Was It Right?

The city council failed to elect the proprietor of the Telegram, city printer, and of course he thinks it is all wrong and "squeals awful." He is unjust to the other members of the council in giving all the honor and credit of the transaction to C. M. Wood. Each of the members is entitled to a share of the credit, for the vote complained of was a unanimous vote in a full council. The great editor proceeds at once in an editorial and in two long locals to nominate Mr. Wood for the legislature, and by his abuse does more in the direction of sending him there than he could have done by the fulsome flattery he would doubtless have heaped upon the same Wood had he voted to make Mr. A. city printer. Of course, as we were made city printer, the transaction looks to us in a different light. We think, as did the members of the city council, that our proposition was the most favorable to the city of the two. Regarded in the mere light of letting a job, there are other considerations besides low rates that should have due weight. The character of the sheet, the extent of its circulation, the promptness and accuracy with which it does its work, the style of its art work, the usefulness of the sheet to the city and community and other matters should be considered. After considering the matter in its hearings, the city council have voted according to their judgment, and their vote is complimentary to us, for which we are duly thankful. . . .





ED. COURIER: This vicinity was visited with the severest rain storm ever known in this part of the county June 11th. It commenced to rain about 11 o'clock p.m., and rained for five hours, the wind blowing at the rate of about sixteen miles an hour, first from the south and then from the north, while the thunder roared almost continually with a low and rumbing sound that resembled the discharge of distant artillery. The lightning made it almost light as day, lighting up the heavens with a brilliancy that was awful to behold. Fences were washed away, letting hogs, horses, and cattle loose upon the crops. The surface water seemed to be about four feet deep, and ran over the doorsteps and in houses. Fortunately, no one was drowned in this neighborhood, but farmers have sustained a great loss of grain and stock. And now let us turn to more pleasant scenes.

Mrs. Captain Tansy, of Winfield, is visiting friends at Bethel.

Mr. Marsh Howard, sheriff of Shelby county, Illinois, in company with his wife, is visiting his father-in-law, Mr. G. G. Arnold. Mr. Howard is a cousin to the illustrious General, A. A. Howard.

Mr. Martin Wood and wife, of Cedarvale, are visiting friends in this vicinity.





Pursuant to a call, a delegate convention met at Queen Village schoolhouse, R. W. Stevens chosen as chairman. He explained the object of the meeting. A. T. Brooks was chosen secretary. It was moved and carried that the various Sabbath schools have jointly a Fourth of July celebration. Moved and carried that the celebration be held in the grove of R. W. Stevens, near Queen Village schoolhouse. Moved and carried that it be a basket dinner. Moved and carried that W. C. Douglas act as chief officer of the day and that J. W. Miller act as chief marshal. Moved and carried that T. P., J. R. Tate, and

Z. W. Hoge prepare a general program for the day. Moved and carried that J. W. Watson procure and have on the ground an organ for general use. Moved and carried that all Sunday schools be invited to attend and participate in the celebration. Moved and carried that a copy of the proceedings of this convention be sent to the Winfield COURIER and Cowley County Telegram.

R. W. STEVENS, Chairman.

A. T. BROOKS, Secretary. June 15, 1878.



Married at the residence of the bride's mother, near Winfield, June 13, 1878, by Rev. N. L. Rigby, Mr. Irving Bell, of Wellington, Sumner county, and Miss M. E. Dunham, of Winfield.

Married at the residence of M. Cotrell, near Winfield, June 15, 1878, by the same, Mr. John Cotrell and Miss Rosa [? Roza ?] Mater, of Winfield.




WINFIELD, June 17, 1878.

EDITOR COURIER: Allow us the use of your columns to answer the libelous charge made by the Rev. Rusbridge in his pulpit last Sunday evening. He said "that the committee appointed to examine petitions for saloon license were only twenty minutes examining 1000 names," when this little man was well aware that we spent one whole afternoon in Colonel Alexander's office examining these petitions. He also knew that Henry E. Asp, one of their chosen number, was with us, and that he expressed himself entirely satisfied with the manner in which the examination was made.

The committee not being entirely satisfied referred the petitions back for additional names. The twenty minutes spoken of was the time spent in examining the additional names to the petition. And this is his basis for false and malicious representation.







WINFIELD, June 18, 1878.

A mmeting of the Directors of the Walnut Valley Fair Association will be held at the Court House in Winfield on Saturday, June 22, 1878, at 1 o'clock p.m. Important business.

By order of the Board,

EUGENE E. BACON, Secretary.


DEXTER, KANSAS, June 17th, 1878.

MARRIED. Married at 12 o'clock, noon, at the residence of P. G. Smith, by the Rev. W. H. Rose, pastor of the M. E. church, Mr. Peter Larsen to Miss Lettie A. Smith, all of Dexter, Cowley county, Kansas. The happy pair started at 2 o'clock p.m., the same day, with their team on their wedding tour to their home on the farm of Mr. Larsen, in Wright county, in Minnesota. Pleasant journey and happy future to them.

The big rain storm and what shall we do with our wheat is all the talk now.

BIRTHS. Johnnny Graham, blacksmith, has taken a new partner, 3 days ago: weighs eight pounds. Also, born to Mr. and Mrs. Church, a fine son; usual weight.

The parsonage of the M. E. church is finely painted.

The Dexter school will close Thursday next.

Mr. A. J. Trusdell is building a fine addition to his residence.

Several threshing machines will start up in a few days if the weather is favorable.

More anon. EXAMINER.





Health generally good.

DEATH. No births and but one death, that of Arthur McDaniel. His father is very low with the same disease: consumption.

Harvest is taking a rest. The rain, if it continues much lonter, will do the wheat already cut much damage.

The corn and oats crop looks fine. In fact, we never saw a finer prospect for a general crop in any country.

The great flood of last week did much damage along Silver Creek, washing away wheat, fencing, and some farms were injured by washing the soil off as deep as plowed.

R. Goforth and J. R. Tate are each erecting a dwelling house on their new farms.

D. N. Tate, of Tennessee, has been with us for a few weeks closely observing the productiveness of southern Kansas. He is well pleased with the county and says the money spent was a good investment. Before leaving for home his relatives and friends gave him a dinner at which there were over fifty of his old acquaintances. He leaves us but takes with him our best wishes and hoping that he will return soon.

The officers of the Shiloh Sunday school desire that the county Superintendent call a delegate convention of all the schools in the county, that a regular Sunday school convention may be established. SO SO.




DEXTER, June 15, 1878.

EDITOR COURIER: The wheat crop in the Grouse valley is excellent this year.

J. V. Hines has opened a hotel and feed stable at this place. We think he is the right man in the right place and that he will do well, as the Williams House has ceased to jingle the bell anymore.

Mr. Hite is doing a good livery business and is leading the trade in Dexter.

The corn crop looks fine. Hogs very plenty. Hope we will have plenty of corn and get good prices for our hogs.


List of letters remaining unclaimed in the Winfield Post Office June 18, 1878.


Antler, A. T.; Armstrong, Mrs. Elen; Boyer, Mrs. Hannah; Blankenship, William; Beckley, J. A.; Cunningham, Geo. W.; Christopher, M.; Craig, George; Cole, G. S.; Carter, O. M.; Cost, G. W.; Durham, O. W.; DeTurk, A.; Daniel, J. B.; Fellers, Clumbes; Fetters, J. C.; Fox & Cheal; Greenbow, W.; Gibson, Albert; Gallup, Egbert H.; Gault, William; Hill, J. H.; Hand, J. A.; Kimball, W. M.; Belund, C. E.; Long, Cozey; Lorton, James; Leonard, Charles.


Lane, M. J.; McKee, George W.; Murphy, Dr. G. W.; Miller, Mrs. Rebecca; Moppet, Daniel; Many, T. J.; Ross, Santford; Roher, I. H.; Rogers, C. C.; Reiter, Wm. C.; Straham, Albert; Straham, Alex.; Smart, Joel; Smith, B. E.; Smalley, Alice; Shields, John; Sherwood, John; Schonfield, Phillip; Samuels, Frank; Truman, Thos E.; Thompson, E. M.; Wright, Wm.; Wilson, George; Williams, Wm. M.; Wilfreys, A. N.; Williams, D. L.; Williams, L. B.; Weber, Fread.

Persons calling for any of the above will please say "advertised."







Improving! Of course we are. J. M. Napier has erected a 24 by 46 stable for the accommodation of the Bushnell House and the traveling public. Mr. Bush has much improved his house; has nine nice bedrooms upstairs, and infends to make his guests comfortable. Randall & Napier have just received a large stock of general merchandise. They have to send for supplies often. We think we are "getting of the woods," now we can get at home five pounds of coffee, or nine pounds of sugar, or twnety yards of calico for one dollar. Mr. Richard has shelved his drug store preparatory to receiving a stock of queensware, which is on the way here. Farmers have been very busy cutting and stacking a splendid crop of wheat. B. U. SHNELL.



ED. COURIER: As I have not written any items for some time, I thought I would furnish a few for this week's publication.

Mr. Woods, who has been visiting friends in this township, will soon return to his home in Illinois. He is well satisfied with Cowley county and thinks he will make it his future home.

We learn that Mr. Truesdell sold his famr some time ago for $1,600.

Mrs. Castor is very ill and is not likely to live but a short time.

All the May wheat was harvested before the storm. Walker wheat, blue stem, and other late wheat was not cut. The farmers on Silver creek met with very heavy losses in their wheat crops. Some lost as much as twenty acres, being swept away by high water. Mr. Hammons was compelled to move out of the bottom at a late hour of the night. Mr. Joseph Dunham lost sixteen head of hogs. Horses and other stock are reported lost.

Wm. Conrad has 12 miles of hedge fence planted this spring and it is doing well.

We would like to hear something more of stratified rocks being composed of animal and organic life.

June 17, 1878. TIMOTHY CLIP.






The time to "shoo fly" has come.

Heavy rains did considerable damage and the clatter of reapers are heard no more. Some are stacking and some are threshing wheat.

Overcoats were in demand in harvest up to the time of the storm. Umbrellas in demand since.

Health is generally good. Farmers in good spirits, but a little dampened.

Corn, oats, fruit, and vegetables are doing well.

Miss Mary Pontious closes her school tomorrow. She is a good teacher and understands her business.

Floral Grange meets fourth Friday night in June.

Floral Cooperative Association meets Saturday, June 29th, at the store. Let every stockholder be present.

With few exceptions, it is thought to be a blessing to the county that Page is gone. Such hells in our midst should be spotted. Let Cowley county be too unhealthy for them from this time hence.




The May wheat was all harvested and the Walker wheat ready to cut by June 8th. It ripened up better this year than ever before. There has not been the usual rush for machines, there being a plenty of them to do all the work in good time. If the editor will give space the different correspondents should give their experience in self-binders, not to advertise machines, but to compare notes for the information of the farmers. Several in this township work first rate; others are failures.

Squire P. W. Smith was called out recently to receive a contribution of five dollars for the school fund from one of our citizens, because one of his horses got into his neighbor's wheat field. He paid it, as he says, "Like a little man," but neither party seemed satisfied and the result was blows and a bitten hand.

A citizen of Iowa bought the old Jim Lightner place sometime since and recently came out to take a look at it. He is so well satisfied with his purchase that he is having fifty acres of prairie broken.

Mr. J. H. Randall bought a quarter section in this vicinity for $550, and will probably break 80 acres this season. He understands making a farm. He sold the one he just made for $1,500.

Dan Swiveler in the COURIER of the 30th ult., went off wrong. The Presbyterians had no hand in organizing a Sunday school in the Beck schoolhouse, for there are no Presbyterians in the neighborhood and none has been organized this year. Dan must have been "hard up" for an item.


When anything of importance turns up, you will hear from me.






The flood has come and passed away but its track is traced by a great amount of damage. Silver creek with all its tributaries overflowed the bottoms, carrying away stock, wheat, and corn. Those suffering most from the flood are Mr. O. A. Vanfleet, who had a pair of yearling colts, Norman stock, drowned. He has now lost three horses in Kansas. Frank Hammon lost 18 acres of wheat, not one bundle left. Harvey Treadway and Tom Bevins lost nearly all their wheat. Joe Dunham's corn is badly washed out. Nearly all the farmers on the bottoms are hunting hogs and cattle. I do not know anyone who has hogs drowned excepting Mull, Dunham, and Hammon, and their loss is light. Fences, both stone and wood, are gone down stream. Bad as matters are it is amusing to hear the "creek fellers" cuss when the "prairie dogs" sympathize with them. On the uplands considerable damage was done by wind and lightning. Frank Smith had a horse killed by lightning, while the wind blew over out houses, untopped wheat stacks, lightened the peach crop, drove water through house roofs, and John Mac to the cellar.

Harvesting was stopped by the rain and standing wheat is suffering for the reaper. Wheat cut and stacked before the rain is generally in good condition. O. P. West has his entire crop, 30 acres, stacked. His wheat will yield about 18 bushels to the acre.

Corn is growing rapidly. Several pieces are laid by. (Some of it away out of the field.)

Several newcomers in town this week, nearly all looking for locations.

Arb. Tanner has moved to the hills; he is out of reach of the floods hereafter.

John Mac has a receipt for getting rid of worthless dogs. Give the dog a small dose of strychnine then shoot him for mad.

Al. Thomas had a pony and mule taken last Thursday evening. Quite a squad of men started the next morning to find the horses and thieves. The horses were found on Grouse creek, but the thieves were gone and the crowd came home without further search.

The Grasshoppers, of Vernon, can have the satisfaction of beating the Unions, of Tisdale (if they can) in a match game of base ball by writing to E. A. Millard, secretary, or Niton Jackson, captain, to settle prelimary matters; or the Union will challenge any nine in Cowley county to a game of base ball; place, Winfield; time, just as soon as the challenge directed to the secretary or captain can be receipted.






No news items this time of any great importance. Farmers are very busy harvesting.

Mr. John W. Wright lost a horse a few days ago, leaving him with only one horse.

Considerable machinery has been bought in this section this spring, probably more than can be paid for with the present crop.

"Alexander" says that "Caesar" divides his time equally between measuring those huge bullfrogs in his father's gulch and educating the youth at Baltimore. While we are doing that we are not running over the country putting our nose into other's business. We never found a frog yet that was anywhere near his length. We give the frog question up to the Queen Villagers.

We will try and give you more news next time, if we have to kill someone or run off with somebody's "gurril."

June 14, 1878. X. Y. CAESAR.







On the 16th of August, 1877, the present proprietors bought for $1,800 the office of the WINFIELD COURIER. At that time the paper was in the hands of an accomplished editor, had a good healthy circulation of 24 quires, had a liberal advertising patronage, and was conducted on a prudent, fairly paying basis. But the new proprietors were less prudent and more ambitious. Being proud of our county and city, we were anxious that some newspaper published therein should not only tell the outside world of the marvelous country we have, its capabilities and resources, but should also show that there was here energy, enterprise, and faith in its coming greatness. We have therefore expended about another $1,800 in new type, new material, and in enlarging the paper and increasing its circulation. We have aimed to make it the best county weekly paper in the state, and to that end the running expenses of the office have been nearly tripled, the home editor has labored day and night and the other editor has contributed very largely to fill its columns with the greatest possible amount of matter of interest and value to the people of this county. How well we have succeeded we leave to others to judge. If were to rely on the many very flattering compliments we have received we should conclude that our success in this direction was complete. . . . For the fourteen last weeks our average issue has been 60 quires and this week we are obliged to run 67 quires. We have so nearly triped our circulation that in two weeks more it will doubtless be more than tripled and by the time the first year of our management has expired we have good reason to expect a circulation of 80 quires. . . . Our advertising rates will be slightly advanced on and after August first, 1878; as will be seen by our schedule of rates . . . .






We have received a large line of HOSIERY, EMBROIDERIES!!

FANS, PARASOLS, KID GLOVES, AND GENT'S FURNISHING GOODS of the latest styles, which we are selling at prices lower than you have ever heard of. We invite everybody to call at our store and see if this is true.



Main street, west side, between Ninth and Tenth avenues, Winfield, Kansas.








And in fact everything kept in a first class Drug Store, and all goods warranted genuine.

Physicians prescriptions carefully compounded at all hours of the day or night.






Thunder showers are frequent.

The liverymen sigh for daily picnics.

Blackberries are ripening in quantities "till you can't rest."

Go to the Court House tomorrow evening and have a good time.

Remember the festival at the Court House tomorrow (Friday) evening.

School District 65 voted $700 in bonds last Saturday to build a new schoolhouse.

A wagon load of ripe peaches on the street Saturday. The peaches were sold by the dozen.

A Masonic picnic was held at Dexter last Monday. Several Masons went over from this city.

Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Jennings, of Delaware, Ohio, are visiting their son, Mr. Frank S. Jennings, in this city.

Dan Faler, of Richland township, was arrested last Tuesday for punching Mr. J. M. Bear's head.

Mr. Earnest is about to open a grocery, flour, and feed store in the room formerly occupied by Harter Brothers.

Mr. H. Bahntge has bought the lot southwest corner of Main and tenth streets, and will immediately erect a brick and stone building 25 x 100 feet, two stories.

Mr. Walter Johnston, of Montreal, brother of J. W. Johnston and Mr. Walter Cree, nephew, are visiting in our city. J. W. had not see his brother for twenty-four years.

R. C. Story and Geo. W. Robinson left last week to attend the State Teachers' Association at Atchison. They will go with the teachers excursion to the Rocky Mountains.

DIED. John W. Funk, of Rock township, died last Friday at his house. The cause of his death is said to be bronchitis. In coughing he burst a blood vessel and bled to death immediately.




W. C. Bryant, who lives up Timber creek, has disposed of his earliest peaches and last Monday was in town with a lot of his second course, the Amaden's June, which were well ripened and very nice.

Mr. Raffinetti, the partner in the firm of F. Gallotti & Co., has lately arrived from Italy, and will locate permanenntly here. He speaks French, Spanish, and Italian, but has yet to learn our awful English.

J. H. Dew Esq., of Manhattan, Deputy U. S. Assessor, was in town last week looking up the interest of Uncle Sam.

To Mr. Charles Cole, a painter in this city who came here with the men who put up our iron bridges, Winfield township is largely indebted for saving the south bridge. He went into the rough and dangerous part of the work, risking his life, and by his skill, energy, and good judgment was the leading factor in the work. Winfield will remember his services.

Mr. J. E. Snow, traveling agent of the Chicago Times and Post, called on us last Monday. He is visiting his father and other relatives who live in Omnia township in this county. He has traveled all over Kansas and says that Cowley county is the best county in the state. He will buy land here before he leaves. We made the acquaintance with his father and were highly pleased with him.




J. W. Browning, of Beaver township, is a farmer who takes the newspapers, reads, thinks, and works. The result is that he has a farm worth having. It is well hedged off into lots, pastures, and fields; his hedges are vigorous and beautiful; his stock yards, stables, and barns are substantial and in good condition; he has a black walnut grove four years old bearing walnuts; has large orchards and nearly every kind of fruit you can think of in abundance; raises timothy four feet high with heads ten inches long, and everything he cultivates seems to be sure for a large crop. Our canvasser counted forty-four Siberian crabs on a twig sixteen inches long.


John Bascom, who was recently killed in Idaho by the Indians, is a brother of Mrs. Bruner, of this city, of of Mrs.

J. J. Todd.


Mrs. Dr. Emerson's son, six years old, on Monday fell from a horse, bruising and putting his arm outt of joint. He is in good care and doing well.


Miss Emma Saint commenced a private primary school in the basement of the Presbyterian church on last Monday, which she proposes to continue for several weeks.


DIED. A seven year old daughter of Mr. J. F. Miller died in this city last Thursday. The funeral was attended on Saturday. The parents and relatives have the sympathies of this community.


MARRIED. Linder May, a young man of Silver Creek township, 18 years old, eloped recently with Kate Jackson, a girl of 14. They went down into the Indian Territory and got married. They have since returned and settled down to business.


C. A. Bliss, with his wife, got caught at Oxford on the morning of the great storm. Abandoning team and wife, he somehow got home in the course of the day covered with mud and looking like Henry Clay Dean. He recovered his wife the next day, who arrived as bright as new. His team may yet be recovered.



DIED. Miss Harriet Onstott died last Wednesday morning of small pox. It was thought on Friday that she was out of danger, but it is supposed she must have taken cold. No other cases in the township that I know of.





Mr. C. S. Van Doren with his wife and daughter has lately located in Winfield and intends to practice his profession of dentist. He has been traveling for his health, having formerly resided at Denver. He is an intelligent gentleman, formerly of the Empire state, and is well pleased with the town and the surroundings.


Small pox is prevalent in the Nation, and we do think that no Indian ought to be allowed to come inside the corporation. Small pox finds its natural home among the Indians, and they will contract the disease quicker than any other human being. We think the city authorities ought to take precautions to keep all Indians outside the city.


A week ago T. H. Coppin, of Beaver township, commenced threshing his ninety acres of wheat from the shock. It yields much better than was anticipated, a bushel to 11 sheaves and 30 bushels to the acre. A large number of sheaves were damaged by the late storm, washing the lower part full of mud, which he was curing by chopping off that end with a broad-axe.


In the storm on the 12th inst., Mr. Hammond, on Silver Creek, lost 16 acres of wheat, some hogs, and all his hens; Levi Wiemer, 4 acres of wheat, corn badly damaged; James Greenshield, 10 acres of wheat; John Mark, 4 acres of wheat, corn badly damaged; J. Fisher, 20 acres of wheat, 18 acres of corn nearly ruined; Geo. Thompson, 10 acres of wheat; Isaac Stell, 18 acres of wheat; Mr. Collier, 10 acres of wheat; Sam'l. Alexander, 17 acres of wheat. Mr. Collier's whole farm was submerged, and if it had not been for the timely assistance of neighbors, the family would no doubt all have perished.


Camp Meeting.

All the advocates and friends of a bible standard of christianity are invited to attend a camp meeting on the farm of P. G. Dillman, on Rock Creek, one half mile south of the Hard Scrabble schoolhouse on the Eureka and Winfield road, about 18 miles N. E. of Winfield, to be continued one week. All the ministers of the Free Methodist connection in Southern Kansas will be present, if no preventing providence, to commence July 10th. M. V. PHILLIPS.


Circulation of the Courier This Week.

Printed 1,608 copies, or 67 quires of 24 sheets.

Sent to subscribers in Cowley county: 1,301

Sent to subscribers outside Cowley county: 177

Sent to exchanges: 80

Saved for files: 10

Allowance for sales, waste, etc. 31






Saving Wheat.

Joel Mason, one of the substantial farmers of Pleasant Valley township, gives us his method of securing wheat at harvest time. He is careful to plant a variety of crops and only the acreage of wheat which he can harvest in reasonable time; gets a good ready before his harvest commences, cuts his grain, binds it in smallish sized sheaves and shocks it at once in rows running north and south, two sheaves abreast, and each side of the middle a bracing sheaf. Says wheat cut green must stand in shock more than one day to be sufficiently cured to save in stack. If a storm blows down the shocks, they are immediately re-set. The winds dry out the wet very soon and he never suffers loss from wheat sprouting in the sheaf. He holds to vigorous work week days and good calculations which will obviate any need of working in the harvest field on Sundays.


The Musical Soiree.

Last Friday night the M. E. church was crowded with persons of all sizes and ages long before the time the entertainment had been announced to commence. All the seats and chairs that could be procured were occupied, and those who were not fortunate enough to obtain seats were obliged to stand. . . . Mentions Prof. Faringer, Master W. Farringer as part of the entertainers.

Prof. Farriger deserves great credit for giving the people such a musical treat, and if he should ever give a like entertainment, he would undoubtedly have a large audience.




"The Evils in Our Midst."

The Rev. J. L. Rusbridge recently delivered a very able address, in which he vividly portrayed the evils that have resulted from the sale of intoxicating drinks in Winfield, and criticized forcibly and severely the actions of citizens in relation thereto, some of which cricisms pointed unmistably to particular individuals. . . .

. . . Before the election we were told that Jay Page would apply for a license and that he was a gambler. Otherwise, we knew little about him. We were not in favor of giving him a license; did not believe it possible for him to procure near enough names on a petition to entitle him to one, and did not believe he would be licensed. We refused to sign his petition. We knew afterward that he had procured a license and supposed he was selling intoxicating drinks, but have never been to the saloon or building except to the city council room. We never heard it intimated that gambling was done there until after the shooting tragedy. Had we known that gambling was being carried on there, we should not have said so in the COURIER for the purpose of being informed of where they can find a gambling hell or other disreputable place in which to gratify illicit passions they will be disappointed. We can do better than to advertise such institutions gratis or for pay. The "unsuspecting" will be likely to know the place should they desire to indulge in gambling. Had we known of gambling there, it would have been our duty, instead of advertising it, to have made complaint before the proper magistrate that the parties might be arrested and punished.

We do not deem it the mission of our paper to charge officials with corruption, fraud, or anything else unless we have the proof that it is true, nor unless we can do it "with good motives for justifiable ends." . . . . SKIPPED THE REST. IT APPEARS THAT RUSBRIDGE REALLY ATTACKED CITY OFFICIALS, THE TELEGRAM, DRUGGISTS, AND ALSO THE COURIER.




Council Proceedings.

WINFIELD, June 17, 1878.

Council met in council chamber. Mayor and all councilmen present.

Petition of C. A. Bliss et. al. for sidewalk was referred back to petitioners to procure more names before petition would be granted.

Action was taken on the following bills [Showing amount allowed only].

C. C. Stevens, marshal, 1 month: $40.00

H. Jochems, mdse., for city and pest house: $33.05

W. H. Maris, lumber, pest house: $47.43

Jennie Cody, nurse for Brooks: $50.00

Wm. Fitzpatrick, nurse at pest house: $54.00

J. Allen, meat for Brooks, pest house: $4.61

Boyer & Wallis, clothing: $12.90

C. Kingsbury, dig well at pest house: $4.00

J. Hoenscheidt, use of wagon to pest house: $3.00

Perry Hill, hauling lumber, pest house: $1.00

F. M. Frazee, work on streets, etc.: $1.50

Wallis & Wallis, mdse. for pest house: $1.95

The following bills were referred to the Finance Committee:

Graham & Moffit, lumber for pest house: $31.312

J. L. M. Hill, coffin, box, etc., for Brooks: $5.50

Bliss & Co., mdse. for pest house for Brooks: $2.70

C. M. Wood, services for superintending construction of sidewalks and streets for April and May: $50.00

Bills of Drs. Strong and Mansfield returned and a new itemized bill called for. Bill of Dr. Emmerson laid over. Bill of I. H. O'Brien for constructing sidewalks ($19.872) and W. D. Anderson ($10.00) approved and sidewalk certificates for the amounts ordered.

C. M. Wood, chairman of street and alley committee, presented a written report in regard to drainage of streets, nuisances, etc. No action taken in the matter.

The same gentleman also presented a written request signed by himself and T. C. Robinson to the Mayor asking the City Marshal to step down and out. Referred to special committee--Manning, Jochem, and Gulley.

Adjourned. J. P. SHORT, City Clerk.




WINFIELD, KANSAS, June 25, 1878.

EDITOR COURIER: In reply to a communication in your columns last week, dated 17, 1878, and signed by the Committee on Saloon License, I have this to say:

On the evening of the 15th of April Jos. Likowski and Jay Page presented to the city council their petitions asking for dramshop license. On that evening the committee on saloon licenses was appointed and those two petitions referred to it for examination. On the afternoon of the next day the committee examined those two petitions, and by the courtesy of that committee and at the request of the temperance committee, it was agreed that I should be present at such examination. I was present, and expressed myself satisfied with the manner in which the examination was made; but the two petitions were on the same evening referred by the council back to the parties who presented them that they might procure additional names, and they were not again presented until the evening of the 22nd day of April.

At this meeting of the council the petition of James Fahey for dramshop license was for the first time presented, and the temperance committee presented a census of the competent petitioners residing within the corporate limits of the city, taken by three of our citizens and sworn to by them to be correct, asking the committee to examine the petitions in connection wich such census, stating that the petitions to be legal should be signed by a majority of the persons named in said census and requesting that if the committee found any names on the petition who were in fact competent petitioners that they add them to the census, and thereby form a basis from which to determine whether or not the petitions contained a majority of the competent petitioners of the city.

On the same vening the two petitions before examined, and the petition of James Fahey for the first time presented, together with the census, were again referred to the committee. They took them and retired for private consultation, and in a very short time they returned to the council chamber and made their report favorable to the granting of the saloon licenses, which was accordingly done.

The petition of James Fahey was said to contain about 400 names; the census contained 769 names besides the additional names that had been procured to the petitions of Page and Likowski.

I desire to make no comments, but the above is a true statement of the facts.

Very respectfully,





Items From the Traveler.

The ferry across the Arkansas is in good running order.

E. B. Kager is dangerously ill at Lake City, Colorado. The physicians pronounce the disease dropsy.

Maj. Sleeth has returned from Cambridge, Ohio, where he has been for several weeks past.

A pretty little wolf was caught on the town site last Monday.

The pine lumber and iron for the Arkansas river ridge has arrived at Wichita.

Lightning struck L. C. Norton's header and upset things generally.

O. P. Houghton received word from his wife in Sumner, Maine, that their youngest daughter, Cora, was down with the small pox, contracted on the train while traveling East.

Rev. Fleming goes East on his one year vacation about July 1st. Rev. McClung will take his place.

MARRIED. Miss Lillie Collins and Mr. R. M. Wood were recently married.

A basket picnic will be held in Mr. Sleeth's woods on the 4th.

There has been considerable small pox at the Kaw Agency, but it has abated. There is some danger that it may spread among the Kaws, Osages, Poncas, and Pawnees.

Our friends in the country cannot be too careful of themselves when Indians are around now. Discard all philanthropic feelings and shut the door on them. You may thereby lose an opportunity of entertaining an angel unawares, but if that angel has just been exposed to the small pox, you had better decline with thanks, remembering that an Indian goeth where he listeth, and ye know not from whence he cometh.




DEXTER, KANSAS, June 20, 1878.



B. B. Crapster has purchased the materials and will start a new paper at Winfield. Four newspapers in Cowley county, will be an "elegant sufficiency" for all practical purposes.

W. V. Times.

Always go away from home to find out what you are doing at home. Bert owns some jobbing materials and press, but we don't think he intends to start a new paper. This is a free country and friend Crapster has as good a right to start a paper as anyone.


DEXTER, KANSAS, June 24th, 1878.

MARRIED. At Dexter at 6 o'clock, at the residence of H. L. Taplin, by Mathias Hoyt, Mr. Thomas Bevins to Miss Celia Taplin, all of Dexter, Cowley county, Kansas.

The happy pair will reside in Dexter where they are surrounded by many friends who wish them a happy future.





Shipped in the Straw.

Those of our farmers whose losses are heavy by their wheat crop having been floated off in the late storm seem to be disposed to keep up courage and make the best of it. When asked about their wheat, they say they have "shipped it in the straw."



There will be held at the Court House on Friday evening, June 28th, a festival for the benefit of the Baptist church. All are invited.


LABETTE, KANSAS, June 20th, 1878.

A powerful rain fell here last night rendering further wheat stacking impossible for a few days.

Dr. Wilkins, an old time resident of this place, has returned with his family after an absence of three years.

H. D. Wilkins had one of his horses killed by lightning a few days since.

George Lee has recently put up and stocked his new store with first-class groceries, and now waits for his many customers with the greatest air of politeness.

But the best news we have heard for these many days, is the recent decision of the secretary of the interior in the land contest between W. P. Olney, aged 76 years, and M. L. Smith, aged 21 years. The decision was righteously rendered and in accordance with the wishes of a large majority of our people in favor of father Olney, who has made proof and payment on the same and is now lord of the land which has been long in litigation. Thank fortune the old gray-headed man will not now be sent to the poor house as was the desire of some, for the land to which he has a clear title with fifty acres in cultivation will keep him his remaining days.

For right is right, since God is God,

And right the day must win;

To leave one claim is disloyalty,

And to jump a claim is sin.

Yours, etc.





Real Estate Transfers.

Cornelius Perry and wife to Oscar M. Godfrey, se. 11, 34, 3; 160 acres, $300.

Austin Corbin and wife to Moody Currier, sw, 20, 32, 4, 160 acres, $1.

Jeremiah Fowler to James S. Chase, s. 2 ne. 21, 31, 4; 80 acres, $600.

Elizabeth Green and husband to Wm. Wise, sw. 2, 30, 3; 160 acres, $1,500.

Thos. L. King and wife to Samuel H. Ruypp, nw. 11, 33, 3; 160 acres, $1,600.

Andrew J. Friesdell and wife to Andrew J. Wells, w. of ne., w. of se., e. of nw., e. of sw., 8, 33, 6, lots 7 and 8, in

4, 35, 3; 320 acres, $1,600.

Strong Pepper and wife to Wm. J. Conaway, nw, and part of ne, 35, 31, 3; 157 acres, $2,000.

James Fitzgerald to P. S. and A. S. Riley, nw. 14, 31, 6; 160 acres, $500.

State to Thos. R. Carson, n. 2 nw. 23, 32, 5; 80 acres; se. and e., 2 sw. 16, 30, 5; 240 acres, $910.

Edward E. Deland and wife to Hattie E. Baker, w. 2 nw.,

30, 30, 6; 80 acres, $600.

E. S. Field and wife to Geo. M. Fenn, lots 17, 18, 25, 26, in 7, 30, 8; 160 acres, $1,500.

J. H. Walker and wife to Wallace Buford, n. 2 se., sw. of se., and se. of sw. 11, 31, 3; 160 acres, $200.

Mary Ettenborough to Jesse Hubbard, nw. 20, 32, 3; 160 acres, $500.

James Hubbard and wife to Jesse Craven, n. of nw.

20, 31, 3; 80 acres, $250.

A. L. Stanley and wife to T. S. Green, e. of n. w.

1, 31, 3; 80 acres, $125.

S. B. and C. W. Brewer to Thos B. Wright, n. of ne.,

19, 32, 5; 80 acres, $502.

S. L. Brettun and wife to John C. Hansen, e. of nw.,

5, 31, 3; 80 acres, $300.

J. C. McMullen and wife to Anna E. Raupe, se. 16, 35, 4; 160 acres, $570.

Lewis S. Shawtell to Emma J. Pepper, n. of sw. 3, 35, 3; 80 acres, $400.

Nat. H. Banks and wife to John W. Nichols, lot 18, block 112, Winfield, $200.

John W. Nichols and wife to Mary C. Banks, lot 18, block 112, Winfield, $200.

Alva Requa and wife to M. L. Read, et al., lot 9, block 145, Winfield, $75.

J. C. McMullen and wife to Samuel H. Baker, lot 11, block 66, Arkansas City, $115.

Winfield Town Association to Charles H. McBride, lot 10, block 166, Winfield, $50.

Winfield Town Association to Wm. H. Green, lot 11, block 186, Winfield, $45.

M. G. Troup, county clerk, to Samuel Theaker, 14 lots in Arkansas City and 19 lots in Tisdale. Taxes.

Read, Robinson, and wives to Ernest L. Hazard, lot 4, block 93, Winfield, $60.

Winfield Town Company to B. F. and A. D. Sparr, lots 2 and 11, block 68, Winfield, $60.

Winfield Town Association to Mary R. Martin, lot 7, block 111, Winfield, $100.

Winfield Town Association to James H. Nichols, lot 2, block 187, Winfield, $20.

C. L. Harter, sheriff to Jay Page, lot 9, block 128, Winfield, $475.

Susan J. Ford to Jay Page, lot 9, block 128, Winfield, $1.

First Baptist Church to Pamelia Kingsbury, lots 20, 21, and 22, Parsonage addition, $100.



List of letters remaining unclaimed in the Winfield Post Office June 26, 1878.


Adams, J. D.; Bucker, Charles; Buner, Lillie; Bryant, Mrs. Thomas; Brown, Miles; Cole, Dr. Geo. B.; Cease, C.; Christian, Kate; Carper, Jno.; Dyke, William; Dyke, Jno.; Durham, Will.; Downing, B. F.; Dillon, J. C.; Dilsavor, Mrs. Mary; Dean, Mrs. Fannie; Evans, Edd;

Edwards, A. D.; Holman, Joseph, Hosty, Jno.; Hostetler, Nickols; Hill, Edgar; Hill, Hester.


Herring, Jane; Lee, Ella; Larkin, S. J.; McEy, T. F.; McMillion, Robert M.; Miller, Mary E.; Miller, Shakespere; Miller, Chas. H.; Maitland, A.; Magness, Jennie; Nickols, Mrs. Jennie H.; Riggs, Mrs. Mary C.; Robertson, Anna J.; Robinson, Annie; Royse, Jno. B.; Randall, J.; Strong, S. P.; Nesmith, Frank; Snyder, H. J.; Smith, C. E.; Smith, Lizzie; Willett, E. G.; Willett, E. L.

Persons calling for any of the above will please say "advertised."





Notice for Stone Work.

Bids will be received by the Township Board of Winfield Township, at the Township Clerk's office, in Winfield, up to July 9th, 1878, for rebuilding pier under the bridge on W. S. Vorris' county road. The Board reserving the right to reject, any and all bids. See specifications at Clerk's office.

E. S. BEDILION, Township Clerk.


Having sold my entire stock of drugs, books, etc., I desire to settle up my business as soon as possible, and all parties knowing themselves indebted to me will please call and settle their accounts at once, and greatly oblige. Very respectfully,

Winfield, June 3, 1878.


The books can be found at the office of C. C. Black.



Seven years experience, as a collector of hard notes and accounts in Kansas, Missouri, and Iowa, warrants me in saying that all collections left with me will be made if possible, or no pay. Office in Manning's block. A. J. MOSLEY.


IT SAW-FULL, the way uncle Isaac makes stove-wood. Leave orders at Jackson's.




Loan money at LOW RATES of interest on LONG OR SHORT TIME on


security, at the law office of


In Maris' building, up stairs,



McGUIRE & CRIPPEN are selling out their boots and shoes at cost.


SEALED PROPOSALS for building a stone and brick building. Plans and specifications to be seen at the Williams Hotel. Owner to receive or reject all bids.



Money to Loan at low rate by C. C. Harris.


I have the agency for the Aultman-Taylor Vibrator Thresher.

W. A. LEE.


If you want a good suit of Clothing for little money go to Suss'.


Go to Wallis & Wallis for groceries at bottom prices.





The blackberry crop is superb this year.

Ripe peaches are getting plenty and cheap.

J. H. Olds has built a fine, large, new residence in the north part of town.

Doctor Graham has begun an addition to his handsome and commodious brick dwelling.

Mr. Burrows was thrown from a horse last Saturday and was severely bruised by his fall.

Eslie Burden was in town Saturday and Sunday last, looking brown under his summer's work.

Prof. Story is elected one of the directors of the State Teachers' Association for the ensuing year.

Mrs. Rhonimus closed her school in District 47 last Friday. She has given complete satisfaction.

DIED. A. B. Hopkins, of New Salem, died on the 24th ult. of congestive chills. He was a good man and neighbor.

Frank Manny drilled a well one hundred and twelve feet for water, but failed to find enough until the big rain came.

Prof. Robinson served as a member of some of the most important committees of the State Teachers' Association.

Hon. Thomas R. Bryan left for Topeka Friday last, and Fred. Hunt sat "at the seat of customs" in place of his honor.

Brotherton and Silver have been filling our back yard with Studebaker wagons, but on inquiring their prices we conclude they wil not be long in our way.

A. H. Green keeps his two columns filled with live descriptions of land for sale and needs more room. This week he drops out ten farms, which he has sold, and crowds in ten new descriptions.


William Reynolds and William Ovington commenced cutting their winter oats a week ago. They will yield about 70 bushels per acre and are the most profitable kind to raise.

Rev. Wm. Callahan, of Otter township, sent us an onion last week 92 inches in circumference and a potato 6 inches long and 132 inches in circumference, both grown this season.

Mr. S. S. Byers, from Severance, Doniphan county, with two friends was in our city last week. They were looking for the best place to locate, and concluded that Cowley beat any other county.

The Baptist festival of last Friday evening was a complete success in two ways: financially and socially. The receipts in cash were $69, and in general enjoyment several times that sum.

The County Commissioners have been in session this week. We are not able to get a report of their proceedings for this issue. It will appear next week. Mr. Gale is in feeble health, but Messrs. Burden and Sleeth are in good condition.

R. B. Pratt is running his steam thresher at two-forty rates. He threshed and cleaned 3,500 bushels by weight in three days and a half and says he can continue to do so right along, so if you want your wheat threshed with neatness and dispatch call on him.




A. E. Kelsey, of Rock township, stacked alone in one day forty-five large loads of wheat which was pitched to him on the stack. Mr. Kelsey is sixty-one years old, but our Cowley boys never get old though. If any other man can stack more wheat, please let us know.


The Baptist parsonage is now completed. It is a neat, substantial building, just north of the church. The Baptist people have bestowed considerable labor and taste in ornamenting their grounds. The fine rows of Lombardy poplars will one day be prominent ornaments to this city.


A. A. Mills and James Shafer have in the north part of Otter township 865 sheep, which are doing well. They claim this to be the best sheep country in the West, and that there is more money in the sheep than in the cattle business. Otter is the best township in the county to handle stock in.


Do not buy plums of the Indians. Do not let an Indian come near you. There is plenty of smallpox among them, especially among the Kaws. It is reported that there are some cases of small-pox among the whites along the line. This may not be true, but no Indian ought to be allowed to come into the county at




Dr. F. M. Cooper cames out with his professional card in this issue. He has found it impossible at present to secure an office, but persons in want of his services can find him at his residence on Manning's addition or leave orders on his slate at the drug store of Brown & Glass. He is a gentleman and understands his business.



Prof. John H. Holbrook, conductor of our County Normal, arrived Friday last. He is a son of the well and widely known Alfred Holbrook, of the National Normal, Lebanon, Ohio. Professor Holbrook has spent several years in Kansas in school work, and by his education, experience, and natural qualifications is well prepared to give our teachers thorough and practical work in methods of teaching.


Mr. Barton has got his water establishment into full operation. His sprinkling wagon works in splendid style, carrying a large water tank of a capacity of about twenty barrels, well ornamented with business cards. He has an elevated reservoir at the new foundry with a capacity of about 200 barrels, which is filled by a horse-power pump capable of pumping from the well a barrel of water a minute. Now, when Old Prob. and Mr. Tice neglect to sprinkle our streets, Barton will "lay the dust" for us.





C. C. Black, Esq., has fitted up his residence in this city in the highest style of art. He has a profusion of cut stone walks and steps, bay windows, French windows, verandas, and other fixings to make his home light, airy, and cosy. His quarter block is well filled with luxuriant fruit and shade trees, grape arbors, and shrubbery. He has some of the finest fruits of various kinds. Some of his early apples, ten to eleven inches in circumference, ripened in the first half of June.


The parties from Winfield who attended the masonic picnic at Dexter were J. McDermott, Rev. Randall, J. Wade McDonald, C. C. Harris, B. F. Baldwin, and A. D. Speed with the Misses Coldwell, and Ed. Clisby and S. Suss with the Misses Finney. The Dexter people gave them a splendid dinner and the most distinguished treatment as guests, and they enjoyed the occasion "hugely." Capt. McDermott and Judge McDonald were the orators, and the music was from a choir under the leadership of F. A. Crioger. The attendance was large and the picnic was a success.


Judge Coldwell requests us to say "That the letter signed 'Nora,' the name of one of his daughters, which appeared in the Arkansas Traveler in its issue of the 26th ult., was not written by his daughter. This disclaimer is rendered necessary because it is well known that the young lady's name appears on the hotel register of Arkansas City as one of the visitors, which gave rise to the several pieces of vulgar wit which have appeared in that paper. Upon inquiry at the office of the Traveler, it was ascertained that the editor was absent; but the 'copy' from which the letter was put in type was found to be in his handwriting. Upon the return of the editor he will doubtless offer such an explanation as becomes a gentleman."


'Squire Hulse, of Omnia, was in town Monday.

Councilman Jochems started East Friday last to visit friends.

S. J. McCamey, of Maple City, called on us Monday.

O. S. Record, now teaching in District 73, was in the city Saturday and Sunday.

A. B. Lemmon addressed the Teachers' Institute at Sedan last Monday evening.




Youngheim Brothers are selling goods at extremely low prices. Notice their advertisement.


We have received a large line of HOSIERY, EMBROIDERIES!!


Kid Gloves and Gent's Furnishing Goods

of the latest styles, which we are selling at prices lower than you have ever heard of. We invite everybody to call at our store and see if this is true.



Main street, west side, between Ninth and Tenth avenue, Winfield, Kansas.


BIRTH. HORTICULTURE. Mrs. Hortie has presented her husband, Mr. Ed. Holloway, with a ten pound boy.


R. C. Story, R. L. Rusbridge, O. M. Seward, H. E. Asp, and F. S. Jennings will spread the eagle at Floral.


The COURIER office will be closed for the Fourth, that the boys may ventilate their surplus patriotism.


Judge Coldwell soars the eagle at Wellington on the Fourth. Judge McDonald exhibits the same bird at Sedan.


C. S. Smith says the flood on high land washed a large hole out of his wheat crop, but he is not going to get blue over his losses.


Hon. James McDermott, Chairman of the Third District Republican Central Committee, returned from Topeka last Saturday.


Mrs. I. N. Ripley and Mrs. Robert Hingham and a young brother, of Burlington, Iowa, are visiting their sisters, Mrs.

E. S. Bliss, in this city.


WHO CAN BEAT THIS? C. C. Pierce delivered in Winfield this week one Poland-China hog which weighed 540 pounds, and 10 pigs, 122 months old, the average weight of which was 300 pounds.


The "Aunt Sally," from Little Rock, arrived at the Arkansas City landing last Friday. She is a steamer 85 feet long, draft 10 inches light and 18 inches loaded, and is sent up by Little Rock millers for a load of wheat.


Hon. T. R. Bryan, county treasurer, went to Topeka last Friday and returned on Monday. He paid into the state treasury the following sums:

On school bonds and coupons: $ 6,542.18

On state taxes: 3,524.00

On school land sales, principal: 1,901.20

On school land sales, interest: 1,465.12

Total: $13,432.50




Railroad Proposition.


The following letter has been received showing the status of the negotiations with the A. T. & S. F. R. R. Co.

TOPEKA, KANSAS, June 25, 1878.

Robert Coldwell, Esq., chairman, and others of Cowley county, Winfield, Kansas.

GENTLEMEN: Absence from home must be my excuse and apology for not earlier replying to your communication of 10th June.

The proposition seems definite and fairly set forth, and I have forwarded it to the president of the company, at Boston, for his consideration, and upon receiving his reply I will communicate further with you.

Yours truly,


The proposition above alluded to was to this effect: To vote to the company $4,000 per mile, not exceeding $140,000 in the aggregate, in thirty year, six percent coupon bonds, on the company giving suitable guarantee that the road shall be completed through this county by August 1, 1879; bonds not to be delivered until the road is built. Our opinion is that $120,000 should be the upper limit.


FIGURE IS $4,000 ... COULD BE $1,000. MAW]


I. O. O. F.

The following is a list of the officers of Winfield Lodge, No. 101, I. O. O. F., for the term commencing July, 1878:

M. G. Troup, N. G.; M. Shields, V. G.; David C. Beach, Rec. Sec.; E. S. Bedilion, P. Sec.; Max Shoeb, Treas.; John E. Allen, Rep. to G. L.; C. C. Stevens, W.; W. D. Southard, C.; John M. Read,

O. G.; Chas. McIntire, R. S. to N. G.; E. A. Clisbee, L. B. to

N. G.; John Hoenscheidt, R. S. S.; B. M. Terrill, T. S. S.;

W. M. Parker, R. S. to V. G.; Herman Schmode, L. S. to V. G.;

John W. Curns, Chaplain, John Smiley, Host.


Winfield Courier, July 4, 1878.

A Threatened Famine.

C. A. Bliss, G. S. Manser, A. B. Lemmon, E. P. Kinne, J. C. Fuller, M. L. Read, T. R. Bryan, W. M. Allison, J. W. Curns, C. C. Black, D. A. Millington, E. S. Bliss, E. S. Torrance, A. E. Baird, J. B. Lynn, M. G. Troup, M. L. Robinson, J. C. McMullen, E. C. Manning, and probably many others, all with their wives, will make a raid upon Arkansas City, the steam boats, and Newman's dam on the Fourth. They will seize all the provisions they can find in the city, capture both the "Aunt Sally" and theCtheCwell, Amos' steamship, will rip out Newman's dam, and steam up the Walnut to Winfield, driving a large herd of catfish. Bliss and Harter & Harris will load the steamers with flour at their mills. The party will start at about 9 o'clock a.m.




The following is a sample of many letters we are receiving.

VAN WERT, OHIO, June 24th, 1878.

WINFIELD COURIER, Winfield, Kansas: I was traveling with a party of ten one year ago last April taking a look through Kansas and stopped overnight in Winfield, and after traveling through many counties of Kansas, I think that Cowley is the best county in the state and Sumner next. I say Cowley first, Sumner next, Sedgwick third. I intend moving to that county this fall. I want you to send me your paper and any information you can furnish. I will be glad to hear, as there is a good many gong to Kansas, and I want to take as many along as I can for that county.

I enclose fifty cents for your paper for a while.

Yours truly,



Camp Meeting.

All the advocates and friends of a bible stand and of christianity are invited to attemd a camp meeting on the farm of

P. G. Dillman, on Rock creek, one half mile south of the Hard Scrabble schoolhouse on the Eureka and Winfield road, about 13 miles N. E. of Winfield, to be continued one week. All the ministers of the Free Methodist connection in Southern Kansas will be present, if no preventing providence, to commence July 10th. M. V. PHILLIPS




Council Proceedings.

WINFIELD, KANSAS, July 1, 1878.

Council met in council chamber. J. B. Lynn, mayor, absent; all councilmen but H. Jochems present.

Action was taken on the following bills. [Showing Allowed Only.]

Bliss & Co., mdse. for Brooks: $1.45

Graham & Moffit, lumber for poor house: $21.312

J. L. M. Hill, coffin for Brooks: $5.00

R. Hudson, foundation on poor house: $5.50

G. A. Bosworth, hauling lumber: $.50

G. W. Cass, rock for crossing: $3.00

Walck & Smiley, laying rock: $12.62

Frazee Brothers, laying rock: $30.65

J. P. Short, city clerk: $5.00

Bill of C. M. Wood for superintending streets ($50) was laid over.

Bill of W. H. Maris, lumber for pest house, was referred to finance committee.

Bills of Drs. Strong, Mansfield & Emmerson were ferred to finance committee, to report at adjourned meeting Wednesday evening, July 3rd.

J. H. O'Brien, laying sidewalks, $34.62. Sidewalk certificates ordered issued for same.

The Wood communication in regard to marshalship was laid over.

J. C. Fuller's contract for laying sidewalks was read but no action taken on the same.

On motion, Miss Cody, small pox nurse to Brooks, was allowed the additional sum of $15.

Adjourned to Wednesday evening, July 3rd.

J. P. SHORT, City Clerk.




Walnut Valley Fair Association.

WINFIELD, KANSAS, June 24, 1878.

Board met pursuant to adjournment at the office of Col.

J. M. Alexander. Present: J. W. Millspaugh, President;

Col. Alexander, Treasurer; E. E. Bacon, Secretary; and Messrs.

E. P. Kinne and E. C. Manning, Directors.

Reading of the proceedings of last meeting was dispensed with.

The committee to prepare premium list submitted for consideration a printed list and recommended its adoption. It was then read, corrected, and adopted, whereupon the following named ladies and gentlemen were appointed superintendents of the various classes, to wit:

Class A - Horses - R. B. Pratt.

Class B - Cattle - L. Finley.

Class C - Sheep - John Statler.

Class D - Swine - W. L. Mullen.

Class E - Poultry - ____ Bull.

Class F - Agricultural Implements - S. H. Myton.

