and is equivalent to a dividend on the stock. The company might just as well do as they would otherwise do, declare larger cash dividends on the stock, thus raising the dividends from six up to ten, twenty, or thirty percent as the case may be.

On the other hand we take issue with the commissioners in their apparent admission that a road ought to be allowed to charge high enough rates to pay all expenses, repairs, wear and tear, new rolling stock, rents of leased roads, interest on all indebtedness however great, and six percent dividends on all stock though five-sixths of it may be water. We should say that the rates of freight and fares should be limited to figures only sufficient to pay running expenses, such repairs and additions as will keep up the value of the property, and an amount to pay interest on bonds and dividends on stock which together would make a fair dividend on the actual cost of the road. But a road that cost only thirty millions of bonds and in addition pays six percent dividend on sixty millions of stock, for this would be paying 18 percent interest or dividend on the cost of the road.

According to the figures given the commissioners by the Santa Fe road company, it appears that that road had last year a surplus of two or three millions after paying interest on some thirty millions of debt and six percent dividends on fifty-six millions of stock. A part of this surplus was expended in building extensions. The commissioners decide that this surplus should be given to the patrons of the road by a reduction in the rates of freight which is correct as far as it goes.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.


Twenty years ago C. P. Huntington and Mark Hopkins were partners in the hardware business in Sacramento, California. In the same city Leland Stanford was an oil merchant, Charles Crocker was a noted dry goods dealer, and Judge Crocker was a lawyer of small means. In 1861, these five men, with fifteen or sixteen others, formed a corporation for the purpose of building the Central Pacific railroad. The united fortunes of the incorporators at that time did not amount to more than $120,800. These men, with others, formed a railroad company and got certain subsidy bills through congress. No subsidy could be obtained till twenty miles of the road had been built. The state of California was induced to guarantee the bonds of the company; these bonds were sold, and the money used to build the twenty miles. When this was done the five men froze or bought out the other stockholders. The five men then, as directors of the Central Pacific, made a contract with themselves, as the credit and finance company, to build the Central Pacific road, giving therefor $27,000,000 of government bonds (which they reserved as a subsidy); $27,000,000 of the company=s first mortgage bonds; and about $8,000,000 of land bonds, which they issued on their grants. This, of course, came piecemeal as the work was done, but the above sum, together with about $27,000,000 more of bonds on unsubsidized roads which the company bought, were paid to the credit and finance company for building the road. Lest some trouble should arise because of this scheme, the stockholders held a meeting, and fully endorsed the action of the directors; that is, the five men named met and endorsed their own action in making a contract with themselves.

Out of the surplus which they made, after declaring 8 percent dividend on $54,000,000 of stock, these men bought all other railroads in California, all the river and bay steamers, and the horse car lines in San Francisco, established a mail line to China, built the Southern Pacific railroad, which they stocked and bonded for $96,000 a mile, although it did not cost, at the outside, more than $30,000 a mile, and built palaces in city and country, which did not cost, for all of them, less than $10,000,000. The earnings of their road last year were about $25,000,000. The assets of these men, as stated in their annual report, exceed $200,000,000. The original investment, twenty-two years ago, was $11,500. Atchison Champion.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

Lost. An order book containing several orders, in Winfield or on the road to Oxford. The finder will please leave the same at the COURIER office, where any charges will be paid. Hogue & Mentch.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

New Salem Pencilings.

Mr. Chapell is still suffering with rheumatism.

Mr. J. A. Shields has gone to Mount Valley on business.

Dr. Downs and his brother have a full supply of drugs.

Revs. Graham and Armstrong are holding protracted services at Salem.

Miss Wilkinson has gone to Independence, Kansas, to spend the winter.

Miss Etta Johnson has returned to school, and will be sadly missed by friends.

The lady station agent at Salem has resigned. The position is only filled temporarily.

Mr. Wells has bought part of the old May farm, so henow has quite a nice little farm.

Corn shelling is going off lively as Messrs. Funk and Johnson are both running their shellers.

Doctor Irwin has quite a full little store now, and the Post Office is fixed up in quite an artistic manner.

Winter has come, and the bright, warm fire seems welcome. Some days, though, seem to have brought their breezes from the cold regions of the far north.

Mr. Christopher has sold his farm and intends to leave us ere many months. We are sorry indeed to lose such good friends from our midst, but hope fortune will smile upon them wherever they may go.

Mr. John Davis, of Wichita, has been a Salem guest for several days. He is only lately from Mexico and Texas and seems to think Kansas is fearful cold; and it is with the thermometer at 10 degrees below zero.

On the 2nd our friend, Mr. Mc. Dalgarn, started for school at Manhattan. Mr. Dalgarn will be missed in Sabbath school and by his many friends. We wish for him a pleasant time and bright laurels when he returns to his home.

Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Hoyland are spending a couple of months in Wisconsin with relatives and friends. We predict for them a very pleasant time. Their Aorphans@ at home are getting along finely, and bid the parents stay until their visit is at an end.

The holidays are with the past. Mr. and Mrs. McMillen again entertained some of their friends on New Years day, and Olivia and household were among the number, and fared sumptuously, as Mr. and Mrs. McMillen are generous hos and hostess, and their festal board fairly groaned beneath its weight of substantials and delicacies, fit to tempt the modern epicure. Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Hoyland invited friends and relatives to partake of the delicious bivalves, turkey, and other goodies on New Years evening. I was bidden, but the inclemency of the weather prevented my attending. Those that were there report an excellent time. Mrs. Bovee had a family reunion and quite a number of intimate friends: an excellent time. The Misses Johnson entertained quite a number of the numerous friends on New Years evening. A good time and an excellent supper were on the program. Others entertained friends also.



Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

Southern Kansas Railway.

This Company is now offering unequalled advantages to the Land Seeker, and in addition to the other privileges, give patrons facilities for examining the well improved Lands of Southern and Southeastern Kansas, heretofore unequalled. They have placed a ticket in the Kansas City office (opposite Union Depot) to be known as the AGrand Circuit Ticket.@

Holders of Land Explorers Tickets, reading via our line to Independence or Harper and return can exchange them at our Kansas City office for the Grand Circuit Ticket on payment of $5.00 additional.

These tickets will take passengers to Winfield or Wellington via our line and return via Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe R. R., passing through the finest portion of Kansas for Fruit, Grain, and Stock Raising, with privilege of stopping off at almost any station on our line on the Santa Fe, on margin of the ticket (see second page of this circular).

Yours truly, S. B. HYNES, General Passenger Agent.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

Pure Canada Maple Syrup by the gallon at Wallis & Wallis.



Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

RECAP NOTICE TO RUE B. MITCHELL that he has been sued by Thomas S. Krutz. Petition named Rue B. Mitchell and W. McEwen, defendants. Petition to be answered by March 1, 1884..$40 + lien on east half of the southwest quarter and west half of southeast quarter of section 17, township 30, range six east, of the 6th P.M. in Cowley County...T. N. Sedgwick, Attorney for Plaintiff.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

THE MARKETS. Corn brings today (Wednesday) 33 cents. Wheat 75 cents. Hogs have been going pretty high, reaching $5.30 on Tuesday, but the average price is about $5.10 to $5.20.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.


The One Priced Cash Store. A. T. Spotswood & Co.

No. 320 was the lucky No. that drew the prize doll at McGuire Bros.

Mr. C. D. Murdock left Tuesday for a three weeks visit at his old home, Packston, Illinois.

Flour at wholesale prices, best $2.25; good, $2.10 per hundred. East of the Brettun.

Jennings & Crippen.

Mrs. Kretsinger returned Saturday morning from Lecompton where she attended the wedding of her sister, Miss Sallie Brass.

DIED. An obituary notice on the death of Mrs. Rev. Solomon Ferguson has been received too late for publication. It will appear next week.

Found. Spence Miner has left a handsome scarf which he found, at this office. The owner can g et it by calling and paying for this notice.

DIED. Miss Mary Hammond, of Beaver, died last Thursday evening with a congestive chill. She was a daughter of J. D. Hammond, who died about a week ago.

Miss Nellie Cole started this week for Florida. She will be joined at St. Louis by her mother and together they will spend several months in that state.

Mr. and Mrs. A. B. Graham wish to express their thanks to all who rendered assistance in their sorrow, among whom the singers are especially remembered.

We have just received the first copy of the Hopkins Herald, Judge Tipton=s newspaper. It is a neat six column folio and looks well typographically and editorially.

Mr. C. A. Garlick returned last week from an eight months expedition with the U. S. geological and topographical surveying company in New Mexico and Arizona.

Friday morning last was a very bad day for school children. Six children had their toes or ears frosted while going to the Red Valley school, in Liberty, on that morning.

The Probate Judge has issued the following MARRIAGE LICENSES during the week.

F. Beeks and Ella Kirkpatrick.

J. M. Rogers and Anna Calvin.

Lewis Funk and Violeta Hendricks.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

Dr. Emerson=s colt put one of its hind feet into the phaeton Tuesday, while driving along Main street. It was ratheer an unusual performance for the Mayor=s horse to indulge in.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

The past week has been a trying one for the patient housewife who is prone to cherish a bay-window flower garden. In nine cases out of ten these verdant and blooming objects of her affection have gone up the flume.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

The new county officers step in next Monday. Register Soward will proabably find a very efficient assistant in our present Deputy Cheriff, A. B. Taylor, while the position of Under-Sheriff will be filled by Frank W. Finch.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

Register Nixon=s record of temperature shows on Friday last 2 degrees below zero, and Saturday morning at half past seven, fourteen and a half degrees below. The coldest days last year were the 19th and 20th of January, ten degrees below.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

The Good Templars gave another of their pleasant literary socials on Tuesday evening at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. P. P. Powell, one mile southeast of the city. Carriages were driven around for the members, and, with such a delightful evening, the drive was most exhilarating. Mr. and Mrs. Powell entertained the company in that free and easy manner which banishes all restraint and makes all feel at home. With the good literary program and games and social intercourse, all enjoyed the occasion immensely.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

A petition. signed by about 700 manufacturers of, and wholesale dealers in whiskey, asking for a two years= postponement of the payment of whiskey tax due and to become due this year, is being distributed among congressmen and newspaper correspondents in Washington. It makes a volume of nearly thirty pages, and represents men worth $100,000,000. Congress ought too drop everything and rush at once to the relief of these poor millionaire whiskey dealers. If they are forced to pay their tax, it will tend to cripple this splendid industry. Make the widow who owns one more cow than the exemption laws allow her, pay her taxes, but let these enterprising whiskey butchers along. Give =em all the time they want.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

A man by the name of John Hensel attempted to commit suicide at Cherryvale a week ago Sunday evening. He was on the way from Houston, Texas, to Winfield, where he claimed to have relatives. He was seized with a fit of insanity while waiting at the depot; tore up a large amount of money and slashed his throat with a pen knife. He requested by-standers to write to Jennie A. Buck, at Lansing, Michigan. He will recover. The man was very violent and tore up the depot furniture. He is about 5 feet, 7 2 inches high, spare built, dark hair, brown eyes, heavy dark mustache, weighs about 140 pounds, and very gentlemanly in appearance.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

We had a pleasant call yesterday from Geo. L. McDonaugh, traveling agent of the Southern Kansas Railway. By the way, the Southern Kansas R. R. Co. is dong more to induce immigration to this part of the State, by the publication of the Southern Kansan, than any other agency in the west. Mr. McDonaugh=s objecxt in visiting here was to secure cuts of our church and school buildings for insertion in the next issue of their paper. It is a shame that each of our churches do not procure, for the use of both home and foreign publications, cuts of their buildings. The School Board should also get several cuts of the school buildings.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

From the Traveler we learn that the Fuller Ranch of 3,000 acres of land on Rock Creek, south of Maple City, was sold last week to Messrs. Taylor, Wilkie, Martin, and others, of Cambridge, Ohio, for $21,000. The same gentleman got Messrs. Libby and Moody to Aset a price@ on their farm of 800 acres, which was Aset@ at $10,000. They purchased that also. Also a ranch in Greenwood County. The tentlemen are friends of Maj. Sleeth, C. M. Scott, and others there and are good, substantial men. This is the old Hackney & McDonald tract, which they sold some two years ago to Mr. Fuller for $8,000.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

Not wishing to be outdone by the gentlemen, who on New Years eve presented Rev. Jones with an elegant chair, the ladies of the M. E. Church took the occasion of Mrs. Jones= birthday, last Thursday evening, to assemble at her home and present her with tokens of their warm friendship, and the number of Apound@ packages and bundles she received far exceeded the number of years of her life. A most delightful evening was spent in social intercourse, and the occasion was highly enjoyed by all present.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

Gen. A. H. Green has since he came back, been greeted by hosts of friends who were his friends and patrons and who would be happy to see him conducting his old business with his former success; but his health is not good enough to warrant him in attending strictly to business. He has been one of the most active businessmen in this whole section of the country and has done much for the advantage of his county. It is hoped that his health will ere long permit him to resume his work in the field he is so well fitted to occupy.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

AJasper,@ our most excellent correspondent from Sedan, suggests that the corps of COURIER correspondents try to arrange for a mutual meeting at Winfield on some public occasion to Aget acquainted@ and Aorganize.@ Among our list of correspondents are many live, energetic, bright young men and ladies who are a power politically and socially in the neighborhoods in which they live. The COURIER would like to see them all together once. Let us hear from others on the subject.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

The Sheridan correspondent of the Burden Enterprise remarks that Asome of our farmers are hauling corn to Winfield and selling it at an advance of 4 cents to 6 cents per bushel on the Burden market, and bringing home coal at $1 per ton less than at Burden, theresby making a good profit on their corn and work.@ Winfield is this winter the best corn market in Southern Kansas. The competition is very lively and the price keeps very close to Kansas City.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

There is this week school holding in every schoolhouse in Cowley County but one. The school in 110 closed two weeks ago. The number of teachers now at work in the county is 135. The services of these teachers costs the county about five thousand dollars per month. Cowley probably spends during each winter month for her schools, eight thousand dollars, counting all expenses. This is a grand record.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

Jas. F. Martin left for Topeka Monday to attend the annual meeting of the State Board of Agriculture of which he is a director. He will bring several matters before the Board of much interest to the agricultural community of this county. Mr. Martin is one of our soundest, most practical farmers and has clear ideas on all matters pertaining to agriculture.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

Mr. Saunders Wilson, father of Deputy Treasurer Wilson, came in Saturday evening from New York, and will spend some time visiting here. He is heartily pleased with the improvement our city has made. When he left two years ago, the house he built in the east part of the city was way out. It is now near the center of the residence portion of the city.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

Three townships in Sumner County are the only ones that have yet been called upon to vote on the narrow gauge proposition. Two townships carried and one township defeated the bonds. One of the townships, Belle Plaine, is the home of C. C. Burns, the promoter of the scheme. It carried the bonds. The road has one township behind it, any way.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

The ice men were reaping their harvest Saturday and Sunday. The ice was about eight inches thick, clear, and solid. The water-works reservoir was frozen twelve inches, and a man was kept there to keep the ice open and relieve the strain upon the walls. Saturday morning the thermometer registered ten degrees below zero.

Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

H. P. Standley, of the Traveler, has issued a beautiful annual, embellished with splendid engravings and very much useful information. It is a very commendable piece of enterprise and does Arkansas City and the Traveler proud. The businessmen have patronized the venture liberally.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

Council Meeting.

Council met in regular session Monday evening with all the members present. Petition for sidewalk on west side of blocks 329, 330, 331 was referred to the street and alley committee.

The pauper bill of O. B. Rodman was disallowed.

The City Attorney was instructed to report an ordinance for consideration at the next meeting repealing all fire limit ordinances, and allowing any citizen to build any kind of building his fancy or purse may dictate, on Main street. The argument in favor of this action was that the side streets were building up with frame structures at the expense of Main street. We think it would be better for the permanent improvement of the city to extend the fire limits over these side streets, rather than remove the obstruction to frame buildings on Main street.

The committee appointed for that purpose, reported a lease from J. C. Fuller for a room in his new brick building for five years at $120.00 a year. It was accepted, providing privilege was allowed the city to sub-let.

An ordinance providing that no cross street be graded nearer than six feet to any sidewalk, was passed. This will leave on all streets six feet between the sidewalk and gutters, for trees, which is a most excellent provision.

The matter of the water works was passed over until next meeting, at which time the committee appointed to conduct the test were asked to meet with the council and discuss the same.

$105.00 was paid out for officers= salaries, rent, and labor.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

Droughty Wichita.

We clip the following dispatch from the Emporia Republican. It explains itself.


In pursuance of a meeting or other concerted action, all of the saloons of this city, thirty odd in number, were closed today. It is said the proprietors are tired of the uncertainty of the business and of the impending penalties, and that the action is for good. Several of the late places of business are advertised for rent.

A better explanation of the above will probably be found in the fact that Hon. H. C. Sluss is about to take his seat on the bench of that district. No man will dare to sit on the witness stand before Henry C. Sluss and utter as evidence words which the Court knows to be false; nor will he stop to Asplit hairs@ on technicality, when justice weighs in the balance. It is well for the saloons that they have closed.

Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

Our people would do well to remember when insuring their homes or other property, that if there be any mortgage, or even a temporary loan upon the property insured, that such must be specified in the insurance policy, or the policy is useless, and your money is lost. The Democrat need hardly remind its readers that every insurance company designedly draw their policies to avoid payments wherever possible, and must, therefore, be carefully dealt with. Insurance companies have no anxiety in the matter, and they will take all the fees without hesitation until the time comes to pay the loss. So if any of the readers of the Democrat have any property insured upon which there is a mortgage, lien, or even a temporary loan, whether made before or after the insurance, do not rest until you give notice to the company, and the insurance agent enters it upon your policy. A. C. Democrat.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

James Jordon exhibited a natural curiosity, the result of the cold weather, Monday. Jim has been drinking water for some weeks for his health. This he kept in a bottle in his room. Frost went for his bottle, tightly corked, froze it up solid, and sent a column of ice, capped by the cork, up out of the bottle to a height of twelve inches. It was a very peculiar formation and looked like the candle and candlestick, which the colored individual in the Afarce@ holds under the Astar=s@ letter. Jim says he didn=t know water would act that way.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

Mrs. Rosa Provines, a young woman who came here with her husband from Warsaw, Indiana, some three months ago, eloped last week with a fruit tree man by the name of Brown. She had been working at the Lindell, where Brown was staying. They boarded the train at Seeley, and since then have not been heard of. The deserted husband is a worthy young man and gave the woman no cause for complaint. She has not likely captured a nest of roses, as time always deals harshly with such cases.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

Rev. F. M. Rains of the Christian Church will preach in the Opera House Sunday morning and evening. Rev. Rains is one of the brightest and best ministers who have been stationed here. His discourses are sound, logical, and eloquent. All are invited to attend, and those who do will not be disappointed.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

ACarry the news to Hannah,@ that Spotswood & Co., under their cash system are giving more goods for less money than was ever given in Winfield before. Come and see and satisfy yourselves.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

Major Thompson left for Pueblo, Colorado, on one of his migratory tours, Tuesday. Major has as much fun to the square inch as any of the boys and he will be a sad loss to the Acorners.@

Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

Senator Hackney returned from Topeka Saturday, where he argued the Colgate case before the Supreme Court. The decision has not yet been rendered.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

Mr. and Mrs. W. L. Webb returned Tuesday and are now probably engaged in discussing the perplexing question of Agoing to housekeeping.@


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

Court convened Monday. The first case up was the old sewing machine business in which Peter Thompson is defendant. It is still going on.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

The County Board of Commissioners convened Monday, and have been actively at work since examining bills and reading tax cases.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

Dick Chase, of Tisdale, was caught on the jury this term.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

Teachers of Cowley County.

We present below a list of the teachers of Cowley, their post office addresses, and the amount they are receiving per month for their services. This list will be valuable to teachers, school officers, and the public generally. It is taken from the records, through the courtesy of Supt. Limerick.


