Sheriff's Election Proclamation, Richland Township.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885. Front Page.

Again, newspaper covered Election Proclamation, Richland Township. Election to be held on Tuesday, June 16, 1885. Petition by Lewis Stevens, of Richland township, plus 174 other legal voters in township. Stock to the tune of $5,000 desired in Kansas City and Southwestern Railroad Company, etc.

Fairview Township Railroad Bond Election.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885. Front Page.

Repeated request by Fairview Township for bond election in their attempt to get the Denver, Memphis and Atlantic Railway. Petition presented by J. Wade McDonald, attorney for railway, for J. M. Barrick and 78 other resident taxpayers of Fairview Township. They were seeking $10,000 in payment for twenty shares of stock at $500 each in road. Election to be held June 10, 1885.

[Note: Front page had seven ads for medical products.]


Winfield Celebrates it in a Grandly Appropriate Manner--A Perfect Day!


The Patriotic People of Cowley Turn Out En Masse--Music, Speeches, Etc.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Saturday was a grand day for Winfield. A brighter, calmer, or more lovely day was never seen; it was perfect. At an early hour the streets began to show unusual animation and by noon all was crowd and jam. People from everywhere were present to exhibit patriotism in honoring the fallen heroes. By one o'clock the Opera House was jammed full for the address of Rev. B. Kelly. The Grand Army and Woman's Relief Corps marched in platoons and occupied reserved seats. The Cornet Orchestra and Messrs. Crippen, Roberts, Bates, and Shaw were again present to the delight of the audience. Among several beautiful selections, they again rendered "Lincoln's Funeral March." If there is a more sublime piece of music than this, as rendered by these gentlemen, it has never been heard. It arouses enthusiastic praises every time rendered. The vocal music by the quartette composed of Mrs. Fred Blackman, Miss Lizzie McDonald, and Messrs. Charles Slack and Louis Brown, accompanied by Miss Maude Kelly on the organ, was grand and appropriate. Their appearance on the rostrum is always an assurance of music unexcelled. The audience arose in prayer by Post Chaplain, A. B. Arment, when Rev. Kelly delivered his address. It was a magnificent production, and delivered with Mr. Kelly's great enthusiasm, stirred the soul of every hearer, and brought forth loud and frequent applause. It is with much pleasure THE COURIER presents it in full.


When Mr. Lincoln stood upon the battlefield of Gettysburg and participated in the dedication of the national cemetery, he said: "The world will little note nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here." He was in the presence of the graves of the fallen from eighteen different states. As the surviving members of the G. A. R. and citizens of the nation have met this day--not in the presence of the graves of the fallen from eighteen states--but of all the states of this great and mighty nation, the truth of Mr. Lincoln's prophecy is confirmed.

The nation has not forgotten what was suffered, sacrificed, and accomplished more than twenty years ago. Forget the men who made the Declaration of Independence a reality? And that it was not written for Americans, but for men? Can we forget my brother in the presence of your empty sleeve; your sightless eye; your stiff and lamed limb? Can we forget in the presence of the tattered flags, so torn with shot and shell? Forget the great price paid for the nation's life? Forget in the presence of the widows and orphans, whose loved ones cheer their homes and gladden their hearts no more? Forget the men who are not here, and who sleep at Richmond, Pittsburg Landing, Mission Ridge, Gettysburg, Andersonville, and a hundred battlefields? Forget the lonely hours where widows and mothers wait in sorrow and silence for a mere government pittance to buy their bread? Forget the cause which cost us such sacrifice?

Comrades, these things are too deeply chiseled in our memories. "If I forget thee O, Jerusalem!" We meet today, not only to crown the immortals--our fallen comrades--but to keep alive the principles of liberty and of human progress, for which they contended, and to evolve patriotism.

It is right that on this afternoon May day, we should lay aside the business and pleasures of life, and men and women and youth, and even children, should wander thoughtfully among the green mounds which mark the last resting place of our departed heroes and cover their graves with flowers. Some have objected to the continuance of this day. It is alleged that its continuance is irritating and alienating; keeps up the strife. This is not its object nor its effect. We proclaim, as the sentiment of this occasion, the immortal utterance of our martyred Lincoln: "With malice towards none, with charity for all." And yet we do not mean to be sycophants. We shall not apologize for our past record. We are willing that all should look upon us when we gather around the graves of our comrades, and read in our manner, that we were honest and meant it, when we said, twenty-five years ago, "The Union must and shall be preserved, now and forever, one and inseparable."

Let us decorate the graves of our fallen comrades. It does not mean war. It means peace. I firmly believe that if Decoration Day becomes universal and as generally kept in the nation as the Fourth of July, we shall never have another war. Let every devout heart pray to Almighty God to hasten the time when nations shall learn war no more.

Some say it is a waste of time and money that might otherwise go to the relief of the families of deceased soldiers. That looks right, but is it sincere? Does such a declaration come from the men who haul the largest loads of coal, or send the richest hams, or the purest flour to the home of the soldier's widow? No. Men who make such objections intend to do no such thing. Their conduct strikingly reminds one of an incident in the life of the Savior. When Mary anointed His feet with precious ointment, Judas suggested that it was a waste and ought to have been sold and the proceeds given to the poor. I make no application. The men who inaugurated this custom of decoration are the men who founded the home for soldiers' orphans, and the men who sustain this observance are the men who do the most for the soldiers and their families. Your presence here today, without regard to political, social, or personal distinctions, is the best assurance to me that no worthy soldier, their widow or orphans, will be forgotten. I rejoice in this occasion because its spirit overlooks the boundaries of artificial distinctions amongst men and recognizes the tie that binds us together as comrades. Various distinctions existed amongst the departed, but they were bound together, and we are bound to each of them by a common bond. Some of them were white and some were black. Some of them were natives of America and some of other lands. Some of them were Roman Catholics and some were Protestants, and many not connected with any church on earth. But as American citizens we cannot but feel today that every patriot soldier who gave his life for the republic was her worthy son, and our worthy brother.

All distinctions are this day modified or lost. The orphan daughter will decorate the grave of the colored soldier who fought and fell in the battle by the side of her father of a more delicate hue, and the protestant maiden will affectionately plant the wreathed cross at the head of the sleeping Catholic. By the undying love for freedom of all named, no less than by their anatomy, it may be known that "God hath made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on the face of the earth."

Our first lesson for the observance of today is, "The brotherhood of man and the unity of a race." Our second lesson is an increase of love for our country and appreciation of its worth.

By the recurrence of this day reflections are awakened in our minds of a very tender character. Throughout the preparation, the gathering of flowers, the twining of garlands, the procession, the music, the beautiful exercises of decoration, our minds are reverting to the past and contrasting it with the present. Parents are here who have given their all to this cause. Widows are here whose minds recall the happy hours when they were the honored brides of those whose graves we today adorn, and over which they will bend with aching hearts and tears of affection. Orphans are here who will remember their once dear father's, and look mournfully on the graves covered with flowers. As they return to their homes their agonizing hearts will ask: "What have we for our sacrifice?" We point them to our national flag, rescued from dishonor, raised from the dust, and now floating proudly over a nation of freedmen, and say to them that by the blessing of God this is the work accomplished by your fathers and sons and husbands. We point them to a nation preserved, united, purified, and made stronger than it ever was before, and we say to them this is the temple of liberty, which by the blessing of God the hands of your sons, brothers, husbands, and fathers have built. The sacrifice was great; the loss beyond computation. But the richness of the heritage by them bequeathed to the millions who shall yet rise up and call them blessed justifies such a priceless expenditure. Yours is the honor of having given such soldiers to their country--of having saved the struggling republic.

Fellow-citizens, let me remind you of the obligation you owe to the surviving comrades of the fallen and of the families of those who gave their lives for you and yours. Over twenty years have passed since the last rebellious gun was fired. Through all these years thousands of soldiers have been enduring sickness and disease entailed upon them in the army days, and year by year life after life has yielded to them. Around us we see the sleeveless coat, the missing leg, the sightless eye. Oh, citizens! Young American brothers! Do you realize the fact that for you and yours these patriots suffered, endured, and died? If you do, you will see to it that the rights of the widows and orphans of these fallen men are protected and preserved. If you do, you will give your votes to soldiers in preference to others. If you do, you will see to it that no editor or speaker writes or speaks sneeringly of the pittance paid to disabled soldiers, their widows and orphans.

Ingratitude is always base. I trust it will not become our dishonor and sin. It seems to me that out of a right estimate of the value of a preserved, purified, and prosperous nation, and a just appreciation of the suffering and struggle through which it was secured, a never ceasing gratitude must arise. For the patriot dead this gratitude can be but a sentiment. For the loved ones behind, it can take practical form. For the patriot living, it demonstrated itself by active works for their comfort, benefit, and happiness.

Dear friends, the observation of this occasion is both commendable and appropriate. It is appropriate that we should observe it in the spring-time. This season is the fittest type of the Resurrection to which we so fondly look as the time when this precious dust by the almighty power of God shall be restored us, clothed with immortal life and beauty. It is fitting that we should strew flowers on the graves of our loved ones. They will fade and wither, but while they remain--by their beauty, delicacy, and sweetness they are the fittest gifts of love.

My comrades, how vividly all these war experiences come back to you today. On the dial of memory the hands are turned backward. You think of the days of pleasant companionship. You call back the admirable personal traits out of which grew brotherly regard and genuine love. The bond which common danger and suffering forged is again welded. The days which are gone, and the comrades who departed with them are here again recalled by these memorial services. Through your own service in the cause of freedom and the nation, and your untarnished record as faithful soldiers have you gained the right to wear the badge of the Grand Army of the Republic, for without such record you never could be mustered into its ranks. You well know the claims of your dead comrades to have their memories cherished, for you shared their trials, sufferings, and their glory.

They have gone, but their memories, patriotism, and achievements continue and will last as long as the republic lives. If these are forgotten, the nation ought to die. Let us hope that in the long years to come the proudest boast of the future American citizen will be that he can trace his lineage to one who fought, endured, and died that the nation might live with all its countless blessings for humanity. In thousands of cemeteries on this day are flowers strewn over the last resting places of the patriot dead, and we are guarding their memories by the proudest titles men ever bore.

Soldiers of the Republic! Comrades of the G. A. R., let us feel in ourselves the future life by deeds of kindness to each other. We are like a forest in which nearly two-thirds of the trees have been cut down. The winters have snowed their years upon us and we begin to fall. Comrades, let us say when we go down to the grave, I have finished my work! Not I have finished my life. The tomb is not a blind alley. It is a thoroughfare. It closes on the twilight to open on the dawn.

Heroes are waiting us from Bunker Hill, Yorktown, Antietam, Gettysburg, Richmond, Ft. Donaldson, Pittsburg Landing, Mission Ridge, Dallas, Atlanta--in short, from every battlefield of the Republic. When the great final roll-call shall occur, may we all so have lived that we shall be able to say, in the language of a great soldier: "I have fought a good fight--I have finished my course," and be able to answer present.

The muffled drum's sad roll has beat

The soldier's last tattoo;

No more on life's parade shall meet

These brave men and these true,

On Fame's eternal camping ground

Their silent tears are spread,

And glory guards with solemn round

The bivouac of the dead.

Rest on, embalmed and sainted dead,

Dear as the blood ye gave;

No impious footsteps here shall tread

The herbage of your grave;

Nor shall your glory be forgot,

While Fame her record keeps,

Or honor points the hallowed spot

Where valor proudly sleeps.


Mothers, wives, sisters, and lovers of the heroes of the Grand Army of the Republic--living and dead! What words or thought can I use that will properly present your devotion, sacrifice, loyalty and patriotism? We do not forget the time when your womanly hearts and patriotism nerved you to buckle on the sword, imprint the kiss of affection, and send us forth in defense of your country and for the protection of your homes and the interests of your children. We do not forget the tokens of love sent us to the camp and hospital--the letters, containing words of cheer and hope, and that seemed wet with the tears of affection. We know that every form of benevolence that woman's heart and head could devise was developed and used for our comfort during the dark and stormy days of war. We are too manly and brave to forget or undervalue your work and sacrifice, or to think that the Rebellion could be put down without you, and know that when the proper history is written, it will appear that woman's devotion, sacrifice, and work did as much to save the nation and the valor and courage of the men. And, now, in the tender, delicate, and arduous work you have willingly and enthusiastically undertaken to do, caring for and helping the needy, you have the blessing of God, the approval of all good men and angels, and the gratitude of the men who compose the G. A. R. May you all at last hear the Great Commander say, "She hath done what she could."


At two o'clock the procession was formed and the march to the cemetery taken up. The order of march was as follows.

1st. The Courier Band, led by its handsomely caparisoned Drum-Major, J. E. Snow.

2nd. Winfield Post, G. A. R., with visiting Comrades and Co. C., State Guards.

3rd. The Winfield Juvenile Band.

4th. Twelve little girls dressed in white and twelve little boys, followed by flower wagons.

5th. Woman's Relief Corps.

6th. Citizens.

7th. The Winfield Union Cornet Band.

8th. Winfield Fire Department.

The parade was in charge of Post Commander S. Cure and aid-de-camps, H. H. Siverd, J. J. Carson, A. H. Limerick, W. B. Caton, C. Trump, John Evans, and Dr. States.

The handsome uniforms of the Bands and Fire Department gave the parade fine display.

The line of march was north on Main street to Eighth avenue; east on Eighth avenue to Harter street; north on Harter street to Fifth avenue; east on Fifth avenue to Michigan avenue, in Highland Park, and thence north to cemetery.

The services in the cemetery were held on the center campus. The Beautiful Manual and ritualistic services of the Grand Army was here rendered, and Miss Florence Campbell delivered an original poem. Miss Campbell's rendition exhibited culture and elicited high praise. It is a splendid production and speaks for itself. Here it is.


And now, when roses are blooming,

When the world is all in tune,

When the air is heavy with fragrance,

And the garden's all abloom;

When the fair young hand of summer,

O'er forest, field and plain,

Has heaped a thousand garlands,

Till nature's wide domain

Is strewn with tinted blossoms.

We come to this place so blest,

And learn the magical meaning,

The beautiful lesson of rest.

In this quiet camp of the dead we stand,

Where no sentry paces his beat.

Nature's deep silence the countersign

The "All's Well," the winds repeat.

As silent as thought the hours creep by,

Bringing their shade and shine

To many a grassy curtained tent,

Where our noble dead recline,

As billows the field before me,

So billows many a plain.

In unkept fields, by lone mountain side,

Are sleeping our noble slain.

The silence of a score of years,

Are whispering o'er the tomb

Of those who fell in battle

Amid the smoke and gloom;

Thinking of all those troublous days,

Thinking of naught beside,

I've drifted back through the sea of years,

On memory's dreaming tide.

There are notes of martial music,

In a low, sad, minor strain,

Floating forever and ever,

Though unsettled, through my brain.

And I have caught the echo

Of freedom's wordless song.

Swelling from thousand unseen throats,

To a chorus glad and strong.

Live a wild bird loosed from its cage.

It flies through the balmy air,

Each ear is a twig where it perches,

Each heart the warm nest where

It broods new chords and new fancies.

They, too, will soon take wing.

And to future generations

The noble song will sing.

We all are mediums to glean

These ghosts of sound from the air,

To interpret these loyal whispers,

That are floating everywhere.

"I'm tired of this soldier business;"

Oft times we hear it said,

By those who we urge to keep this day,

And honor our royal dead.

It seems to me there was time,

When ever a man but grew

So "tired of this soldier business,"

Yet, stood by his colors true.

Mid the clouds on Lookout Mountain,

When Sherman marched to the sea;

When Grant went on to Richmond,

When a Nation's destiny

Hung wavering in the balance;

When hope well nigh expired,

On weary march, and in prison pen,

There were many heartily "tired."

But grandly they proved to a bonded race,

A race oppressed, down trod,

That one man was a majority,

If he only stood with God.

To that one man give homage today,

His "soul is marching on."

He was the vanguard of Liberty,

Brave, noble, old John Brown.

I think of those weary marches,

Of the stifling battle smoke.

Of the women waiting and watching,

Of the hearts that well nigh broke.

Again I return to the present hour,

From the misty realm of time,

And see before me those living ones

Who fought in that terrible war,

And living ones, though maimed and scared,

I deem you a plumed Navarre.

Something so tender and sacred,

This day of days should be,

Like words from some grand old poet

Set to sweetest melody.

Bring hither your floral tribute,

Of nature's choices and best,

'Till "God's acre" shall glint and glisten,

A beautiful haven of rest.

Bring hither the choicest treasures

Of the finest month of the year.

In each fragrant blossom there dwelleth,

The dew of an angel's tear.

Come each and all with your garlands,

And cover these graves at our feet,

Let them lie in their tinted glory,

As if dying men were something sweet.

Bring lilies, white as the wings of peace,

And deck each hallowed spot,

Bring twining vines, and evergreens,

A silent "forget-me-not."

Bring roses, because we loved them so,

Strew daintiest blossoms between,

Bring pansies, they are for thought you know,

And we "keep their memory green."

Three comrades present a year ago,

To the roll do not respond.

They are learning the mystic secrets

Of the beautiful beyond.

The turf is not green above the last,

Whom death claimed for his own.

Thank God on this sunny hill side,

No grave is labeled "unknown."

Though the blaze of rebellion has faded,

From out the southern sky.

"A charge to keep" we yet have,

These graves to glorify.

In our hearts, and with our hands,

Let us keep this sacred day.

Let the heroes "bivouac" forever,

Be decked with bloom each May.

They fought with a bravery born of truth,

That bore with it conviction,

Each life, a sermon strong and true,

Today brings the benediction.

Comrades, who stand before me today,

The death to which they bowed,

Yet bravely met in those troublous years,

When the nation cried aloud.

Let each camp fire brightly burning,

Break through the mist of years,

With your garlands each May returning,

And water them with your tears.

Now bow the head for a moment,

And pray to God that he,

The hero of Appomattox,

And the famous apple tree,

May he be spared a little longer,

Ere he answers the muster on high.

His famous deeds of valor,

We'll remember until we die.

'Twas he who recommended,

This day to be set apart,

And a memorial service offered,

From a nation's grateful heart.

Lincoln, Grant, and Garfield,

Grand trinity of men,

We deck each brow with laurels

And the nation cries "amen."

And now I look to the future,

How shall we this day keep,

When the last of this noble army,

On the hill shall fall asleep?

Shall we have "no time for such things,"

As the years go speeding on?

Why they had time for so many things,

Way back in sixty-one.

Oh, a liberty's sun to the living ones,

A watch fire for the dead.

Undying truths shall feed the flame,

As years wing their flight o'er head.

With no thought for the boys in gray,

Save pity and regret,

We forgive the work of years ago,

But cannot now forget.

And as each spring comes floating down

From the isle where years lie asleep,

As o'er each mournfully silent grave,

The stars their vigils keep.

Adorn with flowers each soldier's grave,

Whether blue or gray.

But tell honestly, tell truthfully,

The cause of keeping this day.

Shall we drown the memory of loyal ones,

Who sleep in their peaceful graves,

With heaven's tri-colors above them,

'Neath the soil they died to save?

They were right, eternally right,

The others were in the wrong.

Shall we play with facts, fantastic tricks,

And tell in story and song,

That you are sorry you ever tried

To face the shot and shell?

To give to the balmy summer air

The flag we love so well?

We pen each day a historic page.

Shall we send it blindly on,

That the work completed so long ago

Was illy, cowardly done?

Even the commonest soldier,

Who went at his country's call,

At rest on the field or living still,

Should receive the honor of all.

Shall we bow to a cowardly policy,

And let it lightly go?

From the dumb lips of a million slain

Comes back the answer "No!"

In the name of all heroes living,

In the name of all those dead,

I pray you teach to your children

The truths for which they bled.

As the old comrades are "mustered out,"

And "fall in" one by one,

With that silent army waiting to hear,

"'Thou faithful servant, well done,"

When the drum beats fall on no veteran's ear,

We'll remember your cause was ours,

And on this our nation's Sabbath day,

We'll cover you over with flowers.


The service of grave decoration then began. The garlands were deposited by a bevy of Misses and boys, in charge of Mr. A. E. Baird and Dr. F. H. Bull, and composed as follows: Maude Conrad, Alma Rogers, Maggie Hendricks, Hortense Kelly, Maude Cooper, Lottie Caton, Lottie McGuire, Mattie Paris, Lulu McGuire, Winnie Limerick, Katie Beck; Master Charley Stewart, Robert Scott, Clifford Stubblefield, Clyde Albro, Johnnie Scott, Robbie McMullen, Waldo Baird, Charley Greer, Harry Hunt, George Carson.


The following soldiers graves were decorated.


A. A. Buck, Capt. Co. F, 13th Ill. Inft.; James McGuire, Co. H, 10th Ill. Inft.; Samuel W. Greer, Capt. Co. I, 15th Kansas Vol. Cav.; A. T. Shenneman, Co. D, 1st Ill. Cav.; Miles A. Bailey, Co. D, 24 Kansas Inft.; S. G. Gray, Co. H, 2nd Iowa Inft.; James H. Finch, Co. D, 13th Kan. Vol.; Jacob Riehl, in Colorado Art. Co.; Thos. Welch, Co. I, 13 Kan. Vol.; James Carmine, Co. F, 19th Ind. Inft.; B. N. Rutherford, Capt. 98th Ohio Inft.; C. L. Flint, Co. I, 40th Ill. Inft. Vol.; D. P. Herndon, Co. H, 7th Ky. Cav. Vol.; I. N. Corkins, regiment unknown; N. E. Mansfield, 92nd N. Y. Inft. Vol.; J. N. Vandorn, 130th Ill. Inft. Vol.; Henry H. Parks, Co. K, 83rd Ind. Vol.; Enoch Bembarger, 4th Iowa Cav. Vol.; Nate Fisher, regiment unknown.


Mr. Taylor, regiment unknown; Chas. I. Dunkin, Co. B, 1st Bat., 16th U. S. Inft.; Wm. H. Sarson, 1st Vermont battery; Harvey Swindler, Co. G, 4th Mo. Cav.


John M. Connor, Co. E, 9th Kentucky Cavalry.


The Vernon Cemetery was decorated by Capt. H. H. Siverd, Dr. D. J. States, W. W. Painter, J. W. Millspaugh, T. A. Blanchard, and other old soldiers, with 150 Vernon citizens.

The decoration of the Catholic cemetery was conducted by Messrs. Walter Denning, H. W. Stubblefield, and D. C. Beach, assisted by citizens.

The committee of decoration of the South Cemetery were T. J. Harris, S. Parkhurst, Ed. Haight, and Jno. Gill; with citizens.




Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

We notice that certain anti-prohibition republican papers of this state still keep up a grumbling about the republican part of this state following new leaders who are leading the party to dissolution and ruin. These newspapers have been prominent in the state and have formerly supposed that they were the leaders of the republican party and of the public sentiment of the state. They were to have had no doubt that on the question of prohibition, the republican party would follow in solid ranks wherever they should lead and carry the state in the way they should dictate. The took the anti-prohibition road and are surprised, astonished, and chagrined that the party and the people would not follow but took the other track. It seems to them a rebellion and a secession worse than that which produced the late war, and they believe the fate of the rebels must of necessity be worse than that of the confederate rebels. They feel that this refusal to follow their lead is not only a rebellion against their rightful authority, but a direct insult to them which cannot be tolerated, and such an insult as will split the party in the middle and scatter it to the four winds. They think the fault is in a few prominent, prohibition republicans who have lead the rebellion, and still lead it, and bamboozle the bulk of the republican party into following them, and therefore, they keep up a whining about these new leaders, who really ought to be punished for high treason.

Now we want to inform these newspapers that the republican party of this state has no leaders now and never had such, in the sense that these newspapers supposed that they were leaders. The republicans of this state were and are republicans, not because any man or set of men lead them, but because they were agreed on the policy of keeping Kansas and other territories sacred to freedom; of defending the Union and nationality of the United States against all attacks at whatever expense, and on the general policy that has been adopted by the party since the war. They are not republicans because of a friendship for whiskey, beer, or saloons, nor because they believe in suppressing these by law. They are republicans, however, because the party is progressive and is sure to adopt new reforms whenever cool and sound judgment dictates that such adoption will be the best thing for the whole country and it is ripe for such adoption.

No man or set of men is leading the republican party of this state. These newspapers were never leaders of the party. They were active and in the front ranks, but the people followed just as a hundred farmers in driving their loads of produce to a market town, follow the team which happens to be ahead, not because it is a team of influence but because it is traveling the road in which they wish to go. If that leading team, arriving at a fork of the road, should take that leading to a mill or a saloon, the rest of the teams would nevertheless take the other fork that led to the market town. So when the head of the Republican column came to the fork in the road, these newspapers took the license fork, no doubt thinking it the pleasantest road to travel, and many others of their way of thinking followed in the same road and would have followed had the most obscure men in the party been at the head of the column. But the greater number believed that the prohibition fork was the best road and took it without reference to who was ahead on that road or the other.

Another thing: the Republicans of this State are intelligent and free. They love their party and its principles and will stay by it but they love freedom more and they will express and vote their opinions on the prohibition question and on any other question outside of the party platforms without reference to its effect on the Republican party. Each one prizes his right as a free man on all these questions above all party considerations, and if a prohibitionist or an anti-prohibitionist cannot or will not be a Republican unless all Republicans will agree with him on this liquor question, it cannot be helped. Each will still assert his freedom. We cannot change this state of affairs and there is no use of trying. We might as well accept of the situation as it is and must be, and quit whining. Whoever is ambitious to appear as a leader of the Republican party must first find out which way the party or the bulk of it wants to go, then rush to the front and lead in the road that those who come behind are going to travel anyhow.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

The southeast part of this county is sadly in need of a railroad. The townships of Cedar, Otter, Dexter, Sheridan, Liberty, and Spring Creek taken together form an area of about twenty-one miles square or about 440 square miles (a territory as large as that of several counties in the State), through which there is no railroad and most of which territory is from ten to thirty-three miles distant from any railroad station. The people of this part of the county have assisted in giving railroads to other parts of the county and have cheerfully paid their taxes and expenses consequent thereon, while other parts of the county have enjoyed all the special benefits of handy railroad facilities, short hauls by wagon, railroad property for taxation for township and school purposes, and other advantages in various ways. They have always earnestly desired those advantages, but have not been so selfish that because they could not get them they would prevent other parts of the county from having such advantages. They have now a chance to get a railroad such as they want and need, which will give them these special advantages, and they have a right to expect that the people along the line of the A., T. & S. F. and those along the line of the Kansas Southern, who have been enjoying such advantages for years, will turn out to the polls next Wednesday and vote for the D., M. & A. They have just given a good round and unselfish vote in favor of the K. C. & S. W. over a part of the county in much less need of a railroad than themselves, and have a right to expect that all those who will be specially benefitted by that road will turn out and vote in favor of their road next Wednesday.

If these men who are enjoying or are about to enjoy these special benefits, procured by the aid of the men of the southeast part of the county, shall fail to respond now when they can return the compliment, they are much meaner than we take them to be. Cambridge, Burden, Torrance and New Salem owe their existence as well as prosperity to the building of the Kansas Southern. They surely are not so supremely selfish that they will fail their more southern friends in this the crisis of their prosperity. Burden opposed the K. C. & S. W., probably for the reason that it would likely build up a rival town eight miles north of them which would divide their trade, but she has no such reason for opposing the D., M. & A. If she should work against this road, it would turn double the trade from Burden than she would ever get from this section if the road should never be built, for the people of the southeast would hate Burden and hate her justly. But should Burden take hold of this matter, and help her more southern neighbors, she will redeem herself and be the honorable enterprising Burden again. If she fights this proposition as she did the other, she will alienate her friends all over the county.

Cambridge is filled with and surrounded by a noble people, who were willing to help their more southern neighbors last year and will do it again this year. Arkansas City will wheel into line and give them a majority vote in return for their generous support of the K. C. & S. W. So the bonds are bound to carry anyhow, but it is now a good time to shake off old prejudices and give this proposition such a vote as will show these people that you are their friends and wish to help them. Even Beaver, Bolton, and Harvey, the townships most remote from the D., M. & A. may be expected to show the courtesy to the southeast to vote for the bonds, particularly, while in making for themselves such warm friends and so many of them, they will be voting to reduce their own taxes and to reduce the price they pay for coal $2.50 per ton and for lumber $7.50 per 1,000 feet; to advance the price they get for wheat and corn and to make a better market for their minor produce.


THE D., M. & A. BONDS.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

1. Because it is a Standard Gauge road and will connect and transfer readily with all the leading roads; with the A. T. & S. F. at Larned, at Belle Plaine, at Udall and at Winfield; with the Wichita and Western at Kingman; with the Southern Kansas at Winfield and Coffeyville; with the M. K. & T. and Missouri Pacific at Chetopa; with the Fort Scott and Gulf at Baxter Springs, and with the various roads through Arkansas and Southwest Missouri, and with the Southern system of roads at Memphis.

2. Because it is a direct communication with the cheap coal and lumber of Arkansas, Southwest Missouri, and Southeast Kansas, and will save us twenty-five percent in the cost of our coal and lumber.

3. Because it will be a direct communication with the Southern markets where our wheat and corn will net us much more money than in the eastern markets.

4. Because it will open up a direct communication with a competing line to Denver and furnish us with a grand market for all the small produce we can raise.

5. Because it will give us fifty miles of railroads to be assessed for taxation which will pay for itself and reduce the rate of taxation for county purposes.

6. Because it will be of great value to every man in the county in raising the price of wheat he has to sell, and reducing the price of what he has to buy from outside the county.

7. Because it will in its construction expend large sums of money in this county for labor, team work, vegetables, butter, eggs, etc.

8. Because it will give our county a tremendous lift in the direction of prosperity and wealth.

9. And not least, it will give a railroad to a large section of our county which is greatly in need of the special advantages of near railroad facilities.

Of course if we could get all these advantages without voting the bonds, it would be better for us, but we know it cannot be done. The amount required is very light indeed. It is no more than a ten dollars debt would be to a man worth two thousand dollars.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

The laws concerning the Imbecile Asylum are very lame and incomplete. They should be amended so as to permit men of all ages to be taken into the Asylum and cared for and the appropriations should provide for a much larger building so that three-fourths of the voters of Richland township could be admitted. We were never so astonished in our life as when the report came that Richland had given 95 majority against the K. C. & S. W. bonds. While Dexter and Ninnescah have voted to give them the special advantages of a railroad, they were idiotic enough to vote dead against their own interests. Of course they will refuse to contribute the pitiful sum of $5,000 in township bonds unless the sensible men in that township wake up and stir themselves. Perhaps the people of that township will be willing to vote such a nuisance as they seem to think a railroad is, on to the southeast part of the county next Wednesday.

We cannot believe that a majority of the people of that township are really such imbeciles as their vote last Monday would indicate, and we beg of them to wake up and redeem themselves from their unpleasant position by giving a large majority for the D. M. & A. county bonds, and also for the Richland township bonds to the K. C. & S. W., unless, indeed, they resent that they are asked to contribute so paltry a sum as $5,000.

There are so many men in Richland whom we respect and honor that we believe they will now wake up and retrieve the honor and credit of their township.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

We saw several gentlemen today from Richland, who felt much chagrined for their township, but plead the excuse that a horde of kickers and imbeciles in and about New Salem had been clipped off from Tisdale township and forced onto Richland without her consent, which had so provoked and discouraged the good people of Richland that they did not turn out, and the New Salemites did the principal part of the voting. A Tisdale man was present who answered the Richland men in this wise: "Tisdale is sorry for Richland, but she will never take the Salemites back, no, never; she will fight first."

We advise the people of Old Richland township to turn out en masse and do their own voting, and advise the New Salemites to vote right next time, and try to conciliate their neighbors on both sides of her. New Salemites are mostly excellent people, but seem to follow bad leaders.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

WINFIELD, May 27, 1885. Since we have had so much rain and mud, a great many eastern people have become uneasy and wish to return to their old hunting ground, just as if it never rained there; but your humble servant lived in Jackson County, Indiana, several years, and it rained most of the time, so we are well satisfied with this place. Just let it rain. Some people won't be contented anywhere, not even among their wife's people. There is a kind of self conceit that everyone ought to possess, and that is the necessary conceit or belief that we are all able to make life one grand possibility of great and good achievements of high and noble living, if such be truly our aim. Success is not a thing of luck; but of salient endeavor and belief in one's own powers is the right sort of thing to possess, for if we have not faith in ourselves, the world never takes it upon itself to dispute our opinion. There is a chance for success in everybody's life, if each and everyone could be grounded in that belief. Then let us all be encouraged. The darkest hour is just before day. O. R. M.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

The celebrated Tiger overalls for sale only at J. J. Carson & Co.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

James N. Young, James Hill, and Henry E. Asp left today, the former to transact business in St. Louis relating to the K. C. & S. W., and the latter to look after the right of way, grading, and track-laying from Beaumont here. Now that the bonds are carried, the company will hump every joint in pushing the road through. Several hundred men are now at work and more are added as fast as they can be procured. Forty flat-cars, twenty box-cars, and two combination cars arrived at Beaumont yesterday for work on this line, and the entire rolling stock has been contracted for and will be ready for the track in a short time. Whoa!


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

The count last evening stood 850 net majority for the bonds. Today Liberty reported 63 majority against and Maple 33 against, leaving the majority for the bonds 754, with Cedar and Otter yet to report. Their returns will not change the result either way ten votes. The majority for the bonds may be set down at 750.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Mary Wayne Fisher, of Philadelphia, who enjoys great popularity in the east as a contributor to various periodicals, recently visited the Pacific coast, and incidentally investigated the operation of female suffrage and jury service in Washington Territory. She has written the following letter to the Rural New Yorker, which will be read with interest by fair minded people.

"Soon after our arrival here, the Republican Convention of King County was held in Seattle, then the Democratic County Convention and a little later the Republican Territorial Convention, all of which was attended. To both the Republican conventions women had been sent as delegates, and quite a large number of women were in constant attendance at the territorial convention, which was exceedingly interesting because of the fight the people were waging against the N. P. R. and its land agents. No women were candidates for office on either of the territorial tickets although both parties strongly endorse woman suffrage. The Democrats put a plank in their platform in favor of making jury service for women optional. But on the various county tickets women were nominated for the offices of school superintendent, county treasurer, and justice of the peace, and quite a proportion were elected. Between ten and eleven thousand women voted on the 4th of November in the territory, and a thousand in the city of Seattle, showing that as large a portion of women, as of men, voted. Of course, the male population largely predominates everywhere on this coast. Women attended the primaries, and when the nominations were made, they selected their men from the various tickets in the field, and proceeded to work for them. It was well understood that the women voters did not care a straw, as a body, for party; but formed an independent vote which would determine the result of the election. In Seattle, the women, by committees, canvassed the city by wards and learned exactly the sentiment of the women as to suffrage. Four-fifths of the women favored suffrage and one-fifth were opposed to it, or indifferent. Fully a third more women voted in all the towns at the territorial election than had voted previously at the municipal elections.

I made it a point to visit all the polls in Seattle on election day, both in the morning and evening, and anything more quiet, orderly, and free from confusion could not be imagined: no loud talking, no swearing, no drunkenness, no impoliteness. It was a superb day, warm and sunny, and the women who had been selected to look after voters of their own sex at the polls had no discomfort to endure and they did valiant service. The women, so far as I have been able to learn throughout the territory have shown great wisdom and discretion from the beginning in making the exercise of the ballot thoroughly respectable. The foremost women especially are the leaders politically, and the best women have been and are the first to vote, and more gentle, womanly, modest, and admirable women, as wives and mothers, I have never seen anywhere. The result of the election showed that without an exception, ten candidates endorsed by the women, and for whom they cast their votes, were elected, and vice versa. It was the quiet exercise of "the power behind the throne," but the result was simply tremendous, and the saloon men, for the first time in the history of the territory, found themselves hopelessly defeated. A new leaf had been turned over.

An ex-chief justice of the territory said to me one day, in talking on the subject, that until women voted, the law and order party had no chance whatever; that the whiskey men controlled the primaries and elections. He not only believed in the right of women to vote but he as fully deprecated any or all laws that prevent their voting--it is their duty to vote and the only element which can be introduced into politics, to purify and elevate them, is the woman element. He gave it as his opinion that in the course of time women would be elected to the legislature and hold State offices. I, laughingly, said to him, that if I lived in Washington, I would stand for the office of State Treasurer, which I would fill admirably! At to women on juries, he said the tendency was to improve the service decidedly, as the sheriff only calls good and capable women which necessitates in turn the best class of men. The sheriff, or officer, who would have the hardihood to summon a disreputable woman as a juror, would not be tolerated. The number of bad women is so small in comparison with that of good women that their influence as voters or in politics does not count.

As regards women on juries, there is one significant thing. If a lawyer is defending a bad client, known to be such, be it man or woman, he excuses all the women on the jury that he can. If saloon men, gamblers, keepers of houses of ill repute, or disorderly resort dread any one thing more than another when arrested and brought to court, it is a jury with women on it. Some of the best work done in the territory has been done by women on grand juries. In Seattle six of the grand jurors were women, some of the very brightest women in the city; and what is true of Seattle is proportionally true of every other town in Washington. Seattle being a sea-port, the social forces are more varied and perplexing than in inland towns, and the cases tried in the courts embrace nearly every kind known to general jurisprudence.

In order to see women as jurors, I attended court a number of times, presided over by the chief justice, who has only words of the most unqualified praise and commendation of women as jurors. I found a pleasant, light, well ventilated court-room, clean and entirely free from tobacco smoke; everything was as well ordered and conducted with as much decorum as a religious service in a church; excluding "revival" meetings, and it was no more disagreeable, so far as I could see, to sit on a bench as a juror than to sit in a church pew, while it was vastly more interesting. Aside from the three dollars per day pay to serve for a term as a juror is equal to a good education. Some of the women sat bonneted, some took their bonnets off, which I thought the proper thing to do in a temple of justice. When it is impossible for women to leave their homes to serve as jurors, they are of course excused the same as are men. I heard a woman lawyer defend a Chinaman, she having been appointed by the court for that purpose. She was neither a beauty nor an experienced attorney; but she got her client acquitted. Two women, one of them a Swiss, have been admitted to the Seattle bar. One is a graduate of the Boston Law school and is said to do very good work. She studied the law because she had a "liking" for it, although, in conducting a case, she evinces no unusual talent.

Seattle has a woman physician, a graduate of the medical department of Ann Arbor, Michigan, University. The city has also what is unusual, a woman who is a barber. I took the laddie to her to have his hair cut, and we found her busy shaving a man, with another waiting his turn. She has allied with her in the business a man whom I took to be her father. She said she had been in the business about a year. She is a sensible, practical, quiet, good looking little woman, dignified, and with no "nonsense" about her to invite discourtesy from evil-minded patrons, and she keeps her shop as neat as a new pin. But I didn't like her hair-cutting altogether."


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Mr. Isaac N. Davis and Miss Celestia L. Gilkey were married at Maple City Sunday last, by Rev. N. A. Rankin. They sail off with bright prospects and many warm congratulations.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

The general agent of the Oswego Coal Company was here yesterday and informed Mr. A. H. Doane, in the course of conversation, that the completion of the K. C. & S. W. would insure their coal laid down at Winfield at from fifty cents to one dollar less per ton than now. So much for profits!

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Eli Brock has appealed a case from Justice Werden's court, Udall, against John Lane to recover $7 for labor. The costs in the case have already reached $11.60 and in the District Court will soon thribble that.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

H. E. Silliman, of this city, was elected a member of the Ottawa Baptist University Board. This institution is in a more prosperous condition than ever before--coming right forward among western educational institutions.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Will A. McCartney is a candidate for the first County Attorneyship of Clark County, with no opposition. Capt. Wakefield and S. H. Hughes oppose each other for Register of Deeds. Thus do the formerly of Winfield folks come to the front.


Political, Official and Social Notes as Gathered by Our

Regular Washington Correspondent.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

The literary traditions of the White House, interrupted by the death of Gen. Garfield, bid fair to be continued by Miss Rose Elizabeth Cleveland, the sister of the President. It is related of her that when the announcement of Gov. Cleveland's nomination was made at the Executive Mansion at Albany, Miss Cleveland, who was obliged to face the distinguished assembly, preserved her composure by assiduously conjugating a Greek verb. During a recent visit to New York, some of her friends advised her to publish a volume of essays. She resisted some time, but finally consented. The manuscript was finished week before last, and I am told the volume is almost ready for publication. The revised proofs are sent to the author who has two names under consideration for the book, but the choice has not yet been definitely made.

A few words chosen from the encomiums of a personal friend will give the public some idea of the personal qualities of the lady who presides over the White House. "Miss Cleveland," says her friend, "is a woman of sweet disposition, and of breadth and strength of character. After her mother's death she determined to stay at her old home in Holland Patent and to live in her own way. There she studied and wrote. But after the election, and from the moment she knew her brother's wishes and saw her duty plain before her, she laid aside her pen work and lectures. She is in the White House just what she was at Holland Patent--a woman of sensibility and refinement. Instinctively kind and thoughtful of others, she is a favorite with strangers. A lady who happened in at the White House one morning recently found her at her desk with her books about her, studying and writing about an epoch in history which more than others interests her. She had many letters before her, and the maid carried off a handful of replies which she had just prepared; but the books were nearest to her, and she had been having a quiet hour with them. Dressed in a white flannel gown, with fleecy turtle scarf about her throat, and no other ornament than a pink rose carelessly fastened at her throat, she looked as simple and unpretentious as a school girl, and, with her short brown hair falling in natural waves about her brow, as girlish. Her nervous hands played with a paper weight as she talked of the work and the pleasures of her place and the mistaken views entertained regarding it. The substance of her remarks was that the duties performed by one in her place were such as could never be understood save by those who had known them, and the publicity attaching to the place was its greatest drawback. She talked of the White House, of its beauty, of the flowers which were about her in profusion, and of the long line of good and useful women who had been from time to time in the place she now fills.

Children of officials often give a refreshing side to social life at the Capital that makes it not all superficial and frivolous. It has been said of General Sheridan that he is not a success as a "society man," because he is too much in love with his pretty wife. The "Hero of Winchester" is even more devoted to his children, three girls and "Little Phil," Jr., a boy of five years. The twin girls, Mary and Louise, look up to their elder sister, Irene, who is but a year older than themselves, with a faith in her superiority that is something amusing. "So you three little girls are sisters," said a lady the other day, meeting the trio out for a walk. "Oh, no; we are twins. Irene is our sister," replied one of the pair with serious simplicity. At the fancy dress children's party given at General Beale's house not long ago Irene Sheridan wore a train. Little Johnny Hazen, the only child of General Hazen, was so much amused that he laughed at the little lady. The twins were indignant, and one of them exclaimed: "Just see that boy laughing at our sister! I don't like him a bit, and I don't know his name. But you know his father is the man who makes the weather."

From a confidential friend of the Grant family I learn something of the plan suggested by Senator Leland Standford, of California, through which the younger Grants are to resume the broker and banking business in New York and San Francisco this fall. The difficulty was to contrive some means to prevent their capital from falling into the hands of Ward and Grant's creditors, and thus being swallowed up. After much consultation of lawyers, a device has been framed that will prevent this and allow these young men to earn an honest living without any fear that they may be compelled to pay a swindler's debts. Their experience, says this gentleman, has been of so terrible a character that all foolishness is completely knocked out of them, and they will be more than pleased if they can earn four or five thousand dollars a year.

Chief Fortin's successor as cook at the White House is Katharine Keonan, a young Irish woman from Albany, who has been employed at the White House since President Cleveland has been there. L.


What Was Done at Their Regular Meeting Last Night.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

The rulers of the city met in semi-annual conclave last night with Councilmen Myers, Jennings, and Hodges absent. Ordinances relating to pilfering, telegraph companies, excavations in the streets and alleys and out lots and midnight prowlers, were postponed. An ordinance prohibiting the pesky fowl from running at large in the city between the first of March and first of November, was defeated. The yellow-legged fowl was too much for our Methodist Council. The City Fathers thus bring the stern rebuke of the female populace. An ordinance making an occupation tax was ordered. The following bills were ordered paid: J. H. Rice & Son, registration books, $10; City officers salaries for May, $180.38; J. C. McMullen, rent fire department building for May, $25; Judges and clerks of R. R. election, $52; Jas. McLain, four days night watch and special police May 22nd, $7.50; Black & Rembaugh, printing, $14.50, and A. T. Spotswood supplies Fire Department, $1.10. Bills of Black & Rembaugh, printing, $55; Ed Pate, costs in City vs. Brown, $24.35, and Pauper claim of Mrs. Scroggins were referred to the Finance Committee. Bill of A. H. Doane, coal furnished City Attorney, was rejected. Bids of L. Wise & son and Wm. Moore & sons for laying city sidewalks, were referred. Pauper claims of Reed & Robinson, rent of house to Mrs. Quarles, $14; G. H. Buckman R. R. fare for Wm. Fisher and Geo. Hushman, $11.00, and J. N. Harter, medicines, $4.25, were recommended to the County Commissioners for payment. Wm. Moore & Sons were given the contract for furnishing stone to the city. The Fire Marshal was instructed to purchase lanterns for the Fire department. The Street Commissioner was instructed to give no receipts for poll-tax unless the full day's work was done.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Recap. On May 12, 1885, petition was presented to the Board of County Commissioners of Cowley County by W. H. Gillard, and 51 other legal voters of Omnia Township for $7,000 stock in Kansas City and Southwestern Rail Road Company. Election to be held June 16, 1885.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

R. L. Wood, Administrator of the estate of Levi M. Brown, deceased. Filed in Probate Court.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Magdaline Heisinger, Administratrix of the estate of William Heisinger, deceased. Filed in Probate Court.

John D. Maurer, Administrator, estate of Jonas Maurer, deceased. Attorneys: McDermott & Johnson. Date: August 10, 1885.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Charles F. Baxter, Administrator, estate of Wm. O. Baxter, deceased. Attorney: Henry E. Asp.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Sheriff's Sale. J. B. Lynn, plaintiff, vs. James Wilson, defendant. Sale of real estate taken as the property of James Wilson. Sale: July 6, 1885. G. H. McIntire, Sheriff.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Sheriff's Sale. M. L. Robinson, plaintiff, vs. Andrew J. Cress, defendant. Sale of real estate, Sale: July 6, 1885. G. H. McIntire, Sheriff.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

H. L. WELLS, M. D.,

ECLECTIC. Office over Farmers' Bank, residence 1030 Lowry street, Winfield, Kansas. Sole control of the Brinkerhoff system.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.


Any one wanting to obtain a copy of the Scriptures, who is unable to pay for it, can have the same by applying at the Depository, Brown & Son's Drug Store.


FRANK H. GREER, Local Editor.

Skipped Winfield City Markets Report.


Today's Markets in Chicago and Kansas City.

By Special Telegraph To The Daily Courier.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Chicago, June 3, 2 p.m.

Wheat, cash: 85-7/8; Wheat, July: 87-3/4; Wheat, August: 89-3/8.

Corn, cash: 46-3/4; Corn, July: 45-1/2.

Kansas City, June 3, 2 p.m.

Wheat, No. 2 red, cash: 80-1/4; Wheat, No. 2 red, July: 83.

Corn, cash: 40-1/2; Corn, July: 41-1/2.

Hogs: $3.50

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

The El Dorado Republican remarks: "From a casual reading of the papers we would conclude that Newton, Wellington, and Winfield were cities of the first magnitude, but when cold facts are considered, El Dorado is but little behind any of them in point of population; and when it comes to intelligence, enterprise, wealth, and all that goes to make up a first class community, our city surpasses them all."

Of course it is well for the Republican to talk this way. El Dorado is a bright and flourishing little hamlet with some brick houses and the home of T. Benton Murdock. Its comparison with Newton and Wellington is fair, and its aspiration to figure in comparison with Winfield is laudable, but hardly bears out the truth of history.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Another batch of boomers, numbering about thirty-five, came in Friday from the north and went into camp at Boomerville. There were ten wagons loaded with household truck, women, and babes. We noticed one lady carrying a canary bird and cage, and on another wagon was a hen coop well filled with fowls. Every outfit that has arrived so far floats the American flag in the van. This party had their flag carried by a horseman, with a young lady riding by his side representing the goddess of liberty. The put on just as much style about this "invasion" business as though they were not all rebels. Caldwell Journal.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Judge Gans was down Wednesday from Winfield looking over the statements of some of our druggists. The Judge informs the Republican that as soon as he is convinced that any druggist is guilty of selling liquors illegally, he will revoke his permit. He also told us that he was informed that in order not to have such a large amount of statements filed monthly, certain parties were not using statements but selling direct over the counter. We drop this bit of information for the benefit of the guilty persons. A. C. Republican.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Wichita is to have a fruit canning establishment. The peaches and things are to be shipped from New Jersey. Several Colonels and Judges of that town are out west looking up a tine mine, and if they succeed in finding one, the fruit factory will be a success. Wichita will furnish the sorghum sweetness for the fruit and water to boil it in. The coal will come from Fort Scott. The town already has another boom over this enterprise. El Dorado Republican.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

The Park has recovered from the recent flood and is again as lovely as the Garden of the Gods." Hundreds of people spent yesterday afternoon under branching elms listening to the warblings of the songsters, the rustling of the leaves, and enjoying the balmy breezes. The buzzing mosquito and relentless chigger had a picnic.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Dr. C. Perry informs us that a very destructive worm, resembling the cut worm, is destroying the clover in his yard. It eats the leaves off, leaving the stalk perfectly bare. The Doctor has searched in vain for a name or remedy for the destroyer. This is a chance for some entomologist to vent himself.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

This warm weather is a great blessing to one or two men we know around here who earn their bread by the sweat of their brow. They can sit down on a dry goods box or stand gawking on the postoffice corner and sweat so much easier than in cool weather.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

The case of Parr and Branson against W. A. Lee to recover $150 damages claimed to have been made in the non-delivery of a traction engine was filed Saturday in the District Court from Judge Kreamer's court, Arkansas City.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Judge Gans issued two certificates of double bliss Saturday, Isaac Davis and Celestia Gilkey, and W. H. Woodruff and Eliza Bradshaw. The latter couple were joined on the spot in the Judge's latest improved and surest manner.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

It seems that there are ten decided imbeciles in Winfield who voted against the bonds, besides a hundred or more weak-minded who did not vote at all. So the State Institution cannot be built here too soon.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Constable Harrod took Bogardus, in the toils for embezzling two hundred dollars for Jarvis, Conklin & Co., at Saratoga, to Kingman yesterday, where he will await trial before the District Court.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

The Methodist Episcopal church at Tisdale, eight miles east of Winfield, will be dedicated on June 14th. Rev. H. D. Fisher, D. D., of Topeka, will preach the dedication sermon. A cordial invitation is extended to everybody.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

The rains keep coming down regularly every afternoon. If some of this dampness could be treasured up for future use, it would be a blessing.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Mr. S. Allison has bought the feed barn east of Hackney & Asp's office, and assumed control last week.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Hackney & Asp have just put in a fine new safe: one to make the heart of the festive burglar go on a strike.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

"Coffins at cost for the poor," is the way a local appears in a neighboring county paper.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Ladies: Smith & Zook have novelties in slippers and fine walking shoes.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Our streets presented an unusually lively appearance Saturday.


Her Chronicle of The Comings, Goings and Doings of Persons at Home and Abroad.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

J. L. Hodges is in from Clark County.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

O. M. Akers was down Saturday from Udall.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

J. P. Voorhees was down from Udall Monday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Frank Freeland was up from the Terminus Sunday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

J. O. Hoyt was over last Friday from Geuda Springs.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

R. B. Phelps, of Burden, was doing the En city Monday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Frank K. Raymond, reporting in the Sumner District Court, Sundayed at home, as usual.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Mr. and Mrs. James McDermott had a new arrival at their home last evening--weight unknown.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

W. J. Willard, of the Geuda Springs News, was over Saturday taking in the Decoration exercises.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Mr. Schurmann returned home last Thursday and is getting along very well with his broken ankle.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

W. E. Dockson went to Arkansas City to meet the council in reference to numbering the houses of that place.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Miss Susie DeLametter came over from Wellington to Sunday with friends. She departs soon for Pratt County.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

J. K. Malley came in from a week down on Grouse, Saturday, and departed for Wichita, now his headquarters.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Misses Minnie DeLay and Nina Stivers and Messrs. Will Ferguson and Harry Holbrook spent Sunday in Wellington.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Capt. Wakefield, formerly of Winfield, is a candidate for Register of Deeds at Clark County's first election, the only formerly of Cowley man in the field.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Jimmie Simpson left us a twig of Amsden June peaches Thursday morning. It was twelve inches long and bore twenty peaches. This will eclipse all other years in fruit production.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Uncle Joe Likowski came in Saturday from Mt. Dora, Florida, to look after his property interests and visit. He reports the formerly of Winfield folks at Mt. Dora all doing well and happy.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Messrs. John Mentch & Son, nurserymen, favored THE COURIER Friday with a magnificent lot of strawberries from their vines. They were larger than walnuts and finely flavored.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Lucian McMasters, brother of Mrs. Dave Harter, has returned to Sunny Kansas, with his wife, after several years' absence in Michigan. He says this county is the only ideal.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Capt. Lyon brought us in a twig about twelve inches long from one of his mulberry trees Tuesday. It contained fifty-two fine mulberries. The season, though late, seems to be quite prolific.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

J. G. Evans, from Ohio, has opened out over Long's grocery. The Doctor is a graduate of the Ohio Medical College, of Cincinnati, and comes to us highly recommended. We wish him success.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Messrs. Kirk & Alexander placed their order today with the Richmond City Mill Works, of Richmond, Indiana, for a full roller mill of seventy-five barrels capacity, through their agent, J. W. Heck.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Mr. Daniel Knox's light Brahma hen comes to the front again with an egg measuring six and a half inches by eight. There is certainly a little goose about his hen.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Rev. R. C. Childs, of Hardenburg, Indiana, an old friend of Rev. J. H. Reider, arrived today and will spend a few days, possibly remain over Sunday, and fill the Baptist pulpit.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Judge E. S. Torrance came over from Howard, where he is courting, to Sunday with his family. The trial of Etherly for killing in cold blood his father in-law at Elk Falls is now in the justice mill and drawing intense concern.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Mr. Edwin Beeney has been dressing up his residence property on South Loomis street, in a spring suit of rare beauty--new paint, new porch, newly trimmed lawn, shrubbery and trees, etc. Mr. Beeney displays much taste in the appearance of his home.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Mr. J. C. Fuller is home after a delightful southern trip of a month. He took in the exposition at New Orleans, and other southern places, returning home via the east. He reports things yet lively at the World's Fair, but the weather is too warm for proper enjoyment.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Rabbi Kranskoff left for Kansas City this evening. His friends had hoped to have him remain over Sunday and fill the Methodist pulpit, which was willingly offered, but his arrangements would not permit. But he has promised to return at some future time.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

J. Well & Co., K. C. clothing, filed a case in the District Court yesterday against Wert Bros., formerly merchants at Burden, demanding $646.75 due them on merchandise. Wert Bros. seem to be getting numerous legal calls of this nature.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Wm. Updike, for years county treasurer and a prominent citizen of Crawford County, Illinois, is a guest of Frank L. Crampton, from Robinson, Illinois, Frank's old home. He is prospecting with a view to investment. He has been over most of Kansas and thinks Winfield and Cowley excel.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

W. G. Seaver, the Dexter Eye optician, and W. E. Meredith brought in the returns of Dexter, arriving at one o'clock last night. Dexter acquitted herself nobly, giving 143 for the bonds and 27 against. When Dexter turns herself loose, she always gets the goal.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Dr. John Fleming found difficulty in entering his drug store about twelve o'clock Sunday night, hunted up the night-watch, took off the lock, and found therein a broken key, which bore evidence of coming from the genius of a knight of the jimmy. There had doubtless been an attempt to burgle.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

R. E. Bunker, with his mercantile partner, J. E. Carr, were over from Milan, Sumner County, to contract with Messrs. Bliss & Wood for flour. Mr. Bunker is a son of the famous Siamese Twins. The history of the wonderful prodigies, it will be remembered, states that, though their bodies were joined together, both married and had children.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Miss Cora M. Dousman, after several months visit with her uncle and aunt, Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Horning, left last evening for her home in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. She is a young lady of admirable social qualities, refined, vivacious, and sensible, and made many friends in our social circle who will heartily welcome her return at any time.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Rev. J. H. Snyder returned Saturday from the General Conference of the U. B. church, at Fostoria, Ohio. He was minute secretary of the Conference, and therefore returns much fatigued. The session held twelve days and was very interesting and profitable throughout. The attendance was large. Rev. P. B. Lee will visit in Ohio two weeks before returning.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Wm. D. Halfhill, the young attorney who was arrested here several months ago, and taken to Van Wert, Ohio, on charge of embezzlement, has been convicted, and judgment pends. It is a penitentiary offense, $100, and will likely give him a year. While out on bail on the charge in question, he forged a note for a considerable sum and was again socked in the cooler, making a double dose.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Engineer Moorehead informs us that the boat of the Arkansas River Navigation Company is completed at St. Louis and ready to be brought around by water to Arkansas City. It will cost seven thousand dollars laid down at the Terminus, and draws ten inches. The test of the navigable qualities of the "ragin' Arkansaw" will be made in the near future. The projectors feel confidence of the success of their experiment.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Messrs. Harris & Clark are stumped. Their valuable qualities have never failed them till now in answering any question the human brain could formulate regarding the Garden of Eden, Cowley County. But one fellow has got ahead of them at last. A letter has come from New Orleans "which art very important," and the firm wants to see a Frenchman badly. Several have already turned away with the excuse of being "rusty on French."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Mrs. L. M. Lutes, of Arkansas City marshal-whipping fame, was convicted of keeping a house of ill-shape, fined five dollars and costs, amounting to seventy-eight dollars, in default of which she now languishes in the county bastille. She is about thirty years old, with two children, a boy four years old and a girl six, who are in the bastille with her. She is of fiery eye and glib tongue, rather tall and fairly neat. She is not of that gentle, feminine appearance that attracts sympathy, but such as shows disposition to wither all surroundings.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Gen. Hatch spent Thursday in the city. He is very well pleased with Winfield, and says he is thoroughly satisfied as to the truth of the many compliments that have made her famous. He is on his way northward. The General is a fair type of the pictures usually presented of the typical U. S. officer: straight, handsome, fastidious in dress, and a perfect gentleman. As a conversationalist he is exceedingly entertaining, and THE COURIER greatly enjoyed his call. Though appearing not over fifty, his hair is as white as snow--adding lustre to the General's fine appearance.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

The survey party in charge of Chief Engineer Morehead, which left here early in April to survey the route for the Kansas City and Southwestern railway, returned to town on Monday. It consists of T. S. Morehead, Harry Hill, Dan McDonald, T. E. Coppage, Dr. J. D. Love, James Jones, C. W. Raehrig, Will McCune, Fred Barrett, and W. T. Sherwood. The survey was begun at Beaumont, Butler County, and carried on amid interruptions from rain storms and swollen creeks to within three miles of Arkansas City. The work is begun at Beaumont and three miles of rail laid; the work of grading is being actively carried forward. The route surveyed is found entirely practicable, cuts and fills will be light; but some slight deviation will be made on account of creeks. Some portions of the route will require to be done over, in order to make connections, the bad weather interfering with the work. The three miles intervening between the city and the end of the survey will shortly be gone over, and the survey continued to the State line. Arkansas City Traveler.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

James N. Young, President of the Kansas City & Southwestern railroad, arrived this morning at 10 o'clock from St. Louis, having driven over the route of the road from Beaumont. About five hundred men are now at work grading and track laying and the road is completed to within five miles of the Cowley County line. If the bonds are carried next Monday, the line will be pushed as fast as all the men the company can get can push it. The engine will be puffing into Winfield within sixty days. With the advent of the K. C. & S., followed closely by the D. M. & A., with the building of our Imbecile Asylum, our street railway, and other prospective enterprises, Winfield and Cowley County will take on a substantial boom to continue until she stands the peer in population, wealth, and everything else, of any city in the great State of Kansas! What we want to do now is to fasten our eternal grip on everyone of these enterprises. To grasp them is great prosperity; to reject them is to die.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

R. C. Howard, of the Republican, telephones us that a suicide was committed in Arkansas City last night at 11:30. The victim was George Sealey, aged 40, who came there two months ago. He was a laborer and worked at odd jobs around town. For some time past he has been sick and unable to work. He became disheartened and last night ended all by placing a revolver to his right temple and perforating his brain. He lived, unconsciously, a few hours after the shot. He was unmarried and had no relatives or friends in this section. The inquest was being held as we go to press. Mr. Howard also telegraphs us that the inquest is yet going on over the body found down the Arkansas river, Mussleman, with prospects of guilt being placed as indicated in our Tuesday's account. It will make a romance.


