[George, Robert Sr., Robert Jr., Will, etc., Hudson.]



The Hudson family in the new world begins with George Hudson and his wife (Sarah Jones), who were born in Butterfield, England. They emigrated to Canada, in 1831. He died in Lake Simcoe, Canada, in 1847. They had five sons and six daughters.

George Hudson was born November 15, 1795, in Butterfield, England. He died March 13, 1847, in Lake Simcoe, Canada. He married Sarah Jones, no birth, marriage, or death date available. She also was born in Butterfield, England. Her death date is unknown but she is buried at Varney, Ontario, Canada.

They had eleven children, half of which were born in England. They are:

John, no dates, born in England, died in Canada.

Robert, born April 24, 1824, in England; died May 23, 1907, in Winfield, Kansas.

Henry, no dates, born in England, died in Canada.

Joseph, no dates, born in England, died in Canada.

William, no dates, died in Canada.

Sarah Ann, no dates, died in Canada.

Mary Jane, no dates, died in Canada.

Georgia, no dates, died in Canada.

three girls who died young.

Winfield Courier, Saturday, January 18, 1873.



LAGONDA HOUSE, Corner of Main and Eighth...S. A. Weir & Co., Proprietors. Stages arrive and depart from this Hotel daily for all points north and east.

BRADISH HOUSE, T. G. PEYTON, Proprietor. Corner Tenth Ave. and Millington Street, Winfield, Kansas.

HUDSON HOUSE, Refitted and refurnished. At North End of Main Street. Boarding: $5.50 per week, with lodging. $4 per week for day board.

ROBERT HUDSON, Proprietor.

Winfield Courier, Saturday, January 25, 1873.

Wheat. Winter wheat is doing well in this vicinity, and as far as heard from, throughout the country.

R. Hudson says that four acres on his farm, north of town, sowed with seed imported from Canada, cannot be beaten in the state.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 13, 1873.



Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 4, 1873.

DIED. Died in this city on the 28th ult., Mrs. Sarah Hudson, wife of Robert Hudson, aged 47 years. The deceased with her husband removed to this county from Upper Canada in 1871. She will be long remembered by those who knew her as a quiet, unassuming, Christian woman, who died as she had lived, in full reliance of the power of Christ.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 11, 1873.

The ladies of the Presbyterian Aid Society will hold a festival on Wednesday evening Sept. 17 (the second day of the fair) in Mr. Hudson's building, one door south of the Lagonda House. A supper and other refreshments will be furnished.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 2, 1873.

The Rev. J. E. Platter will preach in Hudson's building on Main Street next Sunday at 11 o'clock a.m. and 7 p.m.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1873.

The Soldier's Association met at Winfield Nov. 27th, 1873. After falling into line under command of Capt. Wm. H. H. McArthur and preceded by the Winfield Silver Cornet Band, they were marched to Hudson's Hall, the place designated for the business meeting. The Association was called to order by C. M. Wood, President of the Association, who introduced Capt. S. C. Smith, Mayor of Winfield, who in a few happy remarks bade the heroes welcome to Winfield. The Secretary read the minutes of the meeting of October 18th. Col. E. C. Manning, chairman of the Committee to draft Constitution and By-Laws then submitted the following, which was read by sections and articles and after some amendments was adopted.



ARTICLE I. This Association of Union Soldiers living in Cowley County, Kansas, shall be known as the Cowley County Soldiers Association.

ARTICLE II. Every union soldier or sailor who served with honor and was honorably discharged from the United States service, and now living in Cowley County may become a member of this association by subscribing to the constitution and paying the fees proscribed by the by-laws of the same.

ARTICLE III. The object of this Association shall be the perpetuation of memories of military achievements of the armies to which the members of this association belonged and to promote confidence and good fellowship among late comrades in arms, and protect and relieve as far as possible the needy families of those members of this society who may hereafter be called hence. And the welfare of the soldiers' widows and orphans shall ever be a holy trust with this association.

ARTICLE IV. The officers of this association shall be designated as President, Vice President, Secretary and Treasurer, and shall consist of one President, two Vice Presidents, one Secretary, and one Assistant Secretary and one Treasurer, and the aforesaid officers shall be elected by ballot with a majority vote immediately upon the adoption of this constitution and by-laws, and said officers shall hold their office for one year, or until their successors are elected. All vacancies in the aforesaid offices shall be filled by election.


SECTION I. The regular meeting of this association shall be held on the 4th day of July and on Thanksgiving day in each year.

SECTION 2. All regular meetings of the Association shall be opened by prayer to Almighty God, offered by the Chaplain or a minister of the Gospel to be designated by the President.

SECTION 3. All meetings shall be presided over by the chief presiding officer present and the usual duties incumbent upon such officers shall be performed by the respective officers herein named.

SECTION 4. In all deliberations of the society unless otherwise specially provided, parliamentary law shall govern.

SECTION 5. Every person desiring to become a member of this association may do so by signing the constitution and paying to the treasurer such amount as annual dues as the Association shall designate.

SECTION 6. All money expended by the Treasurer shall be paid out on the order of the secretary, countersigned by the president. At each annual meeting the treasurer shall make a report showing all receipts and expenditures for the preceeding year.

SECTION 7. No member of the society shall speak more than twice upon any question nor longer than five minutes without the consent of the association.

SECTION 8. The association shall select from its members a person to deliver each annual address before the association.

SECTION 9. Any member in arrears for dues for one year shall be dropped from the rolls, and can only be reinstated by a vote of the society. A member may be expelled from the association for disorderly or dishonorable conduct by a vote of the association.

SECTION 10. Special meetings of the Association can be called by the president and secretary, and any meeting may adjourn from time to time.

SECTION 11. No discussion of a political character shall be allowed.

The meeting then adjourned to meet at the courthouse for dinner.

The soldiers then formed into line and the entire association marched to the courthouse, where a beautiful dinner was spread.

After dinner, Major John B. Fairbank, J. C. Bigger, Col. E. C. Manning, and Judge Hilton addressed the association.

On motion the old officers were elected to hold over until the 4th of July 1874.

A vote of thanks was unanimously tendered to the ladies of Winfield for their interest in behalf of the soldiers.

A vote of thanks was also tendered to the Winfield Silver Cornet Band [MISSING LINE]

services and also to Messrs. Stewart and Simpson, contractors, for the use of the courtroom.

After singing the old soul stirring song "Tramp, Tramp" the association adjourned to meet July 4th, 1874. C. M. WOOD, Pres.


Winfield Courier, February 6, 1874.

A dance will be given at Hudson's Hall on Friday evening Feb. 13th. Good music will be provided, and no pains will be spared to make the affair enjoyable. All are invited. Tickets fifty cents. T. M. CONCANNON, Manager.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1874.

A ventriloquist and sleight-of-hand performer gave a show in Hudson's hall last Friday and Saturday evenings. The show was a very poor affair and the proceeds were small, and the performer decamped without interviewing his landlord. The majority of our citizens are not easily duped by such fellows, but once in a while one gets "bit."

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1874.

A. H. Barnard of Belle Plain, and James F. Hall of Wichita, have formed a co-partnership and rented the Hudson House in this city. They are both gentlemen of experience in the Hotel business, and will make the Hudson House one of the best in the city. We are always glad to welcome such men to our midst.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1874.

The Hudson House, under the management of its new proprietors, Hall & Barnard, and under the name of the Valley House, will be opened by a grand ball upon the 19th of this month.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1874.

The Ball given at the Valley House last Tuesday evening was a decided success in every respect. The crowd was well selected and the music was fair and although the dining room was rather small for the crowd, under the gentlemanly management of Mr. Hall, time passed pleasantly. Messrs. Barnard & Hall, the new proprietors, have fitted the house up in splendid style. Everything about the premises is new, and the house has undergone such a thorough renovation that the patrons of the old Hudson House would never surmise from the appearance of the interior that it is the same building. The cooking, which is a very important feature of a hotel, is done by Mr. Hall, who is an old hand at the business, and understands all the secrets of the art, as those who were wont to visit him at the Oyster Bay in Wichita can attest. Mr. Barnard, as a landlord, cannot be surpassed; always amiable and accommodating and a gentleman in every sense of the word. Both of the proprietors have served their apprenticeship at the hotel business, and fully understand the wants and requirements of the public, and we have no doubt that they will ere long, have a large share of the patronage of the citizens of the city, as well as the public generally.


Winfield Courier, February 4, 1875.

A report was given relative to pupils attending grammar and intermediate departments of Winfield schools by W. C. Robinson. "The efficiency of our schools is much hindered by tardiness and irregular attendance. Parents will oblige us by aiding in overcoming this difficulty." Students in different departments were listed.

Intermediate Department.

Robert Hudson

Joseph Hudson

Sarah Hudson

Grammar Department.

Mary Hudson

Wm. Hudson

Winfield Courier, March 25, 1875.

The Valley House has again changed hands. Mr. Robert Hudson, the proprietor, this time taking charge. Mr. Hudson has completely renovated the house from top to bottom, and as he is an experienced hand at the hotel business, the Valley House will no doubt be one of the most popular hotels in the city.


Winfield Courier, March 25, 1875.


There will be a meeting of the stockholders of the Winfield Cemetery Association on Wednesday, March 31, 1875, at W. H. H. Maris' store. All persons owning a lot in the Winfield Cemetery are stockholders, and entitled to vote at the meeting. A full attendance is requested. The following is a list of the said stockholders.


John Lowrey, C. A. Bliss, Mrs. Clara Flint, Robert Hudson, W. L. Fortner, W. H. Dunn, Mallard, Dr. D. N. Egbert, J. H. Land, W. M. Boyer, A. Menor, S. J. Swanson, Mrs. Eliza Davis, M. L. Read. S. C. Smith, Kenton, Marshall, Henry Martin, W. H. H. Maris, Mrs. K. Maris, E. Maris, J. Newman, L. J. Webb, J. W. Smiley, George W. Brown, John Rhoads, H. H. Lacy, L. T. Michner, George Gray, N. H. Holmes, John Mentch, M. Steward, J. J. Barrett, J. W. Johnson, J. Evans, Cutting, W. G. Graham, S. W. Greer, Dr. W. Q. Mansfield, J. D. Cochran, C. C. Stephens, W. H. South, J. C. Weathers, Mrs. Joseph Foos, G. S. Manser, Mrs. Southworth, A. A. Jackson, J. F. Graham, Mrs. H. McMasters, S. H. Myton, S. H. Darrah, M. L. Robinson, D. H. Rodocker, R. H. Tucker, James Kelly, W. Dibble, D. F. Best, Z. T. Swigart, R. Rogers.


Winfield Courier, April 1, 1875.



Is the most popular House in Winfield.

The best accommodation for Commercial Travelers.

Stages arrive and depart daily.

Just north of the Lagonda House, Winfield, Kansas.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.


WINFIELD, KANSAS, August 9th, 1875.

I hereby forbid anyone trusting my wife, Francis R. Hudson, on my account, as I will not pay any debts of her contracting. ROBERT HUDSON.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

Cowley County District Court.

The following is a list of cases that will stand for trial at the September term of the District Court, to be holden on and from the 27th, and have been placed on the Trial Docket in the following order.


Robert Hudson vs. W. S. Voris.

Winfield Courier, January 6, 1876.

Our "Courier" Patrons.

In beginning the "Centennial year," with an enterprise like the one we have engaged in this week, it is but right and proper that we make honorable mention of the men who, by giving us their patronage, have greatly helped us in the "financial" part thereof.

Alphabetically arranged, they appear as follows.

HUDSON, ROBERT, contractor, has put up more substantial buildings than any man in town, and the best of it is, he furnished the "wherewith" to do it. He owns them. He will soon take charge of the "Valley House" and run it on Canadian principles. He is one of the original originals.

HUDSON & BROWN do a prospering business at blacksmithing. They are accommodat-ing and reliable. "Give the boys a chance."

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1876.

City Council Proceedings.

WINFIELD, KANSAS, April 17th, 1876.

Bill of W. M. Boyer, six dollars and ten cents, Police Judge's fees in case of city of Winfield vs. Wm. Hudson, was read, and on motion of M. G. Troup was approved for five dollars and sixty cents, being the amount of the bill except the witness fee of M. G. Troup, fifty cents.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1876.


Notice is hereby given that George Hudson and James Brown, under the firm name of Hudson & Brown, have dissolved partnership--George Hudson continuing the business. Also that all parties indebted to the said firm will find their accounts at W. M. Boyer's.

The following named students of the Intermediate Department received prizes for good standing in their classes: 1st Fourth Reader, Minnie Stewart; 2nd Fourth Reader, Alfred Tarrant; Third Reader, Eddie Bullene; 1st Spelling class, Hattie Andrews; 2nd Spelling class, Ada Hudson; 3rd Spelling class, May Manning.

Winfield Courier, July 27, 1876.

BEN. MANNING, aged twelve years, was jumped by a vicious hog belonging to Mr. Hudson, on Tuesday last, and was knocked down and bitten in the hand and arm before he could escape.

Winfield Courier, August 17, 1876.

Just before going to press we learn that Mr. S. S. Majors has disposed of the City Hotel. Mr. Robert Hudson, formerly proprietor of the Valley House, being the purchaser, will take possession on Tuesday next. Sid. has, during his stay in this city, conducted the City Hotel with credit to himself, to the house, and to Winfield, and his many friends sincerely regret his going out of the hotel business in this city. Mr. Majors informs us that he intends returning to his farm some four miles west of Arkansas City.

Winfield Courier, August 24, 1876.

MR. ROBERT HUDSON took possession of the City Hotel last Monday.




ROBT. HUDSON, Proprietor.

Good Sample Rooms for the Accommodation of

Commercial Men.

The House will be run in better style than ever before.

Winfield Courier, August 31, 1876.

It was not Wm. Hudson that bought out the City Hotel. Will still watches the wheels and wheels the watches into time down at the city jewelry store.

Winfield Courier, September 7, 1876.

MASTERS FRANK FREELAND, BEN MANNING, WILLIE McCLELLAN, and JOHNNIE HUDSON have the thanks of the COURIER office boys for several nice melons.

Winfield Courier, September 7, 1876.

City Council Proceedings.

WINFIELD, KAN., Sept. 4, 1876.

Bill of R. A. Burns, $4.00, for care of one Hudson, a pauper, was read and, on motion, the council recommended that the county commissioners pay the same.

Winfield Courier, September 14, 1876.

WILL HUDSON has moved the City Jewelry Store to the rooms formerly occupied by Mrs. Kennedy.

Winfield Courier, September 14, 1876.

The City Hotel has a new register and blotter. The blotter contains the advertising cards of Messrs. Webb & Torrance, Wm. and Geo. Hudson, M. L. Read, J. D. Pryor, John Nichols, W. G. Graham, J. M. Reed, A. G. Wilson, B. F. Baldwin, Joe Likowski, Henry Jochems, J. B. Lynn, W. B. Gibbs, McGuire & Midkiff, and Hill & Christie. It the neatest register in the valley. Mr. Hudson is starting off on the right foot this time.

Winfield Courier, September 21, 1876.

MR. HUDSON, of the City Hotel, claims to have the only spring beds in the valley.

Winfield Courier, October 5, 1876.

City Council Proceedings.

WINFIELD, KANSAS, Oct. 3, 1876.

Bill of B. F. Baldwin, $13.10, against Cowley County, medicine for one W. Hudson, a pauper of Winfield Township and City, was read, and on motion the council recommended the county commissioners to pay the same.

Bill of J. E. Searl, $20, attention and care of same W. Hudson, a pauper, was read and on motion the council recommended the commissioners to pay the same.

D. A. Millington, mayor, taking the chair, the bill of Dr. W. R. Davis, $64.50, was read and council recommended the bill be allowed for $43, medical attendance on same Hudson, a pauper.

Bill of Robt. Hudson, $50, for board of same Hudson, a pauper, and attendance on same was read and council recommended the same to be allowed for $40.

Winfield Courier, October 19, 1876.

Hudson has a revolving advertising desk.

Winfield Courier, November 9, 1876.

City Council Proceedings.

WINFIELD, KAN., Nov. 7, 1876.

Bill of Sarah A. Fox, for $15.00, against Cowley County for care of Wm. Martin, a pauper, was read and on motion the council recommended the commissioners to pay the same.

Winfield Courier, November 16, 1876.

WM. HUDSON denies that he is inexperienced in the watch-repairing business, and denies that his are second-hand goods. He says he will duplicate any other man's work or prices in the county, and warrants his work to last as long a time. His goods are the best and were bought especially for Cowley county buyers.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1876.

WILL HUDSON is ordering goods in his line every day. Persons wishing silver spoons, forks, casters, napkin rings, ladies' and gent's sets, bracelets, cuff pins, watches, watch chains, etc., will do well to leave their orders with him. He will order goods for holiday presents at cost. Orders solicited at the earliest possible date.

Winfield Courier, December 7, 1876.


An Advertisement.

I do not advertise my goods in anybody's "oral Bugle," in the Telegram, or in any organ that sells its columns to advertisers for the sole purpose of abusing a rival jeweler. I am running a first class jewelry store, buy my goods of first class dealers, and I pay for them. I warrant all my work. I came here before there was any Winfield or any junk-shop jewelers in this section--I came here to stay. You will not find me moving from place to place every month, or abusing those who chose to come after me. Call and see me and you will find the above statements substantially correct. Very respectfully, W. M. HUDSON.

Winfield Courier, December 21, 1876.

The City Hotel is doing a better business than ever before. Every bed and every room has been occupied for weeks by regular boarders and transient guests. Mr. Hudson is a popular landlord and deserves success.

Winfield Courier, January 25, 1877.

City Council Proceedings.

WINFIELD, KANSAS, January 1, 1877.

Bill of Robert Hudson against Cowley County for care of pauper, one W. Hudson, was read and on motion referred back to him without recommendation of its payment.

Winfield Courier, February 22, 1877. Editorial Page.


