Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.



Our city is improving, and Mr. Jones is adding to his stock considerably.

Mr. H. H. Hooker has another astray. Probably our readers may give information of him.

We understand J. W. Weimer will return soon. We would like to see the smiling face of our bachelor friend.

Mr. Eliphas Holt is going to fence a pasture soon of 400 acres. Mr. Holt is an old time farmer of Indiana and has the sampts.

The temperance people are rushing right along here. Meetings every 2nd Sunday in each month. Come out, everybody, to the next meeting and help the cause.

John Holt is doing a good music business at Polo. Parties wishing such good could not do better than with him. He is receiving orders daily by mail for sheet music, etc. He has just introduced a new book in the Temperance Society at Summit. Such enterprising businessmen are indispensable to any community. OLD NED.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.


Weather as cranky as ever.

Will Mark shake hands over the windy chasm, in the old fraternal style?

The revival is over, and the spirit has departed with the efforts of the revivalist.

Will Halbert has been recently arrested on a charge of selling whiskey without a permit or any other authority. The case comes off soon.

The County Attorney seems to take the heaviest hand, in the poker games around town of late, and the prospects are that he along with the sheriff will soon hog the ring.

Our skating rink is one of the attractions of the town. Winfield boys are always clever, while Mr. Powers and his partner are exceptionally so. I have taken several good sweats in trying to learn the Atrick,@ and with the clever advantages which the managers provide, we all expect to be flying on the rink soon.

Cyrenus Hendricks, participant in the Hendricks-McGuire tragedy of Jonesburg, which occured in November last, was brought to Sedan a few days since. It will be remembered that the same day of the tragedy, Hendricks was shot in the head, through the window by unknown parties, while he was in the hands of the officers, and he has been lingering between life and death from that time until recently.

The Slogan moves west on Main Street this week, to a point near the dry goods store of S. Lorin. The Slogan is now published and controlled by the Canon Bros., young men of exemplary reputation and well capacitated for the successful management of a good paper. The only difficulty lies in the fact that while these gentlemen are strictly temperate and respectable, they are attempting to edit a Democratic paper.

I am pleased to learn that Senator John Long has gone into business in your county. It is much better than to have him lumbering through the swamps and over the flint hills of Missouri. None of Chautauqua County=s citizens probably, can claim a greater share of plain true, honest regard from the people of our county than Senator Long, or AJohnny,@ as he is more popularly known, and Jasper will take the responsibility of representing our people, when he shakes hands with AJohnny@ across the county line.

Jasper visited his old home in Eastern Cowley not long since. He made up with a few of the female folks who were about to scalp him recently; that is, he struck a truce with them. But that is better than to have the girls continually remarking, AHe thinks he=s mighty smart@; AHe thinks he=s awful cute@; AHe banks on that mustache@; AHe is a masher in his mind@; etc, My advice is: Never brag on a woman, never say anything wrong about her, never say anything ordinary about her, never speak about her in any manner, when there is anyone in hearing distance, and possibly you may live. JASPER.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.


Here are the names of Kansas Governors in their order.

Territorial Governors.

Reeder, 1854; Shannon, 1855; Geary, 1856; Walker, 1857; Denver, 1858, Medary, 1859.

These men were all appointed for one sole purpose, to plant slavery in Kansas.

Robert J. Walker was the man of the highest intellectual stamp.

Geary made the greatest subsequent reputation as governor of Pennsylvania and as a Union general.

Denver alone survives, we think he is still alive, and living in Ohio.

In brains the appointed were superior to our elected governors.

Elected Governors.

Robinson, 1861; Carney, 1862; Crawford, 1864; Harvey, 1878; Osborn, 1872; Anthony, 1876; St. John, 1878; Glick, 1882.

Six Territorial Governors, covering seven years; eight State Governors, covering twenty three years; thirty years of organized political history. . . .



Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.


From the Daily Republican of Decatur, Illinois, we clip the following of a horse purchase made by Mr. Buffington, of Oxford. As these splendid horses are coming so near to Cowley, our people will no doubt be interested in it.

AThe presence in Decatur of Mr. J. M. Buffington, of Oxford, Sumner County, Kansas, the most widely known stock breeder in southern Kansas, was noted in the Republican the other day. He came here for the purpose of adding to his stock of stallions, and he called upon Brenneman Bros., of the Elm Grove stock farm, having heard of their famous collection of Normans, 20 of which were lately brought here from France. As is well known throughout Illinois, Brenneman & Cro., have been the owners of imported ANiger@ and ATurk,@ two powerful stallions that have often taken premiums at our fairs and whose colts are quite numerous throughout this and adjoining counties. Being an excellent judge of horseflesh, Mr. Buffington insisted on becoming the owner of both ANiger@ and ATurk,@ and it was several days before the Brennemans would consent to part with their pets that have contributed so largely toward making their stock farm and stables so famous in this part of the state. Finally, Mr. Buffington was triumphant in getting the two stallions and four others from the Brenneman Bros. Tuesday Mr. Buffington left for Sumner County, taking the noted stallions with him. They are prizes, everyone of them, and will not fail to make the Buffington stables celebrated all through the west. In becoming the owner of ANiger@ and ATurk,@ Mr. Buffington captures two of the best stallions to be found on either side of the Atlantic, and he certainly ought to feel gratified at the satisfactory result of his visit to Decatur, which our people who formed his acquaintance have endeavored to make as pleasant as possible.

The Brenneman Bros. feel that two of their best stallions are gone, but as the price offered by Mr. Buffington was largeCsomewhere in the neighborhood of $3,000 apieceCthey concluded to part with them, and did so reluctantly.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.


AI have read,@ said the ex-commissioner, Athe order in which the house committee on public lands proposes to consider the railroad land grants, and I would like to know what induced the committee to adopt that particular order. There are some queer things about it when you examine the list.@

This is the order adopted by the committee together with the amount of grant, miles of road constructed within the time specified in the granting act, portion of grant earned by such construction, and amount forfeitable.

Texas Pacific: grant, 14,309,760 acres; miles of road built, none; and earned, none; forfeited all.

Oregon Central: grant 3,701,700 acres; miles of rod built 199; land earned, 2,000,000 acres; forfeitable, 1,901,700 acres.

Ontonogan and State line: grant 232,000 acres; miles of road constructed, none; land earned, none; forfeitable, all.

California and Oregon and Oregon and California: grant, 2,126,626 acres; miles of road constructed, 197; land earned, 1,454,000 acres; forfeitable, 661,926 acres.

Northern Pacific: land grant, 48,215,040 acres; miles of road constructed at 29 sections per mile, 228; at 40 sections per mile, 197 miles; land earned, 10,675,200 acres; forfeitable, 37,539,840 acres.

Atlantic and Pacific of California: grant 5,511, 264 acres; mioles of road constructed, 232; land earned, 2,449,450 acres; forfeitable, 2,061,814.

New Orleans Pacific: grant reported at 903,218 acres but found to contain about 1,500,000 acres; miles of road constructed, none; land earned, none; forfeitable, all.

Atlantic Gulf and West Indian Transit: grant, 1,171,200 acres; miles of road constructed 155; land earned, 600,000 acres; forfeitable, 517,200 acres.

Pensacola and Georgia: grant, 1,178,880 acres; no road constructed; no land earned; all forfeited.

Florida, Atlantic and Gulf Central: grant, 226,560; no road constructed; no lands earned; all forfeited.

Mobile and Girard: grant, 858,544; no road constructed; no land earned; all forfeited.

Selma, Rome and Dalton: grant, 641,281 acres; miles of road constructed, 100; land earned, 400,000 acres; forfeitable, 241,281 acres.

Vicksburg, Shreveport and Texas: grant, 725,750 acres; miles of road constructed, 94; land earned, 360,000 acres; forfeitable, 265,750 acres.

Sioux City and St. Paul: grant, 478,240 acres; miles of road constructed, 56; land earned, 316,700 acres; forfeitable, 170,840 acres.

AThere are 121,000,000 acres of land grantedC21,000,000 acres earned, and 100,000,000 forfeitable. Of this 100,000,000 acres of land, 90,000,000 acres are claimed by three corporations, two of which are in possession of and selling and mortgaging their lands. The committee has spent the first six weeks of the session on seven little corporatons which never received a grant from the general government, and the whole amount of whose lands, as set aside by Mr. Kirkwood, in executive document 144, is 792,000 acres.

AIt has now tackled the smallest of the three large grants, and decided to declare the Texas Pacific grant forfeited. Then it proposes to take up several more small corporations, the whole amount of whose forfeitures would be about 2,500,000 acres, and thus leave the two largest corporations, the Northern Pacific and the Atlantic and Pacific, with their 75,000,000 acres of land, to the fag end of the session, during which time these corporations, being in possession, can and will sell and mortgage as much of the land as possible, thus having innocent purchasers intervene between themselves and a forfeiture.

AThe eight grants already considered are all in the southern states. Of the fourteen yet to be considered, seven are in the southern states, three more are entirely and two partly in California and Oregon.

AIs the committee trying to excite a sectional feeling on the subject, or is it a part of the Carlisle-Morrison program to consolidate the south and west, or free trade and anti-monopoly, with the money of two great corporations to run the campaign?

AHow can these corporations be prevented from selling and mortgaging their lands while the investigation is going on?

ASome member of the house who is really in favor of forfeiting all lands not duly earned should move the reference of the reports to the judiciary committee, or a select committee, with directions to prepare a joint resolution instructing and directing the attorney general of the United States to commence proceedings in the supreme court of the United States against all states to which lands were granted to aid in the construction of railways where the conditions have not been complied with, and in the circuit courts against all corporations to which land grants have been made, and which have not complied with the conditions of the grant. That is the only way to proced to forfeit a land grant.@

National Republican.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.


Its Present Status and Prospects and Some of its History.

Facts and Conclusions.

The object of this article, the last we shall lay before our readers before the election of March 11th, is not to influence votes either against or for the pending railroad proposition, but to give our readers a fair, honest, manly, and impartial statement of all facts and acts bearing upon the question before us which we have not heretofore stated, an account of what has been done the past week, what is now being done in relation to the matter, and what are our conclusions on points of controversy, leaving the effesct to be what it will on the vote of March 11th. The voters are the jury who are to decide this case and we choose to come before them at this time, not as a partisan attorney on either side, but to talk as a judge might talk to a jury about to decide an important case.

We do not expect to please either side by this course and it will be easy to accuse us of mulishness and fogyism by the one side, of Aflopping@ and selling out by the other, and of straddling by both; but we shall satisfy our own sense of justice and right, and merit the approval of all fair minded citizens, whether we get it or not.

Rustlers of younger, warmer blood like the junior editor, are not content to take such a position as we indicate. They have an impulse to be foremost in every controversy on one side or the other; they scent the battle from afar and promptly take an active and vigorous part. We have several youngerly men in this city of vigor, energy, and snap, who when they work together in a good cause can perform wonders. We admire and appreciate them and always want them on our side, but we are older and the great many conflicts of opinion we have encountered and passed through tend to make us slower to engage in a heated controversy and to content us with smaller results. Yet we have courage and fearlessness sufficient to make a pretty strong fight when there is an important interest or principle to fight for and to continue the struggle as long as we are confident that we are serving the best interest of our community by doing so.


But before we assure the judicial ermine, we cannot forbear to state some of the facts that have placed this proposition in the bad predicament in which we now find it. We must be indulged in one last kick at the bad management which has placed us in this ambiguous position. We have earnestly desired to give this company a fair chance to build this road if it can be built on a basis which will do no damage to any Cowley County taxpayer, property owner, or citizen, and to make it of value to all. The first time we were approached on the subject by the representatives of the railroad company, we told them that if they would put a proposition before the people to vote a reasonable amount in which proposition the interests of the people were amply secured in clear and unmistakable language, we would support it heartily. The company ought to have given us such a proposition in the outset, ought to have consulted with leading citizens of the county representing all the various interests, and made such concessions as to the details of the proposition as they could, to accommodate these interests, before their petition was printed and circulated, ought to have made all the concessions then, that they have since made by stipulations, and more too. They ought to have given us a clear cut honest proposition that would be final and not need any coddling up with stipulations of doubtful validity. Instead of that, we have before us a proposition conceived in duplicity, blotted all over with badges of fraud, and then patched up with stipulations to cure most of the defects, yet leaving many in doubt whether they are cured or only covered up.

This is the first railroad proposition that was ever put before the people of this county for their votes in this way. Former propositions have been read before meetings of citizens and been discussed and amended in various ways to meet the views of the people, before the petitions were circulated.

The excuse that they did not know that these concessions would be demanded is too frivolous and not true. It is only a presumption that the people would consider all railroad propositions alike and would take down anything bearing that name without scrutiny or question as coming from superior beings of unselfish attributes, instead of coming from men not unlike other men who want to drive a sharp bargain.

An attorney of this city was consulted on legal points about the drawing up of that petition. He stated that it would be necessary to include in the proposition each of the points since conceded by the stipulations and some others; his advice was unheeded in all points except as to the form of ballots.

The first we were permitted to know of this matter was an invitation to meet representatives of the road and citizens at the Brettun House for consultation and discussion, and we went. The time of the meeting was taken up with speeches to explain the great advantages such a road would give to this county, but no proposition was read or produced and no indication of details were given except that the company wanted this county to vote them $100,000, which we objected to as too much. They also stated that they would make the stipulation that the road should be completed to and through the county in a year from the voting of the bonds if we recollect right. We told them that the time was too short in the present condition of the money markets, and we advised them to take plenty of time so as to obviate the necessity of forfeiture, but to make the time certain. No draft of a petition was presented, no further opportunity was given to make suggestions as to what it should contain. When we asked to see their petition, we were answered that it was not ready, but that we would have a chance to see it and make suggestions before it was finally decided upon. The meeting adjourned and the very next morning a printed petition was in circulation for signatures and it was evident that it was printed and ready before the meeting was called at the Brettun House. The object of this duplicity was evidently to get as many committed in advance to the support of an unseen proposition, and to get so many signatures before attention was called to its defects that it would be accepted to save doing the work over again.

We then began the fight, not against the road, but against the proposition, and another meeting was called at the Brettun House, to which we were invited, and Maj. Hanson, Col. Doniphan, and other representatives of the company were present. This meeting was also largely occupied with speeches about the great advantages of such a road to us; but we got a chance to state many of our objections to the proposition and to urge amendments, but all the satisfaction we could get was that of course the company intended to do most of these things we demanded, would be a fool if it did not, but they did not want the proposition lumbered up with all this frivolous stuff presented in a carping and fault finding spirit, and besides, it was too late to alter the petition for it had already been signed by near eight hundred taxpayers.

Now we do not wish to treat Maj. Hanson, Col. Doniphan, and the other gentlemen of the company with discourtesy, for we think that if they had managed this business, we should have got a fair proposition in the first place, but they apparently did not manage it.

We learned that it was a Winfield man who was getting up the proposition and engineering it along. We observed that it was a Winfield man who swept aside our objections as frivolous; a Winfield man who said the several things we have mentioned in answer to our suggestion and who gave the cue for what should be said by others and otherwise managing the machine. We noticed that the gentlemen from St. Jo. and other parts seemed to be only figureheads to make a show of eastern capital and railroad builders. We think that if they had managed the business, we should not be now in this predicament.


We must also give one kick at the manner we were treated last Friday and since by friends of the proposition. While every means in their power was being tried by committees and delegations to convince us that we ought to support the proposition now, and we were standing squarely against such a course in our replies, a report was being busily circulated all over the city and county that we had agreed to support the proposition. From Friday noon up to Monday night we had occasion to dispute this falsehood, perhaps a hundred times, by asserting that we had not agreed to any such thing and should not. We had not given any indication that we might even lean a little in that direction. If we say anything in this article that leans in that direction, it will be wholly incidental and not in pursuance of any promise or understanding with anyone. Some folks seem to think the only way to carry their ends is by lying.

Having thus ventilated this scrap of history, we now state


After carefully considering all that we have said in the past issues of the COURIER, we find nothing that we desire to take back and little which we will modify. We think our position has been the right position and that it has brought forth fruits which are of advantage to the county. We stand upon our record. The result has been the filing of a stipulation with the county clerk by the president and secretary of the railway company which concedes to the people of the county several of the most important points which we have demanded. It concedes that the road shall have all the attributes of a first class narrow gauge road, several of which are specified, or no bonds shall be delivered. It concedes that the first $50,000 of the bonds shall not be delivered on the mere building of the road from the west line of the county to Winfield. It concedes that no bonds shall be delivered until a first class narrow gauge road is built from Joplin to Winfield and trains of cars running thereon. It concedes that no bonds shall be delivered, but that all shall be forfeited, unless the road is built and completed in first class order and cars running thereon from Joplin, Missouri, to Winfield within eighteen months from the filing of the stipulations. It concedes the construction of such stations and side tracks as seems to bee the wants of the people along the line as a condition precedent to the delivery of the bonds.


Another reason we have to give is the attitude of the citizens of Winfield. We live in Winfield, have lived here since 1870 when it was a raw prairie. We think we have contributed something to its prosperity. The citizens of Winfield are our friends and neighbors and heaviest patrons. They are as a body energetic, honorable, and intelligent businessmen whom we highly respect, whose interests are the same as ours, and whose opinions are entitled to great weight. They have since our last issue held meetings and resolved almost unanimously to accept the stipulation as good and binding and to support the proposition with the stipulation with their time and money. They are so sanguine that it is best to support it and carry it if possible that they have gone down in their pockets and brought out the liberal sum of a thousand dollars to expend in canvassing the county to advocate the proposition. They will turn out every day and among them make several speeches every night until the day of the election when they will work at the polls everywhere. If they are at work for their own interests as they fully believe they are at work for the whole county and perhaps a lesser degree, how can we stand up and fight against them under such circumstances?

They have treated us handsomely in this matter and have used on us able arguments and the powers of eloquence to convince us that it was our duty to turn in with them and use the influence of the COURIER to support this proposition and we candidly confess that the pressure on us is so great that we can hardly resist it.

But we owe a duty to our readers and friends in other parts of the county, to those who depend upon us for the facts in cases of movement in our county affairs, who depend upon us for impartial conclusions in such cases, and these duties we must not ignore. We shall try impartially to give them all this, all the facts about what is going on affecting this question and not trying to influence their votes further than facts, and what we conscientiously believe are just conclusions, will do it. They are the jurymen and must do their own voting. We cannot do their voting for them if we would. They must each decide for themselves whether they will vote at all, how they will vote, and how much they can afford to do to get their neighbors to vote.


Up to the filing of the stipulation, a week ago, there seemed to be no reasonable doubt that the proposition would be defeated by an overwhelming majority. Much now depends upon the opinions held by the voters of the binding force of that stipulation. We stated last week that we did not believe it is of any binding effect. We have investigated the matter as much as possible since and have got the opinion of several attorneys on that matter. Messrs. Jennings, McDermott, and we suppose, McDonald, state as their legal opinion that the stipulation is valid and binding, while the others we talked with expressed some doubt. No decisions were found exactly in point, but general principal is laid down that a proposition to be voted upon must be advertised as a whole according to law, thirty days in this instance. We form the conclusion from what we get from the authorities, that only that part of a proposition which has been advertised thirty days could be considered as a part of it, but we conclude that a party can wave a part of the benefits accruing to himself under it and that such waiver for a consideration such as to induce acceptance of the main proposition would be enforced. At worst we do not think it probable that any court would compel the issue of the bonds on technical grounds unless the conditions of the waiver had been fully complied with. This is the opinion of all our attorneys. This is a modification of the opinion we expressed last week and the result of further inquiring and investigation. We think there is little danger of any bonds being issued unless the stipulation is fully performed and within the time named.

The clean and sure way to amend was to withdraw the proposition and suspend the election; then draw a new proposition expressing everything on both sidesCeverything the company will now concede in clear and unmistakable languageCthen circulate it and get the signatures of two fifths of the taxpayers and have the commissioners call an election giving thirty days notice. But some of the attorneys say that this cannot be done and that the election once called cannot be stopped, and they support their positions by arguments a little paradoxical and conflicting, but they may be right. Anyway, the election will be held and if the bonds are voted down, another election cannot be called unless on a petition of the majority of the voters of the county.

The representatives of the company say that this will never be done and that they will, if voted down now, either go around us or submit township bonds along the same line. We do not know what they would do in that event if they themselves do, which is doubtful. They would doubtless do what appeared to them to be the best thing for them to do when the time should come.


We print in another column an article sent us by Mr. Thos. McDougal, which was published in the Cincinnati Commercial Gazette of the 28th ult. Mr. McDougal is the owner of the tower brick building, corner of 10th and Main Streets, in this city, and is otherwise interested in this city and county and it seems fair to give the article a place. We do not expect a narrow gauge road would be near as valuable to us as a standard gauge over the same route would be, but it should be considered that no company proposes to build a standard gauge over this route and there is no present probability that such a project will ever be worked up. The route is one on which a road is very much needed. It brings a market and railroad facilities close to the homes of the people of a large section of one county in the central and southeastern part of the county, who are now far from such facilities and who have contributed their quota to paying for and procuring such facilities for other and more favored sections of the county.

Again it is fair to state that the narrow gauge roads complained of in the article referred to were so near failures simply because they were so shabbily built, built to make all the money possible out of the construction, and were not compelled to make good roads in order to get their bond subsidies. This is different. The stipulations compel this company to make a first class road in every particular in order to get the bonds voted by this county, and if they don=t do it, they won=t get the bonds.

Then these Ohio narrow gagues were only short snatches of roads without any narrow gauge connections. This must be built at least 150 miles long, from Joplin to Winfield, in a specified time, to get our bonds. If they can do that they can readily add 150 more miles to Larned in about the same time or a little longer and 300 miles of road in a string is not one of those short snatches of road. Again this road aspires of magnificent narrow gauge connections not less than the great Denver & Rio Grande system, a system of assured permanence and success, to say nothing of the Paramore system from St. Louis to Texas and other projected systems east of here. But the company is not compelled to build to a connection with either of these systems in order to get our bonds, and it depends wholly upon the ability of the company to make these connections and whether it can make money by doing so, to settle the question whether it will be done or not.

But it must be conceded that 200 miles of road already constructed and in operation would give the company a wonderful impetus and power as well as standing in financial circles and it could reasonably be expected that they would be able to succeed; and if they have the ability, we doubt not the promise of profit on the construction would be amply sufficient to induce them to make every effort in that direction.


We have heretofore expressed a strong doubt of the ability of the company to build the first two hundred miles in the time named in the proposition before us on account of the present depressed condition of the money market when even no new standard gauge bonds can possibily be placed, for standard gauge bonds have always been looked upon with more favor than narrow gauge bonds. We must concede however that the depression of the market is Aletting up@ of late, that there is an abundance of idle money in the east seeking safe investment, and that there is every reason to expect that the markets will return to their normal condition within the next ninety days. Then from the accounts from other counties and townships along the line of this road, it looks like, that if these bonds are voted in this county, it will give such an impulse in the other counties and townships that bonds will be voted in addition to what are already voted, sufficient to secure $600,000 of municipal bonds along the first 600 miles of the road, an average of at least $2,000 per mile from Joplin to Larned.

Now we still hold that a first-class narrow gauge road can be built over this whole route at not far from $6,000 a mile, and we have no doubt that the company can put money enough into it to build the first twenty miles, say, $120,000. They have then that much of a basis of mortgage bonds. They can negotiate with a money syndicate and hypothecate the $600,000 of municipal bonds to it, prior to delivery, which will serve as security to the mortgage bonds. Then the syndicate through its financial agent can dole out the money on these bonds to pay the bills for construction as fast as the work is done; and as fast as the municipal bonds are delivered, they can be sold or taken by the syndicate and the proceeds applied on the debt or on the construction. The small amount of money that must be raised on the mortgage bonds, not over $4,000 per mile, will be amply secured by these hypothecates, the first twenty miles of the road wholly paid for and the first mortgage on the whole road.

So we conclude that if these bonds are voted, the road will be built and on time. But we must further concede that as the expense of this election must now be borne anyway, there would be no damage to the county if these bonds are carried and the road should not be built.


While we have contended that $100,000 is too much to vote to a narrow gauge by at least $20,000, and that much more than the county need to have given had the matter been properly handled in the start by those who ought to have done so, the question is reduced to whther we can afford to take the risk of holding out for better terms, and whether the road would be worth $100,000 to the county. The COURIER had the courage to shoulder the risk of holding out, up to now, but having accomplished something by it, we now shift the further risk on the shoulders of the voters.

