[FROM THURSDAY, MAY 29, 1884, THROUGH JULY 3, 1884.]




Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.


Mr. Plumb has introduced a bill forfeiting unearned lands granted the Atlantic & Pacific railroad to aid in the construction of a railroad and telegraph line from the States of Missouri and Arkansas to the Pacific coast, and restore the same to settlement.

Secretary Teller=s plan of educating the Indian through the agency of his stomach, rather than by the high grade text book, appears to strike the popular mind as being a very sensible proposition. The Indian is more easily reached through his mouth than through his brain. The mouth is usually the larger of the two.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.



The Aboom@ is certainly abroad in Kansas, especially in Cowley County, yet to us the only evidence of the fact is the swollen condition of the COURIER as it comes with its budget of weekly news. If the distended condition of the COURIER is a true exponent of the Aboom@ in Southern Kansas, we are compelled to admit that Prohibition is no great injury to the state and that her industries continue to thrive and prosper.

But Kansas is not the only section that is enjoying such a Aboom.@ This Territory is also receiving its share of immigration. All trains on the Northern Pacific are crowded with persons coming west to grow up with the country. Old and young, rich and poor are alike crowding into the Northwest. The other day I traveled with a man who had come from Dakota and was going into Idaho. He informed me that he was 82 years of age. It seems strange that persons of such an age should desire to go into a new country to undergo the inevitable inconveniences of frontier life yet it seems that the western fever differs from the whooping cough or measles in that it continues through life. All over this coast are men who have suffered for years from this disease. As the leprosy of old, it has kept them beyond the influences of civilization and now that the settlements are spreading out and filling the land, these victims are washing hither and thither seeking some avenue of escape.

Next to this disease is that known as the mining fever of gold hunting. All over the coast are men who by this have been driven out from comfortable homes and a competence to endure privation, suffering, and trials of no small magnitude. The miner is a peculiar character, all his former training goes for naught and he dates his life from the time he entered the mine. His desires for the precious metal have led him from one camp to another. If he finds a placer or load where he can make good wages, he gives it up, packs his Akit,@ and starts for the first new discovery or camp of which he may hear, ever controlled by the belief that someday he shall strike it rich. Thus he roams from one place to another. Perhaps after a time he concludes to take a homestead and settle down to agriculture. He gets his land broken and utensils and stock gathered around him, but alas, to his retreat comes the news of some rich discovery, or an old comrade on one of his tramps, comes by the Aranch@; the old fire is rekindled, the next morning the quondam farmer packs his goods and moves away, land and everything left for the hopes of a new find. I know an old miner who had settled down, cultivated his land, had a good farm, stock, and everything, a pleasant family, and good home, though a man advanced in years, he is today a wanderer. When the snow melted instead of planting his crop, he left all and started on the old pursuit of hunting for gold. Though we may think such men foolish, yet it is but another illustration of the force of habit.

In regard to immigration to this country, I wish to say that those who are making a good living in Kansas, or the east, had better remain there, and those who cannot make a living there may as well starve there and be buried among friends as to do so here or elsewhere in the west and be buried by strangers. My opinion is that the man who cannot gain a living in Kansas or the eastern states cannot do so here.

In the Northwest we have some peculiar disadvantages, some of which promise to be permanent. The great markets of this country are in the east, the larger part of our exports go to European countries. This being the case, we are so far from the trade centers and as we are compelled to compete with the fertile western states, we are at a great disadvantage, the freight on all our products being so much greater. Then farming in eastern Washington is much more difficult and expensive than in the level prairie countries of the west. The surface is very broken and hilly, there being but little level land. When you stand on a high hill and look over the country, it has the appearance of a sea in a storm, if you could imagine the hills to be huge petrified billows. The country is beautiful to look at, especially when covered with green, but it seems to me it must be difficult to work. Here we can see the cattle on a thousand hills, only it seems to me we might pluralize the numeral and say thousands of hills.

The grain is looking well and promises a bountiful harvest. The wheat sown here is spring wheat, but little of the fall variety being planted. All the small grains do well and almost everything common to the western states can be grown except corn. The nights are too cool for this though the farmers say that they are satisfied that corn will do well if only given a fair trial. The hardier fruits do well in Eastern Washington, and almost all can be grown in western Washington. E. T. TRIMBLE.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

It was reported yesterday that A. E. Touzalin, of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe road, had tendered is resignation as vice president. The recent election of Mr. Strong to the presidency has probably shown Mr. Touzalin that his policy, which has conflicted with Mr. Strong=s all along, would not be acceptable to the directory hereafter. It has been given out by the officials of the road that Mr. Touzalin was going away on a three month=s vacation, but it is pretty generally understood that he will not return to Topeka, Kansas, as an official of the road. Chicago Herald.



Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.


There seem to be more fools coming west this spring than ever before. Every few days somebody gets Aworked@ and robbed by sharpers on the trains that leave Kansas City and Atchison, and they all bite at the same old bogus bond, freight bill, and three card monte gamesCtricks that have been played for years, and are being exposed every day almost in the newspapers. But as a general rule the men who get robbed are men who never read a newspaper, never travel much out of the township in which they live; consequently, know but very little about the world.

One day last week an old grayo living at Arkansas City, who had been up in northern Missouri with his wife and two daughters, came down on the Atchison train, going home. There happened to be five of the sharpers on that same train. At Rock Creek one of the girls wanted Conductor Jones to send a telegram back to Atchison and say that she had left her hair waves lying on a window sill in the depot. By overhearing this the gang spotted her father and at once selected him for a sucker. In a few minutes one of them sat down by the old man and before they reached Topeka he had borrowed $60, giving as security a worthless $1,000 bond. After finding out that the old man lived at Arkansas City, Mr. Thief was very greatly delighted to know it, and said that he was the Treasurer of Cowley County. Also, he expressed regrets that he could not go on through with them that night, but on account of having a bill of goods at Topeka with $60 freight charges due on them, he would be compelled to stay there until next morning, and wait until the bank opened to get some money. For the pleasure of such a nice gentleman=s company, the old Agray@ pulled out his roll, handed over the amount asked for, and took the bond in return. When he got off at the depot, he went up to Pat Sherman and said: AYou know more about these things than I do. Is that all right?@ showing Pat the bond.

Pat replied, AThat is right, but it isn=t worth a cent.@

Then the old woman jumped up and down and wildly exclaimed: AGood enough for the old fool. I am glad he got it that way. I have told him a hundred times about being an idiot, and am glad now that he has a lesson.@

The two daughters, young women, sucked their thumbs and looked silly.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

The Kansas City & Southern Kansas proposition has been revived, and it is the intention of Winfield and the various townships intervening between Eureka and Winfield to vote aid to this project at once. The townships of Hicklry and Union, in this county have been asked to give $15,000 each, in 6 percent bonds, to go toward building the line, and we learn that the propositions are to be voted on soon. Many of the voters and taxpayers in that portion of the county are desirous of securing a line of railway that will give them an outlet to Kansas City; and as this seems to be the most feasible, they favor voting to it. Will have more to say on these propositions when they are submitted. El Dorado Republican.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

Mr. A. N. Deming of this city has formed a partnership with Mr. Criley, proprietor of the leading hotel in Carthage, Missouri, and together have rented the new hotel at Fort Scott, which will probably be run under the supervision of the former. These are both old hotel men, Mr. Criley for a long time having had charge of the Hotel Cooledge, at Emporia, where he made an enviable reputation. Fort Scott people have every reason to congratulate themselves that their new and commodious hotel has fallen into such good hands. Eagle.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

Donnell, Lawson & Simpson, late local agents of the state of Kansas of New York have paid over to state treasurer Howe $101,196, it being the amount belonging to the state and municipalities of Kansas. The same is deposited with the First National Bank of New York, which has been appointed state fiscal agent, it having made a bond of $500,000 with four securities outside the bank, each justifying in the sum of $500,000.

It is now considered that Donnell, Lawson & Simpson will pay all liabilities and have about $1,000,000 left to go on.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

S. G. King, general merchant of Cedarvale, has failed and made an assignment to John Johnson. His liabilities are unknown; assets about $10,000. There is about $8,000 due him from farmers. His accounts are regarded as good, and his creditors will probably be paid in full.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.


It is proposed by the City school board to submit to the voters of this district a proposition to vote $10,000 bonds for the purpose of building a new four room schoolhouse. There is not room in our present twelve school rooms for near all the pupils that would have to attend our city schools and something must be done to make more room and that immediately.

It is concluded that four more rooms will be sufficient for the present, possibly for three or four years, but without doubt in the not distant future, another 4 rooms will be needed and still another.

It is, therefore, important in locating a new schoolhouse this summer that it should be done in reference to the future location of at least two more schoolhouses. At present there are the most pupils in the east and southeast part of the district who are distant from a schoolhouse, and the first new house should be built in that direction. We should say that about in the vicinity of Judge Torrance=s ten acre tract and Senator Hackney=s residence would be a proper location.

When other schoolhouses are to be built, the northeast and southwest parts of the district would naturally be the locations. It is probable that the wards of the city will be increased in number as fast as schoolhouses are built and the house to be built this year will be known as the third ward schoolhouse.

There is a considerable area in the east and southeast that ought to be included in the corporation limits and will be at no distant day, and we know of no reason why it should be insisted that a schoolhouse to be built this year should be located within the present city limits. It is enough that it be located in the most suitable place within the district whether outside or inside the city limits.

We should say that the school board should first locate the site and contract for the ground subject to the approval of the voters at the election. Then submit the bonds, stating the location in the proposition and then an approval of the bonds will be an approval of the site and every voter will vote with a full and fair understanding of the situation.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

During the storm of Tuesday afternoon, the sod schoolhouse in District 93, near Covert, was struck by lightning, and a six-year-old son of R. L. Hamil was struck and instantly killed, and four or five other pupils were so badly stunned by the strikes as to require medical treatment to restore consciousness. Osborne Farmer.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

Basket Meetings.

Rev. Harris will hold basket meetings as follows: In his own grove two miles northeast of Arkansas City, June 1st; near Science Valley schoolhouse June 8th; at Maple City June 15th; south of Odessa schoolhouse on Posey Creek June 22nd. Preaching at 10:30 a.m. and at 2 p.m., dinner at 12 m. All are requested to bring Gospel hymns and provide chairs and spring seats as far as convenient.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

Remember the meeting of the board of equalization on the 3rd of June. All complaints in regard to assessments must be made at this meeting.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.


AOur esteemed contemporary, last week, took have a column to bemoan the sad results which followed the reduction of the tariff by the law of 1883, and attributed to that reduction all the calamities arising from the industrial depression through which the country has been passing.

AConsidering that the reduction complained of lessened tariff duties just 1.74 percent on an average, neighbor Millington must feel some exhaustion after his severe strain. We now insist upon explaining how the possible reduction of war taxes, provided for by the Morrison bill, caused the panic in Wall Street.@ Telegram.

Though we have not taken the time to look up the matter and though we are aware that Democratic free trade statements are not usually facts, yet we are willing for the sake of the argument to accept as a fact the above statement that the reduction of tariff rates of 1883 did not lessen the amount of duties actually paid more than one and three fourths percent, which is practically no reduction of the revenues at all.

This illustrates our often repeated statement that reductions of tariff rates do not always reduce the revenue.

Take wool, for instance. The former tariff on wool was about an average of thirty-seven and one third percent valuation, producing a revenue of $3,854,652 during the year ending June 30, 1882.

The tariff of 1883 reduced the average rates 18 percent, which is a reduction on valuation of about 6-2/3 percent, to about 30-2/3 percent. Now if the amount of wool imported under this tariff had been the same as under the former tariff, the revenue from wool would have been reduced $687,866, to a total of $3,166,785.

But instead of a falling off of the revenue from wool, it increased it near a million and a half in the first year of reduced tariff. This was caused by the stimulus it gave to importation, increasing the amount imported about seventy-five percent.

The average reduction of the tariff of 1883 on the whole scale of commodities was about 20 percent, and it is evident that this reduction would have increased the revenues considerably instead of reducing them even 1-3/4 percent were it not for the fact that many articles, such as chemicals, oils, spices, pepper, minerals, fruits, nuts, etc., which formerly paid a revenue, were put upon the free list by the tariff of 1883, thus actually and certainly reducing the revenue to that extent, and offsetting the increase of revenue caused by the reduction of rates on other things.

This is also another illustration of the remarks we made last week that the free trade theories are very fine and plausible, but are disputed by the facts. It appears to be self-evident that a reduction of tariff rates would always reduce the revenue, but the facts prove the contrary.

Now it is a fact, demonstrated by the records and statistics, that the 20 percent reduction of tariff rates by the act of 1883 did stimulate and increase importation very largely, while there was no increase in exports but a diminution instead. It is not only a sound theory but a fact that this increase of importation made necessary a change in the trade balances and our country had to ship money to Europe to pay the difference or excess of our imports over our exports and for the last three months these shipments have become quite heavy; while under the former tariff our exports exceeded our imports and specie was constantly and in large sums shipped to this country from Europe to pay this difference in the balances. While in this condition, the volume of money in this country was constantly increasing and easy to get. Since the reduction of the tariff, the increased importation of foreign goods has been sending money to Europe, reducing the volume of currency in this country and making money scarcer and harder to get. This has caused many kinds of securities and other kinds of property to decline in the market or to fluctuate largely and made a large field for gambling in stocks and the conditions of the money markets have been unsettled and panicky. The late flurry in the east is but an incident in this state of things and the whole matter seems to be plainly traced to the tariff reduction of 1883.

It is true that this financial condition and late flurry has not been a general smash-up, breaking down all sorts of business, banks, and everything else, as did the panics of 1837 and 1857, produced by tariff reductions three or four times as great. It is true that only a few gamblers have failed leaving the general business of the country still sound and healthy, but this is simply because the tariff reduction was not so very great. If we had now passed the Morrison bill and reduced the tariff another 20 percent, or had the act of 1883 reduced the tariff 40 instead of 20 percent, this panic would evidently have been far more serious and have shattered the legitimate business interests of the country.

It is ruin to any country as with any individual to buy more than it sells, causing an outflow of its cash, as long as it has any to flow out, and then going in debt to foreign countries for goods. A tariff for revenue only stimulates buying abroad and importation and produces just this state of things. A high protective tariff acts as a great discouragement to importation and a partial prohibition. It causes men to buy American products instead, pay their money to Americans, and keeps it in America.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.


Order of Exercises, Formation of Procession, etc.


Col. Wm. Whiting, Chief Marshal.

Aids De Camp: H. H. Siverd, James McDermott, James H. Finch, W. O. Whiting, and Frank W. Finch.

Medical Director: Homer L. Wells, M. D.

The procession will form at 1 o=clock.

The following is the position assigned to the different societies in the procession, which have signified their acceptance to take part in the memorial exercises.

1. Chief Marshal and staff mounted.

2. Courier Band.

3. Cowley Legion No. 16 and Knights of Pythias No. 70.

4. I. O. G. T. No. 20.

5. A. O. U. W. No. 18.

6. Fire Department.

7. Girls and Flowers.

8. Juvenile Band.

9. Grand Army of the Republic.

10. Ambulance Corps.

11. City Government in carriages.

12. Citizens in carriages and wagons.

13. Citizens on horseback.

Formation of the Procession.

The Grand Army of the Republic will form on the west side of Main Street facing east, right resting on 10th Avenue.

The other societies will form on Main Street, west side facing east, right on 9th Avenue according to their position in the procession.


The column will march south on Main Street to 10th Avenue, then countermarch north on Main Street to 7th Avenue, then east on 7th Avenue to Gray Street, north on Gray Street to city limits, and thence to Union Cemetery, where the decorating of the graves of the deceased soldiers will take place, under the auspices of the Grand Army of the Republic.

By Order of the Executive Committee.

H. H. SIVERD, Chairman.

J. E. SNOW, Adjutant and Secretary of Committee.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.


The undersigned will have at Winfield, Kansas, for sale, a nice drove of CHOICE MARES WITH FOAL. Also, a number of two and three-year-old horses, on or about the 2nd of June.


Or at Bobbitt=s Feed Barn on East 9th Avenue.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.


Eggs 10 cents, Butter 12 2 cents, chickens, live, 5 2 cents per lb. or $3.00 to $5.00 per dozen; turkeys, 10 cents per lb. or $12.00 to $24.00 per dozen. Potatoes 75 cents; Hogs $4.25 to $4.50 per cwt. Corn is booming along lively and today (Wednesday) is worth, for yellow 36 cents, and for white, 45 cents. Wheat sells at 90 to 95 cents, which is ten cents higher than Chicago price.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.


Go and hear Miss Gable Tuesday evening at the Baptist Church.

A Hodges Header for sale. In good running order. H. H. Martin.

My Down Binders and Harvesters are in. Don=t fail to see them. W. A. Lee.

Parties in Vernon Township ask Mr. Gaulk what he thinks of the Plano Binder.

Udall=s newspaper, to be started by Will C. Higgins, will be a five column quarto and appear next Friday.

Wanted to rent, house of five or more rooms. Address or apply to A. P. Burtram care McDermott and Johnson.

J. H. Byrne=s hand made cur kid shoe at Prather=s for $5.00. It=s a beauty, ladies.

Elections on the Kansas City and Southwestern railroad propositions were called in Union and Hickory townships in Butler County, last week.

Mr. Tom Harris has lost a bunch of keys: post office, door, and drawer keysCno corkscrew; name on ring. The finder will receive thanks by leaving at Mr. Harris= real estate office.

The AActive@ Base Ball Club, of Arkansas City, hereby challenges any club in Cowley County to play a match game of ball, to be played on the grounds of the AActive@ Club at Arkansas City. E. C. Gage, Secretary.

Wellington missed her guess when she counted on a Adivision@ in Winfield on the new railroad proposition. Our people realize the necessity of a united pull on these public enterprises, and henceforth they will pull that way.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.


A basket social will be given at the Holland schoolhouse, in Pleasant Valley, on next Tuesday evening by the Young Ladies Aid Society. It is a pleasant drive and a number will probably attend from town.

W. H. Albro=s carriage factory is turning out a large number of fine vehicles. A large bus was sent to Oxford last week and much work is being done for parties abroad. The buggies and carriages manufactured by Mr. Albro are gaining a wide reputation for beauty and durability.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

We have heard, lately, much complaint regarding the carelessness of engineers on the Santa Fe in whistling at crossings. Several teams have had narrow escapes at the crossing near the south bridge, and on Saturday Mr. S. H. Sparks, of Pleasant Valley, came within a hairs breadth of having his team and wagon demolished. The law requires engineers to whistle within a hundred yards before approaching a crossing, and evidence shows that it is being disregarded in this case. The officials should look into the matter at once. The lay of the land at the crossing referred to makes it impossible to see a train until you are right at the crossingCtoo late to govern a tiny team. The engineers on the passenger trains seem to be especially derelict in this particular.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

BIRTHS. If there is one thing more than another that the COURIER is delighted to chronicle, it is the arrival in the city of handsome, rosy-cheeked young ladies. And such pleasure is not confined to our sanctum, for the enjoyment of Mr. B. F. Wood occasionally goes beyond the bounds of joy and becomes a matter of personal pride. His pride Monday on the arrival of two of these fair ones was such as to make him step extremely high. They are twins and have come to put up permanently with B. F. Being young and bashful, they won=t appear in society circles for some time. In addition to these young ladies, Mr. Wood has a pair of bright four-year-old twin boys.



Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

A Prohibition meeting, to be held at Mr. Bradbury=s Grove, Beaver Township, Friday, June 6th, was announced, but after a conference on the subject on May 26th, it was unanimously agreed to call the said appointment, in consideration of the farmers being so driven in cultivating their crops and preparing for the coming harvest and advised the holding of as many Sabbath meetings at the schoolhouses may be possible. The work is great and important and should be presented in the most effectual manner.

J. F. Martin, J. W. Browning, H. Harbaugh, J. W. Millspaugh; District Committee.




Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

Miss Gable will give an Elocutionary Entertainment at the Baptist Church Tuesday evening, June 3rd. Admission 25 cents. Reserved seats without extra charge at the Post Office book store.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

The Young People=s Public Reading Room, over Wallis & Willis [?] grocery, was opened Monday evening and will be open hereafter from one to ten p.m. of each day. The tables are well filled with choice periodicals, and the rooms are neatly and comfortably furnished. The young folks have taken hold of this enterprise in a way which deserves encouragement; and if our people show their usual enterprise in the advancement of matter beneficial to the city, no trouble will be experienced in making this Reading Room a permanent institution.

[Wallis & Wallis??? They had Wallis & Willis???]


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

Boarders are becoming so numerous at the county bastille that Landlord Finch has had to cast about for more room. The single Acots@ heretofore used for the weary criminal to lay himself upon for slumber, have been replaced by Abunks@ on the penitentiary planCone above the other against the wall. Seven disregarders of law are now county guests. There is nothing Democratic about Sheriff McIntire=s administration.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

That a little fun now and then will attract the best of men was demonstrated Monday. A man in a struggle to keep his seat on a bucking mustang, followed by a hilarious crowd, came near Aquashing@ the dignity of the District Court. Lawyers, clients, witnesses, and even the Judge, rushed to the windows to see the show. Even dispensers of law are admirers of the equestrian fetes of the festive cowboy.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

Things look at present as though this would certainly be a Ayear of Jubilee@ for Cowley farmers, and when the immense crops are gathered in, the country boy can look way down on the eight-dollar-a-week Acity chap,@ who lives in fifteen-dollar-a-week style. The debtless farmers are the only true independents. They can laugh in the face of the bigot who threatens them with financial ruin if they do not believe just as he does.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

Cowley=s wheat crop is now assured. It is heading out nicely, with no rust, bugs, or anything to injure, unless nature interferes with a hail storm. The prospects are even better than last year, which means the heaviest crop ever grown in Kansas. The average yield last year was over twenty-five bushels per acre; with the present outlook, it will average over thirty this year.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

Talk about this being no blue grass country! Mr. Jacob Hackney has left in our office a bunch taken from the yard of his residence, which is fully thirty inches long, and loaded with seed. The grass of the whole yard will average two feet. Considering the backward spring, this is a remarkable growth. Blue grass in all parts of the city is doing finely this season.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

Dr. Capper has returned from the National Physio-Medical convention at Cincinnati. While in that city he purchased a new stock of medicine, also some valuable surgical instruments. He says Kansas stands in the front rank and Cowley County crops are far ahead of anything he saw on the route.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

The Winfield Stone, Brick and Tile Company have the contract for furnishing the stone and brick for the Wellington water-works. It will require about one hundred and fifty cars of the various kinds of stone and cars of brick. Thirty cars of stone have already been shipped and the brick were billed today.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

The postmaster is highly pleased with his new money order clerk who Acatches on@ to the intricacies of the business with facility and pleases the patrons of the office.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

The Ladies Library Association has ordered seventy-five dollars worth of the latest publications in books. The library now contains about eight hundred volumes.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

W. A. Lee has ordered the third car load of harvesters & binders and one carload of Headers and two car loads of steam engines and threshers.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.


T. K. Johnson went to Kansas City Monday.

J. W. Curns went to Fort Scott Monday on business.

W. J. Hodges is improving his residence with another story on the front.

Mrs. L. Schaffhousen and family left Tuesday for Chicago, their future home.

Dr. A. F. Henry and family left Tuesday for their old home, Crawfordsville, Indiana.

J. L. Hodges is adding a fine two story front to his residence on east Ninth Avenue.

Forrest Rowland visited his sister, Mrs. Lewis Billings, near Cherryvale, last week.

Ed. G. Gray, of the Traveler, and Geo. E. Wright were up from the Terminus Saturday.

Mr. Jas. D. Lee, one of the businessmen of Fort Scott, was in the city Wednesday.

E. C. Gage, one of the bright young men of the Terminus, was in the metropolis Saturday.

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.


Mrs. W. L. Webb left Monday for a visit in Lexington, Mo. W. L. is now a lone Awiddy.@

J. C. Topliff, postmaster of Arkansas City, and Virginia Walton drove up to the capital Sunday.

Miss Pearl Friend left Monday morning for Independence, Missouri, to visit some time with relatives.

R. E. Wallis is keeping up with the improving procession by putting on a neat addition to his residence.

Mr. Leonard Farr came down from Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, last week, to look after his property interests in this county.

Mrs. J. C. Curry, nee Miss Ellea E. Bosley, remembered the COURIER with a very aesthetic bouquet, Wednesday.

W. W. Smith, now one of the mercantile men of Douglass, was in the city Friday. He also has a store at Udall.

Mort Tanner, J. S. Mann=s sprightly young salesman, left Monday for a recreating trip to Topeka and Kansas City.

Miss Ella Kelly closed her winter and spring work in the Douglass public schools last Friday and is again at home.

Mr. H. H. Albright, brother of our P. H., was over from Sedan Saturday, taking in the liveliest town in the southwest.

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

Frank Barclay has sold his beautiful residence on east 10th avenue to Thos. Hemphill, of Dallas County, Iowa, for $3,000.

Our sanctum was brightened Tuesday with a large, exquisite bouquet of odorous flowers, the compliment of Miss Ella Trezise.

Misses Julia Deming and Clara Jenkins and Mr. R. Israel came down from Wichita Saturday and spent Sunday with Mr. and Mrs. Ray Oliver.

H. G. Fuller has gone into the cow business on a small scale, having bought one of Mr. Meech=s fine Jerseys. These Jerseys take the lead as milkers.

Joe Kenell, now a liveryman of Oxford, was perambulating our streets Saturday. Joe, like the pretty little village in which he has cast his lot, is prospering.

Col. H. C. Loomis left yesterday for Danville, New York, to be absent for some months. The Colonel takes life about as pleasantly and easily as anybody possibly could.

Mr. and Mrs. Louis Brown, of Pleasant Valley Township, entertained Mrs. A. B. Sykes and family Sunday. The table fairly goCgosh, how the delicacies disappeared.

James Stansberry was brought before Justice Kennedy, of Richland, Monday, charged with burglarizing a house in that township, and bound over to the District Court.

MARRIED. Married, on the evening of May 23rd, a884, at the residence of Dr. Knickerbocker, Udall, Kansas, Mr. Lincoln McKinely and Miss Jennie Knickerbocker. Rev. P. B. Lee officiated.

Dr. C. A. Allen, of Chillicothe, Illinois, was visiting in the city last week. He met many old friends here, among whom were Messrs. S. S. Holloway, H. E. Silliman, Gus Lorry, and others.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.


One of Judge McDonald=s fine trotting horses got frightened Tuesday, kicked Mr. Subble off the Sulkey, ran away and tore things all to pieces. He could have been easily managed had he kept his heels still.

Master James Bullene, of Leavenworth, is here visiting his uncles, aunts, and cousins, the families of James and Augustus Bullene. The young folks gave a pleasant picnic in the part Monday in his honor.

Mr. Joseph Park left Tuesday for his home in Cassville, Pennsylvania, after a short visit with friends in Fairview Township. He has owned a farm in Fairview for some years, and added several more to his possessions this trip.

Superintendent Kretsinger has been busily engaged during the past week with a large force of hands erecting new stalls on the fair grounds for the use of the large number of blooded horses which are in training there.

Our delegation to Chicago leaves Saturday. Cowley will be represented by Hon. W. P. Hackney, T. H. Soward, Judge Gans, D. A. Millington, J. W. Wilson, M. G. Troup, Capt. J. B. Nipp, J. D. Maurer, E. A. Henthorn, and Spence Miner.

Drs. Park & Mills, with the assistance of Dr. C. C. Green, removed a cancerous tumor from the breast of Mrs. Johnson, of Richland Township, some weeks ago. The patient has entirely recovered without serious trouble or inconvenience.

Nellie, the bright little two-year-old girl of Mr. and Mrs. F. S. Jennings, was attacked with membranous croup Monday. No hopes were entertained for her recovery until Tuesday night, when the physicians expressed a faint change for the better.

W. R. Vaughn and J. W. Dunlap were brought up from the Territory, Sunday, by Deputy Sheriff Rarick, charged with post stealing. The parties interested live in the State, and the preliminary trial comes before Justice Bonsall at Arkansas City today.

Dr. A. P. Kenny, Superintendent of the Topeka Insane Asylum, was in the city Monday. Sam=l L. Gilbert, Secretary of the State Board of Charities, accompanied him to Arkansas City on business connected with the asylum, returning the same day.

Dr. F. G. Armstrong, of Camden, Indiana, spent a few days this week with the family of Jonathan Stretch. On Monday Mr. Stretch drove him down to the Saratoga of the West. The Doctor, like all our visitors, thinks Winfield is a beautiful city.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

Matrimonial certificates have been granted by the Probate Judge since our last as follows.


Henry B. Hallowell and Clara Scott.

W. S. Stewart and Eva Garrett.

Willis Allen and Iona Hutchison.

L. McKinley and Jennie Knickerbocker.

David M. Sprankler and Sarah A. Klingman.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

The semi-annual election of officers of Chevalier Lodge No. 70, Knights of Pythias, occurred Tuesday night, when the following were elected for the ensuing term.

C. C., W. H. Dawson.

P. C., G. H. Buckman.

V. C., M. G. Troup.

P., C. C. Green.

M at A., J. Finkleburg.

K. R. & S., L. H. Webb.

M. of F., Q. A. Glass.

M. of E., P. H. Albright.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

MARRIED. J. W. Tyree, one of the popular young clerks of J. B. Lynn=s dry goods establishment, left Tuesday for Wichita, where he lead to the matrimonial altar yesterday, Miss S. B. Fleshman, late of Virginia. James has succeeded in keeping this thing extremely quiet, as no one even suspected him of such intentions. He is one of our best young men and will receive the hearty congratulations of a large circle of friends.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

MARRIED. Mr. D. M. Sprankle, of Lawrence, and Miss Alice Klingman, of this city, were married at the residence of Mr. J. W. Curns, by Rev. B. Kelly, Wednesday of last week. They left Thursday for Lawrence, their future home. Miss Klingman has been a resident of our city for many years, was an efficient and popular teacher in the city schools, and one of our most valued ladies. The well wishes of a large number of friends accompanied her to her new home.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

BIRTH. George Corwin now apprehends no difficulty in the election of the whole Republican ticket this fall. A new accession to the grand old party has arrived, who is bound to be heard, and shows positive signs of carrying the Republicans forward to victory. His political speeches are somewhat misty in language, but might effectiveCinspiring George to electioneer nightly in the neighborhood of the paregoric bottle with the greatest agility.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

Mr. E. M. Reynolds and lady are off for a visit to their old home in Iowa and Wisconsin. E. M. will attend the reunion of his old battery, the 6th Wisconsin, which will meet at Lone Rock in June. The people of the place have presented the surviving members of the battery with a plot of ground for a Cemetery, and a portion of the ceremonies will consist of the unveiling of a Monument. Mr. Reynolds, since coming to Cowley six years ago, has steadily ascended pecuniarily and otherwise, and is in good shape to thoroughly enjoy the long visit anticipated in this trip.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

Putting in Wheat.