The taxpayers and farmers of Winfield Township are grievously disappointed at the action of Saturday's meeting. They are no more so than the same class of men all over the county. It is a common cause. That our readers may see that our conclusions are justified, we give the names of the following heaviest taxpayers in town, who were in favor of a change of the law, and who have so expressed themselves: C. A. Bliss, C. C. Black, Dr. W. R. Davis, Col. J. M. Alexander, J. C. Fuller, J. B. Lynn, Dr. W. Q. Mansfield, B. F. Baldwin, D. A. Millington, Rev. J. E. Platter, J. P. Short, S. H. Myton, E. C. Manning, R. Hudson, W. L. Mullen, Wm. Rodgers, Max Shoeb, Ira Moore, J. P. McMillen, J. M. Bair, J. S. Hunt.

Besides these gentlemen there is a large class of smaller taxpayers in town of the same mind. Outside of the city limits four-fifths of the farmers are in favor of a change in the law.

Winfield Courier, March 1, 1877.

Mr. George Hudson left for the Black Hills last Monday morning. Mr. Joe. Rickels, formerly of Winfield and Arkansas City, who is at present in the Hills running a blacksmith shop, sent for him, offering him $4.00 a day and his board.

Winfield Courier, March 1, 1877.

Wm. Hudson, Winfield's prosperous jeweler, has just received the largest and finest stock of clocks ever brought into the market. He has any kind of a clock a man need want, from a small lever clock to a large wall clock, and at purchasers own price.

Winfield Courier, March 8, 1877.

Messrs. Hudson and Yerger have some very fine gold rings of their own manufacture, which are finely finished. They make rings, any size, or of as fine material as may be desired.

Winfield Courier, March 15, 1877.

Will Hudson's jewelry store has been muchly improved by the addition of a new fire proof safe and a metal show case. Now he can keep watches, jewelry, and other valuables left in his care with perfect safety.

Winfield Courier, March 15, 1877.

Will Hudson has received another fine stock of jewelry, clocks, etc., which he will sell at prices of inferior goods and warrant. He keeps no auction goods.

Winfield Courier, March 15, 1877.

City Council Proceedings.

WINFIELD, KANSAS, March 5, 1877.

Bill of S. S. Major, $41.50, for care of Hudson, pauper, was reported on by finance committee, and, on motion, the bill was rejected.

Winfield Courier, April 5, 1877.

Will Hudson has improved the appearance of his jewelry store by putting a glass door in the place of the old panel one.

Winfield Courier, April 19, 1877.

We understand that Mr. Jochems will remove his extensive stock of hardware, stoves, and tinware to the room one door south of Will Hudson's jewelry store next week.

Winfield Courier, May 17, 1877.

Court Notes.

The Court cut the Hudson vs. Hudson case off without much talk. The Judge decided that neither was entitled to a divorce, nor was either able to live with the other--that in fact they might shift around for fifteen months on probation (as it were), and at the end of that time report progress to the court. In the meantime Robert is to pay Nancy $10 every four weeks as a kind of a memento to show that by the grace of the Court they are permitted to live as they agreed to live--as man and wife.

"Judgment for plaintiff," was rendered on two or three pages of the trial docket, which means that the mortgagee takes the farm and has permission to chase the poor defendant out of the country for the back taxes.

Winfield Courier, May 31, 1877.

Max Shoeb has just finished a fine two-horse spring-wagon which is put up and finished in better style than any we have seen lately. Mr. W. H. Hudson did the woodwork, and also the painting, which is done in the best and neatest style.


Winfield Courier, July 5, 1877.




Opposite Read's Bank,


Needles, Oil, Attachments, and Supplies for all machines always on hand.

J. A. SEXTON, Agent for Cowley.

Winfield Courier, July 26, 1877.

Geo. Hudson returned Saturday from the Black Hills.

Winfield Courier, August 16, 1877.




The M. E. Church Free From Debt.

On Sunday last in the new stone church one of the largest audiences that ever met in Winfield congregated to help dedicate the new and imposing edifice to the good of man and the glory of God.

C. R. Pomeroy, D. D., of Emporia; C. C. McCabe, D. D., of Chicago; Presiding Elder Walters, of Wichita; J. E. Fox, P. E. at Hutchinson; Rev. J. Kirby, and Rev. J. P. Harson, of Wichita; Rev. H. J. Walker, Wellington; Rev. J. W. Stewart, Oxford; Reverends B. C. Swarts, Arkansas City; E. Nance, Maple City; Long, of Tisdale; W. H. McCamey, of Dexter; J. E. Platter, C. J. Adams, P. Lahr, and J. L. Rusbridge, pastor, of Winfield, assisted in the labors of the day.

Chaplain McCabe spoke for an hour to an attentive and interested audience, pointing in forcible and glowing terms to the work of the church, the needs of our people, the dangers to our Republic, and the saving power of religion in matters of dollars and cents, of bread and butter. True is it, as he said, that the demon of intemperance finds its most untiring and relentless antagonist in the church of Christ. As a social, a political, an economical, and an educational investment, our church capital is productive beyond all other investments.

The sermon of the morning was followed by a statement from Mr. Rushbridge concerning the financial condition of the M. E. Church of Winfield. A building had been erected at an expense of $7,000, of which some three thousand dollars remained unpaid. The work of this day, the prefatory exercises of the dedication, was to raise the sum of twenty-five hundred dollars, which would practically cancel the immense debt of the church and free the building from all encumbrances.

At this announcement from Mr. Rushbridge, the hearts of the most hopeful failed them, and few felt that the work of this day would remove this immense burden. In a few minutes contributions and subscriptions began to pour in. One hundred dollars was reached--then five hundred, and soon a thousand had been subscribed, and then the hopes of all grew stronger, and the purses of the many grew liberal, while rich and poor, male and female, saint and sinner, gave of their means to aid the noble cause. By the close of the morning services about eight hundred dollars had been given. At the afternoon exercises a few hundred more was given, and at night the entire amount of twenty-five hundred dollars was reached, and then the audience rose up and sang that grand old song, "Praise God from whom all Blessings Flow." The work was done! The church was free! The service of dedication was finished, and the people departed to their homes proud of the beautiful edifice which adorns our city, but prouder still of that generosity and liberality which adorns the hearts and minds of our enterprising citizens.

Of the music, of the songs, of the sermons, of the vast crowd assembled, we say nothing, as the entire city seemed to have been present and to enjoy the occasion, and so our readers need no comments upon these matters.

An elegant silver set for communion service, presented by F. M. Friend, and a fine clock from Will Hudson were among the donations.

The building is 40 x 80 feet in size, with an arched ceiling 27 feet high. It is beautiful in outline and harmonious in its appointments.

Winfield Courier, August 23, 1877.


Our friend, Robert Hudson, has got his divorce. It will be recollected that he had a suit for divorce pending before the District Court of this county for some time which culminated in the refusal of his honor, Judge Campbell, to grant the divorce, but charging him ten dollars per month to be paid to his wife for her support.

Feeling deeply grieved by this decision of the court, he followed in the footsteps of the illustrious Brick Pomeroy, and like him obtain his decree in a probate court of the land of Brigham.

Like Brick, he too accepted the services of a sharp Chicago lawyer, who, for the sum of one hundred dollars, to be deposited in Read's bank to await the result, agreed to obtain for his client a decree of divorce without alimony that would be valid in this or any other state, and be so pronounced by our courts, and when it should have been so procured and tested, Read was to pay over the fees.

The famous Poland bill which passed Congress and became a law, in giving jurisdiction to the territorial courts of Utah, provides that the Probate Courts of Utah in their respective counties shall have jurisdiction of suits for divorce for statutory causes concurrently with the District courts.

The act of the Territorial legislature of Utah relating to bills of divorce provides that "Any person who is a resident of the Territory or wishes to become one, could maintain an action for divorce in that Territory, and "when it shall appear to the satisfaction and conviction of the court that the parties cannot live in peace and union together, and that their welfare requires a separation" then a divorce shall be granted.

Now neighbor Hudson really does wish to become a resident of Utah, and it is really true that he and his wife "cannot live in peace and union together," therefore it was very easy to satisfy and convince a probate judge in Utah of these facts. So having first made the required publication in some Utah newspaper that has a circulation of 150 copies, our Chicago limb of the law presents his evidence and the decree of divorce is granted without alimony. An attested copy of the decree is on deposit at Read's bank awaiting a judicial test in our courts.

Mr. Hudson proposes to refuse payment of the next $10 alimony, which is due Sept. 1st, at which time the District Court will be in session, which will precipitate the test of his divorce which he desires.

We shall leave the matter without expressing an opinion for the court will soon act upon the case.

Winfield Courier, September 20, 1877.

Mrs. Mansfield and son, Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Bliss, Mr. and Mrs. C. C. Black, Mr. C. S. Thomas, W. D. Roberts, Wm. Hudson, and T. M. McGuire are attending the Kansas City exposition.

Winfield Courier, October 25, 1877.

Wm. Hudson & Bro.,

Watchmakers And Jewelers,

Keep constantly on hand the latest styles of Watches,

Clocks, and Jewelry.


done with promptness and skill, and



in which are kept all articles left for repairs.

Winfield Courier, December 6, 1877.

Will Hudson & Bro. have filled their store cases chuck full of jewelry, silverware, and watches. It is the largest stock of jewelry ever brought to this city, from which any man, woman, or child can select anything they may desire for their own use or for holiday presents.

Winfield Courier, March 21, 1878.

The old log store has gone to a more northeastern site. Robert Hudson put his log wheels under it last Saturday and it had to budge, heavy as it was. In 1870 this building was about all there was of Winfield. It has done service as store, church, political headquarters, law office, post office, schoolhouse, printing office, and almost everything else, but it had to give place to a more pretentious building. It looks lonesome around the old site.


Winfield Courier, April 11, 1878.

Mr. E. S. Bedilion, District Clerk, furnishes us with the following list of cases which will probably be for trial at the next term of the District Court commencing on Monday, May 6th, 1878.


M. L. Read v. Robt. Hudson et al.

Winfield Courier, April 18, 1878.

Commissioners' Proceedings.

Upon presentation of a petition and bond by E. C. Manning et al. asking for the view and survey for a county road, the board appointed T. A. Blanchard, Robert Hudson, and A. T. Shenneman viewers, to meet on the 9th day of May, 1878.

Winfield Courier, May 2, 1878. Editorial Page.


Mr. E. S. Bedilion, District Clerk, furnishes us with the following list of cases which will probably be for trial at the next term of the District Court commencing on Monday, May 6th, 1878.


Second Day.

M. L. Read v. Robt. Hudson et al.

Winfield Courier, May 2, 1878.

Robert Hudson seems to be rolling buildings about town with as much ease as rolling eight inch balls at ten pins.

Winfield Courier, May 9, 1878.

District Court Proceedings.

Judgment for plaintiff by default was ordered in the following: M. L. Read vs. R. Hudson et al.

Winfield Courier, May 23, 1878.

W. A. Hart, from near Douglass, is fitting up the Robert Hudson building on the corner south of the Central Hotel for a restaurant.

Winfield Courier, June 13, 1878.

Our councilmen, George W. Gully, Robert Hudson, and J. M. Olds lost some shirts from a clothes line at the American House one day last week, and a certain man was suspected of the theft. Deputy J. H. Finch was sent into the country to find the stolen shirts and other articles of clothing. Finch has the trunk in charge and is ready to deliver it to the owner whenever he calls for it.

Winfield Courier, July 4, 1878.

Council Proceedings.

WINFIELD, KANSAS, July 1, 1878.

Council met in council chamber. J. B. Lynn, mayor, absent; all councilmen but H. Jochems present.

Action was taken on the following bills. [Showing Allowed Only.]

R. Hudson, foundation on poor house: $5.50

Winfield Courier, July 11, 1878.

That Trip on the Aunt Sally."

We "let off" our surplus patriotism on the Fourth by going to Arkansas City and taking a ride on the "Aunt Sally" beneath the classic shades of the "raging Walnut." The said "Aunt Sally" is not exactly like the Sound steamers that ply between Fall River and New York. We did not see the elegant staterooms, dining-hall, furniture, and such; but she paddled along just as well as though arrayed in gay plumage. The passengers stood up on deck and sweltered in the heat; taking two or three small showers for variety; then the whistle made most unearthly screams and the band played patriotic airs. The boat was manned by Channell, Sleeth, Swarts, Farrar, Mowry, and many others of the old sailors of Arkansas City. Many Winfield ladies and gentlemen were on board with us, exhibiting more enthusiasm, we thought, than did our "seaport" friends. When we returned to the landing, Bonsall was on hand with his camera to take a picture of the boat and its passengers, but we shall never believe he got a good picture until he furnishes us with a copy. When that infernal whistle shrieked, it was with difficulty that we prevented our unsophisticated Winfielders from following the example of the Indians down the river by jumping off and wading ashore. Troup jumped about 18 feet, Harris 14, Baird 12, Bliss 10, McMullen & Lemmon 3, Hudson 2. The rest of them were on the other side of the boat and we were not able to record their feats of ground and lofty tumbling.

Winfield Courier, August 1, 1878.

Real Estate Transfers.

Mary A. Millington and husband to George Hudson, lot 15, block 127, Winfield; $45.

Winfield Courier, August 22, 1878.

Robert Hudson, the "prime mover" of buildings, has removed the old post office building to parts unknown.

Winfield Courier, September 26, 1878.

Will Hudson has been putting several fine show cases in his jewelry store, and now has one of the best establishments in the city.

Winfield Courier, October 17, 1878.

BIRTH. Born, on Saturday night, to Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Hudson, a son; nine pounds and a half--cigars.

Winfield Courier, October 24, 1878.

Geo. Hudson has quit blacksmithing and gone to work in the jewelry store.

Winfield Courier, December 5, 1878.

Hudson Bros. have just received two hundred new, elegant clocks, which they will sell at low prices.

Winfield Courier, December 19, 1878.

L. H. Hope and Hudson Bros. have on exhibition in their show windows two excellent premiums, consisting of a very fine flower vase and a silver castor, valued at $22.50, which premiums will be given away at the Grand Masquerade Ball on New Year's Eve to the finest and best appearing lady's and gent's mask. Therefore, brace up; secure an invitation and a masquerade suit in time, and whatever character you represent act well, and you will have a chance to be the "lucky person" and carry home the prize. There will be no extra charge for your chance; it only costs $1.50 per couple, the regular price of admission.

Winfield Courier, December 26, 1878.

The members of Winfield Lodge, No. 110, I. O. O. F., have chosen the following named brethren as officers of this lodge for the term commencing January 1, 1879.

Wm. Hudson, L. S. S.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 2, 1879.

The following is a list of new buildings erected in the city of Winfield since January 1, 1878, with the name of owner and cost of building.

Wm. Hudson, residence, frame: $450.


Winfield Courier, January 2, 1879.

The Courier feels proud of its list of advertisers. No county newspaper in the state can boast a larger list or one made up of better, more honorable or more enterprising men. Here they are in alphabetical order.

HUDSON BROS., are young men, born mechanics. They are in the jewelry, silverware, watch, and clock trade, and they know how to make and mend in the best of style. Their strict attention to business and pleasing manners are winning over an excellent trade.

[WINFIELD LODGE, NO. 101, I. O. O. F.]

Winfield Courier, January 16, 1879.

The following officers of the Winfield Lodge, No. 101, I. O. O. F., were installed last Thursday evening.

Will Hudson, L. S. S.

Winfield Courier, February 13, 1879.

W. H. Hudson has opened a wagonmaking shop in the rear of Dan Miller's blacksmith shop. Mr. Hudson is a good workman.

Winfield Courier, February 13, 1879.

Misses Nellie Aldrin, Sarah Bovee, Mattie Minnehan, Estella Crook, Annie Hudson, Hattie McKinley, Electa Strong, Lyda Strong, Mrs. I. E. Brown, Ed. S. Smith, J. S. Baker, A. E. Hon, L. McKinley, and Mrs. S. E. Litton were at the teachers' examination held in this city on the first of this month.

Winfield Courier, February 27, 1879.

Capt. Sanford has fitted up the Hudson building, corner of Eight Avenue and Main Street, and intends moving his billiard hall into it.


Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

The following is a list of cases that will stand for trial at the May, A. D. 1879, term of the District Court of Cowley County, beginning on the first Monday in May, and have been placed on the Trial Docket in the following order.



Robert Hudson vs. Frances R. Hudson.

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

The city authorities are sinking a public well in front of Hudson Bros. jewelry store.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

Mr. Robert Hudson moved the Jochem building with all the shelf hardware intact and never disturbed a thing. When Mr. Hudson goes to work on a building, he is sure to make it go.

Winfield Courier, July 3, 1879.

Mr. Robert Hudson, the boss mover of Winfield, accomplished a feat in the moving line last week which is worthy of mention. He moved Harry Bahntge's old building from one lot over on another without jarring the plastering or moving a thing out of the house. The building was filled with furniture which was neither moved nor jarred.

Winfield Courier, July 31, 1879.

Last Saturday Mr. Robert Hudson finished taking out the Timber Creek bridge which was thrown down last week. The bridge is very little damaged, there being only one rod and a wooden cross-beam broken. The opinion of the persons who took the bridge out is that it did not go down in the center as at first supposed, but was thrown off of the abutment by the springing and crowding of the ponies. The irons and belts have all been taken out and are now at the foundry, and will only need to be straightened before they can be put back. It is estimated that three hundred dollars will put the bridge back on the old abutments in as good shape as it was before.

Winfield Courier, August 21, 1879.

We have been instructed to say that the person who feloniously and with malice aforethought, took three of Robert Hudson's jack screws from his residence recently, had better return the same without further notice and save trouble.


Winfield Courier, August 21, 1879.

(Commencing Monday, Aug. 25, 1879.)


Robert Hudson Torrance & Asp.


Francis R. Hudson


Winfield Courier, October 23, 1879.

We appeal to the honest voters of this county to vote for Shenneman, a capable and honest man, instead of one whose unfitness requires the aid of fraud to give him any chance. We appeal to them that they see that all attempts at fraud in the coming election be detected and punished.

