[Beginning June 28, 1876.]




The Black Hills.


MY FAMILY: I write, this beautiful Sunday morn, to inform you of our safe arrival in the gold hills. Joe is up again from the measles, which makes us all well, hoping this may find you the same. There is no humbug about there being gold here, but what we find is fine, and on what is termed bars; all old miners say if we can strike bed rock, we can make our fortune.

Castle creek is nearly as large as Grouse, and runs swifter, having a fall of 55 feet to the mile. It is about 25 feet to the bed rock, and in order to go down we will have to get pumps sufficient to keep the water out. I am inclined to the belief that there is a fortune here, but it will take time and money to get it. We met 200 men going back, calling the whole thing a humbug, but the most were scared out at Indian reports. We have not seen any, only at and near Red Cloud Agency; they are in the Hills, but will attack only small parties. The most of the returning miners never turned a shovel of dirt, and a good many turned back before reaching Buffalo Gap. We saw the bones of one man, who had been killed in the Gap by Indians. He smelled so badly when first discovered that he could not be buried, so they piled rocks upon him. It was a hard sight; but such is life.

Will. has just come in with a fine specimen of quartz, which is rich and will some day make someone rich. If a man had money to live upon for one year, and set down on some of those places, his fortune would be made, but such is not the disposition of most men: they want to go forward, and those who follow will make the money. I would advise all to stay at home for awhile unless they come heeled with one year's provisions or money. Flour is worth $16 per hundred, bacon 35 cents per pound, corn meal 15 cents per pound, corn 13 cents per pound, etc.

One of the boys just killed a black tailed deer, which are plenty; also plenty of those black or brown bears, which are very large. I would like to give you a description of the Hills--it seems as though they were blown up by some terrible volcano, leaving deep gulches running in all directions, and having the finest streams of the coldest water. The mountains are covered with pitch pine and fir, with some poplar or quaking asp, which make the scenery the finest.

I have had but one letter from you, dated April 22. It costs twenty-five cents to get a letter from Cheyenne here, so when you write, write good long letters. We will probably look around before going to work. Gold is here, all over, and of the finest kind; sells for $21 per ounce.

We are going to work this morning, and will give you all particulars in a few days. Some of our men got ten cents at one pan yesterday. I was up in the mountain yesterday, and got so cold I had to come down. Plenty of snow and ice in the mountains. It is about such weather here as it is in March there, and the gooseberries are just leafing out. Direct letters to Custer City.




TRAVELER, JUNE 28, 1876.

LIBERTY TOWNSHIP, June 12, 1876.

Editor Traveler:

The hail and wind storm of a few days ago did considerable damage in a few instances.

There are several vacant claims in this vicinity, though they are being rapidly settled upon. There were eight vacant houses within sight of my place, last March, but they are all occupied, and new ones have gone up. Breaking and harvesting are being pushed forth rapidly. Wheat is very fine, as is also the corn.

Religious meetings held once a week, either at Grouse creek or at Newland's school house. J. A. B.



TRAVELER, JUNE 28, 1876.

HUTCHINSON, KS., June 12, 1876.

Had a severe hail and wind storm six miles south of this place, last Saturday, which did considerable damage; about twenty buildings destroyed; no lives lost, so far as I have heard; quite a number of persons more or less injured; crops probably injured to some extent along the track of the storm.

Harvest to commence about the middle of this week. Wheat good, and other crops looking very well indeed. Health here excellent. Immigration pouring in lively.




TRAVELER, JUNE 28, 1876.

Corn in Sumner county is reported growing slowly on account of cold weather.

Rev. Mr. Platter, one of the Winfield city farmers, put his own header into his hundred acre field of fall wheat on the 12th instant.



TRAVELER, JUNE 28, 1876.

Osages are first class horse traders.

A few Osages who have been out on a hunt recently, represent buffalo as being scarce.

The printer failed to find the copy of Gov. "Joe's" speech which was promised our readers this week.

The Osages are now more nearly united than has ever been the case since their removal to this Territory.

Agent Beede is getting material ready to repair the damage to the roof of his house, by the late hail storm.

The majority of the full blood Cherokees enlisted in the service of United States during the late war, while the majority of the mixed bloods joined the Confederate forces.

As will be seen at the head of our paper, the name of Osage Agency gives place to Pawhuska, which has been the name of the head chief of the Osage tribe for generations, and means white hair.

Seven of our Pawnee neighbors have recently visited Chetopa, the Chief Counselor of the Osage Nation, smoked the pipe of peace, and received from our distinguished incumbent a pony each in token of future friendship. Pawnees and Osages converse with each other by signs only.



TRAVELER, JUNE 28, 1876.

The Giant Humbug at Philadelphia.

The following extract is from a letter received by Judge Christian, last week, from an old acquaintance in Ireland. It was written three-fourths of a mile from the famous Giant's Causeway, on the northern coast of Antrim county, and explains itself. It shows the ingenuity of the university Yankee mind in getting up humbugs to secure an honest penny. The letter is dated Ballymoy, Antrim county, Ireland, May 31, 1876.

DEAR FRIEND, There is a great fraud here now that you will hear of--a monster image of a man that will be taken to the exhibition at Philadelphia, and represented to be the giant that made the causeway. He is an American who has it. He came here last Saturday night, and stops at the Causeway Hotel for the purpose of representing that he got it here; but I believe it has been years in progress. Some people here know him (the proprietor), having seen him at different times--always pretending to be looking after mines. It is likely to give rise to more lies than anything that will be exhibited. Its length is twelve feet and eleven inches, and weight over two and one half tons.

People have crowded to see it. He will get it photographed before he leaves here. It is said to have been dug out of the earth, but he has not deceived so many here as he thinks he has. The representation is very good, though I did not go to see it. Have seen several that did go.

Your friend,




TRAVELER, JUNE 28, 1876.

Wichita Eagle: A little girl, living near Eureka, while playing in a harvest field, was bitten on the ankle by a prairie rattlesnake. A young Swede, who was working in the field at the time, got some milk from a cow standing nearby, and inserted a small straw in each of the holes made by the fangs of the snake, and poured some milk into the straws, which counteracted the poison; and within an hour the child was playing around as usual. This occurrence was related to us by an eye witness.



TRAVELER, JUNE 28, 1876.

Burning of the Northern Span of the

K. C. R. R. Bridge. The Mind of a

Prominent Kansas City Politician Impaired.

Gen. Cook's Command Have a Four Hours' Fight

With the Sioux.

[Special to the Leavenworth Times.]

KANSAS CITY, MO., June 23. The railroad bridge crossing the Missouri river at this place, caught fire this morning at eleven o'clock. Before the fire department could reach the spot, the seventh span on the north side fell with a loud crash. There were several hundred persons on the bridge at the time, and they scattered like sheep. No one was seriously hurt. The fire caught on the sixth span of the north end, from a spark, dropped by a passing engine. It appears as if the watchmen neglected their duty. The bridge cost one million and a quarter dollars, and is damaged to the extent of from twelve to twenty thousand dollars. Repairs have already been commenced, and trains will be run in two weeks, but it will take several weeks to repair the wood-work. Passengers and freight will be transferred by the ferry, and some roads will transfer freight by the Leavenworth bridge. Cattle will be shipped to Chicago via St. Louis.

H. W. Cook is insane from the excitement of the political contest. He is violent; and is watched at his home by four men.



CHEYENNE, June 23. As intimated in the last dispatch, Gen. Crook's command left camp on the morning of the 16th instant, with four days' rations. They struck the right hand branch of the Yellowstone, into Montana, following down this creek. The next morning, when about five miles down, the Snake and Crow scouts brought in word from the front that the Sioux were in force in the hills; and by half past eight o'clock the command was in position, and an extensive firing was inaugurated along the north of the creek; the enemy, who had begun the attack, showing thereby their confidence in their ability to whip the command, retiring as the soldiers and allies advanced. The Sioux were all well mounted, well armed, and at times were prodigal in the use of ammunition. The fight lasted four hours when the enemy retired out of sight at every point.

All the wounded will likely recover. One Snake scout was killed, and three wounded; and four Crows were wounded. The dead bodies of thirteen Sioux were found on the field, and it is certain that a number more were killed, with the usual proportion of wounded. Gen. Crook's horse was shot under him.

The fight occurred fifty miles from the wagon and pack trains, and owing to the want of rations, and in order that the wounded might be cared for, it was necessary to return. The officers and soldiers all displayed marked gallantry. The nature of the ground making infantry advantageous, Gen. Crook has ordered five companies to join him at once. The cavalry in the meantime is continuing operations on the plains and in the hills should no definite information of the villages be obtained. There is one month's supply of rations in the camp. The Crows have returned home, but the Snakes will remain. The rich game in the country on the Big Horn affords an ample commissary department for the Sioux.



TRAVELER, JUNE 28, 1876.

Transcript of Cherokee Strip Lands in Cowley County,

Kansas, Sold Under Sealed Bids, November 30, 1875.

#1: Amount paid.

#2: Tract entered; Section of; part of Section.

#3: No. of Section.

#4: No. Township.

#5: No. of Range.

#6: QUANTITY (Acres, 100ths.)

#1 #2 #3 #4 #5 #6 NAME OF PURCHASER.

$164.00 N 1/2 of SW 1/4 1 35 3E 80 REUBEN BOWERS

$288.00 SE 1/4 2 35 3E 160 E. B. KAGER

$116.00 Lots 5 and 6 5 35 3E 66.29 WM. PARKER

$472.80 NW 1/4 10 35 3E 160 SAMUEL H. DEWEEZE

$ 62.15 Lot 1 17 35 3E 34.53 E. B. KAGER

$ 62.37 Lot 2 17 35 3E 34.65 E. B. KAGER

$144.80 N 1/4 of SE 1/4 17 35 3E 80 E. B. KAGER

$300.00 NW 1/4 10 35 4E 160 J. B. LYONS

$124.80 N 1/2 of SW 1/4 8 35 4E 80 WM. C. BROWNE

$249.60 NE 1/4 9 35 4E 80 WM. C. BROWNE

$136.80 N 1/2 of SW 1/4 10 35 4E 80 WM. C. BROWNE

$128.80 W 1/2 of NE 1/4 10 35 4E 80 WM. C. BROWNE

$132.80 W 1/4 of SE 1/4 10 35 4E 80 WM. C. BROWNE

$273.60 NW 1/4 16 35 4E 160 WM. C. BROWNE

$146.96 NW 1/4 of SW 1/4

& Lot 5 3 35 5E 73.48 J. C. McMULLEN

$240.00 N 1/2 and SW 1/4

of SE 1/4 4 35 5E 120 DANIEL GRANT

$240.00 S 1/2 of NE 1/4 &

NW 1/4 of SE 1/4 8 35 5E 120 J. C. McMULLEN

$160.00 NW 1/4 of NE 1/4 &

NE 1/4 of NW 1/4 11 35 5E 80 JOHN B. SOUTHARD

$240.00 W 1/2 & NE 1/4 of

SW 1/4 8 35 6E 120 ALEXANDER TOLLE

$ 80.00 SE 1/4 of NE 1/4 12 35 7E 40 MARY GALLAGHER

$145.07 Lot 4 & NW 1/4

of SE 1/4 17 35 73 70.77 BENTON MATHIS

$ 80.00 Part of 3 35 8E 40 MORRIS ROBERTS



I hereby certify that the foregoing is a copy of the abstract furnished by the Commissioner of the General Land Office, to this office, or so much of the Cherokee Strip Lands sold under sealed bids, November 30, 1875, as are embraced within the limits of Cowley county, Kansas.

H. L. TAYLOR, Register.



TRAVELER, JUNE 28, 1876.

On the Trail.

[Special Correspondence of the Price Current.]


The following herds have passed since my last.

June 5. R. R. Savage, 950 mixed, for Ellis.

June 6. Houston & Dismuke, 1,950 mixed, for Ellis. Kingsbery & Holmsley, 1,400 mixed, for Bluff Creek.

June 7. Burk & Smith, 3,400 mixed, for Ellis.

June 8. D. H. Snyder, 1,800 mixed, for Ellis.

June 9. W. C. Osburn, 1,200 mixed, for Ellis. Capt. Kennedy (two herds), 8,000 mixed, for Ellis.

June 10. Oge & Woodard, 2,900 mixed, for Bluff Creek.

June 12. Halstein & Murry, 1,400 mixed, for Colorado.

June 13. L. M. T. Pope, 800 mixed, for Medicine Creek.

June 14. L. M. T. Pope, 1,460 mixed, for Medicine Creek.

June 15. W. B. Grimes, 2,000 mixed, for Bluff Creek.





The 4th of July comes on Tuesday.

JOHN P. WOODYARD returned last week from Wichita.

MR. HINKLEY of Grouse Creek had a horse stolen lately.

The Indians are willing to have boats on the river, but object to railroads.

The brick kiln of Gallert & Endicott's was lit up last week; and is burning now.

It has been decided not to have any picnic at this place on the 4th, as talked of.

A boy on Grouse creek picked the lock of a bureau and ran off with a small sum of money.

THOS. BAKER has rented the Billiard Hall, and L. C. Currier is working at Speers' mill.

MR. KAGER traded his house in town and other property for Jas. Benedict's farm, last week.

MR. BIRD has apples seven inches in circumference. S. P. Channell also has some apples on his trees.

MR. W. H. WILSON, north of town, is building a stone house 21 by 20. Welch & Glenn are doing the work.

The store at Silverdale was broken into lately, and about eight dollars in money and some articles taken.

All express matter will be found at Judge Christian's office. Parties wishing stage tickets will have to go to him.

PROF. KELLOGG is to deliver the oration at the 4th of July Celebration at Emporia. They appreciate a man up there.

TIMOTHY. Capt. Chenoweth showed us a head of timothy measuring 10-3/4 inches. It was sown during the dry weather two years ago.


See the card of Thomas Baker, barber and hairdresser. Mr. Baker is an old-time barber, and understands how to give a good shave.

AD: THOMAS BAKER, Barber and Hairdresser.

Shop in Billiard Hall on west side of Summit street,

Arkansas City, Kansas.

Try me once, try me always.




Rooms one door south of E. D. Eddy's.

Late papers for the entertainment of guests.


ARRANGEMENTS are endeavored to be made to send some parties to Little Rock, Arkansas, to meet and come up on the Arkansas City boat.


E. B. KAGER left for Philadelphia Monday morning. Mrs. Kager preferred to stay at home rather than endure the hot weather and discommodure.


TONY BOYLE and Miss Anna A. Melville were married at Emporia, June 11th, by Rev. A. H. Walker, and are now on their wedding tour to Philadelphia.


The Centennial communication of Rev. Fleming was handed in too late for publication this week, on account of sickness in his family. It will appear in our next, and will be found



FLAT BOAT. S. C. WINTIN and M. A. FELTON are about to build a flat boat, and load it with corn for the Little Rock market. Mr. Wintin made one trip before with flour, and thinks corn will pay.


If anyone doesn't believe in the progress of Cowley county, let him go one mile north of town and see the two headers and one steam thresher at work, where five years ago you could "jump" a deer almost any day, and can yet start a jack rabbit.


H. P. FARRAR let the contract for his house last week to Embry & Parker. It is to be 20 x 26 feet, and erected on the lot just south of A. A. Newman's. The builders do all the work and turn over the key ready for occupancy.



The Oxford applicant for the school at this place acted wisely. After seeing the result of one of our quiet gatherings, he withdrew his application and started for home, congratulating himself that his scalp remained.


RUNAWAY. A little more than a week ago, Will Howe, formerly of Maple City, borrowed his father-in-law's team (Mr. Adams) and went to Labette county and did not return. An officer was finally sent, and brought the team back.


COUNTY COMMISSIONERS meet Monday, July 34d. It is a regular meeting, and will probably last several days, as they will have considerable to attend to. The Commissioners are R. F. Burden, near Lazette; Robert White, of Rock Creek; and William Sleeth, of Arkansas City.


A man across the Walnut saw the box of a header machine, near the Arkansas river, and thinking it was a steamboat, left his plow and ran a hundred yards toward it, when he thought there was no smoke, and taking a closer view saw his mistake. He is a Granger too.


In this delightful country, flowing with milk and honey (the milk in jars and the honey in cans) it costs $2 per acre to cut and stack wheat from a header; when cut by a Marsh harvester, $2.25; by a dropper, $2.25 to $2.50. A header will cut on good ground thirty acres per day; a Marsh harvester, about ten acres; a dropper nearly the same. The threshing costs five cents per bushel for wheat; and three cents for oats. The prices paid harvest hands will average about $2 per day; some have paid $2.50. A steam thresher can thresh 1,000 bushels per day; an ordinary thresher, of ten horse power, about 600 bushels. About eight men go with the thresher.


The following agricultural implements have been sold at this place during the year 1876.

30 Harvesters.

24 Headers.

4 Threshing Machines.

1 Steam Thresher.

9 Combined Reapers and Mowers.

1 Self-Binder.

87 Breakers.

52 Cultivators.

16 Gang and Sulky Plows.

53 Stirring Plows.


C. R. MITCHELL, Esq., of Arkansas City, one of the ripest lawyers and most successful attorneys of the bar of Southwestern Kansas; with his wife, spent the day last Thursday in the "Kingdom of Wichita." But for C. R.'s distate for political life, he would be better known throughout the State; as it is, he is making his mark in his chosen line. Wichita Eagle.

You're right. If C. R. Mitchell had not positively and continually declined, he would have been spending his winters in Topeka, in behalf of Cowley county.


At a school meeting held at Winfield, last Wednesday, it was unanimously decided to employ Prof. Hulse to teach the public school at that place for $810 per year. We congratulate Prof. Hulse on his success, and the people of our sister town on securing one of the best educators in the Southwest.


SUICIDED. Geo. Easton, a young man of about 23 years of age, of Douglass, Butler Co., yesterday morning, shot himself while in bed, just below the heart. All the reason he gave was that he was tired of life. The affair created considerable excitement in Douglass.