If the road is built, there can be no question that it would be worth much more than $100,000 to the county. It would make produce sell higher all over the county and reduce the prices of coal, lumber, and other things brought in, to an extent largely beyond that sum. It would itself be taxable property which would be assessed not less than $150,000 in the county and in consequence of it probably enough other property would be brought into the county or be enhanced in value sufficiently to increase the assessment another $150,000, making $300,000 the sum it adds to the assessment rolls, and so long as the tax levy for all county purposes is 20 mills or more to say nothing of school district and township taxes, the county tax on this property will be sufficient to pay the $6,000 yearly interest on the bonds. So at the worst, no man in any part of the county would be any worse off for the building of the road and the issue of $100,000 six percent county bonds, even in the matter of taxes.


It is natural to expect that the most unanimous support of the proposition will be found along the line of the proposed road and the most general opposition will be found in places most distant from the road, because along the line of the road people are benefitted most by it. In addition to the benefit of nearness to the accommodations and the greater enhanced value to property, the railroad is taxed for the townships and school districts it runs through while townships and school districts in the county which the road does not touch get no benefit from township and district taxation of railroads. This is neither far, just, nor right, and should be remedied by a constitutional amendment if, as is concluded, it cannot be remedied without. But this injustice is not in itself a reason that persons not benefitted by these taxes should vote against the bonds, for they are benefitted in other ways to such an extent that they are better off with the bonds than without them because of taxation for county purposes alone. It cannot help them to vote against what will do them bood because the same thing will do the others more good.


If the bonds are carried next Tuesday and if the road is built in full compliance with the stipulation, $100,000 of the bonds of the county will be issued, and the interest on these bonds will be $6,000 a year with 40 miles of road to tax. The rate of bonding is $2,500 a mile. This will not be so bad as the $4,000 a mile we gave the C. S. & S. F. on 32 miles of road on which we issued $128,000 of bonds on which we are paying $7,680 a year interest. Notwithstanding we gave this road so much it is a fact that this road has been a benefit to the taxpayers of this county as it is paying into the county treasury about $9,000 a year, which is $1,320 more than enough to pay the yearly interest on the bonds issued to it. This of course is not all county tax but much the larger portion of it benefits the whole county in reducing taxation. Then there is unquestionably in this county property, including this railroad, that would not be in the county but for the building of this road, sufficient to make the assessment rolls at least $600,000 higher than they would otherwise have been. The taxation of this property raises double the amount for county purposes alone, that it takes to pay on the bonds issued to that railroad, and relieves the taxpayers all over the county to that extent. But this is but a small portion of the advantages that this road has given the whole county over and above what it has cost us.

The K. C. L. & S. K. though, is the clean road for benefits to this county notwithstanding these benefits are reduced by being taken out of competition with the Santa Fe. The stock we got for the bonds sold for enough to cancel all the county bonds issued to it except $22.500, on which the yearly interest is only $1,575, while the road pays over $9,000 per annum into the county treasury. If we could have got this narrow gauge into such a shape as this, we could have howled for the bonds with all the vim in our power.


A large number of the citizens of the county have applied to us for information regarding the financial relation of the present roads to the county. We have compileds from the records of the County Clerk the following figures.


For 1880: $6,593.61.

For 1881: $6,422.22.

For 1882: $7,849.81.

For 1883: $9,596.35.

TOTAL: $30,461.99


For 1880: $6,853.55.

For 1881: $7,240.74.

For 1882: $8,443.36.

For 1883: $9,659.22.

TOTAL: $32,196.87.


For 1880: $7,680.00.

For 1881: $7,680.00.

For 1882: $7,680.00.

For 1883: $7,470.00.

TOTAL: $30,510.00.


For 1880: $4,760.00.

For 1881: $3,132.00.

For 1882: $2,065.00.

For 1883: $2,085.00.

TOTAL: $12,042.00. [PAPER HAD $12.202.00...WRONG!]

Total amount of taxes paid into the County Treasury by both railroads up to date:


Total amount of Interest paid by Cowley County to date on all bonds issued in aid of construction of railroads.


Excess of taxes over interest paid: $20,139.00.


We need not say anything more about the benefits and the evils that would accrue to the county if this rod is built or if these bonds are voted. Both sides of the question will be well ventilated all over the county.

Arkansas City is organized, up and doing in fighting the bonds. Her people, too, are putting their hands down in their pockets and contributing money largely to make a fighting fund. They have printed papers and circulars by the tens of thousands and are circulating them all over the county filled with literature against bonds, against narrow gauges, and most particularly, against voting bonds or building the railroad over this particular route. They will canvass the county and stump and talk against the bonds everywhere and leave no stone unturned, no means untried. They will doubtless tell many truths and much that is untrue. Their fight against the proposition is for a very different object form what ours has been. We wanted the road built, and over this line, while we fought for security and better terms for the whole county. They looked upon our fight with apathy, caring nothing about the terms or the cost to the county, but fight it because the route is not by way of Arkansas City. They hope that defeating this proposition will in some way compel somebody to build some road to them. They do not wany any road built in the county or any adjoining county unless it is built to them. They are fighting the proposition made to Chautauqua County as well as that to their own county. Our fight was to benefit the whole county, but not to keep a railroad from any part of it. Their fight is to keep a railroad from every part of this route in the county and is utterly selfish, and this selfishness makes us want to take off our coat and wade in for the bonds.


The Telegram will tell a great deal of truth, this week, perhaps a little colored, about the organization of the C. M. & A. Railway company and the value the road will be to this county if it is built. The Winfield committee will send out circulars all over the county containing similar facts and perhaps similar coloring. The speakers from the stump will dress up the facts relative to the great advantages this road will be to the whole county if builtt. After stripping these speeches and literary productions of all this ornamental work, it must be conceded that there will remain the strong and very important ground work of facts, which are too weighty to be brushed aside, showing it of immense importance that we secure this road if possible.

The only questions to determine are: can we get this road if we carry this proposition at the election of March 11th? And can we get the road if we vote this proposition down? We do not now hesitate to answer the first question in the affirmative. We have reliable information just arrived that money is already secured conditioned only on the amount of bonds voted along the first 200 miles. The last question we cannot answer so promptly. If we knew that it would be submitted again and on better tyerms with a clear proposition, we would not be on the fence today but would readily say: vote it down. But even then we should not feel sure of our position. We have held out in the hope that we should see the principal officers of the complany before this time and convince them that it was necessary in order to carry the bonds to withdraw this proposition, make a new proposition with more concessions than are embraced in the stipulation, especially that of $2,000 per mile and $80,000, and call a new election. It is now too late for that to be done and we fear the consequences of voting down the bonds. Had not the stipulations been filed, we would never have flinched let the consequences be what they would, but with so much conceded, we may well hesitate. The more we think of it, the more we fear the effect of voting down these bonds now, would be to so influence the election called in Chautauqua County and townships further east, that they too would vote down the proposition before them, which would certainly block the building of the rod. We cannot help but think that if Cowley votes up these bonds, it will so stimulate Chautauqua and the townships with ope of a railroad that they would carry the bonds over the opposition said to come from the stockmen, and ensure the road.

The threat about the company changing the route and going around us with township bonds does not scare us Aworth a cent.@ We have heard of too many such scares and we can assure the Arkansas City men who are fighting the route selected through the county so vehemently and offering to raise for the company $150,000 in township bonds if they will change the route around by Arkansas City, that the thing will never be done, and that if the road is ever built through this county, it will be build on the route now proposed.


There is another thing that scares us some and that is the idea of submitting township bond propositions along this route, which would be very unjust to the people in the southeast quarter of the county, for that is the only portion of the county which is very distant from railroads, the portion of the county which has received the very least benefit from the railroads we have, while they have cheerfully paid their full proportion of the interest of the bonds which produce them. Now when they have a chance to get a road, one that satisfies them and one they are enthusiastically for, on terms that will not cost the county near as much per mile as the other roads have averaged; it would be mean indeed in the balance of the county, to compel them to resort to the very onerous method of resorting to township bonds; and we believe there are few men in this county who would be willing to treat them in that shabby way; few who would not be willing to help them out by the same means which have given roads to other parts of the county,particularly when they can do it and at the same time, as we have above shown, benefit themselves, all of them to some extent and most to a very large extent, by the same vote which gives our southeast friends a road which will do them so much good.


We have been several days writing this article. We have been flattered much by many persons who have attributed much importance to what we should say this week. We have felt that we did not want the responsibility arising from having influence thrust upon us. Therefore, we set out last Saturday to write this article in a spirit of impartiality, from the fence as it were, so as to be sure and make no mistakes with our influence if we had any. This has caused us to study and investigate and think a great deal, and this has been making it more and more difficult to keep our position on the fence. We now know that we are far from indifferent and on looking back over our work on this , we see that from day to day we have been forming and been growing in the conviction that it was best and the only safe way to vote for the bonds, and this growth of conviction may be apparent as we have written and re-written parts of this article from day to day and passing it over to the compositor. With the most of this article on the press ready to run, it is now too late to change the style of the beginning to suit the conclusion of the ending and we may as well say that we have made a good fight for a proposition better and safer for the county in several different points, we have compelled the company to meet us more than half-way, and to yield and securew to us the most important points. We have got from them all that we can get in the way of concession. It is of very great importance to the county, and the balance of benefit largely in its favor if the road is built for us as specified, 150 miles within a year and a half at the cost of not over $100,000 and no value to the stock, which is the very worst that can possibly take place, except that it should not be built and the bonds be forfeited, ands that the danger of missing these important benefits of having this road built at all, is so very great, that the only safe way is to now vote for the bonds and carry them if possible. So we get down off the fence and announce that we shall vote for the proposition.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.


The election last Saturday in the second Congressional district resulted in the election of E. H. Funston by about 5,000 majority. This is a change of a 2,000 opposition majority to a 5,000 Republican majority, and is good enough for one day. The fight was on the tariff question. Funston and his supporters for a strongly protective tariff and Riggs stating that he Awanted every vestige of protection eliminated from the tariff laws.@ The result is that every vestige of Sam Riggs is eliminated from the second district. Fred Hunt had better begin to hedge for the protection wave is rolling over the country.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.


The Arkansas City Democrat gives us an argument for opposing the narrow gauge.

AThere is no doubt if the bonds should be voted and the road built, it would ultimately be converted into a standard gauge road, and there is not much doubt but it is the real intention of the present manipulators to eventually convert it into a standard gauge.@

All right. That will suit us exactly! And if they will file a stipulation that they will do it before they get the last $20,000 of the bonds, we will support the proposition with our vote and pocketbook and not grumble anymore over the $100,000. The road must be a first-class narrow gauge to get our bonds and such a road can easily be changed to a standard gauge.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.


No one need vote for the bonds for fun or to please anybody but himself, in the expectation that there is no danger of their issue or of the road being built. We have seen a letter, just arrived from Mr. Mercer, the president of the company, now in the east, stating that he has actually secured the money needed to build it, conditioned only on securing the expected county and township aid. The letter enters into such details of the negotiations and terms and states so many facts in connection with it which we know from other sources to be true, that we are convinced that there is no mistake about it, skeptical as we have been.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.


The people of Great Bend, at a mass meeting, have adopted resolutions declaring that Athe people of the western portion of Kansas have long and patiently borne the heavy, extortionate, and discriminating rates of freight over the A. T. & S. F. Road,@ approving the present railroad law, declaring that the rates fixed by the Commissioners are Aproper and equitable,@ and announcing that they will Aheartily support the action of the Railroad Commissioners in their effort to support the law.@

On the other hand, the Board of Trade of Topeka and Ottawa, and the mill owners of Topeka have adopted resolutions which in effect denounce the raises established by the Commissiones, and demand a Arestoration of rates existing previous to January 1st, 1884,@ which rates, the Ottawa Board of Trade declares, were Abetter for all classes of shippers than any schedule we have had since, or the Commissioners= rates now contemplated.@


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

Cambridge Crumbs.

Seeing nothing from our little burg, I concluded to add a few items for your perusal.

Cambridge is quite lively at present.

Sunday school regularly every Sunday.

Rev. Knight preached his last sermon for this year to us last Sunday.

On Saturday evening quite a number of the young folks met at the schoolhouse to ride the Goat. Quite a number from Winfield were present, and among the number was one of the COURIER boys, Mr. Frank Greer. I presume quite a number will join the temperance ranks. I expect to myself if they don=t black ball me.

The Cambridge mills have been sold to parties in Winfield.

School is going off finely and the youths of this vicinity are learning rapidly under good instruction from Prof. Barnes and Miss Parmer. They seem to give universal satisfaction.

Miss Blanch Palmer has returned from her protracted visit in your city, to the joy of her friends here.

Miss Winters has been visiting friends in Burden, but is home again.

The gay color of an Indian blanket drew attention to his swarthy face on our street one day last week.

BIRTHS??? Quite a number of little guests are being entertained here at present. Mrs. Ceafer=s has a gentleman boarder. All the boarders are little gents. Mrs. Harris and Mrs. Butler complete the number that are trying to keep the guests quiet.

Mr. J. F. Rowe is receiving treatment from Dr. Pleasant for paralysis of some of the facial muscles. He is improving rapidly.

Miss Hoyland, of Salem, was a guest in the Rowe family last week.

Is it right to shoot poor hogs for trespassing on one=s premises on Sunday? Another nice hog had his back broke by some miserable person. Such ill treatment of poor animals will not long go unpunished.

The Rowe Brothers invited quite a number of the young people in to get acquainted with their visitor, but I wonder why poor Clyde was left out in the cold. CLYDE.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

Grand Prairie News.

March came in with a blast but is nicer now.

Farmers are getting ready for spring work. Some have their stalks broken already.

Mr. Crockler has a new well and pump, and Mr. Baldwil also.

[Crocker??? Baldwin???]

Quite a number of new buildings are going up. Mr. Lloyd Dunnell is building a nice dwelling house; and Mr. Himebaugh has a nice dwelling. Joe Rokenwiler [?Eckenwiler?] has a nice stone house on his farm.

Miss Agnes Hager celebrated her birthday with a large number of her intimate friends. We all had a pleasant time. We were served with refreshments, such as pie, cake, lemonade, etc.

We had a spelling school at Grand Prairie Friday night. There were a large number out. All passed off well except going home. Mr. John Reddishes= horses got frightened while he was paying attention to his best girl; might have been serious, but fortunately help came and he got off with only a split double-tree.

The Elder preaches for us last Sunday and took up a collection: got $26.00 for Rev. Tyler. Rev. Tyler preaches his farewell sermon this afternoon. ONE OF THE BOYS.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

From Richland. At a meeting of the voters of the south precinct of Richland Township held Monday night at Floral schoolhouse, Feb. 25th, 1884, Captain Stevens was chosen chairman, S. W. Norton, Jr., was chosen secretary. The object of the meeting was to consider the proposition of the projected Narrow Gauge. Rousing speeches against the proposition, as stated, were made by the chairman, Mr. Howard, and Mr. Irwin. The following resolutions were adopted by the meeting unanimously.

Whereas, The Commissioners of Cowley County have submitted to the voters a proposition to aid the Denver, Memphis & Atlantic railroad, which proposition we believe to be unfair, because, 1st. It is not binding enough on the company as to the kind of material to be used in the construction of said road, 2nd. Because said company does not bind itself to hve in operation any connecting road outside of Cowley County, and 3rd. Because we believe the amount asked is exorbitant for the kind of a road to be built. Therefore, be it

Resolved, That we believe that it is to the interest to the voters of Cowley County to vote against the proposition of said Narrow Gauge.

Resolved, That we urge upon the people of other townships in the county to organize for the purpose of making a systematic fight against said proposition.

S. W. NORTON, Secretary.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

Odessa Notes.

Our school is progressing nicely with W. B. Beaumont as teacher.

Mr. S. G. Martin=s son sports in a new two seated buggy.

Mr. Dan Gromm is decorating his farm with a new fence.

Mr. S. B. Hunt has also purchased a new two seated buggy.

Mr. A. DeTerk [?DeTurk?] is in the field cutting corn stalks ready to begin spring work. Mr. DeTerk [?DeTurk?] is one of our best farmers and always on time.

Mr. S. G. Martin is making an improvement on his farm by trimming his hedges.

Mr. Shapley will move to Pratt County in a short time. He has the best wishes of many friends.

Mrs. Welsch, sister of S. G. Martin, is visiting in this vicinity.

The Odessa Luceum is still in a flourishing condition. Friday evening next the South Bend debaters will debate against the Odessa debaters. They are anticipating a grand time.

Miss Nannie VanCleve is spending a few days in this vicinity.

In response to invitations given, about forty of the young folks met at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. S. G. Martin, last Monday evening, Feb. 25th, to celebrate the sixteenth birthday of Miss Louie, their eldest daughter. The evening was exceptionally fine and the spirits of all present were in harmony with the occasion. The following is a list of presents left in token of their respect and well wishes for Miss Louie.

Gold bracelets, Mr. and Mrs. S. G. Martin.

Silver thinble, Miss Lucy Henderson.

Gold pen and holder and birthday cards, Oscar and Mattie DeTerk. [?DeTurk?]

Scrap book, Lizzie Martin.

Autograph album, Mr. John Yount.

Looking glass, and birthday card, Bee Crisp.

Handsome silver card receiver, given by W. P. Beaumont, Owen McCollum, D. L. Henderson, Lewis Yount, Frank Crawford, and Stephen McCollum.

Box of stationery, Will Scott.

Beautiful picture, Ed. Hunt.

Handsome tidy, Emma Hunt.

There were a number of other gifts I will not mention. M. S.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.


The markets show but few changes since last week. Wheat brings 86 cents, corn 80 [?30?] cents, hogs $6.25 per cwt., hay $5.00 per ton, chickens alive 6 cents per pound, dressed, 8 cents, turkeys, live, 9 cents, dressed, 11 cents. Potatoes 75 cents, butter, 20 cents, and eggs 15 cents.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.


Go to Lynn=s for the best fifty cent overalls in the world.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.


Miss Lena Walrath is spending a few weeks with friends in Wellington.

The railroad election of Fairview Township on March 11th will be held at Akron schoolhouse.

Miss Bishop, an experienced newspaper lady, will start a paper at Milan, Sumner County, soon.

Harry Tonkinson of Pratt County is paying a short visit to his cousin, David Tonkinson, of this place.

The city parliament met Monday evening, and adjourned to Wednesday evening, without doing any business.

The Wellington Democrat has turned up its toes to the daises. It has looked for some time as though it ere Asick.@

Mr. F. G. Wilson, from Barnard County, Illinois, has been visiting in this city with his uncle, Mr. W. H. Thompson.

The Three GracesCRaynold Bros., Zelgiar Bros., J. & T. Cousins= fine Shoes for sale at O=Meara & Randolph=s.

MARRIED. Charley Coombs, of the Arkansas City Republican, and Miss May Hamilton were married in that city on Saturday evening last.

DIED. Mr. A. B. Arment informs us of the death of Mrs. Sarah Cody, mother of Mrs.

J. E. Searl, on Sunday morning last, aged eighty-four.

The Harper Sentinel has commenced the issuance of a daily. A daily paper in Harper looks like a long primer business in an agate town.

The regular Quarterly communion services of the Winfield Presbyterian Church took place last Sunday at which time ten united with the church.

Mr. W. C. McDonald, of Pleasant Valley Township, has erected a neat frame house on the site of the one he had burned down a few weeks ago.

Mr. D. M. Sydall, of Zanesville, Ohio, brother-in-law of A. H. Jennings, has purchased property in the south part of the city and moved to Winfield to stay.

Go to Alonzo Johnson=s Quarry east of the reservoir for the best of rubble and flagging. A large amount of well stone on hand. Leave orders at Lindell Hotel.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

Frank Manny was arrested Monday on ten counts for violation of the prohibitory law ten times. This is rather hard on Frank after the defeat of Riggs for congress. Misfortunes never come singly.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

Mr. J. C. Long has his grocery stock in first class shape and opened Monday. He has a fine stock and is withall a pleasant, accommodating gentleman. His place of business is at the old Tomlin & Webb stand.



Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

Charley Beck, son of the Judge, came down from Wichita last week and spent a few days with relatives and friends. Charley has been chief clerk in the Occidental Hotel at Wichita ever since leaving Winfield some three years ago.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

Mr. B. F. Wright, one of Cowley=s substantial pioneers, returned Saturday from a six weeks= visit around his boyhood haunts in Pendelton County, Kentucky. He hadn=t been back since he came to this county some thirteen years ago.



Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

In mentioning, from memory, last week the participants in the German Volunteer, we accidentally omitted the name of Will. T. Madden. Will carried the part of AJoe Buck@ creditably and took a deep interest in the play.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

Miss Mary Berkey left last Saturday for Emporia, where she will take a course in the State Normal school. Miss Mary is a bright young lady and we are glad to see her afforded an opportunity of advancing in educational matters.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

Mr. Joe Bourdette will this week take charge of McGuire Bros. store at Tisdale. Joe is one of the best salesmen in the country, pleasant and accommodating, and will soon make himself popular with the trading public of Tisdale and vicinity.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

Miss Annie Barnes of Winfield has just closed a six months= term of school at Valley Center Schoolhouse, which was the most interesting, systematic, and best governed school in this part of the county. It is the wish of many of the patrons that the school board try and secure her to teach the next term of school.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

Mr. John R. Smith from over on Silver Creek, attended the Peabody cattle sale last week, and brought home three thoroughbred short horn cows and one bull. He paid $250, $155, and $135 each for the three former, and $175 for the latter. Harry Bahntge also bought some very fine short horn cows at this sale, for one of which he paid $400. A $160 cow of Harry=s broke her leg in shipping to Winfield, and had to be killed. He also got in Saturday twenty-two head of heifers from Kentucky.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

Prof. C. Farringer and pupils gave another interesting musical soiree last Thursday evening. They were assisted by the juvenile band. Mr. Farringer exhibited very ably in this concert the abilities of himself and family as musical instructors. The exercises, both vocal and instrumental, were of the highest order, and the participants showed splendid training. These public exhibitions are a good thing in establishing self-confidence in learners. A large audience was present.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

The ladies of the Christian Church were very successful with their festival in the Torrance-Fuller building last Friday and Saturday. The room was continually thronged and an immense number were furnished meals and oysters. Their tables were spread with all the good things of the season and the supply seemed inexhaustible. The ladies always come forward heroically to help along every good cause. The proceeds go for the furnishing of the new Christian Church building.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

Hobe Vermilye has been in New York investigating the horse market, and finds that a first-class span of draft horses bring from six to seven hundred dollars. He is now in Missouri buying blooded stock to place on Magnolia farm in Pleasant Valley Township. Cowley is being rapidly filled with fine stock, and among her largest future stock raisers will be Vermilye Bros., who are going into the business systematically and will succeed. They have one of the best farms for the business in the west.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

Mr. W. H. Smith has gone into partnership in the boot and shoe business with Mr. P. W. Zook and is absent in Boston at present purchasing a large stock of goods for the firm. Mr. Smith carried on a boot and shoe business in Winfield for a number of years, knows all about the trade, and with as thorough a businessman as Mr. Zook, the firm of Zook & Smith will rank high in Cowley County with the trading public.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

Mr. H. G. Norton closed his winter term of school at Excelsior, three miles south of town, last Friday. Everybody in the district turned out with filled baskets and had a grand picnic. Mr. Norton is one of our best teachers and has given excellent satisfaction. Excelsior was about the first schoolhouse put up in Cowley County, and during the early days the writer imbibed ideas and shot paper wads within its walls. The district has seen many changes since then, and the places of many Aold timers@ are filled by others.



Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

MARRIED. Mr. George Wright, nephew of Dr. W. T. Wright of this city, and Miss Anna Norton were married in Arkansas City on last Thursday evening. George is one of Cowley=s brightest young men and has many friends in Winfield, who wish himself and bride a long and happy life. Miss Norton was, for a long time, a teacher in the Arkansas City schools and is an accomplished lady.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

J. L. M. Hill has sold his interest in the furniture business to his partner, Mr. J. W. Johnston, and will devote his entire time to his interest in the Brettun House. Messrs. Johnston & Hill have been in business together for a number of years and gained a wide reputation for their establishment. Mr. Johnston will continue the business alone and keep it up to its past standard.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

Rev. W. R. Kirkwood will commence next Sunday a series of Sunday evening lectures in the Presbyterian Church on the first two chapters of Genesis. He will treat the chapters as compared to the physical science of today. Mr. Kirkwood=s clear and finished manner of handling all subjects will make these lectures a rare treat and should be heard by everyone.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

W. A. Lee has started an implement house in Arkansas City, with F. E. Pentecost in charge. Mr. Lee is spreading his business all over the county. He now has houses at Grenola, Udall, Arkansas City, Winfield, and will soon start one at Burden. His fair way of dealing is gaining him a wide reputation and business.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

Sheriff McIntire took in a man at Arkansas City Tuesday, who had skipped his bond in Iowa and for whom a reward was offered. He is held here for the proper authorities. With the sherff-ship in Republican hands, criminals had better avoid Cowley as they would a hot iron.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

J. S. Lyon & Co. keep a full assortment of wrought iron pipe, fittings, etc. Office and shop at Horning & Whitneys.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

New England dinner by the ladies of the Presbyterian Church in the Torrance & Fuller building next Saturday.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

Prather=s stock of men=s and boys= fine shoes is immense. Libby=s Patent a specialty.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

A New Enterprise.

