[WINFIELD ITEMS: EDITORIAL PAGE.]
TRAVELER, FEBRUARY 9, 1876.
A number of individuals attended the Railroad Meeting at Winfield, from this place, last Saturday. The procession was headed by the Silver Cornet Band, and great enthusiasm manifested. Members of the City Council and other prominent citizens mingled with the multitude, showing that the interest was general.
We were taken over the road in such a manner reminding us of "Tom O'Shanter's" wild ride, behind one of the liveliest steppers in this section, driven by a prominent merchant of this place. A general command was made, after locating at Uncle Tommy's commodious abode, to "wash your face," which was unanimously obeyed.
Sauntering around town we met Prof. Lemmon, fat and hearty, who was pleased to inform us he pulled up the beam at 200 pounds. We expressed our appreciation of his strength and afterward silently admired his ability. Passing Gallotti & Boyer's new Clothing House, we were seized upon and endeavored to be persuaded to buy a coat "vhat fit us, choost like paper on a vall. One dat vas made for de President's son, und de President's son he died, and dat is vy ve have de coat."
[RAILROAD MASS MEETING: WINFIELD.]
TRAVELER, FEBRUARY 9, 1876.
WINFIELD, February 5, 1876.
On motion of C. M. Scott, Mr. D. A. Millington, of Winfield, was eleced Chairman. On motion of A. N. Deming, C. R. Mitchell, of Arkansas City, was elected Secretary. On motion of Prof. A. B. Lemmon, the following committee of thirteen was appointed to draft resolutions to express the feelings of this meeting.
A. B. Lemmon, of Winfield.
C. M. Scott, of Arkansas City.
Mr. Harbaugh, Pleasant Valley.
W. R. Wilkins, of Liberty.
H. L. Barker, of Richland.
R. P. Goodrich, of Spring Creek.
Enos Henthorn, of Omnia.
S. S. Moore, of Tisdale.
S. M. Fall, of Windsor.
T. W. Morris, of Beaver.
Amos Walton, of Winfield.
J. B. Holmes, of Rock.
S. B. Fleming, of Creswell.
C. R. Mitchell, being absent, on motion of A. B. Lemmon, Mr. I. H. Bonsall of Arkansas City was elected Secretary in his place. On motion of Mr. Fleming, the Arkansas City Silver Cornet Band was requested to give the meeting some music while the committee was absent drafting resolutions. After listening to some very good music by the band, Judge Ross, of Rock township, was called on for a speech, and responded with an effective and pointed speech in favor of railroads, and convinced the convention that he was, as he said in commencing his speech, covered all over with the railroad fever, and must have convinced the most skeptical of the need of a railroad outlet for our crops.
J. B. Evans, of Vernon, responded to a call with a lukewarm speech favoring a road on conditions, but did not want to commit himself at the present time. Judge Christian of Arkansas City responded to a call with a few pointed remarks in favor of a railroad, when the Committee on Resolutions came in, ready to report, and Prof. A. B. Lemmon, Chairman of the Committee, read the following resolutions.
WHEREAS, We, the people and producers of Cowley county, unless we have a railroad in our county, will expend within the coming year, in time, labor, and money, half a million of dollars for transporting grain, lumber, and merchandise to and from the nearest railroad stations, and in losses by being compelled to sell in a distant town on a marekt temporarily unfavorable, thus leaving the producers utterly without any profits on their labor, which sum, if saved to the county, would yield to the producers an enormous profit; and
WHEREAS, The present financial condition of the country, and particularly of our and adjoining counties, and the history of railroad building in the West, proves that it impossible to get a railroad here without the aid of reasonably liberal county or other municipal franchises, which it is impossible to give under our present laws; and
WHEREAS, Though our county would probably vote such aid by a two thirds majority, as the law now requires, yet a failure by any other county along the line to give such majority would be fatal to the road; therefore, it is by the people of Cowley county, Kansas, in mass convention assembled,
Resolved, That we earnestly appeal to the Legislature of Kansas, now in session, to enact a law enabling counties and other municipalities to vote aid in bonds or cash sufficient to induce the construction of railroads where they are needed.
Resolved, That such law should allow such aid to be given by a majority vote.
Resolved, That our railroad law should be amended so as to allow the voting of a reasonable amount of bonds as aid in the construction of a railroad within our county.