WALTER A. VANDORN, a former resident of this place, dropped in suddennly and unexpectedly, yesterday. He hails from Daytona, Florida, where he is engaged in farming and gardening. He was an early resident of this place and will be remembered by many.


JOHN ALLEN, of this city, is spoken of as the possible nominee on the Republican ticket for County Attorney. We know of but one man who would make a stronger candidate for the party, and that man is C. R. Mitchell, of Arkansas City. Telegram.

Mitchell has more friends in Cowley county than any other lawyer we know of, and if he could be persuaded to run, would scoop anything that could be put against him. We swear by "Bob" down this way.


WE WISH TO STATE to the public that we have thoroughly revised and corrected the set of Abstract Books prepared by Messrs. Meigs & Kinne. We have carefully compared each instrument on record in the Recorder's office twice, each time by a different person, and know our books to be correct. We have also prepared, at much cost and labor, a complete list of all lands sold for taxes since the county was organized. Parties procuring abstracts of us get the benefit of this history of tax sales in this county. Our system of Abstracting is as thorough and complete as the system of book-keeping; mistakes are almost impossible.

These books are in charge of Mr. A. W. Berkey, who will devote all his time in the future to the Real Estate business. Any parties having land for sale can leave the same with him, and parties wishing to purchase will do well to give him a call before purchasing elsewhere.



We take pleasure in calling the attention of the people of this vicinity to the set of Abstract Records kept at the Arkansas City Bank. We have personally examined these books, and find the simplicity and thoroughness of the system commend them to the judgment of all businessmen. They are kept up at an expense of not less than one dollar per day, and should be patronized by all having this kind of business to do, instead of paying their money elsewhere for someone to hastily look through twenty sets of larger books at the county seat, which necessarily must be very imperfect, unless time and great pains are taken. But in the set of books referred to, the history of each quarter section and town lot has a certain place devoted to it, hence at a glance all the transfers may be seen. A set of books of this kind is indispensable in a town so far from the Registrar's office, and parties interested in this town and vicinity should obtain abstracts of all lands bought and sold, and show that they appreciate a home institution.






TRAVELER, JUNE 28, 1876.

WM. FOWLER, we learn is making a trip to Little Rock, Ark., in a canoe. He started this week.


WANTED. A No. 1 Miller, and a man with team to haul logs, at Steam Flouring Mill, Arknsas City. W. H. SPEERS.


Parties indebted to us will oblige by calling within the next ten days for settlement.



I will be absent until August 15. In the meantime, Pryorr, Kager & Pryor, at Winfield, or T. McIntire, Arkansas City, will attend to my business. E. B. KAGER.



TRAVELER, JUNE 28, 1876.

A Business Corner.

LAW OFFICE, EXPRESS OFFICE AND FIRE INSURANCE OFFICE OF THE HOME INSURANCE CO. OF NEW YORK. On Saturday, Judge Christian took full possession of the Express office and Stage Company's office, and moved both to his law office, corner of Central Avenue and Summit street, opposite Central Avenue Hotel, where all persons having business with either office will find him on hand. There will be no more complaints about not being able to get in to the office, or find the agent. The public can rest assured that they will find the Judge prompt in the discharge of anything he undertakes. We are also pleased to learn that the Judge has been appointed agent of one of the best fire insurance companies in America, the Home Insurance Company of New York, a company well known for its fair dealings and prompt payments of all losses. Parties wishing any species of property insured against fire, in town or country, will do well to give the Judge a call. They will find him straightforward, fair and honest.



TRAVELER, JUNE 28, 1876.

Routes to the Black Hills are not inquired after just now. The short cut out of the Hills is what the boys are looking for.

A bill has been introduced in Congress by Hon. John R. Boodin, to so change the boundry between Missouri and Kansas as to place Kansas City on our side of the line.




Kansas Constructs Own Building at Centennial.

Kansas, failing to command sufficient space in any of the main buildings to group her collections together, decided to erect a building of her own, which furnishes ample space for the exhibition of her varied products, and does credit to the State. The building is in the shape of a Creek cross; the center with the four wings is devoted to the exhibition. In the center, beneath the dome, is suspended a curious and ingeniously constructed bell, made by Professor Henry Worrall. It consists of grains in the stock, grasses and broom corn brush woven together in the shape of the old bell that rang out on Independence day.

The tongue is composed of one of our elongated club gourds with a common bell shaped gourd attached as hammer. It is just the size of the old revolutionary bell, being eight feet nine inches across the bottom and eight feet six inches high.

There is a break made in the material, to represent the crack in the old bell, and it bears the same inscription: "Proclaim liberty throughout all the land and to all the inhabitants thereof. By Order of the Assembly of the Province of Pennsylvania for the Statehouse in Philadelphia." Colorado, not demanding the space of an entire building for her exhibit, occupies the west wing of our building. She makes a very fine showing of her vast mineral wealth, and presents a most picturesque group of stuffed animals, from the buffalo and bear to the wild cat and prairie dog. The balance of the building, except a very small portion occupied by the A., T. & S. F. R. R. for the exhibition of products along their line of road, is occupied by Kansas.

A short extract is taken from the copy of the Harper Weekly of June 17, 1876, which has an excellent description of the contents.

"There are forty-two flag staffs on the building, the flags for forty-one of which have been generously contributed by the Ladies of Leavenworth. They consist of the national colors of the United States and those of each of the foreign governments exhibiting, the same to be added at the close of the exhibition to the Centennial collection, and returned to the State House at Topeka for preservation in the museum of the State Board of Agriculture--there to remain a sourvenir of the kindly cooperation of the Ladies of Leavenworth. At the north end, twenty-four feet from the floor is a transparence--'The Great Seal of the State of Kansas'--from which rays of golden grain radiate, alternated with a background of cotton: an important staple in Southern Kansas. Immediately under this there is an attractive collection of vegetable casts resting on a projection; suspended from this projection is a well drawn map, in colors, 24 x 13 feet. From the floor to the map is a receding grain stand with ten shelves, supporting over 1,000 sample glass grain jars, which contain an exhaustive display of wheat, rye, corn, barley, oats, buckwheat, sorghum, castor beans, and the oil manufactured from the same; tobacco, the seed of hemp, flax, broom corn, millet, Hungarian, timothy, and red clover; hazel, pecan, and peanuts; soils, fire clay, yellow and red ochre, mineral paints, plaster of Paris, potter's clay, hydraulic cement, salt, etc. Labels on these jars give name of contents, where and by whom grown and collected. By reference to the large map, the locality is easily determined. A space of about fourteen feet on either side of the map, and between it and the two sides, is devoted to a forest of corn of wonderful growth. The stalks are from 15 to 18 feet in height, containing from one to three ears of corn from ten to fourteen inches long.

"Upon the walls on either side, and in glass cases, is an attractive and interesting display of wild and cultivated grasses and grains in the stalk; wheat from four feet to five feet six inches high, from fields yielding from 40 to 64 bushels per acre; corn from 40 to 100; oats from 50 to 75, timothy, 2-1/2 tons to the acre; clover and millet, 4 tons; blue grass, from two feet to three feet four inches high; fourteen varieties of wild grasses, ranging in height from six to ten feet.

"One case contains a display of silk ribbons and silk cocoons, the latter showing the size of the cocoons raised from eggs imported from Japan, and the noticeable increase in size of succeeding generations raised in Kansas. Silk culture in this young State of diversied industries is no longer problematical. "The rest of the display consists of a formidable array of valuable building stones from nearly every county in the State; between 40 and 50 different kinds of timer; a collection of stuffed birds of about 300 species; a large entomological collection, including the veritable Rocky Mountain locust; an extensive collection of fossils; lead, ore; coal, etc."

This description by Harper is so correct that I take the liberty of giving it in his words, as I could not improve it, and would have written substantially the same. On the whole, Kansas has done her part nobly, and we feel proud that we have such a representation at the Centennial. S. B. F.

Arkansas City, June 27, 1876.




STEAMBOAT! The steamboat, "Gen. Wiles," passed Cincinnati on the 23rd ult., making seventy miles per day. Everything is in working order, and progress will be made without further delay if no accidents occur.


The earnest and successful working of Hon. W. R. Brown, Representative in Congress for the Third District of Kansas, in behalf of the settlers on the Cherokee Strip Lands, should commend him to the hearts of every resident of the county. There are probably one thousand people on the Strip, who have taken claims, built small houses, and already made considerable improvement on the land selected as their future homes, who are anxiously looking forward to a definite settlement of their titles.




By the following letter from Hon. W. R. Brown, it will be seen that the Cherokee Strip Lands are to be brought into market to actual settlers, at the same price and under the same ruling as before.


WASHINGTON, D. C., June 27, 1876.

C. M. Scott:

We have today passed through the House the Cherokee Strip bill. I will see Senator Ingalls today, and request him to attend to it in the Senate. I shall urge his attention, and as he is on the Indian Committee, he can put it through.





Washington, June 25. The failure of the Committee of Conference to agree on the controverted amendments to the Legislature, Judicial, and Executive, the Consular and Diplomatic, and the Post Office Appropriation bills, will, it is supposed prevent Congress from adjourning as soon as was anticipated, namely, about the 10th of July.

The question as to whether the Indian Bureau shall be transferred to the War Department, on which a committee of conference has been asked, will also serve to delay the passage of the Indian Appropriation bill.

Thus far about 16,000 petitions and memorials have been presented in the House, three-fourths of them being public, and the remainder private measures.

Two or three only of the general appropriation bills have become laws, and much other business remains to be transacted. It is not at all probable that the Tariff bill will be again





MARE. Taken up by Mark K. Hull, Dexter Township, on the 22nd of May, 1876, one bay mare colt about two years old, branded J. C. on right side of neck under the mane. Valued at $20.

Also, one sorrel mare colt, with a white face and three white feet, about one year old, no brands. Valued at $10.

SOW. Taken up by Branard Goff, Creswell Township, one black and white spotted sow and seven pigs. Valued at $31.00.




A. N. and W. P. Johnston returned from the Black Hills last Wednesday. These gentlemen, together with Harry Flood, M. Curry, and Chas. Tarry left this place on the 7th of last Frebruary, with one wagon. They arrived in Custer City on the 2nd of March, and on the 8th of last May started from that place with sixty others on their return from the land of gold. They were in the Hills upwards of two months, were so far north as Deadwood, eight miles from Custer, and prospecting in various directions around the latter place. They report but ten claims in the Hills that are paying wages and these, only when provisions are low. Outside of these, nothing has been discovered so far that will yield living wages. They are convinced of this from their own observations of numbers of old miners from Colorado, Nevada, and California, who, after prospecting so far as they could with safety, left the country.

From seven to ten thousand adventurers have gone into the Hills up to date, every man of whom, except the merchants and speculators, who could get back, has left; cursing his own folly, and the men and newspapers, who, by misrepresentations and wholesale lying, have led so many to destruction.

When the Messrs. Johnstons left, the population of Custer City numbered seven to eight hundred people, including thirty to forty families of women and children, and with few exceptions, all were in a destitute condition; and unless quickly relieved, would be in a starving condition. On the day of their departure, there were but four sacks of flour in the town, and this was held at sixty dollars a sack.

Town property is utterly worthless; houses that cost from seventy-five dollars to one hundred and seventy-five dollars, together with the corner lots, were traded for two or three meals of victuals, to keep their owners from starving to death.

They pronounce the whole thing an infamous fraud, gotten up by the soulless corporation of the Union Pacific and the towns along the line, for the purpose of reaping a harvest of blood and money from the betrayed adventurers who have flocked to the Hills.

The route from Cheyenne to the Hills is lined with graves of the murdered adventurers. Custer itself is surrounded by the Indians who threaten to scalp any man, woman, or child left there after a certain date, and the killing and scalping of prospectors are of daily occurrence. The inhabitants are out of ammunition and unable to defend themselves.

Notwithstanding all these facts, the authorities of the Union Pacific through the newspapers along the line and through circulars, and paid correspondents, are spreading broadcast through the land glowing descriptions of the discovery of gold, the agricultural and pastoral advantages of the country, and denying all reports of Indian raids and murders.

A man, by the name of Williard, who came out with the Johnston party, in consideration of a pass over the road to the East, signed a letter, written by the editor of the Cheyenne Sun, in which the fellow states that he had brought out $1,500 in gold, that the country was full of gold, rich discoveries were being made daily, and that there was no foundation for the reports of Indian massacres. He acknowledged to a son of ex-Gov. Blair, of Michigan, who met him on the cars, that he had signed the letter at the instigation of the Cheyenne Sun, and received a free pass over the road as a reward for his villainy.

There has never been a stage to Custer up to the present time, although the Cheyenne papers stated last winter that a daily line had been put on the route from that place to the Hills. The mails have been carried in by the freighters, and nine out of ten of them have been destroyed by the Indians and the carriers scalped. When the party left on the 8th of May, the snow was from one to two feet deep in Custer, and it is said that the cold is severe enough even in July to freeze water. Consequently, the country is totally unfit for cultivation.

This whole excitement of the Black Hills has been a scheme gotten up and fostered by the Union Pacific road and the towns along it for the purpose of speculation, and is heartless, cruel, and blood-thirsty. The government should put a stop to this wholesale lying and robbing, and make known authoritatively the true condition of the Hills. Our space forbids of a detailed account of the unfortunate adventurers and experience of these gentlemen. We believe that they are truthful and reliable men and their statements can be accepted. Wichita Beacon.






Captain Smith's freight train, from Fort Reno, Cheyenne Agency, arrived in Wichita last Friday week. There were fifteen wagons, five of which were loaded with hides and ten with buffalo robes of Arapahoe and Cheyenne tanning.

The train left Cheyenne on the 4th inst. We learn from the men with the train that there was almost a collision at the Fort between the Indians and the military on the 9th inst. The military authorities had some time previous arrested six of the chiefs of the Cheyennes, as hostages for the surrender of two braves who had murdered a white man. The Indians approached the Fort with the avowed intention of releasing their head men, and the prospects of a lively battle were, at one time, very good. By judicious action on the part of the commanding officer, the matter was finally settled, by the surrender of the two murderers and the release of the chiefs. The two braves were immediately forwarded to Fort Smith for trial. Beacon.




We ate new corn last Saturday.

REMEMBER the blackberry festival next week.

The Band Boys left for Wellington Monday.

School closed last Friday until next September.

THREE barrels of lemonade were sold by one stand at Winfield yesterday.

The late heavy rains have done great damage to the wheat crop of Cowley.

MR. MUMMERT, the cheese maker, offers to exchange cheese for produce with the farmers.

Col. McMullen and Prof. Hulse, accompanied by their wives, left for the North and East this week.

If Prof. Hulse had given to each pupil a lock of his hair who asked for one, he would have been bald-headed.

DIED. Elizabeth, wife of Solomon Smith, of Silver Creek, on June 27th; aged 50 years. Cause: scrofula.

DIED. At Salt City, Monday morning, June 3rd, of whooping cough, Mary, daughter of Dr. Paxton, aged one year.

CHANNELL & HAYWOOD were awarded the contract to supply ten plows, ten sets of harness, and other articles to the Kaw


The County Commissioners met last Monday, and after disposing of two or three road petitions, adjourned to meet next Tuesday.

BORN. To Mr. and Mrs. Porter Wilson, of Maple township, on the 13th inst., a son. Also, to Captain Siverd and lady, on the 20th inst., a son.

R. J. POND, formerly a sharer of corn bread and molasses in an early day here, is now engaged in a picture and fancy store at Coruna, Michigan.

FOOT RACE. Thos. Parvin and Jasper Coryell ran a foot race of 55 yards, last Saturday, for the fun of the thing. Both parties ran well, but Parvin was too slow to win.



CHANNELL & HAYWOOD's new store room will be completed, and the goods moved in within the next two weeks. Mr. Newman expects to move in his new room this fall.


W. T. KIRTLY lost one off his horses last week, and is now without a team, which to a farmer in this county is next thing to being destitute. His friends will buy one for him soon.


A blackberry festival will be given by the ladies of the Presbyterian Society at the Central Avenue Hotel on Wednesday night, the 12th, one week from tonight. Admission: 15 cents; blackberries, including cake, 10 cents.


The boys must stop throwing stones about the street, as complaints have been made by several parties of damage done to signs and windows, and persons have been hit in the face. Eyes may be put out, and someone may have heavy damages to pay. Parents should see that the practice is stopped.


HORSES STOLEN. Thursday, June 22nd, Mr. Ela hired a boy by the name of Willett, whose parents live on Little Dutch, and set him to work in a cornfield. When night came the boy did not come in, and as Mr. Ela was absent from home, nothing was thought of it. On coming home, Mr. Ela started in search of the boy, and at Winfield found his team in the livery stable, but the boy was gone. He is sixteen years of age, and has not been living at home for sometime.


DIED. On Friday, the 16th inst., at her residence in Maple township, this county, of catarrhal fever, Mrs. Jeannette Butler, aged 41 years, wife of Sumner Butler, formerly of Steele county, Minnesota. She has left a large family to mourn her loss.

Also, on the 26th inst., suddenly, cause unknown, Mrs. David Lloyd, formerly of Doniphan, died. She leaves five children to mourn her loss.




One of the most startling occurrences that ever took place in this city was made known last Saturday.

Richard Page, aged 35 years, and for the past six years a resident of this county (with the exception of one winter spent in Canada) was at his place of business at the City Bakery, as usual, until about one o'clock p.m., when he started home to dinner, taking a chew of tobacco on the say, saturated with strychnia, which caused his death within ten minutes.

The circumstances, as far as could be gathered from evidence, and what the dying man said to his wife and others, are as follows.

On Monday morning Mrs. Page told her husband that mice had already got into their new cellar, and she wanted them killed before they got into the house. Mr. Page stated that he would get some strychnia and poison them, and as he passed Kellogg & Hoyt's drug store, he stopped in and purchased a few grains, which he carelessly put in his vest pocket with his tobacco; carrying it until Saturday, when he took a chew as above stated, and discovered his mistake.