The Denver, Memphis & Atlantic an Assured Fact--Cowley County to the Front.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Last evening at Belle Plaine the directors of the D., M. & A., after their session of three days finally closed, signed and settled a contract with Fitzgerald & Moonlin, for the building and equipment entire of sixty-one miles of their line, being from Kingman to the Arkansas river. The balance of the line through to Joplin is also let to the same parties conditional upon the voting of the aid promised. This is really the first time that persons could say that the building of this road is actually and absolutely assured. There is now no doubt of it.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Prof. E. P. Hickok's activity is showing itself in his new Comanche County abode, according to the Protection Echo.

"Prof. Hickok has had ample experience in the land business, and is well posted in regard to the pre-emption laws. You will always find him ready and willing to give any information on any point of law that he may be able to explain. The Professor is one of those accomplished men who never charge for information that he may be able to give. If you want any information, don't hesitate to ask him, you will always find that he has a willing manner in answering."

The Professor is also preaching regularly to the people of Protection and the Echo speaks highly of his sermons.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

The Leavenworth Times has gathered crop reports from every county in the State. It says of Cowley: "Acreage averages about 15 percent more than that of last year. The leading cereals are wheat, corn, oats, and millet. Prospects for wheat are about 38-1/3 percent of average crop. Corn about 33-1/3 percent above the average crop and the others about as usual. Hog crop has increased about 10 or 15 percent over last year, but have lost a good many sheep on account of 'scab.' The population has increased about 2,000 in the past year. Have the finest prospect for fruit we ever had."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

The Clark County News has the following regarding an old Cowley County boy.

"Henry Phenix, of Day Valley, made us a very pleasant call Wednesday. He stayed by Cowley in its dark days, and his financial star of success rose with the sun of prosperity foretelling something greater here in Clark County. Mr. Phenix has broken twenty-five acres of which twelve is in corn up five inches, has in a crop of millet and sorghum, four hundred grape vines, small fruits, and several millions of box elders coming up, and the first Jersey cows in the county. Verily, Henry has faith, and we trust that success will reward him for his energy and labor."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Henry Hahn, of Vernon township, in crossing the gutter on South Millington street, near J. S. Mann's residence, was thrown from the spring seat of his wagon last evening. He fell with fearful force on the side of his face, peeling the skin off and making very serious disfigurement. Dr. Emerson dressed him up. It took an hour to bring Henry to. He was able to get home, but will "cuss" our streets for some time. Such gutters as the one in question are certainly worthy of special attention from our Street Commissioner. They are death on vehicles and human comfort and safety.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Hundreds of persons from various portions of the country are coming to the giant State of Kansas, many of them visiting Cowley County. Nearly all of our hotels are daily crowded to their utmost capacity, some of the visitors being compelled to seek accommodations elsewhere. Probably there never was such an immigration to Kansas and the west as at the present time, and still they come, seeking homes beyond the great father of waters. Ere many years have come and gone, Kansas will be one of the wealthiest and largest populated states in the west.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

A voter in the Second Ward, when arriving at the polls yesterday, was asked if he had registered. "Yes," was the response. His name couldn't be found on the poll books. "Where did you register?" asked one of the judges. "At the Commercial Hotel," was answered with innocence appalling. It seems strange what delusions some individuals, even in enterprising, intelligent communities like ours, rest under.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Not a day passes but some eastern people arrive in our city looking for homes and some place to invest their capital. Farm and city property is changing hands every day and bringing good prices. Men of means are coming in prepared to risk their money in the future of Cowley County. This county offers great attractions to men of capital and they are not slow to see it. And so we boom right along.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Marshal McFadden initiated one of the new ordinances Thursday morning. It says that no professionally "soiled dove" can appear on the streets. One did appear on the street--and before Judge Turner. She was released on condition that she shake the dust of the city from her boots within twelve hours. Otherwise she will find a very thorny path hereabouts.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Horseback riding is the latest and most exhilarating pastime among our young folks. A bevy of a dozen or more were out on their prancing chargers last evening, some of the young ladies exhibiting much equestrian skill.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

How is this for high? The price of wheat is three or four cents per bushel higher in this city than in Chicago. Wichita Eagle.

So low as that? Wheat sells in Winfield at fifteen cents per bushel more than it is quoted at in Kansas City.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Mr. J. H. Magness has just returned from the east with a large and fine assortment of monuments and tombstones, which he will sell at less than one third former prices. Call at his works at Burden.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

The Newton Republican complains that the real estate men of that town are not doing enough to advertise it. When a Kansas real estate man droops, he is very sick.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Metropolitan airs are coming thick and fast! A hand organ on the streets today raised everybody on tip-toe--and put one fist in their ear and the other in their pocket.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Leonard Farr, an old resident of Cowley, is here from Mount Pleasant, Iowa, looking after his property interests.


The Kansas City & Southwestern Railroad Bonds Carried.


Which Assures the D., M. & A. and Cowley's Prosperity.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

The railroad election yesterday passed off quietly, but with a giant effort on the part of Burden to defeat it. Saturday they flooded the whole county with circulars, and their men were at every polling place. They spent much time and money in the effort, but it availed them naught. The people know the benefit of railroad facilities, competition in freight, and are bound to take hold of them when presented. Dexter and Udall came up nobly and gave good majorities for the bonds. It now remains for Arkansas City and the balance of the county to stand squarely by the D. M. & A., and redeem their pledges as faithfully as Dexter and Udall have done, and the D. M. & A. will go through with a thousand to spare. This election settles the question as to the future railroad prospects of our county. The K. C. & S. W. will be running trains into Winfield by the tenth day of July, and the D. M. & A. will follow closely. The following are the returns from the different townships so far as heard from:


Walnut 176 23

Arkansas City 565 8

Creswell 94 34

Winfield 757 10

West Bolton 68 19

Vernon 54 49

Ninnescah 110 71

Dexter 143 27

Silver Creek 17 325

Tisdale 37 67

Silverdale 11 65

Windsor 35 88

Omnia 62 17

Harvey 21 64

Sheridan 15 78

Rock 8 59

Maple 0 0

Spring Creek 4 129

Beaver 2 95

P. Valley 0 0

Liberty 0 0

Fairview 37 19

Cedar 0 0

Otter 0 0

Total so far received for the bonds: 2,238

Total so far received against the bonds: 1,247

Majority: 991

Richland majority against: 95

P. Valley majority against: 46

Net Majority for bonds: 850

Liberty, Maple, Cedar, and Otter are yet to hear from.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

The Wellington Press, in an extreme fit of the blues, ejaculates: "The Winfield COURIER is a daisy--when it comes to lying. It is trying to figure out the population of that village, and the attempt to get it up with some of its neighbors is rather amusing. By taking several adjacent townships, it gets the population to 7,000, but admits finally that it only has about 5,000 in the city proper. Winfield looks to us to be a place of about 3,500. It is a nice little town, of course, and we should think its daily paper would be ashamed to undertake to repeat the Wichita Eagle's old game of lying outrageously about its population. Come, boys, brace up and be truthful. Don't undertake to march in the processing alongside of Wellington. You don't carry tonnage enough to do that yet."

Be "azy," dear brother! You'll see still darker days yet. Winfield's march of progress will continue to leave many more promising towns than Wellington near the tail of the procession. Truth is mighty and must prevail! That this is now the Queen City of Southern Kansas is riding abreast of every gale and that it should hit our sister city behind the ear is not surprising. But don't take it too hard! Brace up and sturdily prepare for the inevitable.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

A citizen of Burden passed through the city Friday bound for Pleasant Valley township with a grip sack full of circulars opposing the railroad. The circulars, one of which is in our possession, contains the most grossly false and exaggerated statements we have ever seen in print. The very fact that Burden appealed with tears in the eyes of its committee for an opportunity to vote $30,000 to this road if it would come that way gives the lie to all its arguments. This town is flooding the country with these false documents and is sending its men into all parts of the county to defeat the bonds on Monday. The circular figures the present, past, and future bonds, railroad, county, town, school, water, and everything else, with interest for thirty years to come, and makes the grand total over a million dollars. There would be as much sense in a man computing the sacks of flour he will be compelled to eat in the next thirty years, and committing suicide because the pile looks so large. Burden's interest undoubtedly lies in defeating these propositions, but they ought to be able to figure and print without lying.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Judge H. B. Sumner, attorney for Mrs. L. M. Lutes, of Arkansas City marshal whipping fame, succeeded in releasing his client on a writ of habeas corpus, yesterday afternoon. She was in the bastille in default of seventy-eight dollars fine and costs on conviction of keeping an immoral dive. The ordinance relating to this matter was proven worthless, owing to lack of legal lore on the part of the city attorney. He sent it in for publication without the Mayor's signature, and never entered it on the ordinance book. Mrs. Lutes was immediately re-arrested by Sheriff McIntire on the State case against her for cowhiding A. C.'s marshal. She was taken to Arkansas City for a preliminary hearing before Judge Kreamer.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

County Attorney Asp and Sheriff McIntire were prosecuting the trial of John Cooley at the Terminus Thursday, charged with the murder of George Mussleman. Cooley's examination showed both parties to be professional fishermen, on the line of the Territory, just below Arkansas City. Thursday week they started across the Arkansas, the skiff upset, and Mussleman was drowned. Circumstantial evidence was much against him, the water being shallow where Mussleman is said to have drowned, and the victim's neck being broken. The rumor that a fair grass widow was mixed up in the affair was discredited. The Justice Court bound Cooley over to the District Court in the sum of $1,500. Bail has not been given, and he languishes in the Bastille de Finch. Mussleman was twenty-seven and Cooley is thirty-five years old.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Mrs. K. Bailey died at the home of her daughter, Mrs. J. L. Rinker, Saturday night, in her seventy-third year. Mrs. Bailey was born in Little York, Pennsylvania, moved with her family when twelve years of age, to New York, where, in 1833, she married Mr. Louis Bailey, who died in Winfield in 1880, the spring of his arrival here from Indiana. She was a member of the Episcopal church for fifty years, and had done much for the cause of christianity and humanity. She was the mother of twelve children, six of whom are living. John H. was present at her death from Rice County. The funeral took place Sunday evening from the residence, conducted by Rev. B. Kelly, and attended by a large number of friends of the family. The deceased was interred beside her husband in Union cemetery.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

An effort is being made in the towns south of us to arrange a telephone circuit embracing Winfield, Arkansas City, Geuda Springs, Wellington, Belle Plaine, Argonia, Conway Springs, Wichita, Derby, Mulvane, and Udall. This is a good scheme as it will enable the citizens of these neighboring towns to become more intimately related to each other, and in time it may furnish the outlines for a city equal to London or Pekin. Wichita Republican.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Mr. Asa Carrington, shipping clerk for W. A. Lee, and Miss Carrie Hord, were united in the bonds of unalloyed bliss last night by Rev. Gans, at the residence of W. E. Jameson, South Manning street. Both are possessed of many sterling qualities, and though they stole a march on their friends in this matrimonial deed, the congratulations are none the less hearty. THE COURIER force are all ardent smokers and ready to whiff the wish that the happy couple "may leef long und been happy."


Etherly, the Elk Falls Murderer, Escapes While On Trial.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Sheriff McIntire received a dispatch today announcing that L. J. Etherly, who murdered J. M. Messmore, his father-in-law, at Elk Falls some weeks ago, escaped last night. He wore side-whiskers about a week old; moustache; cark clothes with light mixture; white spot in center of button; small, mouse colored wool hat; gray blue eyes; thirty years old; five feet, eleven inches high, and weighs one hundred and seventy pounds. Three hundred dollars reward is offered for his capture. Etherly was on trial at Howard, with Judge Torrance presiding. No particulars yet as to the manner of his escape. He is a desperate character and a bad man generally.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

The returns of yesterday's vote for the jail bonds come in very slowly. Very little interest was taken in the matter any place in the county, and the bonds are no doubt defeated. Winfield polled 313 votes for and 41 against, while the townships heard from voted almost solidly against. One great reason for this defeat is the ambiguity of the tickets--"For the loan;" "For the erection of public buildings." Of course, everyone of the tickets had to be explained before anybody would vote it. Then the election, following the next day after the railroad election, was too much at once--farmers couldn't leave their work to vote. Some townships scarcely polled a dozen votes. A new jail is absolutely necessary and must come sooner or later. Another vote, at a time when some attention can be given to the matter, will no doubt carry.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

The following are the real estate transfers filed in the office of Register of Deeds yesterday.

U S to C G Holland, lots 2 and 3 e hf of sw qr 25-34-s-3e, 155 acres: $193

T J Harris and wife to Richard A. Clark, lots 10, 11, and 12, block 246, Citizen's ad to Winfield: $750

Read & Robinson to Elizabeth Garret, lot 7 blk 52, Read's ad to Winfield: $300

J Croco et al trustees of Presbyterian church to Mrs. F O Prichard, lot 10 blk 91 and frac lot 10 blk 91, Manning's ad to Winfield: $500

B W Matlack to F A Osborn, nw qr 13-34-s-4e, 160 acres, quit claim: $175

Highland Park Town Company to William Renner, lot 12 blk 11, H P ad to Winfield: $0

Chas A Hayes to Mary Etta Snow, lot 1 blk 95, Menor's ad to Winfield: $250

Burden Town Co to Temple West, lots 3 and 4, blk 17, Burden: $50.00

W J Hodges and wife to William Gates, lot 8, blk 98, Mansfield's ad to Winfield: $350.00

A F. Harris and wife to Simon Vallmer, lots 3 and 4, 18-31-5 7 e, 25 acres: $1,800

P W Smith and wife to Jerry Hammon, lots 1, 2, and 3, block 14, Smith's ad to Udall: $100

U S to William Pingry, e ½ of sw ¼ 30-34-s-5 e, 80 acres: $100

E A Norris and husband to Sherman & Hicks, n ½ of sw ¼ 12-33-s 7 e, 80 acres: $800

John A Barrick and wife to Marshes Scofield, ne ¼ of sw ¼ and se ¼ of sw ¼ 16-31-s 4 e, 80 acres quit-claim: $1.00

S M Jarvis and wife to J E Jarvis, lots 1 and 2 and ½ of ne ¼ of 6-3-s3 e, 160 acres: $4,000

C M Scott and wife to Manford Anderson and Samuel H Hines, lot 4, block 77, Arkansas City, quit-claim: $10.00

H P Farrar and wife to William R Owen, lots 3 and 4, blk 77, Arkansas City: $10.00

Wm R Owen and wife to Monford Anderson and Samuel H Hines, lots 3 and 4, blk 77, Arkansas City: $450

Thomas C Bird and wife to George Ordway, sw ¼ of s ½ of nw ½ sec 13, and 3 ½ of se ¼ 14-34-s 6 e: $1,000

U S to James K. Miller, s ½ of nw ¼ of sw ¼ 26-32-s 7 e, 160 acres: $200

M L Robinson and wife to J W Clifford, lot 11 Block 10, Grand Summit: $100

Emma Thomas and husband to John Mott, lots 11 and 12, block 50, Arkansas City: $600

Sylvester Woods and R M Tichenor to Hannah Marquis, e ½ of sw ¼ 10-31-s 5 e, 80 acres: $400

Hannah Marquis to Laura A Capper, e ½ of sw ¼ 10-31-5-e, 80 acres: $325

I W Randall and wife to Elizabeth A Lyon, lot 2 blk 309, Thompson's ad to Winfield: $650

Wm H Treadway and wife, nw ¼ of ne ¼ 17-32-6 s e: $150

Lizzie E Mudgett and husband to Mrs. E S Hackworth, lot 1 block 10, Udall: $50.00

A G Mudgett and wife to A J Thompson, lot 12 blk 149 Winfield: $3,375

Peter C Clark and wife to A J Thompson, lot 12 blk 149 Winfield: $3,375

Mary J Swartz and husband to G Schultheiss, lots 21 and 22 block 190 Swart's ad to Ark City: $63.00

C G Furry and wife to William D Furry, ne ¼ of se ¼ of se ¼ 9-34- s 3 e, quit-claim: $1.00

Rebecca E McCormick and husband to W D Furry, ne ¼ of se ¼ 9-34-s-3-e, ex 1 rod off ne: $1,100

J M Alexander and wife to A B Gardner, part of ne ¼ 27-32-s-4-e: $312.50

J L Hodges and wife to F S Jennings and A M Jennings, lot 12, block 149, Winfield: $3,200

Geo W Spruill and wife to Henry L Booth, lots 9 and 10, block 28, Ark City: $150


Four Hundred and Eighty Acres of Bottom and Pasture Land.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

One of the best grain and stock farms in the county, 240 acres fine bottom land, 230 acres under plow, 40 acres timber, 200 acres of upland pasture, timber and pasture enclosed with barbed wire fence, fine running water and several large springs, house 16 x 26 story and a half, stone barn 21 x 33, sixteen foot walls, room for ten head of horses, granary room for 3000 bushels, necessary out-buildings, corrals, etc., peach orchard, 1½ miles to schoolhouse. This place will be sold, if sold soon, on very reasonable terms. Inquire of or address THE COURIER, Winfield, Kas.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Eighty acres of a Mixed crop of wheat, rye, and cheat; will make the best kind of hay for stock; also a second-hand string binder in good running order. Will sell cheap if sold soon, as I need to be free to attend to interests elsewhere. Jo Mack.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

And now the wild western atmosphere seems to be banishing even the G. Washington qualities of the handsome, auburn-haired Lou Zenor. The Medicine Lodge Index says: "Lou Zenor took in the Winfield races and returned home Sunday. He says the Lodge has not as many people as Winfield, but it can walk all around that town when it comes to a general get-up-and-get contest."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

812 Main street is the location of the new clothing store of J. J. Carson & Co.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Flour, corn, meal and feed always on hand at Kirks' mill, 8th avenue, west of Lynn's store.


Newsy Notes Gathered by The "Courier's" Corps of Neighborhood Correspondents.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Mr. McCollum is building a blacksmith shop at Hackney.

James McCullough and family visited in this vicinity one day last week.

If anyone has found a stray dog, they will do a favor by returning the same to J. Ricks. It's a setter.

Some young dupe had the audacity to report Posy creek up past fording. That is not so; it has not been that high by six inches.

Ex young Nasby was in the vicinity one day last week. He says corn looks better here than it does in Beaver. The Beaverites are not all done planting yet.

J. Muret, wife, and Mrs. Muret's mother, Mrs. Dindle, will start for Clark County in a few days. They will leave their farm in charge of their twelve-year-old son, Claude.

Mr. D. Whitson sowed 20 acres of orchard grass this spring. It is up and looks fine. When anyone tells you that tame grass will not do any good here, tell them they don't know. Billy Whitson has as fine a piece of timothy as ever grew any place.

There was an agent in this vicinity last week representing a manufactory of patent medicines of Wellington. He was working towards Arkansas City. It is no doubt he saw the report in the COURIER of the number of invalids in that city, and will strike a bonanza if he can just make them believe it's b-e-e-r.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Items are scarce in this part.

George Watts has moved to Moline.

Mrs. George Rowe is on the sick list.

Ben Clover visited Winfield Friday.

E. J. Sherlock spent last week in Kansas City, tending court.

Mrs. Foster and Mrs. Dan. Rowe visited friends on Cedar Creek last Saturday.

The Sabbath school at Windsor is in a flourishing condition.

Messrs. Irwin Crawford, Fall, and the Bowe Bros. shipped a car load of hogs from this part Monday.

The farmers are very busy; some planting their corn over, others replanting, and some are sowing millet.

Eddie Darnell has been suffering the past week from erysipelas on his face, but at present writing he is better.

Rev. Elliott, from Nevada, Mo., has been holding a series of meetings at the South Prairie schoolhouse the past week.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Farmers are still plowing and planting corn.

Walter Baxter, of Mulvane, was here last week.

Otis, we would advise you to give Dan some more oats.

O. M. A. offers a reasonable reward for a good plan for killing a(u)nts

Girls, tell Bob Mc. you must have one of those cabinet pictures of his. They are good ones.

The singing at Star last Sunday night was a daisy. A few more such and Star will be flying.

Misses Katie Holmes and Lola Williams, of Rock, were visiting with Mrs. Fatout a few Sundays ago.

Misses Sarah and Ollie Wilson are down with the diphtheria. Dr. Tucker, of Douglass, is tending the cases.

Mahlon Fatout boasts of the boss corn rows of the season, and he does positively assert that there will be no point rows in the middle of the field.

Miss Fanny McKinley, the last winter's school ma'am of Star, was visiting friends here last week. Come again, Miss Fanny; the latch string always hangs out.

Robert Maddux and Jack Justice went to New Haven last Thursday and returned Friday. Robert drives a fast team. The round trip is about one hundred and twenty-five miles. Jack got his pony this time. It had been gone about two months and Jack had spent about twenty dollars in getting him back.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Mr. McCormick, of Arkansas City, visited this locality Friday last.

Eli Bookwalter came over from Sumner a few days ago. Judging from the frequency of Eli's visits to Cowley, he is cultivating a distaste for "batching."

Will Birdzell's eye-balls were somewhat discomfitted by an accidental application of white-wash to those organs while wielding the brush on the ceiling, recently. He didn't know it was loaded to shoot downward.

Mr. Harader has received his improved milling machinery and will soon commence the production of a grade of flour far superior to that heretofore made at that mill; at least an improved quality would encourage more home patronage.

'Squire Broadwell has been engaged, with his entire force, ditching his lower farm. This is a good move and will no doubt amply repay him for all his trouble. His bottom cornfield was almost totally destroyed by recent heavy dews.

One day, not long since, "G. V." saw Mr. Holcomb mowing weeds and hauling them away. Of course, "G. V.'s curiosity overcame his modesty, and he went to inquire whether the weeds were to be used as sickworm nutriment. "Those weeds will immejitly be hog feed," said Mr. Holcomb. Thus our farmers are clearing out the weeds with the intention of saving 50 cent corn.

The click of the merry, merry clod gymnasts' "shot gun" cornplanter tells us to wait a few days longer and South Bend will have planted her second crop of that cereal for 1885. But 'tis all for the best. Chinch bugs that were alive and hearty only a few days ago are now drowned and washed away. Josh Billings says: "The best remedy for rheumatism iz to thank God it izzent the gout." This is so strikingly applicable to our case that you will please excuse the quotation.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Quite a number from Torrance spent Saturday afternoon at Burden.

The Neuman family spent Sunday afternoon in our city. Come again.

Mr. John Allen and G. W. Gardenhire were in Grand Summit one day last week.

Fred Collins and Jeff Dorsett passed through our city Sunday and stopped at Capital Hill.

Several of the young people spent Sunday afternoon at Capital Hill and attended church at night.

Laura Elliott and Mattie Wilson were out horseback riding Monday evening. You should have seen them.

Mr. Henry Branson received word Thursday morning that his father had lost his house, and everything in it, by fire.

Torrance is to have a hardware store soon; and I understand there will be a gentleman here this week to take the hotel.

There was no mite last Saturday night, but will meet with Mr. C. Neuman next Saturday evening. All are invited to attend, as a big time is expected.

Misses Lydia and Alice Taylor, of Sparta, Illinois, arrived in our city Friday morning on a visit to their brothers, Will and Abe. They expect to spend several months with us.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Mr. Hardwick has returned from his western trip.

Some very nice fish have been caught in Grouse since the flood.

Mr. and Mrs. Norman Hall visited friends in Dexter this week.

Mr. Dover, our worthy school teacher, has given good satisfaction so far.

Mr. Elliott, a Christian Minister, has been preaching at Dexter the past week.

Mrs. J. V. Hines has been on the sick list of late, but at present writing is improving.

The funeral of Mrs. Jerry Ellinwood, who died two weeks ago, took place on Sunday at 11 o'clock.

Mrs. J. D. Salmons and Mrs. S. B. Bullington spent a few days visiting friends in Wichita last week.

Several new members were initiated in the Dexter Chapter at their last meeting. Among them were our editor and his wife.

Miss Lou Jarvis spent Sunday with Mr. Henry Branson's family. Lou is teaching quite an interesting school southeast of Dexter. We wish her much success.

The flood damaged the farms along the Grouse valley considerably. A great deal of the farm land is badly washed and much of the corn will have to be replanted.

The Mite Society gave a strawberry festival in the hall last Thursday evening. Quite a good assemblage was present and all enjoyed themselves splendidly. Did not learn how much the proceeds amounted to.

Dexter celebrated Decoration Day in a very appropriate manner. The day was bright and lovely for the occasion. The exercises were conducted by the G. A. R. They met at the hall and marched to the cemetery east of town. The Dexter band gave us some very good music. The floral offerings were very beautiful and the graves of the old soldiers, their parents, wives, and children were all remembered and decorated in a most touching manner. Elder Elliott delivered the address at the cemetery, a most eloquent and forcible sermon. There was an immense crowd present and it will be a day long remembered by Dexter people.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Last Thursday evening Mrs. Lewis Brown entertained a group of festive young folks with cake and ice cream.

The Grangers are making extensive preparations for doing a mammoth business when established in their new quarters.

The recent railroad bond election has not shaken our faith in the intelligence of the voters of Pleasant Valley township.

Mr. D. B. McCollum has completed his blacksmith shop at this point. The Grangers' stock of goods will be stored in it while their building is being removed to its new location.

"Mark" is in receipt of "Farm Experiments," a valuable pamphlet of fifty pages, by Prof. E. M. Shelton of the State Agricultural College at Manhattan. This little book is chock full of instructive information to farmers and may be secured by addressing the Professor as above.

The bridal cake feast in which "Mark" participated one evening in THE COURIER office about the middle of last week caused the echoes of sentimentalism to reverberate once more in his manly bosom. May the blushing bride's blissful cup of joy remain over full to the brim but never splash over and waste its ethereal sweetness on the desert air.

From present appearances King Cupid seems to have caught another victim in his affectionate meshes in this community. The judge of the hymeneal court will doubtless be called upon to relieve said victim from the direful agonies of suspense. "How near (sometimes) and yet so far." The public heart palpitates in sympathy for the struggling captive.

The muchly anticipated Union Sunday school picnic missed fire but struck an abundance of water. Owing to the protestations of the aqueous elements, the gather in the shady groves on the verdant banks of classical Posey was abandoned. A few of the neighbors met under the protecting canopy of Irvin Chapel, spread their luscious lunches and devoured them amid a volley of unkind anathemas directed toward the weather clerk. It was ever thus with mortals from the earliest dawn of human existence. They are subject to disappointments, discouragements, and displeasures.

Your reporter took a jaunt last Sabbath evening to district , one of his old battle grounds where, in days of yore, "the air was full of farewells to the dying and mournings for the dead," and was amazed at the progress of civilization. The denizens have recently actually organized a Sunday school. But it does not seem to be safe for a superintendent and his assistant to attend regularly, yet they were on this particular occasion conspicuous for their absence. The blushing secretary also manifested a sense of cautiousness by omitting the customary reading of the minutes. However, a decided step in advance has been taken and these eccentricities of the presiding officers will gradually wear off as rapidly as confidence is established between them and their festive subjects. Your faberizer will allow "Magnolia," of the Tribune, the honor of first imparting to the public the names of the courageous officers, for his delicate modesty, in the light of recent experiences, prevents him from indulging in personalities.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

R. R. bonds carried by 40 majority, and the D. M. & A. will have over a 100 majority.

The City Hotel has changed names. Hereafter it will be known as the Devore House.

Our new law firm of McKinley & Higgins seems to have its hands full of law business.

Mrs. Jeff Parr died on last Friday and was buried on Saturday. She leaves a husband and five small children to mourn her untimely departure.

G. T. Frazier has been confined to his bed for the past few weeks, but we are glad to announce that he is once more on the streets ready for business.

Shriver & Co. wants to keep their scale on First street, and consequently are busy circulating a petition to be presented to the City Council to that effect.

On Tuesday the Marshal arrested Noah Douglass, Peter McCush [McCuish?], and a party by the name of Kelly for drunkenness. $5 and costs was the verdict of His Honor, Judge Werden.

Udall turned out en masse to attend the decoration at Mulvane on Saturday, and all were well pleased with the kind manner in which they were entertained by the citizens of that place.

The election passed off very quietly; not much excitement, and no fighting, but nearly so. Bob Norman was about to whip Jim Napier, but Jim thought discretion the better part of valor, and quietly walked off.

We congratulate the Sentinel on its first birthday. One year ago it was a weak, puny child, in swaddling clothes, while today it stands forth in its strength, an honor to our city, and well worthy of the pride of its founders. Success to you, Will, may your exchequer always be as full of golden ducats as your paper is of valuable news.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Coles Wahoe Bitters are not a beverage, they are the best regulator of liver and kidney and stomach, and are the strongest tonic bitters made.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

If you want to keep off ague and keep your system in a good healthy condition, use Coles Wahoo Bitters prepared and sold at Coles Drug Store.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Coles Ague Cure is the best. It never fails. Reference: Hundreds of people who have used it in Cowley County. Prepared and sold at Coles Drug Store, Winfield.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

SCOTCH COLLEYS. I have a litter of thoroughbred Scotch Colley shepherds, from imported stock, that will be sold at $10 each. C. M. Scott, Arkansas City, Kansas.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

LOST. On the 30th of May, between Winfield and Burden, one pocketbook containing $55.50--two $20 gold pieces, one ten dollar and one five dollar bill and a half dollar silver piece and two shirt studs. The finder will be rewarded by leaving the same at the Courier office. Wm. June, Udall, Kansas.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Benjamin F. Wood, Administrator, estate of Reuben B. Wood, deceased. Probate Court, July 6, 1885, final report to be given. McDonald & Webb, Attorneys.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

R. L. Walker, Register, Land Office at Wichita, Kansas, notice of settler filing notice of his intention to make final proof in support of his claim: Henry S. Gardner, of Winfield. Witnesses: Wylie Redd, G. W. Dexter, L. Cutting, and Wm. Warren, of Winfield, Kansas.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

R. L. Walker, Register, Land Office at Wichita, Kansas, notice of settler filing notice of his intention to make final proof in support of his claim before Ed. Pate, District Clerk at Winfield, Kansas, on July 3, 1885, viz: Freedom Jones, of Winfield P. O. He names the following witnesses to prove his continuous residence upon and cultivation of said land: W. J. Humbert, J. W. Campbell, Harvey Miller, J. C. Corbin, all of Winfield P. O., Kansas

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

R. L. Walker, Register, Land Office at Wichita, Kansas, notice before E. S. Bedilion, notary public at Winfield, of settler filing notice of his intention to make final proof of his claim on July 11, 1885. Settler: William S. Bousman, of Cowley County. Witnesses: P. M. Funkhouser, W. R. Watkins, M. C. Boyd, and W. A. Watkins, all of Winfield, Kansas.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Sheriff's Sale. M. L. Read and M. L. Robinson, Plaintiffs, vs. The Winfield Creamery, Defendants. Date: June 9, 1885. Property described: 7 large ice boxes, 21 small ice boxes, 24 large milk tanks, 43 milk cans, 145 cream cans, 9 tin buckets, 15 butter buckets, 1 office chair, 1 office stool, 1 set of rubber hose, 1 pump, 1 platform scales, 1 side lamp, 1 butter scoop--taken as the property of Winfield Creamery. G. H. McIntire, Sheriff Cowley County, Kansas.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

General Sheridan has returned to Washington from his Western trip.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Fire destroyed twelve buildings and contents at Phoenix, Arizona, the other day. Loss, $75,000; insurance, $40,000.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Considerable damage was caused by a cloud burst recently in Evansville, Indiana, in the northern part of the city.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Helen Taylor, an advocate of woman's suffrage, has accepted an invitation to contest a seat in the British Parliament.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

A recent special from El Paso says the powder mill at Agua Calientes, Mexico, was destroyed by fire, killing two persons.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

The Comptroller of the Currency has authorized the First National Bank of San Marcos, Texas, to begin business with a capital of $50,000.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

The French Government on the 28th ordered the priests to quit the Pantheon, where Hugo was to be buried, within forty-eight hours. Many of the newspapers denounced the order.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

During a thunder storm recently, at Henderson, Kentucky, Richard L. Moore, of Chicago, while standing on the bridge, was struck by lightning and was supposed fatally injured. Several others were also shocked.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

It was reported on the 28th from British Columbia that the people were intensely dissatisfied with the land and timber regulations of the Dominion Government and would resist encroachments by armed force.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

A two story frame building on Jackson avenue, in Long Island City, N. Y., fell with a loud crash early the other morning. It had been condemned by the Board of Health, and several families living on the second floor had been driven out the day previous.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

On the farm of Owen Means, at Saybrook, Illinois, a number of apparently healthy cattle have fallen dead in their tracks as if from heart disease. The disease appeared to be contagious, but its nature was not clearly defined. It created no little anxiety among stock men.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

The Secretary of the Treasury has issued a circular directing custom officers to collect the alien immigrant tax of fifty cents each, from foreigners coming to this country, whether tourists or travelers in transit to other countries, or as coming to this country to reside.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

The Rev. W. J. Davis and the Rev. W. P. Hastings, who repeated their preaching services on the common at Boston on a recent Sunday, in spite of their arrest and fine for the previous Sunday's preaching, were fined thirty dollars and costs. They appealed.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

A can of benzine exploded recently in a five-story building, Second and Market streets, Philadelphia. Two other explosions followed, the walls being blown out. A woman on the sidewalk was killed by the falling walls. A young man was badly burned and many had narrow escapes. Loss, $80,000.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

John R. Heat, a veteran of the war of 1812, died in Brookline, Massachusetts, on the 27th, aged ninety-two.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Hiland K. Clark, Representative to the New York General Assembly, died in Groton, New York, Tuesday night.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

The British steamer Alert sailed from Halifax, N. S., on the 27th, on a scientific expedition to the Hudson Bay.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

The President has appointed Edward Campbell, Jr., to be United States Marshal for the Southern District of Iowa.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Three women and six children were drowned in the Canyon, nine miles east of Indianola, Nebraska, on the night of the 26th.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Millions of young grasshoppers are reported coming out on the sandy soil on the south side of the Arkansas River above Pueblo, Colorado, destroying early vegetables.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Willie Prentice shot his father dead the other night at Orange, Massachusetts. The father while in a drunken fit ordered his son to shoot at a cup which he held on his head.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Margaret Brooks and her daughter were sentenced in Philadelphia recently to four months' imprisonment, the mother for being a common scold and the daughter for contempt of court.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Secretary Lamar was seized with a chill at Washington recently from the effects of which he was confined to his house, was reported better next day; but his physicians advised him against going to the department.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

A tenement house fire at 98 East Fourth street, New York, created great excitement recently. The building was occupied by twenty families, but all were rescued, though some were rendered insensible by the smoke.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

The assets of James S. Fish, late President of the defunct Marine Bank were sold the other day at New York. His seat in the Produce Exchange brought $2,330, and two Tammany Society bonds, valued at $500 each, due in August, 1887, sold at $972.50.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Secretary Whitney has ordered the United States vessels at Aspinwall, with the exception of the Tennessee, to proceed to Key West and await further orders. Admiral Jonett was instructed to remain with the Tennessee for the present to watch American interests on the isthmus.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

At Charleston, W. Va., recently the brake band of the Kanawha Mining Company's incline, eight hundred feet long, broke and two car loads of miners were carried down the mountain at great speed. Three men were killed, one was fatally hurt, and a number were slightly injured.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Six newspapers in Warsaw have been suppressed by Russian officials.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

During two weeks ended April 30, there were 188 deaths from cholera in Calcutta.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

It is reported that the King of Abyssinia desires a treaty with Italy, respecting Massowah and its environs.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

It is reported the Khan of Budu Eshan, in Afghan Turkestan, has made a secret treaty with Russia.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Pekin advices say that it is reported there that a Russian outpost has fired on a Chinese outpost in Mantchoria.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Mayor Smith, of Philadelphia, sent a cablegram to the Paris municipality tendering his condolence, officially, on the death of Victor Hugo.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

A report from Burlington, Vermont, says that Senator Edmonds has been summoned to testify on points in American law before the British House of Lords.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

The failure of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing to secure the contract for printing the postage stamps resulted in a further reduction of the force.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Alexander Burbosco, aged thirty-five, a farmer living near Kankakee, Illinois, was killed by lightning recently, a wire clothes line conveying the stroke to him.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

The Political Correspondence believes that the arbitration of the Afghan frontier dispute has been abandoned and that a new frontier commission will be appointed.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Evidence at the inquest showed that young Shock, of the United States Navy, who shot himself at Blackheath, London, did so from mental aberration, due, probably, to unrequited love.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

From a partial report of the receiver of the Mississippi Valley Bank at Vicksburg, Miss., it appears that the assets will fall about $90,000 short of the liabilities, and that most of the loss will fall upon poor people.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

A dispatch from Singapore says the people of Mawang are opposed to being transferred to the control of the British Borneo Company, and are fighting against the new authority. Two Europeans and a number of natives have already been killed.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

The Pope recently had a two hours' conference with Irish bishops. The strictest secrecy was enjoined upon all who participated in the conference as to what took place. It is supposed, however, the Pope spoke strongly and plainly to the bishops in regard to their animosity to England.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

The petition of the pugilist Sullivan's wife for a divorce was refused by the court.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Since Secretary Manning assumed charge of the Treasury Department sixty clerkships, averaging from $800 to $2,100, have become vacant.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Charles W. Angell, who embezzled $20,000 from the Pullman Company at Chicago in 1878, has been released from the Joliet (Ill.) Penitentiary, having served his time.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Could not read next item. Much white streaking on newspaper.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Fort Pitt, in the Saskatchewan country, was reported burned by Big Bear and his rebels. The body of a policeman named Cowan was found with the heart cut out and stuck on a pole.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

A number of ex-members of General Shelby's brigade met at Higginsville, Missouri, recently, to make arrangements for a reunion to be held at Higginsville on the 25th of August next.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

The entire personal property at Bordertown, N. J., of Mrs. T. S. Parnell, mother of the famous leaguer, has been attached at the suit of Joshua Turner and others and advertised for ale.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

The business failures for week ended May 26 numbered: for the United States, 187; for Canada, 19; a total of 206 against 289 the week previous. The assignments were light in all parts of the country.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Brown & Co., of the Wayne Iron and Steel Works, Pittsburgh, Pa., have signed the Amalgamated Association's scale, and work will be continued without interruption. This is the first break in the manufacturers' lines.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885. Front Page.

Repeated Sheriff's Election Proclamation, Omnia Township.

Repeated Sheriff's Election Proclamation, Richland Township.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

The following are the real estate transfers filed in the office of Register of Deeds yesterday.

J M Alexander and wife to H C Clausen, part of 22-32-s-4e and pt of sw qr 28-32-s-4e, quit claim: $40.00

Steven Carver to Geo Ordway, n hf of se qr and sw qr of se qr and se qr of nw qr and qr of se qr 1-31-s-5e: $800.00

Robert W Fleener and wife to Steven Cower, sw qr of ne and se qr of nw qr and ne qr of sw qr 1-34-s-5e: $1,180.00

Mrs J S Rigby and husband to R M Baker, sw qr 8-35-s-7e, 160 acres: $1,500.00

U S to Andrew J Haddock, sw qr 4-3-s-8e, 160 acres: $200.00

B W Sitter and wife to Marquis De L Devore, sw qr 30-33-s-5e, quit claim: $1.00

W P Wolf and wife et al to Elvina C Johnson, lots, 6, 7, and 9, block 152, Ark City: $500.00

U S to Alfred P Cochran, e ½ of se qr sec ?, ne qr of ne qr sec 9 and nw qr of nw qr sec 10, 32-s-6e, 160 acres: $200.00

[Used ? Where there was a big blob of ink.]

F S Jennings and wife and A H Jennings and wife to A J Thompson, lot 12, block 149, Winfield, quit claim: $75.00

J C McMullen and wife to Joseph Abrams, lots 1, 2, and 3, block 285, Thompson's 3rd addition to Winfield: [? Amount not given.]

U S Gideon to C Orand, se qr 31-31-s-5e, 160 acres: $200.00

Benj. F Mooreland and wife to John W McElvain, se qr 31-31-s-8e, 160 acres: $550.00

Moore Ralston to John T Leslie, s ½ of nw qr 27-33-s-4e, 80 acres: $900.00

Marie A Andrews and husband to John A Park, lot 8 blk 143, village of Northfield: $100.00

Nelson Vanpelter and wife to Levi Harden, e ½ of se qr, ex 10 acres: $200.00

Wm V McConn and wife to Chas R Fowler, lots 25 and 28, and 5 ft off lot 24, block 47, Ark City: $750.00

Lafayette McLaughlin and wife to David J Kennedy et al, trustees of First Free Methodist church of Ark City, lots 13 and 14, block 146, Ark City: $80.00

The Commercial Building Association to F A Frick, lot 1, block 70, Ark City: $1,200.00

John A Mort and wife to Eldridge C Nelson, lot 28, sec 6, and lot 7, 7-34-s-8e, 80 acres: $250.00

John A Mort and wife to John T Nelson, lot 29, sec 6 and lot 6, 7-34-s-8e, 80 acres: $250.00

Udall Town Company to city of Udall, lot 7, block 31, Udall: $50.00

Miles S Williams to J W Snodgrass, lot 5, block 49, Williams' 1st ad to Udall: $50.00

Anna L Newcomb and husband to E H Long, s ½ of se qr and s ½ of sw qr, 9-33-s-7e, 160 acres: $550.00

Joseph W Hines to D B Bartley, lots 13 and 14, blk 112, Arkansas City: $180.00

Ella A Caldwell and husband to Rudolph Rosenberg, lots 6 and 7, block 104, Arkansas City: $110.00

Marion T Kay and wife to Al L Edwards, e hf of nw qr 10-35-s-4e, 80 acres: $700.00

Emily J Miller and husband to A L Edwards, lots 32, 34, and 35, blk 7, McLaughlin's ad to A C: $350.00

C M Scott and wife to James Hendricks, lots 5 and 6, blk 37, A C: $95.00


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

H. P. Standley, of the A. C. Traveler, was up Saturday swinging at his side an unsophisticated grip. Just what on earth he wanted with that grip was inexplicable until he boarded the train for home. He was then gripless. New newspaporial scheme.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Ah, ha! Now we have him. He failed to "fence" and here is the result. Any evidence desired can be had from the COURIER scribe, who was there and knows. A libel suit is very probable and his evidence is withheld for the Present: "Capt. H. H. Siverd was over to the calico ball last week. The Captain presents a fine appearance when whirling through the mazy in company with a round-dance-dizzy-blonde. He can rest assured that our young people will welcome him." Burden Eagle.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

"Young man," said a Wichita revivalist, solemnly, "Do you feel that you are prepared to answer the summons at any moment? Do you realize that when you go to bed at night you may be called before the morning dawns?" "Oh, yes sir; I'm night clerk in a drug store, and all you've got to do is keep on ringing the bell until you hear me holler."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

A Wellington girl never wants to get her "hoof" caught in a railway-frog. When the frog sees her coming, it gets out of the way. It doesn't want to be mashed.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

A dentist is no chicken. He is always a pull-it.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Last Sunday evening Miss Kittie Rivers, of Pleasant Valley township, met with a serious accident from the explosion of a kerosene lamp, which will probably disfigure her for life. She had been to church, and upon returning home lighted a lamp and started upstairs to her room when the lamp exploded in her hands and set her clothing on fire. Her parents were awakened by her screams and immediately came to her rescue, but before they could extinguish the flames her clothing was nearly burned from her body. Her face was but slightly disfigured, but her hands and arms were badly burned. It is thought that a portion of her left hand will have to be amputated. A. C. Democrat.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Why is it dangerous to be out in spring? Because the grass has blades, the flowers pistils, the leaves shoot, and the bulrushes out.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Mrs. Staltner, living in Udall, met with a very painful accident one day last week. She is subject to epileptic fits, and had just nursed her babe and laid it down, when turning, she fell in a fit upon a hot stove, falling upon her left breast, which was exposed. She remained in this terrible position for some moments when she was rescued by a neighbor. Her breast was burned very badly, as was also one of her hands. As if this were not affliction enough, they now mourn the loss of their babe, which died Wednesday morning of membranous croup. Udall Sentinel.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Mr. A. H. Jennings and family left for Ohio Friday, where they spend a month visiting relatives. Mr. Jennings will also be present at the commencement exercises of the Delavan University.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

After awhile ladies' kid gloves will extend so far up the arm that it will be necessary to keep them up with suspenders.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Col. E. Wolfe, of Indiana, whose short but happy speech in this city on Decoration day charmed the hearts of his hearers, was here on a flying visit from Winfield; but meeting some old army friends, was induced to stay over Sunday. The Colonel is happy at a camp fire, effective in a set speech, and irresistible in a story. On Saturday evening he spent two or three hours in the room of an old army friend, W. J. Woods, and told of an amusing incident that had occurred between himself and Gen. Hatch the day preceding. The last time the pair had met was in Tennessee, near Memphis, at the early part of the war. Hatch was in the regular service and Wolfe a volunteer officer. On the night in question some movements were in operation, and orders were coming in thick and fast. To wile away the tedium of the time, the two officers sat down to a game of poker in a log cabin which they occupied as headquarters. The play was interrupted by the arrival of frequent orderlies, which were promptly attended to, and then the game proceeded. After awhile, however, orderlies began to come in at both doors, and the situation grew critical. Major Hatch started to his feet with the exclamation, "Wolfe, this thing is getting too hot. Mind, it's your deal!" and leaving cards and stakes on the table, he hurried from the hovel and mounted his horse. On Friday last the narrator of the story entered the Brettun house, in Winfield, and handing his grip sack to the clerk, waited the movements of a gray headed gentleman in order to place his autograph on the register. The former having entered his name, handed the pen to the Indianian; their eyes met, and recognition was mutual. "Hello, Hatch!" said the ex-volunteer officer, "who would have thought of seeing you here?" A twinkle came to the eyes of the veteran addressed, and extending his hand, he dryly remarked, "Wolfe, it's your deal!" A quarter of a century had elapsed since that unfinished game of poker, and we have the word of both gentlemen that they have never played the game since. The fortune of war and the accidents of life have carried them in opposite directions, and since that night in the negro quarters by the turbid Mississippi, till the accidental meeting in the hotel at Winfield, they have not seen each other. But the striking incidents of that time were indelibly impressed on the minds of both, and when they came together at last, the long past scene was restored, and the parting exclamation was as fresh in the memories of both as when uttered. When old comrades meet there is an inexhaustible flow of incident and adventure set a-going.

Arkansas City Traveler.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

We have all heard of fellows, in modern parlance, being "struck," and hanging over the back gate or climbing over the garden fence to see their "sweet Maria," but Winfield had a rare exhibition Friday night of acute struckology. A certain fellow, whom all the boys know, wanted to see his girl. He wanted to tell her something, possibly wanted to elope, and his case was desperate. He had a terrible palpitation of the upper left vest pocket and his soul was in the seventh heaven of expectant bliss. But on nearing the damsel's abode all was silent darkness--she had retired to dream of sauce dishes, empty cream pitchers, and ham and eggs for breakfast. But the young Romeo was gallant. He wanted to see that girl. He offered to pay someone to tell her that he awaited her in the blissful regions of the wash house. At last he found a man who agreed to do the messenger act for two dollars. He paid one dollar down and promised to pay the other on the arrival of the princess of his affections. He then went into the romantic regions of the wash house and perched upon a washtub, tried to iron his handkerchief with the clothes wringer; he amused himself by trying to count the ridges on the washboard and the springs of the patent clothes pins. He heard the belated pedestrian wending his weary way homeward, but no dulciana came. He waited and watched and at last he heard footsteps, the door swung open and--great horn spoons! It was the stately lord of the mansion, and instead of the loving entrance from his Maria Angelina, he had to perform several gymnastics to keep out of the way of a double-barreled, back action water elm club that seemed to be coming in his direction. When the club passed and while the venerable lord of that particular part of God's moral vineyard was trying to dislocate the handle of the clothes wringer for a projectile, the modern Romeo made his exit through the window like a cat amounting the back wall. Erstwhile, the naughty practical joker who took the dollar for which he was to play the messenger act squandered the dollar for soda, lemonade, and ice cream. The hero of the occasion has not been seen since, and the man who knows most about it may consider himself "Old Persimmons," especially since he whispered the proceedings of the nocturnal counsel in the left ear of THE DAILY reporter, with the timely advice for said reporter to double his life insurance. It's doubled.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

A look through the basement of J. P. Baden's double stores is an eye-opening to one unfamiliar with the immense shipping business carried on by J. P. The butter packing department, presided over by the genial Charley Hattery, is a model of neatness and employs from four to a dozen hands. The refrigerator is 25 x 50 feet and contains constantly a thousand to three thousand pounds of butter ready for shipment to Mexico, Arizona, Colorado, and everywhere else. The refrigerator consumes an immense amount of ice! The creamery apparatus is simple and convenient. The egg cases, in the back rooms of the second floor, are piled to the ceiling: arriving every day, like the butter buckets, from almost every town in the State. The eggs are carefully counted daily, the spoiled taxed to the sender and the broken ones to the express companies. The shipping business of J. P. Baden looms immensely, makes a good market for home producer and that of surrounding counties, and makes the city famous abroad. Its worth to Cowley can hardly be calculated. It is a business in which there is much risk--in which a peculiar shrewdness is required for success. That Mr. Baden is making a success, and has the business down "pat" is plainly evidenced in a walk through his shipping department.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.


The best paint for tin and iron is composed of pure linseed oil and earth ocres, red or yellow. The ocres granulated powders are the best, as they offer less air holes and give a firmer hold for the oils on the grits [?grids] and thus bend them to the metal. The oil in this manner gets close to the metal and offers resistance to the air in removing the atoms from its cohesion. If this gets space, I will tell why lead is not good for tin and iron in my next.



Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

WASHINGTON, D. C.--Mr. F. O. McCleary, a prominent solicitor of patents of this city, was troubled for several weeks with a severe cough, which not only deprived him of sleep but annoyed others. The only thing which did him any good, he says, was the new preparation Red Star Cough Cure, a purely vegetable compound, free from opiates, narcotics, or poisons of any kind.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Delegates from the various Associations of the circuit met in the parlors of the Manhattan, Wichita, Kas., June 4th. Delegates present: D. L. Kretsinger, Cowley; Col. St. Clair and D. A. Espy, Sumner; W. S. Forrey and C. H. Finch, Harper; Geo. Filly, Kingman; D. A. Mitchell, Foutz and Peckham, Sedgwick County. The object of the meeting being the arrangement of programs, conditions, and regulations for the Speed Department for the circuit. The following was adopted.


1. American Rules for running, and National Association Rules for trotting and pacing, to govern except when otherwise specified.

2. All trotting and pacing, 2 in 5 in harness, running races as provided for in program.

3. All entries for the Circuit close at 8 p.m. on the day preceding the races as shown on program. No entry will be accepted or recorded unless accompanied by 10 percent of the purse.

4. Horses must go in the class to which they are eligible. Correct time will be recorded at each meeting, and same will bar a horse at the succeeding meeting of the Circuit.

5. Any horse fined or expelled for misconduct, shall be ineligible to start over any track in this Circuit until such fine is paid or order of expulsion removed.

6. In all races four or more to fill, three or more to start.

7. All purses will be divided 60, 25, and 15 percent.

8. A horse distancing the field, or any part thereof, shall receive but first money.

9. All races not called before 5 o'clock of the last day will be declared off and entrance money refunded.

10. Races will be called at 1:30 sharp each day, and any horse failing to report on the track 20 minutes thereafter, will be subject to a fine as provided for.

11. First-class box stalls, with bedding, will be furnished at $2.50 each for the meeting. Drivers and grooms admitted free. Hay, corn, oats, bran, and chop will be furnished on the grounds at market prices. For further information or programs, address the Secretaries.

The Secretary was instructed to print 4,000 copies of joint programs, also 600 copies illuminated posters for the Circuit, each Association to bear their pro rata part of the expense.

Meeting adjourned subject to the call of the Secretary.

D. L. KRETSINGER, Secretary.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

A Cyclone is a very bad thing when it makes a swoop. Winfield's Cyclone is a daisy. It yet has to find anything too weighty for its sweeping qualities. To gobble up base ball clubs is its special delight, and when it winks its eyes, rubs its hands, and wades in, you may always look for a "twister." It raked in a victim Thursday in a way that was really heart-rending. It was the result of a contest between our Cyclone and the Border Base Ball Club of Arkansas City. The Border Club was composed as follows: F. Perryman (captain), F. Wright, Joe Pentecost, Eric Miller, Joe Wasney, Geo. Smith, Geo. Wilson, Chas. Wright, with Lute Coombs as score man. The Cyclone Club is composed of Will R. Gray, Walker Jones, Jerry Smith, George Schuler, Harry Holbrook, Will Parker, S. A. McClellan, Ed. McMullen (captain), and Hallock. W. E. Dockson did the score act and William Schell umpired, both of Winfield. The game opened at 2:25, with the Borders at the bat. The first inning white-washed the Border's, but on the second they scored eleven runs; then the Cyclones began to boost--and walked right off with a pocket full of tallies every inning. At the close of the game, without the Cyclones playing their last inning, the scored stood 46 to 19 in favor of our boys. The tallied runs and outs stood as follows.


Gray: 6 Runs, 3 Outs.

Jones: 7 Runs, 1 Out.

Smith: 5 Runs, 3 Outs.

Schuler: 6 Runs, 3 Outs.

Holbrook: 5 Runs, 3 Outs.

Parker: 6 Runs, 2 Outs.

McClellan: 4 Runs, 2 Outs.

McMullen: 3 Runs, 4 Outs.

Hallock: 4 Runs, 4 Outs.

Totals: 46 Runs, 23 Outs.


Perryman: 4 Runs, 2 Outs.

Smith: 1 Run, 4 Outs.

Wasney: 1 Run, 4 Outs.

Miller: 3 Runs, 2 Outs.

Pentecost: 2 Runs, 2 Outs.

Wilson: 1 Run, 5 Outs.

Wright: 3 Runs, 1 Out.

Hilliard: 1 Run, 4 Outs.

Wright: 4 Runs, 3 Outs.

Totals: 19 Runs, 28 Outs.

The Borders made some good plays, but of course it takes skilled artists to overcome the brilliant playing of our club. The playing of the Cyclones has never been excelled in this section; in fact, our club can down anyone that dares to poke up its head. The Borders were undaunted in defeat, and challenged the Cyclones for a game with $50 water at Arkansas City three weeks from yesterday, which was accepted. The Arkansas City boys were handsome fellows, perfect gentlemen, and had their regular nine been present, would have given a warmer tussle. Their catcher, pitcher, and umpire were unable to come up. Their club had only been organized a week and had had but little practice. Their visit was very enjoyable.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

He was from Grouse Valley. He fell into THE COURIER den Saturday afternoon with a black eye, a strip of court plaster across his cheek, one arm in a sling, and as he leaned upon a crutch, and wiped the perspiration away from around a lump on his forehead with a red cotton handkerchief, he asked if the boss was in. Being answered in the affirmative, he said: "Well, I want to stop my COURIER!" and he sat down on the edge of a chair, as though it might hurt him. "Scratch my name right off. You are responsible for my condition." "Can it be possible?" we inquired. "Yes," said he, "I'm a farmer, and I keep cows. I recently read a squib in THE COURIER about a dairymen's convention, where one of the mottoes over the door was: 'Treat your cow as you would a lady,' and the article said it was contended by our best dairymen that a cow treated in a polite and gentlemanly manner, as though she was a companion, would give twice as much milk. I had been a hard man with my stock, and thought, maybe, that was one reason my cows always dried up when the butter was forty cents a pound, and gave plenty of milk when butter was only ten and fifteen cents a pound. I decided to adopt your plan, and treat a cow as I would a lady. I have a brindle cow that was never very badly mashed on me, and I decided to commence on her, and the next morning after I read this devilish item, put on my Sunday suit, and a white plug hat I bought last fall when Cleveland run for president, and got there Ell, and went to the barn yard to milk. I noticed the old cow seemed to be bashful and frightened, but taking off my hat and bowing politely, I said: 'Madam, excuse the seeming impropriety of the request, but will you do me the favor to hoist?' At the same time I tapped her gently on the flank with my plug hat; and putting the tin pail under her, I sat down on the milk stool."