District Teacher Amount

1 Emma Robins $ 35.00

9 H. G. Norton 40.00

12 Anna Marks 40.00

21 Mary L. Randall 40.00

25 Leota Gary 35.00

37 Maggie Kinnie 30.00

40 L. C. Brown 40.00

41 W. P. Beaumont 50.00

43 Lida Howard 32.50

45 O. P. Fuller 40.00

48 Jas. E. Ford 40.00

49 Clara V. Pierce 35.00

50 Jas. H. Hutchison 40.00

51 M. Estelle Cronk 37.50

64 Emma Rhodes 32.50

68 S. L. Herriott 50.00

75 Laura Elliott 40.00

77 Mary B. Burkey 30.00

97 Mary J. Rief 30.00

99 Haidie Trezise 33.00

115 Celina Bliss 45.00

116 Anna Rubertson 30.00

127 Claud Rinker 40.00


2 Prof. C. T. Atkinson 80.00

Anna L. Morton 40.00

Virginia Walton 35.00

Albertine Maxwell 35.00

Mary A. Johnson 35.00

Mary Theaker 35.00

Anna Hunt 35.00

6 Ella King -------

28 Lizzie Wilson 35.00

32 R. P. Henderson -------

33 Hannah Gilbert 30.00

34 S. G. Philips 40.00

35 Lousetta Pyburn 35.00

36 Elsie McLaughlin 38.00

42 Jennie Pollock 30.00

53 C. F. Cunningham 55.00

62 J. R. Smith 40.00

69 C. W. Crank 45.00

80 Cyrus Perkins 38.00

89 Chas. Wing 40.00

96 H. D. Walker 40.00

131 Hannah Ramage 35.00


5 Anna Vaught 45.00

Sadie Davis 40.00

7 Wm. Carrens 35.00

54 S. A. Smith 40.00

56 Kate L. Ward 35.00

82 A. P. Cochran 35.00

111 J. C. Weaver -------

123 Mary Miller 30.00


138 Gertrude McKinlay 30.00




30 Peter L. Alderson 40.00

78 H. F. Albert 60.00

78 Lizzie Burden 33.00

78 R. O. Stearns 35.00

88 Minnie A. Crumb 35.00

90 T. J. Rude 40.00

92 May Christopher 35.00

113 Mrs. F. E. Craven 40.00

119 Harry C. Shaw 30.00

103 E. W. Woolsey 40.00


4 L. P. King 45.00

44 W. E. Tapping 45.00

65 T. L. Schaffer 45.00

106 Minnie Sumpter 30.00


15 W. C. Barnes 55.00

15 Lizzie Palmer 33.00

16 M. P. McName 40.00

95 Grant Wilkins 40.00

104 Emma Coil 40.00

112 Hattie Utley 30.00

117 Maggie Seabridge 35.00

118 Allie Wheeler -------


10 B. F. Myers 40.00

59 Amy Chapin -------


13 Fannie Gammon 35.00

27 Fannie McKinlay 35.00

72 Lincoln McKinlay 40.00

133 Anna Kuhn 35.00


11 Carrie Cronk 30.00

71 J. W. Campf 50.00

71 Jennie Knickerbocker 35.00

114 Hattie Andrews 32.00


23 Lou Strong 33.00

24 Parker Ellis 40.00

25 Leota Gary 35.00

29 J. C. Martindale 40.00

73 C. H. Eagin 40.00

74 S. M. Kirkwood 58.00

108 J. C. Bradshaw 65.00

128 W. L. Holcomb 35.00

81 Lida Strong 40.00

122 Fannie Bush 35.00


26 J. W. Warren 40.00

125 Anna F. Barnes 38.00


18 Ella Kempton 31.00

76 Chas. Messenger 40.00

100 Alice Johnson 35.00


17 Emma Briles -------

94 Elsie A. Taylor 40.00


57 O. M. Akers 40.00

101 Ida Hemmenway 30.00


84 R. B. Overman 40.00

102 S. F. Overman 38.00

107 Belle Bartgis 33.00

110 Laura Phelps 30.00


60 Zoe Kephart 35.00

121 Cora B. Beach 35.00


58 W. E. Ketchum 40.00

84 Cora Robins 40.00

98 R. A. Robinson 35.00


63 J. P. Hosmer 35.00

60 J. H. Bartgis 40.00

83 Clara Forbs 33.00

81 J. R. March 45.00


70 Emma Howland 35.00

120 James Stockdale 30.00






39 D. W. Ramage 40.00

52 Ed. G. Roberts 35.00

55 W. H. Lucas 45.00

Clara Davenport 39.00 [District No. not given.]


46 F. P. Vaughan 50.00

47 M. E. Johnson 40.00


22 A. D. Stuber 40.00

105 Carrie Plunkett -------


19 H. S. Wallace 40.00

20 S. W. Norton 40.00

20 Ora Irvin 30.00


3 Dido M. Carlisle 40.00

91 Hattie Daniels 30.00


8 Milton Stiles 40.00

31 Anna Martin 38.00

61 C. M. Harrison 38.00


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

Sad Accident.

An accident of the most distressing nature befell Mr. and Mrs. Leach, of West Bolton, as they were crossing the Arkansas bridge west of town, last week. It would appear that Mr. Leach=s team became scared at the foam blown by the wind below the bridge, and while attempting to pass a buggy, in which were seated Messrs. Chas. Howard and Sam Burriss, commenced to back, breaking the railing and falling backwards into the water. The wagon fell upon Mrs. Leach, and had it not been for Mr. Burriss, who immediately jumped to the rescue, and Mr. Leach, the lady would have drowned. As it was, she remained insensible until she arrived in the city, when she was placed under the care of Dr. Reed, who, upon examination, found one of her legs was broken above the ankle, the ankle being badly bruised, the left arm was broken, also a rib, and the skull badly bruised. At this writing the unfortunate lady is doing as well as could be expected, and we hope may speedily recover from her injuries. The railing of the bridge should be strengthened in some way for as it now stands, it is no protection at all. Arkansas City Traveler.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

To Whom It May Concern.

All those knowing themselves indebted to us, are hereby notified that they must settle their accounts. We are needing all the money due us and must have it. We trust any further notice will not become necessary. A. T. Spotswood & Co.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

Regular Meeting of Cowley County Horticultural Society, Jan. 5, 1884.

Society called to order by the President. Minutes of Dec. meeting read an approved. Treas. reported 77 member on roll, with 11 paying members, as per notice. Motion made by G. W. Robertson to make annual dues $1 per year in our constitutionCcarried by two-thirds vote of members present. Mr. Geo. Ordway of the city enrolled as a member. Interesting remarks by Pres. Martin and Elder Cairns on Horticultural work and reports. Circular No. 6 report to State Secretary referred by Society to R. I. Hogue and Nixon, Secretary. On motion the following officers were elected for 1884: J. F. Martin, President; Dr. Marsh, Vice President; Jacob Nixon, Secretary; G. W. Robertson, Treasurer. On motion R. I. Hogue elected Vice President of this society as member of the State Board for 1884. On motion Elder Jas. Cairns was elected an honorary member of this Society. Elder Cairns returned his thanks to the Society for the honor conferred and pledged his continued cooperation and assistance in horticultural work in our beautiful country. General discussion on the Red Cedar, and the suggestion to make arrangements to secure cooperation in securing Red Cedar seedlings. On motion Treasurer instructed to pay $6.25 as one-half of delegate=s expenses at Ottawa Dec. 6 and 7. On motion adjourned to meet first Saturday in February.

JACOB NIXON, Secretary. J. F. MARTIN, President.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

A special from Peabody, Kansas, bearing date of Jan. 8th, says that a fire broke out at 10 p.m. of that day, had destroyed 9 business houses, and that half the town was then in flames, most of the buildings being a total loss.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

We resume this week the publication of the secret society directory. Any errors in the list of officers will be corrected on someone apprising us of the same.



Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

Notice. The public is hereby notified that my wife, Rosa Provines, has left my bed and board, and I will not be responsible for any debts contracted by her.


Winfield, Kansas, January 9th, 1884.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.


LARGEST IN THE COUNTRY. Smith=s Origial Mammoth Double UNCLE TOM=S CABIN. Realistic Representation. GREAT COMPANY.





Old time Southern plantation scenes. Happy days in the South. AWe=ll dance and sing the =lib long day!@ Magnificent allegory and transformation scene; street parade by the


Reserved Seats now on sale at Post Office.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.


More time has now elapsed than we expected since you last heard from us on the mountain side with our entire outfit spread promiscuously over the ground and our pack pony entangled in the lash ropes, and myself firmly planted with my right knee on my neck and his left foot drawn firmly to his breast, animately prescribing terms of an unconditional surrender. And no time was lost by the high joint committee that convened around the prostrate form of our ignoble captive, the bucking Indian bronko.

We soon persuaded his royal horseship to acknowledge superiors, feel the unpleasant-ness of his condition, and promise to cater to the clever wants of our sight-seeing company. His inherent rights, the free use of his very natural, quadruplicated basis, he claimed were allowed him by the constitution of his country, to which we consented and forthwith disentangled the lash ropes. Of course, the treaty was verbal and the convention adjourned informally to meet again under similar circumstances.

The character of this horse will be better understood if the reader knows he is a stray picked up after Chief Joseph of the Nez Perces Indians when they were making their masterly retreat in advance of Gen. Howard=s army, who were driving them through these mountains from the west a few years ago, and appropriated to park purposesClike his first owners, good under unavoidable circumstances.

Packing is an art, and in the Rocky Mountains is a trade peculiar to itself, requiring no little skill, and commands double the wages of common labor. But our task was completed by our inexperienced hands in about double the necessary time required, and here we leave the reader to judge of the riciculous burlesque attempt at imitation.

As we moved down toward the beautiful valley in the near advance, looking like time-worn pilgrims, and like them rejoicing that things were as well with us as they really were, the bundles on our quadruped servant reeled from one side to the other sufficient to torture the poor dumb brute into a repetition of his bucking propensities. But the uncouth appearance of our work attracted the attention of the first man we met, who by the way was an expert in the art, and kindly offered us the benefit of his skill by way of a lesson if allowed to undo the whole business, in which we gladly consented, and by this time were interested enough to notice every loop and knot applied in the transaction. So great was the change in our appearance, that we sometimes thought the gentleman had stopped the wrong party, and our servant of burden moved off with ease and pride as though he had been promoted from President Arthur=s train to ours.

After this all was regular and pleasant and our whole attention was given to what we could hear and see within the range of ears and eyes. After leaving Terris Mountain, where the bucking racket took place, it is only about two miles to Swan Lake in the valley of the Gardner. It covers several acres, is very shallow, and its waters, like all others, very clear; named from the feathered game that frequent the place in great numbers. From this to the east is Sheepeater mountain, 9,000 feet high, named from the tribe of Indians that lived at its foot and subsisted on the sheep that made their home in its rugged sides. Further on in the same direction is Mt. Stevens, while in the northwest a few miles away are the iron rust colored rocks of Electric Peak towering giant-like to the height of over 11,000 feet and bidding the mammoth hills at its foot to hide in its shadow. Then a little to the west and south are Pyramid Peaks of Madison ranges with their northern sides wrapped in perpetual snow, as old, perhaps, as the adamantine rocks themselves.

These with many minor objects of attraction, as brooks, springs, and miniature parks shaded by evergreen trees, make up the sublime scenery by which we are now surrounded as we hasten on for Willow Park, to camp for the night. This camping place is one of the finest in the park, and I describe it as being all that man or beast could wish. Two miles further on is Obsidian, Cliff, and Beaver Lake. Here for the first time in life had we the opportunity to see the work of these industrious rodents. Their dental operations among the trees are fresh, and their skill for river damming is here fully displayed. The lake mentioned above is the result of their work in damming Willow Creek.

At the foot of this semi-artificial lake, on the east is Obsidian Cliff, the composition of which is pure glass of a clear black color, making it semi-transparent, with now and then red streaks promiscuously intermixed. Manufactured as it is in nature=s own laboratory, and by volcanic agency raised in basaltic columns to the height of 200 or 300 ft. The road runs along close to its base and is graded with this same material, and for a half mile you can ride over a bed of pure glass.

Here the scene changes. After passing the head of the lake, you begin to climb a hill on the east side of the valley, and the road, which is a dug-way, is composed of a substance of a geyser formation. It is nearly as white as snow, more like slacked lime than anything else, and from the bed of the stream below you are regaled with the fumes of hot suplhurous gas and of other mineral substances, adding to the already revolting odorCan element that makes you instinctively call the place by its right name, AThe Stink Hole.@ The formation is evidently the result of an extinct geyser or great hot spring at no great distance in the past. Now the hill becomes quite steep and the timber very dense, and on the top, nestled away in this almost dark forest, is the Lake of the Woods; and the tourist longs to stop, if for no other purpose than to see how easily twenty-four hours of time could be killed.

Five miles down the valley of the Gibbon brings us to the Norris Geyser basin. Here the rivaling curiosities of all nature begin. And having stopped here but a short time, will not attempt anything like an adequate description of the place. This basin is a group of many hot springs, small geysers, and gas holes, evidently the safety valves for the internal machinery of the infernal regions directly beneath our unhallowed feet. To see at one glance about 100 acres covered with boiling caldrons, splashing mud, spouting jets of hot water, hissing pans, and orifices blowing brimstone fumes all round you, you imagine that this is not a very good place to tarry and that you had better all unite in prayer. But as you advance your fears gradually vanish and the disagreeable odor is forgotten, while your growing curiosity leads you to examine more closely the different items of curiosity until at one place naturally in the course of the inquirer, you are standing upon a rock admiring a boiling pool of emerald water directly at your feet, and then walk round a few steps to witness it more closely, and to your astonishment you see that this rock is only the thickness of your hand and is positioned over the very center of a bottomless pit of boiling water; then how very soon the charm disappears and an expedition of further inquiries is the order for this place. The geysers at this place are here considered insignificant on account of the anticipation of what is yet to come, but at Winfield would no doubt attract some attention.

I see, Mr. Editor, that this letter has become quite too long, though I have abridged it almost to nothing, and if you can glean a faint idea of the trip, my end is accomplished, and we go back to the elevated road on the gallop off to Gibon canon and Elk Park to camp again in this real paradise of a place.

To be continued.

December 24, 1883. Snow from 2 ft. to 5 ft. deep. Ice 10 inches. Elk and mountain sheep quite numerous.




Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.





Akron, 2 miles East of Dunkard Mills.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.


is now ready to do all kinds of work. Bring your breech-loaders and get them choked bored. Call and see the new


Guns, Pistols, Shells, and Ammunition constantly on hand.

Corner Nith Avenue and Millington Street, South side.


Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.

AD. H. G. FULLER BUYS AND SELLS REAL ESTTE on his own account and on commission.


Writes Life, Fire, and Tornado Insurance, and has some good bargains to offer in



Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.



South Main Street, Winfield, Kansas.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.


At Gibbon Canyon in Elk Park is where we bid adieu to the reader and drew rein for another rest in camp. This place is 25 miles from government headquarters and the last camping place for the next 17 miles to come and therefore necessitated an early halt.

Here by a joint vote, our scout, Mr. Fish, and senior member, Mr. Sawyer, decided to go on through to the Firehole basin, the seventeen miles referred to above, while myself and partner decided ourselves a majority and tarried by the way to see the Paint Pots, which are a half mile to the right of the road.

The first thing to attract our attention was a small stream of red waterCaffording as it did an easy guide to the object in quest. Tracing it to its source, we found that it came from a pot of red mud called Blood Geyser. In this group are many pots or bowls varying from the size of an ordinary cooking utensil to the size of very large cisterns. The paint or rather mud in the different vessels varies much in consistency and also color. The colors are black and white, blue, and all the shades by blending these. But chief among the group is one having a diameter of about 15 feet, funnel shaped, its contents being a facsimile of putty in color and density, puffing and splashing like the boiling of hot mushConly larger in proportion to the size of the pots. No doubt this same batch of mud has been boiling for thousands of years. Here let me say if any of you ever visit this place, look a few paces east of this place in a shallow spring of clear water and you may find some of the handsomest specimens of many sharp pointed petrified substances that can be found in the park. After collecting a few of these, we hurried back to the main road, and just as we were in full headway a foot bridge of two logs across the river attracted our attention, and on the opposite side, against a tree was a hand board reading ATrail to Monument Geysers on Mt. Schurz.@ Though several miles behind the other members of our party, we decided to ford the river with our horses and make the tour. With some care we avoided scalding the feet of our horses in hot water, which was quite plentiful on the left bank of the stream where we entered. The height of this basin is 1,000 feet and quite steep. Before we had proceeded very far the practical idea of relieving ourselves of evry incumbrance, including all unnecessary wearing apparel, was resorted to. This change as well as the exalted emotions of seeing monuments at such an elevation made the task of climbing practically easy for ourselves, but our ponies saw nothing to relieve their growing reluctance. This basin has four or five of these monuments varying from six to twelve feet in height, very hard and quite smooth, each having a small opening through the center and emitting hot air or rather sulphurous gas, and are more like smoke stacks or flues in appearance; some hot springs and one hot air escapement so dry as to be unperceptible and the tourist is liable to get his eyebrows scalded in attempting to look down its thorat to see from whence comes that loud noise so loud as to drown the loudest conversation when near to it. For noise it is next to the Old Growler of Norris basin, that we forgot to mention.

If the reader now draws lightly on his imagination he can have some idea of the transformation of our exalted emotions to feelings more humble as we neared this great basin. After getting as near heaven as the height of the mountain could lift us, we come to the very threshold of a direct communication between the infernal regions and our world. Those monuments are more like mementoes of the departed but end of original sin firing up for the coming of the political reforms that vote the anti-prohibition ticket of Kansas. To the right and at the upper end of this basin is a mound, the crater of an extinct geyser from the top of which to our great satisfaction in beholding spread out before us like a sea, an undulating lawn of evergreen limited only by the reach of sight and the distant horizon. With this scene sharply drawn upon the tablet of our memory, we hastened to untie our ponies and make a rapid descent to the foot of the mountain, adjusted our little baggage, mounted, forded the stream with care, and galloped off to meet our comrades at Gibbon Falls.

The only object of interest in this rapid ride was the walls of the canyon, which at some places are 2,000 feet high and almost perpendicular. The Falls are close to the road and from the noise made by them cannot be missed. These falls are only about 80 feet and in view of what lies in the future, we simply pronounced them splendid and hurry on to the lower Fire Hole basin.

Here by mere accident we overtook the advance of our party, who had gone into camp near the roadside for the purpose of intercepting us. It was already dark and late enough to make matters interesting as they had all the provisions and bedding. While doing our part of the camp and moderately getting on the other side of a piece of elk steak and other cold grub, a weak eruption of a gaseous reprehension for our not keeping up with the party took place in the neighborhood of our senior member, but irreverently we notified his seniorship that we were out on this trip without a guardian and every man was his own sovereign dictator. Everybody feels better when they have their own way, Ayou know.@ This was the only harmonizer used during the trip. After a very short calm we all curled down under the starry blue canopy of heaven telling stories and relating incidents of the day till enchanted morpheous stole our cares away and the night passed swiftly away. Tomorrow we will visit this basin and go to Hells Half-acre.




Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.


Miss Letta Wilkinson has gone to Independence.

Miss Maggie Lawson spent the day with Miss Myrta Baker last Thursday.

Prairie Home literary has shared the fate of all other enterprises at said point.

Several persons wanted to go to Mr. McMillen=s New Years Day, but had to stay at home; it was so cold.

An oyster supper and dance was participated in by the lovers of mirth and revelry, not long since, at L. G. Brown=s.

The surprise party at Dr. Rising=s on Friday night of last week, proved a failure. Cause: thermometer too far below zero.

Mr. Ramage and family went to Winfield, week before last, and remained several days rather than face the weather home.

On the evening of December 28th, Miss May Christopher gave a social party to many of her young friends, who emphatically pronounced it the party of the season, so much did they enjoy themselves.

It is anything but pleasant trying to write with ink half frozen, fire determined not to burn without continual shaking and stirring about, thoughts congealing ere you can commit them to paper. Who would be a newspaper reporter?

Old Salem Church and Sabbath School have removed and are permanently located at the station. Preaching every alternate Sabbath at 11 o=clock, by Rev. C. P. Graham. Rev. Armstrong, Methodist, will also preach for a few weeks, or until Conference. A series of meetings were to have begun on the 2nd inst., but not having heard from there recently, am unable to report their progress.

Mr. Christopher has sold his beautiful farm and will soon take his departure from Cowley to seek a home still farther west. We are sorry to part with friends tried and true, and would not have given our consent at all, but we were not consulted in the matter, so we wish them success in their late undertaking. May they gather around them friends in their new home, as they have in their old, and be happy and prosperous to a good old age.

Mr. and Mrs. Baker report an enjoyable time at Mr. J. J. Johnson=s Christmas. Nothing that could add to comfort and enjoyment was spared. Music, both vocal and instrumental, was good, and the dinner just splendid. Would like to have been there myself, as I am very fond of turkey and cranberry sauce, but I can testify by my own experience that our Hon. Representative and lady are first-class entertainers.

DIED. We were pained to learn of the death of Mrs. Ferguson. She was a friend we will not soon forget. It was but a few weeks since we met her in Winfield, then, seemingly, in the best of health. Little did we think it was the last time we would be permitted to see her upon earth. We would not wish her back to this world of sin and suffering, but hope to meet her beyond the river, when the summons shall come to us.