Resolved, That such law should provide that all taxes collected from such railroads within any county or municipality shall, to the extent of the amount of principal and interest of the aid given, be paid pro rata to the counties and municipalities giving such aid, and applied to the payment of such interest and principal.
Resolved, That our Representatives and Senator at Topeka are hereby earnestly requested and instructed to labor to procure the enactment of such a law as is herein contemplated.
A. B. LEMMON,
S. B. FLEMING,
C. M. SCOTT,
E. H. HENTHORN,
J. B. HOLMES,
S. M. FALL.
On motion the report was accepted, and committee discharged. Moved and seconded that the report be accepted as a whole. Moved by Mr. Allison that the motion be amended so that the report be considered by sections; amendment accepted and carried; motion as amended carried. On motion that the preamble be adopted, moved by Allison to amend by striking out the words, "WHEREAS. Though our county would probably vote such and by a two thirds majority, as the law now requires, yet a failure by any other county along the line to give such majority would be fatal to the road; therefore, it is by the people of Cowley county, Kansas, in mass convention assembled." Motion to strike out lost. On motion, the preamble was adopted.
On motion, the first resolution was adopted.
Moved to reject the second resolution by Mr. Allison; motion seconded; motion to amend by adopting the resolution as read, by Prof. A. B. Lemmon, and previous question called; amendment withdrawn; motion of Mr. Allison to reject lost; moved to adopt the resolution as read; carried.
On motion, the third resolution was adopted without opposition. On motion, the fourth resolution was adopted unanimously. On motion, the fifth resolution was adopted.
Rev. Mr. Platter read a letter from Peabody, asking for delegates to be appointed to attend a meeting there on the 23rd or 27th. A motion of Rev. Platter that the chair appoint delegates was carried, and Rev. J. E. Platter, of Winfield, C. M. Scott, Arkansas City, and Judge Ross, of Rock township, were appointed delegates.
The following resolution was offered by Mr. Allison.
Resolved, That it is the sense of this convention tht Cowley county should not vote aid to a narrow gauge road until there is no probability of there being a standard gauge road constructed through the county.
Moved to lay it on the table; carried.
The following resolution was offered by Mr. Manning.
Resolved, That the Topeka Commonwealth, all papers in Cowley county, and other State papers interested, be requested to publish the proceedings of this meeting.
Moved by A. N. Demining that a vote of thanks be given to the Arkansas City Silver Cornet Band. Carried unanimously, and responded to by music from the band.
Moved and seconded that the convention do not adjourn.
D. A. MILLINGTON, Chairman.
I. H. BONSALL, Secretary.
TRAVELER, APRIL 12, 1876.
The examination of applicants for teachers took place at the school house at Winfield Friday and Saturday, April 7th and 8th. Professors T. A. Wilkinson, A. B. Lemmon and E. W. Hulse constituted the Board of Examiners. There were twenty-nine applicants, named as follows:
Dora Winslow, Vernon township.
Jennie Lawson, Maggie Strasburg, Mary Strasburg, Effie Randall, Sarah E. Davis, Ida Roberts, Alice Pyburn, Emily Roberts, S. E. Moore, M. J. Huff, Ollie Huff, Winfield township.
Sarah Bovee, Mrs. I. E. Brown, Ella Davis, New Salem
C. E. Fitzgerald, Ella Clover, Emma Burden, Arvilla Elliott, Lou A. Bedell, Lazette township.
Kate Birdsell, Albertine Maxwell, Louisa Franklin, Laura E. Turner, Arkansas City.
Nancy J. Baxter, Alice A. Mann, Little Dutch township.
Gertrie Davis, Tisdale township.
C. C. Holland, M. L. Smith, Pleasant Valley township.
The ages of the applicants were 15 to 23 years, and the average standard eight, on a scale of ten.
[PROF. A. B. LEMMON.]
TRAVELER, AUGUST 23, 1876.
At the Republican Convention held at Topeka, Wednesday the 16th day of August, Professor A. B. Lemmon, of Winfield, this county, was made the unanimous choice of that honorable body as Superintendent of Public Instruction, for the State of Kansas.