"Did she hoist?" said we rather anxious to know how the advice worked. "Did she hoist! Well, look at me and see if you think she hoisted. The cow raised and kicked me with all her four feet, switched me with her tail, and hooked me with both horns at once, and when I got up and dug my hat out of the straw, and the milking stool from under me, and began to maul that cow, I forgot all about the treatment to horned cattle. Why, she fairly galloped over me, and I never want to read your damnable paper again."

We tried to explain to him that the advice did not apply to brindle cows at all, but he hobbled out the maddest man that ever asked a cow to hoist.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

A certain piece of business property, on 9th avenue, was between two fires recently. Its owner sold it for $3,200, attaching his own signature, but before the wife had signed it he ran across another offer, $3,375. The $175 was too much of a temptation and another deed was drawn and properly signed by himself and wife. The party of the first part got wind of transaction number two and failing to get the wife's signature, made a rush for the recorder's office. The holder of deed number two also made a rush to record, but the other deed went on file about a minute earlier. The matter hung in the balance for several days, with a law suit imminent, when the center individual, finding a warmer future than anticipated, compromised with the first party for seventy-five dollars, giving a quit claim. He was in a tight vice, and lucky to get out so easy.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

The vote of the K. C. & S. W. and jail propositions, as canvassed Friday by the County Commissioners, stands as follows.


Name of township followed by Votes For and Votes Against...

Beaver: 2 - 95

East Bolton: 36 - 38

West Bolton: 68 - 19

Cedar: 2 - 31

West Cedar: 17 - 59

Creswell: 98 - 43

Dexter: 143 - 27

Fairview: 36 -19

Harvey: 21 - 64

Liberty: 2 - 67

Maple: 5 - 44

Ninnescah: 110 - 71

Omnia: 62 - 17

North Otter: 0 - 41

South Otter: 14 - 8

Pleasant Valley: 36 - 82

North Richland: 24 - 48

South Richland: 47 - 118

Rock: 8 - 59

Silver Creek: 17 - 325

Silverdale: 11 - 63

Spring Creek: 4 - 129

Tisdale: 39 - 67

Vernon: 53 - 49

Walnut: 176 - 23

Windsor: 35 - 88

Sheridan: 15 - 72

Arkansas City: 556 - 8

Winfield: 757 - 10

Total For K. C. & S. W. Railroad Bonds: 2,394.

Total Against K. C. & S. W. Railroad Bonds: 1,784.

Majority for: 610


Name of Township followed by Votes For and Votes Against...

Beaver: 0 - 67

East Bolton: 0 - 35

West Bolton: 3 - 36

Cedar: 6 - 11

Creswell: 0 - 51

Dexter: 0 - 77

Fairview: 0 - 29

Harvey: 0 - 42

Liberty: 2 - 59

Maple: 0 - 52

Ninnescah: 9 - 97

Omnia: 1 - 51

North Otter: 0 - 15

Pleasant Valley: 3 - 56

North Richland: 0 - 34

South Richland: 0 - 91

Rock: 0 - 48

Sheridan: 0 - 65

Silver Creek: 2 - 221

Silver Dale: 1 - 34

Spring Creek: 0 - 91

Tisdale: 9 - 73

Vernon: 3 - 41

Walnut: 24 - 10

Windsor: 5 - 43

Arkansas City: 66 - 208

Winfield: 313 - 61

Totals For Jail Bonds: 455.

Totals Against Jail Bonds: 1,767

Majority Against: 1,312


Winfield and Cowley County Continue Their Onward March--30,790.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

County Clerk Hunt has completed the abstract of the county census rolls, showing an advance most gratifying. We present the comparison.

Township 1884. 1885.

Beaver 814 810

Bolton 1228 1356

Cedar 983 958

Creswell 879 1056

Dexter 1129 1229

Fairview 634 665

Harvey 698 738

Liberty 758 771

Maple 719 758

Ninnescah 776 980

Omnia 453 431

Otter 471 587

Pleasant Valley 936 1103

Richland 905 1365

Rock 648 756

Sheridan 701 639

Silver Creek 1311 1610

Silver Dale 790 845

Spring Creek 586 715

Tisdale 938 576

Vernon 965 1006

Walnut 1285 1604

Windsor 1097 1207

Arkansas City 2828 3814

Winfield 3917 5151

Total: 26449 30790

Arkansas City and Winfield certainly show increases to be proud of, while the increase in all parts of the county exhibit forcibly the popularity and splendid advancement of the Garden of Eden, Cowley County. Of course, to place Winfield's population properly, those inhabitants lying outside the corporation, legitimately belonging to the city, must be noted. The population of Walnut township is largely swelled from Winfield, and Vernon gets several hundred. The correct census of the Queen City of Southern Kansas would show over six thousand bonafide residents. The loss in Tisdale township and the big increase in Richland is caused by the recent division of the townships. The abstract of personal property in the different townships, etc., will soon be completed, when we will present other interesting statistics.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Mr. N. W. Dressie has returned home, retired from the service of Uncle Sam. Of course, a "clean sweep" has been expected and, while humiliating to every true citizen, the discharge of as reliable, patriotic, and competent an employee is not surprising. Mr. Dressie is a disabled soldier and justly entitled to a position under the government as any man in the service. But such qualifications are of little moment now. His appointment was made by Arthur, on six months probation, as with all new route agents. He had had experience and soon had the route in excellent running order. Not a mistake was recorded in the six monthly statements he received from the chief of mail service. But the "Dems" don't want any Republicans around their shop, and at the expiration of the six months probation, we're not slow in whacking Mr. Dressie's head off. The Chanute Times pays Mr. Dressie this deserving compliment: "Last week Mr. N. W. Dressie, who has held the position of route agent on the Girard Branch, received notice that his services would not be needed after his trip to this place from Girard on June 1st. Mr. Dressie has filled this place with perfect fidelity, and the reports made of his service by the chief of the mail service for this division show that not a single error has been noted against him during the last five months, so that there cannot be the least charge of incompetency made. It clearly appears that he was removed to make room for a Democrat, and the civil service rules were ignored and put completely out of sight. Mr. Dressie was a member of the 8th Kansas regiment, serving two years faithfully, and was discharged for disability, afterwards re-enlisting and serving 1½ years more. Depriving such a man of this small office, without the least cause, is the smallest exhibition of 'offensive partisanship' that we have noted."


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

The Arkansas City Democrat, notwithstanding the numerous and chronic croakings of certain humanity, finds this consolation: "As far as we have been able to learn, wheat is filling well and the prospect is the quality will be good. Corn is very backward, and in some fields the stand is not good; but on the whole the prospect is very good for this time of the year. A very large area has been sown with oats and the stand is very good, and the present prospect for a good yield is excellent. The farmers are all looking well to their cornfields and with a moderate supply of rain from this on for two months, the corn crop will be the largest ever raised in the State. The fruit prospect is exceedingly good, the best that we have ever had since the country was settled. Small fruits are abundant, and our market already well supplied with early small fruits. To take all kinds of grain and fruits, the prospect is the best that we have ever had."


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Rev. S. Ramsey, of New Wilmington, Pennsylvania, who has been in attendance upon the annual meeting of the synod of the Associate Presbyterians, at Richmond, Kansas, is in the city visiting relatives. He supplies us with the following points of interest in relation to this venerable body. This body had its denominational distinction from the occasion of a separation from the established church of Scotland in 1732. Was introduced into the United States by missionary effort about 1755--prospered in its work, increasing in membership up to about 1782, when it was largely decimated by the organization of the "Associate Reformed Church," which largely absorbed the ministerial members of the "Associate Presbyterians," then in this country as well as a considerable part of the lay members. Missionary reinforcement was speedily obtained from Scotland and renewed effort put forth and considerable success achieved in the increase of membership to about 25,000 communicants in 1858, when a large majority of ministers and members separated from the synod and coalesced with the majority of the "Associate Reformed" body, forming what is now known as the "United Presbyterian" church in this country--a small fragment remaining steadfast to the original standards, doctrines, and usages of the "Associate Presbyterian" church are still known by that name. They have congregations in Richmond, Mankato, Dunlap, Newton, and Stafford, Kansas; and also in Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New York. The work carried on by this small body when compared with the numerical insignificance of the body, is very great, and its extent and importance can only be in a measure understood by an examination in their official organ, Associate Presbyterian, Philadelphia. Important and decisive action was taken in reference to the financial interests of this institution, looking to the enlargement of its field of operation and the establishment of the permanence of this most important work. The uniform courtesy of the good people of Richmond and vicinity no doubt contributed largely to the prevailing harmony manifest in the synod. The next meeting of this synod is to take place at Unity, Pennsylvania, May 1886, and the 4th Wednesday. This body is strictly Calvinistic and uncompromisingly Presbyterian. The stated clerk, Rev. H. L. Brownlee, is located at Newton, Kansas. THE COURIER is perhaps the only Kansas paper publishing a synopsis of the synod's proceedings. This synod was in session from May 27 to June 4th, 1885. The synodical sermon was preached by Rev. Dr. Bruice, [?Bruce] of Rimersburg, Pennsylvania, the retiring moderator. He eloquently discoursed from Luke xvi:25 [?]. Dr. G. F. Fisher, of Washington, Iowa, filled the moderator's chair during this meeting with great ability and dignity. The various sessions of this meeting were characterized by great harmony and earnestness of the members in discussing and disposing of the several items of important interest to the church. Important action was taken on "National Reform." A very able and eloquent report on this subject was presented by Dr. Fisher and Houston and adopted. Very important action was had on Home Missions. Also a very lively interest was manifested and important action on the Freedman's Mission, located at Dunlap, Kansas, under the supervision of Rev. Dr. J. M. Snodgrass, who is doing a noble work in the spiritual interest of the freedmen. This synod has an Academy established at Dunlap for the literary and scientific education of the freedmen. This school is under the management of Prof. A. Atchison, an earnest and active friend of the freedmen.


Its Regular Monthly Meeting Last Saturday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

The Cowley County Horticultural Society held its regular monthly meeting last Saturday in the real estate office of Curns & Manser. It was "strawberry day," and the array of specimens was grand, and the discussion on the qualities of the various varieties very profitable. President Martin considered the Crescent seedling strawberry the best. Mr. Mentch thought the Charles Downing the best to plant with the Crescent. It was an excellent berry of itself. President Martin planted the Ironclad, profuse bloomers, but failed to fruit. The Glendale makes an excellent show, and Kentucky blooms late and bears late. Communication from Secretary of State Society in regard to semi-annual meeting at Oswego, June 10th and 11th, read and filed. Letter read from Secretary Brackett, expresses the opinion that the English Walnut may succeed in Southern Kansas--would try the Japan Persimmon. President called attention of members present that G. S. Manser, city, has the Japan Persimmon in baring on his grounds in the city. Mr. Grober stated that the English Walnut withstood severe cold weather in Germany. Dr. Perry thought that a dry winter was most injurious to tree growth. President Martin thought the dry sub-soil and severe cold is the cause of trees winter-killing. Mr. Mentch thought the curled leaf of the peach was caused by the late frost. The Wager peach reported exempt from this curl leaf. Mr. said that the budded and seedling bloom before and after the freeze with no perceptible difference. Mr. Manser sold $16 worth of fruit from two trees of Wild Goose plums. Dr. Perry had seen good results from the use of coal ashes as a mulch for fruit trees. The Doctor exhibited a caterpillar that infested his clover plants, also the peach and rose trees. Dr. Perry was requested to act as a committee to procure "Saunders on Insects," as the most desirable works for the use of the society, and also to correspond with Prof. Snow, of Lawrence, as to other works suited to Kansas horticulturists. At the suggestion of Pres. Martin, Mr. F. A. A. Williams was elected delegate to the semi-annual meeting of the State Horticultural Society at Oswego, June 10th and 11th. Mr. F. A. A. Williams thought that the society should take some steps toward finding markets for our surplus peaches and other fruit, and if possible, make some arrangements for shipping. The President appointed Mr. Williams. Mr. Thirsk, and Mr. DeTurk, as committee on marketing fruits.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

O. G. Dort, a prominent citizen and capitalist of Keene, New Hampshire, has been taking a little run through Kansas, accompanied by his accomplished wife. Mr. Dort is a large owner of our Winfield water works bonds, besides having other investments in our city and county. While here they were the guests of Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson, and by them they were shown around our city and were much interested and surprised to find our water and gas systems perhaps the best in the State, with all other modern improvements abundant throughout our city. They went into ecstacy over the magnificent New England scenery, as they termed it, so abundant and picturesque around our city. So impressed were they with the enterprise and thrift shown on every hand that they have determined to purchase a few blocks of ground in College Hill and West Side, so as to come fully within the range of our future possibilities. Mr. Dort and wife are socially and otherwise agreeable and influential people, and they expressed themselves that the hospitality and information afforded them while here will make them zealous and conscientious advocates for Kansas as the most desirable place available west for eastern people seeking new and congenial homes.




Is The Eighth Section of the Prohibitory Law Constitutional?

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Several weeks ago Judge Crozier in the District Court of Leavenworth County pronounced the 8th section of the prohibitory law passed last winter, unconstitutional, in that it conferred judicial power on the county attorney, a ministerial officer, and made him not only prosecutor but grand jury and judge with power to punish witnesses for contempt. Soon after this decision Judge Foster, of the U. S. District Court, made a similar decision against the constitutionality of the law. We have refrained from criticizing these decisions thus far, preferring to withhold our views until we could examine the matter carefully, and form a just and unprejudiced opinion as far as possible.

We do not believe that the opinions of the two Judges above mentioned are entitled to credit or respect for the following reasons: First, Judge Crozier is not a very clear, sharp thinking, independent man, but is peculiarly susceptible to the influence of public sentiment, and he is surrounded by the most unanimous and powerful anti-prohibition sentiment there is in the State, with which he is in full sympathy, and that sentiment and sympathy must necessarily affect his opinions in relation to this law and his decisions thereon.

Judge Foster is generally clear headed and a close reasoner, but if we may judge by the many very bitter, violent, and ill-tempered things he has been reported to have said about the prohibitionists, the constitutional amendment, and the prohibitory law, he is so violently prejudiced against prohibition and hates the law so intemperately that he is incapable of giving a just decision on its merits.

Judge French, in the District Court of Bourbon County, has recently given a decision contrary to those of Judges Crozier and Foster, and sustaining the law as constitutional. His reasons are clear and satisfactory, and we do not doubt that he is correct. He is a clear headed man, and an acute reasoner, the equal of Judge Foster in that respect, and is independent of public opinion in his judgment. Besides, he is in an atmosphere of comparative neutrality where there is no great preponderance of public sentiment on either side.

To us the arguments of Judges Crozier and Foster on this question seem weak and far-fetched, while those of Judge French seem sound and to the point. We believe the Supreme Court of our State will sustain Judge French, and that the Supreme Court of the United States will never sustain the opinion of Judge Foster.

The decision of the latter has been spoken of as somehow of more authority than a decision from a State District Judge. This is a mistake. Judge Foster is simply a district judge of no more authority as a U. S. Judge than Judge French has as a State Judge, and is in no sense a superior officer or of superior rank to Judge French.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

If it is a fact that the interests of the county demand the issue of bonds to build a jail, it was a fatal mistake to call the election for it at such a time as now, when the whole attention of all those who pay special attention to anything for the interests of the county was taken up with the railroad elections. It is, or should be, well known that there is a general repugnance all over the county to voting county bonds for anything, and that any proposition for bonding the county will be voted down as it ought to be, unless its utility and necessity to the county can be demonstrated, and unless men and newspapers will take the time to study the question and perform the labor necessary to show up to the people its merits and the need and advantages it is to the county. The voters of this county do not take any one's opinion as law and gospel, and to convince them it is useless to inform them that this, that, and the other prominent man, or set of men, support the proposition, for nothing short of an appeal to their reason with facts and sound arguments will effect anything with them. The calling of this election to come off between the two railroad elections, which occurs only nine days apart, could not reasonably be expected to have any other effect than to prejudice the people against both the railroad propositions and jeopardize their success.

The COURIER had enough to attend to in studying and advertising the advantages of the two more important propositions before the voters and could not take the time to study into the merits of the jail proposition. Even now, it has really formed no opinion on the matter, and if it had taken any part in it, under such circumstances, it would naturally have opposed it on general principles, and to help the railroad propositions. It took the honest course which was to advocate another side until it could get time to examine the question. Even those persons, whoever they were, who originated the scheme and caused the calling of the jail bond election, do not seem to have given the subject a thought afterwards, but to have stood back on a shelf like Stoughton bottles, waiting for somebody else to "catch on" and do the work which they had bound themselves to do by springing the question at such a time. We do not know who these parties were, but we suppose their motives were good and to serve the interests of the county, and not to beat either of the railroad propositions.

Should the question come up again and at a time when its agitation will not tend to jeopardize either important interests, the COURIER will look into the matter and prepare itself to give and advocate a correct and impartial opinion on the merits of the proposition, but would be more likely to favor it if it should have had a voice in settling its details with a view to eliminate objectionable features. In fact, no proposition to that end should be submitted for votes until every voter has had a chance to influence its details and general plan as far as he is able.


To the Reverend Gentlemen of the Commission to Locate and Build the College

of the Kansas Southwestern Conference of the M. E. Church.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

The citizens of Winfield would respectfully call your attention to some of the advantages favoring the location of your college on the site proposed at Winfield.


It will cost many thousand dollars less to construct the required buildings on this site than on any other site that will be proposed, for within one-half to three-fourths of a mile are several of the finest stone quarries in the State, those from which the government ordered the stone for constructing the government building at Topeka, after having subjected them to the most rigid tests. The proprietors donate to you the best of these quarries to the extent of all the stone wanted for your buildings on this site, and the Winfield Water Company donates to you all the water wanted for the construction. Sand and lime are close by, abundant and cheap, and the rock is easily and rapidly cut and shaped with the saw and chisel.


The site proposed is an eminence one hundred feet above the surrounding valleys and a building thereon will be seen from afar, from the city of Burden 16 miles east, from Arkansas City 15 miles south, from Wellington 24 miles west, from the Flint Hills 30 to 40 miles away, from points near Wichita and El Dorado and possibly from points near all the other competitors for the college location.


The A. T. & S. F. railroad passes through Winfield and Cowley County from the north to the south, the Kansas Southern railroad passes through from the east to the west, the Kansas City and Southwestern railroad, now in process of construction within the county will pass through from the northeast to the southwest, and the Denver Memphis and Atlantic railroad now in process of construction, will pass through from the northwest to the southeast.


No point can be considered more central to the probable patrons of the school so far as the east and west are concerned and the probable early settlement of the Indian Territory will place Winfield in the center north and south of the large district which will be tributary to this institution.


The site offered is considered the most beautiful in the State and will in itself be a valuable educator in the study of the beautiful in nature and art, opening before the student a wide chart of circling hills and green valleys, of gentle undulations and bold bluffs, of high and shapely mounds, of flowering meadows, of winding streams lined by forest belts, of woodland parks and groves, of orchards and fields of corn and waiving grain, while at your feet nestles the fairest city of our fair State. Situated near one hundred feet higher than the main part of the city in a notch of a line of bluffs which rise thirty feet higher, surrounded by a fine young grove, it combines many charms which may be seen and felt, but language fails to describe.


Into the northeast corner of the twenty acre tract designed for the college grounds and campus, extends a beautiful mound which rises some thirty-five feet above the campus, and presents a most commanding site for an observatory.


The grounds are just outside of the present city limits, but inside of the proposed limits, and approached by a very easy grade. It is less than a mile from the present business center of the city, the corner of Main street and 9th avenue being about three fourths of a mile east and one-fourth of a mile north, and it is less than three-fourths of a mile from the center of population of the city. A street railroad system is organized and will be built and operated to the college grounds before the college is completed.


According to the late official census, the city of Winfield has within its present limits 5,151 inhabitants, an increase of 1,234 for the past year. Its immediate suburbs contain about 1,000, which will soon be included within the city limits and the population of the city and immediate suburbs is over 6,000. Having just obtained three new and important elements of increase, viz: The State Institute for the feeble minded and the immediate prospect of two more railroads, it is safe to predict that the increase of population for the present year will be three times as great as that of the past year. Already the second city in population in your conference, it promises to rival the first in the future and to give a great number of students to a collegiate institution.


By the census just taken, Cowley County has a population of 30,790, an increase of 4,341 over last year. It is now the most populous county in your conference; and with the new elements of increase, bids fair to keep pace with the most populous county in the State and furnish collegiate students far in excess of other counties of the conference, for there is no county in the State whose population ranks higher in enterprise and love of learning.


The population of the city and county rank high not only in wealth, intelligence, and industry, but in moral and religious character. This was the banner prohibition county in 1880, giving 3,243 votes for the prohibitory amendment to 870 against, and it seems evident that the large increase of population since then is in sympathy with that majority, and that the prohibition sentiment has become the settled sentiment of the county. In the city of Winfield the laws and ordinances against dram selling, gambling, and prostitution are obeyed and strictly enforced, and it is probable that no other town in the State of Kansas presents so healthy a moral atmosphere with so little temptation to vicious and immoral practices and habits as the city of Winfield. Therefore parents all over Kansas can send their sons and daughters to your school at Winfield in full confidence that they will not be exposed to moral contagion.


Winfield has complete systems of water works and gas works in operation, and a system of street railroad in progress; it has large and commodious churches, a public library, telephone service, and many other conveniences usually found only in much larger cities.


Educationally, Cowley County stands high. The district schools are well organized and have generally adopted a course of study and graduating system, and most of them are doing high grade preparatory work while the nine graded schools throughout the county will prepare an army of students for admission each year to a school of higher learning, so that Cowley alone would supply sufficient students to your college, if located in its midst, to make it a success. The estimate that two hundred a year will be prepared in this county to enter your school, does not seem extravagant. This county has 160 school districts, and ranks among the counties of the State, third in population of school age, first in average attendance at school, and second in average wages paid teachers.

These are some of the advantages which Winfield presents: advantages large in an economic point of view and in promise of future support and success of the institution, valuable in the aesthetic point of view and in its local conveniences, and inestimable in point of moral and religious influences. Winfield pledges you land sufficient and money sufficient to build and equip a most commodious and magnificent building, and sufficient for your purposes. And in the interested judgment of her citizens, adding this sufficient sum to the other advantages above enumerated, they should outweigh any sum, however great, that will be offered by her competitors; and commending these circumstances to your careful consideration, they leave their offer in your hands in full confidence that you will decide wisely and well.


Citizens Committee.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Because of the development of so much chess by the heading out of the wheat fields, the Secretary of the State Board of Agriculture has reduced his April estimates of the wheat crop of this State one fourth, and now places this year's crop as low as one-third of the crop of last year. It is a sad fact that much of what was in April supposed to be wheat, in fields all over the State, and especially in the eastern part, is now known to be chess, and this fact exists largely in our own county, though probably to a far less extent than in the counties along the Missouri border.

We have been requested by several farmers to give our opinion of what makes so much more chess or cheat this year in this section than was ever known before, flattering us with the assumption that our opinion on this subject would be entitled to some respect. Perhaps this may be true if our readers will consider the fact that we have in the last forty-five years observed much in relation to chess, have heard all the different theories in relation to the subject discussed over and over again, have read about all that has been published concerning it and have formed our conclusions with as full a knowledge of the facts relating to it as was reasonably attainable.

Therefore, we do not hesitate to state that in our opinion chess will always produce chess under favorable circumstances for chess, and that wheat will produce chess under circumstances favorable to chess and sufficiently unfavorable to wheat. We hold that chess is the parent of wheat, the original ancestor from which wheat has developed through a process of evolution of probably hundreds of thousands of years under favorable circumstances for wheat, just as our choicest varieties of apples have developed from the ancient parentage of the most vile little crabs about the size of peas, just as the noble one toed horse has developed from the little, cat-sized, five-toed anapleotherum of the tertiary ages, up through the various stages of paleotherium, paloplotherium, ancitherium, protohippus, and hipparion, each stage retiring toes and increasing in size and beauty until we have in our day these specimens of perfection unknown to the horsemen of past centuries.

It is now too late in the nineteenth century to question the fact of the evolution of species. We see it and recognize it in every day's observation. We act upon it in all our economical pursuits; in making favorable circumstances for the improvement of our grades of horses, cattle, and hogs; in making favorable circumstances for the improvement of all kinds of fruits, cereals, and vegetables. We plant the best seed of the kind which we would reproduce, we give it the best conditions we can of soil and culture, and we all believe that when we can give a crop all of the most favorable conditions, it will yield a crop better than its seed, and that lacking many of these favorable conditions the crop will be worse and sometimes much worse than the seed. We know that sometimes we have only very poor, shrunken wheat, almost or quite as worthless as chess from the best of seed wheat, and we all attribute this result to conditions unfavorable to wheat.

It is a well known fact that a species under unfavorable circumstances will always retrograde and will frequently go back at a single leap over many stages of progression to one of its parent forms and peculiarities. In fact, the germs and tendencies of all the forms, peculiarities, and characters it has passed through during its evolution upwards, remain latent in every seed and grain of the improved variety, and will develop under retrograde circumstances favorable to such development. Thus you frequently find in the vegetable kingdom a vile, distorted product almost totally unlike the fair seed from which it sprung, but is doubtless one of the forms the same species has passed through in its process of development during the past ages. Thus you frequently observe a scion of an honorable, active, and highly cultured family of men exhibiting the barbarous and beastly form or character of the rude savages who were their forefathers of thousands of years ago. And thus you frequently see these scions of the wheat family under peculiar circumstances exhibiting the form and character of their rude original of the past ages.

The most favorable meteorological conditions for wheat are cool but equable and temperate weather, and only a moderate amount of moisture. Too much rain is worse for it than too little. All the best wheat of the world is raised in countries of moderate rainfall, and in the more southern wheat regions, only winter wheat is a full success, for it gets its growth in the cooler months of the year, while spring wheat matures later in the hot weather and rusts and shrinks. In the more northern regions where it is cool weather until July, and so cold in winter as to winter-kill wheat, only spring wheat is a success.

Chess, the ancestor of wheat, evidently flourished in the ancient times of hard freezes during the winter, and constant heavy rains during the period of its growth, and such conditions became so completely a part of its nature and tendencies that these tendencies have remained in the germ through all the long process of changed conditions and evolution of perfect wheat, and assert themselves whenever the conditions of temperature and rain return to the conditions in which chess flourished before there was any wheat upon the earth.

Our farmers can make and control many of the conditions necessary to a full crop of best wheat, but they have not yet discovered the means to regulate the temperature and the rainfall. So whenever such conditions as we have had for this year's crop occur, our wheat will produce more or less chess and we must expect it. But we have left us one consolation and reasonable expectation for the future. The past extremely long and cold winter, followed by so constant and heavy rains all through the spring months is a single exception and not the rule. We believe such a condition has not existed in this State before and do not apprehend that it will occur again in many years. It is very hard and discouraging on our wheat raising farmers this year, but those who are reasonable will not let these untoward circumstances of a single year discourage them from future efforts in the line of wheat raising. They will continue to put in the seed, and do it at the time and in the manner which experience has shown will produce the best results generally. They will control such conditions favorable to wheat, as they can control and depend upon average chances for favorable meteorological conditions.


Sunday's Religious Transpirings as Gisted by the Scribes of the

Daily Courier--Spiritual Pointings, Worldly Truths, Etc.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Sunday was the day announced as children's day, but at a late hour it was postponed until next Sabbath. The music was excellent. The usual announcements for the week, also all are requested to be at the church on next Friday to decorate for next Sabbath, children's day. The text was taken from Phillippians, 4-4, "Rejoice in the Lord always; and again, I say rejoice," was handled in a practiced manner and was a fine discourse. Cheerfulness was the leading thought all the way through. Some are blessed with a cheerful nature. Spiritual cheerfulness implies rightly regulated nature. Here the expressions in the text were referred to. To be in Christ is to be like Him. The enterprise of Christ was referred to in glowing terms. There is no true cheerfulness out of Christ. First, it is our duty to be cheerful, yet is looked upon by most people as a privilege rather than an obligation to be cheerful. I have no patience with gloomy persons. To be full of gloom is a sin. It is a command of God for us to be happy. No man has a right to be otherwise. A gloomy member of the church misrepresents christianity and keeps persons from uniting with the church. Second, it is our duty to be cheerful always. Paul's trials and imprisonment at Rome were referred to and the cheerful disposition he displayed through it all. Cheerfulness is a state independent of circumstances. Look at Paul and Silas in prison. Is there a christian in the town that could undergo the trials of Paul and Silas and be full of cheerfulness? Ofttimes smiles are born of tears. The rainbow is found when the sun is the brightest. Religion is prosperous on the right basis. God delights in joy. He needs vigorous workers. They that have done the most for God are the happiest. If a man goes round looking like a skeleton, we have no use for him. Look upon the bright side of the cloud. We should be happy because God commands it. A solid fact is worth one thousand theories. I have no sympathy for gloomy persons; for persons who take their lives. I bless God that in the past twenty years I have not spent one half hour in blues. The man and woman who have the bible for their guide and heaven for their hope will be happy. When filled full of joy we can work with renewed vigor. More cheerfulness can be attained and retained by activity. Indolence is the cause of filling our jails, our workhouses and our towns full of crimes. The blessings of an active life, physical and spiritual, were shown next.


was well attended Sunday and its services of unusual interest to the members, it being the day of regular quarterly communion. The announcements embraced a citizen's meeting at the Opera House Monday evening, the ladies presence solicited, for the purpose of further considering the college question; and the regular weekly services of the church. Dr. Kirkwood preached from Phil. iii:18: "That I may know him and the power of his resurrection and the fellowship of his sufferings being made commendable unto his death." The Doctor showed that in all ages of the world, among all people there had been a desire to find God. Men have invented theories in order to find where God is and what he is. But the world, by wisdom, knows not God. We only know him as he communicated himself to us in the revelation of his will, which must be accepted through faith in the Son of God; then we are made to know him and the force of his resurrection. It is so natural for man to suppose that by his good works he merits salvation, forgetting that he is dead in himself and that the redemption of man was wrought out and brought in because of our inability to do anything for ourselves and that when we accept of Christ, our substitute, that he becomes unto us the power of God in the salvation of our souls from the moment of our justification by faith, and that he is able to keep us from the power of Satan and make us more than conquerors. We are too apt to trust in nominal confession of our sins and profession of our faith without seeking the fellowship of his sufferings and being made conformable to his death. In Christ submitting to the power of death, he broke the power of sin--sin had no more dominion over him and he thereby broke the power of sin in the world, and notwithstanding the process seems slow to us it is true that sin is being destroyed by the power of his death and men are becoming more willing to accept of the sacrifice of Christ as a substitute for sin, and finally sin will receive its death wound and righteousness will reign and man will rejoice in a risen and glorified Redeemer.


Sabbath school at the usual hour was well attended and a very interesting session. There was a good congregation present at church. The morning lesson was read from Matthew, 16th chapter, followed with song and prayer. The announcements for the week: the Mass meeting at the Opera House Monday evening to enlist more interest in the movement to secure the Methodist college, and the usual weekly meetings of the church. The pastor, Rev. Snider, preached a very interesting sermon from Luke ix:23 and 14-27. Theme: "Discipleship." He handled the subject in his usual forcible and direct manner. He first spoke of the teachings of Christ to prepare them for the work. He spoke of those who have spent their lives in studying one line of thought and action and their inability to work in other fields of labor. The evidences of true discipleship are of two kinds, internal and external, and the pastor illustrated these evidences in a most applicable manner. He spoke of the spurious disciple as one who never showed his faith and teaching by right living, for "by their fruits ye shall know them." Next he spoke of the necessity of professed disciples of Christ reading their Bibles and applying its teachings in right living. One of the things he mentioned was that if a person reads the Bible he is pretty sure to go to church, for the command to do so will be found in the reading of that book. His closing remarks were directed to the rewards of true disciples. Two persons united with the church.


The usual services were held in this pleasant church Sunday. The announcements were the meeting of the Ladies' Aid Society on Thursday at 2 o'clock, with Mrs. J. F. Miller and the weekly meetings of the church. Elder Myers' morning topic was "The Source of Spiritual life and action," based upon Phillippians, ii:12-13--"Work out your own salvation with fear and trembling. For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of His good pleasure." Paul was here addressing Christians--those of his favorite church, of Phillippi. The great responsibility, placed upon them in acting as standard bearers of the christian religion, was worth their greatest fidelity with fear and trembling. All growth and development are dependent upon counter-action with fitting environments. A grain of wheat lies dormant until placed in the warm, congenial soil, when, if the germ of life is within, the contact causes it to develop and bear fruit. Just so with the christian. God has environed humanity with His sacred influence--His Holy word, its constant elucidation, and all nature in its divine perfection and beauty, and if the germ of christian life is within, these environments will develop perfect character. But if the germ be dead--if the person refuses to take in the surrounding elements of true christian growth, then do these hallowing influences fail to bring fruit. The true christian is constantly growing in perfection: constantly working out, by deeds of christianity and Godly love, his own salvation with fear and trembling." Altogether it was a logical and very practical sermon and was listened to with much interest by the congregation.

THE A. M. E.

Church held its usual services, conducted by the pastor, Rev. A. H. Daily. He is a forcible, zealous preacher, and is getting the church here on a firm foundation.


Celebrated High Mass Sunday morning, with a splendid sermon by Father Kelly, and the Benediction in the evening. We regret the inability of our reporter to get a synopsis of the sermon.


The announcements were as follows: business meeting on Monday evening; Young Peoples' meeting on Tuesday evening (Subject, "Trust."); Wednesday evening, regular prayer services; Thursday evening, Teachers' meeting. The morning discourse was on the subject of "Israel Discomfited at Ai, and the text was taken from Joshua vii:10. "And the Lord said unto Joshua, get thee up; wherefore liest thou thus upon thy face." Uninterrupted prosperity is not be expected in this world. The most favored of mankind must have trials; nor is there any season when they can presume to say, "My mountain I findeth strong; I shall not be moved!" If at any time Joshua and Israel might have adopted the language, it was immediately after they had entered on the possession of the promised land. Yet scarcely had they tasted of the first fruits of God's mercy, before a cup of bitterness was placed in their hands, which made them regret that they had ever attempted the conquest of the land." It was God's will to give to Israel all of Canaan with all its riches, but with them He would teach them order and obedience. He would have them know that no man liveth unto himself, for his deeds bear directly upon his associates. After the capture of Jericho, Israel thought that nothing could resist them in their onward march. This led them into trouble and defeat. In a narrow defile of the mountains was the City of Ai, small in size, when compared with Jericho, and important for no reason save its position. Joshua sent spies to learn of its strength. Israel was confident of success, but God was against them. They poured down upon Israel and defeated it, then Joshua in distress turned to the Lord in prayer. He knew that something was wrong, and inquired of the Lord. Israel had been commanded to take nothing for private use from the spoils of Jericho, but Achan violated the command. The wealth of Jericho had been devoted to the treasury of the Lord. The punishment: Achan, with his family, was taken to the valley of Achor, and all were stoned to death, and their bodies were burned. This leads us to notice the Divine displeasure at human sin. The defeat at Ai reveals the wrath of God which is revealed from heaven against all unrighteousness. Sin unrepented and unforsaken provokes God's displeasure. Such displeasure is a part of eternal justice. It is one part of our duty to remind one another that the holy God who beholds the minutest particulars in our lives, not in the dim light of any earth born morality or philosophy, but in the pure light of his own countenance, never looks with complacency upon a single sin. We must not measure God by ourselves. We must not regard Him as one who measures sin by the act. We all need to study the story of the defeat of Ai, till a sense of God's infinite displeasure at sin shall be fully impressed upon us. Again, many may be punished for the sins of one. God does not deal with men as individuals only. There is a corporate unity of the family, the church, and the state which he regards; and the good deeds of one benefit all; the sins of one bring evil upon all. Paul compared the church to a body, etc. We should not forget this in considering God's ways with us. At the beginning of Israel's entrance upon the promised land, just such a lesson was needed as would make each afraid of private transgression, and also watchful of others. It is the principle with which we should deal. From this we learn that sin and holiness are not merely personal matters. The workings of the principle we can follow only imperfectly; it exists and works in God's moral government as surely as gravitation works in the material world. There is a vast difference between human sagacity and divine guidance. The victory at Jericho was God's. To the eye of unbelief this world is all. Its forces the only forces to be considered. Its agencies the only available ones. Again we learn the great danger in underestimating the power of our enemy. The easy capture of Jericho made Israel over confident. Had the spies gone up with the memory of a fierce struggle, they would have been more careful. The first battle at Bull Run was a serious misfortune to the southern cause. It led to a mistaken confidence. It taught the northern cause not to despise the enemy. The Israelites never held undisturbed possession of the land of Canaan. The rest of the spiritual life is a rest that remaineth. He who by one victory over sin is led into the belief that the power of the enemy is broken, opens the way to subsequent defeat. We are also shown the folly of trusting in past experiences. They took for granted too much. They knew what had happened; from this they formed a doctrine of probabilities of what would happen. They earned the truth of the maxim, "It is a part of probability that many improbable things will happen." Let us not dare to be so foolish as to predicate our hopes of heaven upon the experiences of the past.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Judge Torrance came home Sunday, having closed Court at Howard. The incorporation matter came up in chambers before him Monday. The kickers composed about all whose property is in the proposed boundaries: Col. Loomis, A. A. Howland, D. C. Beach, A. J. Thompson, The Highland Park Company, and others. Joseph O'Hare appeared for the city and M. G. Troup, J. F. McMullen, S. D. Pryor, and other attorneys for clients. The Judge has the matter under consideration, having postponed his decision to the 29th inst. He is undecided as to the power of an administering officer in this matter.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

The Ohio republican state convention will meet at Springfield, Ohio, Thursday, June 11th. Candidates for governor, lieutenant-governor, judge of the supreme court, treasurer, attorney-general, and a member of the board of public works will be placed in nomination.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Niagara Falls becomes a public park July 15, belonging to the state of New York, which has with artistic liberality purchased the adjacent land to preserve this great natural wonder for public admiration.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Two years at the peaceful occupation of agriculture seems to have whetted the appetites of the Apaches to paint the southwestern section of the United States red.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

In Iowa there are 955 farms owned by women, 18 managed by women, 20 dairy farms directed by women, 125 women physicians, and 5 lady attorneys-at-law.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Small-pox has made its appearance in Reading, Lyon County, and the county commissioners met at Emporia recently to organize a county board of health.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Judge Torrance left Monday to open court at Sedan, Chautauqua County.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Recap. W. H. Johnson, Administrator, in the matter of the estate of Alfred S. Johnson. Final report to be given July 6, 1885.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Recap. Sheriff's Sale. Nonotuck Silk Company, Plaintiff, vs. Lucius L. Day, Gordis R. Cobleigh, Norman S. King, Herbert F. Day, H. S. Vansickler, and William G. Marston, Defendants. Real estate appraised at $800, $400, $640, $200, and $400 to be sold to satisfy plaintiff. No tract will be sold for less than two-thirds of the appraised value thereof. G. H. McIntire, Sheriff.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Recap. Sheriff's Sale. Merrick Thread Co., Plaintiff, vs. Lucius L. Day, Gordis R. Cobleigh, Norman S. King, Herbert F. Day, H. S. Vansickler, and William G. Marson, Defendants. Real estate appraised at $800, $400, $640, $200, and $400 to be sold to satisfy plaintiff. No tract will be sold for less than two-thirds of the appraised value thereof. G. H. McIntire, Sheriff.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Recap. Sheriff's Sale. Teomas S. Kentz, Plaintiff, vs. William Grenhaw, Mary Jane Grenhaw, and Henry Clem, Defendants. Real Estate Property to be sold July 13, 1885. G. H. McIntire, Sheriff.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

NOTICE is hereby given that the co-partnership heretofore existing between G. T. Bacastow and F. L. Crampton, under the style and firm name of Bacastow & Crampton, is this day dissolved. F. L. Crampton will still conduct the business and pay all debts and liabilities of said firm, and collect all claims and demands due said firm.



Winfield, June 1st, 1885.

[Note: Finally I have learned the correct name for "Bacastow." Paper generally gave his name as "Backastow" or something similar. Lord knows how many names they constantly spelled incorrectly. MAW]

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Recap. R. L. Walker, Register, Land Office at Wichita, Kansas. Notice of settler filing notice of his intention to make final proof in support of his claim before Grant Stafford, a Notary Public at Winfield, Kansas, on July 29, 1885. Settler: William A. Watkins. Witnesses: S. P. Bishop, S. F. Beck, Henry Denning, and George Heineker, all of Winfield, Kansas.





ATTORNEYS AT LAW. Office in Bank of Commerce, Udall, and over Winfield Bank, Winfield.


FRANK H. GREER, Local Editor.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.



Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Todays Markets in Chicago and Kansas City By

Special Telegraph To the Daily Courier.

CHICAGO, June 10, 2 p.m.

Wheat, cash: 88½ . Wheat, July: 90¼. Wheat, August: 92¼.

Corn, cash: 46. Corn, July: 46.

KANSAS CITY, June 10, 2 p.m.

Wheat, No. 2 red, cash: 83¾. Wheat, No. 2 red, July: 85½ .

Corn, cash: 39. Corn, July: 40¼.

Hogs: $3.00


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Mrs. Duraslar, living on the corner of 5th Avenue and Davis street, was dangerously injured yesterday. She bought some goods at the grocery of A. S. Wickham, to be delivered, and got in the delivery to ride home. Several deliveries in the south part of town had to be made first, and in crossing the deep gutter on Millington street near J. S. Mann's residence, the horses got frightened and started to run, when Mrs. Duraslar, fearing the boy couldn't manage them, jumped out of the wagon, lighting square on top of her head on the stone crossing. She was knocked senseless, taken into Mrs. Funk's house, and Dr. Emerson called. She rallied and was taken home last night, but has since been unconscious most of the time and serious concussion is feared. The family is large and poor and, though no fault of Mr. Wickham's, he is seeing that she has every attention, and will pay the expenses. This is another warning for our street commissioner to fill up that ditch near Mann's. Several bad accidents have happened there, with some narrow escapes. Fill it up, if it takes the wool off, Jap.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Noticing the recent appointment of William B. Powell as superintendent of the schools of Washington, D. C., and the statement that he is one of the most accomplished and successful educators of this country, we are reminded that he is a brother of Maj. J. W. Powell, chief of the bureau of Topographical engineers, of Mrs. E. D. Garlick, of this city, and of Mrs. John Davis, of Junction City, and an uncle of Prof. Buell T. Davis and W. W. Davis, of Winfield Tribune, and of Miss Maud Powell, who is one of the most accomplished violinists of the country. The whole family seem to be educators by instinct and culture. Maj. Powell is famous as the topographic explorer of the western territories and especially of the Grand Canon of the Colorado. He proposes to make his residence in Winfield, where he will spend his vacations and finally retire from the duties of his present official station.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Judge J. Wade McDonald has exhibited in this office a six foot clump of meadow oats taken from an eight acre patch on his Liberty township farm. The Judge thinks it equal to any tame grass for stock pasture. Last year he put out two acres, as an experiment. It was heavily pastured all winter and spring and its growth this season has been immense. The Judge increased the acreage last spring to eight acres and will yet increase it largely.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Pork took another drop Thursday. Mr. Siler, residing on east 10th avenue, harbored a porcupine worth $3.50 in violation of the "stattoots," and paid the usual fine and costs. He was under the impression that he was outside of the city limits. Marshal McFadden is determined to enforce the laws of the city rulers, and run every hog and quagmire out of the town. Business!

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

The Winfield COURIER tells of the postmaster of that place receiving inquiry from nine physicians in one day. There is some mistake here. The comparative number of liquor statements filed with the probate judge, as shown in THE COURIER, gives the greatest amount of sickness to this city, and here is where physicians, seeking a location, should apply. Arkansas City Traveler.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Mr. W. A. McCurry and Miss Martha J. Morgan, of northwestern Cowley, were granted a matrimonial certificate by Judge Gans today. They will be married next Saturday. It's possibly a little mean in our giving them away so long before the happy consummation, but THE COURIER never fails the procession in anything. It don't do to run against its enterprise.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

For once in its history, Winfield is free of public houses of ill-shape. The demi-mondes have all, heeding the stern advice of the city rulers, packed up their traps and bid the city an eternal adieu. The last ordinance did it.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

I have at my disposal one hundred thousand dollars, which I want to loan on good real estate securities, and will give as good terms as can be had in Cowley County. H. T. Shivvers, Winfield, Kansas.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Judge Gans' father, seventy-three years old, was expected to pass away at any moment Friday afternoon. He has been very feeble for several years.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

S. W. Hartzell, now holding our street railway franchise, was here from Wichita Monday. He will begin his railway in a short time.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Mary Diehn, administratrix of the estate of Louis Dean, has filed her annual settlement with the Probate Judge.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Oxford opened a new skating rink last Wednesday evening, and cotton batting and liniment have taken a raise.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

The celebrated Tiger overalls for sale only at J. J. Carson & Co.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Smith & Zook have Scotch button shoes and boots cheap.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Summer Silks very cheap at M. Hahn & Co.'s.


Her Chronicle of The Comings, Goings and Doings of Persons at Home and Abroad.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

D. D. Kellogg was down Thursday from Udall.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

W. P. Hardwick was over from Dexter Friday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

E. G. Kimball was over from Burden Thursday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Judge Pyburn was up from the Canal City Monday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Mrs. C. M. Leavitt is visiting at Rock for a few days.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Mr. E. Meech returned Sunday from a month in N. Y.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

E. M. Buffington and Robert Ratliff, Udall, were down Monday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

J. C. Coleman and A. C. Davis were in Friday from the city of Tisdale.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

W. S. Thompson and L. A. Peed were in the hub Wednesday from the Terminus.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Mrs. John Baden, of Independence, is visiting Mr. and Mrs. J. P. Baden of this city.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

E. M. Ballinger, Udall, was down Saturday. He was accompanied by Robert O. Bradley, of Buffalo, N. Y.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Miss Fannie Woods, after a week's visit with the Misses Stretch, returned Saturday to her home, near Burden.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

G. W. Payton, from Howard, has bought out the Stewart Hotel. He will remodel it and run it in first-class style.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Will Farringer is here from Toronto, Canada, for a visit with his sister, Mrs. E. G. Cole, and his many young friends.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

C. E. Lacey, who has been in Fort Scott since January, came in Saturday, called by the serious illness of his little boy.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Mr. E. S. Fisher and family came in Friday evening and expect to locate with us. They are from Des Moines, Iowa.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

The Burden Eagle says "Rev. Frank Finch is building a parsonage in the jail. As a Chaplain, Frank is excellent."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

D. Knox has a pair of Badgers as pets. They are curiosities, as tame as a little dog and lightning on rats. They are about one year old.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Dr. J. G. Evans has fitted his office, over Long's grocery, in elegant style, making it one of the neatest and most pleasant in the city.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Mr. and Mrs. John Swain, so well known here and now residents of Mt. Dora, Florida, left last week for a visit in "Hold Hingland."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Chas. C. Black is in Chicago finally arranging matters for the beginning of construction on the D., M. & A. The work will begin at once.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Miss Lou Stretch accompanied Miss Fannie Woods, who spent last week visiting here, to her home near Burden, for a month in ruraldom Saturday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Now it is Mr. James Walch who parades on tip-toe with an ominous smile. Ten-pound girl Saturday. Mother and daughter doing well. Papa will recover.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Mrs. F. M. Freeland and daughter, Mrs. John Randall, of Floral, returned Thursday evening from a several days' visit with relatives and friends at Wichita and Valley Falls.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Judge McDonald, M. L. Robinson, and N. R. Wilson left Sunday to attend the U. S. Court at Leavenworth, in the case of Frank Barclay against the Winfield Water Company.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Mrs. Allie Bishop has returned from her western visit and resumes her old place as manager of the telephone service. She is an expert and keeps the service up in proper order.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Rev. F. A. Brady was down from Udall Tuesday. He is rapidly establishing himself in the esteem of the people of Udall, both as an eloquent minister and genial, enterprising citizen.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Master Alvin Graham, son of the Doctor, returned Monday from the winter's term of the State University at Lawrence. He is advancing rapidly, and with keen natural tact, has a very promising future.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Rev. J. H. Reider received the sad intelligence Thursday of the death of his brother, in Ohio. The Reverend visited him a few months ago when he was very low, from which he rallied with hopes of permanent improvement.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Mrs. M., Miss Minnie, and Master Albert Greenebaum, of McPherson, and Miss Bertha Hahn, of Topeka, left Friday for their homes, after a delightful visit for a few weeks with their relatives here, the Bee Hive folks.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Mr. Yocum is covering the roof of the rink with bright headed tacks, which adds to the appearance as well as tightening the iron roof. Andrews & Losure also have a scheme on hand to advertise the businessmen of the city on the roof, giving to each a space 9 x 14 feet.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Uncle Billy Moore has left us a bunch of wheat plucked from his forty acre field just over the river from Bliss & Woods' mill that goes a long way toward refuting the assertion that the wheat crop is "badly off." It is of the Walker variety and as plump, well-filled, and perfect as could be produced.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Phil. Bellville captured a basis for a menagerie Friday in a grown rabbit with nine horns protruding from its head. One eye was entirely covered by a horn. The horns were from one, two, and three inches in length, hard and bovine-like. These horned rabbits, never heard of till recently, are getting thick. They are certainly curiosities.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Messrs. W. S. Reece and W. H. Jones, of the town of Reece, in Greenwood County, were in the city Monday to consult with the officers of the Kansas City & Southwestern. They will make a strong effort to get the road through their town. The people all along the line east of Beaumont are waking up and making a big effort to get the road.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

John Doran's father, who now resides in Cowley, came to Wichita from Indian seven years ago the 2nd of this month and ate biscuit made of new flour from wheat that had been harvested the 23rd of May. He was here Friday and said the harvest would be a month later than that this year, and that in the last six years the harvest have been gradually coming in later. Wichita Eagle.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Rev. B. Kelly and Judge T. H. Soward went to Wichita Tuesday to present before the committee Winfield's inducement for the Methodist College. They took two grip sacks in which to bring home the college. Our bid is big and will get it, you bet--if the ardent desire of our citizens is desired and our bid is big enough. All feel confident.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Henry Rader, of Maple township, this county, eight miles southeast of Douglass, fell head first into a deep well about two weeks ago, striking the rock bottom with his head. He received deep scalp wounds and severe concussion which laid him insensible for several hours and kept him confined to the house for a week or more, but is getting well. The wonder is that he escaped with his life.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

W. G. Seaver, S. H. Wells, and W. E. Meredith, of Dexter, were in the city Monday, returning from a consultation with Arkansas City's businessmen regarding the D., M. & A. They were highly satisfied with their visit. The Terminus shows no disposition to do otherwise than the square thing, and will roll up a good vote for the proposition. The D., M. & A. promises to carry with a boom.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Spotswood and Wallace will commence this week an addition to their building, back to the alley. This will give them a business building of 140 feet in length, of two floors, or 280 feet, besides a basement under the whole building. They will deal extensively in grain, feed, and pork. This will be one of the best business buildings, as well as business firms, in Southern Kansas.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Geo. W. Miller, of Winfield, Kansas, is in the city today looking after his railroad freights for the coming season. He has 10,000 or more beeves to ship this season, and is now about to decide on a route of shipment. He will either ship from Red Fork, Indian Territory, via St. Louis to Chicago, or from Hunnewell, by way of Kansas City to Chicago. We hope the Kansas City railroad will make him favorable rates. K. C. Live Stock Record.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Mr. and Mrs. Matthew Alexander, of Rockford, Illinois, have located in Winfield. Mrs. Alexander was long familiar to Winfield people as Miss Anna Service, and her many deeds of charity and faithful christian character endeared her to all. Mr. Alexander has gone into the flouring mill of James Kirk, as a partner, and is a gentleman of means and experience. Both himself and wife are most gladly welcomed as permanent residents.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Capt. N. A. Haight lost one of his best friends the other day--an old member of the family--"Black Warrior," a horse captured by the Captain from the Quahada Comanches in the Texas Panhandle eleven years ago. He rode him with a surveying party and, in company with three other surveyors, went with "Asahabel," a Comanche chief, and band, and captured "Lone Wolf" and his band of hostile Kiowas, and taking them to Fort Sill. "Warrior" has been a close friend of the family, and in the nineteenth year of his age, A. D. 1885, turned up his toes very suddenly, the effect of an old epizootic. It was like losing a relative.


Mrs. White's Skull Crushed in by a Flat-Iron or Ax While Lying in Bed!


A Parallel to the Quarles Tragedy, With Results More Deep and Despicable.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.


Monday night between one and two o'clock, a tragedy was enacted almost the simile of the one in which Mrs. Anna Quarles was the victim, a few months ago. But its results are even more mysterious and horrible! In company with Dr. Emerson, a COURIER reporter visited the scene at eight o'clock this morning. On the bank of Timber creek, just north of Tom Johnson's residence and near Frank Manny's Brewery, is a little box house, 10 x 12, with pasteboard roof, papered cracks, and no windows. On entering this crude house a sickening sight met our gaze. Lying on a hay bed, and surrounded by circumstances indicating almost poverty, was the victim of this tragedy. The face, neck, hair, and bed clothing were covered, and the throat and lungs filled, with blood. The whole skull over her right eye was crushed in, exposing the brain and presenting a terrible sight. Mrs. R. H. White was only mechanically breathing, expected to pass unconsciously away at any moment. Just back of her lay the baby, a nice looking little girl of two years, calmly sleeping. The other child, a little girl of five, had been taken to Mrs. Tom Johnson's. At the foot of the bed stood the husband, and around the house was a crowd, anxious to learn the particulars. Starting at the fountain head,


"My wife and I were married in 1880, in Johnson County, Illinois, where most of our relatives live. Last fall we came west, to take a claim. When we reached Winfield, I thought it would be better to stop here, work at my trade, painting, until spring and then go out west. But I was unable to obtain much work, rents were high, and we had a hard time to get along. Last April I got permission of T. J. Johnson to build this shanty, to save rent, and here we have since lived. We rented a garden patch, my wife tended it while I painted, and we were getting along well. In Illinois I was once in the edge of a fearful cyclone, one that tore up everything in its track, and I have since been deathly afraid of storms. My wife wasn't afraid, and so since living here I have been in the habit of going down into the lime kiln (on the creek's bank, in the edge of the timber about a hundred feet from the house), and staying there till the storm was over. Last night, about 12 o'clock, it looked like a cyclone, and leaving the babies asleep and my wife lying on the side of the bed with only her shoes off, went down to the kiln, thinking to prepare it for the wife and babies; but on reaching there, I covered my head with an oil cloth and stayed probably an hour and a half, not considering it worthwhile to get the folks. It quit raining and calmed down and I went to the house. Before I got there a flash of lightning showed the door to be ajar and it looked like the light was out. On getting there I found the door partly open, but the light burning all right. My wife was lying as I had left her excepting her head was hanging over the edge of the bed and her face was covered with blood. I thought she had fallen, hurt herself, and fainted; and I ran for Mr. Mann and Mrs. J. R. Scott (both living only a little way) and got some camphor. She was unconscious and her hair had fallen down over the awful gash covering it so that I didn't know how bad she was hurt until somebody brought Doctors Emerson and Graham. Then it dawned upon me that some devil had come into the house while I was out and dealt the awful blow. My wife or I hadn't an enemy in the world that we knew of; have always got along well and were as happy as our poor circumstances would admit. I don't have the least idea who could have done the deed. I heard no screams and had suspicioned no one or any such harm. She is my first wife and we only have these two children. She is twenty-four years old and I am thirty-six. She weighed about one hundred and fifty pounds, was unusually healthy and always light-hearted. Her folks are well off in Illinois, and we have both seen better days. I have been painting for twelve years. I took much pride in landscape and sketch painting, and hope to make a fine artist." Several sketches of Winfield residences and scenery were lying around the house, among them sketches of the homes of W. J. Wilson and Dr. C. Perry, painted for practice.


The furniture in the house is in harmony with the shell containing it. It is very meager, consisting of a small cooking stove, three wooden bottom chairs, a few dishes, mostly tin, a rude bedstead, with hay tick and pillows, and a small home-made table. No signs of a struggle were visible, excepting the print of a bloody hand on the round of chair that sat just under her head, as she was found. Sheriff McIntire and Marshal McFadden were early on the ground, and found suspicious footprints. They indicated a number nine boot or shoe and that the party had come up from the west and had looked through a large knot hole in the wall, supposedly to see who was in the room. This was the only trace that could be found. The blow was undoubtedly struck with a flat iron or an ax. The gap commences in the middle of the right forehead and runs diamond shape above the temple and into the hair. The skull bone was broken into splinters and taken out piece by piece by Drs. Graham and Emerson, who at once pronounced the injury fatal. The bones removed, a ghastly sight was revealed in the deep cavity: a mixture of blood and brain.


Our reporter interviewed the neighbors and found that all had formed a good opinion of Mr. and Mrs. White. None had ever heard of a family jar or anything that would denote domestic infelicity. Both husband and wife always appeared to be industrious and happy as possible with such meager pecuniary comforts. Mr. Mann was the first neighbor aroused last night, between one and two o'clock. He hastily put on his clothes and went over. When he got there, White had his wife in his arms dashing water in her face, which was streaming with blood. When Mann came in he laid her down on the bed and ran over to J. R. Scott's, the painter, and Mrs. Scott was soon at the murdered woman's side. Mrs. White and Mrs. Scott had been more intimate than any of the rest of the neighbors and takes much sympathetic interest in the sad affair. She found Mrs. White lying on the bed unconscious, her frame in a terrible tremor, and the blood streaming from her mouth and nose. The husband was trembling from head to foot, though making no other demonstrations. The physicians arrived at four o'clock, and not till then, when a number of neighbors had gathered, did any realize the terrible extent of the injury. White told all the neighbors when he aroused them that his wife had fallen and hurt herself, and he didn't appear to understand how bad the hurt was. Mrs. White had often told Mrs. Scott how good her husband was to her. One day last week she called Mrs. Scott's attention to a trampish looking man whom she said was an utter stranger to her and yet had passed by her door several times with a queer stare at the house. The children didn't wake up until the noise made by the neighbors as they came in, and knew nothing of the tragedy that takes away their mother.