I hope that all the COURIER readers have had a merry Christmas and a happy New Year. The old year has gone from usCdropped in the ocean of the past never, never to return. But not so with the good or evil we have done. It is but sealed till the day of final account, to return to us when the books are opened and secrets revealed. And as we step upon the threshold of another year, may it be with a determination to send up to heaven the fairest record of all our lives. C. HOPE.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.


Mercury has been embracing zero the past week.

Mr. Croco is completely demoralized because he has to sleep alone these cold nights. His wife has gone east to visit her mother for a few weeks.

Relatives of Mr. E. L. Williams, brother-in-law and family, have arrived this week from Texas. They intend to purchase a farm and remain in Cowley.

School at Victor, District 115, has not been in session for two weeks. Their teacher, Miss Celina Bliss, has been recreating and celebrating the holidays, but is expected to put in an appearance Monday next.

Mr. Bob Baird, of Arkansas City, has the contract for building the U. B. Church at this place. As soon as Old Boreas ceases his visits, he and a force of workmen will rush the building toward completion.

Supt. A. H. Limerick was reconnoitering in this vicinity this week. It is presumed that he was around scaring the schoolma=ams. By his energy and enthusiasm for school work, he is a potent power in the cause of education.

Chris. Holland, Esq., has returned to his Dakota headquarters, via Chicago and Minneap-olis. He reported the wells froze up in that territory when he left ten days ago. The country is chiefly populated by Finns, Norwegians, and Swedes.

Recently, while attending the State Grange Association as a representative from this county, Mr. McKerlie visited the State Agricultural College at Manhattan. He reports the institution in a flourishing condition. Elihu Anderson and Misses Amy Robertson and Maggie Stansberry expressed themselves as being well pleased with the school and progressing rapidly in their studies.

A large amount of corn is being shelled by our farmers. Billy Whitzon and Thaddeus Wright entertained the shellers the past two days. Thaddeus Wright shipped a thousand bushels to Kansas City. The fact that our farmers are shelling their corn for market, and many of them doing their own shipping, shows a progressive, economical spirit. This year there is an actual profit of four pounds per bushel in the single item of cobs. About ten pounds is the average weight of cobs in a bushel of Cowley=s corn this year. One-third less time is required to market a corn crop when shelled; besides the cobs make excellent fuel and save many dollars in coal and wood bills.

I am glad to learn that AJasper@ is convalescing. At first his friends feared that his condition was alarming. But a careful diagnosis of the symptoms of his malady only revealed an intense excitement of his phrenological bump of amativeness. It might relieve him to come over and soak his feverish organ in our city water-works reservoir. His ironical allusion to our Ala Mater and its eminently distinguished professors was ungentlemanly, to say the least. Baldness being indicative of wisdom, it is reasonable to predict that Jasper will never be derpived of his capillary covering from this cause. I will reserve, for the present, my opinion of his suggestion to organize a COURIER=s correspondents= fraternity. It is possible that Jasper may have a relapse and such an organization woud be of little benefit to him either mentally, socially, or morally. MARK.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.


Jack Frost is here! Thermometer 10 degrees worse than nothing.

If what Rumor says is true, the young folks of this place will get introduced after six or a half dozen parties.

We hear that the Teachers= Meeting at Centennial froze out, to be revived again by the gentle breezes of next summer=s Normal.

Affairs here have floated along very smoothly since the Christmas ship came in, and especially since the new barber commenced operations.

Several Udall merchants and wifes attended an oyster supper at Mr. S. Worthington=s a few miles south of town last Saturday night.

Farmers feel truly thankful for the past blessing of a beautiful closing of 1883 for corn husking, as now they have their hands full to haul enough coal and corn cobs from Udall to keep them warm. This cold weather will probably freeze up the great ASell out at cost@ mania at Winfield. C. Z. B.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.


A grand match hunt having been talked of for some time by the citizens of Maple Township, a meeting was held at the Canton schoolhouse December 19, 1883, for the purpose of making arrangements for the same. It was decided that the hunt should take place on Saturday, December 23, 1883, with Adam Walck and Wm. Rader as captains; the game to be counted at Adam Walck=s by Adam Walck and Jas. McKown; each captain to choose three assistants, and the losing side to act as committee on arrangements to get up the dinner.

Below we give the register of each man=s game, Capt. A. J. Walck=s side winning.

Capt. A. J. Walck, 3 rabbits.

A. M. Weatherhead, 7 rabbits.

H. I. Walck, 19 rabbits.

J. R. Norman, 8 rabbits and a coon.

Jack Walck, 5 rabbits.

Geo. [? NOT SURE...PARTLY OBSCURED] Rader, 8 rabbits, 1 hawk, and 1 thunder pump. [THUNDER PUMP???]

J. F. McKown, 3 rabbits and 1 duck.

L. A. Walck, 6 rabbits.

Will Burton, 7 rabbits and 1 hawk.

M. Burch, Sr., 2 rabbits and 1 owl.


Capt. Wm. Rader, losing side, 11 rabbits.

Geo. Walck, 4 rabbits and 1 duck.

Jake Walck, 2 rabbits.

M. A. Burch, 5 rabbits.

E. L. Walck, 6 rabbits and 1 flicker.

H. C. Rader, 18 rabbits.

Andy Rader, 3 rabbits and 1 flicker.

Adam Walck, 1 jacksnipe.


The dinner was served at Mr. Wm. Rader=s on Christmas Day, 75 persons being present, and a more pleasant affair I have not seen for a long time. I think I am safe in saying the entire party were well satisfied. Mirth and good humored jokes ruled the day, and the exercises closed by organizing another hunt to take place Saturday, December 29, in view of permanently organizing a hunting club for the protection of birds that are a benefit to the farmers. M. A. BURCH, Secretary.

Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.


We have had some very cold weather and some snow.

Mr. J. P. Stuber is getting ready to lay up stone fence.

Mr. Livergood has sold out and moved to Arkansas City.

Corn husking is about over in this part of the vicinity. Wheat looks bad.

Mr. James Miller has built a new frame house. Mr. Phoenix also has built an addition on his house.

We had a Christmas tree at Summit Christmas eve and there were 480 presents distributed among the little folks.

The Richland folks have built a new schoolhouse. They have sold the old one, and that keeps their teacher, Mr. A. D. Stuber, back with his school.

Spring will soon be here and people that have to rent had better be out hunting for places. Bottom land is scarce in this country, and upland is of no account for anything but wheat and millet, and it don=t pay to farm just for wheat and millet. The time is coming that men who have no places will be glad to get a chunk of this upland. To prove to you that the upland is not good, it is only necessary to notice the way the bottom produces. It will go from 75 to 80 bushels per acre, where the upland will produce about 20 to 25 bushels per acre. W. P. F.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.


The following is a report of school district 61 for the month ending December 28, 1883: Number of pupils enrolled, 34; average daily attendance, 28. The highest grade obtained in Class A, in arithmetic, was 80 by Ed. Riggs and John Colier; grammar, 90 by Laura and Maude Wertman; geography, class A, 95, by Flema Crabtree, Ed. Riggs, Maude and Laura Wertman. Pupils standing 100 in deportment were Flema Crabtree, Sadie Glasgow, and Carrie Brien. Pupils neither absent nor tardy were Anna Riggs, Maude Wertman, Nettie Nelson, Joe Fulton, Mamie Corbin, and Everett Crabtree. All patrons of the school and persons interested in education are cordially invited to visit the school.

C. M. HARRISON, Teacher.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.


The report of Windsor Academy school for the first three months commencing October 1st, and ending December 21, 1883, is as follows: Advanced grade, general average: May Kinley, 93; Ida Stranghan, 93; Mary Cue, 83; Carrie Warr, 85.5; Flora Bedell, 75; Joanna Bedell, 70; Clara Cue, 76; Luna Cue, 78; Rebecca Smith, 86; Rebecca Weaverling, 85; Bettie Smith, 78; James French, 89. M. C. SEABRIDGE, Teacher.





Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.


Last Tuesday the narrow gauge railroad petition was presented and there appearing to be about 1400 names attached said to be resident taxpayers and the commissioners estimate of the number of resident taxpayers in the county being 2500, the commissioners had no doubt that a close investigation which might take two weeks to complete, would show that they were compelled by law to call the election, they decided to call the electon for March 11th.

We are in favor of any new railroad which presents a fair, honest scheme containing all the provisions and limitations needed to protect the county. We are particularly desirous of a road which will give our friends Southeast of here railroad connection with Winfield and with the outside world. While we would support any reasonable scheme to that end, we are unalterably opposed to the narrow gauge proposition as presented. If the road can be built at all, which is doubtful, it can be built through our county by the aid of $2,000 per mile completed and in operation, limited to $80,000 through the county, and these are limitations which must be conceded in the proposition. If it were a standard guage, it would be nearly twice as much advantage to our county, but in that case no one would think of voting to it more than $3,000 per mile. The cost of building a narrow gauge is not more than 60 percent of the cost of a standard gauge and 60 percent of $3,000 is $1,800; therefore, $1,800 per mile should be the limit to be voted to any narrow gauge and we have concluded $260 per mile too much.

In the next place the proposition should provide that no bonds should be issued until their continuous line of same gauge road is completed and in operation from other system of roads of same gauge into this county. A little snatch of narrow gauge road from Belle Plaine to Winfield or even to Cedarvale would be of very little use to any part of the county and the proposition now provides distinctly that $50,000 of the county bonds shall issue when the road is built from the west county line to Winfield (not over ten miles) and another $50,000 when built from Winfield to the east line of the county, but has no condition that it shall ever be built further. But, they say they are businessmen and of course they expect to build to another narrow gauge system, would not otherwise undertake it. We answer, then put it into the proposition as a part of the contract. A written contract is good for only what it expresses and verbal agreements not in the writing are valueless. So when a sharp businessman don=t want to perform his part of a contract, he keeps it out of the writing. Therefore, when a party objects to putting all the stipulations on his part in the writing, it raises the presumption of fraudulent intent.

Then our experience in this county shows that it is necessary to limit in the proposition the issue by the company of both stock and mortgage bonds in order to prevent the stock taken by the county from being frozen out. We had some limitation in the K. C. L. & S. K. and the result was, we were able to sell our stock at 68 cents on the dollar. Had the limitations been still lower to a reasonable point, our stock would have sold at par and might have canceled the bonds. In the C. S. & F. S. case we got a limit of $10,000 per mile on the issue of mortgage bonds, but no limits on the issue of stock, so our $128,000 stock in that road is not worth a Arow of pins.@

We have never accepted a railroad proposition in this county as first presented, but have always got such concessions as we demanded except in the case of the C. S. & F. S., and then we got large concessions but were too scarey for fear we would not get a road at all to hold out for as good terms as we might have had.

Now we ought to profit by our experience and either reject at once or oppose any or all propositions until they contain everything which Is needed to protect the county and its citizens and until its demands from the county are reduced to reasonable figures.

Another fatal omission in the petition is that it ties the county and the $100,000 bonds up to the railroad Company forever whether the road is built or not. The company agree to build the road and to do it in a certain limited time, too short to make it probable that it could possibly be built in the time, but there is no forfeiture provided in the proposition. Whenever the road is built from the county line to Winfield, the company is entitled to $50,000 of our bonds and when built from Winfield to the opposite line of the county, it is entitled to the other $50,000 though not a stroke of work should be done toward building the road for a hundred years. The obvious intention in drawing that petition was to deceive.

We have in the last ten years seen several cut-throat railroad propositions, but this is by all odds the worst we ever saw.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.


A bill has been introduced in congress to abolish the tariff duties on matches. To this the protective principle is opposed. We are in favor of placing on the free list all kinds of wood unmanufactured beyond being sawed or hewen out in condition for convenient shipment, but we are opposed to admitting free articles manufactured of wood for we would protect American laborers and mechanics so much that they can earn twice the money at their trades that is paid the same classes in England and other foreign countries. We would protect the American lumberman were it not for the fact that the lumber supply of the United States is so limited that it is bad policy to encourage the destruction of American forests. The forest should be protected rather than those who cut it down.

It is different with coal, irron, and other minerals for these are inexhaustible in this country and the men who dig these from the ground should be protected by duties on the raw material and more especially the men who cultivate the soil should be protected against the competition of foreign products.

The bill to restore the duties on foreign wool to the rates before the last session should be passed at once.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.


The Texas senate judiciary committee has reported a bill making fence cutting felony punishable with three to five years imprisonment, and the killing of a fence cutter in the act, justifiable homicide. We move to amend by making fencing an immense tract of land in one field a felony punishable by three to five years imprisonment, and the killing of such monopolists in the act, justifiable homicide.

Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.


We have been asked why we always oppose the schemes of a certain man in this county. We answer that we have always supported his schemes when in our judgment they were reasonable and a public good rather than a public injury, and have worked efficiently in the promotion of all fair and honorable schemes for the advancement of our county and city; but we have as persistently opposed such as were in our judgment unjust, and injurious to the county, and tending to rob the people. This is what we are here for. We have an implied contract with each of our thousands of subscribers in this county who are paying us each a dollar and a half a year for the COURIER that we will furnish them with such information of local interest to this county as we can gather and show up frauds and schemes to overreach our county and our patrons, and we will fulfill that contract faithfully while we are able; and when we cannot do so longer, we will turn the COURIER over to someone who can.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.


The Narrow Gauge is comingCmaybe.

O. P. Darst is erecting a commodious residence on his farm west of town.

J. D. Maurer, L. B. Bullington, and others are going to fence large pastures soon.

Mr. Riggs has gone east in response to a telegram announcing the severe illness of his father.

Booth & Son have their new storeroom completed and will soon have it fitted with groceries to sell to the people of this locality.

R. C. Maurer, of North Dexter, has the stone work of his mansion completed, and, from appearances, it is certainly one of the permanent fixtures of the valley.

S. D. Salmon, late of Kentucky, has purchased the Central Hotel of Dexter and is making things hum in that line. Kansas products, combined with his peculiar species of Kentucky hospitality, cannot fail of success in the hotel business.

If your artist wishes to procure a model from which to paint a picture of utter and complete desolation, let him elect A. H. Haven or S. A. Smith. The better two-thirds of these individuals are sojourning in the east and the over-the-hills-and-far away expression of their countenances seems to indicate that it is not good for man to be alone.

The average Dexterite, in these days, retires to his bed murmuring, ARailroad,@ ANarrow Gauge,@ ARobinson,@ AOne hundred rods,@ AStipulations,@ and other synonymous terms. His dreams are haunted by visions of no depot, and his waking hours alternate between hope and fear. It is very evident that something must be done to relieve the pressure upon the public purse, which is slashing around like a negro in a hornet=s nest.

Christmas and New Years have come and gone, the former bringing joy to the little folks, and the latter ushering in new hopes and good resolutions for those of maturer years. The entertainment at the schoolhouse New Years eve was a success, notwithstanding the inclemency of the weather. The school now possesses sufficient funds to purchase an organ. Much credit is due Miss Vaught and Miss Davis for the energy displayed in bringing this enterprise to a successful termination.

Some of the boys of Dexter concluded to have some fun, not long since, and having surrounded a goodly supply of the fluid extract of Democracy, they next surrounded the schoolhouse, where were some school children, with their teachers, rehearsing for an entertainment. They demanded an unconditional surrender, and on being refused, sent a bullet through one of the windows. These youthful buccaneers, ranging from twelve to twenty one years of age, were brought before His Honor, Esq. Hines, who being a tender hearted man, only taxed them collectively $112.50. There is a moral to this somewhere.



Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

Teachers, Attention!

On account of the intense cold of Jan. 4th and 5th, the teachers= meeting appointed for ACentennial,@ two miles north of Udall, was a failure. The next meeting will be held at the same place on Saturday, February 2nd, at which time the same program will be followed that was published in the COURIER of 13th, 1883, with the following alterations:The topic, AKansas, Past, Present, and Future,@ to be substituted for ACauses and Results of the War of 1812,@ and the following topics in addition: AWritten Recitations,@ L. McKinlay; APeriodicals Versus Readers for Higher Grades,@ Prof. J. W. Campf; AClosing the Term,@ J. Martindale. Let all come who can, as this will be the last meeting this winter in the northwest district. L. McKINLAY, Secretary. R. B. CORSON, President.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

There will be a festival at Centennial schoolhouse on Friday night, February 1st, the proceeds to be used in buying a school library for the district. A fine time is expected and no gambling; so, ladies, come and bring your beaux, with no danger of being insulted by a voting contest. Come one and all, have a good time, and help in a worthy cause. M.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

J. Scott Baker writes to us for a boy. Possession rarely assures us happiness, and what we have not is that for which we are ever longing. If there was no unattainable in this world, how miserable we would all be. But then comes the question, if in heaven everything we desire can be had, will we be happy alone in the having? We all long for rest, but who, after he gets to heaven, would care to sit down and do nothing but think for a thousand years or so, without ever stirring? And what would you think about when you knew it all? But we wander. J. Scott Baker is an old and respected subscriber to the Eagle, who lives in Winfield. He has an interesting family consisting of one wife and four delightful children, but they are all of the feminine gender and from the way he writes, we take it that he has despaired of there ever being any other sort beneath his roof, unless he imports or adopts an outsider; so he writes us that he is desirous of adopting a bright, intelligent boy of from seven to ten years old whom he will agree to adopt, raise, and educate. Now, we have boys, but none to spare. If our neighbors or readers have, they can address Mr. Baker at Winfield.

Wichita Eagle.

Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

The first leap year party of Odessa was given by Miss Louie Martin and Miss Mattie DeTurk at the residence of S. G. Martin, on Tuesday evening, January 8th. The evening was exceptionally fine and the spirits of all in harmony with the occasion. At half past eleven an excellent supper was served of the luuxuries of the season.

The following is a list of a few present.

Misses Louie Martin, Mattie DeTurk, Nettie Crawford, Mammie VanCleve, Lucy Henderson, Emma Hunt, Cora and Hattie Martin, Mr. and Mrs. William Wilson, Mr. and Mrs. DeTurk, Kate DeTurk and Lizzie Martin; Messrs. Larby Henderson, W. P. Beaumont, Frank Crawford, Stephen McCullum, Oscar DeTurk, Geo. Hunt, Ike DeTurk, B. Crisp, Owen McCollum, and Lewis Yount, and others whose names we did not get. The evening was a pleasant one and everyone went home rejoicing. M. S.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.


Commissioners Proceedings.

The school tax of S. S. Smith was transferred from District 119 to District 47.

The viewers report on the Parmley road was adopted and damages of $150 allowed Owen Shriver.

The Al. Ingram road was recommitted to the viewers with orders to locate 25 feet wide.

F. M. Savage road recommitted for a more definite report.

The section line road of A. Crow was ordered opened.

Viewers appointed for Thos. Youle and R. King Co. roads.

Section line road of J. W. Lafoon ordered opened.

Viewers appointed on E. Johnson, C. D. Soule, J. F. McEwen, John M. Reynolds, J. J. Fitzpatrick, and W. B. Galloway county roads.

The viewers report on S. H. Harbour and D. W. Pierce county roads were approved.

The A. H. Green county road was laid over.

C. T. Atkinson and Nellie Aldrich were appointed school examiners.

M. N. Sinnott and W. H. Smith appointed to count the funds in the county treasury.

New view and survey ordered on the B. H. Riggs county road.

The bids of I. S. Linn and E. P. Young to furnish the county with a poor farm were laid over.

The chairman of the board was instructed to have six evergreens set out on the courthouse grounds.

The L. M. Brown and J. W. Searl county roads were ordered opened. [?Searle?]

Official bonds of G. H. McIntire and J. E. Snow were accepted.

The Jas. H. Paulina county road was laid over.

John C. Hendrickson was appointed trustee of Windsor Township in place of J. A. Irwin, resigned.

S. C. Smith was elected chairman of the Board of Commissioners of Cowley County for the ensuing year.

The Winfield COURIER was re-elected the official county paper for the ensuing year.

The contract with S. E. Burger for keeping the county poor was renewed.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

The Masquerade.

The members of the Pleasant Hour Club have made the winter thus far very pleasant in a social way. Their hops have been well attended, and the utmost good feeling and harmony has prevailed. Their masquerade ball last Thursday evening was the happiest hit of the season. The floor was crowded with maskers and the raised platforms filled with spectators. At nine o=clock the Agrand march@ was called, and the mixture of grotesque, historical, mytholigical, and fairy figures was most attractive and amusing. Then, when the quadrilles were called, the effect of the clown deancing with a grave and sedate nun, and Romeo swinging a pop-corn girl, was, as one of the ladies expressed it, Ajust too cute.@

The following is the list of names of those in masque, together with a brief description of costume or character represented.