On arriving at the house, he complained of being sick, and went to the cellar to get a mug of ale, but could not drink it. He then called for sweet milk, and drank some, when he found he was unable to get to his bed except by crawling. Mrs. Page then asked him what was the matter, when he said: "I have taken strychnia with tobacco, by mistake." He then called his wife and two little girls to him, and bid them good-bye.

Mr. Hutchinson was called in, and Drs. Shepard and Hughes sent for, but they arrived too late to lend assistance. On Sunday afternoon he was buried, being followed to the grave by a host of friends, making as large, if not the largest, funeral procession ever attending the remains of anyone from this place.

As a man, Richard Page was a respected citizen and devoted Christian, honored and respected by all who knew him. His life was insured in an Express Agents Insurance Company for $3,000, which, with what capital he had, will provide for the family.



TAKEN IN. A few of the sports went from this place to Winfield last Friday and inveigled the boys into betting on a foot race between Frank Speers and William Koons, of Mattoon, Illinois. Someone recognized Koons as being the renowned "California Plow Boy," and the stakes were generally on him, although Frank Speers had many friends. After getting bets to the amount of about $50, the race was prepared for; both parties stripped, and a run of 55 yards made, Speers gaining the race by about two feet. The Arkansas City boys knew which party to bet on, and came home happy, with about $30 ahead. One man in Winfield did the main betting, and is now consoling himself by declaring he will "never bet on another foot race." Koons is the man that got away with the youth of Cedar Vale, about two years ago, and has a practice of getting away with everything he runs across, while Frank Speers has a reputation for beating everything that comes along.



A BOAT VOYAGE. Last week William Fowler completed his sail boat, measuring sixteen feet long, and started for Little Rock, Arkansas, with his carpenter tools, provisions, and worldly possessions. He had his boat made with a wheel on each side, to turn with a crank, while sitting on the front seat facing the bow, and an attachment made to the rudder so as to steer with his feet, besides a strong sail to be used when the wind is favorable. He returns to Arkansas to remain permanently, as mechanics' wages are good and work plenty; besides, he has made the necessary arrangements to take unto himself a rib, to share the toils and privations of a life in the swamps.


The closing exercises of the Arkansas City public school took place last Friday, when the pupils bid their teacher goodbye, and as a token of their gratitude and respected, presented him with a beautiful book of poems, entitled "Farm Legends." The number of students attending the last term was 155, twenty-two of whom were paying a tuition of about $2 each. The enrollment for the spring term was 72. Several of the students passed creditable examinations during the last week of the term, and received teachers' certificates. There has always existed the most friendly feeling between the students and Principal.


The celebration at Winfield yesterday was a complete success, and nearly 3,000 people were in attendance. Speeches were made from a dozen or more prominent men of the county; the band furnished good music; the ladies' horseback parade, representing every State in the Union, was a fine sight, and everything passed off pleasantly. Space forbids us giving details in full.


Many farmers could have had their wheat in the shock if they had not gone to work in the corn fields.


NOBLE WINTIN returned from Colorado, last week, where he has been for about three months.




STRAYED. A dark bay mare pony, four years old, no brand, from C. Glenn, Arkansas City.


STRAYED. A small pony mare, dark brown color, no brand, from Frank Lorry.



Mr. C. Mummert, proprietor, has always on hand a good supply of old and new cheese. Will take wheat, corn, eggs, and butter in exchange.


FOR RENT. About 100 acres to put in wheat. For particulars enquire of J. H. Mettler, 3-1/2 miles southwest of Salt City, Sumner County, Kansas.


40 Head of two-year-old cattle for sale by Houghton & McLaughlin.


150,000 No. 1 brick for sale on reasonable terms. Enquire at the brick yard.




[The following sketch of Cowley county, is taken from the Carlisle, Nicholas county, Kentucky, Mercury, and will be found of interest both to readers at home and abroad. ED.]

ARKANSAS CITY, June 10, 1876.

Ed. Mercury:

As an old resident of Carlisle at a period long anterior to the advance of the Mercury, I still feel a deep interest in the welfare of your people, and read with such pleasure in the Mercury of the sayings and doings of that locality. In your paper of the 1st inst., I read a faithful description of Coffey county, in this State, by your correspondent, J. H. Hughes; who I suppose is one of the Nicholas Co. Hughes of the days of yore, and I was forcibly struck by his comparison of that section of Kansas as compared with the Arkansas Valley as Fleming to Bourbon. I can corrobate the statement in full; his picture is not overdrawn. This is certainly the best and richest body of land in America.

Much has been said and written of the great Arkansas Valley, and yet no one has overstated the truth. Cowley county, from where I am now writing, is on the Arkansas river. The last twenty seven miles of this river, before it enters the Indian country, runs through this county in a south-easterly direction, meeting the waters of the Walnut river, that runs south through the county at this (Arkansas) City. The Grouse, another large stream, comes in from the north-east. All three meet near this place, thence united, enter the Indian nation, making this the best-watered, best-timbered, and most highly favored county on the river in the great Arkansas Valley.

As indicated, we are on the south line of the State, on the thirty-seventh parallel of latitude near the line that divides Kentuck and Tennessee, considerably south of Carlisle.

A visit to this county at this time would convince the most skeptical that no picture of the fruitfulness of this county can be overdrawn. We are now in the midst of the wheat and barley harvest. This week and last has been a busy time with the farmers, and next week will be busier still. Between twenty-five and thirty harvesters and headers have been sold in this town the past week, to be used in this and Bolton townships.

There are twenty-two townships in this county, and to give you an idea of the extent of wheat and other crops raised in this county, I will give the result of this (Creswell) township, which is about an average of the others. There are in this township 30,000 acres of land, 6,000 of these are in cultivation--one-fifth of all; 3,000 of these are in wheat--one-half of all. There are 740 inhabitants in this township, 624 head of cattle; 311 of which are milch cows; 397 horses; 57 mules; 509 hogs; 29,000 fruit trees set out and growing but not yet fruiting; 13,550 pounds of butter made in the family last year.

How does this look for a five year old county. Six years ago this country was an "Indian reserve," a howling wilderness; now it is a home of plenty. There are thousands of acres of Government land in this county yet which can be bought at the entrance price, $200 for 160 acres; but will be sold to none but pre-emptors, to keep out speculators. We have a herd law in this county, so that there is no fencing required. Of the 6,000 acres in cultivation, not 100 acres are enclosed. Whole quarter sections are in wheat without a sign of a fence. Our wheat this year will average over twenty-five bushels to the acre.




TRAVELER, JULY 12, 1876.

Flood at Kaw Agency--Fourth of July With the Indians.

KAW AGENCY, July 4, 1876.

Editor Traveler:

I came home from your city on the afternoon of the 28th of June, through a terrific rain, which continued in unceasing torrents until noon the next day. Beaver creek was at high water mark at sunrise on the morning of the 29th, and by noon it was ten feet above anything ever known, sweeping fences, pig styes, chicken houses, and crops; corn five and six feet high entirely submerged. Indians and half breeds had to flee their tents and houses, the water being four feet deep on the first floors. The engine at the mill was entirely submerged, and a pig was found lodged in the forks of a tree, some ten or twelve feet from the ground, the next day after the waters had subsided, and rescued, still alive, by an Indian.

We have made no estimate of the loss to the Mission and Agency farms, nor to the loss of our Indians; neither do I suppose that your readers would be interested in such an estimate--knowing, as they generally do, the Indian's capability of making up by traffic and begging any loss he may suffer. Furthermore, it is not my object to give you a doleful picture of the damage done by the flood, so much as to inform you of the great Centennial celebration held at this place today.

In order to revive the drooping spirits of our red brethren, occasioned by their recent losses, the managers of affairs decided that we would give an issue of beef, flour, sugar, and coffee, and have a grand barbecue and feast. Accordingly, we sent out word yesterday for all to come in and celebrate the Centennial anniversary of American independence, and they came en masse--Indians, squaws, papooses, dogs, and cats--with the stars and stripes fluttering in the breeze. Now I do not pretend to say that it was altogether an outburst of patriotism, on the part of our red brethren, to thus assemble with such enthusiasm, for it may possible be that longing appetite for roast beef had something to do with it. Be that as it may, they barbecued, roasted their beef, fried their cakes in the tallow thereof, made their coffee in a fifteen-gallon kettle, and ate to their heart's content, smoked, and ate again. Of course, ice cream, lemonade, and Epicurean delicacies, were not in the bill, but the real substantials of life were in abundance. Doubtless the citizens of Philadelphia and other great cities of the States enjoyed themselves on this day, but none more so than did the Kaw


Orations were delivered by Superintendent Spray and the writer of this article, and the Kaws went home happy and contented. They were so favorably impressed with the importance of Centennial celebrations they would be perfectly willing to sacrifice whatever time and labor it might cost them to hold one every week, provided two or three good beeves, etc., could be furnished.





EXPLANATORY. During our absence the paper will be left in charge of Hon. C. R. Mitchell, with the assistance of others, who will be responsible for its course during the next five weeks. Any matter pertaining to work in the office will be attended to by Ed. G. Gray, who will also have control of the local columns. While in Philadelphia and elsewhere, we shall occasionally send an item. C. M. SCOTT.



L. J. WEBB, Past Master of Adelphi Lodge at Winfield, delivered the Anniversary address on St. John the Baptist, at Wellington, on the 24th of June, to a large audience. A few years ago public addresses by Masons was almost unknown, and the workings of the Order rarely alluded to outside the Lodge; but this is an age of progress, and the desire for more light is increasing wonderfully.



In pursuance of the confirmation of the terrible state of affairs in the Indian country, General Pope issued orders yesterday at Fort Leavenworth, to the effect that the whole garrison, consisting of six companies of the Fifth Infantry, under the command of General N. A. Miles, will report themselves at once in readiness to march to the front.

Companies B, E, and K, which are now at Fort Leavenworth, will be joined by company F, which recently was ordered to Fort Gibson; company G from Fort Hays, and company H from Fort Riley. Company I will remain at Fort Leavenworth until relieved, probably, by a company of artillery from the East.

The command will be ordered to the mouth of the Big Horn river, and will start within a few days. The excitement in the city is yet intense, and several old army officers have telegraphed to Washington their willingness to begin at once to enlist volunteers, and have asked for permission to do so, feeling confident that one or more regiments can be raised in a very short time, composed principally of old Indian fighters and frontiersmen.








The Indian Battle on the Little Horn River.



The Most Disastrous Defeat that Has Ever Befallen

Our Troops While Fighting Indians.

Salt Lake, Utah, July 6. Advices from Bosler, Montana, July 3, at 7 p.m., states that Mr. Taylor, bearer of dispatches from the Little Horn to Fort Ellis, arrived this evening, and reports that a battle was fought on the twenty fifth ult., thirty or forty miles below the Little Horn.

Custer attacked an Indian village containing from 2,500 to 4,000 warriors on one side, and Colonel Reno was to attack it on the other. Three companies were placed on a hill, as a reserve. Custer and 15 officers and every man of five companies were killed. Reno retreated under the protection of the reserve. The whole number killed was 315. Gen. Gibbon joined Reno and the Indians left. The battleground looked like a slaughter pen, as it really was, being in a narrow ravine. The dead were much mutilated.

The situation looks serious. Gen. Terry arrived at Gibbon's camp on a steamboat and crossed his command over and accompanied it to Custer, who knew it was coming before the fight occurred. Lieut. Crittenden was among the killed.

The special correspondent of the Helena, Montana, Herald, writing from Stillwater, Montana, July 2, says: Custer found a camp of about 2,000 lodges on the Little Horn, and immediately attacked it. Custer took five companies and charged the thickest portion of the camp. Nothing is known of the operation of this detachment, only as traced by the dead. Major Reno commanded the other seven companies, and attacked the lower portion of the camp. The Indians poured in a murderous fire from all directions, beside the greater portion fought on horseback. Custer, his two brothers, nephew, and brother-in-law, were all killed, and not one of his detachment escaped. Two hundred and seven men were buried in one place, and the killed were estimated at 300, with only thirty-one wounded. The Indians surrounded Reno's command and held them one day in the hills, cut off from water, until Gibbons' command came in sight, when they broke camp in the night and left. The Seventh fought like tigers and were overcome by mere brute force. The Indian loss cannot be estimated, as they bore off and sacked most of their killed. The remnant of the Seventh Cavalry and Gibbons' command are turning to the mouth of Little Horn, where a steamboat lies. The Indians got all the arms of the killed soldiers. There were seventeen commissioned officers killed. The whole Custer family died at the head of their column. The exact loss cannot be known, as both adjutants and sergeants majors were killed. The Indian camp was from three to four miles long, and was twenty miles up the Little Horn from its mouth. The Indians actually pulled the men off their horses in some instances."



Chicago, July 6. Dispatches confirming Custer's fight on the Little Horn river, have been received at Gen. Sheridan's headquarters.



Fort Abraham Lincoln, Dakota, July 6. The town is draped in mourning, and a meeting of the Common Council and citizens was held this evening to take measures for an appropriate tribute to the gallant dead.



Toledo, Ohio, July 6. A special to the Blade from Monroe, Michigan, the home of Gen. Custer, says that the startling news of the massacre of the General and his party by the Indians created the most intense feeling and sorrow among all classes. Gen. Custer passed several years of his school in Monroe, and his parents have resided there many years. His wife is a daughter of Hon. Daniel L. Bacon, a prominent citizen of that place, and is now at the post recently commanded by Gen. Custer.



St. Louis, July 6. A telegram from Gen. Ruggles, at St. Paul, to Captain Green Hale, commanding the cavalry at the arsenal here, gives the following as the names of the officers killed in the fight between the Sioux and Gen. Custer's command: General Custer, Colonel Custer, Colonel Keogh, Colonel Yates, Colonel Cook, Lieutenant Smith, Lieutenant McIntosh, Lieutenant Hodgson, Lieutenant Reilley, Lieutenant Porter, and Lieutenant Sturgis. Lieutenant Horrington is missing.



Chicago, July 6. An Inter-Ocean special, under date of Bismarck, Dakota Territory, July 1, says that information has been received from the Sioux expedition, dated at the mouth of the Big Horn, July 1st, which says that Custer left the mouth of Rosebud with twelve companies to follow the Indian trail of a large band of hostile Sioux. They followed up in the direction of the Big Horn. The Indians were making for the eastern branch of Little Horn. Gen. Terry with Gibbon's command of five companies of infantry and four companies of cavalry, started to ascend the Big Horn to attack the enemy in the rear. On the morning of the 25th two Crow scouts brought intelligence of the battle of the previous day, and upon receipt of the news, the command commenced the march in a southerly direction, where smoke could be seen, which indicated that Custer had fired the Indian village. Next morning the column entered a plain bordering on the Little Horn, where had recently stood an immense Indian village three miles in length. The ground was strewn with the slaughtered horses, cavalry equipments, and the dead bodies of nine Indian chiefs. The clothing of Lieutenants Sturgess and Porter was also found, pierced with bullets. Further on was found the body of Lieutenant McIntosh.

Just then a scout arrived with the intelligence that Col. Reno was entrenched with the remnant of the Seventh Cavalry on a bluff nearby waiting relief. The command pushed on and found Reno with the remainder of the seven companies. Reno's command had been fighting since Sunday noon, the 25th, until relieved by Terry on the night of the 26th. Terry's arrival caused the Indians to retire. Reno knew nothing of the fate of the other five companies, which had been separated from them on the 25th to make an attack under Custer's command, at a point about three miles down the right bank of the stream.



TRAVELER, JULY 12, 1876.

The Bounty Bill.

The new bounty bill has passed both Houses and become a law. It allows all enlisted men, soldiers, sailors, and mariners, including slaves and Indians, $8.25 per month, for their services between the 12th day of April 1861, and the 9th day of May 1865, deducting from the amount all bounties received either from the State or United States. This law will greatly relieve the Kansas soldiers.



TRAVELER, JULY 12, 1876.

HENRY WORK is in Colorado.

And now come the cucumbers.

A number of children have the whooping cough.

RUST is spoiling the oat crop in some sections of this county.

HURRAH! The boat is on the Arkansas, and coming right along.

GRAPES are rotting considerably from the effects of wet weather.

MISS GUSSIE SLOCUM delivered the centennial poem at Emporia, last week.

The Arkansas is 26 feet high at Little Rock, and full to the top of the bank here.

The County Commissioners are in regular session today, and probably will be until Saturday.

The ladies of the M. E. Society will meet at the residence of Mrs. Grimes on Thursday afternoon.

We expect to announce the arrival of the "Gen. Wiles" steamboat at this place within the next three weeks.

SPEERS' mill whistles fifteen minutes before 12 and fifteen minutes before 6 in the evening, by his own time.

REV. FLEMING preached his sermon on the political history of our country during the past century to a full house last Sunday.

MR. JENNINGS, a young lawyer lately located at Winfield, and J. D. Pryor of the firm of Pryor, Kager & Pryor, made us a short call yesterday.



The south side of the Arkansas river bridge, belonging to Bolton township, is to be repaired with pine lumber. The whole bridge needs new flooring.


In our opinion, if the brewery at Winfield was differently located--say nearer the ford--the Walnut river would be fordable for twelve months in the year.


OLD MR. CAMPBELL has returned from the Black Hills. He says the great trouble is that most people expend all their money in getting there, and then have none to work on.


BLACKBERRIES are healthy fruit to eat. You'd have thought so to have seen a gallon disappear from the sight of our office boys, the other day, when Sherb. Hunt treated.


The Arkansas City boat is now stemming the current of the Arkansas river, not a great distance from Little Rock. If they take on coal in the Territory, it will delay them two weeks, as it has to be dug yet.


J. L. STUBBS and Mr. Tisdale, of Paw-hus-ka (Osage Agency), favored us with a call. They report great damage done to the wheat crop in that vicinity, and state that the water in Bird creek was fifty feet high.


CENTENNIAL. The editor remained long enough to do most of the writing for this week's paper, and yesterday morning hied himself away to the Philadelphia show, with his pockets full of TRAVELERS, circulars of Arkansas City and Cowley county, toothpicks, etc. Before returning he will vist Lower Canada, Niagara Falls, and see his dad and mam.