Mr. White is, of course, in a terrible position--one which involves many theories that may do him injustice. The cool manner in which he accepts the sickening affair seems to play against him in the minds of many. Those who know him best attribute this to his naturally quiet and unassuming disposition, and that though outwardly undemonstrative, within is brooding the deepest sorrow. Before the reporter he exhibited no nervousness and talked very calmly, giving details without a falter. When the reporter left, he was sitting at the table eating some biscuits and drinking some coffee a neighbor had brought in. He is a man of fair looks and small in stature. He appears inoffensive and, as far as anyone knows, is a man of good habits. Such a mystery, of course, is always surrounded by various theories formulated by circumstantial evidence and a curious public. Of course, THE COURIER, having made thorough examination, has its theory but withholds it until put to use, if there is anything in it, by our officials. We present the bare facts in the case and, for the present, will leave a searching public to draw its own hypothesis. No arrests have yet been made.


The victim was still breathing at three o'clock this afternoon, though life was almost extinct. To one beholding the awful cavity in her head, the wonder is forcible that she lived a moment after the blow. This is probably accounted for by her wonderfully robust constitution. She is of compact build, good nerve, and has suffered little from sickness. She has never uttered a word or groan since the blow--merely breathes.

Coroner Marsh, of Tannehill, was sent for and will take charge of the body and hold an inquest as soon as life ceases.

At five o'clock last evening the victim of Tuesday night's terrible tragedy, Mrs. R. H. White, succumbed to the inevitable. The husband was taken into custody by Sheriff McIntire and lodged in jail, without a warrant, to avoid any injury that might possibly be done to him. Coroner H. W. Marsh was in the city and immediately impaneled the following jury and began the inquest: E. D. Taylor, Henry Brown, J. C. Curry, W. A. Freeman, E. S. Bedilion, and Dick Gates. Drs. Emerson and S. R. Marsh examined the body and found no evidences of violence excepting the crash in the skull. After examining the premises, the jury separated and the inquest was adjourned to the Court House at 8 o'clock this morning.


was called and corroborated what her husband had said regarding condition and position of Mrs. White when they got there, etc. "Mrs. White was often at my house. Said Mr. White was always good and kind to her--had said nothing about family matters for a month."


There are a number of witnesses yet to be examined and the inquest will not close before tomorrow evening. The court room was thronged all day, over-flow crowds being all around the Court House. The interest taken in the tragic affair is intense. White was again placed in jail after his examination and seemed perfectly satisfied to go. His demeanor on the witness stand was just as it has been all through the affair: stolid and indifferent, answering questions without a falter, and in a smooth way. He seems to be a man of considerable intelligence.


The unfortunate woman was laid away today in the potters field of Union Cemetery, with a short ceremony at the grave conducted by Elder Myers, of the Christian Church. The neighbors dressed the body nicely and gave it every attention and a number of citizens attended the funeral, which was under the charge of the officials. The county will have to bear the funeral expenses. White didn't ask to be taken to the funeral--in fact didn't appear to take much interest in it. When Sheriff McIntire offered to take him, he went, but showed no outward grief at the grave. The children are in charge of Mrs. Tom Johnson.


were telegraphed yesterday and her father, D. H. Rendleman, answered, from Vieira, Illinois: "Impossible for me to come. Write often." Another telegram soon after said, "How is Julia? What was the object of the assault?"


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

June 1st this bank increased its paid up capital to $125,000, thus placing it alongside of the very best institutions in the State of Kansas, and one of the best funded. This bank, as many of our readers know, is, under its present management, the oldest bank in Cowley County. Established as M. L. Read's bank in 1872; organized as First National Bank in 1884 by the owners of M. L. Read's Bank, it can, today, refer to thirteen years of successful business in Cowley County. Winfield was but an infant when M. L. Read and M. L. Robinson put their all here, confident that Winfield and Cowley County would have a splendid future and their most sanguine anticipations have been more than realized. M. L. Read and M. L. Robinson are among the largest real estate owners in Cowley County, owning some of the finest Winfield city property and many of the best farms in the county, and now with the paid up capital of their bank increased to the handsome sum of $125,000, it is indeed a solid establishment, and one in which Winfield and Cowley County have a just pride. With its long and successful career among us, with its prudent and careful management, and with its ample capital, no one can ask for better banking facilities than are afforded by the First National Bank of Winfield.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

J. H. Etherly, who murdered his father-in-law at Elk Falls, and whose cute escape and speedy recapture during his trial at Howard, was chronicled in THE COURIER last week, was granted a new trial. The jury found him guilty of murder in the second degree, but was guilty of such misconduct during the trial as to compel Judge Torrance to grant a new trial. Violating their oaths, several of them, while the jury was separated, received their mail and read accounts of the murder. One of the jurymen went to Mrs. Etherly's house. She had been a witness against her husband and told the juror that her husband was guilty and ought to die. Then the bailiff, with an ignorance inexcusable, allowed the jury to play cards and otherwise deport themselves unbecomingly. The jury was cuttingly rebuked by Judge Torrance, and a warrant issued for the arrest of the one visiting Etherly's wife, for contempt of court, but he skipped before it could be served. The case cost Elk a thousand dollars. More evidence is being formulated, and the prisoner will probably be convicted of murder in the first degree in the next trial.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Ed Mount, of this city, exhibited in THE COURIER sanctum Saturday a rare curiosity: number one of the New York Daily Sun, published September 13th, 1833, the first daily paper published in the United States. It is a three column folio 12 x 20 with "Benj. H. Day, printer," at the head of its editorial column. Very little advertising, save that of steamship lines, is in it. It is crude indeed, and now-a-days would be a disgrace to a town of Oxford's size. Mr. Mount also has a paper the Ulster County (New York) Gazette, published in 1800 and in mourning for George Washington. It is published on rag paper and its typography is of the most primitive. The "s's" and "f's," and other letters adverse to modern type. Among its advertisements is "For sale--a fat, healthy wench." These papers are certainly great curiosities. Mr. Mount has kindly left them at this office, where those desiring can see them.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

The fat and jolly John Keck, having become a bloated bond and lucre holder, has retired to walks of leisure. He sold his entire livery stable stock Friday to Frank Scofield and George Applegate, who have been connected with the barn for some time. The new firm will be Scofield & Applegate. Both are young men of much vim and business tact and will succeed. Mr. Keck, of course, will continue to live here and invest in Winfield property, sandwiching in a speculation occasionally in the western counties. He retains the livery building.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Mr. A. T. Spotswood has formed a co-partnership in his grocery business with Mr. G. C. Wallace, who located in Winfield with his family six months ago, from Michigan. The store closed Friday for inventory. Mr. Wallace owns a large sheep and cattle ranch on Silver Creek, is a very pleasant gentleman of large means and experience, and will no doubt prove a valuable acquisition to our list of merchants. The firm will stand, Spotswood & Wallace.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

I have $20,000 of another man's money to loan on Winfield City and Farm property, on 3 or 5 years time. S. L. Gilbert.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

We have several pieces of table damask with slightly soiled edges that we are now offering at a big discount. M. Hahn & Co.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Dr. Perry brings us a bunch of timothy from his yard. It contains a hundred stalks and is four fee high. The stool is from a single seed planted three years ago, and never before allowed to go to seed. Tame grasses are not only a success in Cowley, but grow luxuriantly.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Mr. J. H. Magness has just returned from the east with a large and fine assortment of monuments and tombstones which he will sell at less than one third former prices. Call at his works at Burden.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

The interest of P. W. Zook, deceased, in the business of Smith & Zook has been settled and the business will be continued under the same firm name and style. Smith & Zook.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

812 Main street is the location of the new clothing store of J. J. Carson & Co.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

H. T. Shivers, headquarters for cheap money.

[This name is sometimes shown as "Shivers" and at other times as "Shivvers."]


Winfield Gets There With Both Feet!


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Winfield has downed them all!! She is the victor!!! Judge T. H. Soward returned today jubilant over our flattering prospects. Rev. Kelly remained to the final, and at 3:15 sent this:

WICHITA, June 10.--M. L. Robinson, Winfield: Winfield selected! B. KELLY.

Other confirming telegrams have since been received. Our people are on tip-toe with joy, and will probably have the biggest jollification tomorrow night ever Winfield saw. Rev. Kelly and Judge Soward did noble work before the committee.


What It Takes to Keep Cowley's Invalids on Their Pegs.

Some Convalescing and More Liable To.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Cowley County is recovering her health--or some of her druggists are getting very bad. The batch of statements returned by the druggists of the county for the month of May show a decrease in sales that means something. From the earnest protests from some quarters against THE COURIER publishing this "legitimate" business, it would seem that caution, that better part of valor, had been punching them in the ribs. But it is rumored, as an explanation to the decrease in sales, that certain druggists are dispensing the ardent without requiring statements or prescriptions, or failing to file them when they are obtained. This matter will be thoroughly investigated, and Judge Gans has uttered his determination to chop off the head of every druggist of whom he has evidence of such proceedings, and County Attorney Asp will attend to the remains. S. F. Steinberger, the April lion, came up with a gentler batch. The first of May he filed 575 statements, covering 407 pints of whiskey and 150 bottles of beer. This month he files only 372 statements, covering 209 pints of whiskey, 11 pints of alcohol, and 10 pints of wine. He has sensibly retired from the beer business, as have most of the other druggists. The medicine business of April, as published by THE COURIER stood as follows.


Names No. Sales. Pints Whiskey. Bottles Beer.

Steinberger 575 407 159

Grimes & Son 438 172 220

Butterfield 226 156 000

Fairclo 206 100 76

Mowery & Son 241 164 126

Kellogg & Co. 237 245 000

Eddy 84 71 000

Total: 2006 1315 581


Names No. Sales. Pints Whiskey. Bottles Beer.

Harter 175 173 000

Williams 182 171 000

Brown & Sons 197 136 215

Glass 108 138 24

Total: 662 618 239

E. W. Woolsey, of Burden, was the only suburban druggist with a permit in April and filed 220 statements for 191 pints of whiskey and 43 bottles of beer. Several permits were granted in May. The May medical record stands.


Thus it will be seen that, while Arkansas City is still very sick, she shows some evidences of improvement--possibly owing to the decampment of the boomers and soldiers, who breed great gobs of miasma. Steinberger must look to his laurels, or his "rep" will be gone. Grimes & Son down him this time in the aggregate, showing a blasted monopoly on the beer business. Nearly two barrels of "rot gut" isn't so bad for A. C. It ought to either kill or cure her invalids pretty soon. Winfield shows a small decrease from April. Compared to Arkansas City, Winfield is a perfect heaven of healthfulness. Our interior department appears to be about status quo.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

The horrors of bachelorhood were never more forcibly illustrated than at Kingman the other day. A man was sewing a button on his pantaloons in his room at the hotel when the needle dropped from his hand. He stooped over to pick it up, a pistol dropped from his pocket, discharged, and a bullet penetrated his form. The victim is recovering, and swears by his buttonless pants and broken suspenders that he'll wed the first damsel that will have him. Good. Every bachelor should be served likewise.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

The Board of County Commissioners met Friday as a canvassing board to canvass the vote on the K. C. & S. and the new jail propositions. The total vote for the railroad bonds was 2394, against 1784--majority for, 610. There were 455 votes polled for the jail bonds and 1254 against--majority against, 790.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

The second quarterly meeting of Sheridan Circuit, Arkansas Valley Conference, U. B. church, will be held Saturday and Sabbath, June 13th and 14th, 1885, at Liberty schoolhouse, in Liberty township. Everybody is invited. Elder Parks will officiate. Rev. T. W. Williams, Pastor.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Eighty acres of a Mixed crop of wheat, rye, and cheat; will make the best kind of hay for stock; also a second-hand string binder in good running order. Will sell cheap if sold soon, as I need to be free to attend to interests elsewhere. Jo Mack.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Please remember that M. Hahn & Co. are offering their embroidered robes very much below real value.


Newsy Notes Gathered by The "Courier's" Corps of Neighborhood Correspondents.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Grand Summit is on the boom.

Our school closes in two weeks with a picnic.

Mr. P. Maxey has returned from Kansas City.

Mary Myers has recovered from her sick spell.

Norah Beauchamp wears a composed grin--it's a boy.

Miss Bertie White, of Winfield, returned home Saturday.

Mr. Barber has returned from Kansas City with his spring goods.

Mr. Dwire [?] preached a good sermon at the schoolhouse last Sunday.

The party at Mr. Weimer's was not well attended on account of the rain.

Mr. Henry Brock has two deers. He is better off than the rest of the boys.

Richard Brock, an old resident of Cowley, has returned from Battle Creek, Michigan.

George Orverpeck talks of returning to Missouri to take unto himself a--bad on his Summit girl.

Mary has her house done, but can't cage her bird. Poor girl. Boys, good chance for some of you.

Mrs. Brown's stock of millinery goods have come. Come and see them, one and all--one door west of Barber's store.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Our Methodist folks expect to dedicate their new church on the 21st. This will the fourth good church building in Udall.

This school district has voted to issue bonds to the amount of $1,000 for the purpose of enlarging the schoolhouse. Great many children this year.

Our new grist mill is looming up. The stone work is about done, and as soon as it is finished the balance of the work will be pushed forward so as to be ready for business this fall.

Two elections in one week and "more to follow." The boys came up grandly to the help of the Southwestern, and if the Arkansas City folks don't respond on the 10th, there will be a coldness between us.

The jail proposition wasn't so fortunate. We thought the Winfield fellows wanted a "leetle" too much money in a jail, and with so much wealth to handle, were fearful the computation might get them into trouble and possibly into jail.

Udall is girding up her loins--that is to say, she is tucking in her jumper--for a forward march after the 10th. Give us the D., M. & A. and the voice of the Land Agent will "heard in the land" and the hammer and saw shall lift up their voices together--you bet.

Mr. Frazier, who has been representing Messrs. Steel & Co., wheat buyers, leaves us this week for another field. He is a pleasant gentleman whom we are sorry to part with. He represented Steel & Co.--not Steal. We trust he may be worthily succeeded. The farmers are particular about this steal business.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Mr. Clayton has again traded horses.

The Hotel de Orand is on the move.

Mr. E. D. Franklin has bought an excellent team.

Mr. Hayes is doing some nice painting in Salem homes.

Mr. Sherman Roberts took a business trip to Wichita this week.

Mrs. Davis spent two days with relatives in Winfield last week.

Mrs. Funk, of Sheridan, is the guest of Salem relatives for the past week.

Rev. Stewart, the new Baptist minister, is putting up a neat residence.

I think "Mack" must like city life. Have not met him since he left Salem.

Mr. and Mrs. B. L. Hoyland made a welcome visit in our vicinity last week.

Trimming hedge is quite a pastime on days that the corn is too wet to plow corn.

Miss Davenport and Miss Pierce, of Winfield, were New Salem guests and attended the social while here.

The jolly fishermen did not get any fish last week. Hope better success will attend them next time.

School in the village is out and Miss Aldrich has gone to her city home, to the regret of her little charges.

Mr. John Davis had gone to Clark County to see and be seen and take a good look at the western country.

Mr. Lucas can see and be seen by most of his pupils, as they have him in their midst, even though school is closed.

Mr. Clark has sold his interest in the drug store and will rusticate and recuperate on his ranch for awhile, at least.

The Williams brothers and Mr. Dan Quin went fishing lately and had excellent success, we hear. I did not see the fishes.

Mr. Hayes and family, of Ohio, are the guests of Mr. Lucas and family. Mr. Lucas is happy over the arrival of his sister, as they have come to stay.

Mr. Charles Sumner and sister, Miss Jessie, accompanied by Miss Florence Day, of Burden, called on "Olivia" last Sabbath. Come again.

Boat riding, swimming, etc., are indulged in at Cedar creek. It's mean of the girls tipping the gents out--to hear them snort and see them swim.

Mrs. Davis has a beautiful new organ. After Sunday school quite a number met and practiced some lovely gospel hymns. "Mark" was among the number.

Mr. Eli Reid has bought two farms. One is the Lawson place. If Mr. Reid is as successful as a farmer as he is, or seems to be, in the mercantile business, he will be a jolly farmer for certain.

"The roses have come again." All nature looks fresh and bright; the green prairies are our beautiful flower gardens that require no tending. Would we were as fair as the lovely "Dafodill."

The Presbyterian parsonage is getting along finely. Salem is certainly well provided with ministers for a little country town and they are welcome, and may they long reside in our quiet little burg.

The Presbyterian aid society will give a social at Salem Hall on Wednesday evening, the 10th. Ice cream and cake will be the chief features of the evening. Hope to have a good attendance. Can perhaps tell about it in my next.

Richland turned out en masse and voted against the bonds for the railroad and jail. We want to save enough to bury us, at least; but bonds, taxes, etc., would take every cent if people did not work and save. 'Twas all in vain, though, for they carried to the joy of the cityites.

The M. E. and Union Sunday schools are getting more interesting all the time. Good attendance, good deportment, and excellent interest are always manifested. May all good work prosper, and may each one of us put a shoulder to the wheel and help move the car of public good.

A goodly number attended the M. E. social on Wednesday evening. A good time is reported. Ice cream, strawberries, and cake excellent. The evening was bad for the success of the social in crowd, and some were caught in the rain on their homeward way, but "Olivia" happened to be sleeping peacefully and dreaming happily at home that evening, so cannot give particulars in full.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Charlie Elliott had a mule killed last week by a cow.

Mr. Hull has bought the hotel and will move into it soon.

Miss Minnie McConnahan spent several days in Burden last week.

Mattie Rittenhouse and Mattie Wilson were in Cambridge Tuesday.

Mr. Doug Fluke, of Burden, spent Sunday with Miss Laura Elliott.

Mr. Will Taylor spent several days at Chanute last week, on business.

We would like to know why that young man in Winfield, who sends word so often he is coming down, don't come?

Next Sunday will be observed as children's day. A nice time is expected and everybody is invited.

There was a mite last Saturday night. Quite a crowd started in a big wagon, but the roads were so bad they turned back.

Miss Rett Elliott, who has been staying with her brother for the last month, returned to her home in Dexter last week.

Miss Eva Reynolds' school closed last Saturday. She was presented with a nice quilt from her school. Eva was proud of her scholars and it seems they were proud of her.

Mr. Cliff Rockwell and family arrived home from Wilson County last week, where they have been visiting for some time. Mrs. Rockwell is lying at her mother's home, who is very sick with the fever.

Rev. Brady delivered a very interesting lecture at the schoolhouse lat Tuesday evening, on "Heads." Everybody seemed to enjoy it hugely. Rev. Kelly, of Winfield, made a few remarks, which were highly appreciated.

Our little town was pretty badly shaken up by the storm Monday. The tin roof on Mr. Higbee's store was taken off and carried away. Part of the roof was taken off the schoolhouse. The roof on the livery stable was also blown away. The blacksmith shop and the barn at the Hotel were blown to the ground. Mr. McPherson was blown out of the shop onto a barb wire fence, cutting him up pretty badly. Several men and boys who were trying to get in from work were knocked down and some were carried quite a distance. Mr. Rockwell's house was torn up badly. Mr. and Mrs. Higbee were obliged to move out of their house. It seems as though wind storms have a spite at Mr. Higbee, as this is the second time he has been visited by one inside of a year.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

E. L. Wilson waves the belt for the boss corn rows.

Corn has been growing six rows at a stretch for the last week or so.

Quilting and carpetrag Tickings seems to be the leading topics of the day among our young ladies this spring.

The wind and hail storm last Monday morning played havoc with the apple and peach crop to a great extent.

Mr. and Mrs. E. L. Wilson and Miss Lillie Wilson visited friends and relatives near Arkansas City last Sunday.

If you want to make Henry Sandford very tired and see him put his hands in his pockets and turn red behind the ear, asking him why he don't go back to Mr. Abbott's anymore.

Thee will be an ice cream or strawberry festival, or both, at the Walnut Valley Presbyterian church on the 16th inst. One and all are cordially invited to attend and partake of the bounties. The proceeds will go for the benefit of the church. Come and give it a lift.

Mr. Swarts, lately from Indiana, gave a hop last Wednesday night, but an unusual occurrence for our neighborhood, there were more ladies than gentlemen; consequently, some of the boys danced so much that they wore all of the skin off their heels from their knees to the end of their toes.

The first quarterly meeting for this conference year on the New Salem charge will be held at the Valley Center schoolhouse, next Saturday and Sunday. Preaching Saturday afternoon at two o'clock and in the evening at lamp light. Love feast Sunday morning at 10 o'clock; communion services at eleven o'clock, at which time further announcements will be made.

Little Carl, son of Mr. and Mrs. E. E. Rogers, departed from this life to a higher clime last Tuesday morning, much to the bereavement of the parents. Wednesday evening at 2 o'clock his little remains were interred in the Akron cemetery. He was 2 years, 1 month, and 17 days old. The much bereaved parents have the heartfelt sympathy of their many friends.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Some corn to plant yet. Better late than never.

The diphtheria patients are able to be about again.

Robert McGuire and his mother visited Mr. Corman last Sunday.

Mrs. Wilson lost a fine collar a short time ago. Misfortunes will come.

Miss Barbara McGuire is the champion croquet player of this vicinity.

The Sunday school hour has been changed to 3 p.m. instead of 10 a.m. as heretofore.

Maddox Bros. are prepared to do a lot of threshing this season. They have a good machine which is in excellent repair.

Ah, "Mark," we know how to sympathize with you. We had a six weeks flood here, but now it is dry and we need rain.

A couple of Mr. Acker's best hogs concluded one day last week that this place was too hot for them, so they turned their toes to the sun and expired.

Mr. James Walker, our road overseer, came around t'other day and warned us out to work the public highway, but as we were too little to vote, he let us off.

Rev. Bicknell fulfilled his semi-monthly appointment at Star last Sunday. He preached an eloquent sermon from the text, "How shall we escape if we neglect so great salvation?" Heb. 11:3.

We would advise H. S. and L. W. to be more careful the next time they go to procure cherries. But if they are captured, they might tell the lady they had come to see her daughters and thereby escape punishment.

One of Darien's young men challenged "Duffy" to a duel, or an "ink spattering," as he called it, and said if he could not write a better "piece" than we could, one of us would have to quit. We were much frightened and trembled like a leaf in a cyclone, but a few words of explanation made things all right. He had mistaken us for "Ned," the Telegram correspondent.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Leonard Farr has been visiting friends here.

Mr. Clark Bryant's son-in-law of another county has been visiting him for a few days.

Wm. Schwantes and wife went to her father's (J. F. Martin) Saturday evening to a strawberry supper.

Bethel Sunday School now opens at 3 o'clock. Good attendance and good interest, especially in the singing.

Mrs. Robert Weakley spent the day at Mrs. Hanna's Tuesday, and also Mrs. Delia Hassell at Mrs. Buckner's Wednesday.

Will that man who borrowed J. A. Buckner's hatchet, hammer, and file from his tool box please return them? You are known.

The names of the visitors that were present the last day of school were as follows: Alec Shelton, Mrs. Maggie Weakley, Mr. and Mrs. J. R. Buckner, Mrs. Mantz, Mrs. Fred Arnold, Mrs. L. B. Hotchkin, Anna Mantz, and Eva Anderson. There would have been a larger attendance of the patrons, but the men could not stop their plowing, even for an hour or two. What industrious creatures.

The Bethel school closed Friday. The names of the pupils who obtained the prizes were as follows: Jimmie Buckner, two; Orie Buckner, three. Ethel Shelton, Lena Buckner, Daisy Hassell, Henry Wilson, and Will Weakley all obtained a prize for not being tardy or absent. The patrons prepared a dinner for the teacher and scholars. All were well pleased with the teacher. A paper was read by Lena Buckner.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

We will sell Mowing and Combined Machines, Cultivators, etc., cheaper than ever offered to the farmers. Brotherton Silver.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Bret Crapster is spending a few days in the wild and wooley west, among his Medicine Lodge friends.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

SCOTCH COLLEYS. I have a litter of thoroughbred Scotch Colley shepherds, from imported stock, that will be sold at $10 each. C. M. Scott, Arkansas City, Kansas.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

TURNBULL WAGON. We do not sell you a fine painted wagon that cost $200 to get up and deliver you a cheap, ordinary wagon, but delivery you what you buy--a wagon made of the best material the world produces.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

LOST. On the 30th of May, between Winfield and Burden, one pocketbook containing $55.50--two $20 gold pieces, one ten dollar and one five dollar bill and a half dollar silver piece and 2 shirt studs. The finder will be rewarded by leaving the same at the Courier office. Wm. June, Udall, Kansas.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Recap. R. L. Walker, Register, Land Office at Wichita. Final proof in support of his claim: Henry S. Gardner, of Winfield, Kansas. Witnesses: Wylie Redd, G. W. Dexter, L. Cutting, and Wm. Warren, of Winfield, Kansas.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Recap. R. L. Walker, Register, Land Office at Wichita. Final proof in support of his claim: Freedom Jones, of Winfield. Ed. Pate, District Clerk of Winfield. Witnesses: W. J. Humbert, J. W. Campbell, Harvey Miller, J. C. Corbin, all of Winfield P. O., Kansas.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Recap. R. L. Walker, Register, Land Office at Wichita. Final proof in support of his claim: William S. Bousmand, of Cowley County, Notary public at Winfield. E. S. Bedilion. Witnesses: P. M. Funkhouser, W. R. Watkins, M. C. Boyd, and W. A. Watkins, all of Winfield, Kansas. [Note: There is some question about the following name: It is either Funkhouser or Funkhousea.]

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Charles F. Baxter, Administrator, estate of Wm. O. Baxter, deceased. Final Settlement on July 6, 1885. Henry E. Asp, Attorney.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

John D. Maurer, Administrator, estate of Jonas Maurer, deceased. Final Settlement on August 10, 1885. McDermott & Johnson, Attorneys.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Magdaline Heisinger, Administratrix of the Estate of William Heisinger, deceased. Notice given May 29, 1884.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

R. L. Wood, Administrator of the estate of Levi M. Brown, deceased. Notice given May 29, 1885.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Sheriff's Sale. M. L. Robinson, plaintiff, vs. Andrew J. Cress, defendant. Sale: July 6, 1885. Real estate property. G. H. McIntire, Sheriff.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

The English Derby race was won by Lord Hastings' bay colt, Melton.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

John Kelly, the Tammany Sachem, we reported in New York as being very sick.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

The British residents at Serinagur telegraphed that no Europeans were killed by the earthquake.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

The Spanish Government has granted permission to physicians to innoculate people with cholera virus.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

The strikers on the Kentucky Central Railroad recently stopped the freight traffic at Covington, Ky., cutting the engines loose.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

The members of the Cabinet have decided to follow President Cleveland's example hereafter and receive no visitors on Saturday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

The window glass manufacturers have decided to commence the annual summer shut down two weeks earlier this year, on account of the dullness of trade.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

C. D. Keep, editor of the Wall Street Daily News, has just been arrested on complaint of the Western Union Telegraph Company for alleged libel of that corporation.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

A dispatch from Tamatave, Madagascar, dated May 3, states that a report was current there that the Hova peace party had strangled the Prime Minister at Antananarivo.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

The corporation of London will present ex-President Arthur with an address and a gold casket upon his expected visit to London, and the Lord Mayor will give him a banquet.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Three masked robbers recently attacked and overpowered the manager and accountant of a branch of the National Bank of Australia, in Melbourne. After stealing £1,000, they escaped.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

The Beaver Park reservoir, near Longmont, Colorado, burst recently, carrying away houses, barns, and everything it came in contact with. The reservoir contained an immense body of water.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Sam Lang, an aged Chinaman, threw poison into the face of a boy named Love at Grand Rapids, Michigan, recently. He had previously had an altercation with the boy's father. The boy's life was barely saved.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

The killing of Lieutenant Seider and two other Texas Rangers turned out to be the due to a deplorable mistake. The killing was done by Gonzales and his son, well-known trailers and scouts, who mistook the rangers for marauders.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

A lot of carriages imported from the United States were recently seized at Ottawa, Canada, it having been discovered by the Board of Appraisers that the axles used in their construction were the product of prison labor. The consignment came from Cincinnati.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Judge J. H. Maynard, the newly appointed Second Comptroller of the Treasury, has qualified and entered upon the discharge of his duties.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

The Boston publishers, Osgood & Co., recently assigned, have made arrangements with their creditors by which the business will be continued under the name of Tychner & Co.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

A collision occurred near Wilmington, Delaware, recently between a berry train and a freight train. Four cars were wrecked and six damaged. The engineer of the freight was killed.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

The Mohammedan mosque in the little town of Sopen, twenty miles north of Sermager, was demolished and two hundred persons were killed during the recent earthquake in Cashmere.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

The twelfth annual national conference of charities and corrections will begin on the 4th at Washington. From 300 to 500 delegates, representing thirty states and territories, are expected to attend.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Further dispatches from Peru confirm the news of the victory obtained by the Government troops over those of Caceres at Huancayo. The battle lasted two hours. The Government forces numbered only 450.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Over one hundred railroad laborers, Hungarians and Italians, employed on the Reading & Pottsville Railroad north of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, struck for an increase of twenty-five cents per day in their wages recently.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

The troops following the renegade Indian trail with scouts from Apache, on the headwaters of the Gila River, were reported to have captured the main portion of the band, including squaws. It was supposed that only about fifty all told got away to Mexico.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

The Union Bank of Lower Canada has issued a circular to the shareholders saying on account of heavy losses at Winnipeg it would be impossible for them to pay a dividend. The bank lost $331,000 at Winnipeg by the failure of lumber firms.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

The cabinet meeting on Tuesday was attended by all the members except the Secretaries of St ate and Navy. The principal topic of discussion was in regard to the application of laws concerning pleuro-pneumonia to the public reservation in the northern part of Texas popularly known as "No Man's Land." No conclusion was reached.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

The English Government has resumed negotiations with Italy for the occupation of Suakim by that power, owing to the demand of the Porte as a condition of Turkish occupation, that a date be fixed for the withdrawal of the English troops from Egypt, and that the expenses of the Turkish occupation be drawn from the Egyptian loan of £9,000,000.

[Six items skipped. Too much "white" space.]

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

The strike on the Kentucky Central Railway ended on the 5th, the engineers having agreed to accept a ten percent reduction, being satisfied that the state of business justified it.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

It was reported at Bradford, Vermont, that ex-Governor Hale, of New Hampshire, had failed for a large amount and that all his property in Vermont had been attached for four times its value.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Raimond Schwartz, the alleged dishonest post-office clerk, who fled from Hainspoch, Bohemia, with moneys belonging to the Government, was held recently at New York for extradition.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Alfred C. Mohr, clerk in the Canajoharlo, N. Y., post-office, was arrested at Washington recently for stealing and pilfering letters. His depredations were extensive. He made a full confession.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

General S. M. Bowman died at Kansas City on the 4th, aged seventy years.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

D. S. Jones, aged forty, while having a friendly wrestle at Kansas City recently, fell dead.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

General Rosecrans has been appointed Register of the Treasury, vice B. K. Bruce, resigned.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

A cyclone, disastrous in its consequences, struck Aden the other night. The damage done was estimated at $250,000.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Eleven Treasury watchmen in Washington have been notified that their services will not be required after June 15.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

A. G. Thompson, Inspector of Public Buildings of the Treasury Department, has resigned by request of Secretary Manning.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

The weekly statement of the Bank of France showed an increase in gold of 12,910,000 francs, and in silver of 4,709,000 francs.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Herbert Foote Beecher, son of the Rev. Henry Ward Beecher, has been appointed Collector of Customs for the District of Puget Sound.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Mudge & Co.'s large shoe factory at Danvers Center, Mass., and three stores, burned early the other morning. Loss, $75,000; fully insured. Two hundred hands were thrown out of employment.




Political, Official and Social Notes as Gathered by Our Regular

Washington Correspondent.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Not being a woman, I am unable to comprehend the heartburning that are said to have risen among the gentle creatures who constitute the womankind of high officials over questions of feminine precedence. One really hears very little of such matters here, but from those invaluable purveyors of fashionable intelligence and information, the ladies who furnish the press of the country with the social doings at the Capital, I am led to believe that the bosoms of "Cabinet ladies"--as the wives and daughters of Mr. Cleveland's constitutional advisers are delicately denominated--are being rent with anguish, not unmixed with jealous pangs, as to who shall be considered "the first lady," Miss Cleveland or Mrs. Hendricks. Without venturing to attempt the solution of so important a question, it seems to me that the proposition is one which might be elucidated by an application of the rules of ordinary common sense. If the President is the "first gentleman" of the land, by reason of his Chief Magistracy, then the lady selected by him to preside over the Executive menage, be she wife, sister, or mother, would ex-officio become the "first lady." This is the view the average masculine intelligence would take of the matter. Nowhere does any social law, that I have knowledge of, declare that matrimony has anything to do with it. I grant that there may be occasions in which this question of precedence should be clearly defined and understood. In such an event, it would seem rather absurd that the lady who has taken charge of the domestic economy of the White House at the President's request should be deposed by the wife of any other personage in the Government, and I believe the abundant common sense of the ladies who are most concerned will concur in this view of the question.

"Every Democratic Senator in the country is here, I believe, except Payne, of Ohio, and Blackburn, of Kentucky," said Congressman John L. Vance to a party of friends at the Riggs last night. "I am certain I met fifteen of them at least today on the street." I ventured to meekly inquire what they were after. "Why they are here looking after the offices, of course. Don't you remember how the constitution reads? The President shall appoint with the advice and consent of the Senate. There are here to give advice and consent."

Senator Dan Voorhees, "the tall sycamore of the Wabash," is one of the most appropriate men for Senator from the Hoosier State that could be selected. Out in that country they do things in an off-hand way, and he knows just how to get up on a stump and make a good speech, kiss a baby, even if its face is a little dirty, and shake hands with the horny-handed sons of toil. When I saw him the other day up in the Postmaster General's office with a dozen Hoosier office-seekers about him, he appeared to me like a patriarch of old. In fact, this is getting to be a good deal of a patriarchal Government anyhow, and the Senators are the patriarchs. Senator means old man and old man is a patriarch.

The pavements on Fourteenth street near the Treasury in front of what was once Newspaper Row are being extended and placed in apple-pie order. The result is that the scribes are all moving back into their old quarters, and the "Row" looks once more as of yore. The Generals, Colonels, Majors, Admirals, Commodores, and Captains, to say nothing of the Governors, Senators, and Judges who keep our hotels alive all summer are also delighted with the change. The hotel proprietors will have to get a new supply of chairs, for there will now be ten feet more space of pavement to bring them to on the hot summer nights. The congregation of old codgers who like to sit there to swap stories between drinks will be correspondingly increased. Newspaper Row, too, which has taken a new lease of life, will have to increase attractions. The broad pave will be a great place for the correspondents this summer. General Boynton, who has remained faithful to the Row in spite of all temptations, will be the center from which the summer overflow onto the sidewalk will radiate. The statesmen who "really don't care for newspaper notoriety,"will call around as usual, to let "the boys" know that they are in town. I should like to have printed in a book all the good stories that will be told this summer under the trees along there. It would be a volume of memoirs which would sell better than Grant's, and with spice enough in it to make a dozen Decamerons.

As between President Cleveland and his private secretary, the former has decidedly the best of it in changing from Albany to Washington. He gains both in official promotion and increase of salary, whereas Col. Lamont gains somewhat in official dignity but loses in the matter of income. The salary of private secretary to the Governor of New York is $4,000 per year, while the private secretary of the President of the United States gets only $3,250. L.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The Topeka Commonwealth has this to say regarding a road that means much for Cowley's future.

"It is now authoritatively stated that the Denver, Memphis & Atlantic Railroad is under contract through Kansas. Its route enters Kansas at Baxter Springs, passes west near the Southern line of the State, through Chetopa and Coffeyville, thence through Sedan, Cedarvale, Dexter, Winfield, Udall, Belle Plaine, Conway Springs, and Kingman, on up the Ninnescah river and across the Arkansas river at Larned. It is stated that John Fitzgerald, of Lincoln, Nebraska, and S. N. Mallory, of Chariton, Iowa, have contracted to build the road ready for rolling stock; their contract including track, depots, siding, etc. And that these gentlemen have, in this contract, purchased municipal bonds voted to the road along its line, and of its first mortgage bonds, in all about $3,000,000. Work of grading and bridging commences in Sumner County, at the point where the line crosses the Arkansas river, east of Belle Plaine, and will be continued from there through the places mentioned. This line at first projected, was to have been a narrow gauge road, but that plan has been changed, making it a standard gauge road."


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

A letter of recommendation from Jeff Davis is among the endorsements possessed by an office seeker from California. The gentleman is Samuel Brooks, and he wishes to be appointed Assistant Treasurer of San Francisco. Brooks was one of the seconds in the Broderick-Terry duel, and he sympathized with rebellion. He has said that his letter from Mr. Davis is to Attorney General Garland, asking the same consideration for Mr. Brooks that he (Garland) would give Mr. Davis. Mr. Brooks ought to make it.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Lewis A. Lockwood and wife, A. C., were here Friday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The Burden Enterprise says that Jones & Snow drilled a well in their cellar to drain it. It says at a depth of thirty-six feet the drill struck a large vein of water, which rose several feet in the well, and which could not be lowered by any effort of the workmen. The water from the cellar was then turned into the well, which carried it off so rapidly that in twenty hours the thirteen hundred barrels, which was estimated the amount that the cellar contained, had disappeared Chinaward. Jones & Snow have the best drained cellar in town. Others are talking of draining their cellars by the same method. This system of drainage has not been patented yet.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The Southern Kansas railroad has made a round trip fare, commencing June 13th, of $40.20 to the National Encampment of the G. A. R. and W. R. C., convening on the 23rd at Portland, Maine. Old soldiers desiring to take advantage of this extremely low rate should confer at once with agent Branham, regarding desired routes.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Poor fellow. He lay in a stupor. The physician had said that he could not recover. The minister came, and bending over the bed, solemnly remarked: "You must prepare for the worst." The poor fellow, whose wife had been doing the cooking, opened his eyes and said, "Why, is dinner ready?"

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

More than half a century ago a good New Hampshire deacon by the name of Day, living not far from the White mountains, had seven children--six daughters and one son. They were known as hi six week Days and one son Day.


In The Horrible White Tragedy Closes. Making The Husband The Murderer.


And Speech is Delivered By White Over The Open Coffin of His Wife.



Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The first chapter in the most horrible tragedy ever enacted in this section ended Wednesday of last week, by the jury in the inquest on the body of Mrs. Julia Ann White, bringing in a verdict finding the husband to be the murderer. The interest taken in this homicide has been intense, from the start. From the morning of its announcement, little knots of men have constantly stood here and there developing theories as to the object of the foul deed and its perpetrator. But the mystery is yet unfathomable. Public opinion is wonderfully divided, but if more weighty on one side than another, the greatest sympathy is with the husband. All day Wednesday the Court Room was crowded to suffocation by anxious listeners to the testimony, and the Court House yard was filled with knots of men. But the best of order was maintained throughout.

The evidence introduced after that reported in THE COURIER was meager in development. Levi Hayes and T. J. Johnson were the only remaining neighborhood witnesses and their testimony was principally the same as that given by other neighbors preceding them.


Testified: "I saw the tracks by the house. They were eleven inches long and four inches wide. I measured White's shoes. They were one-fourth inch shorter and perhaps not that much wider. I think his shoes could have made the track." The next witness was


who said: "I was sent for Tuesday morning, with the information that a murder had been committed. I went to the place immediately." (Here the Sheriff related the story of White, about as given in all previous testimony.) "I found Mrs. White's shoes under the table. They were bloody, as if taken off by bloody hands. I also found a flat-iron with blood on it. It was lying near the stove. There was blood on the wall above the head-board, for a space of two feet; looked as though it had been spurted thee in a fine spray from a broken artery."


said: "I was called for Tuesday morning about 5 o'clock, and on reaching there found Dr. Graham, J. R. Scott, T. J. Johnson, and others there. I made a post mortem examination of the body with Dr. S. R. Marsh. The wound must have been made by a heavy blunt instrument and with great force. The flat-iron was tried in the wound and presume the wound was given by it. We also examined and found human blood on the flat-iron. From our critical examination of the body, I do not think there could have been any sexual intercourse for at least twenty-four or thirty-six hours before death. I think the woman was probably lying down on her left side when the blow was given, though the blow might have been made when the woman was standing, but she must have been instantly placed on the bed to have spattered the wall above the head board with blood."


testified: "I held, in connection with Dr. Emerson, a post mortem examination on the body of Mrs. Julia Ann White. I have heard Dr. Emerson's testimony and I fully concur therein."

This concluded the testimony, the throng was asked to retire and the jury went out. After twenty minutes deliberation the jury returned their


The verdict was sealed, and owing to the excitement among our people, it has been made known only to the officials and the reporter and its appearance in THE COURIER will be the first knowledge the public will have of the jury's decision. "An inquisition holden in the city of Winfield in Cowley County, Kansas, on the 9th and 10th days of June, 1885, before me, H. W. Marsh, Coroner of said County, on the body of Mrs. Julia Ann White by the jurors whose names are hereunto subscribed, the said jurors, do say, that the said Julia Ann White came to her death on the 9th day of June, 1885, from a blow received from a blunt instrument (probably the flat iron shown to the jury), crushing the skull, said instrument in the hands of Robert H. White, husband of the said Julia Ann White, with murderous intent. In testimony the said jurors have hereunto set their hands this 10th day of June, 1885.--Henry Brown, J. C. Curry, W. A. Freeman, E. S. Bedilion, E. D. Taylor, and D. R. Gates. Attest: H. W. Marsh, Coroner Cowley County."


The funeral was held Wednesday at 5 o'clock, just as THE COURIER went to press, and of course it was impossible to get a correct report of it. White did not ask to be permitted to attend the funeral but when Sheriff McIntire went into the jail and offered to take him out, he said he would like to go. He was taken out, in the Sheriff's buggy, by John Evans. A large number of neighbors and citizens were gathered around the little shanty when White got there. Mr. A. B. Arment took charge of the funeral, on behalf of the county officials, and the ceremonies were conducted by Rev. J. H. Reider, of the First Baptist church. White and his wife were members of the Methodist church at their old Illinois home. The body had been nicely dressed and was in a neat coffin. It was taken from the house and placed upon some chairs in the yard and White got out of the buggy, and taking his little five-year-old girl, Bertha, by the hand, he stood at the foot of the coffin. Rev. Reider read a passage of scripture whose prominent precept was that we must answer before God, at the judgment bar, for the sins done in the body. Then he made a touching and forcible prayer, alluding eloquently to the brutal murder of the wife and mother and the terrible pall hanging over the husband, and praying that the perpetrator of the terrible deed be brought to light. He prayed for the orphan children and the accused husband, and at the end of this prayer, White was in a tremor of grief. The stolid indifference he had exhibited from the first was broken and the first tears shed during the entire affair began to stream down over his cheeks. Advancing to the side of the open coffin, he bent over the body of his wife, lifting the little one up to get a view, and his frame shook with low-toned grief as he exclaimed, "Oh, Julia, could your voice rise from that dead body, then could you tell my innocence! Oh, Julia! Julia!" It was some minutes before he looked up, when he looked at those before him and said:

"Kind friends, I would like to say a few words. I know I am in a close place. I know the outward circumstances of this case are against me. But while my body is in prison, I know my heart is free. We were poor; we hadn't much, but while our circumstances were such as to keep us from church, there was hardly an evening that we did not read our bible and lift our voices to God. My wife was always a christian. This is a sad thing for me. I love my wife and children and to think that the children, whom I love to caress on my knee, should be scattered, and my wife so foully murdered with me to carry the stain in the eyes of the public, is more than I can bear. Here before you, my kind friends, before God, and beside the body of my dead wife, I am (holding up his right hand) an innocent man. I never laid the weight of my hand upon my wife in a harmful way. Perhaps I have not lived of late as I should, but I challenge anyone, in any place we have ever lived, to find ought against the character of myself or wife." Here he seemed to break down and remained silent so long that Rev. Reider was about to proceed with the funeral, when Mr. White raised his hand, and said, "Let us pray." He knelt over the open coffin and lifting his face to Heaven and holding the hand of his little girl, he melted every heart present with an eloquent prayer--one whose feeling seemed unassumed, and convinced all present of its genuineness.


"O, Lord, we come before thee with a very heavy heart. Thou knowest that I am a prisoner in the hands of men, but my heart, Oh, Lord, thou knowest is free. Oh, Lord, protect these, my little orphan children, and may they be brought up to love and fear Thee, as their parents before them, and our parents before us. May Thy kind hand lead them through this world of sorrow, and Oh, Lord, may the one, as has been said, who murdered my dear wife, Julia, be discovered and justice meted out to him. Sustain me, Oh, God, by thy hand in this sore affliction, and may not the foul stain of murder rest upon my character. (Here he paused some moments seeming to be overcome.) Oh, Lord, may my little children have good homes. Forgive us all our sins, and when we come to die, may we all be joined with our mother in Heaven, for Jesus sake, Amen."


When White raised from his knees, there wasn't a dry eye in the assembly--strong men were crying like children and a more touching scene couldn't be imagined. The coffin was closed, placed in the hearse, and the cortege moved to the potter's field in Union Cemetery. White took his little girl in the buggy with him. At the grave, Rev. Reider again prayed; among other things, that the perpetrator of the crime might be detected and brought to justice, to which White said "Amen! Amen!"


The little girl rode home with Mr. Reider, and her answers to his questions convinced the Reverend more than ever of the father's innocence. The thought being suggested, probably by hearing Mr. Reider pray, she voluntarily said: "Papa and mamma pray." Being questioned regarding affairs at the home before and after the affair, she said, in gist: "Papa and mamma didn't have any harsh words; papa went to the dugout and left mamma on the bed with her clothes on. Before he went he moved the baby over on the back of the bed to make room for me. Papa and mamma never quarreled at any time. When I woke up, mamma's face was covered with blood and papa said she had fell and hurt her head. I think she fell on the chair."


The first signs of fear made by White were made Wednesday when he wanted to be taken away from Winfield. County Attorney Asp issued a warrant Thursday, arresting White on charge of murder in the first degree. The prisoner waived preliminary examination, Thursday, before Justice Buckman, and was again placed in jail, where he will await the District Court, in September. Of course, many theories are being advanced in trying to solve the deep and despicable mystery. Many seem convinced of White's guilt, and some go so far as to talk of lynch law. But no sober, sensible man would think for a moment of bringing such a disgrace and crime upon our city. The evidence is purely circumstantial and very meager against White. He looks far from being capable of such a crime. Of course, his stolid actions before the funeral and during the trial militated against him, but his inward grief, like that of many people, may refuse to come to the surface. There are many inconsistencies in his story, and some theories have been advanced which seem to fit his tale exactly and point concisely to his guilt. THE COURIER, to satisfy a morbid public, might here give some of the theories, but it prefers to give the bare facts and let the public draw its own conclusion--explain the mysteries to suit its own curiosity. The inquest has been held and the man is in the hands of the law. Cowley's people are too sensible and law-abiding to want to take the law in their own hands in a case so unfathomable as this. The actions of White over the coffin of his wife have changed public opinion greatly in his favor. None who saw him could believe his feelings to be put on--are absolutely convinced of his innocence. His actions clear through, his story and all, show him to be an intelligent, cool, deep-thinking man. The little girl is an unusually bright, pretty child. The crime itself, taking all outward circumstances into account, is one of the most damnable--without a parallel for heinousness. The murderer, who ever he was, has lifted the flat iron and with one awful blow crushed in the skull of a wife and mother whose character and disposition, from all evidence obtainable, was beyond reproach. And considering that the victim's sweet little children were lying beside her and that she was surrounded by almost abject poverty, in the poorest hovel in the city--placed there by no fault of hers--the deed becomes simply hellish. But the law will uproot the perpetrator, if he can be found. In this country law is king. Let it do its perfect work in this case. The eye of Mrs. White was photographed, and the opthalmoscope will likely reveal the demon when the evidence is needed in the District Court. Many cases are on record where murderers have been detected in this way. The perfect picture of the last person coming before the eye in consciousness, as has been proven, is stamped upon the eye, delible only by returning consciousness. When transferred to a photograph taken by a microscopic lens, the apthalmoscope will reveal the murderer.

[Last part of this article is rather puzzling and also the use of the following word: first spelled "opthalmoscope" and then "apthalmoscope" in article. The correct spelling is "ophthalmoscope," which is an instrument consisting of a concave mirror with a small hole in the center; the mirror serving to illuminate, by the reflection of a light behind the patient, the fundus of the eye, which the examiner observes through the central hole. I have heard of the theory that a camera could take a picture of the eye of a deceased person and be able to detect what was last seen by the deceased. Evidently the Courier reporter was making reference to this in his article. MAW]


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

An individual was run in by Marshal McFadden, near Manny's, Thursday, who was the hardest looking man ever beheld in these parts. He looked as though he hadn't tampered with a table in many moons, and his whole form exhibited a terrible struggle with a protracted drouth. His "duds" were buttonless tatters--the little end of nothing boiled down. On his head was a dude hat whose crown resembled a very holy sieve, and his feet were wrapped up in very ragged rags--his toes even worn through the rags. He was arrested under the ordinance prohibiting dudes the freedom of the city. Judge Turner found that the fellow was not in the city limits when arrested, and discharged him. The crowd in the court room carried a motion to donate him to Burden. The Marshal conducted him beyond the mounds and told him to "git." He called himself John Davidson and didn't know whether he was afoot on horseback. He was a simple minded tramp whose abusive habits had made an imbecile. He was about thirty years of age.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

A correspondent of the Wichita Eagle, writing on Wednesday last from Arkansas City, says: "Capt. Nipp is down from Winfield and is working like a beaver for the interest of the D. M. & A. railroad, as today will decide whether the people want the new road or not. One day's drive through West Bolton and southeastern part of Sumner County has convinced us why it is that the farmers in that section of the county are so happy. It is the grand prospects for wheat, oats, and corn. Several farmers are expecting at least thirty bushels of wheat per acre and oats never looked better and a great quantity have been sown. Corn is generally clean and a good stand."


The Citizens of Winfield Gather En Masse to Welcome the College Committee.


Honor to Whom Honor is Due--Some Happy and Forcible Speeches.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Thursday was the occasion of much joy to the people of Winfield and vicinity. The Opera House was filled with rejoicing people. Early in the evening the House commenced to fill, and impatiently waited for the gentlemen to put in an appearance for whom they had gathered to welcome. The Courier Cornet Band discoursed sweet music, sufficient to charm a God of olden times. Everybody felt happy. On motion of W. C. Robinson, John C. Long was unanimously elected chairman of the meeting. Mr. Long was heartily cheered upon taking the platform. The following is in substance Mr. Long's address.

Fellow Citizens: We do not meet here tonight to raise funds, but to jollify over what has been accomplished. (Cheers.) For the past three months we have been successful in every enterprise undertaken. (Cheers.) Through the noble leadership of a gentleman, who is in our presence, and his assistants, we have been successful. (Cheers.) We have a gentleman in our midst earnest in the cause in which he is enlisted, of serving the Lord. A gentleman who has just put forth his best endeavors and zeal in working up this enterprise. A gentleman without whose aid, I believe, we would have failed. The Conference at first had engrafted in the articles determining to erect this college, that it be centrally located. This gentleman advocated the partiality of this clause, and the men composing the conference, in their fair-mindedness and good judgment, made the location at any place of easy access. The seven members of this committee were from other towns, yet they at once saw the superior offers and natural advantages of Winfield and through the efforts of this gentleman, of whom I have been speaking, and his co-worker, we have gained the victory. Fellow citizens, I refer to Rev. B. Kelly and Judge T. H. Soward."

Cheer upon cheer and cries of "Bro. Kelly!" nearly lifted the roof off the house, which were only quieted by he gentleman coming forward and, though tired, made a happy speech to his admiring listeners, substantially as follows.

Dear Friends: I hesitated about coming here at all tonight. I was about ready to go to bed when I was urged to come up here awhile. I do not take any credit in performing my duty in regard to this college. I believe we have an excellent people. They know what we wanted and had the grit to go and capture it. (Cheers.) I think we have the most beautiful city in Kansas and among the most intelligent people in Kansas. We are on the eve of great prosperity. I don't know whether we have railroads enough or not; if we haven't, let us get some more. (Cheers.) I believe we can make ourselves second to no place in Kansas if we can get two more railroads and a few other things, we can soon be first in Kansas. We can get there, my friends. (Cheers.) We had a good committee at Wichita. Some of our sister cities underrated us. I don't think Wellington did. Every fellow from Hutchinson that was at Wichita was a real estate man, with the exception of two or three Methodists. All of our sister cities had many representatives. My friends, your representative went in alone, and, in a five minutes speech, which was one of the most concise and business like speeches ever put before a committee, captured this college. (Cheers.) The committee saw at once that your representative, Judge T. H. Soward, (Cheers.) knew what he was talking about and had that something ready and willing to offer. We offered the committee everything they wanted. We forgot one thing--our sand. (Laughter.) We have many good things in Winfield. We have the grandest band I ever heard. My friends, I'm too tired to say much tonight. I wish to say right here, we are entitled to all we have and we expect to get more. (Cheers.) I have been a Methodist minister for eighteen years. I never have gone into any speculations, but I know of no people I would help quicker than the people of Winfield. God bless you.

At the close of Bro. Kelly's speech, he was cheered time after time, when cries of "Soward" filled the room. Finally Judge Soward made his appearance and after some little time contrived to gain a hearing, and in his usual happy vein spoke substantially as follows.

Fellow Citizens: In 1879 Kansas was pretty dry in more ways than one. About this time I landed in your city and took a drive out east; coming back I strayed into the Presbyterian Sunday School. I made up my mind if the Lord did not make this city and country for the blessed and happy, I couldn't tell where I could find that country. I have been working pretty hard for the past few days and feel too tired tonight to say much. When I came back from Wichita the other day, and before I left, Bro. Kelly was of the opinion we had the college; I felt assured it would be so. I came home and would have slept in peace, but my baby had the colic. (Laughter.) This county is the most beautiful county that God's sun shines upon. I took some of my Kentucky friends out yesterday down about Arkansas City and Geuda Springs, and every place they come by they would say, "I'm going to have that place!" They are coming here to locate; they have capital, and many more will follow. (Cheers.) I have been proud of Cowley ever since I came here. We have the most enterprising people on the face of the globe. My expectations have been fully realized within the last three or four weeks. My friends, taking into consideration the hard times of the past winter, it is wonderful, the success that has been accomplished in raising funds for this College and other enterprises. It shows the enterprise of the people of Winfield. But, my friends, we want more projects. These railroads and College won't make our city alone; we must encourage manufactories and men of capital to come here. We can get them. We want the Orphan's Home for the soldiers. I believe Cowley County can capture it. (Cheers.) By all means we want to locate individuals, and are going to do it. (Cheers.) We must not stop; there is no stopping place in this country. We want a little more smoke from manufactories, no matter if it does cause us to paint our houses a little oftener. But a short time ago, a friend of mine, traveling through California, the so-called garden spot of the world, said he believed Southern Kansas was destined to be the center of the horticultural district. We want men here with enterprise enough to scrape the hair off and cut the throats of our hogs instead of shipping them to Kansas City. (Cheers.) I would like to see a big pork-packing establishment--not too close to town, but just a little ways off, you know. (Laughter.) I wouldn't give this M. E. college for sixteen imbecile colleges. I would like for this to be a city of colleges. (Cheers.) I would like to see that old Baptist college at Ottawa move down here and fired up with our enterprise. (Cheers.) I would like to see other denominations establish colleges here. Now my friends, we are not through with our work, or you won't do what I said you would. There are some men here that have not given as much as they ought to do. They will have to give more. Next Tuesday the committee will be here. We want all the pretty girls and pretty wives to turn out and welcome this committee and completely capture them. The gentleman sitting over there with white hair (Mr. Kelly) engineered this through. I would have been like a drop of water in the ocean without him with me at Wichita. We owe it all to him--to his zeal and work in the cause. God bless him and the men and women of this town who have worked for this college, that my little boy and yours may grow up under the shadow of its influence and grow up a good man. I would almost as soon trust a boy to an army as to trust a boy away from home's protecting influence. Already applications are coming in for homes here. Men are crying I am coming to a town where I can educate my boy and my girl and watch over them. I am going to pitch my tent under the shadow of this college. My friends, do your own work. Do it well, but give a little thought to the future of this country.

At the conclusion of the Judge's speech, he was applauded again and again.

A vote of thanks was given to Bro. Kelly and Judge Soward for the noble work they have done. Long may the people of Winfield remember them. After the Courier Band had rendered several pieces, the meeting adjourned to dream of Winfield's future prosperity.

Among the more potent factors in obtaining this great enterprise for Winfield were the soliciting committees who circulated the sub-papers with wonderful energy and success. They raised nearly twenty thousand dollars in this way--almost every man, young and old, in the city made good subscriptions, with many donations from the ladies. Nothing could more plainly demonstrate the great liberality and public spirit of our citizens. There is no doubt that without such assiduous labor on the part of these soliciting committees, Winfield would never have got the college. The committee for Winfield city were: Capt. J. B. Nipp, Judge T. H. Soward, Judge H. D. Gans, Capt. T. B. Myers, Prof. A. Gridley, J. E. Conklin, Frank Bowen, and J. E. Farnsworth. Those soliciting in adjacent territory, as near as we can ascertain, were: Rev. B. Kelly, Col. Wm. Whiting, Rev. S. S. Holloway, Rev. J. H. Snyder, A. H. Limerick, J. A. Rinker, T. J. Johnson, Dr. S. R. Marsh, J. W. Browning, J. A. McGuire, George Gale, D. W. P. Rothrock, D. A. Sherrard, D. Gramme [?Graham],W. E. Martin, A. Staggers, W. D. Roberts, E. M. Reynolds, J. C. Roberts, and C. Hewitt.