Mrs. Rembaugh, Folly.

Miss Lizzie Wallis, Frost.

Mrs. J. L. Horning, Nun.

Mrs. D. Rodocker, Jockey.

Miss Julia Smith, America.

Mrs. James Vance, Gipsy.

Miss Sadie French, Hornet.

Miss Taylor, fancy costume.

Miss Beeny, Swiss Peasant.

Mrs. Albro, Italian Pleasant.

Miss Dawson, Peasant Girl.

Mrs. A. H. Doane, Old Woman.

Miss Josie Pixley, Spanish Girl.

Mrs. I. W. Randall, fancy dress.

Miss Whitney, Mother Hubbard.

Miss Mollie Haris, Pop-corn Girl.

Miss Iowa Roberts, Water Nymph.

Miss Ida Bard, German Flower Girl.

Mrs. Kate Wilson, Flora McFilmsy.

Miss Jennie Hane, Red Riding Hood.

Mrs. A. A. Jackson, Mother Hubbard.

Mrs. Cal. Ferguson, Sunflower costume.

Miss Carrie Anderson, Mother Hubbard.

Miss Margie Wallis, pretty checker suit.

Mrs. Hackney, handsome fancy costume.

Miss Mattie West, Country school Ma=am.

Mrs. Emergson, Daughter of the Regiment.

Miss Gertrude McMullen, Tamborine Girl.

Miss Jennie Lowry, Lady of the 16th Century.

Mrs. Dave Harter, Daughter of the Regiment.

Miss Jessie Millington, bewitching Mother Hubbard.

Mrs. Bahntge, in the guise of a Spanish Girl, defied detection.

Mrs. J. G. Craft wore a very tasty costume made up of copies of the Telegram.


Jos. O=Hare, Dude.

F. Barron, Clown.

E. R. Greer, Tramp.

Jas. Lorton, Clown.

Ad. Powers, Snow.

Ad. Brown, Sailor.

F. F. Leland, Dude.

A. E. Baird, Priest.

L. Tomlin, Convict.

Will Hudson, Dunce.

M. J. O=Meara, Turk.

Ezra Nixon, Brigand.

Charley Fuller, Romeo.

J. Finkleberg, Clown.

A. H. Doane, Convict.

Will J. Wilson, Convict.

Lovell H. Webb, Falstaff.

Will McClellan, Jockey.

A. A. Jackson, Yankee.

W. D. Dawson, Polander.

C. C. Roberts, Gentleman.

J. M. Lambert, Irishman.

Joseph B. Clark, Cowboy.

Fritz Sherman, face mask.

Eugene Wallis, Crown Prince.

Chas. Hodges, School Teacher.

Dave Harter, Mephistophiles.

Ed. McMullen, Dutchman.

C. C. Harris, Stars and Stripes.

J. G. Craft, Prince Imperial.

Frank Robinson, face mask.

Frank Weaverling, face mask.

M. Ewart, Prince of Wales.

W. B. Anderson, Indian Chief.

I. W. Randall, Duke of Gloucester.

George Hendrick, Duke of Richmond.

W. E. Chambers, The Irish Immigrant.

J. W. Padget, Duke of Wellington.

Robert Hudson, Jr., Russian Prince.

Lou Zenor, a very Dutchy Dutchman.

Frank H. Greer, Father Hubbard, ADad of them all.@

W. B. Pixley was most effectually disguised as a calf.

D. W. Williams, a cross between a prize fighter and a preacher.

Geo. W. Miller, as Old Father Hubbard, had a most ridiculous make-up.

J. B. Lynn represented the fallacy of a protective tariff, and made a good hit.

The big hit of the evening, and which seemed to strike the spectators about right, was the appearance of the Narrow Gauge gang of eight railroad laborers, with clay pipes, each with a Aspade@ in hand, and having across his back a banner bearing the words, AM. L.=s Narrow Gauge.@ In this party were Tom, John, and Ed McGuire, Geo. Hudson, J. R. and Ed. Bourdette, and John Beck.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

The voters of Walnut Township are requested to meet at Frank Manny=s brewery at two o=clock p.m., on Saturday, January 26, 1884, for the purpose of putting in nomination a Citizen=s Township Ticket for the ensuing year. By order of Committee.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.


DIED. Died, Near Winfield, Cowley County, Kansas, December 31, 1883, at 12 p.m., Mrs. Cynthia A., wife of the Rev. Soloman Ferguson, aged 61 years, 11 months, and 5 days.

Mrs. Ferguson was born in Bartholomew County, Indiana. She moved with her parent, the Rev. James McEwan, when quite young, to Decatur County, where in October 1838 she was married to Solomon Ferguson, by whom she had ten children, two sons and eight daughters. Two daughters died in infancy; the others are left, with the brereaved husband, to mourn her lossCall members of the church. She was converted in 1843, and united with the Milford Salem Baptist Church, where she remained a member until September, 1847, when she moved to Fremont, Iowa, where she became a consistent member of Salem, now Fremont, Baptist Church. While in this church her husband was ordained a minister of the gospel, where in his arduous self-denying labors, he found in her an uncomplaining, self-denying helpmate. They moved to Cowley in the spring of 1871, and united with the Winfield Baptist Church, where she then became a member. She has remained a faithful, earnest, consistent member, beloved by all who knew her.

A great light has gone out in that neighborhood. With the last moments of the passing year, she breathed her last on earth, only to wake in the brightness of heaven. She died as dies the ocean wave along the shore, without a ripple, quiet and triumphant, as only the Christian can die. For a year her health has been failing, the immediate cause of death being paralysis. In addition to her husband and children, she leaves twenty-one grandchildren. It was a most affecting sight when they gathered around her to take their last farewell.

Her funeral was attended by Prof. E. P. Hickok, her former pastor, and Rev. J. Cairns, of this city, The latter preached the funeral sermon from first Thessalonians, 4th chapter, 14th verse, when Prof. Hickok made some very appropirate remarks, to a large and deeply affected audience. Seldom have we seen so much genuine sorrow; but our loss is her eteranl gain. FRATER.



Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

Southern Kansas Railway.

This Company is now offering unequalled advantages to the other privileges, give patrons facilities for examining the well improved Lands of Southern and Southeatern Kansas, heretofore unequalled. They have placed a ticket in the Kansas City office (opposite Union Depot) to be known as the AGrand Circuit Ticket.@

Holders of Land Explorers Tickets, reading via our line to Independence or Harper and return can exchange them at our Kansas City office for the Grand Circuit Ticket on payment of $5.00 additional.

These tickets will take passengers to Winfield or Wellington via our line and return via Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe R. R., passing through the finest portion of Kansas for Fruit, Grain, and Stock Raising, with privilege of stopping off at almost any station on our line on the Santa Fe, on margin of the ticket (see second page of this circular).

Yours truly,

S. B. HYNES, General Passenger Agent.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

Judge Hiram Stevens of Paola made us a pleasant call yesterday.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.


Winfield, Kansas, at the close of business, December 31st, 1883.


Loans: $188,766.44

Bank and Fixtures: $10,089.59

Expense: $1,984.40

Cash: $51,017.65

Exchange: $30,191.63

TOTAL RESOURCES: $282,059.71


Deposits: $213,670.12

Capital: $50,000.00

Surplus: $12,000.00

Profits: $6,380.59


I, W. J. Wilson, Secretary of the above named Bank; do hereby certify that the above statement is correct to the best of my knowledge and belief.

W. J. WILSON, Secretary.

Subscribed and sworn to before me this 7th day of January, A. D., 1884.

F. F. LELAND, Notary Public.

Commission expires December 44, 1887.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.


Corn brings today (Wednesday) 30 cents, a drop of 3 cents from last week. Wheat 75 cents, hogs $5.30 for tops. This is from 20 to 30 cents per hundred better than any market within fifty miles of this place. Butter brings 20 cents, eggs 20 cents. Potatoes 50 cents.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

J. W. Pugsley offers his quiet Buggy Horse and Buggy for Sale.

J. M. Lanterman of Winfield held No. 320 that drew the doll at McGuire Bros.

The Kingergarten will give one of its highly appreciated entertainments in the near future.

The residence of Peter Croco in Pleasant Valley Township was destroyed by fire last Friday.

The new county officers were sworn in Monday, and Tuesday morning Sheriff McIntire opened court.

The bi-weekly social of the Good Templars meets next Tuesday evening at the residence of Rev. and Mrs. J. Cairns.

Col. Hallawell came in Wednesday on business before U. S. Commissioner Webb. Hal. is always welcomed by hundreds of friends. [Hallowell? Hollaway?]

Mrs. A. B. Clark, from Beatrice, Nebraska, is visiting with her sister, Mrs. N. A. Haight. She is highly delighted with Cowley County.

ACash vs. credit.@ Call in at Spotswood=s and ask them to explain, or buy a bill of goods and the amount saved to you will tell the story.

McDonald, Jarvis & Co., do not insinuate that all other loan agents tell lies, but they loan the only six percent money, Aalle samee.@

Found. Spence Miner has left a handsome scarf which he found, at this office. The owner can get it by calling and paying for this notice.

You can borrow money of Sam Gilbert for seven percent, with the privilege to the borrower to pay it off at any time after one year, without bonus.

J. W. Miller called on us to deyn that Brown went away with Mrs. Provine, as reported in our last issue. We give him the benefit of the denial.

There will be a convention of the Republican voters of Beaver Township at Tannehill on Friday, Feb. 1st, at 4 o=clock p.m. By order Committee.

The gentleman who picked up the kid mittens Monday noon in front of the post office will oblige C. E. Fuller by returning it to him at the Winfield Bank.

Register Nixon stepped Adown and out@ of the position he has so efficiently occupied for years, last Monday. He will remove to his Vernon Township farm in the spring.

Now that the Holidays are over, the influx of drummers has commenced again. This makes Landlord Harter smile all over. There is nothing that will bring a broad smile to the wan face of a tired hash-man like a smooth, fat drummer.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.


One of the best things at the masquerade ball was a crowd of jolly Irish Paddies with shovels, pipes, et cetera, all rigged out as first-class specimens of the average railroad dirt-shoveler. They were tabbed, AM. L.=s Narrow Gauge.@


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

A good many houses have been burned in the county this winter. Every residence and schoolhouse in the county should be insured. No one knows when their home may go, and the expense of farm insurance is very light. Look over the advertising columns of this paper, select what company you want, then call on the agent at once and have it done.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

Last Tuesday Mrs. Howard Finley, wife of engineer Finley, was appointed administratrix of the estate and guardian of the children and filed a suit in the District Court against the Southern Kansas railroad for five thousand dollars damages. The road through its attorney, Senator Hackney, immediately confessed judgment and paid the amount. The whole business did not occupy more than two hours.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

The stockholders= meeting of the Building & Loan Association was held Monday evening. Nearly four hundred shares of the different series were represented. Messrs. I. W. Randall, J. W. Connor, C. E. Fuller, and J. P. Short were elected as directors. The reports of the secretary exhibited a most prosperous condition of the affairs of the Association. It is another of our public institutions which is doing a grand work for the community, in furnishing a safe, sure, and profitable investment for mechanics, laboring men, and persons of small means. It enables them to build homes for themselves and pay therefor in monthly installments. Many stockholders have secured a plot of ground, borrowed money from the Association to put up a home, and are paying in the way of assessments on their stock and interest on the loan, no more than they formerly paid for rent. In a few years they will have a home, all paid for, and hardly know how they got it. Too much cannot be said in praise of this institution and the work it is doing.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

The Darien schoolhouse in Rock Township was destroyed by fire Friday night. Some wood had been put in the drum of the stove to dry. This caught fire, fell out on the floor, and set the building on fire. All of the paraphernalia of the school, many of the scholars= books, and some belonging to the teacher, Miss Leota Gary, were destroyed. Darian was one of the oldest schoolhouses in the county, and has been a place of rendezvous for the denisens of Upper Walnut for many years. The old walls could have told many tales of red-hot political meetings where Uncle Reuben Booth held the boys level, or deep-laid plans to Acapture the delegation@ or Aput up a trick,@ in which George Williams, Harcourt, Strong, Gale, Grow, Wilber, and a host of others, were participants. Let a new house, raised on the ashes of the old one, be called ADarien.@


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

We find three items of interest in the Arkansas City Democrat this week, as follows.

AMr. John Rutheford [?Rutherford?], of Beaver Township, informs us that he has sold since September 1st $187 worth of corn, $264 worth of wheat, and $1,109 worth of hogs, and got the cash to show for it.@

DIED. AA little son of Mr. Johnson, who resides near the mouth of Grouse, while skating on the Arkansas one day last week, broke through the ice and drowned. Up to the present writing his body has not been found.@

AA two year old child of Mr. James Roy, who resides in West Bolton, accidenntally pulled a kettle of boiling water from the stove onto his legs and was badly scalded before he was rescued from this condition by his parents. The accident occured last Thursday, and up to present writing his condition is very critical.@


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

John Stalter, of Rock Township, is convalescing, after a very severe attack of pneumonia. He was taken with congestion of the right lung and liver, on the evening of Dec. 24th, while at Richland schoolhouse, having taken his family to a Christmas tree at that place. Not wishing to deprive them of their enjoyment, he started to walk home, some five miles, and after wandering over the prairie for some time, finally got to his daughter=s, Mrs. John Snyder=s, nearly frozen, and was taken home almost dead. With much labor and unceasing care by Dr. Hornaday and the friends of the family, reaction was brought about. Considering all, he had a very close call, but his many friends now rejoice at his recovery, and hope to see his countenance many years hence.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

The following officers were duly installed Wednesday evening of last week by Winfield Post No. 85, G. A. R.

C. E. Steuven, P. C.

S. Cure, S. V. P. C.

B. W. Stout, J. V. P. C.

H. L. Wells, Surgeon.

A. H. Limerick, Q. M.

C. Trump, O. of D.

J. E. Snow, Adj=t.

A. B. Arment, Chaplain.

M. M. Scott, O. G.

Sam=l Smedley, Guard.

J. H. Finch, Serg=t Maj.

N. W. Dressie, Q. M. Serg=t.

The post mustered during the year, 1883, 127 recruits, and 70 during the last quarter of 1883, and now numbers 163, with regular attendance of about 60, and is booming.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

Mr. Chas. W. Fisk, of this city, exhibited last Friday in the microscope a trichina, the animal parasite occasionally found in the porker, and said to be fatal when taken into the human system. It was the result of special microscopic search, and the only one we have seen or heard of in these parts. It is invisible to the naked eye, but in the microscope resembles a little Agarter@ snake, coiled up. From the amount of pork consumed in this county and its good results, we are led to believe that trichinae are mighty scarce, or have lost their death grip. Please pass the pork.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

Rev. F. M. Rains came in Saturday, and has been preaching to his people here during the week. Among the many young ministers of our acquaintance, none are possessed of brighter intellectual attainments or more pleasant, congenial manners than Mr. Rains. His sermons are strong, logical, and eloquent, and he possesses rare powers in the way of holding the attention of his audience to the subject in hand. He is now the executive officer of the Christian Church for the State, and is doing much good. May success attend his efforts, is the wish of many friends here.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

Mr. W. A. Lee spent last week in the East purchasing a tremendous line of agricultural implements for the spring business. W. A. is making things hum in his line. He has put a large basement under his implement house here, for storage purposes, and is building a warehouse at Grenola. This proves our old theory that farmers who leave their money at home for implements and other goods, sooner or later see it in subtantial structures of wood or stone.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

The Tom Youle horse, which was stolen a few weeks ago, has been recovered. The thief, a negro, is also in jail here. The fellow took the horse from Mr. Youle=s stable, rode up on Rock Creek, traded it for another, turned around and rode back to Winfield, where he got drunk and was taken in by the marshal. He was afterward suspicisioned and traced up until he finally confessed.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

Commissioner Irwin came over from Windsor, Saturday, and on Monday took his place on the Board. Mr. S. C. Smith was re-elected chairman of the Board. Mr. E. I. Johnson retires carrying with him the best wishes of his associates, and the public, whom he has served faithfully during his term as commissioner. A more honest, conscientious, faithful officer has never filed a chair in the Courthouse.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

Mr. John B. Goodrich left this morning for Galveston, Texas. It is a purely business trip and will prove of great benefit to J. P. Baden=s shipping interests. While absent Mr. Goodrich will devote his whole time and ability to soliciting orders for the above named house and when he returns and hands in his list, we would not be surprised to see an extra train put on the road, as John is one of the best ADrummers@ in the land.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

Mr. Dave Long had Mr. W. A. Lee arrested for stacking a ton or two of hay within the limits of the city, in violation of ordinance. Mr. Lee stood the charge a fight with J. F. McMullen as his attorney. Mr. McMullen made an elaborate argument before the court, showing the lack of equity in such a case, and Judge Torrance after taking the case under advisement, decided the ordinance void.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

At the present, a series of meetings is in progress in the church of the United Brethren in Christ, in this city. The house is crowded with attentive people, and much good is being accomplished. Rev. J. H. Snyder, assisted by Rev. S. Garrigus, is conducting the meetings.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

The Pleasant Hour club has postponed its regular dance this week to Thursday evening of next week, when all will have recovered sufficiently from the effects of the masquerade to turn out and have the usual good time.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

The central division of the Cowley County Teachers= Association will meet in the High School building, Winfield, on Saturday, January 26th, at the usual hour.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

Bruner, the negro who stole Thomas Youles= horse some two weeks ago plead guilty Monday and was sentenced to three years in the penitentiary.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

J. E. Conklin came down from Kansas City last week and is spending a few days here looking after his business interests.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.


The Stockholders Meet and Elect a New Board.

A Splendid Record.

On Monday afternoon the stockholders of the Cowley County Fair and Driving Park Association met in the Opera House for the purpose of re-organizing the Board of Directors for the year 1884, and receiving reports of the condition and doings of the Association for the year. About seventy-five stockholders, representing nearly all of the subscribed stock, were present.

The report of the Secretary disclosed the fact that there were 149 shares taken, leaving 51 shares yet to place. It also set forth that the Fair last fall had cleared for the stockholders a net sum of $1,406.57, that there had been received from the rent of the grounds to other parties and from other miscellaneous sources the sum of $329.75, making a total of $1,736.32 profit from which the expenses of officers= salaries, postage, blanks, books, insurance, etc., $505.04, were deducted, leaving a net profit of $1,231.28, to be divided among 133 shares, being those of the number subscribed, which were paid up: or $9.25 to each share. This is 19-1/4 percent on every dollar invested, and as the first money was paid in only eight months ago, and some of it but a few weeks ago, it is a wonderful showing. The amount, however, was not set aside as dividends, but was converted to the general fund of the Association by the stockholders, to be used in further improvements on the grounds. This item of profit, therefore, those who subscribe for the remaining shares will get the benefit of, which is a rather unsual thing in a business point of view. It is the only place we know of at present where a man can get $59.25 for fifty dollars.

The President of the Association, Mr. Jas. F. Martin, made the following report, which was ordered filed and published in the county papers, by a unanimous vote of the stockholders.

To the Stockholders of the Cowley County Fair and Driving Park Association.

AGENTLEMEN. The first eight months of the history of our Association has closed, and it is with pleasure that we refer to the progress which has been made. In the careful reports of the Secretary and Treasurer, herewith presented, are exhibited its past and present financial condition.

AIn our brief history, fifty-four acres of land, 17 acres of which are finely timbered, have been purchased and placed under a substantial fence; a speed ring unsurpassed if equaled in the state, is in fine order and finely fenced; the large exhibition buildings and improvements have been made, and with the exceptions hereafter referred to, all is or may be paid for and no debt as an incubus hangs over the Association.

AThe first Fair of the Association, held last September, resulted in the most gratifying success, and gave an earnest of the perpetuity and future usefulness of the organization.

AAt your first meeting you elected the Board that has had charge of and performed with such signal success the work you assigned them to do. As chairman of that Board and exercising, as far as my ability permitted, vigilant and kindly supervision over its management, it is with pleasure that I acknowledge the ever prompt and efficient services of the Secretary, Ed. P. Greer; the skillful and energetic discharge of the duties of Superintendent by D. L. Kretsinger, and the honest and faithfully performed duties of Treasurer by A. H. Doane. Wisdom was exercised in the selection of these gentlemen to act in these important positions, which are of vital importance to the success of the Association, and a happy adaptation, in each case, was ever manifested in the discharge of their various duties.

ATo such members of the Board as devoted their time and labor in aiding and directing the work of the Executive Board, many thanks are due. In view of the success attained and experience acquired by the retiring Board, and especially the executive part of it, I would suggest for your consideration the importance of retaining all, or at least a part of said officers in their present positions for the ensuing year. I have no personal interest or ambition to serve, and therefore I hope you will not in any sense regard this suggestion as applicable to myself, intending it especially to apply to the Secretary, Treasurer, and Superintendent.