In presenting the name of Prof. Lemmon, the people of the Southwest, and those that know him best, feel they have no excuses to make or humiliations to suffer. As a practical, worthy man, and public educator, his peer is second to none. Coming to Kansas a few years since, he engaged in farming to benefit his health and enable him time to apply himself to his studies. Soon after he was called to Independence to take charge of the schools of that place. From Independence he returned to Winfield, to take control of the public schools, which position he held with satisfaction to all, until he resigned to follow the practice of law. Mr. Lemmon is an able speaker and energetic worker, and will not only make a good officer, but add strength to the Republican ticket and party.
TRAVELER, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 15, 1876.
The Courier was exasperated last week.
The Courier states that "It ain't sick". The symptoms, then, were deceiving.
COWLEY COUNTY CAST 2,625 VOTES, AND NOW RANKS AS THE TENTH COUNTY IN THE STATE, IN POPULATION.
Of the votes cast:
Hayes received 1,670, Tilden 955; Anthony 1,401, Martin 1,174; Campbell 1,638, Harris 980. Manning 1,140, Pyburn 1,318.
Hayes received a majority of ........ 725
Anthony received a majority of ...... 227
Campbell received a majority of ..... 658
Pyburn received a majority of ....... 178
RUTHERFORD B. HAYES OF OHIO, REPUBLICAN, FOR PRESIDENT.
STATE REPUBLICAN TICKET:
GEORGE T. ANTHONY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY FOR GOVERNOR.
STATE REPUBLICAN TICKET:
WILLIAM P. CAMPBELL FOR DISTRICT JUDGE.
STATE DEMOCRATIC TICKET:
PYBURN WAS THE NOMINEE FOR STATE SENATOR....
MANNING WAS THE REPUBLICAN NOMINEE FOR STATE SENATOR.
OTHER REPUBLICAN CANDIDATES:
FOR SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION:
ALLEN B. LEMMON, OF COWLEY COUNTY.
FOR REPRESENTATIVE 88TH DISTRICT: LELAND J. WEBB.
FOR REPRESENTATIVE 89TH DISTRICT: C. R. MITCHELL.
FOR COUNTY ATTORNEY: JAMES McDERMOTT, OF DESTER.
FOR CLERK OF DISTRICT COURT: ED S. BEDILION, OF WINFIELD.
FOR PROBATE JUDGE: H. D. GANS, OF WINDSOR.
FOR COUNTY SUPT. PUBLIC INSTRUCTION:
R. C. STORY, OF HARVEY.
[CORRESPONDENCE FROM "A. B." - DALLAS, TEXAS.]
WINFIELD COURIER, SEPTEMBER 11, 1894.
DALLAS, TEXAS, Aug. 23, 1874.
ED. COURIER: If it would please you and the readers of your valuable paper to hear something of Texas from an old citizen of Cowley county, you are welcome to insert the following, or such a part of it as you deem worthy of note.
Crops are poor in this section of the state. Corn will not exceed twenty bushels to the acre, while cotton will make almost nothing; cotton is open now and many farmers say they are hald fone picking; the reason it matured so early is on account of the drouth; there has been no raind here since early May (we arrived here in June); consequently, the grass as well as the crops is burned up. The ground is cracked open, and the creeks are done dry, except in holes which are so boggy that dozens of head of horses and cattle bog up and die daily. But this is not the worst feature, for many families have to haul it for their own use.
The grangers are organizing a good many lodges, but they are not strong like they are in Kansas. It is generally thought to be a good movement. Politics are running high here, but the Democrats (as they call themselves) hold the reins. They selected a legislature to suit themselves last fall and now every paper in the state has christened them "bores;" so much for the democratic legislature. One of the leading rebel papers, the Dallas Daily Herald, compared the legislature to Gesler, the great Swiss tyrant, who had his laws made in fine print and placed so high that no person could read them, and then punished the people for disobeying them; it says they made laws and never even published them, and that we are living in violation of the laws and laying ourselves liable daily. It is the same paper that got off the following when they found that they had elected their men. "We are at last free of the carpet baggers. We will soon feel the blessings of liberty, thanks to the brave Texans."
The Indians are on the war path out west, committing many depredations and driving the settlers from their homes. The soldiers are having encounters with the Indians almost daily. The soldiers in most cases have come out first best. No anxiety is felt over the negro excitement, the whites are too strong for them.