The Majority for the D. M. & A. Over 1,200--Beyond Expectations.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The County Commissioners met today as a canvassing Board and canvassed the vote on the D., M. & A. bonds, resulting as follows:

Township. Votes For. Votes Against.

Beaver: 15 67

East Bolton: 4 52

West Bolton: 28 34

Cedar: 63 2

West Cedar: 52 5

Creswell: 22 77

Dexter: 243 13

Fairview: 64 31

Harvey: 23 44

Liberty: 42 23

Maple: 38 65

Ninnescah: 154 69

Omnia: 41 13

North Otter: 7 14

South Otter: 43 4

Pleasant Valley: 37 31

North Richland: 6 47

South Richland: 22 93

Rock: 10 42

Sheridan: 57 10

Silver Creek: 37 199

Silverdale: 6 40

Spring Creek: 19 89

Tisdale: 71 36

Vernon: 20 27

Walnut: 257 20

Windsor: 63 40

Winfield: 711 4

Arkansas City: 357 56

Total: 2556 1247

Majority For: 1309

The Dexter township bonds were carried by 224 majority; in Fairview by 4 majority; and in Ninnescah township by 71 majority.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The Kingman correspondent of the Wichita Eagle has this to say concerning the D. M. & A.: "Col. Geo. Custer, chief engineer of the Denver, Memphis & Atlantic railroad, and his assistant, L. G. Mickels, with ten men, have reached Kingman, and in a day or two will have completed the final survey and location of the road from Belle Plaine to this point. The distance is fifty-three miles. Col. Custer says he is to return at once to Belle Plaine and establish the grade and place the stakes. He further thinks the contractors are ready to commence work as soon as he and his men get ready for them, that it is the intention to have the road completed to Kingman in September next. The road will come in on the south side of the mill race, on Third street, from a point just east of Grovesner's mill. The road enters the county at a point three miles north of the southeast corner, and thence runs northwest to Hunter's creek, thence north one and a half miles to Grovesner's mill."


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

For the acme of gall our upstairs c. c. walks away with the bouquet. It shoots a boomerang, in its last issue, in favor of proper newspaper credits. This comes in very nice grace indeed, when nearly its whole local columns are clipped bodily from THE DAILY COURIER, without a sign of credit--the druggists record, that it took almost two days hard, tedious labor to cull at THE COURIER's expense; the official canvas of the jail and K. C. & S. W. bonds, the church news--in fact, every good, live piece of news that appears in THE DAILY is gobbled in toto and dished up so late that everybody has nearly forgotten it. "Reliable local news takes labor, time, and trouble to collect," and it's a very nice thing to wear out the seat of your pants in waiting for it to be laid on your desk by a wide-awake, rustling co-temporary to be appropriated almost word for word, and then sandwich in here and there a criticism on plagiarism. "What the people want is plain honesty in all things and honesty will win, even in the newspaper business."


Four Hundred and Eighty Acres of Bottom and Pasture Land.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

One of the best grain and stock farms in the county, 240 acres fine bottom land, 230 acres under plow, 40 acres timber, 200 acres of upland pasture, timber, and pasture enclosed with barbed wire fence, fine running water and several large springs, house 16 x 26 story and a half, stone bar 21 x 33, sixteen foot walls, room for ten head of horses, granary room for 3000 bushels, necessary outbuildings, corrals, etc., peach orchard, 1½ miles to schoolhouse. This place will be sold, if sold soon, on very reasonable terms. Inquire of or address THE COURIER, Winfield, Kansas.


Her Chronicle of The Comings, Goings and Doings of Persons at Home and Abroad.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

F. L. Johnson was in from Kellogg Wednesday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

W. J. Raymond was over from Cherryvale Thursday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

L. H. McLaughlin was up from the Terminus Friday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

R. G. Smith, Bloomington, Illinois, is stopping at the Brettun.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

R. C. Hendricks and lady were over from Cambridge Friday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Edward G. Welch, Topeka, is a guest of the Hotel de Brettun.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Andrews & Losure have put up a pair of daisy signs for Curns & Manser.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Mrs. W. H. Albro left Wednesday for a summer's visit at her old home, Elmira, N. Y.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Charles Schmidt left Thursday for a two days trip to Attica, Harper, and other points, on business.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Abe Rosenfield, manager of the Arcade Clothing House, A. C., was here last night.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Mrs. Chas. E. Fuller returned Saturday from her Joplin, Mo., visit, and Charley is happy.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Frank Lockwood came over from Medicine Lodge with Bret Crapster, returning Friday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

West Dyer, of Burden, was over Friday and bought a car load of flour of Bliss & Wood.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Hon. W. P. Hackney went to Wellington again Saturday. He says he goes to get a quiet place to rest.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Mrs. George Dresser is home after several weeks visit in Independence, and George is again himself.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

F. H. Hawkins, U. S. Pension agent, is again at the Central, after travels in the west and in the Territory.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Mr. J. O. Taylor was called suddenly to Kentucky by the dangerous illness of his mother. His son, George, accompanied him.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Mr. Jas. N. Young, of the Kansas City & Southwestern, left for the East Friday on business connected with the construction of the road.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Mrs. J. W. Curns and Miss Mamie Garlick attended the Presbyterian ice cream social at New Salem Wednesday and a delightful time.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Gustavus F. Bernard and lice J. Martin were issued a certificate of unalloyed bliss this afternoon by the Probate Judge. It's hardly cold yet.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Rev. B. Kelly returned from Wichita Friday, accompanied by N. S. Buckner and M. L. Gates, of the College Committee, who are at the Central.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Dr. Fleming has gone into the manufacture of inks and makes a fine quality of black and colored fluid. He sends THE COURIER a sample bottle and it writes well.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Dr. Mendenhall came over from Winfield and spent Thursday in this city, looking after some important business affairs. Wellingtonian.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

George T. Bacastow was up from his Creswell farm Saturday. He has sold his interest in the Central Hotel to Frank L. Crampton, who is now sole proprietor.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

C. A. Walker and family, of Dexter, left Wednesday for their future home in New Mexico. The mountain air was necessary to preserve Mrs. Walker's life; she being a sufferer from consumption.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Tracy Elder, son of the Doctor, who has been attending the deaf and mute school at Council Bluffs, Iowa, came in Saturday. He has been setting type on the mute school paper during the past year.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

A Wichita mother, having occasion to reproved her little seven-year-old daughter for playing with some rude children, received for a reply: "Well, ma, some folks don't like bad company, but I always did."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Charley Wright, son of the Doctor, has returned from Clark County, where he has been holding down a splendid claim and has prospects for good primitive crops. He is jubilant over the outlook for the wild and wooly west.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Dr. W. R. Kirkwood united Mr. Clayton Headrick and Miss Viola E. Harden, both of Cambridge, at the Central Hotel parlors Friday evening. Both are sterling young people, well suited to each other and have a life of promise before them.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Mrs. M. E. Lease, of Wichita, and Miss Sarah Kelly, of this city, graced THE COURIER office Thursday, much to the pleasure of its occupants. Mrs. Lease goes to Washington tomorrow, where she delivers her lecture on "Ireland and the Irish."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Rev. C. H. Reynolds and wife, of Hancock, N. Y., arrived Thursday, thereby making glad the hearts of Dr. and Mrs. O. J. Crane. Mrs. Crane had not seen her sister, Mrs. Reynolds, since 1872. They will stay in Cowley three weeks and on their return journey, spend a few days in Chicago with Dr. F. J. Crane.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

George W. Bain, one of America's most eloquent lecturers and a great favorite of Winfield, is engaged by the Woman's Relief Corps, to appear here on the 30th inst., in his new lecture, "Boys and Girls, Nice and Naughty or Pendulum of Life." He will at Arkansas City on the 29th.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The body of Wm. Gans was sent to Olathe Thursday for interment, accompanied by the wife, Judge Gans, Mrs. Hess and Mrs. Hastings, son and daughter. The funeral ceremonies were held at 3 o'clock at the Christian church, conducted by Elder Myers, assisted by Elder Cain, of Belle Plaine.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Quincy A. Glass, delegate to the State Pharmaceutical Association, which convened in Lawrence Tuesday and Wednesday, reports the best meeting the Association ever had. Over a hundred druggists were present from all over the State. They unanimously resolved in favor of the strict enforcement of the prohibitory law.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Miss M. E. Chamberlain has re-opened her studio during the months of June and July, over the New York Store, where she is prepared to give instructions in oil painting. Terms $10.00 per term of twenty lessons, or sixty cents per lesson less than a term. Until further notice, studio hours from 9 to 12 a.m., on Tuesday, Wednesday, and Friday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

While the fat man was straying around loose Monday, a physician called him aside into a dark alley, under a pair of steps, into the darkest corner, and with a knowing wink revealed this scientific pointer: "Get an ear trumpet, attach it to the murdered woman's ear, and make connections with my telephone and you will hear the last conversation of the deceased." The fat man fainted, falling into a slop barrel. Six men and a derrick carried the fat man and the barrel homeward. All is grief. He may recover.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

F. K. Raymond, the court stenographer, heard last week for the first time that the Newton branch of the Ft. Scott road ran through his Butler County farm, and instead of going home for Sunday, took a run up to Butler to learn the truth. The first thing he saw upon arriving at the farm was a construction train which was puffing through his land. The road enters the land at the southeast corner and leaves it at the northwest corner, cutting the stock water from the grass land. To say Frank is disgusted with railroads is but faintly expressing his feelings. The Wellingtonian suggests that he immediately lay out a town on his land, in the way of hedging against loss. Wellingtonian.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The fat progressive euchre man of the Telegram, being on the verge of the asylum himself, throws his arms around the neck of an enthusiastic contributor, and from the bottom of his infatuated heart, gives space in this warning, which he says was contributed to THE COURIER and refused by the editors. Our mission is to save: "While we are marching onward against King Alcohol, let us not forget another growing and crying evil. Two years ago in the village of Wellington there lived a rising young lawyer. He was talented and popular, and had an army of friends, and the companion of a noble wife and loving children. His home was a modern Eden; but his tempter came. At first, the young man repelled the vice, but met by it on every side, he at length became a prominent victim. His family was forsaken; his home desolated. Where once all was happiness, despair reigned supreme, and now that young man is an inmate of a private progressive euchre asylum, and pronounced incurable. Young people, yearn not for a ten cent prize, that your soul may be lost."


Wichita's Sorrow and Winfield's Glory.

What It Cost To Get It, With the Other Bids.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The Wichita Eagle is sore about the location of the Methodist college because it was not located at Wichita and says: "But from a business point of view, the Methodists have simply left the great field for such an enterprise unoccupied and open to some other denomination. Nobody but a body of preachers destitute of business ideas would have made such a mistake. No member of that committee was appointed from this city or even from this county, the largest city and the most populous county in the conference." The Eagle commanded them to locate it at Wichita, and threatened them if they didn't, and is now chastising them for their disobedience. We observed that the Methodist preachers are not "so destitute of business ideas" that they ever fail "to get there." We think they have shown good business sense in the location as they always do in such matters. We do not complain of what it says about Winfield, viz: "Winfield is a most eligible place for a school, probably the best town among all those competing so far as moral environments are concerned. The location of a college adjoining that town will not embarrass the local or city administration or government, which would have been the case with Wichita. Winfield is a quiet, peaceful, contented, law-abiding community of people who are taking care of what they have already got and ready to spread only in spiritual or educational directions. It is the most radical prohibition town probably in the State, at least that's its reputation."

It might have added that Winfield had enough "get up and get" to get away with Wichita in this matter. It adds:

"The following bids were made by the towns respectively.

Newton, $35,000 and twenty acres of land.

Peabody, $31,000 and one hundred and thirty acres of land.

Hutchinson, $24,000, a cabinet of minerals valued at $4,000, and one hundred acres of land.

Wellington, $51,000 and forty acres of land.

Wichita, $30,000 and twenty acres of land.

El Dorado, $35,000 and two quarter sections of land and one hundred lots in Riverside addition.

Winfield, $40,000, twenty acres of land and an annuity of $2,000 per annum for ten years, and forty acres of land, or in lieu of the twenty acres, $40,000.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

In looking over our new work, we find many amusing and peculiar names. Among them we find LAWS for the YOUNG and OLD from all NATIONS. We have plenty of FROST and SNOW and a good quality of COLE and WOOD; we are fortunate enough to have one HOLIDAY. After having six HUNTS we succeeded in capturing two LYONS, three BUCKS, one LEOPARD, two PARTRIDGES, one DRAKE, and one CROW. One of our FISHERS went to a BROOK and sat in silent BLISS, catching by the aid of the HOOK, two PICKEREL and one SALMON by the GILL. We also took a JOURNEY by LAND over many STATES in the WEST, and visited three PARKS, two BANKS, 7 BARNES, 2 GARRETTS, and 4 HALLS. I strolled over by a SPRING one EARLY morn and sat on a STUMP amongst the OAKS and began to eat some RICE, CURNS, and CHERRY PITTS. I had a book of 3 PAGES, and I READ a STORY about 3 SWINDLERS and CROOKS having QUARLES about 3 FRIENDS with 5 HEARTS. All of a sudden there came a GALE and SHEETS of SNOW fell until it made quite a large SNOWHILL. Then I had to WAITE. After a DELAY of a few moments, I then climbed over the RAILS of the GATES, then crossing a WOODEN SEABRIDGE I CUTRIGHT over to the BEACH, and there I met the FRENCH and GERMAN PEEBLES and the GENTRY composed of 2 BISHOPS, 2 ELDERS, 2 COURIERS, 2 SHEPHERDS, 4 MAJOR, 1 BARD, 1 MASON, 1 SEXTON, 1 COOK, 1 WEAVER, 1 MANN with a WOODEN LEGG and a CHILDS FOOTE. I went down a HILL and tried to SWIM on my BACK, but had to WADE through REEDS, SHELLS, and STONES, until I saw a LONG PLANK drifting towards the BANKS where I plucked a ROSE from a SMALL GLASS filled with FLOWERS of the following colors: WHITE, BLACK, BROWN, GREEN, GREY, and OLIVE. Now MABEE you think these are FIBBS, but I will bet a GOOD SILVER NICKLE that all these GAY and JOLLY names appear in the new city directory. Humorously yours, W. E. Dockson.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Friday morning while our reporter was standing in front of Cooper & Taylor's store preaching the great benefit they would reach by advertising a lot of fruit cans just received, a terrible howling and rattling was heard. The reporter mounted a window sill, Taylor ran under the counter, Cooper struck for the Central Hotel, crying, "Head him off, boys, mad dog! Mad dog!" A lady in the store commenced to scream, when all at once a "canned dog" under full steam with a tin bucket attached to his dogship entered the back door and swept through the store like unto a cyclone across the street, taking in the business buildings on East Main. It was some two or three hours before either of the gentlemen put in an appearance. Mr. Cooper was about out of breath when he came sneaking in the back door. It looks very much like an advertising dodge of Cooper & Taylor's.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

[Skipped five or six articles re medications for sale at local drug stores.]

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Thursday was a cold day for June, but Winfield did not get left. She got there, Eli! It will be a much colder day when she gets left behind the procession.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

It will now be in order for Winfield to take in the Soldier's Orphan Home. It seems to be the only thing lying around loose at the present time.




Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

We have been told, "You, with your liberal views on religious matters, do not want a sectarian college in Winfield. If we can raise money enough to build a college, why not make it non-sectarian where people of all sects and no sect will have a voice in its management?"

Our answer is: The history of non-sectarian colleges is that they invariably fail and die out unless they are supported by the State, or an endowment of hundreds of thousands of dollars by the founder or some other liberal millionaire. To run a University worth having successfully, will cost thirty to fifty thousand dollars a year. Our State appropriates some such sum every year to support the State University at Lawrence. A University which has a half million endowment fund can raise such necessary expenses from the income of its endowment. Give us the State to back it or the half million endowment and we are in favor of a non-sectarian institution in Winfield. Lacking in these essential supports, we must have something in their stead or we cannot have a college of any account in our midst.

Aside from the schools endowed as above, by State or endowment fund, the only other high institutions of learning which are a success are backed and supported by some religious sect or denomination, and among these the Methodist Colleges are bright examples of success. The Methodists work together as a unit under the most complete organization. They love their church and its institutions, and their number is legion. Their contributions to their schools, though small individually, are large in the aggregate of money, and every Methodist wants to send his sons and daughters to a Methodist school. Every Methodist in Southern Kansas will be an annual contributor to the support of the college at Winfield. Every Methodist minister will be an efficient and working agent for the institution. The fund raised by Winfield is sufficient to build a magnificent building to accommodate a thousand students and the Methodists of Southern Kansas will see that these students are furnished and that the necessary funds are raised annually to keep it running with a full head of steam. We consider the Methodist church of Southern Kansas behind this institution better than half a million endowment fund.

We are not afraid of the sectarian ideas which the Methodists will inculcate. Though we do not endorse some of the religious tenets, we fail to see where any of them do any hurt and do plainly see where they are doing an immense amount of good, so we have no quarrel with anything they teach. We do endorse their lofty patriotism, their sturdy prohibitionism, their vigorous fight on evils and corrupting influences of every kind, their united energy and perseverance in good works, and while we are ready to give a similar meed of praise to other churches, we consider the M. E. Church one of the most powerful civilizing influences of the age, and, with the late lamented Lincoln, we unite in benedictions on the Methodist Church.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885. Editorial.

In the brief submitted by Winfield and signed by three of its citizens, the bare-faced and unqualified statement is made that Cowley County is the most populous county in the conference and that Winfield is the second city in population. From all we have since learned, it was not necessary to resort to lying to secure the vote of that locating committee, one of whom, at least, has since claimed that in the face of statistics and sworn returns, he believed that representation of the brief. We hope, for the sake of the conference, that Winfield's subscription is more reliable than the statistics of the men who signed that showing. Wichita Eagle.

We suppose that wherever the Eagle is well known, the above will be taken as evidence of the entire truthfulness of the Winfield brief. If there is a citizen of Winfield whose word will not be believed against the sworn statement of the Eagle, he ought to go and hang himself. We suppose that Wichita would have stood a good chance to get the Methodist college if it had not been for the Eagle. It has used all its ability and influence to support saloons and in effect has encouraged the lawlessness, church-burning, and crime which have given Wichita a reputation unsavory to the Methodist people. This is what defeated Wichita, and the Eagle was a factor in the defeat, not Winfield lies.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Since the wheat crop has so largely failed, the croakers are busy with predictions that there will be no rain in July and August, and that the corn and other crops will fail also; that chinch bugs, grasshoppers, army worms, and other pests are going to take whatever might escape the drouth, and that ruin and desolation are coming sure. Now we are going to predict that we shall see no damage by grasshoppers and less than the usual amount from other pests; that we are going to have more rains in July and August than ever before, and that our corn and other crops, though late, will be first rate. Our reason for expecting an unusual number of rains during the two hottest months of the year, are, that the earth is now heavily carpeted with green grass and vegetation which will prevent the sun's rays from heating the earth and its surface will be cool all summer. It, therefore, will not heat the air in contact with it near as much as usual, less heated air will rise to prevent the condensation of the vapors which are constantly flowing above as from the Pacific ocean to the N. N. east and we have reason to expect that the electric conditions of the air will cause frequent condensations of these vapors over this region of rank grass, and frequent rains. This State has never been invaded by grasshoppers since 1874, when we had almost bare earth instead of heavy grass, and consequently drouth, for grasshoppers appear only in times of drouth. Other insects are much more destructive in dry times.

We make these predictions in faith and hope. The farmer lives and thrives on faith and hope. Without them he would do nothing to secure a crop even in the most favorable times. With them he improves all the chances and if he fails in some things he succeeds in others. Of course there should be reason in all things, but a farmer must always have a reasonable faith and hope or he will not succeed. He whose talk and writing tends to destroy or weaken this reasonable faith and hope may be conscientious and have the very best intentions, but is really doing an irreparable injury.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Our sister city at the terminus has demonstrated that her citizens are noble and true as well as enterprising and intelligent, by the large majority she gave yesterday for the D., M. & A. bonds. Those who predicted that her citizens would "go back on" their word, did not know them and did them gross injustice. We had the fullest confidence that they would do all they promised and so assured the doubters. The men of Arkansas City are worth of their prosperity and the splendid boom they are enjoying and we rejoice with them. Their sagacity raised their population from thirteen hundred to about four thousand in about three years and their increase in improvement and wealth has more than kept pace with their population. The canal supplying power for mills and factories is the large factor in this boom and now another and competing railroad will intensify this growth. We hope to see Arkansas City contain a population of twenty-five thousand with abundance of manufacturing and wealth. We want to see the big manufacturing cities built in Cowley County instead of the surrounding counties.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Last week the Quincy Herald denounced its Democratic Congressman, Riggs, in such endearing terms as "cringing double dealer, base deceiver, monstrous liar, Judas Iscariot, sheep stealing dog, etc.," and closes an editorial in these words: "Of all the contemptible, deceptive, cold, black-hearted, selfish, conspiring politicians we ever met, Riggs is the captain. If there are any liars in hell that can cope with Riggs, then the devil can congratulate himself that he has eclipsed all on earth but one."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Miss Muzzy, a Topeka teacher, being charged with being an unmerciful whipper, and Mr. Holcomb, another teacher, pleading guilty to writing some very bad verses, the Journal proposes that Mr. Holcomb be tied to a tree while Mrs. Muzzy whips the poetry out of him.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Winfield, with the new Methodist college, State Imbecile institution, and two new railroads, has certainly secured a "boom" of large dimensions. Emporia Republican.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Since the carrying of the railroad bonds in Cowley County, and the location of the M. E. College at Winfield, that town has taken quite a boom. We do not get jealous at the success of our neighbors, but rather desire to see them prosper. We were quite anxious to see the college located either at Wellington or Winfield, and since Winfield is the lucky one, we give our hearty congratulations and best wishes for success. It is a matter of no small importance to the city that was lucky enough to get it. We want Winfield to go to work now, and get a railroad over here so our children can attend school. Geuda Springs Herald.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The fall of Gladstone's ministry came about through beer and spirits, a frequent source of falls. The actual facts of the political revolution are as follows.

Mr. Childers, Chancellor of Exchequer, announced that the Government had decided not to refund to the taxpayers the amount of increased duty on spirits paid over and above the extra shilling per gallon finally decided on because the consumers had been charged higher rates after the announcement of the original increase. The Government would, however, Mr. Childers added, cause an inquiry to be made to ascertain if there existed sufficient reason to modify this decision.

Sir Michael Hicks Beach led off in opposition, reviling the Government for not raising revenue out of tea instead of beer. The debate lasted for some time, the Tories talking for a tea tax, and the Liberals for a beer tax.

Finally the great Mr. Gladstone arose and spoke with his usual eloquence. He thought that the opposition were creating a precedent which they would regret when they came into power again. The Government was compelled to raise money in view of the impending danger to the empire, a danger which even now he was unable to say had passed away. The opposition caviled at the mode of raising the money without suggesting an alternative. Tea would require an additional tax of 3 pence per pound to produce the same amount, thus raising the duty 75 percent on an innocent beverage. The Government had to choose between alcoholic liquors and tea and sugar. They would accept the issue on the vote as one of life or death, and did not envy those who, if they gained a victory, would have to bear the consequences.

Then the vote was taken and tea tax received 264 votes and beer tax 252 votes, and the Administration was defeated, and the government of the British Empire was changed.

The result was brought about by the Irish members who voted against beer tax to "get even" with Mr. Gladstone. When the result of the vote was announced, Mr. Parnell jumped upon his seat and waved his hat, and the Parnellites pointed at Gladstone and yelled, "That is the prince of coercion!" "Down with Buckshot Foster!" "Remember Myles Joyce!"

Thus was defeated Gladstone. He had just steered his country away from the whirlpool of a bloody and costly war, a fact at which the real rulers of England, the middle and money making class, were really delighted; but when he stretched out his hand against beer he smote the British ark of the covenant and paid the penalty, and was himself stricken down.

The new Ministry, whoever, composes it, will bring the assurance of anything, except that the tax on beer will not be increased. The condition of Ireland will remain the same, and Russia will continue to move along toward Herat.

The Conservative party in England, like the Democratic party in this country, has no principle, but both parties are very solid on beer. Champion.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Nobody wins every time. Occasionally defeat comes to every individual and to every community. Spilled milk may be expected sometimes even in the best regulated dairies. Just now a fine pail of milk that our people hoped would be delivered to them has been upset so far as we are concerned. There is no possible way to pick it up. It is lost to us.

The milk maid rendered famous by the spelling book story was disposed to mourn over the mishap to her luckless pail. We believe the people of Newton have too much sense to do anything of the kind. The Methodist college was not an essential to our continued growth and prosperity. Its location here would have been a great thing for us. It would have attracted to us many very fine people. It would have given a tone to our society that cannot be found elsewhere than in a college town. Some of us saw these advantages from the beginning, and, seeing them, did our best to secure the institution. As a rule the men who would have reaped the greatest pecuniary benefit from the location of the college at Newton offered the least to secure it. If anybody should feel chagrin over our defeat, they are the ones, not we who did our best.

We think the people of Newton have learned a lesson in this contest. They have learned that we have strong competitors in southern Kansas, and that it takes all of us to win a battle. At the same time a large number of us have learned how to work together and thus have largely increased the chance for co-operation in future contests.

We congratulate the people of Winfield on their securing this prize. They deserve it. They have one of the finest towns in the State. They are as liberal and public spirited people as can be found anywhere. They are worthy of the institution that has been located in their midst, and hope, yes, we know, it will prosper there.

But what will the people of Newton do? Shall we continue to send our sons and daughters to Topeka, Emporia, Lawrence, and other places to be educated? This educational problem cannot be put aside. We must meet it in some way and meet it soon. If we cannot get a college at once, we can very soon have as good a public high school as can be found in the State. We have it in our power to do this, and the earnest endeavors of every member of the community should be bent in that direction. Instead of mourning over the milk that has been spilled, let us go to work to make the best possible use of what is left.

Newton Republican.

A. F. & A. M.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

There will be a called communication of Adelphia Lodge on Tuesday evening, June 23rd, to perfect arrangements for celebrating St. John's day at the grove near Torrance, in accordance with an invitation from the Burden and Dexter Lodges. It is desired that all the members who can will attend. A. P. Johnson, W. M.


Supplementary to the Article "Not So Bad."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Some people talk as though they believed that all the rainfall we have is the accumulated vapor that has risen by evaporation from the creeks and the earth in the region about us; that these particular vapors remain stationary overhead until finally condensed, they fall in rain, and that so much rainfall as we have had for the past few months has exhausted all these vapors, and therefore we cannot have any more rains for some three months, until enough vapor shall have arisen from this immediate region to fill up again and set the syphon to flowing.

We want to inform these people that the vapors which arise in this region never condense over and fall over this region again, but are a dead loss to us. If they did fall on us again, the accumulation of a year would be comparatively a mere drop in a cistern full and would not altogether make a moderate shower over this region to last ten minutes. If the continents depended upon their own evaporation for rain and if the evaporation of the oceans and seas should return only to them directly, the land would soon become rainless and worse than deserts. They would have neither vegetable nor animal life and become bare rock, cold and desolate like the moon. The great bulk of the evaporation of the earth arises from the oceans between the tropics where the sun beats down vertically with its hottest rays. There dense volumes of vapor constantly arise, and dividing, float away in unceasing flow towards the poles. The rotation of the earth from west to east is at the equator over a thousand miles an hour. The rising vapor preserves this motion, which causes it to fall back somewhat to the west as it rises into a wider circle of rotation, but as it moves toward the pole, it comes into narrower circles where the rotation of the earth's surface is diminishing from a thousand miles an hour at the equator down to nothing at the poles, and its eastward motion becomes greater than that of the earth's surface beneath it. This bends the flow of the great vapor sheet around easterly until the general direction of the northern flow is northeast before it reaches the arctic regions where the bulk of its condensation takes place. This tremendous flow is such that if the conditions of condensation over the region about us were constant and such as exists where we have our heaviest rains, those heaviest rains would be perpetual with us. That section of this great vapor flow which passes over us rises in the Pacific ocean off the coast of Central America. The volume of this vapor passing over us constantly is such that at any and all times, if it should all be suddenly condensed, it would deluge the country. So in the driest time there is always above us such a flow of vapor and all we need is the conditions of condensing it. Whenever science shall discover the means of regulating this condensation, we can have our rainfalls in such times and quantities as we desire, if indeed we can agree, or we can have it regulated by statute law. Until then, all we can do is to use such means as we have and submit to circumstances which we cannot control.

It is believed that shocks given the atmosphere by explosions of gunpowder, dynamite, etc., have the effect to condense some of these vapors. It is claimed that a heavy rain always follows a great battle, particularly when artillery has been used, and that heavy rains always follow earthquake shocks, and we are inclined to the belief that this is true. There are times when this region could well afford to pay the cost of the powder or the dynamite if it would produce a good shower. Storms are supposed to often be produced by the contact of cold currents of air from the arctic or mountain regions with warm equatorial currents. This may be true, but in order to utilize the idea, we must first find out how to make arctic currents when we want them. But there is one thing that makes rain, or rather that prevents the rising of hot air to the extent of preventing the condensation of some of these vapors while passing over us, and that is a cool surface of the earth, and men can do much toward keeping the surface cool by keeping it covered with grass, vegetation, tree shades, and mellow cultivation fields which receive and retain water. If the earth's surface in the whole country around us could be kept in this condition, we would have rains enough in all seasons of the year; indeed, we might have too much and need to have a prairie fire occasionally to decrease the rainfall.

It is prairie fires which have made Kansas drouthy in the past. The sure way to make a rainless desert out of a fertile country is to destroy the forests and grass by fires. This is what made a desert of Central Asia, once the most fertile country known, and is making deserts of the countries bordering on the Mediterranean sea, once so fertile and populous.

Then if we could keep the surface of the earth cool in the wide region all above us, we should never have these extremely violent storms and cyclones. It is the heated earth that makes the low barometer, the rapidly rising hot air, the rush of the violent winds from all directions to fill the vacuum, the meeting of these violent winds, and the tornado. It is on desert or semi-desert lands where these storms rage in their greatest fury. The worst cyclones of this country are no comparison with the simooms [?monsoons] of the desert, more destructive perhaps, for on the desert there is little to destroy. In the semi-desert territories west of us, it rarely rains, but when it does the wind and rainfall are terrible. On the borders of Sahara and other deserts it is much worse.

Then if we could keep the earth well covered, the climate would be more even and temperate. On the desert within the tropics ice forms about every night and the temperature rises to from 100 to 200 degrees daily. The range of the thermometer is usually over 100 degrees in twenty-four hours. In countries well covered with vegetation, the range rarely exceeds 30 degrees.

THE K. C. & S. W.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Hon. J. N. Young, president of the Kansas City and Southwestern railroad company, and Ed. P. Greer will go on a trip over the line of the road from Beaumont to Kansas City to set on foot matters for raising aid and inaugurating the construction of the road in that direction. Now that the road is about completed through Butler County and assured through Cowley within six months, they consider it a favorable time to put the matter before the people further to the northeast. This is a road originated and worked up by citizens of Cowley County who have spent a great deal of time and money in the effort and it is fit that the first work should be put in on this part of the road to give us an early competing outlet by way of the St. Louis and San Francisco.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

I have $25,000 of another man's money to loan on Winfield City and Farm property, on 3 or 5 years time. S. L. Gilbert.


A Game of Base Ball That Got on its Ear and Was Tipped Over by a Cyclone.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The contest between our Cyclones and the Wellington Base Ball Club, on the South Main commons Monday afternoon was not as glorious as had been hoped for. Wellington's umpire seemed to be cross-eyed and from the start made decisions accordingly, keeping our boys on the qui vive to keep down irregularities. While there wasn't much good playing on either side, the clubs seemed, from the score, to be very evenly matched. But there was too much bickering and dissatisfaction, on both sides, for an interesting, creditable game. Will R. Gray, T. H. Hallock, Walker Jones, A. J. McClellan, Will Parker, Ed. McMullen (captain), Jerry Smith, and John Land, composed the Cyclones, and A. W. McClanahan (captain), E. W. Ellsworth, Dick Davis, Arthur Hardy, A. M. Patten, C. Byler, Eugene Igone, Jesse Derrick, and E. Forsythe composed the Wellington nine. Wm. Bailer, of Wellington, and our W. E. Dockson manipulated the score books, and Wm. Adams, of Wellington, umpired.

Score at close of the first half of the ninth inning: Cyclones: 29 runs, 25 outs. Wellingtonians: 30 runs, 27 outs.

It will be seen by the score that the Cyclones didn't play the last half of the ninth inning. They went to the bat, got men on the first and second, when the umpire decided the second base man was put out by the pitcher. The out was a "scratch," and our boys "kicked." The umpire refused to retrench and a heavy fire was opened on both sides--of chin gab. The Wellington boys got mad, threw up the game, and walked off on their ear. The second base man acknowledged he was out, in the heat of the discussion, but the wind machine couldn't be stopped. Of course our boys stood a good show to win the game, had they finished their inning, but the Wellington boys, in refusing to finish, threw the score to the last-even inning, giving our boys the game by a score of 29 to 23. The game throughout was uncreditable, in deportment. The Wellington boys, barring a few erroneous decisions of their umpire, acted very gentlemanly. Our boys were too hot-headed. The Wellingtonians were visitors to our city and through courtesy were entitled to the doubts. They deserved good treatment, but didn't get it. In the intense excitement of the game, our boys forgot themselves--forgot that they were entertaining visitors, whose conduct, as far as the club itself was concerned, entitled them to every courtesy. If they didn't like the umpire, they should have called a vote and had another put in, which would have been readily conceded. There was no talk of a return game, and from appearances the Cyclones will never cross the bat with another foe. They seem to be rent asunder. We hope not. All their other contests have been perfectly harmonious and enjoyable, and they should not let one little ruffle break up the club and we don't believe they will, after mature deliberation.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Dexter township is shaken from center to circumference by a youthful slugging match that ended in some dangerous blows, and possibly a term in durance vile for the attacking Sullivan. Frank S. Ridgway and William D. Callison, boys of twenty, were the sluggists. They met at Sunday School last Sunday, and, with blood in his left eye, Ridgway followed Callison along the road and gave him a belt on the head with an awfully wicked, home-made billy. Callison was knocked senseless, but on coming to, he began to chew his antagonist's thumb, took away his billy, and with his thumb still in his mouth, gave Ridgway such a pounding as he will long remember--laying him up for repairs. They were brought before Justice Hines yesterday and Callison fined $10 and costs and Ridgway bound over to the District Court. Senator Hackney appeared for the State and Jas. McDermott for the defense. There were sixty-four witnesses, men, women, and children, with about five hundred spectators. Ridgways and Callisons are connected by marriage and the feud seems to have been the result of a family row.

[Note: Article shows "Ridgway." Wonder if it should be "Ridgeway." MAW]


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The Wichita Beacon gives vent to its gladness (?) thusly: "We are glad Winfield got the college. We were pleased when she got the imbecile asylum, and we regret that her location debars her from contesting for--and no doubt she would get--the reformatory. She ought to have the reformatory for from the number of horrible crimes committed in and around her she cannot have too many of these reform schools." Yes, we can stand all these enterprises. But the modern hades--the city of saloons, dead beats, loafers, and tramps, commonly known as Wichita, must go on without these reformatories--must keep going down! down!! Until its moral, law-abiding element all drift into the Queen City of Southern Kansas--the most moral, peaceable, enterprising, and public spirited city in all the west. In the meantime Winfield will continue to scoop in everything that comes along worth having, keeping a watch on the left eye of Wichita as it sheds its silvery tears.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The Arkansas City Republican thusly remarks: "The county seat pays a good price for the college, but it will be of great benefit to the town. With her increased railroad facilities, Winfield is a desirable place. The morality of the town is good except the ladies wear the non-belted mother hubbard. The Republican extends to the county seat the warmest congratulations at her success."

Your congratulations are appreciated, Dick, but your cruel thrust at our fair ones must be avenged. Accuse our ladies of a composition of cotton, creoline [?crinoline], or ruse [?ruche], if you must lie, but when it comes to accusing them of wearing the horrid, despicable Mother Hubbard, your days are bound to be few in this land. Repent ye, for the avenging rod and bald-headed broom are at hand. Our girls have long ago buried the Mother Hubbard in its last, long sleep--turned up its toes to the daisies never to be resurrected--we hope.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Mr. Gustavus Bernard and Miss Alice Martin were married Saturday evening at the home of Miss Martin's sister, Mrs. W. W. Painter, in Vernon township. Elder Joseph Caine, pastor of the Belle Plaine Christian church, pronounced the ceremony. Over a hundred friends and relatives were present and a grand feast spread, captivating samples of which were placed on THE COURIER tables Tuesday through the bride's brother, Mr. Emerson Martin, of this city. Mr. Bernard has just graduated from the Lexington, Kentucky, theological college, with high honors, and promises a bright future. Miss Martin has long been one of Vernon's most estimable young ladies. THE COURIER extends warmest congratulations.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

A report was sailing around our streets Monday that the Bank of Commerce, Udall, has closed its doors. The report grew out of a few uneasy depositors who got scared because of a desire of Mr. McKinlay to dispose of his banking business. Senator Jennings went up yesterday and investigated the matter for the depositors and found that about fifty percent of the deposits were on hand, in cash and exchange, with collateral sufficient to balance. Mr. McKinlay, failing to get means expected from his Missouri property, became a little uneasy, and though really in no danger, sold his business to P. W. Smith, one of his heaviest depositors and one of Udall's prominent men.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Mr. Hop Shivvers and Miss Lizzie Lawson were united in wedlock Monday afternoon by Rev. H. D. Gans, at the home of Miss Lawson's parents in Tisdale township. They form a very happily mated couple. Hop is one of Winfield's most sterling young men, thorough in business, of undoubted integrity, and an ambition that will shape a bright future. Miss Lawson graduated from our high school last year, with much credit, is accomplished, winsome, independent, and energetic--just such a young lady as always scores success in the battle of life. The earnest wish of THE DAILY COURIER is that Mr. and Mrs. Hop Shivvers may, in the words of the late lamented Rip Van Winkle, "leef long and been happy."


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Mr. B. D. Hanna, of Walnut township, has left THE COURIER examples of his English blue grass. One bunch was planted last spring a year and measures three feet and a half in length, and is seeding very heavily; the other, planted last spring, is two and a half feet high. Mr. Hanna has about four acres, as an experiment, and it is so highly satisfactory that he will sow much more. As a meadow pasture it is unexcelled, and the adaption to this climate is an established success. Cowley will raise anything that any other county on the globe can raise--excepting laggards.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

R. H. White, in the county jail for the murder of his wife, last week, has written an eloquent and pathetic letter to his sister, Mrs. George L. Watts, Sharon, Barbour County, Kansas, telling of the horrible death of his wife. Through the courtesy of Jailor Finch, who carefully examines all letters of prisoners before they are sent, our reporter got a look at this letter. It covered six foolscap pages and was well written, punctuated, and spelled. He gave the circumstances of the tragedy exactly as in his evidence before the Coroner's jury. Speaking of his incarceration, he said: "Oh, sister! Heaven knows that I am not, nor could not, be guilty of such a crime as that! We lived happily together; she was always a dear and loving wife to me--always kind and true, always tried to live right and raise the children right. I loved her as dearly as my own soul, and today I believe her to be enjoying the glories of Heaven. I believe her to have been outraged and murdered. May the God of justice and mercy visit the guilty soul with judgment, and may ghostly visions and dying groans be continually before his eyes and in his ears and in his soul, that he may have no peace, day nor night, until he shall confess his guilt! Nancy, let this be your incessant prayer, for I have no earthly friend that can do me any good. Can you realize my awful situation--in prison; held and looked upon as a heartless murderer--the greatest crime against God and the laws of the land, with only three who know my innocence, my God, myself, and the wretch who did the heartrending deed. Nancy, pray as you never did before. I believe if we pray earnestly to Him that He will, in some mysterious way, reveal the mysteries of this dark and awful murder! May the foul murderer be haunted through all the lonely hours of the night and upon the street or wherever he may be, until he acknowledges the deed."

He denies in the letter, in mentioning the sending of COURIERS containing accounts of the crime, having said his wife's people were well off--says he said they were only ordinary farmers. He also tells his sister that he has written his brother, Charley, in Illinois, to come on and see what he can do.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The "Dads" of the city met in regular session Monday, President Crippen in the chair, and Councilmen McDonald, Connor, Myers, and Harter present. An occupation tax ordinance was passed, imposing license on most of the vocations of the city, the stipulations of which THE COURIER will present in ordinance form. A citizens' petition asking the council to pay the members of the fire companies a salary for monthly drill, was referred. A water main extension petition was referred back for more signatures. The petition for extension of gas mains was rejected. W. L. Moorehouse was granted permit to build brick and stone building, extension of Spotswood's grocery building. Curbings were ordered around certain lamp posts. The following bills were ordered paid: Moore & Sons, ditto, $58.49; H. L. Thomas, constructing crossings, $8.25; judges and clerks of the D., M. & A. election, $52; Black & Rembaugh, printing, $55; Ed Pate, costs in City vs. Brown, $20.10. Bills of Mrs. Scroggins, care of sick pauper, $4; Allie Burge, nursing sick female pauper, $10, and America Shelton, care of Nora Slade, a pauper, $22.50, were recommended to the County Commissioners for payment.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The following College Committee and Trustees arrived Tuesday, and were taken to the homes of our citizens. The Committee consists of gentlemen of well known ability and reputation: Revs. H. Waite, of Peabody; Rev. N. Asher, Belle Plaine; W. H. Cline, Wellington; T. C. Miller, Lyons; D. D. Aiken, Hutchinson; N. S. Buckner, Arkansas City; A. P. George, Nickerson; M. L. Gates, Wichita. The Trustees are Revs. T. Audas, Wichita; C. A. King, Newton; B. C. Swarts, Anthony; J. D. Bodkin, McPherson; B. Kelly, Winfield; Hon. A. L. Redden, El Dorado; Hon. D. J. Chatfield, Wichita. These gentlemen, with several of our citizens, were viewing College Hill this afternoon and were well pleased with the beautiful location. County Surveyor, Haight, run off forty acres for the proposed site. Full arrangements will be made for the erection of the college before the gentlemen leave, of which the COURIER will publish in due time.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The following are the real estate transfers filed in the office of Register of Deeds yesterday.

Albert A. Newman and wife, Chester S. Hill, lot 24, block 61, Arkansas City: $60

Chas. R. Sipes and wife to Chester S. Hill, lots 25 and 26, block 61, Arkansas City: $110

Chas F. Bridge and wife, James T. Shepard, lot 1, block 78, Arkansas City: $25

Edward Grady and wife to Benton Levering, lots 17 and 18, block 48, Arkansas City: $225

Hiram D. Kellogg and wife to Rufus C. Haywood, lots 10 and 11, block 35, Arkansas City, quit claim: $20

Samuel S McDowell and wife, et al, to Benton Levering, lots 11 and 12, block 51, Arkansas City: $225

John C. Duncan to F. Gilliland, lot 25 blk 17, Ark City: $250

Lewis A Lockwood to Jennie Notherland, lots 5 and 6, blk 142, Ark City: $200

Wm M Creighton and wife to May Curtis, lot 16, blk 109, Ark City: $250

Albert N Parlin and wife to Rufus C Haywood, lot 15, blk 71, Ark City: $50

Albert A Newman and wife to R C Haywood, lot 3, blk 52, lot 17, blk 71, and lot 12, block 72, Ark City, quit-claim: $30

Arkansas City Building Association to R B Norton, lots 7 and 8, blk 167, Lenard's ad to Arkansas City: $300

A G Lowe and wife to George W Spickelmier, lots 19 and 20, blk 168, Canal Co ad to Ark City: $2,000

R C Howard to G F Gilliland, lot 21 blk 51, Ark City: $100

P A Houghton and wife to Giles F Gilliland, lot 22, blk 51, Arkansas City: $85

Abraham DeTurk et ux to David N Wolf, pt of 15-33-s-4e: $700

J M Alexander et ux to August Holwagner, pt of ne ¼ 27-32-s-4e: $550

U S to G W Bell, sw ¼ 12-30-s-7e, 160 acres: $200

A DeTurk and wife, e ½ of ne ¼ 22-33-s-4e: $2,000

F J Hess and wife to J H Criger, lots 5 and 6 blk 8, Hess' ad to Ark City: $120

L H Manning and husband to Henry Goldsmith, 70 feet of lot 12 blk 108, Winfield, quitclaim: $1.00

C E Fuller to Hattie B Fuller, lots 45 and 46, blk 250, Winfield: $1,500

Mary R Bryant and husband to Annie Alexander, lots 1, 2 and 3, blk 88, Winfield: $3,000

Wm A McKinlay et ux to P W Smith, 50 ft off w end of lots 1, 2, 3 and 4, blk 20 and lots 17 and 19, blk 21, Udall: $400

W A McKinlay et ux to P W Smith, lots 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12, blk 21, Udall, and lots 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6, blk 22; lots 10 and 11, block 40, Udall: $2,250

Geo Young et ux to F W Maddux, w ½ of sw ¼ and w ½ of nw ¼ 28-32-s-8e: $650

Cyrus Wilson to Frank Gilkey, e ½ of sw ¼ 29-34-s-6e: $880

H W Williams et ux to W H Fry, e ½ of sw ¼ 5-34-d-6e, 80 acres: $200

J O Mealley to L Gray, lot 10 block 207, Fuller's ad to Winfield: $860

R H Moor et ux to V Manser, s ½ and nw ¼ of ne ¼ 12-32-6e, 120 a: $1,500

G S Manser et ux to David Tompkins, w ½ of ne ¼ 4-33-s-4e ex 5 acres: $2,500

W G Gibson et ux to M T Gibson, s ½ of ne ¼ 4-32-s-8e ex 5 a: $2,500

Wattie B Buford and husband to B E Bacon, lot 1 and e ½ of lot 2, blk 207, Winfield: $2,700

Hiram D Kellogg et al to Giles F Gilliland, lots 1 and 2, blk 3, Arkansas City: $50

Sarah Easton and husband to Henry Hageman, lot 6 and w ½ of lot 5, blk 228, Thompson's ad to Winfield: [?Amount not given.]

Louis Fitzsimmons and wife to J H Huff, lot 6, blk 28, Fitzsimmons's ad to Udall: $50

Lucy Fawcett, adm. est of M J Pearce to Francis P Thomas, pt of 28-34-s-3e: $2,550

John P McAtee and wife to Mary F Smith, pt of ne ¼ 27-32-s-4e: $2.,000

Wade H Yarbrough and wife to N L Yarbrough, pt of nw ¼ 20-31-s-5e: $515

John W. Lane and wife to J. C. Martindale, part of 18-30-s-4e: $55

U. S. to Madison C. Anthis, s ½ of nw ¼ sec 28 and s ½ of ne ¼ 29-34-s-4e, 160 acres: $200

John W. McElvain and wife to E. B. Newton, se ¼ 21-31-s-8e: $1,000

George M Aul and wife to John T. J. Stinson, lots 1 and 2 and ne ¼ of nw ¼ and lot 3 in sw ¼ 30-33-s-7e: $1,000

U. S. to Geo. W. Divelbliss, sw ¼ of 15-32-5e, 160 acres: $200


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

South end citizens were terribly shaken up Monday about ten o'clock by the appearance of a wickedly caparisoned tramp, who called at several houses, clear up to the middle of the night, asking for something to eat. He was a smooth faced young man, not very badly dressed, appearing smart, in black suit, with a colt's revolver and a huge bowie knife strapped around his frame. He was seen Monday, digging with his bowie knife and eating raw potatoes in a patch on south Millington street. He went eastward, the Marshal was put on his track a short time afterward, but could get no trace of him further than that given. All who saw him think him a bad character--one that means "dirt." The women, instead of crawling in bed and covering up their heads, will do well to prepare their shooting irons.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The Wellington Press enters its protest against the abuse that is showered upon the defenseless heads of servant girls. While there are some that are slouch, shiftless, dishonest, and all that, there are many really good girls whom circumstances compel to accept places as domestics to gain a living, and it is not to be wondered at that they are not the most amiable class of people in the world upon all occasions. And as a matter of fact, they earn the money that is grudgingly paid to them twice over. How would a man like to get up at six o'clock in the morning, work all day, and until nine o'clock at night, for two dollars a week, and then be growled at because he wanted to go out and visit his mother or best girl Sunday afternoon? We are thankful every day of our life that we are not a hired girl; we would rather be a reporter than a hired girl.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Fred Kropp goes to Constant this week to move the store building from there to Hackney. Fred can do it. He can move anything from a mountain to a keg of beer.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Recap. Sheriff's Sale. W. C. Robinson, plaintiff, vs. Andrew J. Cress, defendant. Property to be sold July 20, 1885, by Sheriff G. H. McIntire.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Recap. W. H. Johnson, Administrator. Notice of Final Settlement in the matter of the estate of Alfred S. Johnson, deceased. Date: July 6, 1885.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

WASHINGTON, D. C., June 10th, 1885.

WHEREAS, by satisfactory evidence presented to the undersigned, it has been made to appear that "The Winfield National Bank," in the city of Winfield, in the County of Cowley, and State of Kansas, has complied with all the provisions of the Revised Statutes of the United States, required to be complied with before an association shall be authorized to commence the business of banking,

NOW THEREFORE I, Henry W. Cannon, Comptroller of the Currency, do hereby certify that "The Winfield National Bank," in the City of Winfield, in the county of Cowley, and State of Kansas, is authorized to commence the business of banking as provided in Section Fifty-one hundred and sixty-nine of the Revised Statutes of the United States.

In testimony whereof witness my hand and Seal of this office this 10th day of June, 1885.

[SEAL] H. W. CANNON, Comptroller of the Currency.


FRANK H. GREER, Local Editor.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

[Skipped "Winfield City Markets."]


Todays' Markets in Chicago and Kansas City.

By Special Telegraph To The Daily Courier.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

CHICAGO, June 17, 2 p.m.

Wheat, cash: 88-3/8. Wheat, July: 80-1/4. Wheat, August: 91-5/8.

Corn, cash: 48-1/2. Corn, July: 47-3/4.

KANSAS CITY, June 17, 2 p.m.

Wheat, No. 2 red, cash: 80-3/4. Wheat, No. 2 red, July: 82.

Corn, cash: $39-1/2. Corn, July: 41.

Hogs: $3.65.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Father J. F. Kelly and sister, Miss Sarah, accompanied Mrs. W. E. Lease to Wellington, where she delivered her lecture on "Ireland and the Irish," last night. Miss Kelly also assisted in the program with recitation. The Wellingtonian says: "Mrs. Lease's lecture was fairly attended last night, and those who were there enjoyed a rare treat. Very few lectures are so replete with really fine passages as the one delivered last evening. Surely she has the gift, for which her countrymen are noted, of eloquence. She is far superior to Belva Lockwood as a lecturer and should she lecture here again a crowded house ought to greet her."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The Newton Republican says the last swindling device is where a gentleman, representing himself to be connected with some Chicago provision house, circulates a paper among the farmers asking their opinion as to the probable crop this season, carefully noting down the answers. At the conclusion he asks the farmer to sign it, "just to give the report an appearance of being correct." And in nine cases out of ten a good healthy note turns up in the hands of an innocent purchaser, which will have to be paid. Farmers should be prepared to receive these gents with a double barreled shot-gun.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Rev. Mr. Cline returned Friday from Wichita, where he had been as a member of the committee appointed to locate the M. E. college. Mr. Cline very loyally voted for Wellington until he saw there was no chance and then went to Winfield. The vote stood some time, one for Wellington, one for Newton, two for Hutchinson, and one for Peabody. Mr. Cline was the first one to break and go to Winfield, after which the Newton man followed, giving Winfield the necessary majority. Winfield's bid was $70,000 cash and twenty acres of ground. Wellingtonian.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The mania for departing from earth into the unknown future seems to be on the increases. The forty-four caliber route, from present reports, is receiving the largest share of patronage. Almost every exchange picked up contains an account of some poor wretch, who, tired of life, pays his passage over the above named route with a forty-four ball and sends his soul into eternity at lightning speed, without stop over check. The following causes being ascribed to the departed: "Disappointed in love, financial troubles, drink, and in some instances to spite somebody. Better stop awhile, boys, and take the slow freight. It don't pay to go through so quick.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The Wellington Standard, with a tenacity becoming Democrats, has not lost all hope! "Now that the college question is settled, would it not be well for our citizens to turn their attention to securing the reformatory, and the division station and machine shops of the S. K. R. R.? This city can't afford to lose any more of these proposed enterprises. 'If you don't at first succeed, try, try again.' Never give up but buckle on the armor for the next fight."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

We learn from the traveling men who sell goods through Iowa, Nebraska, Missouri, and Kansas, that the grand State of Kansas is the best of them all. Business of all kinds is more on the boom and everything more lively than in the other states mentioned. And they all pronounce Winfield justly worthy of her title, "The Queen City of Southern Kansas"--in fact, think her up to any town for life and grit in the Sunflower State.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Bill Hackney thinks that the Wellingtonian didn't treat Winfield right in its announcement of the result of the M. E. college contest. A simple difference of opinion, that. They have the grapes. They are out of our reach, hence they are sour, and we wouldn't have them under any consideration. We'll make faces at them and Winfield just as much as we want to. Wellingtonian.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Judge E. S. Torrance came in from Sedan Sunday, having ground out Chautauqua County's District Court grist in a week. The Judge says that many farmers in that section are planting their corn for the third time, and are badly discouraged. With the flood, the worms, and other vicissitudes, the people of our sister county are having a tough time.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The Arkansas City Democrat has struck a new feature of our great prolificness: "One of our citizens had a tape-worm twenty-seven feet in length taken from him last week. Well, Kansas is great in everything, and she can raise--and feed 'em too--more tapeworms than any other State in America. Come to Kansas and raise a worm."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The following from the Harper Graphic represents life in the west: "Life was stormy in the neighborhood of Campbell's block at the head of the second story stairs yesterday. An indignant female threatened to annihilate a lawyer; also called him a bald-headed burro from Jerusalem."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

A law was passed by the legislature requiring farmers to trim and cut their hedges along public highways, at least twice a year. The result of neglect to do so is fine or imprisonment at the option of the court.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Ostrander & Stayman, proprietors of foundry, have just received an order from Meeks & Co., of Wichita, for a stone saw, derrick, and car. And yet Wichita has several foundries.


Her Chronicle of The Comings, Goings and Doings of Persons at Home and Abroad.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Harry Hill was up from A. C. Saturday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

M. L. Smith was over from Burden Saturday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

C. K. Wooden, Burden, was over Saturday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

E. M. Buffington, Udall, was down Saturday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

J. S. Rush was in from Box City Saturday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

S. Bibler and S. H. Wells, Dexter, were over Saturday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

A. J. Pyburn and son, Walter, were up from A. C. Saturday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

John C. Hoyt, Geuda Springs, was in the city last evening.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Mr. and Mrs. N. B. Holden were over from Cambridge Tuesday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Chas. Secrest and S. H. Mathes were down Sunday from Burden.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

J. R. Sumpter was in Tuesday from the blossoming vicinity of Tannehill.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Dr. S. Wilkins came over from Cambridge Monday on a tax paying mission.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

F. M. Friend has a new organ wagon. It's a daisy; put up by Montford & Rogers.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Dick Walker, the same fat, jolly Dick of old, is here from Wichita, on business.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Holmes & Son are making preparations to put a stock of groceries in their new building.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Jas. H. Hildebrand and Jeff Hammond came down from Udall yesterday, returning this morning.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

J. F. McMullen left last evening for Leavenworth, to appear before the U. S. Circuit Court, for clients.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Mr. George Gardenhire, prominent among the citizens of Windsor township, was in the hub Tuesday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

N. S. Buckner, Arkansas City, was here Tuesday attending the college meeting, accompanied by his wife.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Rev. H. D. Fisher, of Topeka, was in the city today, returning from the dedication of the Tisdale M. E. Church.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Cap. Huffman received a lot of Jersey cows from Indianapolis Wednesday. They are of fine grade. He will sell them.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Miss Cora Robbins, who recently closed her school at Rock, will spend the summer in this city with Mrs. N. W. Dressie.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Dr. H. F. Hornaday and George H. Williams, of Rock, were down Tuesday taking in the Queen City of southern Kansas.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Wm. H. Day and Wm. H. Gillard were down Tuesday from the new town of Atlanta, in Omnia township, six miles north of Burden.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Misses Ida and Ella Trezise left last evening for a two weeks' visit with Mrs. Samuel Cox, nee Nettie Stout, Trenton, and friends elsewhere.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Frank L. Crampton, of the Central, desires us to state in refutation of a report that the Wellington boys put up for their entertainment like little men.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Rev. Snyder reports a very interesting session of the board of Lane University and that the degree of D. D. was conferred upon Rev. P. B. Lee.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Hon. George M. Shelley, ex-Mayor of Kansas City, and one of that city's large wholesale dry goods dealers, is in the city, the guest of his old friend, J. B. Lynn.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Ike Tousley, who lives on "Grouse," informs us that a worm is destroying the corn crop to a great extent. It is supposed to be what is called Webb Worm.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Will M. Allison, of the Wellingtonian, spent Sunday in the Eli [?] city. His paper is a sparkling, newsy sheet, and is getting a warm place in the esteem of Wellington.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Rev. F. A. Brady was down from Udall today. He will deliver the Fourth of July oration for the Udall people, which is surety that it will be grandly eloquent and pithy.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Dr. Graham left Sunday for Chicago to attend the annual meeting of the Senate of the National Union, of which he is a member. He will return on Friday or Saturday, next.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Thomas Gordon, who lives near the gas works, has been successful in getting his pension allowed. His claim dates from July 23, 1863, and up to this date amounts to $1,049.47.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Chas. J. Peckham came over from Sedan Wednesday to join Chas. C. Black and J. J. Burns on a trip to K. C. and St. Joe on D. M. & A. business, taking the S. F. this afternoon.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Judge Beck returned Tuesday from several days' visit with his son, Charley, at Wichita. He says "sick" doesn't begin to express the remorse of Wichita in losing the M. E. College.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

J. G. Shreves was up from Maple City Saturday, returning home Sunday. He reports crop prospects in that section just fair. The corn is a good stand with the exception of that listed.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

J. P. Baden and family left Monday for a few weeks visit in Warsaw, Illinois. After several years incessant attention to business, J. P. can enjoy this little recreation for all there is in it.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

M. H. Markum, of Hackney, got home Saturday from a week at Kansas City, Leavenworth, and Manhattan, taking in at the latter place the Annual Commencement of the State Agricultural College. He had a delightful vacation.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Mr. P. T. Kleeman arrived Monday from Shelbyville, Illinois, to remain as assistant in the dry goods establishment of his brother, Mr. Sam Kleeman. He is a young man of fine appearance and will, no doubt, be a very agreeable acquisition.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Elijah Brown, one of the first settlers of this county, starts Wednesday for Chicago to visit his daughter. From there he will go to Milwaukee and other points. He will be gone about two months.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Miss Lou Wilson, of Torrance, with her friends, the Misses Taylor, who have been visiting here, were in the city Monday and made THE COURIER an appreciated call. Our ladies' man was in. The Misses Taylor took the Santa Fe for a Newton visit.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

James Kelly came in from Pratt Center Sunday to see his children, with Mrs. S. W. Phenix, in Richland, and to spend a few days around the old familiar haunts. He looks spruce and happy. It looks like pioneer days to see Jim's genial phiz on our streets.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Harris & Clark, our live real estate men, sold, Monday, the Abram De Turk farm of 231 acres, five miles south of town to D. N. Wolf, who arrived last Saturday from Connersville, Indiana. Price paid, $9,000. This is the biggest sale of the season. This firm generally gets there.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Chas. C. Black returned Tuesday from a meeting of the D., M. & A. executives in Chicago. He reports all arrangements completed for lively operations on this line. The survey has been completed between Kingman and Belle Plaine and grading will commence before the first of July.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Mr. Ezra Austin, of Winfield, has purchased a lot just east of the barber shop, and will begin at once the erection of a two-story building, the second floor to be used as a bakery, restaurant, etc. Mr. Austin has the appearance of being a solid man, and we welcome him to our thriving city. Udall Sentinel.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Mr. D. Robertson, of Walnut township, has left us a bunch of his Fultz wheat. It is splendidly filled, running from four to six grains to the mesh, plump and as perfect as any ever exhibited. Though thin in the field his wheat will be a good yield--much better than expected a month ago.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Judge Soward has a literary dog. "Sport" dropped into the COURIER den the other day, and, without invitation, picked up a DAILY COURIER and began to masticate it with intense interest. Advertisements and all were taken in, and the paper left a total wreck on the floor. His intellect was all in his mouth.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

M. L. Robinson, R. S. Wilson, J. H. Horning, John Crane, and J. D. Lee returned from Leavenworth Sunday, where they had been in attendance upon the U. S. Circuit Court in the case of Frank Barclay against the Winfield Water Company. Barclay got judgment for nine hundred dollars. He claimed about nine thousand.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Mrs. G. W. Miller and children, Mr. D. B. Carson and Miss Mollie Brooks, left this morning for a week's visit to the Territory and Oklahoma. They will take in Mr. Miller's ranch. J. W. Brooks, accompanied by Master G. M. Carson and Lacki Miller, took their route via Geuda Springs to investigate the farming country and the Western Saratoga.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Mrs. N. J. Lundy and Miss Ella Kelly dropped in on THE COURIER Tuesday. Miss Kelly has recently returned from the State Normal School, where she graduated with much credit. Though having taken the course in a remarkably short time, with very hard study, she looks well. She is one of our most independent, ambitious, and capable young ladies, and we are glad to see her advancing in educational circles.