AIn the work of the Board while devising plans and means for present and future success, many questions arose, on which at first diverse opinions were held, but after due consultation unity was generally reached. In voting, the Board was, with few exceptions, unanimous; so, whatever good or evil we have done, each member will share alike the praise or censure of a criticizing public. Much as has been accomplished, very much remains to be done. Fifty-one shares remain to be taken, which will enable the Board to continue the improvements on the grounds; such as erecting the Central Exhibition Building, enlarging the amphitheater, and increasing the number by erecting better stables and stock pens. May we not also hope, in the near future, to erect a tasteful, two story central office; connect the same with other parts of the ground and with the city by telephone; and arrange to have an abundant supply of water, from the City Waterworks? Early attention should be given to setting lines and groups of deciduous and evergreen trees, which will soon beautify the grounds and greatly enhance their value.

AIt may be wise, at this meeting, to add a section to the By Laws, empowering the Board, at the time of holding the annual Fair, or as soon thereafter as practical, to appoint the time for holding the next Annual Fair. The State Board of Agriculture meets annually on the 2nd Wednesday of January. It is important that this body be represented in that body and a report by delegate be made therefrom at our annual meeting. Therefore, a change in the time of holding our annual meeting, seems imperative. Changing the time of holding the annual meeting from the 2nd Monday to the 3rd Monday in January will prevent the occurrence of both meetings happening in the same week.

AWhile handsome dividends from invested capital are generally desired, I would urge that no dividends be made on the stock of the Association until the grounds are improved in the best possible manner. We should aim to make this the best Fair ground and the best conducted Fair Association in the State. The stock of the Association at present is worth more than its face value, and at no distant time it will command a high premium, and those taking the remaining shares will be fortunate. To insure the continued interest and healthful influence of the agricultural producing class, the remaining shares should be taken and permanently held by them. While the finances of the farmer will be benefitted, his influence and interest will also be secured.

AYou, no doubt, will endorse, tacitly at least, the action of the Board in disallowing gambling devices, games of chance, and intoxicating drinks on the ground during the Fair. The good behavior of the thousands of our citizens and strangers attending the Fair was attested by the fact that not a single arrest for violating the rules or disorderly conduct was made. This was, to some degree, referable to the absence of these evils.

AThe legitimate object of our Association and kindred institutions, is to encourage better and more successful agricultural management, operations, and productions, and collect and disseminate useful knowledge, and last but not least, encourage sociality and promote virtue among the people. We live in a progressive age and in the midsts of an enlightened and Christian community, and however diverse our opinions may be on moral or theological subjects, the management of our associations and exhibitions must, in an eminent degree, in order to have continued cooperation and prosperity, be in accord with the moral intelligence of the people.

AIn conclusion, allow me to add, that, while the success attending our short history, calls for congratulations and thanks, may we not hope and work, that the affairs of the Association will continue to be conducted in the manner that will subserve the highest interest of the community at large, and that thus the Cowley County Fair and Driving Park Association may long be an honor to our county, and the pride to everyone of her citizens.@

After a thorough overhauling of the Constitution and By Laws in the way of amendments, the following Board of Directors was elected to transact the business of the Association for the year 1884.

Jas. F. Martin: Vernon Township.

Harvey Smith: Silver Creek Township.

S. P. Strong: Rock Township.

H. Harbaugh: Pleasant Valley Township.

J. B. Nipp: Creswell Township.

P. B. Lee: Vernon Township.

S. S. Linn: Pleasant Valley Township.

K. J. Wright: Beaver Township.

J. O. Taylor: Walnut Township.

H. C. McDorman: Dexter Township.

J. L. Horning: Winfield.

A. T. Spotswood: Winfield.

C. C. Black: Winfield.

D. L. Kretsinger: Winfield.

Ed. P. Greer: Winfield.

A. H. Doane: Winfield.

Jas. B. Schofield: Winfield.

This directory gives ten to the county and seven to Winfield, which places the full control of the Association in the hands of the live, energetic farmers of Cowley. Let us hope that every member of the Board will be on hand at every meeting of that body and bend their united energies toward making Cowley=s Fair a model institution from which every county in the state may Adraw inspiration@ for building up a similar one. With twelve members of the board in the city last year, it was sometimes impossible to get nine directors out to a meeting.

After adjournment of the stockholders= meeting, the new Board of Directors met, were sworn in, and elected the officers of the Association as follows.

Jas. F. Martin: President.

J. L. Horning: Vice President.

Ed. P. Greer: Secretary.

A. H. Doane: Treasurer.

D. L. Kretsinger: General Superintendent.

The finance committee, through whose hands all the accounts of the Association must pass, is composed of Messrs. C. C. Black, P. B. Lee, and A. T. Spotswood. When it is remembered that the Association received and paid out during the eight months past, upwards of fourteen thousand dollars, their duties are not small by any means.

Cowley now has a fair that she may well be proud of. On a sound financial basis, with a wonderfully prosperous past and a bright future, with beautiful grounds, substantial improvements, and a race track unsurpassed in the state, no public institution of the kind could be in better condition. Every citizen in the county should take a commendable pride in it, and lend the Board of Directors their heartiest cooperation.

Below we append a list of those who went down into their pockets for money to put the institution on its feet. We can safely say none of them expected more of a return from their investment than the upbuilding of such an institution would bring to the whole community. That they intended so is shown by their refusal to accept the profits of the investment, preferring to apply it to further improvement on the property. The shares are fifty dollars each.

Following is a list of Shareholders and Number of Shares Held.

R. E. Wallis, Jr., 4.

J. W. Millspaugh, 1.

W. P. Hackney, 2.

A. H. Doane, 2.

D. L. Kretsinger, 1.

Ed. P. Greer, 2.

Jas. F. Martin, 1.

J. S. Mann, 1.

R. E. Wallis, Sr., 1.

A. E. Baird, 1.

H. Brown, 1.

W. J. Wilson, 1.

John Lowry, 4.

M. L. Read & M. L. Robinson, 10.

J. L. Horning, 2.

Sol Burkhalter, 2.

P. H. Albright, 2.

J. B. Lynn, 2.

W. J. Hodges, 2.

Chas. C. Black, 4.

J. B. Schofield & John M. Keck, 2.

G. S. Manser, 2.

S. G. Gary, 2.

A. T. Spotswood, 2.

J. P. Baden, 2.

W. S. Mendenhall, 2.

E. B. Weitzel, 2.

Geo. W. Robinson, 2.

W. C. Robinson, 2.

Jas. H. Bullene & Co., 2.

L. B. Stone, 4.

Jacob Nixon, 2.

John Stalter, 2.

N. J. Thompson, 1.

J. P. Short, 1.

I. W. Randall, 1.

Wm. Overly, 2.

S. P. Strong, 1.

Isaac Wood, 1.

C. H. Cleaves, 1.

Hughs & Cooper, 1.

Hendricks & Wilson, 1.

F. W. Schwantes, 1.

Wm. Carter, 2.

J. B. Corson, 1.

Geo. L. Gale, 1.

G. B. Shaw & Co., 2.

D. B. McCollum, 1.

R. F. Burden, 1.

J. C. Roberts, 1.

Geo. Wilson, 1.

R. J. Yoeman, 1.

P. B. Lee, 1.

L. Barnett, 1.

J. H. Curfman, 1.

E. B. Nicholson, 1.

H. Bahntge, 1.

C. L. Harter, 1.

Tomlin & Webb, 1.

A. C. Bangs, 1.

A. J. Thompson, 1.

E. M. Reynolds, 1.

D. H. Dix, 1.

Harvey Smith, 1.

T. P. Carter, 1.

F. M. Friend, 1.

J. T. Brooks, 1.

J. O. Taylor, 1.

S. H. Myton, 2.

D. S. Sherrard, 1.

A. B. Arment, 1.

S. W. Phenix, 1.

Q. A. Glass, 1.

H. Harbaugh, 1.

T. J. Jones, 1.

J. B. Nipp, 1.

E. D. Taylor, 1.

W. A. Tipton, 1.

W. W. Limbocker, 1.

W. W. Painter, 1.

John Holmes, 1.

S. S. Linn, 1.

G. P. Wagner, 1.

H. C. McDorman, 1.

Geo. W. Miller, 2.

G. L. Rinker, 1.

K. J. Wright, 1.

Hogue & Mentch, 1.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

Winfield Mills.

O. E. Sanford, proprietor of the Red Rock Grocery store, corner of 3rd and Neosha streets, has shipped in and sold to the people of Burlington since last May nine carloads of the celebrated Winfield flour, and he has another carload on the road. Every family in this locality knows just what the Winfield flour, of the roller mill process, is, and are satisfied that there is none better manufacturered. Mr. Sanford is sole agent for this flour for Burlington. Burlington Independent.

Mr. Sanford is not the only man who knos of the superiority of the Bliss & Wood flour, but fewer know what a vast amount of it the Winfield Mills manufacture and send all over the country. A mill that uses up 1500 bushels of the choices wheat every day in making the very best flour known, is an institution of inestimable value in such a county as this.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

DIED. Died on Tuesday evening, January 15th, Mrs. Robinson, mother of M. L., W. C., Geo. W., and Ivan Robinson.

Mrs. Robinson was past sixty-five years of age, and the mother of nine children, seven boys and two girls. Her health has been failing for the past year, but her death was hastened by an attack of pneumonia.

The funeral services will be held from the M. E. Church this (Thursday) afternoon at 2 o=clock.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

County Printing.

At the meeting of the New Board of County Commissioners Tuesday, the COURIER was awarded the county printing for the coming year at legal rates.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

An application was made to the Board at a regular meeting last week by the residents of Beaver Township on the west side of the Arkansas River to appropriate two thousand dollars toward building a bridge across that stream. The people have subscribed about fifteen hundred dollars. The feeling of the board seemed to be to make the appropriation, but they can do this only on a careful estmate of the cost of the bridge and other requirements of the statutes.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

MARRIED. Mr. Joe Hudson and Miss Josie Haines were married New Years night at the residence of the bride=s parents in Girard. This was somewhat of a surprise to Joe=s friends as they had no intimation of any such serious intentions on his part. The lady lived here formerly and has a large acquaintance among our young people.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

Governor Glick informed the State Board of Agriculture that the population of Kansas will be increased this year one hundred and fifty thousand. In view of his often expressed views that prohibition would ruin the state, this must be a bitter admission for him to make.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

Judge Hiram Stevens of Wyandotte County was in attendance on the district court Wednesday; also Tom George of Wellington. Judge Brush of Elk County, Col. Grass, of Independence, Judge Campbell, of Carthage, and W. J. Patterson of Lawrence.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

During the week the Probate Judge has issued MARRIAGE LICENSES to:

John W. Miller and Nora B. Hathery.

Wm. Hatfield to Sarah A. Bayne.

Wm. Erving to Eliza J. Grasaway.

R. J. Work to Anna McGinnis.

J. W. Irons to Emma J. Harklerode.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

J. B. Lynn=s representation of Free Trade at the Pleasant Hour masquerade was one of the best hits we have ever seen. It was elaborate and every point suggestive. We should like to give a detailed description of it, did space permit.



Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

Col. J. R. Hallowell presented his smiling countenance at the COURIER office yesterday, which was a beam of genial sunshine this cold weather.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

Chas. C. Black has two beautiful tailless mocking birds which sing in four different languages. He might be induced to part with them.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

The election on the Narrow Gauge proposition is ordered for the 11th of March. The petition will be published next week.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

McGuire Bros. have purchased a complete line of clothing, and will open the same in a few days at their store here.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

The commissioners called the election for the narrow gauge proposition on Tuesday.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

There is a patent in the Registrars office signed by U. S. Grant and dagted 1895.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

Strayed. One Brown mare pony, 3 years old, has white face and four white feet, branded with circle on the right jaw and the figure 7 on the right thigh. Broke loose five miles north of Burden on Thursday, January 10. I will pay $5.00 for its recovery. Address, E. Harned, Baltimore, Kansas.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

Attention! All persons owing me are requested to settle their accounts by Feb. 1st, 1884. Every account on my books remaining on my books unpaid at that time will positively be placed in the hands of an officer for collection. I mean just what I say. Call and save costs.

J. B. Lynn.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

For Trade. A farm of 160 acres, 80 cultivated, near stationCfor house in Winfield. A house and lot to sell on monthly payments. H. G. Fuller.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

Notice. There will be a Republican convention at the Dexter schoolhouse on Saturday, January 26th, 1884, at 2 o=clock p.m., for the purpose of placing in nomination a township ticket. By order of Committee, L. C. Pattison, chairman.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

Township Convention. There will be a Republican convention of the Republican voters of Richland Township at the Summit schoolhouse, on Saturday, January 19th, at 2 o=clock p.m., for the purpose of putting in nomination candidates to fill the offices of said township.

J. R. Cottingham, Chairman, Central Committee.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

Township Convention. There will be a Republican Convention of the Republican voters of Walnut Township at the stone house of Frank Manny, on Saturday, the 2nd day of February, at 2 o=clock p.m., for the purpose of putting in nomination cnadidates to fill the offices of said township. John Mentch, Chairman, Central Committee.


Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

To Whom It May Concern. All those knowing themselves indebted to us, are hereby notified that they must settle their accounts. We are needing all the money due us, and must have it. We trust any further notice will not become necessary. A. T. Spotswood & Co.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.


Will Boyd, our honorable sheriff, after studying the matter over forty years, embarked at last in an enterprise which ended in a Failyure, notwithstanding his mature deliberation.

Lansing Loyd is a brand new Adad,@ and after falling downstairs with a quart of diluted tincture of catnip in his lap, he said he=d be Adadburned@ if he wanted to be conductor of a nursery any longer. Boys, don=t be so keen to forsake the peaceful glories of batchelorhood.

If Mark didn=t have a cheek harder than Toltec copper, he wouldn=t try to humiliate Jasper any further about that Abest girl,@ especially after playing second to a rag-weed duett, as Mark did one time. He is a sort of a dandy, but he hasn=t been quite around the world. However, as I had occasion to say once before, Mark and I understand each other.

Show us the Commonwealth of the same size which can boast of more weather than Kansas. In the beauty of its snow; in the clearness of its ice; in the density of its mud; in tthe Acussedness@ of its winds. And yet the corn comes, the stock comes, the money comes, and the power, progress, and intelligence comes. Verily, Verily, saith the preacher, this is a brick of a country!

The ASedan Oratorical Society,@ one of the finest literary organizations in the State, will give an evening soon embracing competitive exercises in declamation, debate, and oration. Messrs. Walker, Thornburg, Shartel, Bradley, Woodward, and others, participating. This is the most substantial literary club in the county, and if any society out of the county feels disposed to question their capacity, the boys are as ready to beat it as a race horse with a light rider.

The crusade against the unregenerated drug stores of this place opened on the 19th, the health of County Attorney Ben Henderson having so far improved as to warrant him in resuming operations. On the 14th, Graham and Prilliman, after slight negotiations, surrendered on the following conditions: They pay all costs incurred in the prosecutions against them, give up their permit, box their goods, with the understanding that said goods shall be sent out of the county, and that they quit the business. This, with the multifarious duties attendant upon the Commissioners= Court, has occupied the time of the County Attorney pretty thoroughly since the war opened. But the folks may expect to hear of some very active demonstrataions in the near future. This condition of things is what Jasper predicted a few months ago, when the campaign Slogan, now dead, as it ought to be, vomited its filth upon him for his seasonable prophecy. JASPER.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.


Under this head Mr. Fred C. Hunt threatens the readers of the Telegram with a series of articles in advocacy of a Atariff for revenue only.@ His first article, Athunders in the index,@ for it only purports to be an introduction or index of what is to come. He proposes to show that our system of protection Alegislates in a partial manner and for the benefit of favored classes; imposes taxation that is most unjust and burdensome, and deprives citizens of what should be a fundamental right of obtaining for their labor the highest remuneration it can bring.@

We are a little curious as to how he is to show these things and as to whether he is one of the few who he says have mastered the details of the tariff question. We give him and the Telegram the benefit of this advertisement in adance.

Fred is a young man who reads and comprehends the advanced thoughts of the leading scientific thinkers of the age. He has for some years been studying Mill, Spencer, and other English writers on political economy, ethics, and natural law, and like some of our college professors, he has adopted their views. Taken in a cosmopolitan sense, or rather as embracing the whole human family equally in our care and attention, the doctrines of free trade as advocated by English savants are sound and correct. If English and foreign corporations and manufactures would apply the principles to their laborers and employees, giving them their share of the benefits; if the whole would together, adopt free trade, it would doubtless be the best thing for the whole world taken together, as these writers duly show, but while it was raising up the English laborer, the Hottentot, and the Chinaman, it would be depressing the American laborer and producer, down toward their level.

But as the case is, while we legislate ourselves down toward their level, we would not help the foreign laborers much but only make the great, rich, foreign monopolies richer at our expense. The American policy is to help Americans, to legislate for the benefit of our own laborers and producers, and let other nations take care of their own. This may be selfish in us, but other people are just as selfish and if we take care of them and they take care of themselves, who will take care of us.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.


On Tuesday of this week we were honored by a delegation consisting of J. W. Curns,

A. H. Doane, Wm. Moore, and D. L. Kretsinger, who in a pleasant, gentlemanly, and earnest manner, presented us with the following petition.

To Mr. D. A. Millington, Editor of the Courier, Winfield, Kansas:

DEAR SIR: In your representative capacity as the Editor of one of the great newspapers of the county, and one of Winfield=s own papers, we desire to, in friendly manner, call your attention to the D. M. & A. narrow gauge railroad proposition.

In our opinion, as residents and businessmen of Winfield, the proposition is one full of advantage to the city and County, and is in great danger of being lost to us, lnless it receives the unanimous support of the Citizens of this town.

In our humble belief the opposition of the COURIER is liable to defeat the measure and thereby deprive Winfield of that which will make us one of the most important cities in the State.

We therefore, as citizens of Winfield, earnestly and respectfully request you to reconsider the matter and withdraw yourr opposition to a scheme which as we verily believe is fraught with vital interest to us all.

The petition is signed by the above named gentlemen and others amounting to 140 names. Among the names we find those of fully one half of the intelligent businessmen of the city and of many others whom we well know and high respect. It is couched in courteous language, presented in a courteous way, and is entitled to courteous treatment and respectful consideration from us and such it shall have.

We cordially thank the gentlemen for their kind consideration and the high compliment their petition implies. We assure them that we hold their views in high respect and it would give us much pleasure to be able to agree with them in all matters in which the interest of this city and county are involved. We are always sufficiently ready to yield our own views and fall in with public opinion, particularly in cases when a measure is before us in which each of our neighbors has the same interest which we have and all be benefited or injured alike. It is a mistake to say that a newspaper is the leader of public opinion. A live newspaper is rather the exponent of public opinion and is necessarily led and influenced in its opinions and course by the pressure of surrounding sentiment and the opinions of its patrons.

Granting for the sake of the argument that in a case like the present, we ought to yield to public sentiment, the general appearance is, that here among our business and leading men the sentiment pro and con is nearly equally divided and in the county outside of this city the sentiment appears to us to be overwhelmingly against the proposition as it now stands.

In the petition the names of about 25 of the prominent businessmen and firms are conspicuous for their absence, and likewise the names of some 40 or 50 other prominent men of this city do not appear. Of course, 140 names is a very small minority of the taxpayers and electors of this city. It may justly be said that many more names could have been added to the petition had sufficient time been taken, including others of the leading businessmen. On the other hand, there are many names of persons on the petition whom we do not know, some who have called on us telliing us that our course was the right course, and doubtless many who would as readily have signed a contrary petition had it been presented. The fact is that there are so many persons who cannot say no when urged by a friend to sign a petition that petitions cannot be relied upon as any indication of public sentiment.

We shall continue to believe that public sentiment is against this railroad proposition as it now stands, until it is demonstrated at the polls that we were mistaken.

But we do not admit that a newspaper man is ever excusable in yielding his judgment on matters of public imnportance to public sentiment. It is his duty to look carefully into all projects of a public nature for his locality, to thoroughly inform himself so as to form the most correct conclusions he is capable of, and then give the facts and his conclusions and opinions to his readers, fully, honestly, and fairly, unprejudiced by the opinions or influence of othes. We think this matter is so important to our patrons that it is an imperative duty on us to take such a course and we shall try to do our duty in this matter.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.


John I. Blair is a cousin of the President of the Farmers Bank in Winfield.

He is a resident of Blairstown, New Jersey, and has a reputation for business ability and integrity second to none. Bradstreet reports him to be worth fifteen to twenty millions of dollars.