Class G - Mechanical Arts - J. Hoenscheidt.

Class H - Farm Products - R. F. Burden.

Class I - Horticulture - S. S. Holloway.

Class J - Pomology - I. H. Bonsall.

Class K - Floral - Mrs. W. Q. Mansfield.

Class L - Fine Arts - Mrs. M. E. Davis.

Class M - Textile Fabrics - T. H. McLaughlin.

Class N - Plowing Matches - J. H. Worden.

Class O - Honey - E. P. Hickok.

Class P - Boys and Girls - J. E. Platter.

Class Q - Riding and Driving - W. H. Walker.

Class R - Speed - B. M. Terrill.

Class S - Fruits, etc. - Mrs. S. M. Fall.

On motion, A. J. Pyburn was appointed Chief Marshal.

On motion, R. L. Walker was appointed Chief of Police.

By motion the committee on grounds were instructed to close contract for the same that the committee on track might commence work.

The board then adjourned until called by the president.

E. E. BACON, Secretary.





There is some wheat yet to cut and it is too wet to cut it. Some have begun to stack.

We have had six long rainy weeks this month and there are prosepcts of another week of it.

Miss Isabel Schooling was poisoned last week, but by the care of Dr. Lytle is now almost well.

Corn is looking splendid. Some fields average about 4 feet, and if this "drouth" doesn't continue such places ought to make corn.

There have been several thousand cottonwoods planted out here this spring, which are making a fine growth.

Messrs. L. and E. Harned and John Wingert went to Wichita this week with hogs. The Harned Brothes have got in considerable corn this season, and have got as nice a pasture for hogs as there is in the county.

Blackberries are beginning to get ripe and you will have to make out on them till peaches come.

Thousand-legged worms are our pester now.



Cedar Township.

Harvest is over, but very few are done stacking. Owing to the heavy rains, wheat that is in shock is not doing as well as it might. Considerable complaint of sprouted and soured wheat.

Tuesday night last the lynx-eyed and swift-footed officers of the law arrested a horse thief at the widow Wells', where he had put up for the night. It appears that he had stolen the horse near Wichita and had ridden it down south of Maple City where he sold it, saddle, and bridle to one of the Freeman boys for $24. He then started on east and put up at Mrs. Wells', where he was arrested. The last I heard from them they had him lariated and were "going west."

Old Mrs. Moore, who was bitten by the rattlesnake, has entirely recovered and has more faith in the efficancy of the prayer gauge than ever.

A. A. Willey and J. W. Searle are gone to Kansas City with five carloads of cattle. We will will have a railroad from Cowley sometime.

June 23, 1878. I GUESS.




Sheridan Items.

Now that my day's work is done, Mr. Editor, and I am resting, you and I will have one of our nice gossips together. Since sending in my last items of course Sheridan, with the rest of the county, received a washing out by the flood. Our farmers suffered great losses from having wheat, potatoes, and soil washed out as well as a great deal of stock being reported as lost.

The school at Sheridan Center closes this week in time for Mrs. Rhonimus to prepare to attend the Normal at Winfield.

Mr. Patridge, of Michigan, in company with his family, arrived in this vicinity last week. They are for the present with Mr. H. Hilliker. The old gentleman paid our county a visit about two years ago and was so charmed with it that, like all the rest of us, he has chosen it for his permanent home. We all join our voices in crying, "Welcome to Sheridan."

Several of our farmers joined in an exciting wolf hunt the other day, which they ended by routing out a den and killing seven wolves. We think they had better keep on until they have cleared the country of these pests, for so numerous and so bold are they that one day last week while one of Mr. David Hilliker's little girls was out in the yard playing, her mother heard her scream, and running out saw, to her horror, a large she wolf in the act of springing upon her child. She succeeded in driving the wolf away and rescuing her little one from its perilous position.

Mr. Reynolds threshed for Mr. Fossett on Grouse a piece of volunteer wheat which yielded seventeen bushels to the acre.

We are glad to welcome back to our midst our old friend and schoolmate, Sol. Smith, Jr., who has been to Baldwin getting "book-larning" into his head.

June 27, 1878. CHATTERBOX.




LAZETTE, KANSAS, July 1st, 1878.

We are having splendid weather. Wheat is about all secured. Corn and oats are simply enormous. Everybody is cheerful and happy.

The self-binders are pronounced perfect.

Messrs. Saunders and Ozane are making another sweep at our hog crop, which will leave with us considerable money, although they are not paying a very high price.

The song of the thresher is again in the land causing the farmer to rejoice. But the thing most to be rejoiced over by the taxpayer here, is that Miles S. Smith has applied for a new trial in his contest case. We feared that the combined minions of ______ might scare him, but he has the proper amount of sand and backed by the advice of his eminent attorney, he proposes to stay with them until he, too, is 76, and have a pair. (I expect he plays poker sometimes.)

For right is right, as God is God,

And though it may not be your turn,

Two things are true, boys, where ere you trod,

____ is hot and ____ will burn.



DEATH. Resolutions adopted by New Salem Grange, No. 757:

WHEREAS, It has pleased the Great Master of the Universe to take from our midst our Brother, A. B. Hopkins, be it

Resolved, That the Grange has lost a worthy brother and the community a good citizen.

Resolved, That the sympathy of the Grange be extended to the bereaved sister and friends.

Resolved, That we tender our thanks to the neighbors for the interest manifested by them to our deceased brother.

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be presented to the bereaved sister, also to the county papers for publication.


C. C. KROW, Committee.





HARVEY TOWNSHIP, June 21, 1878.

EDITOR COURIER: I see in your issue of June 6th an article rather encouraging claim-jumping signed by "Only Justice." I think it is very wrong to advocate such principles, although it may be possible that there are some few people that could deed their claims; but where there is one that could do so, there are twenty that could not without making a great sacrifice or borrowing money at 30 or 60 percent, which would be fatal in the end; for I don't know of a man that has paid such interest but what has, or is likely to, lose his land. People that come to this county are mostly poor; they have stood the grasshoppers, drouth, and low prices until now; are doing what they can in the way of improvements, but I don't know of any who have 140 acres under cultivation. That is a "little thin." I would like for "Mr. Justice" to tell of a man who has deeded his land that made his money off of his claim in Kansas. I don't think he can.



VERNON TOWNSHIP, June 29, 1878.

Still on top of the sod, but have been so busy with our wheat since the freshet that we have had scarcely time to turn around. Much damage was done to crops. Mr. Baker lost a horse either by lightning or drowning, Mr. Evans some hogs, and Mr. Bradbury a cow.

The Arkansas river, it is supposed, is about to change its channel, coming one mile or so east, passing through Messrs. Clark, Marshall, and Smith's farms.

Corn in silk, oats ripe, wheat not cut, and no Fourth of July celebration!

They have some smart ones over in Beaver. They can get married after one month of sparking and the old folks not know it. The boys made lots of music with their old muskets, cow-bells, and voices.

May their honeymoon last forever,

And the bonds of their sweet love not sever,

While they in this life shall live together.

For they must be happy now or never.

Mr. Calvin's team of iron greys strayed away on the 25th or 26th of June and have not been heard of since. It is supposed that someone has picked them up and cleared out. If any of the vigilance committee get hold of them, they may have to stretch hemp.

I would propose to Pleasant Grove Sunday school that they have one session without having any motions before the school.





QUEEN VILLAGE, June 24, 1878.

MR. EDITOR: You say in your last paper "Will Winfielders celebrate the Fourth?" We would respectfully announce to the public through your columns that Queen Village will celebrate, and on a grand scale too. We are to have a regular old fashioned basket picnic, Fourth of July orations, and Sunday School exercises combined.

We expect plenty of good music both vocal and instrumental, as we know of six Sabbath Schools that are now practicing for this occasion. Mrs. John M. Watson's splendid new organ will be upon the stage for the benefit of the singers. Miss Ella Davis' organ and a string band with the New Salem class, also a brass band from Silver Creek. Come one, come all, bring your baskets full and have a regular old fashioned good time with us. . . .

The place selected for the picnic is in a pleasant grove on Timber creek, half a mile from Queen Village Schoolhouse, and five and a half miles east from Floral. There is a well of good water in the grove and the creek is right close for watering purposes.

We feel very highly honored in having our schoolhouse chosen as the general center, and shall do everything in our power to make the day pass pleasantly for all who may come.

M. O. S.





List of letters remaining unclaimed in the Winfield Post Office June 3, 1878.


Arnold, Jno. D.; Brough, Coburn; Beriet, Louis;

Cole, Geo. B.; Corkins, Mrs. R. S.; Corbin, Albert;

Combs, H. A.; Curtis, C. A.; Davis, Mrs. M. J.; Dysert, Luther;

Fisher, D. M.; Gupton, Chesterfield; Good, David; Gordon, W. T.; Himes, Hanna; Henderson, Triza; Himes, Mrs. Hanna;

Hammon, Lawson; Hays, Albert; Hamlin, W. T.; Hawkins, M. A.;

Johnson, Jacob W.; Jordan, Hatty; Johnson, D. B.;

Jones, Thomas H.


Johnson, F. P.; McCabe, J. W.; McCoy, J. C.;

Miller, O. P.; Martin, T. S.; Maiden, Z. T.; Maiden; W. B.;

Maiden, Zach; Oliver, Geo. W.; Pollard, Mrs. Annie;

Reiter, C. C.; Reiter, Williamj; Leans, J.; Samuels, Mrs. Lucie;

Tharman, John L.; Shields & McMillen; Wilson, Fletcher;

Wilson, Willis H.; Williams, Hanna; Wells, Mrs. Lafe;

Wilson, Wm. J. M.; Wibbell, Sadie E.; Wilson, John;

Wilson, Thomas B.; Wheeler, Warren.

Persons calling for any of the above will please say "advertised."







The Steamers Arkansas Traveler and Aunt Sally Have Solved the Question.


Arkansas City to be the Great Port

of Entry to Southern Kansas.


Bring on Your Wheat.

The "Arkansas Traveler" navigated by Messrs. Speers and Walton have demonstrated that the Arkansas river from the Pawnee Agency to Oxford is navigable for steamboats, and the "Aunt Sally" has removed all doubt from that part of the river from Pawnee Agency to Fort Smith. Boats of 150 tons burden and two feet draft can run all the way from New Orleans to Arkansas City for a part of the year without doubt.

The "Aunt Sally" is not one of the lightest draft boats. It draws about 14 inches light and 20 inches loaded. It is an old clumsy concern of very little value and was chosen to make the trial trip because if it should succeed in getting up the river and fail to get back, its loss would scarcely be felt. Its owners have a much larger boat that draws less water which they will now send up for a load. Other boats will follow and the present outlook is that a great deal of wheat is to be shipped from Arkansas City this year.

If this commerce proves to be what is promised, it will be a "great thing" for Cowley county; even if boats can run only three or four months in a year, it will be a great help. Twenty boats, each carrying 5,000 bushels of wheat to a trip, and each making fifteen trips in a year, would carry off our surplus crop and bring up our heavy groceries, lumber, and machinery, at a total saving of not less than $200,000 a year to our farmers.

If this proves a success, it will be due to our enterprising friends at Arkansas City who have struggled and labored, and spent their money freely for years to accomplish this result and they will justly reap the advantages of a large trade and an extraordinary impetus to the growth and importance of their town. We hearily congratulate them on their present flattering prospects and would gladly aid them by any means in our power, not only for themselves but for the benefit it will be to the whole county. Three cheers for Arkansas City!





The call of the Republican State convention to meet at Topeka on the 28th day of August recommends that the county central committee call a meeting for the purpose of electing delegates to the state convention, to be held on Wednesday, August 21. . . a district convention to choose delegates to be held Saturday, August 10th, at the call of the central committee of the county.

The Republican County Central Committee is as follows:

C. R. Mitchell, Cresswell, Chairman.

Justus Fisher, Liberty, Secretary.

W. B. Norman, Maple.

L. J. Webb, Winfield.

H. H. Martin, Ninnescah.

L. L. Newton, Harvey.

J. B. Callison, Spring Creek.

N. J. Larkin, Richland.

P. M. Waite, Vernon.

M. Longshore, Sheridan.

S. W. Chase, Tisdale.

John Tipton, Silverdale.

C. W. Roseberry, Beaver.

S. M. Fall, Windsor.

Reuben Bowers, Bolton.

W. H. Gillard, Omnia.

C. R. Miles, Otter.

Frank Akers, Rock.

A. P. Brooks, Silver Creek.

H. C. McDorman, Dexter.

W. A. Metcalf, Cedar.

T. J. Harris, Pleasant Valley.

The following constitutes the Central Committee for the 88th representative district:

B. F. Baldwin, Chairman.

S. S. Moore, Secretary.

R. C. Story.

H. H. Siverd.

Daniel Maher.

The following are the Central Committee for the 89th district:

J. A. Bryan, Chairman.

E. B. Kager.

S. M. Fall.

W. A. Metcalf.


After the 28th of August when the state and congressional tickets are in the field, we shall have a convention to nominate candidates for county officers viz: Probate Judge, County Attorney, District clerk, and Commissioner for the first district, besides appointing a County Central Committee, and then we will be fairly in the field for work.






The case of L. J. Webb, committed on the charge of murder in the first degree and denied bail by Justice Boyer, has been reviewed by the supreme court on a writ of habeas corpus, which was first presented July 3rd, and decided the same day, to the effect that the testimony for the state on the preliminary examination does not make a prima facia case which justifies the denial of bail to the defendant, and that the defendant be admitted to bail in the sum of $12,000. The bail was readily obtained and the defendant was on last Saturday released from jail.

Unfortunately there is a bitterly partisan feeling in this city concerning this case. Webb has very bitter enemies as well as warm friends, and there are strenuous attempts to prejudge the case and convict him before his trial. Now this is all wrong. He is in the hands of the law and will be tried for his life by a court and jury, therefore it is desirable that the community be entirely unprejudiced if possible. If an unprejudiced, intelligent jury cannot be had in this county, it will not be right to try him here. It is of the utmost importance that the jurymen who try this case shall have no opinion as to the guilt of the prisoner until after the evidence is given to them under the forms of law. All attempts that have been, or are being, made to set men's minds in the belief of the prisoner's guilt or his innocence are culpable in the extreme, and we think it much more culpable to create prejudice against than for a prisoner.

It is a maxim of law that it is better that ten guilty men escape than that one innocent man should be sacrified. We do not desire to shield the prisoner from the lawful and just punishment for his act, but we do desire that his act shall be fairly tried and judged by unprejudiced men in accordance with evidence that shall be legally placed before them by both prosecution and defense.

We have been charged with unfairness on both sides in the accounts we have given of this case in the COURIER. We do not believe we could possibly have been more fair and impartial while attempting to give all the news. We took special pains to state all the rumors on both sides as rumors, all the well known facts on both sides as facts, and the evidence given under oath as evidence. We gave all the testimony that was offered and if either party failed to offer any of its evidence, it is not our fault.

As the accounts we gave were largely made up of the evidence given before the coroner's jury and the examining magistrate, and as that evidence was all given by witnesses examined on the part of the state and was supposed to be the case of the prosecution, they at least could ask no more, and if the defense concluded that it was better for them to withhold their evidence so as not to disclose their defense, they have no reason to complain of us if we have given only one side of the case.

We have called attention to the fact that certain rumors against Webb were untrue and that certain rumors in his favor have not been sustained by the evidence offered, and have taken great care to be as correct as possible. We admit that we have formed an opinion. We have our knowledge of Webb for the last ten years, his habits, characteristics, and acts under various circumstances, and think we have as good a right to form an opinion as most people, but we have not expressed it in our columns.

If Webb's enemies as well as friends will let the case rest where it is until court, quit talking about it, quit trying to make political capital or any other capital out of it, peace may again reign in our midst.





A. B. Lemmon left for Topeka last Friday morning.

The street sprinkler isn't such a bad arrangement.

Earnest has received and is arranging and shelving his new stock of groceries.

J. C. McMullen's magnificent residence is progressing finely and begins to show up well.

Manning's new block begins to show up finely. The walls of the second story are nearly completed.

Lew Harter has started down the river for Little Rock to bring up steamers to load with wheat and flour.

That Poland-China hog of Mr. C. C. Pierce weighed 640 and the 10 pigs of 300 pounds each were only 102 months old.

The Winfield band went to Wellington on the Fourth and tried to play "Old Hundred," but could not get even seventy-five out of it.

Winfield Courier, July 11, 1878.

M. L. Robinson's palace residence is nearly completed. He has got his gas works to work beautifully and has bid coal oil "good bye."


John C. Roberts brought in last Saturday the largest and finest ripe peaches we have seen this year, measuring from 8 to 92 inches in circumference.

A span of horses attached to a lumber wagon got frightened and ran away. They ran over a cow and fell and before they could recover were secured and detained.

C. R. Mitchell is said to be the greatest acrobat in the county. He can turn a somersault over a tall horse. We hope he is not practicing for the political arena.

Mr. J. J. Todd took a load of peaches to Wichita last week and sold them out at $4.00 to $6.00 per bushel. He went up again with a load of 25 bushels last Monday.




W. H. Clay, of Sheridan, has returned from Colorado. He says they talk about hard times in Kansas, but Kansas is a paradise of good times as compared with Colorado.

Mr. Philip Baker was in town last Monday. He keeps the Harris House at Lazette, is a popular landlord, and his customers are always pleased with their treatment.

A. B. Arment, from Wichita, has bought six acres in the northeast corner of the Holmes' place south of town and will immediately proceed to build a fine residence thereon.

W. J. Bonnewell, of Vernon, brought us last Tuesday from his orchard the most beautiful specimens of apples we have seen this year. They are of the Early Harvest variety.

The street sprinkler has commenced operation. It is quite an elegant affair, being painted green and covered with the business cards of various firms of the city done in white.

Last Saturday Mr. D. Read, of Floral, brought the COURIER boys a lot of ripe, delicious peaches. Mr. Read brought into town twenty bushels. His crop this year promises to reach 800 bushels.

Mr. Strong, of the A. T. & S. F. company, has written to our county committee that Mr. Nickerson will be here about the 15th inst., to consult about a proposition to build a road through this county.

We heard somewhere that Tony Boyle was not "busted." We believe it; but even if he was, we have known boils that weren't tony to bust before now. We wee fortunately associated with one, once.

Those who attended Prof. T. J. Jones' pantomine exhibition last Sunday evening expressed themselves highly pleased with the affair. The light was good, the curtain was white, and the shadows were clear and distinct.




We would call attention to the dental card of Dr. Van Doren in this issue. He is one of the best dentists in the state, and skilled in the use of the new celluloid material as well as gold and silver for plates. Give him a call.





Rooms in the Page building, upstairs.


Notice the new card of Mrs. Van Doren, dress maker. She has been practicing the art of dress making in Lawrence for many years, whee her reputation for perfect fits is well known. She has S. T. Taylor's new system for dress fitting, which is considered complete.




in the Page building, upstairs, Cutting and fitting by the system of S. T. Taylor of New York City.


Indications are that the present session of the normal will be largely attended and will be, in every particular, most successful. School boards will have an excellent opportunity to select teachers for fall and winter schools, and should certainly make good use of the opportunity.


DIED. Mrs. Nancy Linscott, wofe of F. M. Linscott, late of this county, died at their residence in Grayson County, Texas, on June 12th ult. Mr. Linscott formerly lived across the river southwest from this town and moved to Texas last September. He will move back to this county the coming autumn.


Johnston & Hill's furniture shop continues to travel. This time he has gone down south of the M. E. parsonage, and the stock of furniture has gone into a building near the old Farmers' Restaurant. Their new fire-proof building near the Williams House is progressing finely and will contain a large stock in due time.


Our Arkansas City friends desired us to visit their "seaport" and the "Aunt Sally" to see for ourselves that the Arkansas river was navigable. Well, we went down and they took us a-riding on the Walnut river and not on the Arkansas at all. So we did not learn anything new, for we always knew the Walnut was navigable.




H. L. Chapman and A. B. Quinton have procured rooms in the Maris building and will practice law under the firm name of Chapman & Quintin. They are young gentlemen of character and talent and are highly recommended by the press and bar of Topeka where they have many acquaintances. Notice their business card in this paper.



ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Maris Building, Winfield, Kansas.












A Wife Attempts to Avenge the Death of Her Husband.


Mrs. Jay Page attempted to kill L. J. Webb on last Saturday evening. Webb had just been released from jail on bail, and in company with Sheriff Harter, H. E. Asp, and R. L. Walker, was walking from the jail west toward Main Street along the sidewalk, and when passing the house of B. M. Terrell, Mrs. Page ran out of the back door with a large revolver in her hand and passing along the west side of the house toward Webb attempted to get a range on Webb to shoot him, at the same time using violent and threatening language. Sheriff Harter and R. L. Walker were between Mrs. Page and Webb, and under their cover Webb ran and escaped. R. L. Walker made some remark and Mrs. Page turned on and threatened him.

Since the death of Jay Page, Mrs. Page has been living in the family of B. M. Terrell in the house on Ninth Avenue next east of the post office. The house is on the south side of the street, with front end so close to the sidewalk that it is but one step between the sidewalk and the front door.


I was in the front door of my house when Webb and others were approaching from the jail. Mrs. Page came to the door and attempted to pass out. I pulled her back by her dress, but did not observe that she had a pistol. She then ran out at the back door and up towards Webb, saying: "You killed Jay because he said you was a stinker. You are a stinker and I will kill you." She tried to get a chance to shoot Webb, but others were in the way and she did not shoot. I never heard Mrs. Page make any threat or express any ill will against Webb before this, except that when someone told her that Webb was to be let out of jail, she said that Webb could not walk the streets and live while she was around. She had expressed sympathy for Webb's family. The pistol she had belonged to me. About two weeks ago I observed it was getting rusty and took it to John Easton to be cleaned up, where it remained a week. I then brought it home and put it in a case under a bed. There were three cartridges in it. Both my wife and Mrs. Page knew where it was kept. I think she was waiting and watching for Webb at the back door. She now says she intended to kill Webb and will do it yet if he runs around loose where she is.


When I went to the jail to release Webb, I passed B. M. Terrill's house. Mrs. Page was sitting on the front door-step with her feet on the sidewalk and Terrill was sitting in a chair just behind her in the house. When I returned with Webb, Terrill was sitting on the door-step with his feet on the sidewalk and a woman was sitting behind him in the chair. I do not know if it was Mrs. Page. As we came along the sidewalk, Webb was on the left of me, the side next to Terrill's house. Just before we reached the door, I went to Webb's left side and walked between him and the door. I did this to prevent a collision, which I thought possible. No woman attempted to come out the front door; but as I appeared between Webb and the door, a woman rushed back through the house. I heard her retiring steps and the noise of her dress distinctly. As we passed the northwest corner of the house, I saw Mrs. Page coming from the back door. I told Webb to "git," and kept between him and Mrs. Page. She rushed up to within six or eight feet of me with a revolver aimed at me. I threw up my arm and said, "Don't shoot me." She called Webb a cowardly, dirty stinker, and talked in an excited manner, but I do not think she used other profane or vulgar language. Webb soon got out of her range, and R. L. Walker, who had been close behind us, said, "Don't." She said, "You are as bad as he is and I will fix you too if you interfere," or words to that effect. Walker kept his arm up and moved rapidly away until we reached the post office, when she turned and went back into the house.



I intended to kill Webb and would have done so if I could have shot without hitting someone else. I will do it yet if he does not keep out of my way. It was not right to have brought him past my door. I did say to him that he was a stinker, but that was the only bad word I used. I did not say those other words they accuse me of saying. I did not threaten Walker; all I said was meant for Webb.


I was present and heard Mrs. Page say to R. L. Walker: "I know you, Dick Walker. You are as bad as any of them. I'll give it to you next. I'll fix you for your coffin."




That Trip on the Aunt Sally."

We "let off" our surplus patriotism on the Fourth by going to Arkansas City and taking a ride on the "Aunt Sally" beneath the classic shades of the "raging Walnut." The said "Aunt Sally" is not exactly like the Sound steamers that ply between Fall river and New York. We did not see the elegant staterooms, dining-hall, furniture, and such; but she paddled along just as well as though arrayed in gay plumage. The passengers stood up on deck and sweltered in the heat; taking two or three small showers for variety; then the whistle made most unearthly screams and the band played patriotic airs. The boat was manned by Channell, Sleeth, Schwartz, Farrar, Mowry, and many others of the old sailors of Arkansas City. Many Winfield ladies and gentlemen were on board with us, exhibiting more enthusiasm, we thought, than did our "seaport" friends. When we returned to the landing, Bonsall was on hand with his camera to take a picture of the boat and its passengers, but we shall never believe he got a good picture until he furnishes us with a copy. When that infernal whistle shrieked, it was with difficulty that we prevented our unsophisticated Winfielders from following the example of the Indians down the river by jumping off and wading ashore. Troup jumped about 18 feet, Harris 14, Baird 12, Bliss 10, McMullen & Lemmon 3, Hudson 2. The rest of them were on the other side of the boat and we were not able to record their feats of ground and lofty tumbling.




Council Proceedings.

WINFIELD, KANSAS, July 3, 1878.

Council met in council chamber. All present except H. Jochems.

In the matter of the physicians employed to attend small-pox patients.

Action was taken on the following bills: [SHOWING AMOUNT ALLOWED ONLY]

Dr. Strong, attendance on Miller: $40.00

Dr. Strong, attendance on Brooks: $50.00

Dr. Mansfield, attendance and supplies for Brooks: $14.00

Dr. Mansfield, attendance and supplies for Miller: $ 5.20

Dr. Emmerson, attendance on Miller: $2.50

Dr. Emmerson, attendance on Brooks: $5.00

Bill of W. H. H. Maris, for Lumber ($16.00), laid over.

Mayor nominated C. C. Stevens for road overseer, and on motion the nomination was confirmed and his bond in the sume of $500 read and accepted and approved.

The question of Firemen working out road tax was discussed, but no action was taken.

Adjourned. J. P. SHORT, City Clerk.


Since the last flood washed off large quantities of wheat into the streams, the catfish are having a good time. J. P. Short mentions the fact that many catfish have been lately taken from the river and creeks, and on dressing them, their stomachs are found full of wheat.





Some Scoundrel Fires Several Stacks of Wheat.

At about 10 or 11 o'clock last Saturday evening, J. G. Titus, who lives about two miles southeast of town, returned home from this city, and seeing several of his wheat stacks on fire, seized his double-barreled gun and with some of his men rode on horse back rapidly to the scene of the fire. Finding that nothing could be saved, they immediately commenced scouting around to find, if possible, the incendiary. Soon Mr. Titus came across John W. Blizzard and fired at him. Blizzard, terribly frightened, held up both hands and begged for his life; and under the fear and excitement of the moment confessed before Titus and some of his men that he (Blizzard) had set the stacks on fire. Blizzard was brought to town and lodged in jail. There has been a bitter controversy and lawsuit between Blizzard and Titus, in which Blizzard was not successful, and we are told he had threatened revenge. We do not know the merits of the controversy, nor do we think that the confession is conclusive against Blizzard, but we have this to say: that if Blizzard actually fired the stacks, he can have no excuse and should be punished to the very extent of the law. The man that is so degraded as to destroy property merely for revenge has no right to live outside the penitentiary. We understand the loss is about 900 bushels of wheat.

Blizzard had his preliminary examination on Monday before Justice Buckman and was bound over to court in $800. Failing tto procure bonds, he was returned to jail.




Horse Stealing.

On last Thursday night were stolen from the residence of Martin King, west of the middle bridge, two horses and one mule. One of the horses was the noted pacer, Tom, from Indiana, said to have made 2:22 time and to be worth $1,600. He belonged to Martin King. The other was an excellent mare worth about $175, belonging to William King. The mule belonged to another man living there. All were newcomers. A pursuit was organized and the stolen animals were traced to the Indian Territory, but the horse and mare returned on last Sunday morning bearing evidence of having been ridden excessively bare back. The mule has not been recovered.

Another horse was stolen from McBride's house in this city at about the same time and has not since been heard of. Several other cases of horse stealing have occurred recently and it is time the owners of horses were organized for protection and pursuit.


There is now confined in the jail at this place a man by the name of Louis Tournier, whose father was a Colonel under the first Napoleon and fought with him at Waterloo. After the exile of Napoleon, Colonel Tournier was banished and came to America in 1817. He had been here but a short time when he was notified by the French government that he was at liberty to return, but he would not go back.

The son, Louis, was born in 1812 and is now sixty-six years old. He speaks and writes the French, German, and English languages fluently, and is well versed in ancient and modern history. He has traveled over the greatest portions of both continents, and is a well-informed man.

Louis Tournier came to Cowley county when the only building in Winfield was the "Old Log Store," and settled on the Arkansas river about six miles below Arkansas City. His claim is on the strip, and he was about to enter it a short time since, when he learned that one of his neighbors, whom he had befriended and assisted in many ways, had secretly gone to the land office and entered on an 80 of it. The first knowledge the old man had of this fact was when the party who entered it began removing the timber and interfering with the crops, and in many ways annoying the old man, who at once took steps to contest the entry, and told the other party to keep away or he would hurt him. Thereupon he was arrested and bound over by Justice Bonsall, of Arkansas City, in the sum of $200 to keep the peace.

His friends proposed to give the bail; but the old man said he would not allow the prosecuting witness to trespass on the land, if he did so, he would hurt him, and rather than be bailed out and compelled to have trouble with the man, he chose to go to jail.

He has no relatives in this state, but has two daughters in Kentucky. When he was taken to jail he requested the privilege of keeping his bird dog with him, remarking, "I think a great deal of Caesar; he is my best friend."




Lecture and Social.

Saturday evening, at the Courthouse, Rev. J. L. Rusbridge will address the teachers and citizens on "Mental Discipline." After the lecture the teachers and friends will take part in a social. Professor Farringer will furnish music. All are invited.


MAPLE TOWNSHIP, July 8, 1878.

EDITOR COURIER: After a long, tedious, nasty harvest, the crop of this township is gathered, and notwithstanding the frequent and copious showers, the wheat is in good condition and the heaviest crop by far ever cut in this township. Oats are but so so, but corn and potatoes are splendid. There is some complaint of rot in the latter on low land.

Peach trees are bending low with their fruit and the crop will be abundant and cheap. Apple trees are too young to bear much. There will be a few hower.

Mrs. Laura Wise is now lying in the Surgeons' College, Washington, Indiana, and has undergone a successful operation for the removal of internal abdominal tumors. A letter from her husband, Sol. Wise, Esq., gives her friends great hope. O.





ED. COURIER: The Harmony Sabbath school met at Mr. Compton's, their usual place of meeting, five miles southeast of Maple City, on the Fourth, for a grand celebration and a good dinner. The exercises were opened by the Superintendent, Mr. York, with a brief speech and prayer suitable to the occasion, followed with singing by the school and the reading of the Declaration of Independence by Mrs. McNett.

Dinner, which was a grand success, was the next thing on the program and was free to all. One of the principal dishes was a roasted calf, donated by Mr. Myers. Cakes, pies, potatoes, chicken, bread and butter, pickles, coffee and lemonade were in abundance.

After dinner a procession was formed for an excursion to the Indian Territory, headed by a beautiful flag, which proceeded to a fine grove where swings were in waiting. After swinging until tired, the audience was entertained by speaking, singing, and select reading. Supper was then served, after which the procession returned to the place of starting, and dispersed with three rousing cheers, being well satisfied with the enjoyment of the day.


L. D. YORK, Secretary, S. S.




LAZETTE, KANSAS, July 8, 1878.

EDITOR COURIER: A fine rain is now falling.

Roasting ears are plenty.

The noise of the croquet mallet is constantly heard on all dry days.

Philip Baker's livery team ran away last Friday with the mail hack, tearing it to pieces.

Dr. S. Wilkins, a restitutionist, preached us a fine sermon last Sunday.

John Brooks is erecting a fine barn with solid walls 20 inches thick from cut stone.

MARRIED. Married at the residence of Stephen Trimble, Miss Sarah Nelson to Mr. Barns. Dr. Wilkins officiated.

A part of our townsmen went sniping on the Fourth with a large net and thoughtlessly drew the net into a pool of water, where it became fast on a snag, and having no diving bell, none could be induced to go down and loose it; consequently, the net was pulled in twain.

We see from last week's COURIER that M. L. Smith is still trying to wrong Father Olney out of his land. If Olney's title can be set aside, we think those who paid tax on the land two years before it was deeded for the purpose of blinding their neighbors should look a "leedle out." The so-called minions believe in justice being strictly dealt to every man; for business is business and corner-stones should remain where the government placed them if it does make lines crooked.

Poker is a game we like to play--

We'll bet on every hand;

The two best out of three we'll say,--

Now bring on your poker man.





A jack-rabbit ran through our main street last Monday evening, followed by a pack of dogs. Traveler.

But they couldn't catch him on account of the big weeds and grass.


The celebration at Queen Village was quite an affair. The grounds were in excellent condition and were filled with people from all points of the surrounding country. The Silver Creek band and New Salem string band furnished plenty of good music for the day. The exercises opened with prayer by Rev. Thomas. Music and songs followed, and then came the address of Charles Payson, distinctly rendered and full of information and thought. Dinner, the most enthusiastic exercise on the ground, followed; and for whole-souled, hospitable people, and excellent, generous cooks, we will back that northeastern country against the state. After dinner came music and an address by Mr. Green, and a song by himself and his accomplished daughter. Then followed a speech by Henry Asp, and we wish to say that Henry did nobly, and that no better speech was delivered on the ground. He was well worded and contained many beautiful thoughts and happy sentiments. If Henry wishes to feel proud over his first soaring of the eagle, he has good right, and the feathers of that noble bird shine with a new luster. The speech of R. C. Story followed, full of enthusiasm, startling statistics, and warm appeals for temperance, delivered in his own intelligent and earnest manner. Samuel Jarvis then addressed the crowd with a few remarks, and shortly afterwards the people dispersed and sought their homes. A platform dance was held on the ground in the evening.





EDITOR COURIER: John Bryant and John John Ross spent the Fourth at Arkansas City. Frank Futhy celebrated at Eldorado. Some of our citizens went to Queen Village and some to Wellington.

The Timothy Brothers have been threshing wheat the past week for Bethel farmers. Their new vibrator is a complete success and gives general satisfaction.

Harry Dunham has peaches on trees set out this spring. They were in bloom at time of setting.

Archie Burger, a three-year-old son of John T. Burger, was severely wounded by being kicked with a colt over the right eye. Dr. Graham sewed the wound up in good style, but a small scar will always remain.

Nelson R. Wilson is going into the sheep raising business.

Israel Weakley will, we understand, choose a partner to help can his peaches. He will form a life-time partnership with one of Bethel's fair daughters.

Geo. Brown is luxuriating on ripe peaches.

Frederick Arnold is offering a good span of horses for sale.

Mr. John Anderson will, we hear, become a Methodist preacher. We think John will be very popular in his new calling.

[They had "Futhy"...wonder if this should be Furthy?]





Harvest is over. Haying next in order. Considerable sickness.

Elsie McKinney fell and broke her arm again.

School closed in District 108 and we had a nice time. Some 30 visitors were present; had splendid singing by the little folks, a good dinner, and the exercises were good. This closes Miss Pontious' school at Prairie Grove.

The little social picnic on the Fourth on the Walnut was a pleasant affair. Hunting, fishing, singing, swinging were the order of the day; also had a good dinner.

Floral Grange has a blackberry festival next Friday night; and oh! ye Editors, if you have the pass word and can ride the goat to the blackberry patch, come forth and enjoy a feast with us.




Real Estate Transfers.

T. S. Gilliard to Martha A. Gilliard, s. of sw. 33, 31, 3; 80 acres, $250.

A. J. Thompson and wife to W. C. Muzzy, in nw. 27, 32, 4; 1 acre, $40.

W. T. Adair and wife to Lewis Fitzsimmons, ne. 28, 30, 3; 160 acres, $900.

Laura J. Wise to Solomon Wise, se. 20, 30, 3; 160 acres, $2,000.

Solomon Wise to Fred A. Wise, se. 20, 30, 3; 160 acres, $2,140.

W. E. Rice to Elizabeth Rex, e. of ne. 7, 33, 7; 80 acres, $800.

I. F. Newcomb and wife to Frances M. Boyer, nw. 31, 32, 8; 160 acres, $2,140.

Elizabeth Bates to Rachel Randall, n. of ne. 28, 32, 5; 80 acres, $550.

R. L. Walker, special commissioner, to Nichols, Shepard & Co., sw. 28, 30, 4; 160 acres, $825.

Robert Allison and wife to W. H. Bates, se. 28, 32, 4; 1 acre, $50.

Lizzie Harris to Clara Broadwell, se. 2, 34, 4; 160 acres, $10.

Thomas and Mary Glaze to Jackson Burchett, w. of nw.

9, 31, 3; 80 acres, $300.

W. P. Olney to Johnson Chandler, ne. 13, 31, 6; 160 acres, $600.

R. F. Armstrong to George Walker, ne. 20, 31, 4; 160 acres, $450.

R. L. Walker, sheriff, to J. D. Pryor, ne. 20, 31, 4; 160 acres.

J. D. Pryor and wife to J. Jordan, ne. 20, 31, 4; 160 acres, $1.

J. Jordan to H. E. Schoeb, ne. 20, 31, 4; 160 acres, $900.

S. C. Topliff to Wm. H. Moore, in se. 6, 35, 4; 17 acres, $240.

J. W. Lynch to Wilson Lynch and wife, s. of sw. 16, 35, 4; 80 acres, $250.

J. C. Fuller and wife to H. Jochems, lots 7, 8, and 9, block 207, Winfield, $100.

J. C. Fuller and wife to John C. Schurz, lots 4, 5, and 6, block 207, Winfield; $100.

I. W. Randall to Wm. J. Hodges, lots 1, 2, and 3, block 73, Winfield; $1,050.

J. C. Fuller and wife to Louisa J. Black, lots 16 and 17, block 131, Winfield, $80.

Winfield Town Association to Louisa J. Black, lot 16, block 131, Winfield, $85.

J. E. Platter and wife to H. Bahntge, lot 1, block 110, Winfield, $1,000.

C. L. Harter, sheriff, to John B. Lynn, 2 of lot 6, block 87, Winfield, $234.

C. L. Harter, sheriff, to J. W. Curns, lot 22, block 129, Winfield, $156.

E. C. Manning and wife to F. S. Jennings, lots 7, block 48, Winfield, $60.

Wm. Hodges and wife to Rachel Randall, lot 12, block 167, Winfield, $1,300.

J. W. Curns and wife to W. S. Mendenhall, lot 22, block 129, $200.

C. L. Harter, sheriff, to W. S. Mendenhall, lot 21, block 129, Winfield.

C. & J. Walton to James Benedict, lots 15, 16, 17, and 18, block 88, Arkansas City, $500.

O. C. Skinner to J. Schuster & M. C. Heim, lot 19, block 67, Arkansas City, $50.

J. E. Williams and wife to Albert Horn, lot 18, block 55, Arkansas City, $50.




EAST NINNESCAH, July 6, 1878.

The wheat harvest in this vicinity is ended. The recent heavy rains caused much delay and many gloomy apprehensions, but the past week having been quite favorable for work, the farmers are now engaged in stacking and threshing, while some are already marketing the new crop.

Land in this vicinity is rising in value. Buyers are plenty, but farmers are not anxious to sell. Good crops bring contentment and prosperity.

Mr. Homen, of Illinois, now stopping in the neighborhood, is well pleased with the country and intends purchasing a farm here and moving this fall. He is a substantial farmer, with a family of sixteen promising sons and daughters.

Mr. John Bates, and wife, of Winfield, who have been visiting in the neighborhood, have returned to the city.

There have been several binders in operation in this vicinity and all are pronounced good with perhaps one exception, but there are two that are pronounced par excellence by all who have seen them work. Anyone wishing to examine one of them and see it perform can be accommodated by calling upon Wm. Wentz or Jack Lossen. DAN. SWIVELER.




CEDAR TOWNSHIP, July 8, 1878.

EDITOR COURIER: The Fourth, the wearisome, tiresome, glorious old Fourth has come and gone, and we enjoyed it hugely. We had a nice, pleasant picnic in the grove on Don Jay's farm on Beaver creek. The people turned out from far and near--that is all that didn't go to Arkansas City to see their "Aunt Sally." They brought their ropes for swings, they brought their baskets of good things; they brought their musical instruments and their musicians. The music was furnished by the glee clubs of Beaver and Crab creek combined. Some very fine music was rendered by Mrs. Brubaker, assisted by Mrs. Armstrong and Mrs. Leidly. At night we "tripped the light fantastic" at the residence of

L. W. Miller. All in all, we had the most enjoyable affair that has ever been held in our part of the county.

There are a great many persons in the township looking for cheap houses. There are some good claims yet to be taken, but if a man wants a good home and a cheap one he should buy out some of the original settlers, which can be done very cheaply.

Oats harvest is about over. The flax crop is about ready to cut and is remarkably fine.

Everybody in good spirits and all will have plenty.



MR. EDITOR: Through the columns of the COURIER I wish to say to the people of Cowley county that a camp meeting will commence July 17th, at 3 o'clock p.m., on the Walnut river, five miles northwest of Winfield, on the farm of B. E. Murphy. It will continue one week. All are invited to attend. Those who expect to get the benefit of all the services should come prepared to remain on the ground. On Saturday and Sunday there will be refreshments on the ground. Several ministers from a distance and home ministers will be present.





EAST BOLTON, July 6, 1878.

ED. COURIER: East Bolton celebrated the Fourth at Smith's grove. An essay by Miss Myers and a speach by Mr. C. Wethold were well received. Everybody well pleased with the picnic.

Crops good and farmers happy.



List of letters remaining unclaimed in the Winfield Post Office July 11, 1878.


Bull, George; Bonman, J. H.; Beck, S. F.; Clemons, Manie; Craig, Robt.; Cobbison, C. A.; Clark, B. Oliver;

Carlin, Mrs. Mary; Campbell, Miss Mattie; Care, Frank;

Donhan, Miss Ella; Daniel, Miss Rhoda J.; Goddard, J.;

Goddard, Mrs. M.; Goodwell, Fannie M.; Hahn, Joseph.


Howard, T. B.; Johnson, Lou.; Johnson, Frank P.;

Limerman, A. J.; Lanier, Emma; Mentch, Alexander;

Park, Mellissa; Prunkard, John E.; Park, Theodore; Roof, Wm.;

Rogers, C. C.; Sunn, Francis; Stover, H. S.;

Streeper, Emanuel; Stanley, A. L.; Smith, Louis H.;

Willis, Miss Iovenin.

Persons calling for any of the above will please say "advertised."






Let the Farmers and All the People Rejoice.


$50,000 Saved to Cowley County Alone!

$1.00 Saved on Every Load of Wheat and Other Produce.

Printer's Ink Did the Business.

The warfare on high rates of freight inaugurated by the COURIER a few weeks ago, and pursued ever since, assisted by some other newspapers, is beginning to tell. The A. T. & S. F. has come down on the whole list and along the most of the line, but the greatest reduction is from Wichita and Eldorado to Kansas City.

On August 9th the Santa Fe Company issued a tariff which showed a reduction of one cent, or from 26 to 25 cents per 100 pounds on wheat from Wichita to Kansas City. On Monday, August 26th, these rates were reduced to 21 cents, and the reduction covers the whole list of produce. From the eastern and the western portions of the road the reduction is from 2 cents down. The center of reduction is Wichita and Eldorado, where it amounts to 4 cents. At Hutchinson, Newton, Peabody, and Florence the reduction is 3 cents; at Cottonwood, Emporia, and Osage City 2 cents; east of Osage City, no reduction; and west of Hutchinson to Spearville, the reduction is 2 cents. The tariff on other produce is reduced in proportion.

This reduction is of especial value to the people of Cowley county. It will save to the county at least $50,000, and to every farmer one dollar on every full load of grain he sells.

We thank the railroad managers for this concession. It shows that they know what they are about and will accede to reasonable demands when convinced that the interests of their road as well as of the people requires it. But while we congratulate our farmers on this victory, we are not satisfied and shall continue the war. The freights are yet much too high and should be still further reduced.

We give the company full credit for what it has done. Mr. Nickerson has fully redeemed the promise he made recently while here and has shown us that his promises can be relied upon. But we want a promise from him of a further and larger reduction, and we hope to get it. We believe, and the people believe, that ten cents a bushel is enough to pay from Wichita, and we shall be satisfied with nothing less favorable. We ask for fair rates, nothing more nor less, and shall continue to work for this result, both here and at Topeka, for we know that the people will be with us with their substantial support and their votes.




The Burlington Road.

"G. W. Hutchinson received a letter yesterday from P. B. Johnston, of Chicago, stating that the contract was concluded for grading and equipping the extension of the Kansas City, Burlington & Santa Fe railroad from Burlington to Eureka, Greenwood County, Kansas. The contract specifies that the road must be finished and equipped in ninety days from September 1, 1878." Kansas City Times.

So it seems that this road is to be completed to Eureka by the first of next December. If this is correct, the road may reach Winfield by May 1, 1879.




Below we give the financial plank in the platform adopted by the Republicans in the second congressional district.

"That experience having shown that the U. S. notes, commonly called Greenbacks, originally issued by a Republic administration during the war, are admirably adapted to all the purposes of a permanent paper circulation, we hereby declare ourselves in favor of retiring the notes of the national banks, and in making the greenback currency the sole paper currency of the country, and demand that it be issued in sufficient volume to fully accommodate all the wants of business, without depreciation in value, and that they be made receivable for all debts and dues, whether public or private.

"That we denounce the proposed issue of irredeemable fiat scrip, as a departure from the original and true greenback doctrine, as a measure of undisguised repudiation of solemn contracts and obligations, and as sure to result, if carried out, in universal bankruptcy and the total ruin of the producing classes."




August 19th. An ineffectual attempt was made to assassinate Gen. Todleben at Constantinople. The indications in Austria are that extensive war is imminent.

August 20th. After a severe engagement the Austrians occupied Serajevo.

August 23rd. The Khedive has projected important reforms in Egypt. Austria is organizing a second army of 180,000 men to watch Servia and Montenegro. Gen. Garibaldi denounces Germany and Austria and approves of Socialism.




Only six new cases of burning to death from explosions of coal oil this week.





Dr. Mendenhall is gone to Illinois for his wife.

Frank S. Jennings is moving into his new house.

Col. C. H. Robinson was taken ill again last Thursday, in his office. He is reported to be better however.

Elder A. Martin returned to his home in Illinois Monday.

A. B. Quinton is spending a few weeks in travel and visit in Colorado.

The tin is being "plastered" on the roof of Col. Manning's new building.

Mr. E. E. Bacon and family are moving into their new house in the suburbs.

J. C. Fuller's residence is enclosed and looks more imposing than we anticipated.

The oldest and largest undertaking establishment in the county is Johnston & Hill's.

John Hohenscheidt proposes to build a fine brick residence just east of H. Jochems.

A. G. Wilson has thirty milch cows which he offers to sell or trade for young stock.

H. H. Moore, of Sheridan, left with us last week a peck or two of his fine peaches. Thanks.

J. F. Miller has quite recovered from a severe spell of sickness. We are glad to see him around again.

H. Jochems has got his splendid brick residence enclosed. It is an ornament to the east part of town.

Dr. W. G. Graham has made an extension to his residence on Elm Row, making it quite an imposing structure.

Winfield Courier, August 29, 1878.

M. L. Robinson's residence is nearly completed, and is one of the most magnificent structures in the Southwest.

Bliss & Co. are said to have lost 15,000 moulded brick by dissolution either from perspiration of the workmen or late rains.

Mortgages are getting "thin" in this county. An unusual number are being released of record and very few new ones are being recorded.



Prof. George W. Robinson and C. C. Harris drove to Wichita last week, and spent a day or two in this city. Of course, they didn't go to see their girls!

Andy Gordon has some of the finest ripe apples raised in his garden we ever saw.

DIED (?). We hear that a boy drowned in the Arkansas river, about eight miles west of this place, a week ago last Sunday. We have not got the name or particulars.

Mr. I. N. Holmes, brother of John H. Holmes of Rock, has arrived from Indiana and proposes to locate. He is accompanied by Mr. G. W. Carnes, of Thorntown, Indiana.

Mr. F. J. Arnold, of Richmond, Virginia, is in the city vending a new patent treadle to sewing machines.

Rev. Mr. Cairns has accepted the call of the Baptist church in this city and will commence his pastorate about October 1. Rev. N. L. Rigby will occupy the desk until that time.

The band, after a rest of several weeks, met again Friday night at the Courthouse. The boys say they'll make that Leavenworth military band feel sick if it comes down to our fair.

Mr. T. J. Miller, of Rantoul, Illinois, is visiting his brother and sister-in-law, J. Ex. and Emma Saint, in this city. He is looking up a location and will settle in this county if he can purchase to suit.

Dell Kennedy, son of Mrs. Stump, has returned to Winfield. He has been living the past year in Illinois. A party was given the young folks last Friday evening by Mrs. Stump in honor of his return.




Miss Mattie Minnehan has been engaged to teach in the Hickok schoolhouse, three miles southeast of town, for a term of three months, commencing September 30. The scholars of that district may feel sure of having a pleasant, profitable term with Miss Minnehan as their instructor.

'Squire Barrick, of Rock township, brought us Saturday some of the finest and best peaches that we have seen or tasted this season. Some of them measured 102 inches in circumference and weighed 92 ounces.

Mr. O'Neil is building a fine residence in the east part of the city.

E. S. Bliss has been rusticating in the country for a few days.

G. C. Bolton has opened a meat market in the Sparr Bro.'s old stand.

Thanks to Mr. George Arnold for some of his fine peaches.

The Arkansas river bridge at Arkansas City is completed and in operation.

T. A. Wilkinson has the contract for building the schoolhouse in District 115.

Mr. Jillson is building a two-story store 24 x 48 on the lot next south of the Boyle building.

Mr. John Byard, of Dexter township, brought us some fine peaches of the Indian variety.

Stuart & Wallis have just received a splendid assortment of new hats. Call and see them.

Last week Curns & Manser sold a farm on the Walnut to Stephen Shephard, of Joplin, for $1,400.

J. W. Hamilton seems to be the leader of the National Greenback Labor party of Central Cowley.

If you want a good drill, go to T. A. Wilkinson. He is closing out his drills cheap.

District No. 92, in Silver Creek township, voted bonds to the amount of $400 for building a schoolhouse.





The Santa Fe railroad will carry delegates to the Democratic state convention at Leavenworth at half fare.

Henry Asp made his maiden speech to a jury last week. His winning the case augurs well for his future success.

Mrs. Jay Page left this city last Thursday to take up her residence with her late husband's friends in Milwaukee, Wis.

Mullen & Woods are paying 22 cents for hogs in round lots. There has been a break in the market, hogs one-half cent off.

Mrs. Campbell accompanies the Judge and will stay at Winfield during court. They are domiciled at the Central Hotel.

Curns & Manser sold 160 acres of land on Little Dutch for $2,000 last week. It was one of the Willet farms to Mrs. Covert.

MARRIED. On the 25th inst., by J. W. Barrick, Edq., at his residence in Rock township, Mr. C. H. Mayse to Miss Emma Parr. Both of Winfield.

John Moffitt has moved the house formerly used as the office to his lumber yard to 8th avenue, east of the old log store, and has built a new office in its place.

Col. James D. Snoddy, of LaCygne, has been visiting his brothers-in-law, the Baird Brothers, in this city, this week. Col. Snoddy has long been one of the most prominent lawyers and politicians of the state.

FIRST FRUIT. J. P. Short is again in the market with peaches, and people who have been waiting on him can now be supplied. See his "ad." in another column.


I am now prepared to deliver fine canning fruit; large white and yellow clings for preserving and picnicking, and fruit suitable for drying and peach butter. Leave word for me at McCommon & Harter's drug store and I will call and take your orders. J. P. SHORT.




It is said that Wichita is full of wheat, that every building available is stored with it because the railrroad has nott got the stock to carry it away as fast as it arrives.

