Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.


Nearly 30,000 square miles of United States territory are now owned by foreign syndicates and capitalists.

The present population of Kansas is 2,135,614Can increase of 106,885 within the past year.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.




Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.


Mr. W. C. Douglass has sold his farm.

Mrs. Murry has been quite ill, but is better.

BIRTH. A bouncing boy at Mr. WestsCOld Salem.

Mr. Earnest Johnson has been east for a load of apples.

Miss Dolly Gilmore is giving lessons in music, has quite a class.

Mr. Eli Read has a good organ for sale. A good bargain for someone.

Mr. and Mrs. Hodges of Winfield were guests of Joe Hoyland on Monday.

Mr. Cox, Senior, and Mr. Smith have recently arrived in Salem from Illinois.

Severe colds, or regular Apink eyes and noses,@ among the Salemites at present.

Mr. Wilson=s little girl has had an attack of diphtheria; she is about well again.

Mr. Miles and wife can pass the apples around, as they have been off to Labette for some nice ones.

Mr. Harry Bryant had a party, and he and his young friends had an excellent time, I am informed.

Mr. and Mrs. Watsonberger, the guest of our Watts, have returned to Illinois, highly pleased with Kansas.

Mrs. Chapell entertained her nephew and his wife a short time ago. Mr. C. C. Chapell arrived home from Mexico this week.

The Misses Etta Johnson and Dolly Gilmore are learning the dress making art from our excellent modiste, Mrs. Bovee.

One three years old in this vicinity can do some hurrahing for Blaine and Logan, and closes his political play by a big hurrah for Ed. Greer.

Mr. C. Miller is having his house plastered. Mr. Foster of Cambridge is the operator. He and wife were guests of the Hoyland and Vance families last Saturday and Sunday.

Rev. C. P. Graham has returned from his visit to Illinois, and thinks Kansas is the place for him. Had a fine time, but the climate of Kansas suits him better, and seems more like his ideal home.

Messrs. Calvert and Joseph Irwin are each erecting a pretty cottage. Salem is growing fast, not in wickedness alone, but Sunday schools and churches seem to be in a flourishing condition, and most of its citizens are good law abiding people. When we visit the widow and orphan, let us take them something good to eat or wear, and not go on Sunday, but give them one day of rest.

Doctor Irwin=s store was broken into, his safe blown open, money and jewelry taken, and the damage to building and Medicines destroyed by explosion, all combined to make the loss foot up to very nearly four hundred dollars. Is our nice little town, ASalem,@ meaning Apeace,@ to rival Wichita in robbery, etc.? If there is plenty of work and everyone kept at it perhaps they will not have time for making plans and carrying them out. Satan finds plenty of work for idle hands and heads too.@


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.


S. E. Byers is now living in Winfield.

Robert Victor has returned from an exploring trip in the west.

Monroe Teter, Will Carr, and Floyd Gyer have all received numerous leap year calls from the ladies of this vicinity: The boys are on the market.

[Paper had Tetter...believe Teter is correct.]

C. S. Byers was all smiles last week. He received a letter from Illinois, not in regard to politics, any further than this, she and he shall both vote the same ticket, Woman=s Rights.

Beaver Center polled a full vote on last Tuesday and done its share in determining that the Government shall not fall into the hands of the Democratic party, that once trampled our flag under foot and today is as rebellious as ever. We hope that the election of last Tuesday has sealed the doom of the Democratic party forever.

One of our young men on last Sunday evening was greatly surprised at the appearance of mother while seated in a finely decorated parlor beside his Enamorada, forgetting all the cares of this life. On the approach of his mother, there was a hurried interview between the mother=s shoe and the son=s coat tail. The son beat the record of AMaude S.,@ on the home run, singing, ALife is not always sunshine, neither is it always rain.@


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.


Mr. Holcomb, our Trustee, has moved on to Edward Campbell=s farm.

BIRTH. A new arrival at Mr. John M. Byers. It is a girl. Dr. Holland reports all doing well.

I was asked the other day if C. S. Byers, of Beaver Center, was married yet. Will Mr. Byers please answer? [Not sure of first initial...could be O. S. Byers...???]

Mr. Eastman is building on his farm that he purchased of Edward Campbell. A. C. Cronk is doing the carpenter work.

M. S. [?] Teter, of Beaver, took in the speech last Saturday evening at the Odessa schoolhouse. Mr. Teter is ever found with his shoulder to the wheel.

Mr. M. Sindle, of Indiana, has been visiting his sister, Mrs. J. Muret. Mr. Sindle has gone west on a prospecting tour. If he likes the country, he expects to improve a claim.

Mr. H. D. Gans delivered a speech at the Odessa schoolhouse last Saturday evening. Mr. Gans is a good speaker. He explained political matters so plain that none, though Democrats, need to err therein.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

The Winfield Markets. Butter 25 cents; eggs 15 cents; potatoes 60 cents; chickens 5 cents per lb. live weight; wheat 50 cents; hogs $3.50; corn 25 to 30 cents.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

Extraordinary Sale at S. Kleeman=s.

I am in Winfield and the public of Cowley County shall know that as to my expense I am single handed and as to my resources I have the best of backing and can sell goods at cost, as long as any other merchant, can find fun in doing soCand by buying in connection with other houses, I can buy lower, and my cost means less; so be sure and see me before you make your purchasesCI will convince you that your dollar will buy more at my place than elsewhere. S. KLEEMAN.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

District Court the Past Week.

Court adjourned Monday to the January term.

Judge Torrance left Thursday for Howard to hold a term of court.

The Grand Jury adjourned Saturday after two week=s faithful labor. Their findings were principally among violators of the liquor law and will appear to be the public at their maturity.

Sheriff McIntire left yesterday afternoon for the penitentiary with Campbell, for ten years, and Askin=s for five years. The latter had just served out a three years term in the pen when he stole the $75 horse which gave him this round. He rather likes the state bastille.

Joseph Likowski vs. John M. AlexanderCPostponed to April, 1885, term.

Elizabeth McQuain vs. Nancy A. Baldwin, et alCSheriff ordered to sell land as provided by law and report proceedings at the next term of court.

Read & Robinson vs. W. A. Wright. Commissioners report confirmed and cash dividend between plaintiffs and defendant, including Jas. McDermott=s Attorney fee, $25.00; McDonald & Webb=s Attorney fee, $25.00; $5.00 each for Commissioners and summons, $7.00.

David McKee vs. Hull Bixby. Plaintiff given leave to make new parties affidavit, W. W. Andrews and wife, by filing amended petition.

A. P. Carmon et al vs. R. B. Temple. Settled and dismissed without prejudice at cost of plaintiff.

Victor B. Buck & Co. vs. Wm. D. McClintock et al. Dismissed without prejudice at cost of plaintiff.

Letha C. Green vs. Adolphus H. Green. Dismissed without prejudice at cost of defendant.

Fannie Wilson vs. James Wilson. Trial by court and divorce decreed on grounds of extreme cruelty, plaintiff to pay costs.

Winfield Bank vs. Hugh Riley et al. Judgment by default against defendant for $250.70 and interest at 10 percent.

City of Winfield vs. Steven Van Buren et al. Appeal dismissed by defendant. All costs and fine have been paid.

Laura Jones vs. J. L. Jones. Divorce decreed on grounds of abandonment and plaintiff adjudged to pay costs.

Hardwick & Peabody vs. Vance & Roseborough. Dismissed with prejudice.

State vs. A. L. Thomas. Violation liquor law. Continued by order of court and bail fixed in sum of $200. Recognizance already given forfeited.

State vs. Edgar C. Mason. Violation liquor law. Recognizance forfeited and case continued; bail fixed at $300 in default of which the defendant was committed.

State vs. Wilson M. Campbell, the Bolton Township rape case. Trial by jury, verdict of guilty and sentenced to penitentiary for ten years.

State vs. E. Kimmel and Frank Hillman. Cases continued with bonds of $300 each for appearance at the January term. Bonds given.

State vs. James Stansbery [?Stansberry?]Cpetit larceny. Plead guilty and sentenced to one hour in county jail and to pay costs.

State vs. Edward F. Shindle, violation liquor law. Found guilty by jury on 3rd jaunt, sentenced to fifty days in county jail, permit forfeited, and costs to pay; he was placed under bond of $500 for good behavior for one year, to stand committed until same is given.

State vs. W. J. Burge, violation liquor law. Jury disagreed and case was continued; bail fixed at $500.

State vs. J. C. Beeson, grand larceny. Trial by jury and acquittal.

State vs. John Askens, horse stealing. Found guilty by jury and sentenced to penitentiary for five years.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

The COURIER has been favored with a little book issued by the Santa Fe folks, giving some facts about the corn crop in Kansas, illustrating it with colored pictures, with poetical explanations, expressing the size and thriftiness of the corn here. The yield last year is placed at 172,800,900 bushels, which is 61,977,838 bushels more than Missouri raised; 85,607,688 more than Iowa, 70,000,000 more than Nebraska, 100,000,000 more than Texas, 157,676,100 more than Minnesota, and so on through the Union. And quoting from the poetry, this is expressive:

AWhat do they holdCthese walls of corn,

Whose banners toss in the breeze of morn?

He who questions may soon be told:

A great state=s wealth these walls enfold.@



Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

The Cowley County Water Power and Manufacturing Company has been chartered. Its purpose is the construction of a canal from the Arkansas River in Beaver Township to the same river at Arkansas City. It cuts a bend of fifteen miles and will have a fall of fifty feet. Its officers are: M. L. Read, president; J. C. Long, vice-president; N. A. Haight, treasurer; I. H. Bonsall, secretary. The organization thus far was completed Tuesday. Stock to the amount of one hundred thousand dollars will be issued. The leading men of Winfield and Arkansas City are taking hold of the project and it will undoubtedly be a success.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

The Robinson Hose Company will give a ball in the Opera House on the evening of the 14th inst. that is expected to be a grand affair. Elegant invitations and programs will be sent out this week to only those whose presence will be genial to the majority. No pains will be spared by the management in making it a success in every particular.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

[For some time ads by Winfield merchants have been lengthy and heated, with special inducements...skipped most of these.]

The present war in dry goods has produced some unique advertisements not the least novel among which is that of S. Kleeman, the North Main Dry Goods man. He has mounted a cannon with a black flag and a play card declaring war to the teeth. Its open mouth and business-like attitude, as it stands in front of his store, produces much comment.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

The millers of Winfield, Wellington, and Arkansas City have subscribed necessary funds to experiment on a project to establish a line of barges on the Arkansas River for the transportation of flour, grain, etc., to the head of steamboat navigation.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

The millennium is dawning. Caldwell, that cow-boy paradise, has passed a Sunday law, closing on that day all places of business, excepting hotels, restaurants, livery stables, and drug stores, under penalty of from ten to one hundred dollars.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

Frank L. Crampton and sister have opened a first class Restaurant at the Winfield Baker. They have over ten years= experience in Hotel and Restaurant; they know how to please their customers. Give them a visit. [Paper had Winfield Baker??? Should it be Bakery?]


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

A project is on foot to cut another canal from the Arkansas River near Geuda Springs, and north of Arkansas City, to empty into the Walnut River. Competition seems to be the object.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

The ladies of the W. C. T. U. extend a cordial invitation to all to be present at their next social, to be held Tuesday evening, November 11th, at the residence of Mrs. Strong.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.


Senator Hackney left for Topeka yesterday on legal Abiz.@

J. E. Allen again planted his familiar form on Cowley soil last week.

Charlie Slack, after over two months= tussle with typhoid, was on the streets yesterday.

Mr. and Mrs. Sam=l Smedley got in this week from several weeks travel in the Western counties.

Frank J. Sydal and family returned Monday from a week=s visit at the old home, Chetopa, Kansas.

Ed. Frazier, who was recovering from an eight weeks= siege of typhoid fever, took a serious relapse Monday.

J. S. Mann has given us another touch of metropolitan airs in a perforated sign of his business suspended across Main Street.

Mr. H. B. Hedges, who came in last week from Ohio with his family, has purchased the Watson property on East Ninth Avenue.

John Stalter left Tuesday evening for Upper Sandusky, Ohio, being suddenly called there by news that his father was laying at the point of death.

Dr. F. H. Bull was given a very pleasant surprise Monday evening in the appropriate celebration by relatives and friends of his forty-fourth birthday.

MARRIED. Mr. Sumner I. Zerger, local editor of the Oklahoma War Chief, South Haven, and Miss Allie E. Smith, of Oxford, were united in marriage in this city on the 28th ult. by Elder Thomas. [boomer related?]

Miss Jency Holland, of Constant, has taken a position as saleslady with S. Kleeman. Miss Nina Anderson is also with this establishment, making Mr. Kleeman two very acceptable lady clerks.

Some individual with evil intent tried to gain entrance recently into the residence of Mr. H. C. Reynolds, but the latter gentleman appeared on the scene and caused a mighty hasty retreat.

BIRTH. Will Lorton, of Richland Township, was made happy and proud last Saturday in the arrival of a lively little girl at his home. Will bears the high-sounding title of Apapa@ very gracefully for one so young.

The South Kansas Medical Society meets at Wichita Tuesday next, November 11th. Drs. Geo. Emerson and C. C. Green of this city are president and secretary. All our prominent physicians will attend.

Warner Bros. have shown us a very neat design turned out on a lathe in five minutes from Cowley County stone. It shows the ease and success with which our stone can be worked up in any shape under the sun.

BIRTH. And now comes forward Mr. John D. Pryor, with the cigars in celebration of the advent at his home last Sunday morning of a buxom new boy. The echoes of the battles are in harmony with these vociferous times.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.


MARRIAGE LICENSES. The following parties have been authorized by Judge Gans to commit matrimony since our last.

Mathis Y. Hudspeth and Matilda Radmacher.

Frank Young and Minnie Tucker.

Theodore Shaffer and Nancy Smalley.

Martin Miner and Mary Thompson.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

Frank F. Leland introduced himself into the political arena for the first time in a most excellent speech at Akron last Friday night. It was vigorous, telling, and well received. The young Republican members of the Cowley County Bar distinguished themselves in the late campaign.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

There will be Universalist preaching by Rev. S. F. Gibb at the Christian Church next Sunday at three o=clock p.m., subject, AHow shall we apply our hearts unto wisdom?@ And at half-past seven in the evening, subject, AHow are the disciples of Jesus to be known?@ All are cordially invited.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

Prof. B. T. Davis and Jas. A. Cairns discoursed temperance to the people of Maple City, Last Sunday. Mrs. E. D. Garlick at the same time organized a large band of Juvenile Templars, while Miss Lucy Cairns discoursed music for the occasion. That section shows up some staunch temperance people.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

Things have come to such a pass that we must not be astonished at anything. The latest curiosity was brought into our office yesterday by Mr. J. W. Browning of Beaver. It was a twig in luxuriant leaf and bearing a pretty half-grown apple. The tree fruited heavily in the fall and was trying to beat previous records in another crop this year.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

Mrs. Joseph Hahn raised the largest beet in the United States this year. It measured 32 inches from top to tip, is 14 2 inches in circumference, and weighs 9 3/4 pounds. Mr. Hahn took it to Kellogg station and had it weighed and measured. They intend to send it to Mr. Hahn=s mother in Indiana. How it will surprise easterners to see such products from droughty Kansas.



Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

Mr. D. M. Adams, of Pleasant Valley, left on our table Saturday a basket of nameless productions, among which were string beans of huge proportions. The pods were fully a foot long and the only name we could given them was the Meal BeanCone pod for each meal. There were also a number of very fine apples, which Mr. Adams is anxious to have some horticulturalist name.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

DIED. P. H. Albright received by wire Monday the sad intelligence of the death of his brother, H. H. Albright, in Connecticut, where he had gone from this city but a few weeks before. He had been suffering for some time with an affection of the lungs and the change of climate was made to alleviate this disease, but it seems to have only hastened the inevitable. P. H., accompanied by the wife of the deceased, left immediately for Connecticut. During his absence Grant Stafford has charge of the business of P. H. Albright & Co.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

Messrs. J. J. Jones and Will Smith, of the Washington Civil Service, were in the city this week visiting with their old friend, Mr. N. A. Haight. They were in the government survey of the Indian Territory with Mr. Haight for five years. This was an extremely AWild West@ in those days, some eleven years ago, and the wonderful changes were astonishing to them. Having cast their last vote in 1873 before going to D. C., at what was then their residence, Arkansas City, they put in their votes while here for the straight ticket. The law makes the residence of civil service employees in non-suffrage Washington only temporary.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

DIED. It is with deep regret that we chronicle the death of Mrs. Mary DeLametter, which occurred at her home in this city Saturday morning, of typhoid fever, after several weeks= illness. She leaves a family of three children, who all doted on her and are bowed down with the severest grief of a life time, one of them a married son, John, the gentlemanly salesman of M. Hahn & Co., Miss Susie, popular among our young people, and a married daughter in Wisconsin. Mrs. DeLametter was a lady of much intelligence, energy in good works, and superior amiability. She was born in North Walcott, New York, and was in her forty-seventh year. The funeral took place on Sunday at 4 p.m. from the Methodist Church, Rev. Kelly officiating, and the remains were followed to Union Cemetery by a large number of sympathizing people.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

Attention, Farmers; when you come to Winfield, go to the new restaurant at Winfield Bakery (opposite New York Store) for your meals.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

The Juvenile Templars will meet in the Presbyterian Church on Friday afternoon at the usual hour. All children of the city are invited.

Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

Lost. A pocket book containing three notes and other papers at Central House. Will pay a liberal reward for same. Noble Caldwell.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

Remember the place on Main Street between 9th and 10th Avenue, opposite New York Store, is the place you get the best meal for twenty-five cents.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

Go to Prather=s for your children=s school shoes; he has a goat shoe with extension sole that is the best thing out.

The Latest Returns from the election gives Prather 25 cases heavy boots to be sold regardless of price; come early.

Just received at Prather=s 30 dozen more of those fine goat shoes to be sold for $2.00 a pair.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.


The COURIER office was jammed with eager faces at an early hour Tuesday evening to catch the first bulletins that came in. Anxiety, deep and searching, was depicted in every visage. The first dispatches were meager, but along toward midnight the news began to come from all quarters, fluctuating in the interests of both parties. The crowd overwhelmed all bulletin board space and the Opera House was secured. About this time dispatches giving New York, Indiana, and other strongholds to the Democrats began to come in. These engulfed the Democrats in wildest hilarity. Democratic throats that hadn=t yelled for twenty years were seen to oil up and fairly paralyze the air with hurrahs. The Republicans were feeling a little blue, which feeling was borne out by the dispatches until yesterday afternoon, when the tables turned and Republicans began to yell. The COURIER office was densely packed in the evening, and every dispatch as it noted increased Republican gains everywhere, received with triumphant shouts. When New York was conceded, enthusiasm knew no bounds. Men marched by hundreds up and down Main Street fairly renting the air with hurrahs. Headed by the Juvenile Band, they paraded the streets until a late hour. When the crowd left the COURIER Sanctum at one o=clock, it was to sleep in sweet consciousness of a grand Republican victoryCin the sweet assurance of prosperous times and happy people for another four years.

The last Republican meeting of the Campaign at the Opera House Monday night was an enthusiastic and harmonious one: a true precursor to the grand victory in waiting. Words are inadequate to express the effect of the beautiful and appropriate songs of the Glee Club. Mr. Blair, the leader, had transposed songs to fit each local candidate and their reception was telling and hilarious. Capt. W. E. Tansey, Senator W. P. Hackney, Judge T. H. Soward, A. H. Limerick, and Ed. P. Greer gave addresses. Before the meeting adjourned, Senator Hackney stepped forward and said that he had marched on the field with the colored man and he would also like to have one speak on the rostrum with him; and he moved that Mr. John Nichols express his opinions to the audience. John made a speech which would honor any man who had come up under similar circumstances and showed the loyalty that flowed in his veins for the Grand Old Party that gave his race the liberty and citizenship that would allow them to voice their sentiments anywhere in the north. He heaped just censure on the spirit that suborned the darky in the South.

Gov. Glick in his speech at Arkansas City last Friday night paid a very uncomplimentary personal tribute to Rev. Kelly of this city, whereupon the citizens of the Terminus rented the Opera House there, telephoned Mr. Kelly to come down Monday evening and paralyze Glick=s abusive argument. The Rev. went down, and threw shot and shell into the camp of the enemy for two hours in a way that made the boldest of them wince. It was a powerful speech, and Tuesday=s 161 majority for Martin in that place voiced its results and the staunch sentiments of that people. Rev. Kelly has no use for a religion that can=t enter into politics and everyday life and no use for that political party that can=t stand a little religion; convictions which are appreciated by all loyal and noble-thinking people.

Our more enterprising Democrats did all in their power to receive Governor Glick last Thursday in a manner indicating a warm place for him in the hearts of Cowley people. He was driven about in a fine landau drawn by four brightly caparisoned snow white steeds, jockeyed by liveried men, with all the apparent pride and pomp of Old England. Through courtesy to the Governor of the Great State of Kansas, Republicans swelled the crowd to respectable proportions. Merely as a gubernatorial candidate he would have made not even a small riffle among the loyal people of CowleyCa fact plainly exhibited through Tuesday=s ballot.

The colored voters of Winfield showed their loyalty to the Grand Old Party which gave them citizenship by marching in a body of thirty, Tuesday, and casting their straight ticket, amid shouts of approval. A more enterprising and loyal lot of colored men can=t be found than those in Winfield.

On Wednesday while the bulletins favorable to Sheriff Cleveland were coming in, Ben Cox was strutting the streets with a victorious little rooster perched on his Cleveland hat. He appeared on the street Thursday morning without the rooster and with his white plug encircled with crape.

Spencer Miner says he bet his wife that West Virginia would go Republican and he saved his wife and got Virginia. AWe turned the rebels out,@ is the way he puts it. He=s wild with enthusiasm, especially over the result in his native State.

The antiquated Democracy of Cowley could hardly hobble up to the polls Tuesday, and when it did get there, the dose was too much for its soured condition. Every Republican candidate ran head of the ticket.

Over a thousand majority is estimated for Martin in Cowley and the Plumed Knight will get about fourteen hundred. Nearly every county Republican candidate got there with a thousand majority and upwards.

Henry E. Asp beat the record of Maude S. His rousing majority is a compliment worthy the pride of any ambitious young man. It is a splendid recognition of his superior energy and ability.

Liquid enthusiasm seems to have vanished with Glick=s prospects. Very few intoxicated men have been seen in this city during all this intense excitement.

The visages of J. B. Lynn, Ben Cox, and Sam Gilbert are perfect pictures of despair: at least they were the last seen of them early yesterday evening.

O, where! O, where! is G. Washington Glick and his red-nosed followers? In their caves of gloom never to come forth triumphantly again.

Judge Torrance and Prof. Limerick, with no opposition, captured almost the entire vote of the countyCa meritable compliment indeed.

L. P. King got there, Eli, for the legislature in the 67th district, with a good majority.

Poor, honest O=Hare! His only consolation is in having at least kept in sight of Sheriff Cleveland, in Cowley.

Glick and whiskey downed and Martin and prohibition enthroned. AAd astra per aspera.@

Rewards are now being freely offered for the discovery of a Democrat.

AGod reigns and the Government at Washington still lives.@


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.


Ed Mounts has almost completed a four-room cottage home on corner of 6th Avenue and Platter Street.

Holmes & Son will soon be occupying the large brick addition to their pork packing establishment.

Mr. E. Glouser has well underway a large, neat residence on the corner of 9th Avenue and Bliss Street.

The Presbyterian parsonage, corner of 10th Avenue and Mansfield Street, has recently received valuable additions.

Mrs. Halyard has just finished two neat houses on east 10th Avenue, one for a home, and the other for a tenement.

W. B. Pixley [?? Rixley??Bixley??] has just completed a very pleasant home on North Mansfield Street containing some six or eight nice large rooms.

East Ninth Avenue continues to spread herself in improvements, and at no distant date with rival Main street for business attractions.

Mr. J. S. Maus, superintendent of Bliss & Wood=s mill, has just built a neat six-room home on the corner of 8th Avenue and Lowry Street.

Mr. J. H. Olds has almost ready for occupancy a house of unique architecture and considerable room, near his handsome 8th Avenue residence.

Messrs. Braniger & Steele have added to their Santa Fe elevator a corn crib of ten thousand bushels capacity, with drive-way and other conveniences.

On the corner of 11th Avenue and Loomis Street, Mr. Dan Mater has put the earnings of his anvil into a neat, comfortable home, which is now ready for occupancy.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

One of the prettiest and most substantial houses on South Millington Street is being erected by John Crane. It is a brick, with stone trimmings, and contains nine rooms.

Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

Col. J. C. McMullen is erecting another brick law office on east 9th Avenue, to be occupied when finished by Ed. McMullen for a loan and collection office. Ed. is a rustler and will succeed.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

F. M. Freeland is finishing a home on east 8th Avenue of which he can certainly feel proud. The architecture is neat and convenient, the finish tasty, and the grounds large and promising.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

Messrs. Curns & Manser have their fine two story brick and stone building on Main well under way and will soon be occupying it. It is arranged with special real estate office conveniences.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

Lovell H. Webb is bringing his Alittle brown front@ on Millington Street to a finis. It is a very neat cottage and Lovell and his estimable lady ought to be Aas happy as clams@ when they get ensconced in it.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

Mr. Lewis Cooper has recently built a story and a half home near the Brick, Stone & Tile Works; in fact, that whole neighborhood is dotted over with new buildings, it being impossible to obtain names of owners.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

Ed. Cole is acting very suspiciously, and those who have viewed the handsome house he is just completing on east 10th Avenue, are wondering what bird will fill the cage. It is roomy and tasty: too much so to be entrusted to tenants.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

Winfield is dotted all over with new houses, mostly large and substantial, but where so many newcomers are building, it is impossible to get all names. This list is but an index to the many improvements now going on in the building line.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

East 10th Avenue seems to be monopolizing improvements. In addition to those already named, the COURIER Senior and family are almost driven outdoors by the workmen. Additions, remodeling, etc., greatly changing the premises.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

A home which will be an adornment to the city is being erected on the corner of 7th Avenue and Bliss Street, by Mr. Gilbert, the hog dealer. It is of brick, eight or ten rooms, and will cost no inconsiderable sum when finished according to plans.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

Mr. S. N. Powers is finishing on the corner of 8th Avenue and Millington Street, a very commodious and comely residence. It contains fourteen rooms, will cost about five thousand dollars, and will be one of the most desirable places in the city.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

Mr. T. B. Myers is spreading himself commendably. Having got rid of the din and bustle of his former location, he is building a fine two-story residence in the prettiest part of the city, out on east 11th Avenue. It will be a very handsome place when completed.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

Ed. G. Burnett is putting the finishing touches on a neat and convenient residence on the corner of 11th Avenue and Mansfield Street, while a block south on Lowry Street, Mr. Joseph Garret, the sturdy South Main blacksmith, is also finishing a pleasant new home.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

Mr. S. H. Rogers= family recently arrived from Emporia and are now occupying his splendid new residence on East 11th Avenue. The architecture of this house is novel and it appears prominently among the number of handsome residence in that neighborhood.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

The handsome stone block of S. H. Myton is nearing completion and greatly improves the appearance of Main Street. When Mr. Myton gets his vast stock under this roof, about January first, he will have a hardware and implement establishment eclipsing any in the West.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

G. H. Crippin & Co. have recently built a wheat bin of twenty-three thousand bushels capacity, near the Santa Fe depot, and are filling it rapidly to hold for speculation. They have already binned up over twenty thousand bushels in their old bins. With wheat at fifty cents a bushel, it is certainly safe to hold for a raise.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

Irve Randall is getting to be a big Alandlord.@ His tenement houses are scattered all over town, and several additions to the list are just being completed on East 10th Avenue. They are all roomy and neat and none are renting for less than twelve or fifteen dollars per month.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

The new third-ward school building is going up with a rush. Messrs. Warner Bros., the contractors, have some twenty men now at work and expect to finish the building by January first. It is large and convenient and will certainly Afill a long felt want.@ Its room will relieve the over-crowded departments of schools and greatly enhance educational opportunities.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

Grand Clearing Sale of the Linen Store at Auction.

Everything goes at your own price. No cost sale; no reserve on anything, but a bona fide sale to close 203 dozen linen towels left; 325 dozen linen napkins; King William table cloths; Royal Kolimoor cloths; Scotch Linen sets; Irish sets in Shamrock and Rosebud patterns; German linen cloths, cream pattern napkins to match; Camels hair, Genuine East India and Arabic Shawls; English Marsailes Quilts; French window curtains; Lace bed sets; Large line of ladies and gents underwear, and other goods too numerous to mention. Sale positive and without reserve. Commence Saturday at 2 o=clock sharp and evening at 7 o=clock, and continue every afternoon and evening until sold. Store next door to Wallis & Wallis store. Reasons for this sale will be explained day of sale.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

The Compres Veve [??? Really next to impossible to read???]

Is a most wonderful, curious, and immortal plant now offered for sale to our citizens as a house plant. It blooms beautifully and the fragrance of its blossom is unexcelled. It grows well either in water or soil and its various peculiarities are exceeding rare. It is a lycompodiun [?] or club mass, and is a native of Old Mexico and Yucatan. Sample plants to be seen on exhibition at Lindell Hotel. Dr. J. H. Feagles, the agent, will be in the City this week.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

Notice. I have opened a first class restaurant in connection with my Bakery, and Oyster Parlor, where I will always be found ready to feed the hungry with the best the market affords and at lowest living rates. Hoping to merit your patronage, I am

Respectfully, Frank L. Crampton,

Proprietor of Winfield Bakery & Restaurant.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.



Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.


San Francisco, California, October 25, 1884.

EDS. COURIER: You will see by the date of this letter that we are at, or near, the Ajumping off place.@ Well, in fulfillment of my promise to write an occasional for the COURIER, I send this out to you today. I hope I shall be able to give you an interesting and profitable letter, hoping that others coming to this country may profit by our experience.

We had a rare contract with the Santa Fe railroad companyCto be furnished comfortable mattresses and brought through to this city on the express train. For this privilege we paid the company all they asked for fare ($45) and for their mattresses and curtain ($2). The mattresses consisted of two strips of thin cut calico sewn together like a long meal bag and stuffed with coarse hay, the curtain, of two strips tacked together and hung up in front of the lower berth; in all, about fifteen yards of calico and two cents worth of hay: 47 cents. So, if the friends will take my advice when they start for California they will furnish their own mattresses and curtainsCfor surely those furnished by the railroads are a fraud and a sham; and as to the transportation, that was the Abiggest of all frauds,@ yet railroad men and officials hate terribly to be told that they are a combination of thieves and frauds. This is true and yet the people have to put up with it and submit to all sorts of indignities. But there will come a time when monopolists would do well to Astand from under,@ for the wrath of an incensed and injured populace is terrible as history has shown. Instead of carrying out their contract with meCto take us through by expressCthey side-tracked at Holbrook, where we lay for seven hours, and were then picked up or hitched onto by a freight that took us a couple of hundred miles a day, making the trip an exceedingly unpleasant one. Our car was crowded all the time and that by not the most amiable class of people. But we arrived safe and sound yesterday and I found myself not much the worse. Considering everything, I stood the trip well, but suffer every day with my lung and my tendency to paralysis, though the latter is much improved.

We came by the way of the Needles, consequently missed the glorious country around and about Los Angeles, and instead saw an immense stretch of the most completely Godforsaken country that the Lord ever left unfinished. I often wondered if God, or any other intelligent persons, really had anything to do with the construction of the country lying between the Needles and Majavi, and if so, for what purpose? But when we got within 400 miles of San Francisco, we began to touch the outskirts of the Aflower land,@ and at the stations the people began to bring onto the train some of the products of the land, such as grapesCelegant two pound for a quarter and a little further three for a quarterCand then five or six pounds of the most delicious grapes that anyone could want and of immense size. Also very fine apples, pears, and peaches.

As to San Francisco, my impressions are not favorable as a place of residence or business, yet living is not expensive. Fruits, vegetables, meats, and grains are cheap, as long as they can be kept out of the hands of monopolists, as for example elegant roasts or steaks from 8 to 12 cents per pound. Immensely large heads of cabbage or cauliflower for 5 cents, and so on. Furnished rooms all the way from one dollar a week up to $50 a month.

But I find myself growing tired and an aching through my chest admonishes me to bring this letter to a close, but there are things that I would be glad to say if I were able to do so without too much sufferingCyet I must not close till I say two things more.

First. A more wonderful piece of civil engineering cannot, most likely, be found on the planet than that which carries the road from Majavi to Merced, across the foot hills of the Sierra Nevada mountains. There are seventeen tunnels and for 25 miles the grade is 117 feet to the mile. In winding their way down onto the plains, the road makes, at one place, what I think does not exist upon any other road in the world, viz.: a Acomplete loop.@ The road runs along a sort of hog-back toward the north and on a continuous curve towards the east around a sugar loaf hill; it dives under its own track and strikes out for the westward.

A fearful accident once occurred on this road in crossing this mountain range, the publication of which, I was told, was prevented by the railroad company. The train was stopped and detached from the engine, which went on ahead for water, and failing to set the brake, the train started back at breakneck speed, flew the track, and plunged into a fearful chasm below, killing some hundred and forty passengers outright. [It was published. ED.]

In closing I wish sincerely to thank my friends for their loving kindness to me during my late illnessCamong whom I must name Col. Whiting=s family, Mrs. Scofield, Rev. Mr. and Mrs. Brittain, Mrs. McCoy, and one who outstripped me and went into the heavenly country before me, Mrs. Olive Rummer, whose death was so sudden and unexpected.

I a few days I will write some private letters to parties whom I promised letters, but I must now bid the readers of the COURIER good-bye. I will write again, probably from Los Angeles next time.



Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

Publication Notice.

In the matter of the assignment of Willie C. Goss and William V. McConn, partners as Goss and McConn:

Creditors and others interested will take notice that Hugh H. Siverd, assignee of the above named Goss and McConn, will on the first day of the next term of the District Court of Cowley County to be held in the City of Winfield on the first Tuesday in January 1885, exhibit and file the accounts of his trust as such assignee and such accounts will be allowed by the court on that day unless good cause to the contrary be shown.

They are further notified that said assignee intends at Said time to apply to the said District Court for a discharge from his trust as such assignee.

E. BEDILION, Clerk District Court.

DAVID C. BEACH, Attorney for Assignee.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

AD. S. A. COOK, ARCHITECT AND SUPERINTENDENT. Correspondence solicited. Office in McDougall building.



Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.


Mr. Ed. P. Greer received a majority as officially declared of two hundred and ninety-four, in this legislative district, composed of five townships, and the city of Winfield. He carried every ward and precinct and received a majority in the city of one-hundred and thirty-nine. His majority over the Republican candidate for governor in the district is fifty-five.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.


Asp=s majority for County Attorney of Cowley County is 1,063, according to the official count. This is in spite of and a good answer to the Telegram=s mud slinging. It is a well merited compliment to Mr. Asp.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.


The principal business in Kansas for the past forty-eight hours has been that of burning St. John in effigy. In this work the most earnest temperance men in the state have heartily joined. The Manhattan Nationalist, one of the most radical prohibition papers in the State, denounces him as a Judas, and says:

AIt will not excuse Mr. St. John to say that he professed to be working in the interest of Prohibition, for he knew better. The act by which Judas betrayed his Lord was a kiss, but time will probably show that St. John has not even as much conscience as Judas had.