Mr. Wm. A. Rankin, of Lawrence, Kansas, visited Cowley last week as the agent of Jacob Ruppert, the great New York brewer, looking up an enterprise which, if carried out, will be of much benefit to this county. During the AGold ore@ excitement of 1879, Mr. Rupper purchased the land on which were the reported and anticipated Adiggings,@ in eastern Ninnescah Township, and after spending considerable money to develop the Amines,@ found that his land was not inhabited by any of the glistening riches. He has since retained the ownership, through his bookkeeper, John A. Douglass. In and around his brewery, Jacob Rupper uses up about seventy-five or a hundred head of horses yearly; and he has conceived a plan of utilizing this land by making of it a first-class stock farm, for which it is naturally adapted, and instead of paying six and seven hundred dollars in the east for his draft horses, raise them himself. It was for the purpose of investigating the feasibility of such a step that brought Mr. Rankin here last week, and he will make a favorable report. Should the project be determined on, extensive improvements will be made early this summer and the place stock up with Norman and English Coach breeders. Cowley has proved herself adapted to raising horses of every kind, and we see no reason why such a scheme could not be made successful. We don=t think, either, that the Kansas prohibitory law says anything detrimental to the manufacture of horses for hauling beer. Cowley=s stock-raising facilities are becoming as widely known as her agricultural, and the two combine to make the county a very safe place for permanent investment.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

Railroad Meeting.

A large and enthusiastic railroad meeting was held at the Courthouse last Thursday evening. Speeches were made, the present status of the railroad proposition discussed, and the opinions of all the lawyers present called out as to the validity of the stipulations. They all said they were good and binding in law. The benefits of the road were set forth in glowing colors by Messrs. Jennings, Soward, McDermott, and others. After becoming satisfied on the question of the legality of the stipulations, the meeting resolved itself into a committee of the whole on the prospects for carrying the bonds. It was plain that if the value of the proposed road to the county could but be put fairly before every taxpayer, the bonds would be carried. Committees were then organized and over five hundred dollars subscribed for the purpose of printing and circulating information and holding meetings.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

A Vote of Thanks.

At a meeting of the Ladies Library Association held at the library rooms on the 5th of March, 1884, it was unanimously Resolved: That the thanks be tendered to the Rev. W. R. Kirlwood for his very able, instructive, and entertaining address, delivered gratuitously for the benefit of this association at the opera house on the evening of February 18th.

MRS. VAN DOREN, President.

MRS. N. J. LUNDAY, Secretary.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

The Company from Arkansas City to attend the Carmilla Urso concert Tuesday evening were Mr. and Mrs. A. A. Newman, Mr. and Mrs. Beal, Mr. and Mrs. C. H. Searing, Mr. and Mrs. Landis, Mr. and Mrs. H. P. Farrar, Mrr. and Mrs. Charles Coombs, Mr. and Mrs. Kroenert, Mr. and Mrs. C. R. Sipes, Mr. and Mrs. Allen Ayers; Misses Abbie Hamilton, Beck and Anna Hunt; Ed. G. Gary and Miss Fowler; Ed. Kingsbury and Miss Barnett;

C. M. Scott and Miss Gardiner [?Gardner?]; J. C. Topliff and Miss Walton; F. J. Hess and Miss Johnson; and George Cunningham. The party represented Arkansas City=s best people, and all seemed to enjoy the visit and concert immensely. They spoke in the highest terms of their entertainment at the Brettun. The accommodation train on the Santa Fe was held for them and all returned that evening.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

The Winfield Gas Works closed a contract with Mr. John Maxwell on Monday for putting in the Gas Works at once. Mr. Maxwell will be remembered as the gentleman who laid the water mains here last summer. Since then he has been engaged in the erection of gas works at El Paso, Texas. He will begin the work in about a week and push it through rapidly. He expects to have the completed works ready to turn over to the company in four months.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

A dark tragedy occurred at the Commercial House last Monday morning. It was done in the dark by dark persons and was so dark that it was seen by no one. Along in the morning a pistol shot was heard by nervous boarders, and on investigation the only thing that could be seen was a darkey in pantless, ghostlike attire, going down the street at a 2:40 pace. His dark rival had shot at him through a window and he had hastily made his exit. A dark damsel was mixed up in the affair.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

Mr. Geo. Miller, residing east of town, sold one hog to our Geo. W. Miller for $30 Tuesday. Geo. W. Miller says that is more than he ver paid for one hog before. It was bought for shipment. While we are speaking of Millers, we would like to suggest tht some of those in Cowley change their names to something beside George. With about a dozen George=s in the county, how are we going to keep from getting them mixed? The Smith families want to branch off from Williams, too.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

The society of the United Brethren have furnished their church, located on Church Street, with chairs, carpets, lamps, stove, and other necessary articles, thereby affording them, for the present, a very comfortable place for worship. The Quarterly Meeting for this charge was held Saturday and Sabbath, and everything passed off pleasantly. Services are held every Sabbath morning and evening. Sabbath school at 2 p.m.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

The price of corn has gone down three or four cents a bushel in this market in the last week or two. The reason is given that the railroads are not able to furnish cars enough to carry the corn away as fast as it arrives. The present lack of railroad facilities is costing Cowley farmers who are now selling corn more than $1,000 a day and if it should continue 100 days, it will cost them $100,000, enough to get another road.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

Mrs. Garlick with her Kindergarten class, assisted by others, will give an entertainment at the Opera House, Tuesday evening, March 11th. Mother Goose dramatized; singing by the little ones; and interspersed with music by the juvenile band. We hope they will have a full house.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

The fireman=s ball on Wednesday evening of last week was a pleasant affair. Some of the costumes worn by the ladies were very beautiful. The Winfield orchestra furnished splendid music.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

Mr. H. Brotherton took the Monday night train for Harper to wholesale a bill of seeds. The seed business will soon be lively and morning recreation in the garden, with a hoe, plentiful.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

A gentleman from Torrance brought in the wreck of a buggy Monday, which had been hauled about four miles over those hills by a runaway team. It was completely demolished.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

C. M. Scott was one of the happiest of the crowd from the Terminus Tuesday evening. He has our thanks for Apointers,@ which he left for the Ahungry man of news.@


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

Noble Caldwell=s team got away from him Sunday afternoon while driving down Main. They ran till the buggy ran up a tree and one of the horses turned a double somersault.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

Gus Lorry was up from Bolton Monday; also Commissioner Walton. It was also a field day for township trustees.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

James A. Cairns was taken suddenly and seriously ill Sunday with pneumonia and is still ver low.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

J. H. Saunders= team ran away Tuesday evening, threw him out, and broke two of his ribs.

Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

Stafford County has voted $30,000 to the narrow gauge.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

Mr. Lewis Brown is still low with malarial fever.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.



Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

The Camilla Urso concert at the Opera House Tuesday evening was one of the most artistic entertainments ever given in our city. Camilla handled the violin in a mnner that charmed everyone. The vocalists were truly Aoperatic@ and their music grand. The elocutionist gave recitations of a new order and relieved the musical program nicely. The audience was large and composed of our most refined people, with a large number of Arkansas City=s elete, and exhibited their appreciation of lofty music by frequent encores. Mr. Ed. Farringer, as leader of the Juvenile Band, under whose management the company came, is deserving of much credit for securing us this treat. The band=s share of the proceeds was a good sum.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

MARRIED. The handsome, intelligent young editor of the Burden Enterprise made Winfield a visit on very important business last Thursday evening. He had a lady with him and they stopped at the Brettun. Rev. H. D. Gans was called in and J. W. Henthorn and Miss Minnie Cogswell were united in wedlock. We wish Mr. and Mrs. Henthorn all the happiness obtainable in this world. Shake, J. W.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

New Train.

The Southern Kansas will put on another passenger train next Sunday. It will run from Hunnewell to Kansas City, pass here going west about ten o=clock a.m., and return going east about three p.m. The morning and evening passenger will continue about on the same time. This new train will give Winfield excellent traveling facilities.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

Estray Notice.

Estrayed from my place three miles north of Douglass, one iron gray horse with white face, inclined to be lazy, with rather short tail. Anybody taking him up will please take him to Scofield & Keck=s livery stable, Winfield, Kansas, where they will be well paid for their trouble. H. W. Hartenbower.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

Synopsis of the Statement of the German American Insurance Company of New York, of January 1, 1884.

Cash Capital: $1,900.908.80 (All invested in United States Bonds.)

Assets: $4,068,966.81

Reserve for Re-Issuance: $1,196,120.25

Amount of Unpaid Losses: $159,899.87

All other Liabilities: $24,938.48

Surplus as regards Policy Holders: $1,883,010.28

JOHN D. PRYOR, Agent, Winfield, Kansas.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

While the Operatic singer in the Camilla Urso troupe was sining ASleep, Baby, Sleep,@ Tuesday night, some little codger in the audience who had evidently obeyed the command, dropped from a chair to the floor with a thud. It created quite an uproar and the pretty singer was so tickled she couldn=t hardly finish up.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

MARRIED. Mr. Geo. L. Walker and Miss Mary W. Webb were married at Wichita last Sunday. Geo. and his bride are well known here and have the kindest wishes of many friends. Lovell Webb was in attendance at the wedding; also Judge W. C. and L. S. Webb of Topeka.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

While trying to catch one of his horses Tuesday evening, Charlie Wooden was kicked in the stomach, knocked insensible, and has remained so ever since. It is feared that internal injuries have been sustained.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

Chautauqua County votes on a proposition to subscribe $100,000 to the narrow gauge on April 8th and we think it will be carried if the bonds are carried in this county.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

W. F. Dorley has accepted an offer of one thousand dollars and lots on which to erect buildings from Harper City to locate there and start a carriage factory.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

BIRTH. Mr. Jim Miller, residing south of town, dropped in to inform us of a new arrival at his house on Feb. 29th. Its birthday won=t come again for four years.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

The Senior Class of the High School will be pleased to meet all their friends on Friday evening, March 7th, at East Ward school building. Admission 10 cents.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

Fred Webber, for a long time foreman of the Winfield Roller Mills, has bought an interest in the Elk Falls Roller Mills and moved to that place.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

BIRTH. Mr. and Mrs. David Dix had a girl born to them on the 29th ult. Each leap year only will bring the little lady a birthday anniversary.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

The agitation on the railroad question during the past week has been at fever heat. Everyone has something to say on thhe question.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

Ed. G. Gray, representing the Traveler, was on deck with the happy crowd which came up from Arkansas City Tuesday evening.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

Judge J. Wade McDonald went up to Topeka Monday to instruct the U. S. District Court on some legal matters.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

Beach & Denning sold last Friday to N. B. [?R.?] Robertson the Stanard farm, four miles east of Winfield for $3200.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

The Pleasant Hour Club gives its regular semi-monthly hop on this Thursday evewning.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

Pneumonia is quite pravelent at present and we can=t take too good care of ourselves.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.

Mr. R. E. Phelps was over from Burden Tuesday night and took in Camilla Urso.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.


Strayed or stolen, one dun mare pony, seven years old this spring. Strayed from my place on Little Beaver, near Maple City. Brand AS@ laying down on right shoulder. A liberal reward will be paid for her recovery. J. F. Samders, Maple City, Kansas.

Look here! Look here! go to Slater=s for bargains in Dry Goods and Groceries. Best Granulated Sugar 10 2 pounds for $1.00. Brown Sugar 12 lbs. for $1.00. Fine Gingham 10 cents per yard. I have just received from St. Louis the finest lot of goods ever brought to Burden, consisting of Dress Goods, Prints, Corsets, Ladies and Gents= fine Hose and Slippers. Finest stock of Ladies= Shoes in the city. Clothing, Hats, everything kept in a first-class store. C. H. SLATER, Burden, Kansas.




Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.



Flour already improved and more improvements to be made and everything on a boom.



Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.



Some of our farmers have been plowing for oats.

Ira Sturn, son of Mr. and Mrs. Sturn, is quite sick; also a daughter of Mrs. Dents.

Mr. Barnum and sons have built a new storehouse, which they soon intend to fill up with a stock of goods.

District 23 has built a good new house, sixe 24 x 32. School will close soon. Mr. Stuber has given the boys and girls a good start.

Mr. I. T. Baker will move to Arkansas City soon. We are sorry to lose him for he is one of our best citizens. We wish him success and hope he will not stay long.

Our Sunday school is in good running order and has been the past seven years. We do not stop for cold nor hot weather. We have an organ in our school, which helps much in our singing. Mr. T. R. Carson is our Superintendent.

MARRIED??? A fellow by the name of, well I know, came to these parts, and to our surprise he just went and took the only daughter of Mrs. Wilson. But I guess it is all right and we wish them success in life and hope they may be bright stars in our community.

A few of the citizens met at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. Watts on the evening of the 25th, and surprised them with a paper wedding. They received nice presents, and Mr. Editor, I tell you we had a jolly good time; and what helped along, the ladies happened to bring some pie and cake, and oh! I could not tell how we did feel. Those present were Mr. and Mrs. Carson, Mr. and Mrs. Sizemore, Mr. and Mrs. I. P. Groom, Mr. and Mrs. Lorton, and Mr. and Mrs. Givler. DICK RELVIG.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.


Weather clear and cool.

Mr. Gates lost a valuable young mare on Sunday the 2nd.

Farmers preparing for farm work by cutting, breaking, and raking corn stalks.

J. S. Herron and wife left on the evening train to visit their Uncle in Sumner County.

The protracted meeting at the Pleasant Valley Church is progressing slowly. No new members as yet reported.

Mr. Charley Rambo is hauling stone and making general preparations for the erection of a new house. Charley is going to keep up with the procession.

Invitations are out for a leap year party to be given at Mr. Lewis Brown=s next Friday night, March 7th, 1884. The ladies take supper and it is sold to the highest bidder. Benefits go toward the new Constant church.

The surprise supper at Mr. Mumaw=s is reported to have been a grand success. All went home grunting because they had eaten so much. We understand that Mr. Mumaw says he is going to prosecute the whole kit of them if they ever make him eat so much again.

We understand that there is a great deal of complaint among our farmers who have sold their wheat to the buyers owning the new mill at Arkansa City. It seems as though they pay a big price for wheat and try to make it lack in weight. One man claims that they cheated him out of 4 bushels of wheat in one load and says he will not haul any more to them; and if such conduct is continued, we think their mill will soon run dry on account of grain to grind. Y. W. C.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.




Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.


DIED. Capt. Geo. S. Story, Mayor of Douglass, died at that place last week Tuesday, of lung fever, at the age of 62. He came to Cowley County several years ago and took a farm in this county near the north line on which he has resided until three years ago since which time he has lived at Douglass. He was an active man, a good citizen, honored and respected by all who knew him.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.


ABoth Newton and Osage City are quite sick of the Acomplaint@ business about the Santa Fe railroad. It is always better people should know what they want before they ask for it.@

Douglass Tribune.

What makes Newton sick is the Ahoneyfugling@ of the Santa Fe officers who taffy up the Newton people with the idea that Newton will be made the end of a division on their main line and the works at Emporia and Nickerson will be moved to that plce if the City of Newton withdraws its complaint.

Osage City failed to pass the Asick@ resolutions but passed others sustaining the law and the former acts of the commissioners.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.


We are all at sea in respect to the latest move of the railroad commissioners in suspending their order relating to freight on the Santa Fe road and its auxiliary lines, and granting a rehearing. We are told that they are advised by the attorney general that they had made some mistakes in poins of law which would not stand the test of the courts in the suit commenced by a stockholder of the Santa Fe, and so they concluded best to do the work over again and avoid those mistakes. We are afraid the case is worse than this and that the tremendous pressure brought to bear upon them by the railroads and their supporters, is too heavy for men to withstand, unless supported by plenty of good words from the people in the way of expressions of sympathy and encouragement. This source of strength seems to be denied them. If the people want the best services, they should wake up and attend this very important part of the game. Men are human and expressions of approval and commendation from the people when they perform good acts will never come amiss.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.


The election is carried beyond reasonable doubt, but it was by Athe skin of the teeth,@ a mere scratch as it were. We are glad of the result though we must admit that the proposition ought to have been defeated, because of the way it was put before the people, and amount was too much. At the worst, no one in the county can be hurt beyond his share of the expenses of the election, and if the road should be built, it will be of advantage to every man in the county in various ways, without increasing his taxes; while to a considerable part of the county it will be of very important advantage. The voting of the bonds gives the company a chance to build the road, while a defeat here would possibly, even probably, have defeated the whole scheme. It was an enormous risk to take by putting such a proposition before our people.

It has been one of the most exciting elections we had ever had, yet peaceable and well conducted.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.


AThe Fort Scott & Wichita road has >sure enough= passed into the hands of the Missouri Pacific Company.@ El Dorado Republican.

And now Cowley County can get a connecting line from that Gould road and competition with the Santa Fe. That matter is being attended to.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.


Which we spoke of in our editorial last week, somehow got crowded out and appears on the outside page of this issue. We call attention to it and to our comments on it of last week which express our sentiments of today. We would much rather have a standard gauge road but a narrow gauge will be very much better than none.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

Otter News.

Geo. Cleveland is building in the Vale.

Our school board are all women=s rights men.

Corn is in demand at 25 cents and none offered at that.

Again we are able to write to the best county paper in South Kansas.

Mr. Harvest, the cattle man, has been visiting this vicinity this week.

T. H. Miller has proved up on his claim and says, AMy farm so and so.@

Dr. C. H. Lewis has sold his old farm northwest from town, price $1,500.

James H. Pullian has sold his upland farm and is going to move to Winfield.

Miss Robbins, of Winfield, will teach our summer school of three months.

Otto Kendal has built a house on his claim and is now an actual settler threon.

More winter, and farmers have to cease plowing because of frozen terra firma.

Uncle Jesse Kennedy has gone to Ohio on a visit, to view over the scenes of his childhood.

Lahre Guthrie has purchased Dan Ramey=s claim and moved in the stone house under the hill.

Lewis Sullivan purchased last week the Dan Koogle farm, consideration $5,000. Indeed, real estate is rapidly changing hands.

Tilghman Pierce is erecting a good dwelling on the west side of town, he having sold his farm to Mr. Geo. Leggett, price $1,000.

Whiskey fines have been collected in Cedarvale for the last three months of over $200 and still it is nothing uncommon to see a drunken man on the streets.

Dale, Hewins & Doshbaugh are going to erect a building for the purpose of opening up a bank in our prosperous little town. Rollie Dale will be cashier and general functionary.

Most everyone is interested now about the D. M. & A. railroad. They think that those last stipulations that the Company filed with the county Clerk are enough, and that it is to their interest to vote for the bonds. Hon. Jas. McDermott of Winfield addressed quite a number of the sturdy yeomanry of Otter Township at the Cedar Creek schoolhouse on Wednesday evening and convinced, it seems, most all the doubting Thomases that they should fall in with offered mercy before it is too late. OTTERITE.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

MARRIED. Married at the residence of the bride in Winfield, Kansas, March 11, 1884, by Rev. J. Cairns, Mr. Samuel Iliff of Medicine Lodge, and Mrs. Martha A. Lappin of Winfield.

Mrs. Lappin is an old and much respected resident of Winfield, and is an unselfish, devoted Christian woman, a member of the Baptist Church, whose home has often been turned into a hospital to relive those whose friends were at a distance. To know her was to love her, she will leave no enemies behind, and Medicine Lodge scores one against Winfield this time. We hope they will give her a reception, and appreciate her as she has been here. We regret to part with her.

The COURIER extends congratulations and thanks for a share of the wedding cake.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

New Salem Pencilings.

Mr. Fox has rented the widow Crane place.

Rev. Graham has returned from his field of labor.

Captain Rowe and sons have taken their cattle home.

Mr. J. D. Dalgarn has gone west to work at his trade.

Mr. Brown of Moscow is putting up a new kitchen for Mr. McMillen.

Mr. Hopping was a guest of the Watsonbergers one day last week.

Doctor Downs succeeded in raising $12 by subscription for the organ.

Rev. Knight preached on Sunday the 2nd inst., but I was unfortunately detained at home.

Mr. Wells has moved and a Mr. Fields and family now occupy the house vacated by him.

We hear that Mr. Walker near the station has sold his farm. We hope it is a false report.

Dr. Irwin and brother have lumber on the ground for building a new drug store on Main Street.

The school at the station closed on the 7th. With regrets the students see Miss Davenport leave.

Mr. J. W. Ingraham and Mr. Stiff are leaving our city, going to Osage County. With regrets we see them go.

Mr. C. C. Crow has quit the carpenter business and is now in the Salem lumberyard. Mr. Rounds has gone away.

AGentle spring@ is very backward this season. The snow birds are still with us, and the beautiful red bird is flying near my window.

The Hoyland brothers have purchased a corn and feed grinder and will grind for the neighbors on Saturdays if they will favor them with their patronage.

Messrs. Jasper and George Brinnegar are on hand ready to commece keeping bachelor=s hall. Wonder if any of the ladies will call. This is leap year and they might assert their rights.

Rev. Gans has finished his series of meetings. Ten or more were added to the church. May their light shine, and their pathway to the tomb be as free from thorns as it ever is permitted to be for anyone.

Messr. Edgar and Starr are pleased with their claims out west. Mrs. Edgar is boarding with Mrs. Watsonberger while that other litle girl is at home busily engaged in sewing carpet ragsCwonder if that carpet is to adorn a dug out?

Mr. J. W. Hoyland took a trip up into Iowa to buy stock, but found a buyer for almost every calf, and everything in the way of cattle was fearful high, so he came home, and has succeeded in buying forty or more from men in our vicinity.

There was a little party of the young people that met in the home of Mr. and Ms. Earnest Johnson recently, and though they report a good time, we think the severe colds taken that night are not very enjoyable. A regular epizootic seems to be going the rounds and I, too, confess myself a victim. Handkerchiefs are in good demand.

The Indian with his gay blanket that Brother AClyde@ speaks of favored AOlivia@ with a call and wanted Amoney, chickey, and hogee most,@ but was sent away empty handed, except a present from the boys, of my big brother-in-law=s dog. AMe no kill him, but hunt coonie.@ Two other Abraves@ with the three squaws and Aone little Injun@ were camped on Timber Creek for several days.

There has been a Scioptican Show in Salem two nights this week. Good show and a good house, I am informed. Half the proceeds are to go toward paying for the organ. The last evening of the show a photograph album was to be voted to some lady. Miss Eva Walker, Miss Reid, and Miss March C. Dalgarn were the candidates. The contest was lively and spirited, the votes were only five cents apiece, and Miss Walker carried off the album when it reached $15.00.

And nowC

I=ll tell you of a fellow, when I think of him I laugh,

For O, where=er he tries to go, he=s followed by a calf.

Tis sad this poor dumb Acritter,@ its mother will not own,

Tis bound to have companionship, it will not stay alone.

The other eve he started to see the wondrous show

And this foolish little calf determined it would go;

But it soon became bewildered by the dazzling of the moon,

And he saw the last of that wee calf until the next day noon.


The school in old Salem has closed for this term. Mr. Robearts awarded prizes to the deserving ones, and treated all the pupils and his numerous guests to candy. It seems I was lucky enough to get treated to all the goodies, as I just returned from my visit in time for the exercises at school. I presume I ought to tell you what a delightful time I had in my travels. Left Salem on Saturday morning the 23rd. Arrived all right at my destination, Cambridge, and was warmly welcomed by dear, kind friends. That evening I, with quite a number of the Cambrdiges, had a ride on the I. O. G. T.=s goat, in the Cambridge schoolhouse. The Lodge, like myself, was a stranger there, but I trust the young people who seem to possess plenty of energy will keep the Temperance boat from sinking and may their Lodge be the means of saving many. On Sunday morning with my friends, I attended Sunday school, and listened also to an excellent discourse from the Rev. Knight. Attended prayer meeting in the evening. On Monday morning, behind the spirited horses of the Row brothers, I enjoyed a ride of four miles to the Ranch, where I spent two days very pleasantly and feasted on the sweets of the land, and was Ahoneyed@ to my heart=s content. Returned to the little city and on Tuesday evening the Rowe brothers entertained quite a number of their friends, and thus I formed some very pleasant acquaintances. The rest of my visit was quietly passed and on Thursday eve I returned home, but my trip was far from lonesome, as I met Mrs. Olds, also Mrs. Asp, of Winfield, at the Cambridge depot, also Mr. Beasley of Burden, and Mr. James B. Rowe formed our little party and we had plenty of fun. The ladies, also Mr. Beasley, dropped off at Burden. We arrived in Salem in time for Christian service (came on the local), were kindly entertained a few moments by Mrs. Lucas, and after church was brought home by my good brother, and so ended my travels. But I forgot to mention that I met quite a number of Winfieldites while there, and among the number Mr. Frank Greer, and enjoyed a friendly little chat with that amiable gentleman. OLIVIA.



Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

City Parliament.

The city fathers met in adjourned session on Wednesday evening of last week and ground out a large grist of business. Al Wilson was re-appointed by the Mayor as City Weighmaster for the ensuing six months, and the appointment was unanimously confirmed by the three councilment present. Mr. Wilson has filled this position to the full satisfaction of all concerned and his re-appointment is well merited.

The petion of W. P. Hackney and fourteen others for a sidewalk along the south side of blocks No. 208, 229, 249, 269, 289, and 309 and the west side of blocks No. 330 and 331 was granted and the city attorney instructed to draw an ordinance covering the same.

The following bills were allowed and ordered paid.

E. S. Bedilion et al, cost in city vs. J. F. Younger and W. A. Lee, about $40.00.

Johnston & Hill, supplies for council chamber: $115.00.

Black & Rembaugh, printing: $43.25.

Hendricks & Wilson, supplies for Council Room: $40.80.

S. G. Gary, boarding city prisoners: $21.45.

W. A. Lee, rent of ground for bell tower: $8.80.

H. F. Paris, moving city property: $1.50.

A. H. Doane & Co., coal: $8.50.

Wallis & Wallis, supplies for Council Room: $4.00.

I. W. Randall, supplies for Council Room: $40.50.

Wm. Kuhns, special police: $1.25.

A. A. Thomas, special police: $1.25.

James Bethel, special police: $1.25.

O. M. Seward, Council Room rent for February: $5.00.

T. H. Soward, recording plat: $2.50.

Frank Barclay, supplies for Council Room: $6.00.

City officers= salaries and expenses: $68.30.

Jas. McLain, night watch: $45.60.

E. F. Sears, crossings, etc.: $18.00

H. B. Lacey, city scavenger, $300.00 claimed, allowed $15.00.

The lease existing between Albeo & Dorley for room for hose carts was annulled, both parties concurring. A lease was then made with J. C. McMullen for his brick and stone building on North Main for the term of five years at $25.00 per month, for the use of the fire department.

The city treasurer was instructed to pay all money in his hands belonging to the fund raised for paying orders of the city in favor of English Brothers.

J. F. McMullen, attorney for the Gas Company, filed a written request for the appointment of a committee to locate the places for the erection of the gas ports. Councilmen McMullen, Wilson, and Kretsinger were appointed as such committee.

Ordinance No. 184, contracting for the supply of gas to the city of Winfield to light the streets and public buildings of said city was passed and approved by the mayor.

An ordinance granting to the Southern Kansas Railway Co. the right to lay a side track along and in Fifth Avenue between Main and Manning Streets, was passed.

The Winfield Gas Company filed a statement locating its main buildings and appurtenances for the manipulation of gas on out lot No. 3 lying north of Fifth Avenue and west of Main Street within the corporate limits of the city. The location was accepted by the council.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

Teachers Examination.

An examination of applicants for teachers= certificates, will be held at the Courthouse beginning at 9 o=clock a.m., March 21, 1884, and continues two days. Applicants will please appear promptly at that time.

A. H. LIMERICK, County Superintendent.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.


Office and Shop at Horning & Whitney=s, WINFIELD, KANSAS.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.


The markets stand about the same as last week, with but little heavy produce coming in. Wheat brings 86 cents, corn 30 cents, hogs $6.25 per cwt., hay $5.00 per ton. Chickens, live, 5 cents per pound, dressed 8 cents; turkeys, live, 9 cents, dressed, 11 cents. Potatoes 75 cents, butter 20 cents, and eggs 12 2 cents. The hens are beginning to get in their spring work and the result is a depression in the egg market.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.


J. W. Eltzroth, of Clinton County, Indiana, is visiting in the city with R. A. Franklin.

A. E. Baird has returned from his purchasing tour in the east, and his goods are now following.

BIRTH. Wesley McEwen Aset =em up@ Saturday as a celebration of the advent of a fine new boy at his house.

Geo. D. Headrick went over to Cherryvale this Thursday morning for a few days visit with W. C. Root and others.

Miss B. Moffitt, from Joplin, will make her home hereafter in this city with her sister, Mrs. C. F. Bahntge.

The basis of assessment adopted at a meeting of the township assessors last week will be found on the fourth page.

Don=t fail to hear Hon. Edward Carswell on ALaughing,@ March 21st. He is one of America=s most gifted orators.

Denovan=s Tennesseean=s will appear in Winfield about April 14th, under auspices of our Temperance organizations.

The winter terms of our district schools are now closing and contracts are being made for spring and summer terms.

J. E. Conklin and his estimable lady with her mother are again residents of Winfield, to the great delight of their many friends.



Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.


Mr. U. O. Case, who has been out in Barber County proving up on a claim, has returned to Cowley and will farm here this summer.

J. B. Lynn returned Monday night from the east, where he has spent several weeks purchasing a spring stock for his establishment.

Mr. Fred Hilton, of Lincoln, Nebraska, cousin of the local editor, made Winfield a short visit this week, combining business and pleasure.

The ladies of the Presbyterian Church tender thanks to J. C. Fuller for the free use of his elegant room in which to hold their entertainment.

Mrs. Dr. Emerson and Mrs. Chas. F. Bahntge took a little pleasure and business tour to Kansas City last week, returning one day this week.

H. G. Norton commenced a spring term of school last Monday at Excelsior, south of town, where he closed a winter term a week previously.

J. S. Rotherock has sold his mercantile business at Udall and is again in Winfield. He now has charge of J. P. Baden=s north end grocery store.

Mrs. Amy Fulghun, the lady evangelist who assisted in the M. E. revival during the early part of the winter, spent a day in the city last week.

Go to Alonzo Johnson=s Quarry east of the reservoir for the best of rubble and flagging. A large amount of well stone on hand. Leave orderrs at Lindell Hotel.

Vermilye Bros. received from Iowa Friday seventeen head of the finest brood mares they could pick up in that state. They are all very large and heavy draught.

Mr. E. V. Merritt, the Free Will Baptist minister of Wellington, called Monday with Mr. S. C. Sumpter, on his road home from Science Valley, where he preached Sunday.

T. R. Timme came down from Kansas City on Saturday=s train and spent a few days among this Winfield friends. He has a large tailoring establishment there and is doing well.

Mr. A. Herpich has left at this office a key ring containing several keys and a cork screw, which he found on the street. The owner can get them by calling and paying for this notice.

Now is the time for the farmers to pay off their present mortgages bearing high interest and secure a loan at lower rates. Borrow 6 percent money of McDonald, Jarvis & Co.

W. G. Seaver, for some time past editor of the Cambridge News, and an experienced newspaper man, will commence the issuance of a new paper at Dexter next Saturday, to be called the Eye.

This has been a hard winter on stock and in the Territory and other places where cattle were unshelteredCthe losses were heavy. The sleet of a month ago laid on the animals= backs longer than ever before.

A contract has been let to the Leavenworth Bridge Company to build a combination bridge across the Arkansas River at Oxford at a cost of $6,000. The work is to be completed by the first of June next.

The ladies of the Presbyterian Church made a grand success of their supper and dinner in the Torrance and Fuller building last Friday and Saturday, as they do of all entertainments they undertake. The quality, variety, and amount of the table supplies has never been excelled. The proceeds, $140, go for the recarpeting of the church.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

The time for planting trees has again arrived, and it seems to us that Winfield=s past experience shows the advisability of an ordinance making it obligatory upon every property owner along the principal streets to put out a certain number of shade trees, and then enforcing it. Many of our more enterprising citizens have been ambitious in this line and the result is many pretty rows of shade trees on some of our streets, but in some parts of the city tree planting has been badly neglected. About the only thing Winfield now needs to make her truly the AQueen City,@ is a greater ornamentation with shade trees. Her situation in the beautiful valley formed by the mounds on the east and Timber Creek and the Walnut on the north, west, and south, gently sloping toward the setting sun, is one of the loveliest, and with all of our wide, straight, and clean streets fringed with trees, she would be without a doubt the prettiest city in the west. The only way to insure systematic tree culture on all principal streets and avenues is to pass an ordinance, like our sidewalk ordinance, compelling property owners to do it. We have numerous examples in Kansas proving the efficiency of this plan, and many cities are adopting it this spring. Citizens and City Fathers, shall we have such an ordinance? If so, now is the time to move in the matter.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

The muddle in which the Railroad Commissioners have got the freight rate question, seems to have had a bad effect. A few days ago a man called at the Southern Kansas depot to pay the charges on a car from St. Louis. He knew the figures, but the agent began re-adjusting the rates to conform with the different decisions and ran the total up so rapidly that the citizen fainted and fell over on the floor. He was picked up and carried out into the fresh air and recovered, when the agent sympathetically remitted the additional sixteen dollars that had been added to the freight bill in the different manipulations through which it had passed.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

Our citizens are promised a great treat in the perrson of Miss Helen Potter, who gives one of her grand entertainments at the Opera House, Friday evening, April 14th, under the auspices of the Ladies Library Association. She is conceded to be one of America=s greatest readers and personators and personates many different characters, among which are Oscar Wilde, John B. Gough, Susan B. Anthony, Henry Ward Beecker, and Rev. DeWitt Talmage. Our people cannot afford to miss such a grand opportunity of hearing such an elocutionist as Miss Potter.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

Charlie Fisher, a young man residing in eastern Cowley, mortgaged a mule team in this city one day last week for a good sum and then took them to Arkansas City and sold them for a hundred and eighty dollars. Sheriff McIntire arrested him in a bawdy house down there, with only fifty cents of the money left and plenty of whiskey on board, and lodged him in the county jail. His relatives bailed him out Saturday night. The man who bought the mules gave them up with the earnest desire that the Aculpret woud go to the >pen.=@


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

The conviction of Wm. H. Colegate [?Colgate?] for arson has just been reversed by the Supreme Court of the State. That court holds that the acquittal of Colegate on the first prosecution is an absolute bar to any further prosecution of the defendant for arson of the mill and its contents. The defendant is now in the city, and his case will proably be disposed of next Monday, when the districxt court holds an adjourned session. The result of this case is due to the legal ability and unwearied labors of W. P. Hackney, defendant=s attorney, who argued his case in the Supreme Court.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

There should be telephone connections between Winfield and Wellington via Oxford. This would connect Geuda Springs, Arkansas City, Winfield, Oxford, Wellington, Hunnewell, South Haven, and Caldwell by telephone. Who will take the lead in this enterprise? It would be a big advantage to every businessman in Oxford, as well as those of Wellington and Winfield. We should think that the necessary amount could easily be raised in the three towns with a very light assessment on each. Oxford Register.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

John Goodrich and A. S. Gray have purchased a stock of general merchandise at Cedarvale and gone into business together at that place. John has been with J. P. Baden for the last four years, was a very popular salesman, and will be missed from the establishment. Messrs. Goodrich & Gray have many years experience, will carry a large stock, and succeed in Cedarvale if anybody can. It is a good point for merchandising.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

The New Salem Lodge No. 118 of A. O. U. W. will give a supper in the Hall on the evening of the 20th inst. Supper 25 cents; children under ten and over five, 10 cents. A general invitation is extended to all, and the members of the A. O. U. W. Lodges of Winfield and Burden are especially requested to be present.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

DIED. Died on March 8, 1884, Edith A., daughter of C. H. & L. A. Keif, of this city, aged 2 months. The funeral took place from the residence Monday, Rev. J. Cairns officiating. This is the sixth child Mr. and Mrs. Keif have buried out of a family of eleven.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

The festival week before last in the Torrance and Fuller building, by the ladies of the Christian Church, netted $154.92. The new church building will soon be ready for occupancy. They extend thanks to all who so nobly assisted them in their festival.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

The Senior class entertainment at the high school building on last Friday evening was very pleasant, and largely attended. Music, recitations, etc., formed the program. The proceeds go toward hiring the Opera House for the graduating exercises at the close of the term.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

The Wellington Wellingtonian has a department AOur Boys,@ and another AOur Girls.@ We hope the foreman will always keep them apart. Turning them out together has raised the Adevil@ in more than one community.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

Miss Hattie Young, late of Chicago, has recently been a guest of Mrs. Dr. Taylor, and accompanies her to Arkansas City, where, the last of this week, they open a fine millinery and dress-making establishment.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

Gen. A. H. Green returned last week from Hot Springs, Arkansas, where he has been for some weeks recuperating. His health is much improved and he hopes for an entire recovery in the near future.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

Mr. F. L. Brainger, formerly of Ohio, has located in Winfield with his family and bought an interest in the real estate and loan business of H. G. Fuller. The firm now appears H. G. Fuller & Co.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

B. W. Matlack, of Arkansas City, has a number of young ladies copying a set of real estate abstract books from those of Curns and Manser.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

Mr. Frank Wilson, a gentleman recently from Illinois, has bought an interest in the real estate and loan business of T. J. Harris.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

The Presbyterians have purchased the Fitzgerald property on Mansfield Street for a parsonage.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

Death of Mrs. Fahnstock.

DIED. It is with deep regret that we announce the death of one of Winfield=s most valued and useful ladies, Mrs. J. M. Fahnstock, which occurred suddenly at her home on last Friday, the 7th inst., from apopolexy. She was performing some household duty, when she said to a friend, who had called in, AI believe I am losing my senses, I have such a strange feeling in my head,@ and at the same time fell. Medical aid was immediately summoned, but nothing could be done, and after remaining insensible for about four hours, she passed away.

Mrs. Fahnstock was born in Cincinnati and was in her fifty-second year. When twelve years of age she moved to Illinois, to Kansas in 1870, and to Winfield about nine years ago. At the age of seventeen she was converted and joined the M. E. Church, but six years ago her religious convictions changed and she united with the Baptists and was an active and faithful member of the church and Sunday school until death. The temperance cause had in her a strong advocate and she was an earnest worker in the Good Templar Lodge and in the Woman=s Christian Temperance Union, a large number of the former attending her funeral in a body.

She was twice married, her first husband dying in October 1866. She had three children, one of whom died in infancy, and the second, a young man, was killed by accident in the Black Hills in 1877. In 1870 she married Mr. J. M. Fahnstock, whom, with one son, her aged mother, two sisters, and one brother, are left to mourn her sudden and untimely end.

She was faithful to every trust in the home and the outside world, and was one of those who make the world better for their having lived. Truly Ain the midst of life we are in death,@ and we know not at what hour the most active and useful life may depart for the spirit wold. What a glorious thing it is to be able to leave behind many jewels for the archives of memory.

The funeral was held on Sunday at 11:30, from the Baptist Church, Rev. J. Cairns officiating, and was attended by a large concourse of people. She was buried in the Vernon Cemetery, seven miles west of the city.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

The Courier Observes

That Winfield property is advancing.

That real estate was way up MondayCin the air.

That Adudes@ are going out of fashionCWinfield hasn=t one.

That everybody took a buggy ride last SundayCafter Sunday school.

That now is the time to plant spring advertisements in the COURIER.

That Harter & Hill are the best looking landlords in Southern Kansas.

That our farmers are in good spirits and are spreading themselves generally.

That thingsin Winfield are assuming shape for an immense building boom.

That Winfield can rival any city in the globe for beautiful, smooth stone sidewalks.

That the ladies are greatly interested in a certain prospective wedding pending in our city.

That it would be a good thing to enforce the ordinance against driving over the sidewalks.

That little quarrels are better settled out of court than in it and at much less expense to both parties.

That Athe wind bloweth where it listeth,@ and the sound therewof is mighty easily heard these days.

That Judge H. B. Lacey must feel blueConly fifteen dollars from the city for a bill of three hundred.

That Winfield=s grain and produce dealers pay as good prices as those of any city in Southern Kansas.

That the dear little creatures who have had a Alove of a bonnet@ all winter, will soon be looking for a Aduck of a hat.@

That Winfield has a man with such a hatred to everything pertaining to a monarchy that he won=t wear a crown to his hat.

That M. J. O=Meara is open for sealed leap year proposals from the ladiesCplans and specifications to be seen at his boot and shoe store.

That A. Herpich has bought lots on South Loomis Street for residence property, is fencing them, and will put out a large number of trees this spring.

That March came in like the king of beasts and, according to the old saying, will go out like the little lambkins, so we can look for pleasant weather soon.

That James Lorton has bought lots in the eastern part of the city and if he now hurries up the Alittle brown front,@ the ladies will Apop the question@ at a lively rate.

That the busy housewife will soon wrestle with the tender house plant, turn him out of doors and tell him to grow up with the country and become rosy cheeked.

That Lou Zenor wishes to announce that he has let the contract for the encasement of his heart and the leap year racket is dead on himCall further bids rejectedCEzra Nixon ditto.

That newcomers are flocking into this county dailyCevery train brings in many land-seekers, and, as a rule, they are well-to-do families who intend to make Cowley their future home.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

A New Convenience.

J. B. Lynn has this week put in his elevated railway cash system. It is the best thing we have yet seen in that line, and will prove a great convenience. A platform about five feet high at the rear of the store, fenced in, is occupied by the genial Shields, who receives all money and makes change. Two miniature tracks are suspended from the ceiling over the entire length of both counters, and the clerks communicate with the cashier by means of hollow balls, capable of containing twenty silver dollars. One track has a two feet incline from and the other the same incline to the cashier. There are three stations to each counter in the dry goods department and one station in the clothing room. Should you tender a five dollar bill in exchange for three dollars in goods, the clerk will place the bill and a slip designating the amount of your purchase in the hollow ball, put it in the elevator to a station, shoot it up to the track, and away it goes to the cashier, who sends it back with the right change. Each station has its own ball and it will stop at no other place. Should a bill be charged, an itemized slip with the name of the customer will be placed in the ball and sent to the desk. Change can thus be made very quickly and without any danger of mistakes. Every large establishment should have this system, and although it is now a new thing, in a little while it will be in general use everywhere.

J. B. now has a very Acitified@ establishment.



Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

Railroad Commissioners.

Messrs. Turner and Gillett, members of the state Board of Railroad commissioners, accompanied by E. J. Turner, secretary, were in the city Tuesday for the purpose of hearing a request from the people of Vernon Township for the establishment of a depot. A large number of the leading citizens of that township met them at the Brettun House, where the Board had a meeting and examined into the matter. The Board then took carriages and accompanied by a COURIER representative drove out to the proposed site and looked the ground over carefully. The proposed location is on W. W. Painter=s eighty, in the northwest quarter of section twenty-two. The farmers of that vicinity were present in numbers and urged their case forcibly. The Commissioners arrived at no decision in the matter and will probably hold it under advisement for some days.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

AIf there is another city in this country that has as large a population as this place, without a brass band, we want to hear its name and location, for we certainly pretend to be on top.@ Wellingtonian.

Poor old Wellington! When occasion requires, as it has several times heretofore, you can borrowCif you open up your exchequerCthe Winfield Courier Cornet Band, the best equipped, and containing some of the finest musicians in the state, which ought to ameliorate your sufferings. Or we might send you our Juvenile Band, which was organized six montths ago of little fellows who knew nothing about music and now play nicely over one hundred pieces. If there is another city in the country the size of Winfield that can turn out more musical talent, we would like to hear its name and location, for we have always been on top. We can prove it by all our folks.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

An item appeared in the Telegram last week stating that the Courier Band was trying to induce two members of the Juvenile Band to join them, and thus break up the Juveniles. Prof. Farringer also said as much at his concert a few weeks ago. Mr. Geo. Crippen, leader of the Courier Band, informs us that the statement is entirely without foundation, and that the band has had no recent vacancies and has been soliciting no material. The members of the Courier Band are all gentlemen and musicians of the highest standing and far from trying to injure the Juvenile Band have done much to encourage it. The accusation in itself is absurd, for, while some of the Juveniles are becoming proficient in common music, it will be years before any of them can play the difficult music of the Courier Band. Our citizens have shown a just appreciation of the Juvenile Band, the COURIER has often found occasion to compliment it and its leader, and nothing discouraging whatever has been done or said by anyone. We are surprised that Professor Farringer or the Telegram would make such a stateament without absolute knowledge of its truthfulness.




Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

DIED. We stated last week that Chas. H. Wooden had been kicked by a horse and was very low. Before the papers reached our readers, his soul had passed to the spirit land. On Tuesday evening of last week as he entered the stable door to bring out a horse, he was kicked in the abdomen and sustained internal injuries, from which he died on the following Wednesday morning at 4 o=clock. Charlie had done business in Winfield as one of four principal draymen for a number of years, and had many friends. He was thirty-one years of age and leaves a wife and two children together with his parents and five brothers and sisters, who all live in this county, to mourn his sudden death. The funeral took place Friday afternoon from the Baptist Church, conducted by Rev. J. Cairns.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

For two or three weeks a troupe of young ladies and misses, under instruction of Mr. Marsh from New York, assisted by Prof. Stimson, of this city, has been preparing a Cantata of the seasons, which will be given at the Opera House Monday and Tuesday evenings. Each song is an impersonation, and there are a large number of them. Something new, and entirely different from anything we have seen. None can afford to stay away. Popular prices. Tickets 25 cents, no extra charge for reserved seats.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

The travel from Kansas City on the Santa Fe and Southern Kansas railroads at present is simply immense. Seven coaches crammed with passengers have come through nearly every day this week on the Southern Kansas and many immigrants have stopped off at Winfield. The anticipated extra train has been held off on account of a scarcity of engines, but will soon be put on. It is needed badly. With two trains daily on this road traveling would be greatly enhanced.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

Curns and Manser received final instructions Wednesday to begin at once the erection of two two-story brick buildings for Mr. McDougal. One is to be a storeroom adjoining his present building, and the other fronting on Tenth Avenue. Over this will be a fine hall 40 x 50 with stage and dressing rooms, for small entertainments, balls, etc. The buildings will cost upwards of $12,000.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

The Kindergarten entertainment given by Mrs. Garlick on Tuesday evening was the cutest thing that our citizens have yet enjoyed. The participants exhibited perfect training and played Mother Goose, dramatized in a way that would do credit to even grown persons. Mrs. Garlick is making a grand success of her Kindergarten school and is being well patronized.




Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

Mrs. M. Wood, sister of Col. J. C. McMullen, who has been visiting here for some time, went to Kansas City Tuesday morning, accompanied by her aged mother, to visit a few weeks with Mrs. E. P. Kinnie.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

Ed. G. Gray, of the Traveler, came up from Arkansas City on a pleasure drive last Sunday afternoon. He says the Traveler is contemplating soon a new cylinder press and a change to all home print.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

Lost. One black mare with foal, weighing about 1200 pounds, with right eye out. Also a bright bay mare. Ten dollars reward for their return to Scott=s stable, Winfield.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

Wm. H. Colegate came in on Tuesday night=s train, in charge of Charley Shenneman. He gave bail Wednesday and is now enjoying free air once more.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

You will find us on the hand side of Main Street fornenced Tower Grocery, with a full line of Men and Boys clothing. McDonald & Minor.



Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

James E. Jones, a member of the printing fraternity, returned to Winfield this week after a few months pilgrimage in the east.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

Frank Barclay and son go to Hastings, Nebraska, this week to put in steam heating apparatus in a new brick block at that place.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

All those that vote for or against the Narrow Gauge must come and examine our stock of clothing. McDonald & Minor.

Come and see that suit of Men=s clothes that we sell for $15.50 at McDonald & Minor.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

Lewis Brown, after a four weeks struggle with typhoid fever, is now improving and about out of danger.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

For Sale. One of the choisest stock, grain, and fruit farms of 320 acres. This place is well improved and well watered and located within 4 miles of Winfield; 100 acres of good valley land, balance good grass land. Anyone wanting a ranch like this will do well to call at our office at once. Price $5,500. J. D. Proor, Winfield.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

Mr. M. T. Brunwell, of Gibson, Illinois, spent a few days this week looking over Cowley with a view of locating. His father and brothers reside at Newton and after looking over Southern Kansas for some time, he thinks Winfield the most desirable town he has seen.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

The matrimonial market is decidedly Aoff,@ only four MARRIAGE LICENSES having been issued by the Probate Judge since our last.