The Burden Boys Slightly Scoop Our Base Ballists. A Daisy Game.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The contest between our Cyclones and the Eclipse base ball club of Burden at the latter place Friday afternoon was about the best game ever played this side of Kansas City. Our boys had some ill luck and a pile of fun in getting to the battle ground. They went in Green Wooden's street bus, and five miles out from Winfield, broke down. Lumber wagons were secured to New Salem, where easier vehicles were procured and the caravan moved on. The Cyclone Club was composed as follows: Will R. Gray, Israel Martin, Walker Jones, Jerry Smith, Ed McMullen, A. J. McClellan, Will Parker, Harry Holbrook, and Land. Those composing the Eclipse: D. Bucknell, T. J. Dassett, W. A. Elliott, T. J. Rude, Wm. Brooks, Fred Collins, C. P. Conrad, J. Henderson, and A. Brooks. The game was played in just two hours, with the following score.

CYCLONES: Gray, 1 run, 4 outs; Martin, 2 runs, 2 outs; Jones, 2 runs, 2 outs; Smith, 0 runs, 3 outs; McClellan, 0 runs, 4 outs; Land, 0 runs, 3 outs; Parker, 1 run, 3 outs; Holbrook, 1 run, 3 outs; McMullen, 0 runs, 3 outs. Total: 7 runs, 27 outs.

ECLIPSE: Buckner, 0 runs, 4 outs; Dassett, 1 run, 2 outs; Elliott, 2 runs, 2 outs; Rude, 1 run, 4 outs; Brooks, 1 run, 5 outs; Collins, 2 runs, 2 outs; Henderson, 2 runs, 2 outs; Conrad, 1 run, 3 outs; Brooks, 1 run, 3 outs. Total: 11 runs, 27 outs.

Note: Play was broken down into innings.

Some brilliant playing was done on both sides. George M. Black of this city, and Frank McLain of Burden did the score act, and Clint Austin umpired. The grounds were supplied with seats, ice water, and other unusual conveniences, with the ring roped in. Spectators were numerous; ladies and gentlemen, and the interest in the game was intense. Our boys are enthusiastic in praise of their splendid treatment by the Burden club, who banqueted, lemonaded, and ice creamed them--extending every courtesy possible. Though defeated, the Cyclones are jubilant over the grand time afforded them. Winfield and Burden certainly have the dandy base ball clubs of Southern Kansas. Their score would do credit to many professionals. The Eclipse plays our club a return game here next Friday, when the Cyclones hope to reciprocate the royal entertainment given them yesterday and carry off the championship. A number from here went over to witness the game, among them: W. H. Dawson, Geo. A. Black, Ed. Lamont, Ray Oliver, Byron Rudolf, Frank L. Crampton, and O. J. Daugherty. After the base ball game, a big game of foot ball was played, won of course by our boys--who had the legs. Gray got there in fine shape.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Owing to lack of care in taking, it was found that the photograph of Mrs. Julia Ann White's eye before burial was imperfect and incapable of proper development. Our officials were determined, if possible, to get a clue to the murderer, and yesterday afternoon, Sheriff McIntire, Dr. S. R. Marsh, and Photographer Rodocker went out to the graveyard, exhumed the body, took it from the coffin, stood it up against a board, reflected light on the eye, and with an extension lens got a perfect photograph. It is several inches in diameter, and is developing splendidly. Indications are strong that when fully developed it will reveal the perpetrator of the awful deed. It took some grit to go through this process of obtaining it, but our officials are abashed at nothing that seems in the line of duty. The body gave sickening evidence of decomposition. The photograph is taken on the established theory that the last person appearing before the vision in consciousness remains a perfect picture on the eye, and when the eye is photographed can be drawn out, as plainly as life, by the ophthalmoscope. The photograph will be sent east for enlargement and proper scientific treatment.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The late White tragedy has stirred up the women and gentle hearted men of the city in terrible shape. A gentleman told us the other day that he went home at half past seven and found his wife in bed with her head covered up, and half the women in town won't stay alone at night. It's a big thing in keeping the husbands at home for awhile. There must be some chastening consciousness around. Why anyone should suppose for a moment that because such a despicable murder has been committed here that they are in unusual danger, is a mystery. It's all foolishness--the biggest kind, and the women want to brace up and have some stamina. Winfield is not filled with howling tramps or murderous scoundrels who will stalk into your house, catch you alone, and deal the deathly blow, even though the White case is supposed to be such a result. Our city is one of the most peaceable, christian like, and social of any in America, and that some women should be afraid to step out on the porch after dark is simply ludicrous and they ought to be ashamed of it.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The Wellington Standard, though a Democratic sheet, shows magnanimity at once appreciated. "Our neighboring town of Winfield is to be congratulated on securing the location of the M. E. college. They went in to win and put up the amount of cash that knocked the persimmon. Our citizens did nobly and all are to be commended for their faithful work, but it don't pay to underrate the ability and enterprise of a neighbor. 'The Lord helps those who help themselves.' Below we give the cash bids of the competing towns as copied from Rev. Cline's list.

"El Dorado, $20,000; Wellington, $51,000; Winfield, $50,000 cash down as required by the locating committee and $20,000 to be paid in ten annual installments, making in all $70,000; Newton, $35,000; Wichita, $30,000; Hutchinson, $24,000; and Peabody, $34,000. In addition to cash, Winfield also donated stone for the foundation of the building and is to furnish the college with free water."


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

We are in receipt of a handsome circular announcing the change of the Winfield Bank to the Winfield National Bank, with a paid in capital of one hundred thousand dollars, and an authorized capital of five hundred thousand dollars. H. B. Schuler is president and E. T. Schuler, cashier. The directors are H. B. Schuler, J. B. Lynn, C. Perry, Dr. Geo. Emerson, Arthur M. Green, of Pleasant Valley; H. R. Branson, of Dexter; and George H. Williams, of Rock. The new National opens up under the most favorable auspices. Mr. Schuler is a banker of long experience and is conservative and careful as a manager. The directors are among our best businessmen and capitalists. The old Winfield Bank has long enjoyed the confidence and a large share of the business of our people and THE COURIER predicts for the Winfield National, into which it has merged, long continued success and prosperity.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Profs. Limerick, A. Gridley, and B. T. Davis returned Friday evening from the State Superintendents' Convention at Emporia. It was the largest convention of the kind ever held in the State. The new examination law was analyzed and the determination reached that all certificates without physiology have to be renewed after January first next. Professor Limerick witnessed the graduation of Miss Ella Kelly, of this city, which was done with much honor. Miss Kelly's great ambition enabled her to do one of the remarkable things in the State Normal--took the course in one year, though a terrible strain on her system. She gained much notoriety in oratory and was assigned a place in the State oratorical contest, but was compelled to decline.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Dr. Emerson, while talking of the probability of White being the murderer of his wife, Friday evening, cited a strange case to prove the theory that if White did the deed, it was under a momentary aberration, and that he knew nothing of having done the possible deed until it was over, and probably not even now. A few weeks ago one of Mr. Hetherington's sons was ailing. He was in bed and lying in the open door was his dog, that he thought the world of and all knew he wouldn't intentionally harm. He got out of bed, took the hatchet, lying near, laid the dog's neck across the door sill, and cut his head off smack smooth. To this day he knows nothing about killing the dog, excepting what he has been told, and can hardly be convinced that he did it.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Arkansas City has a queer miniature case. T. J. Stafford, Arkansas City's adamantine-cheeked City Attorney, owed Frank J. Hess for rent and Frank's efforts to get the due were so futile that at last he was compelled to sue. Then Stafford got up a case for revenge. Frank acknowledged and prepared some pension blanks for a party for which the law allowed forty-five cents and the worth of the blanks. The blanks added made the bill forty-nine cents, and as the change couldn't be made, Frank took the half dollar. Stafford had him arrested for illegal charges, on a State warrant. Frank gave bond of a million dollars, more or less, for his appearance and the case hangs fire. It's a one cent ante.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Our stock of children's Gingham and Linen suits are marked down to half value.

M. Hahn & Co.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

A man passing through town on a bycycle attracted considerable attention yesterday, and intended to go on west to Coldwater, if possible. He informed the News that this mode of conveyance beat walking all hollow. Sharon News.

[Note: Many of the early newspapers called it "bycycle." MAW]

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Remnants of carpets very cheap at Hahn & Co.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

A few county atlases are wanted by P. H. Albright & Co.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The Baptists of Udall held a picnic at Kellogg Wednesday, with a grand time. The Udall band and everything necessary for a first-class picnic--down to the pesky little chigger and picnic lemonade, were present. Rev. F. A. Brady, Udall's Baptist pastor, who came down last evening, was accompanied to the picnic from here by Father J. F. Kelly and others.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The walls of the County Poor House, just southeast of the city, are up and the roof is being put on; it is a handsome three story building with basement, and stands on one of the finest building sites in the county. If you want to inspect what may be your future home, take the road leading east from the south end of Main street, one mile east and one half mile south will take you there.


A Youth of 21 and a Girl of 13 Elope from Udall. Intercepted by Her Pa.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Udall is putting on city airs! She now comes forward with an elopement case of no small dimensions. Four months ago, Joe Marvin, a youth barely twenty-one, came to Udall from Illinois and hired to S. Moore, a stone mason, and a respected citizen. Mr. Moore has a girl of thirteen, Leona, remarkably well developed for her age, pretty and smart, and in appearance almost a woman. Joe and Leona soon became infatuated with each other--got a very acute attack of struckology. Joseph braced up to his darling's "pa," but he wouldn't listen to matrimony. Mr. Moore talked very kindly to the young lovers--told them how silly it was for a girl of Leona's age to talk of getting married. Both mother and father offered their consent and all the pecuniary assistance they could give them if they would wait two years before marrying. All went well for a few days, but in a conclave the young couple decided not to wait--got romantic and determined to elope and get married. Accordingly, the young Lothario hied himself to a hostelry in the early morn of yesterday, and secured a team and buggy for the coming night. Last night, after milking the cows and doing his chores, and while the old folks were away, they quietly stole into the buggy and started for this city. He expected, he says, to get here in time to be joined in wedlock last night--in time to secure eternal basking in the sunshine of his charmer. But they didn't reach here until eleven o'clock, and went to the Commercial hotel. He registered, "John and Fanny Morgan, city," represented that they were brother and sister, and they were shown to separate rooms. Their absence from home excited the parents, when they returned early in the evening, and learning that the couple had got a livery rig and gone south, the father sent a trailer after them. This investigator got here after midnight, found where the young lovers had stopped, and early in the morning, with our city officials, bearded the young man in his room--to find matters much worse than anticipated--a state of affairs that will give the young man a term in the "pen," if not speedily straightened up. One room was empty. Marvin was arrested and placed in jail, where he yet remains. The parents were telegraphed for and arrived at noon. The daughter at first seemed determined in favor of her lover, writing him a note saying that she was sorry she wasn't in prison with him and that nothing could keep her from marrying him--a very affectionate note. But the presence of her parents brought tearful remorse, and she at once consented to return home with them. The father swore out information against Marvin and is determined to make it warm for him. There seems to have been no persuasion on either part--their first love infatuated them and both readily agreed to elope. But the young man is deserving of deep censure. The girl is innocent, young, and confiding--almost a child. He is a young man of good intelligence and appearance--one who knows the ways of the world and knew full well the crime he was committing. He simply took advantage of youth and innocence. He was determined to get ahead of parental refusal. He didn't know that he couldn't procure a license without the parents' consent. He wanted to marry the girl today, and thus settle the matter, but the father sternly refused, and Marvin will have to stand the consequences.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The directors of this association held their monthly meeting on Friday. After the regular business of the body, the directors ordered plans and estimates on the main exhibition building, and they are going to build soon. They also ordered the sale of eleven shares of the capital stock forfeited to the association last March. Here is a good opportunity for some of our farmers or citizens of Winfield to get $75.00 for $50,00, as the shares are ordered sold at face value, allowing the purchaser to make accumulated profits. First come, first served, is what Secretary Kretsinger says. The premium list for 1885 is out and is a regular daisy--typographically--and for cash premiums in every department, is exceedingly large, aggregating nearly five thousand dollars. Don't forget for a moment but what the Cowley County Fair for 1885 will far exceed any previous exhibition. The dates this year are September 21 to 25, or the last week in September.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Wellington is mad--awfully mad! What she was tearing her shirt to get, she now declares a fraud and a snare. They now look out of their cross eye, while Winfield looks on, in an atmosphere chock full of prosperity, present and future, and laughs at Wellington's snarls. Between her scowls, she gets such stuff as this off, through the Wellingtonian: "Winfield pays $90,000 cash, scrip, and land for the Methodist College. Well, she pays dear enough for the Institution and no doubt expects it to make a city of that half-mired village. Of course it will. Methodist Colleges always build cities around them. Cities like Baldwin City, for instance, where the only Methodist College in the State, has been located for twenty years or more. Baldwin, when we saw it last, some two years ago, was fully as large as Milan. Oh, yes! The College will boom Winfield big!"


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Poor Wellington! How mad she is! Here is one of her wails, from the Wellingtonian. She is now venting her spleen on the preachers. They can stand it. "The college committee--the poor misguided men who preach for a living--concluded that Winfield stone was worth more than Wellington silver and land, and located the college at that city. We can forgive them, but think that their families ought to take immediate steps to have them located in the lunatic asylum for some months. A thorough treatment by some good 'crazy' doctors might cure them of their hallucination, but we doubt it. We think this case so serious that their friends might as well lock them up at once for life. Poor men!"


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Mr. A. H. Jennings, who is visiting with his family in Licking Valley, Ohio, writes: "It is cold for the time of year and very dry here and times are hard. The grasshoppers are eating the meadows and pastures all up! Farmers seem to be very much discouraged, and they have a right to fear the wheat crop is an entire failure with but little prospect for anything else. I think that the Cowley County farmers should be happy and contented with their prospects. I hope Winfield will secure the college and we will be happy. I receive THE DAILY COURIER all right."


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The Masonic Lodges of the county are preparing for a big celebration of St. John's day--June 24th--at the grove near Torrance. A picnic, speaking, and music, and social and brotherly intercourse will constitute the pleasures of the occasion. St. John's day is one of the big Masonic holidays, and the brethren of this order will undoubtedly enjoy themselves on this occasion. The day is in honor of the patron saints of Masonry--St. John, the Baptist, and St. John, the Evangelist. The celebration will be under the auspices of the Burden and Dexter lodges.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Elder William Gans, who passed away at the home of his son in this city, on the 10th inst., has a history of great usefulness, with a bright ending. He was born in Hamilton County, Ohio, May 13th, 1824. In his seventh year he became a christian, in his native county. At the age of nineteen, while living with a brother in Jefferson County, Indiana, he became acquainted with and married Miss Melinda Harris. The result of the union was one son, Hiram D., and two daughters, Martha and Hannah, who are still living, devout christians. Hiram D. is the present probate judge of Cowley County and a gospel preacher of much ability. In 1850 the wife and mother was called from earth. The following year he was married to Miss Anna M. Torbitt, who still lives. They had nine children, six yet living. Elder Gans was among the first settlers of Kansas, coming in 1858, while it was yet a Territory, and settling on Bull creek, Johnson County. The next day after arriving he preached a sermon. He organized the first church congregation in Johnson County and knew but one older in the State, at Pardee. These were perilous times in the Territory, but the Elder had entered in the army of the Lord, to wield the "sword of the spirit," and was determined to let nothing hinder. He continued to preach and extend the work into the different neighborhoods, until a great interest was created and during the winter of 1859-60 the membership of the Christian denomination had increased to 110. While preaching out doors in and around Olathe, he held a debate of great interest with a Universalist preacher and came off the victor. In 1868 he held a notable six days debate with Rev. Rice, Methodist. The propositions were: 1. "Is the M. E. Church, in its organism, doctrine, and practice, identical with the church of Christ?" 2. "Is that people who call themselves Christians, sometimes nicknamed Campbellites, in their organism, doctrine, and practice, identical with the church of Christ?" For a year or more before his death, he was severely prostrated with sickness. Though his body was worn and broken, his mind was fresh and vigorous, and when not suffering too much, he delighted to talk of the days of toil and triumph, of the battles fought and the victories won during his twenty-five years gospel labor in Kansas. When we think of his incessant labor in this western country, of the thousands of miles he traveled on foot and horseback, of the thousands of discourses he preached, and besides combating the enemy and strengthening the weak, he added over two thousand persons to the church, we realize that eternity alone can give his history and reveal the good he accomplished. His body was laid for its last, long sleep beside that of his first wife, at Olathe.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The college committee and trustees returned to their homes Wednesday. The grounds for the college were surveyed and the stakes set for the building site. The building will be located on the five acres of table land, on the mound just north of the Davis residence--the prettiest site imaginable. The college can be seen from there for miles around. The trustees elected Senator A. L. Redden, of El Dorado, chairman. A building committee was appointed with instructions to have a first-class architect draw up plans for a building to cost about fifty thousand dollars. On July 8th the trustees meet here to accept plans and make arrangements for the immediate construction of the college. Everything between the college committee and the representatives of our city was perfectly harmonious. All were charmed with our city and highly satisfied with their choice of location.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The children had charge of things at the Baptist Church Sunday evening, in honor of "Children's Day." They had decorated the church after nature's plan--flowers and birds. A number of very interesting recitations, etc., and Rev. Reider gave a very interesting talk, "Behold what God has wrought," showing that God had wrought wonderful results in missionary work all over the world, and especially the great work done by the Baptist Board of Church Extension in the home mission field of the great west. The Baptists are establishing in the west, at present, at the rate of one church and a half a day. Very appropriate and splendidly rendered music was given by the choir, composed of Mrs. J. S. Mann, Miss Fannie Stretch, Miss Lena Walrath, and Mrs. H. E. Silliman, with Miss Lola Silliman at the organ. This is a grand mode of expanding the interest of the young.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The vanguard of an extensive hegira from Owen County, Indiana, consisting of such capitalists as Richards, Spangle, McNaught, Batterton, Elliott, Secrest, and Mathes, met here Monday at the Commercial House. The vanguard were all present except Batterton and McNaught, who had missed connection, one at Iola and the other at Wichita. Those present were captivated with Winfield. They sat around an awning post in front of the Commercial, and organized the "Owen County Colony," and five of them proceeded immediately to the west to locate land for the proposed settlement. They will investigate all the counties in the southern tier and locate in the place best suited for the planting of a colony. Cowley County offers big inducements and may capture.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Among the strange things of the White tragedy of last week is the fact that no letters of inquiry, no word of any kind, has been received from her people excepting the two first telegrams reported in THE COURIER. The evening the victim died Marshal McFadden telegraphed the father at Vienna, Illinois, "Julia is dead. Bob is in jail for the murder," but not a breath has come in answer. The first telegram came, "collect," indicating that her people are in poor circumstances.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

An immense and very odorous manure pile, in the south part of the city, was the subject of Judge Turner's attention yesterday. Its owner, A. Lawrence, was assessed $12.50, and commanded to move the nuisance at once. There were only forty-five loads the pile. It was on a lot partly cultivated, and he hoped to use it as a fertilizer after awhile, but it got mad and tried to run everybody in the neighborhood out. Marshal McFadden is relentless and you had better take warning and clean up or your days of peace "will be scarce," and tax paying time will find you often.

[Evidently the paper had a new typo. Many articles do not make sense.]


Now Ready for Business.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Retail dealers throughout Cowley and adjoining counties will be glad to learn that J. P. Baden's Wholesale Grocery department is now ready to fill orders at Kansas City prices, for all kinds of groceries in job lots. Send in your orders at once or come in person. No delays. No mistakes, and goods to first-class order and way down.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Friday was the anniversary of the death of Rev. James E. Platter, who expired June 12th, 1883. While we are rejoicing Friday in the substantial prosperity and brilliant prospects of our city and county, we are filled with sad regrets that the glorious young friend of Winfield, who labored so cheerfully, hopefully, ably, and successfully for her is not with us to enjoy the fruits of his labors. His grave has been beautifully decorated Friday and his memory is green in the hearts of this people.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

And now it is Mr. E. Klowser, East Eleventh avenue, who is forcibly convinced of Cowley's prolific prolificness. He is on gleeful tip-toe--unable to ascertain whether he's afoot or horseback. Twin girls, born Sunday morning, are the objects of his admiration. Plump, rosy-cheeked, and noisy. Strong hopes are entertained for "dad's" recovery.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

This is the last week before the penalty attaches to delinquent taxes and County Treasurer Nipp and his efficient assistants, Mr. J. W. Arrowsmith and Master Robert Nipp, are raking in the sheckles at a lively rate. If you want to save five percent, "whack up" before Saturday night.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The Baptist Sunday school, of Wellington, has arranged for a picnic excursion to Winfield's Riverside Park Thursday of next week. Our Baptist Sunday school will join in the exercises of the day.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Grenola is to have a female seminary, according to the Chief. The first term will open September 18th. Music, art, and literature will be taught.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

A man in Wellington procured a divorce from his wife down there without her knowing it. Must be a great place, that Wellington.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.


Newsy Notes Gathered by The "Courier's" Corps of Neighborhood Correspondents.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Udall is going to celebrate on the 4th of July. The surrounding country take notice and govern yourselves accordingly.

Our base ball club went down to Kellogg last week and got done. The boys are green yet, but they'll get there--if they practice.

A Mr. Austin, from Iowa, has begun a building for a bakery. He appears to be a pushing, go-ahead man, and will no doubt find a good business awaiting him.

We had G. W. Arbuckle, the singer, at the Methodist church Monday evening. He gave a very enjoyable entertainment, but his audience was not so large as it should have been.

Sunday was observed in the Methodist church as "Children's Day," and was a very interesting occasion, and the intent and success is largely due to the efforts of Mr. Coulter, the superintendent. The church was beautifully decorated with flowers whose perfume mingled with the song of singing birth, and happy children made the occasion an enjoyable one. The services were conducted by the pastor, Rev. Tull. The Methodist Sunday school do pretty good singing every Sunday, a little better than the average of Sunday schools.

There is likely to be a tremendous glut in the land business. The opposition bonds men (?) are going to sell out and leave the county. Railroads, general improvements, and progress has increased the price of their land from $1.25 an acre to anything between $20 and $50, and they can't stand any more such prosperity. It is singular that farmers are so prone as to think they pay all the taxes. Their land is rated at about five dollars an acre and is worth forty, so that they are assessed for about one-eighth of its value, while town people pay tax on from half to full value, and therefore when they vote bonds, they are voting away a greater percent of their own property than of farm property.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Corn looks well.

The early cherries are about gone.

B. D. Hanna and Wm. Schwantes sold some wheat at $1 per bushel last week.

Winfield can boast of one clever stage driver if no more--the one on the Douglass road.

Church Saturday night. The sermon was delivered by Rev. Bowles, of the M. E. Church.

Miss Eva Anderson and Miss Laura Hanna were at Bob Weakley's Sunday and dined.

J. F. Martin and wife stayed Saturday night and Sunday at Wm. Schwantes, their son-in-law.

What has become of "Monroe" of the Telegram? If rained under this wind ought to raise him.

Did Miss Lida Howard forget her promise? I did not hear of her being in Bethel vicinity last week.

From the present indications rainy weather is over, and high winds taken its place. Kansas will boom.

Harvest will soon be here, but cooking for harvesters will be light work this year--or at least of short duration.

Mrs. R. D. Hanna takes the lead in frying chickens at her home table, and in the market from this community.

B. D. Hanna and others have employed Rev. Knight, of New Salem, to preach at Bethel for a few months. I trust they will be bettered spiritually, for Bethelites need a general awakening.

John Weakley came very near having a serious smash up last Sunday. Himself and several others were driving through Mr. Workman's timber hunting mulberries, when he struck a stump, throwing himself and two or three others out, but hurting no one but Mrs. Slade, who received a slight cut on the head and a bruised shoulder. The horses took fright and ran with the rest of the folks, but were soon stopped by running into a wire fence.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

J. R. Bourdette is doing quite a profitable ice cream trade in connection with his dancing hall. The young folks all vote Joe a daisy.

C. P. Humphrey leaves for foreign parts soon. Bye-bye, Charley.

R. D. Fiske was down from Burden to visit his solid girl Sunday.

The fellow who signs himself as kicker from Salem needs soothing syrup.

The corn crop is looking splendid. Look out for fifteen cent corn this fall.

Oats never promised better, and a much larger acreage than usual has been sown.

Our farmers are hard at work in their corn, so there is no time for anything else; consequently, items are scarce.

Am sorry the jail proposition was so large an amount. Our people would have stood $12,000, but $20,000 looked big with the other bonds asked for.

Election has passed with its accompanying aches and pains. The kickers and scratchers are downed and we rise as one man and unite in a "huzza" that makes Salem and Burden turn and bite themselves in rage.

The new M. E. Church was dedicated on Sunday, the 14th. The dedicatory services were very impressive. Dr. Fisher, of Topeka, practiced a very appropriate sermon. The small debt that remained was raised without trouble. The house was filled and quite a crowd failed to get inside. The church building is a credit to the community and a monument to the energy and liberality of a few good brethren that have developed much time and labor on the enterprise. With the present prospects the M. E. Society of Tisdale, under the leadership of the Rev. Woodson, their genial pastor, is bound soon to take front ranks.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

On the 4th inst., the writer made his accustomed annual migration northward to witness the closing scenes of another college year at Manhattan, the seat of the Kansas State Agricultural College. He always feels amply repaid for these visits by the entertaining exercises of commencement that always crown the yearly labors of this industrial institution of learning. The industrial and literary feast prepared for this particular occasion was, if possible, superior to all previous efforts of this character and seemed richly appreciated by the multitude of spectators present from various portions of Kansas. A special train of visitors came down from Clay Center, while several groups, numbering a score each, were in attendance from other communities conveniently located. It is not possible for ye scribe to give a detailed account of the various proceedings, for the columns of THE COURIER would not be adequate for its publication. Hence a brief summary of the exercises must suffice. Thursday evening Hon. C. O. Whedon, of Lincoln, Nebraska, delivered the annual address of the Webster Literary Society. Subject, "A dark page in history." The speaker attempted to prove that the execution of Mrs. Surratt, as an accomplice in the plot to assassinate President Lincoln, was unjust and has left a moral as well as a scarlet stain on the administration of President Johnson. Hon. Whedon graduated from this institution in the year 1871, and has attained high prominence as a lawyer and statesman in Nebraska.

President Fairchild, Sunday evening, delivered the usual baccalaureate sermon to a crowded audience in the college auditorium. Text was taken from Luke x:26. "What is written in the law? How readest thou?" For an hour and a half the mass of the listeners were entertained and instructed. The President is a deep thinker and logical reasoner. His discourse was a model of eloquence, logic, and philosophy.

Monday and Tuesday were examination days, and the vast throng of visitors improved the time in pleasant saunterings through the different departments of the college, witnessing the work of each. The botanical exhibit in Professor Kellerman's room and the entomological display in Prof. Popenoe's department evinced hard work faithfully performed by interested students. The entire collection of specimens and the classification of the same were wholly the work of students. The walls of the drawing department presided over by Prof. Walters was profusely decorated with finely executed imitations of the beautiful in art and nature. The mechanical drawings of the class in engineering were especially good, comprising varied objects such as railroads, bridges, dams, roof trusses, water-wheels, pavements, etc. The work of the students in the mechanical department were displayed in real and tangible articles of furniture such as tables, desks, cases, etc.

Tuesday evening the undergraduates' exhibition took place, participated in by only eight of the third year class. The exercises consisted of declamations and recitations interspersed with excellent vocal and instrumental music. They were well and carefully trained under Prof. Shelton as drill master.

Wednesday at 10 a.m. the graduating class delivered their orations to a densely packed audience. The class numbered fourteen--nine gentlemen and five ladies. I will not attempt to do justice to their crowning efforts by giving a synopsis of their orations, but shall only name the titles of the subjects of each. Suffice to say each showed a mastery of his or her subject and spoke with that earnestness of feeling which impressed the multitude of listeners with the conviction of their sentiments.

"The influence of horticulture on character," Thos. Bassler, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

"The present tendency toward specialization," Albert Deitz, Kansas City, Missouri.

"Tree peddlers," Geo. E. Hopper, Manhattan, Kansas.

"Newspapers," Florence E. Haugh, Melrose, Iowa.

"Science and health," Franklin A. Hutts, Manhattan.

"Practical mathematics," Allen Lewis, Auburn, Kansas.

"Our work," Nellie J. Murphey, Tabor, Kansas.

"The student of nature in the arts," Arthur L. Noyes, Waubaunsee, Kansas.

"Influence of adversity on national prosperity," Clarence D. Pratt, Silver Lake, Kansas.

"The social status of farmers," Fredrick J. Rogers, Burrton, Kansas.

"Talents honorable as used," Clara Secret, Randolph, Kansas.

"Gold spectacles," Grace Wonsettler, Verbeck, Kansas.

"The moral powers in self control," Effie Woods, Randolph, Kansas.

Masters oration, "Restrictions on vegetable production," Warren Kuans, Salina, Kansas.

Wednesday evening, the 10th inst., Rev. Mayo, of Boston, Massachusetts, delivered the annual address. Subject, "American brains in American hands." This gentleman is widely known throughout the eastern and southern portions of the United States for his zeal and interest in educational matters. He is a forcible speaker and an earnest enthusiast on industrial education. Speaking without notes, for two hours he commanded the closest attention from his large audience by the masterly manner in which he handled his subject. The speaker exploded the idea prevalent among a certain class of people that universal education had a tendency to educate the young out of their sphere in life. In America birth does not control one's position in the social nor financial world. Merit, pluck, and intelligence are the levers by which Americans are elevated from humble abodes to the White House at Washington: from obscurity to the highest pinnacle of fame. The social relations in Europe are different: once a prince, always a prince; once a peasant, always a peasant. The absurdity of following the teachings of "old fogeys" or treading in the footsteps of our grandfathers was amazingly and impressively shown. The strife between capital and labor would never be amicably settled until the hand was equally educated with the brain. A brief synopsis cannot do this admirable lecture justice. It should have been heard to be appreciated. It seemed to be the unanimous judgment of the audience that this was the best address ever delivered from the college rostrum. Visitors returned to their homes much delighted over the literary feast that had been prepared for their reception.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Order made for final hearing in matters of estate of John J. Riley, deceased, on June 23, 1885.

The inventory file of personal property in estate of William Heisinger, deceased, was made Tuesday.

George Williams, administrator of the estate of Joseph Winslow, has made his second annual settlement.

Order made authorizing sale of a portion of the real estate belonging to the minor heirs of E. B. Kager, deceased.

J. F. Henderson, of Washington County, Iowa, appointed commissioner to take the testimony of the subscribing witnesses to the last will of Linda Mickey, deceased.

Samuel T. Parkhurst and Philena M. Dunkin; Joseph Onely and Ella Banks, were granted certificates of matrimonial bliss yesterday afternoon. The latter couple seems to be a sure illustration of two hearts beating Onely.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The west bridge has got a hole in its floor, right in the wagon track, large enough to take in an elephant's foot, and people are getting fearful of it. It should be attended to at once by the Vernon authorities, or they'll have an animal's leg to pay for. The Timber creek bridge also has a bad point. At one side of its west approach, whose banks are fifteen feet high, without railing, lie huge rocks, put there for some purpose for which they were never used. Almost every team passing them shies off. As there are only two feet of margin to shie on, several rigs have tumbled head over heals down the embankment. This is a chance for the Walnut township road overseer to distinguish himself, by saving the township the worth of some broken necks.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The Atlanta Town Company was organized here yesterday. The company purchased two hundred and forty acres of land near the center of Omnia township on the line of the Kansas City & Southwestern railroad, and will survey and plat it at once. Already several capitalists are waiting for the survey, to begin the erection of business buildings. A large lumber firm will put in yards, a newspaper is on the way, and the boom has commenced. It is the center of a fine productive country and will make a flourishing burg. The company is composed of W. H. Gillard, Wm. A. Day, J. W. Kerr, Jas. N. Young, of Chicago, Henry E. Asp and Ed P. Greer. The railroad will be completed to the town by the tenth or fifteenth of July.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Eighty acres of a mixed crop of wheat, rye, and cheat; will make the best kind of hay for stock; also a second-hand string binder in good running order. Will sell cheap if sold soon, as I need to be free to attend to interests elsewhere. Jo Mack.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

We will sell Mowing and Combined Machines, Cultivators, etc., cheaper than ever offered to the farmers. Brotherton Silver.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Farmers, bring in your reapers and mowers and have them repaired and made good as new. Ostrander & Stayman, Winfield Foundry, N. Main st.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Potatoes by the wagon load. J. P. Baden.

Wallis & Wallis have just received a lot of "Castor Machine" and "Prime Engine Oil."

WANTED. A half dozen nests of young mocking birds. Will take them as soon as they get their eyes open. Mrs. E. J. Fitch, over Lynn's store.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

[Note: Title was almost obliterated on this column and the first five items are impossible to decipher as part of them was also obscured.]

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The French man-of-war Renard, with a crew of ninety-two souls, was recently believed to have foundered in the Red Sea.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

A fire at Pittsburgh, Pa., the other night destroyed the livery stables of Montgomery & Co. on Sixth street. Thirteen horses were cremated. Loss, $7,000.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Three American miners were reported murdered by the Apaches in Sonora. Two other unknown men were also killed by the savages on the Apoto trail.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The clearing house returns for week ended June 5 showed a decrease of 15.5 compared with the corresponding week of last year. In New York the decrease was 24.5.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Three hundred houses, fifty shops, and three mosques in the best quarter of Constantinople were destroyed by fire the other day. One person was killed and many were injured.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Three boys, aged fourteen, seventeen, and twenty-one years, rowing in a small lake near Washington Park, Chicago, recently got into a scuffle, overturned the boat, and two were drowned, the other swimming ashore.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

A dispatch from San Antonio, Texas, says: "James McDaniel, a stage robber, who was recently sentenced to ninety-nine years in the penitentiary, made his escape from the county jail by making a hole through the stone wall in the bath room."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The other night the wife of J. Wonch and four children were burned to death in their house at Barsie, Ont. Wonch escaped by jumping out of a window after a vain effort to rescue his wife and children, his shirt being burned off in the attempt.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

General W. T. Sherman was present at the funeral of General Bowman at Kansas City on the 7th. Sherman and Bowman had been life-long friends. The funeral was largely attended the services being conducted by the Farragut Post, G. A. R., of which deceased was a member.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

General W. S. Rosecrans, recently appointed Register of the Treasury, has assumed the duties of that office.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Jackson Snodgrass, living eight miles west of De Witt, Iowa, shot and killed his wife the other night, using a shot-gun.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The capstone of the Washington Monument has been shattered by lightning. Several blocks of stone will have to be reset.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Commissioner Atkins of the Indian Bureau will leave Washington about July 1 on a visit of inspection of the various Indian agencies.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Dr. Daniel Dennison Wheedon, D. D., LL.D., late editor of the Methodist Quarterly Review, died at Atlantic Highlands, New Jersey, on the 8th.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The Berlin Zettung says peace has been restored in the Cameroons. The German Captain, Bendeman, and the English Captain, Young, have fixed the frontier.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Several extracts from General Grant's forthcoming book were published in the New York Commercial Advertiser on the 8th. The style was concise and to the point.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The Secretary of State has received a dispatch from the Consul General at London, saying there was no foundation for the rumor of an outbreak of cholera in England.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Newspapers at Rangoon were discussing the separation of Burma from India and making it a crown colony. They complained of the neglect of the Indian Government.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The Secretary of the Treasury has been informed that Auf de Morte, the defaulting officer of the sub-treasury at New Orleans, has fled to Mexico, where he is interested in some mines.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

August Shiffer, of Monee, Illinois, Town Treasurer, and also doing business as a merchant and private banker, was reported missing. His liabilities were over $4,000, including the township school fund.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The crowd watching the Corpus Christi procession at Montreal on the 7th, savagely assaulted a party of salvationists who happened to be passing. The salvationists were protected by the priests or a number of lives would have been lost.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Another attempt of the depositors to the late Archbishop Purcell's unfortunate savings institution in Cincinnati to obtain satisfaction ended in failure recently. A previous decision held that the Archbishop was merely a trustee, and the motion was to vacate that judgment, which was refused.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

M. De Lesseps has been appointed President of the exhibition of 1889.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The death is announced of Robert Schlagintwelt, the German traveler and naturalist.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Swarms of locusts were reported as coming out of the ground in Tennessee and Illinois.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The landing stage of a popular Sunday resort on the river Spree, near Berlin, collapsed recently and fifty persons were thrown into the water; three were drowned.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The steerage passengers of the steamer Weser, numbering 887, among whom smallpox made its appearance, were all taken to Ward's Island and quarantined on the 9th.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

At the examination of the charges against Assayer Harrison at Helena, Montana, a number of witnesses testified that Government money was used for speculation in private enterprises.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

A dispatch from London says that after a collision between the American ship Clarissa B. Carver, from New York, and the British steamer, Glamorganshire, the Clarissa B. Carver sank.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The Adams-Coleridge slander case, lately on trial in London, has been referred to arbitrators to settle legal disputes. Miss Coleridge would receive £600 a year on her marriage with Adams.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The New York Daily Commercial Bulletin places the aggregate loss by fires in May, in the United States and Canada, at $8,776.000, or ten percent increase in the fire waste during the same month for ten years.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

A steam roller weighing twenty-four tons overtook Charles Schenck recently at Chicago, and before it could be stopped, passed entirely over his body, which was crushed out of all semblance to a human form.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Dr. Fowler, of Gretna, just above New Orleans, reported at the office of the Board of Health on the 9th that a child aged two and a half years, whom he had been attending, had died with all the indications of yellow fever.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The following party of famous Sioux Indians have left Bismarck for the East to join a "Wild West" show: Sitting Bull, Crow Eagle, Foot Thunder, Frisky Elk (a Sioux spy), Iron Thunder, Crows Ghost, Slow White Bull, all renowned warriors.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

A large dredger accidentally sank in the middle of the Suez Canal, near Port Said. Traffic would, in consequence, be suspended for at least two weeks.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The executive committee of the Western Union Telegraph Company, on the 9th, recommended the payment of the usual 1½ percent quarterly dividend.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Harlem, Spencer & Co., grain dealers, St. Louis, made an assignment recently. The assets assigned were valued at $100,000. The liabilities were unknown.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Dr. Holt, President of the Board of Health at New Orleans, said recently that there was no yellow fever within the city limits or anywhere near the city.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

A fire the other night in China Town, San Francisco, burned the interior of the Chinese theater and destroyed several adjoining buildings. Loss, $65,000; insurance unknown.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Six persons escaped from the county jail at Charleston, W. Va., the other morning. Among them were James Parker, convicted of murder in the first degree, and Joseph Reese, charged with the same crime.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

The President appointed the following Collectors of Internal Revenue on the 10th: John T. McCarrigle, Ninth District of Pennsylvania; Attila Cox, Fifth District of Kentucky; George M. Davis, Fourth District of Michigan.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

S. H. and Dean Duncan, father and son, were killed recently by the bursting of a boiler on their small steamboat on the Cedar River, a few miles below Cedar Rapids, Iowa. The father was thrown 150 feet and killed instantly.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Commissioner Sparks recently addressed a letter to Secretary Lamar requesting him to call upon the Attorney General to institute legal proceedings to set aside the Maxwell grant in New Mexico, upon allegations of fraud. The grant comprises two million acres, and originally belonged to ex-Senator Chaffee.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

An earthquake occurred in the Eastern Caucasus recently. The town of Sikuch was completely swallowed up and the township suffered damage to the extent of several million roubles.


Auditor's Report for May.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.


To Whom Allowed. Amount Allowed.

J M Tate $150.00

J F McDowell $120.00

J L Stewart $129.00

F M Vaughn $201.00

James Benedict $201.00

P F Haynes $105.00

Wm M Day $ 84.00

J C Roberts $154.50

R B Corson $ 68.00

J E Gorham $117.00

C J Phenis $138.00

S H Wells $150.00

D S Sherrard $124.00

J A Cochran $ 93.00

H H Martin $126.00

J W Browning $ 81.00

Willis Wilson $102.00

J H Bartgis $ 51.00

Daniel Bovee $ 81.00

W H Gilliard $ 75.00

J H Willis $ 78.00

H S Libby $ 84.00

J A Scott $168.00

Elisha Haynes $117.00


Lemuel Wilson $ 58.00

John Ross $ 33.00

Joseph McMillen $ 43.00

Daniel Bunnell $ 7.00

A H Havens $ 33.00

S G Phillips $ 4.00

G P Pierce $ 50.00

H W Stewart $ 48.00

B L Condiff $ 62.00

C A Peabody $ 6.00

J F Rittenhouse $ 60.00

J M Fleharty $ 51.00

J A Patterson $ 35.00

Wm Wadsack $ 57.00

G W Yount $ 33.00

J C Roberts $ 3.80

L E Wooden $ 4.80

J O Reid $ 5.20

W W Underwood $ 6.00

M Ingram $ 4.00

I N Tidd $ 10.00

J R Smith $ 8.00

George Bull $ 8.00

John Gray $ 8.00

owe $ 14.00

Indecipherable Name $ 6.00

Indecipherable Name $ 4.00

Indecipherable Name $ 4.00

Indecipherable Name $ 10.00

R M Farnsworth $ 6.00

Samuel Smeddy $ 6.00

H T Armstrong $ 8.00

John Wilson $ 6.00

Sanford May $ 7.30

Stephen Gates $ 6.00

James F Land $ 6.00

Daniel Knox $ 6.00

Fred Houghton $ 8.60

G F Garrett $ 6.00

W E Tansey $ 6.40

C L McRoberts $ 6.00

E F Blair $ 2.00

H L Thomas $ 2.00

W W Sloan $ 2.00

E Huntley $ 2.00

L Doty $ 2.00

R B Mitchell $ 2.00

W G Tidd $ 2.00

W P Allen $ 2.00

A Simpson $ 2.00

Richard Armine $ 2.00

N Belveal $ 2.00

J W Miller $ 2.00

L L Beck $ 2.00

W B Taylor $ 2.00

N S Allen $ 2.00

A Kinley $ 2.00

J A Cooper $ 2.00

Lewis Conrad $ 2.00

Henry Edwards $ 2.00

J G Eddy $ 2.00

Coroner's fees, H H Marsh $ 7.10

Constable's fees, Frank Thompson $ 4.30


R H Reed $ 1.00

J M Wright $ 1.00

T J Harlan $ 1.00

Wm Cox $ 1.00

M E Cox $ 1.00

Geo. Donald $ 1.00

D D Kellogg $ 2.00

F A Powers $ 2.00

David Richards $ 2.00

Rup Richards $ 2.00

Harry Mickey $ 2.00

Sophia Huff $ 2.00

Eva Young $ 2.00

E L Young $ 2.00

Medical witness, G E Knickerbocker $ 10.00

Medical witness, S R Marsh $ 20.00


C McIntire $ 1.00

R C Howard $ 1.00

H H Johnston $ 1.00

H P Standley $ 1.00

J M Magill $ 1.00

S C Lindsey $ 1.00

P W Smith $ 2.00

A J Werden $ 2.00

James Napier $ 2.00

W B Norman $ 2.00

W H Gray $ 2.00

C H Abbott $ 2.00

County Poor House, J. M. Connor $566.10

Repairing clock, R Hudson, Jr $ 1.75

Court house work, R Tegart $ 2.00

County supplies, D Barnard & Co. $ 17.30

County supplies, J L Dennis $ 38.80

County supplies, A H Doane $ 32.04

Jail supplies, Hendricks & Wilson $ 16.50


B B Carson $ 3.00

A H Doane $ 3.15

Frank W Finch $ 22.40

J H Frazier $ 8.00

J L Higbee & Son $ 6.90

O P Houghton $ 30.32

Ark City Coal Co. $ 31.05

O P Houghton $ 16.85

Joseph Russell $ 45.00

A J Chapel $ 25.00

Helen Lucas $ 6.33

E Stewart $ 7.33

Ware & Pickering: $ 24.48

Hands & Gary $ 2.00

M M Funk $ 8.00

J P Baden $ 19.80

W H Gilliard $ 15.65

M R Luther $ 5.00

Jail supplies, M Hahn & Co. $ 17.95

Pauper claim, M R Luther $ 3.00

Pauper claim, O P Houghton $ 18.95

Total amount allowed: $ 4,610.82

Total amount claimed: $ 4,628.12

M. G. TROUP, Auditor.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Recap. R. L. Wood, Administrator of the estate of Levi M. Brown, deceased. Probate Court of County Cowley granted Wood ability to handle Brown estate on May 29, 1885.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

Recap. G. H. McIntire, Sheriff, ordered sale of property on July 6, 1885, wherein M. L. Robinson was the plaintiff versus Andrew J. Cress, defendant.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.




Neat, clean and terms reasonable.


JOHN McALLISTER, Proprietor.



Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.



Weir City and Pittsburg Coals.



Yards North Main Street, one door south of Southern Kansas Depot. Winfield, Ks.




Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885. Front Page.

During the investigation of the jury of inquest as to the cause and manner of the death of the murdered Italian, information was drawn out incidently showing that begging is a scientific pursuit with a number of the Italian race. Two books were found and brought before the coroner that had been prepared as a stock in trade for subjects to ply that occupation. These books were provided with notarial certificates setting forth appalling misfortunes and evidently prepared to meet any emergency and for any person. In letters found in the Italian language near the scene of the murder were unmistakable evidences and allusions to acquaintances who were plying that occupation throughout the country. It seems strange to people of this country that begging would be resorted to by any but the most needy and destitute, but such is not the case with some nationalities, particularly the low class of Italians. It has often been said that Italy--the classic Italy--was a nation of beggars and that troops of professional beggars thronged every street corner and cross-roads of the country. Who has not wondered at Mark Twain's picture of Rome and its beggars? To be sure it is overdrawn in the Mark Twain style, but the national characteristic is truly set forth. The startling information was made known a few years since that children were crippled artificially, deprived of sight, and their forms distorted by an inhuman brokerage in beggars. Information reached this country that bounties were offered by Italian padrones controlling large numbers of these imported beggars. On investigation by the authorities of New York and Boston it was officially made known that thousands of beggars within those cities were professional and held by a system by Italian padrones who reached princely fortunes from the slavish cripples and other professional mendicants plying their impositions on the people. That they spread their operations may readily be seen from the fact that every town in the United States is visited semi-annually by these imposters. It has been known for a long time that an Italian beggar in this country was in all probability likely to have money, hence the press frequently give accounts of their murder and robbery. The Chicago trunk murder originated with a trio of professional beggars. The great Italian murder at Denver several years ago, in which five beggars and musicians were murdered by two of their companions was another instance of rich beggars and their robbery.

The developments of the murder here show that the principles in it were either at the time, or had been, beggars, wringing from charity under false pretense that which ought to be worthily bestowed. Wichita Eagle.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

We clip the following from the Wichita Eagle. We sympathize with the "Deacon" in his afflictions, but must inform him that Winfield likes the elephant and will hold on to him. He will graze on the Winfield "College Hill" where the feed is so much better than in the "Deacon's" pasture.




Tune: "A cold day when we get left."

Brilliant and round rose the full-orbed moon,

On a warm summer's night, in the early June;

And with radiant rays of silvery light,

Was the emerald landscape all benight.

Looming up to the east of this city of mud,

Serenely beyond the Chisholm's dark flood,

Where the waters in tumult roll down from the mill,

Stood the mountain of knowledge men called "College Hill."

Its fame has spread far and its name was known wide,

And many a Wichitan pointed with pride,

To the high-rising walls of the temple of learning,

That already this eminence proud were adorning.

And the deep, sacred soil that covered this hill,

Had been bisected, cut up, and divided, until

Each lamb of the flock, that abjures worldly pelt,

Had a small little slice, "all alone to himself."

And the soft moon rose high, and high up in the sky,

And the breezes of midnight gently whispered a sigh,

For a conclave of preachers, assembled in state,

Were preparing an edict for College Hill's fate.

The sun brightly rose, as ever before,

But College Hill smiled in his glances no more:

The preachers, ere morn, had "sat down" upon it,

And sunk it beneath the reach of a plummet.

When the fiat went forth that leveled the hill,

It came to the flock like a dumb-ague chill;

And some of the brethren were taken so sick,

They squandered a quarter to ride home in a hack!

When asked by their friends what made them so ill,

They replied with a chatter and gasp, College (c)hill!

Today, as you wander the city about,

If you don't wish your sanity taken in doubt,

When asked by a stranger about College Hill,

Point downward and tell him to go to--the deal!


The deacon is happy and his visage is up,

Revealing a face shining like a tin cup,

For the word comes from Winfield this evening by mail

That an elephant there, is held by the tail,

And they'll gladly let go, if the people here still,

Will take him to graze on our own College Hill.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The Boston Advertiser complains against the laxness of prosecuting officers in liquor cases, and suggests that officers should be appointed for terms during good behavior, the same as judges are, whereupon the Central Law Journal suggests that a better method is that adopted in Kansas, to oust an unfaithful prosecuting attorney by mandamus proceedings, as it is done in Kansas. The Journal says: "Whatever opinion this man or that man may have about the justice or propriety of a prohibitory law, the prosecuting attorneys and judges in those States where such laws exist have no right to allow their official conduct to be influenced by their opinions. They have nothing to do with the policy of the law. It is their sworn duty to enforce it. A man who takes office, and who consequently takes an official oath to uphold the laws, having at the same time in his heart the purpose to prevent their enforcement, is morally a perjurer."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The United States of Columbia seem to be enjoying an unusual season of activity in the way of revolution. We say enjoying, advisedly, as the average South American never seems as happy as when he is hacking away at the government with a machete or shooting at it with a matchlock, the antique weapons in use in that benighted country.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Only last week the Philadelphia court granted a divorce to Martha Washington. The complaint against George was the usual one against naughty men. In this case history does not repeat itself.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The office seekers in Washington, and they still number thousands, are said to be envious of the Washington Monument, as it has been struck by lightning three times.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Several papers are chronicling the fact that Etherly, the murderer of his father-in-law, Messmore, at Elk Falls, was sentenced to twenty-one years in the penitentiary, and appending very pathetic morals. Now, if they would read up--read THE DAILY COURIER, they would find the fact chronicled a month ago that Etherly was granted a new trial. He was convicted, but through the gross misconduct of some of the jurymen, Judge Torrance was compelled to grant a new trial. A warrant was issued for one of the jurors, for contempt of court, but he skipped before it could be served.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Wichita is badly broken up over the location of the Methodist College at Winfield. Hutchinson is also in the same boat and claims that she would have been selected as the location, only for the failure of the Nickerson committeeman to support that town.

Pratt County Press.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

[Skipped six "drug" ads on front page.]


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

"And the second record was read to us by Miss E. C. Fulton in the Probate Judge's office, where the affidavits are kept on file, says our upstairs c. c. Another boomerang--point blank fabrication. Miss E. C. Fulton did no such thing! Our c. c. with his accustomed gall, stalked into the p. b.'s office, asked if an abstract of the druggists record could be obtained, and being informed that the only way to obtain it was in the same way THE COURIER did--pay someone for two days hard labor in figuring it out, hauled a DAILY COURIER from his pocket with the query, "Is this table correct?" Miss Fulton informed him it was, and he moseyed out to gobble several dollars worth of an enterprising co-temporary's news. And, to make his cheek all the more apparent, every page of this week's issue of his weakly sheet is made up of items gobbled bodily from THE DAILY. Of course it is foolish in our noticing a co-temporary whose every action is only an exhibition of cheek. We only demand that he at least show energy and courtesy enough to write THE DAILY COURIER over--give the news in a little different language--in rehashing it. This done, THE COURIER will gladly, through sympathy, let you sit in your easy chair, away from the sun's scalding rays, and lay every atom of news that occurs in the city on your desk without money or price. But second-hand goods are usually sold very low--down with subscription price, etc. Now adieu, c. c.; our father kicks on being worn on such hunks of gall.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The Wichita Eagle's slings always fly back to diff its sender on the proboscis. Listen: "THE COURIER, published at Winfield, the scene of the terrible tragedy wherein an innocent and loving wife was found in her bed murdered and horribly mutilated, says that the women and more gentle-hearted men go to bed early and cover up their heads, and that half of the women won't stay at home alone at night. We don't blame them. It strikes us that a place of such terrible outrages and consequent frenzy is a nice place for the idiot school, but as for it being just the place for a college--well, everybody to their tastes."

Winfield is the most peaceable, law-abiding, christian-like city in the west--a paradise compared to Wichita. She has a tragedy only once every three or four years. It is then the talk of the town--unusual things always excite and frighten women. In Wichita a murder is no surprise and house-breakers, dead-beats, and loafers compose a large part of the population. The women are perambulating arsenals--must always be prepared to meet chaos on every hand. Our women seldom have occasion to use other than their everyday armor of beauty, intelligence, and model womanliness--the greatest endowment of a college community.

[I substituted "chaos" for "choal" in article above. Choal is a bark.]


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Latest reports from different sections of Cowley County lead to the belief that the farmers, after all their trials and afflictions, will not come out badly. There is a considerable breadth of wheat standing which thrived during the heavy rains, and is now coloring for the harvest, with heavy heads and prime kernels. As far north as Wichita the yield will be moderately good, beyond there the prospect is discouraging. Corn is also doing well, the hot weather which succeeded the long rainy spell advancing its growth, replacing the faded hue it wore with a rich green, and giving it a stand which fills the farmers' hearts with the hope and promise of an abundant yield. On the Grouse the corn on a number of farms is affected with a fly, which nips the tender leaves and spins a web, threatening the plant with blight. The grass is heavy and luxuriant everywhere, and a hay crop will be cut that for weight and quality was never surpassed in this region. Such rich pasture shows its effect on the cattle, and stockmen say their herds never looked so well at this season of the year before. Peaches will be abundant, grapes in good yield, and apples fair. This hasty resume shows that the farmers of Cowley County have not much to complain of, and when we remember the enhanced prices for grain and produce that are likely to prevail this fall, we believe the disaster they were at one time threatened with will ripen into profit and success. It is never well to cry out until you are hurt. A. C. Traveler.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

James Vance, D. D. G. M., assisted by twelve from the Winfield Lodge, instituted Dexter Lodge No. 257, I. O. O. F., Wednesday, with the following members: J. D. Ward, S. H. Kirk, C. A. Peabody, John Simmons, J. S. Bernard, W. G. Seaver, J. V. Hines, W. M. Chastain, L. Harrison, E. B. Noble, G. P. Wagner, S. H. Wells, J. T. Riggs, C. C. Brown, L. J. Howerton, Fred W. Fay, R. F. Kaster, C. W. Ridgway, George Callison, and J. A. Million. The Dexter folks entertained those from Winfield in a manner most agreeable. Our folks had a delightful drive, starting back at sun up this morning--a drive that comes as a balm in Gilead to the penned up businessman.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Marshal McFadden has received a letter from Mrs. Julia Ann White's father, D. H. Rendleman, Goreville, Johnson County, Illinois, dated June 11th. It says: "I received a dispatch from you on the 10th, stating that Mrs. White was dead and her husband in jail for the murder. Send me the facts as near as you can get them. See White and ask him what he wants done with the children. I want the children if I can get them. Tell me whether Julia was decently buried or not, and if the expenses are paid. Look after White's things and see that the children are well cared for, and I will pay you for your trouble."