The duty of prohibitionists is plain. They should punish the traitor in the way he will feel it the mostCby letting him severely alone. They should stay away from his meetings, and let his late allies, the brewers and distillers, furnish him audiences if they will. Wherever he goes, he should be made to feel that the finger of scorn is being pointed at him, as the ATemperance Apostle@ who tried to help the saloon party into power, and did it solely because the party that contains three-fourths of the active prohibitionists, and had repeatedly honored him above his desserts, was not disposed to keep him in office forever.@

It is universally believed, by Kansas RepublicansCprohibitionists and anti-prohibitionistsCthat St. John was paid by the Democrats, in cash, for his perfidy. Nothing that he can ever say or do will change this conviction, in the slightest degree. He is a disgraced and dishonored man. The brand of shame is burned upon his forehead, in letters that will never be erased. Hypocrite, shyster, demagogue, apostate, traitor, the scorn and contempt of every decent man in America will follow him as long as he lives. He has done the temperance cause in a few brief weeks more injury than a hundred thousand of its sincerest friends can repair in four years. He has aided in putting its deadliest enemies in control of the Nation, and he has outraged and angered the only party that has ever done anything to promote temperance, or to restrain or abolish the evil of the liquor traffic. And he has done this, animated by the meanest motives that can actuate any person; first, to gratify a mean personal spite, and second, for mercenary personal profit.

St. John will, in the future, retire to the obscurity from which he should never have emerged. A small-brained man, puffed up by inordinate vanity, and lifted, by accident, into a prominence he never deserved, he has availed himself of the first convenient opportunity to demonstrate how unworthy he is of the slightest respect, consideration, or confidence.



Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

AD. DIAMOND BLACK, McAllister, Wier City, Osage Shaft & Pittsburg Coals Always in stock. Also a full line of Anthracite & Smithing Coal. Bottom prices guaranteed.




Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

[Skipped Abstract of County Auditor=s Report for month of October, 1884.]


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

RECAP. Admn.=s Notice. Probate Court. Estate of Francis M. Sutton, deceased. S. A. Chapell, Administrator. Letters of administration granted to Chapell, dated November 10, 1884.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

RECAP. District Court. Merrick Thread Company, Plaintiff, vs. Lucius L. Day; Gordis [?Gordin or Gordia??] R. R. Cobleigh; Norman S. King; Herbert F. Day; H. S. Vansickler; and William G. Marston; Defendants. Real estate attached...$230 + interest and costs of action involved. McDonald & Webb, Attorneys for Plaintiff.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

RECAP. District Court. Cora E. Lippencott, Plaintiff, vs. Charles S. Lippencott, Defendant, re divorce. Jennings & Troup, Plaintiff=s Attorneys.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

RECAP. District Court. Elizabeth Weakly, Plaintiff, vs. Jacob W. Weakly, Defendant. Divorce Petition to be heard December 25, 1884. Plaintiff to get back her maiden name of Elizabeth Dressell, and custody of infant child, Caroline Weakly. W. P. HACKNEY, Attorney for plaintiff.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

The Winfield Markets. Butter 25 cents; eggs 20 cents, potatoes 60 cents; chickens 5 cents per lb. live weight; wheat 50 cents; hogs $3.90; corn 25 to 30 cents.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

No Advertisement This Week.

On account of the immense amount of business transacted by us during the past week, we are unable to have our usual talk with our customers and can only say that Saturday morning we will show a line of new markets just manufactured and of later design than anything made early in the season. We have still a small quality of the Braided Berlin Swill Russian Circulars sold in the city for $17. We will sell them at $12.75. It is just the garment for ladies that look for quality and finish.

We have a hundred big bargains in our cloak department, bought late this season and will be sold for less money than those who bought early paid for the same garment. Come.

S. Kleeman.

[Weird ad!]




Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.


The total vote of Cowley County is 6,525. This indicates a population of 32,625. Hurrah for Cowley!

All interest has centered in the Presidential result during the past week and business has been almost suspended.

It is amusing in the extreme to see a Democrat gazing on a bulletin board pretending to read what is written thereon.

DIED. A little ten-year-old daughter of J. S. Alter, living near Geuda, was drawn into a cane mill last Friday and crushed to death.

Whiting Bros. are always in the lead. The latest novelty in their butcher shop was some splendid fresh buffalo beef. It went off with a rush.

The Presbyterian Church is now lit with gas and is adorned with an elegant two hundred dollar chandelier. It has seventy-two jets and its illumination is superb.

The boys of Robinson=s Hose Company are making big preparations for their ball Friday evening. The Episcopal ladies will serve an oyster supper in connection with it.

The State Temperance Union holds its annual meeting at Topeka next Wednesday. Every temperance society, church, and Sunday school of Cowley should send its entitled delegate.

Winfield City polled for president 847 votesCin the first ward 495, in the second ward 352. This indicates a population of 4,235 in the city limits, not including the six hundred in Walnut who properly belong to this city.

Mr. Lewis Foster, of this county, got his right arm caught in the gearing of a steam corn sheller, last week, and it was so terribly mangled that immediate amputation was necessary. The shock and pain was so great that fears are entertained for his recovery.



Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.


Saturday Night=s Excitement has a Sequel in the Murder of a Colored Man and the

FATAL SHOOTING Of a White! General Recklessness and Bad Whiskey the Cause.


Notwithstanding the intense excitement caused by the Presidential uncertainty, Winfield was free from dangerous passions and fatal results until Saturday night, when the deadly revolver, in the reckless hand, took the life of Charlie Fletcher (colored) and gave Sandy Burge (white) a death wound. Excitement had been at a fever heat during the evening, but had vented itself up to eleven o=clock only in civil hilarity, playing of bands, and other harmless modes of jollification. But at that hour the celebrating portion of the crowd had mostly exhausted all enthusiasm and departed to their homes, leaving the ground in charge of the more boisterous. The Democrats had been celebrating during the evening the supposed elevation of Cleveland; and though loud denunciation of disciples of both parties had been indulged in, this sad ending is thought by all to have no political significance, but merely the result of whiskey and undue recklessness. However, we present the evidence at the Coroner=s inquest, from which all can draw their conclusions. The affair is very much deplored by members of both parties, as anything but an honor to our civilization and the good name of our city.

Fletcher died within an hour after the bullet had passed through his abdomen, and was buried Monday afternoon from the colored M. E. Church, of this city, a large concourse of white and colored citizens following the remains to South Cemetery.

Burge walked, after being shot, in company with the marshal, to Smith=s lunch-room, sat down, and soon fainted away. He was taken to the Ninth Avenue Hotel, where doctors were summoned and where he remained till Sunday morning, when he was removed to his home and family in the east part of the city. He was shot with a thirty-two bullet, which entered just below the fifth rib on the right side and passed through the right lung and came very nearly out at the back. As we go to press he still lies in a critical condition, though the physicians give him the possibility of recovering. But little change has been noted in his condition since Sunday.

Coroner H. W. Marsh was summoned, impaneled a jury Sunday afternoon, and held an inquest on the body of young Fletcher.

The jury was composed of Messrs. John McGuire, J. B. Lynn, George Emerson, T. H. Soward, W. J. Hodges, and James Bethel, who brought in a verdict that Fletcher came to his death by a pistol shot from the hand of Sandy Burge.

A synopsis of the evidence is given herewith, which fully explains the whole affair.

The first witness called up was Andrew Shaw, colored. He said: AI saw Charlie Fletcher on the corner of Ninth and Main on Saturday night, at what hour I don=t know. I saw no one shoot, nor did I see anyone with a pistol or other weapon in hand. I saw Fletcher fall. Before this I told him to have no row. When I heard the first shot, Charlie whirled around and fired. I saw the flash of a gun from the direction where Sandy Burge was standing. I also saw Mr. Lacy there with a star on.@

Dan=l D. Miller was next called. He said: AI saw a difficulty last evening at the corner of Ninth Avenue and Main Street about 11 o=clock. I was standing on the curb-stone near the hydrant when Henry Franklin, colored, came and spoke to me. He told me he understood the white boys were making up a mob to drive the darkies out of town and if they were, they would have a good time doing it. I told him I had heard nothing of the kind and thought everything would be all right if they behaved themselves. While we were talking, Lewis Bell was also talking. A. A. Thomas, standing near, said: >Democrat, Republican, or any G__d d___m man that jumps on me during this campaign will carry his guts off in his hand.= Bell said: >I am a Democrat and if you jump on me, I=ll see that you jump off.= Thomas replied, >the hell you say.= Thomas then left and Bell was talking about the G__d d____m niggers or coons. Franklin, colored, went to Bell and Bell knocked him down. Just at that time Sandy Burge drew his revolver. I was about two feet from him. I advanced, grabbed him by the right shoulder, and whirled him around facing south and told him to put up his gun. He replied: >I won=t fight a G__d d___m nigger a fist fight.= Some man then hollowed to turn his G__d d__m gun loose or put it up. He tore loose from me and whirled round facing northeast; his pistol in hand, and immediately there was a flash of a pistol about 10 or 12 feet east of where Burge stood. At this time Burge threw his hand up, made a slight noise, and as his hand came down, his pistol fired. I saw the colored man fall and he fired his pistol as he fell. The colored man was standing 10 or 12 feet nearly north of BurgeC12 feet from where the first shot was fired. The next moment Burge fired his pistol again in the same direction. I don=t know who fired the first shot. I think the first shot struck Burge. I also think the shot fired by Burge struck Fletcher and I don=t think it was Fletcher=s shot that struck Burge. There were two shots fired from down the street east of us, after Burge and Fletcher shot. The first shot of the last two burned my face and made me dodge. The second one struck the lamp post. Don=t know who fired them. Then I shot around the corner.@

Henry Franklin, colored, was then called, who testified: AI saw Charlie Fletcher at McGuire=s corner about 11 o=clock. I was standing near the lamp-post, and after Bell struck me, Fletcher passed by me. Burge was standing east of me 5 or 6 feet, on the sidewalk. I can=t tell who fired the first shot. It came from about where Burge stood. I think Burge shot twice. My opinion is that Burge shot Fletcher and Fletcher shot Burge.@

James H. Finch then took the stand: AAs I stood on McGuire=s corner last night about 11 o=clock, I saw a colored man come along. He stopped just off the curb-stone and some man spoke to him. The colored man said, >I don=t want any trouble,= and laughed. Somebody at this time pitched in for a squabble and then the colored man fell to the sidewalk. Someone said, >Give it to the son of a b____.= Just at that time Burge put his hand to his hip pocket to draw a revolver and began backing off from where he stood, in rather a stooping position. I watched him because I had a conversation with him about an hour before and he was drinking and I thought there might be some trouble. I thought in his condition if there was trouble, he would be in it. I was some 20 feet from him when he started to draw his revolver and made toward him, thinking I could knock his revolver out of his hand or his arm up so he would not shoot into the crowd. Before I got to him he fired two shots and snapped the revolver once. He shot a little northwest. Saw the man who was shot as he commenced falling. He was 12 or 15 feet northwest of Burge. He was a colored man. Burge shot the first shot and the darky shot about the same time. I should say four or five shots were fired. The colored man was falling when he shot, and I can=t tell where the other shots came from. I thought Burge=s second shot went some other way than toward the colored man. The darky said, when I went to him, that Sandy Burge shot him.@

The next witness was Alex. Franklin, colored: AI knew Charlie Fletcher and was on McGuire=s corner about 11 o=clock last night. The first thing I saw, old man Franklin was pulling Henry Franklin off the ground. I then saw Sandy Burge=s revolver; then the reports and the blaze of it; the reports were about together, and then Charlie Fletcher fell. Charlie fired one shot and Sandy the other. I heard four shots. A stone Mason, unknown to me, shot two shots! Sandy then snapped his revolver again and walked off. Don=t know whether he shot twice or not. Charlie told me when we took him home that Sandy shot him and he shot Sandy.@

Frank A. Smith was then introduced: AI came up the sidewalk from Jim Smith=s lunch room last night about 11 o=clock. There was a crowd on McGuire=s corner. I heard a blow struck and soon after saw Sandy Burge walking backward and pulling a revolver. I told him to put up his gun. He then shot. I believe he shot down within five feet of his own feet. The next shot he fired so as to range about a person=s breast. As he shot the second shot, the colored man said, >I am shot!= and fell. Fletcher told me after he was down that Sandy Burge shot him. There were from five to eight shots fired.@

Capt. J. B. Nipp testified: AI heard a fuss on McGuire=s corner last night, about 11 o=clock, and went over there. I saw Sandy Burge draw his revolver and back up. Heard several say >Put up your gun!= and heard five shots fired. Saw the blaze of the pistol from where Sandy stood; think Burge did a part of the shooting and don=t know who did the rest. The time was very short between the knock-down and the shooting; the time between the first three shots was not long enough for a man to draw his revolver; about time for pulling a trigger.@

John W. Dix said: AI saw a crowd on McGuire=s corner last night a little after 11 o=clock and ran over there. I heard a blow when nearly there and on getting to the crowd saw Sandy Burger with his revolver drawn down by his side. Someone told him to put it up or turn it loose. Then they began to rush toward him and he backed up, telling them to stand back; but they kept telling him to put it up. The words were repeated a number of times, when he backed off the crossing east a few paces and told them not to crowd him or he would shoot and started to raise his pistol; before he got it up, the colored man shot him. The flash of the colored man=s pistol was not gone before Sandy=s flashed. Sandy and the colored man shot at each other.@

A. A. Thomas next testified: AI heard there was going to be a fight and went over to McGuire=s corner. There I saw Henry Franklin, colored, staggering through the crowd. They said he had been hit. Saw Sandy Burge with his revolver out and Charlie Fletcher had his in his coat pocket with his hand on it. Sandy started off the gutter-stone and said, >That won=t do.= I told Fletcher to keep his pistol in his pocket, that Sandy was bluffing. Fletcher and I walked 10 or 12 feet toward the crossing. Then Sandy shot downward into the ground. I then moved southward and heard two shots. The smoke came from both the colored fellow and Sandy and I don=t know which shot first. It seemed that Fletcher shot as he was falling.@

The testimony of Marshal Herrod was introduced, as follows. AI took a pistol away from Sandy Burge last night just after the shooting and took one from the hands of the colored man while he yet lay in the street. (Here the balls from the wounds and the pistols of Fletcher and Burge were produced in evidence, the balls fitting exactly their respective pistols.) There was two shots out of Burge=s pistol and one out of Fletcher=s when I got them.@

Said John Easton: AI met Sandy Burge yesterday morning between 7 and 8 o=clock and in a conversation with him he said, >I will kill the first d___n nigger that steps in my way.=@

James McLain testified: AI heard Fletcher say that Bell couldn=t get to him; he could reach him first. I searched him about fifteen minutes after and found no pistol. Bell was cursing and swearing and had two or three rackets.@

Dr. C. C. Green testified to having found Fletcher lying in the street in a dying condition and gave location of wound, which passed through the abdomen. The bullet was a forty-five caliber.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

Invitations are out for a ball under the auspices of the Robinson Hose Company, on Friday evening of this week. It will be one of the pleasantest hops of the season. This organization is composed of the best young men of the city, and their entertainments are always the most agreeable. The AGill Society@ of the Episcopal Church will serve an oyster supper in the hall at 12 o=clock.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.


S. B. Sherman was over from Cambridge Monday.

Henry Goldsmith got in from New York City yesterday.

The Probate Judge has appointed John Kessinger administrator of the estate of Geo. W. Coulter.

Si. Hanchet lies at the point of death this (Wednesday) afternoon, after three weeks tussel with typhoid.

The younger children of Col. and Mrs. J. C. Mullen are improving after a dangerous attack of diphtheria.

Abe Steinberger has changed his Grenola Chief to a seven column, all home print, and now calls it the Hornet.

Mr. J. D. West, brother of Mrs. J. S. Hunt, arrived yesterday from Lowell, Michigan, and will visit for a time here.

Letters of administration were granted this week by the Probate Judge to James R. Sutton, in the estate of Frank M. Sutton.

Mr. Henry E. Asp is in the northern part of the state on legal business. He drops into the harness quickly after an exciting campaign.

John Hyden came down from Leon, Butler County, and spent last week here. He was married to a sister of Billy Impson some six months ago.

A. V. Wilkinson, the chronicler of the Cambridge News, was in the metropolis Monday and reported that little city all torn up over the Presidential uncertainty.

Mr. E. M. Osborne, of East Hampton, New York, is visiting Mr. Arthur Swain, of Rock, and looking after his sheep ranch and other property interests in this county.

Jas. H. Bullene left yesterday for Dodge City, to remain several weeks with his new lumberyard at that place. He also has yards at Kingman, Ashland, and other places.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

MARRIAGE LICENSES...issued by Probate Judge during the past week.

Aaron Marshal and Lovicy Moore.

Thos. Turner and Amelia Bulah.

Joel Premall and Ella Andrew.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

Rev. H. Ehlers, a German Lutheran minister, will hold services next Sunday at 11 a.m. in the hall over J. P. Baden=s store. He has favored the German of our city with acceptable sermons before and all should turn out on this occasion.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

The South Kansas Medical Society met at Wichita Tuesday. The attendance from here were Drs. Emerson, Mendenhall, Green, Wright, Tandy, and Park. The meeting was a very pleasant one and wound up with a big banquet in the evening.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

Rev. Thomas Audas, P. G., will preach at the M. E. Church next Saturday evening and Sabbath morning. Love feast at 9:30 a.m., communion at close of morning service. At night the ladies of the Foreign Missionary Society will hold their quarterly service.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

Joe Hoyt, of Arkansas City, better known as ABuckskin Joe,@ made a vow four years ago never to have his hair cut until he was worth $50,000. Lately he concluded he was able to have it cut, which he did, and it was found to measure fifteen inches in length. His mustache is six inches long.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

Deputy Sheriff Johnson, of Udall, brought in Albert Smith Tuesday night and lodged him in the county bastille for threatening to kill James Carey, of that place. He had a trial before =Squire Norman, was found guilty, and bound over in the sum of five hundred dollars. Bondsmen didn=t materialize.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

Rev. J. H. Snyder is putting the finishing touches on his fine new residence just across the west bridge. The architecture is very neat and the location beautiful. Should the projected bridge across the river at the end of Ninth Avenue be built, the splendid table land just over the Walnut will soon contain many handsome suburban residences.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

Charlie Fletcher, the colored victim of Saturday night=s tragedy, was in the employ of Jas. H. Bullene, driving the lumber delivery, and bore a reputation of civility and industry. He also worked some time for Senator Hackney, who gives him credit for peaceability and good behavior. He was to have been married about Christmas. Mrs. Andy Smith, a sister, was his only relative here.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

At the request of Jailor Finch, the Grand Jury while in session inspected carefully the county jail and pronounced it unsafe and irreparable and recommended to the County Commissioners the building of a new and more commodious bastille. Cowley is assuming proportions worthy a respectable, safe, and roomy jail and the commissioners will no doubt see the feasibility of a ten thousand dollar investment in this way.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

The old saw goes Athere is nothing new under the sun,@ but O=Hare, of Winfield, told us Saturday night about something new. He styled it a Ayellow-legged-chicken-preacher.@ It won=t do to let our hunters get wind of the whereabouts of this rare bird, or it would soon pass through the hands of Smith & Hildrebrand on its pilgrimage to Chicago or Cincinnati, snugly laid in a cracker box for a coffin. Tally one for O=Hare, the wonderful discoverer.

Udall Sentinel.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

Capt. H. B. Seeley will give his famous lecture, AThe Battle of Gettysburg and Southern Prison Life,@ at the Opera House, December 2nd, under the management of Winfield Post G. A. R. Proceeds for the benefit of Relief Corps. Probably around no event in our National history clusters so many interesting incidents as attach themselves to this, the AWaterloo of America.@ Capt. Seeley comes handsomely endorsed and no one can afford to miss so rich a treat.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

McDonald & Miner of this city will start next week a general merchandise store at the new town of Ashland, Clark County. Spence Miner will have charge of it and try pioneer life during the next year. Mrs. Miner will remain here till spring, leaving Spencer a lonely Awiddy.@ There are great prospects in that county, and Spence is the man to assist ably in developing them. The only question is, how can we lose him? We will rest in the hope that he will soon tire of the festive coyote and prairie dog, and put some trusty fellow in charge of the store and hie himself back to the Queen City.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

Our Democratic cotemporary copied an item last week from a Geuda Springs paper uncomplimentary to Dr. C. Perry of this city, regarding the location of a new school building at that place. Far from doing anything detrimental to Geuda, as charged, the Doctor has done all in his power, as a heavy property owner there, for its advancement. He has donated lots to different public improvements and offered a donation of six desirable lots for the new school building site, but a vindictive board refused unless public spirit be extended through lots the Doctor was reserving for a private residence. Appreciation as well as liberality is essential to the upbuilding of a town.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

The Bridges.

The bridge questions voted on last week were nearly as uncertain as the New York returns. The result is: For the purchase of the Walnut River bridge south of Winfield, carried by 21 majority. For the purchase of the Walnut River bridge west of Winfield, carried by 22 majority. For the purchase of the Arkansas River bridge west of Arkansas City, lost by 2 majority. For the purchase of the bridge south of Arkansas City, lost by five majority. For the building of the iron bridge across the Arkansas River in Beaver Township, lost by 27 majority. For the building of the iron bridge across the Walnut River in Fairview Township, carried by 334 majority. This matter of the county purchasing the bridges already built, at $5.00 each, seems to be a mistake. The Statute provides that the county cannot at any time appropriate more than the original appropriation for repairing or maintaining a bridge. Thus, if the county buys these bridges at $5.00 each, it can never spend more than $5.00 each in keeping them up. The bridges that were defeated, with the exception of the Beaver bridge, are better off than those which carried. Arkansas City and Winfield both voted solid for the bridges.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

The Kansas City and Southwestern a Certainty.

The surveyors on the Kansas City and Southwestern railroad have surveyed through this city to Winfield and Arkansas City, and pronounce it the most practicable route that could be found. The grade will cost but little, the route being almost level. There seems to be little doubt that the road if built will go over this route, and the managers of the company assure us that the road will certainly be built, as it will fill a long felt want in Southern Kansas, and will be a paying piece of property. It will be difficult to estimate the benefit of this new road. It will make Burden, within the next two years, a city of from 2,500 to 3,500 population, will increase city property to four times its present value, and farms for many miles around will increase in proportion. This is the rule in all cases. Farms near a prosperous city always command a good price, and instead of being from twenty to thirty miles from a good market with competing railroads, the people of eastern Cowley County will have it right at home. No difference if the road does run through somebody=s field or door yard. The property will be worth that much more, and if you don=t like it, you can sell out at a big price and move out where railroads are not needed. Let the locomotive come, but keep off the track. Burden Enterprise.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

Sportsmen=s Club.

The annual hunt of the Sportsmen=s Club came off last Friday. The annual banquet came off Monday evening at the Brettun, and was a very pleasant affair. The banquet was presided over by Mr. C. C. Black, president of the club. The gold medal was presented to Mr. Ezra Meech, the winner, by Mr. G. H. Allen in a neat speech. This was followed by the presentation of the tin medal to Ed. P. Greer, by Judge T. H. Soward. Mr. Soward=s speech was a happy effort and was received by rounds of applause. After a reply from the recipient, the club resolved itself into an experience meeting, and the various haps and mishaps were recited by the participants. About a thousand rabbits, more or less, were exterminated by the hunters. But very few quail were killed, the count being purposely placed very low. These annual hunts and banquets are becoming more popular year by year.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

Meeting of the County Temperance Union.

The temperance workers of Cowley County are earnestly requested to meet with the officers of the County Temperance Union at the Courthouse in this city on Thursday, December 4th, at ten o=clock a.m., for the purpose of following up this triumphant State election with aggressive work for the cause of prohibition. Let every vice-president and every member of the Union, especially, be present and bring all your prohibition friends. We have an open field for labor; let us improve it. By order of C. T. U.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

DIED. Ora Ellen Evans, daughter of Capt. J. B. and Mary E. Evans, of Vernon, Cowley County, Kansas, died of membranous croup, following diphtheria, November 5, 1884, aged 6 years, 9 months, and 6 days. Ora was a sweet, affectionate child, and enjoyed the kind indulgence of a loving father and the tenderest sympathies of her affectionate mother. She was the joy of the whole family and the favorite of those who knew her. She loved the Sabbath school and carefully saved her pennies to give to its support. She will be greatly missed in the household, but the blessed Savior has taken her to himself and those who loved her here will be sure to find her in the Ahome over there@ if they seek a preparation for that home. MARY E. ROSE.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

Within the last few years the farmers and stockmen of Southern Kansas have been sowing large quantities of millet for feed, increasing the quantity each year, until now it has become one of the leading features. Cattlemen claim that cattle will thrive about as well on millet as they will on corn and hay. This season has been a remarkable good one for this grass, the yield being simply immense, averaging from two and a half to four tons per acre. We observe that while the upland does not hold as many tons per acre, the quality is rather better, the stalks being smaller and the ground free from weeds and other plants. Millet hay generally sells about 50 percent higher than prairie hay.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

Accompanied by the genial Dr. S. R. Marsh, we took a spin through the lovely country between this city and Tannehill, Monday. No better farms can be found under the blue vault of heaven than in this sectionCall adorned with handsome residences, fruit, and forest trees; good fences through which can be seen fine hogs, fat cattle, sleek horses, and wavy green wheat in entrancing variety. And the bins are all full and the sturdy owners of these farms have plethoric pocket books and broad smiles. Such a trip relieves the dull monotony of city life and shows up a convincing share of the vast resources and prosperity of our County.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

The farmers of Vernon Township have organized a stock company for the purpose of building a Roller Grist Mill at Kellogg. Ten thousand dollars of the stock is already subscribed. The mill is to cost $25,000, will have a capacity of 150 barrels per day, and will be known as Athe Granger Mill.@ D. D. Kellogg is president of the company, Geo. Wilson vice-president, H. H. Martin, Secretary, and Henry Buss, Treasurer. Messrs. W. W. Painter, C. P. Ward, and another whose name we failed to get were elected as trustees. The building is already commenced.



Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

Engineer R. S. Moorhead and crew will start in a few days down the Arkansas in a boat furnished by the millers of Arkansas City and Winfield. Their object is to ascertain whether the Arkansas can be opened for practical navigation. The prime mover in this enterprise is Mr. J. Hill of our city. Mr. Hill has engineered several enterprises which at first seemed to promise no success to successful results, and while everyone is incredulous there can be but one prayer for the success of the great work. A. C. Democrat.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

The farmer who holds his corn until next spring will get forty or fifty cents a bushel for it, for the reason that feeders here in the county will need it, and at present freight rates, corn cannot be shipped here for less than the price mentioned. We may be mistaken as to the amount of corn in this county, but think that the surplus will go this fall. Burden Enterprise.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

The masquerade skate at the rink Tuesday night passed off very pleasantly. A large number of masquers were on the floor and many of the costumes were novel and unique.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

The W. C. T. U. will meet next Tuesday at 3 o=clock p.m., at the residence of Mrs. Caton on Church Street.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

The Southern Kansas is selling cut rate tickets to Chicago, St. Louis, and other points.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

Money to loan on collateral security. C. D. Murdock, Central Hotel.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

ADiamond Black@ coal just received at Winfield Coal Co.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.


Mr. Timmons has opened a coal yard here; something long needed.

Have you heard from New York? is the most pertinent query of the day.

Bud Boyles has sold his farm to W. A. Shoup for $2,000 cash. Bud contemplates going west.

O. O. Brown sold, or rather traded, his property here for property at Wichita, and will remove there about January 1st. We are sorry to lose O. O. from our midst, as one of our most enterprising citizens.

Quite an excitement was raised here on Friday last, by the appearance of one of our deputy sheriffs with a warrant for the arrest of H. M. Banta on charge of selling spirituous liquors without a permit. Result of Grand Jury.

We have received a fresh invoice of doctors within the past two weeks. Dr. Elder, of Winfield; Dr. Constantine, of Nebraska; Dr. Baker, of Chicago; and a German surgeon by the name of Rehm. We extend to all these cordial greetings.

Business is fast settling down to its normal condition once more and our businessmen will do well to remember that as the Democrats have borne our rule for twenty-four years we can certainly bear and live under their rule for the next four, if needs be. So let us all accept the result cheerfully and do our best to prevent a panic.

Paint the town red, cried out the Wichita Beacon of the 11th inst., and in conformity with its request Albert Smith, a laborer of this place, proceeded to fill his skin with benzine and start the ball to rolling. His first encounter, with Sam Downing, was a success. Sam fled after the first round. Then Dan Winn seemed to loom up more conspicuously in front of this wild red painter than r. p. thought could be tolerated. Result: first blood for Dan. TableauCDan with a billiard cue, r. p. with drawn knife in his hand. Act secondCtown not quite all painted; r. p. attacks Jim Casey. First fall for r. p., when, after a severe struggle, our Jim comes out on top, breaks away from the bold, bad man, makes a lunge for the door and disappears amid the darkness followed by said r. p. The boys say that Clarence Booth made the best time on record in his run under the billiard table. On Monday J. Casey went before Esq. Wm. B. Norman and swore out a warrant for the arrest of Smith, charging him with assault with intent to commit murder. Trial now in progress; C. Britton for defense.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.


Mrs. Pugh of Winfield is out on a visit to her son, Mr. Johnson, of our neighborhood.

Farmers are very busy husking their corn and few are selling, but most all are cribbing, thinking to get better prices.

J. J. Wilson has treated himself to a new pair of Fairbanks stock scales. This is the second pair in the township.

Messrs. Aley Bros., Guthrie, Webb, and Wilson, and others are feeding each a small lot of cattle for the spring market.

Mr. Wm. Hefner at Cedarvale is very sick, but with hopes of recovery; also one of Mr. Wakefield=s sons is very sick.

And still they settle on claims back on the Flint Hills. D. E. Ramsy is soon to commence the erection of a new house on his mountain farm.

Our Horse Traders certainly are getting rich from the number of trades they make; they tell me that they sometimes ride home the same horse they rode off in the morning, with an additional 15 cents in their pockets.

At this writing, Nov. 6th, 7 p.m., the latest reports we can get are very favorable for Blaine and Logan and the Democrats are crestfallen, but for fear of shouting before we get out of the woods I will desist for a season. St. John did not receive a single vote in our precinct.




Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.


Oh! how the democrats smile.

Miss Abby Keever is visiting in this vicinity.

Mr. West Holland and wife are visiting friends in North Carolina.

There will be preaching in the church at Constant one week from next Sunday by Rev. Castle.

Miss Jiney Holland has accepted a position as lady clerk in Mr. S. Kleeman=s dry goods store in Winfield.

BIRTH. The population of Pleasant Valley continues to grow. Mr. Lee Brown is the happy father of a bouncing baby girl.

Mr. Frank Brown is building on his farm two miles south of Constant. Mr. Lacock of Winfield is doing the carpenter work.

The A. T. & S. F. R. R. has surveyed and located a side track one half mile north of Constant. This will be of great benefit to the farmers of the community.

A certain young man of Beaver Center dropped into a dining parlor in Winfield to partake of the necessaries of life and not finding the refreshments ready, began to amuse himself with the landlady=s shears, but alas to poor M____, for the Landlady soon appeared upon the scene and there was a hurried interview and the last that was seen of that young man he was seen going up the street with his coattail flying at an angle of forty-five degrees.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.


We smile in autumn sunshine.

Miss Annie Godey is suffering with typhoid fever.

A number of Beaver Centerites will serve out a six months= term on western claims.

John Williams and Ed. and Henry Garett [Garrett?] are now prospecting in Reno County.

Blatch Jenkins and Kin Wright and wife returned from a visit in Kentucky on the 8th inst.

We feel that the melancholy days are coming, we look for all kinds of business to become as stagnate as a copperhead is poisonousCif Cleveland gets there.

DIED. The Angel of death has again visited our vicinity, taking from us George Coulter, one of Beaver Center=s brightest young men. The Bereaved friends have our sympathy.

Miss Cora Beach gave a Spelling School on last Friday evening. The house was crowded to its utmost capacity, and the spelling was a success in every respect. Miss Beach will give a spelling every two weeks, so long as good order is observed.

AYoung Nasby@ has created quite a sensation in this vicinity. I will give a description of him. His weight is between 100 and 300 lbs.; hair about the color of Toney=s mule; you will find him a very sociable young man and would like to become acquainted with you all.

We had the misfortune to be present at the Democratic Rally, which consisted of a miscellaneous crowd, from the boot-black to the man with the rooster on his hat. Every city has a commons. This was certainly the commons of Winfield, representing the old shoes, tin pans, and cans of the back alley.

Ed. Watt, a prominent Democrat, was so excited over the election that he recalls his promise with his dearest own and writes him the following letter: ADear Grover: I am sorry in the extreme that I can=t accompany you to Washington. My time will all be needed in collecting funds to defray expenses of the Democratic Rally. My love for you is unshaken. I think you are the best looking Bachelor in the country. Please accept my regrets.@


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

Doc. Mudgett tells us that a shoe of mammoth dimensions was found in sand recently, where the sand was being excavated, at a depth of ten feet, and that from the strata of soil it was found in, it was judged to belong to some giant of a prehistoric age. The Dr. States that the shoe was of leather, preserved, indeed, that it still retained the odor of a well worn sock, and was run over at the heel. If the doctor succeeds in finding any more relics, he proposes to obtain Georgie Gray=s horse, Methusula, and start a museum on a small scale.

Udall Sentinel.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

A large quantity of second-hand Ahope,@ a big stock of Adesire,@ together with a Aright smart chance@ of Ad___n it@ are now being offered by the despondent Democrats of Cowley at shockingly low rates. Their stock of Aget there@ was exhausted twenty-four years ago.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

Three girls, not a thousand miles from Cowley, neither of whom was over eighteen years old, ambushed a schoolmaster and walloped him half to death for showing favoritism toward a fat girl in the geography class.


Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.


Lost. A single shawl, tan color with dark bars, somewhere in the streets of the city last Friday. The finder will be suitably rewarded by leaving it at the residence of Mrs. J. E. Platter.

Strayed. A roan horse pony with dark mane and tail; rope halter around neck about 12 feet long. I will give $5 reward to the one finding him. Address me at Winfield. C. R. McCLUNG.

Texas Horses & Corn. I have 250 head of unbroken Texas Horses and mares at my ranch on Otter Creek, one mile east of the mouth of Grouse, that will be offered for sale at fair prices, this winter and next spring. I will also pay thirty cents per bushel for 5,000 bushels of corn delivered at the Ranch. C. M. SCOTT.

$10 Reward. Strayed or stolen from this city Thursday night, Nov. 6th, 1884, one roan pony, 12 2 to 13 hands high, heavy built, very heavy tail; no brands nor marks except slight saddle marks and small speck on left eye. Had on heavy saddle and red Indian blanket.

The above reward will be paid for information leading to its recovery. Address J. W. HENTHORN, Burden, Kansas.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

According to the report of Commissioner Price, for 1884, the Indians have made considerable progress towards civilization, and it is claimed that in the near future they will be a help rather than a burden to the Government. The Commissioner suggests that Congress should pass stringent laws prohibiting the sale of arms and ammunition to Indians. We have always thought that it would be wise to refuse ammunition to an Indian, unless he could satisfy a government agent that he had recently killed one bad Indian and wanted to kill another.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

Cowley County polled at the late election on the presidency 6,521 votes. Sumner polled 6,578. Winfield polled 947 and including the suburbs at least 1,100. Wellington polled 967 votes. This disposes of the Wellington claim of being ahead of Winfield. Winfield and Walnut Township tog ether polled 1,376 votes. Arkansas City and Creswell Township together polled 1,088 votes. Arkansas City has not got in the lead yet, but has done well.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

[SKIPPED...Notes of County Election. Election News and Notes throughout country.]


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

[Skipped article from Grace Darling, now a Canadian resident, re temperance in Canada. Some areas went for prohibition; others did not.]


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

The Winfield Markets. Butter 20 & 25 cents; eggs 20 cents; turkeys, live, per lb., 6 to 7 cents; dressed, 9 cents to 10 cents; chickens $1.50 & $3.00 per dozen; potatoes 50 cents & 75 cents; wheat 50 cents; corn 25 cents; oats 28 & 30 cents; hogs $3.75 per cwt.; Hay $5 per ton.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

One of the pleasantest social gatherings ever enjoyed by Winfield society was the ball of the Robinson Fire Company at the Opera House last Friday night. A large number were present and true enjoyment reigned supreme. The company was select and the music splendid. The boys were highly successful in their efforts to give a party worthy the presence of our elite lovers of the Terpsichorean art, and have given an advertisement that will insure even greater success to their future entertainments. Financially, the boys were left, but they didn=t expect any recompense, the object being purely entertainment. The AGill Society@ of the Episcopal Church served the company with an excellent oyster supper. The members of Robinson Fire Company have arranged for another ball on December 2nd, which will receive the full attendance of our society people, and should more than clear the Company financially.



Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

The young men of the city met on Tuesday at the office of A. H. Doane & Co., and organized AThe Winfield Social Club,@ the object of which is to Atrip the light fantastic,@ bi-monthly. These social hops have been a society feature of the city for years back and a great source of true recreation. Frank Leland is president of the club; Lacy Tomlin, Secretary; and Charley Dever, Treasurer. The membership will be about thirty-five couples. The first hop will be given on Friday night, the 28th.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

There will be a meeting of the New Salem Cemetery Association in the public hall at New Salem on next Tuesday night. A full attendance of the members is requested, as there will be important business demanding their attention. J. W. HOYLAND, President; J. S. BAKER, Secretary.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

Mr. John Stalter returned from Ohio Wednesday, where he was called to attend his father, who died there in November. He was over seventy-five years of age and one of the pioneers of Wyandotte County.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

Call at the Farmers= Bank when you want to borrow money or transact any banking business. Our rates are as low as at any bank in the county. Give us a call before going elsewhere.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

We guarantee to borrowers the cheapest rates in Southern Kansas. We ask no business if we do not make good our guarantee. Jarvis, Conklin & Co.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

Curns & Manser loan money on terms to suit borrowersClong or short time, annual or semi-annual interest, or any way it may be desired, at lowest rates.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

We are closing out to quit business and are offering our entire stock of pumps and windmills at actual cost. Cairns & Reynolds.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

Go to P. H. Albright & Co., for real estate loans when you want the money promptly and on the safest and most reasonable terms.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

We must reduce our stock to make room for our new goods which are now arriving daily: hence the cost counter. Bryan & Lynn.

Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

6 percent money to loan by Jarvis, Conklin & Co. Remember the placeCat the old stand south of A. T. Spotwood=s.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

Udall has been incorporated as a third class city and elects officers the first Monday in December.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

Mistaken Identity. P. H. Albright relates an exciting personal experience on his way to Connecticut, from where he has just returned. Arriving at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, about 9 p.m., he got off the train and sauntered up the street to hunt up a newsboy, when he was tackled by a suspicious looking fellow with the query ADidn=t you come through from St. Louis today?@ An affirmative answer was given and thinking the man up to some confidence game, P. H. began to move toward his train, from which he had gone some distance. Another fellow soon stepped up and began to shake interrogations at Mr. Albright. This convinced him that he was in bad hands, in a wicked city, and he began to answer them on the move, when they stopped him and said, AGuess you=re the man we want.@ P. H. didn=t understand this and, as they were in citizens= clothes, he demanded identification to the claim of detectives, which the conductors of the train soon did. After informing his sister-in-law, who was accompanying him, of the trouble, and starting her safely on the road, he was marched off to the police station, where, after all the proof at hand that he was Athe man,@ he was marched off up the street. It was the night after the election, when Republican Pittsburgh was alive with Plumed Knights and every street was jammed with shouting people, then believing Blaine elected. He was compelled in going through the street accompanied by the officers to march for the first time in a Republican procession. He had explained the situation and offered, to avoid the bastille, to pay men for guarding him at any hotel till morning, when he knew telegrams would soon show up his innocence, but was refused. The dark, awful city jail was soon reached, at that time fairly swarming with criminals of all classes. Things looked gloomy, but he had to stand it and was marched in. He made them promise, however, to grant his first request in part, by sending in a trusty official to keep him company during the night. The excitement of politics had filled the jail with a howling mob, making the thought of spending a night there hideous. Soon the chief of police arrived, re-examined Mr. Albright, and after a brief consultation with others, told the keeper to let out the prisoner. P. H. was escorted to a first-class hotel and told that Athey were mistaken in their man.@ It seems that a man of about Mr. Albright=s description had committed deviltry in St. Louis and gone out on the same train that carried P. H., followed by telegrams for arrest. Detectives were at the trains in all the large cities, and seeing P. H. as he stepped off at Pittsburgh, spotted him. When the telegraph announced the Pittsburgh arrest, the answer came from St. Louis that the culprit had been arrested at another place, relieving Mr. Albright from the worst dilemma of his life. On such a journey as his, en route to the scene of a brother=s sudden death, this delay was peculiarly unfortunate and trying, and one for which there was no redress.

Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

A New Winfield.

The new town of Ashland, in Clark County, is getting to be one of the AInfant Wonders@ of western growth. It was laid out by a party of Winfield gentlemen some four weeks ago. There are now thirty houses up and foundations being laid for others as rapidly as the lumber can be got on the ground. The town is on Bear Creek, at the intersection of the two great western trails. Already a newspaper is running in full blast. It has two hotels, restaurants, and almost every modern convenience. Every deed given by the Town Company provides that should intoxicating liquors be sold on the premises, the deed becomes null and void. It is to be emphatically a temperance town. Mr. W. R. McDonald, of this city, is President and Messrs. Nipp, Hughes, Cooper, Taylor, Averill, Gibson, Bullene, Kinnear, Hall, Berry, Gridley, Hudson Bros., Greer, and several others constitute the town company. It is located near the center of Clark County, and will be the county seat when the county is organized. Messrs. Hughes & Cooper are putting in a stock of hardware; also Mr. Kinnear. McDonald & Miner are putting in a large stock of dry goods. The settlers are pouring into the county and claims are being taken rapidly. The land is good and the general lay of the country smooth. A very large number of Cowley County people have taken claims around the new town. Many other persons from this vicinity are going out to take claims or engage in business.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

Sportsmen, Beware.

The Riverside Park Association have just caused the arrest and conviction of a hunter for shooting on their premises. The law of this state makes it a misdemeanor to hunt or pursue game on the premises of another and subjects the victim to a fine. The Association being subject to much annoyance in preserving their grounds as a pleasure resort to the public have determined to call to their aid all the laws bearing on this subject and any person detected in removing signs from the Park, hunting, shooting, cutting, or carrying away timber or destroying fences will be dealt with summarily. This is a very proper proceeding and as the Association has opened their grounds to the public; free of charge, the public should assist in protecting them, and unless the vandalism heretofore practiced ceases, the association will be compelled to close its grounds to the public and use them for private purposes, but every effort will first be made to enforce the laws, and culprits may expect no mercy.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

Young Folks= Picnic Dinner.

Arrangements have been made for every band of Juvenile Temples in the county, together with all young folks whether yet members or not, to meet at the Opera House, Winfield, for a grand picnic dinner on Thanksgiving day, the 27th. Interesting exercises will be given and the occasion promises to be of great pleasure and profit to the children. All parents of the county should either bring or see that their children are present. Such temperance gatherings are a power in the proper development of youthful sentiment. Baskets will be essential. Order of officers of Juvenile Temples.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

Farms for Sale or Rent.

We have many good farms for sale or rent; also, many vacant lots, and improved city property in Winfield, for sale. Will sell on easy terms or will rent farms to good parties for a term of years. Call or address M. L. Read or M. L. Robinson at First National Bank, Winfield, Kansas.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

Teachers Examination. An examination of applicants for teachers= certificates will be held at Winfield, beginning at 8 o=clock a.m., Nov. 29, 1884. Applicants will please appear promptly at that time. A. H. Limerick, County Superintendent.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

The first snow of the season appeared Tuesday, but soon faded away under the softening sunshine.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.


Judge Torrance has ordered a Grand Jury for the December term of the District Court of Sumner County.

Will McClellan, the popular delivery clerk of the post office, is just recovering from a severe tussle with rheumatism.

Mrs. W. C. N. Garvey and son came down from Topeka Tuesday and will visit a couple of weeks with Mrs. Bedilion.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

Mrs. E. P. Kinne came up from Kansas City Sunday, called by the death in the family of her brother, Col. J. C. McMullen.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.


Mr. S. S. Linn has left us Early Ohio potatoes of a second crop this season which are larg e and well matured. Cowley soil is capable of anything.

Mr. and Mrs. L. Iliff, the latter well known to Winfield people in days gone by as Mrs. Lappin, returned from Medicine Lodge last week to again locate here.

Messrs. J. S. Hunt, Sampson Johnson, J. W. Prather, J. D. West, and others whose names we did not get, left this week for a ten days hunting trip in the Territory.

Miss Jennie Capps left for Wellington, Monday, after a month=s visit with her sister, Mrs. Dr. Mendenhall. She is a charming young lady and made many friends during her stay here.

Horning & Whitney have fixed up a splendid display of gas fixtures in their show windows. There are chandeliers and lamps of every imaginable kind, beautiful in design and novel in style.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Godfrey, of Newton, the former a cousin of Mrs. Albro and James Clatworthy, spent several days of last week visiting here and attended the Firemen=s Ball Friday night.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

BIRTH. Mr. Chas. W. Fisk was exuberantly exerting himself last weekCnot because of any supposed election of Blaine, but owing to the advent at his home of what may, for all we know, be a future presidentCa bouncing new boy.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

MARRIED. Mr. Joe Presnall and Miss Ella Andrews were married on the 4th inst., by Rev. P. B. Lee at his home in Vernon Township. The newly wedded pair took their departure on Thursday last for Barbour County, where they will reside.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

Spence Miner left yesterday to put in a stock of general merchandise at the promising new town of Ashland, Clark County. It will be a branch of the establishment of McDonald & Miner, of this city, and receive the personal attention of Spence.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

MARRIAGE LICENSES. The following parties have committed matrimony since our last.

Evan Shriver and Susanah Hall.

James Walker and Mary Williams.

Thomas Kimmel and Lydia Mann.

C. D. Joseph and Ida Flora.

Chas. Evings and Lydia Hawkins.

Wm. Bowers and Adelia Stockwell.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

Dr. B. W. Griffin, from Chicago, has located for the practice of his profession at Tisdale. Accompanied by his family, he made the trip by wagon, being seven weeks on the road. They encountered fine weather all along and the journey was novel and health-giving. He comes highly recommended.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

Miss Josie Mansfield closed out her business here this week and will locate in the millinery business at Kinsley, Edwards County. Miss Mansfield is one of our oldest residents and has won the esteem of all. Intelligent, independent, and energetic, we bespeak for her merited success in her new location. Her departure is much regretted.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

Mr. J. T. Shields, of Wooster, Ohio, was in the city this week visiting his sister, Miss Floretta Shields, and his mother. He was one of our early-day residents, being a partner some ten or twelve years ago of Mr. [?] P. McMillen in general merchandise. His last visit to Winfield was made eight years ago and the changes wrought since then were astonishing to him. [Could not read first initial of McMillen...big black glob over letter!]


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

The Topeka papers announce the death of Mr. E. C. K. Garvey, who settled at Topeka in the Spring of 1855, and was publisher of the Kansas Freeman, the first paper published in Topeka. He was a native of county Longford, Ireland, but came to this country when twelve years of age. He came to Kansas from Wisconsin. He was father of Mr. W. C. Garvey, well known to all Winfield people.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

Mr. T. F. Axtel and family returned Tuesday from an extensive visit in York State. Though unable to cast his vote for the Plumed Knight, Mr. Axtel took an active part in the New York excitement. He is satisfied that everything was done on the square in that State. The excitement was so intense there, he says, that the least knowledge of fraud on either side would have produced an insurrection.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

Mrs. E. D. Garlick organized a large band of Juvenile Templars at Udall last Sunday. As superintendent of this work for the State under the Grand Lodge of Good Templars, she is doing effective work among the young, by thoroughly organizing the county, personally, and the State through appointed assistants. Education is the surest way to uproot the evils of intemperance. Udall has a strong sentiment in favor of temperance and prohibition.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

City Government.

The city council ground out a grist of business of several week=s standing Monday night. A. G. Wilson was appointed city weighmaster for the term ending March 5, 1885. Messrs. McGuire and McDonald sustained a motion for the city to purchase scales and hire a weighmaster, but the mayor cast the determining vote against.

The City theatre license was changed from $5 to $10 per night to $3 to $10.

Petition of W. A. Lee to erect a frame stable within fire limits, was rejected.

The question of raising all main street awnings, was continued.

G. B. Shaw & Co. were granted privilege to move their scales to 6th Avenue, west of Main Street.

Permission was given the Southern Kansas Railway Company to extend its depot platform thirty feet farther West, a much needed improvement. Ordinance was ordered for the construction of gutters on the west side of Main, abutting on block 110.

Following bills were ordered paid.

A. H. Glanden, crossings, $12.32.

Black & Rembaugh, printing, $9.50.

J. S. Lyon & Co., sewer pipe, $18.50.

Mater & Co., blacksmith work, $4.65.

S. C. Smith, services as city engineer, $17.75.

Horning & Whitney, supplies, $2.80.

Jas. Likowski was allowed $5.00 for a privy destroyed in election bonfires.

Bill of J. P. Baden, of $20.00, goods furnished one Whitford, a city pauper, was recommended to County Commissioners for payment.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

The Grim Destroyer=s Work.

DIED. Si Hanshet died at his home in this city last Thursday, after a long illness with typhoid.

DIED. Mrs. C. C. Pierce died Tuesday at her home in this city, after a long illness with typhoid fever. She was one of the oldest residents of the county, having come here in 1870, and a lady much esteemed by her family and friends. Her funeral took place yesterday afternoon. The remaining familyCfather, daughter, and sonCare bowed down with the greatest affliction which can be visited upon a household.

DIED. P. H. Albright, who arrived from the east Monday night, reports that his brother, Henry, had been feeling extra well for several days before his death, and that while out riding with an uncle at East Hampton, Connecticut, on the morning of the 3rd, he was suddenly taken with paralysis of the brain, resulting from Brights Disease. He became completely unconscious half an hour after the attack and breathed for an hour longer. He suffered no pain. He was buried from the home of an aunt on the 8th and his funeral was attended by a large circle of relatives and friends.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

DIED. On Saturday evening, November 15th, Mamie, the little daughter of Col. and Mrs. J. C. McMullin [?McMullen?], departed this life. She was a remarkably bright and winsome child, but so fair and frail that one could not help wondering how she could bear the rude storms we mortals have to meet. All fears about that are now done. He who said, AI go to prepare a place for you; and if I go and prepare a place for you, I=ll come again and receive you to myself that where I am ye may be also,@CHe has made ready a place for her, and has come and taken her to it. She is now an inhabitant of that fair land,

AWhere it is one bright summer always,

And storms do never come.@

On the evening of her death, she asked her friends to sing,

AWhen He cometh, when He cometh

To make up his jewelsC.@

And with the strains of this child=s hymn in her ears, she passed into the number of the Lord=s jewels in glory.

Our sympathies are with the bereaved family, whose sorrowing hearts we tenderly commend to Him whose tears fell in sympathy with the mourners who stood by the grave in Bethany; and who is AThe resurrection and the life@ eternal.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

Quarterly Meeting.

The 3rd Quarterly Meeting for the United Brethren Church, in the city of Winfield, will be held the coming Saturday and Sabbath. The Presiding Elder, Rev. P. B. Lee, will conduct the services. A cordial invitation is extended to all to be with us. J. H. Snyder, Pastor.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.


Oh, the snow, the beautiful snow.

Mrs. D. C. Green spent several days in Winfield last week.

A child of Wm. Juno is lying very low with malarial fever.

Election for city officers occurs the first Monday in December.

The family of Frank Saunders arrived from Iowa on the 14th inst.

Geo. Frazier wears a hat at the expense of Dr. KnickerbockerC@election.@

Bullen & Co. are erecting new coal houses south of Steele & Co.=s elevator.

The boys are all squaring up their bets. Buffington is the happiest man in town.

J. T. Dale is contemplating going to Kellogg to take an interest in the new mill being erected there.

Jerry Hammon and Jason Whitson have taken the contract to dig a well for Steele & Co. at their elevator.

Tom Kelly feels quite proud since Smith presented him with the keys of treasury, after wheeling him on Saturday.

For sale cheap, the fixtures of a first-class post office, located in Udall. Reasons for selling, 219. Apply to Harve Hildebrand.

Rev. S. Knickerbocker, of Janesville, Iowa, father of Dr. Knickerbocker, is visiting here. Also Frank Knickerbocker, attorney at law, from Fillmore, Missouri.

P. E. Gifford, the aged co-partner of the American Bible Society, has been lying very ill with a stroke of paralysis. Not much hopes are entertained of his recovery.

Oliver Jewett has bought one half interest in the hardware store of A. J. Werden. We welcome Mr. Jewett to the ranks of enterprising businessmen and wish him all possible success.

The Congregational people will give a Thanksgiving supper at the schoolhouse on the eve of the 27th. Baskets will be for sale with a lady=s name inside and the purchaser will be expected to act as escort for the unknown at supper and pay the expenses. All are cordially invited.

We are informed from a reliable source that there is a whiskey shop in full blast here and a peculiar sign he has on his shelf (namely, a small glass pig) denotes whether whiskey can be had or not. If the pig is full, whiskey is plenty; if the pig is empty, no whiskey is to be had. In other words, when the pig is empty. his customers are full; and if his customers are empty, his pig is full.

The following officers were installed in the G. A. R. at this place on the evening of the 14th by Levi Stump, P. C. H. H. Martin, Com.; A. W. Carr, Sr., V. Com.; D. E. Gran, Jr. V. Com.; Jerry Evans, Officer of the Day; Wm. Seaman, Chaplain; Jeff Hammon, Q. M.; W. W. Smith, A. A. G.; P. Mcquade, Qr. M. Sargt.; D. Ackerman, Sargt. Major; F. Hammond, Officer of Guard. The post Commander of Mulvane Post, with the officers of same, were here with their band to assist in the ceremonies. At 12 m. supper was given at the City Hotel, where a huge time was had with toasts and speeches.

Some time since P. W. Smith made a bet with Tom Kelly that if Blaine was elected Tom was to wheel Smith from P. O. west to the stone building of Akers and return; if Cleveland was elected Smith was to wheel Kelly the same route at the same time. J. T. Dale made a similar bet with Buffington; the wheeling to place on the 15th at 2 p.m. Promptly at that time P. W. Smith and J. T. Dale made their appearance with their little wheelbarrows, P. W. escorting Kelly amid the cheers to his seat on the wheelbarrow; then Dale escorted his man to his seat. Thus the procession started. After crossing the railroad going west, a third wheelbarrow came from behind the building with a stuffed figure sitting erect with this placard, ATo the victor belongs the spoils.@ Another label bore this inscription, AMaria=s kid, probable candidate for West Point under the especial care of his daddy, but at the expense of this government.@ Upon the return of the procession to the post office, speeches were made by all parties concerned. W. O. McKinlay was then called upon for a speech when he mounted the box and in stentorian tones made this inquiry, AWhat shall we do with the kid?@

G. T. Frazier then in one of his happiest speeches presented the kid to the tender care and mercies of the Democratic party of which his sire was the acknowledged leader. The best humor prevailed on all sides. Fully 300 people witnessed the procession.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.


Farmers are most done husking corn, header boxes answer for corn cribs.

There was a Spelling School at Centennial schoolhouse on the evening of the 19th.

The COURIER is a welcome visitor in most every household in Beaver Center Township.

W. Gyer went to Caldwell on last Monday. We did not learn whether he got his life insured or not.

William Spruens and other members of the family that have been suffering with typhoid f ever are considered out of danger.

The reason Monroe has not married before now is that he always shudders at the idea of asking a young lady to take a Teter.

Ed. Garett is the champion corn husker of this vicinity; he has a boy along with a bucket of water to cool his husking peg.

J. W. Tharp, who left here last fall for Texas, has now returned to his home in Kentucky. One of his children died while in Texas.

A couple made their appearance all unexpectedly at Singing School last Sunday evening; so long as the world stands, wonders will happen.

Bill we won=t say no more,

Since she=s taken you to teach.

That your courting boat is run a shore,

Though you smile upon the beach.

A lady with whiskers on her face is the chief attraction at a circus; there are a number of young ladies here who have whiskers on their face on Sunday nights.

Tom Herrod made a visit in this vicinity on the 14th inst., and read a verse from his autograph to a young man charging him of violating the liquor law. If St. John had worked more at home and not so much in New York, this might not have happened.

There are some fathers and mothers in this vicinity that prohibit their children from going to singing school, spelling school, and social parties. They have kept them at home so close that they have no desire to go. The parents do this from a religious standpoint. Is this religion? Will someone answer?

We deem it proper to say a few words for the Victor Sabbath School; the school has been a grand success in every respect, the officers have done their work well, all are invited to be present on next Sunday to vote whether the school shall close or continue up to December 25th, and close in connection with a Christmas tree. All come out and vote for the Christmas tree.

Neptune of the Telegram has irritated us somewhat in showing his superiority in criticizing our imperfections in spelling. We do not boast of our spelling as we have not had the opportunity to accomplish our education. Nature has given Neptune plenty of lip and but few brains. Stop, Neptune, let your brain catch up with your tongue. If we could buy Neptune for what he is worth and sell him for what he thinks he is worth, we would be cradled in the lap of luxury. He is the cream of Constant; it is a pity for this distinguished bloat to connect himself with the vile apostles of the Telegram, when his knowledge is needed so badly in other directions.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.


Mr. Hanawall is spending a few days in Dexter. [Hunnewell??]

Henry Salmos started to school on Monday.

The Mother Hubbard festival passed off quietly and was quite a success.

Election is over, but the excitement attending the same is about as great as ever.

Mr. Hardwick, from near Dexter, is in the city on his way east to Elk Falls for the purpose of buying corn.

Prof. B. T. Davis, of Winfield, will deliver a lecture on next Saturday night at the schoolhouse. Come out everybody.

Corn gathering is about done in this part of the county and the yield was not so large as was expected. Still it is very good.

Mr. Evans is building for himself quite a nice little cottage to which he expects to bring a bride soon, if not sooner. Success, Evans.

The young folks mite society met at the residence of Misses Lou and Mattie Wilson last Saturday night and had quite a lively time.

Misses Laura Elliott and Lou Wilson, of this city, and Miss Nettie McKinney, of Dexter, took in the sights of the Metropolis last Saturday.

Ike Phenis, Mr. Hendricks, and Amos Campbell are going to take a trip to the west this week in order to look at the country and perhaps locate.

Mr. W. B. Galloway and family returned home one day last week from Kentucky, where they have been visiting relatives for the past two months.

H. H. Swim returned home from his claim in Ford County, where he has been for the last two months. He likes the west very well. He thinks of moving there in the spring.

The people of Torrance organized a literary society week before last; had one meeting on last Friday night. The exercises consisted of select reading, declamations, essays, and debate. The question for debate: re-submission. Negative gained the question. Next was the paper and it was good, I tell you. The question for the next night is the old one of the war and intemperance. Meets Friday night.

We noticed quite a curiosity at the Mother Hubbard social the other night resembling a Shanghai rooster with a few feathers around his ears and an inquiry found much to our surprise that it was the editor of the Cambridge News. The same who gave us such a send-off in his weekly News of last week in the form of a few scattering remarks without any foundation whatever. We know this much to be true, that if any lad had to pay for her own supper, it was the one who escorted the Hon. Editor to the table. Now we should be well pleased if the time spent in trying to make locals for his paper would come in gunshot of the truth at least.

MARRIED. The young folks of this city and neighborhood were highly entertained on last Thursday evening at the residence of J. L. Higbee, it being the occasion of the wedding of his son, Will, to Miss Theo Landen, of Scheel City, Missouri, which happened in that city on Tuesday evening of last week. At six o=clock the guests began to arrive and of course I >drapt= in too; and they kept coming till the house was filled to its utmost. At eight o=clock supper was announced. And such a supper. My pen fails meCbut anyway we did justice to as grand a supper as ever was arranged in Cowley County. The company enjoyed themselves till about 11:30 o=clock p.m., and after congratulations to the bride and groom went home; the girls to dream over the cake given for that purpose, and the boys to dream over the cake eaten for some other purpose.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.


Mrs. Wolfe has returned from Ohio.

Mr. Bryant has returned from his Virginia visit.

Mr. Foster has plastered Mrs. Gilmore=s house.

Mr. Samuel Tull is suffering with a badly sprained ankle.

DIED. Mrs. Lena Thomas lost her little baby by death a short time since.

Messrs. W. H. Funk and ____ Partridge are shelling corn in this vicinity.

Mrs. Franklin and Mrs. Funk of Sheridan have been Salem guests lately.

Strange faces are visible in Salem, but to whom they belong I cannot tell.

Mrs. Wolfe is suffering from a hard spell of pneumonia. She is under the care of Dr. Irwin.

Mr. Kale had the misfortune of lowing nine calves two weeks since by the train running over them.

Sunny Kansas: such beautiful, delightful weather makes staying in the house seem almost sinful.

DIED. Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Miller laid their wee baby to rest in the city of the dead on Wednesday, the 12th inst.

Mr. Hutchinson, Sr., is building a good looking house in Salem. Mr. Frayley is also building in our little burg.

Mr. Crow, assisted by some kind neighbors, moved his little children that were buried on his farm to the Salem Cemetery.

MARRIED. Mr. James Walker of Old Salem has taken unto himself a wife, Miss Olive Williams.

The young people gave the house of Mr. Hutchison, Jr., a short call not long since. A little social to welcome Mr. Hutchison.

A new organ with sweet tone graces the sitting room of the Central Hotel. Music charms dull care away, for a short time at least.

Mr. Walter Walker is home from St. Louis, Missouri, where he has been attending school. We are glad to see your smiling phiz, Mr. Walter.

There will be an oyster supper at the Salem Hall on Thanksgiving eve, Nov. 27th. Come and have a good time. A splendid time is anticipated.

DIED. Mr. Sutton, living near Burden, died and was interred in the Salem Cemetery recently. He was a son-in-law of Mrs. James Chapell. Peace to his ashes.

Miss Davenport is able to be a Salemite once more; but is only a shadow of her former self, we are informed, since her recent illness. She is attending to school duties.

The old Salem school is very full, but seems to be ably managed by Mr. Corrol. He has secured the services of Miss Mary Dalgarn to assist in hearing several classes.

Mr. J. W. Hoyland=s family were surprised by a visit from Mrs. Long, her daughter; also two sons and Mr. Robert Carete, all of Rock, at present, but recently from Pennsylvania. the elderly parties were friends in their youth. =Tis nice for old friends to talk over the scenes and pleasures of by-gone days.

Just visit the New Salem Union Sunday School and witness the interest of teachers and pupils, the unity manifested, the good lessons, and good attendance, and you will not think Salem so bad; then it keeps up two flourishing Sunday schools, preaching once, twice, and sometimes three times on Sabbath. Singing one night during the week.

And by the way Hoyland=s were again surprised by an increase in the family late at night, after the train came in, in the person of Mrs. Emma Hughes and family, of Ohio. Mrs. Hughes is a sister of Mr. W. P., and half sister of Messrs. B. L. and J. W. Hoyland. Mrs. Hughes seems highly delighted with Kansas, and so pleased at again seeing relatives dear to her.

Some of our young people attended a spelling at the Moscow schoolhouse this week and report an excellent time. Spellings are coming in fashion again. If property conducted, they put thinking caps on a good many heads and set them to work in earnest. Success to all undertakings that elevate and help mankind.

Accept my congratulations, Mr. Greer, on your election to office. May you be happy while you are away from Grand Old Cowley, and may success not make you forget your old COURIER friends. Long life and happiness to you and your better half.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.


The Marshal of Belle Plaine Kills an Innocent Man and is Strung Up

By a Determined Populace.

A Democratic jollification at Belle Plaine, Sumner County, last Friday night had a sad ending in the shooting of John C. Crouch by John Wallen, and the hanging of the latter, by the excited people. Wallen was a desperate character, who came to Belle Plaine from Kentucky, a fugitive from justice, it is said, having at least boasted of Akilling his man@ in that state. He was recently appointed marshal of that city, on the principle, it is claimed, that it is necessary to Afight fire with fire@Cthat is, there was some work to be doneCcharacters to look afterCthat it was thought he could look after better than anyone else, and as it was difficult to find a man who would accept the position, the authorities resorted to the doubtful experiment of placing him in the position of a sort of detective for a short time

At about 10 o=clock last Friday night, he was the principal disturbing element in a billiard hall, instead of a peace officer, and when remonstrated with by the proprietor of the hall, he went out muttering threats of what he proposed to do, and among the first he met on the outside was John C. Crouch, against whom he had held a grudge for some time, and without a word of provocation on this occasion, he drew a 45-caliber revolver and shot his victim down in cold blood, the ball entering the poor man under the chin and passing out above the right shoulder, causing death almost instantly.

The murderer made no attempt to escape; but rather boasted of what he had done and what more he proposed to do of the same diabolical work. He was soon taken into custody and disarmed and placed in the calaboose. Soon after midnight the excited populace, to the number of a hundred or more, organized, not as an ordinary mob, but as a quiet, determined band, and proceeded to Mayor Store=s residence and demanded the key to the jailCwhich he reluctantly surrendered, seeing the situation; and going to the jail, they took the prisoner out and marched him to where his victim lay cold in deathCwhere he was killedCshowed him what he had done, and told him if he had anything to say or a prayer to offer, now was his time. The prisoner maintained a solid indifference, made no denial of his crime, but simply asked for a fair trial. He asked for a drink of water, which was given him, and then he was marched to a post in front of a billiard hall, to which he was hung so quick that the crowd could hardly realize what was done.

Crouch was respected as a peaceable and honorable citizen, and had many friends. Wallen was stimulated for his bloody work by the use of whiskey. This is the first serious disturbance that has ruffled Belle Plaine during its thirteen quiet, peaceful years.



Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

A. M. Payne and Wm. Bradshaw, prominent businessmen, Marshall, Illinois, are prospecting in this county with a view to locating here. They are highly pleased with Southern Kansas, and Winfield especially.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

The German Lutherans of this city and county have arranged to organize a church at this place, when Rev. Ehlers will preach semi-monthly, alternately in English and German. Services will be held in the hall over J. P. Baden=s store.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

AD. Beautify Your Homes!


are now running in first-class style their PLAINING MILL.

They make a specialty of putting up VERANDAS with the latest and most attractive designs. Their machinery is complete for turning out all classes of turned work, Scroll Work, Brackets, Window and Door Frames, Circle Moulding, and everything in fancy carpentry. Estimates furnished on all classes of buildings at short notice, and contracts taken for the same.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

AD. EVALINE BAILEY, M. D., HOMEOPATHIST. Office 10th Avenue, 3rd door west of Main Street. (Dr. Taylor=s old office.) Special attention given to Diseases of Women.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

Dissolution of Partnership.

The firm formerly existing under the firm name of Hughes, Cooper & Co., have by mutual consent dissolved. All persons knowing themselves indebted to the above firm will call and make settlement at once. The business will be continued by Cooper & Taylor.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.

RECAP. Sheriff Sale by G. H. McIntire, Monday, December 15, 1884. Alonzo Howland, Plaintiff, vs. George H. Sprague and Carrie L. Sprague. Sale of real estate. Property appraised at $225.


Winfield Courier, November 29, 1884.






Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

One of the buffalo which run about town followed the hook and ladder company to the fire Sunday night, remained there until the company started back, when it fell in behind the truck and followed it back to the engine room. Dodge City Globe.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

The following are the newly elected officers of the State Temperance Union.

For president, B. Kelly, of Winfield; for vice president, Jacob, Mulvane; for treasurer, P. J. Bonebrake; for secretary, J. A. Troutman. Executive committee: A. B. Campbell,

G. W. E. Griffith, W. B. Slosson, W. Wake, Albert Griffin, J. J. Buck, W. H. Stout, H. W. Lewis, and Philip Krohn.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

Last Thursday afternoon Capt. D. L. Payne and Mrs. R. A. Haines came up from Hunnewell to Wellington in a wagon and stopped at the De Barnard hotel. Payne made his last speech at the courthouse in the evening. Friday morning Capt. Payne sat at the breakfast table with Mrs. Haines at his left. He had eaten heartily and was talking Oklahoma to a gentlemen on his right, when he hesitated, dropped his head forward, and expired without a struggle. The cause of death has not been determined. [Important boomer story.]


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.


The Secretary of the Interior offered his third and last annual report November 28. It is very long, covering forty pages of printed matter. He favors permitting the Indians to lease their grass lands. He thinks the Indians can be almost wholly supported by these leases. He wants to disarm the Indians and gives a long history of the Indian schools, what he thinks finally will result in making the Indian self-supporting.

AIn my last report I called attention to the occupation of certain Indian reservations by stockmen with their herds, under an arrangement made with the Indians. I decline to treat these arrangements as leases made on the part of the Indians, but did treat them as licenses on the part of the Indians recognized by section 2117 of the revised statutes. I do not understand that the parties so occupying these lands with the consent of the Indians are there in violation of law, but their condition is not a satisfactory one either to themselves or the department. The department in allowing them to remain reserved the right to put them off such reservation, notwithstanding such permit or license, if the department considered it necessary to do so in the interest of the Indians.

AHow far the government may disregard the license so given by the Indians is a question that need not be discussed until it is presented; but should the department attempt such exclusion against the wishes of the Indians, it would certainly lead to trouble. The amount paid for such privileges is understood to be about two cents per acre for the lands so occupied. This amount is not a fair compensation at this time for the use of such lands, or for at least a considerable portion thereof.

AMuch of the land so occupied could be leased at from four to six cents per acre. The Cheyenne and Arapahoe Indians attempted to lease 3,867,880 acres of their reservation, leaving unoccupied by stockmen about 430,000 acres. From the land so occupied by stockmen, the Arapahoes and Cheyennes received last year 2 cents per acre, amounting to $77,357.60, or an average of $12.33 per capita. As it is believed that this reservation might be leased at from 4 to 6 cents per acre, the amount may be increased to $24.66 or $26.99 per capita. It is believed that the cattlemen will very readily consent to double or treble the price paid if they can have some assurance that they will not be disturbed at the whim or caprice of the Indians. The amount now received, $12.33 per capita, is a sum quite sufficient, if the department could control its payment to the Indians, to aid very materially in their support and civilization. A family of five persons would receive $61.65 per annum at 2 cents per acre. At 6 cents per acre the amount would go far toward their support without further aid from the government.

AOther tribes also have good grazing lands that might be leased at good profitable rates, leaving the Indians a sufficient quantity of land for their own use, either for agricultural or grazing. Some legislation should be had on the subject to enable the government to demand and receive for the Indians the full value for the occupation of their lands, and to pre-gold to the treasury not made up to a sufficient extent by receipts of gold from other sources, a question must soon arise for the decision of the departments as to whether it will continue to make in gold, or its representative, payments now made through the clearing house, or use in its payments silver dollars, or their representative certificates, in some proportion to the relation in which silver dollars in the treasury not held for certificates outstanding, bear to the available assets and to an extent similar to that in which they are used at other offices of the treasury. During the fiscal year $126,152,572 in national bank notes were presented for redemption, being 22.83 percent more than the preceding year. Of the amount presented $86,922,000, or 68.90 percent, came from the four cities of New York, Boston, Philadelphia, and Chicago. An increase of 22.83 percent, in the amount of bank notes presented for redemption, reflects the condition of the mercantile monetary affairs of the country as shown by reports of increasing business failures and clearing house transactions, and it is a continuation in the course that bank note redemption has been pursuing year by year, since the aggregate amount during ten years expressed in round numbers $1,404,000.000.@


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.


Last Thursday Joseph Mitchell and Net S. Andrews, two cowboys, rode into the village of Ashland, in Ford County, about fifty miles from Dodge City, and in a drunken spree killed two men and wounded one woman. The sheriff of Dodge City left immediately for there and on his arrival captured Mitchell, the other getting away. A mob took the prisoner away from the sheriff and hung him.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.