The COURIER boys are under many obligations to Mr. R. R. Turner, of Otter township, for some fine peaches this week.

Among the finest specimens of apples we have had this year is one of the Early Harvest variety raised on the farm of

Chas. H. Phenix, four miles east of town, measuring over 11 inches in circumference.

J. C. Franklin leaves with his lady for Santa Rosa, California. We bespeak for them in their new residence a cordial reception.

A. J. Thompson sowed eight bushels of Fultz wheat on the 20th of October last, on 8 acres of upland. He harvested 301 bushels of No. 1 wheat. It ripened June 1st. Thirty-seven and five-eights bushels per acre is a rather good yield under such circumstances.

Mr. H. J. Donnelly, one of the substantial farmers of Bolton township, was in town Monday. He is a former Johnson county farmer, but says though Johnson is the best farming county in the state, Cowley beats it.

An old fellow asked us who was putting up that barn by the schoolhouse. We informed him that the building referred to was intended for the primary departments of the public school. He looked at us a moment and said, "Do you take me for a fool?" We passed.

Will Robinson returned from the mountains last Monday. He has gained 7 pounds in flesh and fourteen pounds in health during his five week's absence. He saw the total eclipse, trampled through the canyons, climbed mountains, and saw the lightnings play beneath his feet, took rain shower baths, some of which lasted all day, and met with many adventures.




Mr. C. M. Wood on last Sunday morning was attacked by a 250 pound boar who seized him by the leg, threw him down, and commenced "chawing him up" in the most ferocious manner. R. B. Waite came to the rescue and saved C. M. from being turned into pork. It seems the hog fortunately was not equipped with tusks and therefore his victim was not torn but only bruised.

The State Republican Convention met at Topeka yesterday. Delegate J. B. Nipp started last Friday, and delegates C. H. Eagan, B. F. Baldwin, E. C. Manning, and I. H. Bonsall started Monday. J. D. Maurer probably went by way of Eureka. James Kelly, R. L. Walker, and Ed. Clisbee go along for company. We have an inveterate habit of guessing, so will guess that John A. Martin, L. U. Humphrey, T. H. Cavanaugh, P. I. Bonebrake, John Francis, A. H. Lemmon, Willard Davis, and A. H. Horton will be the nominees. If we hit right on five out of the eight, it will be a good guess. We still think Martin will be the nominee for governor on the first formal ballot.




Council Proceedings.

WINFIELD, August 19, 1878.

Council met in council chamber. J. B. Lynn, mayor, and councilmen Gully, Robinson, and Wood present.

Minutes of last meeting read and approved.

The finance committee were instructed to ascertain what amount could be realized for the pest house.

Action was taken on the following bills [showing Allowed].

C. C. Stevens, marshal: $40.00

Lynn & Gillelen, merchandise: $8.50

A. T. Shenneman, horse hire. [Claimed $2.00.] Referred to finance committee.

Bill of J. H. O'Brien for laying walk, $11.54, allowed and sidewalk certificate ordered issued.

Adjourned. J. B. LYNN, Mayor.

Attest: J. P. SHORT, CLERK.


August 20, 1878.

J. B. Lynnn, mayor, and all councilmen present except H. Jochems.

Ordinance No. 82, in relation to levying tax for payment and of walks constructed passed.

Ordinance No. 83, in relation to retailing fruit on streets, held on table.

The following resolution was read and passed.

Resolved, That the city limits of the city of Winfield are hereby extended to embrace and include that portion of the southeast quarter of section 28, township 32, south of range 4 east, known, platted, and recorded as the Loomis addition to the city of Winfield.

Adjourned. J. B. LYNN, Mayor.

Attest: J. P. SHORT, Clerk.




CEDAR TOWNSHIP, Aug. 28, 1878.

Weather very warm, health very poor. There are whole families down sick. Drs. Wagner and Phillips are busy making calls.

DIED. A 14 year old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. B. Matthews died last Wednesday and was buried Thursday.

DIED. On Friday evening at 5 o'clock, Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Searles' little Charlie died, aged 12 months; was buried in the grounds of the Beaver Creek Cemetery Association.

It is useless to add that the bereaved parents in both cases have the sympathy of the entire community.

All of Donald Day's family, consisting of himself, wife, and eleven children, are down.

Mr. Sparkman has four or five sick in his family and there are members of others sick in and around here. Very little if anything being done.


Winfield Courier, August 29, 1878.

District Court.

Met Monday morning, August 26th, 1878.

Present: Judge W. P. Campbell, Sheriff C. L. Harter, Clerk E. S. Bedilion, Attorneys McDermott, Torrance, C. Coldwell, N. C. Coldwell, Hackney, McDonald, Pryor, Pyburn, Allen, Jennings, Buckman, Black, Webb, Alexander, Beach, Troup, Jarvis, Asp, of Winfield; and Dennison, of Osage Mission.

The following cases were continued: McMasters vs. Hughes, Brettun vs. Phenis.

The following were dismissed: Buck vs. Bright; Bliss vs. Bradfield; Maris vs. Gant; Nichols vs. BartonCappeal; Fonda & Gump vs. Walkers; J. P. Campbell & Co. vs. Walkers; Winfield vs. LeeCappeal; Cochran, Carroll & Co. vs. Walkers; Powell vs. Stout.

Judgment for plaintiff on default in the following: Maris vs. Waggoner, Brayley vs. Groce, Lazell vs. Ellsbury, Brettun vs. Smiley, Shemerhorn vs. Pepper, Bayley vs. Warren, Harkens vs. Gallert, Maris vs. Gant.

Daniel P. Faler plead guilty of assault and battery. Judgment, nominal fine and imprisonment.

Martin vs. Lewis, M. G. Troup appointed guardian of minor defendants ad litem; judgment against others.

Skinner vs. Wack. D. C. Beach appointed guardian of minor defendants ad litem; judgment against others.

Chick vs. Mitchell et al. Removed to the U. S. circuit court.

Henderson vs. Gallotti. Motion overruled.

Craig vs. Pennington. Improperly on the docket.

Jury was called and court adjourned to 9 o'clock a.m., August 27.

The following are the names of jurors drawn for this court: Levi Fluke, O. P. West, Thos. Parvin, S. D. Klingman, J. E. Cox, Sampson Johnson, A. B. Gardner, H. S. Libby, I. B. Todd,

Michael Bush, H. J. Donley, T. A. Chapin, T. B. Myers,

Dennis Cunningham, J. I. Mitchell, Devine Terrill,

Daniel Hawkins, G. W. Yount, W. T. Beasley, J. W. Browning, Rudolph Hoffmaster, D. M. Patton, J. P. Short, J. W. Millspaugh.


State vs. Louis Tournier. Defendant discharged.

Hamilton vs. Pryor; motion overruled.

State vs. John Blizzard. Trial by jury, continued all day and jury were out most of the night. Verdict: guilty and recommends the prisoner to the mercy of the court.


State vs. L. J. Webb; motion for change of venue. Defense given until tomorrow morning to file additional affidavits in support of the motion.

M. L. Wilson vs. G. P. Wagner; jury empanneled and trial proceeded.




To the People of Cowley County.

The committee appointed in this city at a railroad meeting held on the 10th of June, 1878, to conduct all correspondence with the President of the A. T. & S. F. Co. in relation to the extension of a branch road through this county, in obedience to their instructions respectfully submit the following report.

Under date of Aug. 20th the president of the Santa Fe Co. writes us that his company are now engaged in negotiation with the people of Sedgwick County for an extension of that branch down the Arkansas Valley to this point and thence on to the southern boundary of this county via Arkansas City. The Santa Fe Co. also contemplate at no distant day to form a connection with the Fort Smith & Little Rock Co., and thus give us a southern connection. If the pending negotiations with Sedgwick county fail, then the Santa Fe Co. propose to extend the Eldorado branch of their road down the Walnut valley, and on south as before indicated. In either event the people of this county will be benefited by the extension. We must bear in mind, however, that our present efforts depend largely upon the success of President Nickerson's negotiations with the people of Sedgwick or Butler counties, and if they should obstinately refuse to cooperate and furnish the requisite aid, our failure to secure a branch road can in no wise be attributed to the disinclination of the Santa Fe Co. to help us.

Pres. Nickerson is of the opinion, that if his present efforts are crowned with success, he will be able to complete the road to this point during the coming year; nevertheless, he calls our attention to some obstacles which he can neither foresee or control. Among these are "strikes," stringency of the money markets, difficulties of obtaining "ties."

We felt authorized to assure Pres. Nickerson that our people would cordially cooperate with his company, whether the extension came from Wichita or Eldorado; that you would subscribe to the extent of $4,000 per mile for each mile of completed road; and as to time, interest on bonds, and all matters of mere detail that you would deal with a liberal and considerate spirit.

We deem it not improper to add that the Santa Fe Co. is now building a western extension to the Rio Grande, at or near Albuquerque, and so soon as the Southern Pacific is extended east from Yuma, they propose to form a junction, and thus give to the people of Kansas an outlet to the Pacific and the rapidly developing great west for their surplus.

The most casual observer, therefore, cannot fail to realize that if the national objects of the Santa Fe Co. can be carried out the people of this county, by a subscription to one road, will secure three outlets east, west, and south.

Trusting that our action thus far may meet your approbation, we respectfully suggest that each of the township trustees, and other representative men of the county, will meet in this city on Thursday, the 5th of September, 1878, and take such further action as may be deemed requisite.










Democratic Convention.

The delegates to the Democratic county convention met according to call at the courthouse in Winfield on Saturday, August 24th, at 2 o'clock p.m., and the meeting was called to order by Hon. A. J. Pyburn.

The veteran, Judge T. B. Ross, was chosen permanent chairman and J. S. Allen secretary. There were twenty-five delegates present and, on motion, the call of the delegates was dispensed with and the meeting resolved itself into a mass convention.

The following named gentlemen were chosen delegates and alternates to the state convention, which meets at Leavenworth on Wednesday, September 4th, 1878, viz:

DELEGATES: A. J. Pyburn, J. B. Lynn, T. B. Ross, A. Walton,

W. D. Lester, J. B. Adams.

ALTERNATES: C. C. Black, R. B. Pratt, J. F. Miller,

Ed. Green, J. Christian, T. McIntire.

It was voted that the delegates chosen have power to fill vacancies.

Convention adjourned.


Grange Elevator.

The farmers of this county will be gratified to learn that the Grange Elevator at Wichita will be open for their use about September first. Dr. J. H. Phelps, of Floral, is agent for the elevator, and solicits donations and subscriptions to the stock.




LIST of letters remaining unclaimed in the Winfield Post Office, August 28, 1878.

FIRST COLUMN: Atkinson, S. B.; Casbear, Liverton W.;

Clabough, C. T.; Corbin, A. V.; Blevins, Elder; Baxter, John L.;

Fowler, Miss Nellie; ates, Elias; Girden, John; Himes, Hanner.

SECOND COLUMN: Johnson, John F.; McMannamy, A.; McCurry, Jas.;

Morris, T. E.; Manning & Lund; Magginnis, T.; Maders, Rhoza;

Newell, Catharine F.; Nutter, J. E.; Overman, S. F.;

Runyan, Dora I.

Persons calling for any of the above will please say "advertised."



Real Estate Transfers.

Peter Langenfelter to Isaac C. Langenfelter,

w 2 nw 29, 30, 3; 80 acres, $350.

Peter Langenfelter to John F. Langenfelter,

ne 29, 30, 3; 160 acres, $800.

Mary E. Langenfelter to Peter Langenfelter,

lot 3 and s 2 nw 2, 30, 3; 160 acres, $700.

Peter Langenfelter to Mary E. Langenfelter,

e 2 nw 20, 30, 3; 80 acres, $300.

E. A. Goodrich and wife to Wm. R. Carie,

se 21, 34, 6; 160 acres, $1,000.

E. B. Loomis and husband to Stephen Collins,

se 31, 31, 6, 160 acres.

J. H. Cunningham to A. W. Graham, se 33, 34, 3; 160 acres, $800.

Frank Newhouse to George H. Godfrey, s 2 nw 29, 31, 3; 80 acres, $500.

Richard Haworth to Miles Harp, s 2 se 33, 32, 7; 160 acres; $900.

Robert Craig and wife to Geo. W. Dunn, lots 6 and 7, 34, 34, 41; 80 acres.

Cassius M. Lewis and wife to Wm. Martin, nw 23, 32, 3; 160 acres, $200.

Mortimer D. Snow to Laura L. Snow, part of se 9, 38, 4; 40 acres; $500.

Mary A. Moss to Mary L. Roland, se 8, 35, 3; 160 acres, $1,000.

William Ledman to Silas H. Sparks, e 2 sw 26, 33, 4; $700.

H. C. Loomis to Henry Williams, in se 28, 32, 4; 2 acre, $40.

C. G. Holland and wife to James M. Coulter, in se 8, 39, 3; 60 acres, $1,000.

Rudolph Hite to Emma J. Hale, n 2 se 29, 33, 7; 80 acres, $1,000.

J. H. Nichols and wife to Julia A. Stevens, lot 2, block 187, Winfield; $300.

George Gray and wife to James Jordan, lot 44, block 186, Winfield; $300.

J. G. Bullen and wife to Cynthia J. Cody, lot 9, block 135, Winfield; $275.

Read & Robinson and wives to Cynthia J. Cody; lots 8 and 9, block 135, Winfield; $75.

J. E. Platter and wife to Frank Williams, half 12, block 129, Winfield; $3,000.

James Jordan to Eliza J. Gray, lot 4, block 186, Winfield; $90.

Jos. B. Blandin to S. H. Myton, lots 2, 3, 10, 11, and 12, block 67, Winfield; $300.

Linus J. [? S. ?] Webb to Robt. O. Jillso, lot 3, block 130, Winfield; $350.

E. P. Kinne and wife to Adeline M. Fleckenger, lots 17 and 18, block 110, and lot 10, block 53, Arkansas City; $100.




Marriage Licenses.

James H. Peters - Louisa Thomas.

Dexter N. Davis - Laura Hammond.

Lemuel S. Cook - Anna M. Lilly.

Silas Thorle - Hannah Crabtree.

Joseph A. Jones - Eliza Winters.

C. H. Mayse - Emma Parr.



On Saturday evening a Greenback meeting was held at the Sheridan schoolhouse, addressed by Charles H. Payson and

J. W. Hamilton, of Winfield, and J. B. Callison, of Crab Creek. Mr. Payson first addressed the meeting. His strictures upon the actions of the Republican party for the last ten years were cutting and severe. He affirmed that the Republican party had not passed a single act in congress favoring the laboring classes, but that every act had been passed especially in the interest of capital. Mr. Payson had no complaint to make against those who brought on the war that created this great debt he loves so well to talk about. Mr. Hamilton's remarks were well received. Cheer after cheer went up as he advanced with the different parts of his subject. Especially was the enthusiasm and excitement at the highest point when he announced in his deep earnest tone of voice that was distinctly heard in every part of the house, "That old France was out of debt and had paid her debt with paper dollars." Mr. Callison gve a detailed account of conversations he had with two distinguished Republican leaders, Hon. Tom Ryan and Colonel Sumner, of Eldorado. If Mr. Callison made no mistake in his account of these conversations, he most certainly got away with the distinguished gentlemen badly. They are truly to be pitied, but it is to be hoped that they may live over their humiliation and that they may be wiser and better men in the future, and know enough to keep silent when such men as Callison are around.

After the speaking was concluded a call was made by Mr. Callison to organize a Greenback club. Four men promptly responded to the call: three Democrats and one Republican. All seemed harmony and peace until a distribution of the offices of the club was attempted to be made, when it was discovered that there was one office short, four men and three offices. The Republican member being in the minority was compelled to stand aside and let the three Democrats gobble up the offices. A reconciliation, however, took place, and an amicable adjustment of the difficulty was made. The Republican member was promised that he should represent the club at the Great National Convention to come off some time in September at Winfield. If this arrangement is not fully carried out, trouble is anticipated. Esq. Morrow, the leading Greenbacker of the township, was not in attendance at the meeting, having been detained longer at a horse race than he had expected. He wishes it distinctly understood, however, that he has not gone back to the weak and beggarly elements of the Democratic party, but he expects to still earnestly contend for the faith once delivered to him by Brick Pomeroy. MOSBY.





This body met at Topeka on August 28th.



On the first 14 ballots Manning, Baldwin, Maurer, Eagin, and Nipp of Cowley delegation voted for Anthony, Bonsall voting constantly for Martin. On the 15th ballot Manning made a short speech and the five Cowley county delegates left Anthony and voted for Martin. This caused some excitement and after the 16th ballot in which they voted the same way the convention adjourned until morning after which caucusses were held and an attempt made to combine the forces of Anthony and St. John.

A ballot was taken for Superintendent of Public Instruction, C. R. Pomeroy receiving 32 votes and Allen B. Lemmon the balance, or several times as many, but before the result was announced Mr. Lemmon was made the unanimous choice by acclamation.









Gen. Schofield and other magnates and capitalists are to be in this city this week to make Cowley county a direct proposition in relation to extending that road into this county as rapidly as men and money can do it.





At Winfield, Sept. 11, 12, 13, & 14.

All is Ready, the Ground is in Trim,

And Everything Convenient.

The Funds All Subscribed and Paid In.

On the Opening of the Fair the Association

Will Not Owe a Dollar.

Success Assured.

Through the exertions of the officers of the Walnut Valley Fair Association all the necessary funds have been subscribed and paid in, the grounds have been procured and elaborately prepared, the sheds, booths, and other conveniences built, and everything is in readiness for the opening of the fair. The association start into the fair exposition free of debt and success is assured. There will be the finest exhibition ever held in this valley. From the flood of applications and correspondence that have been received, we gather that almost every kind of produce, manufactures, and stock that is seen at western fairs will be exhibited. It promises to be an occasion of the greatest interest and advantage to the people of Cowley county.





On Thursday evening a barge arrived at our wharf loaded with wheat from Arkansas City, Kansas. Arkansas City is situated on the Arkansas river, near or at the mouth of Walnut Creek, some three hundred miles above this place. The boat was in charge of Messrs. Pruden and Palmer, and the wheat is a part of the cargo purchased for the Aunt Sally, and left by her because of some unknown influence, and is being transported down to fill the contract made with Mr. Shearholtz for Eisenmeyer & Co., of Little Rock. Mr. Pruden says he started with 650 bushels, and finding shoal water at Ponca Agency he had to store 250 bushels. His boat draws fifteen inches light, but with his load, from Ponca down, he had no trouble. He was on the way since July 16, and laid up six days on the trip. Much credit is due to the pluck of Messrs. Pruden and Palmer, and they should be encouraged. This trade may prove a valuable one to this section, and the people of that part of Kansas are so anxious to establish it, we should give them all the aid and all the encouragement in our power. We will refer to the subject again. Ft. Smith Herald.





Mr. Warren Gillelen has returned from Fort Scott.

The public schools open next Monday for the fall term.

Mr. Frank Baldwin has gone to Leavenworth to see his friends.

Mr. Suss has gone to St. Louis. He will be gone three weeks.

Thanks to A. Bookwalter for a couple of watermelons.

A. G. Wilson has thirty milch cows which he offers to sell or trade for young stock.

Mr. and Mrs. Eugene Baird have gone to Linn county to spend a few weeks with Mrs. Baird's parents.

Next Saturday the "Grasshoppers" of Vernon threaten to "chaw up" the "Union" base ballists of Tisdale.

Leonard Stout, of Ninnescah township, sent in two apples of the Hawking variety that measured over twelve inches in circumference.

R. F. Burden and C. A. Bliss have gone to Eureka to meet Gen. Schofield and the railroad magnates. No better men could have been sent from here.

Dr. Mendenhall was called to Illinois on Sunday morning to be absent four weeks. Dr. Davis will occupy his office and attend to all calls left there.

Miss J. E. Mansfield has just received a new and beautiful lot of millinery goods which she is offering at most favorable prices. Ladies should call and see.

William and J. J. Shreves, friends of E. P. Kinne, and from his old home in Illinois, are spending a few days in our citty. They are looking up a location.




Mr. Jo. Southard, of Independence, brother of Tuck. Southard, of our city, has accepted a situation in J. E. Earnest's grocery store and will make this city his future home.

Mr. Leonard Farr, one of the substantial men of Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, and an old personal friend of the junior editor, is in the city looking after interests in this county.

A little girl of Mr. Whitzler, driving the horse which pumps for Barton at the machine shop, got caught in the machinery the other day and came near being mashed up, but her outcries brought assistance in time to save her.

Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Holloway celebrated the second anniversary of their wedding August 27th by inviting a number of the young folks of town to spend the evening with them.

DIED. A son of James F. Harden, of Dexter, about 12 years old, ran a weed into his foot a week ago last Saturday, and from the effects of it, mortification set in and it became necessary to amputate the leg, which was done on Sunday, the 1st inst. The boy died the same evening at 8 o'clock.

Mr. Noah Harris, of Indiana, arrived last Thursday evening and will settle in this county.




District Court.

State vs. John W. Blizzard. Trial by jury. Verdict guilty.

G. M. Bailey et al vs. Drury Warren. Judgment for plaintiffs, $822.72.

State vs. L. J. Webb. Venue changed to Sedgwick county. Defendant bound over to appear in $12,000 and witnesses recognized to be in attendance.

State vs. Louis Tournier. Defendant discharged.

M. L. Read vs. S. C. Winton et al. Judgment for plaintiff $337.37 [? HARD TO READ] and foreclosure.

Frank Porter vs. E. W. Coulson. Continued.

M. D. Wells & Co. vs. T. E. Gilleland. Judgment for plaintiff $62.25.

Mary H. Buck vs. John A. Tipton et al. Judgment, foreclosure.

Same vs. D. J. Bright et al. Dismised.

L. McMasters vs. N. Hughes. Continued.

J. C. McMullen vs. A. Carry et al. Dismissed.

James Brayley vs. J. C. Groce et al. Judgment for plaintiff $452.90.

John Lazell vs. L. N. Ellsbury. Judgment for plaintiff $167.

S. L. Brettun vs. A. Smiley et al. Judgment for plaintiff $567.82 and foreclosure.

M. Brettun vs. Wm. Smith et al. Continued.

M. Harkins vs. C. Gallert. Judgement for plaintiff $498.82.

Nancy Bishop vs. E. B. Johnson. Petition in error dismissed.

S. Schemerhorn vs. Strong Pepper et al. Judgment for plaintiff $408.87 and foreclosure.

Lizzie Kelly vs. W. A. Kelly. Divorce granted.

C. C. Harris vs. J. B. Lynn. Continued.

M. L. Wilson vs. G. P. Wagner. Trial by jury. Verdict for plainttiff $70.

State vs. C. M. Wood. Dismissed.

W. B. Skinner vs. C. Walck et al. Judgment for plaintiff quieting title.

Elizabeth Myers vs. W. H. Brown. Judgment for plaintiff quieting title.

Mary Strickland vs. Henry Strickland. Divorce granted.

C. L. Flint vs. N. J. Cease. Plaintiff's title confirmed.

City of Winfield vs. Lynch. Dismissed.

A. A. Jackson vs. Winfield Town Company. Continued for service.

Philip Hedges vs. E. C. Hedges. Divorce granted.

Sarah E. Aldrich vs. J. A. Kerr et al. Judgment for plaintiff $258.66 and foreclosure.

Mary Buck vs. John A. Tipton et al. Judgment for plaintiff $220.80 and foreclosure.

J. B. Hill et al vs. Geneva Jackson et al. Judgment for plaintiff for recovery of real estate.




Office of Kansas City, Burlington & Santa Fe Railway Co.

BURLINGTON, KANSAS, Aug. 31, 1878.

A. H. GREEN, Attorney at Law, Winfield, Kansas.

DEAR SIR: I arrived at home last night and with others received your letter of 25th, to which I find Mr. Hueston, our Superintendent, had already replied. With several friends, men of means and who are interested in our railroad and its future extension, I expect to start south next Tuesday or Wednesday. We shall go first to Eureka and I shall try to induce my friends to go on to Winfield and perhaps to Arkansas Valley. We desire to extend our road at once. Your town has always been a point with us, and if your people desire our road and will promptly give us the aid we need, I expect to be able to make you a definite proposition. Meet us if you can at Eureka, say next Wednesday, and I would like to meet your people at Winfield say Thursday or Friday next. When we can have a plain, practical talk on the matter of our road.

I go to Kansas City today and in haste remain,

Very Respectfully,


Pres. K. C. B. & S. F. R. R.





RICHLAND, Aug. 31, 1878.

Miss Fannie Pontious teaches the Richland school this winter.

School commenced at Floral Monday. It is to be a nine months term; G. B. Richmond, teacher.

Plenty of ague along the valley. Uplanders more fortunate.

Peach crop retiring daily.

Emigration daily coming in.

Improvements in Richland keep pace with your city. As the city grows so does the county; as the county grows, so does the city. Many new buildings looming up in Richland. Mr. Pontious is building a stone house, also Mr. Bebee and many others.

Quite a stir last week on the Parallel over the departure of Mr. ______, who lit out for parts unknown with the racker, Prince. The horse was under mortgage and of course George was called and the music of the canine was heard nightly for a week. Look-outs were on every hill and ghosts were in order, but all of no avail. We understand the matter is being settled satisfactorily to all, but where, oh where, is the old gent? The family needs the sympathy of all good citizens.


MAPLE TOWNSHIP, Sept. 2, 1878.

Sumner Butler, of Maple township, has a cat which is suckling a young rabbit with her kittens. All agree perfectly, notwithstanding the fact that old pussy brings in an occasional dead rabbit for her family.

Some young night prowlers were brought to a stand in Sol Wise's peach orchard by a load of bird shot discharged in their vicinity. "Don't shoot!" "Don't shoot," was the cry, and skedaddle was the order. One of the boys in his hurry forgot to take his pony with him. Try it again, boys.

BIRTH. Mrs. John Adams made her dear "hubby" happy by presenting him a son. Mother and son are doing well.

Wm. Atkinson, Jr., commenced sowing his wheat on the 28th inst.

Wm. B. Norman has eight acres of wheat up large. It was sown in July for cow pasture. O.




The annual meeting of the Winfield Cemetery Association, to elect officers and transact other important business, will be held at the schoolhouse in Winfield, Saturday, September 7, 1878, at 2 o'clock p.m. All owners of lots are especially requested to be present and participate in the business of the meeting.

By order of the Board of Directors.

W. H. H. MARIS, President.

W. G. GRAHAM, Secretary.


RICHLAND TOWNSHIP, August 30, 1878.

Farmers drilling wheat this week.

DEATH. A very poor family, just from Texas, going out west, lost a child by death yesterday. The neighbors did their whole duty in the preparations of the dead and at the funeral.

More peaches than we can get away with; lots going to waste.

Our industrious, go-ahead farmer, Ed. Sawtell, I guess has beat the county on big peaches. One measured ten and five-eights inches in circumference. Beat that who can. It was of the "Stump the World" variety.

T. R. Carson has gone to Illinois on a visit. He expects to stay four weeks.

Corn is dry enough to husk. L.




CEDAR TOWNSHIP, August 29, 1878.

It has rained a big rain; yes, two of them, lately. Everybody that has late corn is sure of a crop now.

Health is worse down here than ever was known before. There are more sick persons in Cedar than ever has been at one time since it was inhabited by the little red men of the sage brush.

Quite a train started out from this neighborhood with flour for the Kiowa and Comanche Indians.

Kennesson & Cox, of Cedarvale, are offering 50 cents per bushel for No. 2 wheat.

J. W. Searle will buy 2,500 bushels of corn this fall. He expects to pay about 12 to 15 cents per bushel. It is worth more than that for fuel.

DIED. Victoria Mathews, aged 11, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. B. Mathews, died on the 20th inst. of cholera morbus.



VERNON TOWNSHIP, August 31, 1878.

Nights cooler.

Rain is needed.

DIED. Upon our death list is written the name of

S. H. Rupp. He died on the 23rd inst. after an illness of two weeks. He was 21 years and 5 months old. His death dealt a terrible blow upon us, and reminds us that in the midst of life death is also.

Some of Wm. Carter's wheat went 50 bushels to the acre. It a variety of the Fultz wheat, the finest we ever saw. Persons wishing seed wheat apply to Mr. Carter, six miles west of Winfield. SCREECH OWL.




CEDAR TOWNSHIP, Sept. 2, 1878.

Some of our citizens that went out to make their fortune by freighting for parties in Arkansas City have returned, and swear that if starve they must they will starve at home and not out on the road, making themselves poorer and someone else richer. However, I might add that the prices paid for freighting down there are fully as good as anywhere else in Southern Kansas.

Mr. D. M. Patten, who was serving as a juror last week, seems to have been somewhat out of luck while up there. His wife got bitten by a rattlesnake and one of his mules got its leg broken; but at the present time both are doing well.

BIRTH. Born to Mr. and Mrs. John Hanahan, Aug. 27th, a daughter.

The sick of this township are slowly recovering, but more are falling sick; two or three new cases being reported every day.

Donald Jay, who lately came from Texas, and who has had from seven to thirteen sick in his family for the past month, says that he will return to Texas if he lives till frost. But I predict that by frost they will all have recovered their health and that he can't be run off. He has a good farm and can't do better than to stay on it. I GUESS.




Real Estate Transfers.

C. F. Paull and wife to H. J. Page, sw. 21, 32, 3, 159 acres, $750.

H. J. Page and wife to E. B. Gault, e 2 sw 21, 32, 3; 80 acres, $750.

E. E. and Geo. Demming to J. and L. Hassell, lots 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and s 2 of ne and se of nw 6, 32, 4; 313 acres, $3,000.

J. H. Rarick to Anna Wilkinson, s 2 ne 26, 34, 6, 80 acres, $300.

C. L. Harter, sheriff, to M. L. Read, s 2 ne 2, 32, 4; 80 acres, $150.

C. L. Harter, sheriff, to M. L. Read, w 2 ne of sw 23, 32, 5; 20 acres, $100.

C. L. Harter, sheriff, to Read & Robinson, se 21, 32, 5; 160 acres, $801.

C. L. Harter, sheriff, to Read & Robinson,

part sw 28, 32, 4; 10 acres, $450.

F. M. Friend to Medla Friend, sw 31, 31, 8; 160 acres, $1,000.

M. L. Read to M. L. Robinson, s 2 ne 2, 33, 4, and

w 2 ne of sw 23, 32, 5; 160 acres, $500.

S. H. Hutchinson and wife to Barrett & Bowman,

ne 24, 31, 3; 160 acres, $500.

D. Hockman and wife to H. C. Bowman, w 2 se 27, 31, 4; 80 acres, $500.

Lewis Dalton and wife to J. H. Dalton, n 2 sw 12, 33, 3; 80 acres, $525.





Dissolution Notice.

Notice is hereby given that the partnership formerly existing between the undersigned, under the firm name of Webb & Black, has been dissolved, the time for which said partnership was formed having expired.

Mr. Black succees to the business of the firm, will carry on the same, and is authorized to collect all accounts due the firm.



Winfield, Kansas, August 23, 1878.



G. C. Bolton has opened a meat market in the Sparr Bros. old stand, and respectfully solicits a liberal patronage from the people, and will endeavor to keep on hand the best quality of fresh MEATS OF ALL KINDS, and sell at the lowest market prices. Don't forget the place, at the Sparr Bros. old stand, North Main street, Winfield, Kansas.














James E. Platter: Director.

E. P. Kinne: Treasurer.

John D. Pryor: Clerk.


Department Teachers.

Miss Sarah E. Aldrich, Grammar School.

Miss Emma Saint, Second Intermediate.

Miss Sarah Hodges, First Intermediate.

Miss Allie Klingman, Second Primary.

Miss Mary A. Bryant, First Primary.


Fall term commences Sept. 9, and closes Dec. 24.

Winter term commences Jan. 2, and closes March 21.

Spring term commences March 3rd, and closes May 30.






What Pennsylvania Papers Say About Kansas.

Many persons of limited means who have for years been trying to squeeze something more than a living out of their hard soil, and who have not succeeded, have for years read in the columns of this little paper, that which caused them to emigrate to lands where the prices of the lowest house and the poorest quarter acre lot will buy them a competence. Almost every day someone calls, or writes, to tell us to change his address to some distant point in the west or southwest. And the people who have gone there have not been disappointed. One man writes how he sold twenty acres (with very poor improvements) five miles from Canonsburg, and with the money he got bought one hundred and sixty acres of as beautiful land in Kansas as the sun ever shines on. His twenty acres here was hard to work, and he was not able to make a living off of it with his large family. His one hundred and sixty acres there have two new houses, the farm well fenced, good water at the door, forty acres of corn--everything he could at first wish. He is now independent for all time. He can live with as much ease, and indulge in as many luxuries as a man can here who is worth twenty thousand dollars. Very many have gone from this section and done the very same thing. These are facts. There are none to deny them.






With characteristic modesty the Winfield COURIER takes all the credit in the recent reduction in freight by the Santa Fe road, and is "going to continue the war." The Santa Fe begins to tremble.

Dr. J. T. Shepard has purchased and reopened the drug store recently occupied by L. H. Gardner & Co. The doctor intends keeping on hand a full stock of drugs and medicines, and the prescription department will be under his personal supervision.

Frank Lorry broke one hundred acres of prairie this fall, and has it ready for wheat. He will sow 150 acres of wheat this fall and 150 acres of corn next spring. He thinks corn fed to hogs will pay better than wheat. There will be as much corn as wheat planted in Bolton township next year.

Brown & Glass, of Winfield, the genial successors to B. F. Baldwin, are doing an immense business in the drug line, it being almost impossible to close the store on Sunday. Ed. Clisbee, the most popular drug clerk in the town, has just returned from a visit to Topeka, and is at the prescription case day and night.

Kager's bonanza in Colorado hasn't "panned out" as enormously as was expected. In other words, it fizzled, and Mr. Kager is at present suffering from an affliction which affects his feet, they being swollen to such an extent as to almost prevent walking. The rest of the boys who left this place are not in a much better fix, and are either sick or "dead broke." Better stay in Cowley county.

PARALYZED. Last Wednesday afternoon the wife of Dr. Alexander was partially paralyzed, it taking effect in her right arm and half of the tongue. For several weeks she had been threatened with this affliction, and about a month ago, after a few days of excessively hard work, the nerves of her arm became useless; but power was restored by the aid of electricity, and she was apparently as well as ever until the day above mentioned. After a night and morning of severe headache, one half of the tongue became swollen, and she was unable to articulate distinctly, while the right hand was closed and her arm became perfectly helpless. The doctor again applied electricity, and in a day or two she could use her arm, and talk, though but slowly and with great difficulty, and is now continually improving. Her many friends hope the affliction will prove but temporary.






The magnates of the Kansas City, Burlington & Santa Fe railroad arrived sooner than was expected. They came in on Wednesday evening of last week. The party consisted of Mr. Joseph P. Hale, capitalist of New York, Gen. Wm. H. Schofield, of Burlington, president of the road, James Hueston, engineer, and Orson Kent, treasurer. Messrs. Schofield and Kent were accompanied by their wives. The next morning the citizens of Winfield procured teams and took the gentlemen of the party and the gentlemen from Sedan out to several surrounding elevations to view the broad and beautiful valleys of the Walnut and Arkansas. The citizens then met in Manning's new building, chose R. F. Burden, chairman, and W. M. Allison, Secretary, and were addressed at length by Gen. Schofield. He recounted the many difficulties that he had encountered and overcome in his struggles to build the road, succeeding in completing and putting in operation 44 miles and putting the company in such a condition in which it can now move the work along rapidly. He said they had now arrived at a point that they could promise to build the road to us within a reasonable short time if we shall secure to them the necessary aid, and desired an expression from our citizens.

E. C. Manning, J. E. Platter, D. A. Millington, S. P. Strong, C. Coldwell, J. B. Holmes, and A. B. Lemmon being called upon made short addresses, and the meeting appointed a committee of nine persons consisting of R. F. Burden, of Windsor, E. C. Manning, J. E. Platter, D. A. Millington, of Winfield, S. P. Strong, of Rock, C. R. Mitchell, of Arkansas City, O. P. Darst, of Dexter, W. A. Metcalf, of Cedar, and C. W. Roseberry, of Beaver, to confer with the officers of the railroad in relation to the terms which will be required of this county to secure the building of the road. The meeting adjourned, and committee met and organized by the election of D. A. Millington, chairman, and J. E. Platter, secretary. Gen. Schofield promises to return here within two weeks ready to submit a proposition and will notify the chairman of the committee of the exact time a few days beforehand, when the chairman will notify the balance of the committee by postal card. The distinguished visitors left in the afternoon to return; Messrs. Hale, Schofield, and Hueston went with Mr. Lemmon via Wichita. Anything further that may be developed in relation to this road will be given to our readers as early as possible. We need a railroad and want this if we can get it on reasonable terms in a reasonably short time.





Is in no way connected with this paper and has not been for several weeks. The publishers are in no way responsible for what he may say or do. We make this statement in justice to ourselves because we hear some complaints concerning what he has promised. We did for awhile employ him to solicit subscribers, but he has not even that authority now.






E. A. HENTHORN, of Omnia township, will be a candidate for the office of Representative of the 88th representative district, State of Kansas. Subject to the decision of the Republican District Convention.

[Mr. Henthorn is a young man of character and ability, a staunch Republican, an original greenbacker, and would serve his constituents faithfuly and efficiently. ED.]



General Blacksmith,


All work done at the lowest cash prices, and guaranteed.



FRED. KROPP is prepared to move buildings on short notice and does all kinds of stone work. He guarantees dispatch and complete satisfaction to his patrons. Inquire for him at Moffitt's lumber office, next door to the COURIER office, Winfield, Kansas.




G. B. Richmond has begun school at Floral.

Saddles from three dollars each up to twenty dollars at

F. J. Sydal's. His harness stop is at Franklin's old stand.

Dennis and Mat. Cunningham, of Silver Creek, were in town Saturday.

Stetson's celebrated hats at prices that defy competition at Stuart & Wallis'.

H. Jochems is on hand selling goods in the hardware line at bottom prices.

Mr. R. D. Jillson's new two-story building, just south of the Boyle stand, is nearly Baird's parents.

Next Saturday the "Grasshoppers" of Vernon threaten to "chaw up" the "Union" base ballists of Tisdale.

Leonard Stout, of Ninnescah township, sent in two apples of the Hawking variety that measured over twelve inches in circumference.

R. F. Burden and C. A. Bliss have gone to Eureka to meet Gen. Schofield and the railroad magnates. No better men could have been sent from here.

Dr. Mendenhall was called to Illinois on Sunday morning to be absent four weeks. Dr. Davis will occupy his office and attend to all calls left there.

Miss J. E. Mansfield has just received a new and beautiful lot of millinery goods which she is offering at most favorable prices. Ladies should call and see.

William and J. J. Shreves, friends of E. P. Kinne, and from his old home in Illinois, are spending a few days in our citty. They are looking up a location.






We would call attention to the advertisement of Mrs. Pixley which appears today. She has a fine stock of millinery goods and knows how to please her customers, in styles, prices, and excellence of her work.

AD: Mrs. T. S. Pixley has just received a large stock of Millinery Goods, in her store, one door north of Johnston's drug store, which she is selling at very reasonable rates. Trimmed Hats, from 75 cents upward. The public are invited to call and examine the stock.


Miss J. E. Mansfield has just received a new and beautiful lot of millinery goods which she is offering at most favorable prices. Ladies should call and see.



Misses Olds & Curry have just received a large stock of Millinery, which they are selling at the lowest prices. Ladies will do well to call and examine before buying elsewhere.


W. R. Bradley, recently of Cottonwood Falls, has located at Tisdale, and purchased the Tisdale blacksmith shop. Mr. Bradley is a genial, gentlemanly man, and will be quite an acquisition to the community.


A delegation from Sedan, consisting of L. L. Turner, banker; John Lee, chairman of the board of county commissioners; Col.

C. J. Peckham and H. B. Kelly of the Journal, were in town last week to meet the railroad magnates.




Mr. A. L. Langellier, a journalist and relative of W. Deming, and L. J. Worsley, both from Iroquois county, Illinois, called on us last Tuesday. They intend to locate in this section and are highly pleased with the county and city.

Mr. Samuel Peterson, sheriff of Montgomery county, and Marshal Grant, of Independence, were in the city last Thursday. They were here in search of a fellow that shot Robt. Brown at Independence and had been traced as far as Lazette.

Charley Cunningham, of Lazette, has come over to attend school this year.

Bahntge's new brick building is up to the second story and will soon be completed.

Mr. Payson was the speaker at the Murphy meeting, Friday evening, at Little Dutch.

By. Terrill has had a double back-action sidewalk put down in front of his libery stable.

Daniel D. Delano from Chautauqua county, has located in Winfield and will pursue the business of plasterer and cistern builder.

Dr. Mendenhall was called to Illinois on Sunday morning, to be absent four weeks. Dr. Davis will occupy his office and attend to all calls left there.

Mr. J. T. Dale, of Bushnell, called on us last Saturday. Mr. Dale is one of the substantial farmers of Ninnescah township and of course takes the COURIER.

The base ball match last Saturday was a "supreme fizzle." The captains did not have all their men on the grounds and had to get substitutes, so they only had a "scrub" game and did not play for anything.



A very pleasant meeting was held last Friday by the Darien and Walnut Valley Sabbath schools at Little Dutch. A sumptuous dinner was served in the grove, and speeches were delivered by R. C. Story and Rev. Mr. Graham.

W. H. Clay, of Sheridan, has been the trustee of his township for three years, and as evidence that his constituents are not satisfied with him, we will mention the fact that they propose to make him stand another year's service in the same office.

E. S. Bliss returned from the East last Thursday. He attended the camp meeting at Bismarck Grove and the Lawrence fair. About 10,000 persons were in daily attendance. The A. T. & S. F. exhibit was especially grand and the stock exhibit was splendid.

Mr. W. H. Dickinson, late of Lebanon, Boone county, Indiana, has located in this city; he has come to stay, and will follow the business of plastering. We copy the following notice from the Indianapolis Journal, a paper published in the immediate neighborhood of his former residence.

We did fail to congratulate Arkansas City on its prospective position as the great river port of southern Kansas, but since the yellow fever is raging so in the river ports, we are inclined to congratulate ourselves. If our seaport neighbors suffer an attack, we will play "northern city" and send on the aid.

Our postmaster, Mr. James Kelley, has succeeded in obtaining a Sunday mail for this place for which he is entitled to credit. It will be a great convenience to our citizens, not only for the daily mails for seven days in the week, but for the convenience of travel, as a four-horse Concord coach will be run each way between here and Wichita every day in the week.

L. C. Harter, of the firm of Harter Bros., extensive mill owners of Winfield, Cowley county, is in the city buying machinery for their mill from the Great Western Foundry Company. They have a fine mill, and besides doing a large local business, are busily filling Government Indian contracts. They are live businessmen, and well deserve the success that attends them. Leavenworth Times.

Boyle & Melville have shipped through the Savings bank up to Monday night, and for this month, wheat to the amount of $78,000. During the glut of wheat last week this firm with praiseworthy enterprise built an addition of 2,800 bushels capacity, and had partially constructed a 1,500 bushel bin, when the arrival of cars enabled them to ship. Enterprise of this character is worthy of encouragement. Wichita Beacon.

Col. J. T. Herrick, J. M. Wyatt, Capt. L. K. Myers, Sheriff, and Frank Chapman, of Wellington, with J. W. Hamilton of South Haven, came into town last Thursday evening to talk with the builders of the Burlington road. Sumner county is our favorite sister, our interests and hers are almost identical, she has been with us in our mutual early struggles, and we two counties will stand by each other like true sisters until both have developed their resources and become the fairest and most prosperous counties of the world.



S. M. Jarvis.

It will appear from the District Court proceedings in this issue that Mr. Samuel M. Jarvis has been admitted to the bar. Mr. Jarvis is a young man of excellent attainments and a gentleman who will honor his chosen profession. He sustained creditably a thorough examination and is pronounced a well-read student of law. He has had a considerable experience as a journalist, is affable and obliging, of irreproachable character, and we take pleasure in commending him to those desiring legal assistance.


Charles C. Black.

The Democratic State Convention at Leavenworth paid a very neat compliment to Cowley county by putting in nomination for State Treasurer one of her most estimable young men. The nominee, C. C. Black, is quite a young man, and looks even younger than he is, but he is intelligent, shrewd, honest, and very popular where he is known. His business qualifications are excellent, and his party have done much better than they know in making their choice. Charley will get a large complimentary vote in this county, where all are his warm friends.



Married on Thursday, August 29th, at the residence of Rev. James P. Henderson, near this city, by Rev. Henderson, Mr. John Burt and Miss Katie Fugart.

Married at the residence of Rev. J. P. Henderson, near this city, by Rev. J. E. Platter, Mr. Bruce Lyons and Miss Mary D. Henderson.




VERNON, September 4th, 1878.

ED. COURIER: Accept a compliment to your paper. It is a credit to Winfield, Cowley county, Southern Kansas, and everyone engaged in its make-up. It should, as it doubtless will, pay those who have invested their money and time in the enterprise. The nomination of A. B. Lemmon for a second term for State Supt. is unanimously endorsed in this locality. No complaint as yet against any of the State nominations; suppose there will be when the slander mill gets fairly to grinding. Tom Ryan is heartily endorsed for a second term. This township would give Col. Manning a rousing vote for Representative of this district should the colonel want the place and the Republican convention think best to nominate him.

DIED. On last Sunday the Rev. Leo preached the funeral sermon of the late Samuel Rupp. Mr. Rupp was an excellent young man, an exemplary christian and well deserved the tribute so ably and tenderly paid his memory by Mr. Lee. It is evident that Mr. Lee does his own thinking. He must expect as he doubtless does to antagonize the settled convictions of others. If his discourse on last Sunday may be considered an index to his abilities, we think him amply able to take care of his own convictions.


The social event of the season took place on last evening at P. M. Waite's. It was a tin wedding affair of gigantic proportions, abounding in the best of good feeling and still better things to eat. It was gotten up, we believe, by Mesdames Page, Newcomb, Smith, and Stone, the former couple relatives and the latter near neighbors and friends of Mr. Waite and his most estimable lady. The affair was both well planned and executed. So much so that neither Mr. and Mrs. Waite had the remotest idea that they were to be the recipients of the presents, the honors, good will, and good wishes of so multitudinous a gathering of neighbors and friends. Mr. Waite was some distance from home running a threshing machine and only came home expecting to find his only child very sick. He was disappointed (not sadly) to find everybody there and the rest coming; Mrs. Waite was invited ostensibly to a quilting of Mrs. Smith's. Of course she went, not suspecting the anxiety of the managers to have her go. Nor did she "smell a mice" when Mrs. Smith told her that she had failed to get her quilt ready, but thought it well to stay and have a "nice visit," as the sweet innocents called it. . . .

They were married over again in a somewhat novel way by Elder Martin and received the congratulations of their many friends. The tin wedding of Mr. and Mrs. Waite was an entire success, about sixty persons being present, who brought with them innumerable pieces of tinware. Few persons have more warm friends than the Waites. None deserve more. BOOTHE. -0-



Councilman Wood.

Last week, under the head of "District Court," we announced that the case of the State vs. C. M. Wood was dismissed. This action was brought with the view of ousting the defendant from his office as Councilman of the City of Winfield on the charge of taking too much whisky. The dismissal of the case for want of evidence is as complete a vindication of Mr. Wood as would have been a trial and acquittal. C. M. Wood has been peculiarly energetic, efficient, and valuable as a member of the city council and has always had the welfare of the city at heart. We can point with pride to our miles of fine stone sidewalks, among the best in the state, and to many other valuable improvements and regulations, most of the credit of which is due to him, and we are not among those who are always ready to "sit down on" every man who has labored earnestly and efficiently for the good of our city and county.




District Court.

MONDAY, September 2, 1878.

Parker & Canfield vs. E. B. Kager et al. Judgment for plaintiffs, $31.94, and foreclosure of mechanic's lien.

John Brooks vs. S. N. Biel et al. Leave to answer granted. Continued.

J. H. Hill et al vs. Geneva Jackson et al. New trial granted. Continued.

Mercy M. Funk, adm'x., vs. M. G. Troup, administrator. Continued.

Sept. 3. State vs. L. J. Webb. Removed to Sedgwick county. Admitted to bail in $12,000.

Mercy M. Funk vs. Cynthia Clark et al. Plaintiff ordered to make petition more definite. Continued.

A. H. Green vs. M. J. McGee. Judgment for defendant. New trial granted. Continued.

E. G. Parker vs. P. McConnell et al. New trial granted. Continued.

A. H. Green vs. Sarair E. Requa. Judgment for plaintiff, $71.

Sept. 4. R. B. Waite vs. County Commissioners. Judgment for defendants. New trial granted. Continued.

C. M. Henderson vs. F. Gallotti et al. Judgment for plaintiff.

J. W. Hamilton vs. J. D. Pryor et al. Demurror overruled. Plaintiff given sixty days to amend his petition.

Sept. 5. State vs. John W. Blizzard. Defendant sentenced to the penitentiary 1 year.

M. L. Wilson vs. G. F. Wagner. Judgment for plaintiff, $75.

John Nichols vs. H. Barton. Appeal dismissed.

Samuel M. Jarvis admitted to practice law in the district and inferior courts of this state.

J. C. McMullen vs. M. A. Bowers et al. Judgment for plaintiff, $918.51, and foreclosure.

Geo. H. McCumber vs. Wm. Storms. Judgment for defendant, $50.

W. L. Pennington vs. H. Craig et al. Dismissed.

Robert H. Cox vs. M. Chambers et al. Judgment for plaintiff, $490, and foreclosure.

James A. Loomis vs. E. B. Kager et al. Judgment for plaintiff against 20 defendants; continued as to 4 defendants.

Court adjourned.



Marriage Licenses.

Bruce T. Lyons to Mary D. Henderson.

C. H. Mayse to M. Parr.

Joseph B. Copley to Sarah E. Richmond.

John Burke to Katy E. Fugate.

Matthew Anderson to Mrs. R. C. Johnson.

Solomon Frazier to Sarah E. Apple.


OMNIA TOWNSHIP, Sept. 6, 1878.

Dry weather prevails in Omnia. Some wheat sown and more that ought to be.

More newcomers. Mr. John Nickelson and family are among the rest. Mr. Jack McComas of Yates City, Illinois, came to Omnia last spring and last Friday he was made happy by the arrival of his wife, and no wonder, either, for he has been keeping bachelor's hall.

Mr. Frank Blue has completed his house and applied one coat of paint.

We of Omnia are watching the greenback movement closely, and see by the Telegram that Mr. C. C. Crow, of Tisdale township, has been assigned the duty of organizing us, and now we wait patiently to be organized. We only see one trouble with the movement--we fear the offices won't go around.

Mr. M. D. Day has started his molasses factory and is doing a good business. We wish him success.

Mr. M. H. Snow has moved to his farm in Rock township. ALEXANDER.




Pleasant Valley Items.

BIRTH. C. J. Brane is proud of a new boy: a nine pounder.

Mr. De Turk, on the Harris place, is putting up a fine residence. He has already completed a large and fine granary.

Mr. J. S. Hill is building a fine house south of Posey.

S. G. Martin is building a nice granary.


Real Estate Transfers.

David McKenna and wife to Hannah C. Bowen, w 2 se 27, 31, 4; 80 acres, $500.

Lewis Dalton and wife to James H. Dalton, h. 2, 12, 33, 3; 80 acres, $325.

A. M. Whipple and wife to John W. Lane, 32 acres in 18, 30, 4; $40.

E. Bland, guardian, to Elizabeth C. Hunt, part of se. 3, 35, 3, and se, 33, 32, 4; $1,000.

H. C. Loomis to Hannah E. Gates, lot in 28, 32, 4; $40.

Jerome J. Wilson to Fannie E. Marsh, e. 2 nw. 33, 33, 4; 80 acres, $534.