We learn that the band boys gave entire satisfaction at Wellington, and that more than 8,000 people were assembled. If it had not been in the midst of harvest, tthey would have had fully one-half more in attendance. The boys say they were entertained in the very best manner, and came home feeling that the people of Wellington were among the best they ever met.


REAL ESTATE AGENTS. C. R. Mitchell and O. P. Houghton have formed a partnership, and this week open an office to buy and sell real estate in this and adjoining counties. We know of no two men we could more fully recommend to the public than these gentlemen. Settling in an early day, they are familiar with the country, and know where to buy cheapest. Mr. Mitchell is a prominent attorney, and Mr. Houghton a thorough businessman of years' experience. We recommend them to the public generally.



RUNAWAY. Monday morning, Lewis Gardner's team became frightened and ran down 1st East street until they came in front of Judge McIntire's house, where A. A. Davis' team was standing attached to Chamberlain's buggy, which they ran completely over, breaking all four wheels, the box, seat, tongue, and springs--making it almost a total wreck. One of the runaway horses had its neck badly cut, leaving the windpipe bare. From appearances, a law suit for damages will probably grow out of it.


MARRIED. At Winfield, July 4th, by Judge Gans. Mr. T. N. Parker and Miss Ella Herbert, both of this county. That was a grand way to celebrate the Fourth on this Centennial year. Instead of remaining at Winfield to see the fireworks, they went home.



TRAVELER, JULY 12, 1876.

Mr. S. Tarrant has returned from the Centennial.

We hear of quite a number of deaths from the flux, which occurred during the last two weeks.

Several children have died, in this county, during the past three months with the whooping cough. Mr. Sam. Eckles lost two.

A petition, asking the Commissioners to repair the Dutch creek bridge, above town, is being circulated and extensively signed.

When the fireworks of the Fourth arrive, the people will be notifed of the evening on which they will be burned--so that all may come in and see them.



TRAVELER, JULY 12, 1876.

Married. On Sunday, July 2nd, 1876, by Rev. N. L. Rigby, at his residence in Winfield, Mr. Wm. Jasper Cochran and Miss Isabel Stark, both of this city.

Married. On Tuesday, July 4th, 1876, at the residence of E. R. Weitzell, in Beaver township, by W. V. Sitton, J. P., Mr. Job. Froggath, of Sumner county, and Miss Mahilda Hugals, of this county.



TRAVELER, JULY 12, 1876.

Washington, July 5. The President signed the bill to extend the time for filing claims for additional bounty under the act of July 28th, 1866, which expired by limitation on January 30, 1875, until July 1, 1880.

Also, an act providing for the sale of Kansas Indian lands in Kansas to actual settlers, and the disposition of the proceeds of the sale.



TRAVELER, JULY 12, 1876.

Animated by that spirit of independence which characterized our patriot sires of old, a small party of Arkansas City Fourth of July-ers turned their backs upon the great show at Winfield, and started for the Territory; where upon the broad prairies, by the sparkling waters of the Shilocco, we might have room to "spread" ourselves, and liberty to partake of the Legislature's forbidden fruit for which we all had an "orful hankerin'." Our objective point was the spring--everybody knows where that is. We left town at 8:30, with banners flying, and at 9:15 passed the State line and beyond the limits of the game law. And right here I would like to call the attention of the authorities to a system of lawlessness that exists along the border, which if persisted in will disgrace us as a community, and cause great annoyance to the Government.

I allude to the disgraceful conduct of Polk Stevens et al., in cutting up the State line and using the pieces for well ropes, lariats, etc.

After passing into the Territory, O. P. Houghton, E. D. Eddy, Kendall Smith, Henry Mowry, and others, armed with double barrel shot guns and dogs--I mean dogs and double barrel shot guns--started out to hunt for game, while the rest of the party went to look for the spring, which (everybody knowing exactly where it was) we found immediately. Here we corralled our wagons, and to the tops thereof stretched wagon covers, and soon had a comfortable tent commodious enough to cover our whole party of fifty. The next thing in order was to prepare the "wittles." L. McLaughlin's pony express came in on time bringing a game sack full of game, consisting of young quails, snipes, woodpeckers, and prairie chickens of all ages, from the newly bedged with parts of its late domicile hanging to them to the toothless old hen of "ye olden time." Eddy, under the supervision of Mrs.

Houghton and Mrs. L. McLaughlin, cooked the game in a very satisfactory manner, while Tyler McLaughlin, as chief cook of the coffee department, covered himself all over with glory and cinders.

Kendall Smith and Jim Benedict roasted three pecks of wormy sweet corn, and Mrs.--candor compels me to say it--Mrs. Meigs ate it. Evidently the author of "Ten Acres Enough" had never seen Mrs. Meigs eat roasting ears. Other parties disposed of grub in the same proportion, but the undersigned sat between Jim Benedict and the "picter" man, and as a consequence, went home hungry, and "Oh! how dry I was." After dinner we had a patriotic song by Mrs. Alexander and O. P. Houghton, and an eloquent address by E. D. Bowen, M. D. The toast, "The flag of our Union: long may it wave, from Kansas to Maine and Georgi(e)a," was responded to by E. D. Eddy. Mrs. Alexander was the life and spirit of the party (she carried the spirit in a bottle). After our patriotism had effervesced,

T. H. McLaughlin set up the lemonade, and we started for home. On the way Mrs. L. McLaughlin unfolded some blood curdling panther "tails" of the early days in the backwoods. Just as the Centennial sun sank to rest, we returned to our homes, with a feeling of pity for those people of limited means who could not afford to travel, but were compelled to put up with the skeetery and weedy woods of Winfield.




TRAVELER, JULY 12, 1876.

The following, from the Cowley County Telegram, gives an unbiased expression and feeling of gratitude in behalf of the farmers, and general progress of all.


It gives us pleasure from time to time, to give all the information in regard to the Arkansas City steamboat that we can glean from the "TRAVELER." We look upon this experiment as one in which the whole of Cowley county is deeply interested--and for the success of which each and everyone of her citizens should pray. The successful navigation of the Arkansas river as far north as Cowley county is the next best thing to a railroad--in fact, we believe that it would be much better for the county as it would present a much cheaper outlet for surplus produce than we could possibly get through the medium of any road. And the arrival of the boat now coming should be the signal for a general rejoicing throughout the entire county. We suggest that when our neighbors can have the exact day of its arrival that they notify the county so that the farmers may be there en masse to send up a shout of joy when the smoke stack first rises in view, and send up cheer after cheer in answers to the tones of its whistle and peal of its bell. What say you, Scott? Can't you make that a "big day" for the little city?



TRAVELER, JULY 12, 1876.

FOUND. On Sunday last, a child's sack coat. Inquire here.


FOR SALE. Two spans of mules, two sets of work harness, and two lumber wagons. Enquire at the Arkansas City Bank.


The sod disk or rolling cutter harrow, for preparing newly broken ground for wheat, for sale by BENEDICT & BRO.


WANTED. A girl to do house work at El Paso; enquire of William Marshall, the stage driver, or James Christian, at the Express office, Arkansas City.


STRAYED. A dark bay mare pony, four years old, no brand, from C. Glenn, Arkansas City.


STRAYED. A small pony mare, dark brown color, no brand, from Frank Lorry.



TRAVELER, JULY 12, 1876.

The Washington correspondent of the New York Tribune, speaking of the bill to transfer the Indian Bureau to the war department, says:

There was quite a heated passage between Senator Ingalls, who is the chief advocate of the transfer, and Mr. Morrill, of Maine, who, at the time he spoke, had not been confirmed as Secretary of the Treasury. Mr. Ingalls insisted that the War Department is not a slaughter house and the officers are not all butchers; that the continued tirade against the bad faith of the Anglo-Saxon with the Indians is unjustifiable, and that the American continent is not designed for the exclusive use of a few millions of savages. The Black Hills war, he said, is exclu-sively brought about by a peace policy, and the Indian never had been and never would be civilized; when he becomes so, he is no longer an Indian. Mr. Ingalls said that sentiment is a simple thing for those who have no Indians in their States.



TRAVELER, JULY 19, 1876.

Omaha, Neb., July 13. Recent dispatches from the Red Cloud and Spotted Tail agencies state that the affairs are very uncertain. Owing to the recent news of Custer's defeat, the Interior Department are issuing nothing but corn and flour, having failed on beef entirely.

Scouting parties have been withdrawn from the Agency at the bridge on the Sidney route. There is still one company of troops at the bridge.

It is not probable that the Indians will make trouble at the agencies, as they are their only refuge in case they are overpowered.



TRAVELER, JULY 19, 1876.

[From the Chicago Tribune.]

The present Sioux war, precipitated by Sitting Bull and his large and formidable gang of roving and desperate savages, ought to be the last Indian war the Government will be called on to prosecute. There is one way, and only one way, to make it so. It is to drive the Indians now occupying the northern Territories into a common reservation in the Indian Territory, and to exterminate all the savages who refuse to go. The temporizing policy may as well be abandoned once for all.

The overflow of people from Europe and the Eastern States has already begun to spread over Colorado, Wyoming, Dakota, and Montana. Already Kansas and Nebraska are pretty well settled, and after passing the 100th degree of longitude, a far larger area per family is necessary for the support of those who locate on the western plains, on account of the barrenness of the country and the scarcity of rain. The attractions of the minerals and the opportunities for stock raising in the Territories will increase the emigration there steadily and rapidly. It would be folly to resist it, and cruel to subject the emigrants to an unequal frontier struggle with roving bands of hostile Indians. These Territories can only be made safely inhabitable by ridding them of the savages, and the interest of civilization demand that this shall be done.

Fortunately, this policy may be carried out without doing the Indians any injustice; on the contrary, it will be the most humane to them, and will provide for their future more permanently than any other. The Indian Territory, lying between Kansas and Texas, and just west of Arkansas, has a larger area than the State of Illinois, and is ample for the accommodation and support of all the aboriginal population of America, which does not number more than 300,000 persons. The climate is warm and well suited to the outdoor life which the Indian pursues. Having them all together, they can be better and more cheaply supported; the Territory can be thoroughly guarded and the excursions of wild Indians quickly checked; the climate, soil, and associations will make the Indians incline more rapidly to agricultural pursuits; and all the civilizing influences of education and religion can be brought to bear upon them in a degree not possible while they are scattered about in small tribes and at large distance.

This is the plan upon which the war against the Sioux should be prosecuted. Having conquered them into submission, all the other Indian tribes of these Northern Territories will peacefully submit to the change, glad of the assurance of protection against the outlaw Indians which it will carry with it. As to Sitting Bull and his followers, there is no excuse for the development of the slightest sentimentalism. His present force consists of all the hostile bands that have been harassing the whites and the peaceful Indians in that country for the last twelve or fifteen years. They have been marauding, plundering, and murdering ever since the Spirit Lake massacre in Iowa and the Sioux massacre in Minnesota. They have made war on the commerce of the Upper Missouri for years. They have frequently attacked the Crows, Shoshones, and other friendly tribes. They have absorbed the appropriations of millions to use as resources for further fighting.

The present war, indeed, has grown out of the confession of the Peace Commission that they are powerless to do anything more with the Sioux, and is prosecuted at the special request of the Indian Department. Had he not been vigorously attacked now, Sitting Bull would probably have induced the entire Sioux Nation to join him, and this might easily have led to a general Indian war. Such a result can be surely avoided by the policy of concentrating or "corralling" all the Indians of these several Territories into the Indian Territory, giving them separate and adequate reservations, and exterminating those who will not acquiesce. The peaceable treaty Indians will probably rejoice at the change, as it will give them for the first time something like certain protection against the savage Indians. If this policy be adopted, the necessary regiments should be filled up to their full strength, and such a force thrown against the hostile tribes as will bring them into quick submission.



TRAVELER, JULY 19, 1876.

HAY harvest has commenced.

T. H. HENDERSON was in town last week.

SEE the card of Dr. H. D. Kellogg in this issue.



Arkansas City, Kansas.

Offfice at the Drug Store.


WILL MOWRY is agent for the Loring & Blakely organs.

HOUGHTON & McLAUGHLIN intend putting 335 acres in wheat this fall.

O. P. HOUGHTON is building a granary, 20 x 30 feet, with a capacity for over 3,000 bushels of wheat.

A NEW stage driver has been put on the road between Wichita and El Paso, which hastens the arrival of the mail at this end.

MR. ROBINSON, of Illinois, was in town last Friday. We understand he was one of the applicants for the school at this place.

FRANK RANDALL, ex-fiend of the TRAVELER office, has left the ars artium omnium conservatix, and is now spreading himself on a tinner's stoll in Colorado.

JOHN NICHOLS' team made a sickly attempt to run off, last Saturday, but only succeeded in straddling H. & Mc.'s Fairbanks and breaking the neck-yoke.

FRANK GALLOTTI, of the firm of Boyer & Gallotti, of Winfield, called upon us Friday last. Frank is one of the old-time b'hoys, and a jolly good fellow.

A. J. REEVES was bitten by a copperhead snake, last Tuesday, on the finger, but by speedy application of alcohol, he received no material damage therefrom. The snake's dead.

WYARD GOOCH and brothers are said to have the best wheat stacks in the surrounding country.


We would call attention to Judge Christian's call to the farmers, and hope they will respond liberally, as it is for the general good of our county that this grain is to be forwarded. Bring in your samples.


To the farmers of Creswell and adjoining townships.

GENTLEMEN: I want to get a few samples of this year's crop of wheat threshed from the stack--say about a pound each--to be sent to New York, at the request of a prominent gentleman of that city, for inspection. Please send me your name, the number of acres raised, the quarter section, township, and range where raised, and greatly oblige yours,


At the Express Office, Arkansas City.


THE COWLEY COUNTY NORMAL SCHOOL is postponed until August 21, in consequence of the failure to secure accommodations for teachers. Prof. Lemmon is doing his utmost to make it comfortable for the teachers during the term.


We regret to announce the death of Bob Sheather, at his home in New York, July 4, of typhoid fever. He was for some time Deputy Treasurer of this county under E. B. Kager, and will be remembered by many of this place and Winfield.



BLACK HILLS. W. B. SKINNER received a letter from his son, dated Sidney, Dakota Territory, July 4, in which he expressed his determination to start for Colorado as soon as possible, as times were none of the best there. Mr. Felton received a letter from Joe Rickels last Thursday evening, we think, stating that Mr. Berkey and his son, Will, started for home the day he wrote; that he and Uncle Richard Woolsey had traded their wagons, teams, and everything for a claim, and were working a lead paying from three to ten cents per pan; that Uncle Richard's sight has improved wonderfully from the time he first saw "pay dirt;" that he was erecting a shop, and both were determined to "see her through." These letters, however, were written before the late Indian fights, and it is possible they may change their minds.


In looking over the county papers, and talking with gentlemen from different sections of the county, we find it is generally expected that Arkansas City will have a grand celebration when the steamboat arrives. The people of Winfield and Oxford have asked us to notify them as to the exact time of its arrival, when they will endeavor to come down and help us out in our jollification. To this we say, we will do our best to notify all, but the probabilities are the whistle will be the first warning we will have of its approach--in which case the fandango can be postponed until the day following, when we want everybody in the county here to yell, and we promise them the demonstration will eclipse anything of its kind ever witnessed in Cowley county.


C. R. MITCHELL received a letter from Wm. Fowler, who left this place June 24, for Little Rock, Arkansas, in a small sail boat, in which he reports his safe arrival at Russellville, some seventy miles below Fort Smith. He had a rough time of it, as the river was constantly raising and filled with driftwood; but he made good speed, traveling 150 miles in one day, and being but six days in making the distance. He made inquiry concerning the "Gen. Wiles," but it had not at that time reached Little Rock, though it must be near Ft. Smith now.


A. N. DEMING, of Wichita, and Mr. Stedman, of Potsdam, N. Y., dropped in on us last Thursday evening. Mr. Deming is at present engaged in buying grain with H. O. Meigs, they shipping it east and west from Wichita. Mr. Stedman is looking at the country with a view to finding a desirable location for his brother, and thinks Cowley county and the Walnut valley are just a little ahead of anything he ever saw.


WIRT W. WALTON, of the Winfield Courier, will be a candidate for Chief Clerk of the next House of Representatives. He will make an excellent Chief Clerk. Sumner Co. Press. There is one thing against Wirt--he allowed a woman to wallow him in the snow last winter. Topeka Blade.

Wouldn't want any better fun, Swayze, and to us it looks as if your objection savored somewhat of sour grapes.


HOFFMASTER'S livery stable was converted into a High Court of Impeachment last Saturday, and the arbitration case of Skinner vs. Kay et al, argued by Hon. W. P. Hackney, of Winfield, for Skinner, and Judge Christian for the opposition. Hackney was "scooped," and confessed he didn't know anything about livery-stable arbitration cases.


The handsomest piece of mechanism we ever saw is a chronometer safe lock, shown us last Sunday by Mr. Brolley, the company's agent. It is complicated, complete, and most effectual in securing safes against burglars--so effectual, in fact, the cashier himself cannot open it before the hour set, when it will open of its own accord.


J. J. ESTUS writes us from San Juan, Colorado, sending some specimens of ore, and saying that that country is not what it is "cracked up" to be, but much the same as a lottery--one fellow draws the prize and the rest go hungry. He says there are some very rich mines opened up, but the chances are against a poor man.


DR. HOUSTON and "his son John" are worse than Arabs. They took up their tents, packed off to Leavenworth, stayed two weeks--and all done so silently no one knew anything about it until the doctor waltzed up to Eddy's drug store, last week, and told it.


FLATBOAT. Mr. M. A. Felton started for Wichita, last Saturday morning, with the intention of building a flatboat there and floating pine lumber down the Arkansas to this place. He thinks he can come down in one day at the present stage of the water.



TRAVELER, JULY 19, 1876.


Arrived here this noon after an uncomfortably warm ride of two days and a half. The stage arrived at Wichita about seven in the evening, and I had time enough to see the monopoly town of the Southwest and retire at a reasonable hour.