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Howard Bancroft, living some fifteen miles east of here on Silver creek, had the misfortune a few days ago to fracture his leg at the knee joint, known by physicians as fracture of the patella. After having been treated by two other physicians without the necessary effect, Dr. H. J. Downey of this city was called in council. The Doctor was out to see his patient yesterday and says he is getting along as well as could be expected under the circumstances. He does not know whether it will result in amputation or not. It may be possible for the Doctor to save the limb without amputation, but with a stiff joint.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

We are in receipt of a handsome card announcing the marriage of Mr. John Pattison and Miss Mary Cairns, daughter of Rev. J. Cairns, so long pastor of our Baptist Church, at the Baptist Church in Colfax, W. T., on June 9th. This will be a surprise to Miss Mary's many warm friends here. But the surprise will not interfere with heartiest well wishes. Her sterling qualities, practical and pleasant manner endear her to all acquaintances. Though unacquainted with Mr. Pattison, the fact of his winning the hand of so estimable a young lady proves him a worthy gentleman.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

We learn that the web worm is doing great damage to gardens and corn-fields in this vicinity. Some speak of it as a new comer--the difficulty is that they, and not the worm, are the new comers. It is the same web worm, we are informed, that went for our sod corn so recklessly twelve to sixteen years ago. The moth that produces it is a small buff-white moth that flies close to the ground and but a short distance at a time, in the evening. Thousands and thousands of them were seen drifting south a few days ago, and now the worms are very numerous in their path. They will only last a few weeks, and reappear in July or August, when they frequently seriously injure sod or late crops. Burden Enterprise.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

If the individual who sent that disgraceful communication to the Wichita Eagle, regarding our Cyclones, is a resident of this city, he ought to be kicked around four blocks. Of course everybody knows that in many things our boys were lacking in courtesy to the Wellington club--but there were palliating circumstances. The Wellington boys were gentlemen, but their umpire was far from fair. Any home man who will take advantage of such mistakes, distort the facts, and send them away to reflect on our city hasn't the least respect for home or home people and ought to be treated accordingly. We hope he was a stranger.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

THE COURIER mentioned, a few evenings since, the appearance of a wicked looking tramp in the south part of town, with a bowie knife and revolver strapped around him and a wild expression. He frightened the whole neighborhood terribly. All were afraid to have him in the house, and none would feed him, and he dug up and ate raw potatoes. He has been seen several times since and seems to have a rendezvous in the woods of the Walnut, near the stone, brick, and tile yards. Our officials have been laying for him, but he only comes out at night and can't be caught. Wednesday Marshal McFadden received the following card, describing this fellow exactly.

"Left the Topeka Insane Asylum June 9th, M. L. Felkner, aged 29. He is six feet high, well proportioned, pleasant looking with light hair and eyes, heavy tawny moustache. He had on a brown coat and vest, and light pants and felt hat. He is a little lame in right foot. He had so much improved that he had liberty of the grounds, and in casually meeting people, would not readily show his insanity. If he is seen in your neighborhood, telegraph or write me at once and detain him if practical. B. D. Eastman, Superintendent."

Our officials are laying for him, and will capture him if possible. Having endured hunger and exposure for nearly two weeks, he must be pretty wild, and will likely be hard to arrest. He evidently has the weapons ready for service. There is no doubt in the minds of all who have seen him that he is this escaped lunatic.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The city School Board have decided to call an election to vote $4,000 in bonds for additional school buildings. This matter seems to be a necessity. Last winter, with our three schoolhouses, all children under seven years had to be excluded--about 250, for want of room. Our city is increasing in population and the Board thinks if more room is not provided, four hundred children will have to be excluded next winter. The population of northeast Winfield is not yet sufficient to demand a school building--a more commodious building is needed centrally located. The idea of the Board is to build a similar addition on the north end of the first ward building to that built on the south end. It would give plenty of room for some time to come and be a matter of economy. The heating apparatus can be run from the basement of the one building, and a saving made in several ways. The Board have a special meeting tomorrow evening at W. J. Wilson's office, over the postoffice, where they would like to have as many of our representative citizens as possible meet with them. If anyone has anything to say, this will be the time to say it.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.


All fine preparations of the carbonates and oxides of lead are unsuitable for painting the roofs, for the reason of a pure oxide, when applied to other metals, will assist in the action of the elements to oxidize the metals they cover. The vehicle of all good paint is boiled or raw linseed oil, and this, when thickened with pigments, covers a less given space and the material being on oxide, holding more oil than is imparted to the surface to be painted, soon throws off its share and is ready to absorb the air and convey it to the body of the metals, where natural corrosion will take place, and then the two oxides unite chemically. In other words, all paints, in the absence of a solvent, which time soon releases them of, act upon iron or tin as a filter, feeding the porous spots with moisture, like a porous plaster, of rust; and, as like its kind, the decomposed metals work like a happy family and rule in beds of rust. This fact is observable on flat surfaces or in gutters, where inequalities occur. There the fine dust collects and keeps the water in them until the oil decomposes, then the work of oxidation commences. There is another fruitful source from which rust on the upper or under side of roofing tin comes, and that is mixing paints in common, cheap oils of kerosene, containing sulphuric acid. This oil never dries. It may harden the film of paint so as to allow the acid it contains to corrode the tin, and the best paint manufactured on the opposite side cannot prevent the acid-eaten holes from coming through, and judge the effect when both sides receive the same potent mixture. L.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Dexter is wide-awake and looking forward to a season of unexampled prosperity. Her people have determined that her boom shall not die for want of harmonious effort. A number of her citizens have formed the Dexter Building and Improvement Association with a capital stock of $100,000. A board of nine directors were elected to serve for the first year. They are: J. V. Hines. W. E. Merydith, R. Hite, W. G. Seaver, G. F. Wagner, J. W. Oliver, J. H. Service, A. S. Gray, and C. A. Peabody. They elected the following officers: President, W. E. Merydith; Vice-President, A. S. Gray; Secretary, W. G. Seaver; Treasurer, C. A. Peabody; Solicitor. J. V. Hines. A constitution and code of by-laws were adopted and a charter drawn up and forwarded to the Secretary of State. A meeting will be held at A. O. U. W. hall in Dexter on Friday evening, June 26th, for the subscription of stock. The association think they will be able to begin building operations by July 5th.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Justice Snow's court has been spiced this week by a colored wife beating case, but the husband proved that his wife brutally pokered him and then to further her revenue, swore out a warrant accusing him of cruelty to her. This wife is a bad one and makes everybody around premises dance to the music of the stove poker--even to her mother, whom she gave a round Wednesday. It's a mighty mean wife that will beat her husband and it ought not to be tolerated. It's all right as long as the king does the beating, but when the wife assumes such authority, she must be ground up--it's an innovation and can't exist.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Our e. c. again shows its gall in gloatingly referring to its publication of Mr. Dockson's humorosity on the city's queer names. Its author prepared it especially for THE DAILY COURIER, and through a base misrepresentation, our e. c. got hold of it. Mr. Dockson bearded him in his den, and, through force, got it back, for publication where someone would read it. Poor e. c. was so wrathy and disappointed that to keep back its silvery tears, Mr. Dockson, just from memory, gave them a meager sketch. But e. c.'s falsifications in obtaining the original made him undeserving of any recognition whatever.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Mr. John A. Eaton, of the Farmer's Bank, has broken the ground for a family residence on the corner of 9th avenue and Menor street. The plans indicate that it will be one of the handsomest residences in the city. It is on the Queen Anna style of architecture, three stories, commodious apartments, and will be finished with much taste and beauty. Mr. Eaton says he is building this home to die in--the last one he shall ever build, being determined to spend his remaining days here, and means to construct it with all the conveniences of a model home.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Mary C. Cox has filed her petition in the District Court for a divorce from J. E. Cox, on grounds of extreme cruelty and abandonment. Josephine Willis also petitions for a divorce from Geo. W. Willis, because of cruelty and lack of support. The appeal case of A. H. Green vs. D. F. Best, from Buckman's court, suit to recover rent, has been filed. The petition of Peter McCruis vs. Seaborn Moore and the Udall Milling Company, to recover contract labor, has been docketed. R. R. Conklin has brought suit to foreclose $400 mortgage against W. H. Funk.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

A company is being organized here to prospect for coal. A charter has been applied for and will be received in a few days. The capital stock is $10,000, the shares being $10 each. Silas Beal, of Sumner township, has the matter in charge, and is meeting with excellent success. This is a matter of much importance as to recommend itself strongly to every citizen. Give the project every encouragement in your power. Wellington Press.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Lightning struck the house of E. Z. Pixley, who lives in the First Ward, Friday evening, about 7 p.m. It came down the flue, burst the stove pipe open, glancing off to the plastering, tore it up, then went through the floor. Mrs. Pixley was in one room holding her baby. When the lightning struck it knocked her against the wall. She was not stunned. Mrs. Pixley may consider herself very fortunate indeed to escape with her life.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Tuesday, June 18th, infant daughter of Albert and Josephine Byron, aged 13 days.

As the sweet flower that scents the morn,

But withers in the rising day--

Thus lovely seems the infant's dawn,

Thus swiftly fled its life away.

O. M. M.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The Clark County vote for the county seat came off Tuesday. 966 votes were cast, 577 for Ashland. Englewood and another village were in competition; Ashland getting 188 majority over all. This seems to insure Ashland's boom. She will go up like a rocket--to stay.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

We understand Robinson & Randall will at once commence the erection of a number one stone building on the corner where Mann's blacksmith shop stands, and that Ed. Weitzel will put up a good building on the lot adjoining the Commercial Hotel. Verily we boom. Let the good work go on.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The "Eclipse" base ball club, of Burden, and the Arkansas "Borders," will meet at Winfield on the 25th of the present month and cross bats for the championship of the county: "Cyclones," do you drop!

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Omnia township carried her township bond proposition, taking $10,000 stock in the K. C. & S. W. by a majority of 41. Richland snowed her's under by a majority of 133. North Richland 33 against and South Richland 100 against.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The Kellogg Roller Mill is ready for operation. It is a complete structure, filled with the latest machinery and is a matter of much pride to Vernonites.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Rev. Dr. Reynolds, of New York City, who is visiting Dr. Crane, will preach at the Methodist church Sunday morning.


Her Chronicle of The Comings, Goings and Doings of Persons at Home and Abroad.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

C. A. Peabody was in from Dexter Tuesday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

P. C. Kirkland, Oxford's banker, was over Wednesday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

H. P. Standley, of the A. C. Traveler, was up Wednesday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Rev. F. A. Brady, of Udall, was in the city Friday, returning from Torrance.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Jane Elliott has been appointed by the Probate Court guardian of the minor heirs of Dempsy Elliott.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

P. W. Smith, Udall's new banker, was down Tuesday. P. W. don't seem to put on any airs, though a bloated banker.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Samuel T. Parkhurst and Philena H. Dunkin were married Wednesday at the Methodist parsonage by Rev. B. Kelly.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Dr. S. Tarrant, of this city, has gone to England on business. He has money coming to him there. If he succeeds in getting it, he will invest in this city extensively.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

F. W. Cochrane puts up the first house on Judge Torrance's addition, just south of the east ward schoolhouse. Mr. Cochrane will put up a house 30 x 30, two story. B. W. Honold does the work.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

D. Mater returned home Wednesday from several weeks visit in Indiana. He reports the corn crop there looking far better than here, but the wheat crop is very poor in comparison with others.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

A. H. Doane bought a fine Jersey cow and calf of Capt. Huffman Thursday, and now A. H. will get fat and slick on Jersey cream. We understand the price paid was $275.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Mrs. C. M. Leavitt left Thursday to visit her folks in Osage County, Kansas. She will probably be gone all summer, and C. M. will undergo the griefs of widowerhood with a score of others.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Mr. E. B. Dixon, of Indianapolis, arrived here Thursday with all his household goods. Mr. Dixon has long been a hotel man of Indianapolis, and is now casting his lot among us. Welcome, Mr. Dixon.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Frank Robinson got home Friday from the Bloomington, Illinois, college, looking as robust and smiling as ever. His young friends are glad to see him around once more.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Judge Buckman tied a matrimonial knot for John Eagan and Helen Lucas of Southern Cowley, Saturday. The Judge donned his blandest smile and made the tie double concentrated.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

John A. Eaton received Saturday three elegant book cases from Chicago, also a Cutler desk. This furniture is ahead of any office furniture we have seen in the west. Mr. Eaton will have his law library on soon.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Mr. J. W. Yeoman has brought us in samples of his timothy--as fine as any county can show. Some of the heads are a foot long, well seeded. Timothy, like everything else, is certainly a success in this county.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

With two new railroads, a new Methodist college, a new imbecile asylum, all to be built immediately, Winfield ought to experience a genuine business boom. Winfield is going to the front. Burden Enterprise.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Hon. George D. Thompson, cashier of the First National Bank of Harper and State Representative of his county, was in the city Wednesday, on business. He is one of the brightest young men in the State, a rustler, and will always keep to the front.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

A. H. Balliot, of Tipton, Indiana, is visiting with his brother, J. F. Balliot, of the Farmers' Bank. A. H. is in love with this county, and will send for his family at once and locate with us. We gladly welcome him.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Judge Torrance, of Winfield, has been invited to deliver the oration at Douglass on the 4th. The Judge has a warm place in the hearts of the Douglass people and we hope he will come. Douglass Tribune.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Deputy U. S. Marshal Rarick deposited one Bryson in the Hotel de Finch for horse stealing in the Territory. He is about twenty-two years old and his parents live near Dexter. He has his preliminary Saturday of next week before I. H. Bonsall, of Arkansas City.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

J. B. Lynn has had a railroad smash up and all trains are stopped, causing much inconvenience. The stove pipe did it. It fell on the elevated cash railway and broke its back-bone. The patentee's manipulator will be on in a day or so to repair it.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

M. G. Troup and family returned Saturday from Fredonia, Wilson County. Mr. Troup reports crops looking very bad there. The wheat is poor, the corn is worse, the worm doing greater damage there than here. Cowley County's crop is somewhat effected, but our sister counties are worse.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

In speak of the "Fat Man's Paradise," lately, we carelessly neglected to mention Capt. T. B. Myers, who has an office adjoining. The Captain reduces the pocketbook of the fat lodgers monthly, and is a sort of vexation to the "Paradise," besides the Captain's corpulence is sadly wanting. But there are hopes for him yet.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

John Eagan and Helen Lucas are the latest matrimonial victims, having procured a license Thursday. We are not acquainted with the happy couple, but venture the wish that they may never have use for a divorce court, and that happiness may ever be theirs--for all of which we won't even ask the cigars.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Rev. P. B. Lee and family returned Saturday from a visit of six weeks in Ohio. He was a delegate to the General Conference held at Fostoria, Ohio. He reports the wheat crop in northern Ohio good, but in southern Ohio a failure. The corn is backward, but a good prospect.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Capt. M. N. Sinnott took in the Terminus Thursday. He reports the fire, noticed in THE DAILY last evening, not disastrous. It started in the most inflammable part of the town, in an old frame laundry near a whole row of wooden buildings, but by tearing it down and turning loose the water works, a bad fire was prevented.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Kirk & Alexander have the addition to their flouring mill, west 8th avenue, well underway. It will make this mill one of no small dimensions. A full set of roller machinery has been purchased, and Messrs. Kirk & Alexander are determined to turn out flour, when their mill is completed, unexcelled by any mill in the west. And so we boom.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Mr. E. A. Maybee, West Riverside avenue, exhibited a stock of corn in THE COURIER office Saturday that certainly walks off with the championship for a late season and the 20th of June. It is seven and a half feet tall, of huge body and perfect in color. It shows what Cowley sod can do when it feels like it.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Robert J. Boykin and Miss Josie S. Biggs, of Burden, were joined in the blissful ties of Matrimony by Father J. F. Kelly at the Catholic church Thursday. Accompanied by the groom's mother, the newly wedded left for Freeport, Seward County, where Mr. Boykin will enter the grocery business. Both are excellent young people, and have many friends at Burden who will cast the old shoe of good luck after them with a vim.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Master Wayler Wood, aged 13 years, who left here last August in company with Rev. J. Cairns, to visit his sister in Washington Territory, has returned. He left Spangle the 10th of March, in company with three men and one little girl, to drive a herd of 73 horses over-land to Omaha. The company arrived at Cheyenne the 13th, after a little over three months' drive over the mountains. Here they shipped their horses--he came the rest of the way by railroad alone.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Mr. and Mrs. W. R. McDonald, Mr. and Mrs. G. L. Rinker, Mr. and Mrs. N. R. Wilson, and Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Thompson and others took advantage of Thursday's soft, balmy atmosphere for a drive to the Western Saratoga and the Chilocco Indian school. They took their baskets along, with children enough to spice the occasion, and enjoyed a glorious time. There can be no prettier drive--it is through a country as luxuriant and fragrant as the Garden of the Gods.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Mr. Lewis H. Northly and Miss Mollie Wilson were joined in the blissful ties of matrimony at Arkansas City, Saturday. Both were at one time connected with the Santa Fe depot in this city, Mr. Northly as freight manipulator, and Miss Wilson as telegraphic apprentice. During the past year he has been cashier of the Santa Fe Company at Arkansas City, and she the Western Union's operator, positions which both fill honorably. Their Winfield friends will extend hearty congratulations.


The Young Couple's Pleadings Have No Avail and Joe is Bound Over.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Joseph Marvin, the youth of twenty-one, whose elopement with Leona, the thirteen-year-old daughter of S. Moore, of Udall, was chronicled in THE DAILY COURIER Wednesday, was brought into Justice Snow's court Wednesday, charged by Mr. Moore with "unlawfully, wilfully, and feloniously abducting and defiling" his daughter. The father at first sternly refused to have anything to say to the youth, but upon repeated importuning, finally consented. Both Marvin and Leona begged tearfully to be allowed to marry--said they loved each other and couldn't bear separation. Mr. Moore argued the silliness of such a child as Leona marrying, and would countenance no such proceedings--said that Marvin had brought disgrace upon his daughter and his family and must suffer the penalty. The lovers were not allowed to see each other--all the pleadings of the girl were of no avail. Marvin, seeing no way to compromise the matter, broke completely down, plead guilty, and was bound over to the District Court on $500 bond, and was returned to the bastille, where he will have three months time for silent repentance before his trial, and much longer afterward. The penalty for the offense is six months in the county jail, with a fine of not over one thousand dollars, or not less than two or more than twenty-one years in the penitentiary. Leona is a bright, pretty girl of remarkable physical development for one of her age--appearing like a girl of sixteen. This infatuation completely possesses her mind, and its result so far can likely never be shaken off--will follow her through life. "To err is human, to forgive divine," and we find very little of divinity's reflection on earth for the erring girl or woman. She is ostracized by her own sex, refused employment by the public, and almost driven to continue in her evil course until death claims her for its own. Marvin has committed a grave crime--taken advantage of girlish innocence and confidence. But he claims an equal infatuation with the girl. Both beg to be allowed to marry. Would it not be better for the girl's parents to consent to marriage, forgive, and assist the erring couple to an upright future? Both are young and no doubt capable, if given an opportunity, to atone for the past and make an honorable, happy couple.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The following are the real estate transfers, filed in the office of Register of Deeds yesterday.

M W Apple and wife to Susan Wirt, lot 2 and se ¼ of ne ¼ sec 19-31-7-e: $1,000

D M Bowen to M W Apple, lot 2 and se ¼ of nw ¼ sec 19-31-7e, 77 acres: $600

Jane Abbott to W B Taylor, nw ¼ of se ¼ 31-31-7e, 40 acres: $200

S S Linn and wife to M Croco, se ¼ and 60 a off e side of sw ¼ 25-32-3e, 220 a: $6,000

Sarah C Murphy to D C Beach, 50 feet off e end of following: Beginning at a point 45 2-2 feet e and 30 feet s of the nw cor sec 27-32-4e, thence e 300 ft. thence s 141½ ft, thence w 300 ft., thence n 142¼ to place of beginning: $400

J H Rodges [?] to S S Linn, se ¼ and 60 a off the e side of sw ¼ 25-32-3e, 220 a: $5,500

S B Sherman and wife and Henry F Hicks and wife to E H Long, lots 13 and 14, blk 11, and lots 14 and 16, blk 12, and lots 5, 9, and 12, blk 19, Cambridge: $400

B Todd and wife to E H Long, lots 3 and 10, blk 19, Cambridge: $25

R F Roberts and wife to E H Long, lots 1 and 2 in blk 19, Cambridge: $850

Torrance Town Co. to Emily Reynolds, lots 5 and 6, blk 102, Torrance: $1.00

H M Branson and wife to John M Allen, lots 8, 9, 10 and 11, block 149, and lots 11 and 12, block 141, Torrance: $1,550

Emanuel Klauser and wife to Peter A Huffman, lots 11 and 12, block 208, Fuller's addition: $3,000

L M Fall and wife to E H Long, lots 6, block 19, Cambridge: $15

M L Read, J C Read, M L Robinson, and A T Robinson to Rouleane Marris, lot 8, block 95, Menor's addition: $500

Harry P Farrar and wife to T R Houghton, lot 10, block 31, A. C.: $10

H A Thompson et ux to T R Houghton, lots 23 and 24, block 115, Arkansas City: $75

Cambridge Town Co to Mc D Stapleton, lots 10, 11, and 12, block 4, and lots 1, 2, 3, 4, 17, and 18, block 18, and lot 7, block and lot 7 block 3, Cambridge: $400

John Green to Rudolph Hite lots 2 and 3 10-33-7e, 76 a.: $200

James J Taylor to Amy E Hite, lot 1, 19-33-7e, 36 acres: $150

Thomas L Hutcherson et ux to Jonathan K Guinn, lot 4 and se ¼ of we ¼ sec 7 and lot 1 18-327e, 115 acres: $300

Read & Robinson to Chas D Ewing, lot 1, block 115, Menors addition to Winfield: $175

A J Truesdell et ux, to Franklin Lefter, lot 3 block 4 and lot 1 block 340, Dexter: $105

Wm Sleeth et ux to J P Witt lot 23 block 72, Arkansas City: $125

S B Adams et ux to J P Witt lot 23 block 72, Arkansas City: $200

Eleazar Baldwin to James P Witt lots 20, 21 and 22, block 72, Arkansas City: $375

Jackson M Collins et al to Charles R Fowler, lots 12 and 13 block 75 Arkansas City: $125

Charles R Fowler et ux to Charles H Jackson lot 12 and 13 block 75 Arkansas City: $200

C S Hills et ux to Mary E Meigs lots 24, 25 and 26 block 61, Arkansas City: $925

J E Oliver et ux to Rudolf Hite, e hf of nw qr and ne qr of sw qr 16-33-7e, 120 acres: $1,400

Isaac Mendenhall et ux to Joseph R Cain, w hf of ne qr and e hf of nw qr 21-33-6e: $1,350

P Willis Smith et ux to Ruth S Richards, pt of s hf of ne qr 9-31-3e: $30

C M Scott et ux to Nancy J Thompson, lots 19 and 20, blk 195, Ark City: $70

Nancy J Thompson and husband to Sallie G Vawter, lots 19 and 20 blk 105, Ark City: $175

J W Irons et ux to Mary J Howard, lots 28, blk 60, Ark City: $150

F J Hess et ux to Mary J Howard, lot 26, blk 69, Ark City: $25

W N Bangs et ux to Mary J Howard, lot 27, blk 60, Ark City: $200

Owen Shriver et ux to S S Moore, nw ¼ 36-32-6e: $200

Robert J Ramsey et al to Newton McNett, lot 1 and ne ¼ of se ¼ 14-5-6e: $345

Aaron W Fry et ux to David Gates, ½ of ¼ 25-31-6e: $200

H White et al to John H Thorp, ½ acre in se cor of ne ¼ 10-32-3e, quit claim: $1.00

J R Staton to J M Napier, lot 10 blk 32, Udall: $35

Albert Sanborn to Eli Thorp, lots 12, 21, and 28, 19-32-8e: $750

Rufus C Haywood, et ux, to Albert A. Newman, lot 29, block 82, Arkansas City: [Amount not given.]

Mary S. Brown and husband to Jones S. Brown, lots 1 and 2 s ½ of ne ¼ and lots 3 and 4 and s ½ nw ¼ 3-32-s-4-3, lobe, affection &: $1

James S Brown, et ux, to Mary T. Brown and Elizabeth Brown, lots 1 and 2 and s ½ of ne ¼ 3-32-s-3-e, love, affection, and: $1

H S Hicks, et ux, to S B. Sherman, ½ of lots 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 9, and 11, block 8, and lots 2, 3, 5, 6, 8, 9 and 11, block 10, and ½ of lot 22, block 12, all in Cambridge: $550

A B Sherman, et ux, to H S Hicks, ½ of lots 2 and 4, block 13, Cambridge: $115

Elisha H Long, et ux, to S. B. Sherman, lots 1 and 10, block 8, lot 12, block 9 and lot 10, block 10, Cambridge: $200

Elisha H Long, et ux, to H S Hicks, lot 9 block 2, lots 7, 16 and 17, block 16, and lots 10, 21, 22, and 24, block 17, Cambridge: $100

S M Fall et ux to S B Sherman, lots 1, 4, 7 and 11, block 9, Cambridge: $30

S M Fall et ux to Samuel Greenleaf, lot 11, block 11, Cambridge: $25


Gives His Impressions of Western Kansas. Ludicrous Indeed.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Mr. S. Kleeman hands us the following clipping from his old home paper. It was written by a Sucker who emigrated to the extreme west of Kansas. He evidently expected to find a paradise, and, being disappointed, determined to make it a modern choel, [?] with all the ludicrousness and prevarication of an Eli Perkins--in fact, it would make old Baron Munchausen feel ashamed of himself. Listen.

"Yes, you can get land here by the 'claim,' the trouble is to get rid of it when you do get it. If you ever hear a person boasting of his wealth in western Kansas claims, don't loan him a dollar on the strength of it, as you are liable to have to take the land in default of one dollar, and I don't know anything except bed bugs that is harder to get rid of than land in this country. You ask what kind of soil we have. That depends altogether on the elements. After the wind has blown from the south for two weeks at the velocity of 80 miles an hour, I have shoveled dirt from the piano, picture frames, and window sills that looked like sand from the sea shore, and I believe it was from the Gulf of Mexico. What little native soil the wind accidently overlooked, is sand and gravel. It is very fertile. Sage brush, loco weed, and cactus are spontaneous and the crop never fails. It will also make good brick, if manured to the proper richness. You also ask about water. Sometime in the past ages there was plenty of water, but the oldest settler of our generation cannot remember the time. One St. John recently issued an edict in its behalf, but as yet no official recognition has been given, and it has not rained here since. There is one great peculiarity with what little water there is. It is wet. The other ingredients are alkali and sand. Yes, we have to dig for it. Except when a cloud burst occurs, then we dig to get away from it. Last summer the government put down an artesian well west of here. The further down they went, the drier it got, and, after encountering everything else but water, they abandoned it, and the town now has a special rate with a Denver brewery for ninety-nine years. I cannot say how far you would have to go for water, but if I used it as a regular beverage, I should consider it cheaper to bore up then down--the chances being about equal. You ask if there are any rivers. Certainly. Kansas is noted for her rivers--on paper. The Smoky Hill river runs close to Wallace. Several other rivers appear on the railroad maps, but they are perfectly harmless. Even the fish have to go to the mouth of them to get a drink. Every depression in the ground with a patch of sand is called a river. No, the government land is not all taken. In fact, the government would not take it if it could get out of it honorably. It is mostly bottom side up. From a geological standpoint, I believe it is the last day's work of creation, and the job was given to some journeyman angel who was new at the business, who did not know much about agriculture, and who made western Kansas out of Siftings left from New Jersey and other foreign countries. When anyone asks me about locating here for farming purposes, I tell them what Ben Hill said in congress, when one of the members was urging about pre-emption laws for land on the plains, that all it wanted was society and plenty of water to make it a good country. 'Yes,' said Ben, 'that is all hell needs to make it a good country.'"


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

It is now firmly settled that Winfield will have no celebration this year of the glorious Fourth. Our citizens have contributed so much recently to the college fund and other public enterprises that all former ardor in contributing a thousand or two dollars to fly the Bird of Liberty was dampened. The Fourth of July is a day hallowed by the most sacred traditions of the Nation's history. The heart of no true American citizen can fail to thrill with a new patriotic purpose with each recurrence of this anniversary of American Independence, whether the day is spent at home, in the active merits of business, or amid the din of patriotic display. But the yearly observance of the day as a National holiday and the general disposition among the people to "go somewhere" on that day raises an important question. Where shall we celebrate? Oxford has sent us an invitation to join Wellington in a grand celebration at the little city on the Arkansas. But Arkansas City sent us an earlier invitation, and is arranging for the biggest time in the history of that city. Robert T. Lincoln, Senator Plumb, and others are expected as speakers. Winfield is strictly a home town and of course will join Arkansas City in spreading the eagle. The facilities of the Terminus for a big celebration are unexcelled. The Terminus has frequently celebrated with us and now we have an opportunity to return the compliment. An excursion train will be arranged for. Though appreciating Oxford's kind invitation, our people will swing to their old motto of Cowley County, first, last, and all the time.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

A private letter to Mrs. H. P. Mansfield, from her step-son, Maj. R. E. Mansfield, chief head clerk of the mail service in the south, says: "There are plenty of men clamoring for my place. Two applicants have been to Washington, but were told by the Postmaster General that no "green horn" need apply; that this service was conducted purely on Civil Service rules, and no inexperienced person would be allowed to take my place. He told one applicant that he had heard of Mr. Mansfield as a valuable and efficient officer, and in view of his qualifications for the office, and his record for the past seventeen years, no applicant for his place would be entertained by the P. O. Department." M.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

In justice to the people of Richland township, we should explain that the railroad company made no effort to carry the bonds in that township; sent no one to represent their interests, and no ballots were sent to that township for the bonds. In fact, they were very indifferent about whether the bonds were carried or not. The privilege of locating their station where they please in the township is really worth more to them than the bonds would be. Had the amount asked been ten to fifteen thousand so as to make it an object, possibly enough attention would have been paid to it to carry the bonds.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The new town of Atlanta is eight miles north and one mile west of Burden, and will probably rival Burden in population and business. It is about twenty miles due northeast of Winfield by the railroad track, far enough off to secure the trade of a large section of country. We predict for it a rapid development. The postoffice of Baltimore will be discontinued, or rather moved a mile west and a mile and a half north, and name changed to Atlanta.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Mr. Higgins, the young attorney who located here a few weeks ago, will start for the western counties in a few days, in company with his partner, Mr. McKinlay, of Udall. They will seek a location in the west and grow up with the country. We are sorry to lose Mr. Higgins, as Udall will be to lose Mr. McKinlay, but no doubt it will be better in a business point of view for these gentlemen, as the western counties offer great advantages for the wide awake, rustling attorney.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

While our reporter was straying around loose Friday, he ran across a good Baptist brother who was just on the eve of making a bet with another good Baptist brother that W. H. Smith was a married man. They were putting up their watches when the reporter came along, his virtuous appearance putting them to shame. It is time such work was stopped. Mr. Marshal, keep a watch on these gentlemen.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

There has been considerable curiosity over what the top building is that Holmes & Son are erecting over their coal yard. It has been suggested that it was an "opera comique," and also that they were taking time by the forelock and intended to locate the fool school in this building. The fact is, they are going into the business of baling hay, and this is their storeroom.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

We interviewed quite a number of farmers Saturday in regard to the Web worm that has been at work upon the corn crop. They think the late rain will not kill them, but will give the corn such an impetus in growth that the worms will not be able to do much damage from now on, unless to very late corn.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The School Board at their meeting at Will Wilson's office Saturday morning passed resolutions to vote bonds to the extent of $8,000 to build an addition to the Central School building. We need more school room, and must have it.




Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The newspapers are full of alarm about the Asiatic cholera which has been traveling through Europe as a scourge, and the prediction is that it will soon flow over this country. Schemes of quarantine, prevention, and cure are being discussed and inoculation is the most prominent of the new preventives.

Now the writer is not a physician nor a seventh son of a seventh son, but has had a half century of observation and reading from which he has formed some opinions, and he concludes that the best protection is in preserving the general condition of good health and cleanliness.

When we were a boy of about 16, we went one day in summer to a general military master, twenty miles to Rutland, Vermont. On our return in the evening about fifty of us, men and boys, came beside a camp of about fifty Indians of the St. Francis tribe from Canada. It was a new spectacle to us, the first Indians some of us had ever seen, and we left our teams and climbed over the fence into their midst. Among us were about a dozen strong, healthy, vigorous boys, of about our own age, who went through the tents, handled everything, and shook hands with the Indians sick or well. We noticed that many of them were spotted, sick, and sore, but thought nothing until the older and slower men got into the camp, when one of them sung out "small pox!" We evacuated that camp "rather sudden." Within two or three weeks after that, five of the men of that crowd came down with the small pox, and these were the five who were in the feeblest health and the least exposed at the time of the exposure. We, robust boys, who actually came in contact with the disease itself, neither of us took the disease. None of the whole crowd had ever had the small pox or been vaccinated.

This was one of the early circumstances which suggested to us that robust health was a protection against contagion while feeble health was unable to resist the attacks. Other circumstances, and many of them of a similar nature, have confirmed this suggestion, while still another set of circumstances have convinced us that entire cleanliness of person and apparel is only second in importance as a protection against contagion.

Contagious diseases are infinitesimal animal life, microbe insects too small to be seen by ordinary microscopes, yet propagating by the millions of millions. Different diseases are different species of these microbes, with different habits, tastes, and modes of attack.

The itch is a contagious disease, but is individually a mammoth in size as compared with the more dangerous and fatal diseases. This insect attacks the skin only. Other diseases attack skin, flesh, tissues, lungs, intestines, blood, or anything which their habits and tastes crave for food and habitat. Clean, vigorous, healthy parts, full of surging life and blood they do not like, and perhaps never attack; but dead, decaying, or weakened flesh or tissues, where there is little or depressed vitality, is their food, home, and delight. Most of these living species delight in cesspools, in decayed flesh, and other animal matter thrown out in the ditches, in decayed vegetable matter, in kitchen refuse and slop, and in excrement. As flesh thrown into the street is soon full of living insects which we can see, so all this filth is soon full of these infinitely smaller insects which we call diseases. They get spread into the surrounding earth, get into our wells and cisterns, into the air, and we breathe them and drink them. Perhaps our healthy systems will resist their attacks for a considerable time, but the constant attacks will weaken us and strengthen them until finally we must succumb.

The small pox insect attacks the skin and adjacent tissues and flesh, and it seems that the vaccine insect--though of similar habits and tastes, is not so furious and destructive. But it puts the human habitat into such a condition as does the small pox insect, probably exhausts the food it likes, and the small pox insect is not near so likely to attack a person who has had either the small pox or the kine pox before. Much good as vaccination has undoubtedly done, it is at best taking a filthy disease into the system to keep out a worse one. It is like the fox in the bramble begging the swallow not to drive away the swarm of flies which were sucking his blood, for fear that a more angry swarm would take their place and suck the last drop of blood from his veins.

Inoculation for cholera may be a good thing, but we shall never inoculate if we can help it. We do not believe that persons in good health who keep personally clean, eat only healthy food, drink pure water, and breathe only in a reasonably pure air, are going to take the cholera this year or next year or any other year. If our surroundings are impure and we cannot remedy it at once, we will leave for some other place with a purer environment, but we do not intend to chop off our log to keep some enemy from chopping off our head so long as we are not quite sure he would do it; and we are not going to take a disease voluntarily, so long as we are not quite sure the worse disease will attack us if we don't. So we ask our neighbors and all the citizens of Winfield to secure and preserve from this very day all the conditions of health and cleanliness; to clean up all the garbage and uncleanness, to quit eating and drinking food and drinks which are not digestible or which are injurious in any way, especially whiskey and beer, and we ask our city government and public to make and enforce strictly all needed regulations for health in this hot season now upon us the breeding microbe life in every foul place.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The ravages of the cholera in Spain are assuming terrifying proportions. The Spanish government has forbidden cholera inoculation, being profitably satisfied that the practice extends the epidemic. There is a panic in Madrid, where it is known that several cases of cholera have occurred, notwithstanding the attempt of the authorities to suppress intelligence of the facts. That the coming hot summer will see the spread of the plague throughout Europe is now evident, and American cities should put themselves in order for its visitation.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

One druggist in the western part of the State isn't so slow, either. This is what he advertises: "Having experienced a change of heart through the efforts of Brother B. and Sister S., I desire to state to my numerous friends that at the end of the current month, I shall retire from the accursed liquor traffic forever. Up to that time my stock on hand will be offered at greatly reduced rates. Come one, come all!"

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The newly appointed Democratic officials are getting along well--much better, in fact, than was expected. At least, such is the case where they know enough to retain their experienced Republican subordinates.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Ruddensiek, the building contractor, of New York, who used mud for mortar, and caused several tenement houses to fall, dangerously injuring many and killing not a few, has been convicted of manslaughter in the second degree. The punishment is one, or up to fifteen years in the penitentiary, and he should be allowed to play the limit, as he has taken such great chances in sacrificing the lives of others.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The state board of charities will erect $300,000 worth of new buildings and improvements during the biennial term, to-wit: Topeka insane asylum, $150,000; Topeka reform school, $36,000; Wyandotte blind asylum, $7,000; Olathe deaf and dumb asylum, $25,000; Osawatomie insane asylum, $30,000; Winfield imbecile school, $25,000; soldiers' orphans' home, to be located, $25,000.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

It is now well known that the more civilized people, who cook their food, live the longest on the average. The people of barbarian tribes who eat raw flesh and drink surface water live on an average of fourteen to twenty years while the average of life in our northeastern States is now about forty-two years, as shown by carefully prepared statistics. Some fifty years ago the estimates for those States from such statistics as they had, were thirty-one years as an average of human life. Everywhere the average of human life is a true thermometer of the degree of civilization.

In the barbarous and semi-civilized countries of Asia and Africa, plague and pestilence often sweep over the country, taking off a considerable percent of the inhabitants, while many diseases not classed as contagious are continually decimating the population. In old times in England and Europe the plague would sometimes take off a fourth of the population of a city or district. By the great historic plague of London, nearly one-third of its inhabitants died. Of course, we claim that all this immense difference of mortality between savage and civilized life is in the different habits of the people; and while amid the highest civilization there are many habits lingering which are destructive of life, yet they are of minor importance compared with the filthy habits which prevail among savages.

These various diseases which are so fatal in savage and in civilized life also are minute living organisms, infinitesimal animal life, which exist and propagate in untold millions wherever the conditions favorable to them exist, and while in many respects different species of these require different conditions, yet all as far as known flourish in decayed flesh, vegetable, and other filth, and are the dangerous element in impure air and water, and in diseased vegetables and meat. Every bruise on our peaches, apples, potatoes, and other fruit and vegetables is attacked by these infinitesimal bugs and worms, and the rotted places which we see in these fruits and vegetables are the homes of millions of these organisms. When we eat these rotted or diseased parts of fruits and vegetables, when our domestic animals eat corn-smut or ergot, the sickness or death following is laid to poison; but the fact is that these and most other dangerous poisons are these corrosive animal organisms.

It is a well known fact that heat will destroy the life of these organisms. Therefore pork containing trichina, if thoroughly well cooked, is as harmless and probably as good for us as any other pork. And while we are thoroughly cooking our pork or beef or other food, we do not know how much injurious parasite and microbe life we are destroying. It is the habit of thoroughly cooking our food which avoids a thousand diseases which prevail among the people who eat raw flesh and diseased vegetables and fruit, particularly those barbarians who eat putrid flesh sometimes.

Knowing that all flesh is liable to be tainted with these microbe diseases, whether we detect it or not, the only way is to refuse to eat any flesh unless thoroughly cooked. In a less degree the same should be applied to vegetables. Observation has taught us that fresh, just ripened fruits are the healthiest food we get in the warm germinating months and it is presumed that they are clear of microbes so long as they show no symptoms of decay, disease, or bruise. In warm weather tea and coffee are safer than water because we cook or boil the water of which they are made, thus destroying such life as it may contain. If we always boiled for awhile the water we drink before drinking, we should avoid a fruitful source of disease. Freezing is supposed to destroy most kinds of microbe life, but this is not so sure but that it is safer to cool your boiled water by putting your ice around the vessel containing it than in it. Some people, who do not get ice, cool their milk and butter by hanging it down in the well. Such could cool their boiled water by corking it up in a jug and hanging it down in the well.

"Civilization" has been defined as "food cooking," and there is no doubt that this habit has been the greatest factor of increased longevity of civilized nations and that a more general system of food and drink cooking would raise the average longevity of this country from forty years up toward the fabulous age attributed to ancient patriarchs.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The Central Law Journal prints the opinion of Judge Crozier, of Kansas, in the Beller case, and in a note, says that great respect is due Judge Crozier's opinion, but, after granting all that is due on that score, the editor, "can see no constitutional ground on which the opinion can be upheld." Attention is called to the functions of a judge when sitting at the trial of contempt cases that originated in his own court, and the office of a military judge advocate is cited. In both these cases there is something in the nature of a sitting in judgment on one's own cause. The editor suggests cases, where, from the necessity of the case, an interested judge is allowed to sit, and he asks: "If, then, this is permitted, out of necessity, who is to judge of the necessity?" And he says in response: "We answer the legislature."

The Journal is of the opinion that the decisions of Judge Crozier and Foster will not stand. It believes that whether the liquor law of Kansas is wise or unwise that it is for the legislature to determine, not the courts; and that so far as no serious danger to anybody's rights, in addition to the habeas corpus, an action for false imprisonment would be against the county attorney in any case of oppression and unlawful commitment.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

"Among other callers yesterday was 'Brother' Greer, of THE WINFIELD COURIER. We were glad to see him manifesting warm interest in favor of Wichita, and the reform university. As a member of the legislature, he was largely influential in securing the school for the weak minded at Winfield. Otherwise, perhaps, the question of location would have been left to a commission. Perhaps Ed. was too efficient. His efficiency has deprived at least three gentlemen of a pleasant and lucrative position. A commission is a good thing, per se. Besides the advantages to the state that may arise from their official function, they set in operation the social amenities of the state, which develop the finer feelings of the several communities embraced in their royal progress through the state. So if it had not been for Ed. Greer's activity and efficiency as a legislator, we might have had an imbecile commission in addition to a university commission." Wichita Daily Beacon.

You are a little hard on the Commission, brother Beacon. A Commission is a good thing--when you can't do better. For instance, a Methodist College Commission. They suit Winfield well enough perhaps, prefer a "sure thing," but are content to wrestle with a Commission when the necessities of the case demand it.

Both of the following articles appeared in the same issue of newspaper. It appears that Editor Millington wrote the first one and that "Agricola" wrote the second item with respect to an earlier editorial...I am therefore giving the "Agricola" item first.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

EDITOR DAILY COURIER In a recent issue of your paper, you published an editorial on the nature and origin of cheat or chess, of which so much is found among the wheat of this section this year. In that article you told the farmers, I believe, that cheat is degenerate wheat, or wheat that has run out, so to speak, and gone back to the native or wild state, and advanced the theory that wheat was once a wild plant that has been worked up to its present improved condition and which, under unfavorable conditions, has a tendency to degenerate again and go back to its wild state or condition. This, if I mistake not, was the substance or import, at least, of your article on cheat or chess. I wish to suggest that your theory of the origin or cause of chess is one that is not supported by anything but mere supposition. It has been quite commonly supposed and held that chess was degenerate, impoverished, or wild wheat. But in fact it is not wheat at all. Chess or cheat is a kind of grass of the Bromus family or species and has no direct relation to the cereals. It propagates itself from the seed like other grasses and is found more or less among wheat nearly always. The reason that it is found more abundant some years than others is that it propagates more readily and stands cold weather better than wheat, and this accounts for its taking the place of wheat so largely this year. The cold winter freezing and thawing killed much of the wheat but did not affect the chess. If you do not feel inclined to accept this statement as the true one, turn to the 85th page of the report of the agricultural department for the year of 1883 and you will find there a comprehensive review of the subject, which must convince you, I think, of its correctness. Webster defines chess as a weed, an evil thing erroneously supposed to be degenerate wheat. Let me ask if you ever heard or read of it being of any power, quality, or less developed in any age than in our day? Was not the Egyptian wheat as good as ours and according to all accounts as well developed? Some varieties of the cereal have been improved perhaps in some respects, but there is little to indicate but that the wheat of early days was as good as ours of today. It is important that matters of this kind be treated according to the developments of scientific investigation, and not upon commonly accepted theories which all too often are erroneous and misleading. AGRICOLA.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

We promised to answer "Agricola" on the chess question in due time. To do so we need to state his argument in brief, viz: 1st. The editor is not well read up in this matter. If we had read an article in the agricultural reports which he (Agricola) has read, we would be convinced against our present views as he is. 2nd. The idea that wheat turns to chess is old. 3rd. Scientific men have scouted the idea, and 4th. Wheat and chess do not belong to the same family of plants, for chess belongs to the family bromus while wheat belongs to another family. We have stated his points in the order of value, the cheapest first.

We answer:

1st. We have read the article he alludes to and a very great number of others on the same subject, but that is immaterial.

2nd. The age of an idea has little to do with its truth or falsity. The idea that the earth rotates had been suggested centuries before the time of Galileo. The idea of the separate creation of species is older than the idea that chess turns to wheat. If age is fatal to one idea, why not to the other?

3rd. We know that the scientists of the past semi-centuries have scouted the idea and treated it as did the writers of the articles on chess and wheat in the American Cyclopaedia, who say in the chess article, "The notion of many farmers that wheat which has been injured by frost in the autumn or otherwise arrested in its growth is liable to turn to chess, and that of others that the chess grains never grow, are of course wholly without foundation," and in the wheat article: "Chess or cheat is sometimes so abundant that ignorant persons believe it to be degenerate wheat." Their conclusions were based upon the then universally accepted idea that species are created separately and never vary in themselves so far as to become specifically different, that all variations of a species either run out and become extinct or return to the original form and never originate a new species. Since the time of Darwin this idea has been discarded by one scientific man after another until now only the most conservative of the men called scientific adhere to it.

4th. The statement that chess and wheat belong to different families of plants, though not scientifically correct, embodies all the real argument against our proposition in the article of Agricola, and its force depends on the truth or falsity of the old idea of the immutability of species. So to answer this completely, one must establish the theory of evolution as formulated by Darwin in his "Origin of Species," and amplified by the leading scientists of the present half century, presenting an array of facts, observations, and arguments which might fill all the volumes of the Encyclopedia Britannica. Of course, we shall attempt no such thing in the limits of a newspaper article, or series of articles for that matter. If there is no species which originated from variations of preexisting species, if there is no truth in the theory of evolution, then it is impossible that our view of the origin of wheat should be true, but granted that species do arise from divergent variations of other species, then there are facts enough to make it of the highest probability that the ancestor of wheat is chess. We assume the one and the other follows. Conservatives like Agricola will continue to scout the idea, progressives if they choose to examine this particular matter of the origin of wheat thoroughly, will, we think, come to the same conclusions at which we have arrived.

In order to understand the full force of the objection of Agricola that chess and wheat belong to different families, or more correctly to different genera, we used to explain to such of our readers as are not read up in scientific and botanical terms that chess is a species of some four or five known varieties, that this species belongs to the genus bromus (brome grass), which belongs to the tribe fescuceo (fescue grass), which belongs to the natural order gramincoe (grasses); and that wheat is a species of many varieties, belonging to the genus triticum (cereal), which belongs to the genus hordcincoe which includes rye and barley, and which belongs to the order gramincoe (grasses). The weed called conch-grass or dog-grass, seeming so essentially unlike wheat, is a sister species of the genus triticum, and much nearer related to wheat than rye or barley is. But all these, including chess and wheat, are no more distantly related than the order gramincoe. They are all grasses, with all the essential characteristics of the order.

[Latin name for grasses, etc. in above are probably wrong. Hard to read. MAW]

Agricola asks if we ever heard or read of wheat being of poorer quality or less developed in any age than in our day, and if the Egyptian wheat was not as good as ours. We answer that little is known concerning ancient wheat. There was undoubtedly a cereal raised in very ancient times called by names which have been translated wheat, but whether the same species as our wheat is unknown. We believe it was real wheat and that it was as near like our best winter wheat as some of our present varieties are like white winter wheat, but there are no means to prove it. The modern wheat called Egyptian, and believed to be native Egyptian, was far inferior to our common wheat, and almost as much like barley as like wheat. We have a great many varieties of wheat, and it is probable there was more than one variety in ancient times. But suppose we admit that wheat raised in Egypt in the time of Moses, or a thousand years earlier, was such that we could not detect the difference between it and ours could we see them both at their best, it would prove nothing against our theory, for it is not necessary to prove the theory that the evolution should be so rapid as to be perceptible in one year or in ten thousand years. If it could be proved that there was an imperceptible change toward improvement in ten thousand years, it would be enough for our purposes, for we have, in all the millions of ages of the infinite past, time enough for all the change required by the slowest process of change from the lowest grasses to the highest type of wheat.

Now if you hold to the old conservative idea that species never change, and that the earliest parent of wheat had all the same characteristics which wheat has today, where will you land when you consider some early time when man did not sow, plant, cultivate, or harvest wheat? It is well known that when wheat ripens, the straw and root die, and will not sprout again. The only means of reproduction is to sow the seed. Now if a field were sown in wheat and thereafter no human being should ever approach that field, what would be the situation of that wheat field in a few years? The ripe wheat, the first year, would fall to the ground and some of it might grow and produce a degenerated second crop, but it would surely run out the second or third year, and give place to grasses, weeds, or trees, which have a perennial root. Wheat in that field would certainly become extinct, and if there were no more sowing and cultivation by man on the earth, wheat would very soon become an extinct species. Now this would have been the condition of wheat before the agricultural man existed on earth. It could not have existed with its present characteristics. So you see your theory requires you to believe that wheat did not exist until man had become so far civilized that he cultivated the earth and then a pint of wheat was first created and put in his hand, and he knew by intuition what to do with it to make it reproduce thirty to fifty fold. Do you not know that there is not a single fact in science to support such a belief? Do you not know that new varieties are constantly growing out of old species, and that of the older forms many species have become extinct? Why should you single out wheat as the one instance where a species has always remained permanent without any change when you see changes going on all around you? Should you once admit that wheat has been developed from some lower species of its order, the grasses, you will certainly select chess as that lower species. If the heavy crop of chess, which sometimes take the place of winter killed wheat, springs from a few grains of chess in the comparatively clean wheat that was sown, will you please explain why chess does not take the place of winter killed rye in the same way? Why is it that chess is always associated with wheat and never associated with any other cereal? In short, there are numberless facts which tend to confirm the idea that chess springs from wheat as a reversion to primitive condition, and when you once admit that species do change in the way indicated, you will have no doubt about the relations of chess and wheat.


Going for Hackney and the City Fathers.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

City Ordinance No. 223, which we published yesterday, purports to amend sections 1, 2, and 5 of Ordinance 196, and after amending these three sections follows a section which reads:

"That sections one, two, and five, of Ordinance No. 196 be and the same are hereby repealed."

Now, in the name of common sense, what was the use of going to the trouble of amending those sections if they were to be destroyed immediately by repeal. They should have been repealed in the first place and done with it. Now, by the real meaning of the language of Ordinance 223, it kills itself and is a void ordinance on its face. It is like a man's fence after he has amended it by taking out bad rails and inserting in new rails and more of them and then burning the whole fence to the ground.

In the early Kansas legislation some ignoramus in a legislature of careless or ignorant men introduced a bill amending an existing law and appending a clause repealing the original law. This precedent was followed by other bills amending laws and finally became the settled habit of the Kansas legislature. We presume that these laws which repeal themselves would be sustained by the courts on the ground that the legislature did not intend to repeal, but intended that their language should be understood contrary to its real meaning. So the only hurt these laws do is to advertise the illiteracy of the Kansas legislature.

Now, City Attorney Hackney knows better, but he has been in the legislature so long that he has become a victim of this vicious habit, and blunders into it sometimes when he writes a "city ordinance," and the city fathers know better, but they pass the ordinance without reforming the language. This should not be. They are in a sense the educators of the people and their ordinances and public documents should be grammatically and orthographically correct and should use the English language in its pure and true meaning without any ambiguity.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The following are the real estate transfers filed in the office of Register of Deeds yesterday.

U S to William Hamill, e hf of sw qr and w hf of se qr 24-32-s-7e, 160 acres: $200

H H Banks et ux to Richard Work, lot 18 blk 122, Menor's ad to Winfield: $1,000

Frank E Lockwood et ux to Henry Hagaman, lot 8 blk 92, Menor's ad to Winfield: $800

Herbert W Gilbert et ux to Frank E Lockwood, lot 8 blk 92, Menor's ad to Winfield: $700

U S to Mordecai Stearns, s hf of nw qr and ne qr of nw qr 30-31-s-73, 120 acres: $150

U S to Eben Dale, w hf of sw qr 35-31-s and lot 4 of 2-32-s-7e, 118 acres: $148

U S to John P Lawyes, e hf of se qr 24-32-s-7e and lots 23 and 25-19-32-s-3e, 187 acres: $224

Caswell Endicott to William Cox, lot 6 blk 67, Ark City, quit claim: $1

George W Morton et ux to John H Gillis, se qr of 9-35-2e, 160 acres: $1,500

Joseph E Gorham et ux to John Beem, n hf of se qr 12-20-s-3e, ex 15 acres: $565

J L Horning el al to Samuel Steele et al, lots 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6, blk 12, Read's Ad to Winfield: $4,500

John T Shields et ux to James H. Bullen, lots 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12, blk 132, Menor's ad: $4,000

Albert A Newman et al to Edward Grady, lot 12 blk 70, Ark City: $1,000

Herman Sultze et ux to P H Albright, ne qr 21-32-s-3e, 160 acres: $8,500

Richard McReynolds to Frederick McReynolds, e hf of nw qr 34-34-s-3e, 80 acres: $520

Albert A Newman et ux to Elizabeth A Goatley, lots 5 and 6, blk 17, Arkansas City: $100

Wm M Sleeth et al to John H Hilliard, hf of w hf of lot 4 and hf of lot one, all in blk 81, Ark City: $700

Aramintha Williams to William D Bishop, lot 2, blk 67, Ark City: $1,100

Richard McDarnell to James W McClellan, se qr of nw qr 12-32-s-7e, 40 acres: $100

Mary J Sicks and husband to Jas W McClellan, se qr of nw qr 12-31-s-7e, 40 acres: $100

E R Moffet et ux to William Greenland, 1 acre of w hf of ne qr 5-31-3e: $50

Henry T White et ux to William D White, 3 acres off e side of nw qr of 13-30-s-5e: $40

George Poe to Albert Stewart, s hf of ne qr 9-31-s-5e, 80 acres: $500

Jacob Derflinger et ux to William Hoyt, lot 3, 6-33-s-63 and pt of nw qr of se 6-33-6e: $500


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The youthful Udall elopement has reached its sequel and Joseph Marvin and Leona Moore are man and wife. Twenty-one and thirteen seem a young couple to knock against the rugged steeps of life, but it is all for the best. The mother of Marvin came down Saturday, said Mr. Moore had relented, and she wanted her boy's freedom. Our county attorney dismissed the case against Marvin, went to the probate judge's office, got a marriage license, and placed it in the mother's hand. Joseph was released from jail and that evening Rev. F. A. Brady made Joseph and Fanny one--their ardent desire. This is wisdom on the part of the parents. It was the only sensible thing to do under the circumstances. That week's chastisement will be a lesson that Joe will not soon forget. The young couple have taken up their abode with Joe's mother. Thus ends Cowley's first elopement case.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Capt. H. H. Siverd brought John Rudd before Justice Buckman from Ninnescah township, Monday evening, charged with leveling a wicked looking shot gun on Thomas M. Toms. Rudd sold Toms a mare a short time ago. Toms took the animal home, fed her in the trough from which glandered horses had eaten, and when she took the glanders, Toms claimed she had it when he bought her, and tried to take her onto Rudd's premises to annul the bargain. Rudd stood him off with a shot gun. The man with the shot gun pleads not guilty and the case was postponed to the 29th. This is Rudd's story--Toms hasn't appeared on deck yet, except to file the complaint of murderous intent.