Last Thursday the writer went out with Mr. S. S. Holloway to the Thomas Youle farm north of town for the purpose of examining a wheat field, part of which was put in with a common drill and part with the same drill with a roller attachment. It will pay every farmer in Cowley County to go out and see this field. The difference in the two pieces is most striking. They were put in at about the same time.

With the drill alone a bushel and a peck of seed was used to the acre. When the roller attachment was put on, the amount of seed was reduced to three pecks per acre. The piece which was drilled without the roller is thin and uneven and will yield probably fifteen bushels per acre. The piece lying right along side of it put in with the same drill and the roller attachment, but with only 3/5 of the amount of seed, is thick, strong, and the heads all even, and is the finest piece of wheat we have ever seen growing on Cowley=s soil. It will go forty bushels to the acre.

This visit and examination has convinced us that the roller attachment for wheat drills is the best thing for Cowley County ever yet invented. Instead of the seed being dropped in a drill furrow, with only such slight covering as might sift in on it, the rollers follow along and press seed down deep into the ground and the dirt compactly over it, leaving every seed down where it can get moisture and will germinate, and come up from strong and healthy roots.

The great trouble here with wheat has been to get the seed into the ground, where it would find moisture and get sufficient root to stand the fall and spring winds. That this roller attachment effectually solves the difficulty, no one who will take the trouble to examine the field of wheat on the Youle place can deny. These rollers weigh thirty-five pounds each; one follows just behind each shovel and can be attached to any drill. They cost, we believe, thirty-five dollars for a set. We regard it, in the light of its actual results, as the best investment a farmer can make. Mr. S. S. Holloway is the agent for the sale of the roller attachment for this county.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

Our Bands.

A COURIER reporter took in the band practices Monday evening. The Juvenile Band under the efficient leadership of Mr. Ed. Farringer has made wonderful progress. Considering the fact that this organization is composed entirely of young Americans between the age of eight to sixteen, their performances are most creditable. They have a neat band room built for the purpose, fronting on Twelfth Avenue west of Main Street.

The Courier Cornet Band holds its weekly meeting in the Courthouse, but on Monday evening transferred its labors to the Opera House. It has grown to be a very large and strong organization, and every member is a thorough musician. Their instruments are of the famous ACohn@ make, triple silver plated, and perhaps the finest set in Kansas. The band handles every grade of music and plays on sight the most difficult compositions. It is the equal of any organization of the kind in the state and is an honor and a credit to our city. In the way of Bands, Winfield beats them all.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

Blind Tiger.

The case against a number of leading citizens of Arkansas City for destroying a building and contents in which was kept a contrivance known as a Ablind tiger@ for dealing out whiskey, beer, and other noxious liquors secretly and clandestinely, was decided in favor of the defendants. The citizens made up their minds that the liquor business in that town had to stop, so they went down one evening, upset the ABlind Tiger@ house, destroyed the liquor, and made it convenient for the owner to absent himself from their community. He then brought this suit against them for damages, but the jury seemed to think that a man who operates a Ablind tiger@ in Cowley County takes his own chances on being bitten.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

Democratic Convention.

The Democrats met in convention Saturday at the office of S. L. Gilbert, in this city. The delegates elected to the State convention were S. L. Gilbert, C. C. Black, J. B. Lynn, T. McIntire, A. A. Jackson, H. S. Libby, and J. Vawter. The sense of the meeting was that Gov. Glick should lead the delegation to Chicago. They also passed a strong resolution in favor of the AOld Ticket,@ Tilden and Hendricks. The delegates were instructed to vote for and use all honorable means to secure the election of Chas. C. Black as a delegate to the National convention. A strong ATariff for Revenue Only,@ was passed.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

The City=s Sanitary Conditions.

Will the COURIER call attention to the sanitary conditions of the city and urge the importance of keeping streets and alleys and cess pools thoroughly cleaned and also urge the importance of having wells cleaned and washed out? I am quite sure that we shall have an immense amount of sickness here this summer unless we are careful on these points. I have several ugly cases of fever on hand nowCthe result, undoubtedly, of the causes named above. Cleanliness is next door to Godliness. Respectfully, T. B. TAYLOR, M. D.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

Kansas City and Southwestern.

The bond election on Tuesday to vote forty thousand dollar bonds to the Kansas City and Southwestern Railroad passed off very quietly, there being no division on the question. About three hundred votes were cast, all but four being for the bonds. Winfield will now wait anxiously for the decision of the other municipalities along the line. She has done her partCif they will do theirs, we will get the road.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

The Manny Case.

The motion for a new trial in the Manny case was overruled by the court and he was sentenced to thirty days in the county jail and to pay a fine of five hundred dollars and the cost of suit, and to give a bond of one thousand dollars conditioned on his good behavior for two years. The case was appealed to the Supreme Court and the defendant released on bond until its final hearing.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

A Special Bargain.

The Dr. Davis farm adjoining Winfield, with ten acres of orchard, fifteen acres of blue grass, one hundred acres in cultivation, a good house, spring and well, suitable to be made into suburban lots. Twenty-five acres overlooking the entire city. Price $10,000. This place is worth $16,000. Call on or address Limbocker & Albright.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

Soldiers Graves in the Cemetery.

The public are requested to report the exact location of the graves of deceased soldiers in any of the Winfield Cemeteries to comrade J. H. Finch, A. D. C., prior to May 30th, 1884, or meet him at Winfield Cemetery after 1 o=clock p.m., May 30th. By order of Executive Committee. H. H. SIVERD, Chairman; J. E. SNOW, Adj=t and Sec=y.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

Model School.

Those wishing to enroll pupils in the Model Department of County Normal Institute will please do so before June 1st. Application should be made to Miss Stretch or County Supt. Enrollment limited to forty, $1 per month.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

The post office will be open on Friday, Decoration Day, from 8 to 9 o=clock, a.m., and from 1 to 2 o=clock p.m. D. A. MILLINGTON, P. M.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

Notice. Persons are hereby warned not to buy any paper purporting to be a note from me, as any such note or contract is a fraud. T. S. GREEN.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

A large meeting of citizens was held at the courthouse Monday evening to take action on the proposed change of trains on the Southern Kansas road. The fact that a very large part of the passenger business of this road originates west of Independence makes the people feel that they should have the benefit of the additional train. It should be run through to Harper and every town along the line west will do some tall Akicking@ unless they get it.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

Mrs. Gougar will be, during the month, at the following places: Independence, 5th; Burden, 6th, Winfield, 7-8-9th; Wellington, 10th; Wichita, 11th; Eureka, 13th; Emporia, 14-15th; Junction City, 16th. Further appointments will be announced next week.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

A good many persons are injuring the blue grass in the park by grazing their horses on it, camping, and doing many other things which the rules forbid. Everyone ought to take pride in preserving the beauty of this place instead of helping to destroy it.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

The trustees of the several townships should be present at the meeting of the board of equalization commencing on June 2nd, so as to watch over the interests of their respective townships.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

Points of Local Interest Regarding Churches and Church Going People.

AUnder the Palms,@ one of the finest cantatas extant, at the Baptist Church Friday night.

The monthly social of the Presbyterian Church will be held on Thursday evening, May 29th. A good time is expected.

The nineteenth annual session of the Kansas State Sunday School Association will be held at Newton on June 18th, 19th, and 20th.

Prof. Stimson has given the participants in the cantata AUnder the Palms,@ perfect training and they will give a splendid entertainment.

The Baptist Sunday School, under management of Prof. Stimson, will present the Cantata AUnder the Palms or the Flower Feast@ at the church on next Friday evening, June 20th. Over one hundred voices will take part, assisted by an orchestra of six pieces. Admission 25 cents.

The Baptist Church at Udall was dedicated last Sunday, May 25, by Rev. J. Cairns, assisted by Rev. J. C. Post, of Wichita, Rev. J. Bunker of the Congregational church taking part. After raising the amount necessary to free the meeting house from debt, the church and citizens covered themselves all over with glory in raising $300 to build a parsonage on the beautiful lots donated by the town company to the church. We have been at a loss to know why Udall was growing so fast, but when we found the public spirit manifested by the town company, backed as it is by the community, the whole matter was explained. The growth of the town is quite rapid and like every other part of Cowley County, is improving quite fast, with the most desirable class of citizens. The future is assured wherever such liberality manifests itself. FRATER.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.

Memorial Day was celebrated in Winfield in a manner which highly honored the departed soldiers, did credit to those living, and exhibited the loyalty and patriotism of our people. The M. E. Church was crowded to overflowing Sunday morning. Seventy-eight old soldiers marched from the G. A. R. hall to the church and occupied reserved seats.

The church was beautifully decorated. At the right of the pulpit stood a large monument draped in flowers and flags, and appropriate mottoes and festoons adorned the walls. Rev. Kelly=s sermon was one of the best we have ever heard delivered from a Winfield pulpit. It bristled with unexaggerated eulogies of the soldier and the Union and contained many truths which sunk deep into the hearts of the audience. So intense was the interest that, Sunday as it was, he was several times heartily applauded. In eulogizing the Nation he did not overlook the many discreditable things which exist, and pointed out strongly the necessity of a remedy. A special program of music was beautifully rendered by the choir. In the evening equally as large a crowd assembled at the Baptist Church for memorial services. This church also bore evidence of the deft hand of woman in its decoration. Over the pulpit in large letters were the words: AHonors to the Fallen,@ with the portraits of Lincoln, Garfield, and Sherman. The floral decorations were very tastefully arranged. The old soldiers marched to the church, as in the morning, and occupied reserved seats. The sermon of Rev. Cairns was one of those able, practical ones, characteristic of him; upholding the good and condemning the wrong; free from anything partisan, and one which did full justice to the Union and its heroes. It was warmly received and appreciated by all present. The music was very appropriate; instrumental and vocal, from the choir and orchestra.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.


Choice eating Potatoes at Wallis & Wallis.

I have two good Durham yearling bulls for sale. Lewis Conrad.

For sale, on the railroad track at Torrance, 500 cords of mixed wood. W. L. Rigden.

Parties up Timber Creek ask Mr. Calvin what he thinks of the Plano Binder, after one year=s use.

The AChaplet@ cigar is just now growing in popular favor. Try them. Ask your dealer for them; take no other.

The ABouquet@ is the cigar you want for ten cents. Full Havana filled. Everybody likes them. Everybody smokes them.

Have your prescriptions carefully compounded by taking them to L. M. Williams, druggist, successor to Johnson & Lockwood.

W. H. Grow, of Rock, wishes to hire a man with a good self-binder, to harvest for him through the coming harvest. Please apply soon.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

New Salem Pencilings.

Mr. Watsonberger lost a fine hog last week.

Mr. Samuel Marling is building a new house.

Mr. Earnest Johnson is shelling and delivering corn for Mr. Nelson Peters.

A surprise party on Friday eve at Col. Jackson=s. A happy time, I presume.

BIRTH. There is a young gent of eleven pound weight in the home of Mr. and Mrs. Sam Avis.

Messrs. Vance, Miller, and Joe Hoyland are off on a fishing expedition, success attend.

Mr. L. E. Dalgarn has returned home from College at Manhattan for the summer months.

Mr. James Demaree is again a Salemite. Is making his home with Mr. McMillen and family.

The Curtis Brothers had a party in the home of their sister, Mrs. Miles, one eve last week, have not learned the program.

Mrs. Chapell Sen. was quite ill but is better at present. Her daughter, Mrs. Fitzgerald, spent a week in the old home west recently.

Mrs. J. J. Johnson has gone to Ohio on a visit to her mother, and other relatives and friends. We wish her a pleasant journey, an excellent trip, and a safe return to home and Salem friends.

Will Hamilton when shooting at a rabbit accidentally shot a calf, leaving two shot in it, but behold it was the calf of his brother, Curtis=s, leg. No serious results, fortunately.

Mr. Starr is back from Harper, and reports our old time neighbors, Mr. Edgar and family, well and content and happy in their new home. Mr. C. Miller=s is headquarters for Mr. Starr at present. Mrs. Cansey has nearly five hundred little chickens, Olivia sends thanks for a nice bundle of asparagus.

There will be an ice cream social (for the building fund) at New Salem Hall on Thursday eve, June the 5th. A good time is anticipated. Everybody come that likes cream and cake, and bring your pockets full of money. Would like to see the COURIER Company and all its correspondents there. What has become of sister Flo?

There was a little social, or rather a reunion of relatives in the home of Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Hoyland on the 14th inst. All the relatives in this vicinity were united but the families of Messrs. W. H. Funk and Irvin Franklin were not present. Several were present that were not relatives, but twenty four dined and everybody seemed happy after dinner. Mr. B. L. H____ of Wisconsin remarked at dinner that the table so bountifully filled did not look like APoor Suffering starving Kansas@; that one reads about was likely to starve every soon. He and his good wife were very much pleased with Kansas and its inhabitants and they purchased a farm two miles from Burden, in the township of Sheridan, and they expect to return in August, and make this their home.

On May 21st, Mrs. Franklin (sister of the Hoyland men Seniors) gave an excellent dinner in honor of the Wisconsin guests: 32 partook of the many good things provided and everything passed off lively. The men had a game of quoits, then after that the late Wisconsin Hoyland taught his nephews and younger half brother how to perform the Indian wrestle, and the way he made the young heels twinkle in the Kansas breezes was funny enough to almost make the boys laugh. After a day passed with so many friends, Mr. and Mrs. H_____ returned to their Salem quarters, and on the 22nd started for their pretty home in the north. [SKIPPED REST INCLUDING POETRY.] OLIVIA.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

Beaver Ridge Items.

The cultivations of corn is absorbing the attention of the farmers.

G. O. Barrier has been putting out a fine lot of fruit-trees.

R. King is making preparations for building a large addition to his house.

Allen Wood thinks of starting on a prospecting tour to Harper County soon.

W. E. Ketcham has purchased the pasture owned by Messrs. King and Wood for $1,480.

Mrs. W. J. Pointer has quite a painful bone-felon for which she is being treated by Dr. Tompson, of Maple City.

J. M. Bowman is busy with a three horse team and sulky plow, trying to get the remainder of his rich bottom land broken out.

Mr. R. P. Gilliland late of Danville, Illinois, is visiting with his brother, Thos. Gilliland. He says but few of the farmers there have their corn planted, and that there is plenty of mud. He is well pleased with Kansas that he may conclude to locate here.

Our Sabbath school is progressing finely, attendance is good, and a great deal of interest is being shown. We have sent for our organ and shall expect it in about a month. JEMIMA.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.


AA farmer pays $17 for a common suit of clothes. He could take that $17 and buy one of our $40 suits in England. How would it seem for $40 suits to be as common as $17 ones, and cost no more? Telegram.@

The above is a sample of the falsehoods uttered by free-traders. There is not a farmer in Kansas or in the Union who pays $17 for a Acommon suit of clothes.@

A fine, all-wool, well made suit was offered the writer for $17.50 and the suit he now wears for Sunday cost only $12. His common suit, used every day, costs from six to nine dollars. But what of that? It is all the same to revenue reformers. Let our farmers take the figures of their gentlemen, and go to anyone of our clothing dealers and compare prices.

But suppose the suit did cost $17? Is it not home-made, home-grown, home-woven? If so, the $17 has gone into the pockets of wool-growers, weavers, cutters, fitters, and sewing women. The farmer is able to buy his common suit of clothes for he has all these mouths to feed. Let him undertake to pay his English cousins, and with what would he make the exchange? Our Kansas farmer can send no corn; it would not pay to send wheat; and our hogs and cattle are ruled out. Now, where is the common suit of clothes? While the Telegram=s figures are false, it is true, on the other hand, that our home markets, our mechanics, our laborers in all fields other than agricultural, must be fed by our home products. Take this market from our farmers, and ruin would fall upon our land like a desolate plague. History shows that every Democratic attempt to bless the country by tariff reduction has been followed by hard times, that cursed all classes, except foreign manufacturers and capitalists. GRANGER.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.


The report of the senate committee on post offices and post roads on the report of the postal telegraph has been completed by Senator Hill. It gives a summary of the history of the increase in debts, rentals, capital stock of the Western Union company, and the value of its property, leased and otherwise, and the capital stock, $80,000,000, has arisen, nearly the whole of it, from stock dividends and from purchases made of other companies which were paid for by issues of stock. It is evident, the report continues, that the price which the Western Union paid in its stock for competing lines was vastly in excess of either the cost or earning capacity of the property acquired. It was claimed before the committee by the president of the Western Union that it had from time to time expended out of its current earnings considerable money on construction account, that is to say, in addition to its lines and equipments over and above their maintenance. This may be true to some extent, but cannot be true to the extent of justifying the enormous stock dividends which the company has made, nor was the appropriation of current income to the construction account sufficient to prevent the payment of munificent cash dividends to shareholders who received in that way from 1867 to 1883 both inclusive, $34,000,000 in addition to stock dividends of $25,807,190. As the process paid by the Western Union in its own stock does not furnish even an approximate idea of the actual cost of the lines which it has purchased from other companies, and as representatives of the Western Union company, which alone possesses the information have given no definite or detailed account of the amounts of money it has itself expended in the construction of lines, the committee have endeavored to ascertain what it would now cost to reproduce lines equal in every respect to those which the Western Union has acquired in all ways. The committee believe it to be a large estimate to assume that the number of miles of wire actually used and necessary to its business of transmitting telegrams is $350,000. The committee believe also that with average cost of wire, including poles, construction, and instrument for telegraphing, would not exceed $70 per mile, which would make the total cost $24,500,000. The exact success of the capitalization of the Western Union beyond the actual cost of its lines, and beyond what it would now cost to reproduce similar lines, cannot be determined. That it is enormous is entirely plain and undisputed. . . .


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

[SKIPPED: article wherein Millington responds to Telegram over performances of materialization and other wonders of spiritualism as the work of jugglery and prestidigitation. Lots of nonsense caused by Millington saying he does not believe in it.]


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

[SKIPPED: Article attacking Western Union by Millington...interesting, but not worth copying.]


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

The Santa Fe will put in effect June 10 the new tariff fixed in consultation with the railroad commissioners. The new freight schedule is now in the hands of the printers, and will be out in a few days. These rates are materially lower than those now in force. They will, it is understood, be followed by a reduction on the Union Pacific.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.


The bill granting the right of way through the Indian Territory, and from Winfield to Dennison, Texas, has passed the house of Representatives, and will probably become a law. The right of way also embraces a route westward through the territory to Mexico.



Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

We notice by the papers in the 13th Judicial District that Judge E. S. Torrance, of Winfield, was, on the 20th inst., renominated by acclamation. We take pleasure in mentioning this fact because Mr. Torrance read law and was admitted to the bar in this city in 1870. In November of that year he was elected county attorney of Cowley County, which position he held several years. He was elected judge of the 13th district in 1880. The judge made a nice and feeling speech in accepting the nomination and the compliment implied. Some months since he was spoken of as a possible candidate for a place on the supreme bench. But this unanimous nomination and hearty acceptance would indicate that he was going to stay with his friends another four years. Emporia News.



Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

The liabilities of Donnell, Lawson & Simpson are put at $3,000,000, and their assets at $4,000,000.

The total exports of gold from this country since January have amounted to $35,925,497.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

Horticultural Meeting.

Cowley County Horticultural Society met in COURIER office, on May 31, 1884.

President Martin in the chair. Geo. Ordway elected secretary pro tem.

Mr. Brown cultivates Raspberries till they begin to tip and meets with good success. Prefer the Doolittle. Has them and Mammoth Cluster in fine bearing this year.

Mr. Short has tried the Turner Raspberry. They failed to live through the winter and gave no crop.

Mr. Mentch reports seeing Quincy in bearin in Sumner County.

Report of the president that trees are bearing in this county.

G. W. Robinson was selected delegate to the State Horticultural society at Junction City.

J. P. Short was also elected a delegate to the same.

Voted to appoint a committee to investigate and report to Mr. Smith of Carlisle Nursery, Ohio, the bad conduct and bad fruit of his agents in this region. Committee, J. F. Martin,

F. A. A. Williams, and John Mentch.

Patrons of said nursery are requested to report to this committee any bad fruit in their dealing with such agents. . . . GEORGE ORDWAY, Sec=y. Pro tem.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

Star Valley.

As I never see anything in your paper from this sexyun of the kounty, I thot I wood try to rite a fu items, I don=t expect I ken do much good, but I will du my best.

Mrs. Russell=s health is greatly improved.

BIRTH. And now it is Joel Beaver who smiles when the boys call him Pap.

Mr. Starlings new house is nearly done. Ben Lane is doing the carpenter work.

Miss Katy Holmes of Rock has been visiting her sister, Mrs. Fatour, this week.

Mrs. Akers, now in her 64th year, has raised 350 chickens this spring. She has done all the work herself, except set on the eggs.

Rev. C. P. Graham delivered a good sermon at Star last Sunday.

R. L. McGuire has bought a new self-binder. SIN K. NIDY.

[Skipped most of this...he tried to get cute with his writing.]


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

AD. SHORN HORN! Not being able to use him longer without inbreeding, I offer for sale the splendid 4-year-old Bates Bull, AHAWKEYE.@ He is large, well-formed, a mainly dark red color. Has proved a fine breeder. Will be recorded in Vol. 27 of the American Short Horn herd book.

Will also sell two choice young bulls of his get. For pedigree and prices address me at Winfield, or call at my farms five miles southeast of Winfield, on east side of Walnut River.



Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

RECAP. W. P. Hackney, attorney for plaintiff, sent summons by publication...Elizabeth Weakly, Plaintiff vs. Jacob W. Weakly, defendant, to be answered by July 8, 1884, re divorce and giving her back her maiden name of Elizabeth Dressell, and custody of her infant child, Caroline Weakly.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

AD. FOR SALE. 550 head good grade Merinos, free from scab, with 250 spring lambs, consisting mostly of ewes 1 to 5 years old. Price, $1,500 including lambs and range for the season. Can be seen at any time 2 2 miles northeast of Floral. EDWARD B. SMITH.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.


Eggs, 10 cents, butter, 10, chickens, live, 5 2 cents per lb. or $3.00 to $5.00 per dozen; turkeys 10 cents per lb. or $12.00 to $24.00 per dozen. Potatoes 75 cents; Hogs $4.25 to $4.40 per cwt. Corn is booming along lively and today (Wednesday) is worth, for yellow 37 cents, and for white 40 cents. Wheat sells at 80 to 95 cents, which is ten cents higher than Chicago price.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.


Everyone go to the social at the Reading Rooms Thursday evening.

The front rooms over the Farmers= Bank are for rent for offices. Apply at the Farmers Bank.

Strawberries and ice cream at the Reading Rooms, Thursday evening, over Wallis & Wallis store.

German Lutheran services will be held in the lecture room of the Baptist Church next Sunday afternoon at 2 o=clock.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.


The new time card of the Santa Fe and Southern Kansas railroads went into effect last Sunday.

Creswell Township voted thirty-five thousand dollars aid to the Kansas City and Southwestern railroad Tuesday. It was almost unanimous.

The Juvenile band made an appearance in its beautiful new uniforms last Friday. They are on the Turkish plan, red and white, and make a splendid show.

The Board of County Commissioners met Tuesday and equalized the assessors work. The real estate in Beaver and Bolton was raised, and that in Dexter lowered. A few items of personal property were changed.

Day light. Start east via Southern Kansas. Parties going east can have berths reserved in sleeping car without extra charge by applying in time to me. No change of cars between Winfield and Kansas City. O=Branham, Agent.

A Mission will be given at the Catholic Church under the direction of Rev. T. Enright, of the Redemptionist Society of Kansas City, beginning June 15th and continuing for several days. The general public are cordially invited to attend.

A number of our citizens have united in a call for a meeting at the Courthouse next Friday evening to arrange for a big celebration on the Fourth of July. Let everybody turn out and assist in making our celebration this year one never before equaled.

Our fire companies appeared for the first time in legitimate parade in their new uniforms, last Friday. The suits are showy and neat and cover as fine a lot of men as the town contains. Winfield is fortunate in having such active, enterprising fire companies.

All the district and township vice-presidents of the County Temperance Organization are requested to meet on Saturday, June 7th, at 10 o=clock a.m., in the basement of the Presbyterian Church in Winfield for the transaction of business relative to temperance work throughout the county. By order of Executive Committee.

The Board of County Commissioners met in called session last Thursday, to submit propositions ion the townships of Hickory and Union for the purpose of voting aid to the proposed Kansas City & Winfield Road. One of the propositions will be printed in the Republican, the other in the Democrat, and will appear next week. El Dorado Republican.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

A COURIER representative spent a day in Wellington recently. We hadn=t been there for several years and the changes wrought in that time were partially in harmony with the assertions of the papers of that burg. Notwithstanding the fact that the Wellingtonian has several times used its Munchausen qualities in deprecating Winfield, to tickle a prejudiced feeling among its readers, we shall Agive credit where credit is due.@ Winfield don=t gain her prestige by belittling other towns; she walks on her own pegs, and always Aget there.@ Wellington=s most noticeable feature is her fine business buildingsClargely the result of the conflagrations which destroyed her old rookeriesCand when you consider that most of the material for these fine buildings was shipped in from the Winfield quarries, it brings the enterprise of her citizens into prominence. Wellington should now turn her attention from worldly gain and cultivate the aesthetic. She should get more fine residences, sidewalks, and trees, in all of which she is deficient, and then she will be worthy a more favorable comparison with the Queen City on the Walnut. Business enterprise combined with a love for beauty, comfort, and convenience are what go to make a desirable city. John Crenshaw, formerly of Winfield, is one of the landlords of the most popular of the hotels thereCThe Phillips. Another Aformerly of Winfield@ man, Charley Hill, is chief salesman in the hardware establishment of A. Graff. It will be remembered that Charley married a Winfield lady, Miss Ella Johnson, soon after his removal to that place. And we might remark that Winfield has a monopoly over Wellington when it comes to pretty, vivacious young ladies, positive proof of which we have at hand.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

A caravan passed through the city Monday which forcibly reminded us of the pioneer days of Cowley County. Four cows were drawing a low, wide-tread AArkansaw@ wagon, with a man managing the leaders with a line rope. From the edges of the wagon cover peered the heads of a lot of little troopers who seemed anxious to take in all the sights. Behind were being driven the herd of little, squatty cattle. Such was the mode of travel of many a family who came here in 170 to make a home. They had seen reverses, their horses had all died with Ablind staggers@ from eating sod corn, and nothing could be done but to hitch up the family cow and thus make a struggle for a livelihood. These same people have come up with the county and now look back, as they see themselves surrounded with peace and plenty, to those early days with great satisfaction. All honor to the pioneers of Cowley! They richly deserve the prosperity they now enjoy.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

An accident occurred at John Bobbitt=s stable Tuesday evening, which resulted in the death of a good mare belonging to Reece Stevens, of Richland. He put up his team there during the day and in the evening the horse was being led across the sidewalk from one part of the stable to another when Dave Fitzgerald, of the Territory, careless jumped onto the animal, just for sport. A large revolver fell from his pocket to the sidewalk and went off under the mare, the ball ranging up through her body, from which she died in a few hours. She had a fine colt and was worth about a hundred dollars, which amount Fitzgerald promptly paid. He is a cattle man.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

Our Democratic cotemporary is despondent; in fact, the whole Democratic ranks have been getting some tough rebuffs lately, but this one takes the cake. George spied a man coming into town on a foaming steed, bearing all signs of a ride for life. Thought the reporter: AAh ha! Sensational item!! I=ll cage it!!!@ With anticipation on tiptoe, he rushed to where the man was alighting and with excited countenance caught him by the arm, with the question, AWhat=s up?@ The fellow gave a sharp stare, and with the decisive sentence, ANone of your d__n business!@ hurriedly left the reporter standing in mute disgust.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

The scriptural cantata, AUnder the Palms, or The Flower Feast,@ as presented on last Friday and Sunday evenings by nearly one hundred voices, including Winfield=s best musical talent, under the management of Prof. Stimson, was one of the best musical entertainments ever given in our city. The airs of this cantata are new and beautiful and were sung in a perfect manner. Winfield takes the lead in musical talent. The Winfield orchestra, six pieces, added much to the success of the entertainment. The treasury of the Baptist Sunday School is considerably replenished by the proceeds.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

On Wednesday of last week Sheriff Heriford, of Mercer County, Missouri, with Deputy Sheriff Tom Herrod, of this county, arrested Tom Burnett for stealing a horse in Mercer County, Missouri, in March, 1883, following him through Iowa, Nebraska, and finally after having almost given up the chase, heard that a man filling the description was in this county. They came with a requisition for him. As this is the second offense, he having served two years in the Apen@ at Jefferson City, Missouri, he will, under the statutes of Missouri, go up for seven years.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

The property of the late Medicine Lodge bank robbers, assassins, and victims of lynch law, was sold at that plce, at auction, last week, the gross receipts amounting to $325. Two of the horses, the ones ridden by Brown and Wheeler, were replevied by the widow of the latter. A Achromo,@ or reward of merit should be given to the Wheeler horse, for it was through its instrumentality that the capture of the assassins was affected. It was not able to keep up with the rest of the party, and being sworn not to dessert each other, all were taken.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

Owing to a decided break in the abstract world, we herewith give notice to our farmer friends that we will make abstracts for ten cents a transfer, county property. At this price every farmer can afford to know just how his title stands, and no one owning property can afford to be without a correct abstract of title. We employ competent men and will guarantee accuracy. Call on or address Kellogg & Matlack, office with E. S. Bedilion, at the Courthouse, Winfield, Kansas.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

DIED. Once again we are called upon to mourn with friends the loss of a loved one. Nellie C., the bright little daughter of F. S. and Inez C. Jennnings, passed away on Wednesday morning after an illness of one week. No sorrow which the heart can know falls heavier than when death takes from the arms of loving parents one of these little ones. The remains were followed to the cemetery yesterday afternoon by a large number of sympathizing friends.



Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

G. B. Shaw and Co. have determined to erect a large bank building at Burden for the headquarters of their immense business, and Pete Walton will be put in charge. This firm now has thirty-five lumber yards in Southern Kansas, besides its coal and grain business, and this bank has become a necessity.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

The Udall Sentinel, by Will C. Higgans, made its advent last Friday. It is a very neat and newsy five column quarto and its benefit to the future of that sprightly little village can hardly be estimated. A newspaper in these small places speaks loudly for the enterprise and intelligence of the people, and Udall now has a splendid representative.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

The Womans Suffrage Convention will be held in the Opera House on the nights of the 7th and 9th inst., at 8 o=clock, and in the Park on Sunday the 8th, at 3 o=clock p.m. An admission of ten cents will be charged at the Opera House, as a police force, to keep out bad boys.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

The folks of Star Valley will give a festival at Star Valley Schoolhouse on Tuesday evening, June 10, for the benefit of the Star Valley Union S. S. Everybody will be furnished with ice cream, candies, oranges, Lemonade, etc., at the lowest prices. Committee.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

Mr. Lee claims as his reason for cutting prices on binders to as low a figure as he has that other towns near are making these prices and taking the trade away that should come to Winfield.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

The following MARRIAGE LICENSES have been granted by the Probate Judge since our last issue.

John L. Berkey and Ira Burnell.

James S. Tull and Lizzie Palmer.

Elma Baker and Gertrude Wilson.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.


Miss Jessie Millington spent last week with relatives in Newton.

Eli Youngheim will return from his European trip about Saturday.

J. L. Horning and lady left yesterday afternoon for a two months visit in the east.

Frank Raymond is reporting for the Sedgwick County District Court this week.

Judge J. Wade McDonald delivered the memorial address at Wellington last Friday.

S. L. Gilbert left Saturday on the monthly tour with the State Board of Charities.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.


DIED. Mr. Cary Dale, aged 20 years, son of Mr. and Mrs. Jas. Dale, of this city, died on the 31st ult.

Mr. Lon Stewart, of Kansas City, one of the first settlers of Winfield, is here for a few days visit. [EARLY SETTLER???]

Messrs. S. Cure, Chas. Steuven, H. L. Well, and J. H. Finch left Tuesday for a Territory trip of several days.

Henry E. Asp and C. M. Leavitt now occupy office rooms in Senator Hackney=s building, opposite the Courthouse.

Mr. Will T. Walker, editor of the Pythian Journal, Indianapolis, Indiana, was in the city last week in the interests of his paper.

M. B. Shields, J. B. Lynn=s chief clerk, is in Chicago this week assisting in the manipulation of the National nominating machine.

BIRTH. And now comes Harry Foults and presents the cigars and announces the advent of a fine, new girl at his home. Harry is to be congratulated.

Spence Miner headed off the National Convention on his way from West Virginia and nominated his candidate in time to get home Saturday night.

Mrs. J. Smith, of Greenwood, Missouri, is in the city visiting with her friends, Mrs. J. A. Smith. She came for her health and has been spending some time at Geuda Springs.

L. L. Beck and wife returned from Atchison Saturday, where they were called several weeks ago by the dangerous sickness of their son, Elgie. He was able to return with them.

DIED. The wife of Hugh Ford, a plasterer living in Arkansas City, gave her baby laudanum in mistake for quinine last Sunday. It died in a short time. The wife is almost distracted over the terrible mistake.

Mr. B. W. Everman, Supt. of the public schools of Carroll County, Indiana, spent a few days of last week with the family of Jonathan Stretch. He took with him to the Indiana University some specimens of fish from our streams.

The semi-annual election of Winfield Lodge No. 101, I. O. O. F., occurred last Thursday evening, when the following were elected:

A. B. Arment, N. G.

M. Zimmerman, V. G.

A. B. Taylor, R. S.

G. D. Headrick, Per.

M. Hahn, Treasurer.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Garlick departed last Thursday, Mr. Garlick to join the U. S. Geological and Topographical surveying party in Mexico, where he was last year, and Mrs. Garlick to visit different parts of this State.

Messrs. Sam=l Dalton and Will T. Madden have formed a law partnership and occupy rooms over the Farmers Bank. Mr. Dalton is late of Chicago, is an able attorney, and with one as capable as Mr. Madden, this firm will no doubt be successful.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

Mr. G. W. Robertson left Monday for Junction City as a delegate from the Cowley County Horticultural Society to the annual meeting of the State Society. He will attend the commencement exercises of the Manhattan Agricultural College on his return.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

Hon. J. C. Long and Chas. C. Black left for Topeka Monday afternoon to again confer with General Manager Robinson relative to the extra passenger train on the Southern Kansas road. They carried with them petitions from all the towns along the line west of Independence.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

TO BE MARRIED. Mr. Jas. S. Tull and Miss Lizzie Palmer, of Cambridge, will be married in that place this evening at the home of the bride. A party of young folks from this city will be present, composed of Misses Ida McDonald, Anna Hunt, Jennie Lowry, Leota Gary, and Mrs. Bishop; and Messrs. James Lorton, Lewis Brown, Will C. Barnes, Frank Robinson, and Frank H. Greer.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

Mr. and Mrs. S. D. Pryor were Aat home@ to their many friends last Thursday evening and, assisted by Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Albro, entertained delightfully about fifty couples of young and old. The refreshments, sandwiched in at the proper hour, were unexcelled, samples of which have been left with the COURIER. All are universal in their praise of the royal time enjoyed.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

Senators Long and Hackney, and Capt. Soward, have petitioned the city of Winfield for the right to build a street railway. We have been looking to see our big sister put on street car style, and are not surprised that our late townsman, J. C. Long, is one of the leaders in this enterprise, as he always had a habit of being active in all things that would prove a benefit to his town. Sedan Times.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

TO BE MARRIED. Mr. Roy Stidger, formerly with McDonald & Miner, of this city, arrived from West Virginia Saturday last, and will today lead to the altar of matrimony Miss Etta Robinson, one of our most popular young ladies. They will take the afternoon train for Cameron, West Virginia, their future home. Both are most excellent young people and will receive the hearty congratulations of a large number of friends.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

Miss Mary Gable gave another of her elocutionary entertainments on Tuesday evening, at the Baptist Church. Her program contained the best selections and was rendered in a perfect manner. The feeling exhibited, the facial expression, and the graceful gestures show her to be a highly cultured elocutionist, and worthy of a much larger audience then greeted her Tuesday evening. Our people are intelligent and refined, but seem to show a lack of taste for lectures and elocutionary entertainmentsCmore through carelessness, we think, than any other cause. More instruction and real benefit can be derived from worthy entertainments of this kind than from all others. We regret to acknowledge that our people show them but little encouragement.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

The City Parliament.

The regular meeting of the City Council occurred Monday evening.

Ordinance No. 193, providing for the calling of special elections, was passed.

The two public hydrants were declared to be in non-compliance with provisions of Ordinance No. 167 and a resolution was passed to erect, with the consent of the Water Company, two drinking fountains and two watering fountains, and a committee was appointed to determine the style and cost of these fountains.

The street commissioner was instructed to have the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad Company make a suitable street crossing over their line on 12th Avenue leading to the Park.

The Telegram was given the city printing for the coming year.

The following bills were paid:

City officers= salaries for May, $124.40.

Tom H. Harrod et al, special police, $12.50.

Judge and clerks of election, $22.00.

John H. Herndon, taking up pumps, etc., $11.00.

L. C. Scott, room for election, $2.

Wilkinson & Co., room for election, $2.00.

J. C. McMullen, rent fire department building for May, $25.00.

E. F. Sears, crossings, $12.00.

Pauper bill of J. N. Harter referred to County Commissioners for payment.

The Council meets in special session tonight to revise some of the old third-class ordinances and to consider the street railway ordinance.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

A Card. On behalf of the Grand Army of the Republic, we desire to thank Mrs. W. R. McDonald, Mrs. G. L. Rinker, and Mrs. J. A. Cooper for decorating the M. E. Church on Memorial DayCthe ladies of the Baptist Church for the kind reception, and the Rev. Comrade B. Kelly and Rev. J. Cairns for their splendid sermonsCCol. Wm. Whiting, Chief MarshalCThe Fire DepartmentCCourier and Juvenile Bands for their musicCThe Citizens of Vernon Township for flowers, and the public generally for their manifestation of kind feeling. By order of executive committee. H. H. Siverd, Chairman; J. E. Snow, Adj=t. and Sec=y. of Committee.



Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

Meeting at Akron. There will be a railroad meeting at Akron in Fairview Township, Friday evening, June 6th. Matters will be presented there of interest to every citizen of the township. Let all turn out.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

If you want to be impressed with the beauty of the Queen City, just take a look at it from the mound east of town. The beautiful residences, the leafy verdure, and the fine business buildings combine to make a picture fit to tickle the pride of any citizen.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

There is war among our city abstracters, and you can now get an abstract of your property at ten cents per transfer.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.


The Weather Conquered and the Day Fittingly Observed in Winfield.

Notwithstanding the drizzling rain and mud of last Friday, Winfield Post G. A. R., assisted by many willing hands, observed Decoration Day in a manner touching appropriate. Early in the morning the people began to gather in from the country and the streets were crowdedCa turnout which fully exhibited the loyalty and patriotism of our citizens. The procession formed at one o=clock, headed by the Courier and Juvenile bands, the Fire Companies and the Grand Army of the Republic, in uniform. It was fully half a mile long. At the cemetery the Post went through with its beautiful and touching memorial services interspersed with appropriate music by the bands. The old soldiers then marched around to the graves and, with uncovered heads, strewed each grave with garlands of flowers. The ceremonies were very interesting and impressive, and many a bereaved heart was made glad on seeing their loved ones remembered by the comrades-in-arms. We earnestly hope that this memorial custom may last forever. It is a grand thing, and calculated to instill a profound love of country and heroism into the minds of rising humanity, into whose hands the Nation=s machinery must soon fall. It impresses them with the cost of the liberty, happiness, and prosperity we now enjoy and makes the perpetuity of this grand Union a matter of personal ambition. The old battle heroes are one by one answering the last roll call and lying down for the last sleep. When the last one shall have gone to the silent city of the dead, may those behind revere their memories as did the Grand Army of the Republic on last Friday. May the mounds which cover the moldering remains of the Boys in Blue ever receive a yearly decoration with the flowers off May. We append a list of old soldiers whose remains are in the Winfield cemeteries.

J. Van Doren.

H. H. Park.

A. T. Shenneman.

I. L. Flint.

_. _. Buck.

J. E. McGuire.

James Carmine.

J. E. Mansfield.

N. A. Bailey.

S. W. Greer.

Jacob Riehl.

Geo. Gray.

_. _. Retherford.

Nate Fisher.

_. _. Corkins.

James Runton.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.



A charter has been recently granted to the Geuda Aid Society of Geuda Springs.

Trustee Sinnott has just completed the census of Arkansas City, and finds 2,817 inhabitants.

A. T. McIntire had, last Saturday, the thumb and finger crushed from his right hand by having them caught in the cogwheels of the machinery at Ayers= mill, where he was employed.

An accident occurred at the Arkansas bridge, west of town, last Sunday. The team of a couple from Geuda Springs became frightened, and when lashed, plunged over the embankment, casting the occupants into the mud, breaking the buggy, and otherwise rendering affairs unpleasant. Fortunately the resting place of the persons was soft, and they therefore escaped injury.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.


Last week, Friday, W. E. Seaman was exhibiting on the streets a bunch of blue grass taken from his farm, some of which measured four feet two inches in length. Most of it was three feet long.

Anyone unacquainted with this country would hardly believe that a pie-plant leaf could measure forty-two inches across its widest part, but such is the case, however. The leaf referred to was grown in the garden of Mrs. John Bilsing, and looked more like a large palm leaf than a common garden plant.

The prospect for peaches here this season are excellent. Q. W. Carr brought a bough from his peach orchard Thursday, measuring about six inches long, on which were thirty-seven peaches. Another piece of limb, two inches long, held four peaches, which measured 2 2 inches in circumference to each peach. We are preparing for a feast on peaches this fall, and believe that we will not be disappointed.

ACome at once, I have parties here you want,@ was a telegram received by Sheriff McIntire of Winfield, from Udall. The sheriff, thinking that some murderers or horse thieves had been caught here, drove from Winfield to his place, fifteen miles, in an hour and twenty minutes, and felt badly sold when he found that he had been called away from important duties to dance attendance on the participants of a common street fight. So wags the world.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.


A knife and ring game, which the police decided to be a gambling device, was operated for a time on the streets yesterday afternoon. The man, on his own representation of the modus operandi, secured a license, but some of our old sports thought it a game of chance and made a kick. They have been closed and do not propose any outsider shall be allowed to Aperform.@ Topeka Commonwealth.

The same kind of a game was in full blast at Winfield lately, and many were the dimes and quarters Ablown in@ by those who thought it Abetter to be born lucky than rich.@ The sports of that city do not seem so particular as their brethern in Topeka, although the law should be in equal force throughout the state.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.


Burden has really taken on city airs. If there is not a horse or foot race on tapis, the band will come out and play. When all of these fail, a fight will serve to break the monotony of busy every-day life.

A. P. Brooks has completed his large water tank and run a main as far as the corner of Seventh and Locust streets, where he will put in a hydrant and extend to any point in the vicinity desired by owners of property.

We still say, Cowley County, Southern Kansas, and the whole state against the world. Everybody is happy and prosperous, and almost every man dates the beginning of his permanent success from the day he located in sunny Cowley.

We fear to say much more about the unrivaled prospects for fine crops in this county. We learn there are several counties in Missouri, Illinois, Iowa, Indiana, Kentucky, and Tennessee that re likely to be depopulated by a grand rush for Sunny Cowley.

W. G. Cates shot and killed a large grey eagle out in Mr. Gafton=s wheat field last Friday evening. The bird was first seen within the corporation limits. It measured seven feet eight inches from tip to tip of its wings, and was forwarded to Dr. King, Jacksonville, Illinois, who recently purchased the antelope, wild cats, English hare, and coyotes of Crabtree and Cunningham.

Base ball is stirring our young men up to painful and protracted activity. Last Saturday the New Salem base ball club came to this city, challenged the Burden boys, played a game, and beat the Burden boys three to one. Scarcely a player in our city has played a game for the past two years on account of too much work, but the exigencies of the case demand a club that can wipe out our neighboring clubs, and the boys propose to play anything that comes along. Send =em along.



Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.


Dexter Lodge A. O. U. W. starts out with a membership of twenty, and more to follow. It will be one of the most flourishing lodges of this Order in the state.

Dexter Lodge A. F. & A. M. are contemplating the erection of a two-story building. The upper part will be used as a Masonic Hall, and the lower floor for business purposes. Still we boom.

One can almost hear the growing grain crack as it comes up. There is no need singing, AWhat shall the harvest be,@ for the yield will be a heavy one. Those poor devils in Northwest Missouri who get drowned out can obtain all the grain they need right here in Grouse Valley. Still we boom.

MARRIED. Willis Allen and Miss Anna Hutchinson went to Winfield Saturday and were married. Will looks two inches taller and the bride is Ajust too sweet for anything.@ It=s all very smooth sailing just now, but the fun can=t last always, and it will get to be an old story before the year is out. We thought seriously of giving Will some good advice by virtue of our more extended experience, but one optic is very sore. We have been going one eye on it all the week, and we don=t care to have our remaining organ of vision permanently or even temporarily closed. However, Will is now a man, as he has found his missing rib, and all we can do is to wish him and his lovely young wife a long and happy married life and not over ten pairs of twins.

AMR. DAVIS: Your presence is regarded here as a nuisance. As you are young, you ought to make an honest livin and quit gamblin, you teach our sons to gambil and ruin their morals. Be sure I ever find any of my sons goin to your Billiard tables, I will apply the dinamite that same nite. So look out. ONE OF MANY HERE.@

This is the product of that curse to any townCthe anonymous writer should be very careful lest his identity be discovered. None but cowards, blackmailers, and thugs would stoop to such contemptible littleness. As long as Mr. Davis behaves himself, his business is perfectly legitimate. We could honor a man who would boldly stand up and denounce this or any other business that he considered wrong, but the cowardly writer of anonymous letters has no place among honorable men.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.


Points Concerning the Agricultural Industry and the Monstrosities

Produced by the Richest County in Kansas.

Owing to the late spring, harvest will be fully two weeks late this year.

Joe Mack brought us in a bunch of rye Monday, grown on the county poor farm, just six feet and four inches high, and still growing.

Hots are healthy and more numerous than usual, and as we have good breeds in this county, more money will doubtless be realized from this source than usual.

Mr. R. E. Kelsey, of Fairview Township, has left in the COURIER office a bunch of wheat measuring five feet in height with large and well formed heads. He says it was no picked bunch, but selected promiscuously from a large field.

A finer prospect for wheat was never seen by even the oldest inhabitants. The stand is good and the heads remarkably large. From prospects Cowley County will lead any county under the sun this year in wheatCas well as everything else.

Corn seems to have come up rather slowly this spring, but the season has been so favorable that it is doing remarkably well. Many farmers have finished cultivating their crop the second time. It is growing nicely and looks clean and pretty.

Horses, cows, and all domestic animals are looking unusually well this spring, and with an abundance of pasturage and plenty of corn and oats in the country, farm teams will be in good condition to go into the labors of harvesting and plowing for fall crops.

Peach trees are literally loaded down with young fruit. Despite all predictions made about the frost killing the buds, the crop will be so abundant this year that the trees must be liberally supported or they will be ruined by the weight of the fruit.

Prof. E. P. Hickok has left in our office a bunch of blue grass raised in the grounds of his residence, which forever silences the croaker who says this in no blue grass country. It is four feet four inches high and the heads loaded with seed. The seed was brought from Kentucky. Cowley takes a back seat in nothing.

After the Horticultural Society had dismissed last Saturday, Mr. R. T. Thursk, of Tisdale Township, brought in some Downing strawberries, which were simply immense, being four and a half inches in circumference. He also exhibited Crescents from this spring=s planting which were beautiful. Cowley is prolific in everything.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.


Pear=s Soap for sale at L. M. Williams.

Baden=s Headquarters for your canned goods.

Keg Syrup. Choice at Badens Head-quarters.

POCKET BOOK FOUND. Between Winfield and the residence of the undersigned, on May 31st, was found a pocket book containing a small sum of money. The owner can get the same by calling on the undersigned, proving property, and paying for this notice.



Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.





Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.


The property of MR. R. TWEEDIE, foaled May 22ndn, 1881. Got by ATam O= Shanter@ (861), the first prize horse of the Royal Agr. Society of England in 1874. His stock have taken more prizes than any other Clydesdale aired in England. Dam ANell of the Forest@ (6644), the winner of Forty-three first, nine second, and four third prizes. These prizes include a number of champion cups for the best animal in the show yard.

ALTERATION OF TERMS. The fees are $25 each mare; $15 to be paid to the groom before the end of the season (September 1st) and $10 more as soon as the mare can be proved in foal or parted with.

From the first week in April to the first of July, if health permits, will stand at home till Friday morning, when he will leave for Winfield and stay overnight at the Fair Ground, and will return home at two o=clock p.m., on Saturday. For card with pedigree apply to Mr. R. TWEEDIE.

The Forest Clydesdale Stud Farm is situated on Rock and Durham Creeks, six miles from Douglass and seventeen from Winfield.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.

AD. PLANO BINDER $200 on two fall time; $190 cash, or one fall time.

Empire, Osborne, Defiance, and Dennett, same price and terms.

$250 REWARD. We offer $250 reward for a Harvester and Binder that will run as light as the Plano or Empire.


W. A. LEE.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.


El Dorado contained 3,030 population on the first day of March, and is growing rapidly.

It is reported from Washington that the Kansas City, Fort Scott & Gulf railroad is to be granted the right-of-way through the Indian Territory.

From March 1st up to last Saturday, there had been slaughtered and packed in Chicago 380,000 hogs, against 372,000 for the corresponding period a year ago.

A party of horse thieves and whiskey peddlers were overtaken in the Indian Territory a few days ago by several officers, and in the attempt to arrest them, Geo. Briggs, one of the thieves, was instantly killed, and another one mortally, and the third slightly wounded. Two officers were also slightly wounded.

John M. Simpson, a prominent cattleman of Texas, who has just made an extensive tour of the cattle region and some Northern markets, says the outlook for beeves is very fine. He reports that some advanced herds from Texas have already arrived at Dodge City, Kansas, and says this season=s drive from Texas will be larger than for ten years, and will probably reach half a million head.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.


We are suddenly reminded that several weeks have already passed since we were one of the busy beings of your throng while the red tape of our furlough was rapidly unwinding and the additional days of grace from Uncle Sam=s spasmodic generosity gave us warning that it was time to set sail for the National Park.

Loath as we were to part with Cowley County=s varied interests, we took good-bye from the hands of many friends, left our best wishes, and sped away with Mr. Wallace before the cloud of despondency that hung over our physiognomy had so thickened that our social inwardness gave language to its depression in the form of a briny shower from the windows of our soul and our heroism took the form of a fit of hypochondria and leave an unfavorable impression upon the panoramic medley of politics, railroad bonds, sociables, etc., together with the general boom as it all faded away in the rear while Mr. Wallace belabored the gray back of his ten year old colt that took the buck board with its precious cargo towards Douglass, splashing pancake sloughs and bottoms by the quarter-section that would have astonished the natives along the road had they not seen the like a thousand times before.

Here we visited friends a few hours and meditated seriously as to the policy of leaving the halcyon day among friends plenty and pretty women simply to become the brave succor of Horace Greeley=s advice Ayoung man go west,@ and write back that you have been there and make believe that you are the hero that has seen its wonders face to face, and that the possession of a limited purse and no fixed object to take warning and not do as we done, go off without getting their Apiktur@ took and leave with it a lock of hair for ten chances to one they will never see the states again. Kansas people had better be slow in letting go of good enough.

To avoid a repetition by going over the same route twice, we booked for the hog market of Kansas by way of the overland route, and started at 2 p.m., and arrived early next morning. Here we concluded to stay for the day to see what might be seen in that length of time, not for the purpose of encumbering this article with any foolishness of the place because that is a very small product of Kansas City. A careless view of the stock and grain yards of the place not only shows it to be the hog market, but the metropolis of Kansas, or in other words the safety valve to relieve the great resources of Kansans of their over production and thereby ease the ever declining frailty of our greenback party.

Early in the afternoon we wended our way back to the Union depot and contracted for another shipment to the twin metropolis of the great northwest, St. Paul and Minneapolis, via eastern Iowa, a distance of over 600 miles. In thirty hours more we were safely landed as per agreement mutually entered into by the parties of both parts and duly paid for in advance.

The most noticeable change thus far is the disappearance of the great corn cribs and growing elevators, which are much the largest in Kansas, and long before we reach eastern Iowa, they dwindled down to ugly nothingness and the cribs look like dissipated old bachelors and elevators like gangling old maids, being with consumption. Something like Kansas in the spring of 1875. But the uninterrupted luxuriant carpet of blue-grass, in our opinion, more than makes up for the sickly difference in the last year=s corn crop. This with the thrifty groves of trees and numerous tidy villages has an untiring beauty that lends the traveler more genuine pleasure than any state that we have ever traveled over.

The Union depot at St. Paul is reached just in time to be too late to take in other than the immediate locality, so we in cold blood, declined all omnibus accommodations and by our own conveyance repaired to the Sherman House and took quarters for twenty-four hours. The regulations at this depot are such that mistakes are scarcely possible even by the effort of the most timid kind and the officials and the employees deserve more than a passing notice for kindness toward the ever moving throng that never ceases at this place. Minneapolis is ten miles distant and a train passes between the two cities every thirty minutes, giving ample facilities for visiting both places at the cost of very little time. The rivaling cities are both healthy. Though Minneapolis is the younger, it has already the ascendency and will eventually claim the bulk of one great city when the two grow into one. In St. Paul we visited the location to see the foundation of a hotel that is to cost $1,500,000, and another in Minneapolis is to cost $2,000,000.

These and other schemes that naturally came under our observation proves readily that the tide of immigration and flood of wealth is not southwest, as by some supposed.

From here west the agricultural territory rapidly dwindles away and blends with the great grazing region we read of. The ungainly sage brush takes the place of forest trees and the vague effort that the bunch grass makes to hide the poverty stricken soil it will grin through from an unlimited plain and foot hills for miles and miles around like the pleasant grin of solicitation of starvation at your door. Now and then an irrigating ditch is seen, but dull monotony for the first time makes you fully realize the luxury of a dining car and palace sleeper as an indispensable appendage to a train on the western plains. With these on hand eleven hundred miles of unclaimed real estate is spread in the rear of the train with much ease and little pleasure in about fifty hours, all things favorable.

Gardiner, Montana Territory, is now reached, the last town on the Yellowstone River. It lies on the very edge of the National Park and is aspiring to importance as the Denver of Montana, but a Methodist minister would instantly name it the Sodom of iniquity or iniquity.

Now, Mr. Editor, we do not pretend to have leaked any wisdom, but after traveling 2,000 miles with ears and eyes well open, we become so replete that we could not help dropping a few facts for which we beg your indulgence and withhold any apology.

Very Respectfully, J. W. W. [WEIMER]


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.







Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

A Winfieldite at Burden.

The writer visited Burden on Wednesday, June 4th, for the first time, and was agreeably surprised with the general appearance of the place. Like all other young Kansas towns, it bustles with activity and holds forth abundant promises of future prosperity. We noticed several fine new residences and others under process of erection. Peter Walton is putting up a stone bank building, which will be a great improvement to Main Street. It is being built from stone, which is quarried about a mile and a half from Burden, and is, we judge, of about the same consistency as that found in the Winfield quarries.

Our stay was so limited, we did not have time to note all the improvements.

While meandering down street, we caught sight of the words, PRINTING OFFICE, in huge letters reaching clear across the top of a building on Main, and at once headed that way, but on reaching the door we found ourselves upon the threshold of a Atonsorial@ estab-lishment, and knowing the art of Ashaving people@ was not the legitimate work of the noble brotherhood, we made a hasty retreat. However, we soon found the Enterprise man, sanctum and all, in Uncle Sam=s Apost office.@ The mechanical department, especially, is crowded and very much in need of room. Mr. Henthorn informed us there was a prospect ahead of getting in better quarters soon, and for his own convenience we hope such is the case.

We noticed several Winfield ladies there, who were in attendance upon a convention of the Woman=s Foreign Missionary Societies of Southwest Kansas conference, among whom were Mrs. S. S. Holloway, Mrs. Gridley, Mrs. John C. Curry, and Misses Jessie Meech and Ida Byers.

Upon the arrival of the evening passenger train, we noticed many Winfield gentlemen, whose faces were familiar, but whose names we did not get, who, we understand, intended organizing an Odd Fellow Lodge at Burden that evening.

We were pleasantly entertained at the home of Mr. Brooks during the dinner hour, and in the afternoon were greatly pleased to become the guest of Mr. and Mrs. Geo. T. WaltonCparents of Tell and Wirt Walton, well known to Winfield people and Kansas newspaper men generallyCat their new home. We have rarely had time pass more pleasantly. While waiting for the evening freight, through the courtesy of Mr. Walton, we were enabled to ALook over@ the thriving little city, and we returned home with many pleasant memories of Burden and Burden people. JESSAMINE.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

I learn a number of farmers have given their names for harvesters and binders at $225; such men should have their machines at $200. In the first place, I took several orders at $255, but when the price was cut, I made the price the same to all my customers and hope they will give me the credit of this. W. A. LEE.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.


Eggs 10 cents, Butter, 10 cents; chickens, live, 5 2 cents per lb. or $3.00 to $5.00 per dozen; Turkeys 10 cents per lb. or $12.00 to $24.00 per dozen. Potatoes 75 cents; Hogs $4.25 to $.50 per cwt. Corn is booming along lively and today (Wednesday) is worth, for yellow 42 cents, and for white 37 cents. Wheat sells at 80 to 85 cents, which is ten cents higher than Chicago price.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.


Miss Mary Gable gave an elocutionary entertainment at Cambridge on Tuesday night.

Miss Nellie Branham, of Princeton, Indiana, is visiting her brother, Agent S. K. railroad.

The Arkansas River is on its annual tear and is said to have reached the average and still rising.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.


Mr. J. G. Rounds, of Hillsborough County, Michigan, is visiting his brother, Mr. V. G. Rounds of Tisdale Township.

Kellogg & Matlack will furnish you abstracts of titles for 10 cents a transfer. Office with E. S. Bedilion at the Courthouse.

A package containing two pair of infant=s knit bootees were found near Silver Creek last week. The owner can get them at this office.

Three splendid cornet bands, uniformed fire companies, fire works, illumination, races, and games of every kind will be a part of Winfield=s celebration this year.

We notice several dangerous holes in the bridge near the dairy, east of town. The Walnut Township officials should look after it and probably save the township a damage suit.

The Southern Kansas train has a Pullman sleeping car through to Kansas City. Parties desiring berths can have the same reserved by applying to O. Branham, agent; also Kansas City east.

A Union Temperance Meeting will be held next Sabbath evening, at 8 o=clock, in the Walnut Valley Presbyterian Church, ten miles north of Winfield. Good speakers are expected, and a profitable time is anticipated. Everybody is cordially invited.

Mr. L. J. Evans, after a visit of some weeks with his brother, J. B. Evans of Vernon, returned last week to his home in Illinois. He and J. B. made a prospecting tour of the western counties of the State, but found nothing to bear comparison with grand old Cowley.

Winfield=s building boom seems to show no signs of abatement. New houses are still spring up in every direction, and many of them are large, substantial, and beautiful. At least five hundred new buildings have been erected so far this season, and yet a dwelling can=t be rented for love nor money.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

The City Council held an adjourned session last Thursday evening. Ordinance No. 194, granting to W. P. Hackney, F. S. Jennings, John C. Long, and T. H. Soward a ninety-nine years street railway franchise, was passed.

The Sidewalk petition of C. E. Stuven, et al, was refused, and a few minor matters attended to.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

One of the numerous Smith=s around Udall has brought the rest of the family into disrepute by stealing corn from a car and Alicking@ a man on the streets. As a result, the whole Smith race is being accused of this fellow=s mean tricks. It is leading to a good deal of protest from the innocent, and some have gone so far as to threaten an application to the Legislature for a change of cognomen.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

Our Cemetery.

The annual meeting of the lot owners of the cemetery was held at Dr. Graham=s office Friday evening. The secretary=s report shows a balance of about five hundred dollars in the treasury. This state of the finances is very gratifying to all. For years the balance has always been the other way, and the public spirited citizens who formed the directory were forced to carry it.

The following persons were elected as directors for the coming year: Messrs. R. E. Wallis, Dr. Perry, W. G. Graham, H. Brotherton, H. S. Silver, H. D. Gans, Mrs. J. E. Platter, Mrs. Robert Beeney, and Mrs. Ed. P. Greer.

The directory has gone actively to work formulating plans for the improvement and beautifying of the grounds. In this work they hope to receive the hearty cooperation of everyone interested. Our cemetery should be made an attractive place and no matter how hard the directory may work to this end, they cannot succeed unless each individual will take hold and assist by improving their lots.