Here following some of the affidavits.



Cowley County. ) ss.

Robert Hudson, after being first duly sworn, upon his oath, says that he is a citizen of Winfield, in said county and state, and has been for several years last past.

That his occupation is that of house mover, that during the year 1878 James Kelly, then postmaster of this city, employed affiant to move the old post office building from Dr. Mendenhall's premises. Dr. Mendenhall commenced an action in attachment against James Kelly, and the order of attachment was placed in the hands of Charles L. Harter, Sheriff of said county, to execute, and instructed him to levy upon said building. He came down to levy upon the building, affiant at the time being at work getting it ready to move away. James Kelly was present. Harter stated his business to him and said he was going to levy upon the building and for me to stop work, and for Kelly to get out.

Kelly ordered him to leave and told him he would put a head on him if he did not go and Harter taking him at his word left. Kelly told affiant to go ahead with the moving. Affiant did so and moved the building away and Harter never did get possession of the same, and further the affiant says not. ROBERT HUDSON.

Subscribed and sworn to before me this 18th day of October, 1879.

HENRY E. ASP, Notary Public.



Cowley County. ) ss.

J. P. Mayfield, after being duly sworn upon his oath doth say, that I was one of the hands, and helped Robert Hudson move the old post-office building from Dr. Mendenhall's premises. I went there with the tools and went to work, the first man on the building. Hudson and Jim Kelly were present. Charles L. Harter came there and Kelly and he had some words. Kelly ordered us to hurry up and pay no attention to anyone but him. We did so, and we never stopped the building until we got it into the street. Harter left and never got possession, or levied upon the building at all that day, and the moving of the building went right along until we got it into the street, where we had to stop, waiting for the cattle to pull it away, and as soon as the cattle came we went ahead, and if Mr. Harter ever levied upon the building his levy did not interfere with our business, and none of us ever knew of it. It is certain he never took possession or attempted to do so. John E. Allen to the contrary notwithstanding.


Subscribed and swore to before me, this 29th day of October, 1879.

W. P. HACKNEY, Notary Public.

Winfield Courier, November 6, 1879.

Hudson Bros. received last Monday a large and handsome safe, which will be placed in their jewelry store. It the largest safe, outside of the banks in the city.

Winfield Courier, December 4, 1879.

Among the many handsome things lately received by Hudson Bros. is a "Cuckoo Clock." It works splendidly and is a jem of the kind.

Winfield Courier, April 1, 1880.

The elements seem to have a particular spite against Robert Hudson. His barn was destroyed by the cyclone of Wednesday night and Friday night the wind took the awning from the front of his building on Main street.


Winfield Courier, April 1, 1880.

The big blow of last Thursday morning was perhaps as destructive as any that has yet visited this locality. The wind seemed to strike the earth at intervals, tearing everything to pieces which happened to be in its way. The first damage done was to the lumberyard of S. A. Brown & Co. A large shed was torn to pieces, their office moved from its foundation, and the lumber scattered promiscuously over several acres of ground.

The cyclone then seemed to sweep on, overturning out-houses and chimneys until it struck the house of L. W. Spach, a one story frame building, which in the twinkle of an eye was torn to pieces and scattered along the trail of the wind 50 yards. Mrs. Spach and the youngest child were slightly injured.

The next building that suffered was John Campbell's story and a half frame residence. It was lifted from the foundation, turned squarely upside down, and dropped; the comb of the roof striking the ground and splitting the building open in the center. The lower floor was carried a distance of 100 yards, followed by a mattress, a table, and a safe. Mr. Campbell, wife, and two children, who were sleeping in the house, were all more or less injured, though not fatally.

The next victim of the relentless elements was John Beer, who, with a family named Peters, owned and occupied a story and a half frame house on the Fuller addition. Their house was literally torn to pieces and scattered all over the neighboring lots. One of the ladies in the house was severely injured.

Robert Hudson's granary and the shed attached to the stage stable were completely wrecked.

The total damage to property will probably reach $3,000. Fortunately no lives were lost. The three parties whose homes are in ruins are all poor people, and the blow falls heavily upon them. Our citizens generously subscribed over two hundred dollars toward helping them rebuild their houses.

Winfield Courier, April 29, 1880.

Will Hudson, Shelly Hyde, and others started overland for Colorado last Friday. Their trip is one of pleasure, and they intend to spend several weeks camping among the mountains [THE FIRE.]

Winfield Courier, May 6, 1880.

Last Thursday night, between 11 and 3 o'clock, Winfield was visited by the most disastrous conflagration yet happening within her borders. The fire started in the old log store, one of the landmarks of the town, and for years occupied by the COURIER, but was now being used by F. Leuschen as a cabinet shop. The fire is supposed to have originated from the old rags, oil, and varnish in the shop. The alarm was given before the fire was thoroughly underway, and had those first on the ground been furnished with decent appliances, it might have been controlled, saving thousands of dollars worth of property. The old log building was like a tinder box and made a very hot fire. Next to it on the east were two buildings, one belonging to C. L. Harter and occupied by the moulder at the foundry, the other owned and occupied by Robert Hudson. These buildings were both destroyed, but the contents were saved.

Immediately west of the log building, across the alley, was an old livery barn belonging to Hackney & McDonald, which was the next to go.

From this the fire was communicated to the Central and Lindell hotels. As soon as it was evident that the hotels must go, the work of getting out the furniture began. Carpets, bedding, crockery ware, and furniture of all descriptions were tumbled promiscuously out of windows and doors into the street, much of it being broken and smashed. The hotels being dry, pine buildings, burned rapidly, sending up large cinders which fell in different parts of the city, making the utmost vigilance necessary to keep them from igniting buildings three blocks from the fire.

When the two hotels caught, everyone turned their attention toward saving the buildings on either side of the street. They were covered with men who handled buckets of water and barrels of salt, and by their exertions prevented the fire from spreading and destroying the larger part of the business portion of our city.

The old part of the Central Hotel was owned by Jas. Jenkins, of Wisconsin. The new part of the Central Hotel was owned by Majors & Harter. They had sold out to A. H. Doane, and were to have given possession Saturday morning.

The Lindell Hotel was owned by J. M. Spencer, and was leased by Jas. Allen one month ago.

Our citizens generously opened their homes to the homeless people, and accommodations were offered for more than was needed.

The following is a list of the losses and insurance.

Captain Stevens, store, loss $1,000; no insurance.

Fred Leuschen, furniture store and dwelling, loss $1,200. Insurance on stock, in Home, of New York, $300.

C. L. Harter, tenant dwelling, loss $300; no insurance. Tenant had no loss except damage.

Robert Hudson, dwelling, loss $800. Mrs. Hudson removed most of her furniture. No loss except damage. No insurance on either house or contents.

Hackney & McDonald, livery stable occupied by Buckhart, loss $800; no insurance.

Central Hotel, main building: James Jenkins, loss $3,500; insurance, $1,500 in the Atlas.

Central Hotel, Majors & Harter portion: loss to building, $2,500; insurance, $2,100, as follows: Weschester, Springfield Fire & Marine and Hartford, $700 each. [Their insurance was on building and furniture.] The loss of Majors & Harter in excess of their insurance will be upwards of $3,000.

PUZZLING! $2,100-INSURANCE...AND YET $700 EACH ($1,400)...DOES




J. M. Spencer, Lindell Hotel, loss $2,500; insurance $1,000, as follows: Fire Association, $500; Phenix, of Brooklyn, $500; James Allen, loss $1,000; insurance, $800.

Policies are in the agencies of Gilbert, Jarvis & Co.; Curns & Manser; and Pryor & Kinne. The companies are all first class, and the losses will be promptly adjusted and paid.


Winfield Courier, May 6, 1880.

Robert Hudson's new bath house is about finished. It is complete throughout, furnished with bath tubs and bathing apparatus, and will be one of the most convenient houses in the southwest. Mr. Chas. Steuven has rented it and will open up in about a week.


Winfield Courier, June 10, 1880.

The Winfield public school closed last Friday, and commencement exercises were held in Manning's hall Friday evening. The valedictory address by McClellan Klingman was very fine, and the original oration of James Lorton is spoken of in the highest terms. The following was the order of exercises.

Prayer. Music. Original Oration, Jas. Lorton, "Improvements of Time." Recitation, Lou Morris, "All the World." Declamation, George Black, "Allow for the Crawl." Recitation, Hattie Andrews, "We Measured the Baby."

Music. Essay, Rosa Frederick, "Life of Cowper." Recitation, Cora Shreves, "My Good Old-Fashioned Mother." Declamation, Charles Beck, "Pyramids not all Egyptian." Recitation, Sarah Hudson, "Thoughts During Church Service."

Music. Original Oration, Lee C. Brown, "Wards of the Government." Recitation, Leota Gary, "The Minister's Door-Bell." Recitation, Rose Rounds, "After the Battle." Valedictory Address, McClellan Klingman.

Music. Address, R. C. Story. Presentation of Diplomas.

Music. Benediction.

Messrs. McClellan Klingman and James Lorton were the graduates for 1880.

The hall was tastefully arranged and a large audience present. Through the efforts of Prof. Trimble, our schools have reached a remarkable degree of efficiency, and with more room, more teachers, and Prof. Trimble as principal, Winfield will be the equal in educational facilities of any city in Southern Kansas.

Winfield Courier, July 8, 1880.

Will Hudson has returned from his Colorado trip much improved in health.

Winfield Courier, July 15, 1880.

Dr. Fleming has removed his drug store to the Hudson building on Main street. The Doctor has a neat way of arranging his store which makes it very attractive.

Winfield Courier, August 5, 1880.

Hudson Brothers are running the Arkansas City jewelry business in the Palace store, as well as their Winfield store.


Winfield Courier, August 19, 1880.

Hudson's bath house will be in trim and open anew. On Thursdays he will give free baths to gentlemen and on Fridays, free baths to ladies, when female attendants will be in charge. Call and try it.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1880.

If Johnny Hudson keeps feeding our boys on watermelon, we shan't answer for the result.


Winfield Courier, October 7, 1880.

Married at the residence of the bride's mother, Mrs. Dillingham, Sept. 29th, 1880, by Rev. Cairns, Mr. William H. Hudson and Miss Leonora P. Dillingham, both of Winfield.

Winfield Courier, January 6, 1881.

Mr. and Mrs. Friend have rented the Hudson building, formerly the Flag drug store, and will occupy it during the next year for their combined stores.

Winfield Courier, April 14, 1881.

Hudson Bros. have put up an elegant new sign this week. They have also repainted the front of their store room, and otherwise improved the premises.

Winfield Courier, April 14, 1881.

Robert Hudson is putting in an addition to his bath house, and will soon have two more tubs in running order. With his new improvements, he will be able to give as good a "Turkey" bath as you can get in Chicago.


Winfield Courier, May 5, 1881.

Prohibition in Kansas.

How It Has Killed Winfield and Cowley County!

Statements of Businessmen of Winfield and Leading Citizens of Cowley County,

Kansas, in Relation to the Situation.

We have received many letters from Iowa and other states containing a letter written by Frank Manny, of this city, clipped from one newspaper or another, with the inquiry if the statements therein contained are true. We answered one of these briefly last week, but subsequently we learn that the Manny letter is being published widely in other states, not only as an argument against prohibitory liquor laws, but against emigrating to Kansas, and particularly against this city and county. It is known that Winfield and Cowley County are the


for prohibition. The vote on the prohibitory amendment last November was in Winfield 443 for, and 121 against. Majority for: 322. In Cowley County the vote stood, 3,248 for, and 870 against. Majority for, 2,373. No other city or county in the state gave anything like such majorities for, and most cities as large or larger than Winfield gave majorities against. If prohibition is disastrous to a community, it is fit that this city and county be the heaviest sufferers. If it is a good thing, this city and county should come in for a goodly share of the benefits. This city and county are only eleven years old. In that time they have risen from nothing to a population of 21,539 for the county, and 2,850 for the city, according to the U. S. census of 1880, and the population of the city today is not less than 3,300. Of these eleven years, nine of them have been years of magnificent crops of all kinds, and two of them have been years of partial failure. The first year of short crops was 1874, and the following spring showed a decrease of population and a stagnation of business. The other year of short crops was 1880, which was even worse than 1874, and the result on the population and business this spring will appear in the statements which follow. Either in consequence of, or in spite of the fact that intoxicating liquors have always been sold here in any abundance, we have arisen from nothing to one of the best and wealthiest counties in the west in eleven years. Was it whiskey, or was it our wonderfully fertile soil, fine climate, and attractive surroundings?

Here is the famous Manny letter.

"WINFIELD, KANS., April 1st, 1881.

Herewith I send you a car load of barley, which please sell for me and remit proceeds after deducting all expenses. I have tried my best to dispose of it in our neighboring towns, but have not succeeded. I have invested $20,000 in my brewery, and I do not believe I could get $500 for it now on account of the prohibition law. I have over $1,000 worth of beer in my vaults and am not allowed to sell a drop. My barley and malt cost me 95 cents a bushel, but I cannot get 50 cents for it now. You have no idea how our people are upset by the new law. A year ago our town was prospering, not a house or store to be had, and now you will find from 100 to 150 houses vacated. Stores that brought $50 a month rent are empty. The state of affairs is such that even our prohibition people are getting scared and regret what they have done. If you should find anything for me there, please let me know.


Below are statements of businessmen and leading citizens of this city and county.


Druggists: Our trade is better than it was a year ago, retail not so good but have done more jobbing trade. We account for a falling off in retail by the fact that people have less money and there is very little sickness. It is much healthier through the country than a year ago. Do not see that the prohibition affects the trade. We shall not take out a license to sell liquor for medical purposes until a supreme court decision defines what the law is. We do not think it safe to make the required bond under the present state of doubt. We will not evade the law in any particular.


My business has improved every month I have been here and this last month is the best I have had. There is not much sickness. The doctors say it is distressingly healthy, so our prescription business is not as large as it would otherwise be. I do not know as the prohibitory law has had any effect on our trade as yet, but after today (April 30) I shall not sell liquor for medical or other purpose and shall not take out a permit at least for the present. This will not reduce my sales perceptibly for very little liquor enters into prescriptions.


My general trade is better than it was a year ago. My prescription trade is less, because there is less sickness. I account for a better general trade by having a better stock and better location. I do not think the prohibitory law has affected my trade in any way. After May first I do not intend to sell liquor on prescriptions and that will effect my trade but slightly.

After the supreme court shall have defined the law, I shall decide my course, but at present I do not deem it prudent to give bond and take out a permit. The law is putting druggists in an unpleasant situation, but the idea that it will be a damage to the city and county is all nonsense.


Druggists and Booksellers: Don't think our trade is quite so good as it was a year ago, but it is very good, much better than we expected. Our trade would be much better ordinarily, but there is very little call for medicines and almost no sickness in the county. Physicians are all complaining of little business. We are going to take out a license, and sell for legitimate purposes in a legitimate way, and the prohibitory law will not affect this part of our trade in any way. We like the law and are going to support it. We have commenced to build a new house for our business. It will be 23 x 77, two stories and basement, of Winfield stone with brick front, iron columns, and plate glass, and will cost $3,500.


My trade is about 25 percent better than it was a year ago, on account of a wider acquaintance. The health of the country is better than it was a year ago, scarcely any ill health. I do not think prohibition effects my trade in any way.


There is a material falling off in my business as compared with a year ago. I think it is one third less. I do not attribute this to a bad year for crops last season. I do not think it was a bad year. The county produced a large corn crop, which has been fed out, and an unusually large number of hogs have been marketed at good prices. A great many cattle have been marketed, a great deal of flour and wheat has been turned off, an unusual amount of butter, eggs, etc., has been sold, and I believe the farmers received more money than ever before. I intend to go west and find a place where I can do business with some degree of freedom. Under the prohibition law it is not safe to give bond and sell drugs for there are so many things in the drug and medicine line which contain alcohol in some proportion that one will be caught by some enemy before he is aware of breaking the law and his bond is forfeited. The law prohibits the sale of drugs containing alcohol, except by going through a routine that I do not intend to undertake.

D. V. COLE, M. D.

I think the State Convention of Physicians will pass a resolution to refuse to take the oath required, and to prescribe alcoholic liquors. I have heretofore rarely prescribed such and then mostly at the request of patients. I have heretofore rarely prescribed such and then mostly at the request of patients. There is no necessity of prescribing such, except in very rare cases such as snake bite. In an emergency I would not hesitate to use the necessary means to save life. I do not think there is anything in the law to prevent me.


My business is double what it was a year ago. Since the saloons were closed, my business has been about double what it was before. There are as many grocery stocks in town as there were a year ago. I attribute the increase in my trade to having a better stock, a better location, and to not having a noisy saloon beside me to drive away my best customers, and to the fact some men spend more money for groceries than formerly. For the last two months my Saturday cash receipts for goods have run from $143 to $233 per day. I have been out in the surrounding country and find an unusual amount of farm work and improvements going on.


Our trade is good but not so good as a year ago. There are reasons why it should be less. Poor crops and less sickness, are principal. It is too early to tell what the effect of the prohibitory law is or will be. We shall not take a druggist's license at present, but await a decision of the supreme court to define the meaning of the law, and in the meantime shall not sell liquor for medical or any other purpose.


There is and has been very little sickness in this county all winter and spring, much less than usual. I do not attribute this to the operation of the prohibitory law. The State Medical Society meets on May 10th. Until then I do not intend to take the oath or to prescribe liquors. I do not intend to let anyone die on account of it, but shall administer it myself when necessary. I think the law needs to be authoritatively defined by the courts and then our profession will fall in to help carry out the law. We hold off a little now as a matter of prudence.


Tunnel Water Mills: We are making 20,000 pounds of flour per day, which is about the same amount we were making a year ago. There are six flouring mills running in the county while only five were running a year ago. There is plenty of wheat in the county to keep the mills running until the next crop. There is much less wheat being shipped from this county than a year ago. I suppose about 1,200 bushels has been shipped within the last thirty days.