The Newark Advertiser contains the following letter from him, written to a friend in Newark without imagining that it might be published, but the friend thought it contained a lesson which would be useful and handed it over to the Advertiser.

AI have just returned from a ninety-nine days= trip in the old world. I have resided at this place nearly sixty-five years. I came here poor, worth $500, earned mainly by clerking at a small salary. The first year I received victual and clothing; the second year $25. I clerked for seven years and then went into business here with my cousin, John Blair, Esq., who died the second year after being elected to the Legislature. He was my partner for two years, but he gave no attention to the business and I attended to it all. After that I started alone. I was under age all this time, but the public did not know it, and there was never but one person who ever took the advantage of this fact.

AI was a merchant forty years and once had five stores. I have dealt in about everything, cotton manufacturies, iron, steel, coal, railroads, banking, farming, milling, nad largely in Western land. I laid out my own town and have earned and got about two million acres of land. I am the only living original Director of continuous service of the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western and Warren Railroads, and it was through me that they got through. I am still the main pillar in the building of railroads in Iowa and Nebraska, and we have just finished one railroad bridge across the Missouri River at Blair, Nebraska, twenty-five miles above Omaha. It cost a million dollars and I think it is the best railroad bridge on the Missouri.

AI have given for benevolent purposes, colleges, schools, churches, etc., over a half million dollars. I neither smoke, chew, nor use spirituous liquor, live plain, but well, and provide well to make my family happy.

AMy ancestors came to this country from Scotland about 1829 to aid in establishing civil and religious liberty, and they were among the means of establishing Princeton College. John Blair was Vice President and a professor; Samuel Blair was chosen President, but resigned for Doctor Witherspoon, one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence.

AI have lived a very industrious life and have always attended church. Our family was very numerous in this country years ago and at one time had ten or twelve stores in this and adjoining counties. My father owned the Brown Brook property above Belvidere, and it was in the family one hundred years.

AI have always been a fair dealer and took no mean advantages of any man.

AThis is a short history of some of my life. You see what can be done by industry.@


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.


Wilson of Iowa introduced in the senate a bill to establish a board of inter-state commerce. It provides for a board of commissioners, to be appointed by the president as a bureau of the department of the Interior, the commissioners to be five in number, with terms of two, four, six, eight, and ten years, respectively, the successor of each to hold office for ten years, one of such commissioners to be experienced in law, one in civil engineering, one in the management of railways, one in agricultural industry, one in manufacturing industry, the salary of each commissioner to be $7,000. The duties of the board will be the consideration and investigation of all questions relating to commerce between states or between the United States and foreign countries, especially matters of transportation, and as far as necessary establish a just system of regulations for the government of the same. It is to make a report to congress not later than the first of December, together with a draft of a bill embodying a just comprehension of a code of regulations of transportations among the states, which shall embrace a provision fixing maximum rates, and the preservation of free competition within the limits fixed for the prohibition of discriminations of every kind whatsoever, and for applying the same pirnciples and to charge all persons and corporations alike for the preservation and enforcement of the rights of shippers and elect lines and parts of lines over which shipments shall pass. Whenever in the judgment of the board it shall appear that a transportation company has violated provisions of the law, it shall give the company notice in writing, and if after such notice, the violation shall continue, it shall forthwith present the facts to the attorney general, who shall institute proceedings against the company, as authorized by law. The bill prohibits discrimination by the transportation companies against any shipper, and provides a penalty of not less than $1,000 for each offense, to be recovered by action, on information of any party having knowledge of the facts, which action shall be brought before the United States court, or any district court, one-half of the penalty recovered to go to the party damaged by the alleged violation of the law.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.


A new camp in the Yellowstone country bears the rather harsh name of AOh Hell.@ (It must be located on the spot where the president hooked a fine trout and lost it through the breaking of the hook. Bismarck Tribune.

A magazine writer asks: AHow shall we utilize the Indians?@ This is a difficult question to answer, but perhaps the best plan would be to petrify them and sell them for cigar store signs. This idea is worthy of consideration, anyway. [SOURCE NOT GIVEN.]

A private dispatch was received January 17th, that the Montezuma hotel at Hot Springs, Las Vegas, New Mexico, had been destroyed by fire together with its contents. The fire originated in the cellar of the building, which cut off the water supply before anything could be done. This hotel was one of the fineest in the west and belonged to the Santa Fe railroad company.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.

From Walnut Township.

EDITOR COUIER: As the time is approaching for the election of township officers, I, as a resident and a taxpayer of the above named township, would respectfully ask permission, through the columns of your valuable paper, to make known certain facts, for the benefit of the voters of Walnut Township, and all others whom it may concern. It is not the intention of the writer to lie or misrepresent anything or any person. What will be said, the proof is at hand. The people of this township, the past year, have been represented by Mr. T. A. Blanchard as trustee, and a few fortunate ones were more than pleased with the state of affairs, but a majority of our citizens are not so well satisfied. What appears to be a great injustice has been perpetrated upon our citizens by Mr. Blanchard while trustee of this township; and to show the inconsistencey of his action, I have examined the assessment roll, and will give the names of a few of the wealthiest citizens, and their personal assessed value.

Mr. Blanchard occupied thirty-seven days, at an outlay of one hundred and eleven dollars, in assessing the personal property of this township, amounting to thirty-one thousand, seven hundred and eighty-six dollars. The following method was adopted to mete out justice and injustice, to his fellow man and neighbors.

J. L. King=s four mules were assessed at eighty dollars, one span of the finest mules in the county, and valued at $400. The other span since sold for $200.

R. Weakley=s 16 head of horses assessed at $440 and it might be well enough to state that Mr. Weakley has no plug horses upon his farm. His 17 head of cattle, mostly milch cows, were assessed at $170.

Stivers and Wallis= 25 head of cattle were assessed at $425, and one span of broken down mules was assessed at the enormous sun of $80.

Joseph Hassel, the oldest man in the township and the owner of four old mules which he brought all the way from Pike County, Illinois, at an early day, was assessed at 200 even dollars.

S. Cure, 8 head of horses $90; 48 head of cattle, 23 of the number milch cows, got off with $350. 12 head of fat hogs, sold within six weeks after for $490, were assessed at [???

THIS FIGURE COMPLETELY OBLITERATED?? Looks like $34.???] One new pleasure carriage, assessed at $10; one Afarm implement@ $2.

The whole assessment roll showed where Mr. Blanchard has a personal friend. His own property was put down to the very lowest figure. The question now is, will we have Mr. Blanchard for trustee another year? I, for one, say no. Any person who may question the truthfulness of this statement can learn all he desires by an examination of the assessment book of 1883, and I, as a citizen of Walnut Township, ask every voter to go and examine them before attending the caucus of February 2nd, 1884. N. R. WILSON.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.

Republican Primaries.

The Republican primary of Beaver Township will meet at Tannehill on Friday, Feb. 1st. By order of township committee.

The township election of Fairview Township will be held at the Akron schoolhouse, Feb. 5th, 1884. R. B. Corson, Trustee.

The Republicans of Liberty Township will meet at Rose Valley schoolhouse on Thursday, Jan. 31st, at 2 o=clock p.m. S. A. Cochran, chairman.

There will be a Republican convention at Little Dutch, Fairview Township, on Jan. 30th, at 7 o=clock p.m., for the purpose of nominating a township ticket. J. W. Douglas, Chairman.

There will be a meeting of the voters of Tisdale Township at the Tisdale schoolhouse, on Saturday, the 2nd day of February, 1884, at 2 o=clock, to nominate candidates for township officers. H. McKibben, Trustee.

There will be a convention of the Republicans of Vernon Center at Vernon schoolhouse on Saturday, Feb. 2nd, at 7 o=clock p.m., for the purpose of nominating a ticket for township officers. J. B. Evans, Chairman.

The Republican voters of Maple Township are requested to meet at Red Bud, the 29th day of January, at 7 o=clock p.m., for the purpose of putting in nomination a full township ticket. E. J. Cole, Chairman, Township Committee.

There will be a Republican convention at the Dexter schoolhouse on Saturday, January 26th, 1884, at 2 o=clock p.m., for the purpose of placing in nomination a township ticket. By order of Committee, L. C. Pattison, chairman.

The voters of Walnut Township are requested to meet at Frank Manny=s brewery at two o=clock p.m., on Saturday, Jan. 26, 1884, for the purpose of putting in nomination a Citizen=s Township Ticket for the ensuing year. By order of Committee.

There will be a Republican Convention of the Republican voters of Walnut Township at the stone house of Frank Manny, on Saturday, the 2nd day of February, at 2 o=clock, p.m., for the purpose of putting in nomination candidates to fill the offices of said township.

John Mentch, Chairman Central Committee.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.


Sand for Sale. I have a lot of good Arkansas River plastering sand at my house, for sale, by the bushel or load. J. W. Manning.

Choice Hams, Breakfast Bacon, Boneless Ham, sugar cured shoulders, smoked side meat, Dried Beef, Bologna, and lard in all sized pacakages at Wallis & Wallis.

W. A. Lee has the finest cut away delivery wagon in the country. The wagon is the Corland make, pannel box, sarven hub, and elegantly painted. Price $115.00.

Baden must have a large number of chickens and turkeys to fill shipping orders within the next two weeks. Bring them on and get the highest market prices in cash.

The Housekeeper=s Friend, or Electric Powder, for gold and silver plated ware, german silver, brass, copper, glass, tin, steel, or any material where a brilliant lustre is required. Sold by Wallis & Wallis.

To Housekeepers: Improved Troy Starch Enamel, for putting on the same gloss and hard pearl finish to Shirts, Collars, Cuffs, Lace Curtains, etc., as when bought new, at a cost of one cent a week. Sold by Wallis & Wallis.

Brilliant Self-Shining Stove Polish! No Mixing, No Dust. No Smell! Produces a permanent and brilliant polish upon a hot or cold stove without the use of brush or water. Sold by Wallis & Wallis.

Sheller Trial. The Tiffin Sheller takes the cake and shells one bushel of corn in 1 minute and 20 seconds. It has an entirely new device for receiving the ear, and will take in more corn in a minute than any other sheller, and shells small ears and large ears equally well at the same time. Come and see it: don=t fail. Best sheller in Winfield. Come and find out all about the trial. W. A. Lee, Agent.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.



One Trustee.

One Clerk.

One Treasurer.

Two Constables

Two justices of the peace.

One road overseer for each organized road district in each municipal township in said county.

January 21, 1884....G. H. McIntire, Sheriff, Cowley County, Kansas.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.

THE MARKETS. Wheat brings the Aold regulation@ price, 75 cents. Corn is worth 30 cents. Hogs go off lively at $5.30 for best. Produce active at prices of last week, with poultry in good demand at a slight advance.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.

Take your chickens to Baden=s. Cash.

Don=t fail to go to the supper and social at the Baptist Church on Friday night.

Geo. W. Miller and V. B. Bartlett have completed a neat office next to Curns & Manser.

The Commissioners fixed the Treasurers bond at two hundred and twenty-five thousand dollars.

Dr. N. B. Park was appointed county physician by the board at their last meeting, for the year.

The old contract with Mr. S. E. Burger for keeping the county poor was renewed by the commissiones at their last session.

The splendid stallion, AKing of the Valley,@ owned by Vermilye Bros., has wintered in good shape and is now thoroughly acclimated.

Mr. C. W. Gregory has appealed from the damages of $125 allowed him for the W. M. Corn county road and will try the district court on the matter.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.


John Tyner has filled his grocery with new goods and will sell as low as the lowest. At Brown=s old stand, South Main Street. Blue Front. Produce wanted.

A. T. Spotswood has just received a new style lamp that for illuminating purposes far exceeds anything yet brought out. It has a fifty candle power and carries a wick five inches in circumference.

There will be an immense amount of tree planting this spring. Around every one of the hundred or more new residences gone up during the winter will spring up little goves, which, if properly cared for will in time be the pride of our city. The man who causes a treet to grow is a public benefactor.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.

The Republican Primary convention of Richland Township met pursuant to call of Township Central Committee, at Summit schoolhouse, on January 19, 1884. Adam Stuber was chosen chairman and S. J. Holloway, secretary, and proceeded to nominate candidates for township offices. James Groom was chosen as candidate for Trustee; N. J. Larkin, for Clerk; J. R. Cottingham, for Treasurer; J. W. Watt, for Constable of North Richland; J. S. Holloway, for Constable, South Richland. Road Overseers: District No. 1, Phillip Stuber; District No. 2, W. J. Shrubshell; District No. 3, S. J. Holloway; District No. 4, J. S. Hamilton. After ordering the minutes of the Convention published in the Winfield COURIER, the meeting adjourned. S. J. HOLLOWAY, Secretary.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.

The old Adon=t blow out the gas@ admonition seems to have failed to reach many ears. Last Friday night two young ladies stopped at the Brettun and were given a room next to a young traveler from Indiana. The young man was much amused at their desultory talk, but became deeply interested when one of them said, AI wonder how to put out this light?@ The other one answered, Ablow it out, of course.@ Then the young man was roused to action, and through the medium of a key hole in a connecting door instructed the ladies on the proper method of putting out the gas, which was promptly followed. Thus was a ATerrible tragedy@ averted.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.

Rev. J. P. Ash, of Ottawa, Sunday School missionary for the State of Kansas, will hold a Sunday School Institute at the Baptist Church on Saturday next, commencing at 10 a.m., and continuing during the afternoon and evening. Members of the different schools in the city will lead the discussions, and all the Sunday school workers of the city and vicinity are earnestly invited to attend and participate in the proceedings. It is hoped that the proceedings may prove interesting and instructive to all who may attend. Mr. Ash will preach at the Baptist Church on Sunday morning and evening.

Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.

We publish in another column a communication from one of the taxpayers of Walnut Township on local matters. We know nothing of the fcts. Mr. Wilson, the author, is a responsible citizen and his communication is written in a fair, manly way, free from personalities, and refers purely to matters of officers record, the correctness of which any citizen can determine for himself, for which reason we give it space. These questions generally have two sides and as we have another issue before the primary, the residents of Walnut will probably get the other side.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.

At a meeting called by the Republican committee of Ninnescah township, January 19, 1884, at the usual voting place, to nominate township officers, G. S. Cole in chair, the following persons were nominated: G. S. Cole, Trustee; H. H. Buss, Treasurer; J. A. Hood, Clerk; A. A. Jackson, Justice at Seeley; E. T. Brown, Constable at Seeley; Wm. June, Constable at Udall; Frank Millspaugh, Road Overseer, district No. 4; Chas. Downing, Road Overseer, District No. 1.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.

We mentioned last week the burning of Mr. Croco=s house, in Pleasant Valley Township. It was the house of Mr. W. C. McDonald, nearby, which was burned, instead of Mr. Croco=s.

The family were absent at the time, and the cause is not known. Everything belonging to the family was destroyed. Mr. McDonald desires us to express his sincere thanks for the many kindnesses shown himself and family since the destruction of their home.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.

We notice that the Cambridge News favors the proposed narrow gauge scheme. We have our argument in favor of the road all written up. It was sent us from Winfield several weeks since, but life is too short to fool away much time on a scheme that may benefit only the few men who are directly interested. Burden Enterprise.

Is it possible that Cowley=s embryotic railroad magnate has established a Aliterary bureau?@


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.

The regular meeting of the Horticultural society will be held in the COURIER office on Saturday, February 2nd, at 2 p.m. Come all, and bring a report of the condition of the fruit buds, etc. A profitable meeting is anticipated. From partial examinations, I am of the opinion that of seedling ppeaches on upland, there are buds enough alive at present to make a fair crop, but budded fruit and all varieties on low land are generally killed. J. F. MARTIN.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.

Mr. W. W. Limbocker of Walnut Township was the victim of a seven hundred dollar fire, Thursday evening. It was in his stone kitchen separated from his dwelling by about sixty feet. The cellar was stored full of canned fruit, meats, and everything a Afat@ cellar should contain, which was entirely destroyed. How the fire originated is a mystery, as the stove was cold when the family went to bed.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.

Dr. Wright has moved into his new office in the Fuller-Torrance block, and has furnished them in splendid shape. The rooms are very large, with high ceilings, thoroughly ventilated, and conveniently located. They are provided with water from the waterworks, sinks for carrying off the drainage, and many other useful and necessary arrangements. They are by far the handsomest offices in the city.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.

Bert Covert came up from Ponca Agency Tuesday. He is at present a teacher in the Industrial School and has a band of about sixty Alittle Inguns@ under his care. He says they are bright and quick and learn readily. The boys are taught to work and the girls to cook. Bert spent part of his time while in the city in skirmishing around for Sunday School papers for his dusky charges.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.

The Good Templar social on Tuesday evening at the home of Rev. J. Cairns and lady was a very pleasant gathering. A large number were present, and Mr. and Mrs. Cairns, assisted by their estimable family, entertained the company in a manner most acceptable. The next social will be held at the residence of Mrs. C. H. Greer.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.

J. B. Evans, of Vernon, is enjoying a visit from his brother, L. J. Evans, of Iowa. The brother is a lawyer. We have always thought legal talent ran in the family as there is scarcely a local lawsuit in Vernon but that J. B. is in demand to represent one side or the other.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.

Mr. Henry Dawson has purchased an interest in George M. Miller=s meat market and the firm will hereafter be known as Geo. M. Miller & Co. Mr. Dawson is a gentleman of large means and business experience and will prove a valuable acquisition to our list of businessmen.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.

The Young Ladies= Aid Society of the M. E. Church has been reorganized and will hereafter be known as the Young Peoples= Mite Society. The first meeting will be held on next Saturday evening at the home of Miss Leota Gary, at half past seven o=clock.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.

There will be a festival at Science Valley schollhouse, three miles northeast of Winfield, on Friday evening, February 1st. The proceeds to be a donation to the minister. All are invited to attend and will have plenty to eat, lots of fun, and some music.

Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.

F. A. A. Williams has presented this office with some large, fine specimens of Ben Davis apples in the very best marketable condition. He has been place a load or two on the market at highly remunerative prices.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.

Elder Frazee, of the Christian Church, and late of Indiana, has located at Beaver Center. He is an eloquent preacher, and will be a valuable acquisition to the moral workers of that community.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.

A Young Men=s Christian Association is organized in this city and a meeting is to be held at the M. E. Church on Tuesday evening, the 29th inst., to which everybody is cordially invited.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.

Capt. H. H. Siverd has been appointed assignee of Goss & McCowen, the Abusted@ firm of Geuda Springs. He will move the stock to this place and dispose of them.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.


Tuesday night about half past twelve the building occupied by Mr. Best, next to Johnson & Hill=s furniture store, was set on fire by someone. The side of the building a few feet from the sidewalk was saturated with coal oil and set on fire. Someone happened to be passing just afterward, gve the alarm, and the blaze was put out before it had fairly got underway. A piece of siding torn from the building smells strongly of coal oil. If it had been discovered five minutes later, five buildings, at least, would have gone up in smoke. What the object of the incendiary was is a mystery. Some connect it with the existence of a gambling room in the upper part of the buildingCa fact that does not seem to have been known to anyone until Wednesday morning. About the time of the alarm, someone tried to get in the back door of Hudson Bros. Jewelry Store, but were frightened off by a pistol shot from John Hudson, who was sleeping in the building. The fire might have been set by someone with the intention of getting everyone out and burglarizing the town. The marshal ought to keep a sharp look-out for tramps, vags, and strangers generally. The fire bell rope is said to have been cut before the fire.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.

Sad, If True.

A sad and touching story comes to us from Kaw Agency. A guileless red son of the forest whose early education in the intricate sciences seems to have been somewhat neglected, found a nytro-glycerine cartridge, and of course thought it was something to eat. One of the peculiarities of the noble Indian is that when he finds a thing and does not know what to do with it, he invariably classifies it with his alphabetical list of foods, and entombs it in his always hungry midst. This Indian made a fair average lunch from the tenderest end of the cartridge, smacked his lips in satisfaction, and returned to his tepee and retired to rest. During the night his wife yelled to him to Alie over,@ and at the same time dug her elbow into his abdomen with wifely vigor. He obeyed. He laid over a considerable portion of the adjacent real estate, while here and there portions of his once proud frame could be seen dangling from the limbs of trees in the soft moonlight. His wife hasn=t been heard of since. The story is a sad one, and should teach the untutored red children to always investigate before they bite into a substance with which they are not personally acquainted.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.

Council Proceedings.

The council met Monday evening. The ordinance repealing the fire limits was referred to a special committee of councilmen McMullen, Kretsinger, and McGuire. We hope the committee will go out with a spade and bury it in some quiet spot where it won=t be disturbed.