The annual report of the treasurer of the United States shows the net revenues of the government of the United States was less than in 1883 by $40,767,712. The decrease in receipts from customs was $19,630,007; in receipts from miscellaneous sources, $8,849,248. From the aggregate of those items should be deducted an increase of $1,854,840 in receipts from the sales of public lands, a net aggregate of 244,126,244, being a decrease from the amount in 1883 of $21,281,893; surplus applicable to the reduction of the public debt to the amount of $104,393,624. A decrease of $28,345,818 from that of the previous year.

The items or expenditures showing the decrease are as follows.

On account of war department, $11,469,946.

Interest on public debt, $4,581,752.

There was an increase of $2,242,411 in the expenditures on the account of civil and miscellaneous, and $2,000,164 in the expenditures on the account of the navy department.

The disbursing officers of the United States had to their credit on the books of the treasury at the close of the year $32,463,980. The statement of the assets and liabilities for September 30, 1884, shows the general balance was reduced from $163,232,463 in 1883 to $149,525,062 in 1884, a reduction of $13,707,400. The aggregate amount of gold and silver coin and bullion held by the treasury increased from $352,510,809 in 1883 to $395,216,297 in 1884, an increase of $42,705,487. The gross assets increased from $455,119,817 in 1883 to $519,690,249, an increase of $63,570,431 from November 1, 1883, to November 1, 1884. The reserve decreased $12,752,255, or from $166,822,545 to $148,070,290. There were nominally outstanding at the close of the fiscal year silver certificates amounting to $120,891,691, an increase of $32,274,890. During the year the amount held by the treasury increased from $15,996,145 to $23,384,680, thus leaving actually outstanding $97,607,011, an actual increase of $24,886,325.

The amount of standard silver dollars coined up to September 30, 1884, was $182,380,829, of which the treasury held $142,349,409. Of this amount $7,094,881 was for the redemption of silver certificates outstanding. Amount in circulation $39,801,953, or about 24-8 percent of total coinage. As usual the amount outstanding reached the highest point in December, when it exceeded $41,000,040, an aggregate never before reached. The decrease in June was not as great as in previous years, probably owing to the scarcity of one and two dollar notes, and on September 30 the amount was $680,717 greater than the same date in 1883. Counterfeits of various kinds amounting to $11,000 were detected during the year. As a consequence of the inability of the treasury under the existing practice to use either silver dollars or silver certificates in its settlements with the New York clearing house; whereby far the greater part of its disbursements are made available, gold ran down from $155,429,600 on January 1, 1884, to $116,479,979 on August 12, 1884, while the silver dollars and bullion on hand represented by silver certificates outstanding, increased during the same period from $27,266,037 to $48,603,958. As a temporary expedient to stop this drain of gold from the treasury, the assistant treasury of New York was directed to use in payments to the clearing house, United States notes to the extent of one-half payments, but the amount of these notes in the treasury which, at the time of the commencement of this mode of payment, had accumulated beyond its needs, had now become so much reduced they are no longer available for such payments to any considerable extent.

If a return to the former practice of making payments entirely in gold or gold certificates shall result in the continuous loss of vent [??] claimants holding such licenses or privileges.

[The above sentence makes no sense whatsoever...think the typesetter missed some words.]

Such occupants are not on the reservation in violation of law if they have the consent of the Indians; yet should their conduct be such as to convince the department that their presence is injurious to the Indians, it is difficult to tell the result of an attempt on the part of the department to remove them if the Indians continue to consent to their remaining.

While there can be no objection to allowing the Indians of the Indian Territory to lease their lands for grazing purposes, there is a serious objection to allowing the Indians on reservations outside of the Indian Territory to lease lands valuable for agricultural purposes for the purpose of grazing only.

If the reservation is larger than is required for the use of the Indians occupying it, there should be a reduction thereof, and all this not needed for the use of the Indians should be opened to settlement. The time has passed when large and valuable tracts of land fit for agriculture can be held by Indians for either hunting or grazing lands to the exclusion of actual settlers.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.


Secretary of war, Robt. Lincoln=s annual report, was made public on November 28. It covers thirty pages and is very exhaustive and comprehensive, giving in detail receipts and expenditures amounting to upwards of forty-two millions of dollars. He estimates that the military establishment for the next fiscal year, including the river and harbor and public works and fortifications, will amount to fifty millions of dollars. As to military claims against the government, he says that Kansas, in 1882, sent in vouchers amounting to $349,300.95.

The result of the examination of the claim of the state of Kansas in the bureaus of the war department was found to fall short of the requirements of the act, and after the papers and vouchers in this claim, amounting to about 2,500 in number, had been referred and re-referred, it was deemed advisable to convene a board of officers to examine and report upon the case. This was done in July last, and the claim, after then undergoing a careful examination in this office, was returned to the treasury department with a favorable report upon expenditures of the state to the amount of $332,308.13.

The renewed invasion of what is called the Oklahoma country in the Indian Territory, by intruders determined to settle upon lands there, in defiance of law and of executive proclamations, has required movements of considerable number of troops, but the intruders have been again removed beyond the limits of the Territory, and a new military district has been organized, called the district of Oklahoma, under command of Col. Edward Hatch, of the 9th cavalry, with a view of preventing a re-occurrence of this trouble. Information received at the war department indicates that the persistent leader of these intrusions is an adventurer who has found a profitable source of money making in organizing colonies to go into the Territory.

As I have heretofore stated, the only offense committed by him and those whom he deluded into joining these colonies is the fine which may be imposed under the section 2148 of the Revised Statutes, and the fine cannot be collected; and I renew my recommendation that an amendment of the statute be made providing for imprisonment, as it is believed that such a punishment would prevent his vexatious raids and save a very large expenditure now incurred in the movements of troops employed in executing the law.

The report goes fully over the north pole expedition under Greely, and the failures of final success in rescuing that officer and his men.

[Boomer related.]


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.


The state canvassing board met at Topeka last week and canvassed the returns of the recent election. We give below the figures on several of the candidates.


Blaine: 154,406.

Cleveland: 90,132.

Butler: 16,316.

St. John: 4,485.

TOTAL VOTE: 265,379.


John A. Martin: 146,777.

G. W. Glick: 108,184.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

RECAP. Sheriff Sale to be held Jan. 5, 1885. James H. Bullen and C. A. Bullen, partners as James H. Bullen & Co., Plaintiffs, vs. S. S. Gentry, Eliza A. Gentry, and C. G. Oliver, Defendants. Property involved: Lot 13, block 48, Manning=s addition to City of Winfield. Appraised at $900.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

RECAP. The Travelers Insurance Company, Plaintiff, against Myron F. Munson and Jennie A. Munson, Defendants. {HENRY E. ASP, P. A. ALBRIGHT, Attorneys for Plaintiff.

Petition to be answered by Jan. 15, 1885. Sum: $624 + interest on promissory note. Real estate involved: some in Cowley, some in Butler.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

SPECIAL NOTICE: Subscribers to this paper will notice that the rates of Subscription are $1.50 per year, only when paid in advance. When not paid in advance the rates are $2.00 per annum. Hereafter this rule will be invariably enforced. Every subscription which runs over three months without payment will be charged at the rte of $2.00 per annum.

COURIER CO., Publishers.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

The Winfield Markets. Butter 20 and 22 cents: eggs 20 cents, turkeys, live, per lb., 6 to 7 cents, dressed, 9 to 10 cents; chickens, $1.50 & $3.00 per dozen; potatoes 50 @ 75 cents; wheat 50 cents; corn 25 cents; oats 20 & 22 cents; hogs $3.50 per cwt.; Hay $5 per ton.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

The present part of this week is truly representative of Indian Sumner, and the bright balmy days are hugely enjoyed by all. Indian Summer is a period of warm, pleasant weather, which usually occurs every year over the northern portion of the United States after the autumn storms, and often continuing for two or three weeks. It is not regular in the prime of its reoccurrence, but usually comes about the middle of November. It is characterized by a clear sky, and by a hazy or smoky atmosphere, especially near the horizon. The name is said to be derived from the custom of the Indians to use this time in preparing their stores of food for the winter. Other authorities say that it is so called by the Indians themselves, who regard this season as the gift of the God of the Southwest, who sends the southwest winds, and to whom they believe their souls go after death.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

We rise to deny the imputation that the ladies of Winfield are not good wire pullers politically, and hurl the lie in the teeth of the party who said that they were not alert to the situation and had their eye on the main chance. Recently one of our well-to-do married ladies called upon her lady friend. Conversation drifted to politics, and the election. Said Mrs. B. to Mrs. A., what business does your husband propose to engage in next season? With a peculiar look and a knowing wink, Mrs. A. replied: AOh, I think the U. S. land office is a pretty good thing, and my husband has assurancesCthat is, he has been promCreally I don=t believe I ought to say anything about it just yet! Good morning, Mrs. B.@ and she whisked out of the door with the air of a government official.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

The Kansas Lyre gets off this lie, and we only copy it to show how big a liar the Lyre man is: AA farmer in the eastern part of the state missed a couple of his cows some time ago, and a diligent search and notices in the county papers failed to bring them to light. Yesterday, however, while in the field he noticed a hole in one side of a pumpkin, and on getting a lantern and going in he found the lost cows quietly eating pumpkin seeds and getting fat. The hole in the fruit was caused by the rapid growth of the vines, which had dragged it along over the ground for half a mile.@


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

The following petit jurors have been drawn for the January term of the District Court:

John Mentch, Walnut Township.

E. J. Wilbur, Rock.

J. B. Plumb, Bolton.

Geo. O. Allen, Creswell.

H. N. Jarvis, Cedar.

W. Kirkpatrick, Windsor.

Thomas Cooley, Rock.

James Coulter, Beaver.

M. B. Rowe, Windsor.

J. W. Carlton, Maple.

Frank J. Hess, Creswell.

Ford White, Cedar.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

We can make you any kind of a loan you desire. We can make you a loan for straight five years, or we can give you a privilege of paying the loan after a year from the first interest payment, or we can give you the privilege of paying in installments of $500. We can give you annual or semi-annual interest. Jarvis, Conklin & Co.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

It has been decided in the courts that if a partner of a dissolved firm neglects to give notice through the newspapers of a dissolution of partnership, he is equally liable with his partner for all debts contracted after dissolution. This is something worth remembering.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

The poor of our city should be looked up and watched all winter to keep them from starving or freezing. There are a few good, honest, deserving people who are suffering, but are too backward about letting it be known. ADo unto others as you would others should do unto you.@


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

The eavesdropper of the COURIER Acaught on@ to a feminine secret this week, in a leap year scheme the young ladies of the city are inaugurating. They propose to show grit and enterprise, even thoughCwell, now, we just won=t give them away, so we won=t.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

S. Kleeman, the north Main street dry-goods man, is too busy this week to write up an ad., but his stock of ladies= cloaks, flannels, and everything in the dry goods line continues to leave his store at prices astonishing to all competitors.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

Sumner County has thirteen newspapers. This is more than any county in the State can boast of outside of Shawnee.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

Gibson=s English Fruit Tablets and Drops are noted for their delicate flavor and purity; for sale at Williams= drug store.

Horning & Whitney=s display of gas fixtures is very fine and attracts much attention. They carry all the latest patterns.

Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

The Methodists are building a new church at Mulvane, and also at Geuda Springs.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

Gibson=s imported Horehound and Cough Drops, for sale at Williams= drug store. Try them.

Capsium Cough Drops for coughs, colds, and sore throats at Williams= drug store.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.


Col. Norton, of Dallas, Texas, was in the city last Friday.

Wm. McRaw left yesterday for a six months sojourn in Los Angeles, California.

Rev. Gregory came down last week and filled the Baptist pulpit Sunday morning.

Ivan Robinson and Charley Holmes, of this City, have opened a coal yard at Arkansas City, with Ivan in charge.

BIRTH. John Cairns, of Richland Township, is happy in the possession of a bouncing new girl, of regulation weight. John bears the honor gracefully.

DIED. Uncle Stephen Brown, one of the earliest colored settlers of the county, died Saturday night. He leaves a large family of grown children.

Judge George T. Walton, of Burden, Cowley County, father of Wirt and Tell Walton, has been selected as the editor of the Burden Enterprise.

Mr. T. Morehouse, a commission merchant of Chicago, came in Tuesday evening and will visit some time with his old friend, Mr. Frank Strong.

Mr. John Croco, of this city, received a number of German carp last week, through Senator Plumb, from the U. S. fish commissioner, and will experiment with them.

Mr. A. S. Davis, of Vernon, is just finishing a neat new residence. He is one of Cowley=s oldest pioneers and is beginning to reap comforts from his years of patient toil.

Levi Queer and party returned from a hunting trip to the Territory Monday. They brought in twenty-one deer and a lot of small game. This is the biggest haul yet reported.

[They had Queer...wonder if it should be Quier?]

DIED. Mr. E. Perigo died last Saturday evening after a lingering illness. He was an old and respected citizen and a member of the Masonic order. He was buried by the Order on Sunday.

Miss Mamie Garlick, teaching this winter in the Augusta city schools, spent Thanksgiving at home. She was accompanied by Miss Mary Parsons, assistant principal of the Augusta schools.

Mr. T. F. Axtel took charge of the Central Hotel Monday. He is an old hotel man and will have no trouble in making the Central popular among all lovers of good meals and comfortable rooms.

Mr. Shepard, living west of town, lost his residence by fire Thursday night. The house and contents were entirely destroyed. The origin of the fire is unknown. Insurance four hundred dollars.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

TO BE MARRIED?? Billy Dawson left this week for a visit to the National Capital. He has a brother there in the patent office. They do say, too, that Billy contemplates matrimony before his return, at Independence probably.

Mr. Frank Strong returned Thursday last from a six weeks= business trip to Wisconsin. He was accompanied by Mrs. Julia Hills, of Rifflin, Wisconsin, who will visit during the winter with the family of Mrs. C. Strong.

DIED. Peter Kuhn died Saturday night at the home of his son in this city, in the eighty-fourth year of his age. He had been a member of the Masonic fraternity for sixty-two years. He was buried Monday morning by that Order.

H. H. Martin, of Udall, was in the city Monday. He says city politics, as yet a new thing, are at present very hot. Their first city election came off Monday, with Acitizens@ and a ABilliard Hall@ tickets in the field. The young city is booming.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

Brown & Son are always up to the times in modern improvements. They have lately added to their already handsome drug store a prescription case of novel and beautiful design, turned out by I. W. Randall of this city. It is very convenient and attractive.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

Cliff C. Baker, of the Commonwealth, is a candidate for Secretary of the Senate. He will get there, as he should. Cliff is one of the bright, rustling young Republicans of the state, thoroughly qualified and will fill that honorable position with credit to himself and the State.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

Mr. L. M. Williams, our popular druggist, favored the COURIER with samples of his AEnglish fruit drops.@ They are the most delicately flavored and pleasant of anything in the medical line yet seen. If they come into general use as a medicine, we shall become a confirmed invalid.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

Sheriff McIntire captured Wm. Tackett Saturday evening in a billiard hall in this city. He was arrested about six months ago by two constables, but he got away from them and had never been heard of until our Sheriff ran across him. He stole two horses near Oxford about eight months ago. The Sheriff took him to Sumner, Monday.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

Henry Phenix is preparing to sell his land and property near town and will remove to his claim in Clark County. Henry proposes to keep to the front in Pioneer life until he gets a big farm, when he will settle down and stay. Henry has the nerve to carve out a home and a competence and proposes to do it.



Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

Mr. S. Nawman marketed three young hogs out of his herd, Saturday, averaging five hundred and fifty pounds, for which he received over fifty-five dollars at the low price now prevailing. Mr. Nawman is one of those farmers who believe in turning corn into money through the swine medium, and has always been successful.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

Joseph O=Hare, the valiant, fighting Democrat of the great Arkansas Valley, returned from a trip east Monday. Whether he went down to whisper in Hendrick=s ear his weakness for a land-office, or to advise the old gentleman on the organization of the cabinet, we are unable to state.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

George Cairns came up from Texas, where he has been evangelizing, last week, to see his mother and sisters off for W. T. Major Penn and himself will commence next week a series of revival meetings at the World=s Fair, New Orleans. George is giving his whole time and attention to this work now and is doing manifold good.

[From above I gather that Rev. Cairns, in Washington Territory, is soon to have his wife and daughters join him there.]


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

Mr. T. J. Beckett, of Walnut, bought a red Berkshire male hog two years ago of Mr. G. W. Miller. Saturday he brought in a drove of sixty-two, all the direct offspring of that hog, and marketed them for over a thousand dollars, leaving a number of the same breed at home yet. The antecedent of all these was sold among the lot for more than his original cost. That is certainly a good record.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

Mr. M. Beamer arrived last week from Lafayette County, Missouri, with a fine thoroughbred trotting stallion, a grandson of the famous AAlmont,@ and a herd of pure blood short horn cattle, among them some very fine bulls. He recently purchased the Stringfield & Keane cattle farm, containing several hundred acres, between Dexter and Cambridge, and will commence blooded stock raising on a large scale.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

Once more has F. M. Freeland drifted into the hotel business. He takes to it like a fish to water, naturally. This time he landlords at the Commercial, commencing Monday last. Mr. Freeland is a rustling hotel man, understands every minutiae of the business, and will soon put the Commercial on top. Mrs. Freeland is an adept in the culinary art and her excellently furnished tables never fail to gain popularity.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

Through the courtesy of Mr. E. F. Shindel we were permitted to peruse a letter written in England, April 21, 1771, by Benjamin Franklin, and addressed to Mr. Humphrey Marshall, West Bradford, Chestor County, Pennsylvania. The letter is wonderfully preserved and the writing as legible as the day it was written. The writer, among other matters, made a strong plea in favor of encouraging home manufacturers, or, in other words, advocated a protective tariff. A. C. Traveler.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

Will H. McCartney leaves today to settle as an attorney at law in Ashland, Clark County. He has been retained by the town company and will look after its interests. Will has been engaged with Senator Hackney during the last fifteen months and in that time, aided by the Senator=s superior knowledge of law, has developed talents which will carry him successfully anywhere. He is studious and painstaking, with a keen insight, and never leaves anything until he has thoroughly mastered it. He will be a splendid acquisition to Ashland and promises to be the first county attorney of Clark County. He carries the best wishes of all and will be heard from in numerous successes.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

Judge Torrance has ordered a grand jury for the December term of the district court of this county. This is a decided step toward the thorough and complete enforcement of the laws of the State. The only regret that can be expressed is that this step was not taken four years ago, when the prohibitory liquor law was first enacted. This is the only means by which certain species of offenses can be effectually reached, and if the guardians of our law had desired its full and complete enforcement, the grand jury system would not have been silenced all of this time. The grand jury can gather evidence that cannot be gathered any other way, and herein is the virtue of the system. If any law abiding citizen has knowledge of the commission of any offense, he has an opportunity to go before the grand jury and state his evidence. When this course is pursued by our courts, no crime however small is liable to be overlooked, nor is it any easy matter for the guilty to escape punishment.

Wellington Standard.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

Prohibition is Fact.

The young city of Ashland out west had a little excitement last week. Just above the town two miles a saloon was running. A couple of hard characters got drunk there, came down to Ashland each day and rode furiously through the streets firing their revolvers. Finally the citizens got together a few shot guns and made preparations to lay them out at the next foray. The roughs heard of this so sneaked down and laid outside of town until two young men who were boarding at a dugout nearby came down to supper when they crawled up and killed them. They then went up to the saloon for a fresh supply of whiskey. Soon a deputy sheriff came along and captured one of them, the other getting away. The captured murderer was taken to Ashland, and placed under strong guard while pursuit was made for the other one. During the night a party of armed men took him away from the officers and hung him. They then went up to hang the saloon keeper, but he had fled. A resolution was passed by the body of vigilantes that the first man who set up a saloon in Bear Creek Valley should be hung without further warning. In this country, where every man carries a big six-shooter, whiskey is the bane of civilization. Sober, they are pleasant, social gentlemen; but drunk, they shoot and tear up the earth. The settlers along those valleys are mostly from Cowley and Sumner counties, have gone there lawfully to make themselves homes, and they do not propose to be disturbed in the pursuits of peace by the illegal presence of a death-dealing whiskey shop. One of the young men killed was a cousin of Treasurer Nipp. They had both recently married in Kentucky, and leaving their wives behind, had come west to build up homes, when they would have brought them on. It was a cold-blooded whiskey murder. A reward of eight hundred dollars has been offered for the body of the escaped murderer, dead or alive, by the town company and citizens of Ashland. The people of the town have armed themselves with Winchesters and shot guns, and the next man who rides into the place and shows blood-thirsty symptoms, will die very quick.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

The Wild West.

The writer took a trip out to the new town of Ashland, in old Clark County, last week. It was by rail to Dodge City, thence south by team to Ashland. The road was over the famous trail from the Panhandle of Texas to Dodge. It is as hard as a turnpike and the finest natural road we have ever traveled over. It is skirted by a government telegraph line running from Fort Dodge to Fort Supply, in the Indian Territory.

The trip from Dodge south is over a high rolling prairie covered with a mat of buffalo grass, as soft as velvet. However, the writer was disgusted with the country and felt like turning back until the head of Bluff Creek was reached. The valley stretching out below presented a most beautiful view. The city of Ashland could be seen down the valley, a distance of ten miles. As we got further into the valley, it widened out until we were forced to the conclusion that it was as pretty a piece of country as we had ever seen.

At the point where Ashland is located, the valley is many miles in width, rising up on either side to low ranges of mounds, and beyond these on the west was Sand Creek Valley and on the east Day Creek Valley, equally as fine as the valley of Bear Creek. The whole country seems to be a succession of valleys broken only by low ranges of hills, all of which are fit for cultivation.

The town site of Ashland is as smooth as if it had been made with a garden rake. It is laid out on the same plan as Winfield except the streets are a little wider. Upwards of thirty houses, many of them fine large store buildings, were up and persons were scattered over the town site laying foundations for others. Most of the claims in the immediate vicinity of the town are taken, but there is much desirable land in the neighborhood yet.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

The City Parliament.

The city fathers met in regular session Monday evening. The sidewalk petition of W. H. Smith and 9 others for sidewalk along 10th Avenue and on Lowry Street was presented, and city attorney ordered to draw an ordinance covering the same.

Committee on streets and alleys reported favorably on petition of J. S. Mann et al, asking that all awnings be raised above the lamp posts; report was adopted and the city attorney was instructed to draw an ordinance requiring all awnings to be raised to the height of 14 feet.

There not being sufficient names on sidewalk petition of J. Wade McDonald, an adverse report was made.

It was decided to light the council chamber with gas, the gas company furnishing all fixtures gratis.

Bill of gas company for gas furnished fire department buildings during August and September was rejected.

The following bills were allowed and ordered paid.

Jos. O=Hare, expenses in attending city case in U. S. Court, $25.00.

Also, Jos. O=Hare, for services in the King Bridge Co. vs. City of Winfield, in U. S. Court at Topeka, $160.00.

City officers salaries for November, $129.98.

A. L. Thomas, crossings, $35.54.

Wm. Moore & Sons, rock for city, $34.55.

A. H. Glanden, special police, $12.00.

Bill of B. F. Herrod, moving city pauper, $4.30, and Whiting Bros., goods furnished city pauper, were recommended to county commissioners for payment.

Committee on fire department was instructed to supply the hose building with a stove.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

Through Car to World=s Fair.

Agent Branham of the Southern Kansas has got a rate of $161 on a Pullman Palace Sleeper for through trip to New Orleans, ready at any time that a sufficient number signify a desire to go together. A Palace Sleeper contains 28 double berths, ample room for 56 persons. Our people could thus get on board here and go right through without changes, making the trip much more pleasurable. With the round trip fare down to $29, and berths at about $3.00 each, the trip comes within the reach of all. Let our people talk up the matter of going in a body, and consult Mr. Branham. February would be a good month. Of course, the Pullman is only considered for one way, leaving each member of the party to return at his own direction.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

Baden Resumes Produce Shipping.

Some few weeks ago J. P. Baden discontinued the shipping department of his immense establishment owing to the small profit on shipment. He had been receiving produce from all over the state and drew probably more than any other shipper in the state, doing much in keeping up the prices of the farmers small products. He then thought to quit permanently; but there seemed to be a great demand here for a wholesale market and prices looking up on shipments, he resumed Tuesday, and the same old bulk of produce is being consigned to him. The farmers of Cowley and adjoining counties will be glad to note this fact, as being a great stimulus to prices.

Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

A New Firm.

Senator W. P. Hackney and Henry E. Asp have formed a co-partnership in the practice of law. The firm will be Hackney & Asp. It will also be the strongest law firm in Southern Kansas. They are the county attorneys for Cowley for two years to come. With Mr. Asp single handed the sneaking peddlers of the unlawful were very blue as to the future. They now absolutely refuse to be comforted and most of them want to die and be decently buried at once.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

Capt. Seeley=s Lecture. The lecture of Capt. H. B. Seeley, at the Opera House Tuesday evening, under the auspices of the G. A. R., was well attended and appreciably received. Its title was AThe Battle of Gettysburg and Southern Prison Life,@ and was thrilling throughout. It was strictly non-partisan, and interesting alike to all. The Captain is an eloquent speaker and his incidents of battle and prison life were vividly depicted.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

One of the pleasantest features of Thanksgiving day in Winfield was the picnic dinner of the Juvenile Templars of the county, under supervision of Mrs. E. D. Garlick, chief of this work for the county and state. Several hundred little faces appeared early at the courthouse, those who could, having baskets full enough to provide for those less fortunate. Everything conceivable in the culinary line was there and many a little one who wouldn=t have had much at home shared a feast with those who were blessed with plenty. How could Thanksgiving be more appropriately celebrated? Interesting exercises were given for the entertainment of the little folks, and to them it was a most happy day. In interesting and instructing the little folks, Mrs. Garlick is most successful and is doing a world of good.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

The Young Men=s Social Club gave its first hop on Friday evening last. Over thirty-five couples of the city=s elite were present and a most enjoyable time was had by all. One couldn=t look over that crowd without being imbued with the beauty and vivaciousness of our young ladies and the gallantry and good looks of our young men. No city in the West can excel Winfield society. The young ladies of other cities look tame indeed when compared to our pretty, winsome, and intelligent damsels. These social hops promise to be a most pleasant feature of the winter=s entertainment.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

Ladies Arctic over shoes $1.25 at O=Meara & Randolph=s.

Men=s Arctic over shoes $1.50 at O=Meara & Randolph.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

A Rarity at Dodge. It=s a mighty comfortable thing in a place like Dodge City to find a hotel where one feels at home and safe from the reckless forays of the festive cowboys. The Winfield folks were fortunate enough to find such a place in the Great Western Hotel, kept by S. Galland, who is an old resident there, and one of those rarities in KansasCa German prohibitionist. In conversation with the writer he said that when he came to Dodge he was a Awhiskey man,@ but after seeing men killed every night and women degraded and depraved, he concluded that whiskey must eventually go, and he would help it along. He has battled with the outlaws and murderers of that village when less brave men would have trembled for their lives. He is a staunch citizen and Winfield people who stop at Dodge should put up at the Great Western.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

Shooting Scrape.

DIED. Last Saturday as Mr. David Hahn, of Vernon, was crossing the toll bridge at Oxford he got into an altercation with the gate-keeper, which resulted in the keeper shooting him through the breast, from the effects of which he died Monday. The shootist was arrested and is now confined in jail at Wellington. Mr. Hahn said that he had a row with the keeper about the toll and finally told him he would pay it, and while getting out his pocket book, the fellow shot him. The keeper says that Mr. Hahn came at him with a wagon rod and he told him to stand back; but he kept coming, so he shot. Mr. Hahn was one of the largest farmers on the Arkansas Valley and came here from Indiana some two or three years ago.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

DIED. At her home in Vernon Township, Cowley County, Kansas, November 17, 1884, Lillie, only daughter of James and Maggie Spoon, aged ten years and four months. She had been sick for some time with that terrible disease, diphtheria, when she was called to leave this world of sorrow and suffering. The angel came and took from our midst a bright jewel before sin had tainted the precious soul. Lillie was a remarkably bright and intelligent child for one so young. She had many friends both here and in her old West Virginia home, all of whom were shocked at the news of her death. She was laid away in the Vernon Cemetery, one mile and a half from her home, followed by many kind relatives and friends. The parents are broken hearted, as Lillie was the only daughter, the joy and pride of their life. They have the consolation that there is a little angel waiting for them in Heaven. We miss her but we shall meet her. The gate through which she has passed is open for us to enter. Carrie Aston.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

An Old Pioneer Gone.

DIED. Died, in Wyoming, November 4, 1884, and buried by the Grand Army of the Republic at Longmont, Colorado, his home, Israel Rowe, aged 40 years. He was one of the first settlers of Vernon Township, taking his claim in June, 1870. He moved to Colorado in 1873, where he followed the vocation as guide and hunter to foreign tourists. He was a gallant soldier, serving his country three years in the 19th Iowa infantry. Noble and generous, a kind father and husband, a tried and trusted friend by all who knew him, his loss is deeply felt by all of his friends and comrades.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

MARRIED. November 27th, by the Rev. A. H. Miller of the M. E. Church, at the residence of George Clarkson, Esq., Rock Falls, Illinois, Mr. Matthew Alexander, of Rockford, Illinois, to Miss Annie Service, of Winfield, Kansas. Miss Service=s many friends in the city unite in congratulations and best wishes.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

Attention, Grand Army.

The next regular meeting of Winfield Post No. 85, G. A. R., will take place Dec. 10, 1884, at which it is expected that all members will be present, as the officers for the coming year are to be elected. Those who are in arrears for dues, will be suspended at the close of this quarter, Dec. 31st. Take notice and govern yourselves accordingly. By order.

C. E. STEUVEN, Post Commander.

Attest, J. E. SNOW, Adjutant.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

For Sale. A 20 acre tract of land half mile from the city, well improved with house, small fruits, etc. Also 20 head of hogs, a corn sheller, 200 bushels of corn. Inquire at this office or address box 878.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

Our people observed Thanksgiving Day appropriately. Union services were held in the Baptist Church, Dr. W. R. Kirkwood delivering one of the soundest, most practical sermons. The inward query as to what we had to be thankful for in all this National darkness and tough times was soon dispelled by that sermon, and enough blessings shown up to make one ashamed to think that so many providential things had been overlooked. Of course turkey and cranberry held high carnival on all sides. The relation between conscience and appetite on this great day is very striking. Without a good Thanksgiving dinner and a good Democratic appetite with which to tackle it, the day would be as barren as the great Sahara.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

The ACowley County Bible Society@ held its annual meeting at the Methodist Church last Sunday evening. The old officers, James Kirk, president; John Rowland, secretary; W. R. McDonald, treasurer; and Henry Brown, depositor; were re-elected. An excellent lecture on the Great Book of Books, the Bible, was given by Dr. Kirkwood, followed by remarks from the State agent of the American Bible Society, Rev. J. J. Thompson. About $196 worth of Bibles were distributed by the Cowley society during the past year.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

When in Winfield the other day we called upon our old townsman, J. B. Nipp, in his office at the Courthouse, where we found him up to his ears in business. The Captain is receiving compliments from all sides upon the manner in which the business of the county treasurer=s office is conducted under his supervision. By his uniform courtesy to all and efficient discharge of the onerous duties of his office, the Captain is making hosts of friends who vote him one of the best officials Cowley County has ever had. A. C. Traveler.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

Some time ago Mr. N. W. Dressie, of this city, took a position in the U. S. mail service from Kansas City to Harper on the Southern Kansas, but the run was too much for his one hand and he gave it up. Last week he was given one of the best routes in the State, between Girard and Chanute, with only four hours run, one which he can easily handle. This is fortunate for Mr. Dressie.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

The District Association of the Woman=s Foreign Missionary Society, of the M. E. Church, will hold their semi-annual meeting, Dec. 10 and 11, in Winfield. An interesting program has been prepared, and a cordial invitation extended to all. The first session will be held Wednesday evening.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

The ladies of the Presbyterian Church will have a Kettle Drum social on next Tuesday evening at the Presbyterian Church. One remarkable feature of this entertainment will be the serving of tea from Benedict Arnold=s tea patCthe bona fide duly authenticated pot. All are invited.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

Look out for the Holiday Bazaar which will be opened in a few days in the room next to Wallis & Wallis= grocery for the exhibition and sale of a full line of holiday goods, toys, and fancy goods in general. The line will be the most complete one ever shown at Winfield. Goods all new, look out for it.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

The managers of the rink have made engagements for the appearance of Willie Sidney, the champion light weight skater. He is four years old, weighs thirty-three pounds, and is a skating prodigy. He will be at the rink on the evenings of the 11th and 12th.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

The beautiful crazy patchwork quilt exhibited at the County Fair by the Winfield Reading Room was drawn last Saturday evening by ticket 141, the owner of which is yet unknown. Mr. A. E. Baird kindly handled the tickets and in all there were $31.50 worth sold.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

The following certificates of unalloyed bliss have been granted by the Probate Judge since our last. MARRIAGE LICENSES.

D. L. Henderson and Julia C. Devore.

Jas. F. Lowe and Jennie Pinard.

Samuel D. Pack and Jennie Gilliland.

Jas. A. Crane and Lizzie Boggs.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

The ball under the auspices of the Robinson Hose Friday evening promises to be one of the best of the season. The boys are sparing neither time nor money in the arrangements.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

R. Hudson at the Winfield Jewelry House is receiving a fine line of Silverware and jewelry, which will be sold way down. Call for your Holiday goods.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

Flour, corn, meal, and feed always on hand at Kirks= mill, 8th avenue, west of Lynn=s store.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.


A lively time is always reported from Genevieve Club.

Miss Ola Crow will teach in the primary department.

Mr. Hutchison, Jr., is comfortably domiciled in his new home.

Miss Lela Stevenson, of Burden, is a guest in the Hoyland household.

Mr. Douglass Cooley is back from the west and is a Salemite once more.

Mr. Nelson has arrived from Indiana and is putting up a house in our vicinity.

Olivia was invited to dine at Col. Jackson=s on Sunday and fared sumptuously.

Messrs. Mack Hutchison and J. Kelly have bought a restaurant in Burden and will be Burdenites.

BIRTH?? Mr. Louis Williams is preparing to build a new house in which to entertain his new daughter.

Mrs. James Baker is happy over the arrival of two of her brothers, one from Missouri, the other from Colorado.

BIRTH?? Mrs. Joe Hoyland is entertaining a fine little boarder, was a Thanksgiving guest, and his stay is for years we hope.

Mrs. Earnest Johnson is happy as her mother recently arrived from Colorado, and is an honored guest in her home.

Miss Davenport has resigned her position as primary teacher in Salem and has accepted a position in one of the Winfield schools.

We are glad to see the pleasant face of Mrs. Lucas, Sen., again in our circle. The mother of Mrs. Crow and Mr. W. C. Douglass is a guest in their homes.

The social on Thanksgiving evening was a success socially, as just enough were present to have an excellent time but not enough to swell the fund to a very large amount.

The entertainment at Salem on Saturday night was not crowded with audience. How can farmers go to everything with corn selling at fifteen cents. Shame on such low prices for produce.

Miss Dolly Gilmore was quite surprised on last Tuesday evening by a number of the young folks dropping in to celebrate her birthday, but came a day late on purpose to better surprise her. A fine time was had.

Mrs. McMillen, living on the Conrad farm, bad adieu to life and is sleeping in the Salem Cemetery. The inside line dividing it and Mr. Perry=s field has lately been fenced with wire to protect the grounds, graves, and hedge from trespassing cattle.

Mrs. Shields is entertaining two of her sisters from Wisconsin, Mrs. Caster and Mrs. Chamberlain. They are pleased with Kansas. Mrs. Chamberlain brought a handsome little rifle with her, and as she is an excellent shot she took a little hunt on Timber Creek and brought in a quantity of squirrels.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.


Loyd Guyer visited Caldwell this week.

Will McCulloch has tone west to buy cattle.

Farmers are hauling fence posts from the Territory.

Muss Lula Teter is visiting her Aunt, Mrs. Vandeve, this week.