E. B. Weitzel and wife to Hannah E. Gates, part of se. 28, 32, 4; $250.

Alfred W. Woolsey and wife to May C. Haywood, w. 2 nw. 1, 34, 3; 79 acres, $400.

C. L. Harter, sheriff, to J. M. Alexander, se. 27, 31, 3; 160 acres, $200.

E. C. Seward to A. H. Green, ne. 29, 34, 4; 160 acres, $200.

M. L. Peyton and husband to E. C. Seward, ne. 29, 34, 4; 160 acres, $200.

A. S. Thomas, commissioner, to Moody Carrier, s. 2

sw. 19, 31, 4; ne. 29, 31, 4; e. 2 ne. 30, 31, 4; sw. 17, 31, 4; 550 acres, $2,067.

J. W. Johnson and wife to J. L. M. Hill, undivided half lot 10, block 129, Winfield.

James Kelly and wife to Susanna Paden, lot 8, block 166, Winfield, $65.

A. J. Thompson and wife to George and E. Olive, lot 3, block 170, Thompson's addition to Winfield, $75.

R. B. Waite and wife to Robert Allison, part of lot 1, block 65, Winfield; $35.

C. L. Harter, sheriff, to Read & Robinson, lot 4, block 98 [? 93 ?]; lot 1, block 118; lots 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, block 134; lots 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, block 135; lots 4, 5, 6, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, block 136; all of block 96; lots 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, block 114; lots 2, 4, 6, 13, 14, 19, 20, 21, block 115; lots 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, block 116.

H. C. Loomis to S. D. Gray, lots 7, 8, 9, block 172, Winfield; $165.

Winfield Town Company to Addie W. Sykes, lots 1 and 12, block 66, Winfield; $80.

A. J. Thompson and wife to Elizabeth Bates, lot 2, block 31, Thompson's addition to Winfield; $75.

J. W. Hambric and wife to W. R. Carson, lot 1, block 94, Winfield; $400.

J. C. Fuller and wife to N. E. Newel, lot 12, block 128, Winfield; $40.

W. C. Bradfield and wife to T. W. Hambric, lotts 1 and 2, block 94, Winfield; $400.

H. C. Loomis to J. L. M. Hill, lots 1, 2, and 3, block 150, Winfield; $150.

M. L. Read et al. to C. S. Shue, lot 9, block 73, Winfield; $50.

M. G. Troup, county clerk, to G. M. Martin, lot 3, block 90, Winfield; tax.

W. H. Speer and wife to H. C. Robinson, lot 20, block 70, Arkansas City; $95.







Judge T. B. Ross.

The Democrats, in convention at Leavenworth, had the good sense to give to Judge Ross, of this county, the place of honor on the platform. The Judge is one of the old war horses of the party, and is now 85 years old, hale and hearty, with evidently many years of service in him yet. He was called on for a speech, and entertained the unterrified with one of his characteristic orations, which "brought down the house." The party which honors such men as Judge Ross cannot be altogether bad.


LIST of letters remaining unclaimed in the Winfield Post Office September 10, 1878.

FIRST COLUMN: Anderson, Mrs. Finnie; Alton, Isaac;

Alredston, Mr.; Bull, Mr.; Brown, Orlena J.; Bahn, Kate;

Condit, Sarah J.; Colter, James; Corbin, A. B.; Decamp, Jake;

Deverell, John; Demond, John M.; Ewards, A. D.;

Eitel, Lafayette; Huffman, Jesse; Howard, Dolph L.;

Holmes, Annie; Hayden, Nannie; Hornback, Wm.; Holt, Wm.;

Harp, W. H.; Hamilton, J. C.; Jones, Franklin;

Kinney, Mrs. M.

SECOND COLUMN: Kirwin, Wm.; Kapp, John E.; Leagut, Martin;

Leighton, Wm.; Lee, Mrs. F. E.; McInnis, Frank L.;

McWharter, John A.; Morley, J. A.; Miller, J. W.;

Miller, Catharine B.; Maurer, Mollie; Robison, Frank;

Rentfro, Wm.; Smith, Levina; Smith, E.; Turner, Charles;

Titton, James; Thomas, Maggie; Thomas, Marion H.; Wright, B. A.;

Woodard, Sanford; Williamson, Mrs. R. A.; White, E. C.;

Walker, T.; Wryell, William.

Persons calling for any of the above will please say "advertised."







ED. COURIER: Mr. James H. Randall has sold his interest in the store to his partner, Mr. Napier, who seems to be bound to stay with and do the best he can for us. Whether he does it or not, can best be told by the large number of his customrs and the large amount of goods he sells. Mr. Napier seems to fill the place better than any merchant we have ever had here. The cause of Mr. Randall's retirement was ill health. He talks some of going to Colorado to recuperate.

Mr. Richard, our druggist, seems to be doing a thriving business; but it seems to me that selling cayenne pepper at fifteen cents an ounce will play out after it becomes generally known that it can be bought for five cents at other places.

BIRTHS. And then Bushnell is increasing in population, too. On last Monday Mrs. Handley, the wife of the wagonmaker, presented him with twins--male and female. Avoirdupois not ascertained by your reporter.

MARRIED. And the next thing, of course, is something else; and we hardly know yet whether it means an increase or a decrease of our population; but the fact is Mr. M. Lumpkins, of Cowley county, has captured, or been captured, by one of our fair daughters, Miss Ollie Skinner, by name, and on last Thursday they capped the climax by getting married. But then, boys, don't get discouraged, for that only shows that girls will marry, so go in and win the rest.




BIRTHS. There is joy in several households over their recent acquisitions, which, in the family of James Hollister is a son; Felix Turner, a son; and J. H. Bilsing, a daughter.

James T. Dale has returned from St. Joseph, Mo., where he has been getting one of his patent pumps manufactured under his own supervision. He says it is a success, and we suppose he will give us all a chance to see how it works.

Mr. Williams, who is living at Mr. Rushes, is making brooms out of corn raised this year and is shipping them to Wichita.

We are informed that A. H. Beck, a former resident of this township, but now of Crestline, Ohio, is in the excursion business and expects to leave that place with a party for Kinsley on the 17th inst. He expects to bring quite a number of the excursionists to Cowley, and probably move his family out at the same time.

If there is any way of finding out, please tell us how any of our citizens can have the cheek to ask us to vote bonds to the A. T. & S. F. R. R. or even entertain the proposition after what we know of their extortion in the matter of freights. Would it be safe for us to trust them? We think not. Hoping to hear from others on this subject, we will try to keep WIDE AWAKE.








DIED. Frank S. Denton died Monday morning about six o'clock from congestion of the brain. He was thrown from a mule about one o'clock on Sunday, September 8th, and was found lying insensible by Mrs. Brash. He was taken to Thomas Parvin's house, where he died in the presence of his wife and three physicians, namely, Dr. Hughes, Dr. Shepard, and Dr. Carlisle. He did not speak a word. The shocking news was received at this place with many regrets. We have known Frank Denton as long as we have known Arkansas City and always found him to be an upright, moral, and conscientious man. Thus passes away another one of the early settlers of this section. Our sympathies are extended to the bereaved wife.

SORROWFUL NEWS. Major Sleeth received news last night from Mrs. Sleeth, now visiting in Cambridge, Ohio, that their child was about to die.

O. P. Houghton had to go East to attend the funeral of his lovely child, and many others who have anticipated enjoying themselves by returning East have met with sorrow. H. P. Farrar ws informed of the bank robbery while rusticating, and S. P. Channell has been down with fever.

Mrs. R. A. Thompson, visiting Canada, writes that there is considerable sickness in the Dominion, and is anxious to return. It does not seem a good plan to change climates during the extreme heat of summer.

A PLUCKY LADY. Mrs. Wilson, wife of our townsman, James Wilson, noticed a snake crawling on the walk as she stepped from the door last Sunday, and on approaching it found it was a spreading adder, a very poisonous and dangerous reptile. She placed a stick on it and held it until help came, when the snake was killed. This is the third snake she has killed this summer, and she expresses herself ready for any other that may come about. There is not one lady in a hundred, or a thousand we might say, that has the nerve to do likewise.

Last Saturday was a lively day in Arkansas City. Prof. Hoyt walked the rope, wheeled a wheelbarrow over it, performed a number of feats on the trapeze, and entertained the crowd with one of the best shows the public has ever been treated to. There was hardly room to get on the streets for the wagons, and the sidewalks were crowded with people. It should be made an object to Mr. Hoyt to walk again, and have a general gathering every once in awhile.

Lippman's mill will be moved in about three weeks to a new body of timber on Grouse Creek, where he will be able to turn out a large quantity of first class lumber to supply as many new ones as may come.

As Lippman's log team with six yoke of oxen attached was crossing the log bridge near Newman's mill, yesterday, the bridge gave way, and upset the wagon in the creek and pulled one steer in with it. The boys cut the bow of the one that was hanginb by the neck, and saved the rest from being pulled in. Mr. Lippman thinks he will sue the township for damages.


While James Ernul and James Coffee were sawing logs in the woods down at Lippman's mill, two wildcats attacked them, and the boys found it difficult to keep out of the way; but by throwing rocks and clubs at them, they managed to get to the mill, when the cats returned to the woods.

General McNeil, United States Indian Inspector, arrived at the head of navigation last evening.





Items from the Wichita Eagle.

The attorneys retained for the defense in the Webb trial are Judge W. C. Webb, of Topeka, E. S. Torrance, Coldwell & Coldwell, and C. C. Black, of Winfield, H. G. Webb, of Oswego, James D. Snoddy, of Linn county, and Sluss & Hatton, of this city. The attorneys for the prosecution are James McDermott, the county attorney of Cowley county, assisted by W. E. Stanley, Sedgwick county's attorney.


The Cheyenne and Arrapahoe Indians are immensely ticked over the idea of participating in the Wichita fair. They have rigged out over a hundred ponies, put up enough war paint to paint a barn, and bought new blankets all round. They will make things lively in the different contests for which they have been assigned. As to war dances, etc., it will be better than a show because genuine. They say they never had such an opportunity to show off before the pale face, and they propose to enjoy it to its fullest.





The Oxford folks have made a contract with parties owning a steamboat to make regular trips from Ft. Smith to that place. The contract specifies that the boat shall make regular trips for a year, the projectors to receive a stipulated amount of cash each trip.


Salt City Salt Works have changed hands and the new proprietors are making preparations to engage in the manufacture of salt on an extensive scale. While in conversation with a gentleman from there, the other day, we learned that the springs at that place were visited by people for miles around who came with jugs, bottles, etc., and filled them with the water which they drank on account of the medicinal properties contained therein. He also told us that all the farmers in the vicinity have all the boarders they can possibly accommodate, as well as all the residents of the village. He thinks a large hotel built at that place would pay. The water of the springs is pronounced by a number of physicians to contain medicinal properties equal to those of the Hot Springs of Arkansas.






Gen. W. H. Schofield, president of the Kansas City, Burlington & Santa Fe railroad, with Major Orson Kent, treasurer, Major Gunn, engineer, and Hon. T. L. Davis, attorney of Eureka, were in town Tuesday and in conferences with R. F. Burden,

E. C. Manning, Rev. J. E. Platter, and D. A. Millington, members of the committee appointed to confer with them in relation to building their road into and through Cowley county.

Gen. Schofield says that the money is now secured to build the road as fast as men and money can rush it along; that the aid required from Greenwood county will soon be forthcoming, and that they will be able in all probability to be running trains to Winfield before the first of September next if Cowley county responds with the required aid; that the company desires to build in a direct line from Burlington via Eureka to Winfield and thence to the state line either at Arkansas City or Caldwell with a view of eventually running through the Indian Territory, and that a million of dollars is ready to invest in the stock and mortgage bonds of the road and in the municipal bonds that may be obtained along the line. He requires that this county soon call an election and vote his company bonds to the amount of $4,000 a mile to be exchanged for the capital stock of the road and that the bonds be executed and placed in escrow with the State treasurer to be forfeited, canceled, and returned if the road fails to be in operation to Winfield by Jan. 15, 1880, thus giving them six months to cover unexpected contingencies.

The committee insisted upon several modifications to the proposition to make it similar to those carried last year for the Parsons and Emporia roads, and that Cowley should not vote until the franchises were secured or the road under contract up to our county line. Some slight concessions were made, but after discussing the subject in its various bearings without coming to an agreement, the gentlemen of the railroad departed to visit Wellington but promising to call for another conference on their return Wednesday evening, where the questions at issue will be further discussed. As we go to press Wednesday we shall not be able to report the result this week.






The Sedgwick county Republican Convention held at Wichita on the 7th passed unanimously the following resolution.

RESOLVED, That in our esteemed fellow-citizen, Hon. W. P. Campbell, we recognize a republican of tried fidelity, a citizen of undoubted integrity, and a man of high order and ability, and we cheerfully commend him to the Republicans of Kansas as one who would do honor to the position of United States Senator from Kansas.

We heartily endorse the sentiment of this resolution and would add that Judge Campbell is a patriotic and true Republican, an instinctive friend of justice, and enemy of wrong and oppression, and for this reason is very popular with the people. He has occupied the bench of the thirteenth judicial district for seven years and each year has added to his reputation for fairness, ability, and legal erudition, and to his popularity. If Judge Campbell should prove to be the "dark horse" in the coming senatorial contest winning the honors, the people of his judicial district, though they would regret to lose his services as judge, will hail the result with satisfaction.






On Monday of this week the Treasury department commenced paying out silver dollars for greenbacks. This is resumption in silver coin. Henceforth greenbacks will be equal to silver coin, but we doubt that much coin will be put in circulation in that way. People will prefer the greenbacks. Uncle Sam now redeems his promises on demand and that is all that was ever needed to have made greenbacks equal to coin at any time during the wor or since.





E. P. Bancroft, who was tried last week at Emporia charged with embezzling the Normal School land moneys, was found guilty on two counts.




A report comes that Gen. Miles is surrounded by Indians in Yellowstone Park and 27 of his escort killed. Mrs. Miles and other ladies are with the party.





S. A. Smith is teaching school in the Sheridan schoolhouse, district 47.

Nicholson & Co., of Dexter, are running their steam flouring mill day and night.

John Wilson has opened up his barber shop again and has everything fixed up in style.

DIED. Died, in Maple City, September 5th, Emma, daughter of Isaac and Elizabeth Howe, aged nine years.

District 44, Beaver township, has determined to build a schoolhouse, and has voted bonds for this purpose.

The many attendants at the fair last week were delighted with the music furnished so freely by T. A. Wilkinson and the Roberts Brothers.

William Keyes, who used to work with Andy Gordon in this city, has had a severe run of typhoid fever at the residence of Isaac Howe, of Maple City.

Mr. Todd has a home-made fruit dryer which is superior to any of the patents n the market. If you don't believe this, go and see his dryer do the work.

DIED. Died, at the residence of her grandmother in Sheridan township, September 16, 1878, Lois Ellis, infant daughter of

J. W. and Annie S. Hamilton, ged 1 year and 2 days.

Mrs. J. J. Johnson has been marketing about one hundred pounds of butter a week this summer.

Frank Doster, the Greenback candidate for Congress for this district, will speak at the courthouse in Winfield, on the 20th, and at Arkansas City on the 21st inst. at 7 o'clock p.m.




MARRIED. Married September 10, 1878, at the residence of the bride's parents in Lawrence, by Rev. George W. Henning, Mr. John L. Bruce, of Winfield, to Miss Minnie A. Fulton, of Lawrence, Kansas.

MARRIED [?]. T. M. McGuire is one of the enterprising merchants of Winfield. He ships goods by rail and by river and is bound to be always in stock. His last venture was by way of the "Hudson," and promises to be the best investment he has yet made. The fair lady is one worth the winning, and we heartily congratulate the happy couple.

A. H. Green has again got out 5,000 copies of a new issue of his Real Estate News. He is determined to make a market for such lands as are for sale in this county, and will succeed. We commend his enterprise and give him credit for a great amount of labor and expense to inform land-seekers of the fact that Cowley county is the best county to invest money in.

Mr. N. C. Millhouse, of Tipton, Iowa, arrived here last Friday accompanied by his family. He is preparing to build an addition to his dwelling house in Winfield, as well as to erect a substantial building on the farm he purchased from Mr. Woodard last spring. Mr. Millhouse says the more he sees of this country the better he is pleased.

We are informed that at the suggestion of Acting Mayor Wood, card tables have been abolished from the saloons of the city. This we believe to be a good move, both on the part of the city and the saloon men, as nearly every difficulty that has occurred has been over a game of cards. This is, we understand, a mutual agreement between the city and the saloon men.

MARRIED. J. L. Bruce is one of the active business young men of Winfield. If he is not exactly chain lightning, he knows how to control the thing and puts up the best lightning conductors known. Well, he went to the Lawrence Fair and the Bismarck Grove temperance camp meeting and became such a conductor himself that he conducted one of Lawrence's fair daughters into the meshes of matrimony. We wish the happy couple much joy.




Mr. J. L. Bruce, of this city, is the general agent for Southern Kansas for the sale of the Franklin lightning rods, manufactured exclusively by Cole Brothers, of St. Louis, Mo., who have the largest lightning rod establishment in the United States, and took all the premiums at the St. Louis Fair, and also at the Kansas City Exposition. These rods have established a reputation in the state equaled by none other. Mr. Bruce has been operating in this and the Arkansas valley for two or three years, and those desiring one of these essential attachments for houses or barns can easily satisfy themselves by inquiring of their neighbors, for there is scarcely a neighborhood in these counties where one or more of these rods are not in use.


Capt. R. C. Cook, of Richmond, Va., U. S. Internal Revenue collector, arrived in this city last Saturday evening. He is an old acquaintance of the late Dr. Mansfield, and was a gallant Union soldier in the late war, in which he suffered much. Of course, he is a staunch Republican. He has some real estate in this county, having bought the east half of the Dr. Egbert land some three years ago, and when he closes his term of collectorship, he proposes to become a resident of this county. We are always ready to receive such gentlemen with open arms.




The Fair.

We shall not be able to give the awards of the committees this week nor a complete report of the Fair in other respects, but we can say here that it was a success.

We had a display of fine blooded hogs, cattle, and sheep. In fact, this county is noted as having a greater proportion of fine stock in these lines than any other county in the southwest. It is also a fact that our horses are mostly small--too much of the pony order. We were glad to note, however, some very large, heavy Norman horses, weighing near 2,000 pounds each. These horses, we think, will be the kind for farm horses and for hauling loads to and from market. Altogether the show of stock was excellent.

But little farm machinery was displayed on the ground. We noticed the hedge-crusher invented in Butler county; now in the hands of W. W. Limbocker, of which we shall speak at another time. The display of fruit was very fine but not large. A pear exhibited by Mr. Manwell, of Greenfield, was the largest we ever saw. J. H. Curfman and others exhibited fine peaches, and the apples shown were large and fine. Mr. Manwell had a fine assortment of cheeses; C. A. Bliss of flour, F. Gallotti of shoes and boots; Dr. Van Doren of dental work; and various ladies exhibited specimens of various handiwork, preserved fruits, bread, etc. The usual display of organs and sewing machines was on hand. But we do not propose at this time to attempt to do justice to the exhibit. When we shall get the awards from the secretary, we will try to do better. There was considerable attention paid to the trials of speed each day. On Saturday, the last day, there was a large concourse of people on the grounds. All seemed to enjoy the occasion.


E. P. Kinne.

The measure of success that attended the fair last week has been purchased by the expenditure of a large amount of labor and energy. It was no small job to work up the scheme, solicit the subscriptions to the stock, arrange the schedules, prepare the grounds, attend to the details in a hundred different phases, and, most important of all, to excite an interest in the people. To E. P. Kinne more to any other man is due the credit of this work. His time and energies for months have been devoted to this scheme. He has talked, worked, planned, and dreamed scarcely anything else, and his efforts have been powerful, constant, and untiring until, now it is over, he finds himself worn down and exhausted. We desire to place him in a high niche among those who have expended their energies, time, and money, without remuneration, for the good of our county.




Rev. A. H. Walter.

The presiding elder of the M. E. church for this district, called at the COURIER office last Thursday, and we were much entertained by him. He has charge of twenty-eight churches or charges, in each of which he holds quarterly meetings each three months. He preaches an average of six sermons a week, holds communion services twice a week, travels an average of one hundred miles a week, supplies congregations which are without preachers, attends to the business of twenty-eight churches, and does miscellaneous work too various to mention. He travels five thousand miles a year in buggy or on horseback and meets his appointments promptly. He has been in the ministry thirty years and never failed in meeting an appointment but once, and then a snow storm had just piled up the snow breast high, his horses were sick with the epizootic, he could not get another team, and, as he says, he did not try. He has never had a sore throat and has always been in health. In answer to our inquiry how he manages to do all his work and not break down, he said that he tries to take good care of himself.



For the last three days we have been almost smothered with smoke from somewhere. We have examined our premises more than once to see if they were not on fire. No fires were seen on the prairies far or near, and it was a great mystery where all the smoke came from. We are now informed that the prairies of Northern Texas and the Indian Territory are being overrun by fires that have been sweeping the country for several days.


E. E. Bacon.

This gentleman is the secretary of the Walnut Valley Fair Association, and his knowledge and experience have proved indispensable in the conduct of the late fair. To his efficient labor much of the success of the undertaking are due, and the people will not be slow to recognize his services.


D. Terrill, of Sheridan township, brought to the Winfield City Mills a load of Little May wheat, raised on upland, that weighed sixty-six pounds to the bushel. This is undoubtedly the heaviest wheat ever raised in Cowley county.




A man named D. F. Kerr came to our town some months ago and was introduced to the community by the preaching of a sermon in the Methodist pulpit. It was understood generally that he had been engaged in missionary work in the Indian Territory, though a citizen of Lawrence. He was an active participant in church matters, occasionally preaching, and took a prominent part in the Murphy proceedings here. He aided in the organization of the Good Templars, and was elected chief officer. He and Mr. Hobbs formed a partnership in the grocery business, but after a few months sold out, since which time he has been engaged chiefly in doing nothing in particular, though visiting the Nation and our neighbor counties, preaching the Gospel and Temperance, and organizing Good Templar's lodges. A few weeks ago he ordered some bills printed for use in giving notice of temperance meetings, promising to pay for the printing when he returned. He has returned several times, though not to the printing office. Last Tuesday afternoon he again returned, and the following morning several citizens were inquiring about Kerr, stating that the settlement of sundry small accounts which they held against him would be very acceptable. It was said, however, that the reverend gentleman had taken his own family and an unreasonably large proportion of another man's family and departed the previous night for the west. It is supposed he intends settling in or near Winfield. It is due to Mr. Kerr, and those with whom he may desire to associate, to say that he has not done much clerical work here lately, and for reasons we suppose, similar to those which impelled the Good Templars to expel him, because of charges of intimacy with disreputable women. The people here will willingly balance accounts with him if he will not again disgrace it with his presence. Coffeyville Journal.




Trial of L. J. Webb at Wichita.

The case was called on Monday morning, September 9th, on the opening of the court. Defendant made application for a continuance because of the absence of Dr. Mendenhall, a material witness for the defense. The court held the showing sufficient, unless the State would admit the affidavit of defendant as the testimony of witness. The State consented and the case was set for tial next morning.

All day Tuesday was spent in getting a jury. The special venire was soon exhausted and balance was made up of tradesmen. It is considered a good jury, and both State and defendant are satisfied. Most of them are from tthe country.

Wednesday, Jas. McDermott opened the case on the part of the State. Frank Manny, Jessi Herndon, Adams, and others were examined as witnesses. There were no new features developed on the part of the State. The testimony was substantially as on the preliminary examination. The killing was proved and some evidence tending to show expressions of previous malice was introduced.

Col. James D. Snoddy, of counsel for the defense, cross-examined Frank Manny, and when he concluded, the witness left the stand in a rather shattered condition.

The evidence for the State was concluded Wednesday evening. During the night session, Judge Coldwell stated the case for the defense. The theory of the defense was insanity at the time of the shooting; that this insanity was caused by excessive excitement, loss of sleep, excessive drinking, and nux vomica, opium, and other poisonous drugs administered to him in his drinks. In his youth defendant had suffered a severe fracture of the skull, the walls being permanently pressed upon the brain, wounding and lacerating it; and in time of great excitement he is peculiarly liable to insanity, that the place of the killing was a dead-fall of the worst type.

One of the most important witnesses for the defense was Jessie Herndon, the principal witness for the State. As is known, he was Page's barkeeper and knew all about how the business of the house was conducted. The defense had endeavored to draw out this testimony on cross-examination but the court would not permit it, and he was put on as a witness for the defense. He testified as to all the occurrences of the night previous to the killing and made many important additions to his testimony. He said that Page deliberately robbed Webb that night by means of cold decks and drugged whiskey; that Webb drank often that night, and Page had instructed witness to give Webb liquor from a particular bottle he called "all sorts," which witness did; that twice during the night Page went into the bar-room and put some liquid from a small vial which he took from his pocket into a tumbler of whiskey and instructed witness to give to Webb the next time he called for drink, which witness did; that this bottle of "all sorts" was a villainous compound of whiskey and drugs, which Page kept for the express purpose of giving to men with whom he was gaming; that shortly before the conclusion of the game, and after Webb had drunk the whiskey prepared by Page, Page went into the bar-room and stocked a deck of cards, and instructed witness the next time drinks were called for to bring this pack under the water or server, and while Webb was engaged in drinking to leave them under the server on the table, which witness did, and then Page dealt from this cold deck, giving Webb a full hand and himself a better hand, on which he won all Webb's money, and this concluded the game. Witness testified to some expressions of anger made by Webb to Page upon the conclusion of the game, saying he was robbed, but to no expressions of malice or threats of revenge. All the parties to the game remained an hour or more after its conclusion, Webb drinking frequently; then all left except Webb, who remained alone with witness. Webb never left the saloon from that time to the time of the shooting. Witness testified as to Webb's condition and appearance during the day; said he looked very wild and had a jerking movement about his head, neck, and shoulders, was convulsive, and breathed hard. Witness testified that after the preliminary examination he went with By Terrill and Frank Manny to the saloon to make an examination for drugs. They washed out several empty bottles and one bottle that contained something that Page had used to put in liquor; what it was he did not know. When they emptied it out and washed the bottle, he told Terrill and Manny that it was not right. He testified that certain vials and small bottles shown him looked like those which Page had used to fix up liquors with.

This witness suffered considerably in the hands of W. E. Stanley, attorney for State, on cross-examination. His attention was called to statements he had made before Justice Boyer at the preliminary examination in direct contradiction to his present statements. These contradicitions witness explained by saying he had been advised by certain friends of Page that if he told anything he knew about these transactions in the saloon they would let Webb go and send witness up; that from those threats and the general excitement he was afraid to tell all he knew about that saloon.

Further testimony for the defense from Burt Covert,

G. L. Walker, James Fahey, P. Hill, A. H. Green, R. F. Baldwin, Ed. Bedilion, and Dr. W. R. Davis corroborated Herndon in relation to the wild and insane appearance, the convulsive twitching movements of the throat, head, and shoulders of the defendant immediately before and subsequent to the shooting; also showed the finding of some small bottles and vials in the counter used by Page in his saloon; that these vials were taken from the counter sometime after the shooting and preserved with their contents and are the same that are now exhibited in court; and the testimony of Drs. Davis, Rothrock, and Furley showed that these vials contained opium, nux vomica, and India hemp, and that these compounded and administered would produce the symptoms described in the defendant and would produce insanity.

The jury than examined the indentation which is apparent on defendant's head. From inspection it appeared that a considerable portion of the skull had been formerly removed, and that the left side of the skull is pressed in upon the brain.

The medical gentlemen testified that such is a frequent cause of insanity, and that any person thus afflicted was extremely liable to mental derangement or insanity in any unusual excitement, or the excessive use of intoxicating liquors, or of such drugs as had been found in the vials.

Thursday, Friday, and a part of Saturday were occupied with the testimony for the defense. Rebutting testimony was then offered by both State and defense but was of little importance. The testimony in many important points was conflicting.

On Saturday evening the evidence was all in and the court adjourned to Monday morning, when the court will give his charge to the jury and the arguments of counsel will be heard.

On Monday morning, the 16th, the Judge gave his charge to the jury, and was followed by W. E. Stanley in the opening argument for the State. Stanley scored the defendant and many of the witnesses for the defense fearfully and evidently with great effect. His plea was long and pronounced to have been brilliant to a high degree. He was followed by Judge Coldwell for the defense. This is the latest news we get as we go to press.




LAZETTE, KANSAS, Sept. 12, 1879.

[RE MARRIAGE OF SOL. FRAZIER.] The citizens of Lazette met at the store of Mc D. Stapleton; meeting called to order and

L. C. Pattison elected president and Geo. Lee secretary. The meeting was for the purpose of procuring aid for one Sol. Frazier, one of our worthy citizens lately married. On motion a committee of one was appointed to pass the hat and take up a collection. Mc. D. Stapleton passed the hat and all present contributed very liberally and a sufficient sum was raised to purchase a sack of flour, forty cents worth of coffee, and a bunch of salt. A. J. Pickering was appointed to deliver said provisions, which he did in the best of style. On motion a committee consisting of Thos. Walch and Phillip Baker was appointed to visit and look after the wants of the family during the coming winter. On motion a vote of thanks was tendered Sol. Hisler and B. Fritch in assisting A. J. Pickering through a little trouble which he accidentally happened to have on his hands, and I will say for the benefit of all present that they are a success. On motion a committee of the whole was appointed to escort the bridegroom to his home, after which three rousing cheers were given him and his fair one and the party dispersed in good order. By order of the meeting.

L. C. PATTISON, President

GEO. LEE, Secretary.




LIST of letters remaining unclaimed in the Winfield Post Office September 17, 1878.

FIRST COLUMN: Andrew, Mrs. Sarah; Anderson, Nettie;

Anderson, Wm. H.; Albert, Tilson; Anderson, Frank; Brown, Peter; Bradfield, W. C.; Brown, Charles; Craig, C. H.; Conklin, H. E.; Carter, Tilford; Chapman, H. J.; Cartin, L. M.;

Defrmons, Wm. J.; Gledhill, B. F.; Garrison, John S.;

Hogg, William; Hamlin, John; Hacker, W. G.; Hawkins, John A.;

Halskor, Jo; Irwin, M. W.; Jones, Mrs. Emma.

[NOTE: PAPER HAD "Defrmons"...???]

SECOND COLUMN: Jones, Larra; Jackson or Kilchier, E.;

King, Emma; King, Julia B.; Knox, J. E.; Knox, Sophrona;

Leopoltt, George; Lauvaway, Jeff; Libby, H. S.; Nutter, J. E.;

Onstock, Mrs. Mary; Rouleau, John F.; Robinson, Frank;

Robison, Mrs. Theo.; Spharr, Mrs. Mary; Spurien, Sharlottie;

Shields, J. S.; Tredaway, A. M.; Treadway, L. C.; Tipton, Milton;

Van Henthusen, Wm.; Venater, Daniel; White, James I.

Persons calling for any of the above will please say "advertised."






Indians on the War Path.

Just as we go to press a disptach reaches us that the two bands of Cheyennes who recently left their agency, together with other Indians, have taken the war path, cleaning out some cattle ranches near Fort Dodge. This forenoon three men at Chapman's ranch were killed and scalped. The whole country is in arms.

Wichita Eagle.









From the Arkansas City Traveler.

Col. Whiteman, agent for the Poncas, passed through here on his way to Kansas City to purchase horses for the Indian Department, to be used by the Ponca Indians on their reservation south of here.





Manning's Opera House will soon be ready for business.

Bliss & Co. for Flannels.

"Providence" got away with the street sprinkler last Friday.

Mrs. Bruner is building a residence in the south part of town.

The wing of Manning's brick fronting on 9th Avenue will soon be occupied as a restaurant.

The Bahntge building is fast approaching completion, and presents an elegant appearance.

The old building back of Manning's block has been removed to make room for a new brick.

A Kansas City firm will soon put an extensive stock of drugs into the Manning block, north room.

Rev. John Kirby failed to meet his appointment at this place last Sunday, being still at the mountains.

Dr. Bull has recovered from a spell of fever and is now ready to accommodate his many patrons once more.

Winfield is the only city in the state that has five lawyers to every lawsuit and seven doctors for every graveyard.

DIED. Katy, the little daughter of Mr. John Hoenscheidt, died Sunday evening last of diptheria, aged 6 years and 5 months.

Mr. Eugene Baird, of the firm of Baird Bros., returned last Friday from the east, where he has been purchasing goods.

McGuire & Crippen have a new reversible double-back-action wash-board, which beats anything in the loard line out.

Our enterprising merchant, Will Baird, is building a fine residence on the Loomis addition, in the southeast part of town.




Will Hudson has been putting several fine show cases in his jewelry store, and now has one of the best establishments in the city.

Jap Cochran had his hand badly mashed Monday while helping to place one of the large stones in front of Manning's Opera House.

DIED. Died, September 14, 1878, at her residence in Vernon township, Cowley county, Kansas, Mrs. Lucinda Turner, aged 68 years, 8 months, and 8 days.

Manning's Opera House is nearly completed. The hall will be the finest in the Great South West. Manning's block is the pride and ornament of our city.

The Presbyterians have enclosed the ground between the steps of their church with a fence, which improves the appearance of the front part of the church.

It is astonishing the way buildings are springing up in all parts of the city. One can count from fifteen to twenty-five in process of erection most any time.


Notice the "ad" of G. W. Hunt, merchant tailor, in another column. Mr. Hunt keeps on hand the best assortment of samples in the city and is a good tailor.




Keeps constantly on hand a full line of Samples. All persons desiring work done in the line will do well to call on him at his place of business, three doors east of post office.

Cutting done on short notice.


We would call attention to the card of Dr. W. N. Schofield. He is lately from Indianapolis and is a practicing physician of large experience, culture, and success.



Formerly of Indianapolis, Indiana, would say to his friends and the public generally that he has permanently located in Winfield.

Having an experience of over twenty-five years in the practice of medicine, he hopes to merit a share of patronage.


"N. M. SCHOFIELD." ????


The Winfield schools began last week with a full attendance. Prof. Geo. W. Robinson seems determined to make the Winfield Public Schools second to none in the state.



H. L. C. Gillstrop [? MISSPELLED ?], of Silverdale township, harvested 1,000 bushels of wheat off of 31 acres which weighs 65 pounds per bushel, stroke measure. This is 32-5/8 bushels per acre.

Johnston & Hill had their furniture rooms illuminated Saturday night by two large and handsome chandeliers. They always manage to get up something new and interesting.

MARRIED. Married, at the residence of the officiating clergyman, P. B. Lee, in Vernon township, Cowley county, Kansas, September 18, 1878, Mr. John O. Crockett and Miss Sarah H. Gault.

Max Shoeb, the pioneer blacksmith of Cowley county, has been turning out some first-class wagons this summer, from his blacksmith and wagon shops, on Ninth Avenue. Max is a good workman, and deserves the reputation he has won.

Our post office on wheels will soon move into the corner building of Manning's Block, where the wheels will be taken from under and broken up. An extensive book and fancy goods establishment will occupy the front part of the room.

We were shown, last Tuesday, a stand of honey, from the hives of Mr. Olmstead, which was as fine as any we have ever seen. Mr. Olmstead received, a few months ago, straight through from Italy, a queen bee and is now raising the pure Italian bees.

M. M. Jewett, a former citizen of this county and still the owner of what he calls his "ranche" in Rock township, was in this city last Saturday. He is agent for the Kansas Manufacturing Company of Leavenworth. This company will turn out this year 6,500 wagons.



D. Rodocker has returned from the East with an entire new outfit, and is now prepared to do all kinds of photographing in the latest approved style. Mr. Rodocker never fails to give satisfaction, and you should call and see samples of his work before going elsewhere.

The number of fruit jars brought to this town this year, and all sold, is simply immense. We have been making an estimate of the amount and find that over 20,000 gallons of glass and stone jars alone, besides the vast amount of the cans, have been disposed of in Winfield this year.

The great dry goods house of Baird Bro.'s will be fully established this week in the room in Manning's block, next door north of the one they have heretofore occupied. They make this change to get more room. Mr. A. E. Baird has lately returned from the East where he has purchased a stock of goods of such magnitude that they could not be crowded into the former store.

Mr. E. S. Bedilion is announced as a Republican candidate for Clerk of the District Court. He needs no endorsement from us for everybody knows him and likes him. He has held the office for which he is a candidate for several years and fills the bill exactly.

Mrs. Rigby is visiting friends in the East.

Rev. Rigby, who has been attending the Lawrence and Topeka fairs, returned last Friday.

Our merchants are beginning to receive their fall goods, and people have to walk in the street and give up the sidewalk to boxes.

MARRIED. We happened to be present at a wedding at Judge Gans' office one day last week, in which the "principal participants" were Mr. C. S. Worster and Miss Martha Frazier. Mr. Worster looks like an enterprising young man and Martha seemed well satisfied with the state of things. The COURIER wishes them success.




The Southwestern Stage Company have put a four-horse Concord coach on the route between here and Wichita, which runs alternately with the smaller one. They found it impossible to accommodate the large amount of travel on this route with the small coaches, and intend, as soon as stock can be procured, to put on a daily line of four-horse coaches.

One of the most enterprising firms in Winfield is the dry goods and grocery house of McGuire & Crippen. Mr. Crippen came to this place some two years ago from Burlington, Kansas, and entered into partnership with Mr. McGuire, since which time the firm has become one of the most influential in the Southwest. The proprietors are gentlemen in every sense of the word, and persons who trade there once always return.

If people don't quit hitching horses to our sign post, there is going to be war. We have robbed adjacent lumber yards and carpenter shops to fix that sign some several times, and as many times have we seen the fruit of our labors rudely torn from its moorings and scattered to the four winds of Heaven by some steed that, under other circumstances, would not have had life enough to switch the wings off a blind fly. This thing has got to be stopped. Patience has ceased to be a virtue, and we await further developments.


In another column will be seen the new "ad" of W. C. Root & Co. This firm intends to do business in spite of hard times, and consequently has bought an immense stock of boots and shoes, and are selling them at very reasonable rates. Mr. Will Root, the resident member of the firm, is a gentleman in every sense of the word, and persons trading with him can rely on the goods being just as he represents them. The firm has, by its honest and fair dealing, gained the confidence of our people, and consequently they have an immense trade.




Which we intend to sell at the

Lowest Cash Prices.

These goods have been bought since the late decline in the market for Cash, and consequently we can offer you Better Bargains than you have ever been given before.

W. C. ROOT & CO.,





Fred C. Hunt

Is now a clerk in the office of State Superintendent of Public Instruction at Topeka. He is an accomplished bookkeeper and letter writer and we predict that he will fill the position with honor. He has fine talents as a local and humorous writer and has heretofore written many excellent essays, poems, locals, and other items for the COURIER. He is a rising young man, "growing up with the country" and will make his mark some day.


SALT CITY, Sept. 18, 1878.

EDITOR COURIER: Since my last we have had continued dry weather. Corn is dry enough to crib. Many of the farmers are sowing wheat; some few have finished. The breadth sown will not be so large as last year. Threshing and sowing is now the order of the day. Machines are more plenty than ever before in our vicinity, and rates of threshing have been reduced to 4 cents on wheat and 22 for oats, in sympathy with other reductions.

Several new arrivals in the township, which have caused the erection of as many new buildings. The place formerly owned by Sohn Broderic is now occupied by a man of family, who has built a snug little house.

A. Haight has sold his farm, 1 mile south of Salt City, to a man who will move into it immediately.

Mr. Reynolds has just completed the budding of his 52,000 peach trees, and will next season show you more home-grown stock from their celebrated nursery. This is a branch of the Rose Hill and Walnut Valley Nursery, which has been sending out so much fine stock through their agents, Trissell and Baird.

If apples and other fruits succeed as well as peaches, Southern Kansas will shortly cease to ship in dried and canned fruits. Almost every farmer in our county has dried all the peaches he will consume, and many will have bushels to spare.

The mineral springs still continue to attract the afflicted. A. W. Berkey seems to continually increase his trade, and is bringing in new goods almost every day.

The building of a mill seems to attract considerable attention and assumes a more definite shape.

The health of the people is improving; but little complaint now, except chills.

MARRIAGES. Our doctor is prepared to take better care of the afflicted now than ever, having taken a partner for life. The ceremony was performed by Rev. Broadbent, and the fortunate young lady was Miss Rebecca Reynolds.

At the same time and place, by the same party, Mr. Ed. Willard and Miss Jane Reynolds.

Long may they live and prosper.

More when we get it. RUDY.




S. Suss.

This gentleman is one of the live businessmen of Winfield. He has now put in a full line of dry goods as well as clothing, gent's furnishing goods, hats and fancy goods, and his establishment contains one of the best and largest stocks of general merchandise in Southern Kansas. Besides this, he is a gentleman and can be relied upon. He has a force of active and obliging clerks and his customers will be pleased and profited by dealing with him.


RICHLAND TOWNSHIP, Sept. 21, 1878.

EDITOR COURIER: T. R. Carson is sowing 30 acres of clover, some of which is up, and looks well.

We had quite a rain last week, and wheat is looking fine. There is not so much going in this fall as last. Farmers think it doesn't pay to raise wheat at 50 cents per bushel.

MARRIED. Married at the residence of Wm. Owens, on September 18, 1878, by N. J. Larkins, Esq., Matthew Anderson to Mrs. B. C. Johnson, both of Richland township. The happy couple will start next week on a visit to his mother in Labette county. May happiness ever attend them.

Peaches are about gone.

Two law suits are pending before 'Swire Larkin. Farmers have got a little money and must spend it. L.




ESTRAY. An English Bull Dog (white). Call at this office and get reward.


Real Estate Transfers.

A. S. Thomas, commissioner, to Moody Currier, w. 2

ne. 3 29, 36, 4, and s. 2 sw. 3 10, 31, 4, and ne. 3 29, 31, 4, and e. 3 230, 31, 4, and sw. 3 (except 2 acres), 17, 31, 4.

H. S. Tannehill and wife to James H. Tannehill, ne. 3 of

sw. 3, 15, 33, 5.

M. G. Troup, county clerk, to F. L. Lewis, lots 2 and 3,

5, 35, 7, and e. 2 off se. 3 22, 34, 3, and e. 2 nw, 31, 33, 5; and part of lots 1, 2, and 3, and ne. 18, 33, 3, and w. 2 of nw. 28, 32, 6, and w. 2 of ne. 29, 34, 3.

M. G. Troup, county clerk, to J. Wade McDonald,

sw. 6, 34, 3.





LIST of letters remaining unclaimed in the Winfield Post Office September 17, 1878.

FIRST COLUMN: Anderson, Geo. H.; Beck, Chas.; Beeson, Amassa;

Corley, Prof. D.; Counter, Mrs. Mary; Dunn, J. B.; Davis, Rufus; Evans, Chester L.; Goodrich, Mrs. J. C.; Hunt, John;

Mouser, A. L.; Moore, G. W.; Miller, H. L.

SECOND COLUMN: Miller, Chas. H.; Miller, J.; Miller, Barbara M.;

Menorr, Rosie; Massie, Hue; Maslin, Flora; Ruby, Wm.; Reed, Dr. R. H.; Reser, John; Schmitt, Nicholas; Tubbs, Emry;

Tipton, M. H.; Thompson, John S. Jr.

Persons calling for any of the above will please say "advertised."



F. S. Sydal.

This gentleman occupies the stand lately occupied by

J. C. Franklin and has the best stock of harness, saddles, and other goods in his line ever brought to Winfield. He is thoroughly acquainted with his business, knows how and when to buy, is an accomplished workman, keeps only good workmen and good stock and is able to sell at the lowest attainable prices. Such a house is a good thing for Winfield and Cowley county.


or in fact everything in the

Harness and Saddle Line.

Those wanting to buy goods in the above line call and get prices anywhere you like and buy of







Lynn & Gillelen.

We would call special attention to the splendid advertisement of this firm. Mr. J. B. Lynn has just returned from the east where he has purchased the heaviest stock of goods ever brought to Winfield, or southwest Kansas, for that matter, while Warren Gillelen has been clearing out the old stock and making room for the new goods. They occupy the largest storeroom in the city, it being 25 by 140 feet; with a basement under nearly the whole building. The basement will be crammed full of the more cumbersome and less showy goods, a back room kept up neatly will be used for groceries, and the main room will be completely filled with dry goods, fancy goods, boots, shoes, and almost every variety of substantial and showy goods of the season. Their stock will be marvelous, not only in amount, but in beauty and durability. They have a corps of salesmen . . . .


And to all the members of the family



"The Girl I left Behind Me,"

And to all the people in all the country round about--

tell them that



Large and Complete Stock



Notions, Furnishing Goods, Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Groceries, etc., ALL BOUGHT FOR CASH. Remember, Largest Stock, Latest Syles, AND Lowest Prices. Come and See us at the Cowley Co. Store.

WE WILL TAKE Wheat, Corn, Hogs, and Cattle ON Accounts and for Goods.

Winfield, September 25, 1878.




CEDAR TOWNSHIP, Sept. 19, 1878.

The farmers are busily engaged in putitng out their wheat. The acreage in this township will be very small. Farmers assert that they can make more money out of corn at 122 cents per bushel than wheat at 50 or 60 cents per bushel.

There are a good many newcomers in this township. Some of them have bought farms and some are on the buy. Last spring Mr. E. B. Poole, of Macoupin county, Illinois, bought Mr. F. Smith out, and now come six of his old Illinois neighbors and say they want houses amongst us. Two of them, Messrs. Piper and Wyatt, have bought D. Jay's farm on Beaver creek. For his farm of 160 acres--100 in cultivation, 20 of timber, 20 of pasture with stone fence, about 600 bushels corn, 200 of wheat, and 800 of oats, 70 head of hogs, and 11 head of cattle, they paid him $1,500 cash. There are a great many more in Illinois that want homes among us if they could only manage to get loose there.

District No. 102 has voted bonds and will erect a good schoolhouse in time to have a four months' school. I believe they intend hiring a lady teacher, provided they can get one at a fair price. I GUESS.


Winfield Courier, September 26. 1878.

Stockholders' Meeting.

There will be a meeting of the stockholders of the Patron's Commercial Agency, Friday, October 4th, 1878, at the Agency Elevator in Wichita. E. R. POWELL, Secretary.

We have to call attention to the notice of Mullin, Wood, Lynn, and Wait in regard to trespasses on ttheir feed lots. These gentlemen say that they have had quite a number of hogs shot and killed by some malicious orr careless persons. They intend that if there is a law in this country for the protection of stock to enforce it.



All persons are forbidden from entering our feed lots or traversing the Walnut river between them with or without fire-arms of any kind. Any such trespassers will be dealt with according to law.







Our city public schools start in with an attendance of 275 pupils. This is an average of 40 tto each of the six rooms and still there are many more who should attend.





Mr. August Kadau wishes to inform the public that he is prepared to make or mend boots and shoes at prices as low as can be obtained elsewhere, and guarantees satisfaction. Mr. Kadau is an experienced workman and uses the best material in the market.


Robinson & Miller have a fine lot of furniture for sale at the Old Log Store.



I now offer my span of large gray horses for sale; also harness, wagon, and new rig. Call at this office.




Dr. W. R. Davis will return to Kentucky about the first of October. All claims against him should be presented before that time, and all persons indebted to him must call and settle before that time to save trouble and expense.



I am prepared to loan money on improved farm property, in Cowley and Sumner Counties, in sums of not less than Three Hundred Dollars, on as good or better terms than ever offered heretofore. Persons wanting to borrow money will do well to call on


at office of E. C. Manning, Esq., in Manning's Block,

Winfield, Kansas.



For which I will pay the highest market price if delivered at Arkansas City.



First-class heavy farm and brood mare for sale on nine months' time by S. S. HOLLOWAY.





Miss Alice Aldrich is teaching in district 48.

Master Joe Porter is confined to his room by sickness.

A. B. Taylor opened school Monday morning in district 21.

Mrs. Bruner is building a neat residence in the south part of town.

BIRTH. Born, on Wednesday, the 29th ult., to Mrs. and Mr. Hiram Silvers, a son.

Miss Mattie Minihan began work Monday morning in the Hickok district, No. 43.

DIED. A Mr. Burnett, of Bolton township, died suddenly of a kind of apoplexy last Saturday.

Miss Lena Curry has gone to Mound City to spend a few weeks and attend her sister's wedding.

Miss Hattie Hunt, who formerly resided in this city, was married recently to a gentleman from Missouri.

Found, at the circus, a woolen shawl. The owner can have it by calling at this office and proving property.

Ed. Lemmon and Marion Wallace have gone to Independence for a ten days' visit to their parents and friends.

Dr. Bull has recovered from a spell of fever and is now ready to accommodate his many patrons once more.

Winfield Courier, October 3, 1878.

Mr. M. L. Robinson and wife have gone to Kansas City to purchase furniture for their new house which is nearly completed.

Mrs. Ebenback, of Eureka, mother of Mrs. John Hoenscheidt, has come to Winfield and will hereafter be a citizen of this city.

L. J. Webb has rented the front rooms in Bahntge's new building for his law office, and until they are completed, he is stopping temporarily in Judge Coldwell's office.

The steamboat which is being builtt at Arkansas City will be launched in a few days when her machinery will be put on board preparatory to a trial trip down the river.

S. S. Holloway is digging his second crop of potatoes, which were planted fter the first crop for this year on same land was harvested. The second crop potatoes are ripe and of good size.

In its final settlement with its late treasurer, F. Key, District 80 finds itself out of cash to the amount of one hundred and fifteen dollars. Is any other school district in the same happy condition?

Mrs. A. E. Bullock opened school at the Fairview schoolhouse, three miles southwest of town, last Monday. Mrs. Bullock is a good teacher, and the people of Fairview are fortunate in securing her services.





DIED. Dr. Mendenhall and wife have returned from their visit to friends in the east. While they were away they had the misfortune to lose their bright little baby boy by death. We sympathize with them in their affliction.

Lynn & Gillelen received last week TWENTY-FIVE THOUSAND POUNDS of dry goods. This is the largest amount of goods ever brought to southern Kansas at one invoice, and fills their large storeroom from top to bottom.

DIED. At his home in Rantoul, Illinois, of erysipelas, Mr. Thomas Miller. Mr. Miller was a brother-in-law of J. Ex. and Emma Saint, was here but a few weeks since and went home intending to return in the spring and make Winfield his home.

John Moffitt has moved into his new lumber office, has a new desk made by the new furniture firm of Robinson & Miller, and, as Moffitt never does anything by halves, we expect to see the largest stock of lumber ever brought to Winfield roll into his yard in a few days.

Mr. A. Hess and Dr. Wright of Bushnell, Illinois, have been visiting this county for a few days. Tuesday they took a ride through Vernon, Beaver, Bolton, Creswell, Pleasant Valley, and Winfield townships and pronounced the country they saw the finest, richest, and most beautiful they had ever seen.

DIED. A little girl belonging to Mr. Hetherington died last Wednesday at the residence of J. M. Deyer. Mr. Hetherington came here a short time ago, and since that time all of his family have been sick of ague and billious fever. The loss of the little girl has quite discouraged him. We hope soon to see him about again.




In another column will be found the new furniture "ad" of Robinson & Miller, at the "Old Log Store." These gentlemen have put in a first-class stock of furniture, and are live, enterprising men. They intend to put in machinery for the manufacture of all kinds of furniture. They will undoubtedly do a large business.




All kinds of Furniture made to order in the latest style and finest finish. MATTRESSES made to order. Caning chairs a specialty.


DIED. Reuben Rogers, while engaged in selling at auction on the streets of our city last Saturday, was prostrated by an attack of apoplexy and was insensible until early the next morning, when he died. He was an active citizen, a native of Kentucky, whence he came to this place in 1871. His health has been bad the past year during which he visited Kentucky. He died at the age of 46 [? looks like 46...not sure].