I don't think prohibition effects this business in any way as yet. I do not think the wheat crop of this county the past year was over 300,000 bushels. An average crop would have been over 1,000,000 bushels. The present promise is a very good crop for this year. The acreage is greater than last year and we may reasonably expect a crop of 1,200,000 bushels. Prices are about the same as a year ago and have been very steady for a year. We have formerly shipped much of our flour to Colorado and New Mexico.


Dealer in clothing, gents' furnishing goods, hats, caps, boots, and shoes: My trade is less than it was a year ago, but I have demand for a better class of goods than was wanted a year ago. I do not think that prohibition affects my trade in any way.


Loan agent: My business is better than a year ago, because of more confidence in the future of this county and in the value of securities. Men are building fine buildings and making substantial improvements who would not have done so had the saloons remained.


I live in Vernon township, Cowley County. There is more building going on than there was a year ago. Some of them are very fine improvements. There has much more farm work been done and better done than last year. The prospects for peaches, apples, and all kinds of fruits were never better. Corn is up and looking well. Oats look fine, but wheat is not as promising as it has been some years. Gardens are in excellent promise. There are several newcomers in this township and a demand for farms to rent much greater than the supply.


Real estate, loan, and insurance agents: Our business generally is about the same as a year ago. The value of real estate in both city and county, has appreciated during the last year. Farms are held firmer and at higher prices than a year ago. There is more being done in the way of building and other improvements than ever before. Farmers are doing their work better and putting in their crops in better shape. The cultivated acreage is much greater than a year ago. An immense amount of prairie breaking is being done. More tree planting is being done than ever before. We travel over the county frequently and have had plenty of opportunities to observe. A considerable number of new settlers have already located in the county this spring and we have correspondence which indicates that a great many more will soon be here. Those who have settled this spring are well fixed. Many of them say they came because of our prohibition laws.

We have a list of three hundred families who are coming from various states to settle in this state and probably in this vicinity. Notwithstanding we had last year the boom of two railroads just completed to this city, the demand for real estate is as great now as it was then. Some large and fine buildings will be erected in this city this year. One business house in our charge by McDougal will cost $8,000. Money is plenty here for loaning and can be had at as low rates as in any of the western states.


Dealer in clothing, gents furnishing goods, hats, caps, and trunks. My business is better than a year ago. I do not think that prohibition has affected it. I expect an increase of business right along and have full confidence in the future of this county. I think there are more goods in my line in this city than there was a year ago.


Police Judge: I came into this office on February 1st, just three months ago today. The saloons had closed the last week in January and the prohibition laws had just gone into practical effect here. During these three months, I have had before me two cases for drunkenness which occurred in my first week: one case for being found in a bawdy house, and 11 cases for quarreling, fighting, swearing, or carrying concealed weapons--14 cases in all. The records of this office show that in the same three months of last year there were 76 police cases, of which 29 were for drunkenness, 21 for being found in a bawdy house, and 16 for quarreling and fighting.


Real estate agent: Though there is quite a number of vacant rooms in the city, there are more occupied buildings now than there were a year ago. There were a great many new buildings erected during the past year.

H. L. WELLS, M. D.

There is no sickness here which belongs to the country, nothing but chronic diseases which have been brought here with the patients. Chronic cases of catarrh and kindred diseases yield readily to treatment here by the aid of atmospheric influences. This is not a malarial country. I shall take the physicians oath and abide by and support the prohibitory law. Rents are high here, too high. Six months rent at the rate I pay for the office I occupy would build one as good.

W. A. LEE,

Dealer in Agricultural implements and machinery. My trade is better than it was a year ago. I am selling more wagons, more cultivators, and more of almost every other kind of farm machinery. I am giving less credit than a year ago not that there are fewer men whom I would credit, for it is a fact that there are many more farmers whom I would credit than there were a year ago. Then there were many farmers who were in town frequently, drinking and idling around, seeming to care little for their farm work, who are now rarely seen in town; and when they do come, attend to their purchases and leave. And when I see them at home, they are busily putting in their seed and improving their farms. I could name a large number of farmers who have reformed wonderfully in this particular. I travel over our county frequently, and observe that an unusual amount of improvements are going on this spring.


My practice is not as good as it was last year because nobody is sick. It has really been healthy for the last two years. This is a healthy country. There is no malaria here and nothing to make it unhealthy. Cannot tell as yet what effect prohibition has or will have on the general health, but of course it will be favorable. I think I shall follow the advice of the Medical Association, which meets in Wichita soon, with regard to qualifying for and prescribing liquors for medicine.


City engineer. I have taken considerable pains to ascertain the situation of the sheep interest in this county. A year ago there were about 40,000 sheep in this county. Recently I got actual enumeration of 69,500 sheep in the county, and there were probably many that I did not get. The sheep are about two thirds graded merinos and one third native Colorado and Missouri. A large majority of the bucks are nearly full blood merinos called thorough breds. I think the wool crop of this county this spring will amount to 350,000 pounds and will net $70,000.


Pastor of the first Presbyterian church. My congregations average larger than they did a year ago. I note the presence of many whom I did not see in church a year ago. The attendance at the sabbath school is much greater than it was a year ago. The contributions of members of the congregation to pay the pastor and expenses are much larger and more readily paid and the finances of the church are in much better condition.


Real estate agent. I am selling more farms than I did a year ago. Almost all who buy pay entirely cash down. There are some vacant houses in this city, perhaps twenty five, but there have been built a great many more than that within a year. There are many more occupied houses in this city than there were a year ago.


Postmaster: The Winfield post office is a post office of the second class. The revenues of this office for the last three months ending April 30th were $1,851. For the corresponding months of last year they were $1,830.


Liveryman. Our business is starting out very good this spring. During the hard, cold winter it was rather dull. A year ago our business was booming on account of the recent completion of two railroads to this place. Now it is not so good, but it is excellent nevertheless. Could not say that the prohibitory law has any effect on our business. There are four livery stocks in this city the same as a year ago.


President of the board of trustees of the M. E. Church. The congregations assembled for services at this church average a considerable larger than a year ago. The seats are generally pretty well filled. The seating capacity of the church is about six hundred. I observe that many persons attend church who did not attend a year ago. This church is a fine, large building, 40 x 80 feet of Cowley County building stone, and the audience room is the whole size with a gallery. The financial condition of the church is excellent and the subscriptions for expenses are better and larger than they were a year ago. Our sabbath school is in a flourishing condition. The average attendance is 160, which is greater than a year ago.


Dealer in millinery stock, sewing machines, and organs. The business of this house is good, but not so good as a year ago. One man and three ladies are employed in this house and are kept very busy. The season is about a month later than last year and trade has hardly commenced. It is likely to exceed that of last spring in the outcome. There are four millinery stocks in town same as last year. The trade in sewing machines and organs is better than I had reason to expect. Do not see as the prohibitory law has affected our trade as yet, but think the effect will be to make better trade.


Farmer of Tisdale township. There is as much building going on in the county as ever, more trees are being planted than ever before, more corn is put in than ever before, more breaking going on, and more farm work generally being done. There is not an empty house to be had and the population is increasing.


General hardware, stoves, and tinware. Out trade is fully as good as it was a year ago. We expected a large falling off in trade on account of short crops last year. We account for the continued good trade by the arrival of men with money who are settling in the county. We get some of the money which was formerly spent for liquor.


Farmer. There is more corn put in than ever before and the stand is excellent. Many of the farmers have been through their fields with the cultivator for the first time.


While on my way to Winfield, I heard it frequently reported that this city was going down, and my surprise when I arrived here was great to find the large amount of building and other improvements going on, and the lively trade that is being transacted. Winfield is the liveliest and most flourishing city of the size which I have seen in my travels this spring.


Dealers in furniture. Our trade is better than it was a year ago, though we have more competition in the business than we had then. The tendency of the short crops of last summer to decrease the trade is fully made up by the tendency of those then in the habit of spending their money for liquor to now spend it for furniture and ornaments for their homes. We observe that there are fewer men on the streets and sidewalks nowadays than there were a year ago, and fewer men calling to examine and price our goods; but then men would lounge around awhile and leave without buying, while now they almost always buy something. We notice that many women who come in here have a more cheerful, happy look than they had a year ago. Our trade in coffins has fallen off.


Our trade is more than double what it was a year ago. We are carrying a larger and better stock than we did then. There are twelve grocery stores in town, the same number there were a year ago.


Seed store and agricultural implements. The seed trade is one-third better than it was a year ago. We have been paying less attention to the implement business than last year, and our trade is less. We are satisfied that prohibition is helping our trade considerably. Many are planting seeds who used to be loafing around, drinking more or less.


Pastor of the first Baptist church. My congregation average larger than it did a year ago, and our finances are in better condition. We have the foundation laid for a new church, which will cost $10,000, which we expect to erect in due time.


Trustee of the Christian church. The congregations at our church are larger than a year ago, and the church is in better financial condition. Our Sabbath school is better attended.


Pastor of the Protestant Episcopal church. This church had its beginning within a year. It is in a flourishing condition. We have no suitable place of worship yet, and our congregations are not as large as we would expect with a suitable room. They average about fifty. We think we shall be able to build a new church during this year.


General merchandise. Our trade is about the same as it was a year ago. Then we had a great amount of orders from men engaged in building the railroads, which we have not got now. Our trade in butter, eggs, chickens, etc., is immense. This city is shipping more of these kinds of produce than any other city in Kansas, and we will undertake to show it from our books if anyone doubts it. Most of our shipments are to Colorado and New Mexico. This is the best county in the West.


Think the closing of the saloons has reduced my oyster business very largely. When a squad of men have got pretty full of liquor, it makes them feel so rich that they will buy oysters by the quantity. My cigar and fruit business is better and increasing. Men who drink liquor do not buy fruit as a general rule.


Clothing and gents furnishing goods. Our trade is larger than it was a year ago. The present outlook for trade is much better than it was last year at this time. I do not see that prohibition has affected my business in any way. It cannot be that it has hurt this town in the least, and the country will soon be richer and more populous for it.


General merchandise. I am a newcomer here just commencing to build up a business. My trade is better than I expected it would be. I think prohibition is affecting the trade, that many children are wearing shoes who never had any before and get more bread and meat to eat.


Dealers in boots and shoes. Our impression is that our trade is just about as large as it was a year ago. Then the farmers had wheat and corn kept over, which they were selling and had plenty of money; now their last year's crop is exhausted. It is true that there are buildings for rent here now while a year ago it was difficult to get one, but rents are still about one-third higher than they ought to be. We have no means of knowing what effect prohibition has had upon our trade thus far. There are two more stocks of shoes and boots in town than there were a year ago.


Stock dealer. The acreage of corn planted this spring in this county is twenty to twenty-five percent greater than it was last year, and what is particularly noticeable, the work is better done. It has all come up and is looking splendidly. If nothing unusual happens to prevent, the crop will be one-third greater than ever before. My shipments of stock for the market are about the same as they were a year ago. In the last three months I have shipped: Fat hogs, 65 cars, 4,259 head, $48,813.33; fat sheep, 3,413 head, $15,944; fat cattle, 100 head, $4,500. Total amount paid, $69,307.33.


of the Protestant Episcopal church. This church had its beginning within a year. It is in a flourishing condition. We have no suitable place of worship yet, and our congregations are not as large as we would expect with a suitable room. They average about fifty. We think we shall be able to build a new church during this year.


General merchandise. Our trade is about the same as it was a year ago. Then we had a great amount of orders from men engaged in building the railroads, which we have not got now. Our trade in butter, eggs, chickens, etc., is immense. This city is shipping more of these kinds of produce than any other city in Kansas, and we will undertake to show it from our books if anyone doubts it. Most of our shipments are to Colorado and New Mexico. This is the best county in the West.


Think the closing of the saloons has reduced my oyster business very largely. When a squad of men have got pretty full of liquor, it makes them feel so rich that they will buy oysters by the quantity. My cigar and fruit business is better and increasing. Men who drink liquor do not buy fruit as a general rule.


Clothing and gents furnishing goods. Our trade is larger than it was a year ago. The present outlook for trade is much better than it was last year at this time. I do not see that prohibition has affected my business in any way. It cannot be that it has hurt this town in the least, and the country will soon be richer and more populous for it.


General merchandise. I am a newcomer here just commencing to build up a business. My trade is better than I expected it would be. I think prohibition is affecting the trade, that many children are wearing shoes who never had any before and get more bread and meat to eat.


Dealers in boots and shoes. Our impression is that our trade is just about as large as it was a year ago. Then the farmers had wheat and corn kept over, which they were selling and had plenty of money; now their last year's crop is exhausted. It is true that there are buildings for rent here now while a year ago it was difficult to get one, but rents are still about one-third higher than they ought to be. We have no means of knowing what effect prohibition has had upon our trade thus far. There are two more stocks of shoes and boots in town than there were a year ago.


Stock dealer. The acreage of corn planted this spring in this county is twenty to twenty-five percent greater than it was last year, and what is particularly noticeable, the work is better done. It has all come up and is looking splendidly. If nothing unusual happens to prevent, the crop will be one-third greater than ever before. My shipments of stock for the market are about the same as they were a year ago. In the last three months I have shipped: Fat hogs, 65 cars, 4,259 head, $48,813.33; fat sheep, 3,413 head, $15,944; fat cattle, 100 head, $4,500. Total amount paid, $69,307.33.


Principal of the public schools of Winfield. The attendance and interest in the schools of this city are much greater than they were a year ago. For the last three months the enrollment of pupils was 402 and the average daily attendance was 386. The corresponding three months of last year the enrollment was 236 and average daily attendance 226.


Produce dealers. Our business is much larger than it was a year ago. In the last two months we have shipped to Colorado and New Mexico 32,070 dozens of eggs and 6,761 pounds of butter, besides large quantities of dressed poultry. We are handling a large amount of fresh garden vegetables, and besides what we are able to buy we cultivate 12 acres in garden sauce. We raise a large amount of poultry and keep the best breeds.

M. HAHN & CO.,

Dealers in dry goods, carpets, clothing, and gents furnishing goods. Our trade is about the same it was a year ago. We had reason to expect it would be much less on account of the short crops. We do not know how to account for the continued good trade. Cannot tell what effect the prohibition law has upon it.


Dealer in books and stationary and news dealer. My business is generally better than it was last year, but I had reason from the short crops to expect a large decrease of trade. I sell more books, and more from my soda fountain. It is certainly too soon to make an estimate of the effect of prohibition upon my trade. Can tell better a year from now.


Dealer in clothing and gents furnishing goods. My trade is fully as good as it was a year ago though I had reason to expect a considerable falling off on account of the short crops. It is too early to estimate the effect of prohibition upon my trade. If we have plenty of rains this year as we now expect, the trade will be much better than it is now.


Dealer in general hardware, stoves, tinware, agricultural implements, and machinery. My trade during this month of April has not been materially different in the aggregate from that of April of last year. In planters, cultivators, and other tools for corn raising, my trade is better than ever before. Last year the season was about a month earlier than this year and now our heaviest trade has hardly commenced. It now appears that the aggregate of the spring trade will be better than it was last year. I apprehended a very much smaller cash trade than a year ago, because of the short crops last year. I did not expect there was anywhere near as much money in the country as there seems to be. I cannot tell yet whether the prohibitory law has the effect to increase my trade. Last year when it became evident that the wheat crop would be short, the sales began to fall off and profits to grow less, which continued until



My trade is better than it was a year ago. There are 12 grocery stocks in town, the same as a year ago. Had the crops been average crops last year, my trade would have been much larger. A year ago many merchants wanted to get out of business. There does not appear to be any such sentiment now. I do not know what effect the prohibition law has upon trade. I do not see as many men loafing around as formerly, and I presume much of the money formerly spent for liquor now goes for groceries and other goods.


Our business is hardly as good as it was a year ago. There are more groceries in town than a year ago, and the aggregate trade of the place in groceries is as large as then. We have just commenced a new building for our business to be of our Winfield stone, brick front, iron columns, 14 foot ceiling, 25 x 105 ft. with basement. We need more and better room for our business.


We are doing twice the amount of business we did a year ago, probably because we are carrying twice as many goods and are better known. Do not know as the short crops of last year has any effect on our trade. Have not noticed any particular effect of the prohibitory laws on our trade.


Hardware. Business larger than a year ago. It would doubtless be much larger had we full crops last year, but the prohibition law affects us favorably. Men who used to spend their money for liquor now buy a great many things in our line which they have heretofore done without. Our stock is much heavier than it was a year ago, and we expect a much larger trade than we have ever had before.


Member of the State legislature. I live in Arkansas City, Cowley County, Kansas. The prohibition laws went into effect at that place on the first of February, three months ago. No one has left on account of it except the saloon keepers, but a great many have settled there, the population and business is increasing rapidly, and the city is on a boom.


Carpenters and builders. We have more work on hand in the way of building than we had last year notwithstanding the short crops of last summer. We think the amount of building going on is greater for the operation of the prohibitory law. Our workmen get along without liquor, are sober, and industrious; and most of them are settled in homes with their families. We think that within six months, we shall have large accessions of newcomers with capital who are coming here because of the prohibitory law, and will have many more good building contracts to offer. The tramp carpenters are steering clear of this place and that makes work for the resident carpenters steady and valuable.


Business in this line is about as good as it was a year ago, less country and more town trade. Don't think prohibition will make our business any less.


Real estate and loan agents. The demand for farms and the prices of real estate are about the same in this county as they were a year ago. There are many newcomers who appear to be men of standing and of more wealth than those who came last year. They do not hesitate to buy on account of prohibition, but express gratification on account of it. We believe prohibition is going to be a great benefit to our county by inducing the better class of people to settle here.


Well drillers. The demand for our work is about the same as it was a year ago. We drill wells in all parts of the county and travel all over the county frequently. I observe that the amount of building and other improvements going on in the county now is full as much as a year ago. I see full as many and I think more newcomers settling in this county than there were a year ago.