The day of Thanksgiving was well observed in this vicinity.

Mat. Barner has again returned to his claim in Comanche County.

The Victor Sunday School is raising money to have a Christmas tree.

DIED. Mr. and Mrs. Louis P. King buried their infant child on last Monday, the 1st inst.

John Vandeve spent a few days with his parents in Mayfield, Sumner County, last week.

There will be a Spelling School at the Centennial schoolhouse next Friday evening, for the benefit of AYoung Nasby.@

John Byers and wife, of Pleasant Valley, spent a few days with B. J. Jenkins, the parents of Mrs. Byers of Beaver Center.

Most of our farmers now patronize the Arkansas City mills, claiming they g et better flour and more of it than the Winfield mills.

Mr. Joseph Silvers formerly of Ohio has improved his farm with one of the finest dwelling houses in this vicinity. Mr. Silvers has almost recovered from his injuries from a fall on the ice.

The people of Pleasant Valley are annoyed by a young desperado, who has established and exhibited his true character, by shooting the people=s stock, and Country Jake is rejoiced to see him depart for Clark County, where he will doubtless adorn some sacred tree.

DIED. We are sorry to announce the death of Oliver Spruens, who died on the 26th of November with typhoid fever. Mr. Spruens was respected by all who knew him. The father has contracted the fever and his recovery is doubtful, while the mother is most frantic with grief.

Allow us to compliment Mark of Teterville. We appreciate your writing as we see its highest object is to be jovial. We are interested in the progress of Teterville and Young Nasby with pleasure will second Mark=s request. Give honor to whom honor is due; Nasby=s best wishes.

The most pleasant affair we have enjoyed since we have been in Kansas was the celebration of Moses Teter=s 35th birthday, which took place on last Saturday, the 29th ult. About forty of Mr. Teter=s relatives were present. All contributed and presented to Mr. Teter a $6.00 rocking chair. Mr. Teter was not aware that anything unusual was to take place until little Willie, about five years old, said: APa, we are going to have lots of good things for dinner, but we don=t want you to know it.@ All had a good time; the old folks told of their many desperate encounters, that would make Wild Bill and Buffalo Bill ashamed of themselves. A grand dinner was served and all ate to their hearts content. Young Nasby got in his work well; we only wish Mr. Teter=s birthday would come every day. After dinner a match game of ball was played which ended with a tie. This grand occasion shall long be remembered and success and prosperity to Mr. Teter and family are Nasby=s best wishes.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.


They say that Miss Cora _____ is the champion base ball player of Beaver Center.

Mr. S. Byers, of Beaver, says he is sorry to say he isn=t married yet. C. S. has our sympathy.

Mr. John Byers and wife are visiting Mrs. Byers= parents, Mr. and Mrs. Blatch Jenkins of Beaver Center.

Forepaugh=s sacred white elephant, the light of Asia, is dead, but the Democrats have come to life. Who would have believed it!

The last week=s COURIER stated that Mr. S. W. Hughes of Beaver had killed the mammoth twin black hawk. Mr. Hughes had better make an examination and see if it ain=t a buzzard.

We assure you, Mark, that we will sustain you in your intentions of naming our new Station Teeterville. You have turned from a Constantite to Teetervilleite, which is better than turning to a Democrat.

Mr. Shaw, one half mile west of Constant, has decorated his large house with a second coat of paint, which greatly improves its appearance. Mr. Shaw is an enterprising man and will do all he can to help the appearance of our country.

It seems like Young Nasby, the Beaver Center item catcher, and Neptune, the Telegram ink slinger, are at war. It is hoped both will come out safe, but Nasby has the head now Nep! You had better go slow, you are dealing with one of the old man=s sons.

The next on list of Cowley=s enterprises is rafting flat boats down the Arkansas River to the point of steamboat navigation. Some of Arkansas City=s men of industry are taking hold of the enterprise. The river has been surveyed, and reports are favorable. There are eleven flats being built at Arkansas City now for shipping agricultural produce. If they don=t look out, the river will be frozen up, then they will have to move their boats on bob-sleds.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.


J. R. Staton wears his aldermanic honors quite easily.

Professor Camp and daughter spent Thanksgiving at Seeley.

His Honor, Judge Werden, is the way we address A. J. Werden since election.

What shall we do for a cooler is the question that is now agitating our citizens.

Ela & Howell are hauling corn from here for their cattle six miles south of Winfield.

Numerous small houses are going up all over our town at present and all our carpenters are quite busy.

Lew Roberts came up from Winfield on Monday to locate and set up the machinery in Sticle & Co.=s elevator.

Jake Boyles arrived home from his western trip on the 2nd, more pleased with Cowley than ever before.

Higgins, our worthy editor of the Sentinel, is enjoying the beauties of hotel life, his better half being away on a visit.

Geo. Willis skipped for parts unknown last Wednesday night, leaving numerous creditors to mourn his untimely departure.

Will Higgins says that he wants it distinctly understood that he don=t propose to be bulldozed or bully ragged by anyone even if the party does wear a Afull dress collar.@

Robt. Ratliff has sold his furniture store to Mr. Abbott, of Wichita. Mr. Abbott is a merchant of experience and wealth, and we extend to him a hearty welcome. Ratliff, we understand, will go into the grain business.

Tammany to the front, Boss Kelly in the lead, is the way the boys talk it now since the election which passed off very quietly with the following result: T. M. Kelly, mayor; A. J. Werden, police judge; and R. R. Ratliff, J. R. Staton, Wm. June, Jeff Norman, L. Moore, as councilmen. A grand ratification took place at the Commercial house after the results was announced, and amid the booming of anvils, blazing of bonfires, and speeches of the officers elect, our young city was ushered into existence.

The supper given at the schoolhouse on Thanksgiving night by the ladies of the city was a grand success in all particulars. The musical exercises were conducted by the Udall Glee Club and the rendition of ALady touch thy harp again,@ by the quartette composed of Mr. Walter Camp, Al Schultz, Misses Anna and Kate Martin, was received with prolonged cheers and clapping of hands. The select reading by Miss Lydia Strong was very commendable. P. W. Smith responded to the toast of baskets in a happy and acceptable manner. All enjoyed themselves in a manner well worthy of the occasion and went away feeling that it was well to have been there.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.


Mr. Evans= girl was here to see him again.

Mr. Wilson and Will Rolls were in the metropolis last Monday; also Mr. Newman.

Joseph Reynolds [?they had Renyolds?] and George Gardenshire, of this place have gone to the Territory for a winters= hunt. [Gardenhire??]

Mr. Hendry has moved to Butler County. His son, Levi, is boarding here in order to attend our school.

We notice among other correspondents a communication from this place from ADenovo.@ I wonder who it can be.

Misses Low Wilson, Mattie Wilson, Mattie Baxter, and Mr. Will Ralls and H. G. Norton took in the ball at Burden the 27th.

Mr. Thos. Hemenway is having a new house built just north of town. Mr. Brintzinghoffer, of Howard, is doing the work.

Mr. John Fussleman, formerly of Torrance, but now of Coffeyville, is in the city hand-shaking. He looks as well and jolly as ever.

The show at the schoolhouse was a complete failure. The people of this place are too smart for such men and do not patronize them.

Mrs. Drewery, of Cherokee County, was in the city on Thanksgiving day in company with her daughter, Mrs. Carter, of Wayne County, Iowa.

Mr. Helm gave a dance one night last week and the next morning moved to Parsons. Mr. Hull occupies the house vacated by Mr. Helm.

Link Branson and Will Swim, of this place, took in the oyster supper at Dexter on Thanksgiving evening. They report a good time but no oysters.

Correspondence is solicited by Mr. H. L. Hannawalt, of this place, from some lady of marriageable age and inclination. Direct all communications to H. L. Hannawalt in care of H. G. Norton, Torrance, Kansas.

The temperance meeting appointed for this place on Saturday night, to be conducted by B. T. Davis, of Winfield, was a failure owing to the fact that he failed to put in an appearance. There was quite a large audience.

Mr. J. L. Higbee is one of the most enterprising men of the country. This time his enterprise has caused a walk to be built on the south side of his store; also a cross walk at the crossing between his store and the hotel.

The young folks met at the residence of Mrs. Renyolds [?Reynolds?] of this place on Saturday night and had quite a fine time: all except Add Higbee, who received severe injuries on the head from an instrument in the hands of some parties unknown. However, hopes are entertained of his recovery at this writing.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.


Business only moderate, with no great stir. Smith & Hilderband are yet shipping hogs from this place.

City election is over, everything passed off quietly. Politics buried. Our city G. A. R. members were out electioneering for Mayor, one of old John Morgan=s men, and he got there. We are now under a Democratic administration. Of course, we every mother=s son of us, unless perhaps it shall be =Squire Norman and your humble servant. I believe from appearances that a few who adjoin the city are yet true blue.

An organization is being completed for the erection of a Roller Flouring Mill. I think the citizens would do well to patronize the enterprise. They will probably ask for about one thousand dollars, at least so I am told, and will not act without it, and if the citizens of this place allow this proposition to pass, we may never get a mill, and a twenty thousand dollar mill would enhance every one=s property within three miles of here at least 5 percent.



Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.


Farmers are busy gathering corn.

Geo. Linley has emigrated from here.

The Methodists will have a Christmas tree at Valley Center Christmas eve.

The happy face of Miss Kate Wimer and her father was seen at the festival.

Mrs. Pember and her little daughter, Jessie, have gone on a visit to Pennsylvania.

Old winter has come and supplied many persons with a bad cold and sore throat.

The M. E. Sabbath school is flourishing under the superintendency of Wm. Douglass.

DIED. Many will regret to hear of the death of Elmor Willet, son of Morgan Willet, deceased.

BIRTH. Another young voter in the neighborhood. This time it is a son of Emma and Royal Case.

Mr. Savage has been ill for some time from the effects of his eye, which the doctor recently lanced.

Why is Sumery like the opposite point of a compass needle? Because he has a tendency to travel south.

There was a festival at the Presbyterian Church recently, the proceeds of which will go for church purposes.

Edwin Gutches had the misfortune to be thrown from a horse while coming home from the spelling school at Mt. Carmel.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

We received a pleasant call Tuesday from Mr. G. H. Roberts, one of our citizens located lately here. He has resided in Kansas upwards of twenty-seven years, and consequently is about right on all questions affecting her interests both moral and material.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

Wheat was selling on the street, Wednesday, for fifty-two cents. This is two cents more than the same wheat is worth in Kansas City. The mills of Cowley County are a big assistance to wheat raisers.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

The second ball under the auspices of the Fire Company comes off Friday evening. Elegant invitations have been issued and the occasion will be one of the pleasantest of the season.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

The latest candidate for popular favor is the Winfield Tribune. It is a neat paper, in charge of Prof. B. T. Davis, and takes an emphatic stand for law, order and good government.



Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

AWinfield Roller Mills Flour, For Sale at _____@ is a prominent advertisement in most of our Southern Kansas exchanges. This mill is getting famous.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

In the absence of the pastor, Rev. E. P. Hickock will preach in the Walnut Valley Presbyterian Church at 11 o=clock next Sabbath morning.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

Call on R. Hudson before purchasing your jewelry or silverware for the Holidays. Best selected stock in the city, and lowest prices.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

Hogs were selling at $3.60 Wednesday. Produce seems to be slowly but surely advancing from the bankrupt prices of the past few weeks.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

The Baptist Sabbath School will give an entertainment of songs, recitations, giving and receiving, in their church Christmas Eve.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

AD. 250 CARS OF COAL at A. H. Doane & Co., Santa Fe depot yards, at the following cash prices.

Wier City, per ton: $5.00

Cherokee, per ton: $5.00

Pittsburg, per ton: $5.00

Osage, per ton: $5.50

Iowa, per ton: $6.50

Also car of Fire Kindlers, prices reduced to $1.00 per hundred. Try them. Coal, wood, and kindlers delivered to any part of the city. Leave orders at our old stand on 9th Avenue.



Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

RECAP. Sheriff=s Sale. James H. Tallman, Plaintiff, vs. Charles W. Harris, George B. Harris, Robert B. Carskaden, Elizabeth Carskaden, Anson B. Moore, J. H. Nesbitt, and Thomas W. Watterson, Defendants. To be held January 5, 1885, on real estate.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.


Congressman Ryan has suddenly taken hold of the Oklahoma question with a bill which proposes to declare the land open for settlement under the homestead law. President Arthur=s message says that if people settle on the tract again they will again be expelled. It is evident that the changed position of various senators and representatives will add great strength to the popular feeling in favor of occupying the lands, and congress should take action before the interior department again turns out the thousands of families who will soon spread themselves over the Oklahoma tract. The congressional change, from indifference to a desire for the credit of getting a bill passed to throw the tract open for settlement, is sufficiently indicative of the result of the movement, and reasonable speed on the part of congress will prevent the infliction of further hardships on the Aboomers,@ whose boom seems about to prevail over all opposition.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

Four Cheyenne and three Arapahoe chiefs will arrive in our city this week en route for the leading cities of the East. They expect to pay their own way and proceed exactly as white men. Their object is to see this great country as they say and they have taken the money the received from leasing their reservation, something like $140 each, to improve themselves and their people by their travels. These Indians are becoming more and more civilized every year. A. C. Traveler.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

The papers are saying that Col. A. S. Johnson divides with Ed. P. Greer the honor of being a native-born member of the Kansas Legislature. Col. Johnson was a member of the Territorial Legislature, and Mr. Greer still stands the first native Kansan elected to the State Legislature. Atchison Champion.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

In 1855 Col. Alexander S. Johnson, a native of the Territory of Kansas, was elected a member of the Territorial Legislature, and in 1866 Col. Johnson was elected a member of the House of Representatives. So Mr. Edwin P. Greer, of Cowley, is the second native Kansan elected to our Legislature. Champion.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.


The Missouri Pacific engineers have just completed the preliminary survey of a line of road from Le Roy to a point on the Fort Scott and Wichita railroad, about one and one-half miles west of Yates Center. It is stated upon good authority that the Missouri Pacific management proposes to build the link in the immediate future. Kansas City is to some extent interested in this line, inasmuch as it would give Mr. Gould a line of his own from Wichita to Kansas City first over the Fort Scott and Wichita, and then over the Missouri Pacific. The bonds for the Kansas City and Southwestern railroad having been defeated in Greenwood County, that company will now probably form a combination with the Missouri Pacific and build a line from Winfield to the Missouri Pacific connection with the Fort Scott and Wichita road, thus securing for Winfield also a competing line to Kansas City, which is the object to be secured by the construction of the Kansas City and Southwestern railroad.

The above copied from the Kansas City Times gives the situation in a nut shell. The building of the short link between Le Roy and Yates Center will not only give Gould a line into the very heart of Southwestern Kansas, but it will also give the people in the Arkansas Valley, who are restless under the exactions of the A. T. & S. F. railroad, a competing line to Kansas City or the East. The cities in the Arkansas Valley, especially Winfield, have tried hard for some years to secure such a road, and with this end in view a company was organized having for its object the building of an independent line from Winfield to Kansas City. We refer to the Kansas City and Southwestern railroad company. Propositions for bonds were submitted and carried in Burlington Township and city, but the failure of Greenwood County to vote the required amount of $80,000, will compel the company to look elsewhere for an outlet. Such an outlet will present itself at the proposed junction of the Missouri Pacific and Fort Scott & Wichita roads. Le Roy Reporter.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

The Sac and Fox Indians have leased two hundred thousand acres of grazing land to Kansas parties for ten years, at $40,000 per annum, the wire fencing to revert to the Indians at the expiration of the lease.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.


I have just had a pleasant call from an old friend direct from Winfield, giving the names and circumstances connected with many whose faces are as familiar to me as my own, though 1800 miles intervene between us. The call and conversation of this old friend has made me homesick; and for the first time I have really felt as if I would like to take the back track and resume my residence in Winfield. You may be interested to know who it was that gave me a pleasant surprise and an early call? You may know who it was by his first exclamation: AScooped by thunder.@ But we hear that and similar phrases, so often since the country=s humiliation by the defeat, a literary and patriotic giant as opposed by a pigmy in comparison.

As your readers may not understand that it was the good old COURIER that made me a visit this morning and reminded me of my promise to write an occasional for its columns. Well, I wrote one letter from Oakland, but was feeling so miserable that probably it was not thought worthy an appearance in your columns, and yet it may have seen daylight as I have only received this one number. But now that we are for the winter at least, settled in this beautiful city, and as I am feeling some better in health, I will write occasionally for your columns, and that will serve as a letter for many to whom I could not so fully write, as it would be quite a job. But I will occasionally write of this wonderful country.

Kansas is a great state, and there is booming up a wonderful amount of wealth in that part of the world, but in some respects this state is wonderful in exception of all others. I am not inclined to urge my friends to come to this country unless they can bring a little money with them, so as to buy land and that, near the great centers, is very high. For example, Dr. S. (a friend of ours from San Francisco) and I have been trying to get a little farm near this city, but found it difficult to get hold of anything that was suitable, for less than about a thousand dollars per acre. The farm that was most desirable was a six acre farm. (Now you Kansas farmers don=t laugh at the idea of a six acre farm, though to you it is ludicrous enough.) This little farm with a very indifferent house upon it was held at $6,000 cash. Some of you have 600, and some a hundred acres of land, and how much do you clear off it annually? Well, you must answer for I could not guess. But this little six acre farm, though only beginning now to respond in the way of cash, last year yielded, net $2,750; and that at most wholly without work. Now the truth is a man with such a farm has Aa soft thing of it,@ a real bonanza, for next year the owner expects at least $3,500 worth of fruit and so on increasing every year for at least 10 or 15 years. This farm is set to fruit, chiefly those of four varieties: apricots, cherries, and [?] prunes. They were sold last year for the trees for the sum named above. The work that the farmer has to do is [?] (or do it himself) a Chinaman [??] the ground a good plowing and [???] a year at an expense of, say 10 or 12 dollars; and the work is done. [BIG HOLE IN PAPER THAT OBSCURED SOME WORDS!]

Then in addition to the fruits, if he chooses to do so, he can plant potatoes, beets, cabbage, carrots, turnips, squashes, etc., between the fruit trees and raise not only enough for his own use but tons of them for sale. One farm near this, of about the same size, produced 100 tons of squashes, some of them weighing 225 and 250 pounds. Such immense growths of vegetation I have never seen. And the vegetables grown here are not coarse and gross in texture though of such great size. The Hubbard and Marrowiat [?not sure of word?] squash for table use are elegant. Sweet potatoes, Irish potatoes, yams, etc., are all you can wish. And then as to fruitCdon=t talk; it is so abundant, of such a fine quality, it just Amakes our mouth water.@ Some weeks ago, we bought a box of grapes, about 50 pounds for 70 cents, and we get them now in market fresh and fine for 4 to 7 cents a pound. I might fill a page of your paper with these details, but I must not enlarge only to say to those wishing to come to this country, come by all means if you can bring from 4 to 6 thousand dollars with you, or if you will be content to leave the beautiful Valleys and go out among the Afoot-hills,@ you can get excellent lands for about 75 to 50 dollars per acre. But this land is not so easily cultivated and is all the way from five to twenty miles from the cities and larger towns.

But I must tell your readers about this beautiful city of San Jose (pronounced, San Hoza). It is situated forty-eight miles south of San Francisco, about eight miles south of the California Bay, and is most beautifully laid out in wide streets cutting each other at right anglesClined with the most gorgeous trees that the human mind ever contemplated. Here are the wonderful Eucalyptus Globulus, which in its native forest of Australia, grows in immense height of 3 to 5 hundred feet. There are a plenty of them here 150 feet high and on 10 to 15 years from the seed. Then next in beauty is the Pepper tree, one of the handsomest shade trees in the world, then the evergreens, a species of cedar which is capable of being trained into all sorts of ornamental and fantastic shapes and forms. The city has a population of 18,000 and is rapidly growing. There are here a greater number of business blocks than I have ever seen in a city of this size, and as a rule the private residences are most elegant, not to say palatial. We have four daily, and I don=t know how many weekly papers. The Pacific University (under the Methodist Conference) is located here besides a Catholic Convent, and I don=t know how many other schools. The place is specially saintly, nearly everything being called after some dead man or woman whom the Romish church canonized as a saint; hence we have Santa Clara County, San Jose for the city, and the streets running east and west are nearly all named for some dead saint. But now you must not suppose, that, because of this saintly array of names that the people are all saints, not by a long-shot. Intelligent liberalism in the form of naturalism and spiritualism of which there are thousands among the best of our population. The papers are very liberal towards these radicals and treat them as respectfully as they do other people. For example, last Sunday at 3 p.m., I gave a lecture on Afree thought@ at the Cal. Theater, to a fine audience of the most critical in thought in the city, so said the reporters at least, and greatly to my surprise and gratification the papers reported the lecture fully and with words highly complimentary to your Ahumble servant.@ Next Sunday at the same time and place, if I am able, will lecture again on AThe nature, extent, and enormity of Superstition.@

Well, I must not write too long a letter, or your space will be overtaxed. Will close by saying that I shall be glad to have anyone wishing more specific information upon any point to write me enclosing stamp and I will answer as soon as I can get the necessary information. If I had taken the little farm mentioned, we intended to send for our old friend and former patient, Mr. B., to come out and take charge of it as a gardener. . . .


SAN JOSE, November 27th.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

The Winfield Markets. Butter 20 and 22 cents; eggs 29 cents; turkeys, live, per lb., 6 to 7 cents; dressed, 9 to 10 cents; chickens $1.50 and $3.00 per dozen; potatoes 50 and 75 cents; wheat 50 cents; corn 25 cents; oats 20 and 22 cents; hogs $3.50 per cwt.; Hay $5 per ton.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

We are all going to the Holiday Bazaar, Santa Claus= headquarters next to Wallis & Wallis= grocery. The choicest, rarest, finest, and most elaborate Christmas presents are on exhibition. It is worth looking at. The store will only be open during the month of December. It contains holiday goods strictly. It will pay you to examine our stock before purchasing elsewhere.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

Every purchaser of goods to the amount of $1.00 is entitled to a chance in our AGrand Holiday Gift Enterprise.@ The leading ones are AThe great eastern afloat under a glass globe,@ worth $100.00; Aan extra fine, life-like doll,@ etc. They are now on exhibition at the Holiday Bazaar next to Wallis & Wallis.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

The American Eagle has downed the British Lion on decorated hand painted queensware. Bryan & Lynn have fourteen different designs of this ware, anyone of which either as a tea set, dinner set, or toilet set would make an elegant and useful Christmas present.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

The Kansas City & Winfield Railway project, this being the one to which Hickory and Union Townships voted bonds, is beginning to attract the attention of railway builders and it is probable that work will begin on the line in the spring. El Dorado Republican.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

A petition signed by most of the telephone subscribers of the city has been sent to the company asking them to keep the central office open nights and Sundays. The greatest convenience offered by the telephone service is at night.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

Henry Goldsmith has opened the Holiday Bazaar during the month of December for the sale of holiday goods. Remember the place next to Wallis & Wallis.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

A set of Luster band ware would make joy in the household if you would make your wife a Christmas present of it. You can find it at Bryan & Lynn=s.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

The young ladies, so says Madam Rumor, are inaugurating a grand leap year ball to come off probably on New Year=s Eve. This is as it should be.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.


Sandy Burge is improving and likely to pull through.

J. C. Fuller left yesterday evening for Kansas City on business.

Fletcher Meredith, editor of the Hutchinson Herald, visited Winfield Friday last.

Ad. Powers came in from Ashland Tuesday, looking none the slimmer for pioneer life.

Will C. Barnes is enjoying a visit from his cousin, N. Barnes, who will remain during the winter.

Mr. T. E. Wright, Douglass= most corpulent and happy hardware dealer, was in the city Monday.

Frank Howland, son of Mr. A. Howland, of the Dollar Store, is studying medicine in Chicago.

Mr. F. A. A. Williams has rented his Walnut Township farm and will reside in Winfield during the winter.

Miss Hulda Goldsmith will return this week from New York City, where she has been visiting since June last.

Mr. D. R. Cooper, of Bolton, was in the city Saturday. He reported everything flourishing there in spite of low prices.

W. G. Seaver was over from Dexter Monday. He is printing the Eye on a new press, and is spreading out generally.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.


Mrs. D. S. Sherrard, of Pleasant Valley, was the lucky one who drew the Reading Room quilt, holding ticket No. 141.

Chas. Secrest, for some time past on the COURIER force, left Saturday to take mechanical charge of the Burden Enterprise.

Charley Harter will soon commence the erection of two fine business buildings on his lots north of Myton=s new block.

Rev. J. A. Hyden came down from Burlington Tuesday. The Reverend is always warmly welcomed by his many Winfield friends.

Rev. J. H. Snyder will be the speaker at the Union Temperance meeting, to be held at the Presbyterian Church next Sabbath evening.

Mr. James Rothrock has leased the Lindell Hotel and took charge Friday last. He has all the essentials necessary to a successful landlord.

E. C. Seward is now one of the landlords at the Central. The business card of Axtel & Seward says: ACome and see the skeleton and the fat man.@

Mr. A B. Arment recently furnished the Sheriff=s Office with a desk that can=t be excelled for convenience, in the way of numerous recesses for legal documents, etc.

Mr. J. W. Johnsten [?Johnston?] has commenced the erection of a handsome residence on the corner of 10th Avenue and Mansfield Street, opposite J. L. Horning=s residence.

DIED. Mr. L. P. King, representative elect from the 67th district, had the misfortune recently to lose his bright little boy, Warren. The loss is a severe affliction to the parents.

Mr. D. F. Taylor, of Pennsylvania, bought Monday, through Harris & Clark, the D. F. Best farm, four miles north of town, for $2,300; also the Nancy A. Pierson farm in the same neighborhood, for $1,200.

R. A. O=Neil came in last week from Detroit, Michigan, to visit a few weeks with parents and friends, looking as handsome as ever. He is traveling for the Clough & Warren Organ Company, of Detroit.

Sheriff McIntire left Tuesday for the Topeka insane asylum with Scott Briggs, George Lobner, and Jay Cochran. The two former have been at the county poor farm since being adjudged insane, over a year ago.

We are informed by D. D. G. M., Gurd Bradt, that Grand Master Jones is expected here on Thursday evening, the 11th inst., and all Odd Fellows are requested to attend the Lodge on that night and give him a cordial reception.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

Judge Gans has issued the following MARRIAGE LICENSES during the week.

Nathan W. Moser to Eliza Ashworth.

Alexander A. Bruce to Addie B. Ellis.

John L. Campbell to Martha Frazee.

Benjamin L. Sprivill to Mavilla Ducese.



Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

Hon. R. L. Walker came down from Wichita Monday and spent several hours in town. Dick is preparing to go west to Mead County and grow up with the country as soon as his Democratic successor appears with the proper credentials.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

Capt. J. B. Nipp is enjoying a visit from his brother, a native of Kentucky. This is his first visit to Kansas and he is loud in praise of it. He will remain as the Captain=s guest for some weeks, during which time a trip to Clark County will be made.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

Henry Goldsmith opened his mammoth Christmas Bazaar Saturday evening in grand style. He had the band out in front playing popular airs, while the brilliantly lighted room was filled with admiring customers. Henry is full of enterprise.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

Mr. John A. Eaton, of the Farmers Bank, returned from Ohio last week. He brings his law literary and family and will remain permanently. A part of friends looking up western investments accompanied him.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

DIED. We learn of the death of Mrs. W. H. Melville, which occurred last week. Mr. and Mrs. Melville were among the earliest settlers of the country. She was an excellent lady and the family have the sympathy of many friends in their sore bereavement.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

Mrs. H. P. Mansfield came in from Attica, Harper County, Saturday, and reports that new town advancing like magic. Harold and Richie are running a drug store there and doing well. Attica promises to be the terminus of the Southern Kansas for some time.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

Charlie Harter now encases his portly form in a fifty dollar suit of clothes as a result of his time-tried, fire-tested, kiln-dried faith in the principles of Jefferson and Jackson. The bill will be paid by a sad-eyed individual who used to think he knew all about New York.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

There has been quite a change in newspaper circles at Burden. J. W. Henthorn, the popular young editor of the Enterprise, withdrew from that paper last week and will this week issue the first number of the Burden Eagle. His paper will be a boomer from the start. The Enterprise has been placed in charge of Geo. T. Walton.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

Capt. T. B. Myers, manager of the Opera House, has arranged for the Maude Atkinson Combination, one of the best theatrical troupes that ever visited the State, on the 16th and 17th inst. Their repertoire embraces AQueen=s Evidence,@ AHoneymoon,@ ALady of Lyons,@ and many other popular plays. They carry a fine uniformed band.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

Messrs. Wickham & Co. have purchased the Blue Front grocery on South Main street. The new firm is composed of two live, energetic young men from the East. They are thorough businessmen and will succeed. They will make a specialty of handling county produce. They have a roasting machine and will furnish fresh roasted coffee each day.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

Elder Morgan Morgans, of the Faithful Witness, published at Topeka, preached two very acceptable sermons Sunday last at the Christian Church in this city. Elder Morgan is canvassing the State for his paper, which is published in the interests of the Christian Church, and he ought to be liberally patronized, as his is the only paper of that denomination in the State.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

Treasurer Nipp has his arrangements for the tax-paying rush about as complete as they can be and dispatches business in a most rapid manner. This is a very great convenience to the public as it is about the most tiresome thing in the world to stand up to the Arack@ in the treasurer=s office waiting for your Aturn.@ Cowley has never had a more efficient or popular officer than Capt. Nipp.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

MARRIED. Mr. Fred W. Whiting, a member of the popular firm of Whiting Bros., of this city, was married on Wednesday of last week to Miss Ella M. Lambert, a resident of Winfield some time ago, and sister of Mr. J. M. Lambert, of our city, at the home of the bride=s parents in Howard. The groom is prominent among our successful young businessmen and the bride is possessed of many admirable qualities. May their lives be filled with sunshine and perpetual happiness.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

Mr. J. E. Saint came in last Thursday from St. Louis, where he had been attending the big cattle convention. Ex. is now one of the Acattle kings@ of New Mexico, being one of a company who control by lease a large Indian reservation there. They have it stocked with thousands of head of cattle. His cattle business, together with the wholesale grocery house in Albuquerque, which he controls, pretty fully occupies his time. While east he negotiated for a sale of his business interests in Albuquerque, however, intending hereafter to devote his exclusive attention to cattle. To sustain the ten cent novel idea of a Acowboy,@ we would say that Ex. doesn=t wear that plug hat on the range. He only wears it in consequence of a mistaken idea as to the outcome of the late political contest; or words to that effect.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

A Mistaken Idea.

From a squib published in the Arkansas City Republican some weeks ago we clip the following.

AThe COURIER has always ignored Arkansas City and made fun of her. Arkansas City can get along without Winfield, but can the COURIER get along without Arkansas City?@

If the person who wrote the squib knew anything of the history of Cowley County, and especially of the COURIER, he would not have penned it. The COURIER has never since the old matters of County Seat and other purely local feuds were settled, said ought adverse to the growth and prosperity of any portion of our splendid county. On the other hand it has taken great pride and assisted not a little in promoting the growth and advancement of Arkansas City, Burden, Udall, and every other portion of the county. The COURIER recognizes the fact that no community can build permanent prosperity by tearing others down. Such policy is pursued only by narrow-minded bigots, and not by persons of sound mind and liberal views. Arkansas City has enjoyed its full share of our general advancement. This has been brought about by the indomitable energy of such men as Sleeth, Newman, Matlack, Hill, Huey, Cunningham, Hess, Scott, and a score of others whose faith in the future of their city has been shown in works, the successful prosecution of which left no time, if the inclination existed, to snarl and growl at their neighbors. This is indulged in only by the lesser lights who come in to enjoy the benefits of other=s industry and find a fruitful field in promoting discord where harmony should prevail. We are glad to know that no respectable portion of the people of our own sister city indulge in the small and contemptible feelings which seem to inspire the Republican man.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

County Temperance Convention.

A good representation of the Temperance workers of the county assembled at the courthouse on last Thursday morning, according to a call of Rev. B. Kelly, president of the County Temperance Organization, for the planning of vigorous work throughout Cowley. The old organization was made auxiliary to the State Temperance Union and named AThe Cowley County Temperance Union.@ The following officers were elected for the ensuing year: President, A. H. Limerick; vice-president, S. H. Jennings; Secretary, Mrs. W. B. Caton; treasurer, Miss Fannie Stretch. Last year=s plan of districting the county was re-adopted, with the following district vice-presidents who have charge of the work in their townships, appointing their own assistants.

First District, embracing the townships of Maple, Ninnescah, Rock, Fairview, and Richland, Rev. C. P. Graham, New Salem.

Second District, Omnia, Silver Creek, Sheridan, Harvey, and Windsor, S. Wilkins, Cambridge.

Third District, Dexter and Otter, S. A. Smith, Dexter.

Fourth District, Cedar and Spring Creek, A. Gilkey, Maple City.

Fifth District, Silverdale, Creswell, and Bolton, Rev. S. B. Fleming, Arkansas City.

Sixth District, Vernon, Walnut, Tisdale, Beaver, Pleasant Valley, and Liberty, J. W. Millspaugh, Vernon.

Seventh District, City of Winfield, S. H. Jennings.

Pithy addresses were made, the best plans of work thoroughly discussed, and the meeting was very profitable.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

A Fire. Last Saturday night about eleven o=clock, our city was again visited by one of those incendiary fires which became so frequent last winter. For the third time the barn back of Parmer & Co.=s store was fired. It contained several horses and some baled hay. When discovered the fire had gained considerable headway, and before the hose companies got on the ground, the flames were bursting through the roof. Ben Mays was severely burned while trying to get the horses out; and finally succeeded in saving one although burned so badly it will probably die. The other horse was burned to death. It belonged to the ATwo Orphan=s@ grocery delivery. In a few moments after the fire boys turned on their hose, the fire was extinguished. The damage is about five hundred dollars. The fire was undoubtedly set by someone, and the spot selected is the most inflammable part of the city. What the object or intention of the fire bug was, no one seems able to fathom. The officers should use extra diligence in looking after all suspicious characters. The fire department has demonstrated its ability to handle any fire that is likely to come so that there is not much danger of a general conflagration, or of serious damage being done.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

School Report. Report of School District No. 97, for the month ending December 5, 1884: Number of pupils enrolled during month, 4. Total number enrolled: 26. Average attendance: 21. Names of pupils who were present each day during month: Geo. Thomas, Martin Firebaugh, James Vandewark, Emma Vandewark, Albert Miller, Nettie Black, Courtney Saunders, Maggie Martin, Alvie Firebough [?1st time Firebaugh??], Hattie Miller.

Names of pupils who were not tardy during month: Geo. Thomas, Emma Vandewark, Albert Miller, Nettie Black, Courtney Sanders, Maggie Martin, Hettie Miller. Courtney Saunders and Maggie Martin have not been tardy during term. Ed. G. ROBERTS, Teacher.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

The Houses of the City to be Numbered.

Mr. D. Palmer has a petition ready for presentation to the City Council asking that the houses of the city be numbered. The plan proposed is that in vogue in St. Louis and several of the larger cities, beginning each block from a basis of one hundred, numbering alternately. The petition is signed by nearly every businessman and prominent property owner of the city, and will, of course, be carried out, as it should be. Nothing so adds to the convenience of a city as properly numbered buildings. And then it gives us a metropolitan air, which we can now bear with easy grace.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

The Senior Class of the High School will give an entertainment Friday night, December 12th, at which the following programme will be presented.