Good for Omnia township! Charles Messenger, George Thompson, and Will S. Tarrant, of Omnia, are now enrolled as students in the Agricultural College at Manhattan. This school is a practical one, and offers to the young men and women of Kansas an opportunity to acquire a thorough, complete, yet practical education, and at the least expense possible to the student. Boys and girls of pluck and nerve will improve this golden opportunity.




Hiram Silver was taken down on Sunday evening with an attack of something like sunstroke. He had been very active during the day in attending the funeral of Reuben Rogers, Sunday school, and other matters; the day was very warm and he was suffering with malarial fever. He was partly insensible for some time, but recovered his mind about midnight and has been improving since.


H. Birnbaum says he may sell to someone a five cent cigar containing $20,000. The manufacturer of the "Big Bonanza" cigar says he has wrapped that amount of money in one cigar and put in one of his regular boxes of that brand; that some dealer has bought that box and some customer will get that cigar. Birnbaum has a lot of those boxes of cigars, and when you buy of him, look out and not burn up the greenbacks.



T. W. Myton, of Huntington, Pennsylvania, brother of

S. H. Myton, our famous hardware merchant, arrived in this city last Tuesday and is visiting friends.


Clarke & Dysart are putting the machinery into their foundry and machine shop building, and it will be in operation in a reasonable time. It will be of great value and convenience to the people of this county.


N. T. Snyder, from Muskegan, Michigan, arrived with his lady to become residents of this city. He will soon open a stock of books, stationery, notions, and fancy goods in this place. They will be a pleasant addition to the society of this city.




Henry Goldsmith, from Clinton, Missouri, will, about the 10th inst., occupy the corner of Manning's new block with a full stock of books, stationery, tobacco, cigars, and gent's furnishing goods; also news depot. The post office will occupy the rear end of the room.



Allen B. Lemmon recently purchased the house and lot now occupied by Neal Fuller on the northeast corner of block 191, Winfield, which is the second block south of the residence of the senior editor. This will probably be the future residence of the junior.


The Russian Court invited Dr. Ayer and his family to the Archduke's wedding in the royal palace. This distinction was awarded him not only because he was an American, but also because his name as a physician had become favorably known in Russia on its passage round the world. Pueblo (Colorado) People.


A. B. Steinbarger, of the Howard Courant-Ledger, called on us last Tuesday. He runs a live Republican paper and is doing a good work for Elk county. He says the Greenback labor party men of his county go for absolute flat [? OR fiat ?] irredeemable scrip to the amount of the national debt, and do not mince matters as they do here.


MARRIED. Mr. Quincy Glass has just returned from a visit to Chicago, where he was supposed to have gone to buy drugs, but it seems that he was after something besides drugs. A fair lady accompanies him, who has taken him for better or worse. We congratulate the happy couple, and hope this fabric of glass will prove of the "can't break 'em" variety.




Judge H. D. Gans.

Our readers will notice the announcement of this gentleman as a candidate for reelection to the office of Probate Judge. Though this office affords but little remuneration to the incumbent, yet it requires much more than ordinary judgment, integrity, experience, and knowledge of the law. These qualities are possessed by Judge Gans. He entered upon the duties of that office nearly four years ago, with considerable experience in similar situations, a matured judgment, and a determination to do right and justice. . . .


Hon. Thos. Ryan.

Our member of congress, addressed a large audience at the courthouse in this city on the evening of the 25th ult. He stood squarely on the Topeka platform and delivered the most powerful political speech we have heard for a long time. He was in favor of greenbacks payable on demand, that they may always be at par with coin, and then he wanted a plenty of them to supply all the demands of trade. He was in favor of a repeal of the national bank law, the retiring and canceling of their notes, and the issue of greenbacks to fill the place, which greenbacks should be used by the government to take up and cancel an equivalent amount of the interest-bearing debt. On other subjects he explained his position fully. He is with the Republican party of the state and enthusiastic in promoting everything that can advance the material interests of his constituents.




Call for Sunday School Convention.

A Union County Sunday School Convention will be held at Winfield, Kansas, commencing on Friday, October 18, 1878, at 10 o'clock a.m., and continuing two days. The convention will be held at the Presbyterian church, and it is desired that every Sunday school in the county send three delegates with credentials to admit them as members, and also that the delegates from each school be furnished with statistics of attendance, members enrolled, and all other matters pertaining to the schools they respectively represent.

Entertainment during the convention will be gladly furnished all delegates from schools outside of Winfield free of

cost. . . .

F. S. JENNINGS, Chairman.

HENRY E. ASP, Secretary.


The members composing the Fairview Literary Society will meet at the Fairview schoolhouse on Friday evening, the 4th of October, 1878, to organize for the coming winter. All are invited to attend. A. B. TAYLOR.


J. W. Millspaugh.

Citizens of Vernon township request us to say that they will present this name to the Republican convention next Saturday as a candidate for the office of County Commissioner of the first district and claim that as that township asks nothing else their candidate should be favorably considered.




A. A. Wiley.

This gentleman is the Republican nominee for Representative of the 89th representative district. He is a man of culture, intelligence, and business capacity; has been a farmer and merchant, and is now entirely in the farming and stock business. His farm shows great industry and care, and is one of the best in the county. He is a representative farmer, knows what the farmers of this county want, and is the kind of a man to get it for them. No better nomination could have been made, and we predict his election by a very flattering majority.


Concert at the Courthouse.

A grand concert will be held at the courthouse on Friday evening next under the auspices of the

I. O. O. F.

The best musical talent of the city will perform on that occasion and the proceeds will be applied for the relief of


of the South. Let everyone turn out and enjoy a rich treat and at the same time relieve suffering humanity. Admission 35 cents; reserved seats 50 cents, to be had at McCommon and Harter's drug store.




Dexter Items.

Jesse V. Hines is still improving his hotel.

James Harden is doing a driving business in the mercantile line. EXAMINER.

[Skipped other items.]


Real Estate Transfers.

M. G. Troup, county clerk, to James A. Loomis,

s. 2 of sw. 6, 36, 4.

Moody Currier and wife to S. Shepard, sw. 3 29m 32m 44,

W. R. Land and wife to S. Shepard; same tract.

Daniel Thomas to Isabella A. Miller, s. 2 33, 31, 6.

M. G. Troup, county clerk, to H. C. Day, nw. 2, 29, 30, 4.

Henry Goram and wife to John A. Cochran, w. 2, sw. 3,

sec. 4, and w. 2 nw. 3, 9, 33, 6.

Dempsey Elliott and wife to N. E. Skees, s. 2 sw 3, sec. 5, and part of w. 2 se. 3, 5, 32, 7.

Robert E. Howe to J. C. McMullen, lots 3 and 4 in 4, 35, 6.

Ulysses Burger to Mildrit F. Radish, lots 5 and 6,

se. of nw. 3 and sw. 3, 6, 30, 3.

Ephraim Owings to Joel Jackson, w. 2 of se. 3, 28, 31, 5.

Frances E. Owens to Joel Jackson, w. 2 of se. 3,

28, 31, 5.

Sarah M. Payton to Nancy J. Bishop, lot off

nw. 3, 27, 32, 4.

Austin Corbin and wife to Manton T. Cover, sw. 2,

17, 31, 4.

Emma J. Repper and husband to G. H. Nolf, w. 2 sw. 2,

3, 35, 3.

M. G. Troup, county clerk, to H. C. Shock, ne. 3,

20, 31, 4.

John A. Walk to J. Walk, w. 2 ne. 3, 20, 30, 3.



CEDAR TOWNSHIP, September 23, 1878.

We had a Greenback meeting in our township last Saturday evening at the Smith schoolhouse. 'Squire Callison, the "grand mogul" of the Greenbackers in this county, came over and made a speech and organized us. In his speech he said that he had always been a Republican, but the Republican party had strayed from its ancient landmarks and had left him and he could not go with it. During his speech he used the following language: The government had issued one billion eight hundred millions in greenbacks as pay to the soldiers that saved the Union; and the mistake was not in issuing it, but in redeeming it. This money should have been kept afloat. As it became mutilated or worn out, it should have been replaced with similar money and kept in circulation. But as that was not done, the remedy was in a new issue of greenbacks, the amount to be regulated by congress. Now, I wish to submit this to the candid and thinking Greenbacker, that I am a Greenbacker as far as is consistent with a stable money--a money that is the same today and tomorrow; but the proposition to issue a lot of money, the amount of which shall be entrusted to a congress of the United States--to an accidental majority--seems to me to be a very precarious proposition. Every man's contracts, every man's bargains, every man's sales would be subject to the will of a majority of congress. Do you think you could stand that? This is a country governed by parties, sometimes one being successful and sometimes another. Sometimes men go in upon the heels of an election, promising prosperity to certain classes, and therefore the volume of currency and its value are to depend upon the loss or gain of political power. There is no stability in that nothing that an American can ever tolerate. The strength of our country is that it permits men to exercise their rights freely. There is no bar of rank, sect, party, or prejudice. It is the non-interference of the government that permits men to rely upon their rights as citizens, and restricted only by general laws, which are for the benefit of all. Now may God forbid that the time shall come when the value of every man's farm and every contract he shall make shall be subject to the will of an accidental majority in congress, that may, and in all likelihood would, change every two years. I can see nothing but the ruin and prostration of both public and private credit and the utter destruction of confidence between man and man. No, I am not that kind of a Greenbacker, nor never can be.

Very respectfully,

W. A. M.

[In reference to the statement of Mr. Callison and of other sensational speakers, that the government issued from a billion up to a billion eight hundred million of greenbacks, we will state that four hundred and fifty millions of greenbacks is all that was ever authorized by law and of that sum only $447,300,203 was ever issued. The greatest amount outstanding at any one time was $432,687,966, on June 30, 1865. EDITOR.]




DIED. Dr. and Mrs. Mendenhall have been visiting in Illinois, and have recently returned. The following from the Mt. Pulaski Citizen of that state will be appreciated and indorsed by their friends in Winfield.

"It is our painful duty this week to record the death of little George, only child of Dr. W. S. and Anna C. Mendenhall. Two or three months ago Mrs. Mendenhall left her home in Winfield, Kansas, to recruit her health and visit her parents, bringing with her one of the healthiest, sweetest babies that ever drew the breath of life. Last week the little fellow was taken sick with malarial fever and then cholera infantum, and today he sleeps beneath the sod in our cemetery. . . .

[Skipped the rest.]


Representative Convention of the 89th District.

The Representative Convention of the 89th District met at Dexter at 2 o'clock p.m., Saturday, September 28th, pursuant to the call.

The call, as published in the Winfield COURIER, was ready by W. A. Metcalf, and on motion, R. R. Turner, of Otter township, was made temporary chairman and W. A. Metcalf secretary.

On motion, the chair appointed a committee on credentials consisting of H. L. C. Gilstrap, James Utt, and Mr. Ketchum.

On motion, the temporary organization was made permanent.

Nominations being in order, C. M. Scott, of Creswell township, placed A. A. Wiley in nomination.

On motion that the candidate be nominated by acclamation, Mr. Wiley receiving the entire vote of the delegation, was declared the nominee.

On motion, the convention proceeded to select the District Central Committee, consisting of W. A. Metcalf, C. M. Scott,

S. M. Fall, and S. F. Cook.

On motion, convention adjourned.

R. R. TURNER, Chairman.

W. A. METCALF, Secretary.




LIST of letters remaining unclaimed in the Winfield Post Office September 30, 1878.

FIRST COLUMN: Allen, B. F.; Alers, F. D.; Arcken, Wm. F.;

Brown, B. F.; Bordolph, George; Boyles, C. J.; Barker, J. S.;

Crosby, Rev. B. S.; Downing, B. J.; Decamp, J. F.; Davis, Eliza;

Freikinger, J.; Graves, B. S.; Gilleland, George; Hugs, Wm.; Hill, Winfield; Hefner, Jacob; Hart, Thomas; Johnson, N. W.; Johnson, E. L.; Kelly, Wm.; Lund, G. W.

SECOND COLUMN: Linscott, Mrs. Nancy; McGinnis, Robt.;

Page, James H.; Park, Orphia; Porter, Joseph; Russell, Milton; Ridey, Sadie; Reaman, Wm.; Smith, Robert; Smith, Isaac;

Shinley, Margarette; Schubb, Washington; Timonds, Milton;

Wilson, Bell; Winield, Mrs. S. S.; Williams, John S.;

Wilson, A. C.; Wilson, James L.; Walkins, Miss E.; Walker, Laura; Warren & Pea.

Persons calling for any of the above will please say "advertised."



To the many friends who have solicited me to become a candidate for Representative of the 88th District, I would say that I shall not be a candidate for any office. Hoping this course will be best for the Republican party, and thanking my friends who have so kindly interested themselves in my behalf, I am respectfully,






For Governor, John P. St. John, of Johnson County.

For Lieutenant Governor, Lyman U. Humphrey, of Montgomery County.

For Secretary of State, James Smith, of Marshall County.

For Treasurer, John Francis, of Allen County.

For Auditor, P. I. Bonebrake, of Shawnee County.

For Attorney General, Willard Davis, of Labette County.

For Supt. of Public Instruction, Allen B. Lemmon, of Cowley Cty.

For Chief Justice, Albert H. Horton, of Atchison County.

For Congress--3rd District, Thos. Ryan.


For Representative--88th District, E. C. Manning.

For Representative--89th District, A. A. Wiley.

For County Attorney, E. S. Torrance.

For Probate Judge, J. W. Millspaugh.

For District Clerk, E. S. Bedilion.

For Superintendent of Public Instruction, R. C. Story.

For County Commissioner--1st District, G. L. Gale.


E. C. Manning is the nominee for representative of the 88th representative district. We did not support him before the convention, but preferred that some other man should be nominated because of the hostility that he has heretofore encountered and we hoped to nominate someone who would not encounter opposition from any Republican. . . . he got 26 of the 41 votes . . . .

J. W. Millspaugh is our candidate for Probate Judge. He received 40 votes and the nomination on the first ballot. Mr. Millspaugh is a quiet man who never sought an office in his life and would never hold one unless that office should seek him and find him as this office evidently has.

E. S. Torrance is our candidate for County Attorney. He has before this hheld the office for two terms, when he was but just entered into his practice of law and was comparatively inexperienced. In the language of Hackney, "He was the best county attorney we ever had or ever will have." We do not agree with Hackney in the last clause, "ever will have." Since Torrrance left that position he has read, studied, and practiced law tirelessly and incessantly until now he stands at the head of a talented and brilliant bar as a criminal lawyer. . . .

G. L. Gale, our candidate for Commissioner, is an able, intelligent, sensible, and honest man of the soundest judgment, and ever awake to the best interest of the county. . . .






A. A. Wiley.

The Republican nominee for representative of the 89th district of this state was born in Windsor county, Vermont, in 1840, and is therefore 38 years old. He was educated at West Randolph academy, in Vermont, teaching school winters and attending the academy during the summer. At the age of 18 he came to Douglass county, Kansas. This was three years before the commencement of the war. He became an agent for Caldwell & Co.'s overland transportation company between Leavenworth and the mountains and afterwards was stationed at Salt City (Salt Lake City). Subsequently he engaged in the transportation business from Salt Lake to Montana. He went to California with a large drove of beef cattle in 1869. In the fall of 1870 he came to Cowley county, Kansas, bringing with him a herd of cattle and in the following spring settled on the state line in Spring Creek township, where he now resides. He is engaged in farming and stock raising which he pursues successfully. He has another farm near Dexter and was engaged in mercantile business at that place from February, 1877, to the same month in 1878. At present he devotes his whole attention to his farm and stock. He is a wide awake, intelligent, and consistent Republican and always has been. He is thoroughly well posted in state affairs and is a gentleman who will make a record in the state legislature.




The Republican candidates for county offices are in the field and now it is in order for such Democrats and nationalists as are used to making and throwing mud to commence the game. We would suggest the most effective mud to throw at Millspaugh is to charge him with drunkenness, robbing hen roosts, and being a bloated bond-holder. Manning should be charged with giving $500 to send off the "Aunt Sally" without a load, with trying to sell out to Sid. Clark for $1,000. If these are a little too old, charge him with cheating the cost of his block of buildings out of poor laborers and with being an Anthony man and opposed to Ingalls. Gale should be charged with being a Butler county man, and with being too young and gay. Charge Bedilion with refusing greenbacks for fees and Story with robbing the county treasury and the banks that he may live in luxury and idleness. Anything will do so it is well stuck to and constantly repeated.





Plants, roots, and bulbs for sale by Mrs. Mansfield.

Something new and neat in Ties at Stuart & Wallis'.

BIRTH. George Crippen and lady are blessed with a new baby.

Mr. Hiram Silver is about again after his severe illness.

BIRTH. J. C. McMullen is the happy possessor of a brand new baby.

Mr. Best is building an addition to his house on Eleventh avenue.

The Presbyterian Aid Society will meet this week with Mrs. Swain.

Mr. and Mrs. R. B. Waite will start for a visit to Northern New York next week.

DIED. Mr. A. J. Allen, late of New York, died in this city on Tuesday of spinal meningitis.

Mr. and Mrs. C. C. Black will start for Leavenworth next Sunday to visit Mrs. Braidwood.

J. M. Alexander is putting a brick second story on top of his cut-stone law office on Ninth avenue.

Dr. Bull has recovered from a spell of fever and is now ready to accommodate his many patrons once more.

Mrs. J. B. Lynn, who has been away for some time, returned last week, brining with her Miss Lynn, who is a sister of J. B. Lynn.

Some four or five families from Belle Plaine, Sumner county, intend camping at Salt Springs during the next two weeks for the benefit of their health.




The great caravan of the season consisted of eleven loads of drugs and fixtures for Mr. Fleming, who will open a new drug store in Manning's block.

Since the Cheyenne raid, further west, the tide of emigration stops in Cowley. We have seen hundreds of covered wagons occupied by newcomers during the past week.

We understand that the Knights of Honor have taken up a collection for the benefit of the yellow fever sufferers but have not been informed of the amount collected.

ANOTHER TRADE. We have been told that Dr. Hughes has bought the Traveler outfit of C. M. Scott, and it is intimated that he will move the establishment to Winfield.

Miss Etta Grow, of Mt. Carroll, Iowa, is in the city and intends having a class in elocution. She gave a free reading at the Baptist church on Monday evening which was well received.

Prof. Marshall will give a free exhibition of driving a spirited horse on the streets of Winfield without bridle or reins next Monday. He proposes to make up a class of learners in the art of managing horses.


We would invite attention to the card of Doctors Wagner & Hopkins, of Dexter, which appears in this issue. These gentlemen are well known and successful physicians and will secure a large practice in their profession.


Physicians and Surgeons


Dr. Hawkins will resume the practice of his profession in co-partnership with Dr. Wagner.

All calls attended to, day and night. Both will attend, when necessry, without additional fee.




A. McInturff left yesterday morning for Florence. He will probably go into business at that place. He is a first-class artist in the photograph line, and we wish him the success he so well merits wherever he may locate.

Maj. Gunn, chief engineer of the Burlington railroad, called on us Tuesday. He had been surveying another route for his railroad from Burlington to Winfield. Major Gunn is one of the most competent civil engineers in the West.

Mr. Will Allison has been laid up for a few days with a sprained ankle. He caught it in trying to organize a Greenback club in Rock to beat the Republicans with. He may break both ankles, both arms, and his neck in his efforts in that direction and then fail.

Mr. John Byard, of Dexter, called last Monday with his lady and daughter. Mrs. Byard and the Misses Belle and Emma, her daughters, were on their way to Topeka to visit their friends in Shawnee county. We were much pleased with the call and hope to meet them again when they return.

DIED. Died, in Spring Creek township, near Maple City, September 18th, Ada A., youngest child of A. A. and E. E. Wiley, aged 2 years, 4 months, and 10 days. The deceased was the only daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Wiley, and their loss is very deeply felt. They have the sympathy of a large circle of friends in their sad bereavement.

Dr. G. P. Wagner, of Dexter, brought us the mammoth sweet potato last Saturday. It was only 12 inches long, but it measured 21 inches around and weighed 82 pounds. We intend to invite the Republicans of the county to help eat that potato. We can roast it out of doors and have a grand barbecue.


MARRIED. Married at the residence of the bride's father, Mr. J. H. Olds, on Monday, October 7th, by Rev. J. E. Platter, Mr. Joseph Harter and Miss Carrie Olds, all of Winfield.

The ceremony was performed at half past nine o'clock in the morning and the newly married pair started immediately for St. Louis to attend the Annual Exposition now in progress at that place.




Warren Gillelen is one of the best businessmen in Winfield. Active, sagacious, and prudent, he turns many things to small profit that are a loss to others, and by this means Lynn & Gillelen are able to sustain the reputation they have for selling at uniform low prices. For the past week there has been one continual rush of customers to their store and their trade has been immense. See their big "ad." in this issue.



John Moffitt has gone to Illinois on a visit. Ed. Clisbee will dispense lumber to the builders in his absence.


Col. St. John is winning friends wherever he goes. His addresses are attended by the plaudits of the people. Crowds turn out to hear him and go away highly impressed with his ability and eloquence and the soundness of his views. He treats his subject in a manly, honest manner, that carries conviction and places his integrity of purpose beyond question. He will speak at the Courthouse, in Winfield, on Friday evening.


Mr. John Hoensheidt has made arrangements to publish 10,000 copies of a map and description of Cowley county, printed on a twenty column folio sheet in both English and German. This will be a first rate advertising medium and the citizens should sustain him in the undertaking. He has had much experience in that line and his map of Greenwood county and of Eureka have met with many high compliments. This will be a great engine to help fill up our county with good, substantial citizens.


MARRIED. Married at the residence of the bride's father, Mr. A. C. Finney, on Thursday evening, October 3rd, by Rev. E. P. Hickok, Mr. S. M. Ford, of Kansas City, to Miss Minnie H. Finney, of Winfield.

The wedding was a quiet one, and passed off in the usual manner, Mr. and Mrs. Hickok, Dr. and Mrs. Emerson, Mrs. Bixby, and Messrs. Suss and Seward being the only guests. The bride was attired in a dress of cream colored silk. Although Miss Finney has been with us but a short time, she has made many friends who will miss her bright face and pleasant manners. Mr. Ford, as a correspondent of the Kansas City Times, is known to all Kansas. He has made many visits to our little city during the past six months, and we were not surprised at his capturing one of our fairest young ladies. The happy pair started for their future home in Kansas City on Saturday morning, and the best wishes of the COURIER go with them.


Dr. D. V. Cole & Sons, of this place, have purchased the entire stock of drugs, medicines, etc. of the administrator of the estate of the late Dr. Mansfield, at Winfield, at a great reduction from the original cost, and will keep a complete stock of pure goods to sell to the trade at low prices.

One of the sons will remain at Oxford, where the public will always find a complete stock of pure goods.

The doctor will hereafter devote his entire time to the practice of his profession. With the conceded ability of the doctor and his long experience in the practice, he will be a valuable accession to the profession at our neighboring city. Our people much regret his departure just at this time, but may console themselves with the thought that the distance is not great; and his interests here are such that he will, in any event, make frequent visits, and be always ready to respond to calls from this place. Oxford Independent.




A Distressing Accident.

Hoover Gibson, of Sheridan, with his wife and nephew, Wm. Sheets, of Neosho county, aged nineteen years, on Tuesday evening went to the Grouse for grapes. They stopped at the Bill Oates place and Hoover Gibson went to a spring to drink, leaving his wife and Sheets in the wagon. In order to show his aunt how he saw a man kill himself, the young man went through the motions with a gun, and while it was aimed at his neck, he accidentally hit the hammer with his foot, which discharged the gun and killed him on the spot. As we go to press the coroner starts to hold an inquest. We get the above particulars of Mr. H. H. Higbee.


Citizens' Bank.

This institution is now organized as a corporation under the laws of the State of Kansas, with a capital of $50,000. J. C. McMullen is elected president, John D. Pryor, vice president,

B. F. Baldwin, Cashier, and A. W. Berkey assistant cashier. All these gentlemen are stockholders in the bank and are gentlemen of honor and excellent business qualifications. This will become the popular institution of the county and we expect to record its abundant success.


Council Proceedings.

City Council met in council chamber Monday evening, October 7, 1878. Present: J. B. Lynn, mayor, and Councilmen Gulley, Manning, Robinson, and Wood; N. C. Coldwell, city attorney; and J. P. Short, clerk.

A committee of three, consisting of Messrs. Wood, Robinson, and Manning, was appointed to confer with the Board of County Commissioners in relation to deeding the county jail building and the county purchasing balance of block on which the courthouse stands and improving the same.

The following bills were allowed:

Walck & Co., for laying cross-walks: $37.90

Harter & Speed, livery: $8.40

J. F. Short, city clerk: $5.00

Ed. Nicholson, special police: $5.00

John Weatherspoon, special police: $5.00

Maggie E. Page, office rent: $30.00

E. S. Bedilion, District Clerk's fees: $3.00

On motion, Council adjourned.

J. B. LYNN, Mayor.

Attest: J. P. SHORT, City Clerk.




PLEASANT VALLEY, Sept. 26, 1878.

We held our primary meeting today and did a good job in a harmonious way, by electing delegates to our Representative Convention in the persons of Lem. S. Cook and Mr. Sparks, and delegates to County Convention as follows: Wm. Crawford, Wm. Teter, and Mr. Pittinger.




The Yellow Fever.

The concert given by the Odd Fellows for the benefit of the yellow fever sufferers was well attended notwithstanding the muddy condition of our streets on account of the recent rains. The concert was opened by the I. O. O. F., in regalia, and consisted of a short address by M. G. Troup, singing by Lodge, and prayer by J. W. Curns. Then came music by orchestra, followed by a quartette by Mr. and Mrs. Holloway, Miss Thomas, and Prof. Farringer. . . . OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Misses Dover and Hane, Mr. Wilkinson, Willie Farringer, Roberts Brothers, Misses Lillie Wilson, May Beach, and Mary Schofield. Net receipts were about $60, with $10 of expense, leaving about fifty dollars to be forwarded to the suffering South. The Odd Fellows deserve great credit in taking hold of this project with so much zeal. Mr. Hoenscheidt is especially deserving of credit for his labor in arranging and working up the matter, as is also Prof. Farringer for arranging the musical performances.





Bent Murdock, in the Walnut Valley Times, illustrates the "absolute fiat money" demanded by the National Labor Greenback party a little the best of any of them. He says:

"Our friend Jim Thomas has some tickets printed "Good for One Drink--JIM THOMAS." Now the fellows around here know that Jim is all right--that he has barrels and barrels of drinks, and that he has money to buy more when his barrels are empty. Therefore, Jim's tickets are worth their face in gold. But under the new platform it will not be necessary to keep any whiskey at all. Jim can call in his tickets and get some new ones on which he can have printed, 'This is a Drink.' A man can pull one out of his vest pocket, take a look at it, and then go to the town pump and get a drink of water and be just as happy as if he had taken a drink of Jim's best rye; besides he will save himself the chance of being licked by his wife for going home drunk. No use of talking, this thing is going to work well for everybody."



There will be a Republican caucus held at the usual voting place in Silver Creek township on Saturday, October 19, 1878, at 7 o'clock p.m., for the purpose of nominating candidates for said township in the November election.

A. P. BROOKS, Township Clerk.




VERNON TOWNSHIP, Oct. 1, 1878.

The Freeman Brothers have secured nearly $2,000 in subscriptions in Oxford township and West Vernon to their proposition to build a tow boat to navigate the Arkansas between Oxford and Little Rock.

We have been favored with a visit this week from John K. Fees, one of Vernon's old settlers, but now a resident of Reno county.

A team belonging to Anderson's show fell off of Murphy's pontoon bridge on the 19th ult. and one mule was drowned. A drunken driver was the immediate cause of the accident.

Vernon has been inflicted with an agent selling Prof. Ostrand's non-explosive powder for use in coal oil lamps to prevent explosions. We had supposed that this humbug was exploded long ago. Ask your merchant for 1502 fire test oil, and use a burner with a tube or passage parallel with the wick, tube to carry the gas as fast as generated to the flame of the lamp wick and consumed, and you will have no use for such frauds as the above.


Rev. J. W. Cain, of Belle Plain, will preach in the M. E. churrch of this city next Sabbath, morning and evening. The Presiding Elder of the District will also be here over Sunday.







LIST of letters remaining unclaimed in the Winfield Post Office, October 8, 1878.

FIRST COLUMN: Byers, W. D.; Brown, Mrs. Elizabeth;

Bossner, F.; Beeman, Able; Beck, A. H.; Beasley, Rachel;

Beeman, I. N.; Chapman, H. I.; Chapin, Edward R.;

Elliottt, Abram; Edwards, Niram [? Hiram]; Ford, H. T.;

Farnsworth, D. M.; Gales, R.; Garwood, Jacen; Heffner, Jacob;

Haney, Alex.; Hahn, Joseph; Johnson, Ransom; Kennedy, Martha M.;

Kendall, A. D.; Laper, Miss Norah; Lippman, L.

SECOND COLUMN: Lee, Mary Ann; Morgan, Wm.; Marshal, Mrs.;

Nickerson, Ines; Nutter, James G.; Patterson, Edward;

Patterson, W. F.; Reese, John; Ratliff, Chat.; Stephens, M. E.;

Stephens, R. E.; Slagel, Emily V.; Thomas, H. D.; Wright, Rose; Willson, Lizzie; Willson, Emma; Willcox, Emma; Wilson, Jonas; Wilson, F. P.; Weaver, Anna; Ward, J. L.; Ward, David.

Persons calling for any of the above will please say "advertised."









District No. 1, Winfield: Geo. W. Robinson, Emma Saint, Sarah Aldrich, Sarah Hodges, Mary Bryant, Allie Klingman, Ioa Roberts.

District No. 48, Winfield: Alice Aldrich. District No. 43, Winfield: Mattie Minnehan. District No. 13, Winfield, Mina Johnson. District No. 9, Winfield, Celina Bliss. District No. 106, Winfield, Mrs. Alice Bullock. District No. 41, Winfield,

H. G. Blount. District No. 12, Winfield, John Bower. District No. 77, Winfield, R. A. O'Neill. District No. 21, Winfield,

A. B. Taylor. District No. 2, Arkansas City: C. H. Sylvester and Mrs. L. M. Theaker. District No. 20, Floral, G. B. Richmond. District No. 45, Tisdale, E. A. Miller. District No. 47, Tisdale, S. A. Smith. District No. 20, Moscow, R. B. Hunter. District No. 26, Little Dutch, T. J. Floyd. District No. 52, New Salem, Ella Davis. District No. 39, New Salem, Sarah Bovee.

District No. 14, Lazette, Mary A. Tucker. District No. 15, Lazette, H. T. Albert. District No. 95, Lazette, Emma Burden. District No. 5, Dexter, H. Trevett. District No. 7, Dexter,

R. C. Maurer. District No. 84, Cedar Vale, H. P. Attwater.








This gentleman is in a predicament. He has stated positively that he would not be a candidate for representative on any ticket whatever. He tells us that he has told a hundred different men that he would not be a candidate, that he was nominated last Saturday without his consent, that if he refuses to run some will be angry and if he accepts others will justly accuse him. We should think there was one way to get out of this predicament honorably, and that is to absolutely refuse to accept the nomination or to serve if elected. In that way he can maintain his own truthfulness and the respect of the people of this country. We have no dirt to throw at Mr. Troup. Personally we like him. As county clerk he is justly popular with the people, but we do not believe it is right in him or just to the county to go away from his work in the county clerk's office to spend two months at Topeka. The people of Cowley county by their votes last November said that they wanted his services in that office. They are paying him the magnificent salary of two thousand dollars a year for his services, while they are earning this money for him by hard labor on their farms and in their shops, labor at least as exhausting as his with not one fourth of the remuneration and they have a right to his undivided attention to the duties of that office. He is not the only man in this district who is capable of representing the people at Topeka. There are many others who if given a chance would prove equally valuable public servants, and we do not believe in heaping all the paying offices upon any one man. We do not believe in giving any one man all the opportunities of gaining distinction and amassing wealth. We are satisfied that Mr. Troup should earn if possible and enjoy his two thousand a year, but we do not wish to ruin him by making him a bloated bondholder in too much haste. True he is an ambitious man and when he has served out his present term of office, should he decline a reelection, we can surely find something else for him to do even if we have to run him for congress.

Besides at present we do not know exactly where or what he is. He was always a republican, was a first time and a second time nominated and elected to the office he now holds by the Republican party and a year ago, though not a Republican nominee, he was elected by Republican votes, or at least could not have been elected without them. They say he is a greenbacker now, but so are the Republicans, and he claims to hold the same opinions on the finance questions as are held by the Republicans. Yet when he is put in nomination at the dictation of the Democrats of Winfield and by a corrupt ring foisted upon the National party through a trick, should he accept the nomination there is every reason to believe that he is in the ring now and will soon be in the Democratic party. We do not see how he could honorably accept even were he not bound to give his time and talents to the earning of his $2,000 salary.






Sold Out by a Ring--The Way It Was Done.

During Thursday and Friday of last week, Allison,

A. A. Jackson, J. E. Allen, and two or three other greenbackers of this city were apparently very industrious and busy with the Democrats fixing up something. It seems that they arranged who should be chairman of the greenback convention, what he should do, who should be the committees, what they should do, who should be nominated by the convention, and how it should be done. They had their tickets printed and everything well cut and dried. At least the developments of Saturday show such a state of facts.

The National Greenback Labor Convention met on Saturday at 11 o'clock a.m. J. B. Callison was chosen chairman and A. J. Pickering secretary. A committee on credentials and permanent organization was appointed and then Allison moved that a committee be appointed by the chair to confer with a similar committee to be appointed by the Democratic convention, then in session, to agree upon terms, and candidates for a fusion of the two parties. This motion was opposed by several delegates. When one of them commenced to speak against the motion, Allison would boisterously call him to order and the chairman would help choke the speaker down. Then Allison would make a speech for the motion abusing the opposers. In this way they choked down several delegates and finally crowded the motion to a vote taken standing. Fourteen delegates voted for and sixteen against the motion. The chairman looked beat and at a loss what to do, but Allison was equal to the occasion. He said, "It is carried, Mr. Chairman," and then the chairman said, "it is carried," and took up a paper from his table and read from it the names of the pre-arranged committee, of which Allison was made chairman. The convention then adjourned to 2 o'clock p.m.

At the hour named the convention again met and the committee on credentials and permanent organization reported the names of delegates entitled to vote, and in favor of J. B. Callison for chairman, A. J. Pickering for secretary, and T. J. Floyd for assistant secretary. The report was accepted but was not adopted or otherwise disposed of.

Allison then sprang to the floor and in a loud, hurried, and excited manner read without leave the report of his fusion committee nominating M. G. Troup for representative 88th district, M. R. Leonard for 89th district, H. D. Gans for Probate Judge, John E. Allen for County Attorney, J. S. Allen for District Clerk, J. S. Baker for Superintendent, and A. G. Wilson for commissioner first district. He said that the Democrats would nominate this ticket and moved that his report be accepted. This immediately raised a storm. The anti-fusionists were in a majority and a number of speakers arose to oppose, among whom were Douglas and Tansey and Crum, who would not be choked down, as their speakers had been in the morning. A standing vote was taken on the motion to accept, which resulted 17 for and 20 against. This did not trouble Allison much. He pronounced his motion carried and so did the chairman, but Tansey demanded in a motion a call for the ayes and noes. Allison made several speeches and Alexander and Jackson spoke. Seeing they were in a minority they changed their tactics to entreaty, said a vote to accept was not a vote to adopt, that it was necessary to vote to accept in order that the convention might get to work, that after they had voted to accept, they could kill the report by laying it on the table or in any other way they chose and that it would be a terrible insult to the committee to refuse to accept. After an hour of choking down speakers who opposed, of entreaty, bulldozing and confusion that would have put Babel or the gold room into the shade, some of the anti-fusionists yielded and the vote to accept was carried. A part of the anti-fusionists announced their withdrawal from the convention. Allison then decided that the report was adopted so far that the convention must vote for or against the nominees of the report. The anti-fusionists not having the matter cut and dried as had the fusionists, were taken at a disadvantage and were caught and beaten by the trick. In order to make the trick sure to win a motion was made that the candidates having the highest number of votes should be the nominees and was carried before the anti-fusionists had time to see the drift of it. The balloting then commenced and of course the fusion nominees got a plurality and were declared the nominees of the convention. By some blunder some of the fusionists voted for Millard instead of Baker which was the only flaw in the execution of the program.

A cold deck had been prepared, the cards were stocked carefully, the deal and cut were in the hands of the fusionists and the moment a few anti-fusionists consented to play with them they were beaten. It was perfectly clear to any unprejudiced observer that the anti-fusionists were in a majority but were beaten by the cut and dried tactics of Allison and his ring. This ring had completely sold out the convention to the Democrats. They did not even adopt a platform but adjourned hastily. This omission of the platform was evidently not accidental, but was probably a part of the pre-arranged program. The Democrats furnish the platform as they dictate the candidates for the new fusion party. The Democratic snake has swallowed the tail end of the National party but we imagine that the head end will separate and go for principles rather than for fusion with the democrats. After the adjournment of the Nationals the Democrats accepted their blunder and nominated Millard, Allison, Jackson, Allen, and perhaps a few others composing the ring that has done the business.






Ever since John E. Allen has been in this county he has been a Republican of the ultra stripe and a probable candidate of that party for county attorney. He tells us that he never was a hard money Republican. We don't know what he calls a hard money man, but he was but recently opposing the greenback movement and offering to discuss before the people the finance questions against Payson and Coldwell. Now, so far as we have been able to discover, Payson and Coldwell are not fiat greenbackers, nor in favor of issuing enough greenbacks to pay off the national debt, so that any Republican who wishes to take issue with their greenback doctrine could not be a very soft money man. He has made many speeches and the "bloody shirt" has always been his stock argument. But shortly before the Republican convention, it became apparent that Torrance, and not Allen, would get the Republican nomination for county attorney and from that time it became apparent that Allen was under conviction. He was immediately converted to the fiat extreme of the finance question, became very hostile to the "bloody shirt" argument, and joined the greenback club. He suddenly became a bitter opponent of the Republican party, discovering that it was rotten and corrupt, the Democrats had never done anything wrong, and became a full fledged fiatist. Here was Chas. H. Payson, an attorney every way his equal, and in many ways his superior, a young man of bright promise. Industrious and honorable, but not like Allen a capitalist or bloated bondholder, who is loaning money at 26 percent; a man who had spent his energies, time, and money for most of the past year in traveling over the country making greenback speeches and organizing the National party, working in storm and shine, and laying on the prairie of nights; a man whom the young party, the Nationals who are such for principle and not for spoils, would have delighted to honor with the nomination of county attorney; such a man is rudely assaulted in convention of his friends, called a dead beat by Allison and set aside by a corrupt ring with a cut and dried ticket sprung upon the convention and carried by a trick of such unblushing effrontery as would put to blush the heathen Chinee with his twenty-four jacks. Will the real greenbackers at the clubs that Payson and Coldwell have helped to form under adverse circumstances, support this ring by voting for Allen while he is now hurrying into the Democratic camp?








The "Stub" at Cole & Sons is the boss cigar about now.

All New Goods at the new store opposite the Williams House.

J. T. Weston has built a sheet-iron storehouse back of his store.

Mrs. Bruner will move into her new house the latter part of this week.

Miss Norman is teaching the school in District No. 55, Tisdale township.

J. E. Allen attended the Grand Lodge of the Odd Fellows at Topeka last week.

Miss Frankie Pierce, of Elk City, is making a short visit to Mrs. Tuck. Southard.

BIRTH. A daughter was born to Mr. and Mrs. Daniel Read, of Floral, last Saturday morning.

E. W. Kenning, a veterinary surgeon, is stopping in the city at By Terrill's livery stable.

BIRTH. Born, on Saturday night, to Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Hudson, a son; nine pounds and a half--cigars.

E. E. Bacon has moved his jewelry shop into Manning's corner brick with Goldsmith's stationery.

Dave Harter is stopping in McCommon & Harter's drug store while Joe is gone on his wedding trip.

Dr. Bull has recovered from a spell of fever and is now ready to accommodate his many patrons once more.

E. E. Bacon says that if the city will buy a town clock, he will put it up free of charge. Let us have a town clock.




M. G. Troup, C. C. Black, and A. B. Lemmon go from this place as delegates to the Masonic Grand Lodge, held at Atchison this week.

There is now a weekly mail running direct to Polo through Floral. A petition is in circulation to have it increased to a tri-weekly mail.

Mr. Henry Goldsmith has just opened a stock of stationery, candles, cigars, etc., in the corner building formerly occupied by the New York store.

Mr. R. B. Hunter, who has been teaching school in district No. 30, the Jarvis district, became deranged last week. His case was on examination at the courthouse on Tuesday.

The Winfield Mills of C. A. Bliss are turning out large quantities of the best flour ever made in the West. They get the best wheat, have been one of the best mills and best millers that can be found anywhere.

S. C. Smith, having resumed the Fire Insurance business, starts out with the old and reliable Niagara of New York. If you want your property safely insured, he will attend to it in the most satisfactory manner.


We would call attention to the law card of Pyburn & Boyer in this paper. They are gentlemen of much experience in the law and can be relied upon for honor and strict attention to the interests of their clients.



ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Winfield, Kansas. Office in Page building.


The Township Board of Trustees has awarded the building of the new abutments of the South bridge to Mr. Kavanaugh. If he rushes them up as fast as he did the new stone and brick building of Mr. Bahntge, we can soon have that bridge to use again.


Mr. Lemmon met Angel Mathewson, president of the Parsons Narrow Gauge road, in Topeka last week. Mr. Mathewson says that the financial condition of their company is now become such that they will be able to build from Parsons to Winfield within a year.




Just received. Anaesthetics by which teeth are "extracted" without pain or danger at Dr. Van Doren's.

Col. Manning and James Kelly have gone to Parsons to attend the directors meeting of the Narrow gauge railroad. It is expected that matters of importance to this county will be acted upon by the meeting.

Hon. Ross Burns visited Winfield last Saturday morning in the interest of the A. T. & S. F. railroad. It is the intention of that company to submit a proposition to the voters of this county to build the Wichita branch of their road through this county, to be completed as far as Winfield during the year 1879, and to be made a part of their through route from Memphis to the Pacific. The matter is not in shape at present, but may come before our people after the November election. Probably the Schofield road people will be in such condition by that time in relation to their route between this place and Burlington that we may accept their proposition to vote bonds to them.

Mr. J. C. Walter and family left this week for Winfield. Mr. Walter has rented commodious rooms in the Manning block and will open a first-class restaurant, confectionery, and fruit stand, and when our citizens go to this thriving city, they will know where to go to have the inner man strengthened. Mr. Walter is one of the best hotel keepers in the state, and if the Winfield people want to get the most out of his ability, they will persuade him to run their best house. Miss Nellie's numerous friends will very much regret to lose her from the social circle, and will join us in bespeaking for her a cordial welcome from the young folks of Winfield. We wish Mr. Walter and family abundant prosperity in their new home, and, as it is not far off, we hope to see them frequently in Wichita.

Wichita Beacon.




LIST of letters remaining unclaimed in the Winfield Post Office October 15, 1878.

FIRST COLUMN: Abbuhl, Arnold; Baylen, E.; Barrett, James;

Baker, Libbie; Brown, S. E.; Bryan, Henry; Boyland, John;

Bonwell, Allie; Brothers, Dean; Boylan, George H.;

Blachly, J. W.; Bechtel, Amistre; Cooper, John; Durham, Wm.; Duff, Wm.; Dodge, John; Dana, Wm.; Evans, E. R.; Fife, J. O.; Fife, K. G.; Greenlee, Hattie; Gordan, John; Hudson, John;

Hodges, Ella M.; Hoskins, Joel; Hill, J. H.; Haynie, Ellen;

Hall, E. A.; Hall, Rebecca; Jones, Edgar H.; Jones, Laura;

King, Charles A.; Loten, D. E.;

Lee, Margret or Julius Wood, Emma F.

SECOND COLUMN: Leonard, Benj. F.; Lee, Mary Ann; Martin, James;

Margro, Theoff; Murray, W. R.; Murray, W. K.; Murfey, John A.;

Miller, Maggie; McClanahan, Chas.; McKinnon, Mary;

Norrass, Henry; Norton, William; Oppeal, Arnold;

Parsons, Milton; Robinson, Rev. J. J.; Race, E. D.;

Robertson, Quincy; Stevens, E. W.; Smith, Pressie; Smith, Isaac;

Smythe, George W.; Sickles, John; Sheffield, Isabelle;

Sharp, P. W.; Sexton, M. M.; Scott, James; Thompson, I. M.;

Thompson, Wm. F.; Vanskite, Lewis H.; White, Mollie;

Whelchel, John W.; Watt, Jerusha; Wilson, Jennie.




Democratic Convention.

This body met in the office of C. C. Black, in Winfield, on Saturday last, at 11 o'clock a.m.

E. P. Young was chosen temporary chairman and C. C. Black secretary.

A committee on credentials was appointed consisting of Williams, Lester, and Yount; and as committee on permanent organization, McIntire, Howard, and Pratt; also a committee to confer with a similar committee from the National Convention to report a fusion ticket, consisting of Judge McDonald, Sol. Smith, and Amos Walton.

Adjourned to 2 o'clock p.m.

Met according to adjournment, and committee on credentials reported, which report was adopted.

Committee on permanent organization reported for chairman E. P. Young, of Tisdale, and for secretary W. H. H. Maris, of Winfield. Report was adopted.

Committee on conference with Nationals reported.

For Representative 88th Dist., M. G. Troup; 89th District,

M. E. Leonard; Probate Judge, H. D. Gans; County Attorney,

J. E. Allen; District Clerk, J. S. Allen; Superintendent,

J. S. Baker; Commissioner 1st District, A. G. Wilson. The report was received.

The report was amended by the substitution of E. A. Millard in place of Baker for superintendent and adopted as amended.

A platform was adopted, committees appointed, and convention adjourned.




Democratic Ticket for 1879.








[NOTE: Courier attempt to be funny????!!!!]


VERNON TOWNSHIP, Oct. 11, 1878.

This is such beautiful weather no one ought to complain. The farmers are about through seeding and the wheat looks splendid. Corn is being gathered and is yielding well. The sick folks are about all well again, except Mr. Gaitland, who is very sick. Miss Aldrich is teaching at Oldham's schoolhouse. The scholars say she is an excellent teacher, only they seem to think she leads them around by the ears too much.

There was an agent around selling some medicine to keep your lamp from exploding. We tasted it and pronounced it salt, so we got a box and set it away. Our lamp has never explosed since, or before either. We felt like telling him that we would color our own salt. SCREECH OWL.




NEAR LAZETTE, October 11, 1878.

On one day last week, while our school was in session, some dozen or more sportsmen came dashing across the prairie, Comanche style, in chase of a jack rabbit, at sight of which our beloved teacher retreated into the house (it being noontime), her nervous system too much overcome to conduct school in the afternoon. Now we want to caution those Silver fellows the next time they go on a chase to keep away from schoolhouses, for it makes things look rather skittish around here to see lots of folks galoping across the prairie. BLIZZARD.


Best Bros. have removed to Manning's block their stock of Musical Instruments and Sewing Machines. Lowest prices and best goods is our motto.


DEXTER, October 14, 1878.

I am a greenback man, but Saturday that old devil Democracy gobbled us body and breeches, poked down our throats their ticket, not ours. They put Troup on to get him on their side in the future. He holds one office now and I for one will not give him my vote this fall because I think he is asking for too much. If he wants to join the Democrats, why, join them; but one county office is enough for one man to hold at once. We organized so as to have a pure party and we sent honest delegates to Winfield to represent us, but somehow or other the Democrats got hold of the convention and ran it to suit themselves. Now, Mr. Editor, I have but little education but can see a thing or two. Give my old hat to them Democrats and tell them I thank them for this trick, but it won't win in November.





OMNIA TOWNSHIP, Oct. 13, 1878.

Since my last everything has transpired: county convention, district convention, Democratic convention, and National Greenback Labor party convention, and still we live. On Wednesday night of last week the voters of Omnia township met at Baltimore to perfect the organization of a greenback club and send delegates to the N. G. L. "pow-wow," held in your city on the 12th, and although it was reported that a club of 15 members had been organized the Saturday night before and the house was well filled on the said last Wednesday night, not a single man could be found in the entire assembly that would acknowledge any connection with the said N. G. L. club at Baltimore, and consequently Omnia could not be legally represented in the Winfield show. However, the people resolved themselves into a meeting and although not in strict accordance with the original programme, listened to genuine Democrat speeches from E. Harned and R. W. Pester, and Republican speeches from J. C. Stratton and E. A. Henthorn, and I will say they differed very little on the all important issue of the day, to-wit: finance. Next Saturday at 3 o'clock p.m., the voters of Omnia township, regardless of former political associations, will meet at Baltimore for the purpose of nominating township officers.



Hurrah! Best Bros. are selling machines of better quality and at lower prices than any firm in Cowley. Call and see them at their new rooms, Manning block.





Norman Shomber is no longer in our employ and we caution our patrons not to allow him in any manner to tamper with our machines, nor will we be responsible for any money paid him on our account. BEST BRO'S.



If you wish any nice Furnishing Goods, go to Goldsmith's corner of Manning's block.



Mrs. E. Harter, two blocks west of Main street, in Mr. Allen's house, has concluded to take a few boarders. Those wishing for board will please apply at the house.



One woman cook and one dining-room girl that understand their business can get from $12 to $20 per month at Walter's Restaurant, under Manning's Hall.



Have a fine lot of furniture for sale at the Old Log Store.


Sheet Music at Goldsmith's, corrner of Manning's block.







Opens in Manning's Block (rear of post office), Thursday, October 24, with a new house clean and neat in all its appartments.

We hope to merit a share of the public patronage.

Day Boarders Solicited.







Elder Walter filled the Methodist pulpit Sunday morning.

Mrs. Frank Williams is building a house to rent on Eighth avenue.

Geo. Hudson has quit blacksmithing and gone to work in the jewelry store.

Bliss' Winfield Mills and new kiln of pressed brick are the great attraction at present.

DIED. Died, on Monday evening, at 4 o'clock, of croup, Albert, sone of Mr. and Mrs. McInturff, aged 6 years.

The Presbyterian Ladies' Aid Society meet this (Thursday) afternoon with Mrs. James Holloway, on South Millington street.

Mr. J. O. Stuart and Ed. Walker have just returned from a huntt in the Indian Territory. They report game plentiful, especially turkeys, and had a good time generally.

DIED. Mrs. Joseph Mee, of New Salem, died last Monday off consumption. She was a very estimable lady, and a wide number of friends will sympathize with the bereaved.

The dry goods department of the new store in Bahntge's new building opened up in grand style Tuesday morning. The grocery department wil open up for business next Saturday.

Mr. Paul, of Peoria county, Ill., in company with Mr.

S. S. Holloway, called on us last Monday. Mr. Paul is looking up a location for several families, is well pleased with this county, and, with his friends, will probably become valuable acquisitions to our society.




We are glad to state that the first lot of lumber for the repair of the south end of the Arkansas bridge was delivered on Monday last--not a bit too soon, however, for it was high time something was done, or travel would have been stopped. Col. Whiteman had to lead his horses over on Sunday, he not caring to run the risk of driving over. Traveler.



Last week, on Wednesday evening, quite a little disturbance was created on Main street. Tom Wright and a man named Patterson got into a dispute, which, after considerable blowing and calling of hard names, resulted in a few blows being exchanged. They clinched, and after a pretty lively tussel they were separated, and then made it up and went off to get a drink.


Hold Your Wheat.