John F. Lane to Martha S. Akers.

Thos. Langums to Hattie Hand.

James E. Young to Flora Campbell.

Sam=l Iliff to Martha A. Lappin.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

DIED. Mr. W. A. Ela, well known to many Winfield people, died last week at his home in Southeastern Pleasant Valley Township, aged seventy-two. Mr. Ela came to Cowley in the early days and was one of her most useful and valued pioneers.



Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

Hon. Edward Carswell will deliver his lecture on ALaughing,@ which he was deatained from delivering when before announced, by sickness, in one of the churches on Friday evening, March 21st. It will be the second in the course of lectures being given by the

W. C. T. U.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

Mr. A. Herpich, the merchant tailor, has received a large and elegant stock of spring suitings, all the latest designs. He extends an invitation to the general public to call and examine his goods. No person can fail to make a selection on seeing this stock. All work guaranteed.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

August Kadaw [?Kadau?] has just received another invoice of ready made boots and shoes and is re-shelving and fitting up his shop to receive them. The stock is much larger and better than ever. August is rapidly working up a fine trade in boots and shoes of eastern manufacture. [COULD NOT FIND AN AD...NOT SURE OF HIS LAST NAME!]


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

The next Kansas Editorial Convention will be held on April 3rd at Wyandotte, at which Hon. A. P. Riddle, of the Girard Press, will deliver the annual address. On the evening of April 4th the editors will start on an excursion to Florida.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

The members of Winfield L:odge No. 101 I. O. O. F. are requested to be present at the regular meeting on Thurday evening, March 20th, 1884, as business of special importance will then be transacted. GEO. D. HEADRICK, Secretary.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

MARRIED. Cowley people don=t stand off on account of age when they are seized with matrimonial fever. Chas. D. Dunn and Mary E. Ruffin, of Walnut Township, the former twenty years old and the latter fourteen, were married last week.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

T. B. Myers has been snow bound out in New Mexico. He writes that snow was fifteen feet above the telegraph poles, but has now subsided enough to let trains pass. He will be at home in a few days.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

Lost. A small leather pocketbook containing about ten dollars in money and a note, either lost on the road from Beaver Center or in Winfield. A reward will be given for its return to E. Bookwalter.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

Mr. W. P. Stowe, at the head of the M. E. Book Concern of Chicago, visited Col. J. C. McMullen a few days last week. He and the Colonel were school mates in their boyhood days.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.



THE ONE that does NOT yearly advertise to move or close out at cost, but does as he advertises, having fairly prospered, is willing again to divide the profits with the general public, AND STILL BE FOUND AT THE OLD STAND.

Thanking the public for the generous support, and with the assurance of continuing to deal fair, I will say that the SPRING STOCK now arriving is the handsomest and largest ever shown in this city, excelling in fit and style, at prices competition is unable to make.



Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.


Wanted. By Mr. P. C. Croco, 3 miles south of Winfield, one hundred acres of praire broken. Postoffice at Winfield.

For sale. A carload of Missouri mules, 13 to 16 hands high, all well broke, at Schofield & Keck=s barn.

To rent for cash. A farm of 320 acres, 40 in cultivation, good buildings and water, two and one-half miles south of Burden. Frank Marsh.

Baden must have a large number of chickens and turkeys to fill shipping orders within the next two weeks. Bring them on and get the highest market prices in cash.

Chickens and Turkeys. The glut in the chicken and turkey market is over, and I want all the poultry I can get, for which highest prices in cash will be paid. J. P. Baden.

Mr. Lee: I bought a lister of you, and my neighbors laughed at me, but I raised 1500 bushels of corn on 25 acres. Give me a lister to raise corn with. J. W. Mason, Otto, Kansas.

To exchange for city property or stockC40 acres smooth prairie land about 1 2 miles from Baltimore, 80 acres pasture land, living water, about 30 acres tillable, about 3 miles from Tisdale. 80 acres pasture land, some tillable living water, about 5 miles from Winfield. Call on or address Jon. D. Pryor, Winfield, Kansas.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.


To the Board of County Commissioners, of the County of Cowley, state of Kansas:

To all whom it may concern:

NOTICE is hereby given, that the undersigned will present a petition to the Board of County Commissioners of Cowley Co., State of Kansas, at the next regular session of said Board to be held in the office of the County Clerk of said Cowley County in the Courthouse in the city of Winfield in said County, on the 7th day of April, A. D., 1884, at the opening of the session of said Board on said day, or as soon thereafter as the Petitioners herein can be heard, praying for the vacation of as much of the street known as Fifth Avenue in the said City of Winfield, as lies betwen Main Street and Manning Street in said city.

Dated Winfield, Kansas, March 5th, 1884.

H. G. BULLER, Petitioner.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.



Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

School Report.

The report of Valley View school for term commencing Oct. 1st, 1883, and ending Feb. 22, 1884. Number of pupils enrolled 41. Average first two months 16 11-40. Average last three months 24 1-3. A grade general average 97-3/4. Wilber Martin 100, Carrie Schwantes and Pearl Martin 98, B. Grade Peter Schwantes, George Staggers, and Charlie Staggers 92, May Blanchard and Mary Bryan 87, Alice Pennington 90, average 90.

C. grade, Charley Schwantes and Sandy Craig 92, Jessie Staggers, Nellie Martin, May Allen, Robert Craig, Heartie Schwantes and Ben Perrin, 89, general average 89-3/4.

Number whose deportment was 100 last month: Pearlie Perrin, Ben Schwantes, Wilber Martin, Sandy and Robert Craig, Charlie Staggers. James Craig=s deportment averaged 100 during term. Only one scholar, Pearly Herrin, was not absent during term.

The following is a program of closing exercises.

Select reading by Wilber Martin, subject AInchape Afloat.@

Declamation by Charley Stewart, AMeeting of the Birds.@

ANobody=s Child,@ Jessie Staggers.

ASpring,@ Sandy Craig.

AMissionary Music,@ Nellie Martin.

ATrust in God,@ Charlie Staggers.

ALittle by Little,@ Charlie Schwantes.

ABuckle down Boys,@ Robert Craig.

AForty Acre Farm,@ Pearl Martin.

ACorn of Kansas,@ Carrie Schwantes.

Select reading by May Byan [?Bryan?], AShe has outlived her usefulness.@

Pearlie Perrin, AHow to tell it.@

Ben Schwantes, ALook not upon the wine when it is Red.@

Earl Lee, ASpeak Gently.@

John Schwantes, ACome Again.@

Eva Forbs, ABe in Time.@

Ida Schwantes, AMy Mother.@

Alvah Smith, AThe Little Teacher.@

Lizzie Simcocks, AHow it Happened.@

Cora Schwantes, AThe Bridge of Sighs.@

Wilber Martin, ALook at Both Sides.@

Select reading by Pearl Martin, AWashington and the Poor Widow.@

Carrie Schwantes, AIndependence Bells.@

All the smaller scholars had declamations without a single exception, and the scholars all did exceedingly well. After the exercises closed, Mr. J. F. Martin and others addressed the school. ANNA MARK, Teacher.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.



Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

Assessors= Meeting.

Winfield, Kansas, March 3, 1881.

The following named township and city assessors of Cowley County, Kansas, met, pursuant to law, at the office of the county clerk March 3rd, 1881.

J. W. Browning, Beaver; A. T. Cooper, Bolton; Richard Courtwright, Cedar; M. N. Sinnott, Creswell; S. H. Wells, Dexter; R. B. Corson, Fairview; G. W. Shelley, Harvey; J. H. Cochran, Liberty; E. J. Cole, Maple; A. J. Werden, Ninnescah; G. B. Darlington, Omnia; J. H. Bartges [?Bartgis?], Otter; L. Holcomb, Pleasant Valley; H. J. Sandford, Richland; M. N. Maretindale, Rock; Barney Shriver, Sheridan; Ed Pate, Silver Creek; P. F. Haynes, Silver Dale; H. L. Libby, Spring Creek; J. H. Sparrow, Tisdale; H. H. Martin, Vernon; A. J. Thompson, Walnut; H. L. Koons, Windsor; J. W. Arrowsmith, Winfield City.

Meeting organized by electing W. L. Koons, chairman, and M. N. Sinnott, secretary.


The following basis of assessment was agreed upon.


1st grade: $65 to $80.

2nd grade: $35 to $60.

3rd grade: $10 to $20.

Ponies and colts: $5 to $15.


1st grade: $65 to $80.

2nd grade: $35 to $60.

3rd grade: $10 to $20.

Stallions over three years old: $100 to $400.

Jacks: $100 to $400.

Jacks, under three years: $20 to $75.

Jennies, any age: $10 to $20.

Good driving and race horses: $75 to $300.


1st grade work oxen, each: $30 to $35.

2nd grade: $20 to $30.

Cattle four years old and upwards, including bulls: $25 to $40.

Same age, 2nd grade: $15 to $25.


1st grade: $20 to $30.

2nd grade: $10 to $20.

Three-year-old steers: $15 to $25.

Two year old steers and heifers: $8 to $15.

Yearlings: $4 to $10.


1st class: $1.50 to $3.00.

2nd class: $.75 to $1.50.


1st grade: $10 to $25.

2nd grade: $2.00 to $10.00.

Hogs 2 to 3 cents per pound.

Goats: $1.00.

Corn, per bushel: $11 to $15.

Wheat: $30 to $50.

Oats: $5 to $10.

Pork, per 100 pounds: $3.50.

SeedsCMillet, flax, and Hungarian, per bushel: $15.


Threshers, 1st class, 50 percent off 1st cost.

Harvesters, 1st class, 50 percent off 1st cost.

Headers, 1st class, 50 percent off 1st cost.

Reapers and mowers, 1st clas, 40 percent off 1st cost.

Wagons and carriages, 1st class, 30 percent off first cost.

All other machinery left at the discretion of the assessors.

Gold and silver watches, plate and jewelry, pianos, and all other musical instruments, at their cash value.

Land on basis as equalized by Board of County Commissioners two years ago, with value of new improvements added thereto.

By 1st class of any of above named stock is meant such as would be considered 1st class throughout the State.

Meeting adjourned sine die.

W. L. KOONS, Chairman.

M. A. SINNOTT, Secretary.



Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

For a long time now, I have not printed up publication notices from the Land Office at Wichita, where R. L. Walker still acts as Register....

Notice for Publication.


NOTICE is hereby given, that the following named settler has filed notice of his intention to make final proof in support of his claim and that said proof will be made before

E. S. Bedilion, District Clerk at Winfield, Kansas, on Friday, March 14, 1884, viz: GEORGE S. JENNINGS, of Cowley Co., Kansas, for the Lot 2, Sec 2, Tp 34; & W hf of S E qu & se qr of sw qr of Sec 35, Tp 33 S, R 5 E. He names the following witnesses to prove his continuous residence upon, and cultivation of said land, viz: I. N. Darnall, L. D. Rorick, J. H. Swindler, William Berry, all of Winfield, Kansas.

R. L. WALKER, Register.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

Notice of Publication.


NOTICE is hereby given that the following named settler has filed notice of his intention to make final proof in support of his claim, and that said proof will be made before S. L. Gilbert, Notary Public at Winfield, Kansas, on March 12, 1884, viz: Mattie DeTurk for the w 2 of s w qr and sw qr of n w qr sec 34 and ne qr s e qr sec 33, tp 33, range 5 e. He names the following witnesses to prove his continuous residence upon, and cultivation of, said land, viz: R. A. McKenna, J. C. Corbin, A. H. Miller, and S. G. Martin, all of Winfield, Cowley County, Kas. R. L. WALKER, Register.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

Notice for Publication.


NOTICE is hereby given that the following named settler has filed notice of his intention to make final proof in support of his claim, and that said proof will be made before E. S. Bedilion, District Clerk at Winfield, Kansas, on Friday, March 14, 1884, viz: JOHN H. SWINDLER, of Cowley County, Kansas, for the w hf s w qr Sec 33 and e hf of s e qr Sec 34, Tp 33 S, R 5 E. He names the following witnesses to prove his continuous residence upon, and cultivation of, said land, viz: I. N. Darnall, L. D. Rorick, James Ball, George S. Jennings, all of Winfield, Kansas. R. L. WALKER, Register.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.

AD. WANTED, Dead Hogs and Stock of all kinds suitable for Tanking. Bring them in and we will pay you ASpot Cash@ what they are worth. HOLMES & SON.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Editorial Notes. [APPEARED ON FRONT PAGE.]

The Supreme Court of the United States, with the exception of Justice Field, has found out the legal-tender act was consititutional.

The railway bill now under discussion in congress and the one that is to be reported by the committee, is similar to the Kansas railway law.

The prohibition bill passed the Iowa house on Saturday, the senate on Tuesday, and was immediately signed by the governor. It goes into effect July 4th.

A colony of Russian Jews in Colorado is reported in a starving condition. The experiment of colonizing these people as farmers seems to be an utter failure. They display, as agriculturists, none of the qualities which made the Jews so successful in other pursuits.

Some two years ago Mr. Thos. Nickerson and associates built a line of railway from San Diego, Lower California, northward to a point on the Southern Pacific road called Colton. Lately the Santa Fe people purchased this line and it is understood will build to the Colorado River where a connection will be made with the Atlantic & Pacific. This will give the Santa Fe a line of their own to the Pacific Coast.

Sam Riggs: AIf Sid Clark had not taken such an active part for me, I have no doubt I would have been elected.@

Sid. Clarke: AIf it had been any other man than Riggs, I think I could have pulled him through.@

Says Sam, to Sid, his guide and chief:

AOnce on a time, you called me thief.@

Quoth Sid: AYour memory I admire, But you called me a scamp and liar.@

ATherefore, said Sam, Athe honest masses Would not believe us under oath.@

Quoth Sid: AThe people are not asses: =Tis clear that they believe us both.@

The notorious Illinois desperado, Rande, confined in the Joliet penitentiary, assaulted and almost killed a keeper named McDonald on Friday, and was only subdued by the assistance of other convicts after a desperate struggle, ending by McDonald=s brother, also a keeper, shooting Rande in the head. Both parties may recover.

Rande is the champion desparado of the country. He was received at the prison February 24, 1878, on a life sentence from Knox County. He was the criminal sensation of the day at the time, and gloried in the various titles of AThe American Brigand,@ AThe Knox County Desperado,@ AThe St. Louis Pawn Shop Fiend,@ and AThe Brilliant Bandit of the Wabash.@ His real name is Charles C. Scott, a son of Michael Scott, of Fairfield, town. Rande killed no less than five men in the year 1877, and is the supposed murderer of thirteen different persons in the states of Indiana, Illinois, and Missouri, and if the Keeper McDonald, whose skull he crushed in with an iron bar, dies, his victims will number fourteen.

Troy Chief: We already begin to read about the ALesson@ of the Second district. According to our understanding, a lesson is something that serves as an example, to be profited by. When a man is ground into mince-meat, it is no lesson to him to keep out of the mill for he is past learning from experience. Riggs and his little outfit are as far beyond the possibility of profiting by a lesson as was the darkey who was found dead in the water, and upon whose case a colored coroner=s jury rendered a verdict: AWe, de jury, find dat deceased was froze to death while sitting on de wharf, which caused him to fall and break his neck, after which he was drownded.@

Well, Gov. Glick and Tom Moonlight can now view the ruins of another of their cute little jobs. They have met with nothing but failure, in every scheme they have undertaken. The next and best job of all will be closing out Glick and Moonlight, next November. Has anybody seen nothing of the Tariff Reform party of Kansas nowhere around, nowhere?

Funston carried every county in his district. Sam Riggs carried Sid Clarke, and a mighty heavy load he was too.

The book of Sams has been closed in Kansas, and the book of Lamentations reached.

It looks as if the Seventh Day Baptists had voted in the Second district.

To Sam Riggs, March came in like a Alam.@


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.



Thinking that perhaps a few items from this part of the county would be of interest to your many readers, we proceed to give you some of the doings hereabouts.

The farmers are beginning to plow for oats and corn.

Mr. Thomas and son sold their farm a few days since.

Mr. Bull, who lives east of town, sold his farm last week.

The trustee is around having the boys count their potatoes.

Spring is coming, but we do not intend to give you any spring poetry.

Successful Sabbath schools are in progress both at Maple City and District 98.

The Messrs. Thomas= are losing very heavily with their sheep on account of disease.

Mr. Sutton, who has been absent in Arkansas for several weeks purchasing cattle, returned last week.

Mr. Andrews, although he has not recovered the full use of his arm, is much better, we are glad to note.

Although all the voters of this township could not vote for the bonds there were forty out of 120 gave it their support.

The firm of Hewins, Titus & Co., cattle men, we understand, contemplate fencing a large pasture southeast of Maple City in the Territory in the near future.

The ladies of District 98, a few days since, had an entertainment for the purpose of raising money to purchase an organ for the school and Sunday school. The net proceeds amounted to $43.

Mr. Enos Goodrich has lately opened a grocery store in the city and is doing quite a lively business. Success, Mr. Goodrich.

Mr. Quincy A. Roberts, who has been teaching at 98, is taking a few days vacation and visiting friends and relatives in your city.

Cattle in the Territory are going to come through the winter very thin on account of scarcity of feed, so report the stock men.

Mr. A. Gilkey, our enterprising merchant, is doing a very flattering business in the general merchandising line.

DIED?? It is rumored that one of the McDowal=s of Beaver, cattle men, died a few days ago.

The sheep of Messrs. Shreves= are looking much better than they did this time last year, and their losses will be exceedingly light to what they were last year.

On last Friday evening a week a social gathering occurred at Mr. Libbie=s, our genial trustee. Good music, and the social entertaining qualities of the host and hostess made everybody feel at home and at ease, and the young as well as some of the old tripped the light fantastic toe till the wee-sma hours, when all the guests (your humble servant had the pleasure of being in attendance) departed feeling that they were much the better for being there. FLO.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.


W. E. Rowe and family have returned from Missouri.

Several carloads of stock have been shipped from here the past week.

Mr. J. F. Rowe is still improving. Hope he will be well in a few more days.

Mr. Ingle traded his house and lots for a farm west of Torrance, on Goose Creek.

[Goose Creek???]

The health of our vicinity is not very good at present. Quite a number are on the sick list.

The elevator is busy most all the time shelling corn. Corn is worth 30 cents per bushel here at present.

The hog cholera is raging in our vicinity at present. Several hogs have passed in their checks.

Mr. Henrion and family will start next week for St. Louis, where they will remain during the summer.

Mrs. Fulghun, the Quaker minister, is holding meetings here at present. Can=t say how long the meetings will continue.

The Good Templars= Lodge is prospering finely. Two candidates for the next meeting to ride the goat (if they don=t get flumixed).

Mr. Freeborn met with a sad accident a few days ago. He fell off the stable and hurt himself internallyCdon=t think he will get well.

Capt. M. B. Rowe and sons drove their fine herd of cattle home a few days ago, from Mr. Hoyland=s, for the purpose of feeding them grain.

There is some talk of a wedding in our vicinity soon if she don=t go back on him. Remember this is leap year. Can=t tell what the fair sex will do.

The railroad election passed off quietly. No fights nor foot races. The bonds carried in Windsor township, five majority. Hurrah for the Narrow Gauge.

There was a runaway here last week. A mule team belonging to Mr. Greenleaf ran off with his wagon and ran over two other wagons. One wagon was a total wreck. No one hurt.

Cambridge is on the boom. Several lots have been purchased for the purpose of building dwellings; and by the way, Miss Weaverling purchased a business lot on east Main Street, where she will soon have a fine business house completed and filled with goods.



Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.


We believe the Narrow Gauge intends to cross Cana on a sycamore log which lodged on Tom Newel=s place during the late thaw.

Lawyers, doctors, and dogs swell our population to a figure which demands a railroad forthwith, and a railroad we are going to have.

Yesterday the wind was up, the dirt loose, and real estate a mile high, and the old soakers as they spit the mingled dose of sand and alkali out of their mouths, cursed prohibition, the American constitution, and Ben Henderson indiscriminately.

The Chicago Comedy Company visited this place last week giving plays during five consecutive days and draining the neighborhood of its small change to such a degree that the confectioners and billiard hall men are about to starve out, and yet there is more to follow.

Jasper doesn=t pretend to explain how he brought up on his back in the skating rink with both feet in a lady=s lap. He will not attempt to paint the manner in which the ladies jump up on their seats and scream when they see him coming. But when he reflects that he is about as rapid, elegant, and uncertain on the rink as a bay steer with a lantern on his tail, it is no surprise that he creates as much terror among the ladies as a wet mouse in a parlor.



Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.


Having been informed that certain irresponsible partiesCself-styled competitorsCare circulating the report that we do not intend to move, we announce that we will be in our NEW QUARTERS by April 1st. The lease is signed and delivered, and for the next ten days we offer sweeping drives in Men=s and Boys= Clothing, Boots and Hats. We guarantee you medium quality goods at same prices you will pay for cheap slop shop, and fine goods at no higher prices than you will pay elsewhere for only a medium article. Don=t miss this, your grandest opportunity.

J. S. MANN, The Leading Clothier.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.


Third Congressional District.

A convention of the Republicans of the Third Congressional District of the State of Kansas will be held at Cherryvale on Thursday, the 24th day of April, 1884, at 2:30 p.m., for the purpose of electing 2 delegates and 2 alternates to the National Republican Convention at Chicago, June 3rd, to put in nomination one candidate for presidential elector and to nominate one candidate for member of Congress for said district.

The basis of representation in said convention will be the same as that adopted for the Republican State Convention of April 29, giving the several counties of this district representation as follows.

Chautauqua 3, Cherokee 5, Cowley 6, Crawford 5, Elk 3, Labette 6, Montgomery 5, Neosho 4, Wilson 4.

The committee recommends that the county conventions be held on Saturday, April 19th, and that the primaries be held on April 16th.

By order of the Republican committee of the 3rd congressional district, state of Kansas.

D. A. MILLINGTON, Chairman.

A. J. GEORGIA, Secretary.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.


The Republican Central Committee of Cowley County, Kansas, will meet at the COURIER office, in Winfield, on Saturday, March 22nd at 1:30 p.m. to call a convention and transact important business connected with the coming campaign.

The following named gentlemen are members of this committee.

Beaver, J. R. Sumpter; Bolton, I. D. Guthrie; Cedar, D. M. Patten; Creswell, I. H. Bonsall; Dexter, Patterson; Harvey, Brown; Fairview, McCollim; Liberty, Cochran; Maple, H. Carr; Ninnescah, _____; Omnia, L. S. Cogswell; Otter, J. B. Graves; Pleasant Valley, D. S. Sherrard; Silver Creek, E. Pate; Richland, J. R. Cunningham; Rock, _____; Sheridan, E. Shriver; Spring Creek, J. H. Gilliland; Silverdale, L. J. Darnall; Tisdale, Jno. Ingham; Vernon, Jas. B. Evans; Walnut, Jno. Mentch; Windsor, S. B. Sherman; Winfield, 1st Ward, D. A. Millington; Winfield, 2nd ward, I. W. Randall.

All members of the committee are urgently requested to be present.

D. A. MILLINGTON, Chairman.

I. W. RANDALL, Secretary.

Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Announcement. We are authorized to announce H. H. Siverd as a candidate for re-election to the office of Constable of the city of Winfield, at the April elections.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.


The Republican, of Arkansas City, exhibits a great deal of editorial work and ability. It is clear headed and is unmist akably on the moral side of every question. It is a very neat looking sheet and is worthy of a very liberal support.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.


Mr. Millington: If your suggestion to the assessors had been placed before them on the 30th inst., they certainly would have been entitled to our consideration as there are many points which in my opinion would have been concurread in, but coming at the late date of the 13th inst., found many assessors already at work; hence you will see the reason for not adopting new rules. The basis of this year is an improvement on last year and is no doubt as good as the county ever hadCa committee should have at least two days to make a report on a basis of valuation instead of about two hours. Our Committee did the best they could with the light they had and it is to be regreatted that at the time you should have been making your suggestions to them, you were busy in your sanctum grinding out six columns of reasons why the people should shoulder one hundred thousand dollars more taxation on the wheelbarrow line to Arkansaw. I hope that under our present prosperous prospects that every taxpayer will have the manhood to make prompt and honest statements to the assessors. L. HOLCOMB.

It is not a bit too late yet, nor will it be until the returns are made to the county clerk. The assessor can revise his work as far as he has gone at a cost of a day or at most two or three more days of time and the county can well afford to pay for the time taken for the revision.