1. Opening Chorus: Senior Class.

2. Declamation: Charley Roberts.

3. Recitation: Vertie Noble.

4. Solo: Minnie Andrews.

5. Essay: Cora Reynolds.

6. Dutch Song: Jessie Smedley.

7. Recitation: Maud Kelley.

8. Declamation: Clint Bull.

9. Solo: Lottie Caton.

10. Recitation: Ida G. Trezise.

11. Closing Chorus. Senior Class.

After the literary exercises the audience will adjourn for a social, during which refreshments will be served. Let everyone come and enjoy themselves; we are sure they will feel well repaid. Admission, 15 cents.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

The ladies of the Christian Church will give a dinner and supper on New Years= Day in the building now occupied by the Holiday Bazaar, one door south of Wallis & Wallis=. All are cordially invited to assist. Come one and all and enjoy a happy New Year. Proceeds to be used for Sunday school. Meeting at the residence of Mrs. G. W. Miller Saturday at 3 o=clock.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

The man who dropped into a coal office in this city Monday with a basket on his arm and requested the dealer to put a ton of coal in it and send the bill up by the two-horse delivery wagon, evidently realized that a Aton@ in coal matters becomes a Avariable quantity@ according to the yard you patronize.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

At a recent meeting of the Odd Fellows of this city, the following officers were elected for the ensuing term, commencing January 1. M. Zimmerman, N. G.; Geo. Headrick, V. G.; A. B. Taylor, Secretary; W. H. Dawson, Treasurer.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

The German Lutherans hold services next Sunday at 11 a.m. in the McDougal hall, when Rev. Ehlers will preach in German. Services will also be held on Christmas, at which time the sermon will be in English.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

For Sale: One hundred acres of stalks, three thousand bushels of corn, with good feed lots, with timber. Ten miles north of Winfield. Lyman Johnson.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

The Christian Sunday School will have a Snow Christmas Tree on Christmas eve. All are invited to take a part; will have music, select reading, etc.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

The Baptist Sabbath School will give an entertainment of songs, recitations, giving and receiving, in their church, Christmas Eve.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

As wheat and corn has continued to drop, we will continue our low prices during this month. M. Hahn & Co.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

Mr. J. M. Lambert, of this city, will soon engage in the banking business at Howard, his former home.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

Robert and William Cox, recently from Indiana, are visiting the family of Jonathan Stretch.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

Geuda Springs will soon boast of a banking institution.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

The new mill at Kellogg is being pushed forward rapidly.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

A Wellington Murder.

Wellington was stirred up by a fatal shooting scrape last Saturday night. It occurred in a gambling room, and Wm. Edwards and John Wilson were the participants; the latter being killed. Bad blood had existed between them for a long time. They were both incensed by ill luck and bad whiskey, and began abusing each other, and before those present had time to interfere, Edwards pulled a 38-calibre revolver and fired, the ball striking Wilson in the region of the heart. The latter staggered back, pulled his pistol, an old cap and ball navy, and fired at his assailant, Edwards firing his second shot at almost the same instant. He followed this up with three more shots, all five taking effect in Wilson=s person, one near the heart, one in the neck, one in the shoulder, and the other two at different places on his body, killing him instantly. Wilson fired but the one shot, the ball striking Edwards near the heart, going through his coat, vest, and silk handkerchief, but lodging on his undershirt, causing no wound.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

Another Payne. The Southwestern Land Office, of this city, is having turned out this week from the COURIER mechanical department a large edition of a twenty-four column real estate paper descriptive of the county and their business. Messrs. Harris & Clarke, by their immense sales and square dealing, have put themselves in the front rank of Southern Kansas real estate firms and will continue to boom. Their sales extend into adjoining counties and embrace some of the largest that have been made in the past year. Their enterprise, untiring energy, and honorable manner of dealing, make them worthy of having the largest real estate business of any firm in the west. Their paper reflects great credit upon them, gives information, local and general interest, and will be a big advertisement of our county.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

DIED. At her home in Dexter, Kansas, December 23rd, Mrs. Eliza Brown, aged 23 years. Mrs. Brown was the daughter of John and Antne [?] Wilson. She was born in Muscatine Co., Iowa, in 1861 and moved with her parents to Silver Creek, Cowley County, Kansas, in 1873, where she resided until her marriage to C. C. Brown in 1880. About six years ago she made a profession of Christianity and united with the Baptist Church at Silver Creek, in which she lived a consistent Christian life until her death. She leaves a husband and one child, with many relatives and friends to mourn her loss.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

For Sale. A 20 acre tract of land half mile from the city, well improved with house, small fruits, etc. Also 20 head of hogs, a corn sheller, 200 bushels of corn. Inquire at this office or address box 878.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

J. B. Lynn took in the western counties recently and came home with the fever. He has organized the Fowler Town Co., composed of himself, J. B. Fowler, John Keck, Sol. Burkhalter, T. F. Axtel, and others. The town is located in western Ford County. Winfield men agree with the idea that the star of empire shall continue to westward take its way and are doing much for the development of that new country.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

Mr. H. D. Syron, of Vernon, bought a common-blood cow about three years ago for $35. He sold of her offspring two steers for $76.72, and the mother for $55, and has a heifer left worth about as much as her mother. Aside from this $131.72 in cash, the old cow paid for herself three or four times in milk. The family cow is a profitable institution and every farmer should have a herd of them.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

The ball of Hose Company Number One, last Friday evening, passed off pleasantly, though owing to the muddy streets, the attendance was rather small, thus making the boys out financially. There is not an organization in the city more deserving of appreciation than our Hose Companies and our businessmen should show them more encouragement than was given on this occasion.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

The City Council seems disposed to prohibit as far as possible those greatest nuisances and swindlers, the street fakirs. At a special session Monday evening the license was fixed at from three to twenty-five dollars per day, and most of them will get the highest tax. A number of our prominent businessmen were present to advocate this move.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

It is rumored on the streets as we go to press that the Burden Bank of Henthorn Bros., suspended Wednesday. We are informed from a reliable source that the bank is perfectly solvent, and has assets much greater than liabilities. A lack of ready currency was the cause. The bank will probably resume in a short time.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

A freight train was wrecked on the Southern Kansas road between Oxford and Wellington Sunday evening. Five cars loaded with lumber and a weigh car were badly mashed up; but fortunately, no train men were hurt. The east-bound passenger Monday morning came around over the Santa Fe via Mulvane.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

The brother of F. P. Jones, the man who was recently lynched in this city, has filed a claim with the city clerk for $25,000 from the city in the way of damages sustained by said lynching. Should the suit come to trial, Attorneys Hackney & Asp, of Winfield, will conduct the prosecution. Wellington Press.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

The twenty-four members of the fire company were treated to an excellent oyster supper by Mr. Frank Blair after their expeditious and effective work at the fire Saturday night. It came in splendid play at that hour, about three a.m., after a lively battle with flames, and was highly appreciated.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

Spence Miner writes from Ashland that business is booming and everything quiet. The murderer who escaped has been captured and is in jail at Medicine Lodge. Spence is pleased with the country, pleased with business, and more than satisfied with the outlook for the future.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

The new third ward school building will be furnished and ready for occupancy the first of January. Misses Heimbaugh, Crane, and Nellie Aldrich have been employed as teachers to fill its different departments.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

The Wellington Press appeared Monday as a neat little four column folio daily. The editor starts it only as an experiment, intending to make it permanent should enough encouragement be extended.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

A Wellington statistician says that since the first of last July fifteen persons have died violent deaths in Sumner County, about half of them being shot.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

In spite of the rain and mud, the kettle drum social by the Presbyterian ladies, Tuesday evening, went off very pleasantly, with a fair attendance.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

BIRTH. And now comes Dave Harter with a young, buxom Democrat at his home, born last week. Dave bears the title of Apapa@ very gracefully.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

It seems that the blue vault of Heaven has opened its every pore. Rain has been descending at varying intervals for three or four days.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

G. B. Shaw and Co. have built a neat office, fenced in grounds, and will this week move their lumber yard onto North Main, west side.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

Mr. J. A. Lyon, of this city, has contracted for the erection of a two-story building, 20 x 40, in the new town of Ashland in Clark County.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

The transfer of Real Estate is much more brisk this week. The Register of Deeds is beginning to realize a harvest again.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

The Methodists and Baptists have been holding a series of very successful revival meetings in their respective churches.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

The entire press of the State are very complimentary of the Maude Atkinson Combination. Opera House 16th and 17th.




Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.


Mr. Blessing will visit friends in Iowa soon.

Mr. D. Whitson and others are threshing this week.

F. W. Benson is visiting his parents in Reno County this week.

What will Oklahomites do for a pilot now Capt. Payne is dead?

D. Eastman has finished his new house. It is a good substantial one.

Mr. D. Jones supplies his stock with water from his new windmill.

Mr. Bob Hunt has added forty acres to his farm, for which he paid sixteen hundred dollars.

The Grangers met last Friday to decided whether they would move their store up to the station or not.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.


Mrs. S. W. Hughes was on the sick list last week.

Wm. and Mary Alexander visited in Pleasant Valley a few days this week.

Preaching every night this week at Beaver Center schoolhouse by Rev. Frazee.

The party at Mr. McDonald=s on Friday night of last week was a grand success.

Mr. S. W. Hughes believes in keeping up with fashion. He says he will have a porch.

F. M. Benson, of Pleasant Valley, is shaking hands with friends and relatives in Reno County this week.

There will be preaching at the Victor Schoolhouse next Saturday night, Sunday and Sunday night, by Rev. Firestone.

The spelling school we announced for last Friday night at the Centennial schoolhouse was postponed until next Friday night.

Mr. White has ornamented his house with a coat of paint; also Mr. L. Brown has completed his barn with a coat of red paint.

John Byers and wife, of Pleasant Valley, Sundayed with his mother last Sunday. He now says twice one is two and one to carry is three.

John and George Hughes, who left here about a month ago to prospect in the west in view of locating, write that they have seen the bear and have turned back. They say they are willing to make their future home in Cowley with their wives= people.

A meeting was held at the Victor schoolhouse on Saturday night of last week, for the purpose of making arrangements for a Christmas Tree on Dec. 24th, and necessary committees were appointed. We extend a cordial invitation to all and we think Victor will take the cake.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.


There are more deer brought into the market this year than has been known for five years. There is seldom a day passes without from one to three being brought in by the lucky hunters.

Twenty Cheyenne Indians came up last Friday to trade. They had from $50 to $100 each of loose money, which they spent in Arkansas City Friday and Saturday.

Our liverymen are compelled to ship in corn and oats from Wichita to feed their stock. Just why this is so we do not know. Our farmers may be holding back on account of low prices, for we certainly have enough and more than enough of either for local supply, and for shipping also.

Roller Skate Flirtation: Lying on your back, AAssist me.@ Two legs in the air means, AMashed.@ One leg in the air means ACatch me.@ One skate in your mouth, AToo full for utterance.@ Hitting the back of your head with your heel, AI am gone.@ Suddenly placing your legs horizontally on the floor like a letter V, indicates AI am paralyzed.@ Punching your neighbor in the stomach with left foot, AKiss me.@ A backward flip of the heels and a sudden cohesion of the knees to the floor indicates AA suppliant.@


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.


The M. E. Church, under course of erection, is being built in a very substantial manner. It will be an ornament to the town.

On a clear day, the reservoir at Winfield and the cities of Belle Plaine, Oxford, and Wellington can be seen from the top of Akers= building.

Now that our city election is over, business will likely brighten up all over the United States. It is wonderful what an influence we wield over the entire world.

We have about concluded to quit the newspaper business, where we have to stand off our grocer and coal dealer, and go to the more lucrative occupation of digging roots. We have reached this conclusion after reading the special from Danville, Pennsylvania, which stated that two men digging roots on an island in the Susquehanna River, struck a metal box containing coins amounting to nearly $47,000, including $16,000 in Mexican silver dollars, $30,000 in gold doubloons, and nearly $1,000 in small silver coins.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.


The immigration to Kansas the coming winter promises to be very large. Our mild winters, healthy climate, rich soil, abundance of peaches, ten good crops in succession, and the many other advantages to be found here, are inducements that cannot be withstood by those who, for any cause, contemplate a change of location. Come right along, gentlemen, and bring your families. There is still room for farmers, mechanics, businessmen, and in fact for men of any and all honorable occupations. If you are a farmer, you can buy good land for what it is worth; you will have three good working days here for every two you have in the states northeast of here, and you will not be liable to stick in the mud.

Some time ago Mrs. Funk, of Wooster, Ohio, had some money loaned to a supposed wealthy party. Some three months ago the party went to the wall and offered as a compromise in her case to deed her 380 acres of land in Kansas as a full consideration of the debtCsome $500. After worrying over it considerably her friends advised her to accept it as a possibility of being better than nothing. Last week while H. H. Funk was up north he dropped over to Cottonwood Falls and found the land; was offered for two outside forties enough to pay the bill, interest and all, and finds the one-half section a ANo. 1 pattern for a farm,@ worth some $10 per acre. Trading bad notes for Kansas land generally turns out Athusly.@

H. H. Funk, of Shaw & Co.=s lumberyard, got a telegraphic invitation to attend the taking of sundry depositions at Eureka. The case Mr. Funk went up to attend was a suit against a Pennsylvania railroad for $17,000 for a trunk full of articles of great value as set forth in a table of contents and the cash value thereof sworn to by the Alady,@ claiming that it amounted to something over $17,000. Unfortunately for her the trunk came through all right as directed, to the station that Mr. Funk had charge of, and has been kept intact till opened in court Monday. It was filled with plaster dogs, parrots, etc. No valuable silk dresses, furs, watches, chains, diamonds, and jewelry found as set forth in her affidavit.

Thirteen years ago we saw parties who have become useful citizens of South Kansas, dragging over the prairie with an old Texas (rebel) army wagon and two or three yoke of Texas long horns, slowly, solemnly, sometimes serenely wending their way westward to the great untried, unknown valley, with large hopes, large families, and very little else. We were forcibly impressed with the change one day last week in seeing a home-seeking outfit pass through our streets westward. First in the van were a score or more thoroughbred, high grained short-horned, fine specimens of bovine family, mixed with a few Clydesdale colts, each one about the weight of a small herd of Indian ponies, one or two wagons with teams worth five hundred dollars a span, pulling the tent and cooking and sleeping conveniences, followed by a nice carriage with horses of the two forty make up driven by comfortably dressed young men (not dudes), who were taking the stock, etc., to their new home in the Great Valley. Father, mother, sisters, and youngsters would come on the train as soon as they got things fixed and telegraphed for them.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.


Thus far this winter the weather has not been cold enough to stop stone and brick laying work, and plastering, and improvements are going on even more rapidly than during the summer. We make this item for the benefit of our friends back East, who are shivering around watching the thermometer to see how far down it will go without freezing up.

Mr. Jas. Hill is at Chicago this week attending the meeting of the stock-holders of the new R. R. Co., whose movements are interesting to the people of Cowley County. The road if completed will pass through Winfield and Arkansas City and through Southern Kansas. There is a good prospect for the immediate commencement of the building of this road. All hail the day!

Engineer Moorehead returned Tuesday after his trip down the Arkansas River. He is sanguine of the success of the scheme for the practical navigation of the river. He thinks that an iron power boat drawing about twelve inches of water and similar to those employed on the St. Lawrence can successfully run between Arkansas City and Gibson. The boats can load with grain and return with coal and timber. Mr. Jas. Hill, who is now in Chicago, will ascertain the kind of boat which will best answer the purpose and if he receives encouraging advice from those experienced in river navigation will purchase an experimental boat.

We took a little drive out into the country the first of the week, and were greatly surprised at the many and substantial improvements being made by our farmers. This little drive out into the rural districts disclosed to us the fact that improvements in the way of new dwellings are not alone confined to the city. You are never out of sight of handsome new houses, many of them equal to any to be found in town. The care of stock has not been neglected either, as is evident by the many new barns and frame stables to be seen on every hand. So much is this the case that it looks as if the AKansas stable@ had seen its day and in a short time will be known only in history. First, the Indian and the buffalo; then the dug-out; and now comes the Kansas stables to be added to the list of the past, having been crowded out by the white man, the short horn, the handsome frame and stone houses, and the warm and roomy barn and stable of the present. It seems hardly creditable that so wonderful a transformation could take place in our rural districts in so short a space of time. If those who left out county ten years ago on account of hard times and grasshoppers could gaze upon us now they would be heard to exclaim: AThe desert has become a garden and has been made to blossom like the rose.@ A change so complete, so beautiful, so beneficial, so wonderful in so short a period of time, is simply indescribable, yet the limit of improvement is far from having been reached. The next ten years will witness an improvement less marked, it is true, but to some extent in a different direction. The efforts of the past have to a great extent been directed towards making this country habitable. Future efforts will run more in the direction of making it beautiful and luxurious. Fruit trees of better varieties, shade trees, improved grasses, artificial ponds, extensive lawns, yards beautiful with flowers of every hue, and shrubs of every variety suited to the climate will be some of the results of the next ten years. Nature has been tamed in the past. Art will be cultivated in the future.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.


A jolly party of eight Suckers from Braidwood, Illinois, consisting of Hon. F. M. Sollady, the mayor; W. J. Stewart, chief of police; F. E. Munn, city attorney; U. Goldfinger, L. Wolfe, E. D. Phillips, D. Husband, and Thos Fleming arrived here Thursday and put up at the Windsor. They were en route for Dodge City; but hearing of Arkansas City, threw their tickets away and came here. These genuine Suckers supposed that Kansas was made up of green jayhawkers. They visited the Oklahoma boomers in the Territory, camped on Chilocco Creek Thursday, and by a great deal of begging procured permission to share the boomers= hospitality for the evening. The fine clothes of the Suckers created a temptation among the boomers to soil them. At the still hour of midnight, when all were sound asleep, several of the frontiersmen, dressed in the garb of the noble redman, came down on the tent in which our Illinois friends snored with a swoop. Their yells were enough for the Suckers. The campfire showed they were surrounded by Indians. With cries of AOh, Lor=, Oh Lor=, I wish I was to home and mother was here,@ each Sucker skipped for the state line. Instead of going toward the point intended they went further into the Territory. Splash, splash, they went across the Chilocco. Hatless and puffing only as Suckers do, they flew on. After running some miles they ran into the camp of Uncle Sam=s soldiers. Thinking it was more Indians they turned to fly in another direction, but the quick ear of the sentinel had heard them. In a deep, guttural voice he commanded a halt. This scared them more. The voice, the dark complexion of the negroes, and the Suckers= imagination made Indians of the soldiers. As the sentinel=s voice smote their ears, down went the eight on their knees and with clasped hands began to beseech of AMister Indians, not to hurt them.@ The sentinel seemed to understand the situation. He called assistants and to continue the joke they bound and gagged them. With yells the negroes began to dance around the frightened party. At this point of the programme, they all swooned away. When daylight came, to their great chagrin, they were in the camp of the U. S. Army. Now they are trying to smooth the matter over so their friends at home will not find it out. They were all day yesterday walking back to Arkansas City.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

Hard time prices on dry goods and clothing will be continued at the Bee Hive Store.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

Mr. John M. Sturtz was up from Bolton Township yesterday. Eight years ago he came from Ohio and bought a 210 acre farm in Bolton for $1,500. He has improved it splendidly and could sell it today for eight thousand dollars. How is that for profit? He is surrounded with stock, fruit, and plenty.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.

J. S. Mann still continues to dispense clothing at prices to astonish all purchasers and competitors. Before buying a substantial Christmas present, look over his immense stock. His line of gents furnishings can=t be excelled.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.


To all whom it may concern:

THAT, WHEREAS, at the November term of the Cowley County District Court for the year 1884 the undersigned, Edward F. Shindle, was convicted of selling intoxicating liquors contrary to law. Therefore, public notice is hereby given that an application will be made for a pardon by the undersigned to the Governor of the State of Kansas therefor on the 19th day of December, A. D. 1884, or as soon thereafter as the same can be heard.



Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.


Judge Foster, in the Payne case, decided that the lands in the Indian Territory, known as Oklahoma proper, was owned by the Government, that no Indian title covers those lands in any particular.

The question has been decided before thousands of times in the minds of the people and by good lawyers, but that fact does not change their statutes nor allow anyone to settle on them with a view to finally securing a title.

That country is under executive control, or in the hands of the President, by act of Congress, and until Congress changes the law, no one can nor will be permitted to enter upon the lands for the purpose of acquiring title.

That decision may be reserved by the Supreme Court, but we hardly think it will be so. Yet the Oklahoma boomers will be wasting their time and money by attempting to settle the lands until Congress takes action in the matter. The war department has its orders regarding the removal of all persons attempting to settle on those lands, and if anyone is foolish enough to think these orders will not be carried out to the letter, let them try it a time or two. Those orders are still in force and will be executed as promptly and as effectively as they were last summer, and will be until they are revoked by the order of the President.

We are reliably informed that a large party of boomers were last week congregated at Arkansas City ready to start into the promised land. We know a detachment of troops left here later in the week to look into the matter and bounce the boomers if they made the invasion.

We are satisfied that our advice to the boomers to keep out of the Territory and work on their Congressional delegation will not be followed now, but it will be some day, and that not by Ainvasion,@ but Apersuasion,@ will that country become accessible to the thousands of poor men in this country. There will be two bills pass Congress and become laws before any settlers go up on those lands. The first one is the bill passed by the senate last winter forfeiting the grant made the Atlantic & Pacific railroad company through the Indian Territory.

The other is a bill by Senator Plumb, opening certain lands to settlement to which the Indian titles have become extinct, in the Indian Territory (referring to Oklahoma proper). This bill is now in the hands of the Senate committee on Indian affairs and will probably be reported favorable early in the present session.

The one passed by senate must become a law before the other is passed, or the railroad company will come in and claim over one half the country under that grant, and as it has not complied with its charter and the provisions of the grant, it can be declared forfeited by Congress and then the other bill can be passed and the settlers secured in their rights, enter upon every foot of that country.

As we have before stated in these columns, the men who pay their money to Payne, or any of these colony organizations, will have no better chance to get claims in that country, nor protection in holding them, than will any outsider, and this wasting of hard earned money on such men as Payne and his cohorts were, by men whose families were in actual want for bread, is one of the prime causes of our opposition to the boomers, and that of all thinking men.

Give Congress a chance at that Oklahoma country and after it gets through with it, then there will be a chance for about 40,000 families to go in and occupy it. About 25,000 of them will starve to death on it, as there is about that many quarter sections of the land that is no more fit for agricultural purposes than is the bed of the Arkansas River or the royal gorge of the same river in Colorado. Caldwell Journal.


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.


A party of Cheyenne and Arapahoe chiefs from the Indian Territory, named Old Crow, Whirlwind and wife, Black Wolf and wife, Red Wolf, Yellow Bear, Left Hand Squaw, White Eyed Antelope, White Buffalo, Row of Lodges, Powder Face and wife, and Left Hand and wifeCeighteen in allCrecently visited their children and the children of their tribes, numbering fifty-one, at the Indian school at Carlisle, Pennsylvania. Most of them went at their own expense. They manifested much interest in the school.


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.

[From Harris & Clark=s Real Estate News.]


The Best County in Kansas.

Its Descriptions, Resources, Development, and Advantages, Etc.

LOCATION. Cowley County is situated on the south line of the State, one hundred and ten to one hundred and forth miles west of its eastern border. It is bounded on the east by Elk and Chautauqua Counties, on the north by Butler County, on the west by Sumner County, and on the south by the Indian Territory. It is about 240 miles from Kansas City, 220 miles from Atchison, and 180 miles from Topeka.

HOW TO GET THERE. Take the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad, either at Kansas City or Atchison direct to Winfield, or take the Kansas City, Lawrence & Southern Railroad, which also lands you in Winfield and is also the proposed end of a division for the latter road.

Persons and teams will find plenty of good roads leading to Winfield from all points east and north.

[Skipping Size, Lay of the Land, Soil, Water, Timber, Climate.]

BUILDING STONE. In all parts of the county the supply of magnesia limestone is inexhaustible. It is found at various depths below the surface, from ten to forty feet, and in many places along the bluffs and streams it is exposed and handy for quarrying. It exists in layers of from three to twenty-four inches thick, and can be quarried easily in most any shape. When first taken from the quarry, it is soft and easily worked with the hammer, chisel, and saw, but on exposure to the air and sun it hardens and becomes durable, appearing much like marble. It is the best and most conveniently located building stone in the State. Capital is developing the quarries, hundreds of men are employed therein, and large contracts have been made with builders in Topeka, Leavenworth, and Kansas City. Owing to its cheapness and superior quality, these cities in time will buy all their limestone from this county. The price for dimension stone is three dollars a cord and flagging at five cents a foot delivered at the cars.

HEALTH. No county while new and while the soil is being newly distributed, where the soil is rich and the vegetation rank, has been exempt from malarial fevers. But it has no marshes, swamps, sloughs, or standing water, no fogs, or moisture laden air. It always has a breeze, generally light but sometimes strong, and should be healthy, as it in fact is in all respects except as above. Many persons have come here diseased or suffering from chronic complaints, who have very soon begun to improve and have since quite recovered.

LESS TAXATION. Cowley County has her schoolhouses, her churches, her courthouse, and her bridges mostly built and paid for and the taxation for these purposes will hereafter be light.

MARKETS. A considerable portion of the surplus wheat crop is required to supply the Indians in the Indian Territory.

In addition to the ordinary eastern markets, our millers and merchants have opened up a large trade with New Mexico and Colorado on the west, and Texas on the south. The result is that the price of most of our surplus is the same as it is in Kansas City.

At the present time Cowley County has two railroads. It is the intention of the Santa Fe to extend its route from Arkansas City to Fort Smith in Arkansas. This will open up the entire southern railroad system, give us our natural market, and make us practically as close even to eastern markets as is Illinois. There are also two other railroads pointing toward this county with the almost certain prospect of passing through it.

LAND TITLES. The county contains 716,800 acres of land. It being a part of the Osage lands, it has been open to purchase only to actual settlers, in quantities of not more than 160 acres each, at $1.25 per acre. The entire western half of the county has already been patented, and all the best land in the eastern part. As the land is purchased direct from the general government, title are unquestioned. No railroad grant covers any part of the county. The question of a title is in no respect complicated by the conflicting claims of railroad corporations.

For the prices of land and other particulars about farms, we refer the readers to the fourth page.

INDUSTRIES. About three fourths of our people are agriculturalists. The following is taken from the present census returns.

All the figures which can be gleaned, speak of the vigorous and prosperous growth of the countyCa large increase in the value of real and personal property, increased acreage of cultivated ground, and a general increase in all the departments of husbandry in this county.

The farmers, particularly in the eastern part of the county, are turning their attention to stock raising, and there are already quite large herds. As soon as the herd law is abolished, the eastern part of the county will become a great grazing country. The whole county is peculiarly fitted for such purpose. Its heavy growth of nutritious grasses and many fine springs and streams of running water specially recommend it. Cattle, sheep, and horses could not do better than they do in Cowley County. Our stock of hogs is very fine, and no disease of any kind has ever been among them. Much attention has been given to raising improved breeds of stock. There are six excellent flouring and several corn and saw mills in the county.

POPULATION. The new census shows the population of the county to be nearly thirty thousand, an increase nearly of three thousand during the year. Generally they are intelligent, enterprising, go-ahead, move in the best society, and educated in the best schools of other states. They read the newspapers, support schools and churches heartily, and think for themselves. They are the kind of people God sends to a country that he intends to bless. The man who hesitates about coming to Kansas on account of society is fooling himself. It is as good and as cultivated as he will find anywhere.

SCHOOLS. This county contains one hundred and seventeen school districts, nearly all of which has good substantial schoolhouses. Most of them are paid for. In a very few years every dollar of her school bond indebtedness will be paid. The people tax themselves freely for the support of schools, and keep the schools open as long each year as they can afford to. There are a large number of thoroughly well educated and efficient teachers, and the schools are noted for their good work. The schools are as convenient to all and as efficient as in most of the eastern states.

CHURCHES. There is a church organization in nearly every neighborhood in the county. Most of these hold their services in schoolhouses. A few have built excellent church edifices and others are Atalking the matter up.@ There already are some very fine large church edifices in the county. Many leading denominations are represented. The leading are the Christian, Baptist, Methodist, and Presbyterian. The ministers are up to the average anywhere. Some of them are men of great talent and culture. The man who preaches to the keen, shrewd, thinking people of the west, or who teaches their children must have brains, education, and grit.

WATER POWER. There is an abundance of water power in this county, though but a small part of it has been utilized. Along Walnut River, Rock, Timber, Grouse, and Silver Creeks are very many good water mill sites with plenty of water mill power. At Lazette, Arkansas City, and some other places these sites have been utilized to some extent.

OUR FUTURE. In the light of the history of the past thirteen years, who dares to attempt to foretell the future of this great county? With a soil that is equal in fertility to the valley of the Nile and from whose fair bosom can be taken all the varied products of the Temperate zone, with many in addition of a semi-tropical character. With the face of the country diversified with hills and valleys, intersected in almost every direction by almost numberless rivulets whose bright and sparkling surfaces kissed in the murmuring meanderings by the bright rays of Kansas sunshine, and whose banks are fringed with the many trees indigenous to our clime, with towering bluffs whose sides contain the best of building stone easy of access, and, for what we know to the contrary, much mineral wealth yet awaiting development. With an intelligent, industrious, and Christian people to whom additions are daily being made by men and women of a like character, would it not almost be presumptuous to say what Cowley County would be in the year 1900?

WINFIELD. Winfield, the county seat, is a young city of 6,000 inhabitants. It is situated on the undulating prairie on the left bank of the Walnut River; it is bounded on the north, south, and west by a beautiful belt of timber, on the east by a line of finely rounded mounds, and is in the midst of natural scenery of surpassing loveliness. It commenced to be built in 1870; the early buildings were of timber frames and rather small; but each year has added more spacious and substantial buildings until now it has many large and beautiful structures of brick and of magnesia limestone which compare well with those of older and larger cities of the east. Winfield is the center of business for the county and has the reputation of being the liveliest city of its size in the state. The streets are generally well filled with teams, and the merchants are doing a very large business. Nearly all kinds of business are represented with good stocks. The citizens are enterprising and intelligent, society is excellent, and one needs only to visit the splendid costly churches and the schoolrooms, where from 1,400 to 1,500 pupils are taught efficiently by the most approved modern methods, to be satisfied as to the tone of morals of the place. Winfield is sixteen and one-half miles from the north line of the county, the same distance from the south line, and eight and one-half miles from the west line.

The future of Winfield is assured. It has the advantage of a beautiful and romantic situation, a large additional amount of water power waiting to be utilized; two great lines of railroads which are doing all in their power to improve and develop both city and county; a body of businessmen who for integrity and enterprise are the equal of those of any other city in the state. Winfield at this time has upward of 150 stone and brick structures ranging from two to four stories.

The city has three ward school houses, another in course of construction. These school houses are elegant stone structures ranging in cost from $8,000 to $15,000 each. Winfield has eight good hotels, four of which are elegant structures. One especially compares very favorably with those of the eastern cities. It is built of fine magnesia limestone rock, and is four stories high. It is heated with steam and lighted by gas, hot and cold water in every room, and the electric enunciator. In the item of plumbing that enters into private dwellings, it has a larger amount than many cities in the east that number 20,000 inhabitants. The elegant and costly residences which have been built within the last year are the best possible evidences that the men who have made their money here expect to stay.

Winfield has upwards of forty miles of stone sidewalks. On Main street they are twelve feet wide, on the avenues from three to twelve feet. The city has a complete system of water works. The reservoir is situated on a beautiful mound one hundred and fifty feet above the city; capacity, two million, five hundred thousand gallons. It also has fine gas works, with which all of the principal streets are lighted, as well as many of the dwellings and business houses.

The population of Winfield in 1880 was 2,844; it has now upwards of 6,000 inhabitants, an increase of 3,116 in less than four years.

AGRICULTURE. The prophesies of twenty-five years ago as to the ultimate prominence of Kansas as an agricultural state has already been verified. In 1883, according to the report of the statistician of the department of agriculture at Washington, the State of Kansas ranked as second among the states of the Union, in number of bushels of corn produced in that year, and first in the number of bushels that were sound and merchantable and fit for transportation. The same report places Kansas as one of the five leading wheat producing states in 1883, and in both corn and wheat the average yield per acre was higher in Kansas than in any other state or territory of equal area in the crops named. Both oats and rye have yielded a high average each year, and the minor crops cultivated have proved to be both successful and remunerative.

The season of 1884 has been no exception to this general rule of agricultural prosperity in Kansas, and there is now every probability that the final figures of the years= farming operations will show that this young state outranks all the others in number of bushels of wheat produced, and is only exceeded in the amount of corn harvested by the states of Illinois and Iowa.

WHEAT. The largest yield per acre as yet reported was produced in Cowley County by Thomas Youle, of Winfield: yield, 53 bushels per acre.


There has been a steady increase annually from 1874 in the number of livestock in this state. In addition to this there has been a constant effort on the part of Kansas farmers to improve the quality of their stock. The fine stock breeders and importers of more eastern states find in Kansas a ready market for their surplus of the best animals. The adaptability of the soil and climate to the cultivation of grain, grass, and all kinds of stock feed, its apparent freedom from diseases that are indigenous, make the state a most desirable territory for the prosecution of the livestock industry.

HORSES. In 1874 there were in the state 202,962 horses; this year the assessors return 461,136, an increase in that time of 100 percent. While there has been this large increase in numbers, values have increased per head about 25 percent, showing that improvement is taking place in quality as well as in numbers.

MULES. While many of these hardy and valuable animals are to be found on our farms, a large proportion of them are to be found in our town and cities employed in street work. The number in 1874 was 22,034, while this year they have increased to 64,889, an increase of nearly three hundred percent.

CATTLE. In 1874 the assessors did not return milch cows and other cattle separately. The number of cattle reported was 749,959, while they report 1,858,955 in 1884, an increase of about 250 percent. In 1884 there are 530,904 milch cows and 1,328,021 other cattle. Large numbers of cattle farms and ranches are being established in all portions of the state, and these are proving, where properly conducted, exceedingly profitable.

SHEEP. The number of sheep has increased in the eleven year period, from 84,838 to 1,206,297. The only serious drawback to successful sheep husbandry in Kansas has been the disease known as Ascab.@ It can readily be cured, and by care and watchfulness be prevented from entering flocks.

The low price of wool has operated against a rapid increase in the industry of sheep raising during the past two years.

The climate of Kansas is well adapted to the business, and it will undoubtedly keep pace with the advance the state is making in other industries.

SWINE. The eastern half, the organized portion of the state, contains nearly 90 percent of the number of swine, some of the more western counties having but very few. The numbers have increased from 556,919 in 1874 to 1,953,044 in 1884. A large amount of money comes into the state annually from this source and hog raising is growing rapidly into great importance and favor. The season of 1884 has been especially favorable to handling of all classes of livestock. There has been no epidemic of a serious nature, and the only prominent losses from disease has been where it has been imported from other states.


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.

OPENING OKLAHOMA. While the discussion on the Oklahoma question seems now to be likely to secure tangible legislative recognition, many of our readers will be interested in the bill on that subject which was introduced in the senate, not since the opening of the late political campaign, but on the 2nd of last May, by Mr. Plumb, and was then read twice and referred to the committee on Indian affairs. Mr. Ryan=s house bill introduced the present session embodies about the same provisions. As a matter of general interest, we give the full text of the Plumb bill.

A bill to open for settlement certain portions of the Indian Territory, and for other purposes:

Be it enacted by the senate and house of representatives of the United States of congress assembled, that the lands in the Indian Territory ceded by the Creek tribe of Indians by treaty approved August eleventh, eighteen hundred and sixty-six and by the Seminole Indians by treaty dated March twenty-first eighteen hundred and sixty-six, except such as have been granted to other tribes by act of congress or by treaty, or which have been set apart for Indian occupancy by executive order, being that certain tract of land embraced within the following boundaries, namely: Commencing at the point where the south line of the Cherokee lands intersects the west line of the Pawnee lands; thence west along said south line of said Cherokee lands to the boundary line between Texas and the Indian territory; thence south on said line to where the same crosses the main channel of the Canadian River; thence down said channel of said river to where the same crosses the Indian meridian; thence north on said meridian and along the western boundaries of the Pottawatomies=, Kickapoos=, and Iowa=s lands to the main channel of the Cimarron River; thence down said main channel of said river to where the same intersects the west line of the Pawnee lands; thence north upon said line to the place of beginning, be, and the same are hereby declared to be public lands of the United States, and subject to entry under the homestead laws only; and it shall be the duty of the president to issue a proclamation opening said lands to settlement as aforesaid; and he is hereby authorized to establish a land office at some suitable point on said lands, and appoint therefor, under existing laws, a register and receiver for said office.