Those settling this spring are a good class of citizens having money, intelligence, and energy. Many of them have told us that they came to this state because they wanted to raise their children where they would not be contaminated by the influences of the liquor traffic. The promise for large crops the coming year is excellent and the farmers are in the best of spirits.


General merchandise. Our business is about the same as it was last year. We had reason to apprehend it would be less on account of the bad season last year. Cannot explain why business has kept up so well. Produce is bringing a better price, though there is much less of it, a considerable stock is being handled, and a considerable amount of eggs, butter, etc., is being sold. We do not observe that the prohibitory law has affected our business in any way. There are less people on the streets than a year ago, but more and better buyers in proportion to the crowd than last year. It is rather wonderful how our trade keeps up under the circumstances. As partly accounting for it, we have more goods, a larger, better, and more convenient room, and better facilities for showing goods. Our sale room is 25 x 140, well filled with goods, with basement same size for storage, a large carpet room in the second story, and an elevator from the basement to the second story. French plate glass front and lighted with gas throughout.


The business deposits in the bank are much better and larger in volume than ever before. We do not think the increase of the volume of business of the city is much over that of a year ago, but we attribute a considerable portion of the increase of our deposits to newcomers who have settled in this vicinity bringing with them large sums of money to invest. Many of these have told us that they would not have settled in Kansas but for the prohibition laws. This law is favorable to banks because it raises the value of names as securities. A man who is good for $1,000 now, is likely to be better a year from now, while formerly many such would be likely to be depreciated as sureties by liquor. All Kansas banks will stand better with their eastern correspondents because their home securities will be more valuable.


Our deposit business is better than it ever was before, which indicates that the general business of the city is larger than it was last year. The business of Winfield is in a healthier condition than it has ever been. The natural effect of the failure of crops last year would have been to reduce the present volume of business more than twenty-five percent, but the prohibitory laws or something else has neutralized this effect. We are anticipating a business boom as soon as the harvest is over.


State Senator. The prohibitory law has been in force here for three months and works to a charm. There is very little drinking apparent in the community and I am convinced that the law will be a success. I have changed my opinion on the matter, which was formerly adverse to the practicability of such a law. Our county will be wealthier, more populous, and a better place to live because of this law.


Grocers. Our business is nearly double what it was a year ago. We have a magnificent stock, much better than it was a year ago. If prohibition has had any effect on our business, it has been to increase it.


Pastor of the M. E. church, Arkansas City, Cowley County, Kansas. A year ago there were many vacant buildings in Arkansas City; many buildings have been erected since, but there are no vacant buildings there today. Our city marshal has now apparently nothing to do and it is probable that the office will be dispensed with. Prohibition went into practical operation there three months ago, and I think it will be strictly enforced.


of Bliss & Wood, Winfield City Mills. This mill is a large, substantial structure on the Walnut river at Winfield, built of stone. The fall of water is eight feet, and there is plenty of power except at rare seasons, when we use steam power, having a 100 horsepower engine. We can make 24,000 pounds of flour a day, doing more than we did a year ago. I think there is plenty of wheat in the county to keep the mills going until another crop is brought in. Prices are about the same as a year ago. We ship most of our flour to Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas. We can ship three carloads a week besides supply our home demand, which is considerably larger than it was last year. I do not know of anyone leaving here on account of the prohibitory law, except two saloon men. I know of many who are arriving and settling here, who express themselves gratified with prohibition. These are generally substantial men of means. One whom I recently met, William P. Yates, brings great wealth and appears a very intelligent gentleman. I think we are much better off for prohibition.

Winfield Courier, May 12, 1881.

Robert Hudson raised our cylinder press up about six inches.


Winfield Courier, June 16, 1881.

A considerable number of the citizens of Winfield met on Monday evening on the steps of the Winfield Bank to provide for raising funds for the immediate relief of the sufferers caused by the cyclone Sunday evening. Mr. Crippen called the people together by music from the band.

Rev. J. E. Platter was chosen chairman and made one of his neat and impressive speeches followed by Messrs. Hackney, Troup, Beach, and others.

A committee of ten gentlemen was appointed by the chair to canvass for subscriptions, consisting of Messrs. C. C. Black, J. S. Hunt, J. B. Lynn, M. G. Troup, D. A. Millington, D. L. Kretsinger, J. P. Short, R. E. Wallis, W. H. Smith, and H. D. Gans.

A committee of ladies was appointed to canvass for clothing, bedding, etc., consisting of Mrs. Mansfield, Mrs. J. D. Pryor, Mrs. Earnest, Mrs. Jewell, Mrs. Van Doren, Mrs. Horning, Mrs. Albro, Mrs. Spotswood, Miss Nellie Cole, and Miss Mary Steward.

The committee of gentlemen organized with C. C. Beach, chairman, J. P. Short, secretary, and R. E. Wallis, treasurer.

Early on Tuesday morning a wagon load of provisions was sent to Floral under charge of Messrs. Black and Short.

During the day the canvass of the city resulted in the following cash subscriptions.

COURIER Co. $25.00

Winfield Bank $25.00

Read's Bank $25.00

Lynn & Loose $20.00

W. P. Hackney $15.00

J. E. Platter $15.00

Telegram $15.00

A. T. Shenneman $15.00

J. S. Hunt $15.00

Bliss & Wood $15.00

Spotswood & Co. $12.00

A. P. Johnson $10.00

M. G. Troup $10.00

Jacob Nixon $10.00

D. C. Stevens $10.00

H. D. Gans $10.00

H. J. Sandfort $10.00

Curns & Manser $10.00

S. H. Myton $10.00

Smith Bros. $10.00

Harter & Horning $10.00

W. J. Hodges $10.00

W. C. Root & Co. $10.00

James Hardin $10.00

J. H. Bullen $10.00

N. L. Rigby $10.00

S. C. Smith $10.00

Frank Williams $10.00

Wallis & Wallis $10.00

Baird Bros. $10.00

H. Goldsmith $5.00

J. S. Mann $5.00

Geo. W. Gully $5.00

D. C. Beach $5.00

Bradt & Gibson $5.00

Major & Vance $5.00

Cole Bros. $5.00

W. E. Davis $5.00

T. M. McGuire $5.00

J. P. Short $5.00

T. R. Bryan $5.00

M. Hahn & Co. $5.00

J. A. Earnest $5.00

Horning R. & Co. $5.00

J. D. Pryor $5.00

T. F. Axtel & Co. $5.00

Robt. Hudson $5.00

G. E. Raymond $5.00

Appleby & Ehler $5.00

S. Billings $5.00

J. Fleming $5.00

W. B. Pixley $5.00

Hoosier Grocery $5.00

J. F. Burroughs $5.00

Brown & Son $5.00

H. G. Fuller $5.00

Jennings & Buckman $5.00

J. A. Douglass $5.00

Speed & Schofield $5.00

J. L. M. Hill $5.00

J. E. Conklin $5.00

H. C. Loomis $5.00

Harter Bros. $5.00

N. C. Myers $5.00

Henry E. Asp $5.00

J. M. Alexander $5.00

Silver & True $5.00

W. Newton $5.00

J. W. Johnston $5.00

Quincy A. Glass $5.00

McDonald & Walton $5.00

Lee & McKnight $5.00

Simmons & Ott $5.00

Chicago L Co. $5.00

W. T. Ekel $5.00

Ed. Bedilion $5.00

Eli Youngheim $5.00

I. Levi $3.00

F. Barclay & Son $2.50

S. W. Pugsley $2.50

Ed. Weitzell $2.50

A. J. Frazee $2.50

E. Dever $2.50

S. D. Pryor $2.00

John Lee $2.00

Port Smith $2.00

E. W. Hovey $2.00

W. C. Carruthers $2.00

Mrs. De Falk $2.00

W. O. Johnson $2.00

A. H. Green $2.00

S. I. Gilbert $2.00

M. J. Wilson $2.00

J. O'Hare $2.00

C. C. Harris $2.00

A. W. Davis $2.00

Jas. Lorton $2.00

F. M. Friend $2.00

A. J. Pyburn $2.00

J. M. Keck $2.00

Connor & Beaton $2.00

J. M. Henry $2.00

John Lowry $2.00

D. F. Long $1.50

I. W. Randall $1.50

J. W. McRorey $1.50

C. G. Oliver $1.00

S. G. Gary $1.00

J. B. McGill $1.00

Geo. Mann $1.00

S. A. Cook $1.00

D. Mater $1.00

F. Brown $1.00

D. W. Stevens $1.00

A. Stewart $1.00

J. B. Sipes $1.00

J. P. Stevens $1.00

Chas. Kelly $1.00

C. D. Austin $1.00

B. A. Beard $1.00

D. A. Carr $1.00

M. B. Shields $1.00

J. W. Batchelder $1.00

W. P. Tucker $1.00

H. Jochems $1.00

J. E. Allen $1.00

W. Woding $1.00

E. Soferien $1.00

E. A. Appling $1.00

W. McClellan $1.00

F. P. Silver $1.00

J. S. Beaton $1.00

J. W. Seckles $1.00

W. Woodell $1.00

W. McEwen $1.00

Max Shoeb $1.00

F. V. Rowland $1.00

Roy Millington $1.00

S. Smedley $1.00

G. H. Allen $1.00

E. P. Harlan $1.00

Geo. Klaus $1.00

A. W. Berkey $1.00

G. W. Maxfield $1.00

Geo. Osterhaus $1.00

Nommsen & Stueven $1.00

John Price $1.00

Jas. Connor $1.00

Ed. Mount $1.00

M. West $1.00

T. B. Myers $1.00

P. Sipe $1.00

Jas. Burns $1.00

Dr. Green $1.00

H. Lewis $1.00

W. F. Dorley $1.00

N. Moore $1.00

B. Herbert $1.00

M. Smedley [?Smedler?] $1.00

W. A. Freeman $1.00

W. Dodson $1.00

Dr. Bull $1.00

Mrs. T. K. Johnson $1.00

John Powell $1.00

M. Buckhalter $1.00

John Eaton $1.00

M. Klingman $1.00

E. Cutler $1.00

Wilber Dever $1.00

F. C. Woodruff $1.00

F. M. Woodruff $1.00

John Wilson $1.00

D. F. Best $1.00

Ed. Cochran $1.00

Dr. Wells $1.00

Geo. W. Martin $1.00

R. W. Parks $1.00

F. Barclay, Jr. $1.00

Jos. Likowski $1.00

A. B. Graham $1.00

D. S. Beadell $1.00

H. Pails $1.00

J. Rowland $1.00

_____ Dorley $1.00

Ed. Likowski $1.00

Frank Finch $1.00

A. S. Tucker $1.00

Smaller collections $57.20

Sent from Arkansas City $46.50

The above is not a perfect list, but is as near correct as possible in our hurry in going to press. The committee have raised in cash $801.00.

Besides the cash contributions the committee of ladies secured a large amount of clothing and bedding from families all over the city. A full load of these was sent up to the sufferers on Wednesday morning and more to follow during the day. Some merchants gave groceries and other goods from their stores. The committee are distributing the property and cash as judiciously as possible, so as to do the most good.

Winfield Courier, September 22, 1881.

Hudson Brothers are preparing to build a brick business house.

Winfield Courier, October 6, 1881.

Uncle Bobby Hudson has sold his store room, now being occupied by Friend, to Nicholas Wolf, a gentleman from Cincinnati, for $1,600. Mr. Wolf is a gentleman of wealth and proposes to build a fine store room in that corner next summer.

The Winfield Courier, January 12, 1882.


The Businessmen Talk, Eat, and Prepare to Harvest Unpaid Bills.

Last Saturday evening a large number of the businessmen of Winfield met at the Brettun House and organized an association that will be of more practical benefit to businessmen and the trading public generally then anything that has yet been proposed. The matter has been talked of for some time, but recent events brought it to a focus, of which the "Merchants" and Business Men's Protective Association" is the outcome. The following gentlemen were present and assisted in the organization.

A. H. Doane, R. E. Wallis, J. A. McGuire, Will Hudson, A. E. Baird, W. J. Hodges, H. Brotherton, J. M. Dever, J. P. Baden, J. L. Hodges, R. E. Sydall, Lou Harter, Ed. P. Greer, J. B. Lynn, A. B. Steinberger, C. A. Bliss, D. L. Kretsinger, A. T. Spotswood, S. W. Hughes, J. S. Mann, W. B. Pixley, W. R. McDonald, A. D. Hendricks, Col. Wm. Whiting, J. G. Shrieves, J. W. Bacheldor, J. L. Horning, T. R. Timme, J. L. Rinker, J. P. Short, B. F. Wood, J. A. Cooper.

A committee consisting of the officers and a committee of eight or ten members were appointed to draft constitution and by-laws to be presented at the next meeting to be held at A. H. Doane & Co.'s office Thursday evening. The object of the organization is for mutual protection against the class of men who obtain credit at one place as long as possible, then change to another, and so on around, and for heading off dead-beats of every kind. A list of all those who are in arrears at the different stores will be made out by each merchant and filed with the secretary, who will furnish each member with a complete list of all who obtain credit and the amount. Then, when a person desires to buy goods on time, the merchant can go to his list, find out how many other firms in town he owes, and how long the account has been running. If he finds that the person desiring credit owes every other merchant in town, he can safely make up his mind that he is a D. B. On the other hand, if he finds that the person asking for credit has paid his bill and is reckoned good by the other merchants in establishing his credit, he will find no trouble in getting all the advances he desires. It will weed out the dishonest fellows and protect those who pay their debts and show a disposition to deal honestly.

The above, as near as we can state it, is the object of the association. Here alone, good, honest, straightforward men all over the county have failed to get credit because there was no way to establish their standing while others who were no good have run annual bills all over town and never make an effort to pay. This will stop all that business and place them in a very unenviable light until their bills are paid.

After the adjournment of the meeting all repaired to the dining room of the Brettun and ate oysters and celery, drank coffee and cream, told vigorous stories of dead-beats and bill-jumpers, and treated each other to little bits of business experience that furnished points for future action. The supper was nicely served and thirty-nine sat down to the long table and took two or more dishes of "Oysters-loonystyle," with fruit and lighter refreshments thrown in. One of the most unfortunate features of the supper was that there were no toasts. Nothing is so delightful after a nice supper as to sit back in your chair and note the writhings of the poor mortal who has been selected to tell about "The great American eagle, who laves his bill in the Atlantic and dips his tail in the Pacific," and to see him squirm when he finds that he has forgotten the piece and got the proud bird's tail in the wrong pond. We were very anxious to see this duty performed and had about concluded to call out J. L. Horning or A. T. Spotswood, with W. J. Hodges and R. E. Wallis as possible substitutes, when the thought struck us that it might prove a boomerang and our desire for toasts immediately expired.

Among the ladies who graced the occasion were Mrs. W. R. McDonald, Mrs. J. L. Rinker, Mrs. J. B. Lynn, Miss Sadie French, Mrs. W. J. Hodges, Mrs. S. W. Hughes, Mrs. J. A. Cooper, and Mrs. W. B. Pixley.

Winfield Courier, January 26, 1882.

Hudson Bros., will in a few weeks, begin the erection of a two-story stone and brick building on the site of their present store. All the material is on the ground.

Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

The Catholic Fair.

"A little fun now and then is relished by the best of men." The Catholic Fair, which closed Friday evening, Feb. 10, was the source of much amusement to the people of Win-field. Everything in the way of pleasure was there, and the citizens did not fail to patronize the good work. The businessmen when called upon for contributions responded liberally, as did the ladies, in donating the various articles for a supper and refreshment tables. The fancy articles which were donated were duly appreciated, and served to decorate the booths nicely. We do not pretend to name the several articles; however, we will give a few. The china set of one hundred and fifty seven pieces, which was won by Mr. J. B. Lynn, who afterwards presented it to Father Kelly, occupied a prominent position on one of the tables. A handsome family Bible, a fine gold necklace and bracelets, donated by Mr. P. Lavery; a wax cross, a silver castor, donated by Mr. Schroeter; a silver butter dish and knife, the gift of Hudson Bros.; an artificial flower pot, given by F. Manny; a large wax doll, a silver pickle castor, and two silver goblets, donated by Mr. and Mrs. C. Buckley; a Kalo-meda set, given by Johnson & Hill; a pair of vases, by Harter Bros.; lace curtains, by Mr. Hahn; a box of fancy note-paper, by Mr. P. Buckley; a handsome album, by Mrs. Charlie Allen, of Wichita; a pair of vases, by H. Goldsmith; a pair of gentleman's slippers, by Smith Bros.; pin cushions, tidies, toilet sets, mats, pillow shams and numerous other articles, which decorated the fancy tables over which Mrs. J. C. Fuller and Mrs. Pierce presided. The refreshment stand was taken charge of by the Misses Healey, McGonigle, and Kelly. The supper table was superintended by Mrs. Dockery and Mrs. Lanbener. Miss Kate Healey was postmaster and distributed many letters and valentines to the young folks. Mrs. Charlie Allen, from Wichita, took care of the oyster table. Our friend, Capt. H. H. Siverd, was the winner of the hanging lamp and pickle castor; he deserved them for his energy in trying to make the fair a success. Dr. C. C. Green won the horse. The ball, though last, was not least. It was conducted with so much propriety that many church members were tempted to "tip the light fantastic toe." Capt. C. Steuven was floor manager. There were many visitors here during the fair. Mrs. E. Woolheater, Mr. Buck, from Newton, Miss D. McDoigle, from Leavenworth, and Mrs. Charlie Allen, from Wichita, being noticed. Nearly all the young folks of Winfield were out. The young men were very gallant and generous in taking chances on all articles to be disposed of in that way. Capt. W. Whiting, Dave Harter, Ad Powers, Willie Smith, C. Hodges, J. Hyden, Fred Whiting, Ed and H. Cole, C. C. Harris, J. O'Hare, H. Seward, and A. D. Speed were among the many who assisted in making the fair a success, both socially and financially, and we feel sure the Catholics will feel grateful for the kindness of all those who contributed toward the good work.

Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

Hudson Bros., have donated to the Presbyterian Church a beautiful calendar clock.

Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.

Mr. Hudson, the wagon maker, has purchased John Crenshaw's residence property on East Eighth Avenue for six hundred dollars.

Winfield Courier, March 16, 1882.

Early in the week Hudson Bros., will remove their jewelry store temporarily to the building next to Brown's drug store, where Best now is, and will begin the erection of a large and commodious store building on the site of their present store. Until this is completed, their old customers will find them at Brown's old stand.

Winfield Courier, March 23, 1882.

Hudson Brothers removed Monday, and they were hardly out of the building before workmen began tearing it away, to make room for the new brick and stone one.

Winfield Courier, March 23, 1882.

Hudson Brothers.

Whatever may be said, complimentary or otherwise, of our old friend, Robert Hudson, we have this to say, that he has done more for Winfield in one respect than any other man. In the early days of this town he brought here five boys and four girls, who have grown up among us and become valued, esteemed, and respected citizens. The girls are young women of refinement, good sense, and cultivated tastes, and the boys are ingenious mechanics, and honorable, industrious, enterprising, and reliable young men in every way. Few families have had the fortune to acquire in any community so good a standing without a stain. Three of the boys are the proprietors of the Hudson Bros. Jewelry House, which moves this week to the building next south of Brown's drug store.

Winfield Courier, March 23, 1882. AD. WE ARE NOT BUSTED, Bur are only removing our Jewlry Store across the street NEXT TO BROWN'S DRUG STORE, Where we will be found until the completion of our NEW BUILDING! Which will be erected immediately on the site of the old store. In order to hold our trade and be ready to go into the new store with an entirely NEW STOCK! We will for the next ninety days sell Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, and Silverware at NET COST!

Some rare bargains are offered and the public should lose no time in examining the stock and selecting what they need. Every house in Cowley County should be furnished with a time piece, and never gain will the people have such an opportunity to buy them at such prices as we now offer.

Remember the place, next to Brown's drug store, with D. F. Best. HUDSON BROS.

Winfield Courier, April 6, 1882.

The excavation for Hudson Bros., building is finished, and the stone foundation is being put on.

Winfield Courier, April 6, 1882.

Decidedly Aesthetic.

We do not like to burden the public with announcements, but when we have something to say, we are bound to say it. This is one of the times when we have something to say. Our story is a good deal after the old way--an "old version with new notes."

Nine years ago we opened a little Jewelry store in Winfield. Our means were limited but our faith was strong. We were confident that the public would patronize and stand by those who treated them fairly, and resolved upon a course of action that, while it would not build up a business rapidly, was sure to gain the confidence of the people, and in time would give us a patronage and business that would make up for years of waiting. In the light of the present we "builded better than we know." Ten separate and distinct tombstones ornament the graves of ten Jewelry stores that have sprung up from time to time along our pathway (most of 'em started "to bust Hudson Brothers") since first we launched our frail bark on the commercial sea, and we still live to read the epitaphs inscribed thereon. Our business has prospered, and we have been able to carry a clear conscience. Today we are erecting upon the site of the old store that covered our first stock, a large, new brick and stone building. We've got the money to build it and we've got the money to stock it after it is built.

For all these various and manifold blessings we take this opportunity to thank the trading public and especially the many old customers and friends who have stuck to us from the first.

The reference to defunct jewelry stores above is not prophetic. It is literally true. Were we to assume a prophetic vein, we should add another to the list, but we prefer to let time work out its hidden secrets.

For the present we will be found in the building next south of Brown's drug store, where we shall be glad to meet all our old customers and as many new ones as desire to purchase reliable goods at reasonable prices.

We suppose this advertisement (for that's what it is) will bring a smile to the faces of many. We hope it will. It at least claims credit for originality. Very respectfully,


Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.


MR. EDITORS: Please allow us space to expose the Hudson Bros., who on Saturday evening entered the Baptist Church without the consent of the trustees, while the door was open for the convenience of the workmen, and then and there proceeded to hang upon the wall of said meeting house, a very beautiful clock, so that the mind of the church and congregation was much exercised as to where it came from, who brought it, etc. A detective traced it to the above parties and in view of this not being their first offense, was determined to expose them and warn future church builders to keep their doors locked.

We have determined to watch them, and let no opportunity pass to help them to get rid of all their clocks and watches. We, the church congregation and Sabbath School, say it is a beauty, just what we wanted and so over looking the manner in which it was done, we return our hearty thanks and invite them and all others to come to our Sabbath home and take notes of passing time, and use it to prepare for a glorious immortality beyond the grave.

April 24th, 1882. ERATER.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

The Hudson building is about enclosed. It is being pushed forward with the greatest activity.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Hudson Bros.' new building is to be two stories high and will be a very nice building.

Winfield Courier, May 25, 1882.

Hudson Bros., have decided to put a handsome clock on their building for the benefit of the citizens.

Winfield Courier, June 1, 1882.

Wm. A. Herpich, from Delevan, Illinois, has rented rooms in Hudson Bros.' new build-ing, and will open a merchant tailoring establishment therein. He comes highly recom-mended as a first-class tailor.


Winfield Courier, June 8, 1882.

Council Proceedings.


Council met in regular session, Mayor M. G. Troup in chair. Present: Councilmen Read, Gary, Wilson, and McMullen; City Attorney and Clerk.

Minutes of last regular and of adjourned meeting read and approved.

Petition of Geo. A. Schroeter for appointment to the position of the City Time Keeper was read and on motion granted upon the same conditions and terms as last year.

Proposition of Hudson Bros., to furnish a time clock for the regulation of night police without expense to the city, was presented and accepted.

Winfield Courier, June 15, 1882.

Will Hudson had just finished putting in the plate glass front to his new store Monday when the wind struck it. Had the storm come fifteen minutes earlier, it would have caught Will's plate glass in a bad situation.

Winfield Courier, July 6, 1882.

The store building of Hudson Bros., is almost completed, and is now ready for the shelving. This building is quite an ornament to Main Street, and much credit is due Hudson Bros., for the neat and substantial way in which they have had it built. They expect to move their stock of jewelry into it about the middle of the month. The large plate glass windows will afford a fine display, and when temptingly arrayed with fine jewelry will draw a trade which will amply reward them for the enterprising spirit they have displayed in erecting so handsome a building.

Winfield Courier, July 20, 1882.

A CARD. Hon. Jas. McDermott, Winfield, Kansas.

DEAR SIR: We the undersigned citizens of Cowley County, Kansas, anxious that an able and faithful man represent us in the coming legislature, and ever mindful of the important legislation that will come before that body, unite in requesting you to become a candidate for the office of Representative from this district, July 11th, 1882.

Hackney, W. P.; Gridley, A.; Bethel, Jas.; Millington, D. A.; Greer, Ed. P.; Finch, Frank W.; Siverd, H. H.; Pryor, J. D.; Wilson, W. J.; Hunt, J. S.; Bryan, T. R.; Curns, J. W.; Harris, T. J.; Arrowsmith, J. W.; Hendricks, A. D.; Soward, T. H.; Story, R. C.; Reynolds, E. M.; Buckman, G. H.; Haight, N. A.; Cook, S. A.; Webb, L. H.; Fuller, C. E.; Hudson, W.; Wood, B. F.; Kelly, James; Shot, J. P.; Platter, Jas. E.; Gridley, A., Jr.; Asp, Henry E.; Trimble, E. T.; Roberts, W. D.; Moore, Wm. H.; Hackney, J. F.; Waite, R. B.: McMullen, J. C.; Lee, W. A.; Holloway, S. S.; and others.

WINFIELD, KANSAS, July 17, 1882.

Hon. W. P. Hackney, T. H. Soward, D. A. Millington, and others:

GENTLEMEN: I have received your very flattering call to become a candidate for the legislature in this district, and after due consideration, have concluded to consent to the use of my name in that connection. At first I did not regard the proposition favorably, owing to business interests which I thought might suffer thereby but upon the representations of friends that I might be able to assist to some extent in making the temperance laws more effective; in guarding the interests of Cowley County in the Congressional apportionment; and in securing any other advantages that may be desired for the county and which may be attainable; I have overcome my reluctance and hereby authorize my friends to use my name as a candidate before the Republican District Convention--and if nominated and elected I will hold myself bound to consider the interests of the people of Cowley County as of paramount importance to all other interests, and will give my best efforts to maintain and protect them. Respectfully yours, JAMES McDERMOTT.


Winfield Courier, July 20, 1882.

Winfield Lodge No. 101, I. O. O. F., at its meeting on July 13th installed the following members as officers for the ensuing term.

Will Hudson, O. G.

Winfield Courier, July 27, 1882.

Dr. Jones has opened a dentistry office over Hudson's new building and has fitted it up nicely.

Winfield Courier, September 14, 1882.

Hudson Bros., are all opened up in their new building, with a greatly increased stock.

Winfield Courier, September 14, 1882.

An Elegant Store.

On Monday evening Hudson Bros., opened up their new jewelry establishment. It made a very fine display, and is by far the finest jewelry store in any town in Kansas. They have filled their show cases with an elegant stock of jewelry and silverware--such a display as has never before been seen in Winfield. It will pay anyone to call in, if only to see the store.

Winfield Courier, September 21, 1882.

Hudson Bros., are now in their new brick building. They have the largest and best selected stock of watches, clocks, silverware, and jewelry in Southern Kansas, and are selling at bed-rock prices. Don't fail to call on them for anything wanted in this line.

Winfield Courier, October 5, 1882.

Will Hudson spent a few days in Wichita this week.

Winfield Courier, October 5, 1882.

Johnnie Hudson returned Monday from a sojourn of several months in New Mexico and Colorado.

Winfield Courier, October 19, 1882.

DIED. Died Oct. 6, 1882, Effie Louise, infant daughter of W. H. and L. P. Hudson, aged 1 year, 3 months, and 7 days.

Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.


PARK & PARK, PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS, Winfield, Kansas. Office over Hudson Bro.'s Jewelry Store. Diseases of the Eye and Ear a specialty.

Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.

AD. NEW GOODS JUST RECEIVED. The best assortment of foreign and domestic goods can be found at A. Herpich's Merchant Tailoring establishment, which will be made to order in style or sold by the yard. A cordial invitation is extended for an examination of goods and prices. A. HERPICH, Hudson Bros. Block.

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

The following officers were elected at the institution of Walnut Valley Lodge No. 70, Knights of Pythias.

Geo. Hudson, I. G.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

An immense stock of gold pens of all grades and prices just received and on exhibition at Hudson Bros. Jewelry Store.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.

Hudson Bros. have this week added another to their force of workmen. So bring on your watches and clocks for repairs.

Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.

An Old Firm.

The jewelry firm of Hudson Bros., have been doing business here going on nine years. During this time thirteen jewelers have sprung up, flourished for a time, and then faded out; while Hudson Bros. have gone steadily on, giving good goods at fair prices, treating the public fairly, and have prospered accordingly. They are a permanent fixture here, have spent their money in building up the city, as the magnificent brick store on Main street attests. It is a credit alike to their enterprise and to the city. They enjoy a good trade because they always sell goods just as they are represented, and are always here to make their guarantees good. Trade with them and you will always get your money's worth.

Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.

Uncle Robert Hudson received a valuable Christmas present from his sons, in the shape of a large gold-headed ebony cane. The present is a nice one and highly appreciated by Mr. Hudson.

Winfield Courier, January 4, 1883.

Hudson Bros., now have one of the handsomest gilt signs in the city in front of their store. T. J. Jones is the artist.

Winfield Courier, January 25, 1883.

DIED. Mrs. J. Moffit, a former resident of this city and mother-in-law of Will and George Hudson, died at Udall Friday morning. The funeral took place Sunday afternoon from the Methodist Church, Rev. P. F. Jones officiating.

Winfield Courier, February 1, 1883.

A Monumental Fraud,

With an Attempt to Make Anti-Prohibition Capital,

And Establish Glickeries in Winfield.


The following petition was circulated last week by Frank Manny, taken to Topeka, and presented by him to Senator Hackney.

WINFIELD, KANSAS, January 23, 1883.

HON. W. P. HACKNEY, State Senator, Topeka, Kansas.

Inasmuch as the Prohibition Amendment, as enforced, has always resulted in injury to the material development of our town--it having signally failed to accomplish the object sought, the suppression of the sale and use of intoxicating drinks--we would respectfully urge upon you the necessity of so providing for the enforcement of the law that its applica-tion shall be uniform throughout the State. If this is impossible, don't sacrifice our town on the altar of inordinate devotion to an impracticable principle.

D. L. Kretsinger, John Bobbitt, S. G. Gary, H. S. Silver, J. P. Short, John M. Keck, J. B. Schofield, J. H. Vance, D. R. Gates, N. [?] Myers, W. H. Smith, M. L. Robinson, Vic S. Mays, Geo. Emerson, M. L. Read, L. F. Hess, J. Birdsell, A. A. Jackson, J. B. Richards, G. W. Miller, W. K. Davis, V. B. Bartlett, Chas. Schmidt, Allen Johnson, W. S. Mendenhall, J. N. Harter, Quincy A. Glass, F. J. Sydal, R. E. Wallis, Jr., Geo. C. Rembaugh, J. B. Lynn, M. B. Shields, J. P. Baden, J. F. Burroughs, G. L. Rinker, W. J. Cochran, C. L. Harter, D. V. Cole, J. E. Snider, J. S. Mann, Henry Goldsmith, R. M. Boles, John H. Hude, W. B. Simpson, Hudson Bros., Edwin Bailny [?], Horning & Whitney, James M. Stafford, Alonzo Wharton, W. H. Shearer, R. Allison, J. Headrick, John Forguay, H. F. Miller & Co., R. Carter, August Kadau, Beuler Buck, L. L. Beck, A. F. Kroan, D. H. Long, D. M. Harter, Joseph O'Hare, L. D. Zenor, J. W. C. Springston, J. N. Hall, R. J. Brown, M. C. Adair, E. C. Sengby, H. S. Bixby, O. [?C.?] A. Garlick, Geo. Daily [?], F. C. Nomsen, G. D. Headrick, D. C. [?] Carr, M. W. Tamner, F. L. Weaverling, J. B. Goodrich, J. G. Kraft, O. H. Herring-ton, C. H. Mayler [?], C. C. Harris, H. L. Snivers [?Shivers?], E. F. Blair, John J. Zant, M. H. Mount, B. F. Harrod, A. G. Wilson, E. C. Goodrich, Dick Silver, S. C. Smith, L. C. Harter, S. S. Major, W. Kenell, S. Burkhalter, A. Herpich, J. Flickinger, H. J. Weaver, W. H. Hudson, G. H. Wheeler, Charles Wm. Keef [?], Geo. H. Ratzer, C. W. Nichols, N. S. Ollie, Wm. W. Fleming.

NEXT COLUMN: J. L. Horning, W. C. Robinson, Chas. F. Bahntge, Wm. J. Hodges, A. T. Spotswood, Sam'l Bard, A. H. Doane, Wm. Whiting, A. E. Baird, L. C. Scott, A. D. Hendricks, R. C. Wilson, N. C. Clark, T. K. Johnston, G. W. Yount, Geo. M. Miller, John Dix, J. W. McRorey, G. H. Allen, G. E. Brach, C. Callins, F. M. Bruge, Geo. Leiman, M. Hahn, A. J. Burgauer, Joseph Finkelling, J. A. Waggoner, C. M. Wood, John Fraser, W. D. Shotwell, J. Fleming, Wallis & Wallis, E. C. Seward, A. C. Taylor, J. L. Hodges, O. M. Seward, W. H. Dawson, L. B. Lattiff, S. H. Crawford, E. A. Cook, George Olive, C. W. Lathrop, Elijah Perigo, A. Bixbee, Devore Parmer, J. Batchelder, John A. Edwards, Isaac Behner, J. E. Miller, C. B. Dalgarn, Wm. Whitford, Ed Lamont, Wm. H. Fox, H. L. Wells, F. R. Hinner, Robert M. Woodson, W. F. Dorley, Brettun Crapster, A. C. Bangs, Berry Scrogin, G. J. Lockwood, E. H. Nixon, W. J. Wilson, G. J. Swind, Geo. F. Cotterall, H. C. Chappell, Edwin G. Fitch, Jas. McClain, J. W. Beard, S. L. Gilbert, W. A. Tilston, R. A. Lett, Jerry Cland, J. G. Myer, S. B. Stills, W. L. Hands, B. F. Cox, John D. Pryor, J. L. Littington, Harry Foults, Philip Sipe, T. E. Cochran, J. Heller, J. S. Mater, C. Seifert, John Fashing, J. S. McIntire, A. N. Emery, W. H. Allen, J. A. Patterson, Morris, T. W. Hambric, B. J. Mays, John Likowski, Ed F. Nelson, F. B. Clark, W. L. Webb, John E. Silany, W. H. Strahan, C. H. Limbocker, Samuel Layman, F. E. Sears, Wm. Kelly, M. G. Troup.


GENTLEMEN: I am in receipt of the above and foregoing petition, and replying to those of the signers who are the sworn officers of the law, whose duty it is to enforce the same, I have to say: that were I to pay any attention to your petition, I would be as unworthy of the confidence and support of the good people of Cowley County, as you have shown yourselves to be, by signing such a paper as the above.

You do not seem to know what your duty is, and I will try and enlighten you with the information, that it is my duty under my oath to make laws, and it is yours to enforce them. What right have you to criticize laws, and parcel out those to be enforced, and those to be ignored?

Such petitions as you sent me, will do more to give aid and comfort to the band of outlaws now seeking to subvert constitutional obligations and duties in this state, than any one thing you can do. How is it your business, whether this or that law works well or not? You have taken an oath to see that all laws are enforced, and this coupled with your duty as men, should make you swift to throttle all infringements, and to punish all infractions. And I can assure you one and all, that I need none of your counsel or advice, and did I need any, I should look to men who have some regard for their constitutional obligation and oaths.