Since our issue of last week, we have been informed by the city assessor that he is valuing all property on the principles laid down by our article of last week. We hope all our township assessors will follow suit. There is not the slightest need of valuing any property for less than one-third of its actual value in order to protect our county against lower valuation in other counties of the state. The assessors of Atchison and of some other counties have agreed to assess the real estate of their counties at one half of real value; and as we look over the published doings of the assessors meetings of the various counties as given by our exchanges, we find that while some have adopted systems of valuation which are grossly unjust as between citizens of the same county, yet none have agreed on an average valuation of less than one third of real value.

Now our board of assessors say:

AThreshers, first class, 50 percent off 1st cost.

Harvesters, first class, 50 percent off 1st cost.

Headers, first class, 50 percent off 1st cost.

Reapers and mowers, 1st class, 40 percent off 1st cost.

Wagons and carriages, 1st class, 50 percent off first cost.

All other machinery left at the discretion of the assessors.

Gold and silver watches, plate and jewelry, pianos, and all other musical instruments at their cash value.

Land on basis as equalized by board of County Commissioners two years ago, with value of new improvements added thereto.@

This quotation contains assessment rates at cash value, seven tenths of cash value, one half of cash value, and on lands a range from cash value all the way down to less than one tenth of cash value, for it is a well known fact that some lands have been sold within the last two years for more than ten times the equalized value of two years ago.

Then the basis of assessment says: AHogs 2 to 3 cents per pound; corn 11 to 15 cents per bushel; wheat 30 to 50.@ Now the best wheat is worth about 75 cents in the bins and the poorest probably 50. The rates of assessment is two thirds of real value. The best corn is not worth more than 25 to 30 cents in the crib and the rate is more than half of its real value. The basis for hogs is at least one half of real value and we should judge that the basis for horses, mules, cattle, and sheep is from one third up to a half of real value on an average. Why should a man who has a thousand dollars worth of machines, corn, wheat, hogs, or cattle be taxed five times as much as one who has a thousand dollar farm?

What authority a board of assessors have to decide to tax some property twice to ten times as much as other property of same value we do not know. The law demands that the assessments shall be at value. The object of the law is equality and justice. If all property was assessed at one third of actual value, the object of the law would be attained except so far as it affects the exemption. Nobody would be robbed for the benefit of others, but each would pay his just proportion of taxes. Any valuation which is not the true value of the property assessed or a fixed and certain proportion of that value for all property, is robbery, and we think illegal and void. No assessor or board of assessors have any right to discriminate for or against any kind of property in the least.

We trust that the balance of our county assessors will fall in and do their full duty in this matter.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

RECAP: Third Congressional District of Kansas, Republican Committee, at Cherryvale on Marh 13th. Present: R. G. Ward, proxy for W. H. Gibson, Chautauqua;; M. W. Coulter, proxy for W. B. Stone, Cherokee; D. A. Millington, Cowley; A. J. Georgia, Crawford; Asa Thompson, Elk; L. S. Crum, Labette; E. E. Wilson, Montgomery; F. B. Limbocker, Neosho; and J. P. Scott, Wilson. D. A. Millington of Winfield, Cowley Co., was elected chairman and A. J. Georgia, of Pittsburg, Crawford Co., was elected secretary.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.


At the railroad meeting, at Silverdale, last Monday evening, we had the pleasure of meeting Ed. P. Greer, of the Winfield COURIER. We found him to be a gentleman of extreme courtesy, and as bright as polished steel. He probably made the best speech that evening delivered in the county during the narrow gauge campaign. We trust that circumstances may so direct that we may unite on measures, for truly Ed. is a power upon whatever side he may bestow his forces. Arkansas City Republican.

Ed has not seen the above, but when he does, how he will blush. But it will please him Aall the same@ for he will take it as the warm expressions of a partial friend, rather than a tribute to a real merit. But this is not the first or the only compliment of the kind we have heard concerning our associate. Others have mentioned Ed=s speeches, at Silverdale in particular; but at other places during the bond campaign, in similar glowing terms and the senior of this paper can readily accept these good words for him as pretty near the truth. We have known all the time that he had it in him. Ed. is growing and wide awake.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.


When Sam Riggs, Sam Wood, and Sid Clarke met recently at the cross roads near Lawrence, the scene was truly affecxting. Sam wept as he referred to his late passes, Riggs told how it felt to be Aeliminated,@ and Sid said republics is ungrateful, and I=m undone. As they parted he added Awhen shall we three meet again?@


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Mr. Seward A. Haseltine, attorney and solicitor of patents, of Springfield, Missouri, sends us the following.

Patents were issued to citizens of Kansas during the past week as follows:

M. B. Fitts, Great Bend, Kansas, AHay and Straw Stacker.@

J. Fuller, Jr., Seneca, Kansas, AGauge attachment for boring bits, etc.@

J. A. Hast, H. Scott, and B. F. Fancoast, Iola, Kansas, AMotor.@

A. F. Morey, WINFIELD, Kansas, ACar-coupling.@

T. J. Reed, Leavenworth, Kansas, ACarriage Top.@

G. A. Runyan, Augusta, Kansas, ACornstalk-rake.@

G. W. Williams, Portis, Kansas, ASteam cooking apparatus.@


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Scraps from Akron.

As the COURIER has not received any news from this part of the county for some time with the exception of ARingtum,@ who gave one toot and quit, I thought a few items from this part would be of interest to the readers of the COURIER.

The weather has begun to feel like spring and spring fever seems to be in order with every person, especially with the writer.

Most of the farmers are sowing oats while a few are plowing for corn. There will be a larger acreage of corn put out this spring than ever before.

The prospects for wheat are good and if the season is favorable, the farmers will reap another bountiful harvest.

Mr. Grove has traded his farm for property in Arkansas City and moved his family and household goods last week.

Friend AMike,@ who writes from Akron to the Telegram, seems jubilant over getting a Democrat Post Master you must bear in mind. AMike@ it was not because Mr. Thompson is a Democrat that he is Post Master. It was because the location suited the majority of the people and was recommended by the Republicans as well as the Democrats.


BIRTH. It is a boy and weighs nine pounds and W. M. Huston is the happiest man in Kansas.

On last Tuesday evening quite a number of the young folks of this vicinity assembled at the pleasant home of Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Hanlen. The evening was spent quite enjoyably by everyone present under the kind hospitality of the host and hostess. At the usual hour supper was served, including oysters, which every person present done themselves simple justice. At a very late hour the crowd dispersed, leaving behind them the best wishes for Mr. Hanlen and his amiable wife. [FIRST TIME HANLEN/SECOND TIME HANLIN...???]

The oyster supper at the Walnut Valley Church that came off March 6th was a success considering the inclemency of the weather. About $16.00 was taken in, which will go for the purpose of buying singing books for the church.

J. W. Warren=s school, at Akron, closed last Tuesday with a big dinner and lots of nuts and candies and a good time in general, and on Friday night the school gave an exhibition in the schoolhouse, which was first class. The house was crowded to its utmost capacity. The principle part of the play was a drama entitled ADown by the Sea.@ The actors performed their parts well and it was comic as well as interesting. Prof. Hittle with three fiddlers furnished excellent music during the evening. Mr. Warren has given general satisfaction in the school this winter and we hope the district will be so lucky as to secure him for another term. OLIVER.



Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Public Sale. I will offer at public auction at my residence seven miles north of Winfield, 38 head of cattle, consisting of milch cows, heifers, and steers, one brood mare and one two year old colt. Terms of sale: a credit of eight months will be given on all sums over five dollars by the purchaser giving a bankable note bearing ten percent from date. All sums of five dollars and under, cash in hand. The sale to be on Thursday, March 27th, 1884, W. Denning, Crier. H. C. SCHOCK.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Administrator=s Notice of Appointment.

To all whom it may concern:

NOTICE is hereby given that the undersigned has been duly appointed by the Probate Court of Cowley County, in the State of Kansas, Administrator of the estate of Reuben B. Wood, late of said county, deceased. BENJAMIN F. WOOD, Administrator.

J. WADE McDONALD, Attorney.



Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.


The trotting stallion ATITAN,@ the full-blood imported Norman stallion, ACARLO,@ the three-quarter Norman and Morgan stallion, ANAPOLEON,@ and the Mammoth and Black Hawk Jack will stand for the season of 1884 at Sol. Smith=s stable in Winfield. Full pedigrees furnished on application. S. ALLISON.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.


I have recently opened a first-class GROCERY & QUEENSWARE STORE,

In the building formerly occupied by Tomlin & Webb.

My stock is LARGE AND FRESH, and will be sold at prices which defy competition. Call and be shown through my establishment by accommodating salesmen; and notice some of the extraordinary bargains.


Remember the placeCfirst door north of Myton=s.



Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

RECAP Sheriff=s Sale of Real Estate. Charlotte K. Robinson vs. Samuel Clem, Margaret Clem, his wife, and John D. Widaman...April 14, 1884, selling northeast qr of sec ten and the n w qr [??] of sec eleven in township thirty south of range six east of the 6th P.M., containing 320 acres more or less according to U. S. survey...G. H. McINTIRE, Sheriff.

O. H. Benlty [??], Attorney for Plaintiff.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

AD. E. PERIGO, PROFESSOR OF FINE GRAINING AND Grainer for the trade. E. P. stands at the head of the profession, and parties wanting fine work done will please drop a card in the Winfield Post Office to E. Perigo.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

AD. J. R. SCOTT, HOUSE PAINTING, Paper Hanging, and Calsomining. Orders left at J. L. Hodges Store will receive prompt attention.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

AD. JOHN BOBBITT, FEED AND SALE STABLE, Ninth avenue, opposite Courthouse. Horses and Ponies bought and sold on commission. Money advanced on stock left for sale. Particular attention given to the Territory and Texas trade.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.


Shop on Eighth Avenue, east of the Telegram office.

All classes of iron work done in first-class shape at most reasonable prices.

Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.


The markets stand about the same as last week, with but little heavy produce coming in. Wheat brings 85 cents, corn 33 cents, hogs, 6.25 per cwt., hay 5.00 per ton, chickens, live, 6 cents per pound, dressed 8 cents, turkeys, live, 9 cents, dressed 11 cents, potatoes 75 cents, butter 20 cents, and eggs 12 2 cents.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.


Early Rose Potatoes at J. C. Long=s.

Choice Honey at J. C. Long=s.

Go to Lynn=s for your Ginghams.

Take your chickens to Baden=s. Cash.

Trunks and valises at McGuire Bros.

The city election comes off on April 1st.

BIRTH. Dr. Green is the proud possessor of a new girl, born Tuesday.

California Red Potatoes, at J. C. Long=s new Grocery.

Mrs. C. Collins spent a part of last week with friends in Wellington.

For Onion Sets go to J. C. Long=s, first door north of Sam Myton=s.

Over twenty pieces of government land have been entered in Cowley County since March first.

Mrs. Geo. Case and Miss Bradshaw, late of Winfield, have opened a millinery establishment at Douglass.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Senator Hackney has bought the Hoblet barn and lots opposite the Courthouse, for three thousand dollars.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Mr. D. Barr, of Douglass, spent a few days of last week in Winfield, visiting his cousin, Misses Cora and Lizzie Sloan.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

P. H. Albright has removed his real estate loan business from the Farmers Bank to Hackney=s building on Ninth Avenue.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Miss Lena Walrath returned last Saturday from a three weeks= visit in Wellington with Mrs. A. Graff and other friends.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Owing to the absence from the city of two councilmen, the regular meeting of the city council on last Monday evening was postponed one week.

Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

MARRIED. married near Rock, on the 9th of March, by Rev. C. P. Graham, Mr. Frank Lane and Miss Mattie Akers, both of Cowley County, Kansas.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Mrs. W. A. Tipton, now of Hopkins, Missouri, is visiting friends in the city. She dislikes the new home in Missouri and would like to again reside in Winfield.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Mr. J. D. Ordway, of Walden, Vermont, is visiting in the city with his cousin, Mr. Geo. Ordway. He is in delicate health and comes to the west for recuperation.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Rev. P. F. Jones has sold his half interest in the stone building on south Main, now occupied by the Winfield Marble Works, to W. H. Dawson for $950.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

We present interesting items from two new correspondents on the first page, from Cambridge and Maple City. We hope AClyde@ and AFlo@ will come often.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Arkansas City is well represented in the county jail: three negroes and a white man, the three former for drunkenness and the latter for stealing a revolver.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

An adjourned session of the district court was held on Monday at which Wm. H. Colegate was found over to the May term, in the sum of one hundred dollars. [Colgate?]


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Mrs. F. C. Halyard has disposed of her property in Geuda Springs and bought lots in east Winfield, of Miss Celina Bliss, on which she will immediately erect a residence.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

A. H. Jennings bought of Mrs. N. C. Powers last week the property occupied by Newton=s harness shop for twenty-five hundred dollars. Mr. Jennings is investing largely in Winfield property.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Mr. Samuel Eslinger will arrive this week with a carload of imported stallionsC

NormansCof the very best strain ever imported from France. They will be for sale or use as the public may require.



Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Ex-Register Nixon, now living on his farm in Vernon, lost one of his six hundred dollar span of Clydesdale mares last week. He brought them from Iowa some time ago and the loss breaks one of the best draft teams in the county.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

The Courier Cornet Band has been engaged to furnish music for a skating carnival at Wellington next week. It was only last week that the COURIER gave the Wellington folks a pointer on where to secure first-class music.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Wm. H. Colegate [?Colgate?] has received an offer from the penitentiary officials, at a good salary, to take charge of the books of the Caldwell wagon department there, which position he filled during his confinement. He will probably accept and go on in a few weeks.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Eli Youngheim got off Tuesday for a three months= visit to his mother and other relatives in Germany. Mr. Isaac Sickles of Cincinnati, a gentleman of long experience in the business, will have charge of the Mammoth clothing establishment during Eli= absence.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Notwithstanding the great benefit American hens are to the human race, they will cause serious difficulty occasionally. Their habit of holding daily conclaves in neighboring yards, browing on the pinks and shrubs, has caused some of our citizens to look for a remedy. A man has petitioned City Attorney O=Hare to draft an ordinance compelling So-and-so to cage his festive hens, and claiming that they have disrupted his wife=s apron and temper and he won=t stand it any longer. It does seem as though the hens ought to be Aregulated@ by the city council when they refuse to attend strictly to their legitimate business.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

A very pleasant surprise party was given Mr. Gridley last Wednesday evening, it being his birthday. Mrs. Gridley provided a supper to which all the teachers of the city together with Mr. Buford and Mr. and Mrs. Limerick were invited. Mr. Gridley was made the recipient of a fine arm chair and an elegant volume of Bryant=s collection of poems. The evening was pleasantly spent in social conversation and all present agreed that the occasion was one of pleasure and profit.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

TO BE MARRIED. It is reported that Mr. John Mathews and Miss Lou Franklin will be married this evening. The groom is an active, industrious, and intelligent colored barber of this city and has drawn a merited prize in the lottery of life. The bride is one of the brightest ones of her race. She is a real beauty and is much admired for her sterling and engaging qualities. That every joy and prosperity may attend her and hers is the earnest wish of the editor=s family, who know her well.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

H. H. Siverd is the man for constable and he is a candidate as appears by his announcement this week. No other man has been more active and efficient, none more reliable and trustworthy. He was the choice of a large portion of the voters of this county for sheriff last summer, but he did not sulk because he failed of the nomination. He is just as cheerful and active as before and deserves anything in the line that he will accept. Vote for him by all means.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Mr. Simeon Vannortwick, of east Fairview, has an ox of wonderful power and tractability. For several years he has been farming with the ox alone eighty acres of land besides hauling off all the crops and doing other road work. He drives him in harness with lines and uses him in every way as you would a horse. Mr. Vannortwick says the ox can pull as much as any medium weight team of horses, and is as easily handled.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

P. H. Albright has severed his connection with the Farmers Bank and moved his Real Estate Loan office to W. P. Hackney=s building on Ninth Avenue. W. W. Limbocker will occupy the building with him, and engage in the Real Estate business. After April 1st they will occupy the entire building, and intend by hard work and fair dealing to merit the continued favor of an intelligent public.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

The Democracy of Winfield has awakened from its slumbers and goine to house-cleaning. Last Sunday for the first time in two years, C. C. Harris and Joe O=Hare pulled off their coats, took the broom and mop in hand, and absolutely gave their room in the Winfield Bank building a thorough renovation. Harris has been greatly prostrated since, but it is hoped that he will recover.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

W. P. Hackney has leased his Ninth Avenue office to P. H. Albright for a year and removed to his building near the East boarding house. H. G. Fuller & Co. will occupy the property they recently purchased, next to August Kadau=s shoe shop. Senator Hackney is going a good piece out of town, but his reputation is such that distance will lend no disenchantment.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

School contracts for spring terms of three months are being made throughout the county and some of the schools have already commenced. The winter and spring terms of a majority of the districts will cover nine months, which affords splendid educational advantages. But few counties are as forward as Cowley in matters of education.

Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Rev. B. Badley, for ten years past a missionary in India, filled the Methodist pulpit last Sunday morning and evening. He gave interesting descriptions of his travels and the numerous heathen gods. Mr. Badley is an old acquaintance of Chas. W. Fisk and family and was entertained by them while in the city.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Rev. Father Call, for the last six months in charge of the Winfield and surrounding Catholic churches, left this week for Los Angeles, California. His place is filled by a Father Kelly from Ellinwood. It seems that there are a good many Kellys in the Catholic ministry. The Winfield church is in a flourishing condition.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Unless a few cases of beer are judiciously distributed, the Winfield Police Court will be compelled to go out of business. Not a victim has been enroled on the docket for over two weeks. Judge Beck is exceedingly down spirited and business will have to look up a little to save his resignation.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

DIED. Died at Pawnee Agency, Indian Territory, on Tuesday, March 11th, 18844, Mrs. Mary A. Foster, wife of Thomas Foster, of Vernon, and for many years a member of the Mount Zion Baptist Church. She had a long and painful illness, and the remains were removed to Winfield for interment.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Miss Helen Potter, America=s greatest reader and impersonator, Opera House, Winfield, Kansas, under the auspices of the Library Association, Friday evening, April 4th. Tickets, 50 cents. Reserved seats, 75 cents. Can be had at Goldsmith=s on and after Saturday, March 22nd.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Smith & Zook are now receiving a large stock of boots and shoes in all the new shapes and designs for spring and summer, which will be offered at popular prices. You are invited to call and examine our stock and when you want to buy, don=t you forget it. Smith & Zook.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

The location of the gas works buildings is opposite the elevator on north Main street, and the Aholder@ is now being excavated. It will be a circular hole fifty-one feet across and fourteen feet deep. The piping is arriving and will soon be put under the streets.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Mrs. Ordway, Mrs. Carrie Legg, Mrs. John Curns, and Miss Floretta Shields left Tuesday afternoon for Peabody to attend the annual meeting of the Woman=s Foreign Missionary Society of the Southwest, which convenes there the 19th and 20th of this month.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

M. L. Read has put in pipes, transferred his windmill to the Brick & Tile Works, and is now getting his water supply from the waterworks. M. L. Read and J. L. Horning have also taken down their windmills and are getting water from the same source.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Capt. J. B. Nipp, this week, purchased the interest of his partner, Mr. Lutes, the Mammoth Livery, and hereafter will conduct the business himself. Mr. Lutes thinks of engaging in business elsewhere.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

The Ladies Reading Circle, organized a few weeks ago, holds its meetings on every Monday evening with Mrs. Geo. Ordway. We don=t see how they get along without the bracing presence of the sterner sex.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

The M. E. Conference met at Newton last week. In the ministerial appointment, Winfield gets Rev. Kelly of Wichita. Rev. Paul F. Jones goes to Marion Center.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Miss Maggie Taylor, of the firm of Taylor & Taylor, started for Chicago last Monday morning for spring goods and will be gone for about three weeks.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Horning & Whitney have just received the finest assortment of bird cages ever brought to Winfield. Call and see them.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

P. H. Albright has removed his real estate loan business from the Farmers Bank to Hackney=s building on Ninth Avenue.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Our Immigration and Boom.

Hurrah for Cowley! An immense Acrap@ of Hoosiers, Suckers, Buckeyes, and other Eastern folks are flocking in and bringing their neighbors with them to find homes in the Banner County. From six to ten carloads of passengers are stopping off at Winfield daily, and the crowd coming uptown after the arrival of a train resembles an army. Our six hotels are crowded to their utmost capacity and are compelled to pile men on cots and on the floor in the halls, offices, and sample rooms, and yet many have to sit in chairs all night for want of a Abunk.@ Almost every night men lie on the benches in the waiting rooms of the depots, for want of hotel accommodations. The crying need of Winfield at present is more hotels, and we understand that some of our monied men are talking of filling this want. As long as we can=t prohibit these newcomers, we had better prepare to properly receive them. The good feature of this immigration is that those coming are the very best class of people: people who come to buy homes and bring robust sons and buxom daughters to grow up among us. Cowley County real estate has advanced lately, will go up largely this summer, and is changing hands rapidly. Those who sell hardly ever leave, but buy cheaper, unimproved land, get themselves out of debt, and lay a foundation for future prosperity. The boom is just beginning and those who wish to invest in Cowley real estate had better do so immediately. Inquiry among the lumbermen and builders reveals the fact tat at least two hundred new houses in Winfield have been contracted for, carpenters and laborers are busy, and already evidences of their work can be seen in all parts of the city. We can estimate with a suretly that at least five hundred new dwellings and business houses will go up in Winfield during the next two months, and new buildings are not confined to the city but are gong up on nearly every farm. All this expenditure of money shows great exhuberance among our people, and the present outlook indicates that this will be the most prosperous year in the history of Winfield and Cowley County.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Fatal Accident.

DIED. On Monday afternoon Chas. E. Hickenlooper, a young man about twenty years old, while manipulating a well drill near Moore & Son=s stone quarry east of town, was accidentally struck on the top of the head by the drill crank and died in a few hours from the effects of the blow. He had been in the county since last fal and worked during the winter for George Anderson, near Floral, but was employed this spring by H. C. Reynolds, of the firm of Cairns & Reynolds, pump dealers, to assist in running a well drill throughout the county. His parents residen in Albia, Iowa, and in his pocket was found a long letter from them, full of parental admonition, encouragement, and love. ON the day of his death a letter from the father was taken from the post office which, after giving the Ahome news,@ would up as follows: AWell, I must now close, hoping that you may prosper in business, keep good health, a good conscience, and an honorable manhood. Write often so that we may know that you are well and doing well, for your mother gets so uneasy when she don=t hear from you often, that she can=t rest.@ It was written in a beautiful hand and showed every mark of refinement. Little did those parents think that the next thing they would hear from their boy would be a telegram announcing his sudden death. An answer to the telegram sent by Mr. Reynolds to the father requested that the body be given a good burial and that money would be forwarded for the expenses. The young man had no relatives or other than casual friends in the county, and no money. He seemed to be of good character and industrious, but of a roving disposition. Mr. Reynolds gave the body careful attention, for which he is deserving of credit, and it was buried Wednesday afternoon, Rev. J. Cairns conducting the ceremonies.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

More Fine Stock.

Cowley is making rapid strides this spring in fine stock matters. We have recently been noting in every issue of the COURIER, the advent of blooded stock into the county, and now comes J. Wade McDonald with one of the finest bred stallion colts ever brought to Cowley. It is twenty months old and is pronounced by horsemen to be perfect in every point. He is a son of the famous trotter, Gov. Sprague, and of the purest trotting blood on both sides. He also brought in last week a pure blood Durham bull, whose grandmother took first premium at the Centennial. He will be placed on the Judge=s ranch in the southeastern part of the county. Stock raising in Cowley County is rapidly taking equal rank with agriculture, and her natural superiority for both makes her the best county on the globe for permanent investmentCa fact shich is drawing many wealthy and influential families.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Death of a Good Citizen.

DIED. William M. Overly died at his home in Vernon Township on Monday evening, March 17th, at 6 o=clock. He was in Winfield during the day appearing in usual health, but he has been suffering somewhat for years with pains in the chest or pleurisy of the heart. He has however been all the time doing his regular farm work. He was very cheeerful while in town Monday and indulged in jokes and mirth, but on the way home he was taken with unusual pains in the chest and died soon after he arrived at home.

He was 62 years old and leaves a family of a wife and four unmarried daughters at home. He has two married sons and two daughters living in this county and one married daughter in Michigan. He has been a highly estimated and valuable citizen and his loss will be deeply felt not only by his bereaved family but by a large circle of friends and acquaintances.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

A Big Shipping Business.