The wheat market, yesterday morning, was crowded--jammed and packed--with wagons, for three squares; and but few buyers on the street. Three of the elevators are filled to their utmost capacity. This is caused, as usual, by a shortage of cars. The bottom seems to be dropping out, and the end is not yet. The correspondents of some of our dealers have advised them not to touch wheat for the present. The failure of the Glasgow, Scotland, Bank, involving a frightful loss of fifty millions of dollars, which was announced last week, and the failure of the bank in Manchester, with liabilities exceeding ten millions more, have caused a widespread panic in the British Isles, and a general shrinkage of values. The English demand for American wheat has fallen off, the effect is almost instantaneously felt in the remotest wheat fields of Kansas. This shows how intimately the material interests of the world are bound together, and how impossible it is to cut ourselves off, financially or otherwise, from the rest of mankind. We advise our farmers to hold on to their wheat until stability is again reached. The highest price paid yesterday was 55 cents, but 50 cents was the ruling figure. If the farmers crowd the market when there is no demand, they will have to take whatever is offered. Therefore, we say, hold on. Wichita Beacon.




MARRIED. PRICE-WALRATH. On Thursday evening, October 3rd, 1878, by Rev. Hopkins, at the residence of the bride's father, Mr. Theo. C. Price, of Cowley county, to Miss Lizzie Walrath, of Sumner county.

MARRIED. BEST-SMITH. At the residence of the bride's sister, in Oxford, on the 16th inst., at 7 o'clock p.m., by the Rev. Brrooks, C. E. Best, of this place, to Miss Lulu F. Smitth, of Warsaw, Indiana.


RED BUD, October 19, 1878.

MARRIED. At the marriage of David Walck to Miss Bader, last week, the Sons of Appollo and the Muses met at the residence of the bridegroom and discoursed such sweet music as they could get out of a band of miscellaneous instruments for the especial delectation of the bride and groom. About fifty persons were present, noticeable among whom were such grave and reverend seignors as A. M. Fitzsimmons, I. N. Adams, J. F. Lingenfelter, Michael Rusch, and Adam Walck, Esqs. After a few rounds of such music as would have brought tears of ecstacy into the eyes of a wooden man, the musicians were invited by the happy couple to partake of refreshments. A keg of lager was tapped, supper partaken of, and all returned to their houses satisfied and happy. O.




Office of the Secretary of the Walnut Valley Fair


WINFIELD, KANS., Oct. 18, 1878.

To the officers, stockholders, and patrons of the above named association:

I have the honor to submit herewith a detailed statement of the receipts and disbursements of the association from its organization to the present time, as per order of the Executive Board dated Oct. 17th, 1878.


Received from sale of stock: $57.40

Received from sales of tickets: $567.25

Received from entry fees: $42.00




Eugene E. Bacon, Secretary.

Interesting with regard to people named under disbursements.

A. Brown, work on grounds; F. M. Freeland, work on grounds; J. Mentch, work on grounds; H. Whistler, work on grounds; W. C. Hayden, work on grounds; P. Gardner, work on grounds; M. W. Brown, work; Mrs. Andrews, rent of ground; Sam'l. Trowbridge, race track; Jas. Benson, race track; Jas. M. Riser, police; Isaac Davis, police; J. W. Beal, police; C. C. Cruck, police; W. R. Sears, police work; J. E. Bates, police; A. W. Jones, police; Geo. Klaus; J. C. McCollum, police; Cyrus Walker, police; E. S. Eades, police; Perry Martin, police; J. W. Beal, work on track; J. F. Force, gate keeper; John Snyder, police; H. Grommes, police; Bert Crapster, chief police; D. A. Millington, printing; J. H. Raney, clerk; W. O. Lippscomb, clerk; Baird Bros., merchandise; S. M. Jaris, asst. marshal; H. Jochems, nails, etc.; J. VanDoren, police; Brown & Glass, stationery; S. H. Myton, hardware; F. M. Freeland, hay; D. F. Jones, premium; Jas. Benson, premium; A. Brown, premium; S. G. Miles [? Mills ?], premium; Wm. Allison, premium; W. Ensign, entrance money forfeited; W. C. Hayden, police; McCommon & Harter, books; W. C. Hayden, work on grounds; Ed. Nicholson, police; Wallis & Wallis, goods; L. C. Hyde, carpenter work; John Reynolds, hauling; W. C. Hayden, work on grounds; Lynn & Gillelen, goods; John Moffitt, lumber; Geo. H. Crippen use of band; John Moffitt, fencing; Will Allison, diploma.



The following is taken from the Coffeyville Journal in relation to Dr. J. Fleming of the Flag Drug Store, recently located in this city.

"Dr. Fleming, druggist, of this city, packed up his goods, and with his family, left in a little train of some twelve wagons, last Wednesday. He intends locating at Winfield. We wish the Doctor all manner of success, yet we fear the move is not the best that could be made. He had a good business here, in his own building, where no rents were required. He will undoubtedly have more competition there than here. But we shall hope for the best. He was a good citizen and an excellent druggist."


RED BUD, October 19, 1878.

ED. COURIER: A chestnut sorrel mare was found dead in the brush, having been shot by some malicious person or persons. Said mare is 12 years old, 15 hands high, and has a star in forehead; had an old 3/4 inch rrope around her neck, and a 1/2 inch rope tied in this and used for a halter.




LIST of letters remaining unclaimed in the Winfield Post Office October 22, 1878.

FIRST COLUMN: Allison, Capt. Robert; Allen, J. H.;

Brown, J. T.; Beach, J. J.; Cook, A. M.; Davis, Sarah E.;

Dome, C. H.; Domoun, Wm.; Dale, John; Davis, Mollie A.;

Davis, Bettie; Flintt, Wm.; Harris, Mrs. Geo. P.; King, Charles.

SECOND COLUMN: Lobdell, James; Lewis, T. D.; Lane, John W.;

Martin, Perry; Murray, Pat.; Pickett, W. S.; Ross, Frank P.;

Stevenson, T. P.; Wietrick, Martin; Welsch, Wm. M.;

Woods, Jennie; Wadkins, Emma; McQuins, Frank.

Persons calling for any of the above will please say "advertised."






Allison and other speakers in the interest of Troup, in their violent efforts to charge some evil against E. C. Manning, are making the statement that Manning stole the townsite of Winfield, and that it is from the money that he got for lots belonging to others, which has erected his magnificent building.

Now, some of the men who most strenuously insisted on Manning's candidacy at this time, and who are among his most earnest supporters, are men who fought him all through this townsite contest and know, if anyone does, of any wrong that he did in relation to that matter. If they do not know of any, no one does.

But when such a charge is made, it is not against Manning alone, but becomes a personal charge against the senior editor of this paper and others associated with Manning in the town site enterprise, and we now propose to answer it by stating the facts which all who are familiar with the past history of this city know to be true, for the information of such voters as were not here, and know these matters only by hearsay.

The settlement of this county commenced in 1869, before the treaty for the removal of the Indians was made; before there was any survey of the lands or any steps taken to open these lands up for settlement, by settlers coming in and making claims of 160 acres each and improving them, which claims were afterward secured to these settlers by law. Among these claimants were E. C. Manning and A. A. Jackson, who made claims on what is now the north half of section 28. A. Menor and H. C. Loomis laid claims on the south half of same section, and C. M. Wood and W. W. Andrews claimed the half section next north of this section. Each of these claimants proceeded to occupy and improve his claim, and had as good a right to his claim as any man had on this reserve. Each had the undisputed right to prove up and enter his claim when the land should be ready to be offered.

In 1870 these several parties and others formed the project of making a town site. A town company was formed and Manning was to give the town company a certain 40 acres of his claim when he had entered it, for which the company was to pay one-half of the expense of building the old log store. Jackson, Wood, Andrews, Loomis, and Menor were all to sell portions of their claims to the town company at about seven dollars per acre, so that in the aggregate the town site should be 160 acres.

In August, 1870, we, in company with J. C. Fuller, came here. Jackson was then "off the track," denying having agreed to sell any part of his claim and stating that he never would sell any of it to the town company. We bought Jackson's claim for

J. C. Fuller, paying Jackson $1,000 in cash for it.

It was found that neither of the other parties would sell any part of their claims to the town company, but Manning turned over his 40 acres to the town company as it had been agreed, and this was all the land that the town company could get out of the original arrangement.

No one then doubted the right of E. C. Manning to the remaining 120 acres of his claim, or of J. C. Fuller to his 160 acre claim bought of Jackson. In the meantime, through the efforts of Manning exclusively, the county seat had been located at Winfield, at which time Manning was the only occupant, and, deeming it necessary to move ahead in building up the town in order to retain the county seat and other advantages, and as there was not land enough belonging to the town company, the Winfield Town Association was formed by Manning, Fuller, and others, including ourself, to handle another 40 acres of Manning's claim with the west 80 acres of Fuller's claim, which, with the town company's 40 acres, made a town site of 160 acres in square form. This was surveyed and platted, and the two companies proceeded to give away lots to persons who would improve and occupy them, to other persons who would work for the benefit of the town in any way, and for other purposes to benefit the town. More than one-third, and nearly one-half of the lots in value, have been given to occupants, to stage companies to induce stage service to Winfield, for services in and outside of Winfield, for churches, schools, courthouse and jail, and for other public purposes.

The two companies with Manning, Fuller, and ourself, have paid out in the aggregate more than five thousand dollars in cash for the general benefit of the town site in various ways, aside from buildings for personal use. These expenses are too various for enumeration, and perhaps some of these expenditures were not judicious. One hundred dollars to procure early railroad surveys to this place, for instance, also ninety dollars for printing and circulating posters and papers to advertise the town, two hundred dollars to enter the town site, expenses in traveling to railroad director's meetings, making a ferry across the Walnut, running roads, surveying the town site, employing legal counsel, etc. Each of us have expended a great deal of time in various ways intended to benefit the town.

The parties who were induced to occupy and improve lots on the town site before the survey and before the entry, did so under an express agreement, generally in writing, as to what their individual interests in the town site should be and what should be the interests of the town companies. The government survey took place in January, 1871, and on the 10th day of July, 1871, the land became subject to entry at the land office at Augusta.

In nearly all the other town sites of the state made before entry, the original claimants entered the land and then deeded to the occupants, town companies, and others, according to previous agreement, and that was originally the intention with regard to this town site, but the commissioner of the general land office had made a ruling in the case of this reserve, that the claimant must, before entering, subscribe an oath, that he had not sold or agreed to sell or otherwise dispose of, any part of the claim he proposed to enter, and though this ruling was clearly outside of law and the oath if taken would not be an oath at all in fact (as afterwards decided by the courts) yet Manning and Fuller did not like to conform to it as others were doing. They, therefore, procured the probate judge of the county to enter the town site under the town site laws, and then each entered the other 80 acres of his claim in his own name.

About this time became manifest a disposition of some of the occupants to claim more of the town site than the lots they had improved and quite an excitement sprung up. In order to avoid litigation and make an equitable settlement, Manning called a public meeting in which he offered for the two companies to submit all the matters of difference to arbitration, the companies naming one arbitrator, the dissatisfied occupants the second, and the two thus appointed to select the third, who should hear the evidence of all parties and determine their interests and rights in the town site and their decision should be final, which proposition was voted down and rejected by the dissatisfied occupants. It has since frequently been offered to individuals.

The probate judge, under the law, appointed three commissioners to set off the lots to the several occupants according to their respective interests, and they made their award in accordance with the previous agreement between the occupants and companies as to what those interests should be as above stated and the probate judge executed the deeds accordingly.

The larger number of the occupants expressed themselves satisfied, and to quiet the titles made quit claim deeds to the companies of their interests in the unimproved lots. A few would not be satisfied, but commenced an action to set aside the deeds made by the probate judge. This action was in the courts some time and was finally beaten in the Supreme court on demurrer.

Another action was commenced having the same final object in view, which was finally beaten in the Supreme court. The companies in order to try to get the people to work in harmony for the general benefit of the city, made a great many concessions to pacify these litigants.

During the pendency of the first action, a settlement was made with A. A. Jackson, a leading disturber and plaintiff in that action, by which, in addition to the $1,000 and the two valuable lots that had already been given him, the companies gave him two other valuable lots for any remaining or supposed interest he had in the balance of the town site and the nominal sum of $25, and he withdrew from the suit.

Others were compromised with in various ways, and made quit claims, quiet was restored and all seemed united to promote the general prosperity. These litigations had been very expensive and damaging to the prosperity of the town and had stirred up much bad blood, making Mannning many bitter opposers, but in the few years since, the bitterness has mostly died away.

Jackson concluded to grab another valuable lot and Hill & Christie brought suit for possession. Jackson defended on the ground that the deed of the probate judge to the Winfield town company on which Hill & Chrristie's title was founded was illegal and void. Jackson employed Hon. A. J. Pyburn and two other attorneys to defend, but was beaten in the trial. As the law provides for a second trial in a case of this nature, this action is now pending in the district court for a new trial.

Two attorneys whom Jackson employed were newcomers and had not gained a practice in the courts. They attempted to start a practice and make a reputation by stirring up a grand litigation on this old town site matter, assured parties that they could burst up the whole thing, get the deeds of the probate judge set aside and a new deal of the town lots. They offered to take the job for one-third of the spoils and urged upon the city council to commence litigation at the public expense.

They finally got A. A. Jackson to go in as plaintiff and a suit was commenced against the Town Company, Manning and Fuller, with a great flourish of trumpets about their ponderous papers and pleadings, but no notice was taken of their summons until court time and they demanded judgment for default, when they learned that they did not know how to get a case into court. They now seemed to conclude that the reason they got beat each time was the fault of the law, and set themselves to manipulate politics so as to get a law passed that would help them beat in these cases, and in another case in which they have succeeded in getting an elderly woman, who had a lot given her, and a slab shanty on it at the time of the entry, to start another suit for a rip up of titles and a new deal.

Pyburn, one of Jackson's attorneys, is a member of the State Senate and it is thought he can be depended upon to get the new law through the Senate, and, if they can get Troup elected to the House, they feel confident they can pass a law that will beat Hill & Christy, town company, et al., in their pending suits and everybody else that holds title under either of the town companies.

This is the real attempt to steal the town site, but not by Manning. We have no apprehension that any law they can get passed, or any litigation under it, or under the present law, will ever void the titles to the town site, but we do apprehend that it might promote and cause a vast amount of expensive litigation which would be a great detriment to the city by throwing doubt upon titles; make much room for vicious lawyers to practice baratry and champerty, and stir up more bad blood without the least benefit to anyone except the lawyers employed in the matter.

By the way, the lots which Manning has been selling to help build his brick block are in the part of his original claim which he entered himself, and not in that part which was entered by the probate judge, if that makes any difference. Manning probably never got much, if anything, more for lots on the town site than he has expended for the general benefit of the town.

This way of commencing a suit in the courts and then getting a law passed by the legislature to rule and decide the case is a new invention in litigation which no Yankee lawyer would have ever thought of. Such are the facts about stealing the town site.






There will be a Republican meeting held at the Fairview schoolhouse (better known as the Limbocker schoolhouse) on Friday evening, November 1st. The meeting will be addressed by Frank S. Jennings and other persons from Winfield. Greenbackers are cordially invited to join in the discussion.







At Winfield, Saturday, November 2, at 2 o'clock, p.m.

Senator P. B. Plumb and Judge Sam'l. R. Peters,

Two of the finest orators in Kansas will address the people. A barbecue lunch will be served on the ground. THE WHOLE COUNTY IS INVITED TO ATTEND.


The Election is Next Tuesday.

Let every friend of order and good government turn out and vote the straight Republican ticket.


Farmers and Laboring Men.

Do not fail to vote for farmers and laboring men when you have such candidates who are honest, faithgul, and efficient. Such are G. L. Gale, J. W. Millspaugh, A. A. Wiley, and E. C. Manning and such Troup, Gans, and Leonard are not. Surely enough professional men get into office at best.





The beautiful State Normal School building at Emporia was destroyed by fire last Saturday morning. The loss is a heavy one, the building being worth about $100,000. The fire was caused by spontaneous combustion of coal stored in the basemen of the building. We have not learned whether the building was insured or not.


Cowley county has had some experiences in the fiat business. For several years we have had several very fine fiat railroads. Over these railroads our wheat has been taken to market at an extra cost to the farmers of fifteen to twenty cents per bushel. Our experience should lead us to prefer the genuine article. Is not this as true of money as of railroads? At an early day we shall secure both a genuine railroad and an honest dollar. Ourr people are to be congratulated on the deliverance that is so near.


Allison expects Wilson to help him get the county printing at legal rates for his any-thing-for-five-dollars, infamous, blackmailing sheet. If you are not willing to help him in his scheme, see that Gale's and not Wilson's name is on your ticket for commissioner from this district.


Troup gets $2,000 a year as salary and perhaps $300 extra for making the tax lists, but is not satisfied and wants another office so as to get twice paid for the time he spends at Topeka.





John Moffitt returned last Sunday from his trip East.

MARRIED. Married, October 24th, 1878, by Rev. L. Rigby, Mr. John W. Smith and Mary C. Hashhley; of Douglas, Butler county, Kansas.

Mr. Case Friedburg, of Indpendence, was in town last week. He has been to Wichita and out through Sumner county looking at the country.

Henry Goldsmith opened up his news stand Saturday. He keeps all the leading Eastern dailies and weeklies on hand as well as the COURIER.


The Winfield gun club hve received their glass balls, and tomorrow afternoon at two o'clock they will have a shoot northeast of town on Manny's farm.

The firm of Mater & Miller, blacksmiths, have dissolved partnership, and the shop will hereafter be run by Mater & Son, who will endeavor to keep up the reputation of the shop for good work.

TO THE CITIZENS OF WINFIELD AND VICINITY: Friends--We wish it distinctly understood that we sell Liquors only for Medicinal Purposes. FLAG DRUG STORE.

Marshal Stevens created some excitement while taking Tom Wright to the "cooler" last Thursday. We will bet two to one that Tom has the best lungs in Southern Kansas.

Last week, Wednesday night, the post office took Greeley's advice and went west and located in Manning's corner building. The wheels have been taken from under it, and it looks as if it had made a permanent settlement.




NOTICE. There will be a meeting of the Republicans of Winfield Township at the courthouse on Friday, Nov. 1st, at the hour of 2 o'clock p.m., for the purpose of nominating Township officers.

R. L. WALKER, Chairman, Township Central Committee.


The gayest little affair of the season occurred at the residence of Mrs. Bruner on last Monday evening. The young folks found out that she had moved into her new house and rushed in upon her without warning, and warmed the house in a way that will not soon be forgotten, either, by the amiable hostess or the delighted guests.


We have just heard that Allison and his friends are circulating the story in some portions of the county that, when Mr. Torrance procured a writ of mandamus from Judge Campbell directing the county treasurer to issue personal property tax warrants against delinquent tax-payers, he was employed by Sheriff Parker for that purpose. This is not true. The facts are these: Complaint was made to Mr. Torrance by a number of tax-payers who had paid their personal property tax that many of the delinquent tax-payers were leaving the county with their property, so that the county was thereby losing their tax. The statute required the county treasurer to issue the tax warrants on or before the 10th day of January. Mr. Kager had neglected to issue them, and although Mr. Torrance informed him that the county was losing hundreds of dollars of tax on that account, he said he would not issue them until the next spring. This was not fair to those who had paid their taxes, and by such a course the county would have lost a large amount of taxes. Mr. Torrance then applied to Judge Campbell for a writ of mandamus, as it was his bounden duty to do, and he issued one compelling Mr. Kager to issue the tax warrants. In so doing Mr. Torrance acted purely for the interests of the county.



Serious Fire.

On last week Wednesday evening about 10 o'clock a fire occurred in the new barn on

J. C. McMullen's place in the west part of the city. The barn was a large building, well constructed, had been used as a shop by the mechanics at work on his palatial residence nearby, and there were shavings and pieces of lumber therein; besides, it was stored nearly full of the fine work for the house such as mouldings, inside finish work, windows, doors, and ornamental work for ceilings, paints, oils, carpenter's ttools, and a large quantity of house furniture and winter clothing. Two boys were to sleep in the building as a guard, and as they were about to retire, to finally extinguish their light, one of them blew down the chimney of their kerosene lantern, which exploded, setting fire to the surrounding inflammable material, and the building was completely enveloped in flames before any force could arrive to extinguish them, and the building and contents were totally destroyed. Loss about $2,000. McMullen, Swain, Barclay, and Hetherington are the principal losers. A more serious loss of Mr. McMullen is not of a nature to be estimated in cash, consisting of family mementoes, which had accumulated for generations.




Fatal Accident.

DIED. Mr. Ira Howe, of Dexter, last week, in company with several of his neighbors with two wagons, went hunting in the Indian Territory south of Caldwell. While moving along in their wagons in the Territory, three men who seemed to be hostile attempted to stop the teams, at the same time cursing the occupants of the wagons. Ira Howe was lying in the bed of a wagon, and one of the occupants of that wagon in the excitement of the moment undertook to draw a gun from under the seat, and, while doing so hastily, the gun was discharged, killing Mr. Howe almost instantly. He was brought into Sumner county and buried. Mr. Howe was a friend of ours and a very estimable man and citizen. His bereaved relatives and friends have our heartfelt sympathies.


MARRIED. GREER-KINNE. On Wednesday morning, October 30th, at the residence of E. P. Kinne, the bride's father, in Winfield, by Rev. N. L. Rigby, Mr. Ed. P. Greer and Miss Lizzie Kinne.

Ed. is one of our boys; intelligent, honest, industrious, and of unexceptionable habits. He is one of the most reliable young men you will meet, and has a future of promise before him. The bride is one of the most accomplished and beautiful of the Winfield ladies and would be a prize to any young man who should have the fortune to win her.



Winfield Courier, October 31, 1878.

WINFIELD, October 30, 1878.

After this date Mexican dollars will be received by us at 90 cents.

M. L. ROBINSON, Cashier Read's Bank.

J. C. FULLER, Winfield Bank.

B. F. BALDWIN, Cashier Citizens' Bank.


WINFIELD, October 18, 1878.

Having been informed that Will M. Allison has been making charges against E. S. Torrance, the Republican candidate for county attorney of Cowley county, in reference to his connection while formerly county attorney of Cowley county with the allowance of a salary of $500 to T. H. Johnson, then probate judge of said county, and the allowance of damages to said Johnson on account of the laying out of a road on his premises, I desire to make the following statement.

At the time the salary and damages were allowed to Mr. Johnson, O. C. Smith, Frank Cox, and myself constituted the Board of County Commissioners of said county. Mr. Smith has since died and Mr. Cox has removed from this state. I was present at the sessions of the county board at which the salary and damages aforesaid were allowed. In relation to the salary, Mr. Torrance advised the board that, under the law, it was in their discretion whether they should allow a salary to Mr. Johnson for his services as probate judge, and that if they saw fit to allow such salary, it could in no event exceed $500. Mr. Torrance had nothing to do with the allowance of his salary, and if any blame is to be attached to anyone on account of the allowance of the salary, it should fall on the board and not on Mr. Torrance.

In relation to the road damages, the board allowed Mr. Johnson what they thought was right, and Mr. Torrance had nothing to do with the matter whatever, except to advise the board that, under the law, they should allow such damages as in their judgment they thought just and reasonable.






WINFIELD, October 28, 1878.

EDITOR COURIER: Allison, in his paper of last week, devotes some space to me as the Republican candidate for county attorney, and closes by asking me five questions. I have furnished him brief answers to these questions for his paper this week, but lest he may adhere to the tactics he has started out on, and not publish my answers, I ask the privilege of a hearing through your columns.

Allison's hostility toward me has been of long standing, growing out of the fact that he failed to get the county printing from the county board when I was county attorney. He claimed that my advice to the board concerning the law was what defeated him. When he says that he made attacks upon me through his paper before he made a bid for the county printing, he states an untruth.

Every unprejudiced person who attended the late Greenback county convention and heard Allison's harrangues there in relation to whom he wanted for county attorney will be satisfied that his grudge toward me arose out of the matter of county printing. His imputation that I have been trying to patch up my official record in advance of his charges is a fitting inuendo from his libelous pen, since, from the moment of my nomination, he has been busy retailing false charges against me.

The first three questions he asks he puts in the form of charges against me at a meeting at New Salem, and when Mr. Asp, who was present, asked him if he had any more charges to make against me, and if so, to make them then so that I could reply before the election, Allison said he had, but did not propose to exhibit his powder and shot in advance. He closes the article in his paper with the statement that when these questions are answered he shall propound more in next week's issue, well knowing that it will be impossible for me to reply to them before the election.

Unless Allison is a true exponent of his party, which I do not believe, his manner of conducting the campaign against me will not be approved by his party, and will be considered worse than bush-whacking bby every fair minded person.

And now I will answer his questions in their order.

1st. I was not guilty of a back salary grab in 1872 or in any other year, nor did I ever receive a cent from the county that I was not justly and legally entitled to. I was county attorney from January 1871 to January 1875. Under the law the county board had to fix the salary of county attorney, the amount depending upon the population of the county on the first of March of each year, to be ascertained by the returns of the township assessors, to be made by July 1st, and the board could not legally determine the population until their July session. The board at their July session in July, 1871, fixed the salary of county attorney for that year at $450, and I received that amount in the scrip of the county. At the July session for 1872 the population was such that the county board legally fixed the salary for that year at $1,000, and I received that amount in county scrip worth sixty to seventy cents on the dollar.

2nd. The only part which I had in the allowance of a salary to T. H. Johnson, Probate Judge, was to advise the board that it was in their discretion whether to allow him a salary at all or not, and that in any extent it could not exceed $500. That opinion was correct. The board did allow $500, and this violated no law.

3rd. In relation to the road damages allowed Mr. Johnson, all I had to do with it was to advise the board that it should allow such damages as were just and reasonable.

4th. I never advised the Board of County Commissioners in 1873, or at any other time, that it had a right to grant a whiskey license on the same petition upon which a license had been granted the year before, and, having never given such advice, I of course never received any money on account of such advice; nor did I ever receive, nor was I ever offered, a cent, or any sum of money or valuable thing, to do or forbear to do any official act during the four years that I was county attorney.

5th. John B. Fairbank, A. H. Green, and myself at one time were associated together in the civil practice of the law only. During that time I prosecuted a man by the name of James Stewart on the charge of being implicated in the shooting of a deputy U. S. Marshal on Grouse creek. Stewart wqs defended in court by W. P. Hackney and Messrs. Putman & Case, of Topeka, and Mr. Green was in some way connected with the defense, but did not take any active part in the trial of the case. Whether Mr. Green offered Stewart any such inducement to secure his employment as Mr. Allison insinuates, I have no personal knowledge, nor do I care. Mr. Green says he did not, which settles the question in my mind that Mr. Allison lies on that score. This much I do know, that, although Stewart was defended by as good lawyers as the State afforded, the only favor I showed him was to procure his conviction and have him sentenced to the state penitentiary.

I have been informed that Mr. Allison, at a meeting at Beek's schoolhouse, in Ninnescah township, on last Saturday night, said that I had been given a yoke of cattle for loosely prosecuting a case in Beaver township in which two men had been arrested on a charge of bringing Texas cattle into that township. That charge is absolutely false.

Mr. E. B. Johnson was the prosecuting witness in that case. I told Mr. Johnson after he had these men arrested and before the commencement of the trial before the justice of the peace that I believed the statute under which they were held was in contravention of the constitution of the United States, and that they would finally be discharged on that account. Mr. Johnson insisted however on testing that question, and as the county could in no event be liable for the costs I proceeded with the trial before the justice and a jury. One of the defendants was acquitted because proof could not be obtained that he had any connection with bringing the cattle into the county. The other was convicted and he appealed to the district court, and was there discharged on the ground that the statute was unconstitutional.

It is perhaps a matter of general information that a short time ago the Supreme Court of the United States decided that a similar statute of the State of Missouri conflicted with the constitution of the United States, and on that account was null and void.

These comprise the batch of lies that Mr. Allison, so far as I am advised, has thus far charged against me in this campaign. If he didn't lie in the last week's issue of his paper, he intends to publish a new string of falsehoods in the last issue of his paper before the day of election.

In conclusion I have to say that any charges he may make affecting my honesty or integrity as county attorney of this county will be absolutely false; that whatever my ability may have been when acting as county attorney, I honestly and conscientiously endeavored to discharge the duties that the office devolved upon me.





GRAVEL POINT, KANSAS, October 25, 1878.

ED. COURIER: Items there are plenty. We are having quite a young winter at present. Everybody is excited over politics.

T. E. Williamson is walling his cellar and proposes to take up winter quarters there ere long. There is a well drill in ourr vicinity now, and all the cry is "Water!" "Water!" Hon.

BIRTH. E. A. Henthorn, of Omnia township, thinks politics don't pay since he has become the father of a 102 pound boy.






Fine Michigan Apples, Lemons, cocoanuts, Dates, and other fruit at Goldsmith's, Post Office Building.



The Cheap Store (in new brick building corner Tenth avenue and Main street, and opposite the Williams House) is now open with a full stock of NEW GOODS, CONSISTING OF Dry Goods, Hats, Capts, Groceries, Queensware, etc. Everything new and the best in the market, and sold at LOWEST CASH PRICES. Call and be convinced.


Dissolution of Partnership.

The firm of Miller & Mater, in the blacksmithing business, is dissolved by mutual consent. The books and accounts of the firm are left in the hands of W. P. Hackney, for collection. Mr. Mater will continue the business at the old stand and Mr. Miller will immediately open a shop a short distance south of that stand.



Winfield, October 29th, 1878.







The Fusion Busted.

Manning Goes to Topeka!

The Allison Jackson Ring Split Wide Open--Torrance Walks into the office of County Attorney!

Gale, Bedilion, and Story are to Continue to Serve the People!

The Republican State Ticket Gets a Large Majority Over all Opposition!

The Fiat Goose is Dead--Never to be Resurrected!


Returns have not come in as was expected and as we go to press we are only able to announce the vote of this county as stated in the accompanying table. [SKIPPED TABLE.] Manning is elected by 108 majority over the fusion candidate, and the whole Republican ticket, with the exception of Millspaugh, and possibly Wiley, are elected over the fusion nominees by good majorities.





The petition to call an election to vote bonds to the

A. T. & S. F. road is being circulated. A meeting has been called at the courthouse this evening to enthuse the people.


We print today the Burlington Railroad petition that our readers may have a look at it before it is circulated for signatures. The Telegram will contain the Santa Fe proposition.







Mrs. Stump has a fine assortment of ladies' cloaks.

Miss Lena Curry has returned from her visit to Mound City.

Dr. W. S. Mendenhall has been appointed U. S. Examining surgeon.

Go and see "East Lynne" at the Opera House tonight.

Rev. J. E. Platter and lady returned from the State Sunday School Convention last week.

Go and see Selden Irwin in the character of "Col. Sellers" in Mark Twain's "Gilded Age," tomorrow evening, at the Opera House.

Mrs. M. S. Davis, mother of Mrs. E. Swain, has moved to town to spend the winter with her daughter.

DIED. On Wednesday morning, November 6th, of membraneous croup, Herman, youngest child of Leland J. and Helen Webb, aged 4 years. The afflicted parents have the sympathy of the entire community in the loss of their beautiful child.


Last Friday the Gun Club had their first glass ball shooting match with the following score. This is the first shoot and the score is not very good but we hope that the next score will give a better showing. Dick Gates carried off the leather medal.




Fair Warning.

After this date any person or persons guilty of trapping or netting prairie chicken or quail or killing game out of season in this county, will be fined to the full extent of the law. Five dollars reward will be paid to anyone giving reliable information of the same.

By order of the Winfield gun club.






MARRIED. LAHR--ANDREWS. By Rev. A. H. Walter, Oct. 20, 1878, Rev. P. G. Lahr to Mrs. M. L. Andrews, all of Winfield, Kansas.

Dick Oglesby's Troubadours and Swiss Bell ringers will be here next Thursday.

For sale or trade for corn or oats: three head of fine stock hogs. R. C. STORY.


SHERIDAN, Nov. 1, 1878.

Since our last items were sent, a great many changes have been made in our neighborhood. Farms have exchanged hands, old settlers have left, and newcomers have moved in.

There has been a great deal of sickness here and the dark wings of the angel of death have overshadowed some of our homes and left a sad vacancy in our home circle. Among those still quite ill are Mr. Burnett, and Mr. Kepliast.

Presbytery convened at the Sheridan schoolhouse Oct. 17th. It lasted until Sunday, 20th, with good meetings and a fair attendance of ministers.

Mr. Johnson, who taught our school two years ago, has returned from a visit to his home in Illinois.

Wheat is looking splendid. Mr. Barney Shrriver has a field tall enough to hide a rabbit and affords his cows daily pasture. This is on the upland.

Our old friend and school mate, Sol Smith, is making quite a success teaching school in this district.

Among those visiting our country with the view of making it their permanent home in the future may be mentioned Mr. Edgar Cornell (nephew of Mr. Wm. Reynolds) from near Fondulac, Wisconsin, and Mr. Dick and son-in-law, friends of G. W. Burnett, from Kentucky.

The farmers are quite busy gathering their corn. The yield is very good.





LAZETTE, Oct. 28th, 1878.

The so-called Greenbackers in this place are not so sanguine as heretofore. You see Gen. Davis was over the night of 22nd inst., and pulled all the "stuffin" out of them, so completely knocked the wind from their sills till they look as lank and limp as a wet rag. Some have declared their intention to vote the republican ticket while others are in sackcloth and ashes.

The fiat party here is going the way Ward's ducks went.

MARRIED. The next evening after the speaking Julius C. Wilcox and Stella M. Stafford were united matrimonially at the schoolhouse before a large crowd. May peace and prosperity attend them.

BIRTH. Will Fritch was son struck the other day--weight five pounds.

Dr. Wilkins, our old time friend, has been doing all the practice since he located with us.

Cal. Dwyer was thrown from his horse recently and seriously injured.

The committee appointed to look after the interest of one Sol Frazier was presented with a bill of $7.33. Whose laugh is it now? [SIGNED WITH THREE DOTS ???]










CHAS. C. BLACK, ATTORNEY AT LAW. Office west side Main street, upstairs, between 8th and 9th Avenue, Winfield, Kansas.






































Dr. Hawkins will resume the practice of his profession in co-partnership with Dr. Wagner.

All calls attended to, day and night. Both will attend, when necessary, without additional fee.



Physician, Surgeon and Obstetrician. Will give his entire attention to the practice of medicine in all itgs branches, both in city and country. Particular attention given to chronic diseases. Office No. 80 Main street, 2 doors south of Horning's grocery store.




will attend to calls promptly in city or country. Particular attention given to Surgery and Diseases of Women and Children.

Microscopy and chemical analysis a specialty. Office in McCommon & Harter's drug store, upstairs.



Rooms upstairs in S. C. Smith's building, Winfield, Kansas.



ELECLECTIC PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. Prompt attention given to all calls in the city and adjacent country. Chrronic and Nervous diseases specially treated.

Office over Lynn & Gillelen's store. Residence west on 11th ave.



Office and resident in the Page building, upstairs.







Have always on hand the choicest steaks, roasts, and other fresh meats. Particular attention paid to neatness.

Shop on Ninth avenue, one door east of McGuire & Crippen's store.




Two doors South of Read's Bank, Winfield, Kansas.

Choice and tender steaks, rosts, and all kinds of fresh meats always on hand.






Drawings, plans and specifications furnished.

Deputy Co. Surveyor.

Office north side Ninth [? OBSCURED ?]



House, Sign and Carriage Painting, Graining and Papering.

Office under Read's Bank, Winfield, Kansas.




to order from the best materials.




Plastering & Cistern Building.

Boards at Mrs. Whitehead's, one door north of Brown & Glass drug store.






We do not doubt that our readers are very anxious to learn all that can be known concerning the railroad situation, and we consider it due them to state what we know about it. The situation at present is not encouraging. With two railroad propositions before us, each demanding nearly all the aid, in bonds, that the county can issue, it looks as though each would defeat the other and that we shall get neither.

The Cowley, Sumner and Fort Smith Company, backed by the

A., T. & S. F. propose to build from Wichita via Winfield and Arkansas City to the State line and demand that we vote them $180,000 of Cowley bonds. If we do this we will, without reasonable doubt, get their road, but at the same time nearly exhaust our ability to give aid to any other road and practically decide that we will have no other and will remain at the mercy of the Santa Fe company for freights and fares so far as we cannot control them by legislation.

If it is a fixed fact that we cannot get this road without voting them the $180,000, the question is narrowed down to one point, viz: shall we take the road on these terms. But there are many who do not believe that these are the best terms attainable. Some even contend that they will build the road without aid if we vote to the Burlington road the $170,000 demanded.

This position is simply absurd. If they build the road through this county, it will be because they can make money by it, and aid is an important element in their profits. If they wish to build a through route to Fort Smith, they can build through Wellington at least as cheaply with as few miles of road as through Winfield, and there is no doubt that Sumner county would vote them a reasonable amount of aid.

It is however believed that they will accept a vote from us of $140,000 in bonds. If they will do this, it will be possible to get a competing road by such further aid as we can give.

A strenuous effort is now being made at Topeka to get the amount reduced to $140,000 and we hope it will succeed. In that case we should say, vote the bonds by all means. Whatever amount we vote them they will doubtless get, for they will build the road in time to remove our next year's crop which will be worth the $140,000 to us for a single year.

Then if we can get the Burlington road the next spring for competition the second year and the years thereafter, our county will be on the high road to wealth. Under our present assessment as we understand the law, only a little over $200,000 can be issued to both and all roads together. An increased assessment in the spring of 1880 could not possibly, in our opinion, authorize the issue of more than $250,000 in aggregate, and, after voting to both the Wichita and Burlington road, both together, could not in any event, get over $250,000, of which the Wichita road would get the amount voted to it and the Burlington only the residue.

If both propositions are voted upon in the present shape neither would probably be carried, and we hope that the Wichita company will accept the reduction and that proposition be voted on first so as to avoid a complication which will defeat both. Probably before our next issue we can give further information on these matters.






Further Preparations for the Survey of the Arkansas.

Capt. I. D McKown, of the U. S. A. Engineer corps, with his assistants, Messrs. Kimball and Davis, are now at the Douglas Avenue Hotel. They will remain here till the latter part of the week to complete their arrangements for the preliminary survey of the Arkansas river from Wichita to Fort Smith, Arkansas.

The surveying party will consist of five or six persons all told, with flat boats, 8 x 20 feet, and covered with a canvass awning. Capt. McKown and party have just completed a like survey of the Kaw from Junction City to Kansas City, and have made navigable between the above points, a distance of 20 miles a day on this stream.

The party will leave here on Friday or Saturday and proceed down the river, making an accurate record of distances, the amount and flow of the water, width of the river, heighth of the banks, amount and quality of the timber, and character of the bed of the river generally. When completed, a report will be made through Major Sutter, of St. Louis, Chief Engineer of the department, to General Humphreys, at Washington, the head of the Engineer corps. Out of the general appropriations made by congress of $20,000 for the survey of the White and St. Francis rivers in Arkansas, the Gasconade in Missouri, and the Kaw and Arkansas rivers, a special assignment of $3,000 was made for the survey of the two latter. The people of this part of the Arkansas valley will watch for the report with a great deal of interest. The jetty system is the plan proposed for the opening of these rivers for commercial purposes. Wichita Beacon.





Horses Stolen and Afterward Shot.

(Eldorado Press.)

A gentleman from Caldwell, Sumner county, by the name of Gilmore, came up this way this week looking for five head of horses and mules which had recently been stolen from him. Before reaching Eldorado, he had found four of them, three dead. One near Red Bud, Cowley county, had been driven to death, two near the south line of this county, were shot. It is supposed that they had been ridden down, and that the thief, to conceal his tracks, had killed them rather than leave them alive. The fourth animal was found between Eldorado and Augusta, where it had been left alive and another horse stolen in its stead.







Mrs. W. M. Boyer is seriously ill.

John Buell, son of S. W. Buell, is quite sick.

Mrs. P. Stump has Harper Bazar Patterns for sale.

Fine gent's underwear at Goldsmith's, post office building.

J. C. Fuller has gone to Topeka to talk railroad.

DIED. A child of Mr. Lipscomb, our sign painter, died last Monday.

Choice lemons at 50 cts. per dozen at Goldsmith's, Post Office Building.

Fine cocoanuts and Michigan apples at Goldsmith's, post office buildng.

John J. Todd, the great peach raiser, is seriously ill. His situation was critical last Monday.

Our county superintendent is again able for duty, and hopes soon to take the field in visiting schools.

Doctor Tomlinson, of Indianapolis, is visiting friends along the Walnut. The Doctor thinks of locating in Cowley.

Mr. Warren Gillelen has purchased the lot on 8th Avenue, next east of Mr. Curns, and will immediately erect a brick house containing six rooms. We always wondered why Mr. Gillelen went to Ft. Scott so often.

Charles H. Miller, ex-U. S. Marshal, has purchased the Leavenworth Daily Public Press, and will manage its affairs.

Maj. Schofield was here again last week on railroad matters. He was accompanied by Col. Fisk, of New York, an experienced railroad builder and capitalist who is a brother-in-law of Joseph P. Hale, the principal capitalist of the Burlington road. Col. Fisk will have a large interest in the road and superintend its construction. They were accompanied by Mr. DeLong, attorney for the company, and Maj. Gunn, the chief engineer. The company is thoroughly and powerfully organized with able and experienced men in every department and claim an abundance of capital to build the road. These gentlemen went on to Sumner and to counties west to make arrangements with those counties having ordered that their proposition be circulated in the form of a petition in this county at once.




Jack Redick, of Harvey, was in our city Wednesday last.

Mr. M. D. Herman, father of Mrs. Webb, is visiting in this city.

Mr. A. C. Finney has moved with his family to Kansas City.

Prof. Pepard gave a free lecture at the courthouse Monday night.

Rev. J. E. Platter was quite ill Monday, but has since been improving.

BIRTH. Mr. John W. Curns is the happy father of a new born son; weight nine pounds.

Goldsmith has put up a guard to protect his show cases and for the benefit of loungers.

The splendid new hotel between the Central and the American hotels is nearly completed.

Dick Walker, Cornie Wallis, and George Walker started for the Territory for a hunt Monday.

Mr. Alonzo Moffitt, of Illinois, cousin of John Mofffitt, our "boss" lumber dealer, is visiting in this city.

I. L. Millington, a brother of ours, and John Buell have fitted up the building lately occupied by the post office for a feed store and will soon be ready to buy corn, oats, and other produce from the farmers.


MARRIED. On the 7th of Nov., 1878, by Rev. Joel Mason,

E. Anmaun and Cora Haven, all of Cowley county, Kansas.

MARRIED. By the same on Nov. 9th, 1878, Charles J. Pempton, of Sedgwick county and Paelle [?] C. Holland, of Cowley county.


List of Jurors drawn Nov. 4, 1878, to serve at the December term of court, 1878, in the Disttrict Court of Cowley county:

J. J. Jackson, Windsor.

W. G. Hill, Winfield.

William McCullock, Beaver.

C. S. Smith, Vernon.

A. J. Thomas, Sheridan.

J. R. Perry, Creswell.

William Coombs, Creswell.

H. Harbaugh, Pleasant Valley.

Joseph Cole, Liberty.

William Moore, Dexter.




LITTLE DUTCH, Nov. 6, 1878.

A grand display of Good Templars took place here on the 2nd inst. The house was called to order by Worthy Chief. Prayer by brother Howard. First on the program was an address by the Worthy Chief; some very fine music by Miss Green, who sang and played an accompaniment; speech by Hans Peter, giving his experience of "Dakin a Swheat." temperance speech by Brother Beach, depicting the horror of the drunkard life. Mr. Beach is a strong advocate of the temperance cause and is an able speaker. Next was an Ethiopian son by W. Hart. An Ethiopian farce was acted by four amateur actors which was loudly applauded by the audience. Address by Judge Gans, who held the audience under his will [?] of eloquence for about thirty minutes, who adheres very much to the subject of temperance. A song by the two Misses Savage. Edward Mount gave a very interesting declamation. Installation of the officers of the lodge, which closed the program. Little Dutch Lodge is in a flourishing condition, owing to the interest manifested by the members. DEADWOOD.





PLEASANT VALLEY, Nov. 11, 1878.

The conflict is over. A great victory is won, but representative district 89 lost one gun. Two years ago we pitted our Mitchell, of the sand-crested village on the Rhine against their Ed. Green, a very successful agriculturist, and we won by 302. Now in 1878 we pitted A. A. Wiley, a horny-handed, hard fisted son of toil from our agricultural district aggainst their Dr. Leonard, of the aforesaid sand-crested village on the Rhine and they won. Our solemn judgment is that sand has some weight in this district and in future will govern ourselves accordingly. Our seaport metropolis is weighty in this matter of voting for her own citizens no matter what convention nominated them. But on the other hand, Mr. COURIER, your dist. 88 has proven conclusively that some doubtful things are not uncertain, vix., in the election of Col. Manning. Column after column of mud has been dashed upon him and he blooms in it like a pond lilly. He has calmly, quietly, silently awaited this vindication at the hands of the people. He will no doubt as calmly advance to the front and say "Cowley county, your will is my pleasure, name it," and Cowley county will say to her representatives, "We only expect you to do your duty and certainly nothing less." Some people in this county have learned that Manning's friendship is detrimental to no one. More of them had better court it.

Pleasant Valley folks are busy husking corn, and hauling wood and wheat to market. We are waiting for Winfield blowers to come and give us a railroad project and the rebuttal from the sand crested village on the Rhie so that we won't know what is trump. We "hearn" it is christened the Santa Fe, Sumner, Kansas City, Topeka, Cowley, Fort Scott & Atchison. What, and only to cost $4,000 per mile? Whatever it is, Pleasant Valley will know what is at the bottom of any R. R. project before she casts one vote for it, "now don't you forget it."

Kind wishes,






Election over and 76 good Republicans are happy because Col. E. C. Manning goes to Topeka this winter. Hurrah for E. C.

J. W. Douylass was elected justice of the peace by 80 majority. Also Wm. Huston for constable by about the same. The literary society at Prairie Grove is in full blast and have a good time every Tuesday night. Everybody happy, wheat looks well except some few pieces. We don't want to see the A. T. & S. F. petition in Rock, for we intend to vote it down, you bet. Give us the Schofield road, please. HORNET.




ARKANSAS CITY, Nov. 7, 1878.

EDITOR WINFIELD COURIER: Dear Sir: According to promise I send you an account of the steamboat Cherokee now building at this point.

On Wednesday afternoon, Nov. 6th, the Cherokee was successfully launched and is afloat in the Arkansas river opposite this town ready for the machinery, which will be put on her during the next ten days. McClaskey & Seymour are the owners, and the boat was built by Cyrus Wilson, one of our mechanics and an old experienced boat-builder.

The hull is sixteen feet wide and eighty feet long on the bottom; eight-five feet long and eighteen feet wide on the main deck, with guards projecting two feet all around, making the boat on the main deck twenty-two feet wide and eighty-five feet long, making her four feet wider and several feet longer than the "Aunt Sally," and, having a model bow, she looks more like a steamboat. The hull is built of oak ribs and two inch oak plank on the bottom and two inch pine plank for the sides. Her draught when she went into the water was less than four inches, while empty. After the crowd rushed on board, with ninety men, besides several boys and children not counted, her draught was six and a half inches. That number of men will weigh as much as her machinery, if not more, and her draught will not exceed seven inches. With fuel and all ready for a trip, fifty tons of freight will put her down one foot more, making her draught 19 inches; so that she can carry at least one thousand bushels of wheat on 20 inches. As the river at its lowest stages and on the shallowest bars or fords has never been less than 18 inches to two feet of water, we feel confident that this boat can run ten months of the year and carry at least one thousand bushels of wheat at a trip.

The Arkansas river, once opened for boats, will give Cowley county the best outlet for her surplus crops that we can hope for. If this boat can make one or two successful trips between Little Rock and Cowley county this winter, other boats will follow in the spring, and there will soon be a line of steamboats making regular trips up and down the long neglected Arkansas.

This enterprise, pushed on to a successful issue, farmers will be enabled to sell their wheat in Winfield and Arkansas City at Wichita prices--saving to them the cost of hauling fifty miles to an uncertain market. Cowley county wheat once started down the river, will bring railroads to Cowley county sooner than anything else that we can do. Now the railroads have our trade where they are, without building into the county to hold it, but with navigation fairly established down the Arkansas, they would have to come to the county to secure our trade.

River navigation means to all of Southern Kansas, and especially Cowley and Sumner counties, increased prosperity that a ready market always brings. It means cheaper rates for freight on all we have to sell, and every cent saved on price of freights goes into the pockets of the producer. It also means lower prices on all we consume; in short, higher prices on all we have to sell and lower prices on all we have to buy; thus being a two fold benefit to all.

River navigation has several advantages over railroad lines, as all freight can be carried for less than one-half railroad charges. It cannot be monopolized by any company. No combination can be formed for pooling earnings, and it will give Cowley county cheaper railroad rates, as it will be a check upon any railroads after they do come, and we shall be able to obtain better terms from them than we could possibly hope for if we were entirely at their mercy.

With railroads north and east and the river carrying our crops south, Cowley county will be in a fair position to advance to the front ranks and will soon be able to offer better inducements to turn the tide of immigration to her borders than any other county in the southwest. The time has come when every man in Cowley county should lay aside all personal feelings and local interest and put his shoulder to the wheel and give the county a shove ahead. That will secure to her these much needed facilities for years to come.

Don't let the golden opportunity pass while we stand quarreling over localisms, but let us all work together for the true interest of the whole county.

Most respectfully,





LIST of letters remaining unclaimed in the Winfield Post Office November 12, 1878.

FIRST COLUMN: Asher, Wm.; Autrine, Jas.; Arnold, F. J.; Adnig, S.; Biley, Geo. C.; Billing, W.; Blakeney, Will M.; Borton, D. B.; Boaf, Jas.; Bonil, Julia; Bradford, Cyrus;

Buttler, Wm. H.; Coates, S. R.; Cooper, A. A.; Croso, Dema; Culison, Calvin; Dodge, John; Deidrick, Henry; Drennon, Sarah A.; Dabney, Graham; Davis, R.; Davis, W. W.; Davis, L.; Dunbar, Ephraham; Graham, A. H.; Graham, C. P.; Hunt, Margaret M.; Harpster, Cyrrus; Henry, Mr.; Hubbs, Geo.; Handy, Ettie; Hofffman, John W.; Hamilton, Mr.; Jordon, John;

Jodes, Laura.

SECOND COLUMN: Kelley, Bendie; Maurdzin, J. H.; Mackey, J. C.; Miller, W. W.; McDonal, David; McKeny, John; Murphy, John A.; Myers, G. W.; Nichols, P. S.; Osborn, Chas.; Orcutt, Frank; Page, Louis F.; Peter, S. H.; Pearson, John W.; Phillips, M. V.;

Rilhrock, P.; Raif, Caspar; Risley, C. C.; Rohrer, I. H.; Rhoads, A. Z.; Scales, R. B.; Sibbitt, Richard; Smith, Lizzie; Telf, I. D.; Thompson, Millard F.; Tibbetts, Judy; Turner, Geo.;

Thompson, Osborn or Levi; Tanahall, I. H.; Williams, Sarah; Wilson, M. L.; Wilson, Mrs. J. J.; Watson, John H.

Persons calling for any of the above will please say "advertised."






The Cowley, Sumner and Fort Smith Railroad is the name given to the branch of the Atchison Topeka & Santa Fe road. On Tuesday last our County Commissioners ordered an election to be held Dec. 24th, to vote for or against bonds to that company to the amount of $144,000. The condition is that the road shall be built from Wichita to Winfield on or before the 20th of next September, when the company will be entitled to bonds at the rate of $4,000 per mile then built in the county, and if they shall within one year from that time have built to Arkansas City then they shall be entitled to $4,000 per mile from Winfield to that place. The balance of the $144,000 to be delivered when they get to the State line if so much is required to make them $4,000 a mile. We think none can afford to vote against this proposition for it is the best we can now hope to get and insures us one road in a very short time. The proposition will go before the people in accordance with the petition, namely to vote $180,000 in bonds, for the reason that the law requires the order to correspond with the petition, but the company have filed with the county clerk a stipulation by which they agree that the gross amount of bonds shall not exceed $144,000 and that the excess of $36,000 shall not be issued. Our best attorneys say that this is sufficient and will surely limit the issue to $144,000.