The revenues of the cemetery arise from the sale of lots. These are twelve dollars each. There are 228 sold and 475 yet remaining. A regular sexton is employed and the charge for digging graves is fixed at two, three, and four dollars. The great need of the cemetery at present is water for irrigating purposes. They hope to get this in time.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

Our Town Clock.

Our City Clock in the McDOUGAL building has at last fallen into good hands and is now, after being as dead as a door nail for a year or more, running in good shape. The work of fixing it up was done by Hudson Bros., our enterprising jewelers, and as a result of their skillful handling, it is running Aon time,@ for the first time. It has been through the hands of several workmen, but has been getting worse instead of better. Hudson Bros. have put it in first-class order and will keep it so. They are now the Aofficial time keepers@ of the city.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

The different District and Township vice-presidents of the County Temperance Organization are getting down to business and temperance meetings are being held in nearly every township in the county. Dr. S. Wilkins and F. S. Coons, vice president in Windsor Township, started the ball to rolling in eastern Cowley last Saturday evening with a rousing meeting at Cambridge. A. P. Johnson, of this city, was present and delivered one of his sound, practical addresses, followed by other speakers. Cambridge has many strong, aggressive men who are not afraid to assert themselves in favor of the right. Mr. Johnson also filled an appointment Sunday night at Sheridan Township, and much enthusiasm was exhibited. An organization was formed for the advancement of temperance sentiment in that township with ex-county Commissioner, E. I. Johnson, President. For true, enterprising men and women of principal, Sheridan is foremost.



Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

:Last Sunday was observed as AChildren=s Day@ at the Methodist, Presbyterian, and Baptist Churches. They were beautifully decorated with flowers and otherwise. Cages of pretty songsters were hung here and there and the music of the birds blended with the innocent presence and prattle of the children in such a way as to inspire everybody with the pleasant reliefs which have been imparted to the world by the Divine Ruler. Appropriate sermons were delivered for the young, and the day offered an agreeable change from the usual Sunday exercises. No better thing could be inaugurated to interest the young in religious work.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

DIED. One of those sudden and terrible deaths which human flesh, in the mysterious rulings of a Divine Providence, is occasionally made to suffer, overtook Mr. Abram Darnell, of Windsor Township, on Wednesday of last week. He accompanied his little boy to the pasture to water a bull, which they kept lariated, when the animal attacked Mr. Darnell, throwing him to the ground, and before assistance could be summoned, gored him in a frightful manner, causing death in a few hours. He was a highly esteemed citizen, about fifty-five years, of age, and leaves a family.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

The Woman=s Suffrage Convention, which convened in the Opera House last Saturday and Monday nights, was a decided succe3ss; and drew forth much enthusiasm and profitable discussion on this question. Mrs. Helen M. Gougar, one of the ablest women in America, addressed immense audiences every evening. No question affords wider scope for discussion than this one, and Mrs. Gougar handles it in a way which is very convincing.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

W. R. Engle, Wick Hill, and Boone Daniels, on last Wednesday, cut a bee tree on the farm of Mr. Engle, on Grouse Creek. This is believed to be the first bee tree cut in this county. They found a fine lot of choice honey, and had lots of fun. Everyone who knows Boone Daniels, knows that he is chuck full of life, and that he is a boss fellow for fun, whether at the cutting of a bee tree or surrounding an old soldier=s Camp-fire.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

Cowley=s Pilgrims returned from the Chicago Convention Sunday, tired, worn, and weary, and so hoarse they could hardly speak above a whisper. Every time any of them tries to talk about Blaine and Logan and the enthusiasm at the convention, their arms work up and down like a pump handle. From all appearances it will take them ten days more to reach a normal condition.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

Miss M. E. Chamberlain, of Humboldt, an old acquaintance of Mrs. A. E. Baird, is in the city and proposes organizing a class in painting. Specimens of her paintings will be on exhibition today and tomorrow at the New York Store. Her friends and work recommend her as a highly cultured artist. She gives a term of twenty lessons for ten dollars.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

The finance committee on Fourth of July commenced work Tuesday morning. Their success so far exceeds the most sanguine expectations. Everyone is taking hold and upwards of a thousand dollars will probably be placed in the hands of the executive committee to carry out the program. This will make the eagle float higher than he has ever yet done in this country.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

The N. Y. and N. E. circus failed to give an evening performance at Hunnewell. One of the employees of that company caused the arrest of a cowboy for carrying concealed weapons, and a number of his comrades rode down to the grounds and notified the managers to pack up and move on, and to do it p. d. q. They didn=t tarry.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

I repair all kinds of sewing machines, making this a specialty. and am prepared to give satisfaction or no charge. Have worked in Kansas for 6 years. Shop at Simson=s Music House or leave word at Constant=s Boarding House. S. Welty.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

The regular monthly meeting of the Board of Directors of the Cowley County Fair and Driving Park Association will be held Friday afternoon of this week. There is much important business on hand and every director should be present.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

Hurrah for a gala day for Cowley County on the Fourth. Winfield=s park is the most beautiful in the state and at present is a very carpet of green cool and pleasant. There is room for everyone.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

Mrs. Ordway, assisted by her class, will give an Art reception at her Studio, Tuesday afternoon and evening, June 17th. They will be pleased to receive all interested in Art.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

Dr. W. P. Rothrock, of Pleasant Valley, has bought the F. W. McClellan residence property, and moved to town. He will practice his profession.





Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

Prosperous Cowley!

Her Assets Twenty-three Million, Six Hundred and Sixty-eight Thousand,

Seven Hundred and Ninety-Four Dollars!


Our Agricultural, Livestock and Financial Condition as Gleaned

From the County Assessment Rolls.


The assessor=s returns of the different townships in the county are all in and tabulated by the county clerk, and we are now in shape to take an inventory of our worldly goods and see how much we have accumulated during the past year. We all feel happy when we are prosperous, and as individual prosperity goes to make up that of the county, we will show how much treasure our citizens are laying up. If there are people on earth who deserve the good times they are now enjoying, they are the are the people of Cowley County. That we are now reaping a handsome reward for the many hardships and years of toil, these statistics will plainly prove.


There were sown last fall 58,206 acres of wheat, an increase of 7,040 acres over the former year. The amount of wheat winter-killed last winter, 1,123 acres, was much less than for several years before, leaving as our present acreage 57,083. While last year=s crop was not as large as that of the present year, averaging only about twenty bushels per acre, present prospects indicate that the yield this year will eclipse anything ever before seen in the countyCat least thirty bushels to the acre, and many put it at thirty-five. Assuming the lesser of these averages, and that 80 cents a bushel (a price which our large flouring mills now make possible the year around) will be realized from the crop, we have from Cowley=s wheat this year the handsome sum of $1,369,992.00. This gives about seventy-six bushels, or nearly sixty dollars for every inhabitant of the county. Vernon Township takes the lead in wheat, with 6,730 acres, and Beaver follows up with 5,911 acres.

We now have mills enough in the county to consume our entire crop, and more, thus making wheat raising much more lucrative and certain than when a foreign market was depended on.


Rye is sown by some of our farmers for a winter pasture, and we find this year an acreage of 1,109.


We find the corn acreage this year 3,321 less than lastC112,777. This was caused by the extremely late spring. Up to a few weeks ago, the elements were very unauspicious for corn, but it is now spring up astonishingly, and through the energy of our farmers, it mostly looks clean and pretty. If nothing further interferes with this crop, it will make the usual average, forty-five bushels per acre. This would make a yield of 5,073,965 bushels. It is almost impossible to get at the worth of this corn. Much of it is fed to hogs and other livestock and in this way is doubled in value. But putting it down to the lowest market ever known here, 20 cents a bushel, and we have over a million dollars for our corn crop, or about forty-five dollars for every man, woman, and child in the county. Of this growing corn, Bolton Township has the largest acreage, 7,915, with Vernon closely following with 7,032 acres. Besides this year=s crop, there was a surplus from last year=s crop on the first of March of 1,200,631 bushelsC437,641 bushels more than the surplus of March 1, 1883.


The oat crop is about 2,000 acres more than last year, 9,537, and promises an immense yield. Seventy-five bushels per acre is a low estimate from present indications, making a yield of 706,275 bushels. Estimating these worth fifteen cents a bushel, and it gives us $103,791.


We find the acreage of Irish potatoes to be 1,577, an increase over last year of 145 acres. This acreage will bring, on a sure average of 140 bushels to the acre, 220,780 bushels, and at forty cents per bushel our potato crop will be worth, this year, $88,312.


Our farmers are experimenting on buckwheat to the extent of only three acres; the acreage of sorghum is 576; of castor beans 102; of cotton 20; of flax 102; of tobacco 1; and of broom corn 551.


The total number of acres in this department is 16,086, about the same as last year. It has been clearly demonstrated that tame grasses do well here and farmers are turning their attention in this direction commendably.


In 1883 our farmers cut 22,856 tons of tame and 33,884 tons of prairie hay. This is an increase over the year before of 9,397 acres and far more tame hay than was ever cut in any one year in Cowley. The lowest average for hay is $3.00 per ton, which gives us a value of $170,220. By this it will be seen that the hay production is no small item to our farmers.


Cowley County ladies are not idle by any means, and while the men are lording it over the fields and fretting about their wheat, corn, oats, castor beans, and sorghum, the women are at work making a record to be proud of. There is an immense amount of independence and energy about our women. They have made a grand statistical record with 536,846 pounds of golden butter; $39,600 worth of poultry and eggs and, with perhaps a grudging lift occasionally from the men, $19,176 worth of Agarden truck.@ Tisdale Township carries off the cake in the butter line with 42,585 pounds, or an average of about 135 pounds for every lady in the township. Rock is a close second with 39,345 pounds. Vernon is a whopper on Agarden truck,@ taking the lead with $3,987 worth, and she leads off badly, the next closest being Beaver with only $1,925 worth. Silverdale gets a belt with $9,021 in poultry and eggs, leaving the other townships almost half. She also walks away with other townships in the sale of $7,617 worth of milk during the year. The total receipts from our gardens, dairy, and poultry were over $150,000. This is an immense showing for the ladies of Cowley.


The livestock interests of the county show an exhibit most gratifying. We have 11,671 head of horses and mules, 32,905 head of cattle, 96,000 head of sheep, 70,559 head of hogs, with enough hungry, howling canines to kill every sheep in the county in one nightC3,244. Our increase in horses, sheep, and hogs for the year is 39,641, and the increase in cattle alone is 10,784. This increase is mostly in blooded stock, imported and raised. Windsor takes the lead in cattle with 2,735; Vernon in hogs with 12,400; Bolton in horses and mules with 831 head. The value of cattle sold and slaughtered by our farmers during the year is $605,606, an increase over the year previous of $153,937. There was a wool clip of 302,288, an increase of 36,441 pounds. The value of this wool clip at fifteen cents per pound was $45,353.


Cowley has 52,177 bearing apple trees, 1,253 bearing pear trees, 386,606 bearing peach, 28,834 bearing plum and cherry trees, while the total number of fruit trees, young and old, is 349,320. The total increase in bearing trees is 95,235.


The following will show just what our farmers have made in dollars out of their year=s work.

Wheat crop: $1,369,992

Corn: $1,000,000

Oats: $105,791

Potatoes: $88,312

Hay: $170,220

Garden, dairy, and poultry: $150,000

Cattle sold: $605,606

Wool clip: $45,343

Wood marketed: $3,417

Horticultural: $4,240

TOTAL: $3,454,609

This shows flattering prosperity and that our farmer friends are reaping most satisfactory results. And the beauty of it all is that our farmers are not hoarding up this money, but, as can be seen on every hand, are spreading it in valuable improvements.


The abstracts of assessment shows the aggregate value of lands in the county to be $1,763,216; of town lots $563,453; of personal property $1,252,454, and of railroads $470,983, making a total valuation of $4,042,837Can increase over last year of $461,692. The assessed valuation of taxable property seldom represents more than one-fifth of the real value. It will be safe to place the total value of our taxable property at $20,214,185. Now add to this the value of the year=s crops, 3,454,609, and we have as the total assets of Cowley County twenty-three million, six hundred and sixty-eight thousand, seven hundred and ninety-five dollars, or over nine hundred dollars, for every man, woman, and child in the county. Under a communistic division, the man blessed with eighteen children, would certainly be in luck this year.


Notwithstanding the herd law and the youth of Cowley, she makes a good showing in the fence line. We have 65,847 miles of stone, wire, and hedge fence, worth half a million dollars. Bolton Township has the largest number of miles, 11,172, and Windsor comes next with 4,284 miles.


Below we give the population of the county by townships, compared with last year.


Beaver: 814, 780

Bolton: 1,228, 1,184

Creswell: 963, 763

Cedar: 879, 677

Dexter: 1,129, 924

Fairview: 634, 512

Harvey: 698, 788

Liberty: 758, 716

Maple: 719, 636

Ninnescah: 775, 760

Omnia: 453, 347

Otter: 471, 463

Pleasant Valley: 936, 860

Richland: 905, 923

Rock: 648, 706

Silverdale: 790, 744

Sheridan: 701, 622

Silver Creek: 1,311, 928

Spring Creek: 586, 449

Tisdale: 938, 876

Vernon: 965, 920

Walnut: 1,285, 896

Windsor: 1,097, 936

Winfield City: 3,617, 3,284

Arkansas City: 2,825, 1,882

TOTAL FOR 1884: 26,149

TOTAL FOR 1883: 22,752

It will be seen that Winfield=s population as shown above appears to be only 3,617. At least fifteen hundred of our population reside in what are termed Aproposed additions to the city of Winfield,@ and instead of appearing in the city statistics, go to adjoining townships. Add this where it legitimately belongs, and you have Winfield=s correct populationCover 5,000.

Cowley County has 377,824 acres of land in cultivation.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.


Mr. Ray Oliver and lady spent last Sunday in Wichita.

Mr. H. G. Norton is now employed at the Southern Kansas depot.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.


J. F. McMullen went over to Grenola Tuesday on legal business.

Geo. W. Miller left Saturday for the East, on a few days business trip.

Miss Addie Hudson is visiting her sister, Mrs. Geo. Bruce, at Cherryvale.

Miss Alice Dickle is spending a few weeks with relatives in Grenola.

Mrs. Charlie Harter and son left Tuesday for a short visit to Kansas City.

Mrs. Chas. Hill, of Wellington, is visiting her brothers, W. O. and Tom Johnson.

Hon. A. J. Pyburn, of Arkansas City, visited the Ahub@ Monday on legal business.

Mr. John Hinds, of New Matamoris, O., is visiting in this city with Will C. Barnes.

BIRTH. B. F. Darnell, J. L. Horning=s elevator man, has a new girl at his house, born Saturday.

Mr. and Mrs. Geo. E. Wright came up from the Terminus Monday and spent a day with relatives.

Mrs. De Wolf and Miss Robertson, of Des Moines, Iowa, are visiting their sister, Mrs. W. D. Roberts.

Julius Goldsmith is again with the folks at home. He has spent the last year in Huron, Dacotah.

Miss Josie Bard spent several days of last week in Cambridge, the guest of Mrs. J. E. Weaverling.

Henry E. Asp went up to Wichita Monday, on business, and took part in a big ratification meeting there that evening.

D. C. Beach returned from Washington City Monday, where he attended the annual meeting of the Supreme Lodge of I. O. G. T.

Mr. Isaac Sickles, who managed the Mammoth Clothing House during Eli=s absence, returned to his home in Cincinnati, Sunday.

Mrs. Samuel Waugh brought into the COURIER office, Tuesday, samples of her new potatoes and beets, which were simply immense for this time of year.

Dave and Joe Harter have about completed two neat houses on the corner of Eighth Avenue and Platter Street. Dave will occupy one of them as a residence.

Cal. Ferguson and Lou Zenor returned Monday from a trip into the Territory, where they angled for the finny tribe and participated in other recreating pastimes.

Rev. J. Cairns left Monday to attend a meeting of the Baptist State Mission Board and the annual commencement exercises of the Baptist University; at Ottawa.

Rev. N. S. Burton, of Oxford, will fill the M. E. pulpit of this city next Sunday morning and evening. Rev. Kelly goes to Sedgwick County to dedicate a new M. E. Church.

D. B. Lang, Grand Master of the I. O. O. F. of Kansas, assisted by ten or more from the Winfield Lodge, instituted an Odd Fellows lodge at Burden on Wednesday night of last week.

A. V. Wilkinson, whom many will remember as having been connected with the Monitor in this city some years ago, is now editing the Cambridge News and is greatly improving its appearance and general merit.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

H. L. Patterson, of Kansas City, has been spending a few days here with his cousin, Lacey Tomlin. He accompanied W. L. Webb to the Territory Tuesday to see some of the customs and country of the noble red man.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

Senator Benedict, of Wilson County, now Government Indian Inspector, spent several days of last week in the city and was an eager observer of the COURIER bulletin board while the presidential dispatches came in.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

Mr. John Lindsay, of Monroe County, Iowa, spent several days of last week in our city. He has sold his Iowa property, having suffered three failures, last year almost total. Having a son near here, he concluded to remove to a land of peace and plenty.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

M. A. Woods, recent telegraph operator at the Southern Kansas depot, left Saturday for Colony, and M. C. Cavenaugh again fingers the wires here. AMike@ was popular while here before and the patrons of the office are pleased with his return.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

Eli Youngheim has returned from his European tour and is again figuring in the busy marts of trade. After a visit with his mother and other relatives in Germany, whom he hadn=t seen for years before, he can settle down to business again with easy grace, and is preparing to make things lively in the clothing business.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

MARRIED. Mr. Roy Stidger and Miss Etta Robinson, on their marriage at the residence of M. L. Robinson, by Rev. B. Kelly, on last Thursday afternoon, were the recipients of the heartiest congratulations and a number of handsome presents. They left immediately after the ceremony for their future home, Cameron, West Virginia, stopping over Sunday in Illinois.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

Dr. S. B. and Mr. J. A. Park received a telegram Sunday, stating that their father, Mr. Samuel Park, of Marshal, Illinois, was dying in Lincoln County, Ohio, where he and his wife had gone several days before to celebrate their fifty-third wedding anniversary with relatives. The Doctor departed on the train immediately. The father was seventy-five years of age and was an appreciated contributor to Illinois literature.




Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

MARRIED. Mr. Lovell H. Webb and Miss Florence A. Beeney were married Tuesday evening. The union is a most happy one. Lovell is one of our most promising young lawyers, the junior member of the firm of McDonald & Webb. Of the bride we cannot speak too highly. She is a lovely and accomplished lady and her circle of friends and admirers is limited only to those who have enjoyed the pleasure of her acquaintance. Many friends wish the young couple unlimited joy and happiness.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

MARRIED. A bright and happy party of Winfield=s young people attended the marriage of Mr. J. S. Tull and Miss Lizzie Palmer at the home of the bride, near Cambridge, last Thursday evening. Rev. W. J. Tull, brother of the groom, came especially from Illinois to officiate at the wedding, and the ceremony was pronounced at eight o=clock. After hearty congratulations from those present, refreshments were served, the excellence of which are seldom equaled. It was one of those happy occasions which only come to the parties most interested, once in a life time, and true enjoyment reigned supreme under the agreeable hospitality of Mr. and Mrs. Palmer and their pleasant family. The bride and groom are among Cowley=s most intelligent, substantial young people and start on the matrimonial journey very auspiciously, with the well-wishes of a large number of friends.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

Interesting Items Gathered from our Neighboring Exchanges.


Enos P. Harland has sold his farm near Udall to Wm. P. Gibson. Consideration $2,000.

Miss Mina Armstrong, of Winfield, has a large class here which she is instructing in instrumental music.

Thee families of the Fitzsimmons were together last Sunday, and the numbered twenty-four persons.

A subscription paper is being circulated to raise means to build a Christian Church here. We hope that a sufficient amount will be raised, as a church of that denomination would greatly help the growth of the town.

Monday morning=s freight train between Udall and Winfield, at a place known as the Adeep cut,@ knocked three yearling calves off the track, killing one outright, and injuring the other two. The engineer did all in his power, son one of the train men said, to frighten them from the track, but without avail.

Udall enjoys a distinction rarely enjoyed by other places; that of being the only town of that name in the U. S. and likely in the world. It is pronounced as if spelled Udall, the Aa@ being long. P. W. Smith, our merchant and stock buyer, had the honor of naming the place, and from the troubled and restless looks which occasionally pass over his handsome and intellectual countenance, we are led to believe that he has not yet fully recovered from the effects of the strain on his mind occasioned by the herculean task.

Sunday morning, Elbert, the little 3-year-old son of Frank P. Davis, three miles north of Udall, was bitten by a rattlesnake. The child was given a dose of whiskey, and a concoction of the white of an egg, and gunpowder was applied to the wound. Dr. G. S. Knickerbocker was then sent for, who administered necessary antidotes, and at present writing, the child is doing well. The snake, which was killed, was a small one about eight inches long. If it had been a large one, it likely would have gone hard with the little victim, as the bite would have been far more poisonous. We are rejoiced that the bite did not result fatally.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.


Ike Phenis, who lives south of Torrance, has lost over forty head of hogs in the last few days, from disease.

L. B. Todd, a few days ago, purchased from J. P. Craft thirty or forty Cambridge town lots. Mr. Todd is the right kind of a man to have in town.

Eleven carloads of corn-fed steers were shipped from this point Thursday. Ben Clover fattened the cattle, but we understand, sold them to other parties to ship. Mr. Clover realized about $16,000 from the sale.

It will be seen by the marriage licenses in this issue, that a Bussel is soon to be married to a man in this county. We have seen many a man that was married to a bustle, but never heard of a bustle being married to a man.

P. H. Albright came over from Winfield Tuesday morning. He wanted to return home on the evening freight, but reached the depot just in time to be too late. We wonder how the Winfield fellows will like bumping on the old freight cars now, anyway.

One of the heaviest sales ever made in this section was consummated very quietly last Wednesday in Cambridge, the contracting parties being H. F. Hicks and I. B. Todd, both well known in eastern Cowley. The former sold to the latter a pig for fifty cents, cash.

Our postmaster, H. F. Hicks, accompanied by his family and his mother, will start for an extended trip to Missouri, Iowa, and Illinois next Sunday, Athe master willing.@ Mr. Hicks says it has been about fifteen years since he left those old stamping grounds, and he will no doubt enjoy himself hugely. We wish them all a pleasant visit and happy return.

A few days ago a cat belonging to Mr. N. S. Crawford, who resides just south of town, gave birth to a litter of kittens. They were killed, and the old cat, not to be deprived of little ones, hunted up and brought to the house seven young, tiny rabbits, and suckled them as her own. But as cats are not intended by nature to raise rabbits, the little ones soon dwindled and died.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.


The Free Masons have decided to erect a two story and basement building of stone, 30 x 40. And still Dexter booms right along.

DIED. Barney P. Esch, an old gentleman, made final proof in support of his claim last Tuesday, and died that night. The cause of his death was general debility.

Mr. and Mrs. Hendricks, of Winfield, were among the visitors of the Gem of the Valley, this week. They are much pleased with Dexter and Mr. Hendricks contemplates engaging in the hardware business at this point. Mr. Hendricks is an energetic, enterprising businessman, just such a man as Dexter needs, and The Eye extends a cordial welcome.

A young man came into town Wednesday evening riding furiously and his horse covered with foam. He dismounted at the drug store and he announced that he had been bitten in the foot by a snakeCand supposed from its appearance that it was a copperhead. Remedies were applied and he rode homeward greatly relieved.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.


The cattle of Stewart, Hodge & Snyder are being rounded up preparatory to an inventory. There seems to be a regular three-cornered fight in this firm, which is much regretted among their friends, and it is hoped their differences will be settled without recourse to a forced sale or further difficulties among themselves.

Are Indians become civilized? Archie Lawyer, a full blood Nez Perce Indian, has just had some envelopes printed at the Traveler office. Mr. Lawyer is a regularly ordained Presbyterian minister, a man of much intelligence, and an earnest worker in the interests of the tribe. He believes the interior department will take some action soon looking to returning the Nez Perces to their northern home. In the interest of humanity, we hope this change will be made.

In the police court items of last week was one against one Peter A. Coombs for assaulting his child. The facts in this case are somewhat interesting. Mr. Coombs was shelling corn at a large bin near the railroad, with a horse power sheller. One of his boys was driving the horse, and the other one, a little fellow seemingly not more than 10 years old, in watching the operations, became entangled in the cogs of the machine. The horse was stopped before any serious damage was done, but the father, instead of being thankful for his boy=s narrow escape, beat him with his fists and then brutally whipped him with a cowhide until the screams of the lad brought strangers to the rescue. The man=s punishment was entirely too light. He should have been treated to a dose of his own medicine, with a coat of tar and feathers.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.


Jones & McCarty sold this week for Judge I. H. Bonsall his lot on the northeast corner of Summit Street and 3rd Avenue, to A. A. Newman for $1,000. Mr. Newman offered lots near this one, and better situated, a year ago, for $250 each.

Cowley County is one of the best counties in the state. The population has increased more than 6,000. We shall have the best crops this year ever known in southern Kansas; real estate is advancing very rapidly; and everything points to the largest immigration ever known.

Cyrus Stevens was arrested by O. S. Rarick, Deputy U. S. Marshal, on the Kaw reservation, last Friday, for stealing cattle in the Territory, and was taken before I. H. Bonsall, U. S. Commissioner, for trial. He waived an examination of the charge and gave bond in the sum of $1,000 for his appearance in the U. S. District Court at Wichita.

A frightful accident befell Mr. J. C. Doveland Thursday at the Roller Mills. Working near a cog wheel, his arm was caught on the inside near the elbow. The muscles and tendons of his arm were lacerated and torn from the bone. He was placed in a vehicle and taken to his home. Medical aid was called immediately, and the physicians decided that the arm must be amputated. He was placed under the influence of chloroform, and the painful operation performed. Skill and sympathy combined are doing everything possible to alleviate the pain of the sufferer, and we trust nothing more serious than the loss of the arm will result.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.


William Neal, of Diona, Illinois, a successful farmer and dealer in fine stock, is visiting his daughters, Mrs. J. T. and Mrs. J. W. Conrad.

A. B. Freeman, an old resident of Cas County, Missouri, passed through this city last week with a good flock of sheep, looking for a range.

The circuses have heard of the prosperity in Kansas and are flocking into the state to reap a harvest. There will be more white elephants in Kansas this summer than Siam ever produced.

Mark Bradley, of Cass County, Missouri, is here this week looking for a location. Good a county as Cass is, hundreds of its citizens are looking with longing eyes toward Asage brush,@ Ableeding,@ Agrasshopper,@ Adrouthy,@ Aneedy,@ Arepublican and prohibition Kansas.@ This is because Kansas for the past five years has lead the world in full crops, without a single failure, and has today the finest prospect ever witnessed by a resident of the never failing Arkansas Valley, in which sunny Cowley is located.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

Republican Ratification At the Opera House in Winfield, Saturday Night, June 14th.


The Republicans of Cowley County will meet at the Opera House in mass Saturday night for the purpose of ratifying the nominations and the organization of a Blaine and Logan club. Speeches will be made by Senator Hackney, Judge Soward, M. G. Troup, and others, and Judge Gans may be prevailed upon to give his wonderful and graphic description of the scenes of the county turnout and make it a night long to be remembered. ALet the boys rejoice once more amid the booming of cannon and the strains of martial music.@


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

For Sale. About 275 Arkansas cattle, two years old and upwardsCnearly half of them steers, have been wintered in the State and will be sold at a moderate price. Apply to Dr. C. Perry, Winfield; or B. K. Melick, Geuda Springs.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

Ladies interested in observing the Fourth of July as a Foremother=s Day are requested to meet in the Kindergarten rooms, Winfield, on next Saturday afternoon at 3 o=clock.



Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

The following MARRIAGE LICENSES have been granted since our last.

Chas. Acker and Addie Pellman.

Leroy L. Stidger and Ettie B. Robinson.

Elmer Baker and Gertrude Wilson.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

The Santa Fe Railroad will sell excursion tickets to the Fourth of July celebration at Winfield for one half fare, from all points in Cowley and adjoining counties.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

Mrs. Ordway=s class will hold a reception at her rooms next Tuesday afternoon from tow to five o=clock and evening from seven to ten o=clock.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

For sale cheap: a 20 horse power engine and boiler. Also an iron mill for grinding corn. Inquire at Kirk=s mill on Eighth Avenue.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

The Southern Kansas will sell round trip tickets to the Grand Fourth of July celebration at Winfield at one fare for the round trip.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

Wm. Atkinson has removed his tailoring establishment to the third door south of the Commercial Hotel.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

Everybody take advantage of the cut in abstracts only 10 cents a transfer, clear up your title while they are cheap. Kellogg & Matlack.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

The City Council of Caldwell has advertised for bids on two iron cells for the city jail, in which to encase the unruly cowboy.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

BIRTH. A young Blaine Republican put in an appearance at the home of Charley Ware of Vernon, last Sunday. He shouts long and loud.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

Cowley has a new post office named AEli,@ three miles south of Dexter, with Eli Thompson postmaster.



Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

Mr. Lee: I am well satisfied with the Blunt Press Drill I bought of you last year; would not have any other. It has the right principal for sowing wheat. T. H. GROUP.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.


SHEEP SHEARERS WANTED. About fifteen good sheep shearers can find work at my ranch, 2 2 miles north of Maple City; commencing June 16th. W. L. CROWELL.

PUBLIC SALE. We, the undersigned, having shipped for our own use a car load of Yearling Bulls from Morgan County, Illinois, and having more than we need, we will offer for sale on Monday, June 16, 1884, commencing at 2 o=clock p.m., at John Bobbitt=s sale stable, 9th avenue, Winfield, the following described property: 10 or 12 high grade short horn yearling bulls. Also 1 thoroughbred exported Poll-Angus bull and one of his get 6 months old. Terms: six months time on approved security without interest. If not paid when due, 10 percent interest from date. HOOVER & THOMPSON, Winfield, Kansas.

Walter Denning, Auctioneer.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

RECAP. Daniel Maher, Administrator, estate of William Maher, deceased, notified he would at the July 7, 1884, term of Cowley county Probate Court, make final settlement.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

RECAP. S. D. Pryor, Plaintiffs, attorney, case of L. D. Randall, Plaintiff, vs. Roy Randall, Defendant, on or before July 26, 1884, petition to partition real property: north 2/3 of w h of the west half of the northeast quarter of section 29, township 32, south of Range number three east.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.


Grand, Good and Glorious Gathering of the Masses.

The Proud Bird of Liberty will Flop Her Wings for the Enjoyment of All.