In conclusion, I would advise the readers of the COURIER, and all the citizens of Southern Kansas to stay where they are, for it is as fine a county and as well watered as there is in the United States, and A. B. is coming back again.
[COMMUNICATION FROM "N." - WINFIELD.]
TRAVELER, DECEMBER 20, 1876.
WINFIELD, December 18, 1876.
In my search for brain tonic, I sometimes find enigmas which my brain is too weak to solve, among which are the following.
Why was it that there was no Vice President voted for until the fifth Presidential election?
Why was it that John Adams served as Vice President during Washington's first term, on a vote of 34 electors, when 35 were required to make a majority, the whole vote being 69? (Washington and Adams were both re-elected at the second election.)
At the third election, there being 139 votes in the electoral college, with 70 necessary for choice, John Adams, the then Vice President, received 71 votes, and was declared elected. Why was Thos. Jefferson, his principal competitor, who received 68 votes, declared elected Vice President upon less than half the electoral vote, and without being a candidate for the place?
The fourth contest was a tie between Jefferson and Burr, and went to the House of Representatives to be decided. After 35 ballots without a choice, on the conclusion of the 36th the Speaker of the House declared Thomas Jefferson elected President and Aaron Burr Vice President, when he was not a candidate for Vice President at any time, neither did he ever receive a single vote for that office.
At the fifth Presidential election, George Clinton, of New York, was elected Vice President, he being the first man ever voted for as a candidate for Vice President of the United States.
I want someone who is so glib in foreseeing to look back and answer or demur.
Prof. Lemmon is absent in Topeka, leaving his family for the present with the "wife's folks."
[CORRESPONDENCE FROM "C" - WINFIELD.]
TRAVELER, JANUARY 3, 1877.
WINFIELD, KAN., Dec. 23, 1876.
Our Christmas tree on Saturday evening, the 23rd, was a success; the most remarkable feature was the very large number of books distributed from it.
On the morning of the 28th, Mrs. A. B. Lemmon and her sister, Miss Kate Millington, left our quiet city for Topeka, accompanied by W. W. Walton, our Chief Clerk and assistant State Superintendent, in embryo.
TRAVELER, AUGUST 22, 1877.
E. C. Manning No Longer Courier Owner.
The proprietorship of the Winfield Courier changed from E. C. Manning to D. A. Millington, last week. Kelley retains a one-third interest, and the other two-thirds are owned by its present editor, Mr. Millington, and Mr. A. B. Lemmon. It is promised the paper shall be conducted in the interests of the Republican party and Cowley county generally, and shall not know or recognize any clique or faction. The Courier is a good paper, and all will delight to see it free from the personal abuse and quarrels heretofore characteristic of it.
TRAVELER, OCTOBER 31, 1877.
The Courier within the past few weeks, and especially since Lemmon and Millington assumed control of it, has improved wonderfully. Besides adding one column on each page, the reading matter is set in smaller type, thereby giving nearly double the amount of reading matter it did before. We have several copies at our office that can be seen by anyone who desires to see a model home paper.
[MORE PERSONALS: TRAVELER, APRIL 30, 1879.]
Hon. A. B. Lemmon has sold his interest in the Winfield Courier to his father-in-law, D. A. Millington, who will continue the publication of the Courier, as formerly.
[MORE PERSONALS: TRAVELER, JULY 9, 1879.]
Miss Etta Robinson and Miss Lowry came down from Winfield with Messrs. Lemmon and Porter to celebrate the Fourth and stimulate the boys to greater efforts in ball playing. The boyds did their prettiest--probably because they had the prettiest with them.
Winfield Courier, January 15, 1880.
We are informed that Ed. Holloway and Ed. Lemmon have gone to Salt City to run Baird Bros.' store in that place. They are bright, active, reliable young men.
MARCH 25, 1880.
Mr. Ed. Lemmon came over from Salt City last week. He will probably remain in Winfield for some time.
Winfield Courier, August 5, 1880.
Mr. Lemmon addressed the Teachers Institute at Sedan Monday, at Independence Tuesday, at Chanute Wednesday, and is expected to be at Paola today.
Master Bertie Lemmon entertained his little friends last Saturday at the residence of his grandmother. There were present John and Caro Emerson, Jimmie and Estelle Fuller, Lillian Bruner, Houston, Belle, and Maggie Platter, Laura and Maggie Hendricks, Maggie and Trudie Bedillion, Tommy and Jennie Wilson, and Egbert Moffit. A nicer lot of little girls, or a manlier lot of little boys were never seen. Each did his best and made the party a very enjoyable one.