At 4:45 the train left for the north. We breakfasted at Newton for 75 cents each, took dinner at Topeka, and supper at Cameron Junction, and arrived at Quincy, Illinois, by 2 a.m.; and where we waited until 4:45 to take the Toledo and Wabash to this place.

At Cameron, I met and had a long conversation with Dr. Gray, formerly of Arkansas City. He is conductor of the Pullman sleeping car from St. Joseph to Cleveland, Ohio, and makes his home at Peoria, Illinois, where his wife and family are.

Crops along the entire line were good, except the corn in Illinois, where it is on low land and has been drowned out. The Mississippi was at one time seven miles wide this spring, at Quincy, and much of the country is yet under water. Residents tell me it has been raining for nearly a month, and as I write, it continues. Wheat is standing in the shock. Oats are not ripe yet.

We had a little sensation last night that broke the monotony of the dark ride for a half hour or more. I was sitting on a seat just behind a peculiar, quiet man of about 45 years, when all at once he jumped up and yelled repeatedly: "Go away!" followed by prolonged curses. No one paid much attention to him until he made a grab for a blind man sitting opposite him, when he was made to sit down, until the conductor came, and a lively tustle took place in trying to get him in the closet, where he was held until the train reached Palmyra, and the police took charge of him.

Green apples, ten cents per dozen, were the first luxuries we encountered. Travel on the road is good, and about one third of the travelers are bound for Philadelphia.

C. M.



TRAVELER, JULY 19, 1876.


Indians Make a Fatal Raid Upon Miners.

Burlington, Iowa, July 15. C. W. Hanscome, a reliable man, who came here today from Custer City, near which place he has been at work on a dry gulch claim, says the claim was paying $20 per day per man.

On the 20th of June, the Indians raided their camp, capturing nine horses and killing the following of the company: A. M. Carter, of England, Wm. Brown, Henry Brown, Cowell Valentine, John Huff, and W. M. Page.

Two men, Hanscome and Cook, cut their way through and escaped; and returning next day, found their comrades terribly mutilated and scalped, and the provisions gone.

Hanscome has forwarded the remains of Carter to Liverpool, and Cook remained to guard the property until the return of Hanscome, who is here to secure provisions and machinery.

Hanscome reports the Black Hills very rich.

There was a rumor in Custer City that Gen. Crook's command was being held in bay to the east of Custer.



TRAVELER, JULY 19, 1876.

Washington, July 15. Upon voting a pension to the widow of Gen. Custer, Mr. Williams, of Michigan, asked leave also to introduce a bill granting a pension of $80.00 per month to the father and mother of Generals Custer, Rusk, and Ainsworth. Objected to on the ground of its irregular way of coming before the house.

Mr. Cannon suggested that the committee on invalid pensions should at an early day report a bill granting pensions to the children of the men who fell under the lead of Custer.



TRAVELER, JULY 19, 1876.

New York, July 15. Gen. Custer had a life insurance policy for $5,000; Capt. Yates, $5,000; Keogh, $10,000; Lieut. Calhoun, $5,000; Crittenden, $10,000; Porter, $5,000.



TRAVELER, JULY 19, 1876.

Hermann Godehard's new Locals.

Just received:

Mason's Self-Sealing Fruit Jars,

Air-Tight Jelly Glasses--A New Patent.

Common, Old Style Jelly Glasses.

A new lot of Queensware and Glassware.

--Ripe Apples Just in!--

Groceries of all kinds constantly on hand,

and of the best quality.

Economy Baking Power--The Best in Use.

Coffee a Specialty.


FOR SALE. My entire billiard outfit, consisting of four billiard tables, cue racks, pool boards, etc.; over 25 ivory and composition billiard balls. My outfit is complete for running all branches of the business. For sale cheap for cash, or will trade for young cattle.



FOR RENT. 100 acres of wheat land; seed and drill furnished. J. W. BROWN, 2 miles west of Arkansas City.


ALL PERSONS knowing themselves indebted to the old firm of Page & Godehard will please call and make settlement.



Taken up, on the 15th of July, a red cow; on the left ear she has an under-bit; on the right ear a nick; good domestic stock. Owner can have the same by calling on P. B. Andrews, and paying charges.



TRAVELER, JULY 19, 1876.

Mrs. Elizabeth J. Smith, consort of Solomon Smith, died on June 27, 1876, at 2:40 a.m., at the residence of her husband on Silvercreek, ten miles east of Winfield and two miles east of Tisdale, in Sheridan township, Cowley county, Kansas; aged 49 years, 11 months, and 28 days.

The subject of this notice was born in Washington county, Kentucky, July 9, 1826. She joined with the church at the early age of fifteen, and through the remainder of her life was a consistent, thorough, and useful Christian. She is mourned by a large circle of friends.



TRAVELER, JULY 19, 1876.

[This letter was received last week too late for publication. ED.]

PLEASANT VALLEY, July 10, 1876.

Our farmers, having been engaged during the past month in reaping the golden grain of a bountiful harvest, are now rejoiced to say that they are well "heeled" for one year's grub. As the wheat harvest is just over, and the farmers anxious to market their grains, several of them have already threshed. The average yield so far as heard from, is about 25 bushels per acre.

Mr. Harbaugh and Mr. Klingman have threshed and sold to Mr. Bartlet one car load of wheat. Bartlet paid them 75 cents per bushel at the machine.

A. C. Holland and H. Holtby tested the merits of their new Vibrator on the 2nd inst., by threshing West Holland's wheat. The machine gives entire satisfaction, and threshes at the rate of 400 bushels per day. Messrs. Frederick, Lewis, and Retherford are also running a threshing machine in this vicinity, which does good work.

Mr. Will. Timmerman, of Adams county, Iowa, arrived and settled among us last week. He has a mother and some brothers-in-law who have been here some time.

Master A. W. Holland, of Beaver township, contemplates going to Chicago to attend a course of medical lectures during the coming winter. Having been engaged in the study of physiology and anatomy, Alex. will make a successful pill peddler.

Rev. Annis, of Sumner county, delivered a short but interesting sermon at the Holland school house last Sabbath, which caused many of our worldly church goers to bow their heads in deep and solemn reflection.

There will be a Sabbath school picnic held in the grove near the mouth of Posey creek, on the 29th of this month.

C. C. H.




KAW AGENCY, July 17, 1876.

It was on the occasion of the Kaw pensioners receiving their pay at Hiatt's store, a few days since, that a young squaw pensioner and her husband were at the counter, trading out her pension money. Two other squaws, the wives of another Indian (we will designate them as No. 1 and No. 2), claimed that pensioner owed them, and demanded their pay, which was disregarded. Thereupon squaw No. 1 picked up a brass kettle that pensioner had bought, and walked away with it, saying she would take that for her pay; but the husband of pensioner followed, and taking hold of the kettle, a tussel ensued, during which he wrenched it from her, and she set up a yell. This created an excitement, as there were several Indians in the room, and pensioner and husband started out, she following close behind him. As he stepped out the door, squaw No. 1, with a wild scream, assaulted pensioner, catching her by the hair, and throwing her down, her head striking a block of wood. At the same time squaw No. 2 kicked her in the face. The husband turned around, and helping his wife on her feet, told her to go for them, which she did with a vengeance, grasping a stick of stove wood and at the second or third blow felling No. 1 to the floor.

By this time the excitement and confusion had become so great, and the cries and blows so general, the bystanders could not give further particulars; but Mr. Gilbert, the clerk, who had been spell bound from some cause or other, regained his self-possession, and ordered the Marshal to take them out. It may be well to add that No. 1 got the worst of the affray, as she had to be carried home in a wagon, and have her wounds dressed. For a short time fears were entertained that she would not recover, and summary punishment was theatened pensioner and her husband, by the friends of No. 1, in case she should die; but fortunately her wounds proved not fatal, and she is convalescing. Peace and good will are now restored between the families, and pensioner sits and nurses her assailant.




TRAVELER, JULY 16, 1876.

Cherokee Strip.

WASHINGTON, July 18th.

Editor Traveler:

I this day called on Representative Wm. Brown, at the capitol, for the purpose of having the Cherokee Land Bill, pushed through the Senate. I found Mr. Brown very much interested in the matter, and in company with him called on Senators Ingalls and Harvey, who both promised to do what they could. Mr. Ingalls stated that everything was in an uproar with the Committees, and but little could be done, yet before leaving he expressed himself favorable to the bill and said he would do all he could. He gave me the assurance that the settlers could go on with their improvements wihout the least fear of the land being sold to any corporation or private company. The bill has already passed the House of Congress and was referred to the Senate Committee on Indian Lands. If the latter report favorably, the bill will pass the Senate without trouble, as the Indian delegation is decidedly in favor of it. The manner in which Judge Brown has worked for the bill is very commendable. All of the Kansas representatives I have called on treated me very cordially and pleasantly. I send a copy of the bill.


To provide for the sale of certain lands in Kansas.

WHEREAS, Certain lands in the State of Kansas, known as the Cherokee Strip, being a strip of land on the southern boundary of Kansas, some two or three miles wide, detached from the lands patented to the Cherokee Nation by the act known as the Kansas-Nebraska bill, in defining the boundries thereof, said lands still being, so far as unsold, the property of the Cherokee Nation; and

WHEREAS, An act was passed by the Forty-second Congress, which became a law on its acceptance by the Cherokee national authorities, and which fixed the price of the lands east of Arkansas River at two dollars per acre, and west of said river at one dollar and fifty cents per acre; and

WHEREAS, Portions of the same have been sold under said law, and portions remain unsold, the price being too high: Therefore,

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled. That the Secretary shall offer for sale to settlers all of said tracts remaining unsold at the passage of this act, at the local land offices in the districts in which it is situated, at one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre; and all of said lands remaining unsold after one year from the date at which they are so offered for sale at the local land offices shall be sold by the Secretary of the Interior for cash, in quantities or tracts not exceeding one hundred and sixty acres, at not less than one dollar per acre.

SEC. 2. That the proceeds of said lands shall be paid into the Treasury of the United States, and placed to the credit of the Cherokee Nation, and shall be paid to the treasurer of the Cherokee Nation, on the order of the legislative council of the Cherokee Nation, or a delegation thereof duly authorized.

SEC. 3. That this act shall take effect and be in force from the date of its acceptance by the legislature of the Cherokee Nation, or of a delegation thereof duly authorized, who shall file certificate of such acceptance.

Passed the House of Representatives June 27, 1876.

Attest: GEO. M. ADAMS, Clerk.



TRAVELER, JULY 26, 1876.

NEWMAN'S mill is grinding again.

G. L. KENNEDY says he will pay one dollar each for four or five young mocking birds.

W. H. HARRISON left yesterday for Wellington, there to engage in the wagonmaking business.

WILL. LEONARD, Oxford's typo, and C. M. McIntire, of Winfield, visited our city last Saturday and Sunday.


READ Charley Parker's announcement this week, and trot your equines up to his shop to have them shod.


On south end of Summit Street. The first building on

the east side of the street as you enter town from the

Arkansas River bridge. Work warranted.


DAN. JONES, writing from the Territory, gives the usual reports of high waters and intense heat at Ranch Red Fork.

The nomadic Berkey and son, Will, returned from the Black Hills last Sunday, with their "scalp locks" still hanging to them.


CHANNELL & HAYWOOD's new building will be formally opened next Friday night, and a jolly good time will be had. Come one, come all.


DIED. On Saturday morning, July 22, of consumption, Mr. Charles Coffey. The deceased was a step-son of Mr. Pruit, and was buried the following day.


ALLEN MOWRY was welcomed back to the bosom of his family last week. We wouldn't mind going back home if we could be twisted and hugged the way Al. was.


MISS SKINNER met with a sad accident, a few days ago, while milking a cow. The animal became enraged from some cause or other, and kicking the girl in the side, fractured one of her ribs.


The money has been subscribed, and a sail and row boat fitted out to go down the Arkansas, with Messrs. McLaughlin and Chamberlain as voyageurs. Their purpose is to meet Mr. Hoyt and the steamboat, and return with them.


A WINFIELD man brushed around the country four days in search of a stray horse, and finally had to call on a Rackensack man to get his animal. It's no use talking: when Patterson straddles old "Leviticus," and starts for a horse or horse thief, he trots in with his game as sure as fate.


We noticed a horse trying to play leap frog over the hitching bar in front of the post office, last Sunday. The front half of him was a success, but his hind quarters didn't go over worth a cent, and he was gently helped backward and tied to a post not quite so favorable for acrobatic feats.


Last Saturday morning witnessed the departure of one of our most respected citizens. By stage Coony Sherburne and his son, Joe, left for their far-away home in the East. Joe is to be shipped back in the course of a few weeks, which will in a measure reconcile us to the loss of Coony.



We are pleased to learn that Miss Georgie Christian, daughter of Judge Christian, has received a second-class certificate as a teacher in Cowley County. Miss Christian has been a pupil in our city school under Prof. Hulse during the past winter and spring terms, and we feel justified in saying that any district in Cowley county that may be fortunate enough to secure her services will not be disappointed, as she is a young lady of more than ordinary intelligence and accomplishments. She has had the advantage of the Lawrence school system, perhaps the best in the State, if not in the West, and is a native Kansan.


M. A. FELTON and Will. Alexander, who went to Wichita, the 15th of this month, for the purpose of rafting lumber down the Arkansas, returned last Friday evening, but left the rafts up the river some fifteen miles. They built two rafts, and puttting 4,000 feet of pine lumber on each, started on the morning of Tuesday, July 18, but made very slow progress, being on the sand bars a great portion of the time. They think if they had had more help, the venture would have proved successful. As it is, all the lumber can be saved and put to the use intended for it: that of repairing the bridge across the Arkansas at this place.


A. O. HOYT and C. R. MITCHELL received letters from Mr. Samuel Hoyt, last Saturday night, in which he says that, at the time of writing, they were detained near the mouth of the Arkansas, on account of the high water, the current being too strong for their small engine. Mr. Hoyt purposes putting in a new and larger engine at Little Rock. All parties have been grossly deceived with regard to the power of the engine, else the delay would not have occurred.


As is generally known by this time, a harvest dance will be given in Channell & Haywood's new building next Friday evening, July 28. All persons who take pleasure in tripping the light fantastic toe should avail themselves of this opportunity to enjoy the good social time guaranteed. Numbers can be purchased of Billy Gray for only seventy-five cents each.


We learn that Messrs. Tolles and Endicott, of Grouse creek, built a flatboat, twenty-five feet long by six feet wide, and loading it with 4,000 pounds of flour, started on Sunday morning down the Arkansas to find a market. This is just a trial trip; but if successful, it is their intention to ship all their flour in that direction.



TRAVELER, JULY 26, 1876.

AT LAST! The Arkansas City Water Mills are now prepared to do custom grinding. All work done in short order, and satisfaction guaranteed. Bring in your grists.



FARMERS. I have secured the services of a first-class shoer, and am now prepared to do work in that line.




TRAVELER, JULY 26, 1876.

It is said that Sitting Bull's Indians were much better armed than the brave cavalrymen whom they slaughtered. Their superb Henry rifles were more than a match for the carbines of the soldiers. They could keep safely out of range and pick off the blue coats at their leisure.





Editor Traveler:

While it is not my purpose to worry the readers of your columns, yet knowing that the antipathy which has so long and unjustly existed between this place and yours has been overcome by the new administration of affairs here; and that we are now ready to lay aside the "scalping knife," "bury the hatchet," and "shake hands across the bloody chasm"--I though perhaps a few items might not prove void of interest to some of them.

Affairs here are in an unsettled condition, owing to the fact of Congress having failed to make any appropriation so far, and no final action having been taken on the bill providing for the transfer of the Indian Bureau to the War Department. This bill will no doubt be defeated--a fate which it justly deserves, and but a fitting rebuke to its originators. However, just in itself the measure may be, having once been defeated by a square vote would have satisfied anybody save an honorable (?) Democratic House of numbskulls, who in defiance of this, an established law of Congress, attached it as an amendment on the general appropriation bill--and that just on the eve of adjournment; when there are not funds on hand to meet the necessary expenses of the Government, hoping thereby to force its passage. This, however, is only characteristic of their action throughout; and if such "tomfoolery" (I do not call it legislation) is to be tolerated much longer, it would be policy to declare their seats vacant and substitute therefor full-blooded Osages, who would certainly do as much good and perhaps less harm.

Fearful hot! is the universal cry, and there is a general stampede among the inhabitants in search of a cool place, but without success, and everyone is wondering whether it is so hot elsewhere; but we think not, as we are down in the region of "china," where a breeze to reach us must come from above, a thing unheard of since the day of Pentecost. We had a good rain last night, however, and there is quite a change in the atmosphere today--cool enough to make one think of overcoats and fires. It is a timely visit to the crops, as they were suffering for want of it, and would have been cut short had it not come soon.

The flood did much damage to the Osage crops, besides sweeping away fences, etc. They would have had nearly wheat enough to have breaded them, could it have been saved, but as it is, supplies will have to be shipped in for their support, which will furnish a good market for the surplus grain not exported by the Arkansas River Navigation Company.

The past week or so has been a gala time with the Osages. They are having their medicine dance, but a scalp is an essential article in order to arouse the necessary enthusiasm on such occasions; yet it being impossible to obtain a genuine one, a lock of hair minus the scalp was obtained from a Pawnee as a substitute, for the insignificant sum of a pony. Around this the young "bucks," void of all the necessary clothing such as blankets, leggings, and shirts, and bedaubed with mud, tar, wagon grease, etc., gave vent to their war whoop and performed their apeish feats.

Agent Beede has been quite sick, but is improving rapidly, and we hope a few more days will see him on our streets again.

More anon,

J. L. S.




SATURDAY was another "scorcher."

Some farmers were obliged to suspend work last Saturday, owing to the intense heat.

We understand that the much needed repairs on the Arkansas river bridge are finally being made.

JIM HILL and W. L. MULLEN, of Winfield, were down to the City last week. Jim is the fellow that caters to the wants of the inner man at the St. Nicholas.