The bills allowed were as follows: Telegram, $6.50; Thos. Partridge, work on sewer, $9.50; C. L. Harter on board, $14.26; Thos. Waters, $3.50.

The committee on council now reported a satisfactory arrangement with Mr. Fuller and the room in the new brick was rented for a term of five years. Thus the city dads at last have a pleasant and permanent abode.

The city attorney was ordered to draw contract with Telegram for city printing for the balance of the year.

J. C. McMullen was appointed a committee to contract with the sheriff for the board of city prisoners.

After some action on the subject of the location of hydrants, the council adjourned to meet next Monday evening, the 28th, when the vexed subject of water-works will be the special order of business.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.

DIED. Mrs. Sarah A. Robinson was born in Xenia, Ohio, in 1819; where she resided until 1855, when she removed with her family to Pickway, Illinois, and in the year 1876 from thence she removed to Winfield, Kansas. She was the mother of nine children, seven of whom survive her and deeply mourn her decease. She was a good neighbor, a kind and indulgent mother, and faithful in the discharge of all life=s duties. In very early life she was converted and joined the M. E. Church, in which fellowship she lived until death, always adorning her profession with an upright walk and godly conversation. She was for many months a great sufferer, but in all most patient and hopeful, and when near the hour of midnight on the 16th, death came to release her from suffering, she seemed already in sight of Heaven, and, without a fear or doubt, she took leave of earthly friends to join the companionship of the skies. Her funeral was on last Thursday from the M. E. Church, the services being conducted by the pastor, Rev. Jones, assisted by Rev. Kirkwood, of the Presbyterian Church. Her remains were followed to the grave by a large concourse of friends, who deeply deplore her loss.

Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.

A Correction.

In my communication to the COURIER some days ago, I stated that Mr. C. A. Bliss handed me one hundred dollars the night I left Winfield and I am just now in receipt of a note calling my attention to the fact that this money was contributed by a number of my friends in Winfield. This I understood at the time, for it was made up there that night, as I understood. I supposed this was generally understood and therefore did not think it necessary to explain, and in addition to this I understood that Mr. Bliss was the church treasurer and received the money from him in his official capacity, and not as an individual contribution.



Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.


Col. McMullen has a very interesting Bible class of thirty-five members in the Baptist Sunday school. A few days ago the class determined to surprise the Colonel and so proceeded to his residence in force, and after spending a pleasant evening, Capt. McDermott, on behalf of those present, in a short speech presented the Colonel with a handsome photograph album containing the pictures of the class. The Colonel in a very neat speech accepted the present with thanks. Altogether the gathering was very pleasant, and all retired with the hope that all might enjoy more such occasions.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.

The Way They Do It In Burden.

AGive me a pint of spirits frumenti.@

AWhat for?@

AMechanical purposes. I=m going to raise.@

Doctor gives him the prescription and then asks, AWhat are you going to raise?@

AGoing to raise the devil soon as I get out.@ Burden Enterprise.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.

Richland Going Republican.

Mr. Editor, you may say to the people that this township will elect the straight Republican ticket, notwithstanding her offishness at last election. The Republicans are becoming aroused to a sense of their duty by seeing the danger of letting the national and state offices fall into the hands of ex-Rebs, crafty Northern Democrats, and self-styled Greenbackers. OLD KENTUCK.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.

Supper! Supper!! Supper!!! The Ladies= Aid Society of the Baptist Church will give an old-fashioned supper and oysters, for those who prefer them, tog ether with a social on Friday evening of this week, in the lecture room of the church. Supper will be ready for the benefit of businessmen and others, from 6 to 10 o=clock. Oysters at any time during the evening. Supper 25 cents. All are most cordially invited.

Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.

The Directors of the Building & Loan Association organized Tuesday night by electing R. E. Wallis, president; Henry Goldsmith, vice president; J. F. McMullen, Secretary, and

J. P. Short, Treasurer.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.

The Fleming case has been before the court this week. At the present writing the defense is just beginning to introduce its evidence.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.

Lost. On last Saturday evening a ladies= black fur boa. The finder will be suitably rewarded by leaving it at Harter=s Drug Store.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.

MARRIED. Only one couple have gladdened the heart of Judge Gans this week.

Edward Gammon and Catharine Foster. He Ajined =em.@


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.


Fred Hunt=s second article on the tariff appeared in the Telegram last week, but is only introductory like the first. He defines what he means by Aprotection@ and by Afor revenue only.@ We expect he will get down to business this week.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.


ADo you think people are fools?@ Telegram.

Well, yes, some are. Take a square look at your mirror and deny it, if you can. He who expects to convince the people who have known us and our work for the thirteen and a half years we have been in Winfield, that we have always opposed everything that would advance the interests of this city and county, or that we have not been fully as radical and persistent in advancing and advocating railroad projects and other schemes of progress as was safe for the city and county, is, we think, one of them.

The Telegram of last week devotes five and a half columns to the advocacy of the present narrow gauge proposition. It devotes much of that space to false statements concerning our record and to make it appear that we are a worthless, dangerous citizen. Its language and ideas on this head are not original, but evidently furnished by the Aboss schemer@ who heads the Aliterary bureau@ and therefore we attribute to the folly, rather than the mendacity of the Telegram.

But whether we are a good or a bad citizen, whether we are an Aold fogy,@ or a radical, has nothing to do with the question in controversy and therefore we will not be put on the defensive on this connection.

The only questions are: Is the proposition before us a fair proposition? Will it be to the advantage of this county to vote these bonds on the proposition as submitted? Does the proposition secure any sufficient good to the county? Ought any such proposition ever to be accepted by this or any other county?

In answering these questions, our personal character has nothing to do with it.

The balance of the Telegram space is devoted to statements to show what great benefit would accrue to this county by the construction and operation of a narrow gauge road from Denver to Memphis, connecting at Colorado Springs with the Colorado narrow gauge system, and furnishing a direct market for our produce west; connecting with the St. Louis & Texas narrow gauge system and the projected St. Jo. & Texarkana narrow gauge (a road not as near completion as this D. M. & A.); and making a southern market for our produce at Memphis; and connecting with the Arkansas forests and coal fields, giving us cheap lumber and coal.

All this is admitted. We have no controversy on these points. We are as anxious for such a road as can be the most enthusiastic Telegram man. We would do more work, spend more money, sacrifice more than the whole Telegram outfit, to secure such a road, and we believe no one doubts it who knows its and our record of the past.

But when we support and vote for such a proposition, nominally to that end, we want some reasonable guaranties that it will reach that end in a reasonable time or that the bonds we vote shall not be issued but be forfeited. We want some reasonable guaranty that the company shall not get the bonds without building the road.

The proposition before us affords us no such guaranty. If it had been got up by sharpers for the only purpose of swindling Cowley County out of $100,000 of its bonds without giving any valuable equivalent, it could not have been better worded for its purpose.

1. The proposition does not state what kind of a road or how constructed. The name of the complany contains the words Anarrow gauge@ and this is all. Should the proposition be voted and afterward the company lay cottonwood cordwood along the ground for ties, without grading, and then spike thereon 2 x 4 pine scantling for rails, from the west line of this county to Winfield, not more than twelve and a half miles, making the cheapest kind of trestle work for a bridge across the Walnut, and run thereon a cheap engine and a dirt car, they would be entitled to $50,000 of Cowley=s bonds under the proposition, and would get them.

Then they could take up their scantling and cordwood and sell them, making probably $40,000 net in the operation, and quit the building. Such things have been done and we say the proposition looks as though that was the intention. If it is otherwise and the company do not want the bonds until they have built a first class road in every respect, of three-feet gauge, with 46 pound steel rails, first class ties, well graded, etc., they would not refuse to put a clause in the proposition, stating that no bonds shall be issued until such road is built.

2. Under the proposition, should the company build such a cheap road through the county from the west line near the northwest corner to the east line near the southeast corner, it will be entitled to the $100,000 of county bonds, though never another mile of the road either eastward or westward from the county should ever be built. Such road would be of no value to the county and even if a first class road would be almost worthless, affording no connections and no markets. If the company do not want the bonds unless they build from some other narrow gauge connection or from the lumber or coal regions of Arkansas to this county, they would not refuse to put a clause in the proposition stating that no bonds shall be issued until such connection is made by their continuous road of same class and gauge.

3. The proposition contains no limit of time in which the road must be built in order to be entitled to the bonds. It states that the road shall be completed and in operation from the county line to Winfield by January 1, 1885, and through the county by October 1, 1885, and provides that whenever it is built, the bonds shall be issued. If the road is built through the county, in a hundred years, the company will be entitled to the $100,000 bonds under the proposition. If the company do not want the bonds unless the road is built in the time named, they will not refuse to provide in the proposition that no bonds shall be issued unless the road through the county is completed and in operation in the time named.

4. While it may be possible that some kind of a cheap road might be built through this county in the time named, it is certainly impossible that in the next twenty months a first class narrow gauge road could be built from some other narrow gauge connection through this county or from the timber and coal lands of Arkansas. The distance would not be less than 250 miles to the coal and timber lands and not less than 400 miles to another narrow gauge connection. Much stress is laid on the connection at Joplin with the St. Jo., Joplin & Texarkana narrow gauge, but that is not built yet and really is not so far along toward commencing building as this D. M. & A.

Now we are willing to give them any reasonable time to make these connections. We told them in the outset that the time they proposed was too short that they could not possibly do the work in the time named. We thought three years from such connection to and through the county would be plenty short time enough, but we wanted the time named when there would be a forfeiture of the bonds if the road was not then completed and in operation from such connection to and through our county. They refused to make such concession. If they had not wanted the bonds unless such connection was made in a reasonable time named, they would not have refused to take such reasonable time and provide that no bonds should be issued unless it was done in that time, making it a part of the proposition.

5. The amount named in the proposition, $4,000 per mile, limited to $100,000 to the county, is too much for a narrow gauge road, which costs only six tenths as much as a standard gauge of similar quality. The advocates of this proposition in one breath will tell us that it costs almost as much, when they are advocating large subsidies, and in the next, when they are advocating the peculiar advantages of such roads, they will tell us that it does not cost more than half as much as the standard gauges. Sixty percent is the accepted proportion among engineers. Among mountains they can run where standard gauges cannot, but in the country generally are not worth half as much.

Then narrow gauges in this and other states have proved to be very short lived and uncertain. The St. Jo., Joplin & Texarkana line is, after a long time of talk, as yet only on paper. The famous (?) Paramore road from St. Louis to Mexico is in the hands of a receiver. The Parsons road from Weir City to Cherryvale is in the hands of the Fort Scott & Gulf and changed to a cheap standard gauge. The Kansas City and Eastern has been abandoned and the track torn up. A similar fatality seems to effect them everywhere away from the mountains and we canot afford to pay half as much for a narrow gauge as a standard. The bonds should be limited at not over $2,000 per mile and $80,000 total for the county.

6. It is but fair that if the county takes stock in the company that the stock should be protected by stipulations limiting the amount of stock and mortgage bonds that can be issued by the company. No sane man would subscribe and pay cash for stock in any company unless it had such limitation and the rule is that stock of new railroads is usually made nearly worthless by water dilution unless its issue is limited as well as its mortgage bonds. No one claims that a narrow gauge through this county would cost over $7,000 per mile and competent engineers assert that a first class narrow gauge will only cost from $5,000 to $6,000 per mile. If the company do not want to issue more than half water, they will not refuse to limit the issue of stock and mortgage bonds to $12,000 per mile, $6,000 each, and such limitation should be insisted on.

7. If the voters of this county vote the proposition as it stands, it will tie up the ability of the county to the extent of $100,000 for all time and there is no probability that the road will be built, for by getting all the bonds voted in that way they can make more money by not building a road of any value to us than by building.

8. If the people vote down this proposition, it will open the way for a decent proposition, one that will either secure the road or save the bonds. Voting against this proposition is the only way in our estimation of voting for such a road, as we are now situated.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.


After a long and patient study of the narrow gauge proposition to find something in it to refute our statement that there is no forfeiture provided in the proposition, but that under it $100,000 of the county bonds must be delivered when the road is built through the county if that is not in a hundred years; M. L. Robinson has discovered the object of his search in the last paragraph but one, which obliges the county to deliver $50,000 of the bonds when the road is built to Winfield and the other $50,000 when it is built through the county, Aprovided, said railroad shall be built and completed and in operation (by lease or otherwise) as aforesaid.@

These last words, Aas aforesaid,@ are the bonanza wanted; and he says, make a forfeiture clause because they relate to time. We say they only answer the question Ahow?@ and not the question Awhen?@ and relate only to specifications and not to time. We do not consider them ambiguous even, but ambiguity in such a case is even worse than an explicit statement that there is to be no forfeit, for in a written contract language is construed to mean no more than it plainly says. There was no need of any ambiguity unless the writer intended to cover up something by the ambiguity. Had he meant it should state a time limit, he would have made the clause read, Aby the time aforesaid.@ And if he had honestly meant to express a forfeiture, he would have made the whole proviso read: AProvided that said railroad shall be completed and in operation from the county line to Winfield on or before January 1, 1885, and through the county on or before October 1, 1885; otherwise no bonds shall be issued by the said county and its subscription to the stock of said company shall be void.@

There would have been no doubt of the meaning of this language and it would have been stated in this way or in some other way equally explicit if it had been meant in that way. The writer of that petition knew well how to select language to express all he wished to express and to conceal as well as possible all he wished to conceal. He evidently was a disciple of Metternich, the great Austrian Adiplomat,@ who defined language as a means provided by which a man can conceal his thoughts and intentions.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.


The city councilmen at their meeting Monday evening accepted the waterworks, Messrs. Kretsinger, McMullen, and McGuire voting aye; Mr. Wilson and Mayor Emerson opposing. This was hastily done while the reservoir had never been filled to test whether it was strong enough to hold two million gallons of water as required by the ordinance and while the question of whether the company had a right to the water from the Amill pond@ was pending in the court. Since the acceptance the court has decided that the company have no right to use the water, thus leaving the city with a dry, waterless waterworks on its hands and $3,000 a year tax. We expected Kretsinger would vote for an acceptance whether there was any water in the reservoir or not, but we were surprised beyond measure when McMullen went over thus early and McGuire with him, while we honor Mr. Wilson and the mayor for their conservative and prudent course in the interests of the city. We do not mean to reflect on the motives of the gentlemen who voted for acceptance. We give them credit for doing what they considered just and proper in the case, and we hold them in higher respect, but we think they have made a mistake.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.


The talk of building any new railroad during this year, 1884, is all nonsense or fraudulent. Those who know the situation know that it cannot be done. It is smart management to get bonds voted deliverable when the road is built without forfeiture if not built in time, promising to build this year; but no well informed man believes that any new roads can be built this year.

Railroad stocks and bonds have declined in the market tremendously. The Gould roads alone have shrunk a hundred millions. The railroad stocks of the U. S. have shrunk at least five hundred millions. No new railroad stocks and bonds are touched by capitalists at any price. Even the Santa Fe has had to suspend the building of their little branch from Wichita to Fort Dodge and has been cutting down expenses in running their roads to perfect penuriousness in order to bolster up their stocks and securities. Gould has ordered his Texas system to cut down expenses one half at once, and the other roads are doing likewise. Failures are frequent and heavy all over the country and have been growing in frequency and size for the last six months. Manufacturies have either suspended or cut down the wages of employees and other expenses heavily. The situation is terribly panicky and a general financial crisis is apprehended. Even Jay Gould with his hundred millions has been represented in danger of failure.

The bonds or stocks of the Denver, Memphis and Atlantic narrow gauge could not be sold at one cent on the dollar and there is no prospect of improvement for months to come. Of course, the company have no money to put into this scheme.

The Winfield man in the scheme has more money, more brains, and more knowledge of railroad building than all the rest put together and no one expects that he is going to put his money into it or that it would be enough to affect anything noticeable if he did. To build 500 miles of narrow gauge at $5,000 per mile would require two and a half millions in cash of somebody=s money. There is no cause for voting a cut-throat or even a bad proposition. We can well afford to wait for a good one which we will get long enough before there is any chance of building the road.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.


As undoubtedly Kansas has had enough of Glick and whiskey rule, there is beginning to be some attention paid to the question of who shall be his successor. We do not need to think long on the subject, for our choice is made up. We are decidedly for John A. Martin of the Atchison Champion. He has always been in the harness hard at work for his state and his party, has never flinched under any circumstances, and we think has done more for the glory and advancement of his state and party without reward or hope of reward than any other Kansan we can name.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

The Dexter Township convention was held at the Dexter schoolhouse, in Dexter, January 26. Meeting called to order by the chairman of Dexter Township committee, and H. D. McDorman called to the chair and R. C. Maurer, Secretary, and the following candidates were placed in nomination: L. H. Wells, trustee; C. A. Walker, treasurer; L. C. Pattison, clerk; J. V. Hines and Willis Elliott, Justices of the Peace; Thos. Blakeley and E. V. Elliott, constables. After some more minor nominations, the meeting adjourned.

H. C. McDORMAN, Chairman; R. C. MAURER, Secretary.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.


The markets are firm, with wheat 75 cents per bushel, corn 30, and hogs $5.50 to $5.90 per cwt.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.


Mr. J. E. Conklin and lady will be residents of Winfield again in a few weeks.

Miss Emma Gridley, sister of the Professor, takes the plce of Miss Lena Bartlett, resigned, in the first primary department in our city schools.

Wanted. Two Catholic teachers, ladies or gentlemen. None but competent and experienced teachers need apply. Rev. Kilian Call, M. P., pastor of Winfield, Kansas.

DIED. We regret to announce the dath of Mrs. A. A. Wiley, which occurred at her home in Arkansas City, last week, Tuesday. Mr. Wiley has the sympathy of many friends in his bereavement.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.


A pocket-book containing certificates of deposit and other papers, on which is the name of N. M. Pell, was found by Mr. C. C. Roberts, northeast of town, last week. The property is at this office.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

The howl of the ALittle Injin@ can now be heard at the Shilocco school, four miles south of Arkansas City. There are about three hundred of them, representing Cheyennes, Arrapahoes, Kiowas, Comanches, Nez Perces, Pawnees, and Kaws.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

Since the first of March, 1883, Frank Crampton, baker for Backastow & Crampton, has baked sixty thousand loaves of bread, eight thousand dozen buns and rolls, besides piles of other good things. The cash value of his baking for the year is over four thousand dollars.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

Mr. M. Christopher of Tisdale Township had his house destroyed by fire last Wednesday afternoon. The fire caught from a defective flue. Nearly all the household effects were burned. Mr. Christopher had sold the place, given a bond for a deed, and received a hundred dollars on the price. Under these circumstances the purchaser, in point of law, is the loser.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

Mr. S. Nawman, of Pleasant Valley Township, marketed last Friday thirteen hogs, the gross weight being 5,850 pounds, or an average of 450 pounds each, three of the same lot averaging 643 2 pounds. Mr. Gilleland was the purchaser, at $5.60 per cwt., being the highest price paid this season. These thirteen hogs netted Mr. Nawman $320.88; being $24.68 per head.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

This being one of the years which can be divided by four without a remainder, a few ladies determined to Ado the elegant@ to the gentlemen, and invited their husbands to join them in surprising Mrs. Waite, at the home of her daughter, Mrs. S. D. Pryor, on Monday evening. At 8 o=clock oysters and crackers were sent in, and all partook of a luxury such as few can produce from the shell fish. A very delightful evening was passed, with Mrs. Pryor as hostess, assisted by her refined and cultured mother. We hope Mrs. Waite=s sojourn of a few months here will furnish many pleasant memories in the retrospect after her return to her home in Watertown, New Jersey.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

Mr. B. B. Longnecker, Deputy U. S. Marshal from Springfield, Illinois, an intimate friend of Frank Crampton of this city, paid Frank a short visit last Thursday and Friday. Mr. Longnecker came here and arrested an old lady living in the southeast part of this county, who skipped from Wayne County, Illinois, over a year ago to evade the U. S. Pension Agent, and has evaded the officers until last Thursday. They left on the north-bound train Friday for Springfield. This being the first trip of Mr. Longnecker to Kansas, he was surprised to see such a flourishing State, and to see the amount of business done in Winfield. He was well pleased with our city and county.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

Last week=s Telegram stated that Tom Herrod discovered the fire in the Best building Tuesday night previous, and gave the alarm. It was mistaken. Frank Crampton was returning from a dance between twelve and one o=clock when he discovered the fire and gave the alarm. George Backastow had not yet closed the bakery. They grabbed a couple of pails of water and extinguished the fire before anyone else got there. They say it looked as if a bunch of shavings had been thrown between the buildings and set on fire.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

We were favored Tuesday by a call from Mr. W. H. Daniels of Shoals, Indiana, introduced by J. E. Conklin. He is visiting this county for the purpose of investment, and is much surprised at the contrast between the prosperous appearance of everything here and the hard times in his and other states further east. There will be a great emigration from those states to Kansas this spring.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

Some unknown person slipped up behind old Mr. Howard, living near the mouth of Grouse Creek, last Wednesday, while he was standing alone in the timber, and struck him a terrible blow with a stone. Mr. Cooper, living about a mile away, happened along and found him unconscious. He was taken to Cooper=s house, and did not recover his senses for more than twenty-four hours.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

Our young friend, Dr. H. M. Winn, late of Park & Winn, who a short time ago sold out to Park and went west on a prospecting tour, has returned and says Winfield is the place yet. He has secured the rooms formerly occupied by Dr. Wright, over J. S. Mann=s clothing store, corner 10th and Main Streets, and has opened an office where he may be found day or night.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

The members of the two lodges, Select Knights and Knights of Pythias, have arranged for joint monthly entertainments, the first of which will take place on Thursday evening, February 7th, at the Opera House. They will present AFrazier=s Burlesque Degree,@ or the AInitiation of a Candidate.@ All who visit them at that time may expect two hours of uninterrupted laughter.




Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

I have had the rods and braces tighteneed on the iron bridge south of town, in Pleasant Valley Township, and conspicuous notices put up announcing A$5.00 fine for riding or driving over this bridge faster than a walk,@ and by the powers of AGaskell=s Compendium,@ the next man that trots cattle or horses across that bridge will hear a racket.

L. HOLCOMB, Trustee.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

Mr. S. D. Groom, of North Richland Township, was in the city Saturday, for the first time in a year. Mr. Groom, with three sons, came to Cowley in the early days, and all own splendid farms adjacent to each other. Being surrounded by his family, who have all passed the majority, the old gentleman seldom finds occasion to leave the Homestead.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

On Tuesday Sheriff McIntire arrested Benjamin McClellan and Ed. Irwin of Windsor Township, and brought them before Justice Buckman. They are charged with throwing stones through a passenger coach on the Southern Kansas road on the evening of the 25th of December, Christmas. The railroad company is prosecuting the case.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

Citizens of Walnut Township met January 24, 1884, and nominated the following citizen ticket: For Trustee, J. P. Short, for treasurer, G. W. Yount; for clerk, D. W. Ferguson; for J. P., John Ross; for constables, John Anderson and Jos. C. Monforte; executive committee, T. A. Blanchard, O. P. Fuller, Senior, and C. A. Roberts.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

We publish, in another column, some excellent words from Mr. Ludolph Holcomb, of Pleasant Valley Township. His ideas are sound, and he but gives expression to a pretty general feeling when he says the people want a rest on the bond business until they can see some father and actual benefits arising from voting them.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

Mr. W. W. Andrews, one of the makers of Winfield in its earlier days, after an absence of four years among the mining camps of the Black Hills, is now in Winfield again with his family, who are delighted. We are highly gratified to meet him again as are his many warm friends in this city and county.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

Mr. J. W. Householder, of Clay Center, gave us a pleasant call on Monday. He is visiting his brother, J. M. Householder, of Vernon. Their mother, from Ohio, is also visiting at J. M.=s. Mr. Householder speaks very highly of the success and ability of Wirt W. Walton, late of Cowley, with whom he is well acquainted.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

Miss Lena Bartlett has resigned her position in our public schools and will take a clerical position in a Fort Scott bank. Miss Lena is one of the best teachers our schools have had, and her departure is much regretted by the Principal, the Board, and the Public.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

Baden shipped a car load of eggs last week and will probably ship another this week. He has men scouring the country and cities round about buying every egg that is offered at 25 cents per dozen, cash.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

The Winfield Bank directors have elected for the ensuing year, J. C. McMullen, president; J. C. Fuller, cashier; Charles E. Fuller, assistant cashier; W. J. Wilson, secretary; James Lorton, bookkeeper; Ed. McMullen, teller.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

Mr. Isaac Martin, of Salem, Iowa, a son of Mrs. Sarah Martin, is visiting his relatives in Vernon this week. The Martin family had a reunion at Elery Martin=s on Friday, at which most of the family were present.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

County Attorney Jennings has filed a case against Dr. Fleming, which will go to the Supreme Court, on the question whether a physician can furnish liquor to a patient and take pay for it.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

MARRIED. Married at the residence of Mr. Manse, in Winfield, on January 23rd, 1884, by Rev. J. Cairns, Mr. Edward Gammon and Miss Sarah C. Foster, from near Seeley.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

Mr. Frank Barclay returned Tuesday from Hastings, Nebraska, where he has just completed steam fitting a fine three-story building for the Nebraska Loan and Trust Co.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

A series of meetings will bewgin next Sabbath at eleven o=clock a.m., in the Walnut Valley Presbyterian Church.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

DIED. Died January 26th, 1884, Nathaniel, son of Andrew and Cabell Shaw, aged 8 months.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

The goat on the rampage at Opera House February 7th.

Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.


A Company Formed to Develop the Future Leading Industry of this Section.

A New Quarry Opened and Switches Being Put In.

The Facilities of the Company Unlimited to Supply Foreign or Local Orders.

It has always been the thought of good businessmen in Winfield, from the time the town started, that one of the most certain and enduring elements in the future wealth of the city, was the seams and layers of pure magnesian limestone that crops out at the surface at such convenient distances from the future great city of the Walnut Valley. Up to the time of the completion of the first railroad, the quarries were worked for local purposes. The stone worked easily and could be put into foundations and good buildings cheaper than any other material. About this time our magnificent system of sidewalks was commenced, which has made the city celebrated. Flagging twenty feet square, and the surface as smooth as if it were dressed, was taken out, and published the fame of the Winfield quarries.

When the railroads were completed, it was naturally anticipated that switches would be put in by the railroads and that capital and energy would at once combine to develop this important industry; but months lengthened into years, and while Wichita, Wellington, and other cities wanted the stone, the demand could not be supplied, and they were obliged to go to Strong City and other places for both cut and dimension stone. Without railroad facilities, it was simply impossible, with the best endeavors on the part of the quarrymen doing business here, to supply the ever-increasing demand.

About two months ago an advertisement was inserted in the Kansas City Journal, offering to sell the brick and tile works located here, and in answer to that Mr. J. E. Parkins, of Kansas City, came here with a view of buying the yard. From the very first, his attention was attracted to the character of our stone. He talked with businessmen and showed thhat he had upwards of thirty years= experience in quarrying, and in the erection of government buildings and railroad work, and that our stone was as good as any in the world; and he stated that with the completion of his contract of the Kansas City post office, he would open up these quarries. A company was at once organized and the Land quarry was purchased. The tract embraces ten acres, and is east of the Southern Kansas railroad, and about a half mile north of the cemetery.

A large force of hands are now at work grading for a switch, and room will be provided for twenty cars. The foreign output for this reason will be about ten car loads a day, and the necessary force to supply that demand will be at work during the coming month.

The brick and the works near the Santa Fe depot now form a part of the Winfield Stone, Brick & Tile Company=s property, and the large engine now there will do the work of sawing, cutting, and turning the stone, in addition to its former duties. The stone that is to be dressed will be loaded in cars at the quarry and carried to the town yard, where skilled workmen put it into all the various shapes in which cut stone is used. It will be worked into many forms never before attempted here.

Additional machinery for making brick will be put in and a quality of brick, both pressed and common, will be furnished that is second to none in the market.

A storehouse for the sale of lime, cement, and kindred products, will be at once erected. The quarry and the yard will be connected by telephone.

The officers of the company are as follows: M. L. Read, President; J. E. Conklin, Secretary; M. L. Robinson, Treasurer; and J. E. Parkins, General Superintendent. About fifty men will be employed, and everything will be done that knowledge united with skill, energy with well-directed impulse, and capital without limit can do to make the stone interest the leading manufacturing industry of Cowley County. In this work we are all interested, and the COURIER wishes the Winfield Stone, Brick & Tile Company an unlimited amount of success.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

Kansas Day.

The twenty-third birthday of our beloved state was celebrated with appropriate exercises in all the departments of our schools on Tuesday, January 29th. A program was prepared by Prof. Gridley, the Supt. of schools, and given to the pupils of the various departments who, with the assistance of their teachers, succeeded in making the exercises very pleasant and profitable. Numerous interesting facts were repeated by the pupils relative to the early history, resources, geography, and miscellaneous topics referring to Kansas. All of the school rooms were more or less decorated. In the High School was a beautiful drawing of a bird in whose bill was a scroll on which was written the motto of our nation. The motto of our state was also neatly printed on an imitation of the Great Seal of our State.

In Miss Williams= room a beautiful mottto, AKansas is our home,@ adorned the wall together with pictures and evergreens.

Miss Dickie=s room was beautifully decorated with a large flag upon which was printed in bold characters the significant word, AProhibition.@ The motto, AKansas the Key to Freedom,@ was on the south wall of the room. Suspended from the wall was a large horseshoe attached to which were two pipes, which were to signify that peace reigns.

In Miss Barnes= room very extensive preparations had been made. The following motto, AWe Celebrate the 23rd Birthday of Kansas,@ was on the west wall. A table covered with beautiful plants and flowers added much to the cheerfulness of the room. There were more than fifty flags upon the walls in this room.

The pupils of Mrs. Buford=s department did themselves credit by the decorations which they made. Flags and mottoes were neatly displayed.

In Miss Klingman=s room a neat motto of evergreen, AKansas,@ was on the wall together with flags and pictures.

Pictures, flags, and evergreens were made to make Miss Gibson=s room attractive.

The pupils in all the departments took an unusual interest in all the exercises of the hour, and it is to be hoped that all present received such an inspiration that shall result in making more patriotic citizens than they otherwise would have been. Many of our citizens were present and witnessed the exercises. Altogether we think the hour was profitably spent and will result in making such impressions as shall be of lasting good.




Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

The Fleming Case.

The trial of Dr. J. Fleming, which occupied all of last week in the District Court, resulted in conviction on three counts after the jury had been out about twenty hours. The indictment was drawn on ten counts. The first ballot of the jury stood eleven for conviction in all counts and one for acquittal in all but three. This one man then hung the other eleven for twenty hours and, under our faulty jury system, compelled them to come to his views in order that justice might be at least partially meted out to him. It seems to us that three-fourths of a jury ought to govern. The Doctor=s impression that he could run a grog shop under a physician=s cloak has had a most disastrous and unhappy awakening. There are Aphysicians@ of about the same stripe at Burden, New Salem, and Udall, who had better profit by his experience, if rumors we catch floating about are true. Violating the Constitution and Laws has been found to be a losing game, all over the State.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

Mr. I. Stone, of Wellington, Kansas, was in the city yesterday, and has engaged the Brass Band and Orchestra of Winfield to furnish music for the grand carnival on skates to be held there Feb. 6th. It promises to be a grand affair and people will attend from Harper, Belle Plaine, Wichita, and Winfield. Trains leave Winfield at 4:05 p.m., and return next morning at 6 a.m.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

One Josiah Dunn has strayed, Hapgood sulkey plow and all. I will give $5.00 for information of his whereabouts. Supposed to be along Nation line with stock men.

W. A. LEE, Winfield, Kansas.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

Council Meeting.

The Council met in adjourned session on Monday evening, Mayor and all members present. The committee to whom was referred the fire-limit ordinance was granted further time in which to report.

An ordinance forbidding the construction of buildings on Main from the Brettun south to Holmes= Packing House, and on Ninth Avenue west to Menor Street, and east to Millington Street, of other than stone, brick, or like non-combustible material, was presented by this committee, but continued on account of some suggested amendments as to boundaries. The Council, with all businessmen on these streets, are in favor of forbidding the construction of any frame buildings in the main business portion of the city.

Bill of G. B. Shaw & Co., for coal furnished Police Judge, $11.75, was rejected.

Bill of E. F. Sears, $25.76, for covering to sewer at crossing of 8th Avenue and Andrews Street, was allowed and ordered paid.

The city clerk was ordered to have recorded at expense of city, supplementary plat of blocks 267 and 268, by which J. C. Fuller appropriates 30 feet on the east side of said blocks as a public street.

[Portion of City Council Meeting Minutes.]

Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

The following resolution, accepting the Water-works system, was presented by J. Wade McDonald, attorney of the Water-works Company, and passed by the Council after considerable discussion.

Be it resolved, by the Mayor and Councilmen of the City of Winfield, That the system of Water-works constructed in and adjacent to the city, by the Winfield Water Company, in pursuance with provisions of Ordinance No. 167, be, and the same are, hereby accepted; and the contract embodied in said Ordinance is hereby ratified and confirmed unto the said Winfield Water Company as the successor in interest and assigneee of the rights of Frank Barclay, J. L. Horning, W. P. Hackney, J. B. Lynn, W. C. Robinson, J. Wade McDonald, and M. L. Robinson, the grantees named in and by said Ordinance No. 167 of the said city; and that the hydrant rentals mentioned and provided for in and by said Ordinance shall accrue from said city to said Water Company from and after the 17th day of December, A. D., 1883. This acceptance is subject to all the requirements on the part of said Water Company, in said Ordinance contained.

The city attorney was instructed to submit a written opinion as to the liability of the city under such acceptance, and the city clerk was instructed to spread the same upon the minutes of the meeting.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

Court Notes.

J. B. Johnson of Topeka got a judgment against C. C. Harris for $100 for attorney fee.

Eveline White was given a divorce from her husband, John White, returned to her maiden name, and given certain property.

The court knocked the ordinance against stacking hay in the city limits all to pieces.

The cost in the Peter Thompson case amount to about $400. Mr. Thompson is fortunate in the case.

Mary A. Butler was given a divorce from her husband, Sam E. Butler, on the grounds of abandonment.

Lavinia Mason was given a divorce from her husband, Joel Mason, on the grounds of adultery, and she was given $1,500 alimony.

Eliza A. Bradshaw was given a divorce from her husband, E. H. Bradshaw, on the ground of abandonment, and given custody of her child.

Hackney & McDonald secured a judgment against Bolton and Creswell Townships for the costs in their Ejectment case against the townships.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884. [Court Notes.]

Bliss & Wood brought action against the Water Company to have it retrained from taking water from their Mill pond. The demurrer was argued at last before the court last week, by McDermott & Johnson for plaintiff and Wade McDonald for defendant. On Monday the Court rendered judgment in favor of the plaintiffs. The Case will go to the Supreme Court.




Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

Cowley=s Wheat Beats the World!

Some time ago the Home and Farm, an agricultural journal published at Louisville, Kentucky, offered a sulky plow as a premium for the best showing in wheat for the year 1883. Messrs. T. B. and C. F. Ware, of Vernon Township, this county, entered into competitition, and furnished the following letter, which we clip from that paper. It is unnecessary to add that they carried off the prize over competitors from all parts of the country.

Editor Home and Farm:

You will find enclosed the proper affidavit setting forth our yield of wheat for 1883, competing for the sulky plow premium.

I applied to enter as a competitor in the name of T. B. Ware; but my son, C. F. Ware, farms my place, so we report as T. B. and C. F. Ware, having raised the wheat jointly.

The land on which this wheat was raised was in corn in 1881. The spring of 1882 it was plowed in April, stalks well turned under, and about the 20th of July, it was again plowed about six inches deep; the 10th of September we harrowed it once, and the 15th drilled in the wheat.

The wheat came up well, but the severe freezing killed about one-fourth of the plants. We sowed 1 2 bushels to the acre. The ground was a little wet when we sowed, so we are sure less than a bushel grew. Our experience is that one bushel is enough to the acre if sowed early, say from the 1st to the 20th of September.

The land has been in cultivation seven years, and never has had any manure except the stalks that were plowed under in the spring of 1882. The land is upland prairie of the best quality, known as the Blue-stem land, on which the wild blue-stem grass grows almost exclusively. Our entire crop averaged 33 2 bushels. We had 43 acres. We will send you a sample of the wheat if you desire it.

We esteem your paper the very best published. The valuable and reliable information we get through your crop correspondents is worth many times the price of subscription. We shall do our best to swell your list of subscribers. T. B. and C. F. WARE.

[These gentlemen selected one piece, 9 2 acres, making on it 465 bushels of wheat, or 49.82 bushels per acre. Their statement was duly certified to, and they are awarded the premium. ED.]


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

Woolen Mill and Coal Mine vs. Narrow Gauge Railroad Bonds.

I am in receipt of a letter from a gentleman in Missouri, who has had several years= experience in a large and well-regulated woolen manufactory in Illinois. He writes to ask me if a stock company could be organized in our county to build and equip a woolen mill. He is at present a wool-grower, and has several hundred fine grade Merino ewes that he would be glad to move to our county, and if a company could be organized to build a woolen mill, he would take stock in it and run it for all the money there is in it. Now, while our county seat is calling on us for bonds for Athe best@ railroad out, why not attach an Aamendment@ and take stock in a woolen mill and have a market at home for every fleece of Cowley=s seventy-five thousand sheep, and save the freight on all our greasy wool from here to Boston, and the same on the manufactured wool returned. A market at home where a man can sell fifty fleeces or one thousand fleeces, and not pay freight on sixty-five percent grease to Boston, ought to interest the farming community as much as a Narrow Gauge; but perhaps Acorner lots@ in a county seat might not advance as much with the first as the last. Is there a doubt, at the present stage of Cowley County=s progress, that a well-managed woolen mill would be a paying business? And again, while we are voting bonds for a railroad to coal fields east of us, why not first vote just a few thousand dollars and go down among our own hills ahd see if we have not plenty of coal at home. Leavenworth, only a few years ago, tried the experiment, and found plenty of coal at a depth of seven hundred feet. If we could get coal at one thousand feet, it would be far better than to build another road to the eastern coal-beds. The farmers of Pleasant Valley would sooner pay five dollars in a coal mine enterprise than pay one dollar on another railroad. My kind of Aprotection@ is to get coal in Cowley County or find out that there is none. Geologically speaking, I think the thin strata on the Cana River east of here Adips@ and thickens until it reaches the Arkansas River, and I will wager a coon skin that eight hundred feet gets coal here. It=s all bosh to talk to us about cheap coal by railroadCdidn=t we try that twice! The solemn fact of the case is that the farmers have, in the past twelve years, contributed liberally toward building up a nice county seat, and now they want a chance to fix things up about home; and they are going to do it! The houses must be painted and binders paid for. Talk to us of Arkansas after that is all done, and we=ll agree. L. HOLCOMB.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

Fitch & Barron, dealers in White, New Home, Domestic, Diamond, and other sewing machines, have removed their office to F. V. Rowland=s Bargain Store, two doors north of Wallis & Wallis= Grocery Store, where they will be pleased to see those wishing a First Class Sewing Machine for cash or easy terms.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

Mr. Frank Oliver of Wichita was in the city Wednesday for the purpose of locating a lumber yard. The Olivers are men of capital and energy and will make the lumber monopoly of this place squirm before they have been in town a month.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

A Card.

To the Voters of Walnut Township:

I am informed that at the township convention held last Saturday, I was nominated for Trustee of the township and that it is proposed to have the nomination endorsed at the Republican convention next Saturday. While I highly appreciate the implied confidence and honor conferred, I am compelled to decline the nomination, which was made notwithstanding my positive refusal to accept. My farm and other interests demand my whole personal tattention; I have been a resident of the township but a few months and there are older residents who desire the office. Having been assessor of Winfeld for several years, as such I have about lost all confidence in my fellow man, and desire to rest awhile and have it restored. But seriously, while thanking you for the highly esteemed compliment, I beg to respectfully but positively decline the nomination or endorsement if made.




Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.

Sedan News.

The temperance reaction is still on the boom.

Jo Swope is so well contented down on the ranch that his wife at home is becoming a little uneasy.

They say there is a town somewhere in the northwest named AOh Hell,@ and that there is one down on the Mississippi called AOh Thunder,@ but we think it is about time to call Sedan AOh why did I take out a permit.@

Farmers adjacent to Sedan are fertilizing their land with the cigar stubs and beer bottle corks which they are gathering up since that belly hand of purgatory (the whiskey ring of Sedan) has bursted through the unintermittent effort of the County Attorney.

Narrow gauge oyster stews are in order now, and everything has narrow gauge on the brain, but we will wager 100 shares in the D. M. & A. that if you eat a good meal of our boarding house hash here, it will be more than a narrow gauge nightmare that will catch you before 12 o=clock.

As the COURIER had to hold its nose till AMark@ got through, I humbly request its indulgence while I try to take a postage stamp, in the absence of court plaster, and spread it over that gentleman=s intellectual lobe to keep down the inflammation. The only thing I regret is that a whole stamp must be wasted on so small a surface. JASPER.


Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.