ONLY $66,000.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The County Commissioners find that the valuation of the county will not admit of the issue of $100,000 bonds to the D., M. & A. They can legally issue but $66,000. The question will come up at the next session of the Board whether or not the remaining amount of the bonds voted can be legally issued when the county valuation will admit. The D., M. & A. Company understood the uncertainty of the issuing of the full amount of the bonds when their propositions were submitted, and the issue of but $66,000 at present will not interfere with the construction of the line through Cowley.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The writer spent last Friday in Wichita. It was the occasion of the visit of the locating commission for the new State Reformatory. The members of the commission, together with a number of invited guests from neighboring towns, were entertained by the city at the Manhattan hotel. On Friday afternoon they were taken in carriages to view the proposed sites for the reformatory, and various points of interests in and about the city, after which an elegant repast was served. Col. M. M. Murdock, of the Eagle, was the officiating host, assisted by the Mayor and Council of the city. The occasion was a very pleasant one socially, aside from convincing all present of the greatness and importance of Wichita. The selection of Wichita as the site for the State reformatory would be an eminently proper thing. She is the acknowledged metropolis of the Southwest, and will for all time to come be the trade center for the vast and rapidly developing territory west. Her railroad facilities are unexcelled, and she is peopled by citizens whose enterprise is only equaled by those of our own city. As the terms of the bill creating the reformatory will not allow the commission to locate it at Winfield, we think that their judgment will certainly be in favor of Wichita. The east and northeast has received everything in the way of State favors heretofore, and it is high time that the west and southwest were being considered in these matters. We hope to see Wichita get it.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

County Clerk Hunt has completed the roll of old soldiers of the county for the Adjutant General, taken from the township assessment rolls. It shows 1,773--probably more than any other county in the State. One hundred and nine left the county during the past year and five hundred and fifty-two came in--an increase of five hundred and eighty-three. With such an army of old "vets" within her borders, no wonder Cowley is one of the staunchest Republican counties--one whose loyalty, substantiality, and general progress stands unexcelled. Nothing could speak louder for any county than a big enrollment of the men who stood by the nation in its darkest days and brought it out to the glorious light of unity and prosperity. Of course, this roll is not considered complete--a complete census of old soldiers is almost impossible. It is safe to say that Cowley has over two thousand old soldiers.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

A. W. Patterson filled himself a little fuller'n usual Monday, dropped the reins, and turned himself loose on the streets of Arkansas City. He began by brutally stamping the life out of his little bird dog, which he was leading around the street by a halter. Then he bored the fine plate front of A. A. Newman's store with a bullet, and made numerous and sundry wild antics and flourishes with his revolver. His yells and "gun" were given full sway all over town, paralyzing Arkansas City's gentle-hearted citizens and officials. After much gentle persuasion they got him toned down. The Terminus evidently needs a marshal with just a little sand--or else the people ought to stop such proceedings. The man who would try to "take" Winfield would soon get a mighty sorry mug--and don't you forget it.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

A case pends before Judge Snow wherein an individual was yanked into his court in a very boozy state. The bottle of "Tippecanoe for dyspepsia and female complaints," was supposed to be empty, and while the officials were getting out the papers, the "boozy" man hauled that bottle from his nether garments and drank the remaining half of the quart bottle. It did the business. With a regular "dull thud" he fell from his chair in a bunch on the floor--as dead (drunk) as a man could be. His eyes rolled open and the Court began to straighten out what seemed to be a very prospective corpse. Three days in jail is bringing the fellow to. He won't monkey around "Tippecanoe" again very soon. It was a close call. In addition to rack of frame, he'll likely get $100 and 30 days.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Gus Lucker, who came here several years ago and was employed in Horning & Whitney's plumbing department, has turned up missing. He had a pretty young wife and child, whom he sent back home, Wheeling, West Virginia, last April. In May he left to join them, with several hundred dollars in his pocket. It now turns out that he never got home, and his wife is sending anxious letters of inquiry. The wife and husband lived happily together and he seemed very anxious, when he left, to return to her, and the wife and those who knew him think there must have been foul play somewhere on the way home. He was a young German of good, industrious habits.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

A little test of Winfield's honesty was made Saturday night. The New York store left out doors, on the "rag out," several bolts of valuable dry goods, through oversight. Sunday morning's sun shown down on them--untouched. The town without a few fellows lying around to take in such soft snaps as this is certainly scrupulously honest--like the days of old in Prussia, when people used to hang what they had to sell on the fence, and mark the price on it. Some fellow would come along who wanted it, lay the price in its stead and carry off the ware. The seller would happen around in a day or two and get his money.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

To contract to have cut and stacked 300 tons of hay in the Territory: 100 at Ponca Agency, 100 at Otoe Agency, 25 tons at Pawnee, 50 tons at Cave Springs, and 25 tons at Cimeron. Inquire of J. L. Hodges or C. Ferguson.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

G. H. McIntire, Sheriff, gave notice of Sheriff's Sale. M. L. Read and M. L. Robinson, Plaintiffs, vs. The Winfield Creamery, Defendant.

BY VIRTUE OF AN EXECUTION TO ME Directed, issued out of the District Court of the 13th Judicial District of the State of Kansas, sitting in and for Cowley County in said State, I will, on Monday the 3rd day of August, A. D. 1885, at 2 o'clock p.m., of said day, at the south door of the Court House in Winfield, in the County and State aforesaid, offer at public sale and sell to the highest bidder, for cash in hand, all the right, title and interest of the above named defendant in and to the following described property, to wit: Lots eight (8) nine (9) and ten (10) in block fifteen (15) in Robinson's addition to the city of Winfield, Cowley County, state of Kansas, taken as the property of the Winfield Creamery.

Said property was appraised at sixteen hundred dollars and is levied upon and will be sold as the property of the above named defendant.

Given under my hand at my office in the city of Winfield, this 23rd day of June, A. D. 1885. G. H. McINTIRE, Sheriff Cowley County, Kansas.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Recap: Sheriff's Sale. R. R. Conklin, Plaintiff, vs. Ira D. Black, Lydia C. Black, and L. D. Putnam, Defendants. G. H. McIntire gave notice he would sell real estate of defendants on August 3, 1885.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

W. H. Johnson, Administrator's Notice of Final Settlement. In the matter of the estate of Alfred S. Johnson, deceased. Date: July 6, 1885.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Summons by Publication. In the District Court within and for the county of Cowley, and state of Kansas.

H. C. Stivers, Plaintiff, against Mary N. Stivers, Defendant.

Defendant notified that she has been sued by plaintiff, and that she must answer said action on or before August 6, 1885. He desired a divorce. Hackney & Asp, Attorneys for plaintiff.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.


I have now on hand over 1,000 bushels of extra fine Blue Grass Seed of this year's crop, gathered and handled by myself and properly cured. For the next 30 days will place on the cars at Paris, Ky., at 65 cents per bushel here. Sacks free. Will not sell a less amount than 50 bushels. CASH orders only attended to. This is seed that can be relied on. Cowley County equals this for Blue Grass. Sow in September, October, February, March and April

Address DR. W. R. DAVIS, North Middleton, Bourbon Co., Kentucky.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.


By Dr. D. L. SNEDIKER, of Emporia, Kansas.


Dr. Snediker is now in the city and will be at the Brettun House, Winfield, until June 30th,

Room 16. All those suffering from rupture ought to call and consult him. . . .

Add was followed by testimonials and references.


FRANK H. GREER, Local Editor.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

[Skipped Winfield City Markets Report.]


Today's Markets in Chicago and Kansas City.

By Special Telegraph To The Daily Courier.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

CHICAGO, JUNE 24, 2 p.m.

Wheat, cash: 88-1/4. Wheat, July: 88-1/2. Wheat, August: 80-1/2.

Corn, cash: 47-1/2. Corn, July: 46-7/8.

KANSAS CITY, JUNE 24, 2 p.m.

Wheat, No. 2 red, cash: 77-1/2. Wheat, No. 2 red, July: 78-1/2.

Corn, cash: 37. Corn, July: 38-1/4.

Hogs: $3.65

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Last evening about ten o'clock THE COURIER was visited by a person whom each and everyone thought to be the lunatic. Several of the boys had gathered in with guitars and harmonicas and were entertaining THE COURIER force and other friends when a great big, raw boned fellow dressed in rough clothes came rolling in. The music seemed to set him wild and he danced, rolled his eyes, and pawed the air until the boys crawled under the tables, while the musicians played for their lives and everyone's hair stood on end. He finally proved to be an Irishman on a little wake, and a very bright, witty fellow. He was so far gone as to be on the verge of delirium tremens. It was a sad case but tinged with much that was ludicrous.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

A. G. Ada was brought up before Judge Turner Saturday on the charge of being found in a state of intoxication, and was taxed $5 and costs, amounting to $12.25. Thus it ever be: a man will put an enemy into his mouth to steal away his brans and to lighten his pocketbook. No doubt Mr. Ada had the toothache, or a severe headache, or pains elsewhere, and took a prescription to alleviate his painful condition, but like many others, did not lower the bottle soon enough, and the city is $12.25 ahead. So it goes.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

From interviews with numerous farmers Friday we think the farmers of this county are unnecessarily scared over the corn crop. Our crop may be a little short or may not be. Take it either way our prospects far exceed our sister counties and would make the eyes of an eastern man look as large as saucers to behold Cowley County crops. The fact is our crops have been so abundant that the least unfavorable condition in crops causes the farmers to grumble.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Newspaper bustles are now made of back numbers. It is pretty tough to think that a man's best journalistic efforts shall be thus sat upon. It crushes all the glory out of the profession, and were it not that an editor can feel that he has not only brightened a woman's mind, but improving her shape, he might well throw up the sponge in disgust and retire from a world of bustle and deception.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Our printers were in a state of great curiosity Saturday over something they saw protruding from Will Wilson's office window. The editors and reporters were called to witness the sight and pass judgment as to what it could be. After some close investigation, it was found to be Will's shoes. It was probably a flaw in the glass that magnified them to such a great extent, as No. twelves ought not to make such a show.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Lightning struck one of our carrier boys, Steve Sanderson, Friday. He was delivering his papers when all of a sudden he felt a dizziness and his pony seemed paralyzed. Steve felt a numbness and getting off, he found himself unable to walk. It was several minutes before Steve or his pony could stir. It might have been worse, but he was all right Saturday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Geo. W. Miller bought of L. M. Kokernut, of Gonzales, Texas, Wednesday, 2,048 head of cattle. The price paid was $51,200. This looks like a pile of money to change hands, but it is a very common occurrence with Mr. Miller, who thinks about as much of such a transaction as our reporter does of giving a nickle to the hand organ man.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

If you want to witness the object of silent despair and unutterable woe, take a stroll down South Main and see Wm. Camery sitting in front of his business place. Mr. Cannery's wife has been gone several weeks and he is undergoing all the annoyances of a lonely home: unmade bed, broken articles of furniture, and widowhood. Shake, I am likewise. Reporter.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The Judge Ide store building, corner of Main street and 8th Avenue, has been sold, through Curns & Manser, to S. H. and A. H. Jennings for eight thousand dollars. A little over two years ago the Judge bought this property from A. D. Speed for six thousand dollars.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The fourth annual camp meeting of Christian unity and holiness will be held at Melville's Walnut grove 5½ miles southeast of Winfield, commencing July 9th and closes July 21st. M. S. Haney of Illinois will have charge of said camp meeting.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Winfield is trying to get the Farmers Milling Exchange to locate there. A petition is now in circulation asking that our city aid the enterprise to the extent of $15,000.

A. C. Republican.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Last Friday two interesting charters were filed with the Secretary of State in Topeka. The College Hill Town Company, of Winfield, and the Southwest Kansas Conference College.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Mr. John D. Pryor has left with THE COURIER a bunch of Gregg raspberries raised by Robert Thirsk, that beat anything of the kind yet exhibited. They are perfect beauties.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

John A. Eaton has commenced to sling dirt for his new residence on the corner of Mansfield street and Ninth avenue, running some ten or twelve teams.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The County Commissioners are out over the line of the K. C. & S. W. in this county, condemning the right of way. They won't return before Thursday.


Her Chronicle of The Comings, Goings and Doings of Persons at Home and Abroad.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

W. N. Wilkerson, Douglass was down Monday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

P. T. Walton was over from Burden Sunday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

C. W. Martin, Udall, was down Tuesday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Mr. and Mrs. A. T. Gay were in from Tisdale Tuesday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

P. C. Kirkland, Oxford's banker, was over again Monday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

R. B. Phelps, druggist, of Burden, was in the Queen City Friday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Martin Kenter and John Hawk were down from Udall Tuesday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

W. S. Rigden, one of Torrance's prominent citizens, visited the hub Monday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Judge McIntire, of the A. C. Democrat, Sundayed here with his son, Sheriff G. H.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

T. E. Balyeat, C. R. Fowler, and Geo. W. Thompson were up from A. C. last Monday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Jacob Hilty, A. C., came up Monday evening, leaving this eve for Wellman, Kansas.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Rev. N. S. Buckner and Messrs. A. G. Lowe and J. F. Hoffman were up from A. C. Monday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

J. P. Baden returned from Illinois Sunday, leaving his family there for a more extensive visit.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

James Hill, of the K. C. & S. W., was in the city Monday and reports work whooping on that line.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Tom H. Harrod is again out, after a terrible struggle with a disorderly body, though yet looking ghostlike.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

J. F. McMullen returned Monday from Leavenworth, where he appeared for clients in the U. S. Circuit Court.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Mr. D. B. Carson and wife left Monday for their home in Tennessee, very much pleased with Winfield.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

E. A. Henthorn has made final settlement as guardian of the estate of the minor heirs of David Clark, deceased.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Miss Lou Wilber, Fred Wilber, Frank Wilber, and George Harcourt, of Rock, were down Sunday visiting George L. Gale.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

William S. Thompson and Linnie Peed were the only matrimonial condolence offered the Probate Judge Thursday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Mr. Walker Banks, recently from the east and an accomplished tonsorial artist, now holds down a chair in D. E. Douglass' barber shop.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Charles F. Bahntge, of the First National Bank, is confined to his house with a bilious attack, and leaves the First National short of help.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Charles S. Dever, the efficient collection clerk of the First National, arrived Friday on the Santa Fe, looking much better after his vacation.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Harrison Adams and Frank Russell were granted the parchments that will give them unalloyed happiness or a life of trouble for some time to come.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Miss Jessie Stretch left Monday for a week in the balmy odors and invigorating atmosphere of ruraldom, with Miss Fannie Woods, near Burden.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

County Commissioner Irwin came over Monday to continue, with the Board of County Commissioners, the condemnation of the K. C. & S. W. right of way.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

H. G. Buford packed his grip Monday and started for Washington, D. C., after the P. O. He will bring it back with him, and George Rembaugh looks blue.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

J. S. Converse, of the Oxford Register, was over Monday, looking after matters connected with that town's Fourth of July celebration. They expect a whooper.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Capt. P. A. Huffman has bought the Klauser property on East Ninth Avenue for $3,000 and will make it his home. It is very neat property and conveniently located.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Mrs. Ed Holloway, nee Miss Hortense Holmes, with her six-year-old boy, Eugene, arrived Sunday morning from Sedan and is a guest of Miss Jessie Millington.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Mrs. J. M. Shelly, of Beatrice, Nebraska, came in Monday for a visit with her brother, Mr. M. L. Read. She is a prominent officer in the National Foreign Missionary Society.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The lunatic at large here is M. L. Felkner. He was a physician in Butler County. Earnest Reynolds dug a well for him some years ago. He is twenty-nine years old.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Mrs. John Tomlin and daughter returned Sunday from a six weeks' visit in Kansas City and other places, and Mr. Tomlin and Lacey swear quits on boarding house hash.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

R. I. Hogue packed his grip and started for the wild west Tuesday. Mr. Hogue has business interests in Comanche County and he has gone out to look after them.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Mr. Robert Shears, of Danville, Kentucky, brother of Mrs. Elder Myers, is visiting here. It is his first trip to this section and he is charmed. He is spending a short vacation westward.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Garnett Burks, of Vernon, says the web worms are so thick that he dare not let his children out, with the exception of his oldest. He should get a bottle of Dr. Jayne's worm specific.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Mrs. G. W. Miller and relatives returned from the Territory Saturday. They enjoyed a pleasant visit at the ranch, but very narrowly escaped being drowned in crossing Salt Fork river.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Marshal McFadden arrested Robert N. Farnsworth, Tuesday, on a charge of selling intoxicating liquors in his Ninth Avenue lunch room. He gave bond and his case comes up in the Police Court Thursday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Mr. Frank Hartman has left THE COURIER another exhibition of Cowley's wonderful prolificness--an egg, 6¼ inches in circumference and three inches in length, laid by an ordinary unsophisticated hen. It would do credit to a turkey.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

S. L. Vansandt, sheriff of Neosho County, was here Tuesday to take in charge Frankie Morris, the woman arrested here yesterday by Sheriff McIntire. Mr. Vansandt informs us she is arrested under an indictment by the grand jury. He will go back Tuesday with his prisoner.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

James Craig and Bertha Pickett, Jasper Shelly and Permelia Smith, J. W. Griffith and Ebbie Steele have all besieged the Probate Judge's office recently for unalloyed bliss in the matrimonial bond. The first couple were joined on the spot by Judge Gans. And the world wags on wandering who will be the next victim.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

As our reporter was passing by James Jordan's quarters Monday, Jim called out, "Come up." It struck us at once that Jim had changed his state of single woe to that of matrimonial blessedness. Going up, Jim set up the cigars and showed us around his rooms. All he lacks is a sweet, pretty woman to have it completed.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The Farmers Bank has purchased, through Messrs. Harris & Clark, the J. P. Short corner, where Harter's drug store is. They get seventy-five feet of the lot for $7,500. They will immediately begin the erection of a fine two story bank building. J. P. Short will also build three two story buildings, one fronting on Main street and two on Ninth Avenue.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Prof. A. W. Merriman, of South Whitley, Indiana, an old acquaintance of Rev. Reider, Mr. A. Jameson, Mr. Samuel Smedley, and others are here. Professor Merriman is a musical professor of high standing and wide experience in both vocal and instrumental. He is delighted with our city, will return for his family and settle here permanently, starting a conservatory of music.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Mr. W. J. Hodges is up from Ponca. He has his store building, as trader for the Ponca reservation, up and a residence for his family constructed. The family will move down next week, to make that their future home. Our people regret the departure of Mr. and Mrs. Hodges and family. Their property interest being largely here, however, this will yet be the center of attraction, with frequent visits, to again reside in Winfield some time in the future.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Andrew Ada is in a hot box--constitutionally and otherwise. He was up before Judge Turner, Saturday, $12.25 worth for a plain "booze." Some considerate friend locked him in a room, but in some way he got out and got a quart bottle of "Tippecanoe, for dyspepsia and female complaints," got off his equilibrium, and ran into the cauldron of Sheriff McIntire. It is a state case, with penalty of $100 and 30 days in jail. The trial comes off before Judge Snow Thursday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Mr. James Kelly left for his Pratt County home Sunday, after a very pleasant visit among his many friends here. After staying a week he didn't get half around. Jim has a warm place in the hearts of our people, who rejoice at his success and prosperity. His success in the new west is a matter of gratification and pride to THE COURIER, many of whose present attaches received their first lesson in the art of printing while Mr. Kelly was proprietor of this paper. Jim looks exceedingly well and hearty, but his hair is growing gray rapidly.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

THE COURIER has numerously called attention to the dangerous approach of the west bridge. It is only twelve or fifteen feet wide, skirted by rugged banks about twenty feet down. Substantial railings on either side, whose cost would not exceed fifty dollars, would arrest all danger. But the Vernon authorities have neglected this matter--probably to their everlasting sorrow. The latest victims were Mr. A. H. First, residing with Mr. Jameson, and Miss Flora Zimmerman, of J. S. Mann's household. They were out driving Sunday evening with Rev. Reider's horse and buggy. Approaching the bridge, the horse scared, whirled half around, and, with a fearful lunge backward, the outfit and occupants went backward over the embankment with a terrible crash. The weeds and brush covered the view, giving it anything but the wicked place it is, and not until the horse fell over backward and loomed up in mid air did Mr. First realize his awful danger. Death, sure and certain, flashed through his mind, and there couldn't have been a more astonished or happier man than he, when he got through the combat with those fearful boulders in his precipitate descent of twenty feet, came to, and found most of his teeth were knocked out, his jaw broken, and he able to walk. The young lady fell out of the buggy and caught on the first ledge, receiving only a few bruises. The horse recovered from his stun and started to run, having been badly shaken up and bruised, but no limbs were broken. The animal is evidently a hard shell Baptist. The buggy is almost a total wreck--knocked into numberless pieces. In viewing the fall, it seems a mystery how the horse or occupants escaped with their lives. Judge Soward and Capt. Nipp happened along in their buggies and picked up the victims of the wreck. It was a frightful experience, mingled with mysterious luck. It will probably cost Vernon something as damages. This ought to be warning enough. This place must be railed. It is Vernon's legal duty and must be enforced.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

EDITORS DAILY COURIER: I am comparatively a stranger in your midst, but since my residence here I have understood from well authenticated source that certain members of our City Council were afflicted with periodical aberrations of the mind, and after reading many of the ordinances which this body have passed and approved, I think it base flattery to call them anything short of imbeciles, and I would suggest that a commission de lunatico inquirendo be appointed to examine them. Many of the ordinances of last month were ridiculous, and the "occupation tax" ordinance of this month is unjust and tyrannical and, in my opinion, the people of the city will not submit to its enforcement. In most cities the councilmen are supposed to be representative men of the place in which they reside, but here they represent the "phoo" and fanatical element, and, permit me to say, that this element is confined exclusively to themselves. Will they not resign? If not, the citizens should assemble in mass meeting and impeach them on the ground of incompetency. Truly, H. A. Johnson.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

For once in the history of Winfield our merchants are a unit in humanity's cause. Thursday, the second night of the new regime, every dry goods, clothing, boot and shoe, and grocery house closed promptly at 8 o'clock. It gives our city a metropolitan appearance, and causes many a weary merchant and clerk to heave sighs of relief as they taste the pure, exhilarating outdoor atmosphere. This is a plan that should become an established custom--and no doubt will. It works no inconvenience or loss to anybody, and buoys proprietors and salesmen for greater efforts the coming day. We are glad that what has, for several years back, been a failure, has become a success. Winfield wants no failures in anything.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Friday at about 4:30 a.m., when Frank Manny's hired man was harnessing the teams of the ice wagon, lightning struck the roof of the barn, passed down the rafter, killing one of his mules, knocking down the other mule and two horses, also stunning the man. The roof was torn up in places, but no great damage was done to the building. Frank takes his bad luck philosophically. It was a fine span of mules and it will be a hard matter to replace the one killed. The man had a narrow escape and may congratulate himself on it being no worse. We learn later that the hired man was bridling the mule when the mule was struck. This is the first instance on record where a man was tougher than a mule.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Judge Snow's court was entertained yesterday by a case from Silverdale township wherein Laura Alexander, a girl of twenty-two, charged Trower Jacobs, a bachelor of thirty-five, with being the father of her unborn babe. Laura sued him for forty acres of his farm on which he was to break twenty acres aside from the five already broken, and one hundred dollars in cash, as damages. He agreed to compromise the matter as she liked, barring the twenty acres of breaking. He offered in lieu of this to furnish the seed for sowing the five acres to grain. But Laura wouldn't have it that way and Jacobs appealed his case to the District Court.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Gen. Grant in his new book of "Personal Memoirs," thus refers to his origin. "My family is American and has been for generations, in all its branches, direct and collateral. Matthew Grant, the founder of the branch in America, of which I am a descendant, reached Dorchester, Massachusetts, in May, 1630. In 1635 he moved to what is now Windsor, Connecticut, and was the surveyor of that colony for more than forty years. I am the eighth generation from Matthew Grant. In the fifth descending generation, my great grandfather, Noah Grant, and his younger brother, Solomon, held commissions in the English army in 1756, in the war against the French and Indians. Both were killed that year."


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Arkansas City and vicinity are having sore trouble with what is commonly called Army Worm. It even devours the weeds and is destroying the corn to a great extent. Our informant tells us that these worms envelop the plant, weaving a web around it similar to the caterpillar's nest. This web is filled with myriads of very small worms who soon suck the life from the plant. We hope this heavy rain will destroy this worm. It is the same that is reported working on the Grouse creek crops. The farmers will look blue indeed if this worm gets in its work in addition to the backward season.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The members of the Atlanta Town Company met here today and completed the preliminaries for opening it up for the public. By-laws and rules and regulations were adopted. The town site has been platted and lots put on the market. Already buildings are going up, tradesmen of different kinds are seeking quarters, and the place is on the eve of a big boom. It is one of the prettiest sites imaginable, with a good territory to draw from and in the near future will be a good sized city.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

A. Herpich, the Merchant Tailor, has moved his establishment to the front rooms over the postoffice, where he will be pleased to see all desiring first-class goods, perfect fits, and guaranteed satisfaction. The liberal patronage of the past is thankfully appreciated, and its continuance solicited.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

I have $25,000 of another man's money to loan on Winfield City and Farm property, on 3 or 5 years time. S. L. Gilbert.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The D. M. & A. railroad surveyors have been working in this vicinity this week, their work being to establish a line between the Arkansas and Walnut rivers. The survey is under the management of Geo. Custer, chief engineer, assisted by Jo. Broaddus and G. L. Nickles, all very pleasant gentlemen. Udall Sentinel.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

White Eagle, one of the Pawnee chiefs, was in the city Thursday with his son. He is six feet tall, as straight as an arrow, hair dropping way down over his back, and is intelligent and buxom.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Arkansas City expects to have the steamer of the Arkansas City Navigation Company as an attraction on the glorious Fourth. It is now on its way from St. Louis, via water.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Mr. W. H. Jones, editor of the Reece, Greenwood County, Sunflower, visited Winfield last week to counsel with the K. C. & S. W. railroad regarding the prospects of his county for obtaining this line. Like all visitors, he was charmed with our city, and gives us this handsome send off.

"In company with Mrs. W. S. Reece, we made a trip to Winfield, the county seat of Cowley County, the first of the week. As some of our readers, who have never been there, may wish to know something of the city that will undoubtedly soon be connected with Reece by bands of iron, we will briefly state that Winfield is one of the cleanest, fairest, handsomest cities in Kansas. It has a population of about 6,000; there are forty-five miles of stone sidewalk in the city; they have extensive store buildings and manufactories, almost every trade and profession being represented; they have one of the largest and best flouring mills in the world; and their hotels are not excelled by any of those in the largest cities of the State. The people of Winfield are enterprising and progressive, and are all actuated by the desire to see their beautiful city become one of the leading metropolises of the "Garden of the World." And now we will give the Winfieldites a pointer: Cut down at least half the trees around your dwellings, so that the sunshine can reach them, and you will have one of the handsomest and healthiest cities in the Great West. Winfield has just voted $100,000 in aid of the Kansas City & Southwestern Railway; $100,000 in aid of the Denver, Memphis & Atlantic Railway; and has secured the establishment of the Methodist State College there, successfully competing with Wichita, Newton, El Dorado, Wellington, and several other points."


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Otter township has two sad cases for the poor house. An old gentleman of seventy-six, of tottering and diseased form, came into the county clerk's office Monday and made application for county hospitality. He has a son, aged forty-six, in Otter, who owns a farm and is in comfortable circumstances. But the old gentleman is childish, hard to get along with, and a "bust up" with his son's family has thrown him out on the cold world. But a few years ago he was in good circumstances. The neighbors all agree that the old gentleman would tax the patience of a Job, but it certainly looks hard for a son to allow his father, whose life is almost out, to enter the poor house. Childishness is inherent with old age. Gray hairs, with all their weaknesses, should command the respect and love of all--especially relatives. No excuse is adequate in a case like this. Otter's other case is a feeble old gentleman who came there last spring with his daughter, a girl of seventeen. This daughter was his only pride and joy. Before moving to Otter, a demon obtained the confidence of the girl, led her astray, and as the consummation is being reached, she is compelled to enter the poor house. The father is too old and feeble to work, and the daughter--it's the tale of "woman's confidence and man's perfidy." The authorities of Otter will ferret out the devil in this case and make things warm for him.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

"Some weeks ago Frank J. Hess," remarks the Arkansas City Democrat, "had occasion to bring an action against city attorney Stafford for office rent. At the time of the trial, Stafford said he would 'warm the tallow in Frank's hide, and make it so warm for him that he would think hell was a cool place,' and the next day had Frank arrested for charging one cent more than the law allowed for making out a pension paper for F. M. Peek. Frank gave bonds for a million dollars, more or less, to appear and answer to the grave charge. After the trial had been postponed a number of times, Hon. W. P. Hackney, of Winfield, came down to prosecute the case, but when the matter was brought to trial, it was found that our wise (?) city attorney, had, as usual, made an ass of himself in fixing out the papers, and the case was dismissed. Mr. Hess wanted the matter tested, and gave the prosecuting attorney the privilege of fixing up the papers and proceeding with the trial; but Mr. Stafford did not have the backbone to stand up to the rack and make affidavit to the charges, as he had discovered after consulting an attorney that his case was too thin, and he was liable to get himself into a box if he proceeded further, and he decided to slide out of the matter, no doubt feeling that he had been 'maliciously and feloniously' treated."


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

We are informed by L. D. Harkleroad, says the Arkansas City Democrat, that considerable excitement exists in Silverdale township over the discovery of a mineral supposed to be silver. The discovery was made by some parties who were boring a well. At the depth of forty feet, the augur struck a solid substance and thinking it was a rock, they drew up the augur and started to drill. After drilling a few inches, they again struck mother earth and applied the augur, which brought up quite a large number of pieces of ore, resembling silver and lead. They immediately stopped work on the well and began sinking a shaft with the belief that they had struck a rich find. We have not yet learned how the matter has panned out, but expect soon to learn of a big lead or silver boom in that locality.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Will C. Barnes returned Friday from his eastern tour, but not as he left--returns with a charming bride. On June 4th he led to the altar Miss Emma Maxwell, at New Rumley, Ohio. The writer knows of none whom he could congratulate on such a happy event, with more fervor than Will C. Barnes. Practical, intelligent, and genial, he wins the esteem of all. And his bride is a young lady of many accomplishments--one of Ohio's fairest daughters. Will had evidently been contemplating such a deed for some time, as the cozy home he constructed "when the leaves began to fall," plainly proves. Mr. and Mrs. Will C. Barnes will receive, in settling down to wedded life, the "God speed" of many friends. Bon voyage, my boy.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Mr. Vandever, a farmer of this county, was one of the causes of quite a mishap Friday evening. Mr. Vandever was crossing from S. H. Myton's hardware store to J. B. Lynn's, when a small dog took umbrage at him. Mr. Vandever made several attempts to drive the dog off, and finally picked up a small stone about as large as an egg and threw it at the canine. As usual in such cases, he missed the dog but hit the elegant plate glass window in S. H. Myton's store, smashing it up so that a new one will have to be put in. The value of such a class is about $65. This is very bad luck to both Mr. Myton and Mr. Vandever.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Dr. Wells and household were given a shock in their slumbers the other night. About midnight the shrill report of a revolver, right at the window, knocked the Doctor clear out of bed. He grabbed his shooting iron and clothed in the ghostly garb of still night, rushed out doors to paralyze the foe. But nothing but departing hoofs could be heard. He thinks it was the escaped lunatic who has been prowling around in the midnight hours, frightening everybody out of their night gowns. The lines are drawn mighty tight on a married man now--the old lady won't let him leave the house at night.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Mr. N. A. Haight, our efficient County Surveyor, was the recipient of an eight pound boy Friday. Mr. Haight is as happy as a clam at high water, and set up the cigars Saturday in a fine manner. THE COURIER extends congratulations.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Mr. Isaac Wood was in Friday from the Arkansas valley, and informed us that the web worm has entirely destroyed eighty acres of corn for Thomas Jackson, sixty for John Jackson, P. Hunt's whole crop, and numerous others. Many will begin to replant immediately. They are determined to try late planting as the last alternative.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Early Saturday morning a heavy wind storm swept over the village of Udall, and several of the small buildings were turned over, and several in course of erection were somewhat racked, the worst damage being the M. E. Church, which was so shaken that the plastering was broken and much of it fell off. No loss of life is reported.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

We understand from a reliable source that preparations are being made for the young man, "Marvin," and his girl to marry, who figured so prominently a few days ago in the elopement scrape. As THE COURIER said a few days ago, this is the best thing for all parties interested.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Mr. and Mrs. Hopkins Shivvers, of Tallula, Illinois, are visiting his brother, Mr. H. T. Shivvers. Mr. Hop Shivvers, Sr., took unto him his third wife the very day after Hop Jr., wedded his first, Miss Lawson.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Mrs. Ed Pate and children left last Tuesday for a summer's visit in Montgomery County, and Ed looks lonely and forlorn, and won't be comforted. He'll have to get used to it.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Gregg's German Oil for sale by L. M. Williams.


Newsy Notes Gathered by The "Courier's" Corps of Neighborhood Correspondents.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Wheat harvest has begun. Several new binders have been purchased and brought into the neighborhood.

Last Tuesday night, after about eight months of married bliss, Frank Brown had the pleasure of a long expected charivari.

Mr. Walton has been hauling off his wheat. How much he is selling and the price he is getting, we do not know. He is shipping from Hackney.

The "Hackney S rubs" have again dug up the bat and ball and play every Saturday afternoon near Constant. Their number is, as yet, small.

Many of the farmers are now obliged to drop their corn plowing and reply to the harvest call. Much of the corn will suffer greatly for want of proper cultivation.

Last Saturday was Mr. Crow's forty-third birthday. In the evening he was greatly surprised by a bevy of friends and neighbors dropping in, ladened with innumerable good things. Everybody enjoyed themselves, we understand, as they always do at these social gatherings of the farmers.

A species of cricket (Gryllamaxi) is now doing much damage by cutting off the wheat stalks, an inch or less above the ground. Also, we hear of much damage being done by the cut worms (Noctuids), and the webb worms (Tortrycids). The latter are becoming so blood-thirsty as to attack even the weeds and crab grass.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Hurrah for the Fourth!

Miss Hattie Utley's school closed last Friday.

Quarterly meeting at Cambridge next Sunday.

Rev. Warren preached at Windsor last Saturday night.

J. F. Rowe's school closed at Windsor last Friday week.

Mrs. James Small is visiting her parents on Otter creek.

E. J. Sherlock and Duane Foster visited Burden Wednesday.

Rev. Webb, of East Otter, preached at Highland schoolhouse last Sunday.

There is a new boarder at Dave Wyant's, who has come to stay. It's a boy.

Miss Allie Wheeler and Mrs. M. J. Weaverling spent Wednesday in Winfield.

Miss Lillie Liddill returned to her home in Holden, Missouri, after a few weeks visit with J. C. Hendrickson's family.

Henry Caldwell, of Nebraska, has been spending a few days with his brother-in-law, W. E. Rowe. He is looking for a location for stock.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

A good rain today, and were it not for the worms, our farmers would be happy.

Supt. Limerick made us a flying visit last week in connection with dividing district No. 63, but have not heard how he divided it.

Fully one half the corn within a radius of 10 miles of here is killed by a worm that webs up the corn. Can count as many as 200 to 400 on a hill of corn.

Everybody is sick: doctors, merchants, mechanics, day laborers, and farmers. All are united in saying that if the corn crop is a complete failure, that many poor people will suffer for the necessaries of life before another crop can be raised.

Both railroad propositions have carried, and I presume that most everyone is happy, unless it is the COURIER's idiots and lunatics (for such your paper designated all those opposed to voting the required aid). I am surprised at such remarks from such a liberal paper as the COURIER. Have heard many comments relative to the language in one of your editorials just prior to the railroad election. We hope the D. M. & A. means business, and will speedily put the road through.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

W. S. Rigden was in Winfield Monday.

Eva Reynolds was in Winfield last week.

Mr. Allen and Reynolds left for their claims in Ford County.

H. R. Branson shipped several car loads of cattle last week.

Link Branson spent several days last week visiting his parents in Eureka.

Miss Rett Elliott is again among us. She will remain until after the picnic.

The Mite met at Capitol Hill last Saturday night and had quite a lively time.

Mr. Fred Collins and his best girl were out driving Sunday and passed through our city.

Miss Ida Straughn, of Cambridge, came over Saturday to remain until after the picnic.

Everybody is expecting a good time at the picnic Wednesday. In my next I will tell you all about it.

Miss Lollie Haygood, of Rich Hill, Missouri, is on a visit to her brother and sister in this city. She will remain several months.

Mrs. Rittenhouse has a sister from Ohio and a brother and his family from Garnett, Kansas, visiting her. They drove from Garnett in a carriage.

Mr. Al Chambers, of Arkansas City, came over Saturday evening and stayed until Monday morning with his friends at Capitol Hill. Mr. Chambers and the Misses Wilson are old friends, they having come from the same town.

Misses Lyda and Alice Taylor, after spending several weeks with their brothers, left last Tuesday on a visit to relatives and friends in Sedgwick. Miss Lou Wilson accompanied them as far as Winfield, where she remained until Wednesday.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Dexter is talking of celebrating the fourth.

Mr. John Reynolds is erecting quite a large barn on his farm.

Mr. and Mrs. Secrest have friends visiting them from Kansas City.

Mr. O. Elliott and wife visited his parents in Dexter last Saturday.

Health is splendid in this locality at present, for which we are very thankful.

Our Sabbath school is progressing nicely. Dexter school closed last Friday week.

Mrs. Corrinna Borrel and little son returned from Iowa where she spent the past six months.

Mr. and Mrs. Martindale, of Madison, Kansas, were visiting her sister, Mrs. Henry Branson, last week.

Mr. James Barrett, a friend of Mr. Jim Salmons, is here visiting him from Kentucky, and is highly pleased with Cowley.

Poor Burden! We heard a fellow remark a few days since that to stand on the hill and take a view over the country, it really looked blue around Burden.

Mrs. Jerry Ellinwood has left Dexter and gone to Topeka to live. She made many friends while living here among us, who hope she will enjoy her new home.

Most of our neighbors are looking rather blue over the arrival of the web-worm, which is damaging the corn and gardens.

Dr. Hawkins says he is prosperous and happy. His wife presented him a little daughter last Sunday.

The harvesting is about done in this vicinity, and the wheat is much better than expected a few weeks ago. The farmers have bid farewell to most of their late corn. The early corn looks very well. A great many are preparing to sow millett as soon as the worms disappear.

Mr. Hardwick bought of Mr. Secret about 30 head of stock cattle recently.

We congratulate Winfield on having secured the college, as we feel confident we can trust our children there to get an education. How much better the location and surroundings at Winfield than Wichita. No doubt the good and moral name that Winfield has, helped to get so valuable an institution. Great credit is due the gentlemen who labored so faithfully for our future good. May good health, peace, and happiness attend them, wherever they abide, is the earnest wish of the writer.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Harvesting has commenced.

Mrs. Joseph Hassell was at Mrs. J. A. Rucker's last Thursday.

The health of the people in this vicinity is generally pretty good.

Singing next Sunday at 2 o'clock p.m. Sunday School after singing.

It is thought the peach crop will not be large, as they fall off so badly.

Fred Arnold and Iz Weakley are harvesting R. D. Hanna's wheat.

Mrs. Bob Weakley and daughter-in-law visited Mrs. Adam Sipe last week.

Mr. Will Schwantes and wife were at Winfield last week. Also J. A. Rucker and wife.

The web worm seems to be doing great damage to the sweet potatoes and other vegetables.

Miss Maggie Torrance has returned to Winfield after several months at Robert Weakley's.

Mrs. Sipe has furnished Winfield several bushels of gooseberries up to the present time.

Who does the gardening at J. A. Rucker's? Someone who understands the business, I presume.

Wheat has dropped again. What are the farmers to do, move nearer Arkansas City? Oh, no, live on hope.

Mrs. Rube White and her sister, who are to reside in this community, went up north a few miles to visit another sister.

Three carriage loads of folks from Winfield had a nice little picnic of their own out at the Widow Foose's last Tuesday.

Wonder why Fowler wasn't at singing with his cornet? Perhaps if Jane was as pleasant as "May," he would always be there.

Poor farmers--how often "sad and blue." Now that the web worm is working on the corn, they are beginning to borrow trouble, and say no big corn crop this year--if any at all. Cease your grumbling; perhaps we get more than we deserve.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Mr. Schock lost a fine horse last week.

Tom Covert has gone to Kansas City to attend the sale of his hogs.

There was quarterly communion at the Presbyterian church last Sunday.

Mr. Mark Metzger's old school mate, Mr. Jones, from Ohio, is visiting him.

Mr. Frank Schock has bought a new self binder and is busily engaged cutting wheat.

Rev. Bicknell is in the neighborhood visiting friends and making acquaintances with his people.

Quarterly meeting was held at the schoolhouse last Saturday and Sunday. There was a large attendance and interesting services.

The ice cream social at the Presbyterian church last Tuesday night was quite a success and everything passed off pleasantly. We made $34 clear of expenses.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Miss Ida Somers is visiting friends in this vicinity.

The merry clatter of the self-binder is now heard in the land.

"Ned" has a new pencil this week. He borrowed one last week.

Messrs. Akers, Fatout, and Harcoat [?] began harvesting last week.

Mrs. Fatout and her sister, Mrs. Stalter, visited their parents at Rock last Sunday.

Church at Star was postponed last Sunday on account of sacrament at Walnut Valley and Walch.

Several of our young folks went to the festival at the W. V. P. Church last week. They report a jolly time and plenty of ice cream.

Mr. Holcomb came down from the upper county last week to view his wheat crop on Mr. Richards' farm. He sold his interest to Mr. Richards on certain conditions.

Mahlon Fatout has taken time by the forelock and erected a new barn, and is having a well drilled up by the house. We like to see such improvements. They add much to the beauty of the country.

D. S. Starlin wears a P. O. Smile and a government grin nowadays. It's a girl of regulation weight; mother and child doing well, but the father's recovery is rather doubtful. How is it Robert, "hoe?"

If you want to hear some nice singing, just ask some of the boys who took their best girl to the festival Tuesday night, and he will take out his pocket-book, which looks like an elephant had stepped on it, and show you a couple of one cent pieces, and begin to sing a new and very appropriate song, which is something like this.

I took my girl to the festival,

It was an ice cream snide.

We stayed till preacher had went home,

And the music did subside.

'Twas then she gently pinched my arm,

And said that I must treat;

She said she wasn't very hungry,

But this is what she eat:

Sixteen dishes of ice cream,

A dozen pieces of cake,

Then she ate a dozen oranges,

Oh! How I did shake;

As for candy and for peanuts,

I bought them by the quart,

U bet I was uneasy, for my cash

Was running short.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The song of the reaper is heard in the land.

The grangers are preparing to move their store.

Charley Fisher has bought a pony of Lewis Brown. The girls will have to look out for Charley.

Mr. J. Sicks had a cow killed by lightning a few nights ago. The cow as insured for enough to cover the loss.

Mr. Jones, of the Canal City, is canvassing stock for the Farmers' mill. He was in this vicinity a few days ago.

Earnest Gilespie is prepared to give you an iron clad insurance policy. Earnest is a lively young man and will do you a good job.

The Sunday school at the Pleasant Valley M. E. Church will give the lessons of the last quarter a thorough review. They have invited the Irwin Chapel, the Victor, and the Beaver Center Sunday schools to take part in the exercises.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The gentle, melodious tones of the harvester is heard, gathering in the sheaves of golden wheat and leaden cheat, as we would compare it in value.

Probably cheat is a more valuable crop than we think, as quite a number of our farmers have purchased self-binders to take care of it. It might make chicken feed.

Mr. and Mrs. W. Darling, Mrs. Cass, and Mrs. Mason visited relatives in Grand Summit last week. They returned home Saturday, bringing with them Mrs. N. E. Darling, who will visit with her parents this week.

The quarterly meeting last Sunday week was well attended by all points on the circuit. Elder Audas delivered a sermon just to fit. It fit some of the brethren so tight that they couldn't stand the pressure, and had to hollow. But we think if it was to do over again, it would not go so hard.

Well, "Ned," we would like to know what has come over you. Have you died the natural death of a faithful correspondent, or have I run you out? If I have, I did not intend to, and will bow to you and ask your forgiveness, and make all the apologies my mind can think of, if you will give me a chance.

The innocent little web worms are getting in their work in our neighborhood as well as in others. It is a mystery to some where these little pests come from. We contend that their existence originated from millions of little millers that were abroad in the land last spring, and deposited eggs, from which those little worms were hatched. Let us hear from someone else.


A Lady Arrested for Murdering Her Mother.

At the Instance of Life Insurance Companies.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Saturday afternoon Sheriff McIntire arrested Frankie Morris, a lady who has rooms on Ninth Avenue in the Blair building, on a telegram from Neosho County. The charge is that she poisoned her mother to secure fifteen thousand dollars of life insurance, and the Mutual Life company, of New York, secured her indictment. She came here some three weeks ago and employed Hackney & Asp to institute proceedings against the companies for the collection of the insurance. She has applied to the companies, but they refused to pay it and suit was the last resort. As soon as the suit was commenced, the companies secured the indictment against the lady. We understand that they had previously threatened her with prosecution. We are not yet familiar with the facts in the case, but so far it appears to be a case of pure bulldozing on the part of the life insurance companies--a repetition of the Hillman case. Life insurance is getting to be a fraud. If a person insures their life now-a-days, it is almost invariably a legacy of law, vexation, and serious cost and trouble to those who are unfortunate enough to be the beneficiaries. Senator Hackney will defend the lady and if the insurance companies are playing a grab game, they will be hunting for someone to help them let it go before they get through with it.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Our reporter, in company with Marshal McFadden, Assistant Marshal Glanden, and Dan Farnsworth went out Sunday after the lunatic. The reporter is a man who delights in blood curdling affairs. This was one of them. His blood hasn't warmed up yet. They first took in the vacant stone house near the Santa Fe depot. The reporter was cautioned to keep a sharp look out for the victim while the others searched the house. He done so--you bet. He expected to see a monster in human shape emerge from the cellar window every moment, and, consequently, had his pistol leveled. After the search was over, it occurred to him he had better cock it and have it ready. The search revealed a hay bed, a lantern, and all the signs of someone sleeping there. The cars were taken in next, the reporter, holding his cocked revolver and taking good care not to get in a direct line with the open door. The officers poked their heads into each car in a very careless manner. The reporter admonished them frequently to put their feet in first, as there was not so much danger; or better still, to get under the car and inquire if there was anybody in. In several of the cars were seen the remains of the lunatic's bed and all the appearances of his being there lately, and the reporter shook in the knees. Going south we saw some object leaning up against a car. The reporter shook in dead earnest now. The officers pulled their shooting irons. The reporter pulled his and tried to cock it, but didn't know how. Reaching the object, it was Tom Wright. He was all broke up. This is his story.

"Boys, I've seen him. I saw a fellow come along here awhile ago. He was in rags and he was a hard looking bat. He had a revolver strapped around him and a bowie knife six feet long. Says I, 'Say, Mr.'; he walked on. 'Say, Mr.' says I; he walked on. I stepped toward him and said, 'Mr., I want to see you.' He turned around and came towards me with a savage glare overspreading his face. Says I, 'Excuse me, Mr., I thought you were another man. You ain't the man I was looking for."

After searching several cars and just as we were nearing another, a man was seen to jump from a car and put out. We took after him. Farnsworth was on one side of the line of cars and the reporter on the other, both running for dear life, the cold chills creeping over the reporter at every jump. The reporter mistook Farnsworth for the lunatic and would have put an end to his mortal existence, but as usual in time of danger, his pistol wasn't cocked and he could not cock it in time to do any damage before Mr. Farnsworth was recognized. A quilt was found which the lunatic had dropped in his flight. The man was seen several times yesterday, once with a bucket of green apples and a raw chicken. We will suggest to him that this is very dangerous food this time of year. He will be taken in sooner or later. The officers are after him red hot. Yesterday twenty or more scoured the timber near the river but could find no traces. An ordinary man would have been taken in long ago, but a crazy man has all the cunning of a fox besides he has so many excellent hiding places in the part of town he haunts. We apprehend he will be a hard case to tackle and that someone will get hurt in doing so.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

LOST. A high-grade Hereford Bull, one and a half years old, a dark red, with a white face. A liberal reward for information or return of animal. C. A. Peabody, Dexter, Kansas.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

I am agent for the Excelsior Mower, and have been ten years. If any man will examine this machine, he will see at once that there is but one machine of this make, and others using the name are frauds. W. A. Lee.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

From east Sixth avenue, one small three year old, light brown mare pony; T brand and cinch galled. A liberal reward for the recovery. Information left at T. L. Jones's sale stable on east 9th avenue. When strayed had on a web halter with rope. John Humphrey.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

FOR SALE. A fine farm, situated on the Walnut river, 10 miles southeast from Winfield and 7½ northeast from Arkansas City, consisting of 278 acres, of which about 30 acres is under good cultivation, 65 acres of good timber and the remainder in pasture; two good houses, one good barn, one outhouse; orchard bearing choice fruits; two good wells and plenty of stock water the year round; all under good fence. Object in selling is to retire. Call on or address Mrs. M. A. Greaves, Winfield, Kansas.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.



8 North Front Street, Philadelphia, Pa.

Kansas wool a specialty.

Liberal cash advances made. Correspondence solicited.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Mark, Learn, and Inwardly Digest.

On April 20th we insured our stone store building and stock of goods against tornadoes and cyclones in the Springfield F. & M. of Massachusetts, of F. A. Brady, District Agent. On June 8th, forty days after, the metal roof was torn from the building, the walls damaged, and the goods injured by rain. On the 15th, just seven days after, the entire loss was adjusted and paid to our entire satisfaction. For prompt, straight, and honorable dealing, insure with F. A. Brady, of the old Springfield.

(Signed,) J. L. HIGBEE, W. E. HIGBEE,

Merchants, Torrance, Kas.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.


Fire and Tornado Insurance Co.

LOSSES PAID, $11,000,000.

P. A. BRADY, Dist. Agent

Dalton & Madden, Winfield, Kansas.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.




Shop on West 8th Avenue, west of Chicago Lumber Yard.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.





For Sale by ED. G. COLE.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Short Horn Bulls.

I have ten pedigreed short horn bulls from eight to eighteen months old, at my farm two and a half miles southeast of Winfield, for sale cheap, and will trade for other stock or for bankable notes. F. W. McClellan.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.


The above heading has appeared almost every week in some part of this paper. The people are tired of it, as it has no meaning other than to deceive the public.

Wishing to close our entire line of

Gents Furnishing Goods

to make room for Dry Goods, I have marked


To most ridiculous prices,

Shirts Sold at $1.00, now 62 Cts.

Shirts Sold at $1.25, now 88 Cts.

Linen Collars at 10 Cts., worth 20 Cts.

Cuffs, 20 Cts. Per pair, worth 35 Cts.

Neckties from 5 Cents to 50 Cents.

A Good Cheviot Shirt for 42 Cents.

Overalls 50 Cents, worth 75 Cents.

Come at once! You can afford to buy and lay away for future use, as wen Kleeman advertises he means what he says, and will furnish the goods as stated.


812 Main Street.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.


The imported English Draft Stallion "King of the Valley," will make the season of 1885 at Magnolia Farm on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday of each week, and Friday and Saturday at Hands & Garry's stable, Winfield, Kansas.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Have You Bought Any




this spring or summer? If not, why not? The stock is large and fresh, and prices were never so low. Our Women's Fine Dress Kid shoes at $2.00 per pair are the very best in the market. Men's Fine Shoes at $2.00 and $2.50 per pair that beat all of them, and our Seamless, Nobby Dress shoes at $3.00 can't be equaled by any one, and are simply dirt cheap.

Men's Calf Boots at Great Bargains,

as we are overstock and will sell them much below value. Come and get a bargain of me before the 4th of July.


Winfield, Kansas.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.


Real Estate Agency,

Over McDonald's Store.


[Did not type up listings. There were 13 in ad.]


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Recap. R. L. Walker, Register, Land Office at Wichita, Kansas. Notice given that settler making final proof in support of his claim. Settler: William A. Watkins. Notary Public at Winfield: Grant Stafford. Witnesses: S. P. Bishop, S. F. Beck, Henry Denning, and George Heineker, all of Winfield, Kansas.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The London Globe announces that James McDermott, the alleged Fenian informer, died some time ago, of cholera, in France.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The Mark Lane Express, of the 15th, stated that the British wheat crop was in better condition consequent upon genial weather.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Dr. J. Gerth has been sent by the Commissioner of Agriculture to inquire into the outbreak of hog cholera in Nebraska and Wisconsin.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Fire in Sacramento, California, the other morning destroyed the Phoenix flouring mills, the property of George Scroth & Co. Loss $70,000, two-thirds insured.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The French Budget Committee has adopted M. Tadicorio's proposal to issue treasury bonds to the amount of $20,000,000 francs to mature in thirty years.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Another man was interrupted while making preparations to jump from the Brooklyn bridge the other evening. This one gave his name as Parker F. Daily, cornetist of Jersey City.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The charges of speculation, gross favoritism, etc., made against the managers of the Government Insane Asylum at Washington have been examined by the Board of Inspectors and pronounced unfounded.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The cholera was reported spreading westward along the Mediterranean. There were several cases in Terlu, Alicante, and Cartagena. Twelve hundred persons left Madrid during the past few days in consequence of the cholera scare.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Anson Murray, a former journalist and a man of considerable fame in the anti-slavery movement from its inception, and also a writer upon religious questions, died at his home near Cincinnati recently, aged seventy-eight.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

A party of sportsmen just returned from Lake Jacques Cartier, sixty miles from Quebec, state that on the night of June 9 they narrowly escaped being frozen to death. A raging snow and hail storm accompanied by violent wind prevailed during that night.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Dispatches from London indicated that the Gladstone ministry were rather pleased than otherwise at their defeat, as it extricated them from many difficulties. It was thought that Earl Salisbury, the new Premier, would have the support of moderate Liberals.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Herbert Spencer said recently that the idea that colonies were an advantage was an illusion.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

A dispatch from Plymouth, Pennsylvania, of the 14th said it was thought the typhoid fever scourge had ended.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The Vienna papers, on account of the new Sunday law, have decided not to publish Monday mornings.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The iron mills of Oliver Bros. & Phillips at Pittsburgh, Pa., employing over 3,000 men, have resumed operations.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

A splendid British steamer, the Speke Hall, was recently wrecked by a cyclone in the Indian Ocean. Only one sailor escaped.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Harrigan, the St. Louis Chief of Police, has been reinstated, he having pledged himself to the strictest observance of all rules in the future.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Trainmen on the Buffalo, New York & Philadelphia Railway struck recently for sick pay and against a reduction of twenty-five percent.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The glass workers' strike at Pittsburgh, Pa., has collapsed and the men have resumed work at the reduction. The struggle lasted six months.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The tenor of the London criticisms on Swinburne's "Marino Fallero" is that it contains the grandest blank verse the author has ever written.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Anthony Funk, alias Talbot, charged with stealing more than two thousand volumes from the Chicago Public Library, has been declared insane.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

At Osgood, Ohio, Turner Graham and wife, colored, were killed by a mob armed with shot guns one night recently. The pair were considered obnoxious by the mob that wiped them out.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The Secretary of the Treasury has notified the custodians of public buildings throughout the country that the appropriation for payment of assistant custodians and janitors for the current year is exhausted.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The clearing house returns for week ended June 13, showed an average decrease of 16.9, compared with the corresponding week of last year. In New York the decrease was 23.1.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

A party of Englishmen in a coach near a French race track displayed a union jack recently. French betting men surrounded the coach, captured the flag, and would have roughly treated the Englishmen if they had not been prevented from doing so by the soldiers.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The brakemen on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad went on a general strike on the 13th. The trouble was the result of a reduction of forces on freight trains. A general reduction was made, removing the front brakemen of all trains drawn by Mogul engines. Intimidation was practiced at Newark, Ohio, resulting in two arrests.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Queen Victoria offered Mr. Gladstone an earldom, which he declined.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The post-office at White Springs, Florida, was burned the other night with all its contents.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The Journal de St. Petersburg says there is no truth whatever in the report that the Russians have taken possession of a harbor in Corea.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

General Grant with his family went to Mount McGregor, N. Y., on the 16th to pass the summer. The trip cost him much pain and fatigue.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Mahoney, a Chicago policeman, fatally shot Louis Johnson, a boy of sixteen, the other morning. The officer thought the boy acted suspiciously.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

General Gourko, Governor of Ireland, has forbidden the use of the national dress as a livery for servants. The Poles are greatly irritated by his tyranny.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The Postmaster General has decided that white men, who are members of Indian tribes, are eligible for appointment as postmasters in the Indian Territory.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

All the public gaming houses and poker rooms in Memphis, Tennessee, have been closed by the authorities, at the request of the Grand Jury of the Criminal Court.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Fire at Kizilarvat, Russia, destroyed all the material for the Trans-Caspian Railway. Workmen were returning to Bakaw on the west shore of the Caspian Sea.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Frank Butterfield was instantly killed and John Albright was terribly injured while unloading iron castings at the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern Railway freight house at Cleveland, Ohio, recently.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Isaac N. Hibbs, ex-postmaster of Lewiston, Idaho, who issued money orders to himself for over $20,000, was arrested on the 16th at Harrison River, British Columbia, and $10,500 was found on his person.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The suit of David Sinton, of Cincinnati, against Carter County, Kentucky, was decided by Judge Barr, at Louisville, Kentucky, in favor of Sinton. The amount involved was about $60,000 held in bonds issued by the county in building the Big Sandy Railroad.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Ex-Senator James N. Nesmith died at Deery, Polk County, Oregon, on the 17th.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Henry W. Blair was elected Senator in the New Hampshire Assembly on the 17th.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Fire in Charleston, Missouri, Wednesday, destroyed $25,000 worth of business houses and stocks of goods.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Minister Jackson presented his credentials to President Diaz, of Mexico, Tuesday, and was cordially received.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Emot Redberg, an ex-Mexican war veteran, and the oldest member of the G. A. R. in the United States, died at Vancouver, W. T., on the 17th, aged ninety-one.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Destructive fires have occurred in Ayrnau and Leutsoha, both towns in Hungary. At the former place 126 houses were burned, at the latter 400 houses. Many lives were lost.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

According to a statement of a reliable sugar house, the Cuban sugar crop this year up to June 1 amounted to 569,000 tons, against 530,000 tons to the same date last year.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

It was understood in Washington that ex-Congressman George H. Jenks, of Pennsylvania, who was tendered the Assistant Secretaryship of the Interior Department, had decided to accept.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The President has amended rule nineteen of the Civil Service Commission so as to include Deputy Naval Officials and Deputy Surveyors of Customs in the class of officers exempt from examination.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The New York Central Railroad Directors recently elected Chauncey M. Depew President and Horace G. Hayden Second Vice President, the position formerly occupied by Mr. Depew.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

The London Pall Mall Gazette states that the French Cabinet has decided to replace M. Patenotre, who negotiated the present treaty of peace between France and China, by M. Roustan, the present ambassador at Washington.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

A foolish fellow named Weaver recently shot with a Winchester rifle at a mark on the door of a powder magazine near Pueblo, Colorado. The magazine blew up and Weaver was instantly killed. His companion, Charles Nelson, was fatally wounded.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Bookmaking in New York has been stopped by order of the Chief of Police. The police captains were told that the selling of pools must be stopped in the city even if an injunction protected Jerome Park from invasion.