Section 2. That so much of the grant of land made to the Atlantic & Pacific railroad company by act of congress approved July 27, 1866, as grants or purports to grant lands lying within said territory to aid in the construction of said railroad, except the grant for right of way and station purposes, is hereby wholly forfeited; and all lands in said territory in any way affected by said grant, are hereby restored to the condition, so far as relates to any provision of said act, in which they were before said grant was made.

Section 3. That the president is hereby authorized to cause to be made full investigation of the claims of the Wichita tribe of Indians to land in the Indian Territory, or to money as compensation for lands belonging to them of which they have been deprived, and transmit the result of such investigation to congress at its next session.

Section 4. That the president is hereby empowered to reduce the limits of any reservation established by executive order in said Indian Territory where the amount of land is in excess of the necessities or rights of the Indians occupying the same; and lands which by such reduction may be thrown out of the limit of any reservation shall be open to settlement and disposal under the homestead laws of the United States in the same manner as those lands mentioned and described in section one of this act.

Section 5. That the president may, with free consent, remove the Indians of the Darlington agency from the lands now occupied by them to the lands now mentioned in the treaty of August 19, 1868, between the government and the Cheyenne and Arapahoe Indians.

Section 6. That the president is authorized to open negotiations with such of the tribes located in the Indian Territory as in his judgment are in possession and control of a greater quantity of land than their necessities require, for the cession of their surplus lands to the government, in trust or otherwise, and at such prices as may be equitable, for the purpose of opening said surplus land to settlement under the general laws of the United States, his action hereunder to be reported to congress.


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.

The Missouri Pacific engineers have just completed the preliminary survey of a line of road from Le Roy to a point on the Fort Scott and Wichita road, about one and one-half miles west of Yates Center. It is stated upon good authority that the Pacific management proposes to build this link in the immediate future. Kansas City is to some extent interested in this line, inasmuch as it would give Mr. Gould a line of his own from Wichita to Kansas City, first over the Fort Scott and Wichita, and then over the Missouri Pacific. The bonds for the Kansas City and Southern railroad having been defeated in Greenwood County, that company will not probably form a combination with the Missouri Pacific and build a line from Winfield to the Missouri Pacific connection with the Fort Scott and Wichita road; thus securing for Winfield also a competing line to Kansas City, which is the object to be secured by the construction of the Kansas City and Southwestern railroad.


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.


A bankrupt auction house tried to set up in Winfield last week, but the council promptly met in called session and passed a license ordinance taxing them twenty-five dollars per day. This settled their hash and they passed on to Wellington, secured a license at three dollars per day for thirty days, opened out a stock of cheap and shoddy stuff, and, in addition to paralyzing the trade of the town, are filling the country with cheap and worthless goods.

Our council exhibited wisdom in dealing so promptly and effectually with the matter.


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.

The Winfield Markets. Butter 20 and 22 cents; eggs 20 cents, turkeys, live, per lb., 6 to 7 cents; dressed, 9 cents to 10 cents; chickens $1.50 and $3.00 per dozen; potatoes 50 and 75 cents; wheat 50 cents; corn 25 cents; oats 20 and 22 cents; hogs $3.50 per cwt.; Hay $5 per ton.


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.


The cold weather prevented a number of our ladies from being present at the W. C. T. U. this week. The next meeting will be the election of officers and a large attendance is desired. It may be of interest to our friends to know that we begin the year out of debt and a little money in the treasury.

Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.


Lost. A pocket book containing $50 in currency, $160 in draft, also several deposit checks bearing my name. Information leading to its recovery will be liberally rewarded.

August Kadau.

The Lutherans will hold services on Christmas in the Courthouse at 1 o=clock p.m. All friends are cordially invited to attend. Rev. Ehlers will preach.

J. P. Baden must have all the poultry obtainable, this week. Next week will be too late to ship.

Wanted: A girl to do general house work in a family of two. Good wages. T. H. Soward.

Ed. Cole is rusticating in the east.

Mrs. Spence Miner will join her husband at Ashland the first of January.

Mrs. M. N. Sinnott returned Tuesday from a visit among friends in the East.

Miss Nellie Cole leaves next Sunday for a three weeks= visit in Des Moines, Iowa.

Frank Leland leaves this week for a ten days= visit to his parents in Joliet, Illinois.

Mr. Woolsey, of Crabtree & Woolsey, Burden merchants, was in the city Tuesday.

Mrs. George Rembaugh and Mrs. Jas. Vance are visiting their parents in Pierce City, Mo.

Frank Barclay, Jr., dropped in on his Winfield friends Friday last and spent a few days.

Mr. E. D. Richardson, one of the staunch men of Grand Summit, was in the city Thursday.

Miss Mattie Harrison, a charming young lady from Hannibal, Missouri, is visiting her aunt, Mrs. J. C. Fuller.

Mrs. Geo. Ordway will entertain the young people of the Presbyterian Church and congregation Friday evening next.

The many friends of Miss Lizzie McDonald will be delighted to hear that she is expected home from college this week.

Tom Johnson and family have located at Boulder, Colorado, where Tom hopes to regain his health, impaired by consumption.

Will Hodges and Sam Aldrich, two of our most promising boys, came in from the Lawrence University, this week, for a vacation.

Uncle Jimmy Douglass, formerly landlord at the Lindell in this city, has purchased and taken charge of the Lindell Hotel at Oxford.

Mrs. W. B. Dickle is off for an extended visit with her parents in Cardington, Ohio, while Mr. Dickle prospects in the western counties.

George Andrews was lodged in the county bastille Monday charged with stealing the ponies of a Noble Red Man in the Territory.

Will Stivers came in from Fredonia Tuesday. He will visit with his many friends here during the holidays, as the guest of his sister, Mrs. M. G. Troup.

Dr. J. L. Williams, wife and child, left Thursday last for their home in Cardington, Ohio, after a pleasant visit of several months with Mr. and Mrs. B. F. Wood.

Messrs. Davis & Watson, formerly in the grocery business on South Main Street, have purchased a grocery establishment in Argonia, Sumner County.


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.


MARRIED. John J. Hahn and Emma L. Cromer were married at Oxford last week. John is a son of Mr. David Hahn, who was killed by the Oxford bridge keeper week before last.

Mrs. H. T. Shivers returned Thursday last from an Illinois visit, accompanied by her mother, who will remain during the winter. The mother is ninety-four years old and quite sprightly.

Jas. Hill, of Arkansas City, passed through town Wednesday, en route from New York, where he has been on business connected with the Kansas City & Southwestern railroad project.

A. A. Jackson, now a resident of Seeley, was the first man united in the holy bonds of matrimony in the city of Winfield. He was married to Miss G. A. Kelsey, on the 4th day of September, 1870.

Nineteen years ago last Thursday Gen. and Mrs. A. H. Green were married. the General celebrated the anniversary by presenting his wife with an elegantly and handsomely engraved necklace and charm.

Mr. W. C. Douglass has purchased the general merchandising business of Eli Reed, at New Salem, and will hereafter conduct it. He has also invested in some town property, and has again become permanently located.

BIRTH. John Crenshaw is the happy Apapa@ of a bran new girl which first saw light on Saturday last. If Mrs. Crenshaw was recovering more rapidly than she is, the Phillips House would not be big enough to hold John. Wellington Press.

J. W. Henthorn=s Burden Eagle flopped its wings for the first time Saturday last, and is of the healthiest American type, well filled with advertisements and interesting reading. It will fly high from the start, in J. W.=s experienced hands.

Attorney C. M. Leavitt, of Winfield, was in Udall Monday afternoon and Tuesday morning, attending to some legal work for one of our business firms. He is working up a good practice in these parts and is a rattling good fellow. Sentinel.

Mr. Wm. Moore, the Cowley County Stone King, was in the city Tuesday, looking after his interests. You might travel a thousand miles, and find no more genial gentleman or better flagging quarry that Mr. Moore and his quarry. Wellington Press.

DIED. Mr. Scott Shornberger, who came from Springfield, Ohio, about three months ago and settled here with his wife and family, died Monday evening of dyptheria. The remains were shipped to his old home for interment, Tuesday, accompanied by the bereaved ones, who will remain there.

Dr. S. D. Park is just recovering from a serious attack of diphtheria, having been confined to his home for a week. Dr. W. T. Wright was also caught through professional intercourse with the epidemic, and has been confined for several days. Our physicians report quite a number of cases in the city.

The Women=s Relief Corps of this city elected the following officers at its regular meeting yesterday afternoon: Mrs. E. P. Hickok, President; Mrs. J. S. Hunt, S. V. P.; Mrs. Geo. Crippen, J. V. P.; Mrs. Sam=l Dalton, Secretary; Mrs. Shearer, Conductor; Mrs. Dr. Pickens, Treasurer; Mrs. J. H. Finch, Chaplain; Mrs. Dr. Wells, Guard.

Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.


Hargis & Clark, the big millers of Wellington, suspended last week. Times must be very close when a Southern Kansas Mill is forced to suspend operations. This mill has been one of Wellington=s biggest institutions and we are sorry to hear of is embarrassment.

Dr. Edward Hollensbe, who was Ajugged@ last week for the supposed stealing of a horse of Frank Manny=s, had a preliminary trial Monday and was discharged, it appearing that he rode the horse off during temporary dementia. He seemed to realize the situation the next morning and took the horse back. He has been in the asylum several times.

Adjutant J. E. Snow furnishes us the following list of officers, elected by Winfield Post, No. 85, G. A. R., at its last regular meeting, Dec. 10, 1884: S. Cure, P. C.; J. H. Finch, S. V. P. C.; W. E. Tansey, J. V. P. C.; H. H. Siverd, C. of D.; H. L. Wells, surgeon; A. B. Arment, chaplain; A. H. Limerick, Q. M.; D. L. McRoberts, O. G; Wm. Sanders, J G; T. H. Soward, O G.

Geo. Cairns and his sister, Maggie, came down from Winfield last Friday to spend a few days with friends. Geo. is devoting himself to Evangelizing now exclusively. He, in company with Maj. Penn, the Texas evangelist, will visit New Orleans during the World=s Fair, going from there to Wichita, and then in turn, to Emporia, Kansas City, Carthage, St. Louis, and then to Glasgow, Scotland, spending a year in Great Britain. Traveler.

Will C. McCartney and Frank F. Leland got in from Ashland last Friday after two weeks= pioneering. They report it a mistake that Nelson Mathews, one of the murderers of Adams and Boggs, has been captured. The five men who were arrested as the lynchers of Jno. Mitchell had a preliminary examination last week and were released. Mr. McCartney says Ashland now has upwards of two hundred inhabitants and people are flocking in from all quarters. He goes out the first of January to open a law office and remain.


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.

New Location. Miss J. E. Mansfield has moved her Millinery stock into Best=s music stand, where she would be pleased to meet all her old friends and customers.


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.

The report of the suspension of the Burden Bank last week seems to have been unfounded. Henthorn Bros. published a card in the Eagle this week, in which they state that all checks will be paid on presentation and that they have currency enough to pay their deposits in full five times over.


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.

Our bright neighborhood reporters come forward this week with a splendid batch of news. We want a correspondent in every neighborhood in Cowley. Who will give us the news from unrepresented precincts?


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.

The Maude Atkinson combination entertained our people finely Monday and Tuesday evenings with AThe Lady of Lyons@ and AHoneymoon.@ This troup ranks among the best that have ever visited us.


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.

Society. A very pleasant entertainment was given by Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson, at their splendid residence in this city, on Thursday evening, December 10th. About sixty to seventy guests were present, among whom we remember by name the following.

Rev. and Mrs. W. R. Kirkwood, Prof. and Mrs. E. P. Hickok, Mr. and Mrs. H. B. Schuler, Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Read, Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Horning, Mr. and Mrs. A. T. Spotswood, Mr. and Mrs. G. H. Buckman, Dr. and Mrs. Geo. Emerson, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. W. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. Rogers, Mr. and Mrs. A. E. Baird, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Ordway, Mr. and Mrs. C. L. Harter, Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Mann, Mr. and Mrs. L. M. Williams, Dr. and Mrs. W. T. Wright, Mr. and Mrs. O. Branham, Mr. and Mrs. S. D. Pryor, Mr. and Mrs. Fred C. Hunt, Dr. and Mrs. C. S. Van Doren, Mr. and Mrs. H. Brown, Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Millington, Mrs. Frank Williams of Wichita, Mrs. J. H. Bullen, Mrs. W. H. Albro, Mrs. Whitney, Mrs. Arthur Bangs, Miss Nettie McCoy, Miss Anna McCoy, Mr. W. H. Smith, Mr. Lew Brown, and Mr. W. C. Robinson.

Notwithstanding the inclemency of the weather, made up of rain, mud, snow, and cold, the guests enjoyed themselves to the utmost, and after partaking of a magnificent supper, music, and mirth, the guests separated with warm thanks to their host and hostess, who had afforded them so much pleasure, and with the aid of Arthur Bangs, most of them, we presume, found their own domiciles in due time.


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.

New Paper. Farmers and holders of real estate who want to sell early in January, we shall issue the first number of the ACurns & Manser=s Real Estate Bulletin.@ The first edition will embrace twenty thousand copies, of which the railroads have agreed to distribute ten thousand copies through their eastern agencies, and the balance we will mail to Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio. The Bulletin will be of large size and the first page will be occupied by engravings of our churches, schoolhouses, hotels, and other prominent buildings. There will be two large maps: one of Kansas and the other of Cowley County. We can safely promise that the Bulletin will be a model real estate paper, and one of the best and most interesting that was ever issued in the State. To any person who wants to sell either farm or town property, we will advertise a description of the same free of charge. We will also furnish free of charge as many papers as you can use to advantage. Call at our office at once and give us a description of property and take advantage of this offer. We hope to move into our new building next week. Until then call at our office above the Post Office.



Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.

Profitable Temperance Meeting. The Union Temperance meeting under management of the Woman=s Christian Temperance Union, at the Presbyterian Church last Sunday evening, was addressed by Rev. J. H. Snyder. His address was one of the soundest and most practical. His arraignment of the traffic introduced new and forcible ideas, rather than trite and uninteresting statistics. The onward march of prohibition and the surety of its National triumph, in time; the duty of every loyal, right-minded man in putting his shoulder to the wheel in assisting to plant the sentiment in the mind and heart of every American citizen; the necessity of calm judgment instead of weak prejudice; were all treated in a way that elicited appreciable comment from the large audience. These monthly meetings are a power in stimulating action on this great question.


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.

Christmas Arrangements. The different Sunday schools of the city are arranging to entertain the little ones in various ways. Some will have the old-fashioned and ever-interesting Christmas tree; others a social and supper and still another will hold a social to receive donations of all kinds to be distributed among the poor. The latter should receive the special encouragement of all. Many are the little ones to whom Christmas will be a sad and cheerless day unless the generosity of those more fortunate enter in with joy and sunshine. Let us extend a helping hand.


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.

A Fat Contract. Searing & Mead, of the Arkansas City mill, have the richest thing in the county. Some months ago they secured a government contract for several million pounds of flour for the Indians. This contract was taken on the basis of ninety cents per bushel for wheat. They are now filling the contract with wheat at forty-five cents, and are realizing one hundred percent profit on the wheat aside from their profits as figured on the contract. They will be in good shape to start a county newspaper.


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.

Winter and the Prognosticator. There is not the least shadow of a doubt that this winter will be a cold one. The prophets all say so, who dares to dispute them? No one but a crank. They have found the moss growing thicker on the trees, frogs standing on their heads in the mill ponds, the sunflower pointing to the North pole, and corn husks thicker than usual. The squirrels are laying in an extra supply of winter nuts for Sunday callers, wood is higher and less to the cord, coal runs 1,600 pounds to the ton, and a thousand and one other signs that never fail, go to show that every human being will be frozen stiffer than a dry goods clerk=s mustache before spring comes again.


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.

A Leap Year Party. No city of its size in the west can turn out more vivacious, good looking young folks than Burden. The writer had the pleasure of attending a leap year ball there on last Thursday night that for perfect arrangement and brilliancy of success would make the young ladies of any city blue with envy. The ladies called for their partners in carriages, gave them flattering courtesies in the ball room, and at the proper hour served a supper good enough to tickle the plate of a king. The young ladies were in elegant representative costume. For looks, refinement, style, and all that go to make admirable society, we will pit that assembly against any.


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.

Send the Facts East. We publish, this week, a well gisted description of Cowley County, from the Real Estate News of Harris & Clark. It sets forth forcibly the wonder of development and vast resources of the county, and readers of the COURIER should peruse it carefully and mail the paper to some eastern friend. We want to let folks Adown east@ know what a paradise we have out here and this is an opportunity to do it.


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.

Excursion Tickets Via A., T. & S. F. R. R. Winfield to New Orleans and return, good for 45 days, $29.00; good until June 1, 1885, $35.45. Also winter tourists tickets to Jacksonville, Florida, and return and through tickets to all principal points in the United States and Canada. Direct connection made with all roads out of Kansas City, north, east, and south. Call on W. J. Kennedy, agent.


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.

Since the murder at Wellington last week in one of her gambling halls by a man who had got drunk at one of her saloons, the city council has taken the matter in hand, ordered all the dens closed, passed an ordinance fining any owner of a building used for these purposes $100, and made a general clearing out. The city is now healthier.


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.

An unique entertainment has been introduced at Arkansas City, called the AAuction Social.@ Ladies were masked and sold to the highest bidder, bringing from 75 cents to $7.00. This is certainly a cute and novel scheme, and extracts money astonishingly. A bill of fare instead of a bill of dale was given each purchaser.


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.

The young ladies can pluck up courage. A young gentleman of this place must have a wife. He is a young man of sterling qualities, well capable of taking care of a wife. He expects to go west about January 1, 1885, and desires the chosen one to accompany him. Address, for ten days, AW. C. M., Box 772, City.@


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.

We have the first number of the Kingman Leader, Bion S. Hutchins, editor. It reflects credit on the rushing town of Kingman, in appearance, make-up, and patronage. It starts out plastered all over with fat Aads.@


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.

Be sure and read the advertisement of A. E. Baird this week, something new. Come and buy two dollars worth of goods and get a chance on the beautiful silk Russian circular, worth sixty dollars. [Skipped ad.]

Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.

The Winfield Band of Hope will meet at the Presbyterian Church Friday, December 19th, at half past three o=clock, to make arrangements for Christmas. All members should be present.


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.

The State Board of Charities last week awarded to the Winfield Roller Mills a contract for the delivery of 60,000 pounds of flour to the State insane institutions.


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.


Edward Watt was on the sick list last week.

Mr. Hughs [Hughes?] continues improving the appearance of his farm by erecting a new kitchen.

Will Grimes was absent from school last week; consequently, he stands at the foot of his class.

Rev. Frazee, of Beaver Center, and Rev. Hopkins, of Ottawa, are conducting a protracted effort at Beaver Center.

B. J. Jenkins lost a valuable mare last week by death. Mr. Jenkins estimates his loss at $135, as he purchased the mare only last winter and payed the above amount.

The large boys who attend school at the Centennial schoolhouse have erected a spring board and they are practicing tumbling. Probably the boys will join Tony=s circus next summer.

John and George Hughs [?Hughes?] have returned home after an extended trip through the west. They are again under the parental roof, and if their smiles are any indication, their joy is profound.

Loyd Guyer was aroused to a sense of duty by realizing that his education was not yet complete; therefore, he started to school at the Centennial schoolhouse on Monday morning of last week. Loyd has accomplished the first lesson and that is to love his teacher.

MARRIED. The quiet marriage of Mr. John Campbell, of Indiana, and Miss Mattie Frazee, of Beaver Center, formerly of Indiana, took place December 9th, at the home of the bride. The young couple will make their present home in Indiana. Our best wishes follow them, and may joy be unconfined.

Owing to bad roads and disagreeable weather, the spelling school at the Centennial schoolhouse on last Friday night was not largely attended. Notwithstanding their disappointment, two of our young hopefuls resolved to make their mark in the world by escorting home the school marm and the Belle of Beaver Center.

Mr. George H. Benson and wife, of Reno County, are visiting friends and relatives in this vicinity. Unfortunately, their son started for Reno County to visit his parents the same day the parents arrived here; the former coming through by land and the latter going by rail. Consequently, the son is in Reno County while his parents are here.



Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.


Mud and snow, lots of it.

Remember the Christmas tree.

Lew Wilson took in Dexter on last Friday.

Will Ralls was at Dexter on Monday of this week.

J. L. Higbee is buying and shipping a lot of game since the snow.

We understand there will be no vacation in the district this winter.

Don=t forget the Sunday School. It is in good order, so let all turn out and give it a lift.

Mr. Evans, of this place, was in Burden on last Sunday. He says he had a fine time; Ahe was out among =em.@

=Tis truly wonderful how the patrons of the school of this place visit school. You would be surprised to see them.

There was quite a wreck on the railroad west of this place last Friday night, delaying the trains but otherwise doing no damage.

The next meeting of the mite society is to be held at the residence of Robert Heygood. Let all the young folks turn out and have a good time.

The young ladies mite society of this place was held at the residence of J. L. Higbee on last Saturday night. The young folks report a fine time.

The first issue of the Burden Eagle came to hand this week. It is quite a neat, newsy little paper and we hope for its continuance and prosperity.

Mr. Averson, of Stonington, Illinois, stayed overnight in this city with Mr. Swim. He was looking for a location to practice medicine and also for a drug store.

Miss Bedell, from north of Cambridge, has been visiting her cousins, the Misses Bedell, in this neighborhood for the last week, returning home on Sunday last.

Church was a failure on last Sunday owing to the absence of the preacher for he did not come until the congregation had dispersed and gone home. We should try and set an example of punctuality.

C. M. Levitt, of Winfield, was in the city on Monday of this week. He visited the school, took supper with H. G. Norton and returned home on the freight train. He let an appointment to deliver a lecture on the 14th of January, 1885. [Leavitt?]

By the way, we should like to warn the Shanghai of the Cambridge News that if he comes over here to attend the oyster supper on Christmas eve, he must take the girls home and not ask to be Aexcused@ when he finds out they happen to live one-half mile from here and in an opposite direction to his place of abode. Now, Shanghai, brace up and be a man and do not treat the girls so.

The citizens of this city met at the store on last Saturday night and discussed the propriety of having a Christmas tree on Christmas eve. After much discussion, it was decided to have one. The following is the committee of arrangements: Mr. Hull, D. Reigle, Chas. Collins, J. M. Jackson, and Mr. McKee. The G. A. R. contemplated having an oyster supper on the same evening at the same place.

H. G. Norton says he did not advertise nor did he think anybody would so think when he allowed his name to be used. Notwithstanding, he is the recipient of letters from parties desirous of correspondence. Still he says if the young ladies want to write, why let them write. He also wishes me to inform Irene that he is not now nor never has been a lover of apple pies; as for Ad Higbee, he is quite fond of them. How he got the pie is a mystery to him. He says the first thing he knew he was out in the front yard with the pie, still he thinks someone must have given it to him. So, Irene, you should not judge the boys harshly; you should remember Athat to err is human, to forgive divine.@


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.


J. P. Green and wife are here visiting their brother during his sickness.

Geo. Frazier has a beautiful pair of red birds on exhibition at the store of Green & June.

Drs. Mendenhall, Emerson, and Knickerbocker attended D. C. Green during his sickness.

Homer Latham is lying very sick at his residence 3 miles south of Udall, with malarial fever.

The City Council has made the following appointments: Prof. Campf for Clerk, W. O. McKinlay, Treasurer, G. T. Frazier for Marshal.

Prof. Thorp is advertised to appear at Akers Hall on the night of the 16th, with a grand Musical entertainment. The St. Louis Comedy Company will appear at the same place on the 17th.

DIED. Our city is again thrown into a state of gloom by the sudden death of D. C. Green, of the firm of Green & June. Mr. Green had been suffering from a long standing hernia, and on the 12th inst. took violently, rendering a surgical operation imperative, but alas! human skill could avail nought against the grim destroyer and today (the 16th) we commit all that is earthly to man=s last sad resting place. The deceased was one of our best and most enterprising citizens, coming here at the start. He assisted as much, if not more, to the upbuilding of Udall as any of our citizens, with a hand of charity ever open to assist the unfortunate. None came to him for assistance or sympathy that went away disappointed. At the state of our town, he was postmaster and filled the position to the satisfaction of all. He was a member of Mulvane Lodge, A. F. & A. M., and will be buried with Masonic honors. To the writer of this he was a most intimate friend and his loss will be felt by him more deeply than words can express. He leaves a wife and two small children to mourn his sad and untimely departure, who in this hour of their great and sad visitation, have the sympathy of all.


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.


Mr. King has beef for sale.

The rains and snow will certainly help the wheat.

Mrs. Wolfe has recovered from her recent sick spell.

Miss Ella Nichols is entertaining a young lady cousin.

Miss Jackson was guest in the McMillen manor this week.

The new house that Mr. Cawsey is building is visible for many miles. [?Causey?]

Dr. Irwin offers 50 cents per dozen for rabbits, in pretty things from his store.

Miss Fanny Saunders has been ver ill with diphtheria, but is convalescent.

Hear that Mr. Colver has traded off his nice little house; hope report is not true.

Rabbits are plenty, and when nicely cooked, form a palatable dish for Salemites.

Mr. L. M. Dalgarn has returned from Kansas City, where he has been attending school.

The Gilmore family are happy over the arrival of the son and brother, Mr. Frank Gilmore, who is visiting them.

Miss Ella Rounds of Tisdale was the guest of Miss Johnson a few days, then bade adieu to Kansas friends and started for Washington Territory to engage in teaching.

Mr. John Walker of Illinois, formerly an engineer in Kansas, made the Hoyland boys and Mr. S. A. Chapell a short visit this week.

The smiling phiz. of Mr. Jack Kelly appeared in Salem on Sabbath, although a Burdenite at present. Salem means home.

The Douglass cottage is empty at present waiting for the new owner, we presume. Mr. Douglass and family are guests of Salem relatives at present.

Messrs. Shields, Chase, and Saunders, also others from our vicinity, are in the nation on a hunting expedition. Wonder if they will capture a deer!

Mrs. Terry, of Iowa, is visiting her brothers, the Irwin brothers and their families. Is quite well pleased with Kansas but did not find it as sunny as she anticipated; remember the sunshine after the rain.

ASunshine,@ the Salem luminary that lights the columns of the spicy Burden Enterprise, shed a few grateful beams in the home of Olivia, one day this week. I am fond of sunshine, so come again and a little longer stay.

There will be a Christmas tree in the new M. E. Church, and the M. E. Sunday School kindly invites others to participate. Hope a good time may be had, and all present receive some token of love and esteem from some kind hand.

Messrs. Miller, L. Rising, John Gilmore, W. B. and R. V. Hoyland started for the Nation with corn for sale, but on account of the inclemency of the weather only went as far as Arkansas City, sold their grain, and returned to their Salem firesides.

The Oklahoma boomer had his say in Salem and induced a few to pay for joining his AColony,@ as he called it. Better keep their money for some useful purpose than give it to such Governmental frauds as that chap. Just wait till AUncle Sam@ says go, unless we want to have a chat with his soldiers.

Several head of cattle have died lately belonging to Mr. Rodgers of Winfield, who is having them wintered here. Think the cause of death is eating corn stalks that have smut on them, as the stomach of the deceased are as dry as chips, and the animals are in excellent flesh when post-mortem examinations are made. Hope no more will die.

Attendance at church has been very slim on account of bad weather. Getting bewildered on the prairie, prowling around when so dark that the road cannot be found, getting cold and wet, reaching home at last with broken buggy, suffering the penalty of exposure by being sick, cured AOlivia@ of venturing on dark nights for any kind of entertainment.


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.

The Newton Republican came to us yesterday: a bright, interesting evening daily. It has every appearance of permanency and in the hands of Mr. Lemmon will be a success and a great benefit to the sprightly city of Newton. The weekly Republican is one of the oldest and ablest papers in Harvey County.


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.


Geuda Springs talks of building an opera house.

Arkansas City has recently dedicated a new Christian Church.

In the six years since 1878, Creswell Township increased in population 3,607.

The project of another canal at Arkansas City awaits the loosening of the money market.

There is a rumor of the discovery of coal about twelve miles southeast of Wellington. Too good to be true.

We are informed that Mr. Buffington, who owns the Pontoon bridge on the Arkansas near Oxford, will take it to or near Arkansas City.

Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.

The Indians in the Territory are getting stirred up over the ravages of white hunters on their game. Trouble is feared for some of the hunters.

Owing to over production the bear market is very dull in Harper. A live one was offered there for ten dollars last week, with no purchasers.

It is said that Captain G. H. Norton, Arkansas City=s first postmaster, is now one of the richest men in the orange growing districts of Florida.

It is said that Joe Mitchell, the cowboy hung at Ashland for shooting a citizen there a few weeks since, was a son-in-law of the Mayor of Caldwell.

Quite a number of people along the line are holding themselves in readiness to start to Oklahoma as soon as that country is opened to settlement.

The new free bridge across the Arkansas River, at Oxford, was opened to public travel last week. It is pronounced a very fine and substantial structure.

The Sentinel says that ten or fifteen Indian boys passed through Udall on the train Monday evening of last week en route for Lawrence, this state, where they will attend school. They were intelligent, fine looking boys.

Mr. T. L. Sanford, according to the Democrat, who resides a few miles northwest of Arkansas City, went out coon hunting one night recently on the Arkansas River and before day break brought down seven coons, four opossums, and one raink. [?raink?]

Wheat is looking well, says the A. C. Democrat, and farmers generally are feeling well, notwithstanding the low price of farm products. A man who owns a farm in Cowley County or any other county in the Arkansas Valley, and is out of debt, is a rich man, and he would be happy if he would but realize the fact.

Says the A. C. Republican: AOver one hundred subpoenas have been served on parties here notifying them to appear at Winfield during the January term of court. Geo. McIntire telephoned down to Capt. Rarrick to bring up the entire city and he would subpoena them as they alighted from the train.@

The Republican says that while out hunting Saturday of last week eight miles east of Arkansas City, Guy L. Sparks shot a bald eagle. There were three of them, but only the one was secured. It measured six feet and nine inches from tip to tip of wings, and was two feet and ten inches from head to tail.

The Democrat says the Nez Perces are the best tribe of Indians in the Territory. Their word is as good as two thirds of the white men=s notes. Some of them will come up to Arkansas City and buy a bill of goods, and promise to pay on a certain date, and as soon as the time comes to settle up, you will always find them on hand with the cash.

Says the Burden Eagle: ALast Tuesday Corbin Tredway, of this City, killed an eighteen months old Ashote@ which weighed when dressed 435. The pig had been raised and fed upon slops from the kitchen. If anybody can beat this porker, by a little porker raised upon the same diet, we want the porker trotted around right away quick.@

A neighboring exchange hits truth in the eye in the following: AA few years experience have taught our farmers not to rely on any one department of agriculture, but to indulge in >mixed husbandry.= Since they have done this, they begin to realize a little money over and above expenses each year, and this goes into stock. In a few years the farmers of this land will be the richest farmers in the world.@


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.

The A. C. Democrat gets the following historical information from the first biennial report of the state board of agriculture. It will be read with interest by all identified with Cowley=s pioneer days.

First settlements:

Creswell Township, fall of 1869, by Henry Endicott Sr., and Larkin Moyers.

Dexter Township, January 6, 1870, by James Cloud and family.

Silverdale Township, December 1869, by George B. Green and Russell Damewood.

Tisdale Township, fall of 1870, John Phillips.

First Churches:

Arkansas City, 1873, Liberal Church.

Winfield City, 1871, Methodist.

First schoolhouses:

Creswell Township, Arkansas City, 1871, by district No. 2.

Dexter Township, 1872, district No. 5.

Silverdale Township, 1872, district No. 28.

Tisdale Township, 1872, district No. 42.

Winfield Township, 1872, district No. 1.

First business established:

Creswell Township, general country store, by Norton Bros.

Dexter Township, general country store, Tyler & Evans.

Silverdale Township, general country store, S. C. Winton.

Tisdale Township, J. A. McGuire.

First marriage:

Creswell Township, John Brown and Eva Woolsey, October 30, 1879.

Silverdale Township, Elie C. Cranston and Esther Bennet, November 7, 1870.

Tisdale Township, Berry Chance and Tirlie [?Tillie?] Moore, July 30, 1872.

Winfield Township, A. A. Jackson and G. A. Kelsey, September 4, 1870.

First births:

Creswell Township, Creswell Grote.

Dexter Township, S. F. Graham.

Silverdale Township, George Fetterman.

Tisdale Township, Willie C. Bryant.

First post office:

Creswell Township, Arkansas City, G. H. Norton, postmaster.

Dexter Township, Dexter, September, 1870, T. H. Todd, postmaster.

Silverdale Township, 1872, John Kennedy, postmaster.

Tisdale Township, Tisdale, 1871, John A. McGuire, postmaster.

Cowley County was organized in 1870.


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.

City Council Doings. The city fathers met in regular session Monday evening. An ordinance providing for the construction of stone gutters on Main street fronting and abutting on the east side of lots 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12 was adopted. An ordinance requiring the raising of all Main street awnings fourteen feet above the sidewalk was adopted. An ordinance also passed requiring the construction of a certain sidewalk petitioned by G. H. Crippen, et al. An ordinance dividing the city into four wards was referred to a committee. The notice of the Winfield Water Company notifying the city that it had sold fifty thousand dollars of its first mortgage bonds with 6 percent interest was read and filed. Petition of Winfield Water Company for passage of an ordinance protecting the property and water supply of said Company was read and referred. City Clerk was ordered to procure 500 lbs. coal for drying hose of fire department.

The following bills were allowed and ordered paid:

J. C. McMullen, rent for fire department building for November, $25.

J. W. Connor, crossings, $9.00.

Hose Co. No. 1, fires of East Ward schoolhouse and Blair=s barn, $28.00.

Hose Co. No. 2, same fires, $26.75.

Holmes & Son, coal for city, $3.50.

A. H. Doane & Co., coal for city, $4.00.

D. L. Kretsinger, chief fire marshal, $3.00.

D. Berkey & Co., stove, etc., $11.50.

Jos. O=Hare, cleaning Council room, $.88.

Bill of Winfield Water Company, hydrant rental from July 15, 1884, to January 15, 1885, $1,581.25, was referred to finance committee.

The following pauper bills were recommended to County Commissioners for payment:

A. H. Doane & Co., coal, $15.00.

J. B. Lynn, dry goods, etc., $10.27.

H. Brown & Son, drugs, $2.00.

J. W. Johnston, two coffins, $20.00.

City Clerk, railroad fare for pauper, $20.25.

J. C. Kelly, house rent, $37.50.

Ed Buck, waiting on F. M. Burge, a pauper, $18.00.

Bond of A. G. Wilson as city weighmaster was approved.


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.

Doings of the Probate Court.

J. C. McMullen was appointed guardian this week of John and Minnie Sexon, minors.

Lorinda Daniels filed papers of annual settlement Tuesday in the estate of John B. Daniels, deceased.

Judge Gans has issued citations to all delinquent administrators, guardians, and executors, making it imperative upon them to appear before the Probate Court before the 31st inst. Strange to say, the most derelict reside in the county seat.


W. T. Cowan and Marana N. Harris.

L. C. Goff and Celia Preston.

John A. Berris and Josephine A. Hume.

B. L. Spruill and Mavila Dweese.

John L. Camblin and Martha Frazee.

[Above have committed matrimony since our last, according to the Probate Court record.]


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.

A Lady Physician. Dr. S. Evaline Bailey has recently located in this city. She comes from Davenport, Iowa. She was a member of the Scott County Homeopathic Medical Society.