If you will devote your time to the performance of your duty as assiduously and vigor-ously as I do to mine, the discontent of the people at your pusillanimous duplicity and negligence of constitutional obligations would soon be among the things of the past.

To that portion of the signers who make their living by the sweat of other men's brows, and who have no particular principles save and except schemes to amass wealth, I will say, that while the question of constitutional prohibition was before the people, you were unani-mous for prohibition; but, when you came to adopt facts instead of theories, and for the first time you realized that under the old system the drunken debauchee paid your municipal taxes, and that under prohibition you pay your own, of course you at once there and then lost all faith in your prohibition laws because such of you would rather the county would go to the diminution bow-wows if your taxes were thereby paid than to live in a heaven on earth and pay your own taxes.

Under the old saloon system, the people who drank liquor paid your taxes for you, be they residents of the city or county. Now you must pay your own, and hence "these tears." Under the former system families went hungry for bread that you might fatten. Under the new system you enjoy no such franchises. What do you care for betrayed trusts or broken promises, whether made by me or the officers of the law, so long as you escape what you have so often by fraud and perjury, escaped--namely taxation. Hence your discontent, hence this petition.

Winfield is not suffering from the saloon system or of the want of it. What Winfield needs is more men of capital and less Shylock's; men of large minds and fewer small ones; less money changers and more money makers. She wants manufactories, and business that will employ honest men at honest wages who have families to feed and support. That man who has money and will spend it in these enterprises is a public benefactor. You have none now, and the prospect for getting such is not flattering.

What Winfield wants is less such Christians as you fellows are, and more of the character patterned after Him who died on the cross; less cant, hypocrisy and double dealing; more honesty and earnestness of purpose. With all this change brought about, Winfield will prosper. Without it, all the saloons outside of Hell will not add one iota to the prosperity of your town. Either wake up and rub the mildew from the prosperity of your town, or continue to swap dollars and sit upon your own prosperity.

Others of you signed this because you are devoid of the moral courage to say no. Others for fear thereby you would lose a nickel, while a very few of you favor a change hoping that you might better your condition thereby. There are a large number of you who, I cannot believe, would have signed the petition knowing that it meant saloons in Winfield. I believe that many believed it only meant strict enforcement in the large cities of the state. Its lan-guage would admit of such construction to one who was off his guard.

Now in conclusion, permit me to say that until this Legislature adjourns, I shall continue to do all I can to make prohibition a success, though by so doing I "sacrifice Winfield on the altar of inordinate devotion to an impracticable principle." And all petitions asking for a change, will only be that much waste paper. The people who voted for prohibition two years ago and whom I promised to help, will find me steadfast until my stewardship with them ceases--which will close with this session of the Legislature, after which they may select someone else to serve them. Until then you may look for no change in my conduct on this question. I, after reading your senseless twaddle in this petition, know that I am better pre-pared to take care of the interests of Cowley County than are any of you.

Trusting that time will soften the poignancy of your grief, the result of contemplating the possibility of having to pay your taxes yourselves, I remain your Senator,


Winfield Courier, February 1, 1883.

Will Hudson, of Hudson Bros., started east Monday where he will purchase a mammoth stock of jewelry and silverware for their establishment. He will visit Florida before returning.

John Hudson, witness, Cobb inquest...

Winfield Courier, February 8, 1883.

How 'Twas Done!

The Evidence Before the Coroner's Jury and the Verdict.


The investigation by the Coroner on the body of young Cobb was commenced Thursday morning and lasted until Friday noon. The courtroom was constantly thronged with people during the inquest. The Coroner secured the services of Judge Tipton as attorney and David C. Beach as clerk. Below we give a synopsis of the evidence.

The first witness put upon the stand was Frank W. Finch, who knew nothing whatever of the occurrence until told in the morning, when he notified the Coroner, and they together repaired to the scene of the hanging.

Sheriff McIntire was the next witness called. He stated that the deceased was brought in the evening before and placed in his custody by Deputy Taylor. He made a bed and fixed him comfortably for the night, leaving on one pair of shackles. Mrs. Shenneman and several others were allowed to enter the jail and look at the prisoner. About ten o'clock the crowd in the office were requested to retire, and they did so. Mr. Wm. Shenneman and Deputy Taylor remained to assist the Sheriff, should anything occur. Mr. Shenneman is a police officer in Bay City, Michigan, and though his feelings were not of the kindest toward the prisoner, he said he would do all in his power to protect him from violence.

The prisoner was taken from the jail about half past two o'clock in the morning, when all fear of such a visit had subsided, and Mr. Shenneman and Deputy Taylor had retired to the house, just across the walk. Sheriff McIntire was sitting by the stove, where he had been sitting for about a half an hour, when the front door was jimmied open and twelve or fourteen men appeared outside. Four of them, with revolvers drawn, rushed in and the leader ordered him to throw up his hands. The request was instantaneously complied with. The leader then said to the other three: "Keep your revolvers right on him! If he moves a hand, put a hole through him! Do only as I order!" He then asked where the keys were, and on the Sheriff hesitating to reply, said, "Blow him through if he don't answer!" McIntire said they were in his pocket, and the captain demanded their immediate delivery to him. The Sheriff took down his hands, but was ordered to again raise one of them; with the other, he took the keys out and handed them over. The captain then stepped forward, threw the jail door open, and said, "No. 1, 2, and 3 to your posts!" And three men came right in and walked into the jail. He then ordered, "Reserve, guard the door!" The three men soon came out leading the prisoner. The witness heard no words spoken in the jail.

The men in charge of the Sheriff and the captain stayed at the office door for about five minutes. The captain demanded: "Do you promise you won't follow us?" No answer was immediately given, and the captain shouted "Halt!" to the men on the sidewalk with the prisoner. He then turned to the Sheriff again and said, "Now say you won't follow us, and say it d d quick!" The other three left, but he stayed in the door, with revolver drawn, for a moment, when he again ordered, "Command halt! Send me two men!" The men came and the leader left. The two men guarded the Sheriff about five minutes, when they pulled the office door shut and left. The witness said the office door was not locked when the men came in, and that the first thing he heard on its being thrown open was, "Throw up your hands!" He made no resistance; did not think it policy to do so, though he had a revolver on his person. He was alarmed, for he had dispelled the expectation of any such visit at that late hour. The leader gave his commands in a loud but distinct voice, and the Sheriff could see the bullets in every revolver as it was pointed at him, and he instantly concluded that the men holding them meant business. He could not recognize a single man, black cloths being tied over their faces with only eye-holes cut therein. There seemed to be no attempt at disguising their clothing--some being dressed in dark and some light. He could not recognize the voice of the leader--the only one who spoke--but said it was rather a deep, coarse voice.

After the maskers had retired, Deputy Taylor came in, and the Sheriff put on an overcoat and said they would follow up if possible. The crowd with the prisoner was not visible in any direction when they started, but they succeeded in finding the place where the victim was hanging, but all was deathly stillness and not a living soul in any direction. After ascertaining that the man's life was entirely extinct, they returned to the jail and went to bed about five o'clock.

The Sheriff stated that he did not have the least apprehension when the prisoner was lodged in jail the evening before of his being taken by lynchers, and intended to take him before a magistrate the next morning for a preliminary examination.

Deputy Taylor took the stand at the conclusion of Mr. McIntire's testimony. He said he left Wichita with the prisoner in a carriage about 8 o'clock p.m., Tuesday evening, arriving at the jail in this city about the same hour Wednesday evening. The driver lost the road near El Paso and they wandered around on the prairie for some time, but struck the trail again and brought up at Mulvane just at daylight. His intention was to reach Winfield about 4 o'clock Tuesday morning, but their losing the way prevented it. Mr. Taylor's understanding of the situation was that everything had quieted down, and it was perfectly safe to bring him here. He had not the least intimation that a lynching would occur Wednesday night until, while in the house, he heard a noise and went out and discovered that the jail was being entered by masked men. He walked around in front of the office and was suddenly "held up" by two black maskers, who, with revolvers thrust in his face, ordered him to keep his mouth shut, and said, "You beat us Saturday night, but you can't do it this time! We're organized!" He offered no resistance, for he saw that they were determined, and thought that they would even disable him to accomplish their purpose. He had no idea as to the identity of the men who guarded him.

Marshal Herrod was next called, and stated that he had no knowledge whatever of any intention to lynch the prisoner, and knew nothing of his being hung until morning. He visited the jail on the evening before and saw the prisoner, but everything seemed so quiet and orderly that he went home about eleven o'clock and retired.

James A. Cairns then took the witness stand. He testified that he did not know the prisoner would be hung that night, but to satisfy his curiosity, stayed up with a number of others to see the performance, if it came off at all. He, as all others, recognized none of the maskers.

T. R. Timme, Joseph O'Hare, and John Hudson were put on the witness stand, but were only a few of the many persons who followed the procession as spectators, and their account of the affair was substantially the same as that contained in the COURIER's second edition last week and which appears on the fourth page in this issue.

Geo. Emerson, John Nicholas, J. P. Short, John Riley, and James Bethel were also called as witnesses, but were all enjoying peaceful slumber at the time of the lynching, and were merely at the jail to see the prisoner on the evening before.

The following is the verdict of the Coroner's jury.

"An investigation began at Winfield, in Cowley County, Kansas, on the first day of February, 1883, and continued to February second, before me, H. L. Wells, Coroner of said county, on the body of Charles Cobb, there lying dead, by the jurors whose names are hereunto subscribed. The said jurors, upon their oaths, do say, That the said Charles Cobb came to his death on the morning of February first, 1883, by being hung by the neck from the R. R. bridge of the K. C. L. and S. R. R. across the Walnut River, in Cowley County, Kansas, at the hands of parties unknown to the jury. In testimony whereof the said jurors have hereunto set their hands, this 2nd day of February, 1883. T. R. Bryan, A. E. Baird, James A. Cooper, S. C. Smith, Henry Brown, A. D. Hendricks.

"Attest: H. L. Wells, Coroner."

Winfield Courier, February 22, 1883.

Echoes From the Past. We have before us bound files of the COURIER from the first copy, issued ten years ago. They contain an ever-varying panorama of the life and growth of Cowley and her people, of peculiar interest to the old residents, and replete with incidents and anecdotes of early life for the new-comers.

September 4, 1873, we learn that "the Commissioners changed the plan of the Court House so that it has a double gable instead of a single gable roof."

In the same paper is a notice of the death of Mrs. Robert Hudson.

Winfield Courier, March 29, 1883.

LINDELL HOTEL. ROBERT HUDSON has taken hold of the Lindell Hotel again; has refitted and refurnished it from top to bottom, and proposes to run it in first-class style hereafter. He will also run the Bath House in connection with it. Mr. Hudson is one of Winfield's old-time landlords and understands how to run a hotel.

Note: Ad showed "Lindel"...changed to Lindell, which is correct. MAW

Winfield Courier, April 26, 1883.

Hudson Bros. have erected a marble pedestal in front of their store and fixed thereon a clock for the benefit of the public.

Contributors to Editorial Convention in Winfield...

Winfield Courier, May 17, 1883.

Where the Money Came From.

The following are the cash contributions to the general editorial entertainment fund. More was raised than was used and those who subscribed first took more than their share, so that others had to be somewhat limited in their contributions to give others a chance.

D. A. Millington, $20; C. C. Black, $20; McDonald & Miner, $5; W. P. Hackney, $5; A. T. Spotswood, $5; J. L. Horning, $5; J. B. Lynn, $5; A. B. Arment, $5; J. H. Bullene & Co., $5; J. S. Mann, $5; S. C. Smith, $5; Hudson Bros., $5; Curns & Manser, $5; Burnett & Clark, $5; J. P. Short, $5; Geo. Rembaugh, $5; J. P. Baden, $5; Robert Hudson, $5; C. L. Harter, $5; Bryan & Lynn, $5; Ed. P. Greer, $5; Pugsley & Zook, $5; Tomlin & Webb, $5; O'Mears & Randolph, $5; S. H. Myton, $5; M. Hahn & Co., $5; Henry Goldsmith, $5; Winfield Bank, $10; A. H. Doane & Co., $5; M. L. Read's Bank, $10; Geo. W. Miller, $5; Chicago Lumber Co., $5; P. H. Albright & Co., $5; J. Wade McDonald, $5; Wm. Dawson, $2; W. S. Mendenhall, $2; J. L. Hodges, $1; D. Palmer & Co., $1; D. C. Beach, $1; J. D. Pryor, $2; S. D. Pryor, $1; M. G. Troup, $1.90; Geo. M. Miller, $1; John Wilson, $.50; Whiting Bros, $1; Hendrix & Wilson, $2; A. E. Baird, $2; W. H. Strahan, $1; Miller, Dix & Co., $1; Lovell H. Webb, $1; Charlie Fuller, $1; J. E. Conklin, $2; Geo. Emerson, $2; F. S. Jennings, $2; D. Berkey, $1; H. Paris, $1; A. C. Bangs, $1; G. H. Allen, $1; McRorey, $1; Johnson, $1; J. O'Hare, $1; Frazee Bros., $1; W. L. Hands, $2; J. F. McMullen, $1; F. J. Sydall, $1; Dr. Fleming, $1; Dr. McIntire, $1; Atkinson, $1; Capt. Myers, $1; R. B. Pratt, $1; V. R. Bartlett, $2; Nommsen & Steuven, $1; Albro, $2; D. Rodocker, $2; H. E. Silliman, $2;

W. J. Wilson, $2; E. H. Nixon, $1; C. C. Harris, $1; Lou Zenor, $1; W. H. Smith, $1; Brotherton & Silvers, $3.; Rinker & Cochran, $2; H. Brown & Son, $2; Q. A. Glass, $2; Holmes & Son, $2; Dan Mater, $1; E. S. Reynolds, $1; M. J. Stimson, $1; Rabb, $.50; O. W. P. Mann, $1; Jim Connor, $1; Dr. Green, $2; E. J. Brown, $1; J. W. Johnson, $2; Dr. Bull, $1; A. Herpich, $1; McGuire Bros., $3; Harter Bros., $1; H. G. Fuller, $2; H. E. Asp, $1; C. M. Wood, $2.

Winfield Courier, June 7, 1883.

Will Hudson returned from Florida last week. He seems to be the only one of our Florida tourists who has improved upon his health and personal appearance.

Winfield Courier, June 14, 1883.

Robt. Hudson has enlarged his bath house back of the Lindell, purchased a large boiler, and otherwise added to the convenience of the place.

Winfield Courier, June 21, 1883.

Young Robert Hudson and company are starting out in business for themselves. They are wide awake and will make a success.

Winfield Courier, June 21, 1883.

A New Jewelry Firm.

Robert Hudson, Jr., & Co., will start in the Jewelry house lately vacated by Farrager, with a large and fresh stock of goods. The new business will open up on the first of July.

Winfield Courier, June 28, 1883.

Wanted. A dining room girl and a chambermaid, at the Lindell Hotel. Robert Hudson.

Winfield Courier, June 28, 1883.

A Shooting Raid.

Last Friday a young man rode hurriedly in town and reported that he had been robbed at Limbocker's ford on Dutch Creek by two men. On receipt of the news, Sheriff Gary became greatly excited. Here, at least, was a chance to achieve fame and glory, and show the world that he was in truth and in fact a valiant and active officer, by starting out at once and bringing in the robbers, alone and single handed. But hold! As he buckles on his trusty revolvers and girds about his loins a fresh belt of cartridges, a change comes over the spirit of his dream. He remembers that robbers are bold, bad men, and he remembers reading in a dime novel in the long years ago about bandits who laid in ambush for their pursuers and sometimes captured them and carried them away into the fastnesses to die of starvation. As he thought on these things and wondered what raven would feed the widow and orphans when he was gone, he grew sad, until finally he decided to raise a "posse" to defend him in case the robbers refused to be arrested peaceably. No sooner was the decision made than it was carried into effect--and right here was brought actively into play our sheriff's wonderful power as an organizer. In less than two hours he had fourteen men, seven double-barreled shot guns, and twenty-two revolvers on their way to the scene of the robbery, three miles out. The order of march was as follows.

Frank Finch, with hand cuffs and shackles.

Charlie Limbocker, accompanied by a double-barreled shot gun.

Ben Herrod ditto.

F. M. Burge ditto.

A. B. Taylor, deputy sheriff, carrying in addition to his own, part of the Sheriff's armory.

Johnny Riley, double-barreled shot gun and two revolvers.

W. J. Hodges and Johnny Hudson, Aids-de-camp to Sheriff and Ex-Captain S. G. Gary.

Ammunition wagon.

Owing to the limited time and the absence of Capt. Haight, the battery was not called out, but "held in reserve." Arriving at the scene of action, the "posse" was halted and Sheriff Gary advanced cautiously to the front, where he discovered Constable Siverd with the alleged victim.

Mr. Siverd had been on the ground some time, examined for tracks, found none, and concluded that the robbery was a canard. He so informed the doughty sheriff, which seemed to revive his drooping spirits and the "posse" was allowed to disperse while the Sheriff returned to Winfield by way of New Salem.

It was an active and valiant struggle to defend the rights of an injured citizen, and we take pleasure in commending Sheriff Gary for his energy, and for the rare power of organization he displayed in getting such a large force of men, fully equipped and on the road in such a short space of time. We tremble for the result should a bonafide robbery occur within his jurisdiction. The expenses of conveying the "posse" were only $12.50, which the county can well afford to pay.

"Because Sheriff Gary performs the duties of his office in an energetic but quiet and unostentatious manner, Greer becomes disgruntled and wants the Sheriff to make more noise and fuss. Capt. Gary is not that kind of man, Ed." Telegram.



The special premiums offered below will be assigned to special location in the main building, or on the grounds, and will be under the management and control of the General Superintendent. Entries must be made as in other classes, but the Secretary's card shall indicate for whose special premium the exhibit will enter for, and the exhibitors must be governed by the restrictions named in the special premium. Payment of premiums will be made by the parties offering the same, on the certificate of the awarding committee, said committee to be appointed by the executive board of the association.