J. P. Baden=s fame as a produce dealer has reached New York City and is spreading to the uttermost parts of the earth. A man came direct from New York City last week and bought of him three carloads of eggs, 40,500 dozen, and bargained for more. Another carload goes today. Baden has sold $13,500 worth of eggs alone in the last two weeks. He has rented, in addition to his other buildings, the old foundry on North Main, and has thirty men constantly employed packing eggs. He has made a market in Winfield for produce second to none in the west. He gets produce from nearly every county in Kansas and ships it all over the United States. He will put his immense business under one roof as soon as the additions to the McDougal Building are finished.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

MARRIED. AUSTIN-ANDREWS. Married at the Wentworth House, last evening, by the Rev. Jesse D. Searles, Mr. Fayette Austin, of Lead City, to Miss Cora E. Andrews, of Winfield, Kansas.

The groom is one of Lead City=s best young men, and the bride the eldest daughter of Mr. Andrews (Sphinx), the Galena correspondent of the Times. After the ceremony was performed, the happy couple went to Lead City, where a house neatly furnished awaited their arrival. The Times congratulates. Black Hills Times.

Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Bad Bridge.

The trustee and road supervisors of Walnut Township should attend to the northwest approach to the Timber Creek Bridge right away. It is represented as in a bad and dangerous condition. First they know, there will be an accident and damage done which will cost the township five times as much as it will to make the needed repairs.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Professors Marsh and Stimpson brought out on Monday and Tuesday evenings in the Opera House a Cantata of the seasons, for which they had about forty of Winfield=s pretty young songsters in training several weeks before, with marked success. No one could attend this entertainment and not be impressed with the remarkable musical talent of our young people.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Register Soward bought of Senator Hackney last week a quarter block and three houses, just south of the Courthouse, for three thousand dollars. Property is changing hands at a lively rate all over the city and county.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Senator W. P. Hackney went up to Topeka Tuesday to attend the special session of the legislature, to adopt measures for the suppression of the Foot and Mouth disease among the cattle in Woodson County.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Ohio River Sufferers.

Gen. A. H. Green has left with us for publication a very strong appeal to the people of Cowley Couhnty to make up a train of twenty carloads of corn for the relief of the sufferers by the late floods of the Ohio River.

The communication is so very long that we have to condense it to make room, as it came in as late as Tuesday morning.

It recites the generous aid Kansas received from Eastern friends in 1884 when cursed with drouth and grasshoppers, the present sufferings of thousands of people along the Ohio, who have lost their all by the floods, and appeals to us to reciptrocate from our present plenty the favors we received in our former distress, to relieve those now suffering who contributed to our relief.

It asks all citizens to set immediately to work, call township meetings, name MONDAY EVENING MARCH 24th as the time for such meetings, and the usual voting places as the places of convening these meetings; suggests that each such meeting appoint a committee of 3 ladies and 4 gentlemen, who shall proceed at once to canvass their respective townships and learn the number of wagon loads of corn and the amount of cash that would be donated, taking the names and amount donated.

Recites that cars will be furnished free to carry the corn to Ohio and that notice will be given each township committee as to when the cars will be ready at Winfield, mentions that Sedgwick County has already sent a train of 8 carloads of corn with banners flying, and hopes that at least 20 townships in this county will furnish 1 car each.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Bond Election.

The following are the official returns of the late election to vote $100,000 to the D., M. & A. railroad company as canvassed by the County Board.


Beaver, 88, 60; Bolton East, 1, 107; Bolton West, 18, 137; East Cedar, 53, 2; West Cedar, 45, 11; Creswell, 22, 730; Dexter, 290, 4; Fairview, 57, 65; Harvey, 6, 117; Liberty, 90, 21; Maple, 14, 87; Ninnescah, 50, 91; Omnia, 8, 50; Otter North, 6, 25; Otter South, 42, 4; Pleasant Valley, 80, 87; Richland North, 86, 66; Richland South, 16, 55; Rock, 20, 28; Sheridan, 66, 28; Silver Creek, 10, 241; Silverdale, 44, 83; Spring Creek, 44, 83; Tisdale, 113, 22; Vernon, 109, 27; Walnut, 368, 18; Windsor, 105, 97; Winfield, 1st ward, 106, 7; Winfield, 2nd ward, 220, 7.

TOTAL: FOR...2,442. AGAINST...2,676.




Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Miss Emma Bristol, of the Topeka Conservatory, will be in Winfield about April 1st with a collection of rare flowering plants, bulbs, house plants, etc., for sale. She will occupy a part of Mr. Friend=s room in the Torrance and Fuller building for two or three days.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

The Winfield Carriage Works turned out a splendid two seated carriage last week for Billy Hands livery stable. It was as finely finished as any carriage we have seen on our streets. The carriage works are getting out an excellent line of work lately.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Deputy U. S. Marshal McIntire brought in D. L. Daniels Sunday from Oswego, charged with sending a profane letter through the mails. He will have his trial next Monday before U. S. Commissioner, L. H. Webb.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

The editor and family are happy in the advent of three of the Saint branch of the family from Albuquerque, New Mexico. Mrs. Saint and her two little girls will remain several weeks.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

W. J. Wilson and lady went up to Newton Saturday with Mr. and Mrs. A. B. Lemmon.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

The Good Templar Mite Society met on Tuesday evening with Mr. and Mrs. F. W. Finch.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

BIRTH. Born, in this city, Feb. 27th, to Mr. and Mrs. Milton Zimmerman, a son.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

How We Boom!

From the books of H. G. Fuller & Co., we copy the following sales of city and county property made by the firm between the 6th and 18th of this month. It is a wonderful record in real estate movement.


C. S. Shue to Levi Doty, house and 3 lots: $500.00.

Eliza E. Anderson to David M. Sidle, house and 2 lots: $4794.00.

James Kirk to James M. Renick, 1 lot: $52.50.

Tanehill [?Tannehill?] to H. G. Fuller, 1 acre: $200.00.

J. C. Fuller to Henry C. Callison, 2 lots: $250.00.

Celina A. Bliss to Fannie C. Halyard, 1 acre: $200.00.

D. R. Laycock to Wm. H. Watson, house and 1 2 lots: $1,200.00.

Ed P. Greer et al to Wm. B. Hall, 3 lots in Courier Place: $350.00.

John Croco to Jonathan Stretch, house and 3 lots: $2,300.00.

I. W. Randall to Jonathan Stretch, house and 1 2 lots: $1,680.00.

Ed. P. Greer et al to T. H. Soward, 3 lots, Courier Place: $325.00.

Ed. P. Greer et al to H. G. Fuller, 3 lots, Courier Place: $350.00.

Ed. P. Greer et al to Frank F. Leland, 3 lots in Courier Place: $400.00.

H. D. Gans to T. H. Soward, 3 lots in Courier Place: $400.00.

John Croco to I. W. Randall, 3 lots: $500.00.

Elizabeth Ward to H. G. Fuller, 1 lot: $100.00.

Geo. W. Perkins to H. G. Fuller, 5 acres: $950.00.

W. P. Hackney to T. H. Soward, 8 houses and 3 lots: $3,000.00.

D. L. Hoblet to W. P. Hackney, 175 ft. on 9th Avenue: $3,000.00.

J. C. Fuller to I. W. Randall, 3 lots: $350.00.

J. C. Fuller to C. E. Fuller, 3 lots, $350.00.

C. E. Fuller to T. H. Soward, 3 lots: $450.00.

J. C. Fuller to F. L. Branegar, 3 lots: $400.00.

Kate Smedley to Noble, 1 2 lots: $200.00.

W. H. Perkins to James Lorton, 5 lots: $250.00.


J. F. Millspaugh to H. G. Fuller, 160 acres: $1,700.00.

H. T. Lewin to Frank F. Leland, 160 acres: $1,600.00.

J. L. Whitson to F. L. Braniger, 140 acres: $5,500.00.

W. P. Hackney to H. G. Fuller, 600 acres: $2,640.00

Frank F. Leland to F. L. Braniger, 160 acres: $1,280.00.

The above sales were all made since Mr. F. L. Braniger became connected with the firm on March 6th.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

DIED. Mr. W. V. French died on Tuesday afternoon at the home of his daughter, Mrs. C. Van Laningham, after a long siege of inflamatory rheumatism. He had resided in Winfield about two years and at the time he was taken down was an assistant in S. H. Myton=s Implement department. He was a Mason and the Winfield Lodge did much in smoothing his last days. He was a man of many excellent qualities and leaves three daughters, two of whom reside here, and one son. He was a Baptist and the funeral takes place at the church this morning at 10 o=clock.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

We are forced to believe upon consulting the MARRIAGE RECORD that Cowley=s ladies have entirely too poor an appreciation of the great advantages offered them in this leap year. They should Amake hay while the sun shines,@ and they have the opportunity of making their own choice. Only five MARRIAGE LICENSES have been issued by Judge Gans since our last.

N. D. W. Gould to Alice S. Bartlow.

David P. Kennedy to Addie E. Mussleman.

H. T. Fromm to Jennie Matthews.

F. H. Hall to Idella Wilson.

W. J. Gordan to Rosa B. Waldroupe.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Rev. P. F. Jones and M. L. Read were absent last week attending the M. E. Conference at Newton. Mr. Read went as the Lay Delegate from the Winfield church. Messrs. S. S. Holloway, W. R. McDonald, S. H. Jennings, and A. Gridley also attended, as visitors. Rev. B. Kelly, for the past three years in charge of the Wichita M. E. Church, comes to Winfield this year and Rev. Jones goes to Marion Center.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

The past winter has been a very effective one in our public schools, and the many terms which are now closing show most satisfactory results. County Superintendent Limerick was on the go all winter and every school in the county was visited often by him. The Professor is an indefatigable worker, and to him much of this success in educational matters is due.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Senator J. C. Long, now a resident of Winfield, but formerly the Senator of Chautauqua County, packed his grip Tuesday and went to Topeka to represent his old constituents in the special session of the Legislature.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

W. H. Smith, of the boot and shoe firm of Smith & Zook, returned last week from Boston, where he laid in a large supply of spring goods.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

A new Republican paper will soon be started at Udall by a Mr. Higgins, from Missouri.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Geo. W. Miller has shipped fifteen carloads of sheep this week.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Hon. Edward Carswell, the Canadian orator, will deliver his popular lecture on laughing at the Baptist Church, Friday evening, March 21st. As an orator he is eminent; as a delineator of character, he is pre-eminent; as a brilliant advocate of a good cause, he is one of a thousand. A humorist in the highest sense of the word, a mimic unsurpassable, logical, with an originality which is attractive, he cannot fail to please his audience. In his lecture on ALaughing,@ he draws a splendid picture of the person who goes through life with a cheerful contenance, always happy in making others happy. The opposite character is drawn with equal power. Like the eloquent John B. Gough, he fills his lectures with thrilling incidents, sound reasoning, and patriotic appeals. Those who will fail to hear him will miss a rare treat.

Doors open at 7 p.m. Admission 25 cents. Tickets will be sold at Goldsmith=s.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

There has been a call issued for a convention of the teachers of this and neighboring counties to be held at Wichita March 28th & 29th for the purpose of permanent organization. We are in receipt of a program of the exercises. Every teacher should attend.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

I have associated myself with Mr. P. W. Zook for the purpose of doing a boot and shoe business in Winfield. I shall be pleased to have all the old friends, customers, and patrons of Smith Brothers call and see me at the former store of W. C. Root. W. H. SMITH.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Oscar Hill, a restaurant man of Arkansas City, was arrested Saturday for violation of the prohibitory law, but owing to the prosecuting witness having skipped out, the case was dismissed Wednesday morning.





Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Col. J. C. McMullen and H. E. Silliman have been off to Illinois on a business trip during the past week. They say that hundreds of people are leaving Illinois for Southern Kansas and Cowley County.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

M. C. Cavenaugh, the operator of the Southern Kansas depot, sent out and received seventy-two messages Monday. It keeps the messenger on the jump to deliver those for Winfield.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

There will be a plow trial on the farm of Mr. McEwen 6 miles northeast of Winfield, Tuesday, March 25th, between a Hapgood Sulkey and a walking plow. W. A. LEE.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

There are over two hundred thousand bushels of corn cribbed and piled up on the town site of Udall. The owners are holding it for the May market.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

W. B. Norman, Udall=s live real estate man, came down Tuesday, and reports that little town in a flourishing condition.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

DIED. Mr. and Mrs. J. V. Curd, now of Wellington, had the misfortune to lose their little 14 months old boy, Arthur, last week.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

M. Hahn & Co. have been house cleaning. The walls of their storerooms have been kalsomined and the ceilings repainted.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Oscar Rice, son of Gen J. H. Rice, of the Fort Scott Monitor, has taken a position in this city with Brown & Son.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Wm. O. McKinley, from Missouri, will start a bank at Udall in about four weeks. This will give Udall two banks.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Lost. Pair nickel plated spectacles. Finder will please leave them at the office of H. G. Fuller and get reward.



Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

W. E. Chambers, for some time past a clerk for M. Hahn & Co., left Tuesday for Topeka, to remain.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Call on Miss Bristol at Friend=s about April 1st for choice flowers, bulbs, and plants.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

John McGuire is absent in Kansas City this week on business.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.


The Santa Fe Lumber Yard.

Messrs. W. L. Morehouse & McMasters have received and unloaded thirty four carloads of lumber within the last ten days and are getting in shape to fill all orders they may be favored with. Call and see them.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Owing to the prevalence of the so-called Foot-and-Mouth disease in the vicinity of Emporia, Kansas, the Leonards of Mt. Leonard, Missouri, who advertised to sell Sixty Galloway and Polled Angus Cattle at Emporia, Kansas, on Wednesday, March 19, 1884, have concluded to declare the sale off. They regret the necessity for this action, and hope their friends, who had expected to attend the sale, will meet them at their Kansas City sale April 8, 9, 10, and 11, 1884.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Miss Potter reads and impersonates grandly. Her delineation of Sarah Bernhardt in the garden scene of AHerman@ was as well received as her impersonations of Charlotte Cushman and John B. Gough. She is extremely versatile and recites fluently in French, and will continue her grand impersonations during the remainder of this week. New York Herald.

Opera House, Winfield, April 14, benefit city library.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

The members of Winfield Lodge No. 101 I. O. O. F. are requested to be present at the regular meeting on Thursday evening, March 20th, 1884, as business of special importance will then be transacted. GEO. D. HEADRICK, Secretary.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

The Real Estate firm of Harris & Wilson made another nine thousand dollar sale this week.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Old Government Java Coffee, at Long=s Grocery.

Green Apples, at the new Grocery of J. C. Long.

For California Cabbage, go to J. C. Long=s.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.


For sale. One of the choicest stock, grain, and fruit farms of 320 acres. This place is well improved and well watered and located within 4 miles of Winfield, 100 acres of good valley land, balance good grass land. Anyone wanting a ranch like this will do well to call at our office at once. Price $5,500. Enquire at Harris & Wilson=s real estate office, Winfield.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Notice of Dissolution.

NOTICE is hereby given that the partnership heretofore existing between W. L. Blair, Robert Kerr, Jas. A. Blair, O. C. Ewart, and P. H. Albright, is this day by mutual consent dissolved by the withdrawal of P. H. Albright from the firm. The remaining parties will continue the business of the Farmers Bank.






P. H. Albright will continue his loan business in W. P. Hackney=s building on Ninth Avenue.

Winfield, March 10th, 1884.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.

Recap Administrator=s Notice. James Hill, Adm., in the matter of the estate of Edgar Benson Chenoweth, Bernard Griffith Chenoweth, Barton Bates Chenoweth, Allaen [?Allean?] Chenoweth, and Henry Hatcher Chenoweth, minors, and Emma Chenoweth, widow...petition to handle minors in real estate in the city of Arkansas City...James Hill Guardian of the estate of the above named minors.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.




New Seed of D. M. Ferry & Co. WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.


Champion and Union Corn Planters, Champion and Tates Check Rowers, Norwegian, Skinner and Davenport Plows, Vibrating and Schuttle Harrows, Iron and Wood Smoothing Harrows.

CALDWELL AND KETCHUM WAGONS, Climas Riding Foot-lift Cultivators, Climax Spring Walking Cultivators, Davenport Spring Walking Cultivators, Page Spring Walking Cultivators, New Departure Tongueless Cultivator, McCormick Twine Binder, Dennett Twine Binder at Bottom Prices.




Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.



Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.


W. O. Stoddard contributes to the North American for March, as an article of interest to all who were members, during the war, of that great organization, the AUnion League,@ and especially of interest to the Kansas people, because it narrates the wonderful display of oratorical power, in a critical moment, of Gen. James A. Lane, at that time a United States Senator from Kansas.

The article opens by recalling a fact, now almost unknown to young people, and forgotten by older ones, that there existed a deep and bitter opposition in the Republican party to the renomination of Abraham Lincoln. Had the election occurred in 1862, Mr. Stoddard believes Mr. Lincoln would have been beaten by Gen. McClellan, and the reaction in Lincoln=s favor, which followed, was slow and partial.

In the summer of 1863 a general or National AGrand Council@ of the Union League was held in Washington. The meeting was not heralded in advance, nor was it much advertised afterward, yet it was a notable gathering, containing many men of influence, including members of both Houses of Congress. At this meeting, Mr. Stoddard says, the delegations from Kansas, Missouri, and Nebraska were particularly bitter against Mr. Lincoln, and, in fact, all the speeches were in the same vein, until the Corresponding Secretary, whose name Mr. Stoddard does not give, got up, Achuckful@ of Amad,@ and made a speech defending Lincoln, and pointing out the fact that the very acts of Mr. Lincoln there complained of were urged by the very men who were now denouncing them. The effect of this speech was to at least silence the opposition, and the Council on a vote by no means unanimous, endorsing the National Administration. As the members of the convention drifted slowly out of the hall, Gen. Lane, of Kansas, approached the Secretary and said: AYou=ve made at least one convert. I=ll stand by Old Abe through thick and thin, hereafter.@

This convention adjourned to re-assemble at Baltimore the day before the meeting of the National Republican Convention. In the interval, a small convention held at Cleveland nominated Fremont for President, and he accepted. The friends of Salmon P. Chase were active, and some of the newspapers nominated Gen. Grant.

A few days before the AGrand Council@ was to meet at Baltimore, Gen. Lane had a protracted interview with President Lincoln.

On the night of the 7th of June, 1864, the Grand Council met, and at least two-thirds of the delegates to the Council were also delegates to the convention to assemble on the morrow. The meeting of the Council was secret, and no reporters were admittted. The presiding officer was the Hon. J. M. Edmunds.

An onslaught was at once begun on Mr. Lincoln, the speakers evidently acting in concert and by understanding, especially that of a then United States Senator from Missouri.

Judge Edmunds, although a devoted friend of Mr. Lincoln=s, Arecognized@ for hour after hour Mr. Lincoln=s enemies. At last there was a lull in the storm of accusation and vituperation, and Jim Lane arose in the center of the aisle. Mr. Stoddard says, Ahe stood in silence a moment until he had deliberately turned around and looked all over the room. This action will be remembered by many who have heard Lane, as characteristic. Then he said:

AMr. President; Gentlemen of the Grand Council. For a man to produce pain in another man by pressing upon a wounded spot requires no great degree of strength, and he who presses is not entitled to any great emotion of triumph at the agony experienced by the sufferer. Neither skill nor wisdom has been exercised in the barbaric process. For a man, an orator, to produce an effect upon sore and weary hearts, gangrened with many hurts, worn with many sacrifices, sick with long delays, broken with bitter disappointments; so stirring them up, even to passion and to folly, demand no high degree of oratorical ability. It is an easy thing to do, as we have seen this evening. Almost anybody can do it.

AFor a man to take such a crowd as this now is, so sore and sick at heart, and now so stung and aroused to passionate folly; now so infused with a delusive hope for the future, as well as with false and unjust thoughts concerning the past; for a man to address himself to such an assembly and turn the tide of its passion and excitement in the opposite direction, that were a task worthy of the highest, greatest effort of human oratory. I am no orator, at all, but to precisely that task I have now set myself, with absolute certainty of success. All that is needful is that the truth should be set forth plainly now that the false has done its worst.@

Lane then entered into the history of Lincoln=s administration, and at the end of each chapter, says the writer, ending with some variation of this formula.

AI am speaking individually to each man here. Do you know, sir, can you name to me one man whom you could trust, before God, that he would have done better, in this matter, than Abraham Lincoln has done, and to whom you would be more willing to intrust the unforeseen emergency or peril which is next to come? That unforeseen peril, that unknown emergency, that step in the dark, is right before us, and we are here to decide by whom it shall be made for the Nation. Name your other man.@

The defense completed, Lane referred to the morrow in these words.

AWe shall come together to be watched in breathless listening, by all this countryCby all the civilized worldCand if we shall seem to waver as to our set purpose, we destroy hope; and if we permit private feeling, as tonight, to break forth into discussion, we discuss defeat; and if we nominate any other man than Abraham Lincoln, we nominate ruin. Gentlemen of the Grand Union League, I have done.@

There was no reply. The Grand Council declared for Lincoln, and the next day Abraham Lincoln was nominated without a dissenting vote.

Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.


The Arkansas Valley Conference, of the United Brethren Church, held its fourth regular session last week, convening in the city of El Dorado. The following are the appointments for this district, which we give for the benefit of many of our readers.

Winfield District: P. B. Lee, Presiding Elder.

Winfield: J. H. Snyder.

Sheridan: I. Rollins.

Mount Zion: S. Garrigus.

Salt City: J. B. Lowry.

Wellington: R. W. Parks.

Haysville: O. W. Jones.

Mulvane: D. S. Henninger.

Sedgwick: F. P. Smith.

Wichita: To be supplied.

Peabody: T. C. Hahn.

Cottonwood: P. Milligan.

El Dorado: T. H. Watt.

Rosalia: E. Hill.

Little River: C. H. Smith.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.


I will be a candidate for constable of the city of Winfield at the coming election.


At the comingg City Election I shall be a candidate for the office of Justice of the Peace. Believing that I am competent to perform the duties of the same, I respectfully ask that you support me. J. E. SNOW.

G. H. BUCKMAN announces himself as a candidate for re-election to the office of Justice of the Peace of the City of Winfield at the April election.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.


We have a ringing communication on this subject from A. J. Werden, the assessor of Ninnescah township, who takes a similar but more radical view than ours and wants the matter well ventilated and another meeting of the board of assessors. His communication cannot be got into print this week but will appear in our next.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.


Hackney fired the first bill into the state senate. It was a bill to enable water companies to condemn mill ponds to their use in supplying water to their cities and customers. This will help to stamp out or drown out the foot and mouth disease as it exists in Winfield. We do not know the provisions of the bill, but if it is properly guarded so as to make it operate reasonably and justly, we hope it will pass.

LATER. It died half way.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.


G. H. Buckman is announced as a candidate for re-election as Justice of the peace for this city. George is a good one, understands the law, and is conscientious in his duties, and it is rare that a candidate so well fitted for such office is presented. Besides he is popular and of course everybody will vote for him.

J. E. Snow is also a candidate for Justice of the peace as also appears in this issue. Snow is a man of intelligence, judgment, and ability, who is conscientious and will do his duty promptly and pleasantly. He has the elements of popularity and will make a first class Justice.

T. H. Herrod is announced as a candidate for constable at the coming election. He is a gentleman well known to this people and will make a faithful officer if elected. He understands the business.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.


Cowley County will have Competing Lines.

A meeting of citizens of Winfield was held at the Brettun House last Monday evening to hear concerning movements which have recently been taken toward the construction of a railroad direct to Winfield from the direction of Kansas City.

W. H. Smith was chosen chairman and Ed. P. Greer, Secretary.

Henry E. Asp, being called upon for a recital of what has been done, stated that since any report has been made to the citizens, James Hill, the manager of the Missouri, Winfield & South Western railroad company, has visited St. Louis, Chicago, and other cities east conferring with capitalists and railroad builders to induce them to take hold of the organization he represented and build us a road. He finally got Messrs. Geo. W. Hoffman, James N. Young, and L. D. Latham, of Chicago, and M. M. Towle and C. N. Towle of Hammond, Indiana, so far interested in the project that they sent Mr. L. D. Latham to look over the route, examine the situation, and report. Mr. Latham came about March 1st, at the time that our narrow gauge excitement was strongest,which was an element of discouragement to him, but such other facts and reasons were placed before him that he was prepared to make a favorable report. Mr. Hill returned with him and secured a meeting of the above named gentlemen at St. Louis, where they could confer with the authorities of the railroads running west from that city. Mr. Hill and Mr. Asp met them in St. Louis aboutthe 11th of this month and the result of the arrangements made there was that Messrs. L. D. Latham, M. M. Towle, and J. N. Young were authorized to visit the route again, get further information, and make such arrangements as in their judgment was best for themselves and their friends.