C. R. WILLIAMSON left for Kansas City last Monday, with four car loads of two- and three-year old steers, owned by himself and W. L. Mullen, of Winfield. Charley intends going to his old home in Virginia before returning, by which time he will have seen the side show at Philadelphia.


A. O. HOYT received another letter from his father last Monday night. At the time of writing (July 24) he was at Pine Bluff, Arkansas, where they had been further detained by sickness of the crew. He now thinks the power of their engine is sufficient to bring the boat up to this place.


GEORGE ALLEN has secured the services of a first class grainer, and we would advise all desiring work in that line to call on him. We have been in George's room a number of times, and always found him hard at work, which is the best evidence of a man's ability and success. The graining on his shop door puts to shame all the doors in town.


IN EGYPT. During our peregrinations last Sunday we had the pleasure of visiting, for the first time, that section of land lying in the bend of the Arkansas river, which by its large production of all kinds of grain has been known for some time past as "Egypt." Whether there is anything in the name, we cannot say, but this we know: that a better country, or better looking crops we never wish to set eyes on.

The farmers, among whom are Messrs. Stewart, Weatherholt, Denton, Kay, Skinner, Key, and many others, are evidently men of business, and intend to make farming a financial success. The wheat and oat crops will average with any other locality in the county, and as for corn, there is every prospect of a large yield.


ARRIVAL at the Central Avenue House during the past week.

W. T. Estaus, East Cowley.

J. B. Splown, East Cowley.

S. Allison, East Cowley.

C. H. North, Emporia.

Henry Young, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Alex Otzhausen, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

F. B. Kenner, Saint Paul, Minnesota.

W. A. Rhoudis, Augusta.

W. L. Mullen, Winfield.

Jim Hill, Winfield.

Capt. J. C. Evans, Beaver.

H. B. Pruden, Salt City.

H. S. Cowen, Lawrence.

J. C. Hopkins, Pond Creek, Indian Territory.

A. Drumm, Medicine Lodge.

R. H. Blair, Mt. Sterling, Illinois.

J. N. Miller, Mt. Sterling, Illinois.

L. Hartman, Kentucky.

J. F. Bradley, Lees Summit, Missouri.

J. C. Bennett, Emporia.



Col. J. C. McMullen, of Arkansas City, writes from the celebrated summer resort, Creson, Pennsylvania, to his brother-in-law, E. P. Kinne, that his child is improving in health. He describes the resort as a three hundred acre tract of land, situated on the highest point of the Alleghany Mountains, and beautifully laid out into walks, drives, natural and artificial. The curative properties of its mineral springs attract hundreds to it every year. Its visitors are rich, gay, and fashionable, and their fine clothes and turn-outs contrast strangely with the plain suit of a western man. The Col. is spending a pleasant summer, and hopes to return soon with his little boy entirely recovered. Courier.


Last Wednesday evening the mail brought us a copy of the San Jose (Cal.) Daily Mercury. As the paper is a stranger at this office, we commenced looking for marked paragraphs for an explanation of this visit, when the following burst upon our vision in all its glory:

BORN: In this city, July 5, 1876, to Mr. and Mrs.

H. B. Norton, a son.



In our humble opinion, there is but one measure the enforcement of which would result in the speedy settlement of the difficulty with those Sioux Indians up north. Phil. Sheridan may be ordered there with his paltry 3,000 troops; Governor Osborn may take a dozen trips to the northern frontier; company upon company may be ordered from Fort Leavenworth and other military posts; Crook and Terry may scour the country until Gabriel blows his B flat--but so long as the Kansas Militia, Cowley County Division remains inactive, just so long will murder and bloodshed be of daily occurrence. Call 'em out, Governor, and end this foolishness.


CONSIDERABLE EXCITEMENT was created on our streets last Friday evening by the announcement that Uncle Dick Woolsey, late of this place, had struck a lead in the Black Hills country. The authority for the rumor was a special to the Inter-Ocean dated Bismarck, Dakota Territory, July 25, saying that assays were made of the quartz from the Woolsey lode, eight miles from Deadwood, yielding from $2,500 to $5,059 to the ton. Everyone was rejoiced to hear of Uncle Richard's success, until informed by Berkey (who has "ben thar") that it was another Woolsey, supposed to be a distant relative of our uncle. "'Twas ever thus in childhood's hour."



It is time some active measures were taken with reference to constructing a new bridge across the Walnut. We believe its former location is the best of any yet proposed, all things considered; and it certainly would be cheaper to build the old piers four or five feet higher than to erect new ones entire. The absence of a bridge over the Walnut at this place is a serious injury to the business interests of our people, for during high water (and it has been a frequent occurrence in the past six months) the farmers east of us must necessarily do their trading elsewhere.


In Southern Kansas one can see a better illustration of the fecundity of nature than in any other portion of the country. It is conceded by all that the rank growth of weeds, and vegetation of all descriptions, exceed anything ever witnessed. Everybody knows this, but few are aware of the fact that our hunters daily bring in "mocking birds" the size of young prairie chickens. It is thought the "mocking birds" will continue to grow to this immense size until the 15th of August, when, the game law expiring, our hunters will be at liberty to hunt prairie chickens.


We had the pleasure of meeting Mr. Hopkins, of Hopkins' Ranch, Pond Creek, Indian Territory, last Saturday. Mr. Hopkins is on his way to Coffeyville with 360 head of through cattle. (N. B.--If we had a railroad, those cattle would have been shipped from this point.) He and his brother enjoy the reputation of having the best and most orderly ranch in the Territory. They have become famous for their hospitality, and allow neither drunkenness nor boisterousness there--making it literally a home in the wilderness for well disposed travelers.


MR. FIELDEN KEY, living on the Arkansas river, has caught twenty-seven catfish during the last three months, the smallest of which was three and one-half feet in length, and weighed about forty pounds.




TO RENT. 20 acres of No. 1 wheat land; seed furnished if desired; inquire of J. R. Harmon.


FOR RENT. Peter Pearson's storeroom and basement; inquire of James A. Loomis.






[Starting with Page 203...]

In 1873 Sitting Bull, Sioux master politician and war chief,

blocked surveys of a Yellowstone River route for the Northern Pacific Railroad. Twice, Lieutenant Colonel George Custer had to fight off Sioux assailants in tenacious encounters.

The next year, 1874, Custer explored the Black Hills, a sacred area to the Sioux. The hills had been ceded to them in 1868 as their land "forever," part of the Great Sioux Reservation. But some of Custer's men found gold in the Black Hills and miners began to prospect its streams by the summer of 1875. The Army removed the pioneer party of miners from Gordon's Stockade, near modern Custer, but others only followed. So many men slipped past patrols that a gold rush occurred as public pressure to open the hills to legal white settlement increased. The Army was soon swept aside and, to the anger of the Sioux, Custer City and Deadwood became boomtowns reminiscent of California's Mother Lode of 1849.

That same year, George Custer's brash young brother, Tom, captured a rising Hunkpapa, Rain in The Face. The warrior later made his escape, swearing that he would eat Tom Custer's heart.

The Government offered to pay the Sioux six million dollars for their holy mountains. Some Indian leaders were amenable to selling the Black Hills, in any case lost to them already, but they wanted five times that paltry sum. Others would not hear of selling the sacred place for any price. So, between the railroad building and the Black Hills gold rush, the Sioux drifted back onto the warpath, ignoring the Government's orders to return to the reservation.

By the time that the proud Centennial Year of 1876 rolled around, to be celebrated with a great world's fair in Philadelphia, the Sioux and Cheyennes were preparing a celebration of their own. It would show their independence of the Great White Father in the East and his Long Knives on the Western Frontier. By 1876, 50,000 Indians were in rebellion. Only 15,000 were bona fide warriors, and probably no more than 4,000 took the field against the bluecoats.

The War Department sent its very best man, Crook, to put down the Sioux and their Northern Cheyenne allies. The Sioux natural military genius, Crazy Horse, married to a Cheyenne, helped to make the ties strong between Sioux and Cheyenns as war approached.

General Crook had ten companies of cavalry and two of infantry. His field commanders were polar opposites: the reckless Custer and the timid Alfred H. Terry. Crook was supposedly only an observer in the field, but usurped command from his nominal expedition head, Colonel Joseph J. Reynolds. He did not want to be slowed down, so he left his 80-odd wagons behind (also his pack-mule train) as he hurried out of Fort Fetterman, located in the east central part of Wyoming Territory not far removed from Deadwood and Custer City, in Dakota Territory--now part of South Dakota. Crook departed from Fort Fetterman on a clear day, March 1, 1876. The Bighorn Expedition on the Bozeman Trail met with a more formidable foe than even the Sioux: a series of northers which roared down the trail, freezing the troopers although they were bundled up in long underwear, blanket-lined overcoats, fur caps, and buffalo robes.

Reynolds, on the point of Crook's column, halted his advance when his scouts reported a Cheyenne and Sioux encampment in a cottonwood grove under the bluffs of Powder River. The Colonel's squadrons drove into the village only to meet a punishing rifle fire. Reynolds dismounted his men in the village and had them dig in as the advantage shifted to the attacked. The Colonel had the Indians' food supplies and pony herd, but warriors on the bluffs pinned down the soldiers with a steady fire. Reynolds lost his nerve and ordered a retreat back to the main force. He let the Indians retake their ponies and he moved his men out so fast that he left behind either two dead men or one dead trooper and one wounded man--the latter to be tortured to death by the Sioux. His total losses were two dead and six wounded.

Crook, furious with Reynolds, abandoned the advance in order to return to base and prefer charges against Reynolds. Crook's Crow scouts reported that the humiliation of Reynolds on Powder River had greatly increased the recruiting of warriors by Crazy Horse. Unknown to the Army, it would face in the Rosebud-Bighorn country the greatest concentration of warriors in the entire history of America's Indian wars.

After refitting, Crook left Fort Fetterman again at the end of May, 1876, with more than 1,000 cavalrymen and infantrymen and almost 50 officers. He had many teamsters and packers, too, and he carefully armed them as auxiliaries. In the field, he added Crow and Shoshone scouts, 262 off them. His column was one of three comprising Sheridan's pincers movvement in imitation of the successful Red River campaign of 1874 and 1875. The General wanted to split the rumored large force of Indians into several smaller bands, then deal with them separately. So he had Colonel John Gibbon move eastward from Montana to make contact with General Alfred Terry (and Colonel Custer), moving westward from Fort Abraham Lincoln.

As the columns converged, Crook, moving northward, planned to roll back the Sioux on the Terry-Custer column. Crook leapfrogged his strung-out column along the dusty Bozeman Trail, sending his infantry ahead, but soon to be passed by the horse soldiers. Both reached bivouacs ahead of the supply train and rearguard. When he entered hostile territory in mid-June, Crook halted his wagon train under a strong guard of 100 infantrymen, then made 200 of their companions into mounted infantry or quasi-cavalry, to take along.

At Tongue River a courier from Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse warned Crook not to cross a symbolic line scratched in the dirt. If he did cross, he would have to fight.

Crook was surprised while his troops were having a coffee break on the morning of June 17, 1876, on the Rosebud by the Sioux. Only the splendid fighting of his Shoshones and Crows prevented a disaster. Crook sent Captain Anson Mills to seize Crazy Horse's village, which he mistakenly thought lay just to the north, but called it off when hismain force was battered; Mills swung around behind the hostiles and forced them to abandon the battlefield. Crook admitted he had 10 dead and 21 wounded; but Chief Scout Frank Grouard gave a casualty count of 28 killed and 56 wounded. The neutralizing of Crook by Crazy Horse, who lost no less than 36 dead and 63 wounded in the fray, guaranteed Custer's utter defeat at Little Bighorn. Gibbon and Terry would eventually meet, but it would be too late to save Custer's 7th

Cavalry, the heart of Terry's force.

Custer's 7th Regiment had officers who were real fighters: Captains Frederick Benteen, Myles Keough, and Tom Custer. A brother of Col. George Custer, Tom Custer had won not one but two Medals of Honor in the Civil War. However, Col. Custer's second-in-command, Major Marcus A. Reno, though a Civil War veteran, was untried in Indian warfare.

While Gibbon camped on the Yellowstone at the mouth of the Reosebud, Reno scouted the Powder and Tongue River valleys. Terry's base was the mouth of Powder River. A pow-wow in the cabin of the steamer, Far West, was called by Terry on June 21, 1876, to outline his strategy to Gibbon and Custer. Terry was worried that he could not catch the enemy in order to defeat him. He wanted Custer to time his cavalry attack so that Gibbon's slow-moving infantrymen would be in position in the north to block any flight of the Sioux. Terry issued written orders so that there would be no misunderstanding of his plan, which was to bottle up the hostiles in the Little Bighorn Valley between Custer and Gibbon.

Custer, in buckskins, led between 600 and 700 horse soldiers. His Arikara scouts did not know the country, so he borrowed six of Gibbon's Crows. But he declined Terry's offer of four troops of the Second Cavalry and a Gatling gun platoon. He did not want to be slowed down by the horse-drawn artillery and he certainly did not want his beloved 7th Cavalry to share victory honors with the Second Regiment.

The stage was set for the debacle when Crazy Horse engaged Crook at Powder River, forcing Crook to pull back. And the ambitious Custer was much more overconfident than the plodding Crook, so successful during the Apache campaigns.

Custer was later accused of direct disobedience of orders. There is no doubt that he bent them badly, ignoring Terry's instructions to ascent the Rosebud to its head before turning west after the Indians, whose trail had been found by Reno's scout. (This delay would give Gibbon's foot soldiers time to get into position to support the cavalry in the Little Bighorn Valley.) Instead, when the hostiles' trail left the Rosebud for the Little Bighorn drainage, Custer followed it. This rashness compounded his initial mistake of underestimating terribly the number of his foes. A tragedy of errors was thus set in motion.

To be fair to Custer, not even his Indian scouts dreamed that he was opposed by such enormous numbers of warriors. He had chosen the single moment in history when 3,000 braves, at the very least, were gathered to fight together. Many were armed with Winchester repeating rifles against the troopers' single-shot Springfield carbines. And, for once, the Indians' strategy was to stand, and not fall back into one of their usual running fights. Finally, the warriors were led by such men as Sitting Bull, Crazy Horse, Gall, and Rain in the Face.

Custer knew that the Indians had spotted him and were, probably, aware of his strength. For his part, he was completely unaware of the fact that he was outnumbered five to one. He had not even been able to see the Indian village from a high point he called Crow's Nest. (Actually, the Indians occupied a series of populous villages in the valley of the Greasy Grass.) But, once more, ego and ambition overruled prudence, even common sense.

If Custer ever considered a withdrawal, which is unlikely, it was probably too late to effect it now, in any case. He decided to smash straight through the enemy, but this time, incredibly, he guaranteed disaster for himself by fragmenting his regiment. Leaving one troop (company) to guard the pack train, he kept only five for himself. Suicidally, he split off three troops under Benteen in a scout to the south and three more with Reno.

Reno was to chase a party of 40 Sioux into the upper end of the village. Custer promised to support the Major with "the whole outfit." Custer, however, hesitated after his promise to Reno, then apparently changed his mind. Rather than riding to Reno's support, Custer veered off to the north to strike the lower end of the village.

Everything went wrong. Reno charged as ordered, but could not make a dent in Chief Gall's huge force. There was no sign of Benteen, supposedly ahead of Reno, or of Custer supporting him from the rear. Reno did the best that he could with just 112 men. He retrieved his men from the outskirts of the village, where Sioux swarmed like angered ants from a nest. He dismounted his troops in a patch of timber, but Indians infiltrated his line. Seeing a trap closing on him, he ordered his men to remount and fell back across the stream to dig in on a bluff above the river.

Reno's withdrawal, sane enough, was held against him in the later court-martial in which he was used as a scape-goat for Custer's disaster. He had lost only a couple of men, so far, and may have panicked. Some say that he led the retreat instead of covering it from the rear. Worse, some of his troopers were left behind, trapped in the cottonwoods. A lieutenant wanted to go back for them, but Reno forbade it, as Indians counted coup by dragging soldiers from their mounts as they splaced through the shallow Little Bighorn. Quickly the toll began to rise. In just 45 minutes on June 25, 1876, Reno lost half of his command in dead, wounded, and missing.

Meanwhile, Custer came in sight of the first village and found it to be an armed camp. He rushed a courier to Benteen, ordering him to join him and to bring extra ammunition. "Bring packs! Bring packs!" he scribbled on the note that he gave to his orderly. Custer then charged, but soon hauled up in the face of overwhelming odds and led a withdrawal to a high grassy ridge. It was Gall who pushed him back, but now Crazy Horse struck from the north while another force left Reno's shattered command to be in on the kill.

Benteen topped a rise and saw soldiers surrounded on a bluff. He took them to be Custer's men, so he galloped to their aid. So it was that the captain kept Reno from being overrun. When both officers heard shooting from downstream, they knew that Custer was also engaged.

Reno did not know what to do. Should he risk going to Custer's aid, as some of his officers insisted, now that he was reinforced? Or should he stay put in his defenses? After all, Custer was supposed to come to the support of his second-in-command, not vice versa. But Custer had ordered Benteen to reinforce him, not Reno. And the latter, at least on paper, had a stronger force, six companies, than his commanding officer.

Finally, a captain who was either very brave or fool-hardy, Thomas B. Weir, could no longer tolerate Reno's inaction. Against the latter's orders, he began to ease his way back down the bluff to the Little Bighorn. Benteen followed Weir's troop and, grudgingly, Reno gave the command the follow suit. But progress was very slow, since Indian fire continued. Also, the wounded had to be carried in blankets for want of stretchers.

Helping Custer was a forlorn hope at best. Reno's force was too battered. It was too late, anyway. Crazy Horse, apparently employing more Cheyennes than his own Sioux, had already surrounded and destroyed Custer's entire command. It took him only an hour. Crazy Horse was helped by Gall after he split his force, but easily kept Reno and Benteen pinned down while assaulting Custer at the same time.

"Custer's Luck" was over, forever. Every man of his command was killed and most were mutilated by the victors. Rain in the Face, as he had promised, cut out Tom Custer's heart and ate of it.