For the fastest walking team one half mile, in common farm wagon, $10.00, and the TELEGRAM for one year. Entries free and limited to teams owned in the county.

Lot 2. BY M. L. READ'S BANK.

TEN DOLLARS. For the best and largest collection of farm products raised by any farmer in Cowley County in the year 1883. Three or more to enter.


FIVE DOLLARS. For the best five pounds of butter made by any farmer's wife in Cowley County. Three or more to enter, and the prize butter to be the property of Wallis & Wallis.


TEN DOLLAR DRESS PATTERN. For the best pair of hand knit men's all wool socks, by any lady in Cowley County. Three or more to enter. Dress pattern on exhibition at my store thirty days before the Fair. The prize socks to remain on exhibition at my store.


TEN DOLLARS. For the largest hog of any color, sex, or breed, open to the world. Bring out your big hogs.


TEN DOLLAR SILVER CASTOR. For the best and neatest made sun bonnet by any lady in Cowley County. No restrictions as to material, style, or shape. Three or more must enter to take Premium.


TEN DOLLARS. For the best and largest display of vegetables raised in Cowley County this year. Three or more must enter to take money.


THREE DOLLARS. For the best and largest 300 ears of straight, white, or yellow corn grown in Cowley County this year. Three or more must enter to take money.


SEVEN DOLLAR FRUIT CHROMO. For ten of the largest apples grown in Cowley County. No restrictions as to variety. Three or more to enter. Chromo on exhibition at my place of business and at the main building during Fair week.


THREE DOLLARS. For the best trained colt foaled in 1883. Must be trained by boy under 15 years, and exhibited under halter in the speed ring. Two or more must enter to take money.


FIVE DOLLARS. For the best exhibit in the culinary department to be prepared by the exhibitor. Open to all.


FIVE DOLLARS. For the largest yield of wheat per acre, of not less than 10 acres, sample of wheat shown, and affidavit of grower and thresher as to the quantity produced. Restricted to Cowley County growth.


FIVE DOLLARS. For the best five pounds of butter in one pound prints, made by exhibitor. Restricted to Cowley County. Creamery butter barred.


TEN DOLLAR LADIES CLOAK. For the best and neatest hand made calico comfort, by any lady in Cowley County. Three or more to compete for the prize.

Lot 15. BY A. H. DOANE & CO. COAL & WOOD.

FIVE DOLLARS. For five stalks of corn with ears attached. The corn to be husked, shelled, and weighed by the committee, and the largest and heaviest yield to take the money. Three or more to enter.



THIRTY DOLLAR BABY WAGON. Will be awarded to the lucky baby under one year of age, open to the world as follows. Entries open on Friday, Sept. 28th, from 2 to 3 p.m. Each baby as entered will be numbered 1, 2, and 3, and up, until the hour of closing, after which, cards corresponding with the number of babies will be placed in a box, when the awarding committee will conduct the drawing to the satisfaction of all. The prize baby wagon will be on exhibition in the show window of Messrs. O'Meara & Randolph, thirty days before the opening of the Fair, and on the grounds during exhibition week.


For best colt, sired by "Lilac," Ten Dollars. Second best $5.00.


For the best loaf of bread made by Miss under fifteen years of age, Five Dollars.


To the parents of the largest family in Cowley County, embracing sons, daughters, son-in-laws, daughter-in-laws, and grandchildren. The WINFIELD COURIER will present a ten dollar gold piece, and a life subscription to the COURIER. All entries in this class must be made at the office of the secretary on or before the third day of the Fair. The result will be published in detail in the COURIER together with the names of all contestants and their families. This premium is offered so that the most material interest of our county may not pass without recognition.


For the best letter of not more than one hundred words, to the TELEGRAM, written by a Cowley County boy or girl not over fifteen years old, $3.00 and ten years subscription to the TELEGRAM. For the second best letter on same condition, $2.00 and five years subscription to the TELEGRAM. Letters may be written on any subject concerning Cowley County or Cowley County matters. The letters must be addressed to the TELEGRAM and signed by the writers' full name accompanied by post office address, and must be written in time for publication previous to September 17th. The letters will all be published in the TELEGRAM. The manuscripts will be carefully preserved and submitted to competent judges on the first day of the Fair. The winners may have their papers sent to themselves or their friends as they may prefer.

Winfield Courier, September 6, 1883.

Republican Convention.

The Cowley County Republican Convention met at the Opera House in Winfield on Saturday, September 1st, 1883, at 11 o'clock a.m.


H. Brotherton, M. L. Read, D. L. Kretsinger, I. W. Randall, Arthur Bangs, W. T. Madden.

Alternates: J. L. Horning, J. L. M. Hill, B. F. Wood, Will Hudson, W. J. Kennedy, E. C. Goodrich.

Winfield Courier, September 13, 1883.

Everyone who wears clothes should call and look over the New Stock of Foreign and Domestic Cloths just received by A. HERPICH, MERCHANT TAILOR. It is cheaper in the long run to buy good goods, have them made to fit by a merchant tailor, than it is to load yourself down with slattern, ill-made custom goods, which must be cast aside in a few months and never look well.

The Cloths and Trimmings carried by A. HERPICH are of best quality and manufacture.

A perfect fit guaranteed. Over Hudson Bros. Jewelry Store.

Winfield Courier, September 13, 1883.

Hudson Brothers talk of opening out a branch jewelry store in Arkansas City.


Winfield Courier, October 4, 1883.


Cowley Covers Herself With Glory.

A Grand Exposition of her Agricultural, Horticultural, and Stock Interests.


The south main exhibition building was devoted to the ladies department supplemented by a grand organ and sewing machine show. The fancy work under Mrs. D. L. Kretsinger, was a varied display of taste and industry such as we have never seen before in one collec-tion. There were articles of every imaginable name, and Mrs. Kretsinger hid amid a wilder-ness of lace and embroideries, had her hands more than full. The fine arts under Miss Kate Millington attracted much attention. The beautiful collections of paintings of Mrs. Geo. W. Miller and Mrs. C. C. Black were greatly admired. There were several fine displays in the flower department, in charge of Mrs. J. L. Horning, and it made a very fine appearance. The cloths, counter panes, quilts, carpets, knitting, etc., were in charge of Mr. W. R. McDonald and made a grand showing. There were about forty pairs of knit socks competing for A. E. Baird's special premiums; twelve or fifteen sunbonnets for Hudson Bros. special; and fifteen or twenty handsome calico quilts for Hahn & Co.'s special. Between the two buildings S. H. Myton had a handsome buggy show and just outside was the Albro & Dorley exhibit of home manufactured work. Both were very fine. The show in agricultural implements was larger than ever before. S. H. Myton, Brotherton & Silver, and W. A. Lee had large exhibits and each carried off a number of blue ribbons.

The south main exhibition building was devoted to the ladies department supplemented by a grand organ and sewing machine show. The fancy work under Mrs. D. L. Kretsinger, was a varied display of taste and industry such as we have never seen before in one collec-tion. There were articles of every imaginable name, and Mrs. Kretsinger hid amid a wilder-ness of lace and embroideries, had her hands more than full. The fine arts under Miss Kate Millington attracted much attention. The beautiful collections of paintings of Mrs. Geo. W. Miller and Mrs. C. C. Black were greatly admired. There were several fine displays in the flower department, in charge of Mrs. J. L. Horning, and it made a very fine appearance. The cloths, counter panes, quilts, carpets, knitting, etc., were in charge of Mr. W. R. McDonald and made a grand showing. There were about forty pairs of knit socks competing for A. E. Baird's special premiums; twelve or fifteen sunbonnets for Hudson Bros. special; and fifteen or twenty handsome calico quilts for Hahn & Co.'s special. Between the two buildings S. H. Myton had a handsome buggy show and just outside was the Albro & Dorley exhibit of home manufactured work. Both were very fine. The show in agricultural implements was larger than ever before. S. H. Myton, Brotherton & Silver, and W. A. Lee had large exhibits and each carried off a number of blue ribbons.

Winfield Courier, October 4, 1883.


By Geo. W. Miller: $10 for largest hog of any age or breed was awarded to Issac Wood of Vernon. Hog weighed 700 pounds.

By A. H. Doane & Co.: $5 for the best 5 stalks of corn with ears attached; corn to be husked and shelled by committee and weighed, was awarded to J. R. Sumpter of Beaver.

By the Winfield Bank: $5 for the best loaf of bread made by a miss under eleven years of age, was awarded to Miss Willa Painter, of Vernon.

By Hudson Bros.: $10 silver castor for neatest and best made sun-bonnet by a lady in Cowley County, was awarded to Mrs. M. J. Paraden [?] of Burden.

Winfield Courier, November 22, 1883.

We have received a pleasant call from Dr. H. M. Winn, late of Corydon, Indiana. He is a graduate of the University of Louisville and has been a successful practitioner for several years. He has formed a business association with Dr. Park, and their card appears in this issue.

CARD. DRS. PARK & WINN, PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS, Winfield, Kansas. Office over Hudson Bro.'s Jewelry Store. Residence on Eighth Avenue, 8 blocks east of Main street.


Winfield Courier, November 22, 1883.

Catholic Fair.

The Catholic Fair to be held November 27, 28, and 29 promises to be a grand success. Several articles of use, ornament, and value to be disposed of during the three days. Some of the articles are for raffle and some are to be voted to prominent citizens of Winfield. Among the many things to be disposed of is a pair of Piebald ponies which will be raffled off at $2 a chance, or number. A lady's fine gold watch worth $150, beautifully and richly set with rubies, in fact the finest lady's watch ever brought to Winfield by Hudson Bros., the part donors thereof. The watch is to be voted for the contestants or candidates, being A. E. Baird's charming little daughter, and D. R. Green's charming Lucy. A $40 gold headed cane is to be voted to the gentleman of Winfield receiving the most votes. The candidates as far as ascertained are A. T. Spotswood, D. L. Kretsinger, J. B. Lynn, Jim Hill, Cal. Ferguson, Charlie Harter, and Charlie Black, gentlemen well known to the people of Winfield and county; and also a neat and handsome office chair is to be voted for, the contestants being Fred C. Hunt and Will T. Madden; and a pair of lady's gold bracelets to Jessie Smedley or Dora McRorey, whichever receives the most votes; also a fine wax doll to be voted to Mr. Hendrick's little daughter or Mable Siverd. A handsome gold ring donated by our genial jeweler, Mr. Ramsey, will be baked in a handsome cake, and disposed of at 10 cents a piece, one of which pieces will contain the ring. Some of the articles for raffle are a handsome rug donated by J. B. Lynn, a handsome easy chair donated by Frank Berkey, a fine silver castor donated by our young jeweler, Bobby Hudson, and many other articles of ornament and use too numerous to mention, donated by Jim Hill, Mr. Arment, and other parties whose names will be mentioned hereafter. The Thanksgiving dinner spoken of will be the finest ever served in Winfield, and it is to be hoped that all will avail themselves of a delicious meal. The Fair will close by a grand ball on Thanksgiving evening, giving the young folks a chance to enjoy the day wisely set apart by our President for amusement and social recreation.

Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

R. Hudson, Jr., has a nice stock of goods at low prices. Just the place to buy a present for a friend.

Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.

R. Hudson, Jr., Winfield Jewelry House, has a full assortment of clocks, watches, and jewelry for the holiday trades. Call and see.

Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.

The following MARRIAGE LICENSES have been issued since our last.

G. S. Bruce to Libbie J. Hudson.

Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

The Masquerade.

The members of the Pleasant Hour Club have made the winter thus far very pleasant in a social way. Their hops have been well attended, and the utmost good feeling and harmony has prevailed. Their masquerade ball last Thursday evening was the happiest hit of the season. The floor was crowded with maskers and the raised platforms filled with spectators. At nine o'clock the "grand march" was called, and the mixture of grotesque, historical, mythological, and fairy figures was most attractive and amusing. Then, when the quadrilles were called, the effect of the clown dancing with a grave and sedate nun, and Romeo swinging a pop-corn girl, was, as one of the ladies expressed it, "just too cute."

The following is the list of names of those in masque, together with a brief description of costume or character represented.


Mrs. Rembaugh, Folly.

Miss Lizzie Wallis, Frost.

Mrs. J. L. Horning, Nun.

Mrs. D. Rodocker, Jockey.

Miss Julia Smith, America.

Mrs. James Vance, Gipsy.

Miss Sadie French, Hornet.

Miss Taylor, fancy costume.

Miss Beeny, Swiss Peasant.

Mrs. Albro, Italian Peasant.

Miss Dawson, Peasant Girl.

Mrs. A. H. Doane, Old Woman.

Miss Josie Pixley, Spanish Girl.

Mrs. I. W. Randall, fancy dress.

Miss Whitney, Mother Hubbard.

Miss Mollie Haris, Pop-corn Girl.

Miss Iowa Roberts, Water Nymph.

Miss Ida Bard, German Flower Girl.

Mrs. Kate Wilson, Flora McFilmsy.

Miss Jennie Hane, Red Riding Hood.

Mrs. A. A. Jackson, Mother Hubbard.

Mrs. Cal. Ferguson, Sunflower costume.

Miss Carrie Anderson, Mother Hubbard.

Miss Margie Wallis, pretty checker suit.

Mrs. Hackney, handsome fancy costume.

Miss Mattie West, Country school Ma'am.

Mrs. Emerson, Daughter of the Regiment.

Miss Gertrude McMullen, Tamborine Girl.

Miss Jennie Lowry, Lady of the 16th Century.

Mrs. Dave Harter, Daughter of the Regiment.

Miss Jessie Millington, bewitching Mother Hubbard.

Mrs. Bahntge, in the guise of a Spanish Girl, defied detection.

Mrs. J. G. Craft wore a very tasty costume made up of copies of the Telegram.


Jos. O'Hare, Dude.

F. Barron, Clown.

E. R. Greer, Tramp.

Jas. Lorton, Clown.

Ad. Powers, Snow.

Ad. Brown, Sailor.

F. F. Leland, Dude.

A. E. Baird, Priest.

L. Tomlin, Convict.

Will Hudson, Dunce.

M. J. O'Meara, Turk.

Ezra Nixon, Brigand.

Charley Fuller, Romeo.

J. Finkleberg, Clown.

A. H. Doane, Convict.

Will J. Wilson, Convict.

Lovell H. Webb, Falstaff.

Will McClellan, Jockey.

A. A. Jackson, Yankee.

W. D. Dawson, Polander.

C. C. Roberts, Gentleman.

J. M. Lambert, Irishman.

Joseph B. Clark, Cowboy.

Fritz Sherman, face mask.

Eugene Wallis, Crown Prince.

Chas. Hodges, School Teacher.

Dave Harter, Mephistophiles.

Ed. McMullen, Dutchman.

C. C. Harris, Stars and Stripes.

J. G. Craft, Prince Imperial.

Frank Robinson, face mask.

Frank Weaverling, face mask.

M. Ewart, Prince of Wales.

W. B. Anderson, Indian Chief.

I. W. Randall, Duke of Gloucester.

George Hendrick, Duke of Richmond.

W. E. Chambers, The Irish Immigrant.

J. W. Padget, Duke of Wellington.

Robert Hudson, Jr., Russian Prince.

Lou Zenor, a very Dutchy Dutchman.

Frank H. Greer, Father Hubbard, "Dad of them all."

W. B. Pixley was most effectually disguised as a calf.

D. W. Williams, a cross between a prize fighter and a preacher.

Geo. W. Miller, as Old Father Hubbard, had a most ridiculous make-up.

J. B. Lynn represented the fallacy of a protective tariff, and made a good hit.

The big hit of the evening, and which seemed to strike the spectators about right, was the appearance of the Narrow Gauge gang of eight railroad laborers, with clay pipes, each with a "spade" in hand, and having across his back a banner bearing the words, "M. L.'s Narrow Gauge." In this party were Tom, John, and Ed McGuire, Geo. Hudson, J. R. and Ed. Bourdette, and John Beck.

Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.

MARRIED. Mr. Joe Hudson and Miss Josie Haines were married New Years night at the residence of the bride's parents in Girard. This was somewhat of a surprise to Joe's friends as they had no intimation of any such serious intentions on his part. The lady lived here formerly and has a large acquaintance among our young people.

Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.


Tuesday night about half past twelve the building occupied by Mr. Best, next to Johnson & Hill's furniture store, was set on fire by someone. The side of the building a few feet from the sidewalk was saturated with coal oil and set on fire. Someone happened to be passing just afterward, gave the alarm, and the blaze was put out before it had fairly got underway. A piece of siding torn from the building smells strongly of coal oil. If it had been discovered five minutes later, five buildings, at least, would have gone up in smoke. What the object of the incendiary was is a mystery. Some connect it with the existence of a gambling room in the upper part of the building--a fact that does not seem to have been known to anyone until Wednesday morning. About the time of the alarm, someone tried to get in the back door of Hudson Bros. Jewelry Store, but were frightened off by a pistol shot from John Hudson, who was sleeping in the building. The fire might have been set by someone with the intention of getting everyone out and burglarizing the town. The marshal ought to keep a sharp look-out for tramps, vags, and strangers generally. The fire bell rope is said to have been cut before the fire.

Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.

MARRIED. Mr. M. L. Garrigus and Miss Sarah Hudson were married Sunday afternoon at the home of the bride's sister, Mrs. T. M. McGuire, by Dr. W. R. Kirkwood. The groom is one of the gentlemanly salesmen of the hardware establishment of Horning & Whitney, while the bride is well known to all our people and a favorite among the young folks. They have before them a future of much promise. Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Bruce, the latter a sister of the bride, came over from Cherryvale to attend the wedding.

Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.

MARRIED. Married at the residence of T. F. McGuire, June 29, 1884, by Rev. W. R. Kirkwood, D. D., Mr. Milton L. Garrigus and Miss Nannie Hudson, both of Winfield.

The Cowley County museum in Winfield has Donald Hudson's family history book in its archives. It was written as a genealogy book in 1985.