These gentlemen arrived at Newton last Friday, where they met with Mr. Hill, who took them down to Arkansas City. That evening Mr. Asp went down and consulted with them. They came to Winfield Saturday, but after consulting with but a very few of our citizens, they returned to Arkansas City that evening, saying that they would be back Monday and then be ready to announce their decision. On Monday they returned and stated their decision that they could not use the old M. W. & S. W. charter because it did not cover the ground from Coffey County to Kansas City direct and was insufficient for their purposes in other respects, beside, if they built the road, they must have the full control.

They therefore decided to make a new organization and file a charter to suit themselves at once and proceed to build the road immediately if they can get such aid from the counties and townships along the line as will warrant them in proceeding. They locate by their charter the generral office of the company at Winfield and Kansas City, Kansas. They will first try for aid between Winfield and Eureka over the route surveyed by the M. W. & S. W., if permitted by thhat company, and will pay for any part of the work done that they can make available. If they fail of getting sufficient aid by that line, they will next submit propositions up the Little Walnut to Rosalia. As soon as they are assured of the aid, they will put that portion of the road from their connection with the Ft. Scott & Wichita road to Winfield under contract and will complete it this season. They expecxt to bring their iron and ties on the Frisco road, which is now under the control of the Gould interest. They will build from that road to Winfield first. If they fail on both of these routes to get the aid, they will try another.

Messrs. Towle are the men who originated the scheme of carrying dressed beef in refrigerator cars, have overcome all obstacles, have their slaughter houses at Hammond, Indiana, twenty miles out of Chicago, whee they have built quite a city and are slaughtering about a thousand beeves a day and shipping the dressed beef to New York. They have the idea that a slaughter house on the south line of Sumner County, with direct and cheap rates to Kansas City and New York, would have greater advantages over Chicago as a packing point than Chicago has over New York. They are worth half a million. Mr. Hoffman is the heavy capitalist of the concern and is worth several million. Mr. Latham is a railroad builder in which he has had much experience and success. He can command plenty of money. The same may be said of Mr. Young, who is an experienced broker and dealer in railroad stocks and bonds. There is no doubt of their ability to build the road. They expect to offer propositions for voting aid by our people in a very few days and to push the matter as rapidly as possible.

The meeting passed a resolution to the effect that we want them to build the road and will do anything reasonable in aid thereof.

A committee consisting of D. L. Kretsinger, J. C. Fuller, M. L. Robinson, H. E. Asp, and C. A. Bliss was appointed to confer with them, get their terms, and report at a meeting to be called by themselves, and directed the secretary of the meeting to inform the company of these proceedings.





Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.


We publish in this issue a communication on City extravagance. While we commend the general ideas advanced by the writer and the policy he sets forth as of the greatest importance to the city, we must say in justice to the present city councilmen that the extravagancies complained of, have been practically forced upon the council by the public clamor for water works, gas works, fire companies, and other conveniences and improvements at whatever cost. The mayor and councilmen have been much more conservative than the people in respect to these things. There has been a very heavy and practically unanimous pressure for these expenditures, but the Council, while yielding to the popular demand, has invairably cut down the cost to the city as far as possible and achieve the end demanded. The fault is in the people instead of in the Council, that we have been too extravagant.

We, too, think that more revenue should be raised from the tramp peddlars, shows, and other things referred to, and that citizens should suggest and advise in the matter, and the Council will readily adopt any measure to that end which appears good and practicable. Educate the people and the council will get educated fast enough.

But it is time to call a halt and attend to these things. We have our water works and our gas works are coming very soon, both at too much expense. We must not add anything to these expenses until we see by practical test of what we have that further expense is necessary and can be well afforded. In selecting men for council, we should be sure that they are men who will save all the expense possible, consistent with the interests of the city, and collect all the revenue possible from the sources mentioned consistent with justice and fair dealing.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.



Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.



Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.


The markets stand about the same as last week, with but little heavy produce coming in. Wheat brings 85 cents, corn 32 cents, hogs, $6.00 per cwt., hay $5.00 per ton, chickens, live, 6 cents per pound, dressed, 8 cents; turkeys, live, 9 cents, dressed 11 cents; potatoes 75 cents, butter 20 cents, and eggs 12 2 cents.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.


Mrs. O. C. Ewar [?Ewart?] came in from the East Monday.

Mrs. H. Newman, of Cherryvale, is visiting with her daughter, Mrs. G. H. Buckman.

Miss Jennie Hane left Saturday for a month=s visit in Topeka with Mrs. W. C. Garvey.

Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.


L. B. Joliff spent a few days in the city this week. He is now in business in Kingman.

David C. Beach now has a telephone line to his suburban residence, near the mounds.

Mrs. Geo. Brace, nee Libbie Hudson, is over from Cherryvale, visiting with her parents and other relatives.

Wm. Moore & Sons have a large contract for furnishing stone to gutter and pave some principal streets in Wellington.

DIED. Through J. W. Johnston, undertaker, we learn of the death at Dexter of Mr. B. C. Hamil, and a little child of Mr. and Mrs. A. B. Holmes.

MARRIED. Mr. John Matthews and Miss Lou Franklin were married by Rev. J. Cairns at the residence of the bride=s father on last Thursday evening.

The Olds House has been leased to G. W. Webster, of Grenola, and Mr. and Mrs. Olds will move to their farm a few miles out from the city.

Mrs. Smith and Miss Fisher will open Dress and Cloak making in rooms over Express office, April 7th, where they will give attention to first-class work.

Arkansas City contributed another victim to the county bastille this week, one Joseph Pierson, for shooting off his little gun and indulging in other unruly capers while intoxicated.

R. J. Maxwell was up from Arkansas City last Thursday and called at the intelligence office. He has sold his drug business there and will visit in other parts for a time.

Lavan Moore has left at this office a lady=s fur cape, which he found on the road east of town one day last week. The owner can get it by calling and paying for this notice.

The Farmers= Bank Company have money to loan on long or short time, personal, chattel, or real estate security, anyway you want it, at as low rate of interest as any firm in Southern Kansas.

J. A. Bryan, a brakeman on the Southern Kansas, whose home is in Winfield, had the drive head of an engine run clear through the palm of his hand one day last week, breaking nearly every bone in it.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

The lecture of Hon. Edward Carswell on ALaughing,@ at the Baptist Church last Friday evening was one which banishes dull care and shows up the two most prominent sides of human lifeCthe light and dark. . . . Carswell is a mimic unsurpassable, and while this was wholly a laughing subject, he sandwiched in many eloquent bursts on life=s realities.

Owing to the inclement weather, his audience was small and came far from meeting the expectations of the W. C. T. U., who secured the lecturer.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

Dr. A. F. Henry, who came to Winfield last fall from Indiana with his family, met with a serious accident on Wednesday evening of last week while returning from a professional visit to the country. In turning the corner near the old brewery west of town, his buggy struck some rocks, throwing himself and little boy out and breaking the Doctor=s right hip joint. The horse came on into town, and the Doctor being in too much pain to be left alone, was compelled to lie by the roadside until help came along. Dan Goodin soon passed, coming from Geuda, put the Doctor in the wagon, and brought him home. Seven months ago a horse fell on this same limb and broke it above the knee, and it was previlusly broken below the knee, so it is now almost a total wreck. The Doctor had just recovered sufficiently from the second accident to lay aside the crutch and again resume his profession, when he was overtaken with a third disaster. The physicians have great fears that this last injury, which is traceable to the former, is irremediable.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

Gen. A. H. Green has recovered his health, gone into business again, and is now issuing the eleventh edition of his paper, known as AGreen=s Real Estate News.@ These papers have always reflected credit upon the General as a businessman, besides giving land news of both local and general importance. His enterprise, untiring energy, close attention to business, and honorable and uprightmanner of dealing, make him well worthy of having, as he did for many years, the largest real estate business in the west; and, notwithstandingg his few months= retirement on account of sickness, he will soon take his former rank.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

The Board of County Commissioners at its last session appointed M. N. Chafey, now sheep inspector of the county, to take charge of any cattle in the county that might be suspected of being infected with the foot-and-mouth disease. A supposed case was reported from Silverdale Township last week. Mr. Chafey investigated it and found that the soreness of the feet of the animal came from being in a muddy, unsheltered corral all winter and having the freet frozen.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

MARRIED. Mr. George Backastow and Miss Angie Crampton, both of this city, were married on last Thursday afternoon by Rev. H. D. Gans. We had almost concluded that George=s intention was to go through life in single harness. He is one of our best young businessmen and has secured a lady of many excellent qualities. The COURIER congratulates and wishes the happy couple a long and prosperous life.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

Wirt W. Walton, of the Clay Center Dispatch, has on his hands a $10,000 libel suit; and his neighbor of the Times, Del Valentine, has one for $6.000; the results of imaginary newspaper wounds. The parties who brought those suits are certainly unfamiliar with the newspaper business. They are striking for too small a Astake@Ca million would have been small enough.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

DIED. Silver Creek Township has recently lost one of its most valuable inhabitants in the death of Mrs. T. P. Carter. Mrs. Carter was a high type of the Christian lady and ever energetic in all things for the advancement of her community and the people at large. She was forty-eight years of age and leaves a husband and grown son and many friends to mourn her loss.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

It is said that many of the clerks in the Treasury Department at Washington are failing in health from inhaling the poisonous medicals contained in money. This accounts for the careworn and emaciated appearance of our Democratic cotemporaries of the TelegramC

they have been handling too much money.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

Will Rothrock=s team started down the street Saturday without a driver, and were going at a 2:18 gait when the lines wrapped around a wheel, brought them to a dead standstill, and came near giving the whole concern a back somersault.

Accidents offset accidents occasionally.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

The Republican voters of Beaver Township will meet at Tannehill on Thursday, April 17th, at 3 p.m., for the purpose of appointing 3 delegates to the County Convention to be held at Winfield on Saturday, April 19th. L. R. SUMPTER, Chairman Township Committee.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

$25.00 for the arrest and conviction of the party who stole a $2.50 boy=s express wagon (iron axle) from in front of my Furniture Store Saturday afternoon, March 22nd. Ben Herrod=s got you spotted, so look out or you may hear something drop! A. B. ARMENT.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

We received a pleasant call Tuesday from Mr. S. M. Graves, who has lately come to our county from Bartholemew County, Indiana, and settled near New Salem. He is a brother of Al. Graves, of Pleasant Valley Township.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

DIED. We have just learned of the death of Mrs. Ed. Nicholson in Dexter Township. She was sick but a few days and died in a congestive chill. It is a sudden and unlooked for calamity upon Ed. and his family.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

Just received at Stimsons= AQueen of the Parlor@ waltz, ACommandery@ march, APrairie@ Schottish, and other new pieces with the beautiful bouquet title page.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

DIED. Died on Monday evening, March 24, of typhoid-pneumonia, Grant Foster, son of John L. and Mary A. Foster, of Fairview Township, aged fifteen.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

J. S. Mann has moved his stock into the Fuller building, south of the banks, and now has a better location and more roomy quarters.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

Capt. John Lowry sold Wednesday to Col. J. C. McMullen, 175 acres, for $4,200. The sale was made by H. G. Fuller & Co.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

Mrs. J. S. Mann was called to St. Louis last Friday by a telegram announcing the death of her grandmother.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

The Police Judge has enrolled three victims in the past week, two for fighting and one for various misconduct.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

W. J. Hodges sold his farm in Tisdale Township Tuesday for seven thousand, five hundred dollars.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

Mason & Hamlin organs which have no equal constantly on hand at Stimsons=.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.


DIED. We are again called upon to chronicle the sudden death of another of Cowley=s most respected pioneers, Mr. William Greenlee, which occurred at his home in this city on last Friday afternoon, of heart disease. Mr. Greenlee was long a salesman in S. H. Myton=s hardware establishment and well known throughout the county. Two weeks before his death he was taken slightly ill with pains in his side and concluded to leave the store to recuperate for a few weeks, but was only occasionally compelled to keep his bed. On Friday afternoon he came in from the yard, fell upon an ottoman, and expired in a few moments.

The writer remembers well when Mr. Greenlee came to Cowley, in the spring of 1872, and settled with his interesting family on a farm three miles south of town. He was a man of few words, but an earnest Christian and of sterling worth to the community. He was a Presbyterian for many years and one of the Charter members and oldest Elders of the Winfield church. In 1875 he laid away in the South cemetery his gentle little wife, which was a hard blow to the family, and now he is sleeping the last and long sleep by her side. The family soon after moved to town. The deceased was in his sixty-eighty year, and leaves behind five children, men and women who are held in high esteem for their many excellent qualities, four of them living in this city, and one is in the cattle business in the Territory. Nothing is more touching than the death of the young, hopeful, and strong, but in the serene death of the old there is something tenderly appropriate. When the duties of life have all been nobly doneCwhen the sun has touched the western horizon and the evening twilight falls upon the present, the past, and future, then, surrounded by kindred and friends, death comesCwhether suddenly or expected, like the soothing sleep. The journey has been long, the road weary, and we gladly welcome the entrance to a brighter world. The funeral services of Mr. Greenlee took place at the Presbyterian Church on Sunday at eleven o=clock, conducted by Dr. W. R. Kirkwood, and the remains were followed to their last resting place by a large concourse of people.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

A Cowley Girl=s Statement Corroborated.

AA man with a broken back, bow legs, club feet, a cataract in his eye, and a wart on his nose, hobbled down to the famed Geuda Springs in Cowley County and took a drink of water by which he was made a sound, whole, and healthy man. That is what a young lady writes from there, and she is a good church member.@ Clay Center Disptach.

Why, the darling girl didn=t tell half of itConly gave one tame illustration of the water=s infallible virtues! Geuda mineral water is famous for curing everything under the sun. It is a lasting panacea to suffering humanity; a specific that combines in its properties a wonderful cure for all the ills and pains and the various vicissitudes that beset man during his stay on this mundane sphere. The water is quick and sure and can be taken with or without shaking. It not only cures broken backs, bow legs, and club feet, but makes children cut all their teeth at once; it makes the lean grow fat and the fat grow leanC(we=ve been there); it will even take the stains out of a guilty man=s conscience. It not only mends constitutions, but broken fortunes, and as a mender of broken hearts, it has no equal. We advice the Dispatch man to make no more such ironical remarks, but to visit the Springs, submerge his form, imbibe freelyCof the waterCand return home a perfect subject for the editorial sanctum, the Presidential chair, or an entrance through the Apearly gates.@ He will then accept as the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth, anything that may appear in the epistles of a Cowley County damsel.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

Shipping Wheat in from Missouri.

Last week Bliss & Wood purchased in Kansas City thirteen carloads of wheat and shipped it to their mill at this place, laying it down here for a fraction less than they are paying on the street. Winfield seems to be at present a better wheat market than Kansas City, and in fact it has been all season through.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

A Card. We desire to express our gratitude and thankfulness to those friends who so kindly gave us their comfort and assistance during the recent visitation of death in our family. Their kindly offices cannot be forgotten. Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Hodges.




Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

Two young fellows who ran an upholstering shop south of the Commercial Hotel skipped out Saturday evening, owing the Commercial thirty-five dollars and leaving several other unpaid bills. The sheriff has been looking after them since.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

Sam=l Eslinger has on exhibition at the Bobbett stable, on Ninth Avenue, five stallions of the purest strained blood, lately brought into the county. Nex week will appear an extended notice giving their pedigree.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

DIED. Mr. John Shaughnessy, brother of Mrs. W. J. Hodges, died last week. He has been in poor health for some time. The funeral took place at the residence of J. W. Hodges on Sunday afternoon, Rev. Gans officiating.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

The litigation between Bliss & Wood and the Winfield Water Co. over the water privilege has ended in a compromise, the water company paying ten thousand dollars for a water franchise of ninety-nine years.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

The season of tornadoes is now at hand and the savings of years are liable to be swept away in a few moments. Get a policy of S. L. Gilbert, over the post office, in the old reliable Phoenix of Hartford.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

The excavatin for the new McDougal building is now being made. The Brick and Tile Co. has the contract for the erection of the entire buildings. S. A. Cook is superintendent and architect.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

Mr. Robert Gibson, who has been out in Barbour County for some time, returned to Winfield a few days ago, and is again a salesman for McDonald and Miner.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

Smith & Zook have a large stock of kid, goat, and grain Newporrts and walking shoes for women and children, cheap.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

MARRIED. Wm. J. Gordan and Miss Rosa Waldroupe, of Silverdale Township, were married on the 16th inst., by Rev. Henderson.



Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

Largest catalogue of sheet music and music books in Southern Kansas at Simstons=, south Main street.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

The Presbyterians have their regular monthly social on next Friday evening, at the church.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

Mr. I. J. Carnine is dangerously ill.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

More Incendiarism.

Another fire bug was loose on a small scale last Saturday night. About eleven o=clock the people were brought out by the ringing of the fire bell to find that a hay stack just back of Caton=s Marble Works had been mysteriously fired. The blaze was discovered before it got much of a start and the alarm given. In a short time hose company No. One was on the ground pouring a heavy stream on the burning hay, and quickly extinguished the fire. It was in a few feet of several livery stables and much combustible matter, and had it not been for our waterworks and the prompt appearance of the fire company, it would certainly have proved disastrous. Because of the non-appearance of fire company Number Two, some pretty severe joking was indulged in at the expense of the more active company, intimating that the members of Number One had set the fire to give themselves an opportunity to display their activity. Some of the company took this a little to heart, and it did seem unfair when they acquitted themselves so nobly. A tramp was allowed a bunk in Billy Hands livery stable that night and about ten o=clock he slid the back door open and went out. Soon after the fire blazed up, and he is supposed to be the incendiaryCat least earnest efforts failed to find him. Two or three of these lazy whelps have been lounging around the town lately. Every able-bodied man who wants a meal without paying for it in money or work during these busy times ought to be shoved in the cooler or given a load of shot. He is a danger to the community.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

County Temperance Convention.

M. V. B. Van Bennett of Leavenworth has been secured to address the people at the County Temperance Convention on Friday night and Saturday afternoon. The convention convenes on Friday at 11 o=clock in the Baptist Church. The afternoon will be devoted to the organization of the county for temperance work and the transaction of other busiess. The remaining session will be held in the Opera House. Topics have been assigned to different speakers throughout the county, which, with general discussion, etc., will take up the forenoon of Saturday. The Arion quartette and other eminent singers will furnish music for the sessions. The people of Cowley have signified an intention to turn out in large numbers and a rousing convention is expected. All persons coming to stay through the convention will be furnished entertainment by members of the Winfield Temperance Societies, under whose management the convention is held. By order of Executive Committee.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

Do not fail to hear Miss Helen Potter, America=s greatest elocutionsit and impersonator, who will give one of her entertainments in Winfield, Friday evening, April 4th, under the auspices of the ladies library association. Tickets 50 cents. No extra charge for reserved seats. Tickets for sale at Goldsmith=s.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

Mrs. Friend is now in the east, purchasing a large stock of spring hats and novelties for her millinery establishment. With such roomy quarters and other advantages, Mrs. Friend bids fair to eclipse everything else in her line this season.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

Forest Noble and his pleasant lady left Monday for Harper to visit awhile before settling permanently in Barbour County. They have made many friends during their residence in Winfield, who will regret their departure.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

It is rumored that Sid Majors will lease the building vacated by J. S. Mann, and again convert it into a hotel. Sid would be just the man to fill the demand for more hotel accommodations.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

The City Council met Monday evening, but for want of a quorum, adjourned to Tuesday evening, when a session was held and the usual amount of business ground out.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

J. W. Hiatt was down from Grand Summit on Tuesday and made the COURIER a pleasant visit. He is one of the livestock men and farmers of Eastern Cowley.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

Tom Herrod is a candidate for constable. If elected, he will make a good officer and do his duty fully and impartially. We would like to see him get there.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

Green Wooden took the Courier Cornet Band over to Wellington in his hack Wednesday afternoon to play for a skating carnival there in the evening.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

Jim Fahey has the cellar in for a commodious residence on his quarter block on the corner of Ninth Avenue and Andrews Street.

Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

DIED. Mrs. W. B. Stivers died at her home east of town on Tuesday, aged thirty-three years. She was buried Wednesday at 2 o=clock.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

Velvet and Body Brussel carpet, 3 and 2 ply ingrain, and everything else new in the carpet line at M. Hahn & Co.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

Henry Noble, S. H. Myton=s head clerk, has commenced the erection of a neat dwelling on east Eighth avenue.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

D. R. Laycock is building a neat and roomy residence on his lots in the Courier Place.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

S. S. Linn and son report 50 acres of corn planted.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

Municipal Extravagance.

Editor of the Courier:

As the greater part of the money expended is raised by direct taxation, I desire to enter a protest against the extravagant and reckless expenditure of the public money by the City Council.

With two more years of municipal financial management like the past and Winfield will be a good town to move out of; or at least a good place in which to own no property.

While we have had water and gas schemes put through that practically bond the city for a large sum, I think the last move caps the climax. I refer to the renting for five years at $25 per month of an open front stone storeroom, 25 x 100 feet deep, for the storage of two small hand hose carts, worth about what the five years rent will come to. While I am a friend of the owner and would like to see him get all he could for the building, I am opposed to saddling any white elephant onto the city. Twenty-five dollars a year would secure ground in a more central location and $300 would erect a suitable building.

The amount foolishly expended in fitting up a grand council chamber in which to hold meetings once or twice per month would have erected the building, and at the end of five years, including rent and depreciation of value of building, the city would not be out more than $300. When you were Mayor, the city paid from twenty-five to forty dollars per annum for rent; afterwards, when the revenue from saloons alone amounted to $3,000, per annum, the Council hesitated for some time before paying ten dollars per month for a Council room, and then only because they were compelled to furnish the police judge with an office. Today the city is paying at the rate of nearly $500 per month for rent alone and are levying a tax of five mills or one-half the amount levied by the County.

While I am on the subject, it strikes me that a city with water and gas, and a high toned Council with bank parlor council chamber, ought to derive more outside revenue and thus relieve the taxpayer; for instance, when the city was receiving two or three thousand dollars from saloon licenses, it taxed the drug stores sixty dollars a year for selling liquor, now the saloons are gone and the drug stores do the bulk of the liquor business and pay nothing. The express companies do the balance of the liquor business and pay no more than before.

Instead of erecting city scales and deriving a large revenue, our business (?) Council give the whole thing to a private individual, who pays the magnificent sum of five dollars for the use of the street and the privilege of making hundreds, if not thousands, per year.

Traveling entertainments who take in from two to five hundred dollars at the door, generously donate the city two dollars (all it asks) for the opportunity. Apparently ways and means for increasing the outside revenue are not considered, but money is spent with a free hand; when the time comes, the cost is counted, a direct tax levied, and then whoop her up for another year. For one, I think it time to call a halt and as the time approaches for electing new officers, men should be selected who will use the same care and judgment in concducting municipal affairs that they would in their private interests, and a Mayor with sand enough to veto some of the many schemes for downing the taxpayer, would not come amiss at this time.

Respectfully, TAX PAYER.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.

To The Farmers.

While several of the townships, according to our suggestion, held meetings on last Monday evening and appointed township committees to canvass their respective townships, and have gone to work to secure a respectable corn donation for Ohio River sufferers, other townships failed to hold meetings. Now, we would ask that all townships which have failed to hold meetings already, call meetings for next Tuesday night, at their respective voting precincts, and appoint committees who will proceed at once to canvass their townships and learn and report the number of wagon loads of corn each township will furnish, when we will, without delay, order cars for shipment. Cars arew to be furnished free by the Southern Kansas railroad. We would suggest that the Township Trustees take the lead in this matter in their respective townships, and think that each citizen of the township should consider himself a committee of one to help. A. H. GREEN.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.


Public Stock Sale. I will sell at public auction at Simon Scott=s Feed stable yard, in the city of Winfield, on Thursday, April 3rd, 1884, at 10 o=clock a.m., 25 head of cows; some have calves, balance with calf. Also two yearling heifers and one three-year-old dark red Durham bull. Terms of sale: Cash in hand. Thos. Wilson. Walter Denning, Auctionner.





Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.



160 acres 3 miles north of Winfield, 2 miles from railroad on either side; water for stock, (se 2, 33, 31, 4e). Price $1,000.

100 acres on State line on Beaver Creek, $1,000.

22 acres on State line, 2 mile south of Caldwell, $1,000.

160 acres on State line, 7 miles from Arkansas City; four stock corrals, 40 acres in size; 80 acres fenced; orchard; two houses, stable, etc., with five year lease on 5000 acres adjoining the Territory. Price $5,000.

C. M. SCOTT, Arkansas City.