Crazy Horse and Gall turned to destroy Reno and Benteen. They easily chased them back to their bluff. The troopers fought well to save their lives but, even in rifle pits, they suffered 18 more deaths and had 43 wounded. Enemy fire did not slacken until nightfall, when the besieged soldiers watched a wild scalp dance below them, illuminated by the glare of campfires. In the darkness the officer and 16 men trapped in the copse of cottonwoods slipped safely through Reno's lines.

With the first light of dawn, the siege was tightened. Benteen and Reno had to throw back two assaults. Bravely, Benteen led a few counterattacks to keep the Sioux and Cheyennes at a respectable distance.

That evening the Indians withdrew, setting a grass fire to screen their movements. Their scouts had spied the approaching relief column of Terry and Gibbon. The puzzle is why they did not swamp Reno and Benteen, or harass Terry. For the only time in history, they had sufficient warriors to do the trick.

Terry had been alerted by his scouts to the disaster. Ironically, Reno and Benteen as yet did not realize that Custer's force had been destroyed to the last man of the original 215. The Army buried the dead, took 52 wounded men in wagons, and fell back to Fort Abraham Lincoln. Reno's casualties were 47 killed and 53 wounded. Estimates of Indian losses ran all the way from 30 to 300.

The shock waves of the Custer calamity rippled across the entire country from the grassy plains of Montana and Dakota to New York, New Orelans, San Francisco.

The Army looked for a live scapegoat since the real blunderer, Custer, was now a dead man and martyr. Reno seemed to be a good bet because of his vacillating. He was censured and a court of inquiry found that he had done less for the safety of his men than certain subordinates. This was true enough. But the decision of the court was that there was nothing in his conduct, otherwise, deserving reproach. Nevertheless, a humiliated Reno took to drinking, was court-martialed in 1880, and dishonorably discharged.

Grant blamed Custer for the needless sacrifice of so many men. Sherman agreed, stating that Custer should never have broken his regiment into three pieces in the face of overwhelming numbers of Indians--even in such unconventional warfare as that practiced on the Western plains. Sherman also correctly laid some of the blame on Crook's mismanaged pincers move and retreat a week before Custer's Last Stand.




CHEROKEE LANDS. The bill relative to re-opening the Cherokee Lands to actual settlers is now before the Senate, with but very little prospect of being passed during this session of Congress, as two of the members of the committee to whom it was referred are sick and a third one is absent, and there are 2,000 bills before the House to be acted on. The difficulty of getting the committee together and the large amount of business still before Congress, to be attended to before its adjournment will probably prevent its passage.




Chicago, August 5. Advices received at General Sheridan's headquarters this morning, state that a fight occurred between a party of herders and a band of Indians, near Fetterman, on the 4th inst., in which one of the latter was killed. The whites succeeded in capturing a considerable number of ponies.

Cheyenne, August 5. On its return trip from Deadwood, the stage was attacked by Indians at Indian creek. The stock was stolen, mail bags cut open, the coach destroyed, and one of the passengers wounded.

A camp of fifteen Indians was surprised and attacked at old Bridger ferry, forty miles north of Fort Laramie, by a party of herders. One Indian and two ponies were killed, and fourteen ponies captured. Baker and Davis train, returning from the hills, was attacked near Owens' ranche, twenty-five miles south of Fort Laramie, yesterday, losing ten head of horses.

A sergeant of the Eighth cavalry and a number of ranchmen started in pursuit of the Indians, but failed to overtake them. There is considerable excitement among the stockmen in the valley, and horses are being coralled.




GRAPES? Just "snakes" of 'em.

WALKER's new buggy and bay team are just "tip-top."

HOFFMASTER did a slashing trade Saturday. Every team was hired.

SHERB. HUNT will please accept our thanks for a goodly quantity of delicious grapes last Saturday: the first of the season.

C. M. McINTIRE has been down home for the past week, suffering from the effects of a heavy cold which settled on his lungs.



A LETTER from the steamboat men informs us that they were at Little Rock on the 31st of July. They are coming right along, don't forget it.

REV. FLEMING baptized Miss Skinner, last Sunday evening, in the Walnut. Quite a large crowd gathered on the banks to witness the ceremony.

The latest news from the steamboat is to the effect that a new engine is being bargained for, which will cause a further delay of about two weeks.

The Oxford people are taking a lively interest in the navigation of the Arkansas river, knowing that the success of the experiment is the success of the farmers and businessmen.

Messrs. McLaughlin and Chamberlain, who left this place in a sail and row boat the 25th of July, arrived at Fort Gibson August 1st. They intend coming back with the "Gen. Wiles."

DIED. On Monday morning, at the residence of her parents six miles east of town, of valvular disease of the heart: Miss Cannie Baldwin, aged eighteen years. She will be buried next Friday.

MR. JOHN GRIMES has sold his wagon shop to Mr. Cline, lately located here, who will conduct the business at the old stand, in the rear of Franklin's blacksmith shop. Mr. Grimes is working at Newman's mill.

We ate an apple measuring 11-1/2 inches in circumference and 3-1/2 in diameter, last Monday, raised on our "ma's" place. This is the first season of bearing, and the fruit is finer than any we have seen shipped to this place.

OLD MR. CHAPIN met with a serious accident, a few days since, while trying to lead a heifer. The animal became unmanageable, and Mr. Chapin was entangled in the rope in such a manner as to break one of his limbs.

C. M. SCOTT, editor of the Arkansas TRAVELER (Kansas) gave us a pleasant call last Saturday. He is on his way home from the Centennial, and stopped over a few days to see "the folks at home." Success to Cyrus. Cadiz Sentinel.




Last Friday night, just as Dr. Kellogg was closing his drug store, a courier arrived from Salt City, about eight miles from this city, with the report that Frank Jones (formerly of this place) had shot a man while under the influence of liquor, and requested the doctor to lose no time in repairing to the scene, as he was sent for him. The doctor left immediately, and from him we obtained the following particulars.

It seems that Frank Jones and Dr. Paxton were sitting in the upper room of the latter's drug store at that place, when the former carelessly picked up a gun lying near, under the supposition that it was unloaded. The doctor advised him to lay it down--saying that a gun was a dangerous thing with neither lock, stock, nor barrel, and that he would prefer the weapon was not so handled while he was in the room. Frank then swung the gun around, carelessly remarking that he would "snap it out of the window," and suiting his action to his words, pulled the trigger with the muzzle pointing outward and downward. The the surprise of both parties in the room, the gun proved to be loaded, and as the fatal bullet sped on its course, it struck a young boy of some sixteen years standing outside--entering just below a left rib, and passing entirely through his body and right lung, also injuring his left lung. The unfortunate lad was sell cared for, but he was past human aid, and at 7 o'clock Sunday morning his spirit took its flight to that "bourne from whence no traveler e'er returns."

Frank remained by the victim of his carelessness from the time of the shooting until life was extinct. The affair is generally regarded as purely accidental, so far as we can learn, and we are further informed that the report of Jones being intoxicated was erroneous. The rumor that the shooting was the result of a drunken row caused some little excitement on our streets for awhile, as Jones' former career at this place is well known; but all are now glad that it was the result of carelessness and not of drunkenness.




ARRIVALS at the Central Avenue Hotel during the week ending Tuesday, August 8, 1876.

E. J. Moore, St. Louis.

F. C. Thompson and H. F. Mummey, McConnolsville, Ohio.

W. C. Niclous, Evansville, Indiana.

O. H. Kuechler, Illinois.

Dr. Edwin Bishop, London, England.

E. H. Renisch, St. Louis.

A. W. Stevens, Atchison.

L. D. Wilson, Maple City.

T. J. Gilbert, Kaw Agency, Indian Territory.

P. Nichols, Sumner County.

J. W. Harkins, Bolton.

J. C. Franklin, G. S. Manser, and E. A. Baird, Winfield.

W. A. Davis, J. Henry, and Andy J. Perry, Kansas City.

Stan-I-Slaw and Nip-I-Sink, Osage Agency, Indian Territory.

J. Pritches, Wichita.

J. R. Musgrove and T. H. Taylor, South Haven.

G. L. Hopkins, Pond Creek, Indian Territory.

Frank Cheeney, Chicago.

Jacob Beal, Otter Creek.

Minstrel company of fifteen, Wichita.

Geo. B. Homes, Parsons, Kansas.




We are informed that Mr. A. A. Newman has offered to build the piers of the old bridge four or five feet higher if the township will bear the expense of putting a new bridge across. This is an offer our people cannot afford to ignore, as the expense on their part will be slight--a mere song, in fact--compared with that of building a new one entire. Considerable of the iron and other material of the former structure can be utilized with little work, thus throwing a large portion of the cost on Mr. Newman. Our businessmen should not remain blind to their interests any longer, but see to it that the bridge is built, either through the voting of bonds or private subscriptions, as its absence only serves to drive trade to Winfield. It can hardly be called policy to save at the spigot and lose at the bung.



"Lo, the poor Indian! whose untutor'd mind

Sees God in clouds, or hears him in the wind,"

waltzed into the Central Avenue with his companion, the other day, and ordered dinner "like pale-face," forking over the requisite one dollar William in advance. They crawled outside of 12 biscuits, 8 slices of bread, 8 plates of meat, 12 cups of coffee, telescoped all the pies on the table, and were only checked in their mad career by a general "giving out" of hotel supplies. The landlord ordered a fresh beef and two barrels of XXX flour, pending the arrival of which the noble reds concluded to seek

"Some safer world, mid depth of woods embraced,

Some happier island in the watery waste."




BIRTHS. Since our last issue we have heard of three additions to society in the way of births, and being unable to learn the dates and particulars of each, we shall "lump" them. Mr.

E. D. Bowen, one of our oldest settlers, is the happy father of a baby, gender unknown. Mrs. John Brown presented her liege lord with a bouncing girl of about eighteen pounds weight (so Geo. Allen says). As regards baby No. 3, there was an express stipulation in the contract that the printer was to know nothing of it: so we'll just tally one for Mr. and Mrs. Roberts, over the Walnut, and keep still.


DIED. On Monday evening, August 7, of typho-malaria, Mr. Martin A. Tesh. Mr. Tesh has been a respected citizen of this place for some years, and his demise is regretted by a large circle of acquaintances.


Our city was honored last Tuesday evening with a visit from Dr. Edwin Bishop, all the way from "Lunnun town," England. The city dads surrendered to him the keys of the city, thus granting him the privilege of wending his way through our crowded thoroughfares unmolested. He was much pleased with our public buildings, drives, parks, business houses, etc., and was of the opinion that if "Lunnun" only had a railroad, with equal facilities for commercial transactions, her businessmen might in time hope to successfully compete with our merchant princes.


REV. PYE, Rev. Buckner's successor, has arrived in the district and commenced his labors. Wichita Eagle.

Elder Pye baptized two persons in the Walnut at this place last Thursday, and in the evening administered the rite of baptism to children--also preaching an exceedingly interesting discourse to a very large audience. The Elder is a talented and polished gentleman, and is becoming very popular and a general favorite as Presiding Elder of this district, vice Buckner, resigned.


CHARLES SUMNER's efforts in behalf of the Civil Rights bill and the negro race have been the means of a revolution of public feeling in the West. Two or three niggers of Wichita hire some twelve members of the Caucasian race, and travel over the country as professional minstrels. They showed here last Saturday evening, and now it is a difficult matter to find anybody that will confess to having attended. Sold again!



We received a letter from "Scoot" last Friday evening, dated Cadiz, Ohio, July 31, stating that he had "done" the Centennial, and was of the opinion that it was "some pumpkins" of a show. Scott met Rev. Platter, J. C. Fuller, and Mr. Hitchcock, of Winfield, in Philadelphia, and saw Col. J. C. McMullen, of this place, in a street car. He also reported the weather cool and delightful.


A Courier office divan was occupied a few moments yesterday by Will. D. Mowry, the genial proprietor of the Central Avenue House of Arkansas City. He came in to enquire about certain prospective investments in Benton Harbor, Michigan, which he is about to enter into. Courier.

Will. evidently thinks there is a fine opening for a young man in Benton Harbor--eh, Wirt?


The people of Arkansas City are enterprising and industrious. For nearly half a year they have expected a small steamboat up the Arkansas River. We admire their pluck, and do not wonder at the growth, beauty, and order noticeable in this border town. Indian Herald.


A son of Mr. Maxwell was kicked in the temple by a horse, a few days since, his skull being fractured by the blow. Drs. Kellogg and Alexander attended him and extracted a piece of the skull one inch by an inch and a quarter in size. The boy will recover.




No. 1 White Fish and Mackerel just received; also dried beef, breakfast bacon, and sugar cured hams. H. GODEHARD.


WAGON. A good second hand wagon for sale, or will trade for a good work pony. W. S. HUNT.




Four companies of the Fourth Artillery at San Francisco have been ordered to Cheyenne.




JAS. L. HUEY and lady were down from Winfield last week.

NEWMAN received thirty ponies from the Territory last week.

REMEMBER the concert next Friday night at Pearson's Hall.

The game law let up on us yesterday, and the prairie chickens are hunting their holes.

LAST Monday morning was ushered in by one of the heaviest thunder storms we have had for many months. The rain was needed badly.

MRS. WILLIAMS was so unfortunate as to fall down stairs last Friday, breaking her arms, fracturing two ribs, and otherwise badly bruising herself.

THE CENTRAL AVENUE HOUSE has undergone a seige of renovation, being newly papered and painted, which vastly improves its appearance.

WELL! Who'd 'a' thunk? S. P. CHANNELL, our City Pap, returned from the Centennial last Saturday, bringing his large and interesting family with him, much improved by the trip.

D. J. BRIGHT, who sold his farm to Dr. Houston and started Centennialward, returned about a week ago. He didn't get any further than Indiana, however, when he shifted and struck down into Arkansas.

OWING to some unknown cause, the plethorric appearance of the post office cat has vanished, and by certain mysterious sounds which emanate from a box in the corner of the roo, we are led to believe--don't it? There are four of 'em.

A CONCERT of vocal and instrumental music, conducted by

J. J. Wingar, will be given at Pearson's Hall next Friday evening. Admission, twenty-five cents. Proceeds, after payment of expenses, to be applied to the M. E. Church building fund. A rich treat is in store for all who attend.

JOHN WILLIAM HOWE, of Maple City, desires to inform the public that he didn't steal J. Q. Adams' team, as was reported in this paper some two months ago. We are glad to make the correction, but cannot publish such a lengthy and personal communication as he sends us. The difficulty originated in a domestic




MR. HAWKINS met with a serious accident last Friday, while gathering firewood down in the timber, with Messrs. Bird and Hyskell. Mr. Hawkins was standing on the load and driving through the weeds, when he perceived a log lying in front of the wagon, but drove over it. As the back wheels struck the log, the shock threw Mr. Hawkins forward on the single trees, which frightened the horses considerably, and caused quite a commotion for a time. Though no bones were broken, Mr. Hawkins was badly bruised about the limbs and thighs and suffered severe contusion of the head. He was carried home, and at last accounts, was doing as well as could be expected.


A PICNIC is to be held in Mr. Fleharty's grove on Silver Creek, next Saturday, to which a cordial invitation is extended to all. Some five Sunday schools are expected to join in the festivities, and many good speakers (among whom is Rev. Wingar of this place) are to deliver addresses.


On Friday afternoon another boat left this place, having on board Mr. Barnes, Al. Mowry, and Frank Speers. They intend to come back with the steamboat, Mr. Barnes as pilot, with Al. and Frank as engineers. A letter was received from the parties in Little Rock last Thursday, stating that they purposed starting from that place with the steamer yesterday.





WASHINGTON, August 11, 1876.

The following is General Sheridan's letter to General Sherman, transmitted by the President to Congress, today, with his message, asking for more cavalry or volunteers.

CHICAGO, August 5, 1876.

Gen. W. T. Sherman.

I have not yet been able to reinforce the garrison at Red Cloud, at Spotted Tail, or at Standing Rock, strong enough to count Indians or to arrest and disarm those coming in. I beg you to see the Military Committee of the House, and to urge upon it the necessity of increasing the cavalry regiments to one hundred men more to each company.

Gen. Crook's total strength is 1,774; Terry's 1,873.

To give this force to them, I have stripped every post from the line of Montana to Texas. We want more mounted men.

We have not exceeded the law in enlisting Indian scouts; in fact, we have not as many as the law allows. The whole number in this division is only 114. The Indians with Gen. Crook are not enlisted, or even paid. They are not worth paying. They are only with him to gratify their desire for a fight and their thirst for revenge on the Sioux.

[Signed] P. H. SHERIDAN, Lieutenant General.




RECAP: On July 13, 1875, an ordinance for the construction of sidewalks on the west side of Summit Street, from 6th avenue to 7th avenue, except in front of lot 1 in block 79, and numbered Ordinance 38 on page 102 of the Journal of Council Proceedings, and on page 90 of the book of Ordinances for the City of Arkansas City, was passed by the Mayor and Councilmen.


BLOCK 69, lOT 3, 25 FT. FRONT, $17.50

BLOCK 69, LOT 2, 18 FT. FRONT, $12.60

BLOCK 69, LOT 5, 25 FT. FRONT, $17.50

BLOCK 69, LOT 6, 25 FT. FRONT, $17.50

BLOCK 68, LOT 11, 25 FT. FRONT, $17.50



BLOCK 79, LOT 2, 25 FT. FRONT, $22.50



BLOCK 79, LOTS 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, AND 14...ALL BEING 25 FT. FRONT, EACH $22.50.










GRAPES. Nice ripe Concord's 10 cents per pound or 12 lbs. for one dollar. At Max Fawcett's old vineyard.


WANTED. Teams to plow 30 or 40 acres of ground. Inquire at farm 2-1/2 miles southeast of town. J. C. TOPLIFF.


ALL persons knowing themselves indebted to H. Franklin for blacksmithing will please call and settle.


FOR RENT. Peter Pearson's storeroom and basement; inquire of James A. Loomis.