We have been severely criticized for our course in regard to the A., T. & S. F. proposition for the construction of a railroad into and through this county because we protested against voting $180,000 bonds. A packed meeting was held in Winfield about two weeks ago seemingly for the purpose of "sitting down" upon us. In that meeting we claimed that the amount asked was too great and urged that an effort be made to secure a reduction. We plead for the men who will have to pay these bonds rather than for the ones who hope to make a few hundred dollars out of town lots. We were satisfied that in accepting that proposition our county was made the victim of somebody's stupidity. In all our conversations with Mr. Strong, of the Santa Fe road, no such a sum as $180,000 has ever been mentioned. We were confident that by proper management the road could have been secured for $130,000 or less, and were unwilling to fasten this additional burden of $50,000 upon the industries of this county.

The meeting refused to make any attempt to secure a reduction of the amount proposed. Men who seemed to have the interest of the A., T. & S. F. corporation more at heart than those of our county, allowed a determination to carry these bonds in spite of everything. We were quietly informed that unless we "came to time" and "danced to the Music" of a little railroad ring, it would not be well with us. We did not dance, but in spite of the action of the meeting mentioned above continued to work for a reduction.

Last week the senior editor of the COURIER wrote an amended proposition reducing the bonds to be voted $40,000 and locating the depot a half mile nearer the center of town than the old. This proposition was carried to Topeka by J. C. Fuller and C. M. Wood. They and Mr. Lemmon presented the proposition to Mr. Strong and urged its acceptance. After a short discussion he consented to a reduction of $36,000, and promised to have a new proposition for not more than $144,000 written and ready for the committee by the next morning.

Whether or not Mr. Strong received dispatches from this place, we do not know, but for some reason he afterwards increased the amount to $148,000, and this sum was mentioned in the amended proposition that was forwarded the next day.

While this amount is $18,000 more than we think it should be, while it is that sum greater than we think it would have been had this matter been properly arranged from the first, we believe that the best thing that can be done now is to accept the proposition and vote the $148,000 bonds.

That the Santa Fe folks intend to build the road at once if we vote these bonds we have no doubt. It will surprise us if the cars are not running to the south line of the State in time for the Texas cattle trade of next year. We are satisfied that the company means business and that the work will be pushed as rapidly as possible. The grading of the road will probably be done this winter. This will give work at good prices in cash to many laboring men. Men of capital will find their way to our town and county and a new era of prosperity will dawn upon us. Business of all kinds will receive a new impetus. The building of the road will put money into the pockets of all of us. It will give that stability which is necessary to prosperity. Let us do our part at once. We cannot afford to delay longer.




"Winfield wants two or three railroads, but don't want any of them to go to or run through Lazette, Tisdale, Oxford, or Arkansas City. Perfectly natural for Winfield."

[Arkansas City Traveler.]

Frequently items similar to the above have appeared in the Traveler. That paper has always been noted for its unfair treatment of Winfield. It never loses an opportunity to misrepresent our people. When the paper changed hands recently we hoped its new proprietor would have the honesty and manliness to tell the truth about all parts of our county, but it seems that we were mistaken. The above item is a contemptible slur made by a very silly slanderer. We believe that such misrepresentation is condemned by the most of the good people of our neighboring city. We cannot believe that they encourage such wicked and groundless statements.

The people of Winfield want railroad connections. They have long wanted them and they have spent much time and money in their attempts to secure them. They have not sought them for the benefit of the town alone, but for the entire county. In our discussions here the question has always been asked, "What is the best for all?" We want every part of the county to grow and prosper.

Our people have not been disposed to take up with every wild-cat project that has been suggested. Had we listened to the Traveler's proposition to vote about $100,000 bonds to the Emporia Narrow Gauge and put the bonds in escrow, our county would today be tied hand and foot with no hope of securing a road from any direction. It is wholly owing to the good sense and forethought of the citizens of Winfield that the county is now in a condition to consider any kind of a proposition.

As to our not wanting a railroad to run through Lazette, Tisdale, Oxford, or Arkansas City, bless your silly old soul, the people of Winfield would do all they could to help either of these towns, or any others in southern Kansas to secure these useful institutions. Of course, we expect to get our share of the good things. We shall try to have about two of the roads that may be built into this part of the state come by way of Winfield. We believe in our town. We are proud of what it now is, and we believe nearly everybody in the county except the editor of the Traveler shares our pride.



"It is plain why a small section in Winfield would like to kill off the Santa Fe. They fear they cannot induce the company to build a depot in special door yards, and rather than fail in the scheme, they would see the people of Cowley tied up to Schofield to build--nothing!" [Traveler.]

Wrong again, Mr. Sand Hill Crane. Nobody in Winfield wants to "kill off the Santa Fe." We are a unit on a fair proposition to vote bonds for the construction of that road. We have always been anxious to secure such a proposition. We have always believed this would be the first company to build into this county and we have repeatedly said so. The opposition to this project so far as we have been able to learn, has always come from the Traveler and its backers. When the junior editor of this paper wrote from Topeka to the Traveler man eighteen months ago that he believed that by working together a fair proposition could be secured from the Santa Fe people, the latter individual took occasion to say in his paper in a polite and delicate way, that he believed the former lied, and that the A., T. & S. F. company had no intention of doing anything for us. Until since the Schofield proposition was started the Traveler man never had a good word to say to the Santa Fe people.


This frightened him and at once he became the warm advocate of a proposition from them that would for many years make it impossible for us to secure a competing line from the east or northeast passing through either Lazette or Tisdale or both. Because the mass of the people here could not and would not accept that unfair and ungenerous proposition he seeks to detract attention from his own perfidy by throwing mud at Winfield. If he would work for the interests of the entire county instead of nursing a spirit of jealousy that should long since have been buried, everybody would have more respect for his opinions. Now stop your whining, admit that the sensible men of Winfield have saved the county $32,000 in the Santa Fe proposition, and made it possible to secure eastern connections and go to work like a man to help carry the proposition now before the people.



Dacota will knock at the doors of the Union for admission as the thirty-ninth state during the approaching session of Congress. It has 125,000 inhabitants and is rapidly increasing in population and wealth.


From the best information which we can get from the records and from other sources, the number of resident taxpayers is about 2,250. The number cannot be less than 2,000 nor more than 2,400 in this county.


The director of the mint estimates the amount of bullion in the country at $214,000,000 gold, and $88,000,000 silver. The production during the past year was $47,000,000 gold, and $46,000,000 silver. It is estimated that $2,500,000 gold and $3,000,000 silver was consumed in arts and manufactures and that $8,000,000 of silver was exported.

Winfield Courier, November 21, 1878.

We desire to give M. L. Robinson, the commissioners, and others full credit for saving $4,000 to the county in the final reduction of the Santa Fe proposition to $144,000.




Fish from the Arkansas last week.

The Walnut river has risen a few inches.

R. A. O'Neill has opened school in District 77.

Mr. Bull, living a mile southeast of the city, is seriously ill.

We are glad to see B. F. Baldwin again able to attend to business.

Ed. Bedilion is building a frame house in East Winfield.

Several new dwellings are in process of erection on the Andrews addition.

Fine lemons at 25 and 50 cents per dozen at Goldsmith's, P. O. building.

L. J. Webb has fitted up Room No. 1 of Bahntge's new brick for a law office.

The awning in front of Goldsmith's has been taken down, which is quite an improvement.

Mr. Henry Bahntge, of the firm of Bahntge Bros., started for Charleston, South Carolina, Sunday, to be gone two months.

Mr. N. B. Robertson, of Illinois, called on us Saturday. He is out here taking a look at the country.

Dr. H. H. Arnold, the celebrated singer, is stopping in the vicinity of Belle Plaine. He will spend a week with us.

The Methodists have put stoves in their church because the furnace does not warm up the church in time for services.

Col. C. H. Robinson has moved his office from Manning's block into A. H. Green's office, one door south of Read's Bank. When you want money, give him a call.



Joseph Shaw, a prominent citizen of Windsor township, called last Monday. He was suffering with cold and fever. We hope to hear of his full recovery soon.

Hon. D. B. Emmett, of Wichita, made us a pleasant call last Monday. He is one of the early settlers of Kansas, has resided in both Fort Scott and Humboldt, and has made an enviable record in the political history of this state.

Mr. H. E. Brooking, who holds forth at the boot and shoe store of W. C. Root & Co., will be in the field next year, "Deo volente," as a candidate for sheriff of this county. He is a capable man in all respects, and has been a staunch Republican ever since there was a Republican party. We doubt not he will obtain a large support.

J. C. Franklin and lady have returned from California, the land of gold and of promise, and have concluded that Winfield and Cowley county are better than San Francisco and California. He will go into business again in Winfield when a suitable opening offers. He is a valuable citizen, and we commend his wisdom in returning to the best county in the world.

A few days ago while Mrs. D. F. Best and Mrs. Charlie Best were out for a drive the horses took fright and ran away, throwing both ladies from the carriage and injuring them both severely. They were taken to the residence of Mr. Doolittle, where they were kindly cared for until they were able to be taken home. They are getting along nicely at present. Miss Anna Clark, a sister of Mrs. D. F. Best, was taken ill at the same time of a congestive chill and is now lying at the point of death.

DIED. John J. Todd, one of our best and most industrious farmers, died of inflammation of the bowels last week Wednesday evening at his residence four and a half miles east of this city. He came to this county from Fort Scott in 1871 and opened a high-land farm, which he has improved extensively, and has made one of the best orchards in the county. His crops of peaches this year and last amounted to thousands of bushels. Mr. Todd was about sixty years of age and has been one of the most energetic and persevering workers we ever knew. His loss will be deeply felt, not only by his family and friends, but by the whole community.



Gen. W. H. Schofield has been in our midst for many days working up his railroad interests with his usual energy. He is a gentleman of dignity and character, and has worked honorably and fairly. He has made a host of warm friends in this city and county. On the announcement of the decision of the county board that the Cowley, Sumner and Fort Smith proposition had preference in the time of election, Mr. Schofield withdrew his proposition, filing a statement of his reasons therefor, to the effect that if carried the C. S. & F. S. road would absorb nearly all the bonds that the county has ability to issue being preferred in time; that the total ability of the county is $201,000, and after giving $144,000 of that to the C., S. & F. S. company only $57,000 would be left for his company if the bonds were voted to it, an amount less by more than $100,000 than they could accept and build. Under these circumstances he felt compelled to withdraw his proposition.


Prof. E. P. Hickok conducted the services in the Presbyterian church last Sunday.


Our city schools are now full, about three hundred and fifty pupils being on the rolls.


More than fifty new buildings are in process of erection in this city and a large number of others are projected.


Major T. J. Anderson, agent, and Major Ross Burns, attorney of the A. T. & S. F. R. R., arrived in this city last Saturday.


J. T. Weston has filled up the other half of the store formerly used by Sparr Bros. with stoves and tinware and now occupies the entire room.




Charles McIntyre, who has been assisting in the Telegram office, assumes the charge of the local department of the Arkansas City Traveler. Charlie is a good fellow and we wish him success as a local editor.

Major Schofield has been attending personally to the circulation of his petitions for the Burlington road for the past week. He is a great conversationalist and has great influence with those with whom he converses.

J. C. Fuller and C. M. Wood returned from Topeka, where, with the assistance of A. B. Lemmon, they succeeded in getting the Santa Fe railroad proposition to our county reduced $32,000 in the amount of bonds required.

J. J. Johnson gladdened the COURIER office with a call last Monday. He is a former resident of Fort Scott and has been a prominent citizen at New Salem, in this county, for the last seven years, where he has a well improved farm and plenty of stock. [NOTE: SEVEN YEARS...MEANING HE CAME IN 1871.]

Union Thanksgiving services will be held in the Presbyterian church on the morning of Thanksgiving Day, Thursday, November 28, 1878. Sermon by Rev. J. Cairns, of the Baptist church.

The exercises will consist of prayer, preaching, and songs of praise.



Fatal Accident.

DIED. A young man late from Illinois named George Bailey recently took a contract of Harter, Harris & Co. to excavate the earth at the mouth of the tunnel at the Tunnel Mills. While engaged at this work last Monday the perpendicular bank of earth above him slid off and fell on him, crushing him down and burying him five feet deep. Before the earth could be removed from him, life was extinct. He had noticed the first symptom of the slide and started to run from under but did not succeed. Another man at work with him was more fortunate. He was pushed over and buried up to his waist but not injured.


The following are the names of the scholars in the Second Intermediate Department of the Public Schools in this city who have been perfect, both in their lessons and deportment: Pearl Van Doren, Cora Finch, Ella Trezise, Emma Rodgers, Mary Kingsbury, Noah Davis, George Heisinger, Eddie Kelley, Paris Hittle, Jerome Vandeventer, and Jay Bryan.

EMMA SAINT, Teacher.


Mr. R. D. Jillson, late of Hornersville, New York, has built a fine large store on Main street in this city, and has moved his family here for a permanent residence. He has been engaged in railroad business for the last ten years, in the ticket office at Hornersville, and has enjoyed various important offices and the respect and confidence of the people of that city and county. We gladly welcome him and his estimable family to this place, and congratulate ourrselves on such a valuable acquisition to our society. We clip the following from the Hornersville Times:

"Robert D. Jillson and family are located at Winfield, Cowley county, Kansas. They leave hosts of friends here who will speak for them the good will and esteem of their new neighbors in the far West."





Our County Board.

We cannot forbear a word of commendation for the fearless, just, and manly course of action of our county commissioners in relation to the two railroad petitions which were presented to them last Monday. There was a struggle between the partisans of the two roads for priority in the time of holding the elections. The advocates of the road whose petition was first presented were present in force, demanded immediate action, and got hot and clamorous. They indulged in insinuations and threats against the board, and more particularly against Mr. Burden, who told them to go ahead and execute their threats for he would not act until he had time to consider the matter and to advise with the county attorney, who was absent that day. The matter was postponed until the next morning, when the county attorney was present and the board had carefully examined and considered the matter. The order for the election was then made under the condition and understanding that a stipulation should be filed limiting the amount of bonds to be voted to that road to $144,000. The board did right, as they always do.

Burden cannot be persuaded or intimidated into any action until he is sure it is right, and will do right and for the best interests of his county whether it suits his personal interests or not. The same may be said of Gale and Sleeth. A better, truer, more efficient board of county commissioners no county ever had.




The young folks are preparing for a grand ball on Thanksgiving evening at the courthose.


Teachers' Examination.

There will be examinations of applicants for teachers' certificates at the following times and places:

November 29, Winfield.

January 21, Winfield, Arkansas City, and Dexter.

March 28, Winfield.

Parties interested will please appear promptly at 9 o'clock a.m.

R. C. STORY, Co. Supt.


Town Clock.

Why don't we have a town clock? One that would keep correct time, that would tell the laborer when to begin and when to quit work, and one that would, by its hourly striking, almost dispense with clocks in our houses? Who can give us statistics and information on this subject? Such an improvement as this is much needed, and would well repay our citizens for the cost of erecting one. Give us the town clock.



Scores given for gun club meeting called the "glass ball shooting" last Friday. Participants listed: Bert Crapster,

F. C. Nommsen, Frank Manny, B. M. Terrell. "And now the shining leather medal hangs upon the heaving bosom of Bert Crapster."


Mr. Wm. McCracken, of Sedgwick county, is said to have fallen heir to an immense estate near Dublin, Ireland, valued at forty millions of dollars. He has been summoned to go to Ireland and attend to this business and left immediately. He says he shall return to Sedgwick county and continue to make it his home. Wonder if our McCracken over at Lazette is not entitled to at least two or three millions of dollars of that estate? We "bet" he is a better man and worthier of such good fortune than the Wichita McCracken.


NEW SALEM, Nov. 18, 1878.

EDITOR COURIER: A rousing Lodge of Good Templars was organized here last Friday night by D. C. Beach, Esq., of Winfield. The Lodge numbers about 25 menbers on starting and its chief officers are as follows:

W. C. T.: A. W. Davis.

W. V. T.: Mrs. Amelia Rupp.

W. S.: Miss Mollie Buck.

W. T.: William Cayton.

Chaplain: Rev. Mr. Graham.

Lodge Deputy: John Shields.

The Lodge starts out under the most favorable auspices, with intelligent, capable membership and efficient officers, and will do a good work.


LIST of Jurors drawn Nov. 4, 1878, to serve at the December term of court, 1878, in the District Court of Cowley county.

J. M. Jackson, Windsor.

W. G. Hill, Winfield.

William McCullock, Beaver.

C. S. Smith, Vernon.

A. J. Thomas, Sheridan.

J. E. Perry, Creswell.

William Coombs, Creswell.

L. C. Norton, Creswell.

John Devore, Pleasant Valley.

Joseph Cole, Liberty.

William Moore, Dexter.


Ed. Gray, the talented young "Traveler" man, called on us last Monday. He says that by the change in the proprietorship of the paper, he has "got left." We do not think he will "subside" for many long years to come.



LIST of letters remaining unclaimed in the Winfield Post Office November 19, 1878.

FIRST COLUMN: Bulb, Alois; Buss, H. H.; Brown, Mrs. Nellie; Brooks, Mrs. Carrie C.; Bennett, Arthur H.; Baker, Mrs. J. S.; Crockett, Walter; Corley, D.; Cheny, W.; Chenoweth, J. S.; Campbell, Mrs. Anna; Dunbar, E. D.; Daugherty, Elizina; Evans & Gump; Giles, Mrs. Emma; Gillman & White; Green, Lillie; Green, Mrs. L. C.; Grear, A. H.; Goodwin, Thos, J.; Harris, Geo B.; Hann, Mrs. B. S.; Hawekee, Leanea.

SECOND COLUMN: Hopkins, Mrs. J. R.; Hisson, Wm.; Hill, J. H.; Jameson, Mory; Lyon, Hiram; Lee, Mrs. M. J.; Land, Job; McMillen, Sadie; Moore, Ida; Mohr, Math.; Martin, T. S.; Pape, Jason; Pennington, Walter H.; Pallett, W. B.; Pynersod, Ike; Sheridan, Ellie; Shannon, Julia A.; Saddlear, AL; Timmerman, Nancy; Tisemore [? Lisemore ?], Louie;

Williams, S. L.; Wallis, Hattie; Welsh, James P.

Persons calling for any of the above will please say "advertised."





Wheat No. 2, new, per bu.: $.45

Corn, per bushel: 18 to 20

Oats, per bushel: $.20

Potatoes, Irish, per bushel: $.40

Turnips, NOT GIVEN.

Flour, per 100 pounds: $1.40 to $2.50

Flour, Graham, per 100 pounds: $2.00

Flour, Buckwheat, per 100 pounds: NOT GIVEN.

Corn meal: 75

Lard, per pound: 8

Butter: 20

Chickens, per dozen: $1.25 to $1.50

Eggs: 10

Wood, per cord: $5.00


(As corrected by McGuire & Crippen.)

82 lbs. C sugar: $1.00

10 lbs. B. sugar: $1.00

72 lbs. Granulated sugar: $1.00

7 lbs. Pulverized sugar: $1.00

4 lbs. best Rio coffee: $1.00

5 lbs. good coffee: $1.00

1 lb. best Gunpowder tea: $1.00

1 lb. best Imperial tea: $1.00

1 lb. best Japan tea: $.75

1 lb. best Young Hya'n tea: $.70

1 lb. best good Gren tea: $.40

8 [?] lbs. Soda: $.25

14 lbs. Michigan dried apples: $1.00

16 lbs. dried peaches: $1.00

8 lbs. best rice: $1.00

3 bars White Russian soap: $.25

Flour: $1.50 to $2.50


Wheat No. 1, red winter: NO PRICE GIVEN.

Wheat No. 2, red winter: 60

Wheat No. 3, red winter: 56

Wheat No. 4, red winter: 50

Rejected: 48

Corn: 23

Oats: 15 to 17

Hogs: 8.25


Wheat No. 1, red winter: NO PRICE GIVEN.

Wheat No. 2, red winter: 772

Wheat No. 3, red winter: 73

Wheat No. 4, red winter: NO PRICE GIVEN.

Corn No. 2: 24

Corn, rejected: 222

Oats No. 2: 17

Cattle native steers, shippers: $3.35 to $4.25

Cattle native steers, butchers: $3.00 to $3.50

Cattle native stockers and feeders: $2.35 to $3.25

Cattle Texas steers: $2.50 to $2.75

Cattle Texas cows and heifers: $1.90 to $2.25

Hogs: $2.30 to $2.60




To Let.

After Dec. 1st, 1878, my NEW STORE on Main street, suitable for Grocery, Dry Goods, or Hardware, will be to rent. Also ONE ROOM, 20 x 22, upstairs, entrance from the front, outside. This room is light and airy and very convenient for an office of any kind. Building entirely new. Enquire on the premises, three doors south of Williams House, for terms. R. D. JILLSON.


Miss H. E. Westlake

Will give instruction to the young ladies of Winfield and vicinity in a system of cutting and fitting by actual measurement. She also makes drafts for fifty cents each, from which ladies can cut and fit for themselves. Rooms at Mrs. Kelly's, the brick house, 9th Avenue, west of Main street.


COWS FOR SALE. 7 good milk cows for sale. Enquire of

H. S. Standsberry, town of Creswell.


1000 DOZEN

Clark's & Coat's Thread,

572 Cents Per Dozen,

At the New York Store.




The A., T. & S. F. rate on wheat from Wichita to Kansas City is 21 cents per 100 pounds, equivalent to 12 and sixth-tenths cents per bushel or 52 cents per bushel per 100 miles. If the road is built to Winfield and the rates are unchanged from Winfield to Wichita, they will be 22 cents per bushel. We expect, however, that wheat will be shipped from Winfield to Kansas City for ten cents a bushel within a year.


If the road is built from Wichita to Winfield before Oct. 1st, within a year from that time it will carry from this county 720,000 bushels of wheat, saving our farmers ten cents a bushel amounting to $72,000; then the saving on all other kinds of freight, going out and coming in, would be as much more, making $144,000, all the road would cost the county saved in hauling to and from Wichita alone in a single year.










Prairie fires are numerous.

Captain Siverd, of Rock, was in town Saturday.

Rev. J. E. Platter has recovered sufficiently to be out.

Mrs. B. H. Clover and Mrs. Dr. Chapman, of Lazette, were in our city Saturday.

Rev. F. P. Berry, now of Wellington, preached in the Presbyterian church last Sunday.

Mr. Cotton, of Independence, was in the city last week. He came over to look after his interests in Cowley county.

Mrs. Emily Houston returned from Ohio last Saturday. We suppose the illness of her son, Mr. Platter, hastened her return.

The Hope Brothers presented, last week, a beautiful eight-day clock to the Baptist church, for which kindness the members thereof return thanks.

Our worthy Register, E. P. Kinne, has been gone from home some ten days on a visit to his old tramping ground in Illinois. He returned last Saturday.



We learn that Dr. Chapman, of Lazette, has about finished his handsome storeroom. It is said to be one of the best business buildings in Grouse Valley.

Will Henshaw arrived Saturday last from California. He had a delightful visit, and speaks well of that state. He brought a lady with him, but not Mrs. Henshaw.

William Huff, the pioneer blacksmith of Lazette, was in town last week. He has sold out his shop to Jap Northcott and now contemplates a trip through New Mexico.

The "Deutcher Unterhaltungs Verein" proposes holding a first class masquerade ball on New Year's eve. Proceeds to be used in securing immigration to this town and county.

The stencil man on one corner, the "boiled cider" man on another, and auctioneers on each one of the other corners and in the middle of the street made things pretty lively Saturday.

Miss Alice Aldrich has been compelled, through sickness, to give up her school in district 48. Miss Alice is one of our best teachers, and both patrons and scholars will deeply regret the loss of her services.

Mr. and Mrs. Robert Harris, of Lazette, recently returned from a long visit to their old home in Indiana. Their many friends are glad to know that they have determined to make Lazette their permanent home.

The Baptist Sabbath School had an attendance last Sabbath of one hundred and forty-three scholars and teachers. The school has become one of the most vigorous and most interesting of our city Sabbath schools.



This blocking the streets at the corners of Ninth avenue and Main street to auction stock and goods, to howl, sell snide jewelry and notions, and to cut stencil plates or spin candy before gaping crowds, is getting to be a nuisance which should be abated.

A German Association has been organized in this city for the purpose of encouraging immigration, assisting newcomers, and providing amusements. It is named "Deutcher Unterhaltungs Verein," with J. G. Kraft as president and John Hoenscheidt as secretary. Meet every third Sunday of each month at 7 o'clock p.m.

Maj. W. H. Schofield has for the past wek been working up petitions to submit to the voters of Rock, Ninnescah, and Maple townships, propositions to vote the bonds of those townships to the extent of their legal ability to issue to his railroad company. The result of this work appears in the three proclamations published today in this paper.


The great "Doctor" of the "Traveler" has fairly covered himself with filth in this week's issue. He has devoted his entire editorial work to us and has surprised us with his capacity for mud-slinging. He is sore all over, probably suffering terribly from some odious disease. "Doctor," cure thyself, and then do something for the C. S. & F. S. railroad bonds.




School boards can now examine, in the county superintendent's office, four handsome and valuable, though not expensive, sets of wall maps. Mr. Story has had them placed in his office by the publishers for exhibition. Parties interested should call and examine these maps. School boards can do better by so doing than by waiting for the appearance of some interested agent. Every schoolroom in the county should have one or more of these wall maps.


DIED. From an item published in the Winfield Courier lately, we learn that Ira Howe, formerly of Ottumwa, this county, and a brave soldier of the old 5th Kansas cavalry, was accidentally killed near Winfield several weeks since, by the discharge of a gun. Mr. Howe married his second wife here, a daughter of Mr. Newton, and removed to Winfield several years ago. He was an industrious and worthy citizen, and his old comrades will regret to hear of his sudden death. Burlington Patriot.


When the Baptist Sunday School assembled last Sunday morning, an elegant eight day clock was found on the wall of the church. No one knew how it came there except the sexton and he was dumb when asked. Persistent inquiry developed the fact that our city jeweler, Mr. L. H. Hope, was the donor. It was a good deal gracefully done and was a failure only in one respect, he couldn't keep his left hand from knowing what his right hand had done. He has the thanks of the Baptist church and Sunday school.




There will be a festival held at Darien schoolhouse, in Rock township, on the night of the 28th of November, for the benefit of Rev. Mr. Graham. All are invited to come.

By order of Committee.





Lazette News.

The handsome stone barn of John Brooks attracts the eye of every person passing this way. Indeed, it is a model of convenience and an ornament to the Grouse valley.

Dr. Chapman's business has compelled him to build larger quarters for his drug store. He is now erecting a two-story frame storeroom near the celebrated "corner of Cherry and Broadway."

Stapleton's large stock of goods will prove to anyone that Mac still does a "rushing" business.

George Lee is improving his storeroom, and shows that his new calling agrees with him.

Sam. Sherman is again able to be out, but looks rather feeble.

Miss Mary Tucker is teaching in district 14.

Mr. H. T. Albert has begun his second year of school.

Estie Burden is slowly recovering the use of his eyes, and hopes soon tto reenter school.

Rev. Mr. Green has forsaken this part of the vineyard and has gone to Baldwin City.

'Squire Heisler still keeps the hotel on the hill and serves his guests in the best style.

Westward the train of immigrants goes in great numbers.

Calvin Devyer is slowly recovering from the almost fatal fall given him by his horse taking fright and throwing him violently against a fence. [Devyer ???]

Uncle Jimmy Lee is wintering about 60 head of young cattle. R. F. Burden and S. M. Fall are each corn-feeding fifty head of cattle.




Tisdale Items.

It has been so long since I wrote to you I hardly know where to begin, therefore will commence with the present and go backward.

On Saturday last this part of Tisdale township was visited by a prairie fire of the most vehement kind; in fact, we were favored with two fires, one from the south, which did not do any great amount of damage that I heard of, and one from the north, which has done more toward wiping out the Greenback party then all the campaign speeches. The fire started two miles north of town, coming south and slightly east. The veering wind gave it a broad front, which headed for George Divilbiss' hay stacks and house, but was here stopped by Messrs. Gould, Burleston, and Moses. A small point crossed the road west of Devilbiss' house and was burning slowly down a ravine, guarded on each side by breaking. Here it was stopped by Napier, Wilson, and Gould. After that was checked, we went back and back-fired against it on the line running west and between John King's and Mr. Divilbiss' farms. While at work there we saw a signal flag, started for the danger, and found the fire had crossed the line again and was burning on Mr. Hodges' north quarter and running south across Mrs. Newton's farm. Knowing that the buildings on Newton's farm were not burned around, we put our horses to the run, hoping to get there in time to save the barn, in which was Mrs. Newton's wheat (nearly 70 bushels); Mr. Armstrong's harvester; and about 100 bushels of corn belonging to Mr. Bush. In spite of the speed of our horses--and they were good ones--the first head drove us south of the barn; but here we got ahead, and passing the fire rode back and began firing. Just as we began to hope all was safe, another head-floe struck us fairly, drove us from the work, and caught the barn and granary (the granary was covered with straw and the barn was a Kansas concern, built of poles, with straw sides and top); so the only thing left was to sand away and think of the flames that lit "the battle's wreck." Then we fired around the house and saved it. A summary of the loss sustained on these two places gives the following: 70 bushels wheat at 45 cents, $31.50; 100 bushels corn at 20 cents, $20.00; 1 harvester, nearly new, $150.00; granary and barn, $45.00; hay burned on the two farms, estimated at 65 tons, $97.50; E. A. Millard, 1 coat, pair of gloves, etc., $7.00; A. T. Gay, 1 pair pants and pair of boots, $8.00; total $359.00. Besides this, corn burned in the field, hedge and fruit trees killed will make an aggregate of $500.00. As the fire passed on toward the south it again

"Wrapped the ship in splendor wild

And caught the flag on high."

That is, it burned a hay stack for J. A. McGuire. I have not been able to learn of any other damage, and do not know who set the fire out.

Dr. Wright has finished his house and moved into it.

Miss Clara Waters, from El Paso, is visiting her cousin, Mrs. J. A. McGuire.

J. A. McGuire is busy selling goods. John has a good general stock this fall and sells low.

Our cash blacksmith, Mr. Bradley, is building a nice little stone house in the north part of town.

Mr. E. P. Young is visiting his mother and sister at Hot Springs, Arkansas.

Mr. Page, from Little Dutch, Rock township, is teaching a good school in Tisdale this winter.

Arb Tanner is rebuilding his house on the hill. Arb goes according to Scripture and founds his house on a rock.

David Sellers is building an addition to his house.

S. S. Moore is notary public, attorney at law, wagon maker, carpenter, stone mason, and undertaker. Still we have no railroad.

Mrs. E. A. Millard is quite ill.

DIED. Robert Shinn's little child died on Saturday night last.

Phil. Hedges is happy as ever and just as busy.

Send on your railroad election. Old Tisdale is ready to vote. But how the d___l will it go? For or against. NIP.

Tisdale, November 25, 1878.





Bring your Corn, Oats, Potatoes, Apples, Butter, Eggs, Chickens, etc., to us, and receive IN CASH the highest market price therefore. WINFIELD FEED STORE,

North side Ninth avenue, next door west of Citizens Bank.


WINFIELD, KANSAS, Nov. 25, 1878.

ED. COURIER: In answer to some questions asked through your columns in regard to "Town Clock," I will say that there are now two towers of sufficient capacity and eligibility of position for a clock of this kind. The "Hotchkiss" town clock, manufactured by the Seth Thomas clock company, is the best by far now in the market, and one could be erected at a cost not exceeding $350, and to use a bell of 1,000 lbs. weight or less, three dials, six feet in diameter, and running eight days. I have put up three such clocks before--12 years ago--and all are keeping excellent time yet. I will make this offer to the people of this city: that if they will procure the clock and do the carpenter's work, I will put the clock into position and adjust it to true time. Any information in regard to this matter I will give at any time to the best of my ability. A clock of this kind is needed in any town of 2,000 people, and would be an ornament useful to all. There is scarcely a place of 1,500 inhabitants in the East which cannot boast its town clock.

Very respectfully,





Fatal Accident.

LAZETTE, Nov. 22, 1878.

DIED. A very serious accident befell Robert Armstrong yesterday. He and his daughter started to Lazette in the wagon. Just after crossing what is known as Goose Creek, the team took fright at the noise made by persons gathering corn in a field close to the road. In making an effort to hold his horses, Mr. Armstrong broke one of the lines, when the horses ran, circling around toward a steep bank, over which they plunged. The fall was ten or fifteen feet. One horse was killed immediately, the girl was bruised some little, while Mr. Armstrong was seriously and fatally injured internally. Dr. Wilkins was sent for at once, and upon examining Mr. Armstrong he pronounced his recovery as extremely doubtful. Mr. Armstrong settled in Harvey township, six miles north of this place, is widely known and generally esteemed for his industry, his honesty, and his habits in behalf of law and order. He died Friday and was buried Sunday.




School district 92 has begun building a schoolhouse.


LIST of letters remaining unclaimed in the Winfield Post Office November 26, 1878.

FIRST COLUMN: Ashley, Frank; Ball, C. A.; Boyt, Jane;

Boneer, John; Boatman, Stella; Brown, L. J.; Boyd, Jane;

Brown, Mrs. Elizabeth; Hughs, Miss Madge; Lapham, Mrs. Mollie;

Lapham, W. W.; Robison, Mrs. Annie B.

SECOND COLUMN: Rockwell, Thomas; Sanders, Miss Clara B.;

Smith, L. H.; Smythe, George; Stokes, J. D.; Stevens, L. D. W.;

Tomlinson, S. C.; Tomlinson, Dr. S. C.; Wells, Elijah;

Wells, Wm. (in haist); Wilkins, Frank.

Persons calling for any of the above will please say "advertised."






Dr. Cooper has removed to the new brick building, opposite the Williams House, upstairs.


Chew Jackson's Best Sweet Navy Tobacco.


Dissolution of Partnership.

The partnershnip heretofore existing under the firm name of Drs. Black & Emerson has this day been dissolved by mutual consent.

The accounts of the firm have been left in the hands of

O. M. Sweward for Collection.



Winfield, Nov. 22, 1878.


Strayed or Stolen

From my place near Floral, Nov. 21st, a large Bay Mare, about 17 hands high, and weighs about 1400 pounds. Her back legs are swollen almost twice their usual size. A liberal reward will be given for any information that will lead to her recovery.


Winfield, Kansas.



All persons are hereby notified that the undersigned, residing in Silver Creek township, Cowley county, Kansas, will not be responsible hereafter for any debts which his wife, Julia C. Thomas, may contract, since she has deserted him without any just cause or excuse. DAVID THOMAS.

November 28, 1878.








82 pounds "A" sugar for $1.00

92 pounds Yellow sugar for $1.00

102 pounds Brown sugar for $1.00

4-3/4 pounds Best Rio Coffee for $1.00

33 pounds O. G. Java Coffee for $1.00

3 pounds Mocha Coffee for $1.00

Best Gunpowder Tea, per pound: $.80

Best Japan Tea, per pound: $.65

10 pounds Carolina Rice for $1.00

5 pounds Dried Peaches for $.25

4 pounds Dried Apples for $.25

Standard Tomatoes, 3 pound cans: 163

Boyer's Oysters, 2 pound cans: 162

Boyer's Egg Plums, 2 pound cans: 20

Standard Peaches, 3 pound cans: 30

Honey Drip Syrup, per gallon: 85

Loaf Sugar Drip Syrup, per gal.: 65

Coal Oil, per gallon: 30

And everything in our line in proportion.

All New, and Fresh Goods and guaranteed to give satisfaction.








Opening Night.

This magnificent building is nearly completed and the citizens of Winfield and vicinity propose to make up a social party and give the hall an opening benefit on


The proceeds will go to seat and light the hall.

This is a praiseworthy effort on the part of our citizens to place the hall in an excellent condition to hold lectures and other social and literary performances therein. Col. Manning has expended some twelve thousand dollars on the building. How much this enterprise has involved him in debt we do not know, but we may well believe that he has exhausted himself both financially and physically in the construction of this building. No one believes that the hall is ever going to pay five percent on its cost, but it is a grand thing for our city and the citizens can well afford to raise the means to provide seats and chandeliers which will cost about $500.

This hall is probably the largest and finest in the State. The whole room is 50 x 100 feet, with ceiling 20 feet high. The stage is 20 x 50 feet and has two dressing rooms beneath. The auditorium is 80 x 100 feet and will seat more than 800 auditors. It is finished in the best of style and is convenient of ingress and particularly of egress, for the wide doors open outward making it impossible to block up the outlet in case of a panic.

Let every citizen turn out and make the social a success. No dancing will be permitted until after 10 o'clock.









This BEST Machine Can be Sold at Hard Times Prices.

Insist upon seeing it.

Circulars and Price-Lists on application to



F. M. FRIEND, Winfield, Kansas.




Opens in Manning's Block (rear of post office) Thursday, Oct. 24, with a new house clean and neat in all its appartments.

We hope to merit a share of the public patronage.

Day Boarders Solicited.





Miller & Kraft come out with a new meat wagon.

McGuire & Crippen are having the front of their store painted.

Brotherton & Silver are putting in a new platform for their big scales.

The sidewalk has at last been put down in front of the Flag Drug Store.

Hudson Bros. have just received two hundred new, elegant clocks, which they will sell at low prices.

Mr. C. F. Bahntge is one of the finest penmen in the city, besides being an accomplished businessman.

Ballou & Hyde sell fresh meats of all kinds at the lowest market price. Cash paid for hides. Sparr Bros. old stand, Main street.

Dr. Cooper has removed to 3rd door upstairs in the Bahntge building, where he will be found at all hours unless professionally engaged.

The old sidewalk east of Main street, on the north side of Ninth avenue, has been taken away and a good stone one put down in its place.

Messrs. Will and Ed Holloway do the honors at Suss' clothing and dry goods house, and their well known popularity is making a large trade for their employer.

Excelsior Hair Dressing, warranted to restore gray hair to its original color by a few applications or money refunded. For sale at Nommsen & Stueven's Barber Shop.

The New Years Eve masquerade ball promises to be a grand success. Masquerade suits will be on hand and each person will be able to dress in character without great expense.




The score of the shooting match last Thursday is as follows: Dick Gates, 10; Frank Manny, 9; James Vance, 9; Charles Stueven, 9; B. M. Terrill, 5; Bret. Crapster, 2; S. Suss, 3; Ed. Clisbee, 2; F. Nommsen, 1.

The ladies of the M. E. church will give a social at the residence of Mrs. Dever on next Friday evening, December 6th, for the benefit of said church. All are cordially invited to attend.

Mister Hughes puts himself squarely on the record as opposed to more than one railroad and in favor of voting $180,000 to that one while $141,000 would answer the same purpose.

We called on Brown & Glass, Monday, and found displayed there the finest display of holiday goods ever brought to this city, consisting of Bohemian Glass and china ware, Holliday Books, Albusm, Fancy Toilet Goods, etc. Give them a call.

Mr. Ballard Cox, of Richland township, met with a painful accident a few days ago. He was on his way to Wichita with a load of wheat and at Rock Creek his team became detached from his wagon and jerked him out, breaking his left leg at the ankle. Mr. Cox is one of our best citizens, is about 50 years old, and we deeply regret to hear of his misfortune.

Mr. Homer A. Fuller, of Mason City, Illinois, brother of our banker, is visiting in this city.

Mr. Gordon, of Mt. Pulaski, Illinois, a friend of Dr. Mendenhall and the editor of the leading paper of Mt. Pulaski, called on us last week.

Persons who rode from Wichita to Winfield last Thursday met in the 45 miles one hundred and forty teams loaded with wheat for the Wichita market. And still we have no railroad.

Mr. Geo. L. Walker is employed at the grocery house of Bahntge Bros. His pleasant gentlemanly deportment, his wide acquaintance, and his general popularity will make him a valuable salesman to this new firm.

Did Mister Hughes say he bought the Traveler that he might use it as an engine to bring the government to terms and compel his appointment as agent to protect timber in the Territory and give him the privilege of taxing herders and drovers for his fees?




Mr. Ira N. Holmes has purchased a lot corner of Eleventh avenue and Main Street and will build immediately. He is a brother of the great farmer of Rock township, and has the family vim and energy. His enterprise will be a valuable acquisition to the business of this city.

For sometime A. H. Green, Esq., has had a boy distributing his Real Estate News on the trains passing through Topeka. Last week the Santa Fe company put a stop to this work on their trains because as they claimed it injured their business to have the lands of this county advertised.

Is that Hughes who edits the Traveler the same fellow who went to Dexter last September as a delegate to the Republican convention and helped to procure the nomination of A. A. Wiley as the Republican candidate for representative and then went home and did all he could to defeat Wiley and elect his competitor?

Please notice the new advertisement and price list of Bahntge Bros. on first page. The list necessarily is only a partial one, but they assure us that their whole stock is offered at proportionate prices. These very low prices show that they are determined to merit a large trade. They have one of the finest stocks of goods ever brought to Winfield, and there is an air of neatness and taste about their establishment that is truly refreshing. They are gentlemen and well know how to please their customers.

Wonder if Mister Hughes, who runs the Traveler, is the individual who last spring circulated exaggerated reports about settlers in Cowley and Sumner counties stealing timber in the Territory and who tried to get an appointment from government as agent to protect the timber and have for his services all the grass, proposing to charge persons pasturing stock in the Territory a dollar a head. That would have been a nice job had it succeeded. If we have exhibited "long ears" as granny intimates, it was when we believe and published one of those reports. [Last sentence does not make sense to me!]



Winfield Courier, December 5, 1878.

The stage, a hack, and a buggy, all well loaded with passengers, made a race of the trip from Wichita to Winfield last Thursday. They left Wichita about 8 o'clock in the morning and until they passed Bushnell it was doubtful which would win. Soon after passing that place a wheel ran off and let the stage down. Not long after that the buggy horses began to wilt. The hack, which was one of Terrell & Ferguson's rigs, got in before three o'clock p.m., loaded with M. L. Robinson & wife, Mrs. Millington, an Alton gentleman, and the driver, with the team in excellent condition; the stage mended up and got in two hours later, and the buggy got in a little later still, but one of its horses died before morning and the other was not much better off.

Winfield Courier, December 5, 1878.

Dr. D. V. Cole, of Des Moines, Iowa, has permanently located in Winfield, and will devote his entire time to the practice of medicine. Calls promptly attended in the city or county. Office in Mr. Bahntge's new brick block, upstairs, west room. Particular attention given to the treatment of diseases of women, children, eye, ear, throat, lungs, and all forms and conditions of chronic disease. Dr. Cole has had an extensive public and private practice of more then 25 years in treating the diseases in the west. His facilities for acquiring a knowledge of his profession in the public and private hospitals has not been surpassed by any physician in the state. He can assure the citizens of Winfield and vicinity that he can treat with success all forms of curable diseases.



District Court.

Judge Campbell came down from Wichita on Monday and the session of court commenced.

Present: His Honor Judge W. P. Campbell; C. L. Harter, sheriff; E. S. Bedilion, district clerk; J. McDermott, county attorney; and Messrs. J. E. Allen, C. C. Black, S. D. Pryor,

A. J. Pyburn, J. M. Alexander, F. S. Jennings, C. R. Mitchell, L. J. Webb, E. S. Torrance,

N. C. Coldwell, W. M. Boyer, W. P. Hackney, O. M. Seward, C. H. Payson, H. E. Asp,

G. H. Buckman, J. D. Pryor, D. C. Beach, W. M. Boyer, C. Coldwell, M. G. Troup, S. M. Jarvis, A. H. Green, attorneys.

In two or three unimportant State cases, the defendants plead guilty.

Mendenhall vs. Kelly. Dismissed by plaintiff.

Craig vs. Pennington. Settled.

Hamilton vs. Pryor. Demurrer sustained; plaintiff amended and defendant required to answer instanter.

Jackson vs. Winfield Town Company. Demurrer sustained.

McClellan vs. Winfield Town Company. Demurrer sustained.

Porter vs. Coulson. Continued.

Several judgments were taken in default in foreclosure of mortgage cases.

Harris vs. Day. This case is on trial before a jury this Tuesday evening.



Baird Bros.

This firm carry the large stock of Southern Kansas. They have almost everything that can be wanted in large quantities, and at low prices. The New York Store is widely known and is as widely popular. Their storeroom is perhaps the equal of any in the State in size and convenience. No one coming to Winfield to trade can afford to pass this house by.


Wooden Wedding.

On Friday of last week invitations were issued by Mr. and Mrs. H. W. Holloway to their many friends requesting their company on Monday evening, Dec. 2nd, to assist in celebrating the fifth anniversary of their marriage, accordingly at the appointed time about 25 couples of our bravest and best assembled at their residence on the corner of 11th Avenue and Wood Street, and proceeded to make merry. The evening was spent in dancing and other amusements which enabled the guests to do justice to the ample refreshments provided by their kind hostess. Mr. and Mrs. Holloway, assisted by Miss W. Thomas, spared no pains to make the evening an enjoyable one. The party broke up at a late hour and all expressed themselves satisfied with their evenings entertainment. Some very pretty, elegant, and useful presents were received (although none were expected) of which the following is a partial list: Carved cigar holder, Geo. and Will Robinson; fancy table for flowers, Mr. and Mrs. W. M. Allison; pair brackets, Mrs. Bruner and Mrs. Kate Holloway; brackets and matchsafe, Wilbur and Maggie Dever; card basket, Mr. and Mrs. Buckman; wooden sugar scoops, Dr. and Mrs. Emmerson; moulding board and matchsafe, Mr. and Mrs. I. W. Randal; wooden jewelry, Miss Minnie Bacon; spool box, J. F. Holloway; jumping jack, Justin Porter; tooth pick, O. M. Seward; child's rocking chair, Mr. John Moffitt; large rocking chair, Messrs. Speed, Clisbee, Harris, Seward, Suss, Root, and Baldwin. Mr. Holloway presented his wife with a handsome eight day clock and she returned the compliment by presenting him with an elegant clock shelf.




E. E. Bacon.

This gentleman is one of the most skillful mechanics and neatest workmen in the state. We have particularly noticed his work in the jewelry line and our judgment coincides with the general verdict that it cannot be beat. Since he has moved into the post office building, he is crowded with work but he gets time to put in neat inventions of his own which add much to the value of his work. He keeps a good stock of time keepers and jewelry.


Spelling Bee.

A Spelling Bee will be held on Wednesday, December 11, 1878, in District No. 77, at the Holloway schoolhouse. The citizens of Winfield and surrounding country are cordially invited to attend.

R. A. O'NEIL, Teacher.




VERNON TOWNSHIP, Nov. 29, 1878.

Farmers are busy threshing and marketing wheat. Threshing is about two-thirds done, and of the marketig probably one-third.

How much can the members of that game protective association earn per day breaking glass balls? We will of course observe strictly their mandate in regard to shooting game. We will fatten up the game on our crops and then invite this great association out for a week or two to recruit and shoot. Come along, boys, and we will fee you gratis if you say so.

There is talk of putting up a new grist mill up on the Walnut somewhere. The farmers are getting tired of eating shorts. They cannot get the product of their own wheat unless they chance to have some very poor, in which case they get very fair flour. A great many of the farmers are taking their grists to Wichita, where they can procure edible flour.

Some time since I saw an account of a man paying 60 percent on money borrowed in Garnet, Anderson county. That is quite reasonable here. I am acquainted with a man who paid at the rate of 180 percent on money borrowed at one of the Winfield banks not over two years ago. Who can beat that? Hurrah for our home institutions. SUBSCRIBER.




A Mammoth Stock.

Messrs. Lynn & Gillelen, at the Cowley County Store, display one of the grandest stocks of goods in Southern Kansas. Scarcely anything that is wanted in general merchandise is absent from their stock. The people of this county may well be happy and proud that an establishment is in their midst capable of competing with the largest retail houses of the large cities of the West.


Bliss & Co.

This is one of the most enterprising firms of the Southwest. C. A. Bliss runs the celebrated stone flour mills, known as the Winfield Mills, and its flour is widely celebrated for both quality and quantity. The firm carries an immense stock of goods, and enjoy an enviable reputation for good wares and low prices.


Mr. R. B. Waite returned last Friday from a long visit in the East.




From J. P. McMillen.

As we doubt not that the following letter from our former citizen will be read with great interest by a large number of warm personal friends in this city and county, we give it entire.

COLORADO SPRINGS, Colorado, Nov. 23.

EDITOR COURIER: Please let me know how I stand on your books as to subscription, and add in six months for COURIER from January 1, 1879. Send statement and I will remit, but do not fail to send the COURIER right along, as I wish to keep track of you all in Winfield and Cowley county.

Weather here fine. Business of all kinds very good. Mining interest looming up; rich strikes taking place frequently. I am troubled myself a little lately with mining fever. I think this State is only in its infancy in regard to mining. They are continually making new and some very rich discoveries. Most all seem to be prospecting for carbonates, which, you know, is the deposit at Leadville, and which is a new ore even to the oldest miners. They have been tthrowing it aside as of no account until about one year ago, when it was discovered to be rich mineral and very easily worked, a great deal of it running from $800 to $1200 per ton. When I strike carbonates, I will let you know.

I have no asthma as yet, and weigh 20 pounds more than when I left Winfield 14 months ago. Colorado Springs is improving more at this time than it has for four years. Our water works will be completed in six or eight days.

I see your town and county continues to improve, and I hope they may have the gift of continuance, as I know of no town or county that I feel as deep an interest in as I do in Winfield and the county of Cowley.

With the best of wishes, I am yours, respectfully.





Mr. Tos. Royal, of Salt City, called on us last Saturday, having just arrived. He owns the town site of Salt City and has had it surveyed and platted. He is prepared to sell lots on advantageous terms to settlers. Mr. Royal informs us that large numbers of invalids are coming to Salt City to use the waters of the medicinal springs which are near Salt City, and that the water is proving highly beneficial. Messrs. Hackney & McDonald, of Winfield, who are the proprietors of the Springs, propose putting in tubing for the conveyance of the water to baths and drinking reservoirs. This may yet be a popular resort not only for invalids but for the fashionable world. Wichita Beacon.


Going to Winfield.

We regret to learn that Mr. W. T. Roland and his family will remove to Winfield in a few weeks. Mr. Roland is a good and an energetic citizen, and wherever he may go we take pleasure in recommending him to the confidence of those he meets. Mrs. Roland and her daughter, we understand, will open a millinery and dressmaking establishment, while Mr. Roland will still work for the Fairbanks Scale Company, as at present. Walnut Valley Times.







ROCK, KANSAS, Nov. 27, 1878.

EDITOR COURIER: Please answer the following questions in your next issue. In your last you claim that somebody has saved the county the excess of the difference between $180,000 and $144,000 on the A., T. & S. F. railroad proposition now before the people. I desire to ask you whether as a lawyer you believe that the remitter and stipulations published in the Telegram will be binding on the said railway company, and is that instrument properly signed so as to bind the company? In fine, is it not signed in such a manner as to bind nobody but Ross Burns? And lastly does it not mean that the citizens of Cowley county will have to pay $180,000 in bonds if they vote that amount?

Very respectfully,



Well, suppose the bonds to be carried on the proposition as published, then suppose the company comes and demands that the county commissioners subscribe $180,000 to the capital stock of the company. They will of course refuse to subscribe more than $144,000, and how can they be compelled to subscribe the balance? Will you try mandamus? "As a lawyer" we venture the opinion that no court, with the existing facts before it, would make the mandamus absolute. Well, suppose the road be built 45 miles in the county and the company demand the issue of $180,000 in bonds. The commissioners will refuse to issue more than $141,000, and how can they be compelled to issue more? We venture the opinion that it cannot be done and that it never would be undertaken.

It is usual that the action of an attorney is binding on his principal. Ross Burns is the accredited attorney for the company.