As this is the first regularly Aordained@ lady physician to locate in the city, the event is worthy of record.


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.

The Masonic order held an election of officers Tuesday evening. The following persons were elected for the ensuing year. A. P. Johnson, W. M.; F. C. Hunt, S. W.; S. L. Gilbert, J. W; W. H. Graham, Treasurer; L. D. Zenor, Secretary; E. P. Hickok, chaplain; John Arrowsmith, S. D.; J. S. Mann, J. D.; W. W. Limbocker, S. S.; W. A. Freeman, J. S.; H. H. Siverd, Tyler.


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.

The senior class of the High School gave a very pleasant literary and social entertainment, at which excellent refreshments took part, in the east ward school building Friday evening last. It was given as a liquidator of Commencement expenses. Our High School will turn out this year nine graduates, seven girls and two boys.


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.

We have had an unusual touch of frigidness, for this season, during the past week, snow having remained since last Thursday; cold weather has begun so early that it is quite natural to suppose we will have an early Spring. Everything now points to a Snowy Christmas.


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.

The newspaper men and printers of Sumner County will meet at Wellington Dec. 19th, and make arrangements for a county organization. The exercises will close with a grand party.

The Presbyterian Sunday School took a large collection last Sunday to be sent to the Chilocco Indian School as an assistance in Christmas festivities.


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.

The new station in Pleasant Valley, one half mile north of old Constant, is called AHackney,@ after the master mechanic of the Santa Fe railroad.

[Is the above correct??? KAY STATED THAT THIS IS INCORRECT!]


Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.

Ben W. Matlack leaves today for a three weeks eastern excursion, taking in Chicago, Washington, and other of the great cities.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

[Skipped story on front page, AEva=s Christmas, written for the COURIER by CLARE OTTO BROWN, WINFIELD.]


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

One day last week while Jake Coe, of Timber Creek, north of this city, was gone to Winfield, some person set fire to and burned down his barn and stables. A few days afterwards he went to the field for a load of hay or straw with which to make a room for a new stable, and upon reaching the house with the load, looked back, and saw the stack on fire. They were a total loss. He had no fire about him nor could he get a clue to the origin. Perhaps a little investigation may unearth the perpetrator and furnish a coal digger for Leavenworth County. Burden Eagle.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

RECAP. Sheriff=s Sale, Monday, January 15, 1885. Elizabeth McQuain, plaintiff, vs. Nancy A. Baldwin, William C. Schooling, Francis A. Schooling, Isabella S. Schooling, Mary A. Schooling, and Lucila C. Schooling, defendants. Real estate.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

The Winfield Markets. Butter 20 and 22 cents; eggs 20 cents; turkeys, live, per lb., 6 to 7 cents; dressed, 9 to 10 cents; chickens $1.50 and $3.00 per dozen; potatoes 50 and 75 cents; wheat 50 cents; corn 25 cents; oats 20 and 22 cents; hogs $3.50 per cwt.; Hay $5 per ton.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

A Chilly Trip. Mr. John A. Eaton, Cashier of the Farmers Bank, and a party of nine Ohioans who were visiting him, returned from a week=s pilgrimage in the Territory Saturday. They went on a hunt, and did huntCa fire. That extremely cold wave struck them, and they found lying on the ground by night and hugging the campfire by day, very entertaining. Mr. Eaton says they ventured far enough away from camp to get a turkeyCone killed by some other hunter, for which they traded a package of coffee. The party was exceedingly unfortunate in selecting a season for Territory sport and all paid the penalty in bad colds and chilblains. The Ohio gentlemen departed for their homes this week with not too high an opinion of the ASunny@ part of Southern KansasCto return, however, at a more favorable time.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

A number of prominent farmers met in the COURIER office last Saturday to consider the question of a Farmer=s Institute, in January, but not a number sufficient for an organization. We fear that a lack of interest on the part of our farmers will let this matter go by the board. Nothing could be more beneficial to the farming community than these institutes, and the offer of the State Agricultural College to send one or more speakers certainly should be embraced. An interesting letter regarding this important matter appears elsewhere.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

The managers of the skating rink have arranged for a Leap Year Skate on New Years Eve. None but ladies with partners will be admitted. This will be a novel affair and test the courage of our ladies.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

The Young Men=s Social Club will hold its regular bi-weekly hop in the Opera House Friday evening. These hops are proving a most enjoyable feature of the winter=s social pastimes.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

The boys of Hose Company Number One have arranged for a ball on New Year=s night in the McDougal Hall. Good music and complete arrangements will make it a very enjoyable affair.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

Hon. W. P. Hackney has been absent this week on legal Abiz@ in Topeka, Lawrence, and Arkansas City.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.


W. D. Halfhill, an Attorney from Van West, Ohio, is in the city.

Sheriff McIntire wants a blind tiger for a Christmas gift. We hope he will get it.

Mrs. C. Collins has been visiting for several days past with Mrs. A. Graff, of Wellington.

Dr. Toleman, of Chicago, will fill the Baptist pulpit next Sabbath morning and evening.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.


Will C. Higgins, the rustling young editor of the Udall Sentinel, was in the Capital Monday.

Master Alva Graham, son of the Doctor, is at home from the State University for the holidays. [They had Alva...believe it should be Alvah.]

AMark@ gives our readers interesting Atidings@ from Hackney, the new Pleasant Valley town.

Mr. T. E. Byers, postmaster of Nora Springs, Iowa, is visiting his hold friend, Mr. E. M. Reyolds. [?Reynolds?].

Mr. Geo. T. Frazier, prominent among the denizens of Udall, was rambling over the Metropolis Tuesday.

Miss Mattie Kinne, of Good Hope, Illinois, arrived last Thursday and will spend the winter with her sister, Mrs. Ed. P. Greer.

Mr. T. M. Hicks, one of the old war veterans of Windsor Township, made his annual visit to the Metropolis Thursday last.

Sam Kirkwood, managing the lumber yard of Jas. H. Bullene & Co. at Kingman, came in to spend the holidays with his parents.

Capt. McTaggert sends a bale of Montgomery County cotton to the World=s Fair, it being one of the eight bales raised on as many acres.

Mr. Ellis Oliver, after a visit of two weeks with the family of Mrs. C. Strong, departed for his home in Sheboygan, Wisconsin, last Saturday.

Mr. Ed. Pate, District Clerk-elect, has rented his farm near Buicen [?Buiten?] and taken up his residence in this city, preparatory to official duties after January 13th.

[Wonder if they meant to say Burden?]

Mr. and Mrs. F. D. Adams, of Augusta, Kansas, are visiting in this city with her mother, Mrs. A. Deffenbaugh, and her brothers, James E. and Will H. Jones.

T. J. Harris left Tuesday for the East to look after the circulation of his real estate paper. He will take Christmas dinner with his father at Cameron, Missouri.

Charles F. Bahntge left Thursday last for Charleston, South Carolina, because of having been informed by wire that his father was not expected to live but a very short time.

Mr. W. H. Byers and sister, of Malvern, Iowa, friends of Mr. and Mrs. H. L. Thomas, of this city, are visiting here. Miss Byers visits this climate for her health.

Mrs. Jay E. Travis will give a musical entertainment at the Opera House Christmas afternoon and evening. Her entertainments in other towns have been highly spoken of.

Spence Minor left the wilds of Ashland to spend the holidays with folks at home. He is highly satisfied and sees great possibilities in that country. Mrs. Minor will return with him the first of January.

ADaisy Dean,@ our racy New Salem poetess, favors the COURIER with a good Christmas poem and Clare Otto Brown presents a very readable and well constructed Christmas story, on the first page. [SKIPPED ITEMS REFERRED TO.]

Miss Lottie Morrow left for her home in Columbus, Ohio, last Thursday, after a ten weeks visit with her aunt, Mrs. ____ Bates. She is a charming young lady and her departure left many aching voids.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.


Mr. O. C. Ewart passed through the city Tuesday for Medicine Lodge, on his road home from an Ohio visit. He says the mercury was crouching twenty-four degrees below zero when he left the Buckeye State.

Misses Cora Reynolds and Fannie and Jessie Stretch, three of the most popular and efficient teachers in our city schools, departed Friday last to utilize the holiday vacation in witnessing the attractions at the World=s Fair.

James C. Topliff has been appointed postmaster at Arkansas City for another term of four years. The Democrats who want the office will like each other better if they are contented to wait the four years without a struggle for it.

MARRIAGE LICENSES. The following parties have secured passes for the matrimonial boat from Judge Gans since our last.

Myron Cronk and Myrtle Page.

Isaac A. Winn and Mary S. Hornbeen.

Wm. A. Moore and Dido M. Carlisle.

Menzo H. Tilbury and Josephine Downing.

Dr. M. L. Hall, of New Port, Indiana, came in Thursday last for a visit with his brother, Mr. J. W. Hall. He had been prospecting with a party of capitalists in the West and made some speculative investments near Garden City. He is Chairman of the Vermillion County Republican County Committee and took an active part in the late campaign.

Tell Walton, of the Caldwell Journal, has been arrested on the charge of arson preferred by the Oklahoma colonists who swear he burnt their printing office at Rock Falls at the time the boomers were driven out of there. Tell swears the charge is false and gave bond for his appearance before Judge Foster at Wichita next month. [Boomer story.]

James Fahey was circulating a petition Tuesday, asking that Governor Glick pardon Frank Manny from liquor penalties hanging over him. Proper publication was made, in the usual way, several weeks ago, but there seems to have been a hitch in the proceedings, making a petition necessary.

Judge Torrance yesterday quite severely reprimanded a young attorney for being too demonstrative in the courtroom, in the matter of applauding a sharp witness. The legal limb was given until the morning to show cause why he should not be fined for contempt. He made a nice apology and was excused. Torrance will stand no monkeying. Wellington Press.

Rev. B. Kelly went over to Oxford Sunday to assist in the dedication of the Methodist Church there. In his absence the M. E. pulpit in this city was filled by Rev. James Tull of Cambridge. Mr. Tull is a young man, just being initiated into the ministry, but his sermon would do credit to even an Aold stager.@ He elicited much favorable comment from the audience.

MARRIED. Mr. Myron Cronk, of Pleasant Valley, and Miss Myrtle Page, of this city, were married at the home of the bride=s parents on Saturday evening last. Mr. Cronk is one of the sturdy teachers and farmers of the county and Miss Page is a very intelligent, independent young lady, well known to many in Winfield. May their boat ever steer clear of crags.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.


A ten-year-old son of David Smith, residing three miles northeast of the city, met with a painful accident Tuesday. The boy and a companion were rabbit hunting and while shooting, the companion=s gun was accidentally discharged in a wrong direction, the fine shot taking effect in young Smith=s face. Dr. Pickens reports the wound is not dangerous.

Mr. C. A. Garlick arrived last Friday from the west to spend the holidays with his family. He has been with the U. S. Geographical and Topographical Surveying Corps in New Mexico and Northern Arizona since last May. Leaving greatly prostrated by asthma, he returns robust and healthy. His description of that romantic country is very interesting and his reports to the Washington bureau are very complete and instructive.

Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Ordway threw their pleasant home open for the entertainment of the young folks of the city last Friday evening, at which time a mutual improvement society was organized, with Addison Brown, president; Miss Nellie Rogers, vice-president; and Miss Carrie Bullene, secretary. The society will meet semi-monthly at different residences and interesting literary and musical programs will be rendered. The next meeting occurs Friday evening, Dec. 26th, again at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Ordway.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

Another Territory Tragedy. The Wellington Press chronicles another of those revolting and dastardly deeds which are so often committed in the Indian Territory.

AIt seems that a party of boys were out hunting, and on arriving at a point near the Canadian River, and about 130 miles below Caldwell, they came across the bodies of three men, wrapped up in blankets, and all bound together with buckskin thongs. They had the appearance of hunters, and were only a short distance from a Cheyenne camp. It is believed that these men were hunting, were captured by the Indians, bound firmly with thongs, wrapped up in blankets, and all bound together with buckskin thongs. They had the appearance of hunters, and were only a short distance from a Cheyenne camp. It is believed that these men were hunting, were captured by the Indians, bound firmly with thongs, wrapped up in a blanket, placed out upon the open ground and there allowed to die of starvation and exposure, the appearance of their bodies giving evidence that their death had been caused in this manner. The boys who found them were terribly frightened, and hastened to the nearest white settlement, where they told their story, and word was sent here to Sheriff Henderson, who left for Caldwell Thursday. He will notify the government officials, and will doubtless be governed by their orders as to the disposition of the bodies. The clothes worn by these unfortunate men were such as to proclaim them well-to-do gentlemen, and no doubt were connected with an eastern party of hunters.@

[Believe this story was told before in another paper...and that the burial was an Indian burial...Check on this!]


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

Christmas and MARRIAGE Bells. Cards are out for the marriage of Mr. Fred D. Blackman, the highly respected operator at the Santa Fe depot, and Miss Ida M. McDonald, well known and warmly esteemed by all. It will take place this evening at the Methodist Church at 7 o=clock, in the presence of relatives and friends, Rev. B. Kelly officiating. At 8 o=clock invited friends will be received at the pleasant home of the bride=s parents, Mr. and Mrs. W. R. McDonald. Both intelligent, vivacious, and genial, the newly wedded pair start life=s journey with an outlook most auspicious, and will receive many and hearty congratulations. In the social and musical circles, Miss McDonald has ever been prominent and her many accomplishments place the groom in an enviable position; the worth and affability of Mr. Blackman place the bride in an equally enviable position. May the sun of happiness and prosperity ever shine upon them is the sincere wish of the COURIER. Arrangements have been made, and the happy couple will soon be cosily located Aat home@ in the western part of the city.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

Uncle Sam=s Collection. The rush at the County Treasurer=s office ceased Saturday night. Last week=s receipts were $31,357.41. Treasurer Nipp had three delivery windows and dispensed receipts and took in money with an alacrity that greatly pleased those who came a long distance and expected to stand up to the Arack@ and await their turn. The half payments will compare very favorably with last year, notwithstanding the tough times. But the number who paid their whole tax to get the benefit of the rebate of five percent on the last half was very small. The penalty of five percent on all unpaid taxes is now being attached. If still unpaid, another five percent will attach March 21st, and still another June 21st.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

Whiting Brothers Again to the Front. With their characteristic energy, Whiting Bros. have put their popular meat market in holiday attire. Artistically trimmed and tattooed beeves, porkers, etc., appear in all quarters and superior skill have made their market very attractive indeed. One unique feature is a neat little furnace, heated by gas, which stands on the counter to warm up the fingers of customers. Everything in their line is in stock: oysters in shell, bulk and can; fresh codfish and mackerel; lobsters and poultry of every kind; venison, and everything tempting to the palate. The market of Whiting Bros. is Holiday Headquarters for all purchasers of meat.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

Millers Convention. The millers of this and adjoining counties met in convention at the Brettun House in this city Tuesday and, we understand, put flour down in harmony with surrounding circumstances, making a discount of twenty-five cents on the hundred pounds. They also talked over the Arkansas River navigation scheme. A boat drawing ten inches of water and 15 x 75 feet in size will be put on as an experiment. If small steamers can be made to pay, they will try larger ones.

Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

Another Citizen Gone.

DIED. Mr. William White, an old and highly respected citizen of Rock Township, died of typhoid fever on Thursday, the 18th inst. Only a week previous he had determined to remove from the county and advertised a public sale of stock, etc. The day of sale came only to find Mr. White in the cold embrace of death. His sickness was of but a few days duration. The transitoriness of life is brought vividly to mind in such a case as this. The deceased leaves an interesting family and a large circle of friends.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

An Elegant Establishment. Messrs. Curns & Manser=s fine brick block has been finished, and the firm moved in Monday. When the interior arrangement is perfected, it will be one of the finest real estate offices in the West. The business office is spacious and cheerful, and the private apartments are very desirable. A splendid, roomy vault is one of the conveniences Curns & Manser are always prominent in general enterprise and substantial advancement.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

Stockholders Meeting. SECRETARY=S OFFICE, Winfield, Kansas, Dec. 12, 1884.

The annual meeting of the Stockholders of the Cowley County Fair and Driving Park Association will be held at the Opera House in Winfield Monday, January 12, 1885, at 1 o=clock, for the election of a Board of Directors for the ensuing year. Respectfully,

ED. P. GREER, Secretary.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

MARRIED. Near Rome, Sumner County, on the evening of the 10th inst., Mr. H. E. Dunham, of Ashland, to Miss Ellen Hays. Mr. Dunham for some time has been on the frontier holding down his claim, where he will now take his bride to share the comforts of the Alittle old sod shanty on the claim.@ May success and happiness attend them in their new home.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

Public Reception. There will be a public reception held in the First Baptist Church on Friday evening, January 2, 1885, by the members of said church for their new pastor, Rev. J. H. Reider. The entire membership are especially expected to be present and the public are invited. We anticipate a pleasant social and an enjoyable time to all.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

Cold Weather. Last Friday morning, the 19th, the mercury stood at zero at Winfield, 23 degrees below at Toronto, 40 below at Winnipeg, 5 below at Cleveland, and 25 below at Montreal.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

Strayed or Stolen. Friday, December 19th, one liver colored Pointer Dog, one toe off left hind foot. If stolen, will give $50.00 reward for arrest and conviction of thief. J. N. HARTER.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

Mr. S. Kleeman=s dry goods house is the scene of music, crowd, and business this week. The Winfield Orchestra charms the ear while the vast array of goods charm the pocketbook.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

The W. C. T. U. will meet on Tuesday, Dec. 30th, at 3 p.m., at the residence of Mrs. J. C. McMullen. As it is election of officers, it is hoped there will be a full attendance.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

A very racy correspondent steps in from Tisdale this week with a good grist of news. Come often, AGrowler.@


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

Children=s skates for afternoon during vacation, 10 cents, at the Rink.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

Quick and Profitable Returns. A young gentleman, unawares to himself, tried the COURIER last week as a matrimonial medium. His Aad@ for a wife had scarcely been flung to the breezes before the post office was flooded with letters to AW. C. M., box 772, City.@ The gentleman in question has employed a private secretary and is doing a land office business. One of the solicitors says, on mourning paper: APlease excuse this half sheet; the recent obituary notice of my late husband was on the other half.@ The ladies all read the COURIER and as an advertising agent it startles the worldCand especially a certain young gentleman. The ladies know a good thing when they see it. The bewilderment of W. C. M. at the flood of responses almost incapacitates him for choosing a companion. However, he is prayerfully considering the applications and will apprise the fortunate one in due time.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

One of Our Bachelors= Christmas. While anticipating the well-stuffed Christmas turkey, one of the prominent young bachelors of Winfield didn=t forget the dreariness and want which fills some homes of our city and to whom this festal day will only bring fresh pangs in realization of the Sahara which engulfs them. He celebrated the day by sending to ten or more homes of the poor as many fat turkeys, dressed, and in time for the Christmas dinner. If he could but see the faces made happy by this remembrance of the unfortunate, his satisfaction would be supreme. Who says bachelors have no warm, generous hearts beating under their buttonless, careworn vests?


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

Tax Receipt Comparisons. The Wichita Eagle says: AThe big day of the season at the county treasurer=s office was Monday last, when taxes were collected to the amount of $4,864.19.@ Whereupon the Sumner County Press takes it to task and shows up Sumner=s big day, $6,369.75. Why, what on top of earth are you bragging on, fellows. On Tuesday of last week Cowley=s treasurer received over his desk $12,349.25, and every day in the week will go above the daily record of last week as published by the Press. You forgot in making your comparisons that you were near a wealthy populous county in which such small collection of taxes would attract no attention.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

Not Embarrassed. Hargis & Clark, the big millers of Wellington, suspended last week. Times must be very close when a Southern Kansas mill is forced to suspend operations. This mill has been one of Wellington=s biggest institutions and we are sorry to hear of its embarrassment. Winfield Courier.

We hope the COURIER will give the denial of the above lie to its readers, as there was no foundation for it whatever, Hargis & Clark being in a better shape now than for a year.

Wellington Press.

The statements contained in the squib were common rumor on the streets here the day it was written. We are glad to learn that it is without foundation. The firm is one of the most active and enterprising in the southwest.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

A Blind Tiger. There is at this writing a ABlind Tiger@ in operation in Jim Fahey=s building on Ninth Avenue, and dozens of the thirsty are wending their way in and out getting the unadulterated bug juice from an unseen hand, on cash deposits. Probably before this reaches the public, the tiger will be a wiser if not a sadder quadruped. Tigers do not flourish like green bay trees on Cowley County soil.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

The Burden Eagle gets off this bit of encouragement: ACrops of corn, wheat, fruit, and all kinds of produce have been abundant in Cowley for the last five years, and the wheat prospect was never better in any country. Stock has done well and the best lover of fine stock. Prices for stock have ranged high, and feed has been cheap. Until the late depression in business, the country has boomed. Just at present we have more cattle, hogs, sheep, wool, corn, oats, wheat, hay, fruit, and products than we can dispose of. When the eastern money markets open up, this country will teem with glittering wealthCall the more so on account of the temporary suspension of business.@


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

Independence had a conflagration last week. A large three story brick block containing a clothing sore, the Odd Fellows Hall, and the Star office, was consumed. The loss was mostly covered by insurance. The Star came to us as usual, through courtesies of its neighboring co-temporaries, but looked little like its former self. Though but partially insured, it will continue to shine as of yore.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

The editor of the Independence Star says that he has lately been shown a piece of ore, found in Montgomery County, containing copper, lead, and silver, apparently in paying quantities. The specimen has been sent to the Denver assay office to be tested. Mr. Young thinks their county may have a greater Aboom@ than Oklahoma.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

Our ice men are in a lively rush. The ice is six inches thick and getting thicker. All available help is being secured and if the weather don=t break up an immense quantity will be storedCmaking later frezation unnecessary for the ice dealer.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

The Presbyterian Sunday School elected its officers for the ensuing year last Sunday as follows: Superintendent, Capt. T. B. Myers; Assistant Supt., Mr. J. O. Taylor; Secretary, Addison Brown; Librarian, Perry Tucker; Organist, Miss Pearl Van Doren.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

The Hose Companies will have a uniformed parade New Years Day and at night will have a pleasant ball in the McDougal hall. Tickets will be sold at fifty cents, and care will be taken to have the attendance select.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

The Newton Daily Republican is a new venture in the newspaper line. Lemmon has commenced running an evening paper, small but too large for the advertising support it starts out with. It looks neat and tidy.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

The stockmen are arranging for a jubilee at Emporia. The great three-year-old Galloway steer, Cleveland, weighing 3,087 pounds, will be roasted for the occasion.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

A series of meetings will commence in the Walnut Valley Presbyterian Church next Sabbath morning at eleven o=clock. Services will be held every night.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

The Walnut has been affording excellent skating recently and our young folks are enjoying these moonlight evenings immensely on the ice.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

The first literary society in Decatur County was held in the winter of 1877. This drew the literary inclined from twenty-five to thirty miles.



Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.

A good house and corner lot to trade for good sheep. Inquire at W. H. Turner=s law office, Winfield.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.


M. Elinger is off on a visit to his folks in Franklin County.

The new M. E. Church is progressing as fast as the weather will permit.

Mrs. John Hall is enjoying a visit from her niece, Mrs. McDow and daughter.

A. B. Tanner has laid by one of his valuable horses on account of kicks from its mate.

School is still in progress. F. P. Vaughn wields the birch with his usual success.

L. A. Gay is doing the grinding of the neighborhood at prices that beats Winfield bad.

Mr. Denning has the nicest lots of cattle and B. E. Bacon the nicest hogs in the township.

Mr. Myers lost eleven head of fine cattle lately; cause, too much corn field and too little salt.

Dame rumor is quite busy concerning certain matrimonial breaks that soon will be made on Snake Creek.

Miss Georgia Davis is at home from Emporia for a two weeks visit, much to the satisfaction of her young friends.

The question that is disturbing our folks now since the Democrats are in power is AWhat! O, what! will the harvest be?@

It seems to me that it is about time somebody was saying something about our town in your interesting and ever welcome paper.

Our Democratic candidate for State Senator, John R. Smith, has been having a severe attack of rheumatism. Guess his defeat soured on him.

Our esteemed friend, A. T. Gay, has so far recovered from the horse kicking he received Thanksgiving that he can growl as loud as ever about Butler=s defeat.

The old McGuire store has caught the selling at cost fever and one is almost forced to believe Joe when he puts on a sober face and declares it=s a fact.

Our new store under the management of the genial Jim Bliss is fast working its way into public favor. A nice clean stock of goods sold at bed rock prices is quite an inducement in itself.

Our new doctor is a daisy, but unless he will consent to go into some other business, we fear we cannot keep him. Doctors must live as well as other people, you know. Tisdale is too healthy.

A number of new Democrats have lately come into this community. As they will be obliged to subsist on soft food for some years, they will not be of much use to the party. You bet they are not prohibitionists as they use the bottle quite freely.

As election is past and the public blood is somewhat cooled, a few hints as to what we are doing at Cowley=s Center. We are all much pleased with the present prospect for our railroad, still we are not waiting for cheap lumber, but new houses are spring up all around.

Side hunts and dances seem to be the order of the day. Some of the boys found large game. Joe B. was treed in a grape vine by a bear (sow). Quails, chickens, and rabbits were brought in by the boys in large numbers. The affair closed with an owl supper, which the boys declared was better than crow anyhow.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.


D. T. King visited Burden Friday last.

Cambridge had a Christmas tree last night.

J. B. Rowe and wife spent Monday in Burden.

Capt. Rowe spent Tuesday week in Winfield.

W. E. Rowe sold a fine bunch of fat hogs last week.

Mr. Baldwin, of East Otter, spent Tuesday week in Winfield.

Mrs. Harris has been dangerously ill, but we learn is a little better now.

Jim Darnell, who has been sick most of the fall, we are glad to say is able to be out again.

Dr. Pleasant of Cedarvale was in Cambridge shaking hands with his many friends last week.

Rev. Warren of Dexter has been holding a series of meetings at Windsor Schoolhouse and doing much good.

We hear Will Weavering has sold his Grocery Store to Hicks and Co., and is now clerking for J. B. Harden. [Weaverling?]

BIRTH. W. E. Rowe and wife are entertaining a little man at their house, but he will not be able to vote for 21 years.

J. C. Hendrickson lost 15 head of sheep during the storm last week; also Mr. Cowan of Cedar Creek lost several head.

Mrs. M. J. Weaverling returned Sunday from a four weeks stay at Wyandotte, being called there by the illness of her aged father. [Weavering?]

James Tull preached an excellent sermon at Windsor last Sunday. The Sabbath School at that place is in very good shape for the winter.

DIED. We were sorry to hear of the death of little Delbert Horsman, which occurred at this place last Friday. He died with typhoid fever. They have the sympathy of the whole vicinity in this, their sad bereavement.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.


Miss Dora Toombs has been on the sick list.

Mrs. John Byers has been on the sick list, but is now convalescent.

There will be vacation at most of the district schools during holidays.

Mr. M. Lindle has returned from his visit in Reno County. He reports good crops, corn making fifty to sixty bushels per acre.

Mr. F. M. Bensen has returned from his visit in Reno County. He reports good crops, corn making fifty to sixty bushels per acre. [Benson?]

Mr. Geo. H. Benson has returned to his home in Reno County. He leaves our county well pleased with the country. He is feeding ninety head of cattle in Reno.

Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.


Ask A. L. Shultz who is the laziest man in town.

A grand Hop at Akers hall on the night of the 19th.

A Select Ball will be given at Akers Hall on the night of the 23rd.

Don=t ask the City Marshal about his first arrest if you don=t want to see somebody mad.

Mrs. J. E. Hutson will build and open a Restaurant in east Udall, within a short mite.

The Masons are talking of organizing a Masonic Lodge here since the sermon by Bro. Burgess.

Who knows anything about the Southwest Benevolent Association with headquarters at Sedalia, Missouri?

A fine Christmas tree was prepared at Akers Hall for last evening with Chris Crinkle as Superintendent.

Mayor Kelly has indulged in the purchase of a Register for his Hotel. A long felt want supplied. Ask him about eating Possum.

Mrs. Peter Clark is now the acknowledged belle of Udall, she having received a handsome album at the Musical entertainment of Prof. Thorp, on the contest.

Cas. Smith says no West for him because he visited a number of dug-outs there and all the young ladies wore silk dresses. Cas. says that=s too rich for his blood.

O. O. Brown and family left for Wichita on the 22nd; also J. P. Voorhies. We are sorry to lose these people, as they were good citizens and have done much towards the upbuilding of Udall. But wheat we lose Wichita gains.

The City Hotel has again changed hands. Howard and Baker, two practical hotel men from Kentucky, have rented it for one year. We bespeak for these young men a liberal share of the public patronage as they are men of large experience in the hotel business.

S. C. Staton returned from the west this week. He reports an immense immigration out there and a splendid country. Says he is proprietor of 160 acres of the virgin soil of Kansas, and had an exciting ride on a wild Texas steer; but is rather reticent as to full particulars.

At last we are able to announce the fact that Udall will have a Roller Flouring Mill, of 100 barrels capacity, a charter having been granted to P. W. Smith, J. L. Dale, H. H. Martin, D. G. Akers, R. R. Ratliff, and Jeff. Hammon, with J. L. Dale, President; P. W. Smith, Treasurer; H. H. Martin, Secretary. The building will be of frame with stone basement 36 x 40, three stories high. Who says Udall don=t Aboom?@


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.


Court has gone North.

Opera House is getting ready for the roo [?] again.

BIRTHS??? Jim Utt has a lame wrist, caused doubtless by spanking those devoted triplets.

Ask Frank Raymond how he likes Chautauqua County wild fruit, and observe his under lip palpitate.

Chief Stake Axe was presented not long ago by his wife with a brand new little Hatchet. A peach tree limb will probably satisfy the aforesaid little Hatchet. [???]

Some sixteen divorce cases graced the civil docket this term. What the probate judge doeth, so it devolves upon the District Judge to undo.

Col. Peckham still talks of the D. M. & A. as an actual entity. We only hope that he is as sure in his opinion here as he is on a proposition of law.

Cedarvale boometh muchly. Jasper had the pleasure of visiting the star lately. Jessie Milton flourishes in the good confidence of the young population, just as he deserves to. Isaac is still at the helm, at work for himself, in Cedarvale and Big Cana Valley.

Bill Carniehall entertained your correspondent in company with County Supt. Mrs. Kilmer, in a manner which calls for our most kindly remembrance. Since Mr. Limerick has consented to attach the Cowley County part of Dist. 26, a general readjusting of 26 and contiguous districts became necessary, hence in pursuit of this object we did not lose sight of the pumpkin pie and other country luxuries with which our journey was blessed.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.


Charley Grimes, of Arkansas City, is visiting his sister, Mrs. Simeon Beach.

Dr. Holland will move his office up from the home plantation, on a hand car, perhaps.

AYoung Nasby@ is recreating in Sumner County this week. Who=ll care for ANeptune@ now?

A cousin of S. C. Snyder, residing in the east, has expressed a desire to establish a lumber yard.

Beautiful snow made its appearance just one week earlier than last year, according to Wm. Moore=s diary.

Hon. Henry Harbaugh will open up a coal yard at the earliest convenience for the accommodation of our citizens.

The Grange association will move their storeroom from defunct Constant to our station at the first favorable opportunity.

Mr. V. Bartlett, of Winfield, has ordered a pair of new scales, which he intends putting in at our station. He will ship grain from this point.

The railroad company expect to construct our stockyards this week for the especial purpose of enabling Mr. C. A. Croak to ship his old blind sow.

Several branches of business will be represented in our booming town as soon as the necessary buildings can be erected. O, we are bound to get there, Eli!

A new barn is in process of erection on the Page estate. This fact seems to excite Mother Grundy=s inquisitiveness and causes her to make untruthful prophesies. Keep cool, nothing remarkable is going to happen.

Zack Whitson possesses two amusing curiosities in the shape of white rats with pink eyes. He secured them at Cincinnati while rambling in the east. They are as tame and as playful as kittens. Zack will educate them to catch mise.

Mr. Cronk has commenced the construction of a grist millCin his mind. As soon as the town lot boom subsides, he will do the mill up in good shape. Something must move when Gus gets up steam; if it=s only his own avoirdupois.

M. H. Markham received the first carload of freight shipped to our new station for resident purposes. It consisted of nearly five hundred bushels of corn which was purchased at Udall and cost twenty-five cents per bushel delivered at our station.

Sabbath week the new bell of the Irwin Chapel rang forth its first melodious chimes. The sound ws heard at the distance of a mile through an atmosphere heavily laden with moisture. This church was built a year too soon to be located in town.

Mrs. Lewis Brown announces her intention of opening the first hotel in our town. She will be at home in the capacity of Amine host@ for she has been there before. Thus will the weary traveler, from lands remote, have Athe wants of the inner man@ supplied in royal style.

The folks of Victor school district prepared their Abest bib and tucker@ for the entertainment of Santa Claus at the Victor schoolhouse Christmas eve. The Snyders, Harbaughs, Browns, Teeters, Watts, Whitsons, Victors, etc., saw that Santa Claus was respectfully treated and kindly received at that point.

Cleveland is the first President of these United States, the initial letter of whose surname is AC.@ This refutes Mr. West Holland=s old-time declaration, that Athere never was and never would be.@ However, the President-elect, being a Democrat, the old gentleman is probably happy and can stand the rupture of his rule this time and doubtless would be glad to see it violated again in a similar manner.

Mr. Fisher is conducting a very interesting and instructive Sunday School at Irwin Chapel. He displays considerable ability and experience in Sunday School work and is Athe right man in the right place.@ The juvenile class, under his supervision and personal instruction, is, if possible, the most interesting class in school. Miss Lettie Brown gracefully manipulates the organ keys, assisted by Misses Anderson and Constant as queens of song.

Extensive preparations have been made for a Christmas tree performance at our Methodist Church tonight. Santa Claus will be entertained with addresses, declamations, dialogues, and charades, interspersed with choice selections of vocal and instrumental music, with the Beaches, Roseberrys, Lows, Hunts, Rambows, Mumaws, Watts, etc. Old Santa cannot help receiving a royal reception. AMark@ will have to interview Santa Claus and inform him of AYoung Nasby=s@ weakness so that he may be presented with something to brush up his orthography.

Mark feels very grateful to ACountry Jake@ and AYoung Nasby@ for their manifest interest in his effort to christen our town. But it seems that we are to sail under the above cognomen, inasmuch as the A. T. & S. F. company have already painted and hoisted their sign board. However, the severity of the supervision reflected is much softened by the fact that the company claim to have named our station in honor of the master mechanic. There is nothing in a name after allConly the musical melody of sound. Let us respect our present title and cease quibbling over the substitution of a better one. We all have our particular preferences and it would be difficult to harmonize discordant elements. We should feel gratefully thankful for the conveniences afforded by a station and not quarrel over names.


Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.


Beaver Center still survives.

Will Grimes made a home run last Sunday.

Almost daily we hear the following question: AWho is Young Nasby?@

Mr. L. Williams is nursing one of Job=s comforters this cold weather.

Quite a number of our young Beaverites took in the spelling school last Friday night at Holland schoolhouse.

Come to the Christmas tree tonight at the Pleasant Valley M. E. Church, for Young Nasby will be there.

DIED. The monster of death visited our neighborhood last Thursday and called away the infant son of Harry and May Lester. The young parents have our sympathy.

We have on exhibition in this vicinity the Centennial Wax Works, and we entreat all lovers of chewing gum to call at once and be convinced. Come early and avoid the rush.

Quite a number of young folks tripped the light fantastic toe at the home of Mr. and Mrs. McDonald, on Wednesday night, Dec. 17th. The merry dancers sailed around until twelve o=clock, when a grand supper was served.

F. M. Benson returned from Reno County on Tuesday of last week and found his parents anxiously awaiting his return. Mr. George Benson and wife remained here until last Monday when they departed for their home in Reno County. Two weeks vacation at Beaver Center, and preaching day and night this week. At this writing, there has been but one addition to the church.