The enlisted men who survived the fight on the Little Horn have petitioned the President to promote Major Reno to be Lieut. Col., vice Custer, and Capt. Benteen to be Major vice Reno. They say these officers saved the lives of every man of the Seventh Cavalry now living who participated in the battle. This disposes of the stories about Reno.





The New York Tribune's Sioux war correspondent says that Gen. Crook values one mounted Sioux as equal to two cavalrymen, considering that it requires one man in four to hold horses; and he considers one infantry soldier, armed with the Springfield needle gun, as equal to six mounted Sioux.





A Succinct and Connected Statement of the Several Mining

Districts of the Black Hills. A Man of Experience Takes an Inspection Trip Through the Country with a Pick and Pan.

[From the Sioux City Journal.]

Judge H. N. Maguire, of the Black Hills Pioneer, Custer City, arrived here yesterday, on his way to the East. A Journal reporter called upon him at his hotel, for the purpose of gathering something of a connected statement concerning the development of the several districts of the Black Hills. The Judge is an old resident of mining countries, a writer upon mining topics, and a gentleman of most conservative and careful character.

He started the middle of last June with pick and pan for a systematic investigation of the various prominent sections, which he kept up until about three weeks ago, personally visiting and examining them all. Below we give some of the descriptions and accounts of the regions.

Judge Maguire started at Crook City, where he found considerable developing work being done, but comparatively little gold being taken out, owing to the depth at which it lies, and the great labor necessary to take it out. The prospects there are good, however, for excellent returns as soon as proper appliances can be secured for working the claims, the holders of which are very confident.

In the vicinity of Bear Butte, ten miles east of Crook City, a large veing of argentiferous galena has been discovered and those versed in silver mining and acquainted with what constitute indications of the presence of ore, are of the opinion that the section abounds in silver, which may also be said of the vicinity of Rapid Creek.

From Crook City he went twelve miles above to Deadwood, where he found a town of from 2,500 to 3,500 inhabitants. But few claims were opened, all of which were paying well, some from $500 to $2,000 per day, clear of all expenses, operating with two eight-hour shifts of six or eight men to the shift, and the others from wages up to the above figures. The immediate availability of the ground at Deadwood is what has given this location its reputation, it being situated so as to be easily worked; but Judge Maguire is of the opinion that when the deeper ground of other sections is developed with proper machinery, it will produce even better than the shallower diggings of Deadwood. New claims are continually being opened there with uniform success.

Around Gaysville, in the direction of Falsebottom Creek, the Ida Gray Quartz District is entered, which undoubtedly contains many true and permanent fissure veins. The gang matter of the Ida Gray ledge is from five to twenty feet in width, with well-defined walls, and the ledge may be traced by its croppings from end to end, 1,500 feet. Considerable work is being done there.

Further north, and west, he reached Gold Run, Iron Creek, Bear Gulch, Nigger Gulch, and other camps, where very coarse gold is being obtained; but the diggings in that region are "spotted," the ground not being uniformly productive. The development there has not yet been sufficient to show adequately the richness of those places, but judging from the comparatively large amounts of coarse gold which are being obtained, there is no question that next season will see wonderful results of operations there.

Thirty-five miles south he reached the Rapid Creek District. Here he found claim owners hopefully holding on to their ground, but without means for its development. By prospecting on the hills, bars, and in the main channel of Rapid Creek, he became satisfied that the contents of the region will amply pay the miners when proper machinery for working it is secured, and thinks that in all probability this will yet prove the richest part of the Hills. The gold found is both coarse and fine, and of great purity, worth $22 per ounce, while that of other sections goes in trade at $19.50. Nuggets are found worth from $1 to $10, which brings to mind the story told by Mrs. Galpin, of Standing Rock, an intelligent and highly cultivated Indian woman, which is to the effect that many years ago she was in the country, and one evening when the party, along with which was Father DeSmet, camped upon what is now known as Rapid Creek, she with some other squaws went to cut tepee poles. During their errand, she picked up a piece of metal which she showed Father DeSmet, asking him what it was. He replied: "This is the white man's money, and you must never tell that you have found it here, for if you do, he will come and drive your people away from the country and take it for his own." In order for obtaining the best results of which the Rapid Creek region is possible, it will be necessary to dig a ditch and do considerable extensive fluming, as all the metal that is now secured is at the expense of carrying the dirt some distance to the creek in order to obtain water for washing it, and in view of the fact that fair returns are had by this means, it is easy to see that a flume leading the water to the dirt will make the diggings enormously profitable. There is plenty of timber in the immediate section, which will make the construction of the flume comparatively inexpensive.

A few miles southwestward, toward Custer City, Judge Maguire came to the Spring Creek mines, where he found great energy, and the miners hopefully trying to open up their deep ground. They were reaping good returns in coarse and fine gold of great purity.

At French Creek, fifteen miles further, the stream on which Custer City is located, there is but little doing, the miners awaiting the result of negotiations which are now in progress for the construction of a twelve-mile ditch and for procuring the machinery necessary for prosecuting deep diggings, the claim holders themselves not having sufficient capital for carrying on the work. French Creek gold is the purest in the Hills.

Custer City, notwithstanding the stampede to the Deadwood country, seventy-five miles distant, is not by any means a dead town. At the recent election for a provisional city government, over 200 votes were cast, and the number of families is considered sufficient to warrant the establishmnent of a school there the coming winter. A majority of the houses are vacant, but the owners do not feel disposed to sell them for any nominal figures, feeling that it must for some time be an important distributing point for much of the territory in the Hills, the merchandizing business even now being of considerable proportions. It has one of the most beautiful locations for a town in the country. Over fifty distinct ledges are recorded in the Custer mining district, one-half of which are being continuously worked, and the other half are represented under the mining laws. In addition to the prospects for gold, there are flattering indications of the existence of silver ledges in the vicinity, and mica deposits are receiving great attention, the owners of which have received assurance that they will prove most remunerative.

Judge Maguire remarks that the most experienced and cautious persons may err in making an estimate as to the possibilities of a gold or silver mining country; but he gives it as his judgment, based upon a candid and personal examination of the principal localities, that 50,000 miners can find permanent and profitable employment in the Black Hills region. Besides this, they will have access to the country to the northwest of them, in the Bear Lodge and Red Water region, where flattering indications have been frequently discovered that the whole country is rich with gold and silver, and indeed clear up to the noted silver sections of Clark's Fork, and to the great falls of the Yellowstone.




The Bolt.

We were not present at the Senatorial Convention held at Winfield, that resulted in the bolting and withdrawing of the delegates from Creswell, Windsor, Bolton, and Silverdale townships, and have only to judge by what we have heard from both sides. The parties bolting claimed that fraud had been perpetrated and members admitted as delegates who had no right

whatever; that the Convention was packed, and the preliminaries all made by which to nominate a candidate before the matter could be thoroughly canvassed; consequently, a man was placed in nomination who was not only obnoxious to many, but whose character is doubted by the public.

We have no assault to make on Colonel Manning, the nominee. Personally, we are friends. Time and again we have expressed our opinion of the man, publicly and privately, and the views given in the TRAVELER of 1872, are the same we entertain today.

However, we expect to place Colonel Manning's name on the nominated ticket, and keep it there until a better man is brought forward. As to the bolting of the Republican Convention, we think it a rash movement that left the meeting entirely in the control of a few who took a shameful advantage of the absence of the delegates, by nominating all the Representatives of the State, Congressional, and Judicial Conventions from their individual localities.

The delegates to the Congressional Convention were, to a man, all from one town, and those of the Judicial Convention from, or near, another. We do not believe in bolting, as a rule.

A correction can be made at the ballot, if a mistake has been made in the Convention, and we are willing to leave it with the public in the case of E. C. Manning, whether it was a mistake or the real choice of the Republicans of Cowley county.

While we do not endorse the bolting, we believe the men who did it were honest in their motives, and prompted by feelings of remorse and shame. They comprise some of the best and most influential men of our county, and whose loyalty to the Republican party cannot be questioned.




We have the satisfaction to announce to our readers that the bill before Congress for the extension of time, and sale of the Cherokee Strip Lands, has passed the House and Senate and will be a law as soon as signed by the President. The land will be offered for sale under the same ruling as heretofore, except that it is to be $1.25 per acre instead of $1.50, requiring six months' settlement, permanent improvements, and the intention of making it a home. By this act, thousands of acres of the best land in Kansas is brought into market, that in a few years will be developed into fine farms and pastures. Already hundreds of families have located thereon, yet there is room for thousands more. That portion lying east of the Arkansas River is almost entirely unsettled, and afford excellent opportunities for fruit, stock, and grain farms. A few weeks ago it seemed as though the bill could not be made a law, but the untiring efforts of Hon.

W. R. Brown and Senators Ingalls and Harvey soon accomplished the

desired result. The people of the border, and Cowley and Sumner will ever feel grateful to the parties who brought about this long cherished end.




At the Republican Convention held at Topeka, Wednesday the 16th day of August, Professor A. B. Lemmon, of Winfield, this county, was made the unanimous choice of that honorable body as Superintendent of Public Instruction, for the State of Kansas.

In presenting the name of Prof. Lemmon, the people of the Southwest, and those that know him best, feel they have no excuses to make or humiliations to suffer. As a practical, worthy man, and public educator, his peer is second to none. Coming to Kansas a few years since, he engaged in farming to benefit his health and enable him time to apply himself to his studies. Soon after he was called to Independence to take charge of the schools of that place. From Independence he returned to Winfield, to take control of the public schools, which position he held with satisfaction to all, until he resigned to follow the practice of law. Mr. Lemmon is an able speaker and energetic worker, and will not only make a good officer, but add strength to the Republican ticket and party.




One thousand muskets for the Kansas militia are expected at Topeka from Washington.




St. Paul, Minn., August 18. Captain Collins, of the 11th Infantry, arrived at Bismarck from Fort Buford last night. He fails to confirm the squaw reports of the recent battle between the Indians and Terry's forces. Scouts from Terry's columns, two days out, arrived at the supply department, at the mouth of the Rosebud, on the 11th inst. They report that Terry's command met the head of Gen. Crook's command early on the 10th. Crook's men were following a large Indian trail in the direction of Powder River. Upon a short consultation of Gens. Terry and Crook, the commands were united, and proceeded on the trail that Crook was following.

The Fifth Infantry was detached from Terry's column and ordered back to the stockade, with instructions to take 40,000 rations, and embark on the steamer "Far West," and patrol the Yellowstone river as far as the mouth of Powder river, and ascertain whether or not the Indians had succeeded in crossing the Yellowstone. If not, they are to prevent them. In the meantime, Terry will come down with their combined commands and force a battle. It is not positively known whether the Indians are on Tongue river or Powder river.




An Order for Recruits.

Washington, August 17. An order has been issued from the War Department to hasten the recruiting of twenty-five hundred men for cavalry regiments. The principle recruiting stations are at St. Louis, Chicago, Indianapolis, Buffalo, Boston, and New York. Branch offices have been opened in several western cities, in order to secure the required number of men as soon as





CONCERT Saturday night--don't fail to go.

MORE RAIN Saturday and Sunday evening last.

MAKING hay and putting in wheat keeps the farmers busy now.

SHERB HUNT left us a grape vine measuring five feet long, that contains forty-seven bunches of Delaware grapes.

THERE will be a pound social of the M. E. Society at the residence of Judge Christian this evening. All are cordially invited.

The editor arrived home from the East, last Saturday evening, improved in health and spirits, after an absence of nearly six weeks.

A picnic was held at Darnell's, on Grouse creek, last week, by the Sunday school scholars of that vicinity.

DIED, at New Lancaster, Marion Co., Kansas, Aug. 12th, of diarrhea, Bennett E. Fleharty, father of John Fleharty of this county. Age 68 years.

We met R. C. Haywood and H. P. Farrar at Wichita last week, on their way East. Mr. Haywood goes to Maine and Mr. Farrar as far as Illinois.

TOWN full of teams last Monday, many of them on their way to Wichita with wheat, which they expect to sell at from forty to seventy cents per bushel.

DURING the absence of the Mayor, the city entertained a variety show, failed on advance, "pounded" a minister's cow, and sold beer at several different stables in town.

L. McLaughlin writes from Little Rock, Arkansas, that they would "fire up and start the boat for this place in one hour." We suppose that by this time they are well on the way.

THE PARTIES AT SALT SPRINGS intend to resume boring for coal on the 15th of September, and bore until they strike it this time. Their energy is commendable, and we believe will succeed.

DO NOT FAIL to attend the concert next Saturday evening at Pearson's Hall. The admission fee is only twenty-five cents, which places the enjoyment within the means of all. Concert to commence at 7 o'clock.



MR. B. MELLINGER, from Mount Pleasant, Pennsylvania, purchased two tracts of land near Nenescah, last week of Mr. Freeman, and expects to locate soon. Mr. Mellinger is the patentee and manufacturer of the Mellinger Horse Hay Rake, and has some intentions of manufacturing the implements at Arkanssas City.


FRANK GALLOTTI, of the firm of Boyer and Gallotti, Winfield, called on us last week. Frank enjoys the reputtion of being one of the jolliest and best fellows in Southern Kansas, and as the same can be said of Mr. Boyer, it is safe to infer that they are doing a thriving business the clothing trade.


RUNAWAY. Monday afternoon O. P. Houghton, E. D. Eddy, and Revs. Fleming and Croco, went out in search of what they might annihilate, and found a flock of chickens. Mr. Eddy fired, whereupon the horses took fright, jumped up and down, straddled the pole of the wagon, broke it off, and started to run. Eugene, thinking mother earth a more desirable stopping place than soaring in the air, landed safely. Rev. Croco endeavored to, and partially succeeded. Rev. Fleming, with his usual tenacity, held off until the vehicle crossed a rut, when he got out suddenly.

O. P. Houghton held on until the team was checked, when he expressed himself gratified that he had not ended the career of one deacon and two ministers.


EDITOR TRAVELER: In your issue of August 9, you speak of the death of Miss Cannie Baldwin. At the request of friends, I wish to correct a mistake made in regard to her age. At the time of her death, August 7, 1876, she was fifteen years, ten months, and twenty-one days old, and was the only child of her bereaved parents. Her loss is deeply mourned by her friends, who are many, and the afflicted parents have the sympathy of all. H. G.


THE CONCERT, which was to have been given last Friday evening, under the auspices of the Methodist Episcopal Choir, has been postponed until next Saturday evening, owing to the sudden illness of the leading lady, whose place could not be supplied on short notice. It was a serious disappointment to all concerned, though the delay has doubtless enabled them to attain a greater degree of perfection in the programme. We are happy to say Mrs. Mitchell has recovered, and that Rev. Wingar and his co-workers are using their best endeavors to make the entertainment a complete success.



REV. CROCO delivered his farewell sermon last Sunday evening, in Rev. S. B. Fleming's pulpit, the latter gentleman preaching at Winfield. Mr. Croco will preach next Sunday in Rev. Platter's pulpit at Winfield, after which he will take his departure for his home in the East.


NOTICE the advertisement for the Arkansas City Schools, beginning September 4, 1876. A. M. BACON, a graduate of Amherst college, is the Principal, and comes well recommended. During the last two years this school has gained an excellent reputation, and we can guarantee a continuance.


First term begins Sept. 4th; continues sixteen weeks, and closes Dec. 24. Second term begins Jan. 7, 1877; continues twelve weeks and closes March 23. Third term begins April 2; continues twelve weeks, and closes June 22, 1877.


$1.00 per month, in advance, unless other arrangements are made with the Board.

Rooms can be procured for those wishing to board themselves. Board can be had at reasonable prices.

For admission, apply to

H. M. BACON, Principal.

By order of the Board.

T. H. McLAUGHLIN, District Clerk.




SILVERDALE, Aug. 20, 1876.

Our farmers are busily engaged in plowing for wheat; a number of them being nearly through. Messrs. Longshore, Herbert, Fleharty, and Strickland are largely increasing their wheat acreage. The corn is good, and the coming crop will be worth probably about five cents per bushel, on account of there being no sale for it, nor stock to which we can feed it. It would be well for some of our sister States to send in a few car loads of hogs to be fed on shares.

The hard rains while the wheat was in full bloom have injured that crop materially, the largest average yield being that of Mr. Fleharty--eighteen bushels per acre.

Yesterday, the 19th, our country was all on wheels, rolling into neighbor Fleharty's grove to celebrate the Centennial year with a Sabbath school jollification. The Centennial, Liberty, and Pleasant Grove schools were present, and more were expected, but failed to come. They very best of music was rendered by all the above named schools. All did justice to a most excellent dinner. Our speakers were all present, and their addressed were appreciated by everybody. Fully three hundred people were present.

I. O. F.





and transportation for the Indian service.



WASHINGTON, Aug. 16, 1876.

Sealed Proposals For Furnishing

30,300,000 Pounds Beef on the Hoof,

3,950,000 Pounds Flour,

2,645,000 Pounds Corn,

994,000 Pounds Bacon,

1,112,000 Pounds Hard Bread,

50,000 Pounds Salt,

74,000 Pounds Soap,

20,000 Pounds Lard,

150,000 Pounds Pemmican,

350 bbls. Mess Beef,

825 bbls. Mess Pork,

And for transportation of Indian supplies, will be received at the Lindell Hotel, St. Louis, until noon of Wednesday, September 6th.

Further particulars will be furnished on application to this office, to the Lindell Hotel, St. Louis; to Wm. Nicholson, Superintendent of Indian Affairs, Lawrence; C. H. Bostwick, Cheyenne; or to the Commissaries of subsistence, U. S. A., Sioux City, St. Paul, or Omaha.

J. Q. SMITH, Commissioner.




FALL BARLEY. Some choice fall barley for sale at Houghton & McLaughlin's and S. P. Channell & Co.'s. Call early and secure it at once.


STRAYED. Two bay mares, 15 hands high; 5 and 8 years old.



FOUND. A leather belt with plated buckle. Apply at this office.


Sealing wax for fruit cans at Sipes.


Sipes keeps Singer, Wheeler & Wilson, Remington, Grover & Baker machine needles; also machine oil.