But we are not left to the equities in a court nor to the signature of Ross Burns as attorney for the company.

A copy of the stipulation has just been filed with the county clerk, stating that it is for publication for the information of voters, signed by the proper officers of the company in as binding a manner as any corporation can execute a contract. And this contract has a consideration--It tells the voters that in consideration of their votes for the proposition the county shall only subscribe $144,000 and the company shall receive only $144,000 of bonds. That stipulation is published below. Is it satisfactory to our correspondent?


WHEREAS, Ross Burns, the attorney of the Cowley, Sumner & Fort Smith railroad company, did on the 19th day of November, 1878, make and execute for and on behalf of said company the following agreement:


County of Cowley, ) ss:

WHEREAS, It has been ascertained that the total length of the line of the Cowley, Sumner & Fort Smith railroad from where it enters the said county of Cowley to a point on the south line of said county and the state line will not exceed thirty-six miles, in place of forty-five miles, as the same is petitioned for and acted upon by the board of county commissioners of said county, and

WHEREAS, It is desirable to secure the shortest practicable line with the view of forming a connection with the Little Rock & Fort Smith railroad and thus completing a through line between the Southern States and the Pacific Ocean.

It is therefore stipulated and agreed by the said Cowley, Sumner & Fort Smith railroad company, that said proposition be so modified and changed that the total number of miles of railroad for which aid is voted shall not exceed thirty-six miles in said county of Cowley and that the total amount of stock subscribed by said county of Cowley under said proposition and the total amount of bonds to be issued by the said county of Cowley shall not exceed the sum of stock and issue of bonds of said county of Cowley to the amount of one hundred and forty-four thousand (141,000) dollars.

And it is further agreed and stipulated on the part of the Cowley, Sumner & Ft. Smith railroad company, that in consideration that the proposition to take stock by the said county of Cowley in said railroad company and to issue the bonds of said county in pursuance of the terms contained in the petition this day presented to the board of county commissioners of said Cowley county, with the modifications or abatement made by said railroad company in the amount of one hundred and forty-four thousand (144,000) dollars, is voted by the qualified voters of the said county at the election this day ordered for that purpose the said railroad company agree to modify or change the said proposition, as follows, to-wit: It will locate a freight and passenger depot on the East side of the Walnut river, and the South side of Timber creek, within one-half mile of the crossing of Main street and Ninth avenue in said city of Winfield; provided that three acres of land in a suitable location and shape so as to be acceptable to the engineer of said company for depot purposes and the right of way through said city of Winfield by way of said depot grounds, be furnished said company free of costs, but in no event shall said depot be more than three-quarters of a mile from said crossing of Main street and Ninth avenue in said city of Winfield. And it is further stipulated and agreed in consideration aforesaid, that said railroad company will locate a freight and passenger depot within three-fourths of a one mile of the crossing of Summit street and Central avenue in said city of Arkansas City.


Attorney for said R. R. Co.


Now, the said railroad company by Wm. B. Strong, vice President and General Manager and acting President does hereby consent to ratify, approve, and agree to carry out each and every of the above agreements entered into by said Ross Burns, and a duly attested copy of this approval is directed to be filed in the office of the county clerk of said Cowley county, and the same be published in the Cowley County Telegram, along with the proposition as submitted for the benefit and information of the electors of said Cowley county.

Dated this 28th day of Nov. 1878.


Vice President and General Manager and acting President.

E. WILDER, Secretary.


[L. S.]


Cowley County, ) ss.

I, M. G. Troup, county clerk in and for the county and State aforesaid, do hereby certify the above and foregoing to be a true copy of a document now on file in this office.

Witness my hand and seal this 5th day of December, 1878.

[L. S.] M. G. TROUP, County Clerk.

By Will. R. Stivers, Deputy.





Gen. W. B. Strong is developing in the management of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe railroad, executive abilities of the very highest order. He is a western man, is familiar with the wants and feelings of the west and grapples with his business not only with a view to complete success but with an effort to make his road as valuable as possible to the public.

When his attention was called last summer to the subject of high rates, he examined the subject; and the result was that the rates were reduced nearly one fourth from Wichita to Kansas City. Since then he has had the matter under further investigation and now proposes to make a further reduction in freights and a reduction in fares to affect the whole line and to take place on the first day of January prox. We are not yet informed as to the amount of the contemplated reduction, but we believe it will be liberal.

If Mr. Strong continues to pursue the liberal policy he has indicated, he will soon be the most popular railroad man in the West and will entirely counteract the prejudices that have prevailed against that company. It will be a grand thing for Kansas when she shall have the most magnificent railway on the continent traversing her territory and ramifying with branches in every direction, owned by the soundest railroad company in America and managed with prudence and tact in the interest of the people of the state.






Coal oil twenty-five cents per gallon.

New goods just received at B. E. Johnson's.

Ed. G. Cole hangs out a new sign in front of his drug store.

Ladies' and children's underwear, very low, at Mrs. Kretsinger's.

Our friend, Mr. Sol. Smith, is elected road overseer of District No. 2, Sheridan township, and though he may not like work for himself, the condition of the roads shows that he likes to see other men work.

John Moffit exchanged canopies with some individual one night last week when John wasn't looking. As it didn't prove a very good fit, the man with the other hat can exchange the same at this office and no questions asked.

John M. Spencer, proprietor of the Winfield House, is now ready to accommodate both day and transient boarders. The house is new and elegantly furnished. Mr. Spencer has had considerable experience in the hotel business, and feels confident that he czn please all who may favor him with a call.

Among the substantial citizens of Cowley county who have favored the COURIER in the past few days by payments on subscription, are, D. S. Brown, W. H. Denning, W. W. Bush,

D. Thompson, R. W. Anderson, George Walker, N. B. Sipe,

B. Alexander, W. Christopher, J. J. Christopher, E. Wilson,

L. Prickett, A. Booth, F. M. Savage, E. Pate, H. L. Barker,

J. M. Harcourt, J. M. Rosson, A. D. Edwards, R. R. Longshore,

J. F. Lacey, T. R. Carson, A. E. Silliman, R. White,

W. H. Hartman, M. S. Troxel, Warren Wood, B. F. Saunders,

J. J. Michener, C. R. Myles, J. H. Lee, W. A. Butterfield,

J. H. Beckley, W. H. Gilliard, S. B. Littell, P. W. Crawford,

W. H. Melville, D. W. Pierce, J. W. Haynes, J. Nixon,

A. J. Pickering, Joel Mason, Daniel Kempton, H. S. Brooking,

P. Buckley, J. R. Scott, W. C. Briant, J. J. Johnson,

S. Pennington, J. Shaw, R. Gilstrap, J. A. Goforth, S. W. Huff, L. Stout, and S. Cavanaugh.

Thanks, gentlemen.




Nommsen & Stueven are putting up a brick barber shop between Curns & Manser's and Wallis & Wallis'.

Cross & Blackwell's English chow chow at 40 cents per bottle, and Worcestershire table sauce at 30 cents per bottle, at Bahntge Bros.

Mrs. Hahn, of Leavenworth, will be here four days before the masquerade ball with over one hundred and fifty suits.

Mr. George Elliott has returned to his home in Missouri.

Holmes & Brother's new packing house is almost completed, and Messrs. Holmes will be ready to buy hogs in a few days.

One yoke of good young work cattle and span of ponies for trade or sale. Enquire at this office.

Do not fail to attend the opening of Manning's Opera House next Tuesday evening.

By repeated solicitations of the young people of Winfield, Mr. Goldsmith has decided to teach a dancing class in this city.

The German masquerade ball is to be a strictly first-class affair. None are to be admitted except those having invitations.


Mr. J. K. Hoffman called on us yesterday. He is agent of the Iowa City nurseries and is a gentleman on whom the people of the county may rely. The nurseries he represents have a long established reputation.

Iowa City Nurseries.

IOWA CITY, IOWA, Dec. 1, 1878.

We take this method of introducing J. K. Hoffman and our salesmen under him to the people of Cowley and adjoining counties.

Wishing our patrons to know who we are, and if we deal fair and just, we give them the opportunity to inform themselves by referring to Hon. S. J. Kirkwood, U. S. Senator of Iowa, and

J. C. Rutan, formerly cashier of the Johnson county savings bank, Iowa City, but now a resident of Wichita.

We also call your attention to the recommendation of our general agent, J. K. Hoffman, by parties who have dealt with and is personally acquainted with him.

We the undersigned are personally acquainted with J. K. Hoffman, general agent of C. H. Kimball, of Iowa City, and having purchased nursery stock of him and his agents, and also carefully examined stock bought by others, cheerfully recommend him to the people of Cowley and adjoining counties as reliable and worthy of patronage. The stock that he delivered at Eldorado and Douglas this fall was the best and handled in the best manner that we have ever seen: F. M. Anderson, sheriff; J. P. Gordon & Son, druggists; J. M. Satterthwait, editor Eldorado Press; C. E. Wing, proprietor National Hotel, Eldorado; E. Bishop; John Cannon, Chelsea; N. Wilkie, president Exchange bank, Eldorado; A. J. Uhl, John Gayman, Owen Barnes, Douglas.

For other information address me at Iowa City, Iowa.




Mr. Berkey, of Tannehill, in this county, has Osage orange hedge plants that grew this year fifteen feet from the seed, and still we have no railroad.

R. B. Truesdale, a jeweler from Illinois, will open a jeweler shop in the front part of the Flag drug store.

Last Friday evening the young folks assembled at the residence of Mrs. Bruner and spent the evening in a very enjoyable manner. Another such an evening would be appreciated.





Dr. R. P. Jennings, of Delevan, Illinois, is visiting his brother, Mr. Frank S. Jennings, in this city. He is delighted with the place and surroundings and has a view of remaining to improve his health.

Mr. Joseph Furman, of Dexter, sold to James Harden on the 2nd inst., a Poland China hog eighteen months old that weighed seven hundred and sixteen (716) pounds. Who has a better one?


Notice Mr. Hoenscheidt's call for sealed proposals. The building is to be 25 x 50 feet, two stories and a basement, to be built of brick, and will be a fine building.

Sealed Proposals

For the labor to be performed and materials to be furnished in the erection of a brick and stone building, 25 x 50 feet, 2 stories high, with basement, to be built at Winfield for Mr. James Fahey, will be received by the undersigned, by whom plans and specifications can be seen. The right to reject any and all proposals presented will be reserved by






Mr. George Elliott has returned to his home in Missouri.

The M. E. social will be held at the residence of Mrs. Olds, the American Home, on Friday evening of this week. This series of socials are proving a success and will help to pay off the church debt. All friends of the church and of the city should attend and help.

The score of the shooting match last Friday is as follows: Fred Heisinger, 8; James Vance, 9; Bret. Crapster, 3; Chas. Stueven, 6; S. Suss, 4; C. C. Wallis, 7. For want of glass balls, they had to content themselves with shooting at apples.

Prof. D. D. Morse has been in town for the past week or more making pencil sketches of the city and buildings therein, which he proposes to have engraved, and will furnish copies to our citizens in about a month. We have seen his sketches, and pronounce him an artist of the first class. The city will be pictured in the most complete and beautiful style, and he deserves from our citizens a very liberal patronage in the purchase of the results of his labors.



Now You See It.

B. E. Johnson sells a fine Diamond Shirt for $1.00.



ED. COURIER: The following is a report of the Little Dutch school, for the month ending November 28, 1878: Number enrolled, 49; average daily attendance, 34.6; total days of attendance, 673; number of recitations per day, 26; number of days school was in session, 20. Those perfect in deportment were: Una McCollim, Alice Foster, and Ida Schock. Those present every day during the month were: Mat, Una, and Maggie McCollim, Joseph and Grant Foster, Burta and Elfrida White, Nettie Lacy, Franklin Savage, Emma Darling, Mary and Thos. G. Taylor, and Ida Schock.

T. J. FLOYD, Teacher.


All Ladies and Gentlemen

Interested in fine work should not fail to call at the office of D. F. Best on Saturday next and see the fine work done on the New Improved No. 8 Sewing Machine. It will be operated between the hours of 9 and 11 a.m., and from 2 to 4 p.m. Don't fail to see it. D. F. BEST, Agent.





Opening Benefit.

The citizens of Winfield and vicinity purpose giving an entertainment benefit on


at Manning's Opera House, to show their appreciation of the enterprise of a citizen who has erected a magnificent hall in our city.









Winfield--J. B. Lynn and O. M. Seward.

Arkansas City--C. M. Scott.

Dexter--Dr. Wagner.

Lazette--Mc. D. Stapleton.

Douglas--Neil Wilkie.

Oxford--Dr. Maggard.




Doors thrown open at 7 o'clock.

Opening overture (orchestra) 7:30.

Social intercourse and vocal and instrumental music from 7:30 to 8:30.

Address (welcome and congratulatory), J. W. McDonald, 8:30.

Banquet and Toasts, 9 o'clock.

Dancing to commence promptly at 10:30.

Tickets to social entertainment and supper, per couple, $1.50.

Dance, per couple, $1.50.

Tickets sold separately, so that only those who wish to remain and take part in the dancing need purchase dancing tickets.

A general invitation is extended to the public to participate in this entertainment.


Chairman, Committee of General Arrangements.




FAIRVIEW, KANSAS, Dec. 6, 1878.

The following is the average standing of the following named pupils of District No. 21; on a scale of 10, for the first two months ending Nov. 22, 1878: Mary Orr, 72; Maggie Limbocker, 7-1/10; Mary E. Curfman, 7-3/5; Archie Harlow, 6-3/5; Lillie Wilson, 7; Elmer Curfman, 62; Richard Morgan, 7-4/5; Emma McKee, 9; Maggie Heffner, 8; Mattie Baird, 72; Clara Limbocker, 72; Bell Curfman, 8; H. U. Curfman, 9; George Carter, 9. Total number enrolled at end of second month, 42. By the end of the third month, we hope to be able to make a much better and longer report of District 21.

A. B. TAYLOR, Teacher.

Winfield Courier, December 12, 1878.

OMNIA TOWNSHIP, Dec. 6, 1878.

Everybody is talking railroad, and a warm time is expected on the 24th. Everybody is going to the election and take all their neighbors, and you may expect Omnia to poll the largest vote ever cast in the township.

We had a very destructive prairie fire last week. The fire started north of Mr. Daggett's on Thursday night, and the first damage it did was burning a hay stack for Steve Elkins. It then ran north and burned some hedge and a part of Mr. Davis' orchard. On Friday morning the wind changed and drove it west, burning some hedge for Amos and A. J. Henthorn, and eight or ten tons of hay for William Lewis. We hear Mr. Phenix suffered considerable loss, but have been unable to get the particulars. If somebody gets a free pass to Leavenworth, perhaps they will stop setting the prairie on fire every year just to see it burn.

Mr. George Blue moved into his fine residence in Omnia. He has been living in Richland while building his new house.

Mr. Joseph Powell has sold out in Omnia and bought a farm from Mr. Edwards, in Richland. Mr. Doty, of Iowa, attorney at law, bought one quarter from Mr. Powell and Mr. Davis bought an 80. Mr. Powell intends keeping an 80. We now boast of a lawyer in Omnia.




BETHEL, KANSAS, Dec. 5, 1878.

The pronunciamento of the New York bankers nullifying the act of Congress, making silver a legal tender, has been received and contents noted. We cite them to the proclamation of Andrew Jackson to the citizens of South Carolina and also the result of a similar movement from 1861 to 1865, and note who got the honor at Appomattox. "A word to the wise is sufficient."

Mr. Fred Arnold's team ran away last Friday, smashing the wagon and totally injuring one of the horses.

Mr. George Youle is freighting his wheat to Eldorado--cost $400. When the railroad is built to Winfield, the cost will be $50, a clear saving of $350 to one man.

As soon as the ground is sufficiently moistened to admit of the digging of a suitable sepluchre, the corpse of the Bethel Literary will be held in the cold and silent [? cannot make out what the last word is ?].

The residence of Mr. McAns caught fire on the 27th ult., doing considerable damage. The energy and presence of mind of the ladies of the family saved the building from entire destruction. PLOUGH BOY.





Anyone purchasing the Wheeler & Wilson New No. 8 Sewing Machine from any other than our regular authorized agent, in Cowley, Sumner, and Chautauqua counties, does it at their own peril, as we will not be responsible for the title to said machine. We have lost three new No. 8 machines, and they will be taken up when found. D. F. Best is our regular authorized agent for the above counties and his title is good, and receipts will be given in his name for all machines sold by him or his agents. Be careful to see that plate numbers are mentioned in receipt or notes given.





City Council Proceedings.

WINFIELD, KANSAS, December 9, 1878.

Council met in council chamber.

Present: J. B. Lynn, Mayor; Councilmen Gully, Manning, and Wood. Councilman Jochems, having moved outside the city limits, his name was dropped.

The case of Mrs. Fox applying for aid from the city was discussed. On motion of Mr. Wood the mayor was directed to take such action as the law and the necessity of the case required. Action was then had on the following bills:

Lynn & Gillelen, wood, etc.: $3.00

Walch & Smiley, cross walks: $18.87

C. C. Stevens, City Marshal: $40.00

J. P. Short, City Clerk: $10.00

Harter & McCommon, merchandise: $3.05

Andrew Smith, cutting wood, etc.: $1.30

J. H. Finch, boarding prisoners: $5.25

The above bills were allowed.

Geo. Gray, digging grave for pauper, $4.00. On motion the sum of $2 was recommended for payment by the county commissioners.

There being no further business, council adjourned.

J. B. LYNN, Mayor.

Attest: J. P. SHORT, City Clerk.




MAPLE TOWNSHIP, December 5, 1878.

The blowers and strikers for the Schofield railrroad have been talking township bonds and circulating petitions for a bond election in Maple, Rock, and Ninnescah townships. The people of Maple are assured that the road will enter their township at the north line; that they will be given a station somewhere near Red Bud, while the people of Ninnescah are told the road will cross Maple township on section 36 and enter their township near that point, make a junction with the Sumner, Cowley & Fort Smith road near Beck's schoolhouse, and build up a town that will kill Winfield, deader than a smoked herring.

Look to your laurels, oh, ye Winfieldites! And stand from under, for the Schofieldites have weighed you in the balance and are about to write "tekel" [?] high up on the page of your history. O.


EDITOR COURIER: Noticing in a late issue of your paper a few words concerning the auctioneers taking possession of the streets on Saturdays, at the corner of Main street and Ninth avenue, we have often wondered why the city authorities did not take the matter in hand and in issuing the license to the auctioneers give each a particular locality in which to vend his wares. For instance, locate one in the vicinity of Lynn & Gillelen's store on that crossing, one at the crossing of Main street and Ninth avenue, and one a block lower opposite the Williams House.

Such an arrangement exists in Wichita and many other towns and has given perfect satisfaction.

By making such distribution the usual jam and crowd blockading the sidewalk and street at any one point would be avoided and pedestrians would have an opportunity to get from one part of town to the other.






All persons indebted to me will please call and settle within thirty days from this date. MAX SHOEB.

Winfield, Dec. 9, 1878.


We dropped in at the Winfield Drug Store of Ed. G. Cole, a very clever young man and always ready to wait on customers in the most polite manner. His stock is neat and of the best quality. All persons wishing to buy good drugs will do well by giving him a call.


Buy the Kansas Queen Breaker of Brotherton & Silver.


Gove's Domestic Washer.

Mr. Hardenbrook, the agent of the above washer, is in town selling the same. He will wash for any family in city or country free of charge to introduce his machine, THE BEST WASHING MACHINE EVER MADE. The machine and testimonials can be seen at the hardware store of H. Jochems, where orders may be left. The following named persons who have seen the machine work are referred to: Mr. & Mrs. Sid Majors, Mrs. S. I. Parr and daughter, Mr. and Mrs. W. E. Tansey, Mrrs. Hannah Gates, Mr. and Mrs. Olds, Mrs. A. J. Rex, H. L. Robbins, laundryman, and numerous others.


Dr. Cooper has removed to the new brick building, opposite the Williams House, upstairs.





Parents, Attention!


It is not too much to say that there are now seventy-five schools in session in this county. The enrollment may be put at two, if not three thousand pupils. How can these children receive most good from their work in the school room? The rooms should be comfortable and clean at all times and supplied with an abundance of pure air. The books in use should be of the best character, and the classes using them should be as well graded as possible. The teachers should be conscientious, energetic, enthusiastic, and thoroughly qualified. They should be willing and anxious to keep abreast of their profession, constantly reaching out in every direction for new ideas, new methods, and fresh inspirations. School boards should equip their teachers with all possible aids and conveniences. Parents should look upon the teachers as their representatives: should rally 'round the teachers in season and out of season; should enforce prompt and regular attendance; should see that no ill humor, no stubbornness, no wilfulness, no idleness, and no vice break in upon the work of the school room. Further than this, parents should allow no work, no pleasures, no dissipations out of school hours to invade the sacred hour of pupils' studies. This disastrous intrusion may be accomplished in many ways, and it is on this point we raise the cry of warning.

Many a district in this county has its school room made filthy by tobacco, spued and spit over the floor during the evening's entertainments. Spelling schools, literaries, socials, dances, and religious gatherings take up the entire week, and too frequently the five, if not the seven evenings of the week, are spent by the children away from home. This is a dissipation that can be productive only of evil so far as the work of school may be affected.

Let this point be emphasized! Let it be thoroughly understood! Let parents fully comprehend the fact that the evening hours of the week should be as sacred as the six hours called a day by our school law. The work of the time spent outside the school room in no case should be such as to unfit the child for the labors of the following day. Neither teachers nor pupils can work with clear heads and strong wills after spending half the previous night in any of the forms of dissipation just mentioned.

If young in years, children need the hours of night for rest and sleep. If pupils are of an advanced age, the hours of the long winter evening can and should be spent in profitable study, in work that will make them stronger and more capable for the exercises of school, and in forming habits of industry and economy that will shape the destinies of their lives for happiness, respectability, and virtuous living and manly, independent thinking. Other things being equal, that boy or girl will succeed best whose leisure hours are spent in the home circle and in worthy and aspiring study.

These entertainments, if allowed at all, should come only on Friday or Saturday evening. Some of them often produce more bad than good results. But no argument here is made for or against any of them. The point to be emphasized, to be held in mind by parents, by boards, by teachers, is this: The scholars who attend these night sessions tax their energies as to impair their working power for the next day; break up their habits of home study, and get a passion for public gatherings and public entertainments that is disastrous in far too many particulars. The habit of spending one's evenings away from home can be formed just as the habit of smoking and chewing can be formed, and the first may be as controlling as the latter, and may be considered the more dangerous of the two.







Pure apple cider at Dever's Star Bakery.

Judge Gans preached at the Parker schoolhouse Sabbath last.

District 65, Thomasville, enjoyed a dance in the new schoolhouse last week.

Doctor Graham is putting down around his residence a handsome stone walk.

Mrs. Thompson, of Denver, is visiting her daughter, Mrs. Judge McDonald, in this city.

A new curb has been put around the city well on west Ninth avenue, which makes it look more substantial.

We learn that the examining board will hereafter require teachers to pass examination in the metric system. This is a good sign.

Anyone wanting 50 tons millet hay and good timbered feed lot for stock will do well by calling soon on

J. G. TITUS, Winfield, Kansas.

The opening benefit of Manning's Opera House was a success. A large concourse of people assembled notwithstanding the zero condition of the atmosphere outside, and all seemed to enjoy the occasion.

Ed. G. Cole, in Dr. Mansfield's old stand, has added largely to his stock of drugs and medicines, and will sell as low as the lowest. Ed. is a competent man to do business. Do not forget to call and see him.

Being the only engraver in the city, I am enabled to engrave my own goods free of charge, and warrant satisfaction to all wishing engraving of any kind done. L. H. HOPE.




An exhibition for the benefit of the Crooked Creek Library Association is to be held at the Crooked Creek schoolhouse Friday evening, December 27, 1878. A good time is expected, as that district is famed for its good exhibitions. Some of the best musical ability of Winfield will be in attendance. Admission for grown persons, 20 cents; for children under 12 years of age, 15 cents.

L. H. Hope and Hudson Bros. have on exhibition in their show windows two excellent premiums, consisting of a very fine flower vase and a silver castor, valued at $22.50, which premiums will be given away at the Grand Masquerade Ball on New Year's Eve to the finest and best appearing lady's and gent's mask. Therefore, brace up; secure an invitation and a masquerade suit in time, and whatever character you represent act well, and you will have a chance to be the "lucky person" and carry home the prize. There will be no extra charge for your chance; it only costs $1.50 per couple, the regular price of admission.

Candy toys at Dever's Star Bakery.

Ice from four to six inches thick this week.

The Cantata next week will be the finest thing of the season. All should make calculations to attend.

There will be a Christmas tree at the Beck schoolhouse on Christmas eve. All are cordially invited to attend.

Lang & Lape have opened a new meat market on the south side of Ninth avenue, next door west of Max Shoeb's blacksmith shop.

M. S. Headrick, one of the live men of Richland township, called on us Monday. He is enthisiastic for the C. S. & F. S. railroad and is working nobly for the county bonds.

The oration delivered by J. Wade McDonald at the opening of Manning's Opera House on Tuesday evening was peculiarly fine, and was delivered in the happy manner so characteristic of the orator.

DIED. Jerome Copple, of Ninnescah township, died on last Wednesday night after an illness of but four days. He was a very promising young man, of 19 years, and greatly respected by all who knew him.




The George Minstrels are receiving the highest encomiums of the press for the excellency of their performances. For fun and amusement they are said to have no superiors. They perform at Manning's Opera House Thursday, Friday, and Saturday evenings of this week.


From Baltimore.

MARRIED. Mr. P. S. Loy has been reading the good book, and there learned that it is not good for man to be alone, so he went to Harvey township, found favor in the eyes of one of its fair daughters, asked the old folks for her like a little man, went twenty miles to Winfield to get Judge Gans' consent for a small consideration, returned and consulted Rev. R. S. Thompson, and now Mr. P. S. Loy and Miss Parthena Smith have become man and wife. They have moved to their new home, just west of Baltimore, with the best wishes of their many friends.

Our school is progressing finely under the management of Miss Lou Bedell.




NEW SALEM, Dec. 17, 1878.

BIRTH. Joe McMillen is the happiest man at Salem. Cause, a bright, little lady one week old. Joe says he will now vote for the railroad bonds.

There will be a festival given at the Pleasant Hill schoolhouse on evening of Dec. 20th, 1878, for the benefit of the Baptist minister and to provide lights for the hall. All are invited.

New Salem folks have purchased an organ for their church, cost $75.

Mite society busted.

Good Templar's Lodge flourishing, if some of their best members do violte some of the rules of the order.

W. C. Douglass' mother, from Illinois, is visiting him.


TISDALE, Dec. 9, 1878.

We are having a good school, the number of pupils being 50 and still on the increase.

Tisdale is improving. Mr. Bradley, the blacksmith, is putting up a stone residence in town. John McGuire is having his dwelling repaired. Miss Clara Waters is still giving music lessons in town. Dr. Wright has removed to his farm, one mile south of town. Mr. Alexander, a gentleman living a few miles from town, was thrown from his week [???] and badly injured.

Emigration is coming in rapidly. A good many of the houses have from two to three families living in tthem.

The Odd Fellows of this vicinity are talking of building a hall here.






The schoolhouse in Disttrict 91 has been repaired and painted, which adds greatly to its looks.

Mrs. H. L. Daniels has returned from Missouri, whither she has been for several weeks visiting relatives and friends.

Mr. Johnson for some time has been afflicted with something like catarrh in the head, but is decidedly better at this writing.

Mr. Haynes met with an accident recently, which resulted in the loss of two or three of his toes. He dressed the wounds himself, and is able to get about again. Dan is not a good surgeon, but with an ax he is above the average.

MARRIED. Thomas Daniels and Miss Sallie Adkinson were united in marriage some time ago, and the boys concluded to make him treat. They assembled in small numbers, and without any definite orders marched to the house, and finding Tom indisposed, they decided to go home. The next night they concentrated in large numbers under the leadership of Charley Shubert; went to the house, discharged a few old guns, rang an old bell, and yelled a few times, when Charley disappeared in the dark. He left school and hid in the brush for a few days, but was finally induced to come back and made to understand that Thomas had no desire to hurt him. Now, boys, if in the future you feel any disposition to go on such a mission (though I hope you never will), you had better elect another captain.

Mr. D. H. Haynes expressed an opinion to the effect that Maple township would go almost solid against the bonds for the

A. T. & S. F. railroad.

A report has been in circulation that, in my opinion, does great injustice to the pupils of the Walck school; at least nothing has taken place recently that would justify such report.


R. A. M.




The Cantata of the Flower Queen.

This beautiful cantata will be presented to the citizens of Winfield and vicinity at


on Thursday and Friday evenings, December 26 and 27.

It will be performed by a full orchestra of the best musical talent in Winfield, under the direction of Prof. C. Faringer. The proceeds will be applied to organize a permanent musical society at this place. Tickets will be on sale at McCommon & Harter's drug store.



At Manning's Opera House, Thursday, Friday, and Saturday--Three Nights Only--Dec. 19th, 20th, and 21st.

Behold our list of specialty artists:

Master George Freeman, the champion Boy Cornet Soloist.

Prof. T. M. Nickels, Ethiopian Comedian, whose oddities never fail to set the house in an uproar.

Mr. F. A. Lyons, Banjo King and Musical moke.

Mr. Joe Love, Old Man specialty, and only true interpreter of Stephen Foster's Southern Ballads.

Mr. Alex. Reynolds in original essences of old Virginia, whose negro specialties will convulse the most skeptical with laughter.

Our Quartette: R. A. Johnson, T. M. Nickels, Mrs. Sylvester, T. Richardson.

Mrs. Sylvester in her own specialty, entitled "Quicksteps in the Sand."

Don't fail to see our parade on day of each performance.

An entire change or program every evening.

Admission 50 cents. No extra charge for reserved seats. Tickets for sale at Goldsmith's Book Store, post office building, on days of exhibition.

Remember the dates, December 19th, 20th, and 21st.




DIED. Henry Dillman, of Ninnescah township, died of Cancer on Sunday evening, December 15th.


Something New.

I would respectfully inform the citizens of Winfield that I have just opened a first-class City Laundry on Tenth avenue, first door south of Farmer' Restaurant, and am prepared to do the laundry work for the people of this city in a style second to none, and at reasonable prices. Work called for and deliverd in any part of the city daily, except Sunday. Please call, examine our work, and give us a trial. We also gloss and finish up shirts, collars, and cuffs in the best style.





The Ball is Opened.

Being prompt pay I am able to sell you the W. & W. No. 8

[d. L, 2 drs, etc.] and full set of attachments for $33, cash. New Home, $25; Bogus Singer, $22, without lying, and will give you bill of sale and guarantee title. Largest asortment of machines and lowest figures for cash. Don't go and get cornered and swindled but come to my office and get a square deal.



References, bankers here and my customers.






One of the Garden Spots of Kansas.

Winfield, Its County Seat--Its Wonderful Growth and Business.


Special Cor. Atchison Champion.

WINFIELD, Dec. 18, 1878.

As yet Cowley county has no railroads, but before another year passes away it is confidently predicted the iron horse will be running through her borders. Two roads, the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe, and the other, known as the Schofield road, are now trying to get bonds to build through the county, and in all probability the former will be completed in time to move next year's crops. One would naturally think a railroad was badly needed to move the enormous grain crop of the present year, for any day a hundred or more teams can be counted loaded with wheat, passing over the road between here and Wichita, a distance of over forty miles. The trade of this county is all done by the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe, at Wichita and Eldorado, and the enterprise of that gigantic corporation will hardly permit another road to get the start of them in the trade of the Walnut Valley. The Company has accordingly submitted a proposition asking bonds to the amount of $144,000 to extend the Wichita road to Winfield, to be completed by September 1st, 1879. The election on the bond proposition occurs on the 24th of December. There seems to be no doubt but that this proposition will be carried, as the farmers are anxious for a railroad, and the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe is the one they want.

Winfield, the county seat of Cowley county, is situated on the east side of the Walnut, at the junction of Timber creek with that stream, and in what is familiarly known as the "garden spot of Kansas"--the great Walnut Valley. The average width of the valley is about two miles, and more fertile farming land than this valley contains cannot be found in the State. The width of the timber belt on the Walnut is one-fourth of a mile. The town grew up slowly, and in 1870 there was scarcely a building on its lovely town site. Year by year, however, it has steadily gone forward, and today, despite the drouth and grasshoppers, it has a population close on to 1,800. The early buildings completed were frame, and small at that, but each year has added more capital, until now there are in Winfield many of the finest and most costly buildings, private and public, to be found in the State.

Winfield is the center of business for the county, as anyone can see by the number of people on the streets every day in the week. I spent Saturday here, and I was convinced that it was the liveliest city of its size in the State. From morning till night the streets were crowded with people and a look into the different business houses confirmed the impression I always had of the town, that Winfield is bound to be the metropolis of Southwestern Kansas. Her main business street, 120 feet wide, would remind anyone who has been there, of Broadway, New York, it was so jammed full of teams, and it was really surprising to know where so many people came from. But when a person stops to think that Winfield is situated in the center of one of the richest agricultural counties in the State, and whose population has almost doubled during the past two years, these facts become apparent to everybody.

Winfield has two large flouring mills, each with four run of burrs, running day and night. They are both run by water, the Walnut and Timber furnishing good water power; a handsome courthouse, costing $10,000, presided over by the following trusted and efficient officials: M. G. Troup, county clerk;

T. R. Bryan, treasurer; H. D. Gans, probate judge; E. P. Kinne, register of deeds; R. C. Story, county superintendent; C. L. Harter, sheriff; E. S. Bedilion, clerk of the district court;

James McDermott, county attorney; M. G. Graham, coroner. The enterprising mayor of the town is J. B. Lynn. There is a commodious graded school building completed, with nearly 500 scholars enrolled. The church structures completed are five, costing all the way from $2,000 to $9,000. There are but few towns in the State having handsomer or more costly church edifices than are to be found in Winfield. Besides, there are two excellent newspapers working for Winfield and Cowley county; three banking institutions, all doing a large business; plenty of lawyers and doctors; and one of the largest public halls in the State. I refer to that of E. C. Manning, one of the leading public-spirited citizens of the town. This hall is 20 feet high, 50 wide, and 100 feet long, and will comfortably seat 800 people. It will be fitted up for theatrical purposes, the scenery painted, by careful artists, and when completed will be one of the most convenient halls west of the Missouri. The cost of the building is $15,000. All the iron used in its construction was furnished by Capt. John Seaton, of Atchison.


Mr. A. H. Green, the live and energetic real estate agent, land broker, and attorney of Winfield is one of the most successful business gentlemen I ever met. A person is really at home in his office, which is thronged from morning till night with land buyers, and the amount of business he transacts daily is astonishing. His office is fitted up in elegant style, carpeted, plenty of chairs, writing desks, a large law library, and the walls hang full of maps and plates, descriptive of the lands he is selling. Mr. Green is a thorough businessman, and if there is such a word as success he will succeed. He is agent for a good share of the vacant property in Winfield, and he informs me that residence and business lots are rapidly advancing in prices in anticipation of the railroad, the former selling all the way from $40 to $125, and the latter from $100 to $1,500. Corner lots can be had for less than $2,000. Rents are rising, and there is a big demand for houses.

I was pleased to meet here J. H. Finch, deputy sheriff and deputy U. S. Marshal; also delivery clerk in the post office. Mr. Finch is an old Atchisonian, who has many warm friends there who will be glad to hear of his success.

I was also glad to meet J. C. Walter, an old reader of the Champion, who has recently engaged in the restaurant business in Winfield. For a "square meal" or a first-class dish of oysters, give Mr. Walter a call.

H. Jochems, dealer in hardware, stoves, tinware, etc., is another Atchisonia, doing an extensive business. He buys of Blish, Mize & Silliman, the live hardware men of your city.

L. H. Hope, dealer in jewelry, makes a specialty of engraving. He carries a large stock, and is among the most successful businessmen of Winfield.

W. C. Root & Co., dealers in boots and shoes, carry the only exclusive house in town, hence are doing a good trade. They are pleasant gentlemen, and are located in one of the best towns in the State.

If you want a good cigar, call on Charles Birnbaum. His stock is large, and he keeps only the choicest of cigars and tobaccos.

James Kelly, the good-natured postmaster, is the "right man in the right place." I am under obligations to him for favors extended.

There are two excellent newspapers published here, the COURIER and the Telegram, and they are patronized liberally by the businessmen and citizens of Cowley county. While there is no room for a third paper, I am informed someone has brought here a handful of type, with the view of establishing a third paper, thus dividing the patronage barely enough for two papers, among three. I have no doubt this gentleman could buy either of the two newspapers here, which would be a more sensible transaction.

Winfield has excellent hotels, and of course your correspondent "put up" at the Central, where the majority of the traveling public do, kept by those good-natured, obliging gentlemen, Messrs. Majors & Vance. What these gentlemen don't know about keeping hotels, it is useless for anyone else to undertake.

H. C. R.







Written for the COURIER.

Our School Building.

By your leave, Mr. Editor, I would like to ask the people of this community some questions. What are you going to do about your schools for next year? Last year an effort was made about this time, or a little later, to have the district vote bonds to build a new schoolhouse. It was clearly to be seen then the increase of population would demand increased accommodation for our schools. But there was exhibited quite a disinclination to vote bonds and so the project fell through. The people were satisfied to trust to luck for something to turn up by which we could get through this year. Things were allowed to drift until the annual school meeting, when the district found itself compelled to build a temporary barracks for two departments, which answers the purpose very well, but which cost 15 percent more than it ought to have done, and is besides an eye-sore to the community. The additional cost arose from the necessity of the school boards issuing scrip which could not be paid at once, and which had to be discounted.

Our schools are first-class in every respect, and the question is, Shall we provide them with suitable accommodations? It was thought at the school meeting that when we had provided for 350 pupils and employed two additional teachers, we had made ample provision for our wants this year. But the enrollment already exceeds that number and some of the departments are becoming crowded, and before the year is up some teachers will have more pupils than they can do justice to.

Next year it will be necessary to provide for at least 450 pupils if Winfield maintains anything like her present rate of growth. At an average of 50 pupils to the teacher, this would require nine school rooms and as many teachers. Now is the time to settle this question. What do we propose to do about it? Being in the same predicament as the old woman who lived in a shoe, we can't settle it in the way she did; we are not able to put them all to bed--we must put them in schools, for so the law requires. If we leave the question unsettled until the next school meeting, we will be compelled to act in the same way we have done this year--put up another temporary building. There are three ways in which we may solve the difficulty.

1st. By dividing the pupils in each of the three lower grades into two divisions and allowing to attend only half a day, one division going in the forenoon and one in the afternoon, we could possibly get along with our present rooms.

2nd. By commencing immediately, we could vote $7,000 to $10,000 in bonds and erect a building in connection with our stone schoolhouse, which would give us ample room for our schools. No time must be lost, however, if we wish to secure this building for next fall term.

3rd. The only other alternative is to vote bonds sufficient to build another frame building of about three rooms. A great many would say at once, "I will never vote bonds to build anything but a good schoolhouse." But we had better determine on something definite at once, even to the voting of bonds for a frame building rather than to let this matter go by default and compel the board to issue depreciated scrip to force a building up in the short time between the school meeting in August and the fall term in September. I have not thought worthwhile to suggest that we might neglect the schools and provide for them in any way. I have taken it for granted that this community will not tolerate this idea. The question now before us is, "Shall we build a schoolhouse worthy of the place?






The Bonds Carried!



On the Through Route From Indigence to Wealth, and from the Atlantic to the Pacific!

The Speedy Construction Assured.

Notwithstanding the coldness of the weather on Tuesday, the proposition to vote $141,000 of the bonds of this county to the Cowley, Sumner & Fort Smith Railway Company was carried by a large majority. We have not yet got full returns, but the townships heard from give so large majorities for, as to place the result beyond a doubt. We congratulate the people of Cowley county on this auspicious result and predict that one year from today those who have opposed this proposition will be ready to admit that we were right and thank us for the position we have taken.

The vote of Winfield stands 873 for, 5 against, and 6 scattering.

Reports in:

Winfield, 868 majority for.

Creswell, 300 majority for.

Beaver, 86 majority for.

Vernon, 60 majority for.

Ninnescah, 3 majority for.

Bolton, 80 majority for.

Tisdale, 20 majority for.

Sheridan, 34 majority for.

Pleasant Valley, 48 majority for.

Rock, 88 majority against.

Liberty, 7 majority against.

Dexter, 19 majority against.

Windsor, 106 majority against.

Richland, 48 majority against.

Silver Creek, 74 majority against.

Maple, 35 majority against.

It is now evident that the vote of Winfield township might be thrown out and not counted and still the bonds would be carried.






The vote polled in Winfield township is larger than ever before polled. Its vote November 5th was 726 when the polls were guarded by argus eyed candidates and their friends to prevent illegal voting against them. It was then estimated that 150 legal voters of the township did not come to the polls. Many residents from other parts of the state who arrived between Oct. 8th and Nov. 24th and many who arrived from other states from May 7th to June 24th have since become voters. The number of these is estimated as high as 150 and the total number of voters in the township at over 1,000.

As tending to corroboate these estimates we will mention the fact that in the City of Winfield there have been built within a year upwards of 400 dwellings and business houses, that there is not a house in the place to rent for "love or money," and that in many of the houses are from two to four families each.

We shall next week give a detailed list of new buildings in this city.





We wish all our readers a "Merry Christmas," if it is not too late and if it is, we wish them a "Happy New Year," though this is a little early, for you know that if we wait until next Thursday, it will be late again.

With this number closes volume six of the COURIER on which we have expended much care and thought and in which we have said many things to our readers which we hope have contributed much to their well being and enjoyment. . . .

For the last few weeks our columns have been too crowded with railroad proclamations and holiday advertisements to contain as much matter of general interest as we desire, but these will be left out after this week and we hope to make the paper more interesting and valuable than ever before.




The Senate committee that has been investigating the Indian Territory will report in favor of opening up the Territory to settlement on the ground that it will be better for the Indians.


Gen. Sherman estimates that the United States will in twenty years have a population of eighty million and that all the Indian reservations will before that time be required for the wants of thw white people.


Hon. Thos. Ryan has presented a bill to give the Kansas courts jurisdiction over the Indian Territory. This, if passed, will be a check upon running across the line to escape justice, and trials will be less expensive to the northern part of the territory than now when they must go to Ft. Smith.








Great Bankrupt Sale of the Goods of


These goods MUST BE SOLD to satisfy creditors. Avail yourselves of this opportunity. Groceries, Boots and Shoes, Dry Goods, Queensware and Glassware, all at cost, or less than cost.






Solid silverware, of the best make, at los prices, at Hope's.

Hardware at reduced prices for the next 30 days at

J. T. Weston's.

Mr. and Miss Speed, from New York, mother and sister of Mrs. W. M. Boyer, are visiting in this city.

The ice business has been brisk during the last few days, and about one thousand tons have been secured by our citizens.

Leave orders at B. M. Terrill's for carriages to and from the Grand Masquerade: 25 cents a person for round trip.

J. C. Walter will keep open all night to accommodate those wishing refreshments on the night of the Grand Masquerade Ball.

Bolton & Heidy have removed to the Telegram building, where you will find fresh meats of all kinds and at all times at the lowest market prices. Cash paid for hides.

Mr. W. T. Roland, traveling agent for the Fairbank's Scales Company, is now permanently located in this city. He can be found at his residence, the house lately occupied by Mr. James Kirk. Persons desiring the best scales made, should call on him. He is a gentleman who can be relied on.

If the party that received (by mistake) a five dollar gold piece ($5.00) Saturday at McCommon & Harter's drug store, will return the same and oblige


We would call especial attention to the article of "Citizen" on our first page, "Our Schoolhouse." The writer is one who has large interests here and whose name commands the highest respect. We second his views and would impress it upon our citizens that something must be done at once.

Mme. Roland has taken the stock and stand of Mrs. Pixley on Main street, east side, between Ninth and Tenth avenues, where she will serve the ladies of this city and vicinity with millinery and dressmaking. She is an artist in her business and profession, and comes to us highly recommended.

BIRTH. Mr. Frank Jennings came around on Tuesday morning with a proud step, a smiling countenance, and a bundle of cigars. He says that the boy is all right, weighs nine pounds, and will go into the practice of law at once.

The opening benefit of Manning's Opera House on Tuesday evening of last week was a successs. Notwithstanding the cold weather, there was quite a crowd in attendance, the banquet was excellent and highly enjoyed, and the young folks "tripped the light fantastic toe" until "the wee sma' hours."

John M. Spencer, proprietor of the Winfield House, is now ready to accommodate both day and transient boarders. The house is new and elegantly furnished. Mr. Spencer has had considerable experience in the hotel business, and feels confident that he can please all who may favor him with a call.




The members of Winfield Lodge, No. 110, I. O. O. F., have chosen the following named brethren as officers of this lodge for the term commencing January 1, 1879.

M. B. Shields, N. G.

David C. Beach, V. G.

John Hoenscheidt, R. S.

E. S. Bedilion, P. S.

Max Shoeb, Treasurer.

John E. Allen, W.

D. W. Southard, C.

J. G. Kraft, R. S. to N. G.

R. L. Walker, L. S. to N. G.

B. M. Terrill, R. S. S.

Wm. Hudson, L. S. S.

J. W. Smiley, I. G.

C. C. Stevens, O. G.

A. W. Davis, R. S. to V. C.

T. C. Robinson, L. S. to V. G.

J. W. Curns, Chaplain.

J. S. Blue, Host.

A cordial invitation is extended to all members of the order in good standing to be present at the installation ceremonies on the first Thursday night in January. The lodge is in a prosperous condition, and is increasing its membership from among our best citizens very rapidly.




MARRIED. JOHNSON - SMITH. On the 11th inst., at the residence of the bride's father, Mr. John R. Smith, by the Rev. F. Gorsline, Mr. Emmery J. Johnson and Miss Delia Smith, all of this county.

MARRIED. MARKS - SEACAT. On the 8th inst., at the residence of the bride's father, by the same, Mr. John M. Marks and Decta Seacat, all of Cowley county.


POLO, COWLEY CO., Dec. 20, 1878.

Lots of snow in Omnia township, and also plenty of newcomers. Mr. John N. Henry, of Henry County, Iowa, arrived in our township last week. He is an old neighbor of Amos Henthorn, and quite an addition to our community. He has been in Texas, Arkansas, and as far west as Hutchinson, in Kansas, and says Cowley beats them all. ALEXANDER.




City Council Proceedings.

WINFIELD, Dec. 16, 1878.

Council met in council chamber.

Present: J. R. Lynn, mayor; and Councilmen Gully, Manning and Wood; Absent, T. C. Robinson.

Minutes of previous meeting read and adopted.

The matter of the sidewalk on Tenth avenue was discussed, but no action taken.

The following resolution was introduced, read, and unanimously adopted:

Resolved, That that portion of the southeast quarter of section 28, township 32 south, of range 4 east, known, platted, and filed for record as Fuller's second addition to the city of Winfield be, and the same is hereby declared to be within the incorporated limits of the city of Winfield.

Action was taken on the following bills, which were allowed.

H. Jochems, merchandise: $6.65

C. C. Stevens, city marshal: $40.00

Walck & Smiley, well rock, etc.: $6.50

Maggie E. Page, rent: $10.00

Levi Seabridge, repairing well curb: $1.50

Max Shoeb, repairs on engines, etc., $16.40, referred to finance committee.

There being no further business, Council adjourned.

J. B. LYNN, Mayor.

Attest: J. P. SHORT, City Clerk.





All parties owing us will call and settle by first of January. We must have a settlement. Call and see us.


Winfield, Dec. 13, 1878.



Bring your Corn, Oats, Potatoes, Apples, Buter, Eggs, Chickens, etc., to us, and receive IN CASH the highest market price therefor. WINFIELD FEED STORE,

North side Ninth avenue, next room west of Citizens Bank.







EDITORS COURIER: Dear Sirs: As I am an owner of land in Cowley county, I suppose I may have a little right to speak concerning a railroad in the county, and what I have to say is, if you have anything like a certainty that the Sumner, Cowley & Ft. Smith railroad will be built as per contract, vote the $144,000 and get it.

That will give one road certain, and by the time Major Schofield gets ready to run his road through, the county can and will be perfectly able to help him as well, if not better than we are now to help the A. T. & S. F. Co. to build their branch called the Cowley, Sumner & Ft. Smith road. Now, after we get this road, if the Schofieldites want to run in their road, all right. We will be able to help them, and will do, even if they do connect with the C. S. & F. S. at Beck's schoolhouse and build up a great city, and by so doing knock Winfield into a ______.

Well, by the way, I do not know what kind of a thing or place it is to be knocked into, according to the correspondent from Maple township who signs himself "O." He says, "The Schofieldites have weighed the Winfieldites in the balance and they are about to write "Jekel" high up on the page of your history." Now I have looked Webster's Unabridged Dictionary through pretty thoroughly and have not found any such word; so you will please have "O." explain the meaning of the word, as it appears to be one of his own get up. If he will explain, then we can all know what Winfield is destined to be, providing there ever should be a junction of railroads anywhere in Cowley county, especially near Beck's schoolhouse.

I see by the paper that Prof. D. D. Morse is making sketches of the city of Winfield. Let me ask if they are done, what they cost, and can you send me one by mail with the COURIER? Please let me know and I will recompense you for it. I want one if they are not too expensive; yes, I want two, certain, and perhaps more. There are some people in this vicinity that are talking quite strong of Kansas and like Cowley county, but they do not like the idea of getting so far from a railroad; therefore, I say get a road of some kind as soon as possible, and by so doing draw settlers to Cowley county that would otherwise settle elsewhere. The way to make the county rich is to get it settled up with good, enterprising people, and to do that you must show them some inducements.

Yours, respectfully,





VERNON TOWNSHIP, Dec. 20, 1878.

We have been enjoying a week of regular old Pennsylvania winter. We builtt a sleigh in about two hours, and took a glorious old ride. Sleighs are as scarce here as hen's teeth.

BIRTH. Mr. DeWitt has a young daughter. This makes three. "Scoot west, old man," for I understand two more Vernonites are to be married over in Sumner county--daughters of William Gault.

Grain dealers in Winfield are "playing hob" with us farmers, offering 60 cents for our wheat, and when we get there, they give us 55 cents "by the skin of their teeth."

Notwithstanding the storm we are going to have two Christmas doings: one at Pleasant Grove, the other at Mt. Zion. They are for the benefit of the Sunday schools, both of which are still alive.

The schoolma'am in Disttrict 48 got sick and gave up her school. Wish her much joy. We understand she was well received.

Mr. McGin has had bad luck with one of his horses, it having about lost the inner part of its feet with the rot. He cannot use it until a new one grows in.





At the annual election, on the 17th inst., Adelphi Lodge, No. 110, A. F. A. M., selected the following officers for the ensuing year.

C. C. Black, W. M.

W. C. Robinson, S. W.

H. Brrotherton, J. W.

B. F. Baldwin, Treas.

R. C. Sttory, Sec.

J. E. Saint, S. D.

P. Hill, J. D.

M. L. Read, C.

John C. Roberts, S. S.

W. D. Byers, J. S.

S. E. Burger, T.

The installation will take place Friday evening of this week. All members of the Order are invited to be present.


A. T. Stewart came down from Kansas City last Friday to advocate the railroad and spend Christmas among his relatives and old friends here. He is an able and ardent friend of Winfield and Cowley county; and it does us good to see him here.

Mr. Ivan Robinson has come home to spend the holidays. He has been absent many weeks.





S. L. GILBERT, Notary Public. S. M. JARVIS, Att. at Law.



Loan money at low rates on improved farms and city property. Also furnish money to "prove up" at U. S. Land Office. Office upstairs in Bahntge's new block, Winfield, Kansas.


Money to Loan.

We are loaning mmoney at lower rates than any loan agency in this part of the state.