Regardless of Sex, Color, or Previous Condition of Servitude.

An Old-Time Celebration at Winfield, Kansas.

Speeches, Songs, Dances, Music, and Marching.

Come with your Filled Baskets, Come with your Wives and Children.

Come with your Mother, your Cousins, your Sisters, and your Aunts.

Winfield to the Front. Her Business Men in Grand Procession with Actual Business.

Military and Civic Societies in Uniform.

County and City Officials on Dress Parade.

Fire Department in Flashing Uniforms.

Bands Playing and Banners Flying.

The Old Soldiers of Southern Kansas the Invited Guests.

Beans and Bacon and Hard Tack.

The Grandest Parade Ever Witnessed.

At Night the City will be a Living Blaze of Gas Lights and Fire Works.

The above is but a dim outline of the doings at Winfield on the 4th of July. Our citizens are aroused and are chuck full of patriotism. Committees are hard at work, and on the Around up@ will give the people of Cowley County the largest and grandest celebration ever witnessed in the State of Kansas. Let the people of Cowley and adjoining counties hold themselves in readiness to partake of the hospitalities offered. Let this, our 102nd National Birthday, be one long to be remembered by all.

For full particulars see large and small bills.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

RECAP. William W. Underwood, Administrator, in the matter of the Estate of Miles W. Hart, deceased, on July 7, 1884, will make final settlement, and present his claim for fees.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.


The Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe company has issued a circular announcing that it will in the future pay no attention to garnishees against the wages of its employees. Judge McCrary, the new counsel for the company, recommends this course.

It is claimed that during the late financial disturbance, the fortune of Jay Gould has shrunk $25,000,000.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.


Next Monday, the 23rd inst., the election is held in Walnut Township on the proposition to vote ten thousand dollars in bonds to the Kansas City and Southwestern railroad company, and on the same day Richland Township votes on a proposition for twelve thousand dollars to the same railroad company, and Omnia for fifteen thousand dollars. It seems to us that there should be no need of any argument to show the propriety of voting these bonds. It seems that we ought to expect that they would be carried in these townships by practically unanimous votes. But we understand that there is some opposition in these townships.

The sums asked are so very small that at worst the burden would never be felt, while the benefits of the railroad would be largely felt by every taxpayer. It will by its competition raise the price of every bushel of wheat and corn they have for sale, of every pound of pork, beef, and other products; it will build up towns and villages, bring in merchants, mechanics, professional men, and other non-producers, and make home markets for everything the farmer, gardener, and horticulturist can raise at much larger prices than they realize now. The road itself will pay an important part of their taxes, and the stock of the company they receive will be well worth what it costs because its issue is limited by the charter to $20,000 per mile. It is the whitest proposition ever presented in the state and will be worth to these townships the first and each succeeding year, more than it will cost them in all time.

If these townships should defeat the bonds, it will block the game and in all human probability other counties and other communities will get the road and all these benefits which these townships and this county ought to secure. Winfield has by a practically unanimous ballot, voted $40,000, the extent of her present ability and Creswell Township has voted $35,000 by a similar vote. No one will deny that Creswell people have always been alive to their best interests. It would be too bad if these townships should not only refuse the benefits they might enjoy but also deprive these other townships of the benefits they vote so liberally to secure.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.

What I Saw in Tisdale.

While roaming about I noticed that the farmers had all the work they could do in their corn. The wet weather has left lots of weeds, but the corn is all right and will be a big crop.

Joe Bourdette is a good store-keeper.

Not many farms offered for sale in this part of the county.

Mr. McKibben is putting an addition on his house.

It=s about time for more rain, so I will quit for this time.

E. P. Young has a lot of the best calves in the country and some fine hogs.

Mr. Myers has a new binder and proposes to cut the wheat in the neighborhood.

We all expect to spend the Fourth of July in Winfield, as great things are promised.

Some wedding dresses are being made and things begin to look serious in certain quarters. AHow is it, Caleb?@

It=s about time a certain old batch got that housekeeper he has talked about so long.

Our long Charley has returned from the west; he says it is n. g. out there. The girls are at a loss to know who constitutes the attraction here.

The gossips of the neighborhood say that A. T. Gay has a new organ. So we suppose Miss Annie will soon be prepared to entertain her friends with music.

Henry and James Fry have a brother and sister from Illinois visiting them and are very much taken with the country. All seem to be satisfied with crop prospects and say Cowley is good enough for them.

Wheat harvest is coming on rapidly. Quite a number of self binders have been bought and the old droppers and harvesters are laid by. I saw but few cows on ropes. Wire fence for cattle and hogs is being used quite extensively and with profit. Everything indicates that the farmers of Tisdale Township are prospering. New houses or additions seem to be the order everywhere. The forest trees that were planted some years ago now afford a grateful shade and are paying big interest on the investment. One can see more homelike places in Tisdale Township than in many old states east, on the same area. Cowley=s farmers have been blessed with good crops for some years and it shows in substantial improvement and happy faces all over the county. The presence of so many land buyers show, too, that our fame has gone abroad. Places that sold for seven and eight hundred dollars two years ago are eagerly sought for now at $2,000 and $2,500. What land will sell for in ten years is hard to tell. We are waiting patiently for the D. M. & A. railroad and we expect great things when it does come. The general health of this community is excellent. Malaria is unknown with us. While we can=t boast of much bottom land, we have God=s pure air in abundance and good health in consequence. GRUNDY.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.


There were 8 places listed: 80 acres, Dutch Creek; 160 acres, Grouse Valley; 175 acres 5 miles from Winfield; 240 acres, Grouse Creek; 160 acres near Constant; 160 acres, Vernon Township; 950 acres, location not given; 1,120 acres, Grouse Creek.

Call on or address, H. E. SILLIMAN,



Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.


Eggs, 10 cents, butter, 10 cents, chickens, $1.50 to $2.00 per dozen and old hens $2.00 to $2.40 per dozen, Potatoes 50 to 75 cents. Hogs $4.25 to $4.40 per cwt. Mixed corn, 35 and for white 38 cents. Wheat sells at 80 cents per bushel.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.


Refrigerators in all sizes at Horning & Whitney=s.

Women=s opera slippers, 75 cents. Smith & Zook=s.

For the best Ice Cream Freezers, go to Horning & Whitney=s.

Things have been lively around the gas works during the past week.

The gas company is preparing for a grand illumination on the night of July Fourth.

The Courier Cornet Band discoursed some beautiful music at the ratification meeting Saturday night.

No one can afford to be without one of those complete refrigerators at Horning & Whitney=s. Everything kept cool and fresh.

The writer hereof had the good fortune to enjoy the hospitality of Mr. and Mrs. M. S. Roseberry of Pleasant Valley, Sunday afternoon.

Lost. A breast pin made of a $2.50 gold piece, with AJ. M.@ on one side. The finder will receive thanks by returning the same to Lilly Maddax, Winfield, or leaving at this office.

Our boys got slightly left in the match game of baseball, last Friday, with the Geuda Springs club. The Geuda boys have been Ascooping@ everything they have tackled.

The consumption of gas will far exceed the expectations of the company. Nearly every business house in the city will use it. Many private residences and offices are also being connected with the mains.

A large number of farmers living in distant parts of the county will come in on the 3rd of July. The Fair Association will throw the grounds open on that day so that all who desire may camp in the grove on the night of the 3rd.

The Arkansas City Traveler appeared last week all home print and much improved in appearance. They have also put in a spick, spank new Campbell Power press. Brother Stanley is preparing to make things hum.

The vote on the bond proposition in the townships north occurs next Monday. None of the townships can afford to let the bonds be defeated. The road will be built at once and will be the best thing for the county that could happen.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.

Nothing has so much influence over a susceptible young man as a pretty, intelligent school ma=am, and we are afraid the managers of the Normal Institute will find it necessary to put an embargo on the visits of young gentlemen before the two month=s siege is ended.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.

The Fourth.

The executive committee on the Fourth of July celebration held a protracted session at the COURIER editorial rooms Monday evening; reports were received from the different sub-committees and appropriations covering none hundred dollars were made. The fire-works display at night will be the finest thing ever seen in Kansas. The committee on amusements has arranged a splendid program, regardless of expense. The committee on speakers are in active correspondence and expect to secure some of the leading talent of the country for the occasion. The committee on music have secured three cornet bands and a band of martial music and are still at work. The G. A. R. boys are making big preparations to entertain their comrades on that day and the evening preceding. One of the leading features of the procession will be an industrial display by the businessmen of the city. The celebration will be altogether the biggest thing Cowley has ever seen.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.

The City Government.

The City Fathers ground out the usual grist of business Monday evening. Curns & Manser and Jenning=s and Crippen were granted building permits.

An ordinance was passed allowing Jennings & Crippen to move the building next to Wallis & Wallis grocery to the lot next to Scofield & Keck=s livery barn. These gentlemen, instead of building on the latter lot, as previously announced, will erect a large two story brick and stone store building on the lot next to Wallis & Wallis.

Ordinance 196, providing for license taxes, was passed; also a Misdemeanor ordinance.

Petition of A. H. Doane et. al. for the location of three additional lamp posts on 9th Avenue, was tabled.

The bills of Black & Rembaugh, printing, $10.50, and Jos. O=Hare, $32.50, expenses of trip to Leavenworth in attending to the bridge case against the city, were allowed and ordered paid.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.

A citizen has entered his complaint to the COURIER, in which he avers that he saw with his own eyes and counted with his own counter the remains of seven defunct dogs floating in Timber Creek above the water works; that he has seen wagon loads of garbage thrown off of the Timber Creek Bridge into the stream night after night; that land-owners north of town have stopped allowing the use of their land as garbage ground and for this reason the stuff is dumped into the river from the bridge. This may be a very nice and hand thing for the persons who haul the garbage and carcasses away, but as dead dog soup, has not yet become a favorite or healthy beverage with our people, we desire to enter an emphatic protest against it. If it must be dumped in the river, let the dumping occur from the bridge below the town. The statute gives our city fathers police power in such cases for a mile outside of the city. We ask them to take immediate steps to stop it.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.

A Curiosity was exhibited on the COURIER tables Saturday, by Mrs. Elder Thomas, in a tray of silk worms, industriously feeding on hedge leaves. The silk worm resembles very much in appearance the potato worm. Some of those exhibited Saturday were beginning to spin their cocoons. At the age of six weeks, they begin this work and gravis and spin themselves all away, excepting the embryo of a miller, or sort of a butter-fly, which comes to life in about ten days, eats through to day-light, lays about three hundred eggs, and dies. Silk is made by unraveling these cocoons and weaving a number of strands into a thread, which is afterwards woven into silk cloth. Mrs. Thomas has a large room full of these worms, on trays about two feet square, and is very successful with them. It is highly interesting to see them at work.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.

For years people have been complaining of the hilarious air of Kansas, but some inventive genius, recognizing the great want of this country, has made something by which this surplus wind can be made a comfort and joy forever. It is a stove that burns air; no other fuel whatever needed. This seems incredible, but by calling on Horning & Whitney, you can see the wonder. And it is an immense success. It is made like a gasoline stove, only the tank holds air instead of gasoline. A rubber tube is attached to the tank; you put it in your mouth, blow the tank full of air, light the burner, and your stove is in running order for the day. It is a curiosity and should be seen by everyone. Horning & Whitney have its exclusive sale.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.

A gentleman from Udall informs us that they had a terrific water spout there on Monday afternoon. In less than an hour it made a lake two feet deep of the whole town. Boats could have floated anywhere. Lightning struck Bob Ratliff=s house, set it on fire, and slightly injured his wife. The fire was soon extinguished. It also killed a cow for Mr. Ratliff. The wind blew like a hurricane and shook things up generally though, strange to say, our informant reported but little serious damage. The spout spanned but a small scope of country.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.

The celebrated young trotting stallion, ALeander,@ owned by D. R. Green and valued at ten thousand dollars, is in training at the fair grounds. ATom Vance,@ the splendid iron gray trotter, is also there. There are now twenty-two horses in training on the track. Fifteen of these occupy stables on the grounds, and with the grooms and trainers keep things lively there. The splendid track and grounds are making the Cowley County Fair and Driving Park Association famous all over the state among horse men.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.

Some few of the voters of Walnut Township seem to think that the pending bond proposition would allow the road to come down the Walnut River. If they will read the proposition, they will find that the road must enter the county Aon the north side thereof, east of the center of said north line.@ This compels the road to come into the county east of Richland Township. No voter who considers his own or his neighbor=s interests can afford to see the proposition defeated.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.

We are in receipt of a circular announcing a State Equal Suffrage Convention at Topeka on June 25th and 26th, in the Senate Chamber. This convention has been called for the purpose of organizing the state in behalf of a constitutional amendment enfranchising women. Reduced rates have been secured at the Dutton House for all delegates.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.

The ground is being cleared for Curns & Manser=s new brick block, and work will commence at once. Jennings & Crippen will also erect a brick building next to Wallis= store. The barber shop will be moved to the lot next to Schofield & Kecks livery barn. As Seaver, of the Dexter Eye, would say, Astill we boom!@


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.

The Winfield Fire Companies have arranged for a grand ball at the Opera House on the night of the Fourth. The best music that money can procure will be had, and the affair promises to be a fit closing to the most glorious Fourth of July celebration ever witnessed in the West.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.

The Board of Directors of the Fair Association met at the COURIER office last Friday and arranged for about two thousand dollars worth of additional stallion and cattle stalls, covered sheep and hog pens. The improvements on the grounds are being pushed forward rapidly.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.

This is certainly a world of invention. The latest wonder to come to light is a glass lamp wick, made of the finest threads of glass. It will last for years, needs no trimming, and never heats up like the common wicks. Brown & Son have its exclusive sale.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.

Mrs. Chamberlain will begin her class in Painting Tuesday afternoon, June 24th, in the room over Mr. A. E. Baird=s store. The ladies of the class are requested to meet at that place at half past two o=clock.



Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.

Persons desiring to bid for the exclusive privilege of Refreshment stands on the celebration grounds on the Fourth of July, will send bids, sealed, to John C. Long, chairman of the Executive Committee.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.


Walter Tomlin is again at home after a term in the Fayette, Missouri, schools.

Senator Hackney and Henry E. Asp are having gas put into their offices.

Mr. and Mrs. Lovell H. Webb spent the latter part of last week in Wichita.

Jake Goldsmith returned last week from a short visit with Missouri friends.

Miss Maud Kelly, daughter of Rev. B. Kelly, is visiting with her Wichita friends.

B. F. Wood has given his home a very aesthetic appearance with an artistic painting.

Jas. H. Vance has been selected to prepare the race program for the 4th. He knows how to do it.

Mrs. E. D. Garlick returned Friday from a month=s visit in Emporia and other cities of the state.

Abe Steinberger dropped in on the COURIER, Saturday. He reported his Howard Grip on the boom.

Mrs. Robert Stewart, of Fort Scott, came in last week and is visiting with the family of Dr. Rothrock.

Senator W. P. Hackney is engaged this week on cases in the Chautauqua County District Court, at Sedan.

Dr. Graham has been in attendance upon the supreme meeting of the National Union, at Mansfield, Ohio, this week.

Miss Emma C. Fulton has returned from Petersburg, Illinois, and taken her old position in the Probate Judge=s office.

Mr. Elijah Frye, uncle of W. L. Rorrick of Walnut Township, has been visiting in this county for several weeks.

Dick Chase is now a lonely AWiddy,@ his wife having departed for a summer=s visit with relatives in Indiana and Ohio.

Misses Anna and Jennie Green, daughters of General A. H. Green, have commenced a term at the Leavenworth Convent.

Mrs. Geo. W. Miller has been enjoying a visit from her brother, Mr. S. B. Carson, of Dayton, Ohio, with his lately acquired bride.

Mrs. A. Silliman and daughter, Miss Lola, left on Wednesday of last week for a summer=s visit at the old home in Illinois.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.

Frank Barclay came down from Hastings, Nebraska, last week and spent a few days. He will soon move his family to that place.

Miss Mary Berkey entertained a number of her young friends Tuesday evening and those present report a very enjoyable time.

Mr. F. Scherman, of Neosha, Missouri, step-father of Mrs. J. P. Baden and Fritz and Frank Ballein, has located in Winfield with his family.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.


Wilber Dever is down from Topeka, visiting among his many friends. He likes to meander around the old familiar haunts occasionally.

Miss Mary Berkey returned last week from Emporia, where she was attending the State Normal School. She is advancing rapidly in educational matters.

D. Rodocker has been spreading himself lately. He now occupies with his photograph gallery his entire building and has arranged it very tastefully.

Irve Randall is doing much for the development of east Winfield. Four large, substantial houses in one block are the result of his work and he is still projecting more.

T. H. Soward and A. P. Johnson addressed a large audience on the temperance question at the Walnut Valley church, in Rock Township, on Sunday evening.

Mr. and Mrs. O. Branham entertained a delightful party of young folks on last Friday evening, in honor of his sister, Miss Nellie Branham, of Princeton, Indiana, who is visiting them.

County Superintendent Limerick and Prof. Gridley were in attendance upon the County Superintendents= Convention and the closing exercises of the State Normal School, at Emporia, last week.

Mr. J. N. Young of Chicago, President of the Kansas City and Southwestern Railroad Company, passed through the city last Friday. He is only waiting for the carrying of the propositions before the work is commenced.

MARRIED. Mr. G. L. Sherrard and Miss C. M. Smith were married at the Baptist Church by Rev. J. Cairns, last Sunday evening. The bride and groom are among our most promising young people and have the best wishes of many friends.

DIED. Messrs. S. L. Gilbert, H. H. Siverd, Joe Finkleburg, and D. C. Beach, from the Masonic Lodge of Winfield, went to New Salem yesterday to assist in the funeral of Mr. W. H. Lucas, a member of the fraternity, who died there Monday.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.

Master Joe. Miller, son of Geo. W. Miller, our stock dealer, has returned from school at Richmond, Kentucky, and taken charge of his father=s business in this city, Cliff Wood having retired. Joe. shows more manliness and business than many boys very much older.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.

Mr. J. R. Pugh, of Vanceburg, Kentucky, arrived last week and has located in Winfield with his family. He has formed a partnership in the cattle business with Mr. F. A. Bertram. Cowley County has drawn, this year, a large number of substantial, well-to-do men from Kentucky.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.

John Himelspaugh, who ran the brewery west of town during license days, came up from Arkansas last week to spend a few days on business. John is one of the brewers who promptly shut up shop and departed for other fields when the prohibition law went into effect. He had no desire to Abuck@ the law.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.

A. B. Sherman, one of the proprietors of the Cambridge News, made the capital a business visit Tuesday. The change of trains on the Southern Kansas makes it much more convenient for residents of eastern Cowley. They can hop on the train in the morning, come to the county seat, have five hours in which to transact business, and return in the evening.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.

The following parties have set sail in the matrimonial boat since our last issue, according to Judge Gans= record. MARRIAGE LICENSES.

Thos. Shelton and Alfa Collins.

Jacob Weisonback and Ella Calander.

Laffeyette [?Lafayette?] Sherrard and Celina Smith.

William Kistler and Eliza Hanlin.

Isaac O. Clary and Nancy A. Campbell.

John W. Wilson and Eliza Carter.

Marian A. Clark and Anna E. Stone.

The first couple named reside in Burden and are aged respectively eighty-eight and seventy-one years. Mr. Shelton enjoyed sixty-three years of married life with his first wife. There is no telling where Cupid=s dart will fall.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.


The County Normal Institute opened Monday with flattering prospects for a successful session. The enrollment is unusually large, and a real, live interest manifested in the work. It is conducted by Prof. B. T. Davis of the State Normal School, one of the best educators of the State, ably assisted by Prof. A. Gridley and County Superintendent Limerick. The Model Department, under the management of Miss Stretch, is a very attractive feature of this session. The arrangement of the work was for a session of eight weeks, but should the weather become hot, and the teachers wearied, the work may close at the end of the sixth week. Following are the names of those in attendance.

GRADE A: Fannie Ballard, Rosa A. Frederick, S. J. Gilbert, Allie Harden, H. G. Norton, Ella Rounds, Emma Robins, Maggie Stansbury, Fannie Stretch, Nettie Waugh.

GRADE B: Jennie Brengle, Lucy E. Cairns, Antony B. Carroll, Amy Chapin, Clara Davenport, Lida Howard, Emma Howland, Ora Irvin, Jennie Kempton, Ella Kempton, Ella R. King, Anna Kuhn, Lizzie Lawson, Angie McCartney, Erma La McKee, Mary E. Miller, Josie Pixley, Anna Robertson, Quincy A. Robertson, Chas. W. Roberts, Ed. G. Roberts, Cora Robins, Maggie Seabridge, Hattie Wiley.

GRADE C: Thornton Baker, Belle Berthram, Thomas W. Bowlus, Hettie Brown, Lena Broadbent, Cora Bullen, Lizzie Campbell, Jennie Cochran, Ira Crane, Alma Elliott, Winttie M. Emery, Lola Fogle, Dellia Fogle, Lydia Gardner, Cora Goodrich, Nannie Henson, Fannie Himelic, Edith Holland, Lou Jarvis, Ella Johnston, Julia B. King, Viola Krow, Ida Kuhn, F. A. Limbocker, Matie M. Linn, Idola Moore, Joseph M. Moore, Eva Reynolds, Fanny Saunders, Millie A. Taylor, Codie A. Waite, Leon A. Waite, George Whitson.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.

Brick. On Monday, June 23rd, we shall open our second large kiln of brick. These brick are all hard molded, carefully burned, and promise to be of as good a quality as ever furnished in this market. The present capacity of our yard is 20,000 hand molded brick per day. Winfield Stone, Brick & Tile Co.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.


An Armory for the Winfield Battery, with a City Hall, Being Projected by Our Citizens.

The advisability of forming a stock company for the erection of an armory for the use of our battery, with a hall above for band practices and other meetings in which the people are directly interested, was sprung Monday evening in a meeting of Winfield=s representative men. It was proposed to issue stock in shares of ten dollars each to the amount of one thousand dollars, sufficient to put up the building, and allow the battery, the militia, and the bands the free use of the same, these institutions paying the taxes on the property. Over two hundred dollars was immediately subscribed by those present. This matter has been brought up from the fact that the paraphernalia of the battery having to stand out in the elements is liable to cause the loss of the battery to Winfield. This is the only fully organized and equipped battery in the State, and is a big advertisement for the city and county, besides being a convenience on all State occasions. The members of the battery have shown commendable enterprise in coming out, unremunerated, whenever requested, and our citizens should and will take pleasure in furnishing them every convenience, and in this way make the artillery one of Winfield=s permanencies. Every man in the city should give this matter a substantial lift. A meeting will be held Friday evening at which this scheme will be fully developed.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.


The Board of Education Locates It in the Southeastern Part of the City.

The Board of Education at its meeting last Thursday evening selected the site for the new school building in the south half of the south block of the Courier Place, on Eleventh Avenue, nine blocks east of Main Street. This site is chosen with reference to other school buildings, which the city=s future will undoubtedly demand. The largest number of pupils now distant from a schoolhouse are in the east and southeastern part of the district, and of course it is proper that the first additional building should be located there. The proposition to vote $10,000 bonds for the erection of this building will be submitted soon. The site chosen by the Board of Education apparently gives general satisfaction.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.

Fourth of JulyCAttention Old Soldiers.

The Grand Army of the Republic and all old soldiers are expected to assemble at Post No. 85, over Baden=s dry goods store, in Winfield, July 3rd, at 3 p.m. sharp and march to the Fair Grounds, where a bean supper, dress parade, and grand camp fire and torch light drill will take place with other amusing army exercises. The following committees have been appointed by Post No. 85 to carry out the programme for the 3rd and 4th of July.

Executive Committee: T. H. Soward, H. H. Siverd, J. H. Finch, A. E. Davis, and Geo. Crippen.

Invitation Committee: C. E. Stueven, J. E. Snow, and A. B. Arment.

Committee on Program: S. C. Smith, W. E. Tansey, and Capt. Wakefield.

Committee on Quarters: J. C. Long, Sid Cure, and C. Trump.

Reception Committee: H. L. Wells, C. E. Stueven, Capt. Wakefield, A. E. Davis, and J. E. Snow.

Torch Committee: H. L. Wells, C. Trump, and Dr. Stiles.

Committee on Police: J. H. Finch, chief police on fair ground, J. E. Snow, and B. W. Stout.

Committee on Music: Geo. Crippen, H. W. Stubblefield, and J. W. Arrowsmith.

Fuel, quarters, and rations free of charge to all old soldiers and their families. A jolly good time to all old veterans without money and without price. Come.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.

Our Cemetery.

The directors of the Winfield Cemetery Association, desirous of taking active measures for the improvement of its grounds, find it a primal necessity that there should be a supply of water for irrigating and sprinkling purposes. To provide this, they wish to raise by subscription at least $300, with which they can procure an ample supply. In the absence of the Secretary, I would request you to give notice, that at a meeting of the directors, Mrs. Platter, Mrs. Benney, and Dr. Perry were appointed a committee to solicit subscriptions payable on or before the first of August next. By the terms of our charter, the receipts of the association are to be expended in the care and improvement of the ground and none of its officers are to receive compensation for their services. We hope that there will be a hearty response to our call for aid to make our Cemetery an attractive place and a credit to our city.



Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.

Art Exhibit.

On Tuesday evening the rooms and studio of Mrs. Ordway were profusely decorated by the best paintings of her class of art pupils and presented a very attractive and imposing appearance. Mrs. Ordway is an artist of most excellent taste and skill and she has gathered around her several ladies who have a keen appreciation of colors, love of the beautiful, and cultured taste, and these she has guided and taught to express themselves on canvas and porcelain in a style of beauty and skill which is wonderful to us, considering that their tuition has been of but a few months, scarcely years, duration. Mrs. Ordway merits high praise and encouragement in the cultivation of art in this city.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.

The Gas Works.

A force of men arrived from St. Louis last week and are now at work putting up the immense iron holder for the gas works. The first fires were started in the furnaces last Friday for the purpose of slowly drying them out. The mains are all laid and the gas posts for lighting the city are in place. Prominent gas men from St. Louis have visited the works during the week and say they have never seen a more complete and substantial job. Superintendent Whiting states that gas will be turned on by the evening of the 29th.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.

Nominations Ratified. The Republicans of this city held a ratification meeting at the Opera House Saturday evening. The hall was hotter than a bake oven, but several hundred were present. Rousing speeches were made by Henry E. Asp, T. H. Soward, and W. P. Hackney, and one hundred and ten handed their names in as members of a Blaine and Logan club. The Republicans of Winfield are alive and awake and will make the dry bones of Democracy rattle during the next four months.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.

Churches and Church Going People.

The Sunday School excursion from Wellington will arrive at the Santa Fe depot at half past eight o=clock, this morning.

The Methodist Sunday School of Wellington will excurt to Winfield today (Thursday) and hold a picnic in Riverside Park. There will be about six car loads.

The Mission at the Catholic Church is in progress and the exercises are very interesting. Fathers Enright and Dugan are in charge of the meetings. The general public are especially invited to be present at the evening service.

The Presbyterian Sunday School and church congregation will join in a picnic, Friday, in the Park, and a grand time is anticipated. Nothing does human nature so much good as to hie away to the forest and listen to the warbling of the songsters.

The new Methodist Church in Beaver Township is a beautiful structure and speaks in unmistakable language of the intelligence, virtue, and morality of the people. Such institutions are monuments to the good sense and liberality of our citizens.

The new AChristian Church@ building in this city will be dedicated on Sunday, the 29th inst. Elder J. H. Garrison, Editor of the Christian Evangelist, of St. Louis, Missouri, will be with the church on that occasion, and will preach Friday and Saturday nights before. All are cordially invited to attend.

Rev. J. H. Snyder has begun in the United Brethren Church in this city a course of Sabbath evening Half Lectures. Last Sabbath evening he gave Lecture 1, on The Lost Tribes. He will begin in a few evenings a course dedicated to the young men. A cordial invitation is extended to the youth to attend these addresses.

Rev. J. A. Hyden came in Wednesday and spent a day looking after his business interests here. He is now located at Neodesha. Mrs. Hyden has just returned from a visit in the South, much improved in health. Rev. Hyden=s warm friends in this community are numbered by the score and his presence is always heartily welcomed.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.

Special Meeting of Horticultural Society.

Society called to order on June 14th, 1884, by the President. Curculo=s at work on the plumbs, reported by Mr. Rocher. President Martin said that a smudge from coal tar would drive them over the way to your neighbors. Mr. Thirst has tarred his trees and killed them. General discussion on the cherry. Mount-Muncie cherry recommended by several members at state meeting last winter.

Mrs. Thomas exhibited silk worms on screen, which were the center of attraction on the COURIER table. Subject for next meeting: Culture and care of small fruits. Sample of fine Dutch Currants from Mr. S. C. Sumpter. Adjourned to meet first Saturday in July.

J. F. MARTIN, President. J. NIXON, Secretary.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.


Points Concerning the Agricultural Industry and the Monstrosities

Produced by the Richest County in Kansas.

The COURIER office is beginning to make its usual summer agricultural display: samples left by the prosperous farmers of the county.

J. H. Curfman, of Fairview Township, left us last Saturday a beautiful twig laden down with cherries which would indeed be hard to beat.

Thos. Isenagle has left us a bunch of magnificent AFultz@ wheat, six feet high. Our farmers are finding the Fultz wheat to be the most successful.

J. B. Evans has left our office samples from his AFultz@ wheat, which have been astonishing all callers. The straws are over five feet high, with immense heads.

Mr. Devore, of South Bend, adds to our agricultural collection a fine bunch of wheat, nicely filled and promising a yield that would startle any but Cowley County people.

Mrs. S. W. Hughes is making an immense success of small farming this year. Aside from her fine garden, she marketed last Saturday an array of gooseberries which would be a credit to even an eastern farm.

H. C. Hawkins, of Vernon, is one of the men whose orchards are beginning to reward them handsomely. He left with us Saturday as a sample from his orchard a small twig bearing fully a quart of cherries, large and beautiful.

The outlook for farm products is most cheering indeed, hence, our farmers all wear smiling faces and are happy. No brighter prospects for superior crops and an abundance of fat hogs and cattle, in large numbers, were ever seen in this county than now.

Cowley has fully developed her strawberry proclivities this year. Mrs. Philip Winters, of Tisdale Township, has marketed from a little patch about twenty-five feet square, one hundred and eighty three quarts and at last accounts was still picking from the vines.

Wheat harvest on many farms in this vicinity begins this week. All the farmers we have heard from the past week report the wheat in fine condition, grains plump, and heads well filled. Our estimate of an average yield of thirty bushels to the acre will be about right.