[REPORT FROM "SIMON" - FLORAL.]
DECEMBER 2, 1880.
Miss Sadie McIntire is visiting at Mr. Yarbrough's.
Mr. Robbins returned from a visit to Emporia last week.
Miss Hattie Pontious is visiting her sister, Mrs. Hooker, at Burden.
There was a social hop at Williams' new house on Thanksgiving evening.
Mr. Read, our merchant, has purchased a fine horse. I suppose he is going to have a team as soon as he can find a match for him.
It is said that Mr. Allen cheated Robertson out of a horse. Some of the ladies say that Allen's horse cannot carry home a washing of soap.
Mr. I. N. Lemmon rides seven miles to school. He is teaching at Queen Village. SIMON.
[HON. A. B. LEMMON RECEIVES FRIENDS AT TOPEKA.]
JANUARY 13, 1881.
Society is now up in arms and the Capital City presents scenes of mirth, music, and beauty almost every night. Last evening the residence of Hon. A. B. Lemmon and wife, corner of Van Buren and Twelfth streets, was made brilliant by the gathering of their friends in the number of one hundred or more. About 9 o'clock the house presented a most magnificient spectacle, illuminated from top to bottom, and filled with a gaily dressed and pleasant throng.
The host and hostess were happy in welcoming and enter taining all who were privileged to receive their generous hospitality, and they will long be remembered by the society circles of Topeka.
Next Monday Mr. Lemmon turns over the Superintendent's office to his successor, Mr. Speer. He, however, will remain here with his family until after the adjournment of the Legislature and then return to Winfield. The Topeka Commonwealth.
[REPORT FROM "SIMON" - FLORAL.]
MARCH 24, 1881.
Mr. Craig is burning a lime-kiln on Captain Stephen's place. He will complete it in a few days.
Mr. Robinson started to Wyandotte county last Wednesday. He is going through with a team and wagon.
I. N. Lemmon will teach the spring term of the Queen Village school and T. J. Floyd the Pleasant Hill, beginning the 11th of next month.
THE WINFIELD COURIER MARCH 24, 1881.
Allen B. Lemmon has fitted up offices in the second story of the Winfield Bank building and has hung out his law shingle.
[THE IMPROVEMENT OF SCHOOL GROUNDS.]
MAY 12, 1881.
F. P. NICHOLS, SUPT., MORRIS COUNTY.
(From Supt. Lemmon's Report)
I see more difficulties in the way of inducing school boards to do anything in this direction than in presenting the details of some plan to be followed.
School grounds should be rectangular in shape, and should not contain less than one acre. A south slope is desirable, and the school house should front south. It should be in the middle of the grounds east and west, and only half as far from the front as the rear of the lot. A good well, capable of furnishing abundance of pure water for all purposes, should be provided, and the grounds should be surrounded by a good fence.
The first steps in the improvement of school grounds are grading and drainage. Thorough cultivation is necessary. It is a fact that most school boards have yet to learn, that trees planted in a school yard need as much attention, and as thorough cultivation, as if planted elsewhere.
Along the north side of the lot a thick grove should be grown for protection. The remainder of the front yard should be devoted to small trees and shrubs, the back yard being left for a play-ground. Large trees should not be planted near the house. Never shut out the sunlight, nor the south breeze. To do this, is to make a serious mistake.
How such a trifling expenditure of time and labor will do in this direction. It would transform our cheerless, uninviting school grounds into places of real beauty, and make them attractive to the children. Such grounds would be of themselves valuable educators. Shall we not have more of them?
Winfield Courier, June 16, 1881.
Hon. Allen B. Lemmon has bought a two thirds interest in the Newton Republican and has assumed the editorial control and business management of that paper, which is a good property, being the leading paper in a live, growing city which is so favorably located that its future greatness is assured while its importance as a political and commercial center steadily increases. We think it is a good location for our boy and that he has the vim and industry to make the Republican boom. Messrs. Muse & Spivey retain a third interest and their powerful influence and aid will still be exerted for the paper. Harry Slough, late foreman of the Monitor, takes change of the mechanical work of the office.