No one but a six footer dare venture into a Cowley wheat field this year. We heard of a little man who wandered around in a hundred acre wheat field the other day for several hours before he could find his way out, and then had to climb a stem and take a survey of the country.

No insect has yet poked up its head to harm the bright prospects of Cowley County. When one contemplates the grand things in store for our people this season, as far as human eye can see, the enthusiasm becomes equal to that over the nomination of the APlumed Knight@ of Maine. AEverything is lovely and the goose hangs high.@

Mr. John Davey brought us in a bunch of wheat from a field on the Thos. Youle farm, in Walnut Township, that beats everything we ever saw. It contains four grains to the mesh, round and plump, and Mr. Davy estimates, if nothing unforeseen interferes, that it will yield fifty bushels to the acre. It was put in with a roller attachment and is of the AFultz@ variety.

It has been generally supposed that tame currents would not grow in this climate, but Mr. S. C. Sumpter, of Walnut Township, has proven this to be a mistake. He left us a twig which was literally loaded down with large, plump Dutch currents, and he says his entire patch is bearing finely. They were grown with the same attention given to other small fruits.

Mr. W. W. Limbocker brought in three bunches of clover Tuesday, all the famous Alfalfa clover, and it was a splendid specimen. Another was the common red clover, and the third was a new variety called AAlsike@ clover. It is a wonderfully rich and nutritious grass and yields heavily. The vines run along the ground and take root like a strawberry. It is especially fine for bees. The samples are on exhibition at this office.

Still the magnificent productions of our county keep rolling in and the COURIER office is becoming a regular agricultural emporium. The latest addition is in the tame grass lineCAlfalfa brought in from Rock Township by Mr. A. T. Holmes. It is three feet high and in full bloom, and President Martin of the Horticultural Society, says it is the finest specimen he ever saw. Mr. Holmes has a hundred and fifty acres of it. The man who says this isn=t a tame grass county should come in and look over our specimens.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.

Winfield=s Importation. A direct importation of queensware from Liverpool, England, will be received by A. T. Spotswood this month. This is the first direct importation of goods ever made in Cowley County, and shows commendable enterprise on the part of Mr. Spotswood. He don=t ask any odds of Amiddle men@ in conducting his business.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.

Prosperous Cowley.

EDITOR COURIER. Dear Sir: in your issue of June 12th under the heading of AProsperous Cowley,@ you gave as the entire acreage sown in wheat last fall 58,206 acres. Taking these official figures as a basis, I want to show what would have been in all probability, the gain to these same farmers if they had all used the Smith Roller Attachment to wheat drills, in putting in their wheat. In the first place, allowing that they averaged 1 1/4 bushels of seed per acre. In the use of this attachment they would have saved 2 to 3/4 bushel per acre in seedCwe will say 2 bushel, the last amount, which would have made a saving of 29,103 bushels of seed. In the second place their wheat would have averaged from 5 to 10 bushels per acre more by the use of this attachmentCwe will take the lowest, 5 bushels per acreCwhich on 68,206 acres would make 291,030 bushels more wheat. Now add 29,103 bushels saved in the seed to the 291,030 bushels increase and you have the nice little sum of 320,133 bushels of wheat gained to our wheat raisers in Cowley County by one year=s use of the roller attachmentC(not a press drill at all) can be hooked to any drill. Now 310,133 bushels of wheat at 80 cents a bushel, your estimate, would make $325,106.45 to add to the profits of our wheat raisers for 1884Cquite a little sum. Now four farmers in Cowley County used this roller attachment in putting in part of all their wheat last fall, viz: Thos. Youle, one mile north of Winfield; A. R. Gillet, 2 2 miles southeast of Winfield; Dan. Dressler, on S. S. Holloway=s place, 4 miles east of Winfield; and Jeremiah Murray, 8 miles southeast of Winfield. The undersigned invites all wheat raisers to see these men and their wheatCget the facts from them and their estimate of grain, then decide for yourself whether the estimate herein made as to the amount of grain for this year (provided Smith=s attachment had ben used) is any too high. We are clear in our judgment that it is too low. If, then, we have made a fair and correct statement of facts, it is clearly the interest of the wheat raisers of our grand county of Cowley to secure a Smith=s Roller Attachment for their drills this fall. We are sure that every wheat raiser who uses one will be largely the gainer thereby.

S. S. HOLLOWAY, Agent for Cowley County.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.

Omnia Items.

Miss Minnie Butler is trying her hand on poultry raising this season.

Mrs. Elizabeth Henthorn is quilting a very handsome quilt, a renewal of an old time pattern.

Wheat, oats, and corn all look well and present prospects indicate the largest yield ever given to Omnia.

Strawberries, gooseberries, pie plant, and lots of garden sass go in to make up the farmers bill of fare just now.

A two days= rain has caused those that have not got over their corn yet with the cultivator to entertain fears that they will have to fight the weeds.

Real estate is changing hands at a rapid rate and we predict the next thirty days will be the most interesting time ever witnessed in Omnia.

Mr. Jenkins, the Baltimore merchant, is experiencing considerable inconvenience in obtaining supplies to meet the demand of his extensive trade.

The editor will oblige the writer very much by inserting an A in our signature instead of F that appeared in our last. We have no reason for wearing an assumed name and prefer our own.

Is it because Burden entertains a faint hope of getting the K. C. & S. W. railroad to run through that place and thence to Arkansas City, leaving Winfield out, the reason for their making such a desperate effort to defeat the bonds in Richland and Omnia Townships, or is it the object to defeat the bonds and thereby hold the patronage of the townships that have contributed largely to make Burden what it is? Who can tell? AUNT ARY.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.



ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Winfield, Kansas. Office over Farmers Bank.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.

[From Neighboring Exchanges.]


Miss Fannie Stretch, of Winfield, spent a few days of last week visiting the family of J. K. Woods.

The Enterprise received a pleasant call last week from Mrs. J. C. Curry and Mrs. Gridley, of Winfield, and Mrs. G. T. Walton of Burden. Mrs. Curry was formerly a typo in the Winfield COURIER office, and is one of the most entertaining visitors that has favored this print shop for many a day.

A trip through Cowley County just at this time would upset the local pride of residents of any state east of Kansas, and is a veritable revelation to the thoroughly acclimated Kansan. The acres, fields, miles and miles of wheatCso thick that a rabbit could almost run over the even surface of waving headsCjust beginning to assume the golden hues of harvest; the immense fields of corn knee high and growing so fast one can almost see the blades elongate and widen; the peach and apple trees beginning to bend with their wealth of fruit, the fine large plats of strawberries, crimson with suggestions of cream and sugar; the herds of cattle wading up to their knees in luxurious grass and rounding out with fatness; the neat and substantial schoolhouses filled with bright and healthy children; and the farms and comfortable and substantial homes of the thrifty settlers, all help to make up a landscape picture which no country under the shining sun of the age of this county can rival.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.


Uncle Robert Hudson, of Winfield, gave us a call Tuesday evening and engaged us in a pleasant chat.

We understand a new style of picnic pants have been invented for this season. The color is a cross between a custard pie and a banana peel.

W. Baum, a young man who works on S. M. Falls= farm north of town, had the bone in his right leg fractured last Wednesday evening, by his horse falling down with him. He now hobbles about on crutches.

Evan James, one of our most prosperous farmers, this week sold to a gentleman from Pennsylvania his farm, crops, stock, etc., for $9,000. We understand he gives possession soon. We hope Mr. James will not leave this section but still remain among us.

Dr. A. C. Jones, of Holden, Missouri, has located in Cambridge. He is an old acquaintance of Dr. Pleasant, whom he will succeed in the practice of medicine. Dr. Jones is a bright-looking, pleasant young man, and we believe is worthy of the confidence of our people.

Judging by last Sunday=s attendance at church, we can say for the people of Cambridge that they are good church goers. The room, which will seat a good sized audience, was crowded both morning and evening. We are glad to note this. It speaks well of the community. We wish our town had one or two good church buildings, although our nice schoolhouse, second floor, does first-rate.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.


Harry Bullen, the intelligent looking son of J. H. Bullen, of Winfield, was in the city Monday, and paid his respects to the Sentinel office.

Miss Maude Frazier, of Winfield, the handsome daughter of Geo. Frazier, our jolly grain dealer, plaid her father and the city a visit this week.

Mrs. Jerry Evans, of Winfield, was here last week, the guest of Mrs. H. H. Martin. In company with Mrs. Martin, she made this office a pleasant call, and is now a reader of the Sentinel.

Some of our highly educated and critical readers caught us up last week on our assertion that Udall was pronounced as if it was spelled with a long Aa,@ and content that it should be with a broad Aa.@ After a prolonged wrestle with Webster and other Awordy@ authorities, we acknowledge our mistake and return thanks for the correction.

D. M. Davis was in the city Monday, and after subscribing for the Awonder of the age,@ informed us that Sunday, assisted by his brother, Frank P. Davis, and Bob Ivers, he took a calf away from a cow which had two perfectly formed heads. The monstrosity was dead when delivered. The heads were joined at the ear, the ear in the middle answered for both heads, the two heads having but three ears. Each head was otherwise perfect in every respect. A white blaze down the front being marked on both. The cow was the property of Bob Ivers. Mr. Ivers intends to stuff the heads of this wonderful freak of nature. If it had lived, Barnum might have had occasion to visit this vicinity.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.


Mrs. H. P. Farrar and Mrs. C. H. Searing represented Arkansas City=s Equal Suffrage society at the county convention in Winfield last week.

Dodge City is going to celebrate the glorious Fourth next month with a regular old Spanish bull fight. The relics of barbarism are not entirely removed from Kansas.

Dr. Fred Quinby [?Quimby?], formerly of Idaho, was in the city Monday. He has lately been appointed physician at Ponca Agency and was on his way to his new field of work.

Rev. Campbell returned last Friday from attending the general assembly of the United Presbyterian Church at St. Louis. During the session the subject of instrumental music came up, but created such a furore that the matter was left in status quo.

Hic jacet: The Oklahoma War Chief has died, after a spasmodic existence of four weeks. We understand our long haired and bibulous friend Gordon has found a sucker who has furnished him means to start a paper near Hunnewell in the interest of Oklahoma.


Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.


August Lorry claims that malaria produces Democrats, and offers to prove it. Well, Gus is a queer fish, anyway.

C. M. Leavitt, a promising young attorney of Winfield was in the city Tuesday conducting the defense of L. D. Skinner. Mr. Leavit is one of those courteous Kentuckians whom one is always pleased to meet.

John McMain and John Doe, stole a boat at Winfield, and came down the Walnut to Searing=s mill, where they were arrested by Johnny Breene and brought before our justice, Judge Kreamer, who fined them $10 and cost for their pleasure trip. McMain, it will be remembered, was, about 3 years ago, sent to the penitentiary for stealing a pocket book from one of the laborers at the brick-yard southeast of this city.

The growth of Cowley County during the past year has been larger than any other county in Southern Kansas. The reports of the assessors of the county show an increase of six thousand in population, and more than $4,000,000 in wealth. With the railroad facilities which we enjoy, and the rich country surrounding us, there is nothing to prevent a more rapid growth in the next year than the one just past.

Major Searing and Mayor F. P. Schiffbauer returned last week from New York, where they have been looking after the interests of their friends in the way of government contracts. The former gentleman received the contracts for all the flour to be furnished in the Territory as well as a large quantity of meal, corn, and salt. He also received the flour contract for Lawrence school and same for northwestern agencies. Mr. Schiffbauer has the contract for the transportation for Indian supplies, from Chicago, St. Louis, and Kansas City to Arkansas City; and from New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, St. Louis, Chicago, and Kansas City to Lawrence, Kansas. This entirely secures this place the Indian freight this year and will make a home market for all wheat grown in this section of country, and in many ways tend to a continual prosperity.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.


The Santa Fe have issued an order to ticket agents along the line of their road whereby expounders of the gospel may be supplied with tickets at half fare.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.

Cambridge Crumbs.

There are strong hints of a wedding soon.

Rev. Warren preached here last Sunday night.

Sheep shearing seems to be the order of the day.

J. F. Rowe spent Monday and Tuesday in Winfield.

Duane Foster has had the measles, but is all right again.

Mr. Smith, of South Prairie, is very sick with typhoid fever.

Blanche Palmer has gone to Winfield to learn the milliner trade.

Mrs. G. W. Rowe has been quite sick for the past week, but is convalescing.

Mr. Chandler, living on Otter Creek, sold a car load of hogs one day last week.

Doc. Craft has sold his billiard hall. This building changes hands quite often.

The farmers are busy replanting their corn, the mice and moles have taken it so bad.

The fruit crop in this locality will be small this yearCapples few and peaches Afewer.@

Mr. Jas. McClellan purchased 60 head of very fine sheep one day this week of Mr. Andy Whipple.

Mrs. Greenleaf is up and around again just in time, for both of her children are down with the measles.

The Rowe Cattle Company have purchased a few head of fine thoroughbred cattle. If they continue, they will have a fine herd before long.

Miss Becca Weavling gave her many friends the first social of the season Friday night. It was a leap year affair and the way the girls waited on the boys was not slow. Becca is a lively girl.

J. P. Craft and family, one of the first settlers of this vicinity, will leave here for Clearwater in a few days, where they expect to reside in the future. We hate to lose them, but wish them success. CLYTIE.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.


In answer to a complaint filed by W. A. Lee of Winfield before the Board of Railroad Commissioners, against the Southern Kansas railroad, the following decision was rendered.

On May 30, 1884, Complainant presented complaint to the Board against the respondent company, in which he stated two causes of complaint, in substance:

1st. That respondent charged Complainant $10, for switching a car on to the side track for the purpose of discharging part of its cargo at Grenola, the car having been billed through to Winfield, and

2nd. That in place of the discharged cargo at Grenola, Complainant put into the car four or five wagons to be carried through with the remaining goods to Winfield, for the carriage of which, from Grenola to Winfield, an extra charge of fifteen dollars was made by the Company. The car of goodsCbeing implementsCpart of which were Aunloaded@ at Grenola, had been billed through and paid for to Winfield. Complainant claims that the wagons should be carried through to Winfield from Grenola without additional charge to that levied upon the original cargo.

With respect to the first cause of complaint, above stated. The Board is of the opinion that $10 is too great a charge for switching a car on to the side track. We find that the usual charge made for a like service on railroads is $5, and this amount the board believe reasonable and sufficient. We therefore request the company to refund to the Complainant the excess of charge over that sum, and to hereafter conform to this ruling in similar cases.

With respect to the second, it appears that it is the custom of railroads frequently to allow a car to be shipped at an intermediate station and discharge a part of its cargo, where the car load is made up of the same class or kind of freight, by payment of the rate to the farthest point. IN this case by paying the rate to Winfield upon the car load, the shipper was permitted to unload part of the goods at Grenola, an intermediate station. By this arrangement the shipper derives this advantage. If he ships the whole car load to Winfield, he is under the necessity of paying a local rate, from Winfield to Grenola, on that part of the freight that he desires to dispose of at the latter place, or if he ships the same goods in two lots under two bills of lading, one to Grenola and the other to Winfield, he cannot avail himself of car load rates, but must ship the goods under a higher rate. He, therefore, under this arrangement, secures the most favorable rate, or avoids a return local rate on part of his goods. In this case the company undertook in its contract to carry the load of implements to Winfield with permission to the shipper to unload a part of the goods at Grenola, the shipper paying the extra cost of making the stop and doing the switching. But the contract did not require the company to transport in addition four or five wagons from Grenola to Winfield without extra charge, although transported in the same car.

The rates charged originally covered only the car load of implements, and if the shipper could, in this instance, successfully assert his claims, he would get his wagons carried for nothing. But such a privilege could only apply, or be taken advantage of, by persons whose character of shipments were similar to the complainants; that is, where he could unload part of the car en route and put into the car another lot of merchandise. All others would have to pay local rates upon freights, which such shippers would get carried free. Such a practice would be unjust both to railroad companies and other shippers, and would result in a system of unjust discrimination.

We are therefore, unable to see anything to correct in this respect.

By order of the Board.

E. J. TURNER, Secretary.

Topeka, Kansas, June 10, 1884.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.


It is announced that the State Board of Railroad Commissioners and the various traffic managers in Kansas have finally agreed upon a schedule of freight rates, to be uniform on all roads in the State. The new agreement is based on the Beloit division, and makes a general reduction of 20 percent.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.


A special dispatch to the Wichita Eagle from Belle Plaine, bearing date of June 23, says: AThe second engineer corps of the Denver, Memphis & Atlantic railway company will arrive here in the morning, when Vice-President Burns and the chief engineer will go over and establish the crossing at the Big Arkansas. On Wednesday morning they will drive northwest over the line for a distance of twenty-five miles. The survey and location of the line will begin Thursday. The grading will commence at this place next week, a contractor with a large force being now on the way. Fifty miles of this road west from Baxter Springs have also been located, and grading on that section will also begin next week. We understand three hundred and twenty-five miles are under contract.@


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.

W. F. White, of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe road, has issued a circular stating that he will make an excursion rate of one fare for the round trip between all points on their line for the 4th of July. Tickets for this purpose will be on sale at the local offices of the company July 3rd and 4th, good for return passage till July 5th.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.


It is with unfeigned regret that we announce our conviction that St. John has deserted the Republican party and with a most unworthy motive. Our regret is not because of a fear that his defection will decimate the Republican party of this state or any other, but because it sinks St. John in our estimation, and in the estimation of the public, and ends his influence for good. So long as he was believed to be true, unselfish, and consistent, he was a power and had a host of followers who would gladly have placed him in any position of power and influence, but now he will have but few, in fact no followers. . . .


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.


As the State Convention approaches, the prospects of Judge Torrance as a candidate for Associate Justice become more flattering. It is evident that he has a goodly following in every part of the State, and if Southern Kansas will give him the enthusiastic support, which the real inclination of the people prompts, we believe he will be nominated. We think today, he is the strongest candidate in the field, and there is every reason for his friends to take courage and begin to stir themselves. Wellingtonian.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.


Eggs 10 cents, butter 10 cents. Chickens $1.50 to $2.00 per dozen, and old hens $2.00 to $2.40 per dozen. Potatoes 50 to 75 cents. Hogs $4.00 to $4.25 per cwt. Mixed corn, 35 and for white 38 cents. Wheat sells at 75 cents per bushel.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.


The skating rink on South Main begins to loom up and will probably be ready in August to shake up the brains of our young folks.

The Presbyterians have their monthly congregational social Friday evening. Seasonable refreshments will be served and a good time is expected. All invited.

On account of the dedication of the Christian Church, next Lord=s day, there will be no preaching in the morning at the Baptist Church. S. S. school at 9 2 o=clock in the morning, and preaching in the evening as usual.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.

A telephone message was received Tuesday evening, stating that Mr. Luckton, a partner of T. H. Grow, of Pleasant Valley, in the cattle business, had been dangerously gored at the ranch in the Territory and requesting assistance at once.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.

A street melee between a couple of Padies caused a little excitement, but no damage, Tuesday evening. The parties made the usual contribution to the city fund. This is the first disturbance of the kind which has occurred in Winfield for many a day.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.

Charley Fisher, who is serving out in the county jail a fine for contempt of court in non-appearance as witness in an Arkansas City whiskey case, has got deeper into the toils, from late developments. In an unguarded moment he let out the secret of his having stolen a hundred and fifty dollar horse near Sedgwick City, some three years ago, and also turned his unruly member loose enough to give Sheriff McIntire an inkling as to where the horse was. Fisher evidently thought his theft was so covered with the dust of the past as to be unfathomable; but not so. Sheriff McIntire went to Sedgwick County and interviewed A. K. Hargett, from whom the horse was stolen, and got a minute description of the animal. He then went to the farm in Sumner County where he surmised the horse was and found the identical one. The owner was telegraphed, came with persons to identify the animal, and took it home. The sheriff of Sedgwick County has made arrangements to take charge of Fisher as soon as we are through with him. Fisher acknowledges having stolen the horse, and says he has lately experienced a great change of heart and wants to become a Christian. Retribution is slow but sure.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.

The Normal Institute is progressing finely and receiving recruits every day. The writer happened in Tuesday and was highly pleased to note the interest manifested in the different departments. . . . The Model Department is a splendid adjunct, affording teachers a keen insight into the modes of primary instruction. About fifty of the children of the city are attending this school and receiving valuable instruction under Miss Jessie Stretch. The recitations are witnessed by the Normalites in classes of six, and they are required to take notes of their observations. Thus is the vexing problem of how to interest the young in school work solved in a manner beneficial to every teacher of the county. Everything pertaining to school work is having a thorough rehearsal in the Institute.

Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.

M. L. Read=s Bank, of this city, have the authority of the Secretary of the Treasury to organize the First National Bank of Winfield, Kansas, with a paid up capital of $50,000.00, with an authorized capital of $250,000.00. The stock has all been subscribed and paid for, and the organization completed, and as soon as the necessary preliminary steps can be completed the First National Bank of Winfield, Kansas, will open for business, and with the addition of a National Bank to our already large and conservative banks, Winfield will be as well supplied with sound and reliable banking facilities as any city in the State. Surely we are putting on metropolitan airs with our gas works, street railway, National Bank, etc.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.

This vicinity was visited yesterday morning by a severe wind and rain storm. It continued from four to half past six and did considerable damage in lowering wheat fields and breaking limbs from heavy laden fruit trees. Just the damage sustained by the wheat we have been unable to ascertain up to going to press, but we think the wheat was hardly ripe enough to make it very ruinous. These heavy rains make it impossible for harvesters to enter the field, and if the rains continue, the little Adropper@ will be in great demand.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.

DIED. A very sudden death occurred in Rock Township Saturday evening. Mrs. Eliza Kessler, wife of Golden Kessler, had been ironing all day and in the evening went upstairs. Soon after Mrs. W. H. Grow, at whose house she was stopping, went up and found her lying dead. Heart disease is supposed to be the cause. She was married to Mr. Kessler only a week ago. The shock is severely felt by the whole community and falls with especial severity upon the young husband.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.

On the evening of the 20th of the present month, a goodly number of friends assembled at the residence of Rev. Lacey, to surprise them, this being the 15th year of their marriage, and Mr. Lacy [?Lacey?] being absent, the Crystal Wedding could not take place. They desire to thank their many friends for their kindness, and the beautiful presents left.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.

The election to fill the vacancy in the City Council from the Second Ward came off Tuesday. There was no opposition to speak of and, therefore, little interest manifested. The candidates were Joe Harter and George Crippen. Mr. Crippen received a good majority. He will make an excellent councilman and his election gives universal satisfaction.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.

The Geuda Springs Herald tells a confiding public that there are two Taylor sisters at Winfield, two at Arkansas City, and two at Geuda Springs, and strange to say, but nevertheless true, they are in no way related to one another and are all engaged in the same vocationCmillinery and dress making.

Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.

The annual weeds-along-the-side-walks complaint is beginning to reach our ears. It is almost impossible for the ladies to travel our walks in wet weather without having their beautiful dresses completely drabbled, and if property owners won=t have this nuisance removed, the marshal should take hold of it.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.

There seems now to be no doubt but that the narrow-gauge will be built. From a special dispatch to the Wichita Eagle, in another column, the graders are now at work both east and west of here. When Winfield gets both of these new roads, the Rocky mountains couldn=t hold her down.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.

Mr. L. C. McRoberts has left a bunch of keys at this office which he found near the Tunnel mills last Saturday. Several house and other keys with a penny of 1869 are on the ring. The owner can get them by calling and paying for this notice.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.

Six of Cowley County=s boys and girls were enrolled this season as students of the State Agricultural College, at Manhattan: Will B. Files, Chas. Klingman, Amoy G. Robertson, Daniel Robertson, Maggie Stansbury, and Henry C. Stolp.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.

We present in another column a splendid campaign song, prepared for the COURIER by one of Pleasant Valley=s patriotic musicians, Mr. Jake Miller. The air, language, and substance are such as command interest and denotes talent. [I SKIPPED SONG.]


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.

BIRTH. Mrs. T. S. Morehead presented her husband with a bran new daughter. Mr. Morehead is at present away organizing his engineer corps for work on the Kansas City & Southwestern, so has not yet learned of his good fortune.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.

MARRIED. Married at the residence of the bride=s parents in Vernon Township, June 18, 1884, by Rev. J. H. Snyder, Mr. Marion A. Clark and Miss Anna E. Stone.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.

MARRIED. Married at the residence of Mr. Sloats, in Winfield, June 18th, 1884, by Rev. J. Cairns, Mr. Isaac O. Clary and Mrs. Nancy A. Campbell, both of Winfield.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.

The Southern Kansas will sell round trip tickets to the Chicago convention for $21.40. On sale July 4th to 8th, inclusive, and good until the 15th.

Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.

The Woman=s Christian Temperance Union will hold a lawn social at the residence of Col. J. C. McMullen Tuesday evening, July 8th.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.

The wind storm yesterday morning scattered the frame work of the new skating rink over the adjoining lots.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.

The Telegram has put in a new two-revolution Campbell power press.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.


Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Henthorn were over from Burden Monday.

Will Parker has returned from a visit to his home in Nebraska.

Miss Nellie Cole is again at home after a protracted visit in the South.

F. M. Webber and lady, now of Elk Falls, were in the city Friday.

Miss Oliver Suess has come to spend the summer in Winfield, with friends.

Hudson Bros. have contributed to the new Christian Church a beautiful clock.

Dr. Emerson is again in his office after a severe tussle with typho-malarial fever.

J. T. Dale, one of Udall=s prosperous businessmen, visited the Ahub@ Monday.

Miss Minnie Greenbaum, of Junction City, is visiting her sister, Mrs. A. Burgaur.

Miss Rose Rounds returned from the Lawrence University last week, to spend her vacation at home.

Frank Manny and family have arranged to start in a few days for a three months= visit in Germany.

Mrs. E. P. Hickok left Tuesday evening for Ottawa to attend the Inter-State Sunday School Assembly.

Miss May Halyard is again at her post in the real estate office of H. G. Fuller and Co., after a month=s illness.

Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Doane are enjoying a visit from his aunt, Mrs. Holmes, of Topeka, with her son and daughter.

Mr. G. W. Smith, from Denver, an old acquaintance of Mrs. C. Strong and family, is spending a few days in our city.

Bi Wagoner, one of the Arkansas City Republican force, spent Sunday with his aunt, uncle, and cousins, the family of D. Berkey.

Jim Fahey=s fine new residence on East Ninth Avenue begins to loom up. It will be a big addition to that part of town.

Homer W. Pond, of Fort Scott, Department Commander of the G. A. R. of Kansas, spent a day in our city last week.

Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Bliss left Tuesday for the inter-state Sunday school meeting at Ottawa. They will remain two weeks.

Miss Lida Tyner entertained the Good Templar Mite Society Tuesday evening and a very pleasant time was enjoyed by all present.

E. C. Stretch came up from Vinita, Indian Territory, Monday, and is spending a few days at home. He is in the cattle business in the Territory.



Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.


Jim Conner is whopping it up lively on the Myton block on North Main. This will be one of the finest buildings in the city when finished.

F. M. Freeland is getting things ready to rush his hotel up immediately. The plans indicate that it is to be a fine and convenient structure.

J. B. Haworth and family intend to start next week for Cuba, Republic County, Kansas, where they will make their home in the future.

Ben W. Matlack went down to the Terminus Saturday, returning Sunday with his mother and sister, who took a look over Cowley=s capital and returned that evening.

We challenge any place in Kansas to beat our rhubarb leaf. It measured forty-seven inches across and stood fifty inches high. It was furnished this office by Ed. Pate.

Dr. Bishop, of Salina, who has figured largely in the educational arena of Kansas, will deliver a lecture to the Normalites and the public at the Methodist Church this evening.

Forrest Rowland has closed out his novelty store and will open a similar establishment in Cherryvale, where he has a splendid opening. Everybody wishes Forrest success wherever he may be.

R. E. Wallis has put a telephone into his residence, and the grocery establishment of Wallis & Wallis also sports one of these important adjuncts and can now fill orders by telephone with neatness and dispatch.

J. L. Horning has returned from his tour through Michigan and the north. Notwithstanding he has for weeks been rubbing against millionaires and lumber monopolists, he is still AOld 76" to his many friends at home.

Charley Beck came down from Eureka last week, and will remain till tomorrow. He came owing to Elgie=s sickness, who has now recovered sufficiently to walk around a little. He has had a severe tussle with lung hemorrhage.

Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.

Mr. and Mrs. W. B. Dickie, of the Central Hotel, accompanied by her brother-in-law and sister, Mr. and Mrs. F. H. Smith, of Shelby, Ohio, who are visiting them, spent several days of last week in the wilds of the Indian Territory, returning Sunday.

Mr. B. F. Randolph, of the boot and shoe firm of O=Meara & Randolph of this city, came in from Illinois last week and spent a few days. This was his second trip to Cowley and our grand prospects were astonishing to him, when compared to those of Illinois.

Mrs. Emma Smith and Mrs. E. D. Garlick organized a promising Woman=s Christian Temperance Union at Cambridge last Sunday. A Temperance meeting was held there Saturday evening at which Profs. B. T. Davis and A. H. Limerick were the speakers.

Mr. L. D. Latham, of Chicago, one of the directors of the Kansas City & Southwestern railroad, has been in the city several days. He left Tuesday, accompanied by Mr. Baker, a well known contractor, for Burlington. They will ride over the route from Burlington northeast.

A 4-year-old daughter of J. J. Rudd, seeing a black spot on her knee, rushed to her mother and said: AMamma, my knee is sanctified.@ The little treasure was not old enough to understand the difference between sanctify and mortify, but was bound to get in the big word somehow.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.

Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Trobridge, of Rutland, Illinois, accompanied by their son-in-law, Dr. Evans, arrived in the city yesterday. Mr. Trobridge is a brother-in-law of James M. Stafford, and a minister of prominence in Illinois. We hope to be able to hear a sermon from him before his return, but, better still, we hope we may yet secure him as a citizen.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.

Points Concerning Agricultural Industry and Monstrosities Produced in Cowley County.

Cowley=s fast fields of waving wheat have taken on their gold hue and the hum of the busy harvester is abroad in the land.

Mrs. M. C. Tucker left the COURIER, Monday, another illustration of the county=s currant proclivities, in a lot as red, plump, and luscious as could be wished for.

Mrs. Mary Bariclow sends us in a twig from her orchard eighteen inches long and bearing twenty-seven nicely shaped peaches. In spite of the early prediction of a few chronic croakers, Cowley=s peach crop this year will be immense.

Will Allen, of Vernon, has added to our serial display a bunch from his timothy field with straw four feet tall and heads over twelve inches in length.

A stalk of corn raised by John Fleeharty, on Silver Creek, left at our office, is eight feet high with a tremendous body and beats anything yet brought forward this year.

And now Mr. J. M. Barrick comes forward with a fine demonstration that tame currants can be raised in Cowley as well as everything else. He left us two twigs perfectly loaded down with fine Dutch currants. They were raised on the north side of a picket fence and Mr. Barrick says their growth and yield couldn=t possibly be beaten. He also left a twelve inch twig bearing sixteen nicely formed Ralls= Janet apples. A twig 25 inches long, from the same orchard, bore 45 fine apples.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.


The Whirlpool Near the Tunnel Mill Ushers Another Soul Into Eternity.

DIED. Our community was shocked Tuesday afternoon by the drowning, in the whirlpool near the Tunnel Mill, of Frank G. Willson, one of the most promising young men of the city and a member of the real estate firm of Harris & Willson. He and C. C. Harris went to the river to bathe about three o=clock that afternoon and had been swimming in the water for some time when the accident occurred. The water in this pool is very deep and swift, though, with a little care, is not considered dangerous when the river is in a normal condition. It has several currents in a depth of fifteen feet and flows with a whirling motion, the current continually eddying around the pool. Frank and Mr. Harris had started down the current to swim around, the latter considerably ahead. When Frank got about half way through, he called for help and immediately went under. The current prevented Mr. Harris from swimming upstream to his rescue and the only thing to be done was to circle around and come down to him. But the body was held down by the undercurrent and only rose once after the first submersion, making all efforts at rescue fruitless. The alarm was immediately given and in a few minutes many willing hands were searching for the body. The swift, deep, and eddying water shifted the body in such a manner as to prevent its recovery until it had been submerged fifty minutes. Drs. Wright, Pugh, Taylor, and Wells were on the ground and everything within human possibility was done to resuscitate the body, but in vain. Its spirit had flown to the inevitable and voiceless Eternity. It is supposed that cramp or strangulation by a back-water wave caused the terrible result. Those acquainted with the water at this place don=t attribute it to the suction, though this undoubtedly increased the helplessness of the victim. It is hard to estimate the number of persons that have been drowned in this poolCfifteen or twenty. This alone is sufficient to brand this place as dangerous, and should warn people to go elsewhere to bath.

Frank G. Willson was about twenty-five years of age. He came to Winfield some seven months ago and associated himself with T. J. Harris in the real estate and loan business. During his short residence among us he won the esteem of all with whom he came in contact. His only relatives here are the family of his uncle, Mr. W. H. Thompson. His parents reside in Jacksonville, Illinois. They were immediately telegraphed the fate of their son and answered, requesting his remains to be sent home for interment, which was done yesterday. The father is a prominent banker of Jacksonville. Frank was one of those bright, progressive, and substantial young men whose future indicates great usefulness and advancement. The writer had many pleasant conversations with him and found him possessed of those finer feelings which indicate morality and refinement and are always agreeable. Nothing is sadder than the snatching away of a life buoyant with bright hopes for the future. Truly Ain the midst of life we are in death.@


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.

Visit from Wellington Excursionists.

Last Thursday was anything but an auspicious day for a picnic excursion, though overhead it was bright and fair. It had rained heavily the night before, making pedestrianism rather unpleasant. However, arrangements having been made for an excursion, six car loads of Wellingtonians, with their cornet band, under supervision of the Methodist Sunday School of that place, pulled out for Winfield over the Southern Kansas at 8:30 a.m. They were met at the depot by our prominent citizens and the Courier and Juvenile Bands and escorted to the Opera House, Riverside Park, of course, being too damp for their reception. Here the three bands furnished a grand concert during the forenoon and produced some of the finest music, drawing hearty applause from all listeners. Our Wellington friends picnicked for dinner in the Opera House, after which they took in the city, the Park, and adjoining places of interest in carriages and otherwise. Our smooth stone pavements, beautiful residences embowered in leafy verdure, with attendant attractions, received high praises from the visitors, many of whom were with us for the first time. . . .


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.

A most youthful start on the road to robbery was brought to a halt in this city Monday. Last Sunday Mr. Yearger, of the agricultural firm of Caldwell & Yearger of Oxford, went away from home with his family and accidentally left his pants, containing over two hundred dollars, hanging in the closet. Harry Love and Geo. Richards in some way knew of this. They went around to the house and while one kept watch on the outside, the other went in and relieved the pocket of one hundred and thirty dollars of its contents. They then took the evening train and came to Winfield. Harry Love is a deaf and dumb boy, and the other is a son of the notorious Richards, of Oxford, who has been accused of numerous deviltries at that place. The boys, youth-like, were displaying their possessions here on Monday, buying jewelry and making an immense spread for twelve-year-olds. This was noticed by our officers and they at once surmised that something was wrong. The attempted to Atake in@ the boys, but the little fellows took leg bail at a rate to astonish the natives. The deaf and dumb boy didn=t appear to understand the necessity of rapid action and soon came under, but the other out-distanced Frank W. Finch, Tom Herrod, and others, and was soon sailing over the hill across the river. He was caught about seven miles from town and taken to Oxford by Tom Herrod. About a hundred dollars was found in possession of the deaf and dumb boy, who is now in jail here. These boys will doubtless be considered good subjects for the reform school at Topeka.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.

I take great pleasure in announcing to the people of Cowley County that I am Sole Agent for the above makes of Pianos for the counties of Marion, Harvey, Sedgwick, Cowley, Sumner, Rice, Reno, Barton, and Ford, appointed so by Messrs. Conover Bros., of Kansas City (general agents). I will be in Winfield about July 5th. Orders for Piano Tuning can be left at the Brettun House. For further information address permanently, Ion Arnold, Wichita, Kansas.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.

Railroad Elections.

The elections for voting aid to the Kansas City and Southwestern railroad company were held Monday in Walnut, Richland, and Omnia townships. The bonds were carried in all of them by large majorities. In Walnut the proposition had ninety majority, in Richland thirty-one, and in Omnia forty-five.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.

Lieutenant Governor Finney, Mr. Walker, and other citizens of Woodson County were in the city Wednesday to consult with officers of the Kansas City & Southwestern railroad company relative to securing the location of the line through that county.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.

Mr. S. R. Marsh, a son of Dr. Marsh of Tannehill, returned last week from completing his medical course in Cincinnati. He will shortly locate with us and begin practice in Winfield. His office will be over the post office, in the two front rooms.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.


Jas. F. Baxter and Ella Keely.

Jas. B. Stevens and Mary Clark.

The above have been engulfed in matrimony since our last, according to the Probate Judge=s record.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.

[From Neighborhood Correspondents.]


Oat crop will be fine.

J. H. Bowman has the boss corn field.

V. Baird has built an addition to his residence.

Corn plowing is a thing of the past in this vicinity.

BIRTH. A. C. Monforte is the happiest man in the neighborhood; it is a girl.

J. W. Curfman has finished his new house and is living right at home.

W. J. Orr and J. F. Curfman will have a fine lot of timothy hay to put up.

I will name a few who have purchased new self binders this harvest: H. Smith, J. W. Curfman, Thomas Larimer, W. M. Limbocker, and many others too numerous to mention.

G. W. Prater and O. Fuller have just finished a large, substantial kitchen for Arthur Orr.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.


Some corn Alaid by.@

Joe Ashworth has Agal@ on the brain, so says the boys.

Jim Kennedy says she has gone back on him Aall for nothing.@

S. Guthrie is hauling lumber preparatory to erecting a fine residence for himself.

Cedarvale is quite a metropolis. It has a new bank, a newspaper, and a boot block all at once.

Hosmer and son and Jesse Kennedy and sons have each invested in self-binders and will do the wheat up in good style for their neighbors.

Hy Sarten was arrested, last week, at Cedarvale, for violating a city ordinance: selling pork on the streets without license. How does this sound, AJudge Marsh?@

Rev. Meeks, of the Baptist Church, and Rev. Jacobs, of the Christian denomination, will hold a four days debate at Cedarvale in the near future, relative to baptism, etc.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.


The gooseberry days are almost over.

Mr. J. E. Hoyland is having his house painted.

Harvest has commenced with some. A busy time with lads and lasses.

Mr. Samuel Tull, of old Salem, is visiting relatives and friends in Indiana.

Messrs. Wells, Bectal, and Teters have bought an engine to run their thresher by steam.

Messrs. L. Downs and James Ford are the happy possessors of a steam threshing machine.

New Salem school is out and Mr. Lucas, the principal, is enjoying domestic life at present.

Mr. Ralson and wife are missed by the Watsonberger family with whom they have been boarding.

Miss Ella Randall of Winfield was the guest of her sister in the home of J. W. Hoyland last week.

The corn is exerting itself and grows very fast. Most of the farmers are actually through it the third time.

Mr. Murry has his well drilled one hundred and five feet, making it 130 feet deep. Has plenty of water now.

Mr. S. A. Chapell has disposed of his old spring wagon and he and his loving helpmate now ride around in a nice top carriage.

Miss Della Whetstone is among the number that have left Salem. be a good girl, Miss Del., and favor Salem with your presence some time in the future.

The busy chigger puts in its days and nights seemingly without rest. Wish they would go off on an excursion to the Hot Springs and never come back.

I=m invited to ride out in a fine new covered carriage, new harness, etc., this evening; the owner of this new rig is Ward Hoyland, and I=m promised many a ride if I live long. Long live the Salem bachelors.

Mr. McClelland Hutchison left some time ago as a festive agent, but most all those that depart come back again to get a Kansas airing or to enjoy our breezes, and they almost invariable find a hearty welcome.

Rev. C. P. Graham preached a memorial sermon on the late Cyrus H. McCormick for his subject on Sabbath the 15th, and a quiet and appreciative audience listened to an excellent discourse about this good man.

Mrs. Dalgarn was happily surprised on seeing her brother, Mr. Wm. Watson, driving up with his family to her house. They came from Missouri and are pleased with Kansas and intend to stay and make a home in our sunny land.

Miss Davenport has gone back to Winfield and her numerous little friends miss her. A very pleasant time was enjoyed by those that were present the last day to hear the declamations and singing, also to help eat the candy.

Mr. McMillen treated himself to a new harvester and Messrs. J. A. Shields and J. E. Hoyland have done the same. The beautiful waving grain will soon fall a victim to their bright, new binders. Success attend them through harvest.

I had the pleasure of forming several new acquaintances at the social, and among the number our County Superintendent and his amiable wife. They seemed to enjoy Salem festivities and went home well ladened with beautiful bouquets.

Where are you going to spend the 4th? is the question of the day. I presume I will spend it in quiet at home. Salem is invited to Burden, and our lively city, Winfield, invites everybody there. May all have a pleasant time and rejoice on Independence Day.

Grain and stock are shipped at a lively rate. But the profit is not much if the buyer gets on the train and forgets to water Athe hogs he left behind him,@ and when a telegram arrives, behold a number are dead. Business before pleasure, but when business presses at home and abroad one forgets to water hogs sometimes.

The Burden Band with their teacher favored New Salem with some excellent music on the 14th inst., but alas, I failed to be present at the hallCam told they executed some difficult but lovely musical pieces. I=ll wait till they serenade AOlivia@ in her quiet corner and then I=ll give them a puff. I=ll not hold my breath till they do (as the boys all say).

DIED. Mrs. James Chapell is again called to mourn the death of a son, killed away in the mines with several companions. This is the second son she has lost within the last year. Could they have been at home and soothed in their last sleep by a good mother=s presence and love, it would be a solace to her. But the silent messenger comes when least expected sometimes and takes our loved ones away.

Mr. Edgar and family came home from Harper in time to meet all their Salem friends at the social. Mr. Shadden also came, but another fellow was ahead of him. The social was indeed true to name and everyone seemed to enjoy that evening. The ice cream and cakes were perfect, the strawberries delicious, the girls neat and lively, the boys cleaver and jolly, while the senior members left the young men in the shade for fun, they ordered a jug of lemonade and the merriment indulged in while passing around the two gallon jug came from our worthy representative and the gay gents of his age or near it. Over forty-seven dollars were cleared above all expenses. Pretty good.

DIED. The father of our respected friend and neighbor, Mr. W. H. Lucas, arrived in his home some time ago very sick. His time on earth seemed short, but medical aid was procured and all that love and thoughtfulness could do was done, but it could not keep the spirit from departing; and on the 17th inst., the life of Grandpa Lucas was ended. The funeral sermon was delivered by Rev. Graham in the Salem hall and a very large concourse of neighbors paid their last respects to the silent sleeper. A goodly number of the Masonic fraternity of Winfield and Burden were present and they interred the body with the solemn Masonic honors of their order. We extend to the bereaved ones our sympathy.

Within our quiet church-yard a weary one now sleeps.

Within a lovely Salem home the stricken mourners weep!

The patient wife now walks alone and naught disturbs the rest

Of her life=s partnerCGod knoweth what is best.

And thus the weary tortured frame has passed beneath the rod,

And those that loved him most and best placed him beneath the sod,

And patiently are toiling on till they are called to rest.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.

[Neighboring Exchanges.]


Making a young man a clerk in a dry goods store, it is said, knocks all thoughts of matrimony out of his head. He not only learns what it costs to dress a woman, but he realizes how they can talk.

DIED. Cam. Rittenhouse, a son of James Rittenhouse, of Torrance, died at that place last Thursday morning of heart disease. Mr. Rittenhouse had been in Kansas only a few weeks, from Urbana, Illinois, to which place his remains have been sent for interment.

DIED. Dempsay Elliott died at his home one mile south of Torrance, Wednesday night, and his remains were taken to Dexter by the Free Masons, of which order he was a member. Mr. Elliott had been ailing for about four years, and at one time visited Colorado for his health. He was an old settler and used to deal quite extensively in livestock in eastern Cowley County. He was a well known and highly respected citizen, and his death is mourned by a multitude of warm friends.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.


Nearly all the corn has been cultivated three times and is clean. The fields present a waving mass of green, far as the eye can reach, varied by spaces of ripening wheat that waves in the breeze like huge sea billows; this is a daisy country, and don=t you forget it.

We would advise our readers to patronize home as far as it is practicable. Keep the money circulated within the communityClet not a dollar be spent away from home for goods that can be purchased in our own town. Doubtless you have at one time or another been accommodated by our home merchants, and it is reasonable that you should spend your money with them.

W. F. Taylor, a young Tennessean of this city, while attempting to board a morning freight at Torrance one day last week, fell across the rail between the cars, managed to get off in time to save his life, but had his boot and two of his toes cut off, and was otherwise bruised. It was a very close call and one that will probably teach him not to monkey with a freight train while it is in motion.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.


DIED. Last Tuesday morning the little 7-year-old son of Mr. John T. Yoort, of North Creswell, went out to the pasture to drive in the cows, and was knocked down and frightfully gored by a vicious bull. A physician was immediately summoned, who did all in his power to relieve the sufferings of the little fellow, but his injuries were of such a nature that there was no hope of saving his life, and in about two hours he died. The sorrow stricken parents have the heartfelt sympathy of the entire community, in this, their sad affliction.

The first month of summer is almost to a close. Kansas never had four months of better weather for crops. In this county there has been scarcely a day of high winds, there has been an abundance of rain, but not too much, not one hot sultry day. Corn neck high, wheat and rye is being harvested and promises the best yield ever known in the state. Cowley County is a paradise with no flaming sword. Blue grass and clover everywhere. They cover roads and fields and more is being sown displacing a rank growth of weeds in ten thousand places. The gardens are fine, peas, potatoes, beans, and all other kinds of garden sass in the market. Yes, crops are immense and our farmers are independent and happy.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.


The Bank of Udall has sold out to the Bank of Commerce, so that now Udall boasts of only one bank.

W. W. Matthews made us a present of a turnip of this year=s growth, which measured 14 inches in circumference.

As soon as the metes and bounds can be ascertained, a petition for the incorporation of Udall will likely be circulated.

A. D. Penland has twenty acres planted in onions on his farm near Udall, and expects to raise 300 bushels of sets, and 5,000 bushels of large onions. That quantity of onions would do our family some time.

The most wonderful freak of nature we have heard of for some time was the birth of a calf with two heads, one body, four ears, one tail, and seven eyes. This monstrosity was the property of John Appleby, of northwest Creswell. The calf lived only a short time, which is to be regretted, as the introduction of this new breed might have been of incalculable value to stock raisers.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.


Fifteen Kiowa Indians on horseback rode into town one day this week. To the stranger, they present a curious and interesting spectacle.

An addition to the Chilocco Indian school is now being built. It will be 20 x 70 feet, and two stories high, and will be used for bath rooms, laundry, and kitchen.

The Arkansas River has been unusually high for the past few days. This is one of the severest tests the dam has experienced, and it has withstood the pressure without the slightest harm.

Someone has asked how small fruits pay in this vicinity. In reply we would cite the profit of J. E. Arnett from four young cherry trees. The cherries hung in clusters and were large and finely flavored. From these four young trees he sold cherries to the amount of fifty-three dollars. Truly, Southern Kansas is the garden spot of the west.

The country of Cowley County has kept pace with her cities. Everywhere can be seen elegant and commodious farm houses. Wheat for the past two years has been excellent. Our farmers obtain the highest market price for their wheat, because our mills grind more than the county can produce, and much grain, both corn and wheat, is hauled or transported by rail to this great wheat and corn market. If the growth of wheat has been remarkable, corn has done equally as well. No better country lies out of doors, for cattle and hogs than Southern Kansas. Our farmers can either sell their products to the mills or feed it to stock, as they choose, either way brings them a splendid profit. The present wheat crop is the heaviest ever known; the corn crop will be one of the heaviest ever gleaned.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.


It makes us smile to hear Eastern parties talk about drouthy Kansas, and just now it is making the farmers hump themselves to keep ahead of the weeds, which have profited from the abundant rains, and are doing themselves proud.

Mr. J. J. Estus, one of Silverdale=s most thrifty farmers, dropped in long enough to report fine crops and lots of them. Mr. Estus is one of the systematic farmersCa man who attends to his farm with the same care that a merchant bestows upon his business. One rule in his farming is especially worthy of attention just now among that class of farmers whose weeds are as high again as their corn, and that is, never pass a cockle-bur, or a patch of them, even if it takes half a day to extricate them. He has a man employed as a general farm hand the entire year, and his instructions are to pull this weed up wherever it is seen, whether crops are growing there or not, and as a result just half a dozen cockle-burs were found last week in a fifty acre lot of corn. This is only one of the many items that need careful looking after on a farm, that it shows what perseverance and steady work will do. Too many farmers become shiftless, or at least do not carry their warfare against weeds any farther than the ground in cultivation, when the only true way is to not allow these rank growing enemies of good crops to obtain a foothold in the remotest part of a farm. To do this requires constant watching, as much in the fall and winter as in the spring; but it will pay 100 percent on the outlay of labor and money necessary to keep your fields clear. Another thing: it cultivates a habit of thriftiness in the farmer which will show itself in the general improvement of his farm, not to mention the increased value thereof.

For several months Searing & Mead have been missing grain from their bins, but have been unable to detect the guilty parties. Last Sunday morning, however, William Burroughs, a drayman in this city, was seen coming from a Santa Fe car with a basket of corn. This car was about half loaded for shipment, Searing & Mead being the consignors. Burroughs was arrested Monday morning, and acknowledged the theft so readily that further search was made about his premises, resulting in finding a lot of carpenter=s tools, which had been taken from a Mr. Pond, his tool chests having been broken open a week ago last Friday. He was also charged with stealing a saddle, bridle, and whip. In Burroughs= cellar were found about 100 whiskey bottles, which told too plainly the story of his downfall. He has been in the habit, we learn, of buying straight alcohol and diluting the same to satisfy an appetite that has drowned all instincts of manhood and literally ruined him. A few years ago, he was a hard working, industrious man, and managed to buy a house and several lots; but of late he has given away to the desire for drink, which has brought him to his present condition. It will sweep away the earnings of years to get himself out of this scrape. Burroughs= trial was held before F. P. Schiffbauer and he was found guilty, on three counts, each petit larceny. For stealing corn, he was fined $5 and costs; for stealing the tools, $10 and costs; and he was sentenced to sixty days in the county jail for stealing the saddle, bridle, and whip.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.


The procession will form on Main Street at 9 o=clock a.m., sharp, with right resting on 12th avenue, in the following order: Burden Cornet Band, Grand Army of the Republic, Old Soldiers, Courier Cornet Band, City Officials in Carriages, President of day and Speakers, Juvenile Band, Fire Department, Tony=s Circus, Citizens in Carriages, Secret Societies, Citizens on Foot, Calithumpians.


The procession will move east on 12th to Millington Street, north on Millington Street to 7th, west on 7th to Main, south on Main to 10th, west on 10th to Mansfield, south on Mansfield to Riverside Avenue, thence west, arriving at the Fair Ground at 11 a.m. Music at the grand stand by the Courier band. Address of welcome and introduction of speakers by the President of the day.

FIRE WORKS. In the evening the city will be illuminated with a blaze of gas lights and the grandest display of fire works ever seen in Southern Kansas.



Cowley County Fair and Driving Park Association,



No. 1. PACING.

Mile heats, 1 in 3. Purse, $75.00.

$45.00 to 1st; $22.50 to 2nd; $7.50 to 3rd.


Mile heats, 3 in 5. Purse, $90.00.

$54.00 to 1st; $27.00 to 2nd; $9.00 to 3rd.


2 mile heats, 2 in 3. Purse $60.00.

$45.00 to 1st; $15.00 to 2nd.

In all the above races 5 to enter and 3 to start.

Entrance fee 10 percent of purse.

JAMES H. VANCE, Com. on Races.

Stalls will be furnished on the grounds free of cost to those who desire to use them for speed purposes for a few days preceding the races.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.


Backastow & Crampton are prepared to fill orders for ice cream on short notice and in any quantity.

Backastow & Crampton have reduced ice cream to ten cents a dishCthe finest in the land.

For the most delicious soul-inspiring, health invigorating ice cream, go to the parlors of Backastow & Crampton.

The neatest ice cream parlor in the city is that of Backastow & Crampton. Take your lady and enjoy their delicious cream.

$10 REWARD. STRAYED. From my farm 2 miles east of Oxford, on Sunday, June 22nd, one sorrel Texas mare pony, 5 years old, had one white hind foot, had a rope about 30 feet long tied about the neck, reward of $10 will be paid for its return. J. E. DUNN.

[Not sure of middle initial...J. R. or J. M. DUNN???]


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.


The associate dispatches of last week announced that General Hatch had made a report covering the entire situation in the Territory. Monday night the paper was informed that General Hatch received his orders touching the settlers. The general went through this city yesterday morning. From U. S. Deputy Marshal Williams, who accompanied the General down to Caldwell, and who, in company with United States Commissioner Shearman, returned last evening, we learn the following facts. Mr. Williams says that Gen. Hatch said that his orders were positive and mandatory. He will proceed with such force as he may deem necessary to remove every man now within the Territory who is without a permit to remain, after which no one will be permitted to cross the line except such as are armed with a proper passport. Camps are to be established at Caldwell, Hunnewell, Arkansas City, and Coffeyville, and a full company of soldiers stationed at each. The general further said in case there was any armed or other forcible resistance, it would not be well for those concerned, as such an attitude would be attended with the gravest results, even though not a single shot was fired upon either side. So far as Marshal Williams could learn, it is the intention of the department to absolutely prohibit any further attempt to settle the Territory until congress shall have taken some definite action, either sanctioning the settlement or prohibiting it all together. General Hatch was asked what would be done with reference to the Texas border. He replied that there was no danger from that quarter; the settlers down there lacked the enterprise or were wanting in that spirit of adventure which characterized the boomers.

If there is any mistake in the facts as set forth above, then Mr. Williams failed to understand the import of the general=s conversation, for it is just as given to us.

Wichita Eagle, 2nd ult.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.

The civilized tribes of the Indian Territory are exceedingly hostile to the allotment of lands in severalty among the savages, on the ground that it would demoralize the tribal organizations. Bushyhead, the principal chief of the Cherokees, has filed at Washington a protest against the bill. The Pawnees have leased 128,000 acres to cattle-raisers for five years at three cents per acre.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.


There is great consternation at Chetopa, this state, among those having ranches in the Indian Territory. The sheriff of the Cherokee Nation, with a squad of Indians, has been taking down all the wire fencing that enclosed larger tracts than fifty acres, that being the limit allowed by the act of the Cherokee council. The sheriff confiscates all the wire he takes down. The sheriff began work south of Coffeyville, and is taking it down as he goes east. Thousands of miles of fencing have been removed. The Indians seem to mean business, and evidently mean to eject all intruders.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.


The bill granting the right of way to the Gulf, Colorado & Santa Fe railway company has passed both houses and goes to the president for his signature.

The line of the road is to begin at a point to be selected by the company on Red River north of the northern boundary of Cook County, Texas, running thence by the most practicable route through Indian Territory to a point on the southern boundary of Kansas, the line to be approved by the secretary of the interior before the work is begun. The right of way is to be one hundred feet in width with a length of three thousand feet in addition to the right of way, is granted for stations for every ten miles of the road.

The bill says: Congress hereby reserves the right to regulate the charges for freight and passengers on the railway and messages on the telegraph and telephone lines until a state government or governments shall exist in the Territory within the limits of which the railway or a part thereof shall be located, and then such a state government or governments shall be authorized to fix and regulate the cost of transportation of persons and freights within their respective limits by the railway; but congress expressly reserves the right to fix and regulate at all times the cost of such transportation by the railway or the company whenever such transportation shall extend from one state into another, or should extend into more than one state; provided, however, that the rates of such transportation of passengers, local or inter-state, shall not exceed those above expressed.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.

RECAP. W. P. Hackney, attorney for plaintiffs, Victor B. Buck, Sylvester T. Buck, and William F. Fahs, partners doing business under the firm name and style of AVictor B. Buck & Co.@ Plaintiffs, vs. William D. McClintock, Defendant. Petition to be answered by August 13, 1884. Plaintiffs have attached a certain stock of groceries, dry goods, and general merchandise...judgment for the sum of $152 and costs of suit. . . .


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.

RECAP. Hugh H. Siverd, Assignee, notified all creditors that a dividend of 4 percent has been declared in the matter of the assignment of Goss & McConn.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.

RECAP. W. P. Hackney, attorney for plaintiffs, Peter D. Ridenoir, Harlow W. Baker, Alden A. Baker, Edward P. Baker, and Samuel Ridenoir, partners doing business under the firm name and style of Ridenoir, Baker & Co., plaintiffs, vs. William D. McClintock and E. A. Wilson, Defendants. Petition to be answered by August 13, 1884. Plaintiffs attached a certain stock of groceries, dry goods, and general merchandise as their be sold to satisfy such judgment.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.

THE WINFIELD MARKETS. Eggs 10 cents, butter 10 cents, chickens $1.50 to $2.00 per dozen and old hens $2.00 to $2.40 per dozen. Potatoes 50 to 75 cents. Hogs $4.00 to $4.25 per cwt. Mixed corn, 40 and for white 42 cents. Wheat sells at 70 cents per bushel for old and 60 cents for new.



Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.


Fireman=s Ball, Friday evening, July Fourth.

The fire-works for the Fourth arrived Tuesday.

Get your ice cream at the Reading Room tomorrow evening.

Just received by Cairns & Reynolds, a carload of AEnterprise@ Windmills.

Richland is the first township to hold their primary for the coming convention.

The Tisdale township Republican primary will be held on July 5th, at Tisdale.

J. H. Sparrow, Trustee.

Before the end of the week nearly every acre of wheat in thee county will be harvested and in excellent shape.

The skating rink on south Main Street is rapidly nearing completion. It is a mammoth building and will be all the rage as soon as it gets to running.

Be sure and visit the spacious residence of Col. McMullen next Tuesday evening, for it is to be the most enjoyable as well as novel entertainment of the season.

For cheap round trip tickets to Chicago, Illinois, Minneapolis, Minnesota, Madison, Wisconsin, and east, call on W. J. Kennedy, agent A. T. & S. F. R. R., Winfield, Kansas.

The Winfield Reading Room Association will furnish the public with delicious ice cream at the Reading Rooms over Wallis & Wallis= store on the evening of the Fourth.

Many of our citizens have acted on the conclusion that a hedge fence hanging over the sidewalk is a nuisance. Every front hedge fence in the city should either be massacred or kept neatly trimmed.

The time of year has arrived for our health officers to look after the sanitary condition of the city. There are a number of highly scented alleys and corners all around that need attention. The Marshal is after the hog pens and will cleanse the city of this nuisance at once.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.

The Southern Kansas railroad has a gang of men at work putting a switch on Mr. Kellogg=s place in Vernon Township seven miles from Winfield and three miles from Oxford. The town of AKellogg@ is already laid out and a lumber yard and several stores will be started. They are also moving for a post office.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.

A Complete Art Gallery.

Amongst all the great and beneficent improvements in Winfield, our completed system of water works, gas works, our prospective street railway, and first-class buildings going up to accommodate our continually increasing business, none of these improvements reflect greater credit than the re-fitted and greatly enlarged Art Gallery of D. Rodocker. His parlors are all that taste and refinement could desire, and his increased facilities for business gives him great advantage over his former gallery. Mr. Rodocker recently went to Milwaukee, Wisconsin. to attend the Photographers Association of America, of which Association his certificates shows him to be an honorable member. There he acquainted himself with all the recent improvements of the Art, and he is now in possession of all the facilities to insure work equal to the best done in the State. He has recently secured one of the best workmen in the west in the person of George Dresser, who, for four years, ran a first-class gallery in Independence, Kansas. Copying, enlarging, and painting, with all that pertains to the business are promptly attended to. We would call special attention to the enlarged crayon portraits of the late Rev. J. E. Platter and the Hon. Senator Hackney, now in the gallery for a few weeks. Our citizens will do well to investigate his work in all its departments before they go further and fare worse. It is a matter that interests parents and children, that they have each others= likeness so true to nature to look upon when the spirit has gone to the God who gave it. O, how much comfort there is in a complete family group; we may secure it today, but tomorrow it is broken forever.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.

An Accession to the Winfield Bank.

Mr. H. B. Schuler has purchased an interest in the Winfield Bank and will immediately move to this city and attend to business in the bank. Mr. Schuler has a capital of two hundred thousand dollars, which he will bring to this city, and invest in bank stock and other property and help build up the interests of the city and county. He has been in the banking business for the last thirteen years, ten years as cashier of the First National Bank of Lincoln, Illinois, and three years as cashier of the Laclede bank of St. Louis. He comes here because he has a son to whom he expects to leave his business in a few years and prefers that he shall be located in a smaller town than St. Louis, where he may have an equal chance with the wealthiest and grow up with the country. Mr. Schuler is recommended by the best men and financiers of Chicago, Lincoln, and St. Louis as a man of a high order of intelligence, honor, and business sagacity. He will be a very valuable acquisition to the business of this city and his family a very pleasant acquisition to Winfield society. Mr. Schuler came here in April last while on a trip of observation to find a location to suit him, and he concluded that Winfield suited him best, all things considered. The proprietors of the Winfield Bank encouraged him and concluded to sell him an interest, which was concluded Tuesday. There will be no change in the organization of the bank other than Mr. Schuler will be one of the directors and officers in the bank.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.

The AGlorious Fourth.@

From all over the county comes the news that everyone, with their cousins and their aunts are coming to Winfield on the Fourth. Wichita, Wellington, Independence, and other towns will come on special trains and enthuse with us. The Burden band will assist in furnishing the music. The oration of the day will be delivered by Judge J. Wade McDonald, which means that it will be one of the most polished and eloquent addresses ever listened to by our people. Immediately after dinner an address will be delivered by Helen M. Gougar, the famous lady orator of Indiana. During the afternoon will occur the amusements, which will be first class, including three races for purses. A number of horses to go in these races are now on the grounds. In the evening the committee on Fire Works will set things to going with a line of fire-works heretofore unsurpassed. After the fire-works comes the Firemen=s Ball in the Opera House, to which all are invited.

At daylight on the morning of the Fourth the battery will begin to play from Alexander=s Mound at the east end of Ninth Avenue.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.

The Winfield Stone, Brick & Tile Works are running at full blast and working a small army of men. They are making twenty thousand brick per day, all hand-made and the finest ever turned out in this county. The large quarries on the Southern Kansas northeast of town are also being operated and immense quantities of stone for local use and shipment are being taken out. The price charged for rubble is $2.50 per cord, or $4.50 delivered. The company also furnish cut stone of all kinds, blue or white. The stone industry is growing to be a most important one to our city and we are happy to note the continued activity in this branch of business. Heretofore the supply of brick has been light and has retarded building. The large facilities of the company insure a full supply at all times from this on.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.

We are in receipt of a letter from the parents, at Tallula, Illinois, of Frank G. Willson, whose sad end by drowning we chronicled last week, a part of which says: APlease express our sincere thanks to the good people of Winfield for their many acts of kindness in caring for and returning the remains of our dear son, Frank. The mementoes of flowers and letters of sympathy, from strangers to us, will ever live in our memories as we think of our loved one. Their reward will be in heaven.@ The letter states that Frank=s age was twenty-one years and four monthsCjust entering upon the bright morning of hopefulness and manhood.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.

Some gentleman has left on our table a mammoth cucumberCyes, a regular deadly, night-blooming cucumber, the original of which was found on the classic shores of Getna. Our first impression was to have it carved for the platter, but we were soon otherwise persuaded by remembering the parental admonition: Beware of the festive cucumber when it showeth itself on the table; for at the last it swelleth like an accordion and biteth like a steel-blue serpent.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.

The managers of the Normal Institute have decided to close the session at the end of the sixth week, July 25th, owing to the heat. The enrollment has reached one hundred and thirteen and everything is running along pleasantly and successfully. Dr. Lippencott, Chancellor of the State University, will give a lecture to the Normalites and the public in one of the churches on next Wednesday evening.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.

Some of the Winfield bank stock was sold this week for sixty percent premium. This is a record that the officers of that institution may well be proud of. Beginning with the early history of the town, the Winfield Bank has grown and prospered until it is known all over the west and by banking institutions everywhere as one of the soundest and most conservative banks in the country.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.

MARRIED. Married at the residence of the bride=s parents, on June 25, 1894, by Rev. W. R. Kirkwood, D. D., Mr. Walter L. Crowell, and Miss Maggie Walters, both of Cowley County.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.

The Woman=s Christian Temperance Union has arranged for a temperance meeting in the Park on Sunday, July 13, at 4 o=clock p.m. Good speakers will be present.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.

The Cowley County jail contains several horse thieves, raked in from different sections by the Sleuth-like tactics of Sheriff McIntire.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.

For rent, a room over Wallis & Wallis= grocery. Inquire of W. J. McClellan, at the post office.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.


Miss Jennie Hane is visiting relatives in Illinois.

Mrs. W. W. Andrews is off for a visit to her mother in Syracuse, New York.

Miss Fannie Headrick was visiting in Argonia, Sumner County, last week.

Will Kirkwood is now an assistant at the lumber yards of Jas. H. Bullene & Co.

Mrs. Maxwell came in from Leavenworth Monday and John is now as happy as a clam.

Miss Mary Treadwell left Tuesday afternoon for her home in Sheboygan County, Wisconsin.

DIED. Richard Snyder, aged twenty-four years, died in Pleasant Valley Township on the 25th ult.

Judge Tipton has again entered the law business in Winfield, with rooms over the post office.

A. H. Jennings has commenced the erection of a neat law office next to the drug house of L. M. Williams.

Mrs. A. T. Spotswood is enjoying a visit from her nieces, Misses Mattie McCoy and Sallie Bass, of Kansas City.

Mrs. Frank Woodruff, of Chanute, has been in the city during the past week visiting with her many friends.

Mr. Michael Maher has returned from St. Mary=s College, St. Marys, Kansas, where he has taken a three years course.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.

Brown & Son are always up with the procession. The latest improvement is the artistic painting of their store-room front.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.


Will Holmes, cousin of A. H. Doane and late of Topeka, has taken a position in the grocery establishment of John C. Long.

Fred Blackman has returned from a two months sojourn in New York and is again dispensing electricity at the Santa Fe depot.

Elder M. T. Hough, of Flora, Illinois, will fill the pulpit of the new Christian Church on Sunday, July 13th, morning and evening.

Sam Kirkwood came in from Kingman last week and stayed till Monday. He is employed there in the lumber yards of Jas. H. Bullene & Co.

Misses Kate Patterson and Anna Waugh, two charming young ladies of Kansas City, are visiting with their aunt, Mrs. John Tomlin.

Dr. Bishop, of Salina, delivered a lecture to the Normalites and the public at the Methodist Church last Tuesday evening, on the AEducational Outlook.@

Miss Minnie Limerick, sister of our worthy County Superintendent, arrived from Boonboro, Iowa, last week and will spend the summer in Winfield.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.

Misses Mary and Anna Martin, of Jacksonville, Illinois, are enjoying the balmy atmosphere of Southern Kansas in a visit to their aunt, Mrs. M. L. Robinson.

Mr. J. O. Willson, brother of Frank G. Willson, whose sad drowning occurred last week, arrived Tuesday to close up the financial affairs of his deceased brother.

Messrs. Doud and Clogston, of Eureka, were in the city last Friday. Mr. Clogston is a candidate for Lieutenant Governor and is a very popular and intelligent gentleman.

R. J. Brown has again returned to Winfield after nearly a year=s meandering in search of health and fortune. He will visit a few days and probably again locate with us.

Mr. J. Hollister of Ninnescah enlarged our vegetable collection this week with two mammoth squashes as large around as a plate. Cowley grows anything better than anywhere.

H. P. Standley, who does the giant act on the editorial tripod of the Traveler, was up from the Terminus Monday and reported his paper and the city in general in a flourishing condition.

The Gilstrap farm of one hundred and sixty acres on lower Grouse Creek was sold this week through Kellogg & Matlack for nine thousand dollars. It is one of the best farms in the county.

We received a pleasant call Tuesday from Evan James, of Windsor Township. He takes a great deal of interest in the coming campaign, as all the old-time Indiana Republicans always do.

S. D. Pryor and family left yesterday afternoon for a six weeks visit in Watertown and other cities of New York. Quite a number of our people are preparing to spend the heated term abroad.

Mr. W. L. Burton, of Fairview, has favored us with a sample bunch of wheat heads from his field. They are five inches long and have four grains to the Amesh.@ The yield will be very heavy.

Mr. and Mrs. Albert Bliss= little child swallowed a sewing-machine Ahemmer,@ last Monday. The parents were very much alarmed about it, but the child seems to be doing as well as could be expected.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.


Will C. Barnes is erecting a neat house on East Ninth Avenue. We have thought for some time past that Will would soon need such an article and are now looking for the early unraveling of the proof.

Dr. F. H. Bull leaves Sunday for a month=s visit at the old home in Iowa. The Doctor has been sticking down to business for four years and has at last determined to pull himself away for a little recreation.

Rev. Dr. Hendy, President of the Emporia Presbyterian College, and one of the ablest ministers of the State, will fill the Presbyterian pulpit of this city next Sunday. Dr. Crinkshank, of the same plce, may also be here.

J. P. Baden shipped two car loads of butter to New Orleans, Louisiana, last week. The Southern Kansas railroad has built a lot of refrigerator cars for him in which Cowley=s butter and egg crop will be transported all over the south.

J. P. Baden is arranging to remove his entire business under one roof in the McDougle block about July 14th. He will occupy lots of room and when he gets the different parts together, will have the biggest institution in Southern Kansas.

Sid Majors has sold his interest in the Central Hotel to his partner, Mr. Dickie, and has again retired from active business. Sid can=t be Aretired@ very long at a time, however, and we expect to chronicle some other venture of his before long.

Charles Greiser, of Beaver, had his team run away with a binder last week. They struck a bumble bees= nest, which proved too warm for them. The binder is almost a wreck and some of the horses are injured. Charley himself barely escaped severe injuries.

M. J. O=Meara leaves Saturday for an eastern tour, combining business and pleasure. He will witness the Chicago comedy of July 8th. George Headrick, assisted by the veteran shoe man, R. E. Brooking, will manipulate the establishment of O=Meara & Randolph during AMike=s@ absence.

A. B. Arment is spreading himself like a hen with twelve chickens. He has almost finished a 25 x 40 two story stone addition to his furniture store and will soon have one of the largest and most complete establishments in Southern Kansas. Winfield is doing herself proud on every hand in valuable improvements.

Mrs. Sarah Morgan of Walnut added to the collection on our table the product of two hills of potatoes grown this year, that are very fine. There are 33 potatoes in the lot, the smallest larger than a teacup. They nearly filled a half bushel measure. We have never seen finer potatoes anywhere and venture the assertion that the yield can=t be beat.

DIED. N. Edwards and George Bourdette were drowned last Sunday in the Arkansas, about twelve miles below Arkansas City, while swimming a herd of cattle across the river. The stream was high and swift and swept the horses under, compelling the riders to take the water with their clothes on. The bodies have not yet been found. George Bourdette was a brother of Ed. and Joe Bourdette, well-known to Winfield people.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.

Judge E. S. Torrance and Frank Raymond left the law-dispensing machine at Sedan Sunday, drove twenty-three miles to the railroad before daylight, and came home to spend six hours and take dinner. They made the same route in the evening, arriving at Sedan in the middle of the night. Men who will ride one hundred and fifty miles to get a square meal and a peep at Athe folks at home@ deserve chromos of the highest merit.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.

MARRIED. Mr. M. L. Garrigus and Miss Sarah Hudson were married Sunday afternoon at the home of the bride=s sister, Mrs. T. M. McGuire, by Dr. W. R. Kirkwood. The groom is one of the gentlemanly salesmen of the hardware establishment of Horning & Whitney, while the bride is well known to all our people and a favorite among the young folks. They have before them a future of much promise. Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Bruce, the latter a sister of the bride, came over from Cherryvale to attend the wedding.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.


Another Step in the Progress of Winfield Which Makes her a Modern City in Every Way.


From month to month and from year to year during the last twelve years, the COURIER has chronicled as faithfully as it could the growth and advancement of Winfield. Beginning with the erection of the first brick building in a column and a half article under a screaming eagle and a booming cannon, it has come down through the successive steps of the first railroad, the second railroad, then the water works, coupled with so many enterprises on every hand that it has grown to accept these steps in the city=s advancement as a matter of course, and things that, in its early history, would have resurrected every old wood cut in the office, now pass with a five line notice. As it is with the COURIER, so it is with our people. For the past three months the Winfield Gas Company has been piling up brick, mortar, and stone, laying mains and erecting machinery without creating any particular sensation, and at eleven o=clock Saturday evening, President Fuller and Superintendent Whiting threw into the furnaces the first shovels-full of coal that set the works going for all time to come.

The ordinances granting the rights and franchises to Col. Wm. Whiting were passed by the city council last September. Soon after the Winfield Gas Company was organized and chartered. In the organization Mr. J. C. Fuller was chosen President; J. B. Lynn, Treasurer; and Ed. P. Greer, Secretary. To this company was assigned the franchises given by the city to Mr. Whiting. In the month of March the task of erecting the works was begun. The completed works will cost about forty thousand dollars. They are first-class throughout and have a capacity sufficient to supply the city until it contains twenty thousand inhabitants.

From the time the first charge was put into the retorts Saturday evening until the present writing, not a leak has been found, nor mistake in arrangement or the placing of complicated machinery detected. This is a record heretofore unknown and due to the mechanical skill and high honor and ability of Mr. John Maxwell, under whose direction every section of pipe and every piece of machinery was placed. Of Mr. Maxwell=s ability as a workman and integrity as a contractor, we cannot speak too highly. Suffice it to say that both the Winfield Gas Company and the Winfield Water Company (whose works he also put in) will back him Ato the uttermost ends of the earth.@ He is one of the few men we have met thus far who fulfill the spirit as well as the letter of his contracts.

About forty connections to stores, offices, and residences have been made, in addition to the sixty street lamps, and most every business house and a large number of private residences will be connected as soon as the plumbers can get to them. The consumption guaranteed the Gas Company insures the financial success from the start.

The gas will probably be turned on next Friday.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.

Visitors from Abroad.

Our city was visited last Thursday by a party embracing the entire city government of Independence, with some of her prominent citizens, composed of the following gentlemen:

B. F. Masterman, Jno. McCullagh, J. H. Concannon, J. W. Price, H. F. Grant, B. I. Armstrong, E. S. Foster, A. A. Stewart, D. S. Lockwood, E. P. Allen, G. A. Stevenson, J. F. Autt, and John Truby. The party were here for the purpose of getting facts and figures relative to the success and maintenance of our Water Works system. Independence, though older than Winfield, is as yet without the telephone, water works, gas works, street railway, etc., but is beginning to crowd for a position in the front ranks. The visitors were taken in hand by our waterworks officials and other citizens and shown everything pertaining to our waterworks and other enterprises of the city. Several hundred feet of hose were attached to a hydrant and an exhibition of the reservoir pressure given. The visitors were enthusiastic in their praises of Winfield=s waterworks system and Independence will likely adopt the same system and have water works in the near future. Most of these gentlemen were with us for the first time and expressed superior appreciation of the beauty of our city and the energy and public spirit of our citizens in securing so many of the modern improvements.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.


Richland Republican Primary convention met pursuant to call of township central committee.

Meeting called to order by J. R. Cottingham, chairman of committee. After stating the object of the meeting to be to elect four delegates to the convention at Winfield on July 12, 1884. Capt. A. Stuber was then elected chairman and N. J. Larkin Secretary of the convention. Then the following delegates were elected: S. W. Phoenix, T. R. Carson, J. R. Cottingham, and T. D. Giveler. It was then voted that the delegates select their own alternates, and the following were selected: D. C. Stevens, H. H. Hooker, J. P. Groom, and Capt. A. Stuber. No further business to be done, the convention adjourned.

A. STUBER, Chairman. N. J. LARKIN, Secretary.




Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.


Weather warm, and still growing warmer, with frequent showers. Mr. Lowe will soon have completed his harvesting and be ready for the new steam thresher.

Miss Ida Crane has gone to Missouri on a visit with her mother, sister, and brothers.

Lafe Brown is still carpentering at Dexter, while Mrs. Brown with the aid of a hired hand and girl manages affairs at home.

Messrs. Baker and Miles began their harvesting with high hopes and a bran new Buckeye self binder, but their hopes soon began to languish, for the said self binder refused to perform the appointed work. So it was succeeded by a Plano, which promises to give satisfaction if properly dealt with.

The Reading Club at Prairie Home is not very well attended at present owing to the short evenings and the failure of the district board to purchase books as yet. Parents and friends aid your young people in this worthy undertaking. How much more commendable and elevating some useful recreation like this, than the frivolous amusements so much practiced, and often just for want of something better. Then neglect not to assist and encourage in every good work and that too by your presence whenever possible.

We understand the Methodist people of New Salem are intending to build a church as soon as practicable. Rev. Wesley was in this neighborhood not long since soliciting subscriptions from the people. It is a cause worthy of patronage in a Christian community and we sincerely hope they may be successful, for it seems strange there should not be one church edifice in a country like this where are built so many substantial school and dwelling houses. One can hardly help thinking that the cause of Christianity is impelled to stand aside for other things of far less importance. Such ought not to be the case.

Mr. Marling=s folks were rather unceremoniously aroused from their slumbers last Friday night by a large and happy throng of friends and neighbors, who had by previous arrangement met at Mr. Gardner=s, and marched en masse to their premises and succeeded in getting possession ere they were aware. Mrs. Marling and the children had retired for a good night=s rest (which was soon to be broken) while Mr. Marling sat reading his paper, unconscious of all else; when suddenly the tramp of approaching footsteps and voices singing, sainted his ear and simultaneously the door was opened and the mystery solved. There they stood, and wasn=t he surprised for once? Young and old people, with their baskets and pails of provisions, entered the large and commodious new kitchen, pulled out the table, which was soon made to sigh with its great weight of edibles, such as pies, cakes, pickles, sauce, etc. After an hour or two spent in singing and conversation, the company repaired to the table where the attention of all was called for a season to the task set before them, and it is a notable fact that this part of the work was in nowise slighted but each performed their part willingly. This company proved to be only a crowd of explorers that had heard some time ago of the new house being built, and were determined to test its capacity. The result of their investigation was that Mr. Marling has a fine new residence, a story and a half high, three rooms above, and three below, all good sized rooms, and arranged for comfort. No more love in a cottage for them, but that love may ever crown them, and their days be happy, prosperous and many is the wish, we dare say, of all their friends.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.


The New Christian Church Building Dedicated to the Worship of God

Free of all Incumbrance.

Winfield has already gained the proud distinction of being widely known as Athe city of church spires,@ and it was with no little pride that our citizens turned out en masse last Sunday to witness the official addition of another beautiful, commodious, and comfortable church building to the enviable list. The interior of the church, with its bright, new furnishings and tasty floral decorations, was very pleasant and attractive. Elder J. H. Garrison, editor of the St. Louis Christian Evangelist, conducted the ceremonies, assisted by Elders, Piatt, Yard, Trobridge, Longfellow, Irwin, and Frazee, from abroad, and the ministers of Winfield. In the morning, after the usual opening ceremonies and a very entertaining sermon from Elder Garrison, the report of the building committee was submitted, showing an indebtedness on the building of about two thousand dollars. Our people exhibited characteristic enterprise by liquidating this debt in a hearty, zealous, and ambitious manner. The liberality of the citizens of Winfield in matters of public interest is never excelled. The ladies came forward on this occasion with a record which should down in history, a record which exhibits many sacrifices, much labor, and an energy in the cause of religion which should receive the highest commendation. From their indefatigable labors, the Ladies= Aid Society of the Christian Church have splendidly furnished the new building throughout and donated, Sunday, nearly four hundred dollars in clearing the building debt, making over a thousand dollars which they have contributed to the erection and equipment of this beautiful place of worship. This building is another monument to the intelligence, good character, and public spirit of our citizens. The members of the Christian Church, headed by such men as Rev. H. D. Gans and Mr. T. R. Bryan, have been unfaltering in their efforts to obtain this creditable structure, and the consummation of their labors shows a result worthy the personal pride of every member of that denomination and is an honor to the city of Winfield. The final dedication services took place Sunday evening, when a sound, practical, and eloquent sermon was delivered by Elder Garrison. The Elder is a very able man and through his personal influence and the columns of his paper has done much for the Great Southwest.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.

Attention Soldiers. All who contemplate attending the National encampment of the Grand Army of the Republic at Minneapolis, Minnesota, which begins on July 21, 1884, are requested to send their names to either of the undersigned, on or before July 10th, 1884, in order that arrangements may be made for transportation. C. E. Stuven, Post Commander;



Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.

Remove Your Hogs. Notice is hereby given to all persons keeping hogs within or adjacent to the corporate limits of the city to remove the same at once, or suffer the penalty of the ordinance governing such cases. B. F. Herrod, Marshal.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.

Wheelbarrow Festival.

The W. C. T. U. will give a wheel barrow festival at the residence of Col. McMullen, on the evening of Tuesday, July 8th.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.

MARRIED. Married at the Baptist parsonage in Winfield, July 2, 1884, by Rev. J. Cairns, Mr. Elnathan W. Allen and Miss Mary F. McClung, of Vernon Township, Cowley County.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.

MARRIED. Married at the residence of T. F. McGuire, June 29, 1884, by Rev. W. R. Kirkwood, D. D., Mr. Milton L. Garrigus and Miss Nannie Hudson, both of Winfield.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.

A good family pony for sale. Inquire of Fred Barron.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.

[Neighboring Exchanges.]


Two druggists of Geuda Springs were arrested a few days ago, on the charge of violating the prohibition statute. They plead guilty to the charge and were fined $100 and costs, $50 apiece.

Another addition to the newspaper fraternity of Cowley County has been made. The Geuda Springs Herald has moved across the street, and thus becomes a resident of our county.

A. T. Cooper, of West Bolton, one day last week had his barn struck by lightning, and torn to pieces. Fortunately, a short time before, he had turned his horses into the pasture lot. This is an argument for the lightning rod men.

W. A. Lee recently sold for $2,950 the lot he purchased for $1,800, three or four months since from T. H. McLaughlin. Mr. McLaughlin a few months ago, gave $950 for this lot. This gives the stranger some idea of the appreciation in value of property in Arkansas City.

W. S. Hilliard, of Geuda Springs, called upon us yesterday, and informed us that the first issue of the Geuda Springs News will appear next Wednesday. Mr. Hilliard will be editor and proprietor. This will give Geuda two papers and will help to enliven the town.

The peach crop of Southern Kansas promises to be the largest ever gathered from the trees. Every twig, branch, and limb are fairly groaning under their weight of fruit. It will not be long until the owners will be compelled to place supports under the trees. The importance of the yield will be understood when it is known that the peach crop further north is a failure. The late frosts injured or destroyed the crops in most points north of thirty-eight degrees. This insures for our farmers good figures for their crop of peaches.



Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.


The eagle is being fattened while the Goddess of Liberty is having her holiday dress made to order.

One would be surprised to see how much business some of our young people have at Winfield. We fear some of them will be troubling Judge Gans before long.

This city has eleven organs, one piano, five violins, three guitars, thirteen harps, eighteen brass horns, one silver cornet, three drums, and several other musical instruments all in use very nearly all the time.

DIED. At the residence of A. W. Fry in this city, Monday morning, June 23, of consumption, L. B. Walters, aged 37 years. The deceased was a native of Ohio, who came here two or three weeks ago from Warrensburg, Missouri. Although among strangers he was cared for as well as though at home. The remains was enclosed in a casket and sent east by the G. A. R. Post of this city, who attended them to the train.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.


Capt. H. H. Siverd, the irrepressible and rustling constable of Winfield, was in the city Thursday afternoon. He made this office an agreeable call.

It has been hinted that Udall was hurting Winfield, and that even Chicago was having a set-back. We are sorry to hurt neighboring cities, but bantams must give way to Plymouth Rocks.

We had the pleasure last Saturday of meeting Dr. W. P. Rothrock of Winfield. He was in this vicinity as a guest of Mr. R. Freeman. The Doctor is a pleasant gentleman.

Dr. Banta is quite a naturalist, and has a large collection at his drug store of petrifications, Indian relics, gold and silver bearing quartz, and many other things of a curious and interesting nature.

The damage done to the residence of Robt. Ratliff last week by lightning was almost a total loss. He though he was insured against lightning; but upon examining his policy, it was found that the clause in regard to lightning had been omitted, and that we was insured against fire only.

Last Sunday, while O. L. Jewett was calling upon his girl, a fine horse belonging to him fell into the well and broke his neck. The horse was valued at $200, and will be quite a loss to O. L. This is a lesson to young men to stay at home and Acare for the stuff,@ and let some other fellow visit their girls.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.


A movement is on foot to organize a lodge of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows at this place.

Engineer corps No. 2 of the D. M. & A. has been set at work locating the line from the Arkansas River to Clearwater, in readiness for the graders.

The A. O. U. W. lodge will dedicate their new hall by giving a musical and social entertainment as the hall is ready for occupancy.

Dexter society has received quite an addition in the person of Miss Frankie Cole, daughter of our lumber merchant. She is a bright, handsome, and highly accomplished young lady.

The project of building a new and commodious schoolhouse should not be allowed to fall through Dexter needs a new schoolhouse, the district is rich enough to afford it, and it should be built.

The contract for grading between Chetopa and Coffeyville and from the Arkansas River to Clearwater, was let on Wednesday of this week. The contract for grading twenty miles from Baxter to Chetopa was let some time ago and we understand the grading force is now at work there.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.


It is said all the dudes in town are learning to skate on rollers now, preparatory to making a mash. We dread the consequences if one of them would happen to fall and mash himself.

We understand there have been two or three cases of sunstroke in the past week. We hardly think it sunstroke, but the parties, having overexerted themselves, suffered severely from the severe heat.

I. D. Harkleroad [?Harkelroad?] says he fired his first vote off as a Democrat, and has been firing in the same direction ever since, but has not hit anything up to date. But it doesn=t seem to interfere in the least with his good nature.

Government troops are to be stationed at Coffeyville, Arkansas City, Hunnewell, and Caldwell, with instructions to keep all the intruders out of the Indian Territory and to eject those already in. Capt. Payne=s colony south of Hunnewell will please take notice.

Mr. D. D. Keeler, of Kaw Agency, was in the city last Wednesday. He reports the Kaw school progressing finely. The Kaws have strict compulsory laws, which exclude an entire family from annuity benefits if any children of such family, between the ages of 7 and 16, are withheld from school. This law works most satisfactorily, with a few exceptions, keeping all children of the prescribed age in school.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.


Nearly every town in southern Kansas has a base ball club.

Zed Craft this week sold his farm adjoining town on the west, to J. Sanborn.

Two car loads of young cattle were unloaded at this place Tuesday. They were shipped from Missouri, but we did not learn who they belonged to.

It would not surprise us if Cambridge should be incorporated soon as a city of the third class. Our citizens are talking of incorporating. Good step, gentlemen, go ahead.

Henry Dyer is the happiest man in town. He steps higher and laughs louder. He is now the owner of a youngCyoungCdeer. It was captured three or four miles south of town.



Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.


By virtue of correspondence between the officers of the M. E. Sunday School of this city and some of the authorities of Winfield, it was arranged for an excursion under the auspices of M. E. Sunday School to Winfield for the purpose of spending the day in the Riverside Park, one of the most beautiful parks in the State. Accordingly, through the courtesy of the Southern Kansas railroad, a merely nominal rate was secured for transportation and Division Superintendent Messinger placed at the disposal of the excursionists nine cars, which on last Thursday morning were crowded with between four hundred and five hundred citizens of Wellington. Supt. Messinger kindly conducted the train in person and paid every attention to the comfort of the passengers en route. The Excursionists were met at Winfield by a committee consisting of Rev. B. Kelly, Mr. M. L. Robinson, and D. L. Kretsinger, headed by the Winfield Juvenile Band, composed of twelve members, led by Ed. Farringer, the youngest member being Master Carl Farringer, six years of age. They were escorted to the opera house by the committee and a long concourse of the citizens of Winfield, where the Courier Band, led by Mr. George Crippen were awaiting them. Riverside Park, the Opera House, the Fair Grounds were placed at the disposal of the guests, and, in short, the freedom of the city ws generously tended them. On account of the heavy rain the preceeding night, the park was not in a condition to be occupied, and Mr. T. B. Myers, manager of the Opera House, was untiring in his efforts to render their occupancy of that commodious building pleasant. Mr. Ed. P. Greer, local editor of the COURIER, was active and unremitting in his attentions; and indeed the businessmen and citizens generally took especial pains to render every assistance to make their stay pleasant. Boats had been brought to the landing of the Walnut River, that the visitors might enjoy a boat ride. Ice water and refreshments in abundance were gratuitously furnished by the citizens of Winfield. To be short, we will say that everything was done that kindness, hospitality, and exquisite good taste could suggest to make the day one long to be remembered by the people of Wellington, and we can assure our good neighbors of Winfield that Wellington only waits an opportunity to reciprocate their generosity.

Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.

The banks of this city will all be closed on the 4th.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.

UNITED BRETHREN CHURCH. Services every Sabbath at 11 a.m., and 8 p.m. Sabbath School at 9 a.m.; Prayer meeting every Wednesday evening. J. H. SNYDER, Pastor.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.

FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH. Preaching at 11 a.m., and 8 p.m.; Prayer meeting Wednesday evening at 8 p.m.; Young Peoples= meeting Thursday at 8 p.m., Sunday School 9:30 a.m., Deacon B. F. Wood, Supt. J. CAIRNS, Pastor.



Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.


Strayed or stolen Four head heifers. One mooley heifer with H brand on left hip. The other three if branded have the same brand. A liberal reward will be paid for the return of cattle to my place three miles east of Winfield. F. H. CONKRIGHT.

C. H. Doomes, of Chicago, has opened a studio over McDonald=s store, 3rd room. He does portrait work in oil, crayon, and pastel, making portraits direct from life or from photographs. The public are cordially invited to call and examine his work at any time.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.

AD. BRICK. The Winfield Stone, Brick and Tile Company is now making twenty thousand brick per day. These brick are all hand moulded and are pronounced by masons the best ever made in this county. They can be seen on Main Street in Jenning=s office building. Prices low.

STONE. We have re-opened the quarries on the land northeast of Winfield and will furnish at the quarries the best Rubble stone from $2.00 to $2.50 per cord of one hundred and twenty-eight cubic feet, and will deliver anywhere in the corporate limits of Winfield for $4.50 per cord.

These quarries are closer and more conveniently situated than any of the Winfield quarries.

We will furnish cut stone of any kind, either blue or white, at low prices.

We invite a visit to our saw-mill and brickyard in the southwest part of Winfield.

J. E. CONKLIN, President.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.

RECAP. W. P. Hackney, attorney for plaintiff, Wm. B. Grimes= Dry Goods Co., vs. William D. McClintock, Defendant. Petition to be answered by August 13, 1884, re suit for $596.00 and costs, together with 7 percent interest from May 10, 1884. Plaintiff has attached a certain stock of groceries, dry goods, and general